Top 100 facts you need to know about Valentine's Day - Bemorepanda
On Valentine's Day, most people's thoughts are focused on romance, love objects and gifts. But it is always useful to abstract a little from the amorous euphoria and learn something new and unfamiliar about Valentine's Day. Therefore, on February 14, Bemorepanda offers the top 100 most interesting facts about this holiday.
1. It is customary to celebrate Valentine's Day all over the world on 14 February.
2. This holiday was named in honor of the Martyr Valentine.
3. During the reign of the Roman emperor, Claudius was the priest Valentine.
4. Since 1777, this day has been widely celebrated in the United States.
5. Since the 13th century, this day has been widely celebrated in Western Europe.
6. This holiday is secular in Russia.
7. On Valentine's Day, more than 50 million roses are sold worldwide.
8. On this day, more than 9 million people in the world buy gifts for their pets.
9. Sweets and chocolates are considered the most popular gifts on this day.
10. February 14 became a men's holiday in Japan.
11. In Saudi Arabia and Iran, it is forbidden to celebrate this holiday.
12. The tradition of celebrating this holiday originates from middle England.
13. Postcards are the second most popular after Christmas cards.
14.On February 14, 1929, Al Capone's rival enemies were shot.
15. Women spend on gifts this day half as much as men.
16. Condom sales are high on this day.
17. Duke Charles of Orleans created the first Valentine in 1415.
18. Pigeons are officially considered a symbol of Valentine's Day.
19. Computer Engineer's Day is also celebrated on February 14th.
20. Sales of contraceptives increase by 25% on this day.
21. 2001 was the record for the highest number of marriages.
22. The Day of Mental Health is celebrated by the Germans on this day.
23. More than 75% of suicides on this day are attributed to unhappy love.
24. Once upon a time, lovers exchanged postcards decorated with gold on this day.
25. This day is called sweet in Italy.
26. On February 14, Finland celebrates Women's Day.
27. In France, for the first time, a tradition arose to give poetry on this day.
28. In England, gifts are also given to pets on this day.
29. Handmade gifts are especially appreciated on this day.
30. On February 14 Pope Gelasius declared Valentine's Day around 498 BC.
31. More than 53% of women abandon their men if they come to them without gifts.
32. Richard Cadbury in 1868 presented the first box of chocolate on this day.
33. On this holiday 15% of women give flowers to themselves.
34. About 1 billion cards are sent on this day every year.
35.85% of all valentines are bought by women.
36.39% of all sweets are received by children on this day.
37. In Japan it is customary to give sweets, linen and jewelry on this day.
38. The sale of pregnancy tests in pharmacies is increasing on this day.
39. Flowers presented on this day have different meanings.
40. This day was called "Bird's wedding" in the Middle Ages.
41. In 2011, the world's largest chocolate bar was made in Switzerland, designed specifically for this holiday.
42. The first Valentine's card in the world is kept in the British Museum.
43. In Germany, it is customary to plant onions in a pot on this day with the written name of a loved one. 44. Italian navigator James Cook died in Hawaii in 1779.
45. USA got Texas on this day in 1848.
46.3 Oregon became the 33rd US state in 1859.
47. A third of the seats in the local Diet were won by Ukrainians in the elections in Galicia in 1914.
48. Soviet Russia in 1918 switched to the Gregorian calendar.
49. One of the first computers in 1946 was presented on this day.
50. The XX Congress of the CPSU opened in Moscow in 1956.
51. Into this day, rock and roll music was banned in Iran in 1958.
52. The automatic station "Luna-20" was launched to the Moon in 1972.
53. In Dublin in 1981, 48 people died on this day in a fire.
54. Elton John married Renate Blauel on this day in 1984.
55. The “Declaration on the Principles of Cooperation” was adopted in Minsk in 1992.
56. Russia and Ukraine established diplomatic relations in 1992.
57. The Fundamentals of Ukrainian Legislation on Culture were approved on 14 February 1992.
58. In 1993 Hungary, Poland and Ukraine signed an agreement on cooperation between peoples.
59. On this day in 1998, the wedding of movie star Sharon Stone and the editor of the San Francisco Examiner newspaper Phil Bronstein took place.
60. Dolly the cloned sheep died in 2003.
61. In 2004, 28 people were killed in the Moscow Transvaal Park.
62. Unmarried English girls take this holiday very seriously and responsibly.
63. Annually, about 1000 cards are sent to Juliet.
64. The oldest love poem was written in 3500 BC.
65. The favorite flower of the Goddess of Love was a red rose.
66. Wooden spoons with hearts are customary to give on February 14 in Wales.
67. Traditionally in America, pilgrims sent a variety of sweets as gifts.
68. Two times less money than men spend on gifts for women.
69. The month of pregnancy tests is the month of March.
70. Flower shops earn colossal sums on this day.
71. Heart-shaped candies were the first gifts on this day.
72. Saint Valentine was the patron saint of the mentally ill.
73. In the 15th century, the first valentines appeared in France.
74. The Roman God of love Cupid is the symbol of this holiday.
75. Since the beginning of the 90s of the last century, this holiday has been celebrated on the territory of Russia.
76. It is customary to give hearts from any materials on this day.
77. In England, February 14 is considered the beginning of the mating season for birds.
78. Once upon a time in the United States, one holiday card cost as much as $ 10.
79. Germans decorate psychiatric hospitals with bright ribbons on this day.
80. It is customary to give jewelry on this day in France.
81. Poles on this day visit the relics of St. Valentine.
82. It is customary to give dried white flowers on this day in Denmark.
83. Since the 13th century, this holiday has been celebrated in Western Europe.
84.Since the 1930s, this holiday has been celebrated in Japan.
85. All females are given hearts in Finland.
86. Diamonds are considered the best gift for February 14th.
87. Only 75% of men buy flowers on this day.
88. The origin of this holiday is based on the legend of Saint Valentine.
89. On this day, the feast of fertility was once celebrated.
90. Passionate Spaniards send love letters on this day with carrier pigeons.
91. 6 days before the holiday 50% of all valentines are bought.
92. Valentine is the second most popular among all gifts.
93. A large number of wedding ceremonies take place on this day.
94. Durex is increasing its sales by 30% that day.
95. The symbol of Valentine's Day is a red heart.
96. About 189 million roses are sold in America on this day.
97. After Christmas, this holiday has the second largest number of cards sold.
98. In Mexico City in 2010, the record was set for the most massive kiss in the world.
99. The first time in 1936 the Japanese got acquainted with this holiday.
100. In the Middle Ages, doves were often depicted on valentines.
Valentine's Day is celebrated annually on February 14th. It is the holiday that gives couples another reason to express their feelings, but also the holiday that helps single people meet their soul mate. Here are the traditions and customs around Valentine's Day.
Valentine’s Day is celebrated annually around the world, but under different names, but also on other days. For example, in Latin America, Valentine's Day is known as Love Day and Friendship Day.
Also in Brazil, Valentine’s Day is celebrated on June 12, the day before St. Anthony, the patron saint of marriage. Valentine's Day customs vary from culture to culture. Over time, Valentine's Day has given many gifts, but the modern tradition of giving chocolate as a gift came in the late 1800s from Richard Cadbury, son of John Cadbury, the famous chocolate maker.
In Japan, women are the ones who give gifts to men on February 14th. It's true that I only give away chocolate, and the chocolate I choose differs depending on the type of relationship. For example, the normal one is offered out of obligation to bosses, colleagues and friends, and the fine one, to the lover, fiancé or husband.
And in South Korea, women offer chocolate to men. And they give women anything but chocolate. In Finland, many couples get engaged or get married on February 14, but this day is more about friendship than love. According to tradition, it is an occasion for gatherings between friends, who make symbolic gifts. In some parts of Britain, on Valentine's Day, girls put bay leaves under their pillows and eat only salted eggs, believing that this is how they will dream of their chosen one overnight.
This holiday is celebrated all over the world. And of course we also have a lot of jokes, besides all the love and sweetness. Bemorepanda has collected this funny top for you.
- Brace yourselves ,Valentine's Day is coming
2.You have a crush on someone?
3.Valentine's day is around the corner
4.Roses are red
5.About 14 February
6.Single people on Valentine's Day
7.It's Valentine's Day
8.All this cute stuff
9.To and from
10.How I plan on spending Valentine's Day
11.I've been solo
12.I like you more than Kanye likes kanye
14.Saved tons of money on Valentines Day
15.I don't require a lot of attention
16.Sad about being alone
17.Is your name Wi-fi?
18.Valentines Day less than 2 weeks away
20.Do I have a date for Valentines Day?
21.When you finally find someone
22.This fish, is my fish
25.When bae text you some cute
27.The day I met you
29.I am not the best
30.Both crazy, but you're in love
31.I just want you
32.Love is in the air
33.I have a date
34.No time for that
35.Alone on other days
37.Before Valentine's Day
39.I hate you
40.Are you Google?
41.Me on Valentine's
42.Why you are alone?
43.Flowers and candy?
44.Plans for Valentines?
45.Plans for this day
46.Period on Valentines
47.Going to work
48.A great big pug
49.Pretending to be shocked
50.There is a date
On February 14, many countries around the world celebrate Valentine's Day.
It is believed that Valentine's Day has existed for more than 16 centuries, but the holidays of Love have been known from even earlier times - from the time of ancient cultures. For example, the Romans in mid-February celebrated a festival of eroticism called Lupercalia, in honor of the goddess of love Juno Februata.
The holiday also has a specific "culprit" - the Christian priest Valentine. This story dates back to around 269, when the Roman Empire was ruled by Emperor Claudius II. The warring Roman army experienced an acute shortage of soldiers for military campaigns, and the commander was convinced that the main enemy of his "Napoleonic" plans was marriage, for a married legionnaire thought much less about the glory of the empire than about how to feed his family. And, in order to preserve the military spirit in his soldiers, the emperor issued a decree forbidding legionnaires to marry.
Bemorepanda collected some lovely facts about Valentine's day.
1. Valentine's Day was born in 496, with the light hand of the Pope - Gelasius. This holiday is a successful attempt by the Catholic Church to replace the popular pagan festival (Luperkali) with a Christian event - the Day of its saint, the patron saint of lovers.
2. In Europe, February 14 began to be celebrated in the 13th century. This holiday reached the USA only in the 18th century, and to Japan and Russia - in the last century.
3. In Germany, February 14 is celebrated as the day of the mentally ill. Psychiatric clinics are decorated with red ribbons on this day, and a special service is held in the chapels at the hospitals.
4. Valentine's Day has another name, which is almost forgotten - "Bird's Wedding". In the old days, it was believed that birds begin to build a nest and prepare for procreation on February 14th.
5. In Muslim countries, in particular in the UAE, Valentine's Day is strictly prohibited. The holiday is considered sinful, contrary to the foundations of Islam. For the propaganda of dissolute Western traditions on this day, they are punished with fines. No scarlet roses and plush hearts!
6. The Catholic Church expelled Valentine from the host of its saints in the 20th century. This decision was explained by the lack of evidence and true facts about the life and deeds of this priest before Christianity.
7. The Russian Orthodox Church does not approve of this holiday, considering it immoral and unworthy of the ancient Orthodox foundations and traditions. The Day of family, love and fidelity is proposed, and as a role model - a married couple of Murom saints Peter and Fevronia.
8. The French are considered the inventors of poetic valentines. On this day, they give their beloved a ripe red tomato - "the apple of love", as it is called here.
9. The Italians named February 14 "sweet day". It is chocolate and other confectionery that is the most common gift in this country for Valentine's Day.
10. Americans spend the most money on chocolate sets - $ 700 million!
11. Every 15th American woman gives flowers to herself on February 14th.
But the soldiers did not become less in love from this. And to their happiness, a man was found who, not fearing the imperial wrath, began to secretly marry the legionnaires with their beloved. It was a priest named Valentine from the Roman city of Terni (Valentine of Terni). Apparently, he was a real romantic, since his favorite pastimes were to reconcile the quarreling, help write love letters and give flowers to the objects of their passion at the request of the legionnaires.
Of course, as soon as the emperor found out about this, he decided to stop his "criminal activities". Valentine was sentenced to death. The tragedy of the situation was also that Valentine himself was in love with the jailer's daughter. The day before the execution, the priest wrote a farewell letter to the girl, where he told about his love, and signed it "Your Valentine". It was read after he was executed.
Subsequently, as a Christian martyr who suffered for the faith, Valentine was canonized by the Catholic Church. And in 496, Pope Gelasius I declared February 14 Valentine's Day.
Since 1969, as a result of the reform of the divine services, Saint Valentine was removed from the liturgical calendar of the Catholic Church (along with other Roman saints, information about whose life is contradictory and unreliable). However, even until 1969, the church did not approve and did not support the traditions of celebrating this day.
Whether it was so or otherwise, but, most likely, it was from there that it was customary to write love notes on Valentine's Day - "valentines". And also on this holiday they like to arrange weddings and get married. It is believed that this will become a guarantee of eternal love.
12. In America, in the state of Texas, there is a city called Valentine. The name was born not in honor of a famous resident with that name, but on the case of the first arrival in the city of a train, which coincided with February 14 - Valentine's Day.
13. 73% of all flowers sold on February 14 are bought by men. And only 27% are women.
14. Valentines have the second largest sales after Christmas cards. A billion heart-shaped postcards are sent around the world every year.
15. In Jamaica on February 14, "naked weddings" are held, attracting tourists. People from all over the world come here to gaze at the newlyweds, who are wearing nothing but a wedding ring.
16. The first Valentine's-themed chocolate box was designed and marketed in 1868 by Richard Cadbury.
17. Valentine's Day is a fruitful holiday for private detective agencies. Recipients of anonymous valentines constantly contact them with a request to find the sender.
In Western Europe, Valentine's Day has been widely celebrated since the 13th century, in the United States since 1777.
The tradition of giving gifts on this day grew stronger every year and for some it has become a fairly successful business. For example, at the beginning of the last century, it was customary for Americans to send marzipans to their brides, which were quite expensive.
In Japan, the tradition of giving sweets on this day appeared at the suggestion of a large chocolate company. They began to celebrate Valentine's Day there in the 30s, and to this day, chocolate remains the most common gift. By the way, there Valentine's Day slightly resembles "March 8 for men", as Japanese men receive, perhaps, even more gifts than women: men's accessories such as a razor, lotion, wallet, and so on.
It is customary for passionate French people to give jewelry on Valentine's Day, and in romantic Denmark, people send dried white flowers to each other.
In Britain, on February 14, unmarried girls get up before sunrise, stand by the window and look at the passing men. According to legend, the first man they see is the betrothed.
But there are some countries in the world that have particularly excelled in celebrating Valentine's Day. First of all, this is Saudi Arabia, which is the only country in the world where this holiday is ... officially banned, moreover, under pain of heavy fines.
18. For Finns, February 14 is a holiday of friendship. On this day, they give gifts and show cute signs of attention not only to beloved ones, but also to parents, friends and other close people.
19. In England, there are a lot of signs and beliefs associated with Valentine's Day. On the eve of this day, young English Women fall asleep with laurel leaves tied to the corners of the pillow, and get up with neither light nor dawn, running to the window to see the first passer-by. So they hope to see their betrothed, predict family fate.
20. In the old days, lovers themselves made valentines, decorating them with bird feathers, dried flowers, beads and pieces of lace. It was believed that lace would help to catch a loved one in a love net, to entangle him with heart charms.
21. Sales of contraceptives increased by 25% on this day.
21. In 2001, the record was set for the highest number of marriages on this day.
Human perception is amazing. Very often we tend to take some information for truth only on the grounds that it has, in modern terms, a high citation index. In other words, the same text with slight variations wanders from edition to edition, from blog to blog. And the more often it is reproduced, the more often we are ready to take it on faith on the grounds that "everyone says."
But alas, it often happens that the text copied from each other is initially erroneous to one degree or another, and by spreading it further, we involuntarily mislead an increasing number of people.
It is such a story that happened to the biography of a man whose memory is supposedly proposed to be celebrated on February 14. If you search the Internet, the query "Valentine's Day" will return tens and hundreds of links, retelling the same legend with some variations.
As far as the veneration of the saint is concerned, this is what happened in modern times. During the 1969 reform of the Roman Catholic calendar of saints, the celebration of the memory of St. Valentine as a church-wide saint was abolished on the grounds that there is no information about this martyr, except for the name and information about the beheading by the sword. Today, on February 14, the memory of St. Valentine is solely optional.
In the Orthodox Church, on the contrary, Saint Valentine is still venerated. More precisely, both of the previously mentioned martyrs - the bishop and the presbyter - have their own days of remembrance. Valentine the Roman - presbyter - is venerated on July 19, and the Holy Martyr Valentine, Bishop of Interamna - on August 12. If you carefully read the lives of these saints, it becomes clear that in the legends widespread nowadays, fragments relating to completely different people have been mixed, and even medieval writings have supplemented them with many romantic, but completely unrealistic episodes.
23. The Day of Mental Health is celebrated by the Germans on this day.
24. More than 75% of suicides on this day are attributed to unhappy love.
25. Once upon a time, lovers exchanged postcards decorated with gold on this day.
26. This day is called sweet in Italy.
27. Women's Day is celebrated in Finland on 14 February.
28. In France, for the first time, a tradition arose to give poetry on this day.
29. In England, gifts are also given to pets on this day.
30. Handmade gifts are especially appreciated on this day.
31. On February 14, Pope Gelasius declared Valentine's Day around 498 BC.
32. More than 53% of women abandon their men if they come to them without gifts.
33. Richard Cadbury in 1868 presented the first box of chocolate on this day.
34. About 1 billion cards are sent on this day every year.
35. 85% of all valentines are bought by women.
36.39% of all sweets are received by children on this day.
37. In Japan, it is customary to give sweets, linen and jewelry on this day.
38. The sale of pregnancy tests in pharmacies is increasing on this day.
39. Flowers presented on this day have different meanings.
40. This day was called "Bird's wedding" in the Middle Ages.
41. In 2011, the world's largest chocolate bar was made in Switzerland, designed specifically for this holiday.
42. The British Museum has the world's first Valentine.
43. In Germany, it is customary to plant an onion in a pot on this day with the written name of a loved one.
44. In Saudi Arabia, this holiday is prohibited because it promotes sexual liberation.
45. In Korea, black noodles are prepared for singles on Valentine's Day in special restaurants to help people mourn their loneliness without a pair.
46. Dutch women on Valentine's Day can ask for a wife from any man they like. If he refuses, he must give the lady a silk dress. And Canadian men can pay a fine for refusing to marry.
47. Many people write valentines anonymously. To add mystery, they are written from right to left or with the left hand, they do not indicate the name of the donor and his address.
48. The largest valentine was placed at a pedestrian crossing in Chengdu, China. In it, a love confession was addressed to all residents of this city, and there are at least 14 million of them.
49. 19th century psychiatrists prescribed chocolate to patients suffering from unrequited love. The first box of chocolates for such "patients" was invented by Richard Calbury.
50. The most expensive love card was ordered by Aristotle Onassis. It was crafted from solid gold and studded with diamonds and emeralds. A mink coat served as a packaging for such a luxurious Valentine. So the Greek billionaire confessed his feelings to the opera diva Maria Callas. At the time of its creation in the 60s. the cost of such a postcard was estimated at 300 thousand dollars.
Americans celebrate Thanksgiving on the last Thursday in November. This holiday is said to date back to 1623, but it was not until 1863, during the Civil War, that it became an official federal holiday, when President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a national day for "Gratitude and Prayer to Our Father."
Bemorepanda has collected 20 interesting things about Thanksgiving Day. Let's see this collection together.
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The National Stock Car Racing Association (NASCAR) is the largest motorsport organization in the United States. The three largest racing series sanctioned by NASCAR are Cup Series, Xfinity Series and Camping World Truck Series, there are also seven regional series. More than 1500 races are held under the NASCAR umbrella on more than 100 tracks a year. The races take place in 38 states of the USA, Canada and Mexico. In 1996, 1997 and 1998, NASCAR also held demonstration races in Japan and Australia.
Starting as a regional entertainment in the southeastern United States, NASCAR has grown to become the second most popular professional sport in terms of television ratings in the United States, second only to the National Football League. Internationally, NASCAR races are broadcast in over 150 countries.
Each race is watched by an estimated 75 million fans who purchase more than $ 2 billion worth of licensed merchandise annually. These fans are considered the most loyal to the brand of any other sport. The Stock Car Racing Association manages to host 17 of the 20 most attended sporting events in the United States of the year.
The Sprint Cup Series (NCS) is the top division of the NASCAR series. Hence, it is the most popular and most profitable series of the National Stock Car Racing Association. Since 2001, the Cup Series season has consisted of 36 races over 10 months. Fans often refer to it simply as "The Cup" or "Nascar" as it is the main championship of the entire series.
The Xfinity Series is the second highest level of professional competition in this series. Unlike other world championships, such as Formula One, the second NASCAR motto is not very different from the first. Both championships use a similar technique, the same tires, and the races are held on the same tracks (most of the season). The main differences lie in the training and skill of the pilots and the team, there are also additional restrictions to reduce the series.
The Camping World Truck Series is a NASCAR racing series featuring pickup trucks. This is the "tritium" motto of the national divisions of NASCAR. The idea for the Truck series originated in 1993, when a group of off-road drivers created a prototype of a pickup truck in the style of the stock car racing series. They were first shown during the 1994 Daytona 500 race and a number of demonstration races were held throughout the season. These trucks proved to be extremely popular and this led NASCAR to create a series in 1995, originally known as the "Super Truck Series''. It is now called the Camping World Truck Series because of the title sponsored Camping World.
Bemorepanda prepared some interesting facts about 2022 NASCAR Cup Series.
1. In the United States, stock NASCAR racing has a rich history. The roots of this competition go back to the prohibition era, when bootleggers used fast little cars to transport alcohol. Much time has passed since the abolition of Prohibition, but the popular love for fast cars has not passed. The result was stock car racing.
2. In 1948, Bill France formally established NASCAR as the official governing body for motorsport. This species is incredibly popular today. Let's see how NASCAR racing has changed from 1948 to the present day.
3. Auto racing was widespread throughout the Wild West even before NASCAR became the governing body in this area. In the 30s, the racer Joe Chitwood Sr. achieved special success. He raced the Indy 500 seven times. After completing his auto racing career, Chitwood decided to create his own auto show with professional stuntmen.
4. During the entire existence of the Joie Chitwood Thrill Show, about 3,000 vehicles were destroyed. After that, Chitwood became a road safety consultant.
5. In 1954, Jack Chockett became the winner of NASCAR. In order to become the owner of the prize-winning place, he used a car modified by his own hands. Chockett competed in major national races for the next two years. As a result, he managed to climb to the highest level on the Pal Beach Racetrack in 1955. In 1956, the last NASCAR Chockett race took place. In his entire career, he never managed to win. Over the next two decades, he continued to drive modified vehicles. However, he did not succeed in regaining his glory as a strong race car driver.
6. In 1957, NASCAR races underwent significant changes. This was largely due to the construction of the Daytona International Speedway. The first race on the new track took place in 1958. The track, which has become one of the most famous in the world, cost the organizers $ 3 million.
7. The construction took two years. The track was officially opened only in 1959. More than 100 thousand people could fit in the stands at the same time. At that time, it was one of the fastest tracks on which auto racing could take place.
8. A year before the official appearance of NASCAR, Fonty Folk had to replace his brother Bob in the races, who was unable to participate due to injury. In the same year, Fonti won the national championship.
9. After receiving the official status of NASCAR, Folk continued to take part in races on modified cars. In 1949 he won the championship again. Fonti stopped participating in NASCAR races only after a terrible accident in the 1957 race. In 2004, the racer was inducted into the Georgia Automotive Hall of Fame.
10. Another iconic figure in NASCAR racing is Vicky Wood. This brave race car driver was not afraid to compete with her male colleagues. She appeared on the track at Raceway Park in Toledo. Today the history of NASCAR already knows many women racers.
11. Currently, the most famous female NASCAR driver is Danica Patrick.
12. Dale Earnhardt Sr. is considered one of the best racers in the history of NASCAR. He died doing what he loved. In 2001, he had an accident in the Daytona 500. His son finished second in the race on the same day.
13. Dale's career began in 1985 when he first joined Richard Childress's team. Their friendship with the owner of the team lasted 15 years. Together they have won six NASCAR championships.
14. Many refuse to admit that NASCAR racing is primarily a team sport. Of course, all the public's attention is riveted on the driver. But to win, he first of all needs well-coordinated work of the whole team. The team of Greg Zipadelli became a striking example of such joint work. Before each race, he held small briefings with members of his squad.
15. Zipadelli's career began in 1988. It was then that he first became crew chief for Mike McLaughin. This year the team won first place for the first time. Greg was only 21 at the time. Today he still races as a crew chief.
16. Ralph Earnhardt is direct proof that racing is a family business. Ralph started with racing on dirt roads. The start of his professional career at NASCAR dates back to 1953. It was then that he won his first NASCAR Sportsman Championship. For the next couple of years, Ralph occupied an honorable second place in the standings.
17. In the late 70s and early 80s, a racer named Larry Pearson became especially popular among motorsport fans. He competed in the NASCAR Dash. He managed to win as many as five times. Larry also took part in the Busch and Cup Circuit races. Larry retired in 1999 after the Textilease Medique 300 competition.
18. This race car driver became famous not for his victories on the track, but for an epic accident, after which he survived. During a race in 1951, his Ford rolled over on the hood. Despite this, Flanders finished 31 of 59. He completed only 145 out of 250 laps. Everyone he overtook overheated or got into accidents.
19. Many have used NASCAR racing as an opportunity to promote their brand. So, in 1969, for the first time before the NASCAR race, an advertising campaign of Union 76 Oil was held, in which 76 attractive young girls took part. Then they joined the winner of the race. In 2017, the Monster Energy Corporation decided to use the same advertising move.
20. At first glance, it might seem that a cool and tense relationship should develop between racers. But in reality this is not at all the case, and many photographs taken before the races prove it.
21. For example, a 1969 photo of Neil Castle and G.C. Spencer shows the first rider casually leaning on the hood of the second to chat about something. Today it is already difficult to catch two riders, at ease talking about something. Only the number of sponsorship stickers on the cars remains unchanged.
22. In the modern world, car racing is also very popular. As a rule, modified vehicles of a new generation take part in the competition. It should be noted that this is a very dangerous sport. If you do not cope with driving, the consequences can be very different, up to and including death. Therefore, before starting to take part in competitions, it is worth thinking several times.
23. Nascar. Many people consider this kind of auto sport very boring and dull - bright and attractive cars wind a lot of circles (and the Nascar tracks are nothing more than ovals).
24. Common between the road version and the racing car - only the name (until 70, cars with a "circulation" of the road version of which was 500 units were allowed to participate in races. Cars prepared for racing participated in the competition, but they were based on their road counterparts. Then they moved away from this concept).
25. Manufacturing plants provide teams only with engine blocks, teams build a car themselves.
26. Car frame: a space frame made of steel pipes, onto which steel sheets are subsequently welded, thereby forming the car body.
27. To ensure the safety of the driver, 6 or 7 point seat belts are used.
28. Dimensions: wheelbase 110 "(2794mm), length 208" (5283mm), width 76.5 "(1943mm), height 53.5" (1358mm).
29. Aerodynamic elements: front splitter, rear spoiler and skirts.
30. Wheels: Goodyear supplied slicks, mounted on 5 nuts, dimension 300 * 54 R15. Many teams pump nitrogen into their tires, not air.
31. Brakes: cast iron or steel, have a diameter limitation of 12.72 "(323.09mm).
32. Intake: carburetors were used until 2012, later it was decided to switch to injectors.
33. Release: the absence of a muffler as such, and even more so a catalyst.
34. Fuel tank capacity: 17.75 US gallons (approximately 67 liters).
35. Fuel: E15 high-octane racing gasoline (15% ethanol content), supplied by Sunoco.
36. Weight: 3200-3400 pounds (without driver and with driver and fuel, respectively; approximately from 1450 to 1540 kg).
37. Gearbox: 4-speed mechanics.
38. The engine: V8, 16V (2 valves per cylinder) are used, with a volume of 358 cubic inches (5.86 liters, until 1971 engines with a volume of 429 cubic inches - 7 liters) are used, turbines, compressors and etc., the compression ratio is 12: 1, the power of this American atmospheric monster, according to various sources, is from 750 hp. up to 865hp (on some tracks (read Daytona and Talladega), the power is limited to 445hp). The torque is 530 foot-pounds. which equals approximately 718 N / m.
39. Average speed of about 333 km / h;
40. Pit stop time is up to 14 seconds, the number of mechanics on the pit is limited to 7, it is allowed to lift the car only from one side.
41.Since 2018, as many as 3 races have taken place on the roads: cars of the Nascar Cup Series compete on the Sonoma Raceway (3.2 km track with 10 turns), Watkins Glen (5.4 km track with 11 turns) and Charlotte Motor Speedway (3.7 km track with 17 corners). The latter, in September 2018, became the first road track used at Playoff, thus confirming the growing importance of these tracks.
42. In the Nascar Cup Series, the different tracks are more noticeably different: on large ovals, such as Talladega and Daytona, pilots do not use the brakes, except on the return circle and in the event of an accident. On shorter oval tracks like Martinsville, pilots apply the brakes for about 7 seconds on each of the two corners. With a lap time of 20 seconds, the brakes are up to 70 percent.
43. One of the main differences between Formula 1 and Nascar Cup Series rims is the material they are made from: carbon is banned from American racing and therefore cast iron rims are used on cars. Some consider this to be an indicator of technological backwardness, unaware that Brembo is continuously researching and testing various metrics and performances on cast iron brake discs, starting with ventilation. This means designing ventilation ducts that regulate the cooling of the disc during competition. And the number of computational experiments, static and dynamic tests carried out by Brembo regarding the size, shape, number and curvature of the channels is no less than the tests of the holes of carbon discs.
44. Unlike Formula 1, where each team uses the same brake caliper model throughout the season (of course, taking into account evolutionary developments throughout the season), in the Nascar Cup Series 3 races, different tracks require the same number of brake calipers, since the brakes are used in different ways. On Super Speedways (4 km long) the brakes are only used to enter the box or when yellow flags appear. On Intermediate tracks (1.6 to 4 km) the brakes are rarely used, while on short track the brakes are applied throughout the corner.
45. Over the past decade, the braking systems of the Nascar Cup Series race cars have been significantly improved thanks to Brembo, which draws on its know-how accumulated over 40 years of racing. With just 4 pistons, modern calipers provide the same stopping power as the 6 pistons of the previous decade. Better discs and pads mean an average 20 percent increase in maximum braking.
46. But not everyone knows that in the Nascar Cup Series, too, every team demands a more or less significant individual approach to the braking system from Brembo. Since the drivers of the same team have different braking styles (some use a racing car style with initial heavy braking that is then reduced, the other prefers the opposite), two members of the same team can use different friction materials.
47. In Nascar Cup Series races, caliper temperatures can reach 440 degrees Fahrenheit, equal to over 226 degrees Celsius. Even the pads and discs have a higher temperature, which reaches 871 and 982 degrees Celsius, respectively. All this is possible thanks to the Brembo HTC 64T brake fluid, which has a boiling point of 335 degrees Celsius, much higher than that of the competition.
48. It seems to us that in order to brake a car weighing one and a half tons, braking systems of impressive dimensions are required. However, the Brembo 6-piston front monobloc caliper for Short Track trails weighs 2.8 kg, while the front 4-piston caliper for Super Speedway weighs less than 2.3 kg. The rear calipers are even lighter: 2 kg for the car for the Short Track and 1.5 kg for the Speedway, for which even the Light version weighing 1.2 kg is available.
49. 9mm of wear per pad, which is recorded on average at Martinsville and 11mm that is consumed at Watkins Glen. These two values are further confirmation of the not at all secondary role of brakes in the Nascar Cup Series competition.
50. The Nascar Cup Series is the queen of entertainment. This is confirmed by the fact that 12 pilots won at least one competition in 2018. The format of the championship, the minimum difference in the team's budget and the similar performance of the 3 engines used create a balance due to which the competition is held with a minimum separation and unclear outcome until the very wave of the checkered racing flag.
Tokyo, the capital of distant and prosperous Japan, stuns tourists literally from the first moments, as soon as the traveler's footsteps on his land. Everything seems to be different here than in other cities: an incredibly complex layout of blocks, and intricate metro lines that are perceived as not connected to each other, and a solid jungle of city communications wires. During rush hours, people seem to merge into one river, and its flows fill the streets, underpasses, public transport. Here you need to always keep your eyes open, because it is very easy to get lost, getting completely different from where you hoped to be.
Tokyo is second in the world in terms of population density. The city of 37 million is not only the political, administrative and financial, but also the industrial and cultural center of the country. Located in the southeastern part of Japan's largest island of Honshu, this ultra-modern metropolis, where life does not stop day or night, is located on the Kanto Plain, in a cozy bay of Tokyo Bay. To truly feel its amazing atmosphere and get acquainted with at least half of the sights, one day or even a week is not enough - you need to live here for several months.
Huge and many-sided Tokyo, the capital of the only empire in the world, and even an island - Japan, cannot be described in a few words or limited to only a couple of epithets, even the most eloquent ones. And all because in this ancient city, modernity and ancient Japanese traditions harmoniously coexist, mutually penetrating each other. The Old City is worth mentioning separately. Having visited its numerous palaces, temples and shrines, it is as if you are plunging into the era of the shoguns, who for a long time were the sole rulers of the Land of the Rising Sun. Art lovers will quench their thirst for beauty in Tokyo's many museums.
1. Beneath Tokyo are five huge cylindrical shafts that will be filled with water in the event of a flood. This will prevent the destruction of the city.
2. There is an anime and manga in Japan called "Saint Young Men" in which Jesus and Buddha live in Tokyo as roommates. They rest on Earth and try to understand Japanese society.
3. When Tokyo officials went to congratulate the oldest man in the city on his 111th birthday in 2010, they found his remains on a bed. He had been dead for 30 years, and his family was taking away his pension, which was still accruing to him.
4. The Allied bombing of Tokyo killed more civilians than the atomic bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima combined.
5. During the Tokyo real estate bubble, the Imperial Palace (1.32 square miles) was valued more than all real estate in California.
6. Researchers in Tokyo have developed a mirror that changes a person's facial expression in real time. It gives a smile to the face. The application is intended for use in the bathrooms of the mall. The technology was adopted in the hope that happy shoppers would spend more.
7. The 2020 Olympic Games was held in Tokyo, Japan, as predicted in the 1982 Akira manga.
8. In 2013, a 39-story hotel in Tokyo literally "disappeared". It was demolished without the use of explosives or a special wrecking ball. All 39 floors were dismantled from the inside using a small crane, which gradually folded floor by floor.
9. You can pay a travel agency in Tokyo to send your plush toy on vacation without you.
10. One day, the Japanese government sent cherry tree seedlings to Washington as a gift. After the Second World War, cuttings from these cherry trees were sent back to Japan to restore the Tokyo collection, which was destroyed as a result of American bombing.
11. Tokyo Skytree is the tallest freestanding tower in the world. The height of the building is 634 meters. The tower's final height was chosen solely because of a play on words. The result is "Musashi": "mu" (in old Japanese means the number 6), "sa" (3) and "si" (4). This was the name of the historic district where modern Tokyo is located.
12. A Japanese scientist has created an exact copy of Tokyo. He used oatmeal to create nearby settlements, and bright light to simulate mountains, water sources and other natural features. When a scientist placed a living slime mold in the center of the mock-up, it created a network reminiscent of the Tokyo rail system as it tried to reach the treat (oatmeal).
13. Japan has almost twice as many 7-Elevens stores as the US. Only in Tokyo there are 2079 stores of this network.
14. There is a store in Tokyo called Whoopi Goldberg.
15. One of the Tokyo skyscrapers informs you with the help of colored lights whether to take an umbrella with you when you go outside.
16. In Tokyo, there is a building built in 1972, consisting of tiny 90-square-foot capsule apartments. If necessary, they can be replaced as Lego pieces.
17. There is a 12-story luxury stationery store in Tokyo. On the 12th floor they serve lettuce grown on the organic indoor farm located on the 11th floor of the same building.
18. Tokyo University is developing a tactile hologram. In other words, they create a hologram that can be touched and felt.
19. Tokyo has an anime-themed Butler cafe. According to the hostess, Japanese women “want to visit cafes where handsome male waiters will treat them like princesses.” This is the only cafe where only foreigners work.
20. 45 of the 51 busiest train stations in the world are in Japan. The busiest Shinjuku station, located in Tokyo, serves approximately 1.2 billion passengers a year.
21. At noon on September 1, 1923, a powerful earthquake occurred in Tokyo. Major fires broke out throughout the city because at the time of the earthquake, people were cooking dinner over an open fire. More than 100,000 people died.
22. Blue "anti-suicide" LED lights have been installed on all train platforms in Tokyo in an attempt to reduce the number of suicides committed here. It is believed that such lanterns have a calming effect. Studies have shown that blue-light stations have reduced suicide rates by 84%.
23. In 1923, a “fire tornado” swept through Tokyo and burned over 38,000 people.
24. Each Tokyo train station has its own unique theme songs.
25. The rock and roll culture of the 50s is still thriving in Tokyo.
26. Researchers at the University of Tokyo have created a robot arm that wins 100% of the time in a game of rock-paper-scissors. Using a high-speed camera, the robot recognizes within one millisecond the shape that the human hand is about to create, and then selects the winning combination.
27. A cafe has opened in Tokyo where visitors can hug hedgehogs.
28. On March 9-10, 1945, 300 B29 bombers dropped almost 500,000 cylinders of napalm and petroleum products on Tokyo, creating a 40-kilometer firestorm that killed over 100,000 people and maimed another million Japanese. It was the most destructive bombing in human history, including the atomic bombs of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
29. Crows in Tokyo often steal steel wires to add to their nests. This often results in power outages when birds build nests on power lines.
30. Tokyo restaurants have more Michelin stars than Parisian establishments. In 2007, the editor of Michelin declared Tokyo to be the "Gastronomic Capital of the World".
31. Cat cafes are popular and quite common in Japan. Here, people pay to interact with cats, since most Tokyo apartments do not allow pets.
32. Only after 3 hours in Tokyo learned that Hiroshima had been bombed.
33. In 2011, the residents of Sendai received an earthquake warning 10-30 seconds before the main seismic waves hit. Residents of Tokyo, the Japanese Earthquake Early Warning System (EEW) notified of the impending wave in 60 seconds. Messages were relayed via mobile phones, TV shows and web pages across the country.
34. The Tokyo metropolitan area has a larger population than Canada.
35. More than 70 unexploded WWII bombs are found in Tokyo every year.
36. Tokyo Tower was built from steel, a third of which was scrap metal (American tanks damaged in the Korean War). Often this building is used in the Japanese kaiju film genre. It also became the site of the culminating "battles" of Godzilla, Mothra and King Kong.
37. Tokyo is by far the richest city on Earth. If it were a city-state, then Tokyo would still be among the ten richest countries in terms of GDP.
38. The former Tokyo governor claimed that the Nanjing Massacre (the mass rape and murder of Chinese civilians by the Japanese military) never happened.
39. Because of Tokyo's location on a tectonic fault, geologists call it the "city waiting for death."
40. There are rumors that a secret underground city is supposedly located under Tokyo, but officials vehemently deny this information.
41. The ancestors of modern Japanese inhabited these lands in the era of stone axes. Previously, this city was a military fortress and was called "Edo".
42. Tokyo became the capital of Japan only in 1868. Prior to that, for 1075 years, the capital was the city of Kyoto.
43. In 1923, a terrible earthquake destroyed almost half of Tokyo and killed more than 90,000 people (earthquake facts).
44. The cost of a square meter of real estate in the business center of the city here reaches 2 million dollars.
45. Due to the high price of real estate in Tokyo, capsule micro-apartments have become widespread.
46. Some establishments here do not allow foreigners. A sign can hang right on the door, which means "foreigners are not served."
47. Despite the relative popularity of tattoos among Japanese youth, a person with a tattoo on exposed areas of the body will most likely not be allowed into any decent restaurant. In Japan, tattoos are strongly associated with the yakuza and the underworld.
48. In order to get rid of traffic jams in Tokyo, a huge number of high-speed highways were built, but the passage on them is paid.
49. The cost of parking here is fabulously high.
50. Fruits and vegetables are expensive here.
51. The most popular area for Tokyo youth looking for entertainment is Harajuku. It is here that you can meet the owners of the strangest outfits and hairstyles.
52. In Tokyo, there is a restaurant "Aragawa", which from year to year occupies one of the first places in the list of the most expensive establishments in the world.
53. An asteroid discovered in 1900 by a Tokyo astronomer was named after this city.
54. The zoo in Tokyo closes for two months each year so that its inhabitants can take a break from visitors.
55. “Cat cafes” are common here - establishments where you can play with these fluffy creatures.
55. They have become popular because most Japanese people love cats, but in most households, the rules forbid keeping pets (cat facts).
56. The air temperature in Tokyo is usually 9-10 degrees higher than outside the city. The reason for this is a huge amount of infrastructure radiating into space, plus 13 million inhabitants, whose bodies also warm the air around.
57. There are about 150 earthquakes in Tokyo every year, but most of them are so weak that people don't even notice them. A similar situation is observed, by the way, in Santiago, the capital of Chile.
58. The capital occupies only 0.6% of the area of Japan, but it provides a third of its total GDP.
59. The GDP of the city of Tokyo alone is higher than the GDP of all of Australia.
60. Twice as many people live in the suburbs of the Japanese capital than in the city itself. In total, more than 35 million people live in and near the city. This is about 60 times more than the population of Montenegro.
61. Based on the area of the city and the population, there are about 4 square meters per inhabitant.
52. Tokyo's ubiquitous vending machines sell everything from chocolates and hamburgers to used women's underwear.
53. The dog Hachiko, famous all over the world due to his devotion, was waiting for his master right here, at Tokyo's Shibuya station, until his death.
54. In major Japanese cities, many homeowners ban pets, which is why "cat cafes" have appeared in Tokyo - for a low fee, visitors can choose a cat and pet it while drinking lemonade or tea.
55. The Tokyo subway system is the world's largest in terms of ridership, with 3.2 billion people a year. An interesting fact is that there is even a special position here - osiya, or pushers, whose duties include pushing passengers into overcrowded cars.
56. Public transport in Tokyo is the most reliable, affordable and fastest way to get around. But still, he's not cheap.
57. The asteroid Tokyo, discovered in this city in 1900, was named after the city. This is an irregularly shaped celestial body with a diameter of approximately 81 kilometers.
58. Tokyo Ueno Zoo is Japan's oldest zoo with over 2,600 pets.
59. If you say at least a couple of phrases to the Japanese in Tokyo in their language, they will be very happy, because they believe that foreigners simply cannot learn Japanese because of its phenomenal complexity.
60. The population density in Tokyo is one of the highest among cities in the world, and there are only 4 square meters per person. In total, more than 35,000,000 people live in the Tokyo agglomeration.
61. There are a lot of single people in Tokyo who have never been in any kind of relationship with the opposite sex. Because of this, the suicide rate is extremely high.
62. If Tokyo were a separate country, it would be 15th place in the world in terms of GDP.
63. Tokyo is the safest metropolis in the world. Tokyo is so safe that young children use public transport on their own.
64. Tokyo's Shinjuku-Ni-Cheme area has the largest concentration of gay bars in the world.
65. Dressing up as your favorite manga or anime character and organizing a performance in Tokyo is a completely normal pastime.
66. Since the "Land of the Rising Sun" is located in a seismically active zone, earthquakes often occur here. In 1923, a powerful earthquake destroyed about half of Tokyo's infrastructure, killing more than 90,000 people in the process.
67. In the capital, real estate costs fabulous money. For 1 m 2 in the business center of Tokyo, the buyer will have to pay about $ 2 million!
68. Due to the high cost of housing, there are many micro-apartments in Tokyo. Their area varies within 10 m².
69. Parking in the city center for 1 hour is approximately $15.
70. Curiously, Harajuko is predominantly populated by young people. For this reason, in this region you can see many people with original hairstyles and outfits.
71. An interesting fact is that in the capital, rail transport is the most common type of public transport.
72. The Tokyo Stock Exchange is one of the three largest stock exchanges in the world.
73. Unlike some other megacities like Kuala Lumpur or Manila, Tokyo can be called a safe city with a clear conscience. True, foreigners are not welcome here everywhere. Some establishments here, as in the Korean capital of Seoul, put up a sign stating that "foreigners are not served."
74. Formally, Tokyo ceased to exist as a city in 1943 and was no longer displayed on maps. Officially, Tokyo refers to the 62 administrative divisions that make up the Tokyo Metropolitan Area.
75. Moreover, the 23 special districts included in it, which made up Tokyo until 1943, are now equated in status with individual cities that have their own mayor and their own city council.
76. An indicator of the exceptional transparency of the air in Tokyo - if from it you can see the sacred Mount Fuji located 100 kilometers from it - the national symbol of Japan. But this happens very rarely.
77. Fujiyama, in fact, is not a mountain, but a volcano, although it is listed as weakly active. Its last eruption occurred in 1707. Then Edo was covered with a cloud of volcanic ash.
78. Tokyo is one of the few capitals in the world located in a seismically active zone. And at the same time - the only one, because the world's largest economy is located here.
79. The earth on which it stands is shaken by earthquakes of various strengths about 150 times a year.
80. The Tokyo subway is also the largest in the world in terms of passenger traffic: more than 8.5 million passengers a day. Of these, 3 million are at Shinjuku Station alone, the busiest transport hub in the world.
81. However, trains must still leave stations without delay. That is why passengers are helped by special employees - osiya ("pushers"): they push them into the cars and make sure that the doors do not jam anyone's luggage.
82. One of the main attractions of Tokyo is Ginza, the main street of Tokyo's administrative center and the main shopping street. Walking on it is a kind of ritual. The whole street is one continuous showcase of shops located on it.
83. Buying here is not available to everyone, but it is prestigious. And also such a purchase means that you belong to the middle class - the basis of the entire Japanese economy.
84. From an architectural point of view, Tokyo is a gray and featureless city, devoid of frills and sights.
85. After World War II, mass construction began in the rapidly developing city, and it was guided by only three principles: pragmatism, expediency, and economy.
86. Tokyo can be amaze with an abundance of gray and inexpressive streets, many of which do not even have a name.
87. In Tokyo, as in other major cities in Japan, it is forbidden to keep any animals at home - the unanimous point of view of Japanese homeowners.
88. The onset of cherry blossom season, which is an important part of spring in Japan, marks the end of harsh winters. Cherry blossoms can be enjoyed for only two weeks during the whole year.
89. With a noodle shop and a beer garden on top, Takao-san is the world's most visited mountain on the western edge of Tokyo.
90. Tokyo Tower, modeled after the Eiffel Tower, is repainted with approximately 7,500 gallons of paint every 5 years.
91. Tokyo's Ritz Carlton has the most expensive room in the city, costing as much as $25,000.
92. The longest concert in Tokyo was the concert of the American band Guns N'Roses, which lasted three hours and thirty-seven minutes.
93. No matter how old people in Japan are, the Komagata Dozeu restaurant managed to survive the earthquakes and bombings, and managed to continue operating on the same piece of land for six generations (150 years).
94. Tokyo Skytree became the tallest tower in 2010. The official name was determined by a voting system. The current name received 30% of the votes and was announced on June 10, 2008 as "Tokyo Skytree".
95. Shinjuku Station has 36 platforms, including an underground entrance, an overhead entrance, and many corridors. Moreover, there are more than 200 different exits.
96. Tokyo in translation means the eastern capital. There are approximately 150 earthquakes in Tokyo every year.
97. In Japan, growing plants is an art.
98. The new generation of Japanese is not as small as Europeans think.
99. The Japanese tend to believe that all foreign countries, especially America, are dangerous to visit.
100. You can buy batteries, beer, wine, condoms, cigarettes, comics, hot dogs, light bulbs, and used women's underwear from Tokyo's vending machines.