Why penguins come out on land now - A difficult period begins in the life of flightless birds
Summer ended in Antarctica, and the first penguins stretched out of the water to nesting sites. By the beginning of this long and difficult period in the life of flightless seabirds, World Penguin Day is celebrated on April 25th.
King penguins, like all penguin representatives, live in the sea of the Southern Hemisphere, closer to Antarctica.
They nest on islands such as South Georgia, Tierra del Fuego, South Sandwich, Crozet, and a number of others, in close proximity to seals, elephants, albatrosses and another 30 species of seabirds.
The king penguin is similar to the imperial penguin, the largest in the world, but differs in brighter color and slightly smaller size - its body length barely reaches 1 m and its weight does not exceed 17 kg.
Penguin ancestors who lived in a temperate climate, when Antarctica was not yet an ice-covered mainland, were the size of humas and could reach a weight of 120 kg.
During the nesting period, the male walks around the colony, showing orange spots on his head, indicating his puberty, and screams loudly, raising his beak to the sky.
An interested female approaches the male, the mating dance and hugs begin ...
In the middle of winter, the female lays one egg and covers it with a fold on her belly. A little later, a male is joining to the nestling hatchery.
King penguin chicks are brown in color. Only those who hatch from eggs laid from November to December survive.
The rest do not have time to grow before winter and die. The next year, parents left without offspring begin to lay their eggs earlier, and those who have already raised chicks nest later, taking a break.
On land, birds walk slowly, flipping from side to side, which saves a lot of energy.
In water, they develop a speed of more than 10 km / h, especially when they swim like dolphins, periodically jumping out of the water. Going to land, they can overcome almost two meters in a jump.
King penguins nest mainly on rocks, in places easily accessible to humans.
The measures taken to protect birds allowed for a century to restore the global population. There are currently about a million pairs of king penguins on earth.
Japan is an ancient country, with an extremely interesting history and traditions. Japan is also very closed to foreigners, which is why so many tourists are interested in these isolated islands. The modern Japanese way of life and culture are quite different from the USA and Europe. Read on for interesting things about Japan that you probably didn't know.
There are no people in Japan to collect garbage. The streets of Japan are extremely clean, even in Tokyo, which is the capital and a massive megalopolis, all the streets are clean and have no garbage. But how is this possible without garbage? It all comes down to their mentality. The Japanese rarely leave garbage on the streets. Also, volunteers, both young and old, clean the streets simply because they want to live in a clean city. If an employer sees that you have previously worked as a volunteer street cleaner, you will be seen as a responsible person and will probably hire you much faster.
In Japan, 98.5% of the population is Japanese. Today's world is becoming more and more international due to the mixing of cultures. But this is not the case in Japan, because of the extremely difficult visas and cultural mentality, it is a challenge for migrants to stay in Japan. On the one hand, it protects this unique and ancient culture with ancient traditions, but, on the other hand, it is closed to the outside world and migrants.
25% of Japan's population is over 65 years old. Japan is now facing terrible demographic problems. Because it is so difficult to afford the needs of children, such as schools, medicine, extracurricular activities, many Japanese simply do not have children. It has been like this for many years, and now over 25% of the population is over 65 years old. Immigrants are the solution to this problem, they do not like to integrate and want to have children.
In Japan you are allowed to sleep at work. You've probably heard about how long the days of service in Japan are. Officially, the schedule is 8 hours a day as in most parts of the world, but due to their mentality, any employee wants to stay over the schedule to show that he is willing to work. In Japan, if you sleep during the work day, it is a sign that you work extremely hard. Even if Japanese companies do the same job as Americans or Europeans, workers postpone their work until evening to stay at work and show a desire to work.
1.Giving everyone a change
5.Tree in Japan
6.Telephone of the wind
8.Just 2 days
9.Train seats in Japan
11.Toilets be like
15.Waiting at station
17.The oldest fish
21.Trains in Japan
23.Help in Japan
24.Japan under water
26.Package from Japan
32.Food at hospital
35.Floating solar power plant
44.System for bags
47.KFC in Japan
48.Subway in Japan
Football fans have never looked forward to an international tournament for so long. The European Championship was supposed to be held in 2020, but due to a sudden pandemic, the competition was postponed to 2021, albeit with the previous name - Euro 2020. Bemorepanda has collected the most interesting facts about the main football tournament of 2021, which started on June 11.
€ 1.25 billion
was the cost of the players of the England national team, the most expensive national team of Euro 2020
France is located nearby - € 1.03 billion, Germany (€ 936.5 million), Spain (€ 915 million) and Portugal (€ 872 million).
Three others are: Hungary (€ 74.85 million), North Macedonia (€ 61.8 million) and Finland (€ 44.6 million).
Almost € 1 billion was the
Total cost of the 11 most expensive footballers of the tournament
The total cost of the most expensive footballers in terms of positions for Euro 2020 was € 990 million.
On the bench in terms of positions: Romelu Lukaku (€ 100 million), Raheem Sterling (€ 90 million), Bruno Fernandes (€ 90 million), Phil Foden (€ 80 million), Marcus Llorente (€ 80 million), Rodri (€ 70 million), Raphael Varane (€ 70 million) , Milan Shkrinjar (€ 60 million), Ben Chilluel (€ 45 million), Rhys James (€ 40 million).
€ 40 million
was the cost of the most expensive football player of Euro 2020 not from the top 5 championships
This is 18-year-old defender Nuno Mendes from Sporting Portugal. The second is 19-year-old Ryan Gravenberch from Ajax, worth € 33 million (Netherlands). The third is Nikola Vlašić from CSKA, which TM estimates at € 30 million (Croatia).
120 players at Euro 2020 - from the Premier League
This is more than from any other championship.
The following tournaments are listed:
● Bundesliga - 89;
● Series A - 71;
● La Liga - 38;
● RPL - 32;
● League 1 - 29;
● Championship (Division 2 of England) - 29;
A total of 42 leagues of various levels are represented.
The most atypical:
● Championship of Albania: Ferhan Hasani - North Macedonia
● Bosnia and Herzegovina: Krste Velkovski - North Macedonia
● Japan: Thomas Vermaelen - Belgium
● English League 1 (3rd division): Chris Gunter from " Charltona - Wales & Annecy Jakkola of Bristol Rovers - Finland
● English Ligue 2 (4th Division): Matt Smith Man City U-23 - Wales
17 Chelsea footballers featured at Euro 2020
More than from any other team.
This is a tournament record. Chelsea players are on 10 national teams: England, Germany, France, Croatia, Italy, Spain, Denmark, Wales, Scotland and Belgium. Following the winner of the Champions League are:
● Manchester City - 15
● Bayern - 14
● Juventus - 12
● Manchester United and Dynamo K - 11
14 years and 10 months
Joachim Loew leads the German national team - the longest of the coaches for Euro 2020
The closest pursuers don't even have 10 years:
● France - Didier Deschamps (8 years and 10 months);
● Switzerland - Vladimir Petkovich (6 years and 10 months);
● Portugal - Fernando Santos (6 years and 8 months);
● North Macedonia - Igor Angelovski (5 years and 7 months);
● Sweden - Janne Anderson (4 years and 11 months);
● Ukraine - Andriy Shevchenko (4 years and 10 months);
● Belgium - Roberto Martinez (4 years and 10 months);
● Russia - Stanislav Cherchesov (4 years and 9 months);
● England - Gareth Southgate (4 years and 6 months);
17 years and 243 days
Kasper Kozlovsky - the youngest footballer of Euro 2020
Next on the list - Englishman Bellingham, German Musiala, Spaniard Pedri and two Ukrainians: Zabarny and Sudakov.
96.2% of the
national teams in Finland and Hungary are represented by players from outside the national championships.
Finland and Hungary still have one player from the local championships. This is followed by:
● Austria and Belgium - 92.3%;
● Sweden and North Macedonia - 88.5%;
● Switzerland, Poland and Scotland - 84.6%;
● France and Wales - 80.8.
The smallest percentage of "legionnaires":
● England - 11.5% (Trippier, Bellingham, Sancho);
● Italy - 15.4% (Emerson, Florenzi, Veratti, Jorginho);
● Russia - 15.4% (Kudryashov, Golovin, Miranchuk, Cheryshev);
● Ukraine - 30.8% (Zinchenko, Sobol, Makarenko, Malinovsky, Bezus, Yarmolenko, Zubkov, Yaremchuk);
● Germany - 34.6% (Leno, Rudiger, Koch, Gosens, Kroos, Gundogan, Havertz, Werner, Volland).
Now the Euro can play ...
... even those who did not get into the final application of
Previously, the Euro application could fit 23 players, but the modern tournament requires modern solutions. UEFA has prepared and released some covid additions to the regulations ahead of the tournament. You probably know that the rosters have been expanded to 26, so that the teams have more room to maneuver. But this is not the only measure. Player rosters may change before the tournament, and even during.
For example, in case of injury or serious illness, a player from the application can be replaced with another one before the starting match of the team for Euro, and goalkeepers can be changed after the first game.
In this case, any additional applications must be agreed, the diagnosis of the excluded player must be confirmed by the UEFA medical specialist. The number of such substitutions is not limited, the main thing is to fit into the deadline (for field players - before the start of the tournament). The regulations clearly state: the national team must go to the match if it has at least 13 players, including one goalkeeper. If 13 is not recruited, then you can even call those who are not included in the application 26.
A few days before the tournament, covid problems appear. So far, Spain is suffering the most. Sergi Busquets passed a positive test and disrupted the friendly match - since all the other players were at risk, they had to release the youth team for the game with Lithuania. And on the morning of June 9, it turned out that the defender Diego Llorente was also infected.
As a result, the coaches create a "plan B" - at the same time they assemble a squad of 17 players (there is Kep, but no Nacho, Saul and Aspas). All of them will come to the national team, but they will live in a "parallel bubble" without contact with the main team. In which case, any of them will be added.
A part-time Youtube blogger, a failed mortgage consultant ...
... and 7 more interesting facts about Euro stars
In the summer of 2012, English defender Tyrone Mingsretirement was considered at age 19. The fact is that it was problematic for him to combine training with the work of a bartender and a mortgage consultant, but he still continued to perform. After 7 years, he achieved a call-up to the England national team.
Spain's left-back, Jordi Alba, only got a driver's license at 31 and started using his car. Before that, the Spaniard came to trainings by taxi or with the help of relatives and friends.
Dutchman Donnie van de Beck has been dating the daughter of the legendary Dennis Begkamp for several years, and he took the 34th number in Manchester United in honor of Ajax footballer Abelha, who had been in a coma for almost three years.
Until the age of 14, Spanish goalkeeper David De Gea was not a goalkeeper at all. He generally played mini-football, where he played the role of a forward. In those days, he pumped the game with his feet, which helps him in big football. He parried a lot of punches thanks to futsal skills.
In July 2020, the English “Birmingham” assigned the 22nd number for 17-year-old Jude Bellingham. Thus, the club thanked the talented guy for 10 years in the team. Bellingham became Birmingham's most expensive transfer - it was sold to Borussia Dortmund for € 25 million.
In 2012, Italian Federico Bernardeschi refused to star in a reality show about the life of promising Fiorentina players. They persuaded him for a long time, hinting that the captain should take part in the picture and that this would raise his recognition. “I just wanted to play football, I didn't think about the rest,” Federico recalled.
Black Spaniard Adam Traore has been famous for speed since a young age. To prevent the winger from being grabbed by the arms, the Wolverhampton coaching staff came up with the idea of smearing them with baby oil. And it helped! Now the reactive footballer cannot be kept up, and he began to receive much fewer injuries due to fouls.
The star of the Netherlands national team Memphis Depay, in addition to football, is engaged in music. More than 500 thousand people have subscribed to his YouTube channel. The total number of video views has already exceeded 36 million.
English defender Bukayo Saka spent his childhood on the street. To quickly send his son home, the father and brother had to lose his "battle" in the garden. Also, the future Arsenal player was famous for his excellent academic performance. His favorite subjects were business, mathematics and English. Saka passed all exams with good or excellent marks.
At a young age, Belgian Napoli star Dries Mertens nearly became a physical training teacher when he was expelled from Anderlecht due to his modest physical abilities. The player was saved by the coach of the youth team of Ghent, who took Mertens to the club of the third Belgian division.
Giorginio Wijnaldum is a cousin of Royston Drenthe, who in 2013 played 6 matches for Alania Vladikavkaz. As a child, the midfielder did not like football and was fond of acrobatics. Everything changed when his grandmother sent Giorginio to the Rotterdam Sparta school and accompanied him to all training sessions.
Belgian defender Tom Meunier, in his youth, combined the game in the third Belgian league with work at the factory. Tom is also very fond of painting, and in 2015 he developed a design for sun awnings for the American company Winsol.
We know for sure that even today we can't really define it, and any topic that starts with "Reddit" raises the question "What is this?". Today, Bemorepanda is trying its best: to explain Reddit and show you why this site can mean the other internet to you.
Reddit, the self-proclaimed "home page of the Internet," says it is now valued at over $ 10 billion after raising another $ 410 million in funding, with the final round expected to grow to $ 700 million. The company continues to grow and improve its business while eliminating racist, misogynistic and other controversial communities as it prepares to go public at some point in the future.
How do you use Reddit?
You can find something interesting on the internet: a picture, a video, a clip or a news article. Want to promote it beyond your Facebook or Twitter page Enter Reddit and choose a subreddit (a subcategory) to enter that post. You put the link and give it an attractive headline (like the front page of a newspaper). Your post is voted by users through Upvote and Downvote.
If your post is very popular and users appreciate it, it will reach the front page of the subsection or main page of Reddit, from where it will be distributed and voted on by hundreds of thousands of people. For this effort you receive points in the form of Karma. The more karma you have, the more popular your posts are and whether your style is appreciated by other users.
What is Reddit?
The downside of Reddit to many uninitiated is the way it looks. It is not a site that is based on design, but on content. It is pure content. The links are posted on the site, and there readers comment and vote. The popular mechanism for promoting news, images or videos makes a material that is the first a kind of balance of popularity.
It's hard for something to be popular on Reddit and not elsewhere. Reddit is thus a kind of social aggregator of news and content, which is based on the popular vote. The community is known to be very pretentious and tough, but the entry is harder, because Reddit catches on quickly, through the addiction it creates. What can be uploaded to Reddit? Almost anything. At the end of this material we have put some links to subreddits, i.e. subcategories of the site, based on common interests. But these are a tiny part.
Anyone can open a Subreddit and moderate it. It is important that users come to it. Indeed, the site is controversial because there are many subcategories that are quite difficult to digest, where even harsh images from road accidents or simply ... disgusting images are presented. But no one is forcing you to get there. What is erotic or porn is marked as such, what is boring or cliché is marked as such. Usually, what gets on the front page is very interesting. One of the most popular categories is IAmA, meaning Ask Me Anything, where over time many personalities have come to answer the questions of the rulers.
Bill Gates and Barack Obama were among the most popular sessions, with the US president even blocking the site due to the large number of visitors. Fascinating moments in Reddit history Some moments on Reddit were truly amazing, showing how powerful the internet is. Redeemers can donate money for certain causes with the help of Reddit Gold, and fundraising campaigns have been very successful if they have been well motivated. In December 2010, members of the Christian community on Reddit decided to raise funds.
Those in the subreddit of atheists wanted to give them a pleasant competition and they also raised money for Medecins sans Frontieres and the Clean Water Fund. The Islamist subreddit also raised money. In three weeks, the three communities raised $ 200,000. Also on Reddit is the biggest Secret Santa or Secret Santa program.
Every year since 2010, redditors come into play and receive another member for whom they will become Secret Santa. A total of 18,000 users participated and $ 662,000 was donated. In January 2010, Reddit donated $ 185,000 to the Haiti State Aid Fund.
If our explanations were not enough, we discovered this infographic on socialmouths.com and we need to share it with you.
Top 10 interesting facts why Reddit is successful.
- All memes that have appeared on the internet are from 4chan or Reddit.
- Everything that reaches the front page of Reddit is monstrously popular, with hundreds of thousands of views.
- Reddit has 2.5 billion monthly views.
- 34.9 million unique visitors enter Reddit.
- 8.3 million comments were given.
- A Reddit ad costs $ 20,000.
-Average income on Reddit is $ 25,000 - $ 50,000.
-Roughtly 55% of Reddit users are male.
-Creativity is king on Reddit.
-The average number of unique visitors is 34.9 million monthly.
More in the infographic below:
20 times people stumbled upon something that they knew nothing about, but they were enlightened on the Internet
While some are trying in every possible way to escape from knowledge, others are only looking for an excuse to learn something new. Since you are reading this, it means that you are definitely one of the latter. Sometimes, to find something interesting, you don't have to go far, just look around your grandmother's closet or the basement of your house. All the curious gizmos that can be found there have only one problem - sometimes it is difficult to understand what it is. With such questions, users often contact the “What is this thing” community on Reddit, where other users, whenever possible, try to tell about the origin of a particular find. We have again put together a collection of fascinating questions and answers for our beloved inquisitive readers, and we hope you miss your new knowledge 💖
Question: “What are these liquid vests worn by Olympic sailing athletes for? They featured Dutch athletes Annemik Beckering and Annette Duez during a post-race interview. "
Answer: "These are cooling vests." These vests were
first talked about in 2020, when they were worn by nurses who were forced to wear poorly ventilated clothes during the pandemic, suffering from the heat. These same vests allow athletes to carry the Summer Olympics more comfortably and not overheat 🦺
Question: “What is this thing on the bar at my work? Made of metal, hollow inside "
Answer: “This is an old-fashioned bottle opener on the bar. I saw a lot of these in old pubs. ”
There is a special part behind the metal contraption, which is intended for opening bottles. Usually, after opening, the cork falls into a special container, although there may be an ordinary trash can below 🧺
Question: “A small curly spoon with a hole in the bottom. I think this is some kind of kitchen utensil, but I have no idea what it is. Help!"
Answer: "This is a fancy melon"
scoop.Works like an ice cream spoon.
Q: “My partner went to a yard sale and came back with an old can full of these things. Hard metal, measuring spoon for scale "
Answer: "This is a fastener for curtains that do not have special slots or loops" The
sharp part goes through the curtain fabric, like a safety pin, and the other clings to the rings 🧷
Question: “There is a microchip in my new bra, which I bought on the Internet. In my opinion, it is fake, but I cannot determine exactly what it is and why it was inside. "
Answer: “This is something of the" healing "things of the modern world. From the category of magnetic bracelets "
Now some Chinese lingerie manufacturers sew in such magnets. They are designed to improve blood circulation, and most often they can be found in underwear for "weight loss" 🏃♀️
Question: “I just bought a house by the lake and found three of these in the water next to the pier. Cross stack of corrugated tubing, wrapped in plastic mesh, with weights attached "
Answer: “This is the so-called fish nursery. They help the fry hide from predatory fish. They also improve fishing, as predatory fish will swim around these things in the hope that some babies will emerge from there. "
Question: “I just moved to a new house. The former tenant left it in the freezer. One-piece stainless steel cylinder, just over 15 cm long, rounded at one end and internally threaded at the other. Anchovies for scale. What is this thing? "
Answer: “This is a wine cooling stick with a lost second part. Freeze it in the freezer, then put it in a bottle of wine. "
Question: “What is this small camera or some kind of detector on the ceiling? I noticed waxing in the salon "
Answer: "This is an indicator that the ceiling lamp has an emergency backup battery and is fully charged."
Question: “This thing with a lot of handles. Mainly made of wood, has been in a thrift store in Mossel Bay, South Africa for years and no one ever knew what it was. Google doesn't know either "
Answer: “This is the control panel of the electrical slimming device. Something like an EKG machine, with the help of it an electric current was passed through certain points, and this was supposed to stimulate the muscles and give the same results as the exercises. "
Question: “A small metal object (about 10 cm) with various mechanical parts on one side. There is a spare gear inside the lined case. Age unknown, but possibly antiques. "
Answer: "This is a drawing tool for drawing dotted lines"
Typewriter part dipped in the ink, then the device had to be news along the lines that it has abandoned the dotted line or, as in this case, point.
Question: “A large cubic object attached to some channel near the dam. Usually found underwater. It looks like it's made of a translucent material? "
Answer: "This is a filter for the intake of water, which is drawn into a reservoir."
At this point, the filter is visible because the water level has dropped. Most likely, there are more such underwater.
Question: “Metal pins with round heads and rotating tubes in a wooden board. Most likely antiques. What?"
Answer: "This is a vintage tie hanger."
Question: "Heavy ball and flimsy wire ... Some kind of holder?"
Answer: "This is a holder for napkins, moreover, from IKEA"
Question: “Two rubber cups at the ends of the plastic arms that do not touch. What it is?"
Answer: "This is a shock massager for the back."
During a blow to the back, they hit the ball against another, adding additional vibration.
Question: “What is this thing that I found at a thrift store? It looks like a ceramic tray that stands on the table and holds something. "
Answer: "A flower vase, also known as a flower frog"
Often used to hold artificial flowers.
Question: “Small round clip with thumbs up. Stretches, but maintains a round shape "
Answer: "This is a phone holder"
Pycnopodia: The largest starfish is also the fastest. Without her, the ocean is doomed to enslavement by sea urchins
Who lives at the bottom of the ocean? Children will answer this simple-minded question very unequivocally and loudly, and biologists will list the animals until evening. However, there is a bottom dweller, who is recognized by both those, and those - a starfish. But today we will talk about the most titled type of these animals - the sunflower star, or pycnopodia.
Why the most titled? Well, firstly, because sunflower stars are the largest among their relatives. The creeping "flower" can fatten up to a meter in diameter. With such a size, five branches, as in standard stars, are clearly not enough. At least, the starfish itself decided so, increasing their number by 3-4 times!
But that's it, turn the starfish upside down and see hundreds of thousands of micro-legs! Such a number of walking and grasping accessories gives the animal a second title - the title of the fastest starfish. Pycnopodia "rush" at a speed of one meter per minute! Not impressive? And if I say that her relatives have an average acceleration of about 5 times less?
Do you still doubt the speed abilities of our heroine? Well, okay. The main thing is that the pycnopodia itself does not need high speeds for happiness - the predator's prey can barely crawl, if at all, so that it does not have problems in catching up.
You can find "sunflower fields" on the picturesque reliefs of the northern Pacific Ocean. There are underwater forests of algae rich in various living creatures. In the hunt for its inhabitants, the beast has honed its skills to the level of a serial killer.
She easily catches up with sea urchins, hermit crabs and weakened fish. By the way, in reality, the friendship of SpongeBob and Patrick would last exactly as long as the pycnopodia would crawl to a sea sponge. Their stars gnaw with the same pleasure as everyone else.
Neither scales, nor chitinous shells, nor even needles will save from the invasion of a starfish! The star swallows its prey whole, leaving bare skeletons after its meal. And if the food turns out to be too large, then the pycnopodia will release its stomach and begin to digest lunch just like that!
And if the pycnopodia loves to gut the bottom dwellers, then it does not excite it very much to love its relatives. Looking for a partner? Raising children? To hell with all this, the hunt does not wait! Stars of different sexes simply throw eggs and sperm into the water, hoping that they will somehow intersect themselves. If a miracle occurs, a small and not at all star-shaped larva is formed, which will turn into the likeness of parents only under the influence of the pheromones of an adult star.
With this level of carelessness in reproducing their own kind, extinction was only a matter of time. But now there is every chance that pycnopodia will finally disappear. And the sapiens are not even to blame. Sea stars were sharply knocked down by an incomprehensible infection 6 years ago, and they massively gave up - only some small populations remained. Without a bottom super-predator, unbelted sea urchins have bred to such an extent that they have eaten algae forests almost completely clean.
Scientists are trying to breed pycnodia in captivity and release them to their old habitats, but so far the population of giant Patrick is still hanging by a thread, alas.