25 interesting facts about the Marshall Islands - the unbelievable beauty
The Marshall Islands is a small state lost in the endless ocean. Few people in our country were closely interested in him, and it was completely in vain - this is the land of insane beauty.
The islands were discovered by the Spanish in the first half of the 16th century and were explored by British Captain John Marshall (1788), from whom they received their name. Between 1885 and 1914 they were under German protectorate, and during World War II the area was part of the Japanese first line of defense. In 1944 the islands were conquered by the Americans, who administered them until 1990, when the country gained its independence. On Bikini and Enewetak Islands, the U.S.A. they conducted nuclear experiments.
The Republic of the Marshall Islands is an island state in the Pacific Ocean, north of the Equator, between the Caroline and Hawaii archipelagos, with an area of 181 km.
The territory of the country occupies several hundred islands (32 atolls, 867 reefs), arranged in two rows: Ralik in the west and Ratak in the east.
The climate is equatorial, determining a tropical (tree) vegetation, dominated by banana and palm trees, but also a fauna rich in birds, fish.
Bemorepanda collected some more interesting facts:
1. The Republic of the Marshall Islands is actually under the control and jurisdiction of the United States.
2. The archipelago, on which the republic is spread, includes 5 islands and 29 atolls.
3. The Marshall Islands were discovered in 1526.
4. The land area of this state is about 181 square kilometers.
5. Nuclear weapons were tested on two atolls.
6. There are no nature reserves in the Marshall Islands.
7. There are paved roads only on the two largest atolls of the archipelago.
8. The maximum height of the Marshall Islands above sea level is ten meters.
9. The country gained independence only in 1983.
10. It is here, on the Kwajalein Atoll, that the world's largest lagoon is located.
11. In the northern part of the archipelago, the climate is so arid that it receives about the same amount of precipitation as in the American deserts.
12. The Marshall Islands have two official languages - Marshall and English.
13. The currency of the Republic is the US dollar.
14. 98% of the population of the islands are Marshalls.
15. The Marshall Islands maintains diplomatic relations with many countries. With Russia too.
16. Also the Marshall Islands is a member of the United Nations.
17. Subsidies from the United States and other countries account for a large share of the state
18. On the territory of the Marshall Islands there are more than two thousand kilometers of highways.
19. Internet and mobile phones are available in the two largest atolls, but they are very poorly distributed.
20. The Marshall Islands publishes two newspapers, one private and one public.
21. The country's islands are significantly distant from each other.
22. In total, the Marshall Islands is home to just over fifty thousand people.
23. The most popular sport in the country is basketball.
24. In 2008, athletes from the Marshall Islands took part in the Olympic Games for the first time, but did not take prizes.
25. There are only two hospitals in the country.
Interesting facts about Mozambique are an excellent opportunity to learn more about South East Africa. The country's territory stretches thousands of kilometers along the coast of the Indian Ocean. It has a presidential form of government with a unicameral parliament.
Interesting facts about Mozambique
Mozambique is a small and almost not visited by tourists, but a fascinating country. Wild African nature, safari tours, unusual local cuisine. And all this is adjacent to poverty and even poverty, which is found here, if not everywhere, then everywhere. However, only the most courageous tourists usually get into this country anyway, and nothing can frighten them.
1. The country of Mozambique is located in South East Africa. Its territory stretches thousands of kilometers along the coast of the Indian Ocean.
2. The area of the state is 801,590 km2. Mozambique is the 36th largest country in the world. Its dimensions are slightly larger than those of Turkey.
3. In the south, the state borders Eswatini, in the southwest with South Africa, in the west with Zimbabwe, in the northwest with Zambia and Malawi, in the north with Tanzania, and in the east with the Indian Ocean.
4. Mozambique was the first place south of the equator where a permanent settlement of Caucasian people arose.
5. The attractiveness of these territories forced the Portuguese colonizers to make it one of the earliest colonies in the world.
6. Mozambique gained independence from Portugal in 1975, later than most African countries.
THE CAPITAL OF MOZAMBIQUE IS THE CITY OF MAPUTO
7. The capital of the state is the city of Maputo. Before independence, this city was called Lourenço Marchis.
8. The capital is the commercial and cultural center of the country.
9. Maputo boasts beautiful colonial-era architecture and attractive natural surroundings along the deep water harbor of Maputo Bay.
10. Other significant cities in this country are Beira, Quelimane, Chimayo, Tete, Nampula, and Nacala.
11. The capital of Mozambique - Maputo, is the only city with a million inhabitants in the state.
12. Less than a third of the country's population lives in cities.
13. By the way, all local beauties should be sought not in cities but national parks.
14. During the Portuguese rule, the streets of Maputo were washed with soap.
15. Mozambique was the first country in the southern hemisphere on whose territory firearms were used.
STATION TO MAPUTO
16. The station in the Mozambican capital, Maputo, was designed and built by Gustave Eiffel at the beginning of the 20th century. The building looks more like a palace with a huge copper dome than a railway station.
17. Mozambique is mainly in the tropics, and much of the coastline is subject to the regular seasonal influence of the Indian Ocean monsoon rains. The monsoon influence is most substantial in the northeast.
18. Daytime temperatures throughout the country average around 20 degrees Celsius. The highest temperatures are observed from October to February and the lowest from June to July.
19. There is a presidential form of government with a unicameral parliament.
20. Graça Machel was the wife of the President of Mozambique until 1986, and 12 years after his death, she married the head of South Africa, Nelson Mandela. So she became the only woman in history to have been the first lady of two different states.
FLAG OF MOZAMBIQUE
21. Several countries in the world have weapons on their flags. However, only the flag of Mozambique depicts modern AK-47 firearms. For Mozambicans, the AK-47 symbolized the war for independence from Portugal. The flag of modern Mozambique is based on the colors and logo of the FRELIMO political party, which led the resistance to Portuguese colonial rule.
22. In 2005, a proposal was made to remove firearms from the flag, and a competition was held. However, all proposed flags were rejected by the ruling party. As a result, the AK-47 remained on the canvas.
23. The Kalashnikov assault rifle also flaunts on the coat of arms of the country, as well as on the arms of East Timor and Zimbabwe.
24. The population of Mozambique is 28,829,476.
25. The population density on the island of Mozambique is a record for Africa - more than 36 thousand people per square kilometer.
26. Mozambique can be considered a religiously divided state. Here, 28% consider themselves Catholics, 18% Muslims, 15% Christian Zionists, and 12% Protestants. And one in four Mozambicans is not a religious person.
27. The Cahora Basa reservoir, located in the province of Tete, is the second largest artificial lake in Africa.
28. The intentions of creating this reservoir were good - it was flood control and electricity generation, but the Kahora-Basa reservoir caused significant damage to the country's ecology.
29. Wetlands have dried up on the country's territory, and many fish species have disappeared. This resulted in a decline in the Caspian buffalo population by more than 90%. The number of people of zebras, waterbucks, and other animals also decreased.
30. The Mozambique Channel, about 1760 kilometers, is the longest on the planet.
MARINE NATIONAL PARK "BAZARUTO ARCHIPELAGO"
31. The Bazaruto Archipelago Marine National Park in Mozambique, consisting of 150 islands, is considered one of the most picturesque places on the entire African continent. Divers and travelers from around the world come here to look at the ancient coral reefs and schools of tropical fish.
32. even though the official language here is Portuguese, only a part of the population speaks it, approximately 2/5. Most Portuguese speakers are concentrated in large cities, particularly in Maputo.
33. And the vast majority of Mozambicans (about 3/5) speak the Bantu language group, the Niger-Congo language. This group's most widely spoken languages are Makua, Lomwe, Sena, Tsonga, and Shona.
34. The Mozambican army has a particular sapper unit consisting of marsupial rats. It turned out that these rodents were excellent at looking for explosives and other dangerous items left in local lands after the civil war.
35. Stone church on the island of Mozambique was the first stone building built by Europeans in the southern hemisphere.
36. The state's highest point is Mount Binga - 2436 meters.
37. Mozambique is home to Africa's largest hydropower plant, Cahora Basa, with a capacity of 2,075 megawatts.
38. Although there are Islamic communities in most cities here, most Muslims are concentrated in the northern coastal region between the Lurio and Rovuma rivers.
39. Today, this State is one of the poorest in the world. Approximately 40% of the country's population lives below the poverty line.
40. The civil war that lasted for 15 years after independence, political instability, debt crisis, and severe climatic conditions such as droughts, floods, and cyclones hindered the country's economic growth.
41. Lake Nyasa, located between Mozambique, Malawi, and Tanzania, is the third deepest freshwater reservoir in the world (after Baikal and Tanganyika). The local lake ecosystem is the richest in terms of the number of species; a significant part of them are not found anywhere else on the planet.
42. Since ancient times, the inhabitants of Mozambique have been catching sea turtles on fish sticks - a rope is tied to the tail of the fish, and then the “bait” is thrown onto the shell of the nearest turtle. If the prey is vast, you must use several fish at once since one stuck can pull an animal no heavier than 30 kilograms out of the water.
43. Since the Portuguese ruled the country for almost 500 years, they left a significant imprint on the cuisine of Mozambique. Mainly in this country, cassava (a tuberous starchy root vegetable) and cashew nuts were grown (once Mozambique was the largest producer of these nuts).
44. The Portuguese brought bay leaves, onions, garlic, paprika, chili peppers, sweet peppers, grapes, corn, rice, millet, and much more to this state. These same products are included in the circle of staple foods of the Mozambican people.
45. Meat in the markets of Mozambique is a rarity. You can buy it not always and not everywhere, and the quality, in any case, raises some doubts.
46. Although most Mozambicans (over 80%) are engaged in agriculture, almost 90% of the fertile land available to the State remains uncultivated.
47. Petrol stations in Mozambique cities are often located on the first floors of multi-story residential buildings.
48. Food in Mozambique is usually cooked on an open fire, even in good restaurants.
49. Mozambique is a country almost not visited by tourists. There are no famous resorts here, but Mozambican waters are not as dangerous as Somali ones.
50. Only the most courageous tourists usually come to this country, who are attracted by the wild African nature, safari tours, and unusual local cuisine.
Mexico is a country famous for its fantastic beaches and Mayan and Aztec ruins and pyramids. But this country full of history has much more to offer and this is the reason why it is tenth in the list of preferences of tourists around the world, when it comes to spending the holidays. Here are seven of the most beautiful and popular things about Mexico.
Mexicans represent a combination of over 50 different indigenous groups. This means that almost all Mexican citizens have indigenous blood flowing through their veins. The inhabitants of this country are very friendly and proud of the culture and heritage of their country.
Mexican food is famous all over the world, but the offers are much more varied than decattacos, fajitas, burritos, hot peppers, beans and tomatoes. In fact, the basis of most Spanish dishes is corn. The people here have been making corn tortillas for centuries, for which they have used varieties grown in the country. But you will also find other excellent dishes with vegetables, seafood and meat.
1. Burritos and tacos are national and very popular food here, based on tortillas made from corn, wheat and even cactus flour. The second component is meat, chicken or vegetables and necessarily beans, all seasoned with a hot chili sauce.
2. Freshly squeezed juices, as well as various soft drinks sold on every corner, are very cheap, but be careful - ice is generously put there or diluted with water of unknown origin.
3. Fruits on the streets are sold peeled and cut, in plastic bags. Before selling them, they are offered to be sprinkled with chili powder with sugar on top - for hot lovers.
4. Homemade ice cream, which can be found on sale, is sold without packaging, and what looks like chocolate chips may turn out to be chili peppers. Even when buying ice cream you need to clarify - "no spicy pliz" =).
5. Tequila (full name of Santiago de Tequila) is the name of the Mexican city in which the main production of the drink of the same name is located.
6. Blue agave is the plant from which Tequila is made, contrary to popular belief that it is made from cacti. Blue agave belongs to the asparagus family and looks like a small bush with thorns, which is probably why the stereotype about cacti appeared.
7. Tequilero - this is the name of a tequila specialist.
8. Popular local sweets: apple and other fruit candy - in the form of toffee and in the form of cubes; candied coconut in lime; Juchela-shaped sweet beans with chili.
9. Boiled corn is also a popular delicacy here - you can buy the whole cob or already peeled in a glass. The seller, in addition to corn, adds salt, mayonnaise to the glass, sprinkles with cheese and squeezes lime juice onto all this mash. And for the ear and for the glass the price is the same - a little more than a dollar.
10. Corn here is generally a universal product - it is eaten raw, boiled and grilled; it is used for making tortillas, stew, yogurt and even corn ice cream with pieces of corn.
11. Meat in villages is often sold without refrigerators - despite the heat, it simply hangs on a hook.
12. In large supermarkets, sellers work in gauze bandages.
13. Mexican Groupon is very developed in large cities - interesting offers are often found, promotions will appeal to discount fans. We bought coupons in a cafe more than once, booked a hotel room (3 nights for the price of two), paid for an "extreme tour" with a 75% discount, a visit to a crocodile farm for 50% and a segway tour for 30% of the tour cost.
14. The sand on the Caribbean coast of coral origin is very fine, white and hardly gets hot. In 40 degrees heat, you can walk barefoot on it.
15. The water in the Caribbean Sea is very warm, about 25-28 degrees all year round.
16. The underwater museum with four hundred sculptures located at a depth of about 2 to 10 meters is located near Cancun. Divers who are bored with tropical fish and coral reefs will surely like it.
17. The beaches of Cancun and Tulum are among the ten best beaches in the world according to TripAdvisor.
18. Cenotes are natural wells or small lakes that the Mayans used as sources of water and places for sacrifices, they will surely appeal to snorkelers. Most cenotes are located in caves with many bizarre stalactites and stalagmites. The water there is crystal clear and pleasantly cool, well suited for relaxing from the heat outside.
19. Iguanas of different colors and sizes are very common in villages and small towns in Mexico.
20. Official taxis in Mexico City have a state license with a photo of the driver on the glass. To avoid misunderstandings, it is recommended that you check the photo with the person driving.
21. Taxis in Mexico City differ in safety classes. The safer - the more expensive, but generally it is quite cheap. For 3 or 4 people, it is often more profitable to take a taxi than to travel by public transport.
22. The cost of local calls from a pay phone does not depend on the duration of the call. For example, an unlimited city call will cost 3 pesos (25 cents).
23. Mexico City is located in the mountains, at an altitude of 2240 m, so if you are flying from the coast or lowland parts, prepare to wear a sweater or jacket at the exit from the airport. It is warm during the day and quite cool in the morning and evening.
24. The metro in the capital of 20 million, in comparison with St. Petersburg and Moscow, is relatively uncrowded, even at rush hour.
25. In addition to the name, each metro station has a picture designation - this is done especially for those who cannot read.
26. There are parking lots for bicycles at some metro stations - many people get to the station by bike, hang it on special handrails in the lobby in front of the turnstiles and then go by metro.
27. Many merchants can be found in the metropolitan subway - both spreading their goods in the passages, and moving along the wagons. In funny, howling voices, like a church priest singing psalms, they offer to buy a variety of goods - food, clothing, shoes, souvenirs, etc. - often like ours "three for a dozen" =).
28. The sellers of music discs are visible, or rather heard the most. They enter the carriage with a backpack-column behind their backs and turn on a CD with hits so that they can be heard at the next station.
29. Free bike rental - a special city program for tourists operates in Mexico City. Bicycle hotspots are located close to many attractions.
30. Metrobus is a special type of transport in the capital, something between the metro and the bus. Outwardly this is a bus, but it consists of two parts and travels, most often, along a dedicated lane. The entrance to it is carried out through turnstiles at specially equipped stops.
31. The first subway car is intended for disabled people and women - such a separation is a forced measure of the state to protect women from the harassment of hot Mexicans.
32. There are a lot of currency exchange offices in tourist places, but it is best to change the currency in banks - the rate is always better. You must have a passport with you.
33. Double names are the norm for local people (for example, Addi Maria or Carlos Antonio). This has nothing to do with the parents, just at birth they give not one name, but two at once.
34. Medical care for the Mexican population is free, but, as the locals themselves say, it is of very poor quality, so if you want normal conditions and assistance, you need to go to a private clinic.
35. Education is also almost completely free. Various social programs are provided for schoolchildren - up to free meals and uniforms. The universities pay decent scholarships, but many still do not want to study - they go to work.
36. Quinceañera - one of the important events in the life of a Mexican girl, symbolizing the entry into adulthood. Quinceañera is celebrated on the 15th anniversary and is usually celebrated on a grand scale - with a ceremony in the church, flowers, gifts, professional photography and video filming, dancing and live music. The guests and the hero of the occasion dress in expensive outfits and jewelry to match the wedding.
37. The numbering of streets and houses in cities is very curious - streets are named by numbers: Calle 1, Calle 2. And even numbers go perpendicular to odd ones, and the address is listed as "Calle 2, house 56, between Calle 1 and Calle 3". This is very convenient and allows you to quickly find the desired street and house on it, even without having a map at hand.
38. One-way traffic is organized in many cities due to the fact that most of the streets are narrow. Moreover, the direction of movement alternates - for example, on Calle 1 in one direction, and on Calle 3 - in the other. There is two-way traffic on wide streets, they are usually called Avenida - avenues.
39. Most small towns and villages are built on the same principle: a square central square, where the cathedral gathering and the police building are located, and in the middle there is a park area.
40. Tricycles are the most common form of transport in small villages. Moreover, one wheel is located at the back, and 2 - in front and on them there is a large basket in which they carry everything in a row - from firewood to people.
41. Inhabitants of very poor villages live in reed huts. Often inside such a hut, the only "piece of furniture" is a hammock.
42. Chips, biscuits and Coca-Cola - a permanent set of products, which is in every shop, in every run-down village. The Coca-Cola inscription is here on all stores.
43. Insurance with a franchise is offered by most car rental companies. Finding full coverage insurance takes hard work.
44. The difference between "automatic" and "mechanics" when renting a car, as a rule, is not very significant - usually overpaid only $ 12 per week.
45. License plates are missing on many cars - instead of them there is a "technical passport" on the rear window.
46. Imprinting - this ancient procedure had to be subjected to a bank card to pay for a rented car. A few days later, the bank blocked the card due to the fact that it was "compromised". It is not known if this is due to imprinting or simply to spending in Mexico.
47. Heavy things, especially basins, are often worn by women on their heads.
48. Policemen patrolling the streets of the city, standing in the back of an SUV - a frequent occurrence in tourist cities.
49. Corruption is very common among police officers - in case of any violation on the road, they begin to gently offer to "resolve the issue on the spot."
50. The city of the Maya Indians, Chichen Itza, which belongs to the list of "7 new wonders of the world" is located on the Yucatan Peninsula.
The Fiji Islands are among those countries that are rarely interested in anyone other than those who already live here. Perhaps in vain - this is a very interesting place, and it is definitely worth visiting here at least once in your life.
Fiji is one of the best known and most developed states in the Pacific, and its main islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for most of the land and concentrate over 90% of the total population. The island's inhabitants are a mixture of Indians, Polynesians and Malaysians and have one of the highest living standards in Oceania, although the country has suffered from ethnic conflicts at the end of the last century. The relief of these islands is volcanic, and the maximum height is on the island of Viti Levu where there is also the capital Suva (Tomaniivi peak 1,424 m high).
Bemorepanda collected top facts about Fiji Islands.
1. Over the past century and a half, the state of Fiji has changed five names.
2. The current name is the Republic of the Fiji Islands.
3. In Fiji, as many as three languages have the status of state - English, Fijian and Hindustani.
4. The country's currency is the Fijian dollar.
5. Fiji has 332 islands, of which about a third are inhabited.
6. The highest point in Fiji is Mount Tomanivi, whose peak reaches 1324 meters above sea level.
7. Due to the lack of fresh water, the Fijians collect rainwater from roofs in special tanks.
8. There are rivers and lakes on the Fiji Islands.
9. More than three and a half thousand species of various insects live here.
10. Descendants of immigrants from India make up a third of Fiji's population, there are a little less than three hundred thousand people.
11. The Armed Forces of the Republic of the Fiji Islands take part in various UN peacekeeping activities around the world.
12. The most popular sport in Fiji is rugby.
13. On Fijian dollars there is an image of the Queen of England.
14. In Fiji, it is customary to go on a visit and take some gift for the hosts with you.
15. Fun fact - sunglasses in Fiji are prohibited, as are hats. They can only be worn by leaders.
16. Tipping in Fiji can be considered disrespectful.
17. In Fiji there is a line of change of dates - the 180th meridian.
18. There are as many as 28 airports in Fiji.
19. There are highways only on two islands. Cars, respectively, too.
20. About 87% of the population lives on the two largest islands of the archipelago.
Saint Vincent is a small state consisting of the island of the same name and the Grenadines - a small group of islets. The capital of Saint Vincent is Kingstown. The country is part of the Commonwealth of Nations. The island itself was discovered back in 1498 by Christopher Columbus. Catholics celebrate St. Vincent's Day, and the island received the same name on this day. There are other interesting facts about Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
Interesting facts about Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is considered an elite holiday area. This applies in particular to the island of Mustique. Here, members of the British royal family and other world celebrities come to rest. The island has many five-star hotels, entertainment venues, and beautiful beaches. Also, visitors have the opportunity to see many exotic animals and plants. Despite the high prices for goods and services, many tourists visit the island yearly. We have compiled a selection of the most amazing facts about St. Vincent.
1. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an independent state located in the Caribbean Sea. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are part of the Commonwealth of Nations.
2. The country of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is located in the Windward Islands, south of Saint Lucia and north of Grenada. From the west, it is washed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea, and from the east by the Atlantic Ocean.
3. The territory of this state is 389.3 km², which is 183rd in the world.
4. Its territory includes the relatively large island of St. Vincent and 32 small islands (Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Union, and others), which are part of the Northern Grenadines group in the Lesser Antilles archipelago, as well as Tobago reefs.
5. The flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a tricolor of three vertical stripes of blue, yellow, and green. In the center of the yellow stripe, 1/2 the length of the flag, three diamonds (rhombuses) are depicted in green, arranged in the Latin letter V - the first letter in the name of Vincent Island.
6. Christopher Columbus discovered the island of St. Vincent during his third expedition to the New World on January 28, 1498, on the day of St. Vincent, from where the name of the island came from.
7. The Carib Indians lived on the islands when the Europeans appeared. For more than two centuries, the Caribs fiercely resisted European colonization. The cannons of the Spanish coastal forts were directed inland since the Caribs posed a greater danger to the colonists than external enemies.
8. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the territory of St. Vincent alternately came under the control of the French or the British.
9. In 1719, the French began to grow coffee, tobacco, indigo, and cotton there. Enslaved Africans were brought in to work on the plantations. As a result of mixed marriages of runaway and formerly enslaved people with local Indians, a layer of "dark-skinned Caribs" (Garifs) appeared. Now, most of the population is made up of blacks and mulattos.
10. The British first took possession of St. Vincent in 1763, and it became a British colony under the Treaty of Versailles in 1783. In 1796, the British crushed an uprising of dark-skinned Caribs and exiled more than 5,000 rebels to one of the islands off the coast of Honduras.
11. At the beginning of the 19th century, sugar cane plantations appeared in St. Vincent, where enslaved people worked. After the abolition of slavery in the English colonies (1834), emigrants from India and Portugal were attracted to the islands as a labor force.
12. In 1925, the first legislative council was created on the island; in 1951, universal suffrage was introduced; in 1969, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines received the status of an "associated state" with the right to full internal self-government.
13. And the country gained complete independence on October 27, 1979, by the constitution drawn up in September 1978 in London. In the same year, 1979, the Labor Party, which won the parliamentary elections, formed a government.
14. In 1984, the New Democratic Party won, and its leader, James Mitchell, became Prime Minister. This party also won in 1989, 1994, and 1998.
On February 15, 2001, Parliament was dissolved. A month later, early parliamentary elections were held, in which the United Labor Party (ULP) won 12 seats and the New Democratic Party 3. The government was headed and formed by the leader of the ULP, Ralph Gonsalves.
COUNTRY COMBAT SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
16. The coat of arms of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines consists of a cotton flower, an emblem, and a ribbon with the text "Peace and Justice" in Latin. The symbol is based on the colonial version used from 1907 to 1979, which depicts two women in classic Roman dress, one holding a palm branch and the other with clasped hands.
17. St. Vincent is a mountainous island of volcanic origin; its area is 344 km². The entire central part of the main island is covered with forest.
18. The islands of the Grenadines archipelago are small in size; the largest are Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Mero, and Union. Many of the Grenadines are surrounded by coral reefs.
19. The central part of the island of St. Vincent is occupied by mountains covered with forests. The highest point is the active volcano Soufriere (1234 meters). There is a lake in its crater. Soufrière erupted in 1718, 1812, 1902, and 1979.
20. To the south of it is a chain of gradually lowering cones of extinct volcanoes. Streams run down to the sea on the steep western slopes of the mountains, forming picturesque waterfalls and turning into turbulent streams after tropical downpours.
21. The eastern slopes are gentler, longer, wider, and more abundant rivers flow down them. The island's beaches are covered with black volcanic sand; the exception is the white sandy beaches at the southern tip of the island.
22. The climate here is tropical, trade wind, and humid. There are often intense hurricanes. Average monthly temperatures range from +24 to +28° C. The dry season lasts from December to April. The average annual rainfall on the southeast coast is 1500 mm, and in the interior mountainous regions - 3750 mm. 70% of precipitation falls from May to November.
23. The mountains are covered in places with dense tropical rainforests and shrubs. The fauna is rich in birds: the endangered St. Vincent Amazon parrot, a rare subspecies of the red-throated hermit thrush, and others.
24. Coastal waters abound with fish, crustaceans, and mollusks. Several forest and ornithological reserves operate on the islands for nature protection.
CAPITAL - CITY OF KINGSTOWN
25. The capital of the island of St. Vincent is Kingstown, which means “city of kings.” A little more than 40 thousand inhabitants live here.
26. The capital city of Kingstown is the largest in the state. Kingstown is located in the harbor on the southwestern tip of St. Vincent.
27. Since Kingstown was under British rule for a long time, its architecture was dominated by the colonial style.
28. The city has several old churches: St. Mary's, St. George's, and the Kingstown Methodist Church.
29. Kingstown is an important financial center where tax incentives attract many banks.
30. Also, it is the main economic center of the state. The rich soil of the islands allows you to grow various vegetables and fruits. Arrowroot grows here, which is added to desserts, sweet potatoes, coconuts, breadfruit, and bananas, which are the country's pride. Banana varieties such as figs and bluggo are considered especially popular.
31. Agriculture in the country specializes in producing bananas, coconuts, and arrowroot, starchy flour from arrowroot rhizomes. Among the local population, cassava tubers are widely used, from which choki cakes are made.
BOTANICAL GARDEN IN KINGSTOWN
32. Also, there is a Botanical Garden in Kingstown, founded more than 200 years ago in 1762. Plants from all over the world are collected here. The complex is the oldest in the entire Western Hemisphere. In its exposition, there are more than 450 species of tropical plants. In addition, there is an aviary for birds, including the endangered species of parrot - the Amazon.
33. The official language of the state is English. But in fact, the local population speaks Creole or Vincentian.
34. North of Kingstown are the ruins of Fort Charlotte, which was built in 1806 to guard the city and harbor. The Museum of the History of the Black Caribs is currently located here.
35. Hiking enthusiasts can walk along the nature trail Bookament-Vermont-Nature-Trail, during which the opportunity to wander through the rainforest and watch the birds.
36. On St. Vincent, as on other islands, there are many beautiful bays and white beaches framed by palm trees. Some of the islands are privately owned.
37. The combination of coral reefs and clear water is ideal for spearfishing.
38. The largest seaport is located in Kingstown. Arnos Vale International Airport is located near the capital. In addition to it, there are five more airports on the islands.
39. Local coins have the most diverse geometric shapes. This is because most of the locals are illiterate. This currency is expected in seven countries in the region.
40. There are unusual laws and traditions here. For example, do not do in St. Vincent: 1. Kick the ballot boxes. Every waste bin has its sponsor who will not like this treatment. 2. Walk without an umbrella. Generally, this is not forbidden, but the weather here is unpredictable. 3. Go to street bars. These are ordinary wooden stalls where a simple TV and music play. 4. Joking about religion. Very devout people live in St. Vincent, no matter what denomination they belong to.
41. Tobago Reefs is one of the most beautiful places in the Caribbean. They are uninhabited. Stunning corals grow here, and the variety of algae and fish is impressive. This area has been given the status of a National Park. Fishing on Tobacco is prohibited, and a severe fine is imposed for garbage thrown in the wrong place.
42. On the archipelago islands and beaches, they filmed Pirates of the Caribbean with Johnny Depp in the title role. The filming location has long been a center for excursions and pilgrimages. It is called Jack Sparrow Valley.
43. There is no rail connection in the country. Movement is carried out mainly by cars. The total length of roads in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is 1,000 kilometers. The hard coating has only a third of them. Tourists can rent a car. You can also use taxi services.
44. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are members of the UN and the Organization of American States. From 1958 to 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines were part of the West Indies Federation. The country maintains economic ties with other states of the West Indies, being a member of the Caribbean Community and the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States.
45. Oldheg Turtle Sanctuary is located on the island of Bequia. The staff of the reserve is working on the conservation of one of the rare species of turtles. Since many newborns die immediately after birth, the reserve workers, together with volunteers, collect newborn turtles and place them in a special nursery. There, young turtles learn to survive in nature on their own. Only after the young turtles can get food and take care of their safety are they released into the ocean.
46. On the west coast of the island of St. Vincent, there are beautiful Balein waterfalls.
47. A particular type of acacia grows on the islands. Its pods are large, and the seeds begin to make sounds when dried. As a result, a fascinating musical instrument called “shak-shak” is obtained from huge pods.
48. The locals here live modestly, as in other developing countries. The lack of a medical and educational system and high unemployment led to the mass migration of residents to other countries.
49. Approximately 20% of residents experience difficulties in finding employment. It also has a meager birth rate. On average, one woman gives birth to no more than two children.
50. The country has banned the export of things of cultural value without accompanying documents. This also applies to corals and products from them.
51. Given the growing popularity of the resorts of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, the demand for the purchase of real estate on the islands is also growing.
52. However, potential buyers are faced with several protective measures introduced by the state due to the small size of the territory. So, to purchase real estate, foreign citizens are first required to obtain a special permit and pay some fees.
53. The most popular real estate types are villas on the coast. The cost of such villas starts from $ 200,000. Apartments are less popular, but there is also a demand for them. Most of the apartments are rented out.
54. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is the perfect place for a beach holiday. All the islands have white sand beaches, and in the east of St. Vincent, you can see black sand beaches.
55. Although people go to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines for a beach holiday, you should remember the rules of conduct in public places. Outside the hotel, a bathing suit is considered unacceptable here. Moreover, you are unlikely to be allowed into a good restaurant in this form.
56. The islands of St. Vincent and nearby Kanukan and Bequia are where the best beaches, restaurants, and cafes are concentrated. St. Vincent is more crowded, and there is more entertainment, while on other islands, it is the other way around: there are many secluded bays and trails for hiking.
57. The country of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is focused on elite tourism. The government is considered a fashionable resort. It has a well-developed infrastructure, beautiful nature, and excellent ecology. Tourists also have the opportunity to see many exotic animals and plants.
58. There are many five-star resort hotels in the country. Most of them are on the coast and have their beach and developed infrastructure.
59. Holidays in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are considered elite. Mustique Island is a holiday destination for celebrities. Such famous people as Bill Gates, the English royal family members, and Mick Jagger spent time here. The resort area organized here is superbly equipped. Horse riding and golf courses, magnificent beaches, exotic animals, and citrus orchards - all this is on the island. The prices are appropriate.
60. Despite the high prices for goods and services, many tourists visit the island yearly.
61. The monetary unit of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is the East Caribbean dollar. It is in circulation in 6 countries that are members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States.
62. St. Vincent and Grenadine's cuisine is based on seafood. The main recipe of many menus here is grilled fish. Shellfish, shrimp, and lobsters are used in cooking, and three to three fish, are a local delicacy. It is prepared in various ways but always with curry and spices.
63. In addition to seafood, fruits and vegetables are used in local cuisine: sweet potatoes, arrowroot, bananas, coconuts, and breadfruit.
64. Of the drinks, tea, coffee, cocoa, and various juices are common. The islands produce rum, the basis of most cocktails, and brew beer.
65. Elite tourism brings the bulk of the income to the local budget. Also, St. Vincent is one of the most popular offshore zones.