2021 Earth Day: 30 Fascinating facts that will raise your awareness related to environmental issues
On April 22, Earth Day will be celebrated all over the world - a holiday in which it is worth thinking about the future of our planet and what we can do for a common home. This tradition originated in 1970 at the initiative of US Senator Gaylord Nelson, whose goal was to draw public attention to the problems of environmental pollution. On the eve of the holiday, we will share with you the most interesting facts about the Earth.
Earth Day was founded by US Senator Gaylord Nelson in 1970 to awaken the political class from its disinterest in the environment and was celebrated in its first year by about 20 million Americans, mostly young people. and very young. After 2 decades, in 1990, over 200 million people in 141 countries turned Earth Day into a major event in human history, by joining them in the desire to advocate for a better future for our planet, and in year 2009,
The United Nations (UN) has declared April 22 as the official holiday of planet Earth and a common expression of everyone's desire to build a stable society for a cleaner and greener future. The genesis of the Earth took place several billion years ago from a cloud of dust and gas that revolved around the sun and is the third planet from the sun with a particular constitution in the solar system.
Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts for you.
1. The core of the Earth contains so much gold, which will be enough to cover the entire surface of our planet by almost 45 centimeters.
2. The inner core of the Earth has a radius of about 1220 kilometers, which is comparable to 70% of the radius of the Moon. In addition, based on geophysical and geochemical methods, there is an assumption that the inner core of our planet is about the same temperature as the Sun.
3. Lightning strikes the earth on our planet more than 8.6 million times a day.
4. Prior to space travel, the Earth was often depicted as a green world. Science fiction writer Frank Paul is believed to be the first to depict a cloudless blue planet with well-defined land on the back of the July 1940 issue of Amazing Stories magazine.
5. Scientific evidence indicates that the Earth was formed from a solar nebula about 4.54 billion years ago. Life on the planet appeared about 4.25 billion years ago, that is, shortly after its origin.
6. The conditions for the existence of life on Earth preserve the ozone layer and the Earth's magnetic field, which weaken the solar radiation harmful to life.
7. The oceans occupy about 70.8% of the surface of our planet. Liquid water, which is essential for all known life forms, does not exist on the surface of any known planet in the solar system other than Earth.
8. The average speed of movement of lithospheric plates on Earth is approximately equal to the growth rate of nails on human hands. After 200-300 million years, hypothetically, all the continents of the planet will merge into the supercontinent Pangea Ultima.
9. The force of gravity at the poles of the Earth is greater than at the equator. A person who weighs 150.8 pounds (68.4 kg) at the North Pole will weigh 400 grams less while at the equator.
10. More than 68% of the Earth's freshwater is solid, including glaciers, snow cover and permafrost.
11. The Earth was first photographed from space in 1959 by the Explorer-6 apparatus. The first ever image of the entire Earth was captured by the orbital station Lunar Orbiter V on August 8, 1967.
12. The most massive extinction in the entire history of the Earth occurred at the end of the Permian period (298.9 ± 0.15 million years ago), when more than 90% of living things on the planet died.
13. The highest point on the Earth's surface is Mount Everest (8,848 m above sea level), and the deepest is the Mariana Trench (10,994 m below sea level).
14. The deadliest tsunami known to have occurred on 26 December 2004 in Southeast Asia was triggered by a 9.3 magnitude submarine earthquake in the Indian Ocean. The total death toll exceeded 235 thousand people.
15. The most toxic plant on Earth is the yew, a genus of small conifers. Every part of this tree is poisonous, with the exception of its berries, however, their seeds are also poisonous.
16. If all the water of the World Ocean is evenly distributed over the surface, then a layer with a thickness of more than 2.7 kilometers would be obtained. Of all the water that is on Earth, only 2.5% is fresh, the rest is salty.
17. Without the greenhouse effect, the Earth's average temperature would be between -18 and -23 ° C, given that it is actually 14.8 ° C. Without this thermal insulation effect, life on our planet most likely would not exist.
18. The atmosphere passes into interplanetary space gradually, in the exosphere, starting at an altitude of 500-1000 kilometers from the Earth's surface. By definition, the boundary between the atmosphere and space is drawn along the Karman line, located at an altitude of about 100 kilometers, above which air flights become completely impossible.
19. Human breathing becomes impossible at an altitude of 9 kilometers, although the atmosphere contains oxygen up to about 115 kilometers.
20. At an altitude of about 19-20 kilometers, the pressure of the atmosphere decreases so much that it leads to the boiling of water and interstitial fluid in the human body. Outside the pressurized cockpit at these heights, death occurs almost instantly.
21. The seas lose more water due to evaporation than they receive with precipitation, on land - vice versa. Water circulates continuously around the globe, while its total amount remains unchanged.
22. The rotation of the Earth occurs from west to east. Due to tidal acceleration, each next day is longer than the previous ones by an average of 29 nanoseconds.
23. Due to tidal synchronization, the Moon is moving away from the Earth by about 38 millimeters per year. Millions of years from now, this tiny change, as well as an increase in Earth's day of 23 microseconds per year, will result in significant changes. So, for example, in the Devonian period (about 410 million years ago) there were 400 days a year, and a day lasted 21.8 hours.
24. The largest tidal waves on Earth are observed in the Bay of Fundy in Canada and are 18 meters.
25. Earth is the only name for the planet that was not taken from Greco-Roman mythology.
26. Lake Baikal in Russia accounts for about 20% of all world reserves of fresh lake water. It is the deepest and oldest lake in the world.
27. The ice sheet in Antarctica contains about 80% of all freshwater on the planet. If it melts completely, the level of the World Ocean will rise by almost 60 meters.
28. The Earth moves around the Sun at a distance of about 150 million kilometers at a speed of almost 30 kilometers per second.
29. The driest place on earth is the Atacama Desert in Chile. In some places of this desert, rain falls once every several decades.
30. If the history of the Earth were presented in the form of a 24-hour segment, then the dinosaurs would have died out at 23:41, and human existence would begin at 23:54 and 43 seconds of the same day.
Internet marketing is the promotion of goods and services through online services. Depending on the size of the business and the niche they occupy, entrepreneurs use different channels, ranging from PPC to blogging, where they share useful content. For example, they show how-to videos to promote brand products naturally.
Unlike traditional advertising in newspapers, television, radio, banners, billboards, posters, Internet marketing functions online.
It provides powerful lead generation and communication tools to interact with your audience, measure engagement and brand loyalty. Popular internet marketing channels include email marketing, PPC, SMM, instant messengers, chat bots, web push notifications, and search engine optimization.
Today, mastering the skills of working in Internet marketing is a must for every entrepreneur. Read on with Bemorepanda to find out 40 interesting facts about internet marketing.
1. In three years, the number of social media users has grown by more than 12%. In 2017, there were 2.46 billion, and now it is 2.77 billion.
2. 81% of marketers find that their audience grows if they invest at least 6 hours a week in social media marketing.
3. Infographics are shared on social media and get 3x more likes than any other type of content. On average in the world in B2B, the most popular social networks are LinkedIn (82%), Twitter (66%), YouTube (64%), Facebook (41%) and SlideShare (38%).
5. 71% of users who have a positive social media experience with a brand are likely to recommend it to others.
6. Top brands have a 4.21% follower engagement rate on Instagram, 58 times higher than Facebook and 120 times higher than Twitter.
7. Twitter has 336 million monthly active users, Facebook 2.27 billion, Instagram 1 billion, and LinkedIn 500 million.
8. On social networks, people spend an average of 2 hours 15 minutes a day.
9. Facebook Messenger and WhatsApp are the main messengers for messaging, with over 50% of users using either one or the other.
10. Snapchat is the most popular among Gen Z - 38% use it regularly.
11. Instagram Stories is used by over 400 million people every month.
12. Every month brands exchange with users more than 2 billion messages. 45.8% of people prefer to contact the business via messaging rather than email.
13. More than 90% of marketers using a social media influencer strategy find it successful.
The number of sales directly depends on the website loading speed
14. Worldwide e-commerce sales in 2020 are expected to reach $ 3.45 trillion.
15. One second of delay in page load speed can cost you a 7% loss in conversions. Sites on the first page of Google search results load in less than 2000 milliseconds on average.
17. According to Pingdom, the fastest website to date is bhphotovideo.com, followed by hm.com and bestbuy.com, all loading in less than 0.5 seconds.
18. It is estimated that in 2020 about 47.3% of the world's population will make online purchases.
19. Online grocery stores will reach $ 100 billion in revenue by 2025 and will occupy 20% of the total grocery market.
20. Despite the increase in the use of mobile devices, users continue to shop from desktop computers.
21. At least one in four people will shop online at least once a week. Yet even in the US, only 28% of small businesses sell their products online.
22.71% of shoppers think it's more profitable to shop online than in stores.
23.28% of online shoppers will abandon a purchase if shipping costs are too high.
24. Using product videos can increase purchases by 144%. 25. 47% of all online orders are delivered free of charge.
26. Buyers are willing to spend 30% more on products if the seller offers free shipping.
27. Although the majority of smartphone and tablet owners (68%) tried to make a purchase on their device, two thirds (66%) were unable to complete the purchase due to difficulties encountered during checkout.
28. Every year, people refuse to complete $ 18 billion worth of purchases.
29. The mobile opt-out rate is 97%, compared to 70-75% for desktop computers.
30. The main reasons for cart abandonment are: too high shipping costs, not ready to buy, no location on the list for free shipping, shipping cost information is too late, and websites loading too slowly.
31. The average age of buyers in B2B is up to 35 years.
32.71% of all buyers start searching for goods and services with general queries without specifying a brand.
Responsive design for any device and your application is vital
33. About 53% of emails are opened by people on mobile devices, while if the subject line of the email is personalized, the probability of opening increases by 25%.
34.70% of users do not like ads on smartphones.
35.89% of time spent on a smartphone is spent on apps, and the remaining 11% on websites.
36. Mobile usage has almost caught up with desktop: 48.2% of all online traffic is on mobile and tablet devices.
Blogs are alive and actively engaging an audience
37. Unlike social media, long blog posts generate 9 times more leads than short ones.
38. The most popular content marketing strategies are blogging (65%), social media (65%) and case studies (64%). In addition, 78% of B2B buyers read case studies while researching a proposal, as well as white papers, watch webinars, download e-books and third-party analytics reports.
39. Blogging continues to be the number one marketing strategy for companies (according to 45% of surveyed marketers).
40. 81% of users trust the information found on blogs. In the US, 61% of shoppers made a purchase based on blog recommendations.
Tokyo, the capital of distant and prosperous Japan, stuns tourists literally from the first moments, as soon as the traveler's footsteps on his land. Everything seems to be different here than in other cities: an incredibly complex layout of blocks, and intricate metro lines that are perceived as not connected to each other, and a solid jungle of city communications wires. During rush hours, people seem to merge into one river, and its flows fill the streets, underpasses, public transport. Here you need to always keep your eyes open, because it is very easy to get lost, getting completely different from where you hoped to be.
Tokyo is second in the world in terms of population density. The city of 37 million is not only the political, administrative and financial, but also the industrial and cultural center of the country. Located in the southeastern part of Japan's largest island of Honshu, this ultra-modern metropolis, where life does not stop day or night, is located on the Kanto Plain, in a cozy bay of Tokyo Bay. To truly feel its amazing atmosphere and get acquainted with at least half of the sights, one day or even a week is not enough - you need to live here for several months.
Huge and many-sided Tokyo, the capital of the only empire in the world, and even an island - Japan, cannot be described in a few words or limited to only a couple of epithets, even the most eloquent ones. And all because in this ancient city, modernity and ancient Japanese traditions harmoniously coexist, mutually penetrating each other. The Old City is worth mentioning separately. Having visited its numerous palaces, temples and shrines, it is as if you are plunging into the era of the shoguns, who for a long time were the sole rulers of the Land of the Rising Sun. Art lovers will quench their thirst for beauty in Tokyo's many museums.
1. Beneath Tokyo are five huge cylindrical shafts that will be filled with water in the event of a flood. This will prevent the destruction of the city.
2. There is an anime and manga in Japan called "Saint Young Men" in which Jesus and Buddha live in Tokyo as roommates. They rest on Earth and try to understand Japanese society.
3. When Tokyo officials went to congratulate the oldest man in the city on his 111th birthday in 2010, they found his remains on a bed. He had been dead for 30 years, and his family was taking away his pension, which was still accruing to him.
4. The Allied bombing of Tokyo killed more civilians than the atomic bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima combined.
5. During the Tokyo real estate bubble, the Imperial Palace (1.32 square miles) was valued more than all real estate in California.
6. Researchers in Tokyo have developed a mirror that changes a person's facial expression in real time. It gives a smile to the face. The application is intended for use in the bathrooms of the mall. The technology was adopted in the hope that happy shoppers would spend more.
7. The 2020 Olympic Games was held in Tokyo, Japan, as predicted in the 1982 Akira manga.
8. In 2013, a 39-story hotel in Tokyo literally "disappeared". It was demolished without the use of explosives or a special wrecking ball. All 39 floors were dismantled from the inside using a small crane, which gradually folded floor by floor.
9. You can pay a travel agency in Tokyo to send your plush toy on vacation without you.
10. One day, the Japanese government sent cherry tree seedlings to Washington as a gift. After the Second World War, cuttings from these cherry trees were sent back to Japan to restore the Tokyo collection, which was destroyed as a result of American bombing.
11. Tokyo Skytree is the tallest freestanding tower in the world. The height of the building is 634 meters. The tower's final height was chosen solely because of a play on words. The result is "Musashi": "mu" (in old Japanese means the number 6), "sa" (3) and "si" (4). This was the name of the historic district where modern Tokyo is located.
12. A Japanese scientist has created an exact copy of Tokyo. He used oatmeal to create nearby settlements, and bright light to simulate mountains, water sources and other natural features. When a scientist placed a living slime mold in the center of the mock-up, it created a network reminiscent of the Tokyo rail system as it tried to reach the treat (oatmeal).
13. Japan has almost twice as many 7-Elevens stores as the US. Only in Tokyo there are 2079 stores of this network.
14. There is a store in Tokyo called Whoopi Goldberg.
15. One of the Tokyo skyscrapers informs you with the help of colored lights whether to take an umbrella with you when you go outside.
16. In Tokyo, there is a building built in 1972, consisting of tiny 90-square-foot capsule apartments. If necessary, they can be replaced as Lego pieces.
17. There is a 12-story luxury stationery store in Tokyo. On the 12th floor they serve lettuce grown on the organic indoor farm located on the 11th floor of the same building.
18. Tokyo University is developing a tactile hologram. In other words, they create a hologram that can be touched and felt.
19. Tokyo has an anime-themed Butler cafe. According to the hostess, Japanese women “want to visit cafes where handsome male waiters will treat them like princesses.” This is the only cafe where only foreigners work.
20. 45 of the 51 busiest train stations in the world are in Japan. The busiest Shinjuku station, located in Tokyo, serves approximately 1.2 billion passengers a year.
21. At noon on September 1, 1923, a powerful earthquake occurred in Tokyo. Major fires broke out throughout the city because at the time of the earthquake, people were cooking dinner over an open fire. More than 100,000 people died.
22. Blue "anti-suicide" LED lights have been installed on all train platforms in Tokyo in an attempt to reduce the number of suicides committed here. It is believed that such lanterns have a calming effect. Studies have shown that blue-light stations have reduced suicide rates by 84%.
23. In 1923, a “fire tornado” swept through Tokyo and burned over 38,000 people.
24. Each Tokyo train station has its own unique theme songs.
25. The rock and roll culture of the 50s is still thriving in Tokyo.
26. Researchers at the University of Tokyo have created a robot arm that wins 100% of the time in a game of rock-paper-scissors. Using a high-speed camera, the robot recognizes within one millisecond the shape that the human hand is about to create, and then selects the winning combination.
27. A cafe has opened in Tokyo where visitors can hug hedgehogs.
28. On March 9-10, 1945, 300 B29 bombers dropped almost 500,000 cylinders of napalm and petroleum products on Tokyo, creating a 40-kilometer firestorm that killed over 100,000 people and maimed another million Japanese. It was the most destructive bombing in human history, including the atomic bombs of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
29. Crows in Tokyo often steal steel wires to add to their nests. This often results in power outages when birds build nests on power lines.
30. Tokyo restaurants have more Michelin stars than Parisian establishments. In 2007, the editor of Michelin declared Tokyo to be the "Gastronomic Capital of the World".
31. Cat cafes are popular and quite common in Japan. Here, people pay to interact with cats, since most Tokyo apartments do not allow pets.
32. Only after 3 hours in Tokyo learned that Hiroshima had been bombed.
33. In 2011, the residents of Sendai received an earthquake warning 10-30 seconds before the main seismic waves hit. Residents of Tokyo, the Japanese Earthquake Early Warning System (EEW) notified of the impending wave in 60 seconds. Messages were relayed via mobile phones, TV shows and web pages across the country.
34. The Tokyo metropolitan area has a larger population than Canada.
35. More than 70 unexploded WWII bombs are found in Tokyo every year.
36. Tokyo Tower was built from steel, a third of which was scrap metal (American tanks damaged in the Korean War). Often this building is used in the Japanese kaiju film genre. It also became the site of the culminating "battles" of Godzilla, Mothra and King Kong.
37. Tokyo is by far the richest city on Earth. If it were a city-state, then Tokyo would still be among the ten richest countries in terms of GDP.
38. The former Tokyo governor claimed that the Nanjing Massacre (the mass rape and murder of Chinese civilians by the Japanese military) never happened.
39. Because of Tokyo's location on a tectonic fault, geologists call it the "city waiting for death."
40. There are rumors that a secret underground city is supposedly located under Tokyo, but officials vehemently deny this information.
41. The ancestors of modern Japanese inhabited these lands in the era of stone axes. Previously, this city was a military fortress and was called "Edo".
42. Tokyo became the capital of Japan only in 1868. Prior to that, for 1075 years, the capital was the city of Kyoto.
43. In 1923, a terrible earthquake destroyed almost half of Tokyo and killed more than 90,000 people (earthquake facts).
44. The cost of a square meter of real estate in the business center of the city here reaches 2 million dollars.
45. Due to the high price of real estate in Tokyo, capsule micro-apartments have become widespread.
46. Some establishments here do not allow foreigners. A sign can hang right on the door, which means "foreigners are not served."
47. Despite the relative popularity of tattoos among Japanese youth, a person with a tattoo on exposed areas of the body will most likely not be allowed into any decent restaurant. In Japan, tattoos are strongly associated with the yakuza and the underworld.
48. In order to get rid of traffic jams in Tokyo, a huge number of high-speed highways were built, but the passage on them is paid.
49. The cost of parking here is fabulously high.
50. Fruits and vegetables are expensive here.
51. The most popular area for Tokyo youth looking for entertainment is Harajuku. It is here that you can meet the owners of the strangest outfits and hairstyles.
52. In Tokyo, there is a restaurant "Aragawa", which from year to year occupies one of the first places in the list of the most expensive establishments in the world.
53. An asteroid discovered in 1900 by a Tokyo astronomer was named after this city.
54. The zoo in Tokyo closes for two months each year so that its inhabitants can take a break from visitors.
55. “Cat cafes” are common here - establishments where you can play with these fluffy creatures.
55. They have become popular because most Japanese people love cats, but in most households, the rules forbid keeping pets (cat facts).
56. The air temperature in Tokyo is usually 9-10 degrees higher than outside the city. The reason for this is a huge amount of infrastructure radiating into space, plus 13 million inhabitants, whose bodies also warm the air around.
57. There are about 150 earthquakes in Tokyo every year, but most of them are so weak that people don't even notice them. A similar situation is observed, by the way, in Santiago, the capital of Chile.
58. The capital occupies only 0.6% of the area of Japan, but it provides a third of its total GDP.
59. The GDP of the city of Tokyo alone is higher than the GDP of all of Australia.
60. Twice as many people live in the suburbs of the Japanese capital than in the city itself. In total, more than 35 million people live in and near the city. This is about 60 times more than the population of Montenegro.
61. Based on the area of the city and the population, there are about 4 square meters per inhabitant.
52. Tokyo's ubiquitous vending machines sell everything from chocolates and hamburgers to used women's underwear.
53. The dog Hachiko, famous all over the world due to his devotion, was waiting for his master right here, at Tokyo's Shibuya station, until his death.
54. In major Japanese cities, many homeowners ban pets, which is why "cat cafes" have appeared in Tokyo - for a low fee, visitors can choose a cat and pet it while drinking lemonade or tea.
55. The Tokyo subway system is the world's largest in terms of ridership, with 3.2 billion people a year. An interesting fact is that there is even a special position here - osiya, or pushers, whose duties include pushing passengers into overcrowded cars.
56. Public transport in Tokyo is the most reliable, affordable and fastest way to get around. But still, he's not cheap.
57. The asteroid Tokyo, discovered in this city in 1900, was named after the city. This is an irregularly shaped celestial body with a diameter of approximately 81 kilometers.
58. Tokyo Ueno Zoo is Japan's oldest zoo with over 2,600 pets.
59. If you say at least a couple of phrases to the Japanese in Tokyo in their language, they will be very happy, because they believe that foreigners simply cannot learn Japanese because of its phenomenal complexity.
60. The population density in Tokyo is one of the highest among cities in the world, and there are only 4 square meters per person. In total, more than 35,000,000 people live in the Tokyo agglomeration.
61. There are a lot of single people in Tokyo who have never been in any kind of relationship with the opposite sex. Because of this, the suicide rate is extremely high.
62. If Tokyo were a separate country, it would be 15th place in the world in terms of GDP.
63. Tokyo is the safest metropolis in the world. Tokyo is so safe that young children use public transport on their own.
64. Tokyo's Shinjuku-Ni-Cheme area has the largest concentration of gay bars in the world.
65. Dressing up as your favorite manga or anime character and organizing a performance in Tokyo is a completely normal pastime.
66. Since the "Land of the Rising Sun" is located in a seismically active zone, earthquakes often occur here. In 1923, a powerful earthquake destroyed about half of Tokyo's infrastructure, killing more than 90,000 people in the process.
67. In the capital, real estate costs fabulous money. For 1 m 2 in the business center of Tokyo, the buyer will have to pay about $ 2 million!
68. Due to the high cost of housing, there are many micro-apartments in Tokyo. Their area varies within 10 m².
69. Parking in the city center for 1 hour is approximately $15.
70. Curiously, Harajuko is predominantly populated by young people. For this reason, in this region you can see many people with original hairstyles and outfits.
71. An interesting fact is that in the capital, rail transport is the most common type of public transport.
72. The Tokyo Stock Exchange is one of the three largest stock exchanges in the world.
73. Unlike some other megacities like Kuala Lumpur or Manila, Tokyo can be called a safe city with a clear conscience. True, foreigners are not welcome here everywhere. Some establishments here, as in the Korean capital of Seoul, put up a sign stating that "foreigners are not served."
74. Formally, Tokyo ceased to exist as a city in 1943 and was no longer displayed on maps. Officially, Tokyo refers to the 62 administrative divisions that make up the Tokyo Metropolitan Area.
75. Moreover, the 23 special districts included in it, which made up Tokyo until 1943, are now equated in status with individual cities that have their own mayor and their own city council.
76. An indicator of the exceptional transparency of the air in Tokyo - if from it you can see the sacred Mount Fuji located 100 kilometers from it - the national symbol of Japan. But this happens very rarely.
77. Fujiyama, in fact, is not a mountain, but a volcano, although it is listed as weakly active. Its last eruption occurred in 1707. Then Edo was covered with a cloud of volcanic ash.
78. Tokyo is one of the few capitals in the world located in a seismically active zone. And at the same time - the only one, because the world's largest economy is located here.
79. The earth on which it stands is shaken by earthquakes of various strengths about 150 times a year.
80. The Tokyo subway is also the largest in the world in terms of passenger traffic: more than 8.5 million passengers a day. Of these, 3 million are at Shinjuku Station alone, the busiest transport hub in the world.
81. However, trains must still leave stations without delay. That is why passengers are helped by special employees - osiya ("pushers"): they push them into the cars and make sure that the doors do not jam anyone's luggage.
82. One of the main attractions of Tokyo is Ginza, the main street of Tokyo's administrative center and the main shopping street. Walking on it is a kind of ritual. The whole street is one continuous showcase of shops located on it.
83. Buying here is not available to everyone, but it is prestigious. And also such a purchase means that you belong to the middle class - the basis of the entire Japanese economy.
84. From an architectural point of view, Tokyo is a gray and featureless city, devoid of frills and sights.
85. After World War II, mass construction began in the rapidly developing city, and it was guided by only three principles: pragmatism, expediency, and economy.
86. Tokyo can be amaze with an abundance of gray and inexpressive streets, many of which do not even have a name.
87. In Tokyo, as in other major cities in Japan, it is forbidden to keep any animals at home - the unanimous point of view of Japanese homeowners.
88. The onset of cherry blossom season, which is an important part of spring in Japan, marks the end of harsh winters. Cherry blossoms can be enjoyed for only two weeks during the whole year.
89. With a noodle shop and a beer garden on top, Takao-san is the world's most visited mountain on the western edge of Tokyo.
90. Tokyo Tower, modeled after the Eiffel Tower, is repainted with approximately 7,500 gallons of paint every 5 years.
91. Tokyo's Ritz Carlton has the most expensive room in the city, costing as much as $25,000.
92. The longest concert in Tokyo was the concert of the American band Guns N'Roses, which lasted three hours and thirty-seven minutes.
93. No matter how old people in Japan are, the Komagata Dozeu restaurant managed to survive the earthquakes and bombings, and managed to continue operating on the same piece of land for six generations (150 years).
94. Tokyo Skytree became the tallest tower in 2010. The official name was determined by a voting system. The current name received 30% of the votes and was announced on June 10, 2008 as "Tokyo Skytree".
95. Shinjuku Station has 36 platforms, including an underground entrance, an overhead entrance, and many corridors. Moreover, there are more than 200 different exits.
96. Tokyo in translation means the eastern capital. There are approximately 150 earthquakes in Tokyo every year.
97. In Japan, growing plants is an art.
98. The new generation of Japanese is not as small as Europeans think.
99. The Japanese tend to believe that all foreign countries, especially America, are dangerous to visit.
100. You can buy batteries, beer, wine, condoms, cigarettes, comics, hot dogs, light bulbs, and used women's underwear from Tokyo's vending machines.
One of the most famous among the oldest civilizations is the Mayan tribe. Until now, scientists in questions of the existence of the Maya civilization have left for themselves a lot of unknown. The researchers managed to determine that the Mayan civilization appeared in the 1st millennium BC. Their legacy lies in unusual writing and beautiful architectural structures, in advanced mathematics and astronomy, in art objects and in the famous incredibly accurate calendar.
Despite the huge amount of unknown facts, the most secret for historians was the question of what led to the fall of the highly developed Mayan civilization. At the same time, the first prerequisites for such a decay, according to scientists, appeared around the 9th century AD. Not only the decline of the Mayan civilization, but also many other mysterious moments from the life of this tribe to this day haunt scientists. The last place where such tribes were recorded was the north of Guatemala. Only archaeological excavations tell about the history and culture of the Maya.
1. Many people mistakenly assume that the Mayan tribe is extinct and the entire civilization is in the past, but this is not so. Maya to this day live in North America. Their number has decreased and today amounts to about 6 million.
2. The Maya never predicted the end of the world. This people had not 1, but 3 calendars. Each of them was not a harbinger of the apocalypse. The point was that the cycle of the longest Mayan calendar could reset to zero approximately every 2,880,000 days. One of these updates was planned for 2012.
3. The huge Mayan tribe lived in the vast territory of present-day Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize, in the west of Honduras and El Salvador. The development center of such a civilization was in the North.
4. Apart from the Babylonian systems, the Maya were the first to use the number "0". Indian mathematicians later began to use zero as a mathematical value in calculations.
5. Some linguists managed to prove that the word "shark" came to us from the language of the Mayan tribe.
6. The pre-Colombian Maya wanted to "improve" the physical characteristics of their own children. For this, mothers tied the boards to the child's forehead so that over time the forehead became flat.
7. Aristocrats from the Mayan tribes were hunchbacked, and their teeth were inlaid with jade.
8. In the ancient Maya tribes, all children were named according to the day they were born.
9. Some members of the Maya tribe to this day practice bloody sacrifices. Fortunately, chickens are now being sacrificed, not people.
10. All major cities of the Mayan civilization had stadiums. Their type of "football" involved decapitation. In this case, the team of losers was the victim. The severed heads, as historians suggest, were used as balls. The modern version of this game is called "ulama", but decapitation is no longer used.
11. Like the Aztecs, the Maya never used steel or iron in their construction. Their main weapon was obsidian or volcanic rocks.
12. They could create incredible constructions with geometric precision. Smooth corners and walls coupled with perfect computation is something that is difficult to achieve now. But in the Mayan civilization there were many such structures.
13. The main dish of the Maya in the diet was corn, and therefore it is not surprising that, according to Mayan mythology, the creator god Hunab created mankind precisely from the cob of corn.
14. The Maya played football, but their game was to use a rubber ball. It had to be hammered into a round hoop.
15. Baths and saunas played a large role in the Mayan civilization. This tribe believed that with the release of sweat, they got rid of not only dirt, but also from perfect sins.
16. Archaeologists have been able to find evidence that the Mayan tribes used human hair to sew up a wound. Representatives of this civilization treated unsurpassed not only bone fractures, but were also considered skilled dentists.
17. In the Maya tribe, prisoners, slaves, and other people who were to be sacrificed were painted blue and sometimes tortured. After that, they were brought to the top of one of the pyramids, where they were shot from a bow or their still beating heart was cut out from their chest. Sometimes the priests' assistants then removed the skin of the victim, which the high priest put on. Then a ritual dance was performed.
18. The Maya tribes had one of the most advanced writing systems among all the ancient civilizations. They wrote on everything that came to hand, especially on structures.
19. It was also possible to prove that the Maya used means of pain relief. So for various religious rituals, hallucinogenic drugs were used. They used them in everyday life quite widely. Such a hallucinogen was made from a specific mushroom, peyote, bindweed, and also from tobacco.
20. The Mayan pyramids were included in the list of 7 wonders of the world. Until now, many structures are hidden under a thick layer of earth, and their excavation has become difficult due to the impassability of the rainforest. Those constructions that have already been restored impress with their own extraordinary layering.
Despite the fact that foxes do not live with humans, they do not need special introduction. Thanks to folklore, children already at an early age get acquainted with a small animal, which compensates for weakness with cunning, but does not miss its own, if it is possible to offend a weaker one. Of course, it is worth separating the image of the fox, formed in our imagination under the influence of children's fairy tales and cartoons, from the real lifestyle of the fox.
As one of the most famous researchers, Charles Roberts, wrote, it is always difficult for a person describing the habits of highly organized animals to resist endowing them with some human traits. The notorious fox's cunning in real life appears only when the animal leaves the chase. At this time, the fox very skillfully winds around, confusing tracks, and can disguise itself in an instant, disappearing from sight.
On the hunt, foxes are quite straightforward. They operate according to the scheme “detection of prey - lightning attack - end of the hunt”. On average, foxes range in size from half a meter to a meter in length. The tail, which is approximately two-thirds of the body length, is counted separately. The maximum weight of foxes is 10 - 11 kg, while it is subject to significant seasonal fluctuations. Foxes are by no means exclusively forest dwellers. Rather, even, they can be conditionally attributed to the inhabitants of the forest-steppe and woodlands - it is in these natural zones that fox food lives and grows.
Geographically, foxes are found almost everywhere in the Northern Hemisphere, with the exception of extreme climates. In the Southern Hemisphere, foxes live only in Australia, where humans have successfully introduced them. However, the success of fox breeding in Australia is relative - they were turned on, desperate to cope with rabbits, but foxes, finding themselves on the smallest continent, preferred to hunt smaller fauna. The rabbits, to the desperation of the farmers, successfully continued to breed. Bemorepanda presents you some interesting facts.
1. Despite their small size, foxes are rarely hunted by larger animals. Of course, a wolf, bear, lynx or wolverine will not refuse the opportunity to catch a gaping fox. However, such a chance appears very rarely - foxes are attentive and fast. Purposefully, they practically do not hunt adult foxes. Young animals are in great danger. Even birds of prey hunt on it, not without success.
Taking into account the human factor - and the hunters, if possible, knock out foxes by the thousands - the average life span of a fox does not exceed three years. At the same time, foxes do not die at all because of the exhaustion of the body's resources - in captivity, cases were recorded when foxes lived for 20 - 25 years.
2. Foxes are practically not afraid of humans, so they are well studied and take root in captivity, allowing people to breed new subspecies. People living in rural areas naturally do not like foxes - red-haired beauties often destroy birds and small livestock. However, zoologists argue that the damage from foxes is often exaggerated.
3. English "Fox Hunting" fun did not come about because the villagers lacked entertainment. England is so densely populated that the last wolf was killed at the beginning of the 16th century. The disappearance of wolves has led to an unprecedented breeding of foxes, who have lost their last natural enemy. The consequences for the farmers were clear. Angry peasants began to organize massive fox hunts. They managed to kill some animals, but the noise raised by the crowd of “hunters” was more important.
The first mention of such a hunt dates back to 1534. The technology turned out to be more than successful - by 1600, specially bred dogs were required to hunt foxes. At the same time, economic processes were going on in England, which led to the deprivation of the peasants of free non-agricultural land, and fox hunting became the property of the nobility. It turned into a whole ritual with lush ladies' toilets, old-fashioned hunter's costumes, etc. At the beginning of the 21st century, after a short debate, the British Parliament banned fox hunting with the help of a pack of more than 3 dogs. One vote in the House of Commons was enough to abolish the age-old tradition.
4. There is a hunt for foxes without the death of these animals. This is still the unofficial name for sports radio direction-finding competitions. The role of foxes is performed by constantly working transmitters hidden in rough terrain. Athletes are armed with receivers. Their task is to find all transmitters in the shortest possible time (usually there are 5 of them). Fox hunting competitions were very popular during the Cold War.
The essence of the competition is very close to counterintelligence work to identify and eliminate intelligence channels of communication. Therefore, state structures, primarily the military and counterintelligence, supported the athletes in every possible way. The end of the Cold War and the rapid development of information technology devalued "fox hunting", and now only enthusiasts are engaged in this sport.
5. The caution and quickness of foxes forced hunters to invent several methods of hunting these animals. The fox is lured with a bait. The carcass of an animal or a large piece of meat is left in a well-shot place, and the hunters hide nearby. The fox is lured with decoys, and in recent years, two-module electronic decoys have gained popularity.
In them, the control path is in the hands of the hunter, and the luring sounds are emitted by an external loudspeaker. This design allows you to take the fox to a place convenient for shooting. Large companies of hunters practice hunting with a salary, with flags. Hunting dogs are used, both hounds and greyhounds, chasing foxes in the field (greyhounds also strangle fugitives themselves) and burrowing dogs, driving the fox out of the hole.
6. Despite the fact that fox hunting is popular wherever these animals are found, even the most successful hungry hunter will not be able to feast on fox meat in Russia. The fox is a very active predator, so there is practically no fat in the fox meat. This makes it extremely tough, fox meat is much tougher than the meat of other predators.
The refreshed carcass emits a very unpleasant odor, which is weakened, but does not completely disappear even after 12 hours of soaking in vinegar and salt. Finally, the rodents that make up the fox's diet are packed with parasites. Foxes have developed a very powerful immunity that humans do not have. Therefore, the meat must be subjected to long heat treatment. When boiling, the unpleasant odor reappears, so the only way to cook fox is stewing with a lot of seasonings and spices. The Scandinavians, striking everyone with their surstroemming - pickled herring - distinguished themselves here too. In Sweden and Denmark, foxes are raised for meat on special farms and even some of the products are exported. At retail, fox meat costs about 15 euros per kilogram.
7. Around the middle of the 20th century, foxes began to be bred and domesticated as pets. On a scientific basis, Dmitry Belyaev's group in Novosibirsk worked on this. A careful selection of the most intelligent and affectionate individuals gave results only after many years. D. Belyaev became an academician, a nice monument was erected to him and one of his pupils in the Novosibirsk town - the scientist and the fox sit on a bench, stretching out their hands to each other. But even many years of efforts did not lead to the development of a new breed. Scientists who continue to work on improving the behavioral qualities of foxes refer to their pets as “population” only. That is, it is just a large group of individuals living in a limited area.
8. Unscrupulous “breeders” of foxes have long managed to instill in cheating buyers the idea that a fox is the same dog, only a cat. In a sense, the animal is very loyal to the owner and, at the same time, cleanly and independently. And if the animal does not behave the way the owner wants, then this is the owner's problem. Only with the development of mass communications did the hapless fox breeders manage to share with the world the delights of keeping a fox as a pet. The character of the fox does not depend on the place of purchase, whether it is a special nursery, a reseller, or even the side of the road on which a potential pet was hit by a car.
Regardless of whether you got a rather extravagant pet for free, or you paid 10 or 80 thousand rubles for it, it will have extremely unpleasant behavioral features. He will shit anywhere; gnaw and dig wherever possible; make noise at night and stink around the clock. It is the smell that is the most serious negative property of the fox. It can be somehow accustomed to the tray (the contents of which will have to be changed at least twice a day), but the fox will never get rid of the habit of secreting the secret of the paranoid glands, which is unpleasant and painful in the eyes, with any strong emotion from love to fear. Therefore, keeping a fox pet is best in a spacious enclosure in a private house, but not in an apartment. But in any case, you need to take care of rubber gloves and strong detergents in commercial quantities.
9. Foxes adapt to almost any environment. There is little animal food - foxes easily switch to vegetable food, without suffering from this at all. It gets colder - we grow, to the delight of hunters, a thick undercoat. It gets warmer - the undercoat falls out, and the fox looks like a sick puppy. Even the color of foxes' fur depends solely on the environmental conditions.
If there are many predators in the habitat, foxes dig deep holes with branched passages and a dozen, or even more, exits. Such holes in area can reach 70 square meters. m. There are relatively few predators - and the hole will be short and shallow, and two or three emergency exits will be enough. In cold regions, the main entrance of the burrow faces south, in warm and hot regions - to the north, and in deserts and steppes - to where the winds blow less often.
10. "Fox hole" for some reason is called a type of residential buildings, similar to a hole, except for the location of the entrance on the slope. Modern "fox holes", projects of which are proposed by many construction companies, may not go deep into the ground at all - they are just structures, the walls of which are heaped with earth. Human "fox holes" have both advantages and disadvantages, but they have nothing to do with foxes, except for the name.
11. The tightening of hunting rules and environmental legislation everywhere leads to the fact that foxes are gradually approaching human habitation. It is much easier to find food near people than in the wild, than foxes enjoy and enjoy. On the territory of the countries of the former USSR, by and large, only residents of villages and small settlements located near forests suffer from them. It is impossible to fight thieves who destroy small animals. The law expressly prohibits shooting within populated areas only at rabid animals. To do this, you need to confirm the disease, which cannot be done without killing the fox - a vicious circle.
In Europe, foxes are firmly established in the largest cities. According to estimates of epidemiologists, about 10,000 foxes live in London. 86% of the townspeople have a positive attitude to the red-haired robbers who fight with dogs and cats, gut garbage bags, and shit wherever they have to. Humans, it turns out, feel guilty about animals that have been bullied for hundreds of years. In Birmingham, foxes became such a disaster that a special team had to be created to capture them.
The team did a great job, catching a hundred animals. They were taken to the nearest forest and released - it is inhumane to kill. The foxes returned back to the city (and it's good if they didn't bring friends and girlfriends with them) and continued their dirty deeds. The careless attitude of the townspeople towards foxes is surprising - foxes endure the most terrible infections, including rabies.
12. The sea fox is a stingray of a sizeable size (up to 1.2 meters in length). It lives off the coast of Europe, including the Black and Azov Seas, and along the entire Atlantic coast of Africa. Fox sharks can also be found in the water column. These are three species of predators, ranging in size from 3 to 6 meters. In theory, fox sharks are considered shy and not dangerous to humans. Flying foxes also belong to foxes solely by name. These are the largest fruit bats in the world, until recently they were combined with bats. The body of a flying fox reaches a length of 40 cm, and a wingspan of one and a half meters.
13. The English word “fox” - “fox” has nothing to do with the familiar phrase “Fox is the 20th century film company”. “Fox” in this case is the surname of an enterprising Hungarian whose name was either Wilhelm Fuchs, or even Vilmos Fried. Having arrived in the USA, the Hungarian changed his name for the sake of euphony and founded a film company. In 1930, the company was taken away from him during a hostile takeover. Fox - Fuchs - Freed fought but lost. From him the film company remained, as the song says, only the name.
14. "Desert Fox" - German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, who in 1940-1943 successfully commanded German troops in North Africa. However, Rommel did not use any special cunning in the command. Like all successful German military leaders of World War II, he knew how to concentrate forces on a narrow sector of the front and break through enemy defenses. When there was nothing to concentrate, "Desert Fox" abandoned troops in Africa and went to Hitler to ask for reinforcements.
15. “Fox's tail and a wolf's mouth” - this is how some jokingly and some shaking with fear called the policy of General Mikhail Loris-Melikov in Russia at the end of the 19th century. Under Emperor Alexander II, Loris-Melikov, who became famous in the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878, was simultaneously the Minister of Internal Affairs and the head of the gendarme corps. The authority of the Ministry of Internal Affairs at that time included practically all domestic politics, from the basic sectors of the economy to the care of the weak and orphans.
In this post, Loris-Melikov had a "fox's tail" - he advocated the weakening of laws, the growth of public initiative, etc. Having moved to the office of the chief of the gendarmes, the general used the "wolf's mouth", not letting the revolutionaries go (in his understanding) ... The fox tail involuntarily outplayed the wolf's mouth - on March 1, 1881, Emperor Alexander II was killed, and one of the captured terrorists said that their leader had been arrested before the assassination attempt, but Loris-Melikov's charges did not receive any evidence from him about the impending assassination attempt.
16. Foxes are firmly included in the mythology of dozens of peoples, and their influence on a person can be exactly the opposite, regardless of the place of residence of the peoples. Koreans, Chinese, and Japanese compete in the degree of fear experienced by foxes. The transformation of an animal into a seductive woman with the subsequent torture of the victim through pleasures is not yet the most terrible outcome that lies in wait for a Far Eastern man. Kitsune (in Japanese "fox") spread the life of those to whom they came in the form of a beauty, to smithereens - they ruin merchants or drive rulers into disgrace. It is difficult to imagine what they did in medieval Japan with the men to whom Kitsune appeared in the form of a handsome young guy.
At the same time, in India, the North American Indians and a number of European peoples, the fox symbolizes prosperity, good luck or wealth. Christians already at an early stage identified the fox as Satan's accomplices - beautiful, wagging its tail, and even wool the color of hellfire. Nevertheless, some peoples, including the Slavic, have retained a negative but complacent attitude towards the fox. “We know, the fox, about your miracles”, “And the fox is cunning, and they sell its skin”, “The fox takes care of, the cat curls up to it” - these proverbs clearly indicate that people have long imagined the nature of the red predator.
17. Employee of the Voronezh Zoo Tatiana Sapelnikova told a very interesting case. Zoo workers had to determine the concentration of small animals such as mice in one of the forest areas. During a routine procedure, zoo workers set traps for mice. However, the work of scientists was greatly hampered by the foxes living in the district. For several years, zoologists set up identical traps, and the number of mice caught in them determined the size of the population.
However, over time, the tracks showed that someone was reducing the number of mice trapped in the trap by carefully removing them and eating them nearby. Zoologists realized that the fox is no longer guided by mice, but by the smell of people setting traps. After a short game of "catch me" they managed to lure the fox - the zoologists originally nicknamed him Ginger - into a kind of aviary. The fox was absolutely not worried about bondage. When the scientists managed to carry out the necessary experiment with mice, Ryzhik was released. He did not run far, and even two chanterelles appeared nearby. They themselves did not figure out how to find the mice and take them out of the traps, but they unmistakably appreciated the extraordinary abilities of the future groom.
Many would like to be part of the British royal family. The attention of the whole world, many servants, jewelry, palaces and other joys of aristocrats - isn't it a fairy tale? However, everyone forgets that being in the public eye of millions of people and constantly maintaining a brand can be incredibly difficult. The life of royals is subject to regulations and is filled with sometimes really strange requirements that they must certainly fulfill.
The British royal family is called one of the main attractions of Great Britain. The British are proud of their monarchy. They celebrate the Queen's Birthday along with other holidays. They follow with interest the relationship in the royal family. But not all Englishmen know about the origin of the dynasty, about the real names of its members and about other interesting facts.
The name of the ruling dynasty in Great Britain is Windsor. But until 1917 it was called Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, which indicates its connection with the German rulers. During World War I, King George V decided to change the name of the dynasty in order to give up the German titles. He chose the surname Windsor after Windsor Castle, one of the royal residences. This surname became official to all members of the royal family. And after the wedding of the then Princess Elizabeth to Philip Mountbatten, the surname began to sound Mountbatten-Windsor.
Interestingly, none of the members of the royal family is required to use the surname. And when they go to school, serve or work, they can take a different surname. For example, Princes William and Harry were known in the army as Wales. And the two grandchildren of Queen Elizabeth from Princess Anne have their father's surname - Phillips.
Bemorepanda collected some more interesting facts about the royal family.
1. Princess Diana was supposed to play the main role in the 2nd part of "The Bodyguard" with Kevin Costner. A kissing scene was planned, but the film itself never came out due to the tragic death of Lady Dee in 1997 in a car accident in Paris. In the story, a romantic relationship between the protagonists begins when a bodyguard is tasked with protecting the princess from the paparazzi.
2. On their travels, Elizabeth II and her son Charles are accompanied by a doctor of the British Royal Navy, who must have a supply of their blood with him. This measure is necessary for an emergency transfusion in case of an emergency.
3. Shellfish, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, and garlic are banned in Buckingham Palace, as sea creatures are allergenic and garlic has an unpleasant odor. However, this rule is now adhered to only by the queen.
4. Six ravens (and one spare) must always dwell in the Tower of London. According to one of the versions, this rule is observed, since the prediction of the royal court astrologer-monk Charles II (1630-1685) says: "If the crows leave the Tower, the kingdom will fall." After the famous fire of 1666, almost all the birds were exterminated, but thanks to the prophecy of the ravens, they were left in the care of the crown. They are considered part of the royal family, they have servants and a special raven keeper who is chosen from 38 members of the Tower's ceremonial Yeomen guard ("beefeaters"). In addition, the birds are officially enlisted in the ranks of the royal army.
5. Long before becoming part of the royal family, Kate Middleton lived with her family in Amman, Jordan. The father of the future Duchess, Michael Middleton, worked as a manager for British Airways and ended up in the Middle East on duty. Then Kate was 2 years old, but she already went to kindergarten and, in addition to English, studied Arabic. The Middletons have lived in Jordan for almost 3 years.
6. During the opening of the new session of Parliament, the Queen must take a hostage - one of the Members of Parliament, who will be guarded by the staff of Buckingham Palace throughout the ceremony. This tradition appeared due to the fact that earlier monarchs and parliament, to put it mildly, did not get along. Now everything is peaceful, but no one is going to change anything.
7. Queen Elizabeth II, then 21-year-old Princess Elizabeth, married Prince Philip on 20 November 1947 in a coupon-purchased wedding dress. She deliberately did not take advantage of her opportunities, since in the post-war period the whole country was slowly getting out of the ruins.
8. The crown of Elizabeth II is nothing more than the diadem of King George IV, created in 1820 at the request of the king himself. It is set with 1,333 diamonds for a total of 320 carats (64 g), including a 4-carat yellow diamond. There are 2 strands of pearls along the base. Initially, the upper thread had 86 pearls and the lower one - 94, but in 1902 the number of pearls was changed to 81 and 88.
9. To avoid embarrassment in windy weather, all the hem of the skirts of Queen Elizabeth II are weighed down by small loads
10. Initially, princes William and Harry were supposed to be called Arthur and Albert, as their father Charles wanted, but Lady Diana insisted on William and Harry, although Arthur and Albert are the middle names of the princes.
11. Queen Elizabeth II is a godmother for 30 crowned godchildren and this is not the limit.
12. Kate Middleton is a relative of George Washington.
13. At Christmas in the royal family, it is customary to give funny gifts. For example, Meghan Markle gave the Queen a toy singing hamster. But besides the fun, the royal couple - Elizabeth II and Prince Philip - must remember their duty. They send about 750 Christmas cards to heads of state, top politicians, Commonwealth leaders and family members.
14. Before and after Christmas dinner, all members of the royal family must weigh themselves. This long tradition was introduced by King Edward VII around 1900. He was very worried that someone would go away hungry after a sumptuous reception.
15. The Queen has the right to dissolve the current parliament both in Britain and in Australia and Canada.
16. Princess Diana gave her son, Prince William, an incredible 13th birthday surprise. Since the boy was in love with supermodel Cindy Crawford, she invited her to a festive tea party.
17. The most unusual titles that Elizabeth II bears are Duke of Lancanster and Duke of Normandy.
18. Pearl necklace of three strands almost always adorns the queen's neck - this is a visiting card of her style. When Elizabeth was 10 years old, she received such a necklace as a gift from her grandfather George V, and it became her favorite piece of jewelry.
A little later, Queen Mary, Elizabeth's grandmother, gave her pearl earrings. To this day, they, complete with a necklace, form part of the image of a modern monarch.
19. Since ancient times, monarchs from different countries have adopted a throne name during their time in power, which is different from that which was given to them at birth. In Britain, this tradition was also maintained. So, Queen Victoria was Princess Alexandrina before her coronation, and King George was named Albert. Elizabeth II chose not to change her name, because this is only permissible, but not mandatory for the monarch.
20. Elizabeth is often called the queen of England, but this is not true. First, she is the monarch of the entire United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and England is just a part of it.
21. Misconceptions about princesses are no less common. Lady Dee after her wedding with Prince Charles began to be called the princess. However, she was not a princess by birth, so by all the rules her title should have sounded like "Her Royal Highness Princess Charles of Wales", as strange as it may sound.
22. As for the chosen one of their eldest son William, Kate Middleton is also not a princess. She married the Duke of Cambridgeshire, and therefore her official title is Duchess of Cambridge.
23. According to official sources, different family members have their own privileges in addressing the Queen. So, the husband of Elizabeth II calls her Lilibet. The future queen called herself this name when she was very little and could not pronounce “Elizabeth”.
24. Elizabeth II is very economical and serves as an excellent example in this for her subjects. So, it is known that she always turns off the light when leaving the room, and requires this from all the inhabitants of the palace. The queen wears the same dresses for a long time.
25. Representatives of Buckingham Palace report that all of the Queen's overseas travel is in accordance with the recommendations of the British government. Therefore, most often Elizabeth visits those countries in which she needs to be present based on current state affairs.
During her 65 years on the throne, the Queen has made over 120 official visits. Most often, the queen visited Canada (27 times) and Australia (18 times).
26. Some people who were born shortly before or immediately after the New Year celebrate their birthday twice, but in general, usually a person has one birthday. But the Queen has two of them - on April 21, she was born for real, and in May or June, official celebrations are usually organized on her birthday.
27. Queen Elizabeth II currently rules Britain for the longest time in history: her term of reign is now 64 years. Queen Victoria, who ruled before her, remained on the throne for 63 years and 216 days. Nowadays, it is difficult for a person not to lose his job even for a year, let alone more than 60 years!
28. Only in 2013, Great Britain moved away from the concept of male succession, thus proclaiming that any member of the royal family, regardless of gender, can inherit the throne. You may ask: how then did Elizabeth II ascend to the throne? Elementary: her father had no sons.
29. What is the Queen's surname? I think many would like to know. But in fact, this is not so important: being on the throne, a person can take almost any surname for himself. Elizabeth II's father changed his surname from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor; later Windsor became Mountbatten-Windsor.
30. If you have ever seen Buckingham Palace up close, at least in a movie, you know that it is huge. It is located on an area of 77,000 square meters, it has 775 rooms and about 800 employees who keep it and the life of the royal family normal. There are cooks, maids, butlers, security guards and even watchmakers!