The Distinction Between Pain and Suffering
Most of the serious diseases usually cause common negative perceptions among the patients. While some people can feel extreme pain, others undergo unbearable suffering in the course of the illness. Though the notions of pain and suffering are likely to denote similar states of health, in many cases they can mean different phenomena.
Despite the relation between pain and suffering, these concepts are distinct in many aspects. In the first attempts to clarify this idea, pain was considered to be rather a physical issue expressing a mechanical reaction to a negative stimulus. Contrarily, suffering was mostly said to have emotional nature. Such a strict separation between these two senses thereby presupposed that human mind and body are divided as well (Nelson 19).
Meanwhile, the new fields of research, such as psychoimmunology, developed an idea that mind and body are closely connected. Thus, the new definition of pain presents it as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience (Nelson 19). In fact, emotions can either intensify or reduce the perception of pain. In its turn, suffering is only a psychological or personal dimension of pain (Coulehan 227). In other words, pain causes suffering, as people always suffer from the sensation of extreme pain. Even if the cure is hardly possible, there are always some ways to relieve pain by means of medical treatment. However, it is not so easy to diminish suffering, as it differs in various personalities, diseases, surroundings, and the relation between all these factors (Finn 6). Suffering can become less perceptible only after influencing its root causes, whether it is pain, affliction, or loss.
To sum up, the concepts of pain and suffering are intertwined and in some cases even stand for one common notion. However, pain mostly corresponds to physical experience, while suffering stands for the emotional state as a respond to enduring negative conditions. Consequently, one can find the treatment to reduce pain, but there is no medical cure to ease suffering.
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It's only been a few days since the iPhone 13 hit stores. But, unfortunately, information about the problems faced by the users of these has already started circulating on the internet gadgets. They promised something, but the customers received something else.
About a day ago, it was found that the most awaited feature of the iPhone 13 Pro only works occasionally. It is about the refresh rate of 120Hz, this being the main difference between iPhone 13 and 13 Pro. Apple has promised to fix the problem with a future software update, without giving an exact deadline. However, another disappointing problem arose.
About a year ago, when many of us became addicted to protective masks in the context of the pandemic, Apple came up with the good news: If you had an iPhone with Face ID, from iPhone X to on the iPhone 13, you could unlock it as quickly as possible, by having an Apple Watch in your hand. Basically, the smartwatch functioned as an authentication mechanism, given that, due to the mask, Face ID becomes useless. But, it seems that the iPhone 13 and the Apple Watch don't really work together.
Unfortunately, if you got an iPhone 13 and hoped to take advantage of Apple Watch authentication, you would be disappointed. Several important publications have confirmed that there is a good chance that the function will not work. Some users receive a warning when they want to activate the option with the message, "unable to communicate", others do not even get there.
The good part is that Apple acknowledged the problem, issued a statement on the subject and promised to fix the situation as soon as possible. Until then, however, if you want to unlock an iPhone 13 when you have a face mask on, you will have to enter the unlock code.
On Wednesday evening, the first tourists who will explore the space boarded the SpaceX ship. Four people will be in Earth orbit for three days.
This will be the first manned flight consisting only of unqualified astronauts, according to the American technology platform The Verge.
The success of the mission could usher in a new era in commercial space tourism, with several companies already competing to attract wealthy customers willing to pay a small fortune to experience the euphoria of a supersonic journey, a few minutes of weightlessness and the visual spectacle of outer space.
The four crew members spent five months of rigorous training, which included high-altitude fitness exercises, centrifugal training and testing, pool exercises that simulate microgravity conditions, emergency procedures, special courses and medical checks.
Once in orbit, the crew will perform medical experiments with "health applications both on Earth and during spaceflight," according to Space X.
The shuttle will fly in an orbit about 120 kilometers above the International Space Station. The mission aims to reach an altitude of 575 kilometers, which would place the SpaceX capsule just above the orbit in which the Hubble telescope is currently placed.
The Crew Dragon capsule was modified by Space X by mounting, at the top, where the docking door is, a large and transparent porthole, which will give the four crew members the opportunity to admire outer space and planet Earth.
The crew of the Inspiration 4 mission will re-enter the atmosphere after three days and is scheduled to land in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Florida. After landing, the capsule will be intercepted by a SpaceX recovery ship, and the crew will then be transported safely ashore.