50 cute facts about giant Pandas that will make you fall in love with them
The giant panda is considered the most valuable species of the bear family. For its specific culinary preferences, it is usually called the bamboo bear. Researchers initially assigned these animals to the raccoon family and only towards the end of the 20th century was it finally assigned to the bear family. Pandas are considered a jewel of China, rare animals and are carefully protected by the state. In this article, we will introduce our readers to interesting facts related to these funny animals.
1. The first time the giant panda was caught only in 1916 with the participation of local residents, but she quickly died. Only 20 years later, one American woman managed to buy a bear cub and bring it to America.
2. The giant panda is one of the rarest animals in the world. She lives only on the territory of the PRC. The main habitat is Sichuan province. Zoologists suggest that pandas may also have remained wild in Gansu province and parts of the Tibetan mountains.
3. The first panda that appeared in a foreign zoo was called Su-ling. She has lived in several zoos in the United States. Only after a fairly long period, after a long search, two more individuals were brought to America, and a little later these bears appeared in London.
4. In the Soviet Union, the first bamboo bear appeared in 1957 in the Moscow Zoo. The panda was a male named Pin-Pin. In 1959, the administration of the Moscow Zoo managed to find another individual for reproduction. The newly acquired panda was named An-An, and she turned out to be a male.
5. For the first time in the zoo, a panda was born in 1963, in Beijing. The bear cub was given birth by a female named Li-Li. The calf's weight was 142 grams. The bear was nicknamed Min-Min. A year later, Li-Li brought another cub, then scientists were able to establish that the period of bearing offspring in pandas is about one hundred and forty days.
6. The peak of activity of pandas is in the evening and at night. The animals are extremely clean and quiet. Bears cannot stand the rain, and try to hide from it.
7. Bamboo bears are extremely careful animals and try to avoid humans. Despite this, Buddhist monks living in the highlands often tame young animals. Pandas often come to monasteries for food alone and in groups.
8. Pandas love to roll head over hills, they have acquired this habit, fleeing from predators. Plus they run surprisingly well. The main natural enemies for bears are leopards.
9. Under natural conditions, the main diet of a bamboo bear is young bamboo shoots and fresh leaves. Besides, pandas love to feast on insects, fish, small rodents.
10. The closest relative of the bamboo bear is the spectacled bear that lives on the western slope of the Andes in the South American continent.
11. The genetic code of a panda and a human is 68% identical, and that of a dog and a bamboo bear is 80% identical.
12. In the summer season, in search of coolness, pandas climb the highlands, located four kilometers above sea level, and in winter they sink eight hundred meters.
13. Adult bears grow up to one and a half meters long and weigh 150 kilograms.
14. Every day panda spends about twelve hours on food and absorbs up to 15% of its own mass.
15. The body of the animal assimilates up to 20% of the absorbed feed.
16. The giant panda, unlike other bears, does not require hibernation.
17. Pandas often reproduce twins, but they feed only one bear cub. The second cub usually dies.
18. After birth, the cub spends with its mother for about three years.
19. The total number of pandas in their natural habitat is approximately 1600 individuals.
20. In China, bamboo bear hunting has been banned since 1962. Violation of the prohibition is punishable by death.
21. The giant panda is considered a national treasure of the PRC.
22. The Chinese government leases pandas to overseas reserves for one million US dollars a year. Moreover, all born panda cubs are considered the property of the Celestial Empire.
23. A newborn bear cub weighs 800 times less than its mother.
24. Pandas have a specific sixth toe, which is the transformed carpal bone.
25. The panda is listed in the Guinness Book of Achievements as the cutest animal on earth.
26. The red panda and the giant panda share the same habitat and diet, and both animals are also endangered.
27. According to legend, the panda was once an all-white bear. When a small girl tried to save a panda cub from being attacked by a leopard, the leopard killed the girl instead. Pandas came to her funeral wearing armbands of black ashes. As they wiped their eyes, hugged each other, and covered the ears, they smudged the black ashes.
28. Pandas can stand upright, but their short hind legs aren’t strong enough to support their bodies.
29. Little pandas are born white, but after a week they acquire their recognizable black and white color.
30. Pandas rely less on visual memory than they do on spatial memory to locate a mate’s home range area and preferred patches of bamboo
31. Pandas are slow creatures, they are capable of developing a very low speed, comparable to a quick step of a person, no more. Although this is still an order of magnitude faster than sloths move (see interesting facts about sloths).
32. The size of an adult giant panda is comparable to that of a brown bear.
33. A baby panda weighs only 150-200 grams at birth.
34. Many Chinese philosophers believe that the universe is made from two opposing forces, the Yin and Yang. The panda is one symbol of this philosophy.
35. For a full and calm life in its natural habitat, an adult giant panda needs about 10 square kilometers of space.
36. In the wild, giant pandas live for 15-20 years, in captivity - a little more. But they are very reluctant to breed in captivity.
37. China does not sell giant pandas but leases them to zoos around the world. Renting one panda brings China about $ 1 million annually.
38. A panda's tooth is 7 times larger than that of a human
39. Every day the panda is busy eating for more than 12 hours and eats about 12-15% of its weight.
40. A panda fur is worth between $60,000 and $100,000 on the illegal trade market.
41. Although a giant panda’s fur looks silky and soft, it is quite thick and wiry.
42. Pandas often give birth to twins, but after giving birth, the panda mother chooses a stronger baby, and the second, left unattended, soon dies.
43. A panda’s throat has a special lining to protect it from bamboo splinters.
44. Pandas have lived on Earth for two to three million years.
45. There are only about 1600 pandas left in the wild.
46. Hunting pandas has been completely banned since 1962, and killing a panda in China can be punishable by death.
47. The word “panda” may have developed from the Nepalese word poonya, which means “bamboo-eating animal” or “plant-eating animal.
48. In summer, pandas can move to an altitude of 4000 meters, fleeing the heat. In winter, they do not hibernate and do not equip a den.
49. An adult panda eats up to 30 kg of bamboo per day.
50. A panda’s entire mating process takes only about two or three days.
50 interesting and funny facts about Panda's in 2022 that you need to know (with cute photos)
The giant panda is considered the most valuable species of the bear family. For specific culinary preferences, it is usually called a bamboo bear. Researchers initially classified these animals as a raccoon family, and only towards the end of the 20th century it was finally identified in the bear family. Pandas are considered a treasure of China, rare animals and are carefully protected by the state. In this article, we will introduce our readers to interesting facts related to these funny animals.
Pandas are incredibly touching animals, with their appearance and behavior that made the whole world fall in love with them. These creatures are distinguished by a calm disposition, but their subtle internal organization, coupled with poaching, has put them on the brink of extinction. If the situation does not change for the better in the coming years, pandas will simply disappear from the face of the Earth.
Perhaps no species of animal that exists today is surrounded by as many myths as giant pandas. Captive pandas carry a heavy burden: they play the role of a variety of symbols - including political and economic ones. Against this background, it is not very often remembered how these animals behave in their natural habitat.
There are big and important differences between wild pandas and their captive counterparts. Therefore, before telling the whole truth about these peculiar animals, it is necessary to clarify what kind of pandas we are talking about.
Animals in captivity fully meet the stereotypes: they are fluffy, sneezing, hilarious, indifferent to procreation of the creature.
But wild pandas are a completely different matter. Forget the funny videos, take a deep breath and clear your mind of any Panda knowledge you think you have. Because most of this knowledge is most likely not true.
You can't argue with the fact that pandas attract attention. In 1966, zoologist Desmond Morris compiled a list of 20 reasons why people are so interested in these animals. Approximately half of these reasons were related to appearance: a flat muzzle, large eyes, rounded body outlines, contrasting colors, and so on.
However, a cute appearance can be deceiving: it is better not to get close to a wild panda.
Below you can find some interesting facts by Bemorepanda.
1. The panda's Chinese name (Xiongmao) means "bear cat", and the Latin name Ailuropoda melanoleuca can be translated as "black and white cat paw".
2. The giant panda became known in the West only in the middle of the 19th century.
3. The panda is one of the rarest, poorly studied large animals, which is facilitated by a secretive lifestyle.
4. For a long time, scientists argued about whether pandas belong to the bear or raccoon families. Finally, genetic tests and molecular taxonomy have proven that the panda is a bear, not a raccoon.
5. Despite the similar lifestyle and similar names, the giant and lesser pandas are not related species. The giant panda belongs to the bear family, and the small panda belongs to the panda family.
6. The panda's closest relative is the spectacled bear that lives in South America.
7. The genomes of humans and pandas coincide by 68%, and pandas and dogs by 80%.
8. In its natural environment, the giant panda is found only in some western provinces of China (Sichuan, Gansu, Tibet).
9. In summer, pandas climb up to 4000 meters in search of low temperatures, and in winter they can descend to a height of 800 meters.
10. Giant pandas reach a length of 1.5 meters from nose to tail and weigh between 100 and 150 kilograms.
11. The panda has an unusual paw: in addition to the usual 5 fingers, it has a peculiar 6th “finger”, which is actually a modified carpal bone.
12. A panda's tooth is 7 times bigger than a human's.
13. 98% of the panda's diet is bamboo.
14. Every day, the panda is busy eating for more than 12 hours and eats about 12-15% of its weight.
15. The panda assimilates only about 20% of what is eaten.
16. Unlike other bears, the panda does not hibernate.
17. The weight of a newborn panda is only one eight hundredth that of its mother.
18. Pandas often give birth to twins, but after giving birth, the panda mother chooses a stronger baby, and the second one, left unattended, soon dies.
19. The cub lives with his mother from one and a half to three years.
20. As the most attractive of the rare animals, pandas are listed in the Guinness Book of Records.
21. There are only about 1,600 pandas left in the wild.
22. China offers pandas to zoos for rent, worth $1 million a year, and cubs born during the arena period are the property of the PRC.
23. Panda hunting has been completely banned since 1962, and killing a panda in China can be punishable by death.
24. In China, the panda has been declared a national treasure.
25. The first time a giant panda was caught only in 1916 with the participation of local residents, but she quickly died. Only 20 years later, one American managed to buy a bear cub and bring it to America.
26. The giant panda is one of the rarest animals in the world. It lives only in China. The main habitat is Sichuan province. Zoologists suggest that pandas could also remain in the wild in Gansu province and parts of the Tibetan mountains.
27. The first panda who found himself in a foreign zoo was called Su-lin. She has lived in several US zoos. Only after a fairly long period, after a long search, two more individuals were brought to America, and a little later these bears appeared in London.
28. In the Soviet Union, the first bamboo bear appeared in 1957 in the Moscow Zoo. The beast was a male named Ping-Ping. In 1959, the administration of the Moscow Zoo managed to find another individual for breeding. The newly acquired panda was named An-An, and she turned out to be a male.
29. For the first time in the zoo, a panda was born in 1963, in Beijing. The bear cub was born by a female named Li-Li. The mass of the cub was 142 gr. The bear cub was nicknamed Ming-Ming. A year later, Li-Li brought another bear cub, then scientists were able to establish that the gestation period for pandas is about one hundred and forty days.
30. Peak activity of pandas occurs in the evening and at night. Animals are extremely clean and silent. Occasionally, bears make sounds resembling bleating. Bears can not stand the rain, and try to hide from it.
31. Bamboo bears are extremely cautious animals and try to avoid humans. Despite this, Buddhist monks living in the highlands often domesticate young animals. Pandas often come to monasteries for refreshments alone and in groups.
32. Pandas love to roll head over heels down steep hills, a habit they acquired to escape predators. Plus, they run surprisingly well. The main natural enemies for bears are leopards.
33. Under natural conditions, the main diet of the bamboo bear is young bamboo shoots and fresh leaves. In addition, pandas love to eat insects, fish, and small rodents.
34. The closest relative of the bamboo bear is the spectacled bear that lives on the western slope of the Andes on the South American continent.
35. The genetic code of a panda and a human is 68% identical, and a dog and a bamboo bear are 80% identical.
36. In the summer season, in search of coolness, pandas rise to the highlands, located four kilometers above sea level, and in winter they descend eight hundred meters.
37. Adult bears grow up to one and a half meters long, and reach a weight of 150 kilograms.
38. Every day, a panda spends about twelve hours on food and absorbs up to 15% of its own weight.
39. The body of the animal absorbs up to 20% of the absorbed feed.
40. Giant pandas, unlike other bears, do not require hibernation.
41. Pandas often give birth to twins, but they only feed one cub. The second cub usually dies.
42. After birth, the cub spends about three years with its mother.
43. The total number of pandas in the natural habitat is approximately 1600 individuals.
44. Bamboo bear hunting has been banned in China since 1962. Violation of the ban is punishable by death.
45. The giant panda is considered a national treasure of the PRC.
46. The Chinese government leases pandas to overseas reserves for one million US dollars a year. At the same time, all born panda cubs are considered the property of the Middle Kingdom.
47. A newborn bear cub weighs 800 times less than its mother.
48. Pandas have a specific sixth finger, which is a transformed carpal bone.
49. The panda is listed in the Guinness Book of Achievements as the cutest animal on earth.
50. Giant pandas are usually born in August, because the mating season for pandas is from March to May, and the gestation period is from 3 to 5 months.
32 facts about pandas - bamboo bears that will show how little we know about them
There is hardly a person who the sight of these black and white teddy bears would not touch. Why bears? Because, in fact, they are bears. At least, that's what scientists say.
The good news is that pandas are no longer on the brink of extinction
But most don't know anything about pandas other than that they have black spots around their eyes and that they eat bamboo. However, these cute animals deserve to get to know them better.
We at Bemorepanda love to talk about different representatives of the animal world. And today the heroes of our selection will be pandas. If you are wondering what they are, then check out the facts below to learn all about their habits and lifestyle.
1. There Are Two Subspecies Of Giant Pandas
Giant pandas can be seen in Qinling and Sichuan. Only 18.5% of giant pandas live in the Qinling area. The appearance, coloration, and body shape of giant pandas vary between Sichuan and the Qinling Mountains due to differences in soil, temperature, and vegetation in each region.
The Sichuan giant panda has a bear-like head, while the giant Qinling panda has a smaller skull and wider fangs, giving it a more cat-like appearance.
The two pandas have the same origin, but they are separated from each other by a vast river, mountains, and human activity. According to paleontologists, they lost contact 50,000 years ago, after which they began to evolve and reproduce on their own.
2. Pandas are loners
The giant panda lives alone. They have their own territory in the wild and protect it from other pandas. This is because giant pandas eat bamboo and have no need for coordinated hunting. To meet their nutritional needs, they must consume a lot of bamboo.
Conflict over access to enough bamboo would prevent giant pandas from peacefully coexisting in groups, which would be detrimental to their overall survival.
A panda usually needs its own bamboo forest of 3-8 square kilometers in order to exist.
3. Pandas need at least 2 different types of bamboo in their range to avoid starvation.
Pandas are some of the most adorable vegetarians in the world. Their digestive system has evolved in principle to process meat, but they do not eat anything but bamboo, and every day. A new study shows how these animals survive on a plant-based diet that, logically, should be harmful. But how do they do it? The thing is that they feed on several types of bamboo that grow in different places.
It turns out that pandas migrate to eat different kinds of bamboo, getting different nutrients. For example, in spring they feed on young bamboo shoots rich in nitrogen and phosphorus. In June, the bamboo shoots mature and become depleted of nutrients, so the pandas migrate to a different height in the highlands and start eating the young shoots there. However, the shoots of both species are low in calcium, prompting the bears to make their next dietary change in mid-July: migrating to an area where calcium-rich bamboo grows.
4. Giant Pandas Are No Longer Endangered
Their number has increased to around 2,200 as a result of giant panda conservation initiatives. There are currently 1,864 giant pandas living in the wild, 422 of them were born in captivity. This changed their status from "Endangered" to "Vulnerable".
5. Giant Pandas Spend 14 Hours A Day Eating A Diet Of Bamboo
Pandas, members of the bear family, usually lead a solitary lifestyle. They are excellent tree climbers but spend most of their time eating. They can feed for 14 hours a day, eating mainly bamboo, which makes up 99% of their daily diet.
6. Adult pandas average about 150 cm long and 75 cm high
An adult has a height of 60-90 cm (shoulders), and the length is 1.2-1.9 m.
An adult panda can weigh up to 150 kg, while males are 10% larger and 20% heavier than females.
7. Pandas can swim and even climb trees
Giant pandas are excellent tree climbers and swimmers. Giant panda cubs begin climbing at about 5 months old, often climbing on top of their mother.
8. In addition to bamboo, pandas also eat eggs and rodents.
The panda's diet is 99% vegetarian and consists mainly of bamboo roots, stems, shoots and leaves. However, because they have a carnivorous digestive system, the remaining 1% of their diet may include eggs, small animals, and carrion. Farmed pandas have also been observed feeding on squash, beans, wheat, and domestic pig food.
9. Unlike other bears, pandas don't hibernate.
Because of their bamboo diet, giant pandas cannot accumulate enough fat to hibernate in the winter.
However, pandas are not afraid of the cold. They can be seen walking through the bamboo forests, which are covered with abundant snow, even at temperatures as low as -4°C.
10. A panda year is roughly equal to three human years.
In terms of lifespan, a panda year is comparable to about three human years. Giant pandas can live up to 25 to 30 years in captivity and 18 to 20 years in the wild. A giant panda aged 38 years and four months, known as Xinxing (or "New Star"), lived in the Chongqing Zoo (1982-2020). This is the same as 115 years in human years.
11. Babies are well protected in the first month
Pandas are born without the characteristic black and white markings, but they quickly appear in color. Here is a photo of a six-week-old bear cub, which already has a recognizable appearance:
The giant panda's distinctive black and white markings serve two purposes: camouflage and communication.
12. Pandas have great camouflage for their habitat.
The panda's muzzle, neck, belly and rump are white, which helps it to hide in snowy environments. And thanks to the black fur, they can blend in with tree trunks and dark hues.
13. Pandas sometimes do a handstand when they pee.
Pandas can often climb a tree backwards on their hind legs until they are in a full handstand upside down, allowing them to mark territory as high as possible, leaving their scent behind.
14. Pandas do not have round pupils, but slits, like cats.
One feature of panda bears is that they have a vertical pupillary slit like cats, rather than round pupils like other bears. This allows them to see well at night, which is handy as they are constantly looking for food, even at night.
15. Giant pandas can defecate 40 times a day.
The food of other animals remains in the stomach for more than a day, while bamboo in the intestines of giant pandas lingers only for 8-12 hours, and the shortest bamboo shoots. In panda habitats, you can watch pandas eat and poop at the same time.
16. Pandas have 6 "fingers"
The panda's sixth "finger" resembles a human thumb. It is actually a unique carpal bone or opposing paw heel pad with powerful muscles but no movable joints that serves the same purpose as the thumb and can retain food.
17. Pandas live in dense bamboo forests high in the mountains of Central China.
Once upon a time, the giant panda was widespread in the south and east of China, as well as in neighboring Myanmar and northern Vietnam. But due to population growth and the development of human settlements, this kind of teddy bear is currently living in about 20 isolated areas of the bamboo forest of six mountain ranges in the Chinese provinces of Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu.
18. Pandas use scent to mark their territory.
Giant pandas use a variety of methods to mark their territory, including rubbing their olfactory glands against tree bark and urinating on it. A typical rule among pandas is that they get stronger the higher they can place their scent marks on the tree.
19. Panda cubs are born pink and measure about 15 cm.
20. Female pandas give birth to one or two cubs every two years.
Giant panda cubs can spend up to three years with their moms before heading out on their own.
21. Pandas will abandon one of their cubs if they have twins.
While pandas in captivity are more likely to have twins, wild pandas often have only one cub. If a mother panda gives birth to two cubs in the wild, she will only feed the one she deems stronger. The other will be left to itself.
At about 12 months of age, the cubs start eating bamboo, but until that point they are completely dependent on their mother. Therefore, in the wild, panda mothers lack the milk and energy needed to care for two babies.
22. Spring is mating season for pandas
Females have a complex reproductive cycle. The breeding season for giant pandas is usually in the spring from March to May. But, despite the long “mating season”, one female has a estrus period of only 24-72 hours, and once a year. The average pregnancy lasts five months.
While male giant pandas leave scent marks as a sign to attract females, female giant pandas will make distinctive sounds during their reproductive season in the wild.
23. Giant pandas and red pandas are not closely related.
Despite the similar name, giant pandas belong to the Bear family, while red pandas are the only surviving members of their taxonomic family Panda (from the order Caniformia).
24. Giant pandas can experience false pregnancy.
The pseudo-pregnancy, which mimics a real pregnancy, does not end in childbirth, instead the giant panda's hormones and behavior return to normal. Mei Xiang of the Smithsonian National Zoo is estimated to have had at least six false pregnancies.
25. Most of the world's giant panda cubs go to China before they are 4 years old.
Most of the giant pandas in the world are on loan from China, and cubs born outside of China must be transferred back under the Chinese breeding program in order to increase the gene pool.
26. The biggest threat to wild giant pandas is habitat loss.
Poaching and habitat destruction over the past 3,000 years has brought the total number of funny bears down to below 2,000. Today, giant pandas live in an area that is less than 1% of their historical range.
27. The first giant pandas at the Smithsonian National Zoo were Ling-Ling and Sin-Hsing.
After First Lady Patricia Nixon expressed her admiration for them at a banquet in Beijing, China in 1972, Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai sent them as a gift to the American people.
28. The bite of a giant panda is incredibly strong.
Its bite ranked third among the living species studied, with a bite force coefficient of 151. The giant panda is one of the few carnivores that primarily feed on vegetation, particularly bamboo, a tough, fibrous plant that requires vigorous chewing. The strength of a panda's bite has nothing to do with the size of its food.
29. Much of what pandas eat ends up as waste.
The giant panda's digestive tract is more like that of a carnivore than a herbivore, and much of the food it consumes comes out naturally as waste.
30. Mei Xiang, Tian Tian and their cub will remain at the Smithsonian National Zoo until 2023
An adult pair of pandas, Mei Xiang and Tian Tian, arrived at the zoo in 2000. The contract with the China Wildlife Conservation Association stipulates that the couple and their cub will remain at the zoo until the end of 2023.
31. The Chinese distribute pandas around the world as part of a panda diplomacy program, a practice dating back to the Tang Dynasty in the 7th century, when Empress Wu Zetian sent a pair of pandas to the Japanese emperor.
Today, China typically offers two healthy and fertile pandas to other countries for 10 to 15 year leases. For this, countries must pay $1 million every year. When signing the contract, the host party undertakes to send to China all cubs aged 2 years, which will be born to a rented pair of bamboo bears. Moreover, in this case, each bear cub will have to pay an additional 600 thousand dollars annually.
32. In Chinese zoos, there is a position of "hug" pandas
His duties include not only looking after the bears, but also stroking them and hugging them to relieve stress.
50 facts distributed by "Weird Facts" that will surely teach you new things
Each new year represents a new beginning. Around the night between the years, we think about what we want the new year to bring, we make wishes, we make plans and we respect different superstitions in order to have luck in the beginning year. It is as common as it is convenient to believe that the luck of the new year is primarily due to fate, and thus we tend to minimize our own responsibility and the importance of our contribution to our own well-being.
But what if, at the turn of the year, we made a list of things we want to learn next year? Maybe we want to learn a foreign language, maybe we want to try a new sport, maybe we want to learn a new skill, use a new device, get a driver's license or maybe we want to learn to paint. We all have such desires, but we seldom fulfill them.
Bemorepanda has collected 50 interesting facts with which you can start the new year by learning new things. In 2022 we must give priority to knowledge and well-being.
1.Learning law for humanity
Learning is necessary up to a point. When we are little, we always learn things about the reality around us that help us survive and adapt. Then we go to school, where we are forced to learn various subjects, some of which we like, some less. Then we go to college, where we specialize in one field. We go to work, where we learn to do our job. After a while, however, learning is no longer compulsory, it becomes optional. Nothing presses us anymore, the only motivation is given by our desire to know things. And this is the moment when the excuses appear: I don't feel like it now, I want to relax, I've learned enough, I'm too old to learn anymore, etc.
These excuses have long-term negative consequences. The brain, like any other muscle, atrophies in the absence of exercise. For this reason, thinking becomes rigid and we tend to suffer from functional fixation. In other words, we are used to doing things the same way all the time, we feel uncomfortable when we are faced with a new situation and we lose the ability to think "outside the box" and find creative solutions to the problems we face. The more time we spend learning nothing new, the more useless it seems to us to try.
5.The 9 Nanas
6.Money doesn’t grow on tree
First of all, if our brain is always trained to learn new things, it will be easier for us to learn skills, because we will be able to relate them to what we already know. And we will know more and more. This will allow us to deal with more and more situations. Although we may not see the immediate benefit of learning a certain thing in the long run, we will certainly feel the benefits.
By always learning, we keep our spirit young and will process information very quickly, because we will have a complex system in which to integrate it. Last but not least, we will have an increased sense of self-efficacy, which will help us to feel good about ourselves, to know what we are capable of and to be confident that we can succeed in what we set out to do.
10.Dream come true
11.Breakfast with dads
20 facts about the Champions League that are good to know
After a great match as the Champions League 2020 was, we have collected for you 20 interesting facts about the main football tournament in Europe.
1. The Champions League tournament was established in 1992. Prior to that, since 1955, a tournament called "Champions Cup" was held. In the early 1990s, with the aim of increasing the popularity of the tournament and increasing revenue, UEFA reorganized the Champions Cup into the Champions League.
2. The most spectacular Champions League final took place in 2005 in Istanbul. In the decisive match of the tournament, the Italian “Milan” and the English “Liverpool” met. After the first half the score was 3: 0 in favor of Andriy Shevchenko's team. However, in the second half, the British made a stunning comeback, scoring 3 goals against Dida. The Englishmen celebrated the victory in the penalty shootout.
3. Throughout the history of the tournament, representatives of 10 countries have won the League Cup. Among them is the now defunct Yugoslavia. In 1991 the Red Star team won the Champions Cup.
4. The most titled club in the Champions League is Real Madrid. On account of the "creamy" 10 cups of the Champions League. However, we are talking about victories since 1955. It was the Madrid team that became the first Champions Cup winner in the history of football. For 5 seasons in a row, Real has no equal in Europe.
5. Before the start of the Champions League of the 2015-2016 season, the top scorers of the tournament are the greatest football players of our time - Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi. On account of each of them 77 goals. At the same time, Messi needed 99 matches for this, the Portuguese - 119.
6. The Champions League Cup is a transitional award. The club keeps the cup for 10 months. The team that wins the tournament 5 times or 3 times in a row has the right to keep the cup forever. The only team to have 2 Champions League Cups is Real Madrid.
7. The record holder for the number of defeats in the Champions League finals is Juventus Turin. The Italians played 8 times in the finals of the tournament, but only twice celebrated the victory.
8. The biggest victory in the tournament was celebrated by the Dynamo Bucharest players. In 1973, the Romanians scored 11 unanswered goals against the Northern Irish Crusaders.
9. Because of its shape, and especially the handles, the main trophy of the tournament is called "Big Ears".
10. In the entire history of the tournament, representatives of one country have played only 5 times in the finals. This happened for the first time in 2000, when Real Madrid and Valencia met. In 2003, Milan and Juventus played in the final, in 2008 - Manchester United and Chelsea, in 2013 - Borussia Dortmund and Bayern Munich, in 2014 - Real Madrid and Atletico Madrid . "
11. The most productive scorer in one tournament is Cristiano Ronaldo. In the 2013/2014 season, the Portuguese scored 17 goals, surpassing the result of Ferenc Puskas and Lionel Messi, who had 14 goals each.
12. The most awarded Champions League coaches are Bob Paisley - mentor of Liverpool and Carlo Ancelotti. Unlike Paisley, Ancelotti won the Champions League with two clubs - Milan and Real Madrid.
13. Lionel Messi is the absolute leader in the number of hat-tricks in the Champions League. He has 5 hat-tricks on his account.
14. The largest number of spectators at the final match of the tournament was recorded in 1960. In the final, which took place in Glasgow, Real Madrid and Eintracht Frankfurt met. The stadium was attended by 127,621 fans.
15. The modern Champions League anthem appeared in 1992. The arrangement of Zadok the Priest by Georg Frideris Handel (18th century composer) was performed by Tony Britten. The League Anthem is sung in the three official languages of UEFA - English, French and German.
16. Paolo Maldini is the oldest captain in the Champions League. In February 2008, the footballer set an age record by coming out with a captain's armband in a League match at the age of 39 years and 239 days.
17. The fastest goal in UEFA Champions League history was scored by Bayern Munich forward Roy Makai on 7 May 2007. In the victory for his team in the 1/8 final match with Real Madrid, the Dutchman took his team ahead 11 seconds after the starting whistle.
18. The fastest sending-off in Champions League history took place on 11 March 2015. In the match Bayern Munich - Shakhtar Donetsk, the Pitmen's defender Oleksandr Kucher was sent off in the 3rd minute. As a result, the Donetsk team lost with a score of 7: 0 and stopped fighting for the award.
19. The youngest debutant in the Champions League is Celestine Babayaro (“Anderlecht”), who in 1994 was 16 years old and 87 days old. In his debut match, Babayaro was sent off in the 37th minute.
20. The record holder for the number of matches played in the Champions League is Xavi. As part of the Catalan "Barcelona" legend The spaniard has made 151 league appearances.
The National Stock Car Racing Association (NASCAR) is the largest motorsport organization in the United States. The three largest racing series sanctioned by NASCAR are Cup Series, Xfinity Series and Camping World Truck Series, there are also seven regional series. More than 1500 races are held under the NASCAR umbrella on more than 100 tracks a year. The races take place in 38 states of the USA, Canada and Mexico. In 1996, 1997 and 1998, NASCAR also held demonstration races in Japan and Australia.
Starting as a regional entertainment in the southeastern United States, NASCAR has grown to become the second most popular professional sport in terms of television ratings in the United States, second only to the National Football League. Internationally, NASCAR races are broadcast in over 150 countries.
Each race is watched by an estimated 75 million fans who purchase more than $ 2 billion worth of licensed merchandise annually. These fans are considered the most loyal to the brand of any other sport. The Stock Car Racing Association manages to host 17 of the 20 most attended sporting events in the United States of the year.
The Sprint Cup Series (NCS) is the top division of the NASCAR series. Hence, it is the most popular and most profitable series of the National Stock Car Racing Association. Since 2001, the Cup Series season has consisted of 36 races over 10 months. Fans often refer to it simply as "The Cup" or "Nascar" as it is the main championship of the entire series.
The Xfinity Series is the second highest level of professional competition in this series. Unlike other world championships, such as Formula One, the second NASCAR motto is not very different from the first. Both championships use a similar technique, the same tires, and the races are held on the same tracks (most of the season). The main differences lie in the training and skill of the pilots and the team, there are also additional restrictions to reduce the series.
The Camping World Truck Series is a NASCAR racing series featuring pickup trucks. This is the "tritium" motto of the national divisions of NASCAR. The idea for the Truck series originated in 1993, when a group of off-road drivers created a prototype of a pickup truck in the style of the stock car racing series. They were first shown during the 1994 Daytona 500 race and a number of demonstration races were held throughout the season. These trucks proved to be extremely popular and this led NASCAR to create a series in 1995, originally known as the "Super Truck Series''. It is now called the Camping World Truck Series because of the title sponsored Camping World.
Bemorepanda prepared some interesting facts about 2022 NASCAR Cup Series.
1. In the United States, stock NASCAR racing has a rich history. The roots of this competition go back to the prohibition era, when bootleggers used fast little cars to transport alcohol. Much time has passed since the abolition of Prohibition, but the popular love for fast cars has not passed. The result was stock car racing.
2. In 1948, Bill France formally established NASCAR as the official governing body for motorsport. This species is incredibly popular today. Let's see how NASCAR racing has changed from 1948 to the present day.
3. Auto racing was widespread throughout the Wild West even before NASCAR became the governing body in this area. In the 30s, the racer Joe Chitwood Sr. achieved special success. He raced the Indy 500 seven times. After completing his auto racing career, Chitwood decided to create his own auto show with professional stuntmen.
4. During the entire existence of the Joie Chitwood Thrill Show, about 3,000 vehicles were destroyed. After that, Chitwood became a road safety consultant.
5. In 1954, Jack Chockett became the winner of NASCAR. In order to become the owner of the prize-winning place, he used a car modified by his own hands. Chockett competed in major national races for the next two years. As a result, he managed to climb to the highest level on the Pal Beach Racetrack in 1955. In 1956, the last NASCAR Chockett race took place. In his entire career, he never managed to win. Over the next two decades, he continued to drive modified vehicles. However, he did not succeed in regaining his glory as a strong race car driver.
6. In 1957, NASCAR races underwent significant changes. This was largely due to the construction of the Daytona International Speedway. The first race on the new track took place in 1958. The track, which has become one of the most famous in the world, cost the organizers $ 3 million.
7. The construction took two years. The track was officially opened only in 1959. More than 100 thousand people could fit in the stands at the same time. At that time, it was one of the fastest tracks on which auto racing could take place.
8. A year before the official appearance of NASCAR, Fonty Folk had to replace his brother Bob in the races, who was unable to participate due to injury. In the same year, Fonti won the national championship.
9. After receiving the official status of NASCAR, Folk continued to take part in races on modified cars. In 1949 he won the championship again. Fonti stopped participating in NASCAR races only after a terrible accident in the 1957 race. In 2004, the racer was inducted into the Georgia Automotive Hall of Fame.
10. Another iconic figure in NASCAR racing is Vicky Wood. This brave race car driver was not afraid to compete with her male colleagues. She appeared on the track at Raceway Park in Toledo. Today the history of NASCAR already knows many women racers.
11. Currently, the most famous female NASCAR driver is Danica Patrick.
12. Dale Earnhardt Sr. is considered one of the best racers in the history of NASCAR. He died doing what he loved. In 2001, he had an accident in the Daytona 500. His son finished second in the race on the same day.
13. Dale's career began in 1985 when he first joined Richard Childress's team. Their friendship with the owner of the team lasted 15 years. Together they have won six NASCAR championships.
14. Many refuse to admit that NASCAR racing is primarily a team sport. Of course, all the public's attention is riveted on the driver. But to win, he first of all needs well-coordinated work of the whole team. The team of Greg Zipadelli became a striking example of such joint work. Before each race, he held small briefings with members of his squad.
15. Zipadelli's career began in 1988. It was then that he first became crew chief for Mike McLaughin. This year the team won first place for the first time. Greg was only 21 at the time. Today he still races as a crew chief.
16. Ralph Earnhardt is direct proof that racing is a family business. Ralph started with racing on dirt roads. The start of his professional career at NASCAR dates back to 1953. It was then that he won his first NASCAR Sportsman Championship. For the next couple of years, Ralph occupied an honorable second place in the standings.
17. In the late 70s and early 80s, a racer named Larry Pearson became especially popular among motorsport fans. He competed in the NASCAR Dash. He managed to win as many as five times. Larry also took part in the Busch and Cup Circuit races. Larry retired in 1999 after the Textilease Medique 300 competition.
18. This race car driver became famous not for his victories on the track, but for an epic accident, after which he survived. During a race in 1951, his Ford rolled over on the hood. Despite this, Flanders finished 31 of 59. He completed only 145 out of 250 laps. Everyone he overtook overheated or got into accidents.
19. Many have used NASCAR racing as an opportunity to promote their brand. So, in 1969, for the first time before the NASCAR race, an advertising campaign of Union 76 Oil was held, in which 76 attractive young girls took part. Then they joined the winner of the race. In 2017, the Monster Energy Corporation decided to use the same advertising move.
20. At first glance, it might seem that a cool and tense relationship should develop between racers. But in reality this is not at all the case, and many photographs taken before the races prove it.
21. For example, a 1969 photo of Neil Castle and G.C. Spencer shows the first rider casually leaning on the hood of the second to chat about something. Today it is already difficult to catch two riders, at ease talking about something. Only the number of sponsorship stickers on the cars remains unchanged.
22. In the modern world, car racing is also very popular. As a rule, modified vehicles of a new generation take part in the competition. It should be noted that this is a very dangerous sport. If you do not cope with driving, the consequences can be very different, up to and including death. Therefore, before starting to take part in competitions, it is worth thinking several times.
23. Nascar. Many people consider this kind of auto sport very boring and dull - bright and attractive cars wind a lot of circles (and the Nascar tracks are nothing more than ovals).
24. Common between the road version and the racing car - only the name (until 70, cars with a "circulation" of the road version of which was 500 units were allowed to participate in races. Cars prepared for racing participated in the competition, but they were based on their road counterparts. Then they moved away from this concept).
25. Manufacturing plants provide teams only with engine blocks, teams build a car themselves.
26. Car frame: a space frame made of steel pipes, onto which steel sheets are subsequently welded, thereby forming the car body.
27. To ensure the safety of the driver, 6 or 7 point seat belts are used.
28. Dimensions: wheelbase 110 "(2794mm), length 208" (5283mm), width 76.5 "(1943mm), height 53.5" (1358mm).
29. Aerodynamic elements: front splitter, rear spoiler and skirts.
30. Wheels: Goodyear supplied slicks, mounted on 5 nuts, dimension 300 * 54 R15. Many teams pump nitrogen into their tires, not air.
31. Brakes: cast iron or steel, have a diameter limitation of 12.72 "(323.09mm).
32. Intake: carburetors were used until 2012, later it was decided to switch to injectors.
33. Release: the absence of a muffler as such, and even more so a catalyst.
34. Fuel tank capacity: 17.75 US gallons (approximately 67 liters).
35. Fuel: E15 high-octane racing gasoline (15% ethanol content), supplied by Sunoco.
36. Weight: 3200-3400 pounds (without driver and with driver and fuel, respectively; approximately from 1450 to 1540 kg).
37. Gearbox: 4-speed mechanics.
38. The engine: V8, 16V (2 valves per cylinder) are used, with a volume of 358 cubic inches (5.86 liters, until 1971 engines with a volume of 429 cubic inches - 7 liters) are used, turbines, compressors and etc., the compression ratio is 12: 1, the power of this American atmospheric monster, according to various sources, is from 750 hp. up to 865hp (on some tracks (read Daytona and Talladega), the power is limited to 445hp). The torque is 530 foot-pounds. which equals approximately 718 N / m.
39. Average speed of about 333 km / h;
40. Pit stop time is up to 14 seconds, the number of mechanics on the pit is limited to 7, it is allowed to lift the car only from one side.
41.Since 2018, as many as 3 races have taken place on the roads: cars of the Nascar Cup Series compete on the Sonoma Raceway (3.2 km track with 10 turns), Watkins Glen (5.4 km track with 11 turns) and Charlotte Motor Speedway (3.7 km track with 17 corners). The latter, in September 2018, became the first road track used at Playoff, thus confirming the growing importance of these tracks.
42. In the Nascar Cup Series, the different tracks are more noticeably different: on large ovals, such as Talladega and Daytona, pilots do not use the brakes, except on the return circle and in the event of an accident. On shorter oval tracks like Martinsville, pilots apply the brakes for about 7 seconds on each of the two corners. With a lap time of 20 seconds, the brakes are up to 70 percent.
43. One of the main differences between Formula 1 and Nascar Cup Series rims is the material they are made from: carbon is banned from American racing and therefore cast iron rims are used on cars. Some consider this to be an indicator of technological backwardness, unaware that Brembo is continuously researching and testing various metrics and performances on cast iron brake discs, starting with ventilation. This means designing ventilation ducts that regulate the cooling of the disc during competition. And the number of computational experiments, static and dynamic tests carried out by Brembo regarding the size, shape, number and curvature of the channels is no less than the tests of the holes of carbon discs.
44. Unlike Formula 1, where each team uses the same brake caliper model throughout the season (of course, taking into account evolutionary developments throughout the season), in the Nascar Cup Series 3 races, different tracks require the same number of brake calipers, since the brakes are used in different ways. On Super Speedways (4 km long) the brakes are only used to enter the box or when yellow flags appear. On Intermediate tracks (1.6 to 4 km) the brakes are rarely used, while on short track the brakes are applied throughout the corner.
45. Over the past decade, the braking systems of the Nascar Cup Series race cars have been significantly improved thanks to Brembo, which draws on its know-how accumulated over 40 years of racing. With just 4 pistons, modern calipers provide the same stopping power as the 6 pistons of the previous decade. Better discs and pads mean an average 20 percent increase in maximum braking.
46. But not everyone knows that in the Nascar Cup Series, too, every team demands a more or less significant individual approach to the braking system from Brembo. Since the drivers of the same team have different braking styles (some use a racing car style with initial heavy braking that is then reduced, the other prefers the opposite), two members of the same team can use different friction materials.
47. In Nascar Cup Series races, caliper temperatures can reach 440 degrees Fahrenheit, equal to over 226 degrees Celsius. Even the pads and discs have a higher temperature, which reaches 871 and 982 degrees Celsius, respectively. All this is possible thanks to the Brembo HTC 64T brake fluid, which has a boiling point of 335 degrees Celsius, much higher than that of the competition.
48. It seems to us that in order to brake a car weighing one and a half tons, braking systems of impressive dimensions are required. However, the Brembo 6-piston front monobloc caliper for Short Track trails weighs 2.8 kg, while the front 4-piston caliper for Super Speedway weighs less than 2.3 kg. The rear calipers are even lighter: 2 kg for the car for the Short Track and 1.5 kg for the Speedway, for which even the Light version weighing 1.2 kg is available.
49. 9mm of wear per pad, which is recorded on average at Martinsville and 11mm that is consumed at Watkins Glen. These two values are further confirmation of the not at all secondary role of brakes in the Nascar Cup Series competition.
50. The Nascar Cup Series is the queen of entertainment. This is confirmed by the fact that 12 pilots won at least one competition in 2018. The format of the championship, the minimum difference in the team's budget and the similar performance of the 3 engines used create a balance due to which the competition is held with a minimum separation and unclear outcome until the very wave of the checkered racing flag.