Chinese New Year 2021: Exact Date, Symbol of the Year and Many Traditions
Hardly anyone loves the New Year more than the Chinese, because they celebrate it several times. First, according to the Gregorian calendar (on the night of January 1), and then also according to the Eastern. Chinese New Year 2021 - twice a holiday!
Chinese New Year has long been the main and longest holiday in the Middle Kingdom and other countries of East Asia. Unlike its Western counterpart, there is no fixed date for the start of the Chinese New Year, and it is set at a different time each year.
The first day of the holiday in China falls on the second new moon after the winter solstice (that is, after December 21). In the Gregorian calendar, this usually corresponds to one of the days between January 21st and February 21st. The celebration usually lasts 15 days.
Thus, the next year according to the Chinese calendar will come on February 12, 2021. And it is planned to celebrate its offensive in China from February 12 to February 27. However, the Chinese will officially rest for only seven days - from 12 to 18 February.
The exact time of the Chinese New Year
The second new moon after the winter solstice will occur on February 12, 2021 at 00:03 Moscow time or 05:03 Beijing time. This time will be considered the beginning of the New Year according to the Eastern calendar. By the way, in China they will not celebrate 2021, as we will do very soon, but 4719.
Symbol of the year
Each year in China is symbolized by a combination that is repeated only once every 60 years. This combination represents one of the 12 zodiac animals of a certain color, corresponding to one of the five elements (water, earth, metal, fire and wood). Chinese New Year 2021 will symbolize the animal Ox and the elements of Metal, and the main color of the year will be white.
By the way, every 60-year circle begins with a wooden Rat and ends with a water Pig. Another such circle started on February 2, 1984, and it will end on January 29, 2044.
Preparing for Chinese New Year
According to an ancient myth, at the beginning of each new year, the Chinese are forced to hide from a monster named Nian (translated from Chinese as "Year"), which is believed to appear on the first day of the holiday in order to ravage all settlements: to eat all the livestock and the harvest, and at the same time a couple of villagers.
To protect their homes from this monster, the Chinese decorate them in advance: they glue them on the outside with beautiful patterns of red paper, paired inscriptions and pictures with wishes of happiness, health and longevity, and also hang red lanterns everywhere. The legend about the origin of the holiday will again help to understand what such a love for red is connected with. So, this legend says that one day people noticed how Nian, who usually loves to feast on children, was frightened by a child in red clothes. Without thinking twice, eyewitnesses of this amazing incident came to the conclusion that it was the color that scared the monster away.
In addition, on the eve of the holiday, each family carefully cleans their homes, believing that in this way they cleanse their lives from any failures and make room for happiness.
On New Year's Eve, Chinese families usually gather around the table. By the way, in the Celestial Empire it is customary to richly set the table for a festive dinner. Housewives, as a rule, prepare the most favorite dishes in the family. Traditionally, meat and fish must be on the table, as well as dumplings (jiaozi), which are the figurative embodiment of one of the main wishes - the birth of sons.
Moreover, for a festive dinner, even those family members who work or study in other cities or countries return home. All Chinese strive to celebrate the New Year with their parents, which is why on the eve of the holiday all transport in the country is overcrowded and it is simply impossible to buy tickets.
The festive night ends with fireworks and firecrackers, which are believed to scare away evil spirits and attract the spirit of peace and happiness to the family.
The first days of Chinese New Year
In the early morning of the next day, children congratulate their parents, wishing them health and a happy New Year, and in return they receive wishes for future success and red envelopes with money.
After that, the whole family goes to congratulate relatives and neighbors. Such visits to guests usually completely take the first five days of the new year.
And, of course, it cannot do without gifts. So, in the Celestial Empire, it is customary to give gifts from paired objects symbolizing unity and family harmony (while the number four is not recommended, since the Chinese associate it with death).
In addition, when visiting, it is customary for the owners to present two tangerines, and when leaving, they receive two other tangerines from them. Thus, the hosts and guests exchange symbols of financial well-being, which, according to the Chinese, are tangerines.
Having visited all relatives and neighbors, the Chinese go out to festivities with traditional dances. As a rule, the traditional ones include the lion dance (dancers, being inside the figure of a lion, imitate the movements of this animal) and the dragon dance (a special team of people, holding a dragon made of paper on poles, moves in such a way that the snake-like body makes undulating movements).
For most, New Year's Day is a global holiday that takes place on January 1st with a slight time shift depending on time zones. The first day of the calendar year plays an important role in different cultures and marks a kind of reset or a moment when everything can be started over. And what about those countries where the New Year is not celebrated on January 1 at all? For many countries in Asia, as well as for the Asian diaspora, present in almost all countries of the world, the New Year takes place from late January to mid-February. The Chinese New Year or Spring Festival is the most important event in the Chinese calendar.
If January 1 can simply be remembered as a given, then the date of the Chinese New Year is much more difficult to predict. The day is calculated according to the lunar calendar, an ancient Chinese invention - it all depends on the phase of the moon. Despite the fact that most Chinese use the Gregorian calendar in everyday life, the traditional lunar calendar remains an important part of their lives. Since the date depends on the moon, the holiday is celebrated at different times from the end of January to the middle or end of February. February 12th in 2021 and 1st February in 2022. Don't forget to congratulate your Chinese friends!
In Chinese culture, each year corresponds to one of the 12 zodiac animals, as well as a color according to the Wu Xing (Five Elements) system. You can view your Chinese zodiac sign by year of birth! Those born in 2022 are associated with the sign of the tiger, the color of the year is blue, and the element is water. The Chinese believe that if the sign of the upcoming year coincides with the personal sign of the zodiac, then this year may not be very successful. But do not worry, there is a fairly simple way to avoid these failures. It is believed that red is a lucky color that scares away all the bad luck that your zodiac sign can bring. Wear red clothes and you'll be fine!
Bemorepanda collected some really interesting facts about Chinese New Year 2022!
1. Chinese New Year comes at different times: the date of the holiday varies between January 21 and February 20 and depends on the Chinese lunar calendar. This year, Chinese New Year is on 1st February.
2. Each Chinese New Year begins with a new "animal" zodiac sign.
3. The Chinese zodiac signs are a very ancient tradition, which involves naming each new year as the year of one of the twelve animals.
4. Chinese New Year is celebrated in many Asian countries: China, Hong Kong, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Vietnam and, of course, Singapore.
5. On Chinese New Year, it is customary to give Eng Bao - red envelopes with money. Billions of envelopes will be donated during the holiday. In many companies, this is how bosses present their annual bonus to subordinates.
6. 200 million Chinese travel long distances on New Year's holidays. In China, approximately 3.5 billion trips were recorded during this period! By comparison, less than 100 million US residents travel more than 50 miles during the Christmas holidays.
7. Most of the fireworks take place in China: according to statistics, this is 90% of all fireworks in the world! The ancient Chinese believed that the light and explosion from fireworks frightened demons and evil spirits.
8. During the Chinese New Year, many Chinese people who are not in a relationship are afraid of a big family holiday where every relative wants to know "why you haven't got married yet." For this reason, there are many websites and agencies in China through which you can "rent" yourself a girlfriend or boyfriend - just to avoid annoying questions from relatives.
9. Although the new year comes in winter, the Chinese call it the "Spring Festival" (春节 chūnjié /chwn-jyeah/) because the "beginning of spring" (February 4-18) is the first period in the traditional solar calendar. While winter weather prevails, the "beginning of spring" marks the end of the coldest part of winter, when the Chinese have traditionally looked forward to the beginning of spring.
10. The Chinese zodiac years are a very old custom. Years are called one of the 12 animals in the zodiac cycle. For example, 2022 is the Year of the Tiger. Many Chinese still believe in astrology and other New Year superstitions.
11. The Chinese have a proverb, "the whole year is planned in the spring" 一年之计在于春 yinyan zhiji caiyuchun. This reflects the attitude of Chinese tradition towards the New Year period. It is still very cold, but the holiday marks the end of the coldest days.
12. People welcome spring and what it brings with it: crops and harvests, new beginnings, the hope of a better life, a better job, that everything will be fine during the year.
13. Also, the Chinese New Year is often informally referred to as the "lunar new year" because its date is determined based on the phases of the moon. And since the Chinese New Year is calculated using the lunar calendar, its celebration falls each time on different dates from January 21 to February 21.
14. And although China has officially switched to the Gregorian calendar, like the rest of the world, the lunar calendar is still very important. Many traditional holidays are calculated to be celebrated according to the lunar calendar.
15. The Spring Festival lasts exactly 15 days. During this time, working life in the Middle Kingdom freezes, the people of China have fun, relax and celebrate the holiday with their families.
16. Chinese New Year is one of the most important and revered holidays. The most important component of this holiday is family reunion. Everyone has to go home for New Year's Eve dinner.
17. In today's China, most elderly parents live in rural areas while their children work in cities. Moving around the country back home and on vacation is called chunyun 春运, or spring migration.
18. Even on ordinary days, the subway is packed. Imagine what happens during the Chunyun period. Also, the earliest you can buy train tickets is 60 days. This leads to crazy excitement, there are real battles for tickets. Thousands of tickets are sold per second.
19. The Spring Festival was originally a ceremonial day. On this day, they prayed to the gods, asked for good weather, a plentiful harvest, etc. Also, people prayed to their ancestors and addressed them as gods.
20. Following the customs of their ancestors, the Chinese do not sleep on New Year's Eve and set off fireworks and explode firecrackers at midnight, scaring away monsters and bad luck. In the morning they blow up the firecrackers again to welcome the New Year and the good luck that comes with it.
21. On the same night, families also burned counterfeit paper money in honor of their deceased loved ones. They believe that the offerings will bring good luck and fortune to their ancestors in the afterlife.
22. Due to safety concerns and air pollution concerns, many Chinese cities have banned fireworks, and more than 500 cities also have restrictions on their use.
23. But many look at it through their fingers and still fire salutes. In Beijing, the ban was lifted in 2006 due to an angry public.
24. If you are in China during this time, you will watch fireworks and hear firecrackers go off for at least three nights, if not for several weeks.
25. In the New Year, you can not take a shower, so as not to wash away good luck. Sweeping the floor and throwing garbage is also not allowed.
26. However, before the Spring Festival there is a day during which you can put your house and yourself in order. On this day, everyone should get rid of bad luck and make room for good luck.
27. What else is taboo during Chinese New Year?
Use scissors, knives and other sharp objects;
Saying negative words (such as "death" and "sickness");
Break and ruin things.
28. During the Spring Festival, gifts are exchanged. But Chinese children also receive something else: red envelopes.
29. The so-called red hongbao (红包, hóngbāo) envelopes are a very popular way to give a gift in China. Paper money is placed in an envelope and presented with wishes of well-being and good luck.
30. Red envelopes can also be given to relatives, friends, employees and colleagues.
31. With the New Year holidays approaching, many single people in China are starting to feel uncomfortable. The fact is that in the Celestial Empire a sense of family is very developed. It is very important for a Chinese person to raise a child and leave him his last name.
32. There are even special apps to help single adults who live and work in big cities find a soul mate... temporarily. Such applications are especially in demand during the New Year holiday period, when single men and women tend to feel acute pressure from family and relatives in order to settle down and get married.
33. Dumplings 饺子, Jiǎozi, jiaozi are the favorite food of the Chinese on holidays and according to Chinese tradition, if there are a lot of dumplings on the table, then good luck awaits you in the New Year.
34. Therefore, dumplings are an indispensable attribute of the festive table, and their joint production is a good tradition. Modeling dumplings is a rather painstaking and lengthy process, which is accompanied by lively communication of the audience. Therefore, for many Chinese, dumplings symbolize happiness and harmony in the family, as well as the unity of all its members.
35. In Chinese, the word "dumplings" - "jiaozi" sounds the same as the word "changing hieroglyphs", only pronounced in a different tone. On the night of the New Year, from 12 o'clock to 1 o'clock, there is a change of two symbols - the new year and the old one. For example, this time the year of the Pig is replaced by the year of the Rat.
36. Also, dumplings look like a copper coin "yuanbao", so eating dumplings is considered "reception of capital."
37. Traditionally, the first few dumplings are sacrificed to the ancestors, the second ones are sacrificed to various deities. At this time, older family members offer a prayer for the happiness and well-being of the whole family in the new year.
38. In fairness, it should be noted that the tradition of eating dumplings on New Year's holidays is more common in northern China. In the south, people prefer to eat Chūnjuǎn spring rolls (Chinese pancakes with various fillings) and glutinous rice balls in a soup called Tang Yuan 汤圆 tāngyuán - dumplings, dumplings (rice flour balls stuffed with sweet or meat, in soup).
39. Remember the legend about the horned monster named Nian? He was frightened by the loud explosions of firecrackers, the bright light of fireworks and the red paint on the houses. Since then, fireworks and the color red have been an important part of New Year's celebrations. It is customary to celebrate the Spring Festival in red robes, even if it is the year of the blue water Tiger.
40. In the Western horoscope, each sign of the zodiac corresponds to its own animal. There are 12 in total for each month. There are also 12 animals in the Chinese horoscope, but each animal symbolizes one year. These are: Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Dog and Pig.
41. All the positive features of these animals are bestowed on people born in the corresponding year. The Chinese horoscope plays a much larger role than in Western cultures. Your pet can decide your career, health and success. Make sure you know which animal you were born into!
42. Traditionally, several generations live under one roof in China. And when a guy brings his wife into the house, she settles in this house too. And accordingly they celebrate the New Year as one big family. Visiting her parents' house on New Year's holidays would mean problems in marriage, which could bring trouble to her husband's entire extended family.
43. It will hardly surprise you, but the Chinese eat dumplings (jiaozi) on New Year's Eve as well, because this is the most popular traditional Chinese dish. It is worth noting that China is a fairly large and very diverse country, so the menu of the New Year's table will differ significantly from region to region.
44. For example, someone may choose niangao (年糕) - glutinous rice cookies, and someone - spring rolls with poultry or fish. All these dishes are associated with something positive and bright, energizing for the year ahead.
45. The TV show Chunwang is somewhat reminiscent of our Blue Light. This is a fairly young tradition, which gradually spread throughout the country.
46. The TV show "Chun Wan" or "Spring Gala Festival" is an annual entertainment show on China Central TV (CCTV) with music, dance, comedy shows and other performances.
47. The first show was released in 1983, and gradually Chunwang became the most watched TV program in the world.
48. Over the years, it has become part of the mandatory New Year's program, and many Chinese people stay at home with their families specifically to watch this TV show.
49. However, the younger generation is not so interested in watching TV shows and prefers to leave this business to their parents, skipping family viewing if possible. Be sure to ask your Chinese tandem partners about this show - someone loves it, someone hates it, no one is indifferent. This will definitely be an interesting topic for discussion.
50. As the name suggests, Chinese New Year is a 100% Chinese holiday. In fact, this holiday has become popular in many countries due to the spread of the Chinese community outside of China. Western countries are full of Chinese markets and areas (Chinatowns), where the New Year is celebrated exactly according to the lunar calendar.
New Year's superstitions are respected by many people, who believe that in this way they will do well in the New Year. Superstitions and end-of-year habits include dancing outdoors for health and luck and filling wallets with money for a prosperous year.
True or not, how many of us pass by a superstition indifferently? Whether we know about it from childhood or from the popular tradition, or we hear about a new one, we are still with increased attention and wide-eyed, interested in taking at least a little into account of it.
People all over the world strongly believe in some superstitions related to leaving one year and entering the new year. The basic idea that guides us all on New Year's Eve and on the first day of the new year is that just as the events of that night between the years and the next day happen, so it will go for you in the new year.
Studies show that many people do various things, some of which are more bizarre, to make sure that they have invited luck into their lives and that they have banished bad luck and the problems of the past year.
For example there is a superstition that the New Year must catch you with new clothes so that in the next 365 days you will receive as many gifts as possible. Red is the color of joy and love, so the custom is that if you dress in red for the New Year you will have a lucky and loving new year.
Below are the most famous international superstitions that you can take into account for New Year's Eve and the first day of the new year. Or not! You choose, we just present them to you.
Next let’s see together with Bemorepanda what superstitions exist on New Year night.
New Year's superstitions 2022
On the night between the years and on January 1, don’t cry. Tradition says that those who cry on the first day of the year will have a year of sad events.
2.No bad words
Whoever is polite and mannered with the New Year will always be like that, so it is said that on New Year's Eve both contradictory discussions and licentious or brutal language, as well as stories about ghosts or the dead, should be avoided. Apart from the fact that they are not pleasant at all, they also attract bad luck.
3.Born on January 1st
Children born on January 1 are said to be lucky for life.
4.Do not borrow money
In several countries, people do not borrow money, jewelry or other valuables on the first day of the year and do not pay debts or taxes, do not carry garbage and do not offer gifts, all of which are signs of poverty in the year which is just beginning. Some go even further with superstition, and if they have to get something out of the house, they call someone else for it.
5.Keep your doors open
Americans are accustomed to leaving all the doors and windows open at the turn of the year so that the old year can leave immediately and make way for the new one. At midnight the doors must be opened for the old year to come out and give way to the new one which brings health, happiness and good luck. Another New Year's tradition says that it is good to leave a lamp or a candle lit on New Year's Eve to enjoy a bright and fulfilling new year.
6.Full glasses and plates
It is also said that for a prosperous year it is good to have glasses and plates full on the table at midnight, and for each member of the family to have money in the pocket. Empty glasses, plates and pockets are the signs of a poor year, superstitious people believe.
7.Working on 1st January
Although few agree with the idea, it is said that those who work on the first day of the year are more likely to advance in their careers in the next period. But, paradoxically, starting a large-scale project on that day is pure bad luck.
8.Pay all your debts
If you don't want to be in debt all year, try to pay off your debts by midnight.
In the southern United States, it is believed that a sign of good luck for the whole year is if you eat black beans on the first day of January. It is also said that the one who cooks beans will be twice as lucky.
10.Kissing is mandatory
Under mistletoe or not, kissing is mandatory on New Year's Eve, if you want to have affection in the coming year. Otherwise, you will have a year with little sentimental satisfaction. The midnight kiss marks not only the feelings that bind us to those people, but also how our relationships with the people in question will evolve during the year that is just beginning. In other words, it is desirable that at the turn of the year, the loved one be by your side.
Dancing at midnight outdoors, especially around a tree, brings health and the fulfillment of all desires.
12.Never sweep on New Year’s Eve
A householder should never sweep on New Year's Eve, because it drives away prosperity.
Also in the evening of December 31, do not wash clothes and do not cut with scissors so as not to destroy luck. Tradition also says that you do not have to throw anything out of the house on the first day of the new year because you are throwing your luck.
13.Wear something red
As the years go by, the elders say, it is good for everyone to wear a new coat and something red or some other cheerful color that attracts positive energies.
14.Let in the right persons
It is said that the first person to enter your house after midnight will influence what happens in the new year. For a woman, it would be ideal for a tall, brunette man to enter (blondes and redheads are said to be unlucky, and women too), and if this guest brings a twig of mistletoe, bread and salt, they are all the chances of the new year being the best of your life so far.
15.Make a wish
On the night between the years it is good to make a wish because it has all the chances to be fulfilled.
As the fish swims through the water, you will swim through all the troubles of the next year, without affecting you. But beware, superstitious people say that it must be the first food you eat in the new year!
17.Eat goose meat
This way you will float over problems and you will advance towards your goal, as the "winged fat" does on the shine of the water! Some even say that it is good to avoid chicken meat, because this bird squeaks and so luck spreads
18.Stay with your loved ones
It's important not to be alone, but if you can't do otherwise, call your loved ones at midnight. You will be close to those you met at midnight all year, you will talk all year with the one you talked to in the first moments of the year!
It is good for girls who want to get married in the New Year to see a man at the bedroom window at the turn of the year.
The night when the years change foretells the future. If you are happy, you will be like this all year long! In the same way, sadness or quarrel will be perpetuated: you do not want such a thing. It's not good to be quiet around you either: on this wonderful night even the non-speakers start talking, and the one who hears them talking is said to die. So don't avoid fireworks, firecrackers, the sound of clashing glasses and fun!
New Year's Superstitions 2021. What is good and what you should not do on New Year's Eve - 60 superstitions
Even if you are not a superstitious person at all and do not believe in any mysticism, teach: New Year's signs and superstitions come true, because on this festive night real miracles can happen! Therefore, it is imperative to pay attention to the small clues that the Higher Forces send at this magical time. Better to play it safe than to disentangle the results of your disdain for popular beliefs and prejudices all year later!
Our ancestors believed unconditionally that New Year's signs tell the truth, and they certainly understood magic better than modern people. True, sometimes, in order to avoid troubles in the coming year, one must not only know at least the basic signs and superstitions, but also be able to correctly interpret them. But it really depends a lot on your imagination! Here are a few New Year's signs talking about what needs to be done before the New Year and what to look for on a festive night. And to believe in them or not is a purely personal matter. Bemorepanda collected all them for You.
How to celebrate the end of 2020?
• From December 29 to December 31, it is necessary to generously mark the farewell to the old year. they prepared for the farewell in the same way as for the new year: the table was plentiful. Then the whole next year will be in abundance.
• Before the New Year, you should ask for forgiveness from everyone who offended in the past year inadvertently.
• You should not pay debts in the New Year. Before the new year, you have to pay off all debts by December 31, and on January 1, do not pay them back, otherwise you will pay off the whole year.
• By the New Year, you should clean up the house, disassemble all the rubble, corners, rub glass and mirrors to sparkle. Throw out all broken, chipped or cracked dishes from the house. Get rid of items reminiscent of the troubles of the past year.
Preparation for the New Year
• On the night of December 31, you may have a dream that characterizes the entire next year.
• Before the New Year, you must not quarrel, otherwise there will be no home welfare for a whole year.
• New Year is a family holiday, so do not forget to invite your parents or visit them yourself, and you can invite guests to your place the next day.
• In the old days, on New Year's, it was customary to tie ropes around the legs of the table, at which the whole family gathered. It was believed that this would help keep the whole family in full force for the next year - no one would leave home, would not break the family grief and sadness.
• For the New Year, you need to put on a new dress, then there will be many new things throughout the year.
• To celebrate the New Year, wear new and best outfits and jewelry - to live richly. Throw old clothes and shoes over the threshold - so that troubles remain in the past.
• On the New Year's festive table and in the decoration of the house there should be fruits, rice, wheat, nuts - what symbolizes prosperity.
• The New Year's table should be rich for abundance and prosperity all year round.
• On New Year's Eve in the villages they put out the fire in the huts, and at sunrise they light it up again so as not to offend the brownie. An offended spirit can hide a wallet or other necessary thing. They arrange a noisy and plentiful feast so that the year is cheerful and well-fed. (according to M. Forgotten)
• In the New Year, you must have your own amulet and talisman, which will bring good luck and protect you and your family.
• If you like gambling, refrain from it on New Year's Eve, do not tempt fate.
• Whoever has an empty pocket in the New Year will spend the whole year in need.
The New Year's Eve
• At New Year's midnight, when the clock strikes 12 times, everyone makes the most cherished wishes, which must necessarily come true in the coming year.
• Before 12 at night, women need to put on capes or scarves over their shoulders, and after the twelfth blow, quickly remove them. All illnesses and bad events will remain in the past year.
• When the chimes strike for the first time, hold a penny in your left palm and guess so that in the new year you will have money. Throw a coin into a glass of champagne and drink it. Then make a hole in the coin and wear it on the chain like a key chain.
• While the chimes are ringing, quickly write your wish on a piece of napkin, light it and throw it into a glass of champagne, drink it until the last sip until 12 o'clock. Your wish will definitely come true.
• A minute before the chimes, you need to take a tangerine (orange), peel it and put it under the tree. If you have time, then the year will be very happy.
• For wealth, you need to sprinkle all those present with plenty of grain on the New Year, or at least cook porridge and serve it to the table, which is especially welcomed by the year of the Rooster.
• The more people you congratulate, the more luck awaits you in the coming year.
Give everyone gifts, treat them, wish a happy New Year!
• All favorable and unfavorable New Year's meetings acquire double importance in comparison with everyday meetings, but among the meetings only one stands out - an afternoon meeting outside the home: if you meet a man, you will be healthy all year, and if a woman, you will be ill.
• If someone sneezes on New Year's, he will be happy all year. How many times you sneeze, so many girls will love you.
• What happened on the New Year will be in variations repeated with a person throughout the year.
• Any New Year's excess or lack, peace or quarrel, etc. indicate what a person will have for the whole year - with what the New Year found a person, so he will remain until the end, therefore, they do not lend anything in the New Year.
• You can not lend to strangers for the New Year any of the objects, one way or another associated with fire: in the old days - the fire itself from the oven, and now - matches or lighters.
• If you are spending New Year's Eve outside the city or if you have a fireplace in your house, make sure that the fire does not go out in the stove or fireplace throughout the whole New Year's Eve. That is why in Europe it is considered a good omen to bring a piece of coal into the house on New Year's and throw it into the hearth.
• If women play cards in the New Year, the hens will peck cucumbers (spoil them).
New Year's traditions, fortune-telling
On New Year's Eve, they wondered a lot: - they poured wax from the candle of the festive table into cold water and judged the future by the figure;
- they overheard other people's conversations, scraps of phrases and judged the future from them ...
• Listen to sounds outside the window: ringing of a church bell - to important events in the family, meowing of a cat - to a new neighbor, barking of a dog - to a new friend (for girls - to the groom), bird voices - to good news (for guys - to the bride) ...
• For the New Year, you need to freeze water in a spoon; if there are bubbles - to longevity, if holes - to death.
• Anyone who is waiting for the betrothed can sweep under the table: find grain or bread crumbs - for marriage. Put the first piece from the festive table under the bed - in a dream you will see a narrowed one.
• During New Year's washing, you should put copper or gold money (or gizmos) into the water in order to be beautiful and strong throughout the year, like gold and copper, as well as silver money or gizmos in order to have a white face.
• Sitting at the New Year's festive table and gazing at your shadow cast by a candle flame or tongues of fire in the fireplace. If you see yourself with a head - good, without a head - it's bad.
• If a girl pricks or cuts her finger on New Year's Eve, she will marry in the new year.
• New Year girls overhear conversations under other people's doors (the word “go” they hear foreshadows marriage, “sit” - protracted girlhood).
• People often guess about life by the spoons left on the table on New Year's Eve after everyone went to bed. Each person remembers his spoon and the next morning he looks at how it lies: if the notch down, everything is in order, but if it turned over, you should think about your health, save yourself from trouble and take care of the will.
• Write on a piece of paper your most cherished wish (only one!) And burn the piece of paper, throw the ashes out the window into the wind with the words: "Wind, drive the longing and sadness from me, give me luck and joy!" And say your cherished desire. Then continue: "What you have thought, fulfill, the spirit of the wind, please, I conjure with my strength, I put it on your wings!" Say this three times. The desire will come true.
• Remarkable is the European custom of choosing the "bean king" in the New Year. Before treating to a festive cake, a child should be placed under the table, who will name the one to whom each of the sliced pieces of cake should be given. When the pie is eaten, it will be revealed who got the piece with the bean or bean baked inside. The recipient of such a piece is considered lucky: he is guaranteed good luck throughout the year, but at the very New Year's holiday - the position of manager and toastmaster.
• You can see the groom not only in a dream. On New Year's Eve, pour water into a cup, add salt and ash, put it on the window and say: "Drink water, salt with salt, burn ash, and I have to watch the groom." Look into the cup while doing this. If you are about to get married, then you will definitely see your betrothed.
• On New Year's Eve, the girls put four card kings from the deck under their pillow. Whichever one dreams or will be pulled out first in the morning - so will the groom.
New Year's fortune-telling
• In a dream on New Year's Eve, you can find a previously lost thing.
It is necessary to put a glass of water under the bed, two forks into it - prongs up. Then a hint will come in a dream.
• On New Year's Eve, in severe frost, water was frozen in a spoon. If the ice turns out to be in bubbles - to good health and longevity. If there was a hole in the center, it foreshadowed illness or even death, and not necessarily the one who made the guess, but, possibly, someone close to him.
• If in the New Year the owner knocks on a pear, apple or plum tree three times, then a bountiful harvest will grow on this tree.
• If the sky is starry on New Year's Eve - this is for the harvest of berries and mushrooms.
• On New Year's Eve, severe frost and a small snow - to the harvest of bread, and heat and lack of snow in the yard that day feared more than a fire, as it was a sure sign of a coming crop failure and hunger.
to the begining
What for January 1 New Year?
• As you start the New Year, you will live it. January 1st sets the tone for the whole year.
• If you look at the sky: if there are many stars, there will be a good harvest of berries.
• If there is thick frost on the trees in the morning on January 1, the year will be grain-growing, otherwise it will be hungry.
• Cloudy before lunchtime on January 1, but clear after lunch - late sowing is better.
• If in January the echo goes far, the frost grows stronger
• On January 1, do not do heavy and dirty work, otherwise you will mess around in the mud and experience hardships all year round. You cannot clean the house, especially sweep and mop the floors, throw away trash - this promises losses and losses.
• If on the first day of the new year the trader gives the goods to the first oncoming buyer very cheaply, then the whole year will be a successful trade.
• When the time comes, do not throw the Christmas tree out of the window or from the balcony - family life will go to dust, happiness will collapse. The tree must be taken out and stuck in the snow.
New Year's Eve holds the record for most seniority. The Babylonians were celebrating the New Year 6,000 years ago, in the first nine months after the solstice. The festival lasted 11 days, with various activities taking place every day. Then people, as now, set goals for the new year, reports Agerpres.
A common custom among the Babylonians was the return of borrowed agricultural equipment. On this occasion, the king went through a ritual of repentance and was stripped of power to spend three days in isolation and in prayer. When he returned to the world, restoration ceremonies were organized to provide him with the support of nature.
In Ireland, single girls believe that the night between the years is an opportunity to find their true love. They place the mistletoe under the pillow dreaming of the magical moment when they will meet their chosen one. The mistletoe also drives away evil spirits. In terms of politics, it is believed in Ireland that the night wind between the years can predict the future of the country. If it blows from the west, it will bring prosperity, if it blows from the east, the British will dominate politics.
Polka dot clothes and round dishes seem to be the choice of Filipinos for the balance of the years. They believe that they will prosper because round points invoke coins. Also, throwing coins at midnight means plenty of revenue growth.
In Ecuador, midnight crow scarecrows are made. Each family has its own scarecrow filled with newspapers and pieces of wood, which it burns in front of the house. Tradition says that this destroys all the evil accumulated in the past 12 months, paving the way for happiness. In this country there is also the superstition that the yellow lingerie worn on New Year's Eve brings optimism next year.
The Chileans, more precisely the inhabitants of the city of Talca, celebrate their New Year with their dead relatives. The gates of the cemetery open at 11 o'clock at night, and the locals are greeted by muted classical music and dim lights, turning the cemetery into a festive place.
Better known is the American habit of sharing a passionate kiss with a loved one at midnight, which is believed to erase unpleasant memories of the past, paving the way for a future full of love.
Brazilians welcome the new year with very colorful underwear. They usually wear cheerful shades of red and yellow in hopes of attracting luck and a possible partner. Wishes for wealth and love are expressed through lingerie. Outdoor fires are lit on Paulista Boulevard at midnight. In such a celebration, fireworks are the harbingers of the new year.
In many parts of Europe, the tradition has been that the first person to enter one's house after midnight should bring a gift, a coin for prosperity, a loaf of bread for abundance, salt for flavor, or strength for good will. It is preferred that this "first footer" be a man with dark hair.
The island of Madeira in Portugal holds the record for the most glorious New Year's party. In 2007, 8,000 fireworks were launched per minute until a total of 600,000 was reached. Tourists from all over the world gather to watch the dizzying show. Here it is customary to eat 12 figs on New Year's Eve, which symbolizes 12 wishes for the coming year.
The tradition of prom in the Habsburg era has been preserved at the Austrian Imperial Salon. At midnight the "Blue Danube" resounds, and Strauss's "Bat" is always staged. The participants in the ceremony have pork on the table, a sign of luck. And the tables are decorated with chocolate piglets. The children pour molten lead into a tub, and a clairvoyant reads the shapes of the lead. If the metal forms a sphere, it means that the New Year brings luck and prosperity, if it takes the form of an anchor, it means that people will need help to overcome difficulties.
In China, the New Year is celebrated on the second new month of the solstice. Firecrackers and firecrackers are said to drive away evil spirits. Fabulous dragons and lions dance in the streets. People dress in red, the brightest of colors, and children receive red envelopes with money. Tangerines are also offered for luck, but only in even numbers. Another New Year's tradition is for people to come out and shout their wishes for the coming year. At the same time, he has to throw food as high as possible.
In Greece, a special bread called "Vasilopita" is served on New Year's Eve. A penny is hidden inside it when it is put in the oven. The bread is cut exactly at midnight and whoever receives the piece with the prize will be lucky next year. Here, the New Year's Day is dedicated to Saint Basil, famous for his kindness. Children leave their shoes by the fireplace on New Year's Eve to receive gifts from the good saint.
France celebrates the holiday called "Le Réveillon" with luxury food, champagne and gifts.
In Turkey, gifts are exchanged during a celebration of traditional Turkish food.
In Spain there is a tradition of eating 12 grapes at midnight on New Year's Eve. Each represents a month of the following year. Depending on how sweet it is, so will the month: better or harder. For brides, New Year's Eve is an opportunity to slip their wedding ring into the champagne glass and collide.
In Venezuela, those looking for a soulmate wear red underwear.
The most popular New Year's Eve drink is champagne. Everywhere in Europe and America it is accompanied by toast. In Russia, a drink of vodka, lemon juice and tap water is called "dirty water" and is drunk to stop bad luck. The Russians usually open the doors and windows for the new year to enter the house.
It is customary for people to kiss under the mistletoe at midnight on New Year's Eve. It can be considered a romantic gesture, but it is also a greeting for the New Year among people wishing them a happy new year, health and luck.
In Scotland, the New Year is called "Hogmanay", and in some villages rolls of tar are lit, which are then left to roll on the streets. Thus, the old year is burned and the new one is allowed to come. The Scots believe that the first person to enter the house on New Year's Eve will bring either luck or bad luck. The new year will be lucky if this person is a brunette man who brings a gift. "Auld Lang Syne", one of the most popular New Year's songs among English speakers, also appeared in Scotland. The song was first published by the poet Robert Burns in 1796 in the Scots Musical Museum.
In Liege, Belgium, on January 1, it is customary to eat choucroute (a kind of sauerkraut with sausages) as a family, with a coin under the plate, in your hand or in your pocket, to have money all year round.
In Naples, Italy, the New Year is celebrated with a special custom, which consists of throwing old objects, symbols of the past year, out the window. Thus, furniture, dishes, clothes, etc. they end up on the street, to the chagrin of the garbage collectors, who have to cross at night to clean up. On New Year's Eve, called "Capodanno", Italians usually put special dishes on the table, which are said to bring wealth and abundance.
In the Netherlands, the Oudejaarsdag or "last year's day" (December 31) is celebrated with many fireworks, which start at dawn and last until late at night. In fact, this is the only day that fireworks are allowed, they are on sale only three days before the New Year
In Hebrew, the New Year means "Rosh Hashanah." It is a sacred time when people think about what they have done wrong in the past and promise to be better in the future. Special ceremonies take place in the synagogues, where the shofar is played, a special instrument. The children receive new clothes, and the meal must include fruits and flour products, to remind them of the harvest time.
In India, the New Year is celebrated differently depending on the region. In West Bengal, people are adorned with flowers, which they color in red, pink, purple or white. Women wear yellow clothes, the color of spring. In southern India, mothers put food, flowers and gifts in a special box for children. On New Year's Eve, children should keep their eyes closed until they are led by hand to the gift box. In Central India, orange flags adorn all buildings on New Year's Day.
In Vietnam, the New Year is called "Tet Nguyen Dan" or simply "Tet". The Vietnamese believe that a god lives in every house, and on New Year's Day he goes to heaven. There, he says how good or bad each family member was last year. The god travels on the back of a carp, which is why Vietnamese people usually buy a live carp on New Year's Eve, which they let go of.
In Japan, people spend a whole week preparing for the coming of the new year. The house must be thoroughly cleaned to prevent the appearance of any evil spirits. All debts must be paid and, above all, all disputes resolved and mistakes forgiven.
For the Japanese, the New Year, called "Oshogatsu", is one of the most important holidays and a symbol of renewal. "Forget-me-not parties" or "Bonenkai" are organized, in which people leave behind the problems and worries of the year that are about to end and prepare for a new beginning. Misunderstandings and animosities are forgotten. On December 31st, at midnight, families go to the nearest temple to share sake (traditional drink, no.) And to witness the 108 gong blows announcing the passage of the new year (this figure represents the number of sins accumulated in -a soul throughout the year, and the gong blows symbolize the banishment of sins one by one and the purification of souls). On January 1, children receive otoshidamas - small gifts with money inside. On New Year's Day, dreams and wishes are written on a piece of paper.
Unmarried women in Belarus are waiting for New Year's Eve to find out if they will get married. They hold a few grains of corn in their hand, with which they lure a rooster. According to tradition, the girl whose rooster crouches will get married next year.
In the US, the New Year is expected on the streets of cities, as in Canada. Everyone celebrates the start of the New Year at traditional parties, sometimes at masquerade balls when everyone comes in a themed costume and with masks (according to tradition, guests have to take off their masks at midnight). Also at midnight, the bells and sirens sound, the sky is flooded with fireworks and everyone shouts in a "Happy New Year!" In New York, a 100-year-old tradition has been to throw a ball into Times Square. This is also the case in Hong Kong, Sydney, Rio de Janeiro, San Antonio and Sacramento, California. In other areas, various things are thrown to mark the New Year: in Easton (Maryland) - a crab, in Atlanta (Georgia) - a peach, in New Orleans - a pot.