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Do you know everything about cats? Think again. Cats are naturally mysterious, they are like an onion: endless layers! Dogs will tell you all the facts about themselves. Get cozy with your best furry buddy and learn some lesser-known facts about cats.
Interesting facts about cats
We use the term "big cats" to refer to animals such as lions, tigers, and leopards for a good reason. Cats and tigers shared a common ancestor over ten million years ago. However, today's domestic cats still share 95% of their genetic code with tigers. It's no wonder why the two exhibit many of the same behaviors, including scent marking, prey stalking and attacking.
1. The cat's domestication took place approximately 9500 years ago in the Middle East in the Fertile Crescent region (the conditional name for the region with increased rainfall during the winter months), where the oldest human civilizations originated developed.
2. A cat's tongue is pulled out at a speed of 1 meter per second when licking liquid. Unlike dogs, a cat's tongue only touches the surface of the liquid and does not penetrate it. Then the tongue rushes up and drags a column of liquid with it.
3. Currently, there are about 600 million domestic cats in the world.
4. A distinctive feature of the structure of the cat's eye, which is characteristic of many mammals, is the presence of a nictitating membrane (third eyelid). It can be seen when the cat sleeps with its eyes open or feels tired. If the third eyelid is constantly visible, including when the cat is awake, this in most cases can be a sign of illness.
5. Most cats are able to give birth to one to nine kittens in one litter. The largest known litter consisted of 19 kittens, 15 of which survived.
6. The longest-lived cat ever recorded is Cream Puff, who lived 38 years and 3 days (1967-2005).
7. Cats see excellently in low light conditions, however, contrary to common misconception, they cannot see in absolute darkness.
8. Vibrissae (colloquially whiskers) in cats are specialized sense organs that perform a tactile function. In no case should a cat's vibrissae be removed, since by doing so it will actually be deprived of its "orientation and navigation system" in space.
9. While in most countries the black cat is considered a symbol of bad luck, in the UK and Australia they are, on the contrary, regarded as animals that bring good luck.
10. Cats have a sense of smell that is about 14 times stronger than a human's, which allows them to smell odors that humans are not even aware of.
11. Mathematician Richard Montgomery once developed a special theory called the falling cat theorem. According to her, a cat falling backwards always flips upside down to land on its feet.
12. A cat almost never meows to other cats, mostly this sound is intended for people. They tend to purr or hiss at other felines.
13. The Burmese cat breed has a very calm, obedient and gentle character. They are very smart and sociable. As a rule, they greet guests with great curiosity and completely without fear. Unlike some other more active breeds, cats of this breed often like to sit on their laps and hands.
14. Cats should not be deprived of meat food, since it is impossible to synthesize all the amino acids they need from plant foods.
15. Cats eat grass, leaves and young shoots of plants to improve the functioning of the digestive system, as well as to induce vomiting to cleanse the stomach of hair.
16. Cleanliness is an instinct in all felines: cleanliness of the body is necessary when hunting, so that the victim could not smell the lurking predator. They wash themselves by licking their fur at least ten times a day.
17. Maine Coon cats are highly intelligent. This is one of the few breeds that can be trained.
18. In the claws of cats there is a pulp - a blood vessel that reaches almost to the tip of the claw. In cases where the nails need to be trimmed, this must be done with extreme caution.
19. Cat nail amputation is prohibited by law in Germany and Switzerland, and in many other European countries it is also prohibited under the European Companion Animal Convention.
20. Valerian root extract contains actinidin, which is the culprit in the unusual behavior of domestic cats and other felines (tigers, lions, cougars, etc.). Its smell is similar to the smell of one of the components contained in cat urine.
21. Cats are able to give their voice about a hundred different intonations, while dogs - only about ten.
22. The Abyssinian cat is one of the oldest cat breeds. They are named after the African country of Abyssinia, now Ethiopia.
23. The "purr apparatus" in cats is the thinly connected hyoid bones that lie between the base of the skull and the base of the tongue. Muscle contraction near the vocal cords causes them to vibrate. The cat makes a purring sound with its mouth and nose, and the vibration spreads throughout its body.
24. When a cat is pleased, it extends and retracts its claws on its front paws. This movement is called the "milk step" - with this movement, the kittens stimulate the release of milk from the mother's nipples during feeding.
25. Yuri Dmitrievich Kuklachev gained fame by being the first in the USSR to engage in circus work with cats. In addition to performances with cats, Yuri Kuklachev regularly conducts "Lessons of Kindness" in schools, child care facilities and even in children's colonies in different cities of Russia.
26. In the UK, two cats - Humphrey (1988-2006) and Larry (2007-) were awarded the official title. Cats living in the residence of the Prime Minister of Great Britain received the title of "Chief mouser of the government residence".
27. Cats are very sensitive to vibrations. They can feel an earthquake 10 or 15 minutes before a human.
28. In the 1930s, two Russian biologists discovered that the color change in Siamese kittens depended on their body temperature. Siamese cats carry albino genes that are triggered at body temperatures above 36℃. In warm parts of the body, less pigment is produced than in cold parts, so the ears, paws, tail and muzzle are painted in a darker color compared to the rest of the body.
29. Even a cat entering the water for the first time will swim well, because the position and movements of its body when swimming will be the same as when walking.
30. In ancient Egypt, cats were considered the embodiment of the goddess of fertility Bast and were revered as sacred animals. The punishment for their murder was the death penalty.
31. In the Catholic countries of medieval Europe, the cat was considered a companion of witches and the personification of evil spirits. Because of this, they were burned alive at the stake or thrown from the bell towers. The destruction of cats is indirectly attributed to the cause of outbreaks of plague epidemics, since there was almost no one to exterminate rats and other rodents that carry the disease.
32. In Russia, a domestic cat was expensive and could serve as a valuable gift, since it guaranteed the protection of the crop from rodents. She was also a symbol of peace and prosperity in the house, protecting the house from evil spirits.
33. Cats are the only animals allowed to enter the mosque.
34. The most fluffy and thick fur among cats has a manul. While other cats have an average of 2,500 hairs per square centimeter, Pallas' cats have 9,000.
35. Unlike dogs, cats have not undergone significant changes during their domestication process.
36. In cats, sweat glands are located only on the paw pads.
37. A cat's heart beats almost twice as fast as a human's, between 110 and 140 beats per minute.
38. Like humans, cats have a dominant hand.
39. The most popular breeds are Persian, Maine Coon and Siamese cats.
40. On short distances, the speed of cats can reach 49 kilometers per hour.
Dog training is an essential component of raising a pet, allowing the owner and his ward to understand each other and have a fun and exciting time together. This kind of communication with a pet brings the pleasure of spending time together and a mutual benefit. Using different commands for dogs, the owner can teach the pet to behave safely for himself and those around him, improve his motor and voice abilities, speed, reaction, ability to distinguish situations, and respond correctly to them.
What makes a dog breed smart?
In 1994 Stanley Coren, professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, published The Intelligence of Dogs. This book has become a bestseller. It has already gone through 16 editions and has been translated into 26 languages.
The author considers three aspects of dog intelligence in his book: instinctive intelligence, obedience intelligence, and adaptive intelligence. Obedience intelligence is the dog's ability to follow human commands. The intelligence of obedience formed the ranking of the most intelligent dog breeds, which Stanley Coren presented in his book.
Why train your dog?
"An obedient dog is a happy owner." Many dog owners agree with this statement. After all, having decided to let a pet into our lives, we want to see in it a friend, a source of joy and pride. However, if the pet constantly behaves as he pleases and does not obey, it becomes a source of stress for the owner. Both are unhappy when the relationship between the dog and its owner does not add up. Therefore, it is essential not to miss the moment and start training on time.
A properly trained dog is the responsibility of each owner not only for the well-being of the one he has tamed but also for his peace of mind. A little training will benefit any dog, regardless of age, breed, or temperament. For the owner himself, regular exercise with the animal will help better understand the needs of the latter, become an excellent occasion for training and open up new opportunities: the better the pet behaves, the easier it is to take it with you wherever you go.
Self and professional training
Proper training is one of the basic needs of your pet. The sooner he learns to understand you and respond to dogs' basic commands, the higher the level of your mutual understanding in the future. And this, in turn, is the key to a long and happy coexistence.
Dog training should be regular, so make your training plan before starting. It is worth beginning the activity of a four-legged friend at two to three months during home quarantine after vaccination. First, teach him to respond to the nickname and the collar and leash. One of the advantages of home workouts is simplicity and accessibility; you don’t even have to leave the house or use complicated devices.
By having sufficient knowledge, you can teach a dog commands at home. However, the owners may have difficulties. Unlike a dog handler, an amateur does not know how to train a dog and may not achieve desired results. Also, the owner is unlikely to be able to reveal his talents. This is a disadvantage of home training.
Therefore, it is still recommended to contact specialists who tell you what commands the dog should know and why. If we are talking about a puppy, then, having taught him the basic commands for dogs at the age of four months, you should take a course of educational training. It is never too late to turn to a cynologist for help: he will select the optimal program and help realize the pet's full potential. Among the disadvantages for the owner is the need to find time, effort, and funds for paid classes, which are not always and not available to everyone. It is also essential to choose a good training center and trusted specialists to avoid wasting money and not harming the dog.
Remember: professional training does not replace your participation in raising a pet; the owner himself must establish a personal, trusting relationship with him. The relationship between the owner and the ward can only be reinforced with the help of professional courses.
The difference between training adult dogs and puppies
Depending on the dog's age, they require a unique approach, including when it comes to training. It is essential to understand how to train a dog depending on its breed, talents, and physical fitness. Of course, an adult dog has a specific life experience and, one way or another understands and orients itself more to what is happening around, while a puppy is a blank slate with a set of instincts; its upbringing should be approached especially carefully.
The main difference is the use of human force. So, in no case should it be used to train a baby; it is necessary to focus on the interest and curiosity shown by a young pet and a food target. He will react to the treatment. At the same time, adult dogs can exhibit dominant behavior; for them, treats are not always an incentive to follow the command, so there is interference from the owner. We are talking about harmless techniques for the animal, such as pressing on the sacrum when landing or holding on its side. Also, training is not suitable for young pets, one way or another contributing to the development of aggression. For example, teaching dog commands such as "Face."
Before starting classes, find out how to properly train a dog at home and familiarize yourself with the rules and principles regardless of the pet's age.
For self-study with a pet, you will need a collar and a leash - for control and manipulation, a stick or a toy - for fetching and a pre-prepared treat. These simple things may be enough for your dog to follow basic commands.
Suppose you plan to prepare your dog for more serious exercises, such as steeplechase, climbing, descent and ascending. In that case, you need to equip the site in advance and prepare barriers and other devices. You should read the necessary literature in advance and choose the right equipment depending on your dog's age, height and weight, breed, and physical abilities. It is best to start this kind of training at a cynological school, and then, following the example, continue at home.
What are the most intelligent dog breeds in the world?
The beautiful black dog of medium size. Hardy and physically developed breed. It is adapted to a harsh climate. It has thick and warm fur.
She has proven herself to be the perfect watchdog. Ideal for rural residents and owners of farmlands and country houses. Can exterminate rats, moles, and other rodents. He is affectionate with children and loves to play with them. He does not conflict with "his" cats; he will drive other people's cats out of the territory.
Schipperke has a sonorous voice. With the help of barking, it warns the owner of the danger, the intrusion of uninvited guests. In a city apartment, the dog will be hot and cramped. It is more suitable for the countryside. The owners note that the pet understands them perfectly.
14. Belgian Shepherd (Tervuren)
Dogs are very hardy and hardworking. If you wish, you can teach your pet any skills. It will become a shepherd, tracker, guide, nanny, etc.
They have a good memory. Remember many commands. They obey the first order. There are no problems with this dog.
The Tervuren is the most intelligent variety among the Belgian Shepherds. Recall that it has three more types. They differ in color and coat texture.
13. English Springer Spaniel
The hunting breed was formed in England. The first mention of them dates back to the 16th century. They developed flair and vision. Hunters say the dog adapts to any type of hunting.
Loyal, not dangerous for children. They cannot take on the functions of a watchman or guard. She is not aggressive and trusts people.
Suppose you want to acquire a skillful and tireless intellectual assistant for hunting hares and birds. In that case, you will not find a better option.
You can go to the forest with a dog for six months. The Springer Spaniel has a protective coat. Learn more about the English Springer Spaniel breed.
12. Miniature Schnauzer
A dog with a colorful appearance. You have probably already seen photos of this breed. The cheerful bearded man has extraordinary abilities.
In addition, the dog is brave, sensitive, and brave. It is not embarrassed by its own small size. Miniature schnauzers are always ready to come to the rescue of the owner.
Dogs are intelligent and quick-witted, amenable to training. Very devoted. They don't like being alone.
You will get an intelligent and loyal friend who will accompany you everywhere. Please note that you will take responsibility. Miniature Schnauzers are unaware of their modest size. They can engage in a fight with formidable dogs.
11. Welsh Corgi
This breed is included in the list of dogs with excellent working qualities. It is enough for Welsh to repeat the command six times so that he remembers and learns it.
Belongs to the shepherd breeds bred in the UK. He knows how to lead a herd and guards the house. This is a mobile dog. In a small apartment, it will be cramped. But you can take part in a variety of dog sports. Welsh Corgi can be trained and understands what the owner wants from them.
No conflict and benevolence with all members of the family. The pet has a cheerful character, loves to play, and gets along with children. The Elizabeth II dynasty loves corgis. Her pets often became winners of various competitions.
10. Australian Cattle Dog
Active and executive breed. Little known in our country. She was bred to help Australian shepherds. She manages the herd very well. The shepherd dog not only monitors the safety of livestock but also knows how to lead it in the right direction and takes on the role of leader.
This is a devoted breed. It cannot do without a master. The owner is very fond of it. Ideal for modern farmers and rural residents.
The appearance of the Australian Cattle Dog is colorful. Tricolor dogs often represent this cute animal.
Brutal, serious dogs. They were previously used in the slaughter of cattle. Butchers kept them, and dogs were used as draft power.
An intelligent breed. Modern breeders have found a use for them in the police. They protect criminals and accompany them in prisons. Can be aggressive if not properly trained. But you always need a reason to attack. Rottweilers need a reputable owner.
Despite its mental abilities, the dog is not recommended for keeping people with unstable mentality, teenagers, women, and a first pet. This is the best guard and bodyguard in our TOP-15.
Once upon a time, dogs of this breed were kept by members of the royal dynasty. Dogs of small stature are overall ideal for city apartments.
Papillons will satisfy the taste of the most demanding breeder. This is a decorative breed. A distinctive feature is the ears. They are decorated with decorative wool and resemble butterfly wings in shape.
Papillons are intelligent and quick-witted. Their intelligence develops as they grow older. They adapt to any conditions and feel the owner at the level of intuition.
This is a recognizable breed. You will not confuse a photo of a Papillon with anyone else.
7. Labrador Retriever
Popular breed in many countries of the world. Strong, kind, active, and obedient dog. She is not aggressive. Can cope with the role of a nanny, guide, and rescuer. They developed job skills. Therefore, Labradors are used in the search service.
Labradors have an excellent sense of smell. They can find a person on an old trail. They react to the smells of illegal substances.
This breed can be considered universal. It will cope with the duties you entrust to it—adapted to urban conditions, not demanding to care—enough standard procedures.
The Labrador Retriever is suitable for beginner breeders. This is a capable and obedient breed.
Inexperienced breeders confuse this dog with a collie. But they are different breeds. The Sheltie is a large, attractive dog. They are often used as family companion dogs.
They have a decorative appearance. Maintenance can be complicated by caring for long and thick hair. But shelties are very smart and careful. They are perfect in the city.
Readily amenable to training, obedient, able to act according to the situation. This is an innovative and responsible dog. She will not leave you without help.
5. Doberman Pinscher
Stephen Coren also included the Doberman Pinscher in his ranking. The fact is that the Doberman Pinscher needs a competent owner. He must be able to handle a dog of this breed. Then the pet turns into a bright girl whose abilities are admired.
Doberman pinschers are suitable for the role of bodyguards. They will protect their master. But they need a firm hand and an authoritative owner. Otherwise, he will turn into an uncontrollable dog.
4. Golden Retriever
Handsome and smart. The ideal family dog. Works as a guide, lifeguard, replaces a nanny. These luxurious dogs have an attractive exterior. They are physically developed and robust. Retrievers have great patience. They will never attack a person without a good reason.
Golden retrievers are endowed with a mind. They have an excellent memory, are obedient students, and remember many commands. And this is not a complete list of all the advantages of dogs of this breed.
3. German Shepherd
The mind and intelligence of the German Shepherd are legendary. Loyal dogs are always where their help is needed. They serve on the border, work with the police, support the search for criminals and save people in emergencies.
German Shepherds are a large breed. They are physically developed, strong, brave, and obedient. Not aggressive towards children or other pets. They are aware of their strength and behave adequately.
The German Shepherd is suitable as a family dog. She is devoted to her family. Unfortunately, the breed has now ceased to interest breeders. Exclusive and rare types of dogs are in fashion.
The breed of poodles received positive reviews. We know that funny dogs often perform in the circus arena. Wandering artists worldwide have always kept a cheerful and intelligent dog with them.
Stephen Koren included this breed in his list. He believes that she has a heightened degree of intelligence.
Interestingly, poodles do an excellent job as rescuers. They can rush to help a drowning person. Some species do well in hunting and the protection of the home. But one thing is essential. This dog will never leave the owner in trouble.
1. Border Collie
Cynologists worldwide are sure that this is the most intelligent breed of dog. The Border is a versatile breed. It can be trained in almost everything. If a person wishes to have a nanny for his children in a dog's face, he will not find a better candidate. Border collies are excellent as a shepherd, guides, and guard. They will make great companions.
Dogs of this breed are endowed with such qualities as:
- mind and ingenuity;
They are focused on a person and do not pose a danger to him. In addition, the breed has an attractive exterior. You can verify this by looking at the photo.
People from different cultures and countries have different attitudes towards Easter. They also have different interpretations of its original meaning and their own traditions on how to celebrate it. Here are a few facts about Easter that will impress you for sure.
Catholics and Orthodox use different calendars when counting: in the first case, the Gregorian, and in the second, the Julian. Therefore, it turns out that Catholics start from the spring equinox on March 21 according to the new style, and Orthodox - from the old date - April 3. Thus, in 2022 Easter will be:
- for the Orthodox - April 24;
- for Catholics - April 17.
Read the most interesting facts about Easter below.
Facts about Easter traditions
1. The concept of an Easter bunny giving eggs and candy originates in Germany. The first written document of this tradition appeared in the 16th century. By the 1700s, Dutch immigrants brought the idea of rabbits to the United States when they settled in Pennsylvania.
2. Traditional Easter clothing includes pastel colors and floral prints. This means the coming of spring. The trend suggests that people are spending around $3.3 billion on Easter clothing.
3. The Easter Bunny came to life from the legends.
4. In some cultures, rabbits are seen as a symbol of new life. The German legend of the Easter Bunny tells the story of a woman who plants hidden decorated eggs throughout the city during a famine. Finding the eggs, the children saw a big rabbit jumping around.
5. The official Easter flower is the white lily.
6. These "Easter lilies" symbolize grace and purity. Therefore, during Easter, people decorate their houses and churches with these flowers.
7. Easter in the United States is celebrated by leaving Easter baskets for children on the morning of the holiday.
8. This was one of the manifestations of how Protestants demonstrated their rejection of Catholic Easter traditions. Moreover, in some European countries there are other animals. The cuckoo brings eggs in Switzerland, and the fox in Westphalia.
9. Followers of the Greek Orthodox Church paint their Easter eggs red. It signifies the blood of Jesus and his victory over death. In addition, red also symbolizes the renewal of life.
10. In some European countries, people burn Easter bonfires. It is believed that this tradition represents fertility.
11. Pretzels were also used to celebrate Easter
12. Its shape evoked associations with Easter due to the similarity of the hands crossed in prayer.
13. On Easter morning, children raced to see who would get the rabbit's basket. Unlike regular gifts and wrapped boxes, Easter baskets are open. This design is intended to resemble a bird's nest in which eggs are kept.
14. Early egg dyes were made from natural materials. Some items used are flower petals, juices, onion skins, and tree bark.
15. Among the holiday eggs, there is one called "Real Easter Egg". This particular piece explains the Christian meaning of the holiday. Back in 2012, 90,000 real Easter eggs were sold to churches.
16. In Europe, it is called the Easter Bunny. From that point on, the rabbit jumped to fame in the US in the 1800s. In addition to Easter egg hunting, other Easter customs include the making of Easter baskets and the wearing of Easter bonnets.
17. The inhabitants of Scotland and North East England rolled dyed eggs over steep hills.
Some Americans also do this by pushing eggs with spoons.
18. The coloring of chickens for the Easter season has been the subject of controversy among celebrants.
19. Several hatcheries have already ceased participation. However, others argue that it is not harmful to their health as the dye sheds along with their down as they begin to grow feathers.
Facts in numbers about Easter
20. On average, children in the UK receive 8.8 Easter eggs a year. This number is equivalent to twice the recommended calorie intake for them for an entire week.
21. In some cases, candy sales are higher the week before Easter than the week before Halloween.
22. The first recorded use of decorated Easter eggs was in the 13th century. The resurrection of Jesus from the tomb is associated with the appearance of a new one from an eggshell. Eventually, it became the official symbol of the Resurrection.
23. The tradition of rabbits for Easter originated in the Protestant communities of Europe.
Although it began in the 17th century, it only became common in the 19th century. They believe that the Easter Bunny lays, decorates and hides Easter eggs.
24. "Easter Bonnet" originated from the ballad "Easter Parade". Composer Irving Berlin launched American pop culture in 1933. This song is still one of the most popular Easter tunes.
25. In 2011, Italy made the world's tallest chocolate Easter egg. It was 10.39 meters tall and weighed 7200 kilograms. In other words, the tall Easter egg is taller than a giraffe and heavier than an elephant.
26. Brazil set another Easter Bunny record in February 2017. Located in Minas Gerais, Brazil, the Equipe da Casa do Chocolate at Shopping Uberaba has created a giant cocoa bunny. Nine professional chocolatiers built the rabbit for eight consecutive days until they set a Guinness World Record.
27. In 2007, the largest Easter egg hunt took place in Florida. 9,753 children and 501,000 eggs took part in the hunt.
28. Contrary to what many people think, hollow chocolate bunnies are better. Since hard chocolate will be as hard as a brick, it can seriously damage your teeth. While the hollow pieces are of great value due to the chocolate trail they have.
29. A 2007 Faberge Easter egg was sold for around £9 million.
30. Marmalade was first introduced in the 1930s as an Easter treat. Today, consumption among Americans during the holiday reaches 16 million. This amount is enough for marmalade to circle the globe three times.
31. The US produces hundreds of millions of Easter candies every year. This production includes 90 million chocolate bunnies, 700 million eyes and 91.4 billion chocolate eggs.
Facts from Easter history