30 interesting facts about Kiribati - the slowly vanishing islands
Kiribati is an island country in the Pacific Ocean. It is the largest state in Oceania in terms of extent, with an area of about 5,000,000 km² covered by the ocean, but the land area is only a small fragment of it, only 811 km², in the form of 32 small islets . The country has about 100,000 inhabitants who can be proud of the official title of "land of the rising sun". taking into account the conventions that set the time zone across the planet. The Republic of Kiribati is one of the first places on Earth traversed by the first rays of the Sun every morning. The time zone is 14 hours ahead of UTC - the farthest time zone in the world.
The state comprises three groups of islands - the Gilbert Islands, the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands. The capital of the Republic of Kiribati is South Tarawa, and the island relief is of coral and volcanic origin, the maximum altitude in the area being only 80 meters. The climate is equatorial, and vegetation is represented by tropical trees and grassy plants. Coconut and pandanus forests occupy 50% of the territory.
The island state of Kiribati is located immediately in Polynesia and Micronesia. Currently, the small country is successfully developing, despite scarce natural resources. Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts:
1. The name of the island state of Kiribati comes from the distorted English "Gilbert Islands".
2. All the islands on which Kiribati is located are atolls.
3. Kiribati covers an area of 33 atolls.
4. The highest point in Kiribati is 81 meters above sea level. It is located on Banaba Atoll.
5. On the territory of Kiribati there are two freshwater lakes and about a hundred salt ones.
6. Kiribati is a member of the United Nations.
7. Two of the atolls of Kiribati were once used for testing atomic weapons.
8. The main problems in Kiribati are overpopulation, lack of fresh water and soil erosion.
9. The total population of Kiribati is just over one hundred thousand people.
10. About 90% of the population of Kiribati are representatives of the people of the same name. Its other name is tungaru.
11. The official language of the country is English, but very few people speak it. The majority of the population speaks the Kiribati language.
12. The writing system of Kiribati is based on the English alphabet.
13. Kiribati does not have its own army.
14. There are two official currencies in the country - the Australian dollar and the equivalent Kiribatian dollar.
15. The Kiribati one dollar coin has a dodecagonal shape.
16. Stamps issued by the country are popular with philatelists around the world and are a significant source of replenishment of the state treasury.
17. Kiribati has the second largest exclusive economic zone in the Pacific Ocean - more than three and a half million square kilometers of water space.
18. Kiribati has two radio stations - a government and a private one.
19. Kiribati is the least visited country on the planet by tourists.
20. Athletes from Kiribati take part in the Olympic Games.
21. Also, the Republic of Kiribati is unique in that it is located in all hemispheres of the Earth at once. Part of Kiribati, islands
22. Phoenix is the world's largest marine reserve.
23. On one of the atolls of Kiribati there is a city called London.
24. Christmas Island, one of the Kiribati atolls, is the largest atoll in the world. He alone occupies 48 percent of the country's total land mass..
25. The Republic of Kiribati as a state appeared in 1979, having gained independence from Great Britain.
26. There is not a single river in Kiribati.
27. The only diplomatic mission in the world of the Republic of Kiribati is located on the Fiji Islands. In Russia, for example, the British consulate is in charge of Kiribati's diplomatic affairs.
28. Tarawa and others of the Gilbert group were occupied by Japan during World War II.
29. The island is slowly disappearing.
30. Most of the islands of Kiribati are low-lying coral atolls built on a submerged volcanic chain and encircled by reefs.
The Marshall Islands is a small state lost in the endless ocean. Few people in our country were closely interested in him, and it was completely in vain - this is the land of insane beauty.
The islands were discovered by the Spanish in the first half of the 16th century and were explored by British Captain John Marshall (1788), from whom they received their name. Between 1885 and 1914 they were under German protectorate, and during World War II the area was part of the Japanese first line of defense. In 1944 the islands were conquered by the Americans, who administered them until 1990, when the country gained its independence. On Bikini and Enewetak Islands, the U.S.A. they conducted nuclear experiments.
The Republic of the Marshall Islands is an island state in the Pacific Ocean, north of the Equator, between the Caroline and Hawaii archipelagos, with an area of 181 km.
The territory of the country occupies several hundred islands (32 atolls, 867 reefs), arranged in two rows: Ralik in the west and Ratak in the east.
The climate is equatorial, determining a tropical (tree) vegetation, dominated by banana and palm trees, but also a fauna rich in birds, fish.
Bemorepanda collected some more interesting facts:
1. The Republic of the Marshall Islands is actually under the control and jurisdiction of the United States.
2. The archipelago, on which the republic is spread, includes 5 islands and 29 atolls.
3. The Marshall Islands were discovered in 1526.
4. The land area of this state is about 181 square kilometers.
5. Nuclear weapons were tested on two atolls.
6. There are no nature reserves in the Marshall Islands.
7. There are paved roads only on the two largest atolls of the archipelago.
8. The maximum height of the Marshall Islands above sea level is ten meters.
9. The country gained independence only in 1983.
10. It is here, on the Kwajalein Atoll, that the world's largest lagoon is located.
11. In the northern part of the archipelago, the climate is so arid that it receives about the same amount of precipitation as in the American deserts.
12. The Marshall Islands have two official languages - Marshall and English.
13. The currency of the Republic is the US dollar.
14. 98% of the population of the islands are Marshalls.
15. The Marshall Islands maintains diplomatic relations with many countries. With Russia too.
16. Also the Marshall Islands is a member of the United Nations.
17. Subsidies from the United States and other countries account for a large share of the state
18. On the territory of the Marshall Islands there are more than two thousand kilometers of highways.
19. Internet and mobile phones are available in the two largest atolls, but they are very poorly distributed.
20. The Marshall Islands publishes two newspapers, one private and one public.
21. The country's islands are significantly distant from each other.
22. In total, the Marshall Islands is home to just over fifty thousand people.
23. The most popular sport in the country is basketball.
24. In 2008, athletes from the Marshall Islands took part in the Olympic Games for the first time, but did not take prizes.
25. There are only two hospitals in the country.
Mexico is a country famous for its fantastic beaches and Mayan and Aztec ruins and pyramids. But this country full of history has much more to offer and this is the reason why it is tenth in the list of preferences of tourists around the world, when it comes to spending the holidays. Here are seven of the most beautiful and popular things about Mexico.
Mexicans represent a combination of over 50 different indigenous groups. This means that almost all Mexican citizens have indigenous blood flowing through their veins. The inhabitants of this country are very friendly and proud of the culture and heritage of their country.
Mexican food is famous all over the world, but the offers are much more varied than decattacos, fajitas, burritos, hot peppers, beans and tomatoes. In fact, the basis of most Spanish dishes is corn. The people here have been making corn tortillas for centuries, for which they have used varieties grown in the country. But you will also find other excellent dishes with vegetables, seafood and meat.
1. Burritos and tacos are national and very popular food here, based on tortillas made from corn, wheat and even cactus flour. The second component is meat, chicken or vegetables and necessarily beans, all seasoned with a hot chili sauce.
2. Freshly squeezed juices, as well as various soft drinks sold on every corner, are very cheap, but be careful - ice is generously put there or diluted with water of unknown origin.
3. Fruits on the streets are sold peeled and cut, in plastic bags. Before selling them, they are offered to be sprinkled with chili powder with sugar on top - for hot lovers.
4. Homemade ice cream, which can be found on sale, is sold without packaging, and what looks like chocolate chips may turn out to be chili peppers. Even when buying ice cream you need to clarify - "no spicy pliz" =).
5. Tequila (full name of Santiago de Tequila) is the name of the Mexican city in which the main production of the drink of the same name is located.
6. Blue agave is the plant from which Tequila is made, contrary to popular belief that it is made from cacti. Blue agave belongs to the asparagus family and looks like a small bush with thorns, which is probably why the stereotype about cacti appeared.
7. Tequilero - this is the name of a tequila specialist.
8. Popular local sweets: apple and other fruit candy - in the form of toffee and in the form of cubes; candied coconut in lime; Juchela-shaped sweet beans with chili.
9. Boiled corn is also a popular delicacy here - you can buy the whole cob or already peeled in a glass. The seller, in addition to corn, adds salt, mayonnaise to the glass, sprinkles with cheese and squeezes lime juice onto all this mash. And for the ear and for the glass the price is the same - a little more than a dollar.
10. Corn here is generally a universal product - it is eaten raw, boiled and grilled; it is used for making tortillas, stew, yogurt and even corn ice cream with pieces of corn.
11. Meat in villages is often sold without refrigerators - despite the heat, it simply hangs on a hook.
12. In large supermarkets, sellers work in gauze bandages.
13. Mexican Groupon is very developed in large cities - interesting offers are often found, promotions will appeal to discount fans. We bought coupons in a cafe more than once, booked a hotel room (3 nights for the price of two), paid for an "extreme tour" with a 75% discount, a visit to a crocodile farm for 50% and a segway tour for 30% of the tour cost.
14. The sand on the Caribbean coast of coral origin is very fine, white and hardly gets hot. In 40 degrees heat, you can walk barefoot on it.
15. The water in the Caribbean Sea is very warm, about 25-28 degrees all year round.
16. The underwater museum with four hundred sculptures located at a depth of about 2 to 10 meters is located near Cancun. Divers who are bored with tropical fish and coral reefs will surely like it.
17. The beaches of Cancun and Tulum are among the ten best beaches in the world according to TripAdvisor.
18. Cenotes are natural wells or small lakes that the Mayans used as sources of water and places for sacrifices, they will surely appeal to snorkelers. Most cenotes are located in caves with many bizarre stalactites and stalagmites. The water there is crystal clear and pleasantly cool, well suited for relaxing from the heat outside.
19. Iguanas of different colors and sizes are very common in villages and small towns in Mexico.
20. Official taxis in Mexico City have a state license with a photo of the driver on the glass. To avoid misunderstandings, it is recommended that you check the photo with the person driving.
21. Taxis in Mexico City differ in safety classes. The safer - the more expensive, but generally it is quite cheap. For 3 or 4 people, it is often more profitable to take a taxi than to travel by public transport.
22. The cost of local calls from a pay phone does not depend on the duration of the call. For example, an unlimited city call will cost 3 pesos (25 cents).
23. Mexico City is located in the mountains, at an altitude of 2240 m, so if you are flying from the coast or lowland parts, prepare to wear a sweater or jacket at the exit from the airport. It is warm during the day and quite cool in the morning and evening.
24. The metro in the capital of 20 million, in comparison with St. Petersburg and Moscow, is relatively uncrowded, even at rush hour.
25. In addition to the name, each metro station has a picture designation - this is done especially for those who cannot read.
26. There are parking lots for bicycles at some metro stations - many people get to the station by bike, hang it on special handrails in the lobby in front of the turnstiles and then go by metro.
27. Many merchants can be found in the metropolitan subway - both spreading their goods in the passages, and moving along the wagons. In funny, howling voices, like a church priest singing psalms, they offer to buy a variety of goods - food, clothing, shoes, souvenirs, etc. - often like ours "three for a dozen" =).
28. The sellers of music discs are visible, or rather heard the most. They enter the carriage with a backpack-column behind their backs and turn on a CD with hits so that they can be heard at the next station.
29. Free bike rental - a special city program for tourists operates in Mexico City. Bicycle hotspots are located close to many attractions.
30. Metrobus is a special type of transport in the capital, something between the metro and the bus. Outwardly this is a bus, but it consists of two parts and travels, most often, along a dedicated lane. The entrance to it is carried out through turnstiles at specially equipped stops.
31. The first subway car is intended for disabled people and women - such a separation is a forced measure of the state to protect women from the harassment of hot Mexicans.
32. There are a lot of currency exchange offices in tourist places, but it is best to change the currency in banks - the rate is always better. You must have a passport with you.
33. Double names are the norm for local people (for example, Addi Maria or Carlos Antonio). This has nothing to do with the parents, just at birth they give not one name, but two at once.
34. Medical care for the Mexican population is free, but, as the locals themselves say, it is of very poor quality, so if you want normal conditions and assistance, you need to go to a private clinic.
35. Education is also almost completely free. Various social programs are provided for schoolchildren - up to free meals and uniforms. The universities pay decent scholarships, but many still do not want to study - they go to work.
36. Quinceañera - one of the important events in the life of a Mexican girl, symbolizing the entry into adulthood. Quinceañera is celebrated on the 15th anniversary and is usually celebrated on a grand scale - with a ceremony in the church, flowers, gifts, professional photography and video filming, dancing and live music. The guests and the hero of the occasion dress in expensive outfits and jewelry to match the wedding.
37. The numbering of streets and houses in cities is very curious - streets are named by numbers: Calle 1, Calle 2. And even numbers go perpendicular to odd ones, and the address is listed as "Calle 2, house 56, between Calle 1 and Calle 3". This is very convenient and allows you to quickly find the desired street and house on it, even without having a map at hand.
38. One-way traffic is organized in many cities due to the fact that most of the streets are narrow. Moreover, the direction of movement alternates - for example, on Calle 1 in one direction, and on Calle 3 - in the other. There is two-way traffic on wide streets, they are usually called Avenida - avenues.
39. Most small towns and villages are built on the same principle: a square central square, where the cathedral gathering and the police building are located, and in the middle there is a park area.
40. Tricycles are the most common form of transport in small villages. Moreover, one wheel is located at the back, and 2 - in front and on them there is a large basket in which they carry everything in a row - from firewood to people.
41. Inhabitants of very poor villages live in reed huts. Often inside such a hut, the only "piece of furniture" is a hammock.
42. Chips, biscuits and Coca-Cola - a permanent set of products, which is in every shop, in every run-down village. The Coca-Cola inscription is here on all stores.
43. Insurance with a franchise is offered by most car rental companies. Finding full coverage insurance takes hard work.
44. The difference between "automatic" and "mechanics" when renting a car, as a rule, is not very significant - usually overpaid only $ 12 per week.
45. License plates are missing on many cars - instead of them there is a "technical passport" on the rear window.
46. Imprinting - this ancient procedure had to be subjected to a bank card to pay for a rented car. A few days later, the bank blocked the card due to the fact that it was "compromised". It is not known if this is due to imprinting or simply to spending in Mexico.
47. Heavy things, especially basins, are often worn by women on their heads.
48. Policemen patrolling the streets of the city, standing in the back of an SUV - a frequent occurrence in tourist cities.
49. Corruption is very common among police officers - in case of any violation on the road, they begin to gently offer to "resolve the issue on the spot."
50. The city of the Maya Indians, Chichen Itza, which belongs to the list of "7 new wonders of the world" is located on the Yucatan Peninsula.