10 sports questions that almost everyone has asked, Bemorepanda have the answer
A sport is an activity of a physical nature and may involve competition. At the same time, sport is an activity that can influence a person's lifestyle, health or personality.
The study of the development of sport in human history can show significant social changes that have occurred over the centuries in different cultures. The concept of sport as an activity involving basic human, physical and mental abilities, aims to improve these skills to be used more effectively and suggests that sport is probably as old as the development of human intelligence. For primitive man, the physical activity of it was just a way to improve their knowledge of nature and, to the same extent, a way to master the environment around it. During the nineteenth century, many objects of prehistoric art were discovered in France (at Lascaux ), in Africa and Australia, which show how in prehistoric times, ritual ceremonies were performed in which physical activity was involved for participants. Some of these discoveries have been established to be at least 30,000 years old.
Sport, by its very nature, encourages diversity in a cultural world. As countries and nations become closer and closer to each other, but still retain their cultural identity, sport is a field in which cultural differences are not only accepted, but a wealth to be cultivated and valued. The concept of sport can become an "indicator of change" of the global society, of anticipation, evolutions and changes through the symbolic opening of interstate relations. Sport thus becomes and must be considered as a mirror of culture and society, as it represents the hopes and prospects of the future.
How do synchronized interpreters hear music underwater and why is a soccer ball black and white?
Each of us is connected with sports in one way or another: someone is engaged at home, someone is at a professional level, and there are those who follow the athletes and their achievements from the outside. Nevertheless, some moments for many still remain a mystery. We analyze the most popular questions about sports.
Why are golf ball notches?
These "dents" on the ball are needed to increase the range of its flight. So the air, flowing around the uneven ball, reduces the vacuum trail created by the speed. And the boundary layer of air at a smooth ball does not have time to go behind its back side, so a zone of reduced pressure is created, which means that the speed decreases.
Why are the Olympic rings these colors?
The closed rings as a whole symbolize the unity of the five continents, the union of all parts of the world and the worldwide character of the Olympic Games. And the colors are symbols of various elements: blue is water, red is fire, yellow is the energy of the earth, black is the energy of metal, green is the energy of wood.
How do synchronized swimmers hear music underwater?
So that during performances the synchronized interpreters do not get lost and hear music even under water, special underwater speakers are built into the pool. Of course, due to the density of the water, the sound is heard much worse, but this helps the swimmers to hear at least the rhythm and perform the elements of the program in time.
Is Cristiano Ronaldo's real surname?
In fact, Ronaldo is not a surname, but a first name. They added the name Cristiano in honor of US President Ronald Reagan, who had previously been an actor. The footballer's father was very fond of films with his participation. That is, Cristiano Ronaldo is a double name, the entire football star is called Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro.
How much does a hockey goalkeeper's ammunition weigh?
Hockey is a very traumatic sport. Therefore, the equipment, especially the goalkeeper, who is always under the threat of a blow, must protect most of the body. Hence the weight - about 30 kg. It is made up of shin guards, helmet, gloves, carapace and more.
What is this white powder that gymnasts put on their hands?
Many people mistakenly believe that gymnasts rub flour in their hands before performing, but this is not the case. White magnesium powder removes even the smallest traces of moisture from the hand, helping to improve grip.
What is the most expensive sport?
The most expensive kind of sport is the Formula 1 circuit race. It is known that pilots receive large fees, but before that, the athletes themselves have to invest a lot of effort and money. And not only for the equipment itself, but also for its maintenance.
Who was the youngest Olympic champion?
Marcel Depaye, a boy of 8-10 years old - even his age is not known for sure - accidentally got to the 1900 Olympics. In the final rowing race, the Dutch decided to replace the heavy helmsman with a boy and won the race. Marseille became an Olympic champion, but did not receive any awards and did not even make the list of winners.
Why do swimmers wear two caps at once?
Fans began to notice that swimmers often wear two rubber caps on their heads at once - for what? To keep your hair dry and out of the way? No, the fact is that it is important for swimmers to protect their eyes from water, and so that the glasses are pressed tightly, athletes wear two rubber caps at once.
Why is the football black and white?
In 1970, when televisions were still in black and white, football matches were already broadcast live. Against a background of bright colors that looked gray on the screens, the black and white soccer ball was bright enough to stand out clearly. And then they decided to keep the tradition.
Many agree that the world after coronavirus will be different. But how? Will a post-American, post-democratic and Chinese century follow, as totalitarian propaganda says? And what about the EU and the UN, national states and globalization?
If nations were people and people were eminently rational, it would be relatively simple. It would investigate what was and draw the conclusions that, logically, are required, building a better, more functional, better organized and more human future universe.
But can we know what was and will be after this vaccine, the lack of universally approved drugs in the fight against the virus that strangles us, side by side with evil, cowardice, stupidity, extremism, corruption and pollution? The medical side of the matter is one. Another economic-political one. But none is a book with seven seals.
The world has changed and that shows us insights from Google. Bemorepanda selected and analyzed them.
1.Depression during quarantine
Coronavirus is not only a danger to physical health, but also to mental health.
Anxiety is a fundamental emotion that I have experienced to varying degrees several times in my life, since childhood. It is that state of accentuated anxiety, in which we wait for something bad to happen or we feel that we are no longer safe.
Depression, on the other hand, is common among people with medical conditions. Depression that is associated with other pathologies (diseases) is associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality.
60% of people with major depression also suffer from anxiety symptoms. At the same time, the development of a depressive episode is 9 times higher in patients with anxiety than in other patients - 90% of people with major depression also suffer from sleep disorders.
People with pre-existing mental health problems should continue their treatment and be aware of worsening symptoms or new ones.
During this pandemic, stress can include symptoms such as:
- Fear and worry about one's own health, but also that of loved ones
- Changes in sleep routine and lifestyle
- Difficulty falling asleep and concentrating
- Worsening of chronic problems
- Increased consumption of alcohol, nicotine or other banned substances.
The first and most important thing we need to know, experts say, is that fear is normal in this context of the pandemic we are all experiencing.
2.What does isolation do to a person?
Isolation and quarantine help protect the public by preventing exposure to contact with people who have or may have a contagious disease. These are done practically either by separating sick people from healthy ones, or by separating potentially infected people from healthy ones.
Quarantine separates and restricts the movement of people who have been exposed to a contagious disease to stop the possibility of transmitting the infection, if they are infectious.
Quarantine and self-isolation means that the person remains in a certain place intended for this or at home for a period after exposure to the situation in which a COVID-19 infection could have occurred. Evidence of influenza pandemics indicates that the use of individual isolation methods directly contributes to reducing disease transmission.
3.Online counseling for kids
The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) causes emotions, such as anxiety, stress and uncertainties, felt even more strongly by children of all ages. Although they have their own mechanisms for dealing with these emotions, given that schools are closed, events have been canceled and they need to stay away from friends, children need to feel loved and supported now more than ever.
Calmly and in a controlled manner, parents should discuss with their children the disease caused by coronavirus (COVID-19) and the important role that children play in protecting their own health. Tell the children that you or they may at some point have symptoms similar to those of the common cold or flu, but that they should not be unjustifiably frightened by this possibility, ”recommends Dr. Damour. "Parents should encourage their children to say if they are not feeling well or if they are worried about the virus so that parents can intervene.
Children need organization. Point. All of us, very quickly, have to invent completely new ways of organizing our time and spending our days, ”says Dr. Damour. "I strongly recommend parents to make sure there is a schedule of the day, a schedule that includes play time, when the child can keep in touch with friends by phone, periods without electronic equipment and time allocated for household chores. We need to think about the issues we value and organize our time accordingly. Children will feel much better knowing that the day has a structure, knowing when it is time to work and when it is time to play.
With the closure of schools, school plays, concerts, matches and other activities are canceled, and children are very disappointed to miss them due to the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19). The first piece of advice Dr. Damour offers is to let the children be sad. "In the lives of teenagers, these are major losses, with a much greater magnitude for them than for us, because we weigh them in terms of our life and experience. Expect them to be very sad and frustrated because of the losses they mourn, accept these feelings as normal and support your children to go through them ”. When you don't know exactly what to do, empathy and support offer the sure solution.
In order to overcome difficult emotions, “take inspiration from your children and think carefully about how to ensure a balance between discussions and fun. When children are very sad and need to relax, leave room for entertainment. In a few days, organize an evening of games with the whole family or cook together. Dr. Damour uses dinner time to strengthen his relationship with his daughters. "We decided to have a team responsible for dinner every night. We work in pairs and, in turn, prepare dinner for the whole family. ”
4.Self care gifts for women
Women have the ability to always reinvent themselves, they want to keep up with fashion and they are very pretentious. No wonder choosing the right gift for them is not an easy task.
In choosing the right gift you must take into account the personality and style of the one who is going to receive the gift. But also pay attention to what he says he wants. Discover in this article gift ideas for women, depending on age, occasion or budget.
The good news is that women are not hard to impress once you discover their secret. An original gift that speaks to them will always be a good choice. We include here clothes, cosmetics, decorations or holidays. Handmade jewelry or gifts should not be avoided either.
Choosing a gift according to a woman's age is not difficult at all. At the age of 20, a subscription to your favorite film festival or tickets to your favorite band are always appreciated gifts. So will handmade jewelry or a device that will make her life much easier and that will save her time and significant amounts of budget, such as an IPL hair removal device.
At the age of 30, we are already talking about luxury accessories, to highlight it, jewelry or a smart TV, which will allow it to access all the right movies and series at the touch of a button.
After 40 years you can already focus on gifts from the vintage area. For example, if she is an avid reader, you can bid for a princeps edition of her favorite book. Or a special jewelry box. Bucharest is full of antiques fairs, where you can buy original gifts at great prices.
5.Covid 19 hair loss
Post-COVID depletion syndrome is well known, but in addition to this, another consequence of infection may be hair loss.
But according to specialists from the American Academy of Dermatology (ADA), hair loss that many patients face may not be an unexpected phenomenon. Doctors say that the phenomenon of hair loss is normal after fever or after an illness.
Most patients notice severe hair loss two or three months after they have a fever or illness. Hair strands can fall out either during showering / washing the hair ornament or during combing. According to the quoted source, telogen effluvium can take six to nine months before it stops.
Even if a person has not developed a fever or COVID-19, it is still possible to notice this phenomenon of hair loss (telogen effluvium). Emotional stress can force a certain stage, in which more hairs than the normal number are forced to enter this stage. And in the pandemic months, many people felt more stressed and anxious, as studies have shown.
Don't know how to do something? Google helps you. Questions that start with "How" are very popular on Google. People trust Google, that's why everyone uses Google. They know they will get an explicit answer. Google is the page that gives you answers to all your questions, regardless of domain. That's why when you can't handle something or you're not sure, you turn to Google for help.
It seems that today, Google has all the answers in the world.
2020 searches are performed on several categories. The lists were created using a combination of several services and tools that give us a detailed picture of global and regional search trends.
Most of the data comes from Google Trends, a public service that shows the volume of searches across different geographic regions, time periods, and terms used. Here is the list of top questions sought with "Why" with answers from Bemorepanda.
1.How to draw
If you're looking to learn how to draw, Google got everything right here to get you started.On Google you'll find how to draw tutorials guaranteed to sharpen up your artistic skills, no matter what your ability.
There's everything from drawing parts of the human body, to animals, flowers and the environment. So that it's easy to navigate, we've split them into three different sections – you can use the jump links opposite to find the one you want.
2.How to make slime
How to make homemade slime
- Add glue and food coloring to bowl. Squeeze the bottle of glue into a bowl (photo 1). ...
- Mix in saline solution. Add 1 1/2 Tablespoons saline solution and mix until combined (photo 3). ...
- Knead the slime. Using your hands, knead the slime until it holds together. ...
- Store slime.
3.How to screenshot on mac
- To take a screenshot, press and hold these three keys together: Shift, Command, and 3.
- If you see a thumbnail in the corner of your screen, click it to edit the screenshot. Or wait for the screenshot to save to your desktop.
4.How to tie a tie
On this question, Google have million of videos as answer, so you can easily find the perfect one for you. In the end you'll have a perfect tie!
5.How many ounces in a cup
US recipes - cups to ounces · 1 US cup (236.59mL) = 8 US fluid ounces
6.How many weeks in a year
One year has approximatly 52 weeks.
7.How many ounces in a gallon
1 US fluid gallon is equal to 128 US fluid ounces (oz). To convert gallons to fluid ounces, multiply the gallon value by 128. For example, to calculate how many fluid ounces is 2 gallons of water, multiply 2 by 128, that makes 256 fl oz is 2 gallons of water.
8.How to lose weight
- Eat a high protein breakfast.
- Avoid sugary drinks and fruit juice.
- Drink water before meals.
- Choose weight-loss-friendly foods.
- Eat soluble fiber.
- Drink coffee or tea.
- Base your diet on whole foods.
- Eat slowly.
9.How long to boil eggs
- Place your eggs in a single layer on the bottom of your pot and cover with cold water.
- Over high heat, bring your eggs to a rolling boil.
- Remove from heat and let stand in water for 10-12 minutes for large eggs.
- Drain water and immediately run cold water over eggs until cooled.
10.How to unlock iphone
Only your carrier can unlock your iPhone. Contact your carrier and request an unlock. Your account might need to meet requirements for unlocking.
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20 people who found strange things next to them, but what it was they could only be explained on Reddit
People always strive to learn something new, but most of all, as a rule, they are interested in what is around them. And the more incomprehensible things people discover next to them, the more they want to know what it is. Moreover, it is also interesting to observe the search for the correct answers from the outside. Reddit has a community called “What is this thing,” where users gather their knowledge together to tell people about their findings. Sometimes the answers are found very quickly, sometimes not, but be that as it may, this is a real paradise for curious people. We have again collected 20 questions and answers for you to brighten up 5 minutes of your time and tell you about what you most likely have not encountered.
Question: "Very bright ultraviolet light in the metro area"
Answer: "This is a faulty LED flashlight that started to glow blue"
Another version was the so-called "anti-drug flashlight" found in the UK. Under ultraviolet light, veins are not visible, which supposedly should force drug addicts to look for other places to "rest".
Question: “What is such a toilet for? No additional information available. ”
Answer: "Vintage female urinal of the 1950s."
Question: “Found in Rochester, NY. Some kind of glass product with three legs. Remnants of the wire are visible below. There is a perforated copper plate at the bottom that appears to have a coiled wire”
Answer: "This is part of a vintage electric lighter"
Works just like a cigarette lighter in a car. Fun fact: Under UV light, this lighter glows a bright green light.
Question: "Some kind of thorny roller"
Answer: “This is a needle massager, which should improve blood circulation and relax muscles”
Moreover, on the German site it is called as “Russian”.
Question: “A gift that is over 10 years old.jars and metal stamps”
Answer: "This is a set of paints and stamps for bindi»
on the skin should apply Vaseline, lower stamped into powder and then apply it to the skin.
Question: "Wooden torch-shaped thing, the end is made in the shape of an onion with the correct notches cut into it"
Answer: "This is molinillo, the traditional cocoa and chocolate whisk used in South America."
Question: “Hidden camera in the air vent? Women's toilet in the restaurant. I want to make sure I'm not overreacting, but I don't think I've ever noticed this in the restrooms of other restaurants. Did my best to take the best picture possible, but did not want to stay too long so as not to raise the alarm "
Answer: “People who hide cameras in toilets do not hang bulbs on them so as not to attract attention. This is the air filter indicator. The light tells you when to replace the air filter without removing the grille. Hence the dust on it. "
Question: “A mug with a small cup on the side. The small cup has two holes on the inside. It looks like silver. The size of a regular mug "
Answer: “This is a mug to help patients take pills. You (or the nurse) put the pills in a small cup and bring it to your lips, knocking over the mug. Water enters the small cup through the slots and rinses the tablets into the patient's mouth "
Question: "This strange metal thing next to the playground"
Answer: “This is for a child's play. Children throw a ball into a hole at the top, and it falls out of some hole at the bottom "
Question: “Round hole in the wall with a button and a rubber seal. The hole in the wall goes up "
Answer: "This is a central tube that serves as a vacuum cleaner that was previously only found in luxury mansions."
When people did not have compact vacuum cleaners in their homes, the rich could afford the so-called central vacuum cleaner. Hoses were attached to this hole and people vacuumed the rooms. In especially luxurious houses, there were such “vacuum holes” in every room 🌪️
Question: “What is this strange structure in the middle of the river? There is no dam nearby, so I have no idea what it might be. No further information available. »
Answer: "This is the remaining foundation for the bridge that once was in this place."
Question: "Small keychain with metal discs inside"
Answer: “This is a personal dosimeter. These were used in the nuclear industry and were designed to estimate the dose of radiation received by a person during a nuclear accident. They have 4 different materials that change color depending on the dose of radiation received. "
Question: "What is this small cup inside the glass?"
Reply: “This is a prawn cocktail dish. The ice is placed on the bottom, the sauce is placed in the cup, the shrimp cling to the circumference of the glass. "
Question: “A porcelain plate with a handle. I found other similar cymbals on the Internet, but without a name, description, or other information. ”
Answer: “This is a lemon plate! It is necessary in order to offer guests lemon for tea. "
Question: "What kind of rubbish is growing out of the nail holes in the ceiling?"
Reply: “It's termite excrement. You have termites and you need to deal with them as soon as possible. "
50 most interesating and fun facts about the Roland Garros Tennis Championship that you need to know in 2022
“Roland Garros” is on the lips of everyone who is not indifferent to tennis, and especially in the second half of May and early June, when the French Open takes place - the unofficial world championship on clay courts. This name is given to the tennis stadium in Paris. However, not all tennis fans know the history of this name. The French championship at the beginning of the 19th century did not have a permanent residence permit and until 1928 was held on the courts of the capital's clubs "Racing Club de France", "l'île de Puteaux" and "Stade Francais".
In 1925 it was declared "International", after which it began to be considered as an unofficial world championship on clay courts. There were not enough courts at the existing tennis bases. The French Lawn Tennis Federation (FFLT) realized that the time had come to build a tennis stadium with more courts and grandstands and began to look for a place for it.
In 1928, the owner of the Stade Francais club (author's note - Located in the Parc Saint-Cloud - a suburb of Paris) Emile Lesieur agreed to donate part of his territory (3.25 hectares) for this purpose, but with one condition - the stadium must bear the name of the famous Frenchman Roland Garros, with whom he was on friendly terms since his studies at the HEC Paris business school (1906-1908), and during the First World War they were both pilots. In addition, Garros played for the club's rugby team - the most titled at that time. The condition was accepted. And not only the stadium was named Roland Garros, but the French Championship itself (Internationaux de France, French Open) began to be called by the same name.
1. Roland Garros, which by the way is called the French Open only outside of France, was not always open. The tournament was first held in 1891, and then only men, members of French tennis clubs, could participate in it.
2. A women's rank was added in 1897, and foreign athletes were able to compete on French courts in 1925.
3. Men are winning the Musketeers Cup, named after the "Four Musketeers' ' Jacques Brugnon, Jean Borotra, Henri Cochet and René Lacoste, who brought France its first Davis Cup victory in 1927. Women get the Suzanne Lenglen Cup, named after the French tennis player who at the beginning of the 20th century won 12 Grand Slam singles tournaments and was an Olympic champion.
4. The tournament bears the name of the French pilot and aviator Roland Garros, who participated in the First World War.
5. Garros was the first to cross the Mediterranean in an airplane, and invented a machine gun that could be mounted behind a propeller and fired without damaging it. Well, besides this, Garros loved rugby and, of course, tennis. The pilot was a member of one of the French tennis clubs and regularly went to the court while studying in Paris.
6. First, the arena that hosts the French Open was named after him, and then the entire tournament.
7. The arena, which bears the name of Roland Garros, was built specifically in 1928 for the French tennis team, which had won the Davis Cup a year earlier and was supposed to defend the title against the US team. There were simply no other suitable structures in France.
8. When the stadium was built, it was handed over to the French Tennis Federation on the condition that it would bear the name of the famous pilot.
9. This is the smallest arena of all that hosts Grand Slam tournaments, and the organizers plan to reconstruct it in 2016.
10. It was Roland Garros that became the first Grand Slam tournament, which allowed both professional and amateur tennis players to take part in competitions. This happened in 1968.
11. The tournament has been held since 1891, but during the Second World War, the competition was still interrupted. However, even in wartime conditions, small tennis tournaments were held in France. Only the French could participate in them.
12. The question of moving Roland Garros to another city was raised, but the unequivocal decision was made that the tournament should remain in Paris.
13. This is the only Grand Slam tournament that takes place on clay, and the participants require special stamina - the balls fly slower and higher, and good preparation is needed to stay in the game.
14. In addition, the clay surface deprives the masters of the serve, for example, Andy Roddick, during his career at Roland Garros, could not go beyond 4 rounds.
15. The hosts of the Parisian courts cannot boast a long list of achievements. Only three girls and two men have won Roland Garros in singles.
16. The last winner with a French passport was Mary Pierce, who won the tournament in 2000. In men, the last victory of the hosts dates back to 1983 - it was won by Yannick Noah.
17. Yannick Noah was not only the last French winner of the Roland Garros, but also the first black winner of this tournament. His son Joachim Noah did not become a tennis player and plays basketball, he currently plays for the Chicago Bulls NBA team.
18. In women, the first black winner was American Atea Gibson. She won the competition in 1956, the same year she also won the doubles Roland Garros. In addition, she is the first black winner of Wimbledon.
19. Roland Garros, like many major tournaments, has its own museum, which is called "tennisseum". It was opened in 2003 and covers 2200 square meters.
20. This is the first multimedia museum dedicated to tennis, with almost 4,400 hours of audiovisual programs on the history of the tournament, the oldest of which date back to 1897.
21. In addition to multimedia materials, the museum also presents ordinary exhibits. For example, more than 100 rackets, the oldest of which date back to the 50s of the XX century.
22. The youngest winner in 1989 was the American Michael Chang, at that time he was 17 years and 3 months old. In the women's category, the youngest winner is an American of Yugoslav origin, Monica Seles. In 1990, she won the tournament at the age of 16 years and 6 months.
23. Roland Garros record holders for the number of victories are Chris Evert in women and Rafael Nadal. Both won on the Parisian courts 7 times.
24. Spaniard Nadal won in 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011 and 2012. American Chris Evert won the tournament in 1974, 1975, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1985, and 1986.
25. Nadal won the French Open 4 times in a row (as did Bjorn Borg, who won a total of 6 victories at Roland Garros) and defended the title in the 2013 season. In the women's part of the tournament, the current winner is Russian Maria Sharapova.
26. In 1891, the Union of French Societies of Athletic Sports (USFSA) organized the first French tennis championship, which took place within one day in Paris on the clay courts of the Racing Club. The tournament did not arouse much interest either among tennis players or among spectators, since only the French or members of French tennis clubs were allowed to participate. But by the beginning of the twentieth century, the championship became the largest French tournament.
27. However, in 1912, the number of participants decreased sharply, as a new World Clay Tennis Championship appeared, organized in cooperation with the Stade Français club. After 11 years, this tournament exhausts itself, which leads to the resumption of the previous championship of France. In 1925, foreign players were admitted to the championship for the first time, and it acquired the status of the French Open. Tournaments start at the same time on the courts of Stade Français and Racing Club.
28. In 1927, the magnificent French four Jacques Brunion, Jean Borotra, Henri Cochet and Rene Lacoste, whom the press and fans called only the “four musketeers”, defeated American tennis players in the Davis Cup. The rematch was supposed to take place in the home of the Musketeers, and such a major sporting event required a stadium of a decent standard. The Stade Français club is donating three hectares of land to the French Tennis Federation in Porte d'Auteuil, a suburb of Paris.
29. The only stipulation was that the new stadium would bear the name of former French hero club member and military pilot Roland Garros, the first person to fly non-stop across the Mediterranean and who died just five weeks before the end of the First World War. In May 1928, the opening of the stadium took place, on the courts of which a few weeks later the French championship was held, and then the long-awaited rematch with the Americans took place. Since that time, the French Open has received a permanent registration and became the fourth Grand Slam tournament. In 1968, the French were the first of the big four to allow professional players onto their courts.
30. In 1974, 18-year-old Bjorn Borg and 19-year-old Chris Evert won in Paris. These two victories marked the beginning of a new era. From 1974 to 1981, the Swede won the championship six times, and the American won seven titles between 1974 and 1986. These successes have made tennis players Roland Garros record holders. In terms of the total number of victories won in all categories, the best are the Frenchman Henri Cochet (nine titles) and the Australian Margaret Smith Court (13 titles).
31. In 1983, 37 years after the victory of Marcel Bernard, to the delight of all France, their compatriot Yannick Noah won. And the last Frenchwoman to win in Paris was Marie Pierce in 2000. In total, French athletes have won 16 titles in the 85-year history of the Open Championship (ten men, six women). The champions among men are the Spaniards (13 titles), and among women, the Americans are out of competition (27 times).
32. In 1989, the tournament was won by Michael Chang. He is only 17 years old, becoming the youngest champion of the French Open and the first American in 34 years (the last was Tony Trabert in 1955). Among the girls, the youngest champion is Monica Seles (16 years 6 months).
33. Monica is also the third tennis player in the history of the French Open, who managed to win the tournament three times in a row (1990-92). Helen Wills-Moody (1928-30) and Hilde Sperling (1935-37) did it before her. In the future, this achievement will be able to repeat Justine Henin (2005-07). The record among men is four victories in a row. Two managed to do this - Bjorn Borg (1978-81) and Rafael Nadal (2005-08).
34. Helen Wills-Moody holds another record - she has not lost a single set in all four championships she has won. Bjorn Borg (1978, 1980), Rafael Nadal (2008, 2010) and Justine Henin (2006-07) each have two such championships.
35. Most victories on the courts of Paris won: for men - Guillermo Vilas (56 wins in 73 matches), for women - Steffi Graf (84 wins in 94 matches).
36. The record holders for the longest matches in the championship are the French: for men - Fabrice Santoro - Arnaud Clement 6:4, 6:3, 6:7, 3:6, 16:14 (2004, 393 min.), And for women - Virginie Busson - Noel van Lotton 6:7, 7:5, 6:2 (1995, 247 min.).
40. The shortest final was played in 1988, when Steffi Graf defeated Natasha Zvereva - 6:0, 6:0 (34 min.) The German woman also holds the record for the longest final (1996), in which she defeated Arancha Sanchez - Vicario 6:3, 6:7, 10:8 (184 min.) Among men, the longest final was played in 1982 - Mats Wilander - Guillermo Vilas 1:6, 7:6, 6:0, 6:4 (282 min.).
41. In 1993, 12-year-old Martina Hingis at Roland Garros became the youngest champion in the history of junior Grand Slam tournaments. It's a paradox, but it is the French championship that will remain a white spot in her professional career. Among men, the main loser of Paris is considered to be the great Pete Sampras.
42. In 1997, Gustavo Kuerten won in Paris, being the 66th racket of the world. It was the first professional title in the Brazilian's career. In 2001, he won the tournament for the third time and became the first champion of Roland Garros, who had to play match points on the way to the title.
43. Three years later, another unseeded player, Gaston Gaudio, will win a sensational championship victory, while winning back two championship points. In total, in the history of the championship, only four men won without being seeded players.
44. Among women, the only unseeded champion was Margaret Scriven (1933). Until last year, this was the only time that a tennis player not included in the Top 10 seeding became the champion.
45. The record holder for the number of performances in Paris is the Frenchwoman Natalie Tosia (18 times).
46. The 1998 Men's Championship went down in history as the first Grand Slam tournament in the Open Era in which only one of the top eight seeds made it past the second round. In addition, at the French Open, it has not yet happened that a tennis player who made his way to the main draw through qualification defeated the current champion: Marat Safin - Gustavo Kuerten 3:6, 7:6, 3:6, 6:1, 6:4.
47. In the same year, the Williams sisters played their first Grand Slam final. In the mixed doubles competition, the victory went to the eldest: Venus, paired with Justin Gimelstob, defeated Serena and Luis Lobo 6:4, 6:4.
48. Russian finals were played twice in Paris: in 2004, Anastasia Myskina beat Elena Dementieva 6:1, 6:2, and in 2009 Svetlana Kuznetsova defeated Dinara Safina 6:4, 6:2. And the first Russian woman to win the Roland Garros was Olga Morozova, who won the doubles title in 1974. In total, Russian tennis players have won seven titles. Yevgeny Kafelnikov became the champion in singles (1996) and won three times in doubles. Evgenia Manyukova and Andrey Olkhovsky won the mixed doubles competition (1993).
49. Roland Garros is considered the most romantic Grand Slam tournament. As many believe, this is facilitated by the nearby Bois de Boulogne and the special Parisian aura. More than one tennis romance happened here. And the biggest love story was born in 1999, when Andre Agassi and Steffi Graf were celebrating their victories.
50. Pink geranium has always been an indispensable attribute of the center courts of the stadium. However, in the middle of the last decade, for unknown reasons, this color began to annoy some tennis leaders, and the geranium bloomed its current red color.
Now it is difficult to imagine the football life of Europe without such a tournament as the Champions League. However, the history of this tournament is not much more than 50 years old.
Preparations for the first draw of the most prestigious European club trophy started a month after the first UEFA Congress, held on March 2, 1955 in Vienna. Interestingly, the idea of organizing the "European Cup" did not belong to the football union.
At that time, members of the football union were concerned about the organization of tournaments with national teams, and the editor of the French sports newspaper L'Equipe ("Equipe") Gabriel Hanot suggested the creation of a club tournament on a European scale. !December 6, 1954, the next issue of the newspaper came out with a catchy "hat" - "We offer the football European Cup." Ano and his colleague Jacques Ferrand proposed to play the matches of the new tournament on Wednesday evening.
Ano's proposal received a favorable response from most of Europe's top teams. Already in January 1955, the editors of "Ekip" sent out to all European clubs and football associations the regulation on the draw, which, with minor changes, was valid until the beginning of the 90s. On April 2, sixteen representatives of European club football gathered in Paris and signed a document on the birth of a new competition - the European Champions Cup.
Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts about the UEFA Champions League.
1. France is the country with the most players (471)
2. Players from 124 nationalities participated in matches
3. Daniel Amokachi - scorer of the first goal (11/25/1992 Brugge-CSKA 1:0)
4. Lionel Messi and Luis Adriano have scored the most goals in one match (5)
5. Francesco Totti is the oldest goalscorer (38 years and 59 days)
6. Celestine Babayaro - the youngest debutant (16 years and 87 days)
7. Raul is the youngest hat-tricker at the age of 18 years 114 days (10/18/1995 Real Madrid 6-1 Ferencváros (24, 25, 84 minutes)
8. 13 Spanish teams have participated in at least one Champions League (Atletico, Atlético, Barcelona, Betis, Valencia, Villarreal, Deportivo, Málaga, Mallorca, Real Madrid, Real Sociedad, Sevilla, Celta)
9. Luis Figo and Ruud Van Nistelrooy have scored the most penalties (10)
10. Manchester United - team with the most draws (52 times)
11. Most own goals scored by Barcelona (9)
According to the rules agreed by the organizers, participation in the drawing of the champions of individual countries was not mandatory at first. The L'Equipe team considered that it would be more profitable to invite the most popular clubs to participate in the tournament.
June 21, 1955 The UEFA Emergency Committee decides to organize a tournament called the European Cup. It is noteworthy that by this moment even the pairs of teams of the 1/8 finals had already been named - the only case when the composition of the pairs was determined not by a draw, but by the organizers. Despite the name, not all participants represented the champions of their countries, and many national federations refused to delegate their representatives to the European Cup. Among those who refused were the founders of football, the British, as well as the USSR.
So, 16 teams participated in the first draw, divided at the discretion of the organizers into eight pairs (drawing lots were already held at the subsequent stages). The first match of the European Cup took place on September 4, 1955 in Lisbon. The honor to open a new competition fell to the local "Sporting" and the Belgrade "Partizan". In the debut match of the new tournament, "Sporting" and "Partizan" scored each other three goals. In the second leg in Belgrade, the Yugoslavs celebrated the victory with a score of 5: 2, and they advanced to the next round.). The Portuguese striker Martins became the author of the first goal scored in the 14th minute after the start of the match.
The first Champions Cup final was played in Paris on June 13, 1956 between the teams Stade de Reims and Real Madrid (Madrid) and ended with a score of 3:4, in favor of Madrid.
During the first five draws, the best club team was the Spanish "Real" (Madrid), which was a kind of team made up of the "stars" of South American and European football. He had the longest winning streak, subsequently winning the trophy after another 5 years, however, he had to wait 32 years for the next win, when in 1998 he finally won the Champions League Cup.
In addition to Real Madrid, Ajax and Bayern had a series of victories, and Liverpool won four victories between 1977 and 1984 with four almost different compositions.
12. Marco Van Basten - the author of the first hat-trick in the Champions League (11/25/1992 Milan-Gothenburg)
13. Glasgow Rangers - the team that won the first away victory (09.12.1992 CSKA-Glasgow Rangers 0:1). Although formally the meeting was held in Bochum (Germany)
14. Donetsk Shakhtar - the author of the biggest away victory 7:0
15. Real Madrid have not scored the most penalties (11)
16. Most referees sent off players against Barcelona (29 times)
17. Real Madrid is the team with the most wins in a single competition (12 - 2001/2002)
18. Maccabi Haifa (2009/2010) and Deportivo (2005/2005) didn't score a single goal
19. Iker Casillas is the player with the most starts (149 times) and the most finisher (145 times)
20. Alessandro Nesta - player who has not scored in 99 matches
The turning point in the development of the tournament is the 1992/93 season, when the Champions League came to replace the Champions Cup. The group stage tested a year before was added to the playoff stages. The growth in popularity has led to the fact that the number of participants in the main draw of the tournament has grown over time from 16 to 32. Champions League matches are played on Tuesdays and Wednesdays.
The popularity of the European Cup and the number of its participants grew every year, and soon two more tournaments appeared in Europe - the Cup Winners' Cup (now merged with the UEFA Cup) and the Fairs Cup (now the UEFA Cup).
There are three qualifying rounds. They involve the champions of those countries that have a "low" football level, as well as teams from countries of a "high" football level that have not taken the necessary places to get into the main draw automatically. The participating teams are divided into pairs and play two matches according to UEFA rules (home and away matches). Teams that are defeated in the 1st and 2nd qualifying rounds on aggregate leave the tournament. If a football club loses in the 3rd quarter. round, he advances to the 1st round of the UEFA Cup. Teams that successfully pass the qualifying rounds enter the main draw of the Champions League.
The group stage is the first stage of the Champions League main draw. 32 European teams play here. Participants are divided into 8 groups of 4 teams each (groups A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H). Each football club must play with opponents in the group twice (home and away matches). Teams that take first and second place in their group go to the 1/8 finals of the Champions League. The third-placed football club continues to play in Europe, namely, in 1/16 of the UEFA Cup.
16 teams participate in the 1/8 finals. Participants are divided into pairs, two matches are played according to the rules of UEFA (home and away matches). The winner of the pair advances to the quarter-finals, and the winners of the quarter-finals to the semi-finals. Matches 1/4 and 1/2 finals of the Champions League are held by analogy with the 1/8 finals. Only in 1/4 there are already 8 teams (4 pairs), and in 1/2 - 4 teams (two pairs). The winners of the two semi-final pairs meet in the final, where they will compete for the most important and prestigious football trophy in Europe.
The final consists of one match. The venue for the final is determined long before the start of the Champions League tournament. In case of a draw after the end of normal time, two more halves of 15 minutes are added before the Silver goal. If the score remains tied after two added halves, the match is decided in a penalty shoot-out. The winner of the Champions League receives a cup, which you can find out about on this website in the section "About the main trophy"
21. Vanden Borre - 23 consecutive unbeaten player
22. Xavi is the player with the most wins (91)
23. Raul was the first to play 100 Champions League matches
24. Cristiano Ronaldo opened the scoring most times in matches (29 times)
25. Biggest win in tournament history - Liverpool-Besiktas 8-0 (06.11.2007)
26. Carles Puyol as captain has won the most trophy - 3 times
27. Roy Makaay - the author of the fastest goal 10.12 seconds (03/07/2007 Bayern-Real Madrid)
28. Milan most played in finals (6 times), Bayern, Barcelona and Juventus (5 times), Real Madrid and Manchester United 4 times each
29. Juventus lost the most finals (4 times), Milan and Bayern 3 times each
30. Real Madrid (4) and Porto (1) have never lost a final
31. Cristiano Ronaldo has scored the most in one competition - 17 goals (2013/2014)
32. The biggest difference in the final - Milan-Barcelona (4:0) 05/18/1994
33. Liverpool-Milan (3:3) - the most productive final (05/25/2005)
34. 5 players scored doubles in finals - Daniele Massaro (1993/1994), Karl Heinz Riedle (1996/1997), Hernan Crespo (2004/2005), Filippo Inzaghi (2006/2007), Diego Milito (2009/2010)
35. 4 players scored in two finals - Raul (1999/2000 and 2001/2002), Cristiano Ronaldo (2007/2008 and 2013/2014), Lionel Messi (2008/2009 and 2010/2011), Samuel Eto'o (2005 /2006 and 2008/2009)
36. Carlo Ancelotti has won the trophy three times (2002/2003, 2006/2007 with Milan and 2013/2014 with Real Madrid)
37. Coaches who won the trophy with different teams - Otmar Hitzfeld (Borussia Dortmund 1996/1997 and Bayern Munich 2000/2001), Jupp Heynckess (Real Madrid 1997/1998 and Bayern Munich 2012/2013), José Mourinho (Porto 2003/2004 and Inter 2009 /2010), Carlo Ancelotti (Milan 2002/2003, 2006/2007 and Real Madrid 2013/2014)
38. The oldest winning coach - Raymond Gutals (71 years and 232 days)
39. 6 times the winner was determined in a penalty shootout - Juventus-Ajax (1995/1996), Bayern-Valencia (2000/2001), Milan-Juventus (2002/2003), Liverpool-Milan (2004/2005), Manchester United-Chelsea (2007/2008), Chelsea-Bayern (2011/2012)
40. 1 time winner determined in extra time - Real Madrid-Atletico 2013/2014 (4:1)
41. The oldest field player - Alessandro Costacurta 40 years and 213 days (21.11.2006 AEK - Milan 1:0)
42. Clarence Seedorf is the only one to win the Champions League with 3 different clubs (Ajax 1994/1995, Real Madrid 1997/1998, Milan 2002/2003, 2006/2007)
43. Frank Rijkaard is the only one to have won the Champions League as a player (Ajax 1994/1995) and coach (Barcelona 2005/2006)
44. Final Milan-Liverpool (2004/2005, 2006/2007) and Barcelona-Manchester United (2008/2009, 2010/2011) played twice