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rules-for-using-child-car-seats-and-other-useful-tips

Buying a functional car seat is not everything, as you need to know how to use it correctly. Studies by the German Institute for Insurance Appraisers (UDV) (data collected from Germany) show that more than 50% of children traveling in car seats are not adequately protected. Therefore, it is important to know what parents are doing wrong.

 

How to choose the right child car seat

 

The fundamental need to fix a child in a car in a special child restraint, and not in the hands of a parent, is primarily due to the fact that during sudden braking (on impact) at a speed of 50 km/h, the weight of the passenger increases and increases more than 30 times. It is for this reason that carrying a child in your arms is considered the most dangerous cause of safety. For example, if the weight of a child is 10 kg, then at the moment of a direct impact, he will already weigh more than 300 kg and it is almost impossible to hold him in order to protect him from a sharp blow to the front seat.

 

What kind of child seat should I buy in the car?

 

Why do you need a car seat? According to the World Health Organization, the use of child restraints in vehicles can reduce infant mortality by 71% and older children by 54%. The use of such safety devices is mandatory for children under 12 years of age in countries with a high level of motorization.

 

The fundamental need to fix a child in a car in a special child restraint, and not in the hands of a parent, is primarily due to the fact that during sudden braking (on impact) at a speed of 50 km/h, the weight of the passenger increases and increases more than 30 times. It is for this reason that carrying a child in your arms is considered the most dangerous cause of safety. For example, if the weight of a child is 10 kg, then at the moment of a direct impact, he will already weigh more than 300 kg and it is almost impossible to hold him in order to protect him from a sharp blow to the front seat.

 

What is a car seat?

 

A child car seat is a restraint designed to carry children in a car. The car seat is designed for small passengers, from their very birth until the child reaches a height of 150 cm or a weight of 36 kg.

 

The main task of the car seat is to ensure the safety of the child during a traffic accident, as well as during emergency braking or sudden maneuvers of the car. Its need for a car is obvious, such a car seat reduces the likelihood of fatal injury. A prerequisite for this is the correct installation of such a car seat in the car.

 

How to properly transport a child in a car seat?

Pay your attention to the instructions for installing the car seat in the car. Ask the consultant to show you personally how to secure the seat in the car and how to properly fasten the child in it. After placing the child in the car seat, fasten it with the inner belts or three-point seat belts, depending on the group of the car seat. Be sure to check the tension of the belts, they should not sag or hang out. When traveling by car, give your child only soft toys for play and fun. For babies, use only special toys provided specifically for car seats. If your child watches cartoons during the trip, then keep in mind that all hard objects must be carefully secured. Do not give your child a DVD player or a book.

 

A child with a height of at least 135 cm is allowed to ride without a car seat. But he must sit in the back seat, fastened with a seat belt. However, it does not fit into available car seats. It is also important to develop appropriate habits in young passengers so that they understand how important safety is. Older children must be fastened to the car seat with a seat belt. Parents are obliged to check whether the child really did it right.

 

 Vehicles that are not suitable for attaching child seats may not carry small children on public roads.

 

At the same time, many say that before, when there were no special child seats, it was easy to do without them. But to understand the seriousness of the issue, one should compare modern accident statistics with data from 30 years ago. Dry statistics show that, despite the lower traffic activity, there were more injuries caused by accidents than today. Therefore, reliable protection of the child in the car is a fundamental issue that parents must decide.

 

How to choose the right child seat

 

The model must first of all correspond to the height and weight of the baby. If the seat is too small, the child's head will protrude beyond the contours of the backrest, which will not provide adequate support in a crash. If the car seat is larger, then the harness geometry will be incorrect. At the same time, the seat should not only be comfortable for the child, but also match the layout of the car.

 

Theoretically, the seats are universal, but in practice it often turns out that the seat base cannot be securely installed on the rear sofa. Often this is due to the strongly defined contours of the sofa. It happens that a large, deep and elongated seat is not suitable for safe use in a particular model, since the narrow door does not allow the parent to comfortably place the child and fix it correctly. For those with two or three children, the situation is complicated by the need to install multiple car seats.

 

Although ordering online is convenient and usually cheaper than in regular retail outlets, you should choose a car seat in real life - with a car and a child. It is worth comparing different models in terms of ease of use and ask the seller to test install a particular seat in the car.

 

How to properly install a car seat

 

Unfortunately, not all car seats are intuitively easy to install. Therefore, a common mistake is the incorrect installation of a car seat. Models that are secured with seat belts are cheaper, geared toward older children, and tend to cause the most problems. The correct positioning of the belts and their maximum tension is of decisive importance here.

 

If the child seat swings freely in the rear seat, it does not provide enough protection for the small passenger. Most seats have assembly instructions on the side or base showing the correct positioning of the straps.

But the owner of the car often faces problems. Sometimes the car has too short seat belts. In this case, a belt extension is used. It happens that the seat cannot be tilted due to the shape of the seats.

 

Even the fastening system, made in accordance with the Isofix standard, does not guarantee the absence of problems. In addition to the metal snap-on brackets located between the back of the chair and the car seat, a top strap or additional support is usually used for proper attachment. It is located between the base of the seat and the floor of the car.

 

The top strap is attached to the clips on the back of the sofa. Its function, like the retractable support, is to prevent the uncontrolled movement of the child seat in the event of a collision. The sofa of the car to which the child seat is attached is usually quite soft, and the Isofix latches can act as hinges, extending the seat by almost a quarter of a turn. As a result, the risk of hitting the back of the front seat increases.

 

 

Attention! Before installing the seat, you should carefully study the technical documentation of the car, find recommendations regarding the installation location of the child seat. In many vehicles, due to the design of the seats, the type of cushions or side curtains, secure locking is only possible in some places.

 

How to use seat belts correctly

Most children are simply not properly seated. It should be noted here that the inertia belts used by adults automatically adjust the tension, provided that they are in good working order and the passenger is sitting correctly. But the child seat belts are tightened by hand. This often requires effort, so to make the child comfortable, the force with which the belts are tightened should be dosed so as not to provoke injury.

 

In this case, the child in the car seat must be secured like a driver in a sports car. The back of the baby is firmly pressed against the back of the chair, and a hand should be difficult to crawl between the body of the child and the belts.

 

The belts must not be twisted, because in this state they will not evenly distribute the load. It is not allowed that the belt rubs against the child's neck, while providing support for the pelvis without a snug fit against the baby's stomach.

 

 

It should be remembered that:

 

1. In cars that do not provide for the possibility of installing a seat for a child, you cannot carry it on public roads.

 

2. Straps should fit snugly against the body and not create discomfort.

 

3. The airbag is deactivated when a child seat is installed on the passenger seat.

 

4. If the straps are too long, it is better to choose a different model of the child seat. At the same time, the safety of the child largely depends on the attention and driving style of the parent behind the wheel. Therefore, follow the Rules of the Road and carefully follow the road so as not to endanger the baby.

 

 

 

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35-cities-of-the-world-that-are-breathtaking-in-the-photo-but-in-real-life-they-can-upset

Not all popular destinations and hyped, advertised cities, places and areas in the world will in reality create an image that has been specially given to this or that locality to attract tourists. Otherwise, tourists simply would not go if there was not an interesting background behind the place of their trip.

 

Advertised cities that upset many tourists (Reddit users share)

 

Here's a compilation of Reddit users' thoughts for travel bloggers where people candidly talked about their experiences visiting some of the most famous cities among tourists. And ... they did not like them from the word AT ALL!

 

The experience, of course, is subjective, but we think you should know about it too, so as not to be too upset about those places where you dreamed of visiting for tourism purposes, but are unlikely to get there in the foreseeable future!

 

1. Dubai, UAE

“This is the main clickbait of the whole world. “We have the biggest/tallest/most expensive…” and “YOU WON’T BELIEVE WHEN YOU SEE THIS…” It’s really just government propaganda.”

 

2. Las Vegas, USA

“I once ordered 4 drinks and my bill was $117. And also the heat. And noise. And it's all creepy." — BubotheGunganEwok / Reddit

 

3. Portland, USA

“I live in Oregon. People constantly say that Portland is the best city in the world. I tell everyone…please visit other cities. Portland is nice, but my God, it's not the coolest city in the world." — lesbyeen / Reddit

 

4. Athens, Greece

“I was itching to go there because I am Greek. The air here is dirty, polluted, and all the famous ruins are right next to the city buildings that do not match the style. The place looks like part of a third world country." imatiredwoman/reddit

 

5. Myrtle Beach, USA

"I'm not even saying that this place has a good reputation, I'm just saying that any positive attitude towards it makes it overrated." — ThereGoesJoe / Reddit

 

6. Amsterdam, Netherlands

“Amsterdam in the summer is too crowded with tourists who come here in search of dubious pleasures. It's much nicer here in the winter, and nearby towns like Delft and Utrecht are just as good if you like beautiful views." — GroundbreakingCow435 / Reddit

 

7. Birmingham, UK

“I don’t understand how the only thing of interest in the UK’s second largest city can just be a mall?! It's such a gloomy, gray place that's not interesting at all. Every other major city in the UK has its own unique qualities and attractions that make it worth visiting. I haven't seen anything like this in Birmingham yet." — thats_up_top / Reddit

 

8. Delhi, India

“There are much better places to visit in India. Most Indians from other parts of the country are already aware of this, but in my experience, I am baffled by the fact that tourists almost always go there.” — samurai489 / Reddit

 

9. Atlantic City, USA

“You go a few blocks from the boardwalk and it’s incredibly depressing. It is quite obvious that this is an area exploited by large casinos while the locals are reduced to absolute poverty, but they are still forced to smile in order to work in the shops that are necessary for the flow of tourists. — juanzy / Reddit

 

10. American side of Niagara Falls

“The American side of Niagara Falls is bullshit! There are a lot of shabby buildings and banal tourist traps, and it's disgusting." — Zudop / Reddit

 

11. Dublin, Ireland

“I love Ireland and places like Killarney are incredible, but Dublin is just an average, mediocre city where everything is overpriced.” — AnAwesomeWalrus/Reddit

 

12. Los Angeles, USA

"It's dirty, it's criminal, it's full of homeless people, it's crowded, it's ugly and it's hard to get around." — Effective_James / Reddit

 

13. Palm Springs, USA

“There is literally nothing to do here, except go to some 4-star restaurant and play golf. Although there is no normal golf even in Palm Springs. So many celebrities come here as if it's some kind of luxury city, but it really isn't. People here just sip alcohol and vote against all the interesting things proposed.” — Aroused_Sloth / Reddit

 

14. Niagara Falls, Canada

“I grew up there. The head directs most of the taxes to casinos and tourism with flashy attractions in the style of Vegas. — PretendLibrarian0 / Reddit

 

15. Cairo, Egypt

"It's beautiful, but there's a new and unusual way to be deceived around every corner." — lordpanda / Reddit

 

16. Miami, USA

"There's nothing! Sure, there are a couple of interesting places to visit - Biscay is a really interesting place - but if you want to do something that doesn't involve hanging out at the mall or sunbathing, Miami is the void that slowly sucks your thoughts out. Miami is hell that somehow fooled the entire continent into thinking it was heaven." — machu_pikacchu / Reddit

 

17. San Francisco, USA

“The Golden Gate Bridge and the pier are cool, but the rest of the city is disgusting. Absolutely dirty and very expensive even for a mediocre hotel.” — awkjen / Reddit

 

18. Albuquerque, USA

"Albuquerque. It's like the bad east side of any city, but the WHOLE city seems like that." — tshirtguy2000 / Reddit

 

19. Vancouver, Canada

“It's beautiful, but inaccessible to life. It's also quite dangerous, especially in East Hastings in Vancouver. It's like a completely different world." — AmielJohn/ Reddit

 

20. Clearwater Beach, USA

“Such a dense building that there is almost no beach left. The traffic is TERRIBLE, so plan on 2-4 hours of your beach time just for the ride. Sucks for the locals." — kurnadurn/reddit

 

21. Pompeii, Italy

“The atmosphere was toxic, the local fair was pretty bland, nothing was showing at the local amphitheater, and it seemed like everyone you visited was asleep.” — GluttonAsteroth/Reddit

 

22. Austin, USA

"Austin, Texas. Lived there in the 90s and it was pretty cool. Now it's a crowded, expensive city." — DontShootTheFood / Reddit

 

23. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

“There is nothing more beautiful in this city. Now it's just a war zone, people are killing each other for nothing, no one is following the laws, and the state doesn't have enough power to fight the drug lords, so they basically do what they want." — ArthurNeedHelp / Reddit

 

24. Branson, USA

Branson, Missouri. Just don't go there...”

 

25. Cabot Cove, USA

Cabot Cove, Murder Capital of the World. Of course, all murders are solved, but would you really want to live in a city with so many easy-to-solve crimes?” —Andvare/Reddit

 

26. Bali, Indonesia

“Bali has changed so much in the last 10 years. It used to be so beautiful and amazing... now it's full of "digital nomads", overpriced food and other civilizational "goodies". I remember when it was just a cool place to surf with cheap food." — HippoNo9775 / Reddit

 

27. Beijing, China

"Beijing. I arrived at the end of the Trans-Mongolian Railroad trip after seeing so many incredible places and I think it was just a huge anti-climax. I didn't like being touched and laughed at on the subway (I'm European with very white skin and curly hair). Overall it was really challenging despite some amazing views.” — Teapigs1984 / Reddit

 

28. Manila, Philippines

"Manila... The traffic was terrible and it was so dirty, beautiful buildings, but the whole experience was tense." — Bigjay_37 / Reddit

 

29. Ottawa, Canada

"You could die of boredom if Montreal wasn't around." — tshirtguy2000 / Reddit

 

30. Philadelphia, USA

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. No offense to the people who live there, but I felt that everyone was angry, traffic and parking are worse than in Manhattan, and the city does not have any of the redeeming qualities of New York.” – YOLO_SWAG_SATAN / Reddit

 

31. Bangkok, Thailand

"Literally hell on earth." — vch01 / Reddit

 

32. Marrakesh, Morocco

“I know that everyone loves Marrakesh, but I hated it. It used to be awesome around 2000, but now it's like a Disneyland style version of their culture to cater to western tourists. Men dressed as Ali Baba pretending to be desert nomads. Their "handmade goods" are just cheap fakes from China and you can't walk five meters without being noticed by the scammers. Literally every block. The whole city seems to be just a facade to attract stupid money tourists. I understand why people love it, but that was my opinion. — legshampoo / Reddit

 

33. Paris, France

"So... that there is a syndrome named after this city where tourists see what it really is and lose the intrigue." — Alvinmcnoodle1 / Reddit

 

34. Trenton, USA

“I didn’t actually visit it and didn’t intend to go there, I just passed by on the Amtrak train. I woke up from a nap and saw that the train had just stopped in a place that looked like Raccoon City. Rubbish was everywhere and most of the buildings looked abandoned. The sky was cloudy and literally green. Kind of sickly yellow-green. And the creepiest thing is, I didn't see a single car driving down the street, or anyone walking outside on the bare sidewalks. All shops and restaurants looked closed and empty.

 

In fact, for a moment, I felt as if I were seized with fear, in a haze after sleep. I just wanted the doors to close and the train to move out of there. No one took the Amtrak in Trenton. I didn't even know if anyone was in this Trenton... As the train started moving and we passed through the city center, a railway bridge across the river caught my attention. On the side was a massive sign that read TRENTON CREATES, THE WORLD TAKES. — tr0nvicious / Reddit

 

35. Frankfurt, Germany

"Just a kind of boring banking/political city."

 

 

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50-interesting-facts-about-beijing

Imagine a huge city whose population exceeds that of many small countries. Skyscrapers in the center, anthill houses in the suburbs, and sparkling futuristic skyscrapers are harmoniously combined with street kitchens, crowds of pedestrians, and other Asian flavors. Indeed, Beijing is an incredible city. Here, in the heart of an ancient country, Eastern culture and Western innovation meet and merge.

 

Interesting facts about Beijing

 

Interesting facts about Beijing is a great opportunity to learn more about Asian capitals. The city has huge popularity all over the world. Millions of tourists come here every year to look at local attractions and get acquainted with Chinese culture.

 

 

1. The city of Beijing is the capital of China. The giant capital of China is amazing.

 

2. Beijing is a huge metropolis, the political and historical center of China.

 

3.Beijing is such a huge city that its population exceeds that of many small countries.

 

4. Four times as many people live in Beijing than in the whole of Slovakia - about 22 million.

 

5. And the area of ​​Beijing is larger than the area of ​​Moscow by about 12 times.

 

6. The first cities on the site of the modern capital of China existed more than three thousand years ago.

 

7. And the history of Beijing has 3 thousand years. It's about as old as London.

 

8. In ancient times, there were 4 great capitals in China, and Beijing is one of them.

 

 

9. Beijing, which means "Northern Capital" is the sixteenth name given to this city.

 

10. Before the city received the name "Beijing" in 1403, it was also called Jicheng ("City of Ji"), Yanjing ("Yan Capital"), Nanjing ("Southern Capital"), Dadu ("Great Capital"), Peiping ("Central World") and others.

 

11. Beijing is the second largest city in China after Shanghai with a population of almost 22.5 million. Almost the same number of people live on the continent of Australia.

 

12. This ancient city is literally crowded with people, cars and motorcycles, everyone is in a hurry somewhere, and it seems that people here never sleep at all.

 

RAILWAY STATION IN BEIJING

 

13. Indeed, Beijing is an incredible city. Here, in the heart of an ancient country, Eastern culture and Western innovation meet and merge.

 

14. In China, they like to borrow what they like, so this city has entire blocks that are very reminiscent of European cities.

 

15. In Beijing, skyscrapers are located in the center, anthill houses in the suburbs. These sparkling futuristic skyscrapers blend in harmoniously with street kitchens, crowds of pedestrians and other Asian flavors.

 

16. Beijing drivers never give way to pedestrians on zebras. However, almost everywhere in Asia the situation is exactly the same.

 

17. Bicycles are very popular in this city due to their cheapness. There are a lot of bike paths, they are usually fenced off from the roadway and the pedestrian zone.

 

METRO IN BEIJING

 

18. The Beijing subway, consisting of 17 "branches", takes 2nd place on the planet in terms of the total length of lines. The championship is held by the Shanghai subway.

 

19. Climatic conditions in Beijing are not simple: in summer the temperature can rise above + 42°C, while in winter the thermometer can drop to -27°C. The best months to visit Beijing are April, May, September and October.

 

BEIJING AIRPORT

 

20. Beijing Airport is the second busiest in the world: more than 100 million travelers pass through its terminals every year.

 

21. In Beijing, a new airport is under construction - when it is completed, Daxing should become the largest air harbor in the world. The complex is scheduled to open in 2025.

 

22. The most impressive historical sights of China are located in Beijing.

 

23. The center of the city is the famous Tiananmen Square. Until 1989, mass gatherings and political protests took place on the square, until access to the square was restricted and meetings were banned. Now only ceremonial events are allowed here.

 

TIANANMEN SQUARE, BEIJING

 

24. Tiananmen Square is surrounded by four monumental buildings: the Tiananmen Gate of the Imperial City in the north, the Great Hall of the People in the West, the Mao Zedong Mausoleum in the south, and the National Museum of China in the east.

 

25. Tiananmen Square in the center of Beijing, with a size of 440 thousand square meters, was the largest in the world until the 20th century.

 

26. In January 2011, an eight-meter statue of Confucius was installed on the square, but just a few months later, someone dismantled it under cover of night and took it away in an unknown direction.

 

27. Residents of China call their capital not Beijing, but Beijing, however, in Russian and many other languages, the outdated pronunciation of the city's name has been fixed.

 

28. One of the world's five mausoleums of socialist leaders, Mao Zedong, is located in Beijing.

 

MAUSOLEUM OF MAO ZEDONG

 

29. Mao Zedong, one of the founders of the Communist Party of China, rests in a huge memorial complex with 44 granite columns and 10 halls.

 

30. The most famous modern attraction in Beijing is the Olympic Park. As soon as Beijing was chosen to host the 2008 Summer Olympics, the entire country embarked on a plan to impress the world.

 

31. In total, 30 Olympic buildings were built and reconstructed. The main venues are located along the lake, such as the National Stadium - a masterpiece of the world-famous architects Herzog and de Meuron. Because of its bizarre shape, people call it the "Bird's Nest".

 

THE OLYMPIC PARK

 

32. In 2008, Beijing hosted the Summer Olympics, which cost the Chinese government about $44 billion to prepare.

 

33. Many citizens here wear medical masks on their faces, trying in this way to protect themselves from smog, exhaust gases and dust.

 

34. Air pollution in Beijing exceeds European standards by more than 5 times. Emissions from transport and industrial enterprises prevent citizens from breathing deeply.

 

35. And here, due to global climate change, for several decades, fierce sandstorms have often fallen on Beijing, capable of paralyzing the life of the metropolis.

 

36. Local ladies often walk with umbrellas to escape the sun. In Beijing, as in all of China, it is believed that the whiter the skin, the more beautiful the person, so everyone is afraid of sunburn.

 

37. School students in Beijing wear a uniform that is very reminiscent of tracksuits. The color of the uniform depends on the particular school.

 

38. In local parks, someone is constantly playing sports. Especially a lot of pensioners.

 

39. Many Beijingers here always carry thermoses with them, into which they pour tea or compote.

 

40. In many shopping centers, train stations and airports, you can see free vending machines for pouring boiling water. There are also regular fountains with drinking water.

 

41. There are also a lot of public toilets in Beijing, and they are all free.

 

42. Even in the city center, turning from a wide street into an alley, you can see how local residents cook food, dry clothes and do other household chores right on the street.

 

BEIJING CENTRAL STREET

 

43. Peking duck is one of the most famous Chinese delicacies. It takes about 2 days to prepare the poultry and fry it in a special oven on special wood.

 

44. Outside the tourist area of ​​Beijing, locals are very fond of taking pictures with foreigners.

 

45. Most Beijing residents do not speak English at all. So it will not be easy for a tourist without knowledge of Chinese.

 

ON THE STREETS OF BEIJING

 

46. ​​There are a lot of police in Beijing, passers-by often check documents. At the same time, everyone is calm, everyone understands that this is safety, and no one gets annoyed.

 

47. Beijing is a safe city. Even in poor areas, theft and especially robbery are extremely rare.

 

48. The first hotels and hotels for foreigners began to be built here only in the 70s of the last century.

 

49. The longest traffic jam in the world was recorded in Beijing: it lasted more than 9 days.

 

50. Beijing is a huge and incredible city. This is the very charm of Beijing - if some foreigners are shocked by the hectic atmosphere, then others find this never-ceasing seething of life attractive in its own way.

 

 

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top-65-facts-about-lisbon

Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in the world and at least the most senior in Western Europe. The first mention of it dates back to the 3rd century BC. Despite this, practically no evidence of this antiquity remains in the city. It's all to blame - the fact below.

 

Lisbon is the westernmost capital of mainland Europe. Near the city is the famous Cape Roca, from which only the boundless Atlantic Ocean extends.

 

Facts about Lisbon

 

1. The city of Lisbon is the capital of Portugal.

 

2. He is respected in Europe because he is one of the oldest.

 

3. The first settlements on the site of the modern capital of Portugal appeared earlier than in Rome and Paris.

 

4. According to most estimates, the city was founded in the 12th century BC, near the Tagus River, providing excellent living opportunities. It turns out that Lisbon is older than Rome by four centuries. In fact, in Europe, only Athens was founded earlier than Lisbon.

 

5. Lisbon has been considered the capital of Portugal since 1255. However, there are no official documents confirming the fact that Lisbon is the capital of Portugal. The city became the capital by accident when King Alfonso III settled with his court in Lisbon. This made sense since Lisbon was already Portugal's largest and most important city.

 

6. A long time ago, this region was inhabited by pre-Celtic tribes. Then came the Celts, and then the Phoenicians. The Punic Wars forced the inhabitants of this place to think about building defensive walls. And then they began to build castles and towers here.

 

7. In the Middle Ages, Muslims came to the city and brought with them a new culture. But their reign ended when the Norwegian crusaders came to Lisbon.

 

8. Gradually, the city expanded due to its advantageous position. As a result, it became the most important European port, from which the gates to many states were opened.

 

 

9. And again, the city wants to capture the enemies. Lisbon survived both the invasion of the Spaniards and the arrival of Napoleon's troops. So Lisbon is a city that has seen a lot in its lifetime. But the most terrible disaster in the city's history was the most powerful earthquake of 1775.

 

10. It turned out to be so ruthless that the city turned into ruins. But he was not destined to die. With the help of the remaining townspeople, the use of the country's inhabitants was gradually revived.

 

11. Then, a new city practically rose from the ruins and became one of the most beautiful. Three revolutions took place here in the 20th century. After them, the rapid development of modern capital began.

 

12. Today's Lisbon is the most beautiful European capital with its sights and legends.

 

13. Lisbon is the warmest European capital. There are at least 100 rainy days here a year.

 

THE OLDEST DISTRICT OF LISBON - ALFAMA

 

14. Alfama is the oldest district of Lisbon and the only one that survived and even retained its appearance after an earthquake in the middle of the 18th century. The Alfama district is located in the southeast of the city along the banks of the Tagus River. Alfama is situated at the foot of two of the seven Lisbon hills, one of which crowns the castle of St. George, and the other is the Cathedral of St. Vincent.

 

15. Its architecture stands out as a bright spot against the background of the rest of the city - chaotically located streets and tiny houses with stairs on the slopes form the image of the Middle Ages, and in general, it looks not like a district, but like a small village in the city. For a long time, it had a reputation as an area where sailors, anglers, etc., lived, that is, simple poor people, but in the Middle Ages, Muslims used the springs in Alfama to improve their health; for this, they came here as a resort.

 

16. Down to the banks of the Tagus River, the Alfama area is taking on more modern features - the old port warehouses have turned into modern loft spaces equipped with restaurants and trendy nightclubs.

 

17. The sights of Porto and Lisbon are a unique tandem of two Portuguese pearls that allows you to discover all the most atmospheric places in Portugal, feel its lively character and plunge into the old days.

 

18. The ancient buildings and centuries-old streets of these cities allow you to go back in time and understand how the state's glorious history developed.

 

ROSIE SQUARE

 

19. One of the most iconic places in Lisbon is Rossio Square, which can be classified as a must-see for tourists. It is surrounded by buildings from the 17th and 18th centuries, which house numerous shops, cafes, and restaurants today, from modern eateries to fine Art Nouveau establishments.

 

20. Over the centuries, the square has seen a lot - even the Romans equipped their hippodrome on this place. Bullfights, festivals, military parades, and executions were held in the court. Today, city and public holidays are celebrated here; they study original installations and relax.

 

21. Locals are sure that Lisbon is associated with Freemasonry since the entire central district of Lisbon Baixa was designed and built on the principles of Masons: there are seven streets (one of which is Golden Street and the other is Silver Street), three squares, two columns near the river, one triumphal arch and many other facts point to this. But it is difficult to say this is true because Freemasonry is covered with a veil of mystery.

 

22. Ravens have been a symbol of the city since 1173 when they accompanied the body of Saint Vincent to Lisbon, where he was buried. Every coal merchant in the town kept ravens as pets. All these beloved pets have always had the same name: Vicente, in honor of the saint. The raven can always be seen in the castle of San Jorge and below at Se.

 

23. Lisbon is the first city to import Guinness. It is not in the Guinness Book of World Records, but records from 1811 show Lisbon was the first city to import Guinness beer.

 

24. O'Gillins and Hennessy's are among the few pubs in Lisbon where you can enjoy a perfectly poured pint of Guinness - continuing a tradition over 203 years old.

 

TRIUMPHAL ARCH

 

25. One of the attractions of Lisbon is the Arc de Triomphe. The date of the creation of this architectural structure is the end of the 18th century. The majestic arch was decorated with statues, sculptures of famous Portuguese, stone carvings, bas-reliefs, and column groups. By paying a few euros, you can climb to the observation deck, located on the roof of the building.

 

26. The Tahoe River stretches for 14 kilometers, winding through the capital.

 

27. The Tagus River is not the most attractive. No one in their right mind would think of swimming in its waters. But the world-famous oysters were once found in this river.

 

28. Only five people know the recipe for their favorite Lisbon cake. In a city where almost no one has secrets from each other, one terrible secret is kept - the recipe for Pastel de Belém cake. The secret recipe of Pastel de Belen has never been written down and is transmitted only orally; it has always been remembered and kept in mind. To prevent the formula from being lost, its keepers are not prohibited from flying together in the same plane or driving in the same car.

 

29. As you know, with great secrets comes great responsibility, and the keepers of this recipe take special precautions: they never travel in the same plane, do not sit in the same car, and do not order the same dish in a restaurant.

 

ON THE HILL OF GRACE

 

30. Graça is the highest of Lisbon's hills, but it was excluded from the original and official list. The seven lucky ones lined up in this order: San Jorge, San Vicente, San Roque, Santo Andre, Santa Catarina, Chagas and Santa Anna.

 

31. Maybe that's why most locals tell tourists that Lisbon is a city of seven hills. But this statement is not valid. They are deliberately misidentified to make Lisbon more like Rome, also known as the city of the seven hills.

 

CHURCH OF SAINT ENGRAVE

 

32. One of the most impressive creations of Portuguese Baroque architecture is the Church of Saint Engracia, also called the National Pantheon. This is a magnificent building made of pink marble with a vast dome, at the base of which, at the height of about 80 meters, there is an observation deck overlooking the city and the Tagus River.

 

33. This temple began to be built in the 17th century but was supplemented and rebuilt over the next three centuries. The construction process dragged on so much that the well-known phrase “construction of Santa Engracia” appeared in everyday life of the Portuguese, which meant an endless delay in work. The church has a design that has not previously been used in any Portuguese building - the interior space is distributed according to the scheme of the Greek cross. Above the entrance are niches with statues, and a beautiful baroque portal leads inside, where two angels hold the Portuguese coat of arms.

 

34. The city is considered multinational. At the same time, according to the census, 97% of the Portuguese live in it.

 

35. The Guinness Book of Records writes about a dinner in Lisbon, which 15,000 people attended. This dinner took place on the Vasco da Gama bridge during its opening in 1998.

 

36. In one of Lisbon's classic cafes, Martinho da Arcada, two tables remain empty and are permanently "reserved" for late writers. One for Fernando Pessoa, Portugal's most famous poet, and one for Nobel laureate José Saramago, Portugal's most beloved writer.

 

BASILICA - ESTRELA

 

37. A hill west of Lisbon crowns a majestic building - the Basilica da Estrela, erected by the Queen Mary of Portugal decree. Sometime during the marriage, Mary vowed to build a temple for the nuns of the Order of Barefoot Carmelites if the Lord would grant her a son. After a while, her heir was born, and at the end of the 18th century, the construction of the basilica began.

 

38. So, a unique building with columns, bell towers, and bas-reliefs grew. A tower complements the dome with a cross, which to this day serves as a guide for travelers - it can be seen from almost any part of the city.

 

39. Unfortunately, by the time construction was completed, the queen's son had already died from the smallpox he had suffered. The picturesque architecture of the temple combines the Baroque and Neo-Gothic styles; the facade is decorated with sculptures of angels and six allegories. The central dome is surrounded by a terrace from which you can enjoy beautiful views of the capital.

 

40. Lisbon has the world's only public tie mirror. At least there is no other city with such a mirror in the world. It is located next to door number 115 in Piazza D. Pedro IV. The inscription calls: "Put in order the knot of your tie."

 

MONUMENT TO THE PIONEERS

 

41. In Lisbon, there is a monument to the discoverers. It is located on the Belen embankment of the Tagus River. This large-scale 50-meter sculpture was created in memory of the era of legendary geographical discoveries. According to the project, the monument should personify the exploits of the famous navigators of Portugal. At the top level of the monument is an observation deck.

 

42. Lisbon has one of the smallest bookstores in the world. Bertrand is known as the world's oldest bookstore, a well-known fact. But Livraria do Simao is one of the smallest, with an area of ​​​​only 3.8 square meters. Meters. However, it holds 4,000 books! It is so small that the store owner usually leaves the premises when a customer enters.

 

VASCO DA GAMA BRIDGE

 

43. The Lisbon Vasco da Gama Bridge is the longest bridge in Europe, its length exceeds 17 kilometers. It is also the largest in Europe. Its appearance marked the 500th anniversary of the opening of the route to India by the great navigator. The construction crosses the river in its widest part, connecting one of the districts of Lisbon with the opposite towns of Montijo and Alcuchet.

 

44. The Vasco da Gama Bridge is a powerful support, dozens of cables, a curved line of the roadbed over the waters of the Tagus River. It is known that the design of the Vasco da Gama bridge is able to withstand the elements, 4.5 times more powerful than the famous Lisbon earthquake of the 18th century.

 

PRASA SQUARE - DO - COMERCIU

 

45. Praça do Comercio in Lisbon is one of the most beautiful European squares, from which the active development of the city began in the 15th century, regarding the famous geographical discoveries. It was during these years that the construction of the port and administrative buildings associated with maritime trade began. During the prosperity of Lisbon, ships with treasures from the Portuguese colonies moored in the port, important royal delegations arrived.

 

46. ​​And in our time, in the Praça do Comercio area, evidence of past glory remains - monumental monuments, ancient administrative buildings and various interesting places. Ministries, banks and other state organizations work in historical buildings located along the perimeter of the square. The legendary cafe Martinho da Arcada also operates here, where true aristocrats dined.

 

47. There are many unusual museums in the city: carriages, electricity, ancient art.

 

AT THE GALUST GULBENKYAN MUSEUM

 

48. The Calouste Gulbenkian Museum is a private museum. Usually private museum collections do not attract as much attention as large national museums. The Galouste Gulbenkian Gallery is a special case, with a huge and diverse collection that can outshine any large-scale exhibition.

 

49. The first part of this exposition presents objects of Greek, Egyptian, Persian art, here you can see the rarest jewelry, precious vases, fragments of Egyptian tombs. The second part is dedicated to European art - these are collections of paintings, carvings, sculptures, and various decor. But the most impressive part is the collection of paintings with paintings by Rembrandt, Renoir, Claude Monet and other eminent painters.

 

PAVILION OF KNOWLEDGE IN THE PARK OF NATIONS

 

50. In Lisbon, in the Park of Nations in the Interactive Museum of Science, a thematic pavilion of Knowledge was opened in 1999. It will be interesting to visit it for a person of any age - both kids from 3 years old and pensioners.

 

51. In the pavilion, divided into separate rooms, you can set up all kinds of experiments, for example, in the field of chemistry or physics, participate in experiments, learn about technological innovations and natural phenomena. Special attention deserves a hall with interactive modules called Escaping Exhibition: here you can ride a rope at a height of 6 meters on a bicycle, or relax at a huge table.

 

52. An unusual Santa Justa street elevator operates in the city, raising tourists to a height of 45 meters.

 

53. Lisbon Oceanarium is the largest in Europe. 450 species of marine inhabitants live here.

 

54. Almost all Lisbon streets look in black and white. Such an unusual coloring is not associated with mourning events, but symbolizes the robes of St. Vincent, who is the patron saint of the city.

 

55. During World War II, spies arrived in Lisbon from all over the world. The richest European refugees have created a small community around the casinos of the city of Estoril near Lisbon. They spent their days on the beach, dancing the night away, hosting banquets and gambling games where the stakes were very high.

 

56. The best spies of all Western countries worked hard in these circles. The most famous is Ian Fleming, the author of the James Bond novels, who was here in the service of British Naval Intelligence.

 

57. The April 25 Bridge across the Tagus River is 2.2 kilometers long. It is the largest in Europe among similar suspended transitional structures.

 

ZOO IN LISBON

 

58. The Lisbon Zoo is a unique menagerie. It stands out from other zoos in that it does not have cages or enclosures. The inhabitants live in recreated "natural" conditions: a house is built for the rhinoceros in the form of an entire African village, macaques and chimpanzees jump on real trees, tigers and lions rest on the grass of the "savannah".

 

59. For comfortable observation of animals and organizing picnics, tables and benches are located on the area of ​​​​the complex. Tourists who come to Lisbon with children should visit this wonderful zoo in the first place.

 

TRAMS IN LISBON

 

60. The narrow, uneven streets of the historic part of Lisbon are lined with tram tracks that have existed here for more than 100 years. They are followed by miniature yellow Remodelado trams that appeared in the early 20th century, and today everything inside them, from controls to wooden benches, seems to transport you to a charming era of the past.

 

61. Tourists who just want to wander around the city, the first thing you should pay attention to is Augusta, the main pedestrian street of Lisbon. It stretches from the central city square of Rossio to the famous triumphal arch and is a pavement lined with ancient mosaics in the form of a fancy pattern. It is a favorite place for walks of locals and visitors, a large shopping area and a popular vacation spot with numerous outdoor cafes, boutiques, exhibitions of local artists and performances by musicians.

 

62. Tourists are everywhere surrounded by colorful facades of old mansions, and the end of the walking route is crowned by the majestic Arc de Triomphe, which in itself is a separate attraction. The grand building is decorated in a mixture of Baroque, Renaissance and Manueline styles. A spiral staircase and an elevator lead to the top of the arch, where the observation deck is located.

 

63. The observation deck of San Pedro de Alcantara is a panoramic observation point, the area of ​​\u200b\u200bwhich is divided into two levels. At each level there are small restaurants, sculptural compositions, shops, fountains and vegetation. It is here that the local intelligentsia and the youth of the capital gather. Moreover, you do not need to pay for access to this observation terrace in the fresh air.

 

64. When exploring the ancient quarters of Lisbon, one should not forget about its surroundings, which are no less rich in historical monuments. For example, you can go outside of Lisbon to explore the sights of Sintra - Moorish castles, palaces, ancient monasteries against the backdrop of landscapes immersed in greenery.

 

65. Tourists say that once they see Lisbon, they cannot forget it or confuse it with another city. And you will definitely want to return there again to wander through its streets and visit its many other attractions.

 

 

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50-interesting-facts-about-the-city-of-rhodes

The island of Rhodes belonging to Greece is not only an extremely popular place among tourists, but also a real paradise for lovers of history and ancient Greek culture. A great many ancient monuments, monuments and other buildings of the ancient Greeks have been perfectly preserved here, which will never leave an inquisitive tourist indifferent.

 

Most of the interesting facts about Rhodes are connected with the myths and monuments of Ancient Greece. Any guide to the island will attest to this. We propose to dig deeper and find out what else attracts travelers to this amazing place. The Mediterranean pearl, Rhodes, rightfully bears the title of the most beautiful of the islands of Greece.

 

It is located in the south of the Aegean Sea and belongs to the Dodecanese archipelago. The mild tropical climate and picturesque nature attract tourists from all over the world all year round. And for lovers of ancient history, this is just a real gift. What else do you need to know about the island, going there?

 

Facts about Rhodes

 

 

1. The city of Rhodes is a pearl and one of the largest historical centers of Greece.

 

2. This ancient port is located in the north of the island of the same name, on the coast of the Aegean and Mediterranean seas.

 

3. The ancient city of Rhodes is considered one of the most unique corners of Hellas, the main city of the Dodecanese Islands and the center of the island of the same name.

 

4. The first settlements appeared here several millennia BC. e. This is evidenced by archaeological finds.

 

5. Rhodes is one of the most ancient cities on the planet. Historians call 408 BC the date of the founding of Rhodes ... According to Greek legend, the ancient Telchin magicians were the discoverers of the island. They were endowed with magical powers and were excellent blacksmiths. The magicians gave the sword to the god Kron and the Trident to the sea lord Poseidon. Despite the gifts, the grandchildren of Poseidon drove the wizards off the island.

 

6. The history of Rhodes is replete with interesting facts, fascinating events and sights, some of which have survived to this day, and some have remained only in legends.

 

7. It was in this policy of Ancient Greece that the famous Kolos of Rhodes was located - one of the 7 wonders of the world. In 226 BC. e. As a result of the earthquake, the city was almost completely destroyed, and the world-famous landmark was wiped off the face of the earth.

 

8. Finally, the city fell into decay 170 years after the death of Caesar.

 

 

9. Convenient geographical position attracted the attention of Byzantium to Rhodes. Between the 4th and 14th centuries, the old city was a naval base and a strategically important port, the capital of the Theme of Kivirreota.

 

10. Since 1309 Rhodes was ruled by the Order of the Knights, in 1522 the Ottomans captured the Greek land, and at the beginning of the 20th century the Italians ruled here.

 

11. As a result of this, modern Greece has received a unique city that combines the features of antiquity, Byzantine style, baroque and gothic, a cultural capital and a powerful military base.

 

12. During its history, the city of Rhodes has been subjected to strong earthquakes several times. So, in 515, he lost almost half of the territory, and after the disaster of 1481, there were practically no ancient temples left in the city.

 

13. The city of Rhodes in antiquity earned itself prestige in the trading circles of the Mediterranean, as evidenced by the surviving records.

 

14. During the V-IV centuries BC. e. Rhodes was known for its political struggle between democracy and the oligarchs, several times power passed from the people to the owners of great wealth.

 

15. The heyday of the city falls on the III-II centuries BC. e., when a stadium, numerous temples, a theater, fortifications, sewerage and water supply were built.

 

16. Not everyone, even an ancient city, can simultaneously boast one of the 7 wonders of the world, several UNESCO World Heritage Sites and an abundance of ancient monuments.

 

 

17. The entire territory of the Island of Rhodes and the city of the same name is filled with sights, stories and legends, dating back to the Neolithic times. But especially many events occurred in the period of antiquity and the Middle Ages.

 

18. The city was founded by people from the island policies of Kamir, Ialis and Lind. This event took place in 408 BC.

 

19. Due to its convenient geographical position, ancient Rhodes in the Mediterranean became a major center of transit trade. According to historical data, earlier there were as many as 5 ports in the city. However, only three of them have been located so far.

 

20. Medieval Rhodes got its interesting facts thanks to the arrival of the Knights of St. John (Hospitallers) to these lands. In 1309 the city became the seat of the order.

 

CITY WALLS

 

21. The Rhodes knights significantly strengthened the defense capability of the settlement. The city was surrounded by a high and thick stone wall, the length of which was 4 kilometers. The fortification was equipped with watchtowers and 7 gates, near which there was an armed guard.

 

22. From the inside, the city was also divided by a wall. A smaller part, it was called Collachio, was completely given over to knighthood. It housed the Palace of the Grand Masters, the Cathedral, a hospital and other administrative buildings.

 

23. For the most part, Burgo, or as it was also called Hora, was settled by ordinary people. Houses, markets, churches, public buildings, etc. were erected in this area.

 

24. Chivalry helped the townspeople defend Rhodes and fight off foreign raids for more than two centuries. But in 1522, the Hospitallers were defeated during the siege of the city by the Ottoman troops. So Rhodes fell under the rule of the Turkish ruler Suleiman the Great.

 

25. As a result of the change of power, local residents were forced out of the city walls. The expelled townspeople had to settle down in a new place, and this is how the New Town (the modern part of Rhodes) got its development.

 

26. The name of the city in Greek means "island of roses".

 

 

27. Now the city is home to almost 60 thousand people employed in tourism, fishing and agriculture.

 

28. The city is territorially divided into two parts: Burg and Kollahiy.

 

29. Ordinary residents lived in Burg. The main street of this area is filled with shops, restaurants and souvenir shops. Kollahiy has always been the abode of knights and masters.

 

30. The Palace of the Grand Masters, built in the 14th century, managed to be well preserved to this day, despite the explosion of 1856. Enthusiasts restored the architectural masterpiece in the 20th century according to old sketches.

 

31. The Palace of the Grand Masters is now one of the visiting cards of the city. Two castle exhibition halls are dedicated to the historical and cultural heritage of Rhodes.

 

32. Some parts of the ancient city were discovered as a result of excavations. You can visit them and admire the man-made works of art: architecture, sculpture and crafts.

 

33. Temples, sculptures, and other ancient structures have been preserved in the city, which have been restored to date and receive tourists.

 

34. In addition, many items of ancient life have been preserved. But the paintings remained only in fragments due to the destruction caused by the earthquake.

 

 

35. The appearance of the modern city was influenced by the Italians, who rebuilt the city during the Italian occupation of the islands.

 

36. The cult of the sun god, Helios, is widespread not only in the city, but throughout the island. It was believed that he is the patron of the island, as he carried it out of the depths of the sea on his own hands. This territory was named after the nymph Rhodes, whom Helios loved. The locals also revered other gods, though to a lesser extent.

 

37. The emblem of Rhodes is a deer, the statues of which are on the columns left after the destruction of the giant statue of Helios.

 

ELEMENTS OF THE ACROPOLIS IN RHODES

 

38. Of the ancient monuments, the most valuable for the world and the country are the interesting ruins of the temple of Athena Poliada and the stadium, which is an analogue of the stadium in Olympia. To date, this is the only antique copy that has survived to this day.

 

39. Street of the Knights in the Old Town of Rhodes is a unique medieval street with a length of 200 meters. Laid in the XXIV century, it still retains its original appearance.

 

40. On the territory of the city, some elements of the acropolis and medieval buildings have been preserved. For fans of the era of medieval piracy, the siege of medieval castles, Rhodes will be a discovery.

 

41. Most of the region's income comes from the tourism business. Of course, first of all, people come to the city of Rhodes to see the ancient sights, but a beach holiday is also available here.

 

42. Therefore, tourists come here not only to see ancient monuments, but also to relax under the gentle Mediterranean sun on comfortable beaches.

 

43. In the northern part of the city, on the Mediterranean coast, there is one of the best beaches in Rhodes Greece - Elli. There are always a lot of vacationers here, half of them are local youth.

 

44. Life is in full swing on the beach around the clock: during the day, the main attention is paid to the calm and clear sea, and at night - to the nearby cafes and discos that are held in it.

 

45. Ella has a well-developed infrastructure. There are sun loungers and umbrellas, showers, changing cabins, a rental area, many water activities and a free jumping tower located 25 meters from the sand and pebble coast. Entry into the water on Ella is convenient, but there is music playing around the clock, so this place is not the best option for families with small children.

 

 

46. ​​And the beach near the village of Kalawarda is an ideal place for a secluded holiday, especially for not the most picky tourists. There are no umbrellas or sun loungers, shops and entertainment areas, but all this is compensated by the clean sandy coast, calm water and beautiful nature.

 

47. It is also a great place for children, as there is a shallow bay on Kalavard with a convenient entry and always calm water. There are several toilets and showers on the beach, and an excellent restaurant is a 10-minute walk away.

 

48.A pebble-sand beach, located in the center of Rhodes, will provide you with everything you need for a good rest. It is well equipped and has all the necessary amenities. But compared to Elli Beach, located nearby, there are much fewer people here. Akti Miauli is located on the coast of the Aegean Sea, the water here is warm and clean, but in summer it is constantly windy and waves rise.

 

49. Modern Rhodes is distinguished by a combination of ancient civilization, interspersed with medieval architectural monuments and modern buildings, recreation areas and beaches.

 

50. The city of Rhodes is an interesting and unusual place. Here you can feel the atmosphere of ancient Greece and enjoy the rest on two seas at the same time.

 

 

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