NASA shows the scale of the global climate disaster on the planet and how bad is it - video
NASA published a video which swos the scale of the climate catastrophe. The video was created using data from the ICESat-2 satellite, which showed changes in ice cover over the past 16 years.
To be more specific, the US Space Agency has shown how much the amount of ice covering the Earth has changed.
ICESat-2 uses a laser altimeter that sends a 10 kHz pulse to Earth. So, from 2003 to 2019, ice loss in the western part of Antarctica led to a sea level rise of 14 millimeters, which is slightly less than a third of the total water rise observed in the world's oceans. Moreover, in the eastern part, on the contrary, glacier growth was observed.
In total, due to global warming, about 200 gigatons of ice annually disappear in Greenland, and 118 gigatons in Antarctica.
NASA Astronaut And Her Dog Reuniting After 328 Days in Space
NASA astronaut Christina Koch returned to Earth after a record-breaking 328 days in space, making her the longest single spaceflight by a woman.
When she finally made it home, her beloved puppy couldn't contain her excitement. Koch shared a video on Twitter of the moment she walked through her front door:
Koch told that one of the first things she did when she got back home was reunite with her pup, which is totally understandable.
The astronaut’s capsule landed in Kazakhstan on Feb. 6 after her historic trip to the International Space Station, ending a 328-day mission that set the record for the longest stay in space by a woman.
Why penguins come out on land now - A difficult period begins in the life of flightless birds
Summer ended in Antarctica, and the first penguins stretched out of the water to nesting sites. By the beginning of this long and difficult period in the life of flightless seabirds, World Penguin Day is celebrated on April 25th.
King penguins, like all penguin representatives, live in the sea of the Southern Hemisphere, closer to Antarctica.
They nest on islands such as South Georgia, Tierra del Fuego, South Sandwich, Crozet, and a number of others, in close proximity to seals, elephants, albatrosses and another 30 species of seabirds.
The king penguin is similar to the imperial penguin, the largest in the world, but differs in brighter color and slightly smaller size - its body length barely reaches 1 m and its weight does not exceed 17 kg.
Penguin ancestors who lived in a temperate climate, when Antarctica was not yet an ice-covered mainland, were the size of humas and could reach a weight of 120 kg.
During the nesting period, the male walks around the colony, showing orange spots on his head, indicating his puberty, and screams loudly, raising his beak to the sky.
An interested female approaches the male, the mating dance and hugs begin ...
In the middle of winter, the female lays one egg and covers it with a fold on her belly. A little later, a male is joining to the nestling hatchery.
King penguin chicks are brown in color. Only those who hatch from eggs laid from November to December survive.
The rest do not have time to grow before winter and die. The next year, parents left without offspring begin to lay their eggs earlier, and those who have already raised chicks nest later, taking a break.
On land, birds walk slowly, flipping from side to side, which saves a lot of energy.
In water, they develop a speed of more than 10 km / h, especially when they swim like dolphins, periodically jumping out of the water. Going to land, they can overcome almost two meters in a jump.
King penguins nest mainly on rocks, in places easily accessible to humans.
The measures taken to protect birds allowed for a century to restore the global population. There are currently about a million pairs of king penguins on earth.
How is it to live in Antarctica during the coronavirus pandemic?
The administrative coordinator Keri Nelson from the American station Palmer and Robert Taylor from the British Rothera base in Antarctica spoke about life on the only continent that was not affected by the coronavirus pandemic, reports CNN.
According to the coordinator, now on the mainland everyone is happy to be in a place that is not at risk due to an epidemic that has swept the whole world.
Moreover, Nelson feels guilty for the fact that she can not be near loved ones at the time of the impending threat. The coordinator, along with colleagues, monitors what is happening in the world.
At the same time, Robert Taylor shares with the agency his thoughts that at first he did not think about the situation seriously, but now he understands how the whole world has changed due to the pandemic.
Now, according to the field guide, he has more freedom than he would at home. The Briton emphasizes that he and his colleagues were lucky to be in Antarctica, where they can safely continue to work.
25 pictures of thousands of dead sea creatures on a beach in Russia's eastern coast will leave you speechless
At the end of September, Kamchatka surfers began to report a change in the color of the water in the Pacific Ocean on Khalaktyrsky beach. They complained of poor health and chemical burns to the eyes, which affected their vision. Photos of the coast littered with dead marine animals: octopuses, sea urchins and starfish appeared on social networks. Bemorepanda collected 25 dramatic photos.
Experts have found in coastal waters the excess of the norm for phenols by 2.5 times and 3.6 times - for petroleum products. Investigation of the state of emergency with the mass death of marine animals in Kamchatka was entrusted to the central office of the TFR.
Toxins got into the ocean on the coast of Kamchatka, as a result of which marine animals died and people received burns. The authorities have different versions of what is happening. But most of these versions are questioned by ecologists.
The authorities of Kamchatka and federal authorities on Monday tried to explain what happened over the weekend in Kamchatka: hundreds of dead sea animals were washed ashore, and before that, local residents and surfers reported burns and poisoning. The authorities' versions changed, and environmentalists criticized them.
According to the federal ministry of natural resources and ecology, on October 4, the content of harmful substances in Avacha Bay (it is an hour's drive from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky) exceeded the maximum permissible concentration (MPC) by only 1.2 times. At the same time, the excess of the MPC of hazardous substances was recorded only on the territory of the bay, and not on the Khaltyrsky beach, the Ministry of Natural Resources said. It was after swimming on Khaltyrsky beach that local surfers complained of poisoning.
Already as of October 5, preliminary test results show no significant excess of the norm, the ministry said on Monday.
Ecological catastrophe at Kamchatka
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