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2021 Earth Day: 30 Fascinating facts that will raise your awareness related to environmental issues

1 year ago
2021-earth-day-30-fascinating-facts-that-will-raise-your-awareness-related-to-environmental-issues

On April 22, Earth Day will be celebrated all over the world - a holiday in which it is worth thinking about the future of our planet and what we can do for a common home. This tradition originated in 1970 at the initiative of US Senator Gaylord Nelson, whose goal was to draw public attention to the problems of environmental pollution. On the eve of the holiday, we will share with you the most interesting facts about the Earth.


Earth Day was founded by US Senator Gaylord Nelson in 1970 to awaken the political class from its disinterest in the environment and was celebrated in its first year by about 20 million Americans, mostly young people. and very young. After 2 decades, in 1990, over 200 million people in 141 countries turned Earth Day into a major event in human history, by joining them in the desire to advocate for a better future for our planet, and in year 2009,


The United Nations (UN) has declared April 22 as the official holiday of planet Earth and a common expression of everyone's desire to build a stable society for a cleaner and greener future. The genesis of the Earth took place several billion years ago from a cloud of dust and gas that revolved around the sun and is the third planet from the sun with a particular constitution in the solar system.


Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts for you.


1. The core of the Earth contains so much gold, which will be enough to cover the entire surface of our planet by almost 45 centimeters.


2. The inner core of the Earth has a radius of about 1220 kilometers, which is comparable to 70% of the radius of the Moon. In addition, based on geophysical and geochemical methods, there is an assumption that the inner core of our planet is about the same temperature as the Sun.


3. Lightning strikes the earth on our planet more than 8.6 million times a day.


4. Prior to space travel, the Earth was often depicted as a green world. Science fiction writer Frank Paul is believed to be the first to depict a cloudless blue planet with well-defined land on the back of the July 1940 issue of Amazing Stories magazine.


5. Scientific evidence indicates that the Earth was formed from a solar nebula about 4.54 billion years ago. Life on the planet appeared about 4.25 billion years ago, that is, shortly after its origin.


6. The conditions for the existence of life on Earth preserve the ozone layer and the Earth's magnetic field, which weaken the solar radiation harmful to life.


7. The oceans occupy about 70.8% of the surface of our planet. Liquid water, which is essential for all known life forms, does not exist on the surface of any known planet in the solar system other than Earth.


8. The average speed of movement of lithospheric plates on Earth is approximately equal to the growth rate of nails on human hands. After 200-300 million years, hypothetically, all the continents of the planet will merge into the supercontinent Pangea Ultima.


9. The force of gravity at the poles of the Earth is greater than at the equator. A person who weighs 150.8 pounds (68.4 kg) at the North Pole will weigh 400 grams less while at the equator.


10. More than 68% of the Earth's freshwater is solid, including glaciers, snow cover and permafrost. 


11. The Earth was first photographed from space in 1959 by the Explorer-6 apparatus. The first ever image of the entire Earth was captured by the orbital station Lunar Orbiter V on August 8, 1967.


12. The most massive extinction in the entire history of the Earth occurred at the end of the Permian period (298.9 ± 0.15 million years ago), when more than 90% of living things on the planet died.


13. The highest point on the Earth's surface is Mount Everest (8,848 m above sea level), and the deepest is the Mariana Trench (10,994 m below sea level).


14. The deadliest tsunami known to have occurred on 26 December 2004 in Southeast Asia was triggered by a 9.3 magnitude submarine earthquake in the Indian Ocean. The total death toll exceeded 235 thousand people.


15. The most toxic plant on Earth is the yew, a genus of small conifers. Every part of this tree is poisonous, with the exception of its berries, however, their seeds are also poisonous.


16. If all the water of the World Ocean is evenly distributed over the surface, then a layer with a thickness of more than 2.7 kilometers would be obtained. Of all the water that is on Earth, only 2.5% is fresh, the rest is salty.


17. Without the greenhouse effect, the Earth's average temperature would be between -18 and -23 ° C, given that it is actually 14.8 ° C. Without this thermal insulation effect, life on our planet most likely would not exist.


18. The atmosphere passes into interplanetary space gradually, in the exosphere, starting at an altitude of 500-1000 kilometers from the Earth's surface. By definition, the boundary between the atmosphere and space is drawn along the Karman line, located at an altitude of about 100 kilometers, above which air flights become completely impossible.


19. Human breathing becomes impossible at an altitude of 9 kilometers, although the atmosphere contains oxygen up to about 115 kilometers.


20. At an altitude of about 19-20 kilometers, the pressure of the atmosphere decreases so much that it leads to the boiling of water and interstitial fluid in the human body. Outside the pressurized cockpit at these heights, death occurs almost instantly.


21. The seas lose more water due to evaporation than they receive with precipitation, on land - vice versa. Water circulates continuously around the globe, while its total amount remains unchanged.


22. The rotation of the Earth occurs from west to east. Due to tidal acceleration, each next day is longer than the previous ones by an average of 29 nanoseconds.


23. Due to tidal synchronization, the Moon is moving away from the Earth by about 38 millimeters per year. Millions of years from now, this tiny change, as well as an increase in Earth's day of 23 microseconds per year, will result in significant changes. So, for example, in the Devonian period (about 410 million years ago) there were 400 days a year, and a day lasted 21.8 hours.


24. The largest tidal waves on Earth are observed in the Bay of Fundy in Canada and are 18 meters.


25. Earth is the only name for the planet that was not taken from Greco-Roman mythology.


26. Lake Baikal in Russia accounts for about 20% of all world reserves of fresh lake water. It is the deepest and oldest lake in the world.


27. The ice sheet in Antarctica contains about 80% of all freshwater on the planet. If it melts completely, the level of the World Ocean will rise by almost 60 meters.


28. The Earth moves around the Sun at a distance of about 150 million kilometers at a speed of almost 30 kilometers per second.


29. The driest place on earth is the Atacama Desert in Chile. In some places of this desert, rain falls once every several decades.


30. If the history of the Earth were presented in the form of a 24-hour segment, then the dinosaurs would have died out at 23:41, and human existence would begin at 23:54 and 43 seconds of the same day.



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15-unique-photofacts-about-everything-in-the-world-that-you-should-learn-to-broaden-your-horizons

Sometimes you can learn a lot of useful things from the Internet by simply leafing through pictures.  In this post Bemorepanda collected different facts about everything that will help broaden our horizons, as well as distract for a couple of minutes from the routine. 


 1. In 2016, a Chinese businessman Xiong Shuihua demolished all the houses in his native village and built villas in their place.  

2. You would be confused to see such a door in your entrance for the first time.  This is just a drawing with an optical illusion. 

3. The Varani people live in Ecuador.  After lengthy litigation, they won a case against an oil company claiming their land.  In the photo, members of the Amazon tribe in the courtroom.

4. In 2015, Ford installed wide-angle front and rear 1-megapixel cameras on its cars that allow "seeing from around the corner."  The problem of "blind" zones has been solved.

5. Animal rights advocates have figured out how to protect elephants from poachers: they painted the animal tusks with pink paint, which is marked with banknotes in banks.  It does not harm the animal, but it is impossible to wash it off.  Buyers do not need such tusks. 

6. Does it look edible?  In fact, in the photo there is not grapes, but a mineral called "grape chalcedony".

7. This is the cross sea.  It looks like this because of wave systems moving at different angles. 

8. This is a tree called Jabuticaba (or Brazilian grape tree).  Its fruits grow directly from the bark. 

9. The guy took off the lightning for 2 hours and then combined all the frames in one.

10. City in Peru around the oasis in Huacachina.

11. In the Congaree National Park, the water in the lake turns different colors at a certain temperature.

12. Blacks couples born white baby.  No, the DNA test confirmed that the spouses are the biological parents of the baby.  Perhaps these are white dormant genes or mutating albinism.

13. Scientists have tracked eagle movements using GPS for 20 years.  Here are his flights.

14. Trace after a needle prick on the skin, taken with a microscope.

15. This is how entrants of the GITIS acting faculty are evaluated in the era of coronavirus.

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top-100-facts-you-need-to-know-about-valentines-day-bemorepanda

On Valentine's Day, most people's thoughts are focused on romance, love objects and gifts. But it is always useful to abstract a little from the amorous euphoria and learn something new and unfamiliar about Valentine's Day. Therefore, on February 14, Bemorepanda offers the top 100 most interesting facts about this holiday.


1. It is customary to celebrate Valentine's Day all over the world on 14 February.

2. This holiday was named in honor of the Martyr Valentine.

3. During the reign of the Roman emperor, Claudius was the priest Valentine.

4. Since 1777, this day has been widely celebrated in the United States.

5. Since the 13th century, this day has been widely celebrated in Western Europe.

6. This holiday is secular in Russia.

7. On Valentine's Day, more than 50 million roses are sold worldwide.

8. On this day, more than 9 million people in the world buy gifts for their pets.

9. Sweets and chocolates are considered the most popular gifts on this day.

10. February 14 became a men's holiday in Japan.


The Unique Way Finland and Estonia Celebrate Valentine's Day | Time


11. In Saudi Arabia and Iran, it is forbidden to celebrate this holiday.

12. The tradition of celebrating this holiday originates from middle England.

13. Postcards are the second most popular after Christmas cards.

14.On February 14, 1929, Al Capone's rival enemies were shot.

15. Women spend on gifts this day half as much as men.

16. Condom sales are high on this day.

17. Duke Charles of Orleans created the first Valentine in 1415.

18. Pigeons are officially considered a symbol of Valentine's Day.

19. Computer Engineer's Day is also celebrated on February 14th.

20. Sales of contraceptives increase by 25% on this day.


What is Valentine's Day? Why Do We Celebrate this Day?


21. 2001 was the record for the highest number of marriages.

22. The Day of Mental Health is celebrated by the Germans on this day.

23. More than 75% of suicides on this day are attributed to unhappy love.

24. Once upon a time, lovers exchanged postcards decorated with gold on this day.

25. This day is called sweet in Italy.

26. On February 14, Finland celebrates Women's Day.

27. In France, for the first time, a tradition arose to give poetry on this day.

28. In England, gifts are also given to pets on this day.

29. Handmade gifts are especially appreciated on this day.

30. On February 14 Pope Gelasius declared Valentine's Day around 498 BC.


Valentine's Day Window/Storefront Contest - Adams Morgan Partnership BID


31. More than 53% of women abandon their men if they come to them without gifts.

32. Richard Cadbury in 1868 presented the first box of chocolate on this day.

33. On this holiday 15% of women give flowers to themselves.

34. About 1 billion cards are sent on this day every year.

35.85% of all valentines are bought by women.

36.39% of all sweets are received by children on this day.

37. In Japan it is customary to give sweets, linen and jewelry on this day.

38. The sale of pregnancy tests in pharmacies is increasing on this day.

39. Flowers presented on this day have different meanings.

40. This day was called "Bird's wedding" in the Middle Ages.


Why Do We Give Valentine Cards? | Britannica


41. In 2011, the world's largest chocolate bar was made in Switzerland, designed specifically for this holiday.

42. The first Valentine's card in the world is kept in the British Museum.

43. In Germany, it is customary to plant onions in a pot on this day with the written name of a loved one. 44. Italian navigator James Cook died in Hawaii in 1779.

45. USA got Texas on this day in 1848.

46.3 Oregon became the 33rd US state in 1859.

47. A third of the seats in the local Diet were won by Ukrainians in the elections in Galicia in 1914.

48. Soviet Russia in 1918 switched to the Gregorian calendar.

49. One of the first computers in 1946 was presented on this day.

50. The XX Congress of the CPSU opened in Moscow in 1956.


Happy Valentine's Day 2019 Gift Ideas for Husband, Wife, Girlfriend,  Boyfriend


51. Into this day, rock and roll music was banned in Iran in 1958.

52. The automatic station "Luna-20" was launched to the Moon in 1972.

53. In Dublin in 1981, 48 people died on this day in a fire.

54. Elton John married Renate Blauel on this day in 1984.

55. The “Declaration on the Principles of Cooperation” was adopted in Minsk in 1992.

56. Russia and Ukraine established diplomatic relations in 1992.

57. The Fundamentals of Ukrainian Legislation on Culture were approved on 14 February 1992.

58. In 1993 Hungary, Poland and Ukraine signed an agreement on cooperation between peoples.

59. On this day in 1998, the wedding of movie star Sharon Stone and the editor of the San Francisco Examiner newspaper Phil Bronstein took place.

60. Dolly the cloned sheep died in 2003.


The dark and mysterious origins of Valentine's Day


61. In 2004, 28 people were killed in the Moscow Transvaal Park.

62. Unmarried English girls take this holiday very seriously and responsibly.

63. Annually, about 1000 cards are sent to Juliet.

64. The oldest love poem was written in 3500 BC.

65. The favorite flower of the Goddess of Love was a red rose.

66. Wooden spoons with hearts are customary to give on February 14 in Wales.

67. Traditionally in America, pilgrims sent a variety of sweets as gifts.

68. Two times less money than men spend on gifts for women.

69. The month of pregnancy tests is the month of March.

70. Flower shops earn colossal sums on this day.


14 Valentine Games for for Kids' Classroom Parties


71. Heart-shaped candies were the first gifts on this day.

72. Saint Valentine was the patron saint of the mentally ill.

73. In the 15th century, the first valentines appeared in France.

74. The Roman God of love Cupid is the symbol of this holiday.

75. Since the beginning of the 90s of the last century, this holiday has been celebrated on the territory of Russia.

76. It is customary to give hearts from any materials on this day.

77. In England, February 14 is considered the beginning of the mating season for birds.

78. Once upon a time in the United States, one holiday card cost as much as $ 10.

79. Germans decorate psychiatric hospitals with bright ribbons on this day.

80. It is customary to give jewelry on this day in France.


Valentine's Day Gifting Ideas for couples who break stereotypes | Aviva  India


81. Poles on this day visit the relics of St. Valentine.

82. It is customary to give dried white flowers on this day in Denmark.

83. Since the 13th century, this holiday has been celebrated in Western Europe.

84.Since the 1930s, this holiday has been celebrated in Japan.

85. All females are given hearts in Finland.

86. Diamonds are considered the best gift for February 14th.

87. Only 75% of men buy flowers on this day.

88. The origin of this holiday is based on the legend of Saint Valentine.

89. On this day, the feast of fertility was once celebrated.

90. Passionate Spaniards send love letters on this day with carrier pigeons.


Happy Valentines Day 2020: Wishes, Messages, Quotes, Images, Greetings,  SMS, Status, Photos, Pics and Wallpapers - Times of India


91. 6 days before the holiday 50% of all valentines are bought.

92. Valentine is the second most popular among all gifts.

93. A large number of wedding ceremonies take place on this day.

94. Durex is increasing its sales by 30% that day.

95. The symbol of Valentine's Day is a red heart.

96. About 189 million roses are sold in America on this day.

97. After Christmas, this holiday has the second largest number of cards sold.

98. In Mexico City in 2010, the record was set for the most massive kiss in the world.

99. The first time in 1936 the Japanese got acquainted with this holiday.

100. In the Middle Ages, doves were often depicted on valentines.

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inconspicuous-details-that-the-filmmakers-have-skillfully-hidden-in-the-movies

Almost every film has curious details that are difficult to notice when you first watch it. Sometimes it can be unexpected characters, unobtrusively left by the director. Or inconspicuous moments that reveal the plot of the picture and add a special peppercorn to it.

 

At Bemorepanda, we found 13 hidden movie parts that even seasoned moviegoers might overlook. At the end of the article, you will find an unexpected fact about the cult melodrama, which many watched before the holes in the sunset of the 1990s.

 

1. "Matrix" - the symbol of yin and yang

When Neo and Morpheus attack each other in The Matrix, their clothing and body position form a symbol of the union of yin and yang. In Chinese philosophy, it means the interaction of opposites: light and darkness, day and night, positive and negative.

 

2. "Pirates of the Caribbean" - compass

In Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl, when Commander James Norrington holds up the compass, he points to Jack, not Elizabeth. This compass does not point north or south, but in the direction of what the person holding it desires most. So the filmmakers wanted to show that the commander values ​​his duty above his feelings: it is more important for him to catch a pirate than to be with his beloved.

 

3. "Casino Royale" "- actress

In the 2006 film Casino Royale, actress Tsai Chin plays one of the poker players. She also appeared in the role of a minor Bond girl in the 1967 film "Live Only Twice".

 

4. "Cabin in the woods" - pupils

In the thriller "Cabin in the Woods" after a van crash and a collision with a zombie, you can see that Dana's pupils have become of different sizes. This is a common symptom of a concussion.

 

5. "The Truman Show" - cameras

In The Truman Show, the cameras appear in very obvious places, but the main character (Jim Carrey) stubbornly does not notice them. Even when a neighbor brings a trash can to Truman's car, he still does not see anything unusual in what is happening, since he has always lived in the conditions of a TV show.

 

6. "Shape of water" - shoes

The Oscar-winning film The Shape of Water features a scene in which Eliza admires a pair of red shoes. Later, when the heroine begins a relationship with Amphibian Man, you can see how she confidently walks through the laboratory in those very shoes. Perhaps this is how the filmmakers wanted to show that Eliza gained confidence and expanded the boundaries of her capabilities.

 

7. "Pirates of the Caribbean" - Jack Sparrow's father ring

In Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End, Captain Teague wears a silver skull ring. In fact, it is not a prop for the film, but a real decoration of actor Keith Richards. This ring was given to him for his birthday in 1978, and he has not taken it off since.

 

8. "Santa Claus" - elves

In the movie Santa Claus, when Charlie walks to school, an elf can be seen sitting behind him. This means that throughout his life, the elves watched over him and his father.

 

9. "Maleficent" - magic

Maleficent's magic changes color. When a witch is kind, her magic is golden. And when she does evil things, her enchantment turns green.

 

10. "The Chronicles of Narnia" - the fur of the White Witch

In The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, the White Witch gave the order to cut the mane of Aslan's lion, and then coldly thrust a dagger into him. Later, Tilda Swinton's heroine can be seen wearing his mech during the battle.

 

11. "Parasites" - Mr. Pak's company

In Parasite, the viewer is constantly reminded that Mr. Park runs a firm called Another Brick, like the song of the same name by Pink Floyd. The film's director Bong Joon Ho was a huge fan of them in college. It raises the problems of education, inequality, there is a significant line: "In general, you are just another brick in the wall." The company logo appears on the glass in the office of the head of a wealthy family, as well as on the mugs from which the heroes drink.

 

12. "Alice in Wonderland" - the Hatter's phrase

The Mad Hatter's lines are not as meaningless as they seem at first glance. When the Hatter asks "What do a raven and a desk have in common?" One of the most famous works of Poe is the poem "The Raven".

 

By the way, Depp himself suggested adding orange spots on the Hatter's face. The fact is that in the 18th-19th centuries, hatters worked with mercury, which left orange and reddish spots on the skin. In addition, the metal caused chronic intoxication, which had a detrimental effect on mental health.

 

13.Bonus: "10 reasons I hate" - a scene with a poem

At the end of the tape "10 Things I Hate" Julia Stiles burst into tears while reading a poem she wrote about Patrick for her English lesson. This was not actually in the script. In one of the interviews, the actress told why emotions came over her during this scene. “I absolutely did not expect to start crying. I don't know why this happened. Perhaps this was due to what was happening in my life at that time. Or I was just blown away by the whole experience of making my first big movie, ”admitted Stiles.

 

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30-facts-about-the-royal-family-that-you-should-now-after-the-oprah-interview-scandal

Many would like to be part of the British royal family. The attention of the whole world, many servants, jewelry, palaces and other joys of aristocrats - isn't it a fairy tale? However, everyone forgets that being in the public eye of millions of people and constantly maintaining a brand can be incredibly difficult. The life of royals is subject to regulations and is filled with sometimes really strange requirements that they must certainly fulfill.


The British royal family is called one of the main attractions of Great Britain. The British are proud of their monarchy. They celebrate the Queen's Birthday along with other holidays. They follow with interest the relationship in the royal family. But not all Englishmen know about the origin of the dynasty, about the real names of its members and about other interesting facts.


The name of the ruling dynasty in Great Britain is Windsor. But until 1917 it was called Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, which indicates its connection with the German rulers. During World War I, King George V decided to change the name of the dynasty in order to give up the German titles. He chose the surname Windsor after Windsor Castle, one of the royal residences. This surname became official to all members of the royal family. And after the wedding of the then Princess Elizabeth to Philip Mountbatten, the surname began to sound Mountbatten-Windsor.


Interestingly, none of the members of the royal family is required to use the surname. And when they go to school, serve or work, they can take a different surname. For example, Princes William and Harry were known in the army as Wales. And the two grandchildren of Queen Elizabeth from Princess Anne have their father's surname - Phillips.


Bemorepanda collected some more interesting facts about the royal family.


1. Princess Diana was supposed to play the main role in the 2nd part of "The Bodyguard" with Kevin Costner. A kissing scene was planned, but the film itself never came out due to the tragic death of Lady Dee in 1997 in a car accident in Paris. In the story, a romantic relationship between the protagonists begins when a bodyguard is tasked with protecting the princess from the paparazzi.


2. On their travels, Elizabeth II and her son Charles are accompanied by a doctor of the British Royal Navy, who must have a supply of their blood with him. This measure is necessary for an emergency transfusion in case of an emergency.


3. Shellfish, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, and garlic are banned in Buckingham Palace, as sea creatures are allergenic and garlic has an unpleasant odor. However, this rule is now adhered to only by the queen.


4. Six ravens (and one spare) must always dwell in the Tower of London. According to one of the versions, this rule is observed, since the prediction of the royal court astrologer-monk Charles II (1630-1685) says: "If the crows leave the Tower, the kingdom will fall." After the famous fire of 1666, almost all the birds were exterminated, but thanks to the prophecy of the ravens, they were left in the care of the crown. They are considered part of the royal family, they have servants and a special raven keeper who is chosen from 38 members of the Tower's ceremonial Yeomen guard ("beefeaters"). In addition, the birds are officially enlisted in the ranks of the royal army.


5. Long before becoming part of the royal family, Kate Middleton lived with her family in Amman, Jordan. The father of the future Duchess, Michael Middleton, worked as a manager for British Airways and ended up in the Middle East on duty. Then Kate was 2 years old, but she already went to kindergarten and, in addition to English, studied Arabic. The Middletons have lived in Jordan for almost 3 years.


6. During the opening of the new session of Parliament, the Queen must take a hostage - one of the Members of Parliament, who will be guarded by the staff of Buckingham Palace throughout the ceremony. This tradition appeared due to the fact that earlier monarchs and parliament, to put it mildly, did not get along. Now everything is peaceful, but no one is going to change anything.


7. Queen Elizabeth II, then 21-year-old Princess Elizabeth, married Prince Philip on 20 November 1947 in a coupon-purchased wedding dress. She deliberately did not take advantage of her opportunities, since in the post-war period the whole country was slowly getting out of the ruins.


8. The crown of Elizabeth II is nothing more than the diadem of King George IV, created in 1820 at the request of the king himself. It is set with 1,333 diamonds for a total of 320 carats (64 g), including a 4-carat yellow diamond. There are 2 strands of pearls along the base. Initially, the upper thread had 86 pearls and the lower one - 94, but in 1902 the number of pearls was changed to 81 and 88.


9. To avoid embarrassment in windy weather, all the hem of the skirts of Queen Elizabeth II are weighed down by small loads


10. Initially, princes William and Harry were supposed to be called Arthur and Albert, as their father Charles wanted, but Lady Diana insisted on William and Harry, although Arthur and Albert are the middle names of the princes.


11. Queen Elizabeth II is a godmother for 30 crowned godchildren and this is not the limit.


12. Kate Middleton is a relative of George Washington.


13. At Christmas in the royal family, it is customary to give funny gifts. For example, Meghan Markle gave the Queen a toy singing hamster. But besides the fun, the royal couple - Elizabeth II and Prince Philip - must remember their duty. They send about 750 Christmas cards to heads of state, top politicians, Commonwealth leaders and family members.


14. Before and after Christmas dinner, all members of the royal family must weigh themselves. This long tradition was introduced by King Edward VII around 1900. He was very worried that someone would go away hungry after a sumptuous reception.


15. The Queen has the right to dissolve the current parliament both in Britain and in Australia and Canada.


16. Princess Diana gave her son, Prince William, an incredible 13th birthday surprise. Since the boy was in love with supermodel Cindy Crawford, she invited her to a festive tea party.


17. The most unusual titles that Elizabeth II bears are Duke of Lancanster and Duke of Normandy.


18. Pearl necklace of three strands almost always adorns the queen's neck - this is a visiting card of her style. When Elizabeth was 10 years old, she received such a necklace as a gift from her grandfather George V, and it became her favorite piece of jewelry.

A little later, Queen Mary, Elizabeth's grandmother, gave her pearl earrings. To this day, they, complete with a necklace, form part of the image of a modern monarch.


19. Since ancient times, monarchs from different countries have adopted a throne name during their time in power, which is different from that which was given to them at birth. In Britain, this tradition was also maintained. So, Queen Victoria was Princess Alexandrina before her coronation, and King George was named Albert. Elizabeth II chose not to change her name, because this is only permissible, but not mandatory for the monarch.


20. Elizabeth is often called the queen of England, but this is not true. First, she is the monarch of the entire United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and England is just a part of it.


21. Misconceptions about princesses are no less common. Lady Dee after her wedding with Prince Charles began to be called the princess. However, she was not a princess by birth, so by all the rules her title should have sounded like "Her Royal Highness Princess Charles of Wales", as strange as it may sound.


22. As for the chosen one of their eldest son William, Kate Middleton is also not a princess. She married the Duke of Cambridgeshire, and therefore her official title is Duchess of Cambridge.


23. According to official sources, different family members have their own privileges in addressing the Queen. So, the husband of Elizabeth II calls her Lilibet. The future queen called herself this name when she was very little and could not pronounce “Elizabeth”.


24. Elizabeth II is very economical and serves as an excellent example in this for her subjects. So, it is known that she always turns off the light when leaving the room, and requires this from all the inhabitants of the palace. The queen wears the same dresses for a long time.


25. Representatives of Buckingham Palace report that all of the Queen's overseas travel is in accordance with the recommendations of the British government. Therefore, most often Elizabeth visits those countries in which she needs to be present based on current state affairs.


During her 65 years on the throne, the Queen has made over 120 official visits. Most often, the queen visited Canada (27 times) and Australia (18 times).


26. Some people who were born shortly before or immediately after the New Year celebrate their birthday twice, but in general, usually a person has one birthday. But the Queen has two of them - on April 21, she was born for real, and in May or June, official celebrations are usually organized on her birthday.


27. Queen Elizabeth II currently rules Britain for the longest time in history: her term of reign is now 64 years. Queen Victoria, who ruled before her, remained on the throne for 63 years and 216 days. Nowadays, it is difficult for a person not to lose his job even for a year, let alone more than 60 years!


28. Only in 2013, Great Britain moved away from the concept of male succession, thus proclaiming that any member of the royal family, regardless of gender, can inherit the throne. You may ask: how then did Elizabeth II ascend to the throne? Elementary: her father had no sons.


29. What is the Queen's surname? I think many would like to know. But in fact, this is not so important: being on the throne, a person can take almost any surname for himself. Elizabeth II's father changed his surname from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor; later Windsor became Mountbatten-Windsor.


30. If you have ever seen Buckingham Palace up close, at least in a movie, you know that it is huge. It is located on an area of ​​77,000 square meters, it has 775 rooms and about 800 employees who keep it and the life of the royal family normal. There are cooks, maids, butlers, security guards and even watchmakers!

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