What would green cities look like? Green_architecturever is the page where you can see these wonders
The task of the architect is to choose environmentally friendly materials and suitable technologies so as not only to minimize environmental damage, but also to ensure comfort for the residents of the house.
For example, the project of the Cypriot eco-city Neapolis provides for a waste recycling system, water conservation, as well as energy savings of 25% due to natural resources. At the same time, the city is building its own university, hospital, entertainment and business centers.
Green architects are also involved in the reorganization of existing cities, where they strive to create a more eco-friendly lifestyle. Rebuilding is more difficult than designing from scratch, so specialists have to organically introduce new technologies into ready-made urban spaces - organize a waste recycling system, introduce environmentally friendly transport, make buildings more energy efficient, think through a system of landscaping, etc.
1.Half green forest
3.The Palm House
Vancouver, for example, has been able to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 25% from 1990s levels. This was achieved through both the modernization of existing urban facilities towards energy efficiency, and the construction of new, more environmentally friendly infrastructure. And in Freiburg, Germany, 400 km of bike paths were built to make it more convenient and profitable for residents to ride bicycles, so there are only 393 cars per 1,000 residents.
In addition to professional knowledge in the field of architecture and urbanism, a “green” architect needs to understand the environmental agenda and sustainable production technologies. This will help to understand how to make the city and infrastructure eco-friendly.
According to the UN, about 55% of the world's population lives in cities, and by 2050 this figure will increase to 68%. Despite the fact that it is cities that are responsible for 75% of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. It is impossible to ignore the damage that megacities cause to the environment, so developed countries are trying to minimize it.
Cities of a new type are gradually emerging around the world: for example, in the UAE, the Masdar eco-city has been under construction since 2006 - each building in it is built from low-carbon cement and recycled materials, and also saves water and energy at least 40% more than usual. Saudi Arabia aims to complete The Line's zero-carbon city by 2025. It will have no cars or roads, only high-speed trains. And in Singapore, the Tengah eco-city is being built with vacuum waste collection and solar-powered air conditioners.
Eco-cities of the future are also being built in Denmark, China, Cyprus and many other countries.
The air in megacities is usually polluted, and parks can minimize this effect. But they need free territories, which, as a rule, are not available in large cities. A few years ago, the Italian architect Stefano Boeri, who created "vertical scaffolding", proposed a solution to the problem. Towers covered with gardens make a significant contribution to the ecology of the city and decorate its landscape.
A similar concept is being implemented by the Vietnamese architectural bureau Vo Trong Nghia. His portfolio includes many "green" and environmentally friendly buildings.
They resemble huge flower pots: plants take up as much space as possible, becoming not only a decoration, but also a functional part of the house. The method is suitable for both new buildings and those that need reconstruction. This perfectly illustrates the renovation of a dilapidated residential building in the center of Hanoi. The facade is entirely hidden behind plants creeping along the bars. They protect from the sun, provide residents with privacy and increase the number of green spaces in the city.
All the works of the architectural bureau have one goal: to return a person to the natural world. The idea is applied both in private and large commercial projects. So, by order of a large family from Ho Chi Minh City, a completely “green” residence was created: palm trees and other plants form courtyards that connect the living room, dining room, bedrooms and offices into a common space, and the vertical arrangement of the gardens provides natural ventilation.
And in the popular tourist city of Da Nang, a major hotel chain has built a futuristic restaurant with ponds and a rooftop garden with the help of Vo Trong Nghia.
The architecture of the future is often associated with futuristic buildings, but it is already difficult to surprise them. The whimsical facades of Zaha Hadid, for example, can hardly be called an innovation - this is an established style. Along with complex forms, content is now also valued, namely technologies that save energy and resources of the planet. A few years ago, few people thought about the importance of rainwater harvesting systems, but now it is an integral part of modern projects.
In the past, buildings with a positive energy balance could easily be called the architecture of the future - it's hard to imagine that an ordinary office building can power the trams that we use to go to work. Now this is a reality - there are already at least four such buildings in Norway. Inside, nothing reminds that these are mini-power plants: there are offices and co-working spaces, a restaurant, a conference room and a rooftop terrace overlooking the fjord. But the facade and sloping roof are lined with photocells.
The future has arrived. Houses are being built by giant 3D printers, the range of materials is replenished - now you can build not only from wood, brick and reinforced concrete, but even recycled plastic, Tetra Pack or hemp panels. What's next? Recently, at the conference "Dialogues on Art: Living Heritage and a Look into the Future", hosted by the House of Cartier, the architects tried to answer this and other questions.
8.Half city, Half forest
Junya Ishigami, Stefano Boeri and Solano Benitez discussed what technology is changing in modern architecture, whether it has learned to interact with nature, and the role of an architect in the 21st century.
“The acute period of COVID-19 is over. Now we must ask ourselves if we are ready to return to normal life, which, however, led to the emergence of a pandemic, says Stefano Boeri. “The arrogant enslavement of wildlife, the destruction of places of biological diversity (deforestation, intensive agriculture or monoculture farming) has greatly facilitated the transition of the virus from rodents to our species.”
Junya Ishigami also speaks about the connection between man and nature. In his latest project, a plaza on the grounds of the Kanagawa Institute of Technology, he tried to create close contact between people, the environment and architecture. The feeling of unity with nature arises when you sit on the ground, so it is logical that a similar feeling will arise with architecture if you sit on the floor.
In ordinary life, furniture separates architecture, but here it is not. Only an undulating floor and ceiling, which evoke associations with natural hills or a huge soft bed.
When entering the building, you need to take off your shoes, and then sit or lie down, enjoying the breath of the wind, the rays of the sun that make their way through the round holes, the echo or even the raindrops.
Junya's project is difficult to describe in one word - it would seem that this is a multifunctional space, but the architect did not focus on this at all. While everyone wanted to create multi-purpose buildings that can be used for different needs, Ishigami designed a place where you can just pass the time. The priority here is a person's physical experience over time.
In all projects of the bureau, of course, this is taken into account, so buildings and even cities turn out to be energy efficient and environmentally friendly. One of these - the district of the future in the ancient Indian city of Amaravati - is being built right now. Here, more than sixty percent of the area will be occupied by green spaces, canals and ponds. The city will be equipped with a data collection center and made as autonomous as possible through the widespread use of solar energy. In addition to electric vehicles and water taxis, Amaravati will have a large number of shady streets and squares encouraging people to explore the city on foot.
11.Flower of Qinghai
13.China Bay Arena
18.Project of future
23.The change is here
24.Design is a behavior
28.Greenland convention center
31.Des Plantes Park
34.A green city
36.Future is here
39.A walk here
44.Future US Pavlion
48.One more perfect project
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