30 things that were actually invented long before we thought
Some of the concepts stated in antiquity were the basis for the invention of objects that we use today.
Many of the objects we use today were invented thousands of years ago by the enlightened minds of the ancient world. Among peoples such as Egyptians, Greeks or Romans, there were individuals who came up with brilliant ideas, which revolutionized the way of thinking of the societies in which they lived. Some of the concepts stated in antiquity were the basis for the invention of objects that we use today.
9.Degenerate modern society
20 people with outstanding noses, some of whom were able to accept their zest, while others are on the way to it
Each of us is unique and inimitable, because even identical twins have their own distinctive features, proving that each person is a one-of-a-kind snowflake. That is why it is so important to accept and love all parts of your body, regardless of whether they are close to the standardized form or not. Today we want to share with you photos of people with prominent noses, some of whom were able to accept their peculiarity, and others only on the way to this.
"I usually wear big glasses to make my nose look smaller in comparison."
"Thanks to people who share pictures of their noses, I learned to appreciate all noses and even consider my own beautiful."
"Still working on self-acceptance"
"I was always ashamed of my nose, but decided that I would try to love it."
"Lately, I've become more appreciative of my nose."
I decided not to have rhinoplasty and I have no regrets."
"I just love my nose at the moment!"
"Yes, I am the same person who likes the hump on the nose, and I have it!"
"For a long time I received offensive comments about my nose, and I did not like it, but at the moment I would not change it for any other, because it suits me so well!"
"I really like my nose! I hope all people with zest will one day understand that they are beautiful and unique!"
"I was told that I shouldn't wear big glasses because they will accentuate my nose. So ... I bought the biggest ones I could find!"
"I like my big long nose in profile, but it looks odd and asymmetrical from the front."
"Proof of the size of my nostrils to you unbelievers"
"I'm just proud of my nose"
"I don't like him, but I hope one day we come to a truce."
"My outstanding Italian nose"
"I think my big nose fits my face perfectly!"
"I hope rhinoplasty will change my life"
"Now I like him"
"I love and hate my nose, but lately I've started to accept it more and more."
Millions of people around the world are hoping for the opportunity to get vaccinated against coronavirus in the near future. At the same time, many people doubt, because on the one hand, they would like to protect themselves from infection, and, on the other hand, they fear the side effects of vaccination. People are concerned about whether vaccines developed in such a short time are safe enough and whether the potential side effects have been sufficiently studied.
What reactions to the vaccine are considered normal, what side effects can occur? And do I need to be vaccinated at all? Bemorepanda collected some side effects of each of the vaccines.
Common reaction to vaccination
It is normal for the body to respond to the vaccine in a certain way: the injection site may become red, swollen, or painful. In the first three days after vaccination, a person may feel weak, he may have a fever, headache and joint pain. These symptoms are mild and go away after a couple of days. They show that the vaccine works, it stimulates the immune system and encourages the body to defend itself against the "false" infection for which the injected drug is mistaken.
Similar reactions have been reported with the use of vaccines from the German company BioNTech and the American Pfizer, the British AstraZeneca, the American Moderna and the Russian Sputnik V.
Rare cases of severe side effects
In some rare cases, the vaccine has caused severe side effects, such as allergic shock. In general, certified vaccines, according to the European Medicines Agency (EMA), the FDA and the World Health Organization (WHO), are safe or they would not be approved for use.
Some new vaccines differ significantly from the classical ones, these are the so-called mRNA vaccines (mRNA), which generate an immune response at the gene level. Such vaccines contain a viral molecule - messenger RNA (mRNA), enclosed in a lipid nanoparticle. Once in the body, mRNA enters the cell and begins to synthesize pathogenic-specific antigens that cause an immune response.
Others, so-called live recombinant (vector) vaccines, use human-safe or attenuated viruses (vectors).
They have a built-in gene - a small section of the SARS-CoV-2 genome. Vectors serve as carriers of pathogens for delivery into cells. Once there, the genetically modified viruses multiply inside the cells and trigger an immune response against the SARS-CoV-2 proteins.
Risks and side effects of BioNTech and Pfizer vaccine
During clinical trials, the BNT162b2 vaccine did not cause any serious side effects in its participants. A typical reaction to vaccination such as weakness and headache in elderly patients was rare and mostly mild.
Since the start of vaccination with this drug, the vaccine has caused a severe allergic reaction in a small number of patients. One American and two British people suffered from anaphylactic shock (a state of severe hypersensitivity), accompanied by reddening of the skin and shortness of breath. Therefore, the British health authorities have warned allergy sufferers of the dangers of vaccinations.
Risks and side effects of Moderna vaccine
The mRNA-1273 vaccine of the American company Moderna also contains a viral molecule, in its composition it is very similar to the drug BioNTech and Pfizer. During clinical trials, its participants, according to the manufacturer and control authorities, tolerated the vaccine well. The post-vaccination reaction was mild and short-lived. At the same time, weakness was registered in 9.7% of people vaccinated with mRNA-1273.
A small number of study participants had an allergic reaction to the vaccine, and in isolated cases, facial nerve palsy. However, it is not known if this reaction is directly related to vaccination. There is an assumption that the side reaction is not caused by mRNA, but by a lipid nanoparticle, which serves as a carrier of pathogenic organisms for delivery to cells and later excreted from the body.
Risks and side effects of AstraZeneca vaccine
During the clinical trials of the vaccine of the British-Swedish company AstraZeneca, an incident occurred: one of the participants developed spinal cord inflammation after being vaccinated. The study was interrupted until a group of independent experts determined that the inflammation was not related to the vaccine.
Vaccination with AstraZeneca vaccine caused typical reactions in patients: pain at the injection site, headache and muscle pain. Delivery reactions in elderly patients were less frequent and milder. In this case, we are talking about a vector vaccine.
Risks and side effects of the Russian Sputnik V vaccine
The Sputnik V vaccine was registered in Russia in August 2020, before the third phase of clinical trials involving tens of thousands of people. Sputnik V uses two modified adenoviruses, rAd26-S and rAd5-S.
The expert community was critical of the development of the Moscow National Research Center named after N. Gamaleya, because in the published results of the study in the scientific journal Lancet, scientists identified suspicious repetitions that could indicate manipulation.
Despite this, Sputnik V is already being used in a number of countries, not only in Russia, but also in Belarus, the United Arab Emirates, as well as in Brazil, India and Argentina.
On January 2, the Minister of Health of the Russian Federation Mikhail Murashko announced that 1.5 million doses of vaccine had been delivered to the Russian regions, more than 800 thousand people had already been vaccinated. According to the Russian Ministry of Health, only common post-vaccination reactions, such as headache and fever, are recorded in patients. In Argentina, according to health authorities, similar reactions to the vaccine were detected in 317 out of 32 thousand people who received the vaccine.
There are no reports of severe side effects from the Sputnik V vaccine. However, in Russia, a significant number of people are suspicious of this vaccine. According to Reuters, a survey of 3,040 physicians and people working in the healthcare system showed that 52% of them do not want to get vaccinated due to lack of information.
Is it worth putting yourself at risk by getting vaccinated?
Everyone should answer this question for himself, weighing all the risks and benefits. More important to me is the ability to protect myself and others from contracting the coronavirus and get back to normal - or does the risks of new and not yet fully researched vaccines outweigh the risks?
All of the side effects identified so far are just a reflection of the knowledge gained in just a few months. This must be recognized for all the euphoria of the rapid development of vaccines. Nothing is known about the possible long-term side effects of individual vaccines. Knowledge of this will accumulate through the long-term research that accompanies vaccination campaigns in many countries. At the moment, there is no information about rare, possibly severe side effects, for example, in rare chronic diseases, in certain risk groups, as well as in allergy sufferers.
Such side effects can only be detected and studied with a large number of people who have received the vaccine and over a long period of observation. "There is therefore a residual risk," says Christian Bogdan, director of the Institute for Clinical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene at the University Hospital Erlangen.
Do you want your mornings to be starting points for successful days? And you can have great and productive mornings by putting into practice the following tips offered by Bemorepanda, 10 things that really successful people do:
1. If you want to be on the wave from the first hour, staying up at night is not a good start.
Sheryl Sandberg, director at Facebook, is one of the busiest women in the world. In an interview with USA Today, she revealed one of her secrets for productive mornings: she makes sure she has quality sleep. Sheryl confessed that it is difficult for her to disconnect from all devices, but she always turns off her phone so as not to be disturbed during the night. Habits such as reducing the intensity of light, sleeping at reasonable hours and relaxing before bed can have a huge influence on the quality of sleep.
2. They wake up early.
Oprah Winfrey is a truly successful person. She wakes up normally at 6 o'clock. A normal day for her means arriving at the office at 6.30. Almost without exception, successful people wake up early. Many say they wake up between 5 and 6. Waking up early is a great solution especially for those who work from home or have small children, because they can work without interruption. Another benefit of waking up early may be the time available for spiritual challenges or exercise.
It is important to take care of your mental health when using your brain to its full capacity throughout the day. Many successful entrepreneurs use meditation for relaxation. In a LinkedIn Pulse article, Jeff Weiner, CEO of LinkedIn, describes how a meditation app helped him create a daily routine. This brings him major benefits and gives him a feeling of well-being.
4. Avoid using coffee immediately.
Jack Dorsey, CEO of Twitter and Square, revealed that his morning routine includes waking up at 5 o'clock, then exercising and meditating. Only then does he go to his favorite cafe. It may seem tempting to resort to a cup of coffee as soon as you get out of bed, but successful people know that caffeine is not the best solution to mobilize immediately.
5. Have a healthy breakfast.
Another person with important achievements is Richard Branson, founder of Virgin Group. He is famous for the attention he pays to his eating habits. In a question and answer session for the American Express OPEN Forum, Branson states that he usually eats muesli fruit salad for breakfast. Because of the busy schedule, it is often tempting to skip breakfast, but a healthy breakfast is an important way to give your body the fuel it needs in the morning. Whole grains and fruits are good options.
We all know how important exercise is for our physical and mental health. But exercise can be different from what we normally mean by this. Shonda Rhimes, executive producer of Grey's Anatomy, says her mornings include "dancing parties with Beyoncé." A few minutes of intense dancing is a great way to start your day. Exercise in the morning also has a positive effect on the brain. Studies have shown that the whole metabolism is improved during the day if you exercise in the morning.
7. Dress simply.
You might think that choosing clothes is not important for your morning routine. However, eliminating the stress that comes with finding the right clothes can increase your performance over the course of the day. Mark Zuckerberg, the founder of Facebook, is famous for his simple clothing style: pants and T-shirt. Zuckerberg explained in an interview that he prefers to keep his mental energy for important decisions and decided to wear the same type of clothes every day. Barack Obama's costumes and Steve Jobs' sweater are other relevant examples. Maybe you can't afford to go to work in a T-shirt and jeans, but you can simplify your wardrobe to make it easier to choose your clothes in the morning.
8. They set their priorities for the next day.
Successful people don't waste time. Time is precious, so being organized in the morning is a priority for Arianna Huffington, founder of the Huffington Post and Thrive Global. Huffington uses his mornings to set his priorities. In an interview with My Morning Routine, he said he wakes up early, exercises and sets his priorities. This allows him to approach things in an orderly manner. Having a well-established plan for the next day, even if unexpected elements appear along the way, is a good practice because it helps you stick to important things and not be distracted by less essential tasks.
9. They set their own pace.
Opinions vary when it comes to starting new tasks. Some recommend tackling heavier tasks at first, some recommend starting with lighter things. Gretchen Rubin, founder of The Happiness Project, begins her work day by addressing routine issues such as checking email. In an interview with today.com, she stated that it is easier for her to start with lighter activities. This prepares her for the more difficult tasks that follow. To be more efficient, you need to figure out what pace suits you.
10. Manage to do several things at the same time.
A study from Stanford University showed that multitasking makes you less efficient at work. But there are ways to make multitasking work for you in your morning routine. According to the New York Times, Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft, combines running on a treadmill with watching DVDs. Listening to audio books while exercising is a good way to increase your level of knowledge. The things you hear in the morning allow the brain to digest information during the day.
The COVID-19 vaccine will be a critical tool that, combined with effective testing and existing preventive measures, will help bring the pandemic under control. Experts around the world are working hard to accelerate the development and production of a safe and effective vaccine. Bemorepanda answers some important questions aboutthe vaccine.
UNICEF is committed to delivering COVID-19 vaccines to 92 countries through the COVAX Mechanism, a unique initiative to produce and centrally procure COVID-19 vaccines. It works with governments and manufacturers to make vaccines available to both wealthy and low-income countries. As part of the global distribution, doses of vaccines have been reserved for the Republic of Tajikistan, which will be delivered to the country in the near future. The first batch of vaccines will contain 732 thousand doses of the AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccine. Priority populations to be vaccinated first include health and social workers, citizens over 50 and people with chronic noncommunicable diseases.
At the same time, the threat to children from COVID-19 is enormous, and it goes far beyond the immediate physical consequences of the disease. Continued or reintroduced isolation measures seriously affect children's access to basic health services. As a result, declining coverage of routine health services and an impending recession threaten the health and future of an entire generation of children. Below are answers to some of the most common questions parents may have about a potential COVID-19 vaccine.
1. What types of COVID-19 vaccines are being developed? How will they proceed?
Scientists are developing many potential COVID-19 vaccines, all designed to teach the body's immune system to safely recognize and block the virus that causes COVID-19. The different types of vaccines include:
Inactivated or attenuated viral vaccines that use a type of virus that does not cause disease but still elicits an immune response
Protein vaccines, which are a protein or protein fragment of COVID-19 that safely induce an immune response
Viral vector vaccines that use a virus designed so that it cannot cause disease, but produces COVID-19 proteins for a safe viral response
RNA and DNA vaccines, a novel approach that provides "instructions" for cells to create a protein that safely induces an immune response
2. What benefit will getting the COVID-19 vaccine bring?
COVID-19 is easily transmitted and can lead to serious illness and death, even for young and healthy people.
COVID-19 vaccines will be approved for use in the Republic of Tajikistan only if large, rigorous and rigorous scientific research shows they can safely reduce the risk of COVID-19 infection.
Scientists are investigating whether people who receive the COVID-19 vaccine will be less likely to transmit the COVID-19 virus to others. If this is the case, then vaccination can be a powerful way not only to protect yourself, but society as a whole.
3. How do we know if COVID-19 vaccines are safe?
There are many stringent safeguards that can help keep COVID-19 vaccines safe. Like all vaccines, COVID-19 vaccines must go through a rigorous multi-step testing process, including research involving tens of thousands of people. These trials, which involve people at high risk of contracting COVID-19, are specifically designed to look for any common side effects or other safety concerns.
Once the results of clinical trials become available, a number of steps will need to be taken, including an efficacy and safety review to obtain regulatory approvals and public health policy before a vaccine can be introduced. Once the COVID-19 vaccine is introduced, it will be closely monitored at all times for any unexpected side effects.
4. Will COVID-19 vaccines provide long-term protection?
Initial results from some vaccine trials have shown very encouraging results. Research is ongoing to obtain more information on how long these vaccines will provide protection. However, it is encouraging that the available evidence suggests that most people who recover from COVID-19 develop an immune response that provides at least some protection against reinfection - although we are still studying how strong this protection is and for how long. she will last.
It is also not clear how many doses of COVID-19 vaccine will be needed. Early data from clinical trials indicate that some vaccines will require two doses.
5. Will vaccinations against other diseases help protect me from COVID-19?
There is currently no evidence that vaccines for other diseases will protect against COVID-19. However, scientists are studying whether some of them - such as the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine, used to prevent tuberculosis - will also be effective at protecting against COVID-19 or not. For now, however, no other vaccine is recommended to protect against COVID-19.
6. How quickly can COVID-19 vaccines cope with the pandemic?
We do not know how quickly COVID-19 vaccines could have tackled the pandemic. This will depend on many factors, such as the level of effectiveness of the vaccines, how quickly they are approved and manufactured, how many people get vaccinated, and continued compliance with measures such as physical distancing, hand washing and the use of masks.
7. When will COVID-19 vaccines be ready for distribution?
The Government of the Republic of Tajikistan is currently working to obtain the most suitable and safe vaccines against COVID-19 and will keep the public informed of any further changes.
Many potential COVID-19 vaccines are currently being studied to determine if they are safe and effective. Large studies of some of these vaccines have shown promising preliminary results and it is likely that additional studies will be announced soon.
Once a vaccine has proven to be safe and effective, it must be approved by the national regulatory authority / ministry of health before it can be introduced in a country.
8. Will there be enough COVID-19 vaccines for everyone? If not, who gets them first?
Initially, the supply of vaccines against COVID-19 to the country will be limited, that is, the vaccination process will be carried out in stages, taking into account high-risk groups. In accordance with the plan of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan on the introduction of vaccines, the initial target groups will include:
Frontline healthcare workers (doctors, nurses, paramedics) - It is important to vaccinate frontline healthcare workers first, not only to protect them from disease, but so that they can continue to serve the masses and continue to fight the pandemic.
Elderly people aged 60 and over who are in a group with a high incidence rate.
People with concomitant diseases aged 20 and older (HIV, diabetes, tuberculosis, hypertension, chronic respiratory diseases, coronary heart disease, cancer).
Once enough doses have been received, the government will call for vaccination of all those who are eligible. In the short term, it is important that everyone - including those who are vaccinated - continue to follow all available measures to help stop the spread of COVID-19, such as physical distancing, use of masks, and hand washing with soap and water.
9. If I receive the COVID-19 vaccine, will I need to take other precautions such as physical distancing?
Yes. For now, we recommend that everyone - including those who have been vaccinated - continue to follow all available measures to help stop the spread of COVID-19, such as physical distancing, frequent hand washing with soap and the use of masks. Adhering to all of these measures in combination will provide the best possible protection against infection and spread of COVID-19. In the future, as more people are vaccinated, and as we learn more about the "real world" protection offered by COVID-19 vaccines, this recommendation may change.
10. How can I learn more about COVID-19 vaccines?
In order to make an informed choice and keep abreast of the latest developments, everyone must rely on reliable and authoritative sources of information, such as medical institutions and government health authorities. (Ministry of Health, RCIP, state television).
Ignore rumors and misinformation spread on various social networks and other unreliable sources.
The Government of Tajikistan is working with other stakeholders to obtain the most appropriate vaccines for COVID-19 and will keep you informed of any further developments.
Many people are afraid to go to church - some are bored, others don't like hearing the same old sermons, and still others just hate getting up early on Sunday. However, this is not always the case - ask Pastor Adam of Clackamas United Church of Christ. The pastor invites people of all races, religions and sexual orientations to his church and actively spreads the message that God loves everyone through his healthy church signs.
This church encourages with many positive messages. Bemorepanda has collected some of them for you.
1.Wear a mask
3.Using the Bible wrong
5.God created therapists
6.Jesus was a person of color
7.Money from wars
9.Jesus healed the sick
11.Religious bad man
12.God loves you
13.Happy pride month
15.Opposite of racist
16.Brown skinned refugee
18.People learn to hate
19.The same crime
21.The house is on fire
24.Womens got the point
29.Black lives matter