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2021 Memorial Day: 30 facts, meaning and history to celebrate this holiday

1 year ago
2021-memorial-day-30-facts-meaning-and-history-to-celebrate-this-holiday

Memorial Day in the United States is a special national holiday celebrated on the last Monday in May every year.

 

This day is dedicated to those US servicemen who died defending the interests of the country in all wars and military conflicts in which the US has ever participated. But not everyone knows the history of this holiday.

 

History Memorial Day began after the American Civil War and was originally dedicated only to Confederate state soldiers who died during the war. Then the holiday had a different name - Decoration Day, because on this day it was customary to decorate the graves of dead soldiers with flowers and flags.

 

Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts so you can discover more about the history and meaning of this holiday.

 

1. The holiday was named the Day of Remembrance in 1866. For the first time, Memorial Day was officially celebrated in the small town of Waterloo, New York, on May 5, 1866.

Memorial Day in 2021 | Calendar Labs

 

2. The location was not chosen by chance. Here, a citywide campaign was held annually to clean the graves of the dead soldiers. This day was an official non-working day, so the introduction of the holiday did not affect the usual life in any way.

Memorial Day - Wikipedia

 

3. However, over time, the holiday has become very popular and even family. On May 5, 1868, the holiday was officially proclaimed by General John Logan, commander of the Old Republic Army.

Memorial Day: Reflection and Celebration | U.S. Embassy in Switzerland and  Liechtenstein

 

4. He was commemorated on May 30, 1868 by the laying of flowers at the grave of Allied and Confederate soldiers at Arlington National Cemetery.

General John A. Logan, Memorial Day founder – The Campaign for the National  Museum of the United States Army

 

5. In 1873, the holiday was officially recognized by the state of New York - the first state to celebrate it.

Memorial Day – a time to remember and honor: Our view

 

6. Since 1890, the holiday has been recognized by all Northern states of the United States.

Memorial Day in Orlando: 10 things to do this weekend - Orlando Sentinel

 

7. The southern states refused to celebrate, remembering their loved ones who died in the war on other days.

Coronavirus can't crush real meaning of Memorial Day

 

8. After the First World War, on the Day of Remembrance began to commemorate the soldiers who died in battles in this war. But the holiday was still unofficial in much of the United States.

Military families share Memorial Day with nation mourning coronavirus  losses - ABC News

 

9. Memorial Day was recognized as a federal holiday only in 1971 with the adoption of the corresponding law - the Uniform Monday Holiday Act.

Memorial Day | Definition, History, & Facts | Britannica

 

10. Today, Americans associate Memorial Day with the actual onset of summer.

Memorial Day | Definition, History, & Facts | Britannica

 

11. On the weekend before Memorial Day (and along with the holiday itself there are as many as 3 days), it is customary to go with your family for a picnic, on a trip, participate in sports competitions, and organize charity events.

Memorial Day 2020: What's the difference between Memorial Day and Veterans  Day? - al.com

 

12. But the Americans do not forget the origins of the holiday - on this day they still decorate the graves and plant flags on them, remembering the exploits of American soldiers.

TIME for Kids | A Salute to Memorial Day

 

13. Nonetheless, various political groups have repeatedly submitted bills to Congress to fix an official (non-floating) date for Memorial Day.

Coronavirus cancels traditional Memorial Day events at Riverside National  Cemetery – Press Enterprise

 

14. With the passage of time and the distance of events that caused the creation of the holiday, it is increasingly perceived by the new generation as just part of a three-day weekend.

This Memorial Day, remember the 'others'

 

15. Some states have additional commemoration days. For example, in Texas it is January 19, in Florida and Alabama - April 26, in South Carolina - May 10, in Louisiana - June 3.

6 facts about Memorial Day and how to celebrate it - Deseret News

 

16. The holiday is celebrated on the last Monday in May when it gets warmer and schools and universities close for summer holidays. For Americans, Memorial Day weekend marks the unofficial start of summer. Many take part in parades, go to the beach, or have picnics with family and friends.

Материалы по теме "День Поминовения в США" на английском языке для уровня  Intermediate

 

17 Participants in the parade in the form of soldiers from the American Revolutionary War perform in the parade.

(© Images-USA/Alamy)

 

18. Soldier's boots at the Vietnam War Veterans Memorial in Washington, DC, on the black granite walls of which are carved the names of more than 58 thousand Americans who died during the Vietnam War.

(© Cliff Owen/AP Images)

 

19. US Marines in front of the illuminated American flag in Times Square in New York during the celebration of Fleet Week. Fleet Week has been held in New York City since 1984 to honor the United States Navy and the Marine Corps. In normal years, Fleet Week ends on Memorial Day with an air parade honoring US military personnel who have been killed.

(© Mario Tama/Getty Images)

 

20. A family at a Memorial Day picnic outside Vicksburg National Cemetery in Vicksburg, Mississippi, which houses the largest number of graves of participants in the US Civil War in any national cemetery.

(© Rogelio V. Solis/AP Images)

 

21. A soldier of the 3rd US Army Infantry Regiment, often referred to as the "Old Guard", puts a flag on the tombstone of the deceased soldier. The annual flag-planting ceremony takes place at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.

(© Cliff Owen/AP Images)

 

22. During the American Civil War, women in the southern states began to gather without any official reason to decorate the graves of Confederate soldiers. In April 1886, the women's associations of Columbia and Georgia decided to commemorate the victims once a year. However, there was no single day - the feasts of remembrance in the southern states were held on different days throughout the spring and early summer. This tradition has been partially preserved today. Nine southern states officially recognize Confederate Memorial Day, and also celebrate the birthday of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and the death of General Thomas "Stonewell" Jackson.

What exactly is the difference between Veterans Day and Memorial Day?

 

23. After the end of the Civil War, the northerners decided to adopt from the southerners the tradition of commemorating the dead on a certain day. In 1868, General John A. Logan, in his order, declared May 30 to be a memorial day for the more than 620,000 soldiers killed in the Civil War. He called the holiday Decoration Day, because on this day the Americans had to decorate with flowers the graves of those killed in the war, "whose bodies now lie in almost every city and village cemetery." According to legend, Logan chose May 30 because it was a rare day that did not fall on the anniversary of any Civil War battle, although some historians believe this date was chosen because flowers are in full bloom across the country these days.

Why Memorial Day Is on a Monday | Mental Floss

 

24. Following the edict of John A. Logan, the graves at Arlington Cemetery were decorated for the first time on May 30, with more than five thousand people attending the ceremony. In 1873, New York became the first state in America to officially recognize this holiday. In 1890 it was recognized by all northern states, but the southern states still tried to show their hostility, and commemorated their dead on other dates. This misunderstanding lasted about 50 years until the start of the First World War, then this day was proclaimed the day of honoring those killed in all wars.

Introduction - Memorial Day: Topics in Chronicling America - Research  Guides at Library of Congress

 

25.Since 1971, when America was deeply involved in the Vietnam War, Memorial Day has officially become a national US holiday. Only then did the holiday get its current name and from Decoration Day became Memorial Day. Then the holiday was made "floating" - it began to be celebrated on the last Monday of May. This decision was not without controversy - groups of veterans were worried that the long weekend would distort the essence of the holiday and turn it into just a day of relaxation. Many organizations are still lobbying for a return to the May 30 celebration.

Memorial Day Weekend - North Landing Beach

 

26. The holiday has its own traditions and rituals. On this day, American flags are lowered until noon, and after that they are raised up the flagpoles. In 2000, the US Congress passed a law requiring the entire country to honor the dead with a minute of silence at 3 pm.

The History of Memorial Day: 7 Facts Every American Should Know | Better  Homes & Gardens

 

22. During the American Civil War, women in the southern states began to gather without any official reason to decorate the graves of Confederate soldiers. In April 1886, the women's associations of Columbia and Georgia decided to commemorate the victims once a year. However, there was no single day - the feasts of remembrance in the southern states were held on different days throughout the spring and early summer. This tradition has been partially preserved today. Nine southern states officially recognize Confederate Memorial Day, and also celebrate the birthday of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and the death of General Thomas "Stonewell" Jackson.

Memorial Day - Antietam National Battlefield (U.S. National Park Service)

 

23. After the end of the Civil War, the northerners decided to adopt from the southerners the tradition of commemorating the dead on a certain day. In 1868, General John A. Logan, in his order, declared May 30 to be a memorial day for the more than 620,000 soldiers killed in the Civil War. He called the holiday Decoration Day, because on this day the Americans had to decorate with flowers the graves of those killed in the war, "whose bodies now lie in almost every city and village cemetery." According to legend, Logan chose May 30 because it was a rare day that did not fall on the anniversary of any Civil War battle, although some historians believe this date was chosen because flowers are in full bloom across the country these days.

The Best Flowers For Memorial Day - Adrian Durban Florist

 

24. Following the edict of John A. Logan, the graves at Arlington Cemetery were decorated for the first time on May 30, with more than five thousand people attending the ceremony. In 1873, New York became the first state in America to officially recognize this holiday. In 1890, it was recognized by all northern states, but southern states still tried to show their hostility, and commemorated their dead on other dates. This misunderstanding lasted about 50 years before the start of the First World War, then this day was proclaimed the day of honoring those killed in all wars.

Memorial Day Brooklyn: Remembering Decoration Day in Brooklyn | Brownstoner

 

25.Since 1971, when America was deeply involved in the Vietnam War, Memorial Day has officially become a national US holiday. Only then did the holiday get its current name and from Decoration Day became Memorial Day. Then the holiday was made "floating" - it began to be celebrated on the last Monday of May. This decision was not without controversy - groups of veterans were worried that the long weekend would distort the essence of the holiday and turn it into just a day of relaxation. Many organizations are still lobbying for a return to the May 30 celebration.

The Best Memorial Day Events in New York City

 

26. The holiday has its own traditions and rituals. On this day, American flags are lowered until noon, and after that they are raised up the flagpoles. In 2000, the US Congress passed a law requiring the entire country to honor the dead with a minute of silence at 3 pm.

Memorial Day | National WWI Museum and Memorial

 

27. In 1971, Memorial Day was declared a national holiday.

2020 — National Veterans Memorial and Museum Virtual Run and Walk — Race  Roster — Registration, Marketing, Fundraising

 

28. Including 529.5 thousand during the Civil War, 405.4 thousand - World War II, 116.5 thousand - World War I, 58.2 thousand - Vietnam (1964-1973) and 36.6 thousand - Korean War (1950-1953).

On Memorial Day We Remember Fallen Soldiers

 

29. Every day in the United States die about 1.8 thousand. War veterans, who are buried in 151 national cemeteries.

Best Things to Do Memorial Day Weekend 2019 in DC | Washington DC

 

30. By the end of the 19th century, Memorial Day was celebrated almost throughout the country, and after the First World War, on the last Monday in May, they began to commemorate those who died in all armed conflicts with the participation of the United States.

2020 Memorial Day Events | Military.com


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20-key-facts-about-area-51-that-you-should-know-bemorepanda

Area 51 has been in the public eye over time through military activities and, obviously, through conspiracies related to aliens.

 

In recent months, Area 51 has been in the public eye because of interns who planned to storm it. Over time, the area has attracted public attention through the military activities that have taken place here and the conspiracy theories that certain individuals have maintained.

 

Bemorepanda has created a list of 20 facts about everything you need to know about Area 51.

 

1. The name

The name Area 51 was given by officials who oversaw nuclear tests in the 1950s and was used on military maps of the region. For these tests was created in the desert, 100 kilometers from Las Vegas, Nevada Test Site, now known as the Nevada National Security Site. In these areas delimited by the military authorities, several hundred nuclear weapons tests took place, of which about 100 took place outdoors.

 

2. UFOs

To a greater or lesser extent, Area 51 has been in the public eye since the nuclear tests. However, worldwide fame came in the 1980s, when Robert Lazar told a Las Vegas television station that he was working on S-4, a base near Area 51 as part of a flying saucer reverse engineering project. .

 

When these statements were made public, they sparked a growing interest in the activities taking place in Area 51. However, not long after, the whole story that Robert Lazar built was dismantled. Thus, investigators were able to prove that he did not work at Los Alamos Laboratories and that he had not graduated from MIT or Caltech.

 

3. Access forbidden

Currently, the US Army uses the Area for aircraft testing and therefore its entire perimeter is continuously patrolled. Colloquially, these guards are called by the locals and the press "camouflaged boys" because of the equipment they use. Unfortunately for the military who are part of these patrols, this activity proves to be extremely dangerous, some of them claiming that they suffer from breathing problems due to the compounds used to make the aircraft "invisible" on radar.

 

4. Landing

Landing, in turn, has attracted the attention of people interested in conspiracy theories. In a 1974 book, "We Never Went to the Moon: America's Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle," Bill Kaysing argued that all images of Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were made in Area 51.

 

Theories about a false landing have been dismantled over the decades, the only link between Area 51 and the Apollo program is testing some of the space equipment in Nevada.

 

5. Military base

Area 51 is currently part of the Nevada Test and Training Range (NTTR), which is under the authority of the Nellis Base of the United States Air Force. Officials in this part of the US military say the military base covers about 1.2 million hectares.

 

6. Functions of Area 51

The Nevada Test and Training Range, of which the Area is a part, is used to train military pilots for combat scenarios. In the past, this base has been used to test and design military technologies: airplanes, helicopters and drones. One of the most famous "products" of this base is the U-2 spy plane, used for high altitude espionage.

 

7. The desert community

While the U.S. military was working on U-2 spy planes, engineer Kelly Johnson proposed building a settlement for the staff working on the project and their families. This place was called Paradise Ranch.

 

8. Conspiracies

For ufologists and those who believe in various conspiracy theories, Area 51 is proving to be an endless source of mysteries. The truth is that the lack of transparency that military activities and espionage raise is at the source of these conspiracy theories. Naturally, the multitude of resources that the American government allocates to this base and the relative silence regarding the activities that take place there raise a series of questions whose answers can be transformed into conspiracy theories.

 

According to declassified CIA documents, most of the UFOs that were reported in the area were, in fact, U-2 aircraft under test.

 

9. Continuous activity

After the U-2 program, Area 51 was used for other military espionage programs. These projects include the Lockheed A-12 Oxcart and D-21 Tagboard aircraft.

 

Satellite images show that Area 51 is still used today, with the addition of various buildings and facilities to the base. In 2016, images from Google Earth showed that a new runway was built, with security experts believing that it would be used for drones.

 

10. It is not a tourist attraction

As the last few months have shown, internet users are more than happy to enter the territory of Area 51. However, any attempt to enter the territory of this base is discouraged by the military. Those who enter without permission risk six months in prison and $ 1,000 fines.

 

11. Soviet engineering

Although there is no evidence that Alien 51 experimented with extraterrestrial technology, documents declassified in 2013 showed that the United States obtained and tested Soviet MiG fighter jets in the 1970s and 1980s.

 

12.The Roswell phenomenon

However, the public perception that the US government is hiding evidence of alleged extraterrestrial visits to Earth also originated in Roswell, New Mexico, more than 70 years ago.

 

In July 1947, a flying object made of thin metal foil crashed near a farm in Roswell during a storm. The Air Force quickly picked up the remains on the spot for research. A local newspaper, the Roswell Daily Record, published an article about a "flying saucer" or "flying saucer" found on the farm.

 

13.The Mogul Project

The Mogul project successfully discovered a nuclear activity of the Russians, until it was closed in 1950. The balloons used were made of polyethylene, according to the Times, a material unknown at the time and which was the basis for the release of meteorological equipment into the atmosphere, later. The balloons were not very suitable for monitoring nuclear explosions, but they proved to be very good for radio communications.

 

14.U-2 spy plane project

From the documents declassified by the CIA, it results that in the period 1954-1974 two spy plane projects were developed: the U-2 aircraft project and the Oxcart project (construction of the Lockheed A-12 spy planes).

 

An interesting fact reported by the CIA document on U-2 planes is President Eisenhower's desire to recruit only foreign nationals for espionage missions. In the event of a U.2 plane crash, the US could have denied its involvement in the activity carried out by the respective foreign pilot.

 

15.Drone program

Area 51 is currently undergoing a program to build new drones, military equipment that has become increasingly in demand by the U.S. military and intelligence services, especially in the war on terror that has followed terrorist attacks in the United States. September 11, 2001. The American drone program came to the fore in 2002, through the tragic event in Yemen, where a drone accidentally killed 13 people who were part of a wedding procession.

 

16.Existence of Area 51

The US government officially recognized the existence of the base only in 2013, with the publication by the CIA of declassified documents on the U-2 and A-12 reconnaissance and espionage aircraft programs.

 

17.Storm Area 51, They Can’t Stop All of Us

The internet has been invaded by Area 51 memes inspired by a joke Facebook event to take over the secretive military site and find the supposed aliens kept inside. The event, called “Storm Area 51, They Can’t Stop All of Us, was planned for Sept. 20, and so far 1.5 million people have signed on.

 

18.Location of Area 51

The base is huge, covering over 125,000 hectares with at least 22 runways. The land was chosen for its isolated location, and for the large areas of perfectly flat land, which allowed the construction of long tracks, many of them unpaved.

 

19.The secret around Area 51

The secrecy surrounding Area 51 goes far beyond these proactive measures. In 1994, a group of civilian contractors and their widows filed a lawsuit alleging that they had been exposed to hazardous materials that had been burned in an open ditch. The case was dismissed for lack of evidence after the government refused to publish details of those materials, claiming it would harm national security. This was reinforced by a presidential order signed by Bill Clinton.

 

20.There is no real fence around area 51

At such a heavily guarded facility by the US military, it would appear that Zone 51 would have a physical boundary to hold citizens. After all, it is not a very safe military installation if you can get through the protected area just by a simple walk.

 

That's right. Area 51 has no fence at all and we refer to "always". While some of its indoor installations are protected by perimeters, the entire base has no physical boundaries. This does not mean that it is wise to just enter, as there are magnetic sensors and watchtowers in many places that would surely pull you if you try.

 

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most-interesting-50-fun-and-interesting-facts-about-world-games-that-you-didnt-know

XI World Games will be held in Birmingham, Alabama (USA) from 7 to 17 July 2022. The games were originally scheduled to take place from 15 to 25 July 2021.

 

The decision of the International Association of World Games and the Birmingham Organizing Committee to hold the XI World Games in 2022 was caused by the postponement of the Olympic Games XXXII 2020 in Tokyo (Japan) to 2021. Keeping the original dates of the competitions would have meant the exclusion of many Olympic athletes and officials from the World Games and reduced spectator and media interest in the competition.

 

Competitions, as planned, will be held at 25 sports grounds located both in Birmingham itself and its environs.

 

The program will include 34 sports, 58 disciplines, 223 sets of medals will be played. More than 3,600 athletes from over 100 countries will take part in the competition.

 

Below you can find most interesting facts about World Games.

 

 

1. The World Games are held by the International World Games Association (IWGA), established on the initiative of the leaders of 12 sports federations.

 

2. The inspiration of the idea in 1980 was the President of the World Taekwondo Federation and a member of the International Olympic Committee, South Korean Un Yong Kim.

 

3. The Games were created to promote non-Olympic sports to the Olympic program and are held every four years. 

 

4. The program of the World Games also includes Olympic sports (rhythmic gymnastics, trampoline, rugby-7), but with their own non-Olympic disciplines (the exception is rugby-7, but this discipline has not yet been presented at the Olympic Games).

 

5. The first World Games were held in 1981 in the American city of Santa Clara, where 1265 athletes competed for 88 sets of awards in 18 sports.

 

 

6. The first winners of the Games in the team event were the US athletes, who won 76 medals - 27 gold, 26 silver and 23 bronze.

 

7. A total of ten World Games were held - Santa Clara 1981 (USA), London 1985 (Great Britain), Karlsruhe 1989 (Germany), The Hague 1993 (Holland), Lahti 1997 (Finland), Akika 2001 (Japan), Duisburg 2005 (Germany) and Kaohsiung 2009 (Taiwan), Cali 2013 (Columbia),  Wrocław 2017 (Poland)

 

8. In 2001, the World Games began to be held under the patronage of the International Olympic Committee.

 

9. Only four teams won victories in the team competitions - Russia (3 times), the USA (2), Italy (2) and Germany (1).

 

10. Only eight teams managed to get into the top three winners of the team standings. The leaders are Italy (6), Germany (5), USA (4), USSR/Russia (4).

 

 

11. Russia has three first team places. In The Hague-1993 was the 24th position, in Lahti-1997 - the fifth.

 

12. Russia has won the last three World Games - in Akita in 2001, Duisburg in 2005 and Kaohsiung in 2009.

 

13. In Duisburg, a Russian record was set for the number of gold medals won (27) and awards of all merits (57).

 

14. The national teams of Russia and the USA are co-authors of the record for the won gold medals for one World Games (27). The Americans installed it in 1981, our compatriots repeated it - in 2005.

 

15. The record holder for the total number of medals won in one Games is the Italian team, which in 1985 won 77 awards of three denominations.

 

16. The leader in the total number of gold medals for all seven World Games is the team of Italy (120). The Italians have also won the most medals of all three denominations (353).

 

 

17. The 2005 World Games in Duisburg also set a record for the number of sports included in the program (38, including 32 official ones). Akika-2001 still holds the lead in the number of countries participating in the Games (93).

 

18. Soviet athletes first performed at the 1981 World Games in Santa Clara. The most significant success took place in Karlsruhe-1989, where the USSR team took second place, winning 36 medals - 15 gold, 13 silver and 8 bronze.

 

19. The official program of the Games includes: parachuting, archery, billiards, bowl sports, bowling, canoe polo, dance sports, scuba diving, fistball, frisbee, gymnastics (artistic, acrobatics, aerobics, trampolining), jujitsu, karate, korfball, lifesaving, orienteering, powerlifting, roller hockey, roller skating, artistic roller skating, beach handball, racketball, rugby sevens, rock climbing, squash, sumo, tug of war and water skiing.

 

20. The demonstration program of the Games included: duathlon, softball, wushu and marathon canoeing.

 

21. Previously, the program of the World Games included former Olympic sports - Basque pelota, powerboating, cricket, croquet, lacrosse, polo, rocky. In addition, there were American football, golf, casting, roller ski racing, pesapallo, sambo, surfing, and floorball.

 

 

22. The World Games, first held in 1981, are an international multi-sport event, meaning for sports or disciplines or events within a sport that do not compete in the Olympics. 

 

23. The World Games are organized and administered by the International World Games Association (IWGA), recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). 

 

24. The World Games are held every four years, one year after the Summer Olympics. 

 

25. A number of sports that were part of the World Games program have been discontinued as they are now included in the Olympic Games programme, such as badminton, beach volleyball, trampolining, rugby 7's, taekwondo, triathlon and women's weightlifting. Other sports have been Olympic sports in the past (such as tug of war).

 

26. Some of the sports played at the World Games are acrobatic gymnastics, top notch, orienteering, karate, powerlifting, tug of war, fin swimming, squash, korfball, billiards, water skiing, and dancesport. 

 

 

27. The sports included in the World Games are limited to the facilities available in the host city; no new objects can be built for games. 

 

28. The official program of the World Games includes from 25 to 30 sports. In addition, the IWGA, in consultation with the host city, may invite a sport to participate in the "invitation" program.

 

29. In order to be part of the World Games program, the sport must become widespread throughout the world, and the specific international sports federation must be a member of the IWGA. 

 

30. Only the best athletes or teams may participate in each sport, as determined by the International Sports Federations. Most classes require you to qualify by placing first in a World Championship or Qualifying Tournament in order to be eligible to participate.

 

31. Badminton is the fastest racket sport: the speed of a shuttlecock can reach 270 km/h.

 

32. If you're bowling, don't try to knock down the pins as hard as you can. A bowling pin with a 7.5 degree deflection is enough for a fall.

 

 

33. Boxing was only legalized as a sport in 1900. Prior to that, he was considered too cruel and not suitable for the presence of the public. In the 20th century, boxing became the most popular sport in cinema.

 

34. It is noteworthy that the first hockey puck was a square shape! For a certain period they played hockey with round wooden pucks. A modern hockey puck is made of vulcanized rubber and weighs 200 grams. Before the start of the game, it is frozen so that it does not spring.

 

35. The first product of the Dassler family - the founders of Adidas - were sleeping slippers.

 

36. The fastest man in the world - Usain Bolt (Jamaica). Three-time Olympic champion of the 2008 Olympics in Beijing - in the sprint at distances of 100 and 200, he set a record by running these distances in 9.69 and 19.30 seconds, respectively.

 

37. In a Spanish second league match between San Isidro and Olimpico Carrante, a few minutes before the end of the game, the players of the two teams, dissatisfied with the refereeing, surrounded the referee to explain to him how to referee. And not only with words and gestures. In this critical situation, the referee, keeping complete calm, took out a red card and presented it to all twenty-two participants in the match.

 

 

38. Athletes jumping from a springboard on skis should not be wished for a fair wind - it only harms them. A headwind is much better, thanks to which an air cushion is created in front of the skier in flight, and he flies further. To start the jump, athletes are given a certain time, during which the coaches try to choose the optimal start moment, taking into account the wind. The change in wind during the course of the competition can make the conditions for the participants unequal: if the skier got only a tailwind, his chances for medals, even with the best technique, are sharply reduced.

 

39. The rules of horse racing state that the length of the name of a racing horse should not exceed eighteen letters. Names that are too long are cumbersome to record.

 

40. There are 336 notches in a standard golf ball.

 

41. Boxing was legalized as a sport only in 1900.

 

42. The only country to have participated in every World Cup is Brazil.

 

43.  The most popular sport in cinema is boxing.

 

 

44. In ancient Greece, the birthplace of the Olympic Games, all participants set their records naked, naked.

 

45. Contrary to a well-known misconception, in judo there are not 10, but 12 dans. True, not a single person was awarded the eleventh dan, and the twelfth was awarded to only one person - the founder of judo Dhigaro Kano.

 

46. In 1936, a hockey goaltender's mask was first used in Berlin by Japanese goaltender Tanaka Hoima.

 

47. Of the 51 matches held by Mike Tyson in the professional ring, he finished 21 by knockout in the first round (40.8%).

 

48. The weight of the table tennis ball is 2.5 grams.

 

49.The most popular simulator for the home is the orbitrek.

 

50.  After being hit by a professional volleyball player, the ball can fly at speeds up to 130 km/h. And with the help of a hockey player, the puck can reach speeds of up to 160 kilometers per hour.

 

 

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this-town-is-electing-dogs-as-its-mayor-since-its-founding

The new mayor of Rabbit Hash, USA, with a population of 426, is Wilbur, a six-month-old French bulldog, NBC News reports.

 

The village of the American state of Kentucky has a strange tradition of choosing canine candidates, and Wilbur is the last dog elected mayor in this town in the United States of America.

 

"Rabbit Hash has never had a real person or a man as mayor," Wilbur owner Amy Noland told NBC News.

 

She said the tradition emerged in the late 1990s when a man thought it "would be a great idea to choose an animal, not necessarily a dog, as the mayor of the village" at a fundraiser for the city's history association.

Noland states that the village has a thriving community of canine lovers, she being one of them. The woman revealed

 

The woman revealed that she has two more adopted dogs besides the French bulldog, but that Wilbur is an "anomaly" because he is registered as thoroughbred. "He was so nice," Noland explains.

 

The owner of the 6-month-old puppy claims that she registered Wilbur in the election race due to "all the negative news from all over America, and the presidential election, and Covid-19, so I wanted Wilbur to be something positive in the media."

 

Rabbit Hash had five more dogs as mayor since the first, Goofy. The last one, a pit bull named Brynn, was mayor between 2016 and 2020.

 

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100-quotes-by-mark-twain-that-you-need-to-read

Mark Twain, aka Samuel Langhorne Clemens (Florida, November 30, 1835 - Redding, April 21, 1910), was an American writer, humorist, aphorist, and professor of some of the most famous masterpieces of nineteenth-century American literature called The Adventures. Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn have entered the collective imagination and have had numerous television and film transpositions.


He is considered one of the essential American stars of his day: William Faulkner wrote that he was "the first truly American writer."


Mark Twain quotes


Twain had to work from an early age as an orphaned father and began his career as a journalist and then as a humorous storyteller, eventually becoming troubled after some personal events (such as the death of a brother and his wife). So, two of his three adult daughters and his dear friend Henry Rogers, who happened almost during the writer's difficult old age), a severe and irreverent chronicler of vanities, take a look at all the hypocrisy and human cruelty, as well as a critic of religions, with a background of ironic pessimism and misanthropy.


In the middle of his career, together with Huckleberry Finn, he combined fine humor, solid fiction, and social criticism at a level unmatched in the vast medium of American literature.



1. A man cannot feel good if he is not in harmony with himself.


2. The right word can be effective, but no word has ever been as effective as a break at the right time.


3. Climate is what we expect. The weather is what we get.


4. You can't let your eyes down if your imagination doesn't focus well.


5. It is better to keep quiet and let others think you are a fool than to speak up and dispel any doubts.


6. If in doubt, tell the truth.


7. An Englishman is the person who does things because they have been done before, while the American does them so that no one has done them before.


8. When you realize you are on the side of the majority, it is time for reform.


9. Dance as if no one sees you; love as if you were never hurt; sing as if no one could hear you; live as if you were the only man on earth.


10. I went through terrible moments in my life. Some of them even happened.



Samuel Clemens was born in Florida and raised in Hannibal, Missouri, the son of Jane (born Lampton, 1803-1890), a native of Kentucky, and John Marshall Clemens (1798-1847), a Virginia by birth. His parents met when his father moved to Missouri and married a few years later in 1823. He was the sixth of seven children, but only three of them survived as children: his brother Orion (1825-1897). Henry (1838-1858) died in a boat explosion with Twain and Pamela (1827-1904).


His sister Margaret (1833-1839) died at three, and his brother Benjamin (1832-1842) died three years later. Another brother, Pleasant (1828-1829), died at the age of six months. Twain was born two weeks after Halley's closest comet to Earth, a fact he will often remember. When he was four years old, his family moved to Hannibal, a port city on the Mississippi River, which inspired him with Tom Sawyer and the fictional town of Huckleberry Finn, St. Petersburg.


Missouri was a slave state, and young Twain was familiar with the institution of slavery, a subject he would later explore in his writing. Twain's father, John, practiced as a lawyer and judge. In 1847, when Twain was 11 years old, his father died of pneumonia. The following year, Samuel became an apprentice in a printing press. In 1851 he began working as a printer and contributing humorous articles for the Hannibal Journal, a newspaper founded by his brother Orion. At 18, he left Hannibal to work in New York, Philadelphia, St. Louis, and Cincinnati.



11. It's easier not to get involved than to get out of the game.


12. Each is a moon with a dark side, which no one shows.


13. The New Year is an innocent annual event, with no apparent benefit to anyone, except to be a reason for the promiscuous fun, friendly appellation, and free promises.


14. In Paris, everyone looked at me strangely when I spoke to them in French. I never managed to get those bastards to understand their language.


15. Journalists - people who think about the profession they should have learned all their lives.


16. If people learned to walk and speak as they were taught to read and write, everyone would be lame and stuttered.


17. I am opposed to the position of millionaires, but it would be dangerous to be offered that position.


18. Honesty is the best policy when it brings you financial gain.


19. You can't rely on your eyes when your imagination goes crazy.


20. A man with a new idea is eccentric until his concept succeeds.


21. Plan your future carefully, because you will spend the rest of your life there.



Twain's most significant contribution to American literature is often considered the picaresque novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884), followed by The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, a children's book. Ernest Hemingway said: “All modern American literature comes from a book by Mark Twain, Huckleberry Finn. (...) All American writings derive from this. There was nothing before. Nothing so good has ever been so far. "Famous are the fictional historian The Prince and the Poor, an American in King Arthur's court (humorous science fiction example), and the natural, autobiographical Life of Mississippi. Twain was a master in translating everyday conversation, creating and disseminating specific American literature, and constructing American themes and expressive languages. Twain was also famous for his aphorisms; one of his typical paradoxes reads: "If your grandfather had no children and your father none, it is pretty unlikely that you will have one. "



22. What are the appropriate proportions of a maxim? A minimum of sounds for maximum meaning.


23. All you need in this life is ignorance and confidence; success is sure.


24. He who does not read good books is not superior to him who cannot read them.


25. There are two types of people: those who do things and those who claim to do something.


26. The human species has an effective weapon: it is laughter.


27. Training is everything. The peach was once a bitter almond; cauliflower is nothing but a cabbage with higher education.


28. We have a legal system that is superior to any such system in the world; its effectiveness is tested only by the difficulty of finding twelve people every day who know nothing and cannot read.


29. Be very careful when reading health books. You could die from a typo.


30. Forgiveness is the scent of violet leaves on the heel that crushed it.


31. I learned a lot of things, so now I have a solid culture. But at first, I didn't have one. At first,t I was ignorant. I felt humiliated because I could never be on stage when the water was flowing, even though I was just eyes and ears. But now I don't care. I did a lot of experiments until I found out that the water only flows upwards in the dark. It's floating in the night. I know this because the pond never empties. And I put my hand in the fire because it would be empty if the water didn't come back at night. It is best to prove things through live experiences. Then you know, from here on out! As long as you depend on suspicions, assumptions, and assumptions, you will never become a man of culture.



32. I have never exercised except for sleep and relaxation.


33. It takes your enemy and your friend together to break your heart: first, to slander you, second, to come and tell you.


34. Man is more complex than a prejudice!


35. The descendants of the rich: pride, vanity, ostentation, arrogance, tyranny.


36. We can defend ourselves against temptations but are too cowardly to do so.


37. Live, love your heart, and smell the flowers.


38. Wrinkles should only show where the smiles were.


39. There is no time; life is so short for quarrels, apologies, jealousy, repro, and aches. It's just time for love and only a moment for her.


40. This new creature with long hair is confusing to me. He always walks me around and follows me. I wouldn't say I like it because I'm not used to society. It was better to stay with the other animals… Today is cloudy weather; the wind is blowing from the east. I think the rain will come on us… "We?" Where else did he get that word? Ah, I remember: the new creature always says so.



41. When you seek to fish for love, set your heart as your bait, not your brain.


42. I vehemently disapprove of duels. If a man provoked me, I would carefully take him by the arm, lead him to a quiet place, and kill him there.


43. Through trials, we can learn to endure adversity. Of other people, obviously.


44. The bed is the most dangerous place in the world: 99% of people die in it.


45. When a teacher calls a student by his full name, that means trouble.


46. ​​There are many ways to resist temptation, but cowardice is safest.


47. If our vote could change anything, no one would let us vote.


48. And The turkey is consideredeacock, but no one cares.


49. When even the brightest mind of our world has been drawn from childhood into a superstition of every kind, that mind will never be able, in adulthood, to examine honestly, without passion, and conscientiously, any evidence. Or a circumstance that would seem to question the validity of that superstition. I doubt I could do it myself.


50. I have higher standards and principles than George Washington. He couldn't lie. I can, but I don't want to.



51. Don't think I'm angry that I swear. I swear all day without being a little sore.


52. Truth is stranger than fiction.


53. Good things come to those who wait for them and do not die in the meantime.


54. Seek love with the heart, not with the head.


55. Religion consists of a set of things in which the commoner has the impression that he believes and of which he would like to be sure.


56. Etiquette demands our admiration for the human race.


57. The fear of life causes the fear of death. A man who lives to the fullest is ready to die anytime.


58. Censorship means telling a man that he can't get a steak just because a baby can't chew it.


59. Consumed in moderation, water cannot hurt!


60. I would like to understand me on the moon ?! Not because I get rid of people, How much… water.


61. Pessimism is just the name that bold people give to wisdom.



62. There is nothing sadder than a young pessimist.


63. I don't give a damn about a man who can say a word in one direction.


64. With a human memory, amazing things can be done if you direct it to a single field of activity.


65. I like criticism, but let it be my way.


66. Do something you don't want to do every day; it's the golden rule if you want to get used to doing your duty without suffering.


67. Time heals wounds, but he's a miserable beautician.


68. People are an eternal problem!


69. I wouldn't say I like to dedicate myself to heaven or hell; I have friends in both locations.


70. The older we get, the greater the astonishment when we see how much ignorance dwells in us without tearing our clothes.


71. I did not attend the funeral but sent them a letter stating that I agreed with her.



72. Animals are best friends. They do not ask questions or criticize.


73. The citizen who considers that the political clothes of his community have worn out and yet keeps silent and does not agitate to give him a new garment - an unfaithful citizen, a traitor.


74. Prosperity is the best defender of principles.


75. Although I have 40 years of experience in the human potluck and vanity field, I have not seen anything resembling the insensibility and self-admiration of this vulgar bastard and incomparable ignorance.


76. Life is straightforward if we think we are all crazy.


77. April 1 is the day that reminds us of how we are in the other 364 days of the year.


78. Do not part with illusions. If they disappear, you will continue to exist but cease to live.


79. The parliamentarian is only an ordinary criminal who makes laws while not in prison for any common law crime.


80. The radical of one period is the conservative of the next. The extreme comes with new visions. Once they fade into importance, the Conservative adopts them.



81. February is the most dangerous month for stock market speculation. The others are January, March, May, July, August, December, October, November, April, June, and September.


82. The journey is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness, so many of our people, are in great need of it. Broad, generous, charitable visions of people and things cannot be obtained by vegetating in a small corner of the earth all one's life.


83. Mental and intelligent people are just like any other human being. They carefully and courteously hide their private opinions from others, giving the world only fictitious things.


84. Kings and kingdoms were as numerous in Britain as they had been in Palestine in the days of Joshua when people were forced to sleep with their knees in their mouths because they could not lie down without a passport.


85. There are three things a woman can do out of nothing: a hat, a salad, and a quarrel between husbands.


86. Most people are annoyed by those passages in Scripture that they don't understand, but the courses that bother me are the ones I know.


87. You can be careless with your clothes if that's what you want, but be careful with your soul.


88. The secret to success is to make your vacation.



89. The constitution protects the right to stupidity. This is a guarantee of the free development of the personality.


90. I'm tired of the country where you can't find a crane!


91. I am a sublime naive. Consequently, they are the work of the Lord, and all His creations must be treated with respect.


92. You may experience pain alone but must share the joy of knowing it to the fullest with someone.


93. Prejudice always distorts people's thoughts, feelings, and opinions.


94. Small people have a habit of discouraging you, but big people know how to make you feel that you can too.


95. Fiction must remain within the scope of possibilities. But the truth is not.


96. Civilization is the limitless multiplication of unnecessary necessities.


97. Get the facts first; then, you can deform them as you wish.


98. Good friends, good books, and a sleeping conscience: this is the ideal life.


99. Sadness can handle itself, but to be itself, joy needs to be shared with someone.


100. Honesty is the best policy; when it comes to money.



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