20 facts about the Champions League that are good to know
After a great match as the Champions League 2020 was, we have collected for you 20 interesting facts about the main football tournament in Europe.
1. The Champions League tournament was established in 1992. Prior to that, since 1955, a tournament called "Champions Cup" was held. In the early 1990s, with the aim of increasing the popularity of the tournament and increasing revenue, UEFA reorganized the Champions Cup into the Champions League.
2. The most spectacular Champions League final took place in 2005 in Istanbul. In the decisive match of the tournament, the Italian “Milan” and the English “Liverpool” met. After the first half the score was 3: 0 in favor of Andriy Shevchenko's team. However, in the second half, the British made a stunning comeback, scoring 3 goals against Dida. The Englishmen celebrated the victory in the penalty shootout.
3. Throughout the history of the tournament, representatives of 10 countries have won the League Cup. Among them is the now defunct Yugoslavia. In 1991 the Red Star team won the Champions Cup.
4. The most titled club in the Champions League is Real Madrid. On account of the "creamy" 10 cups of the Champions League. However, we are talking about victories since 1955. It was the Madrid team that became the first Champions Cup winner in the history of football. For 5 seasons in a row, Real has no equal in Europe.
5. Before the start of the Champions League of the 2015-2016 season, the top scorers of the tournament are the greatest football players of our time - Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi. On account of each of them 77 goals. At the same time, Messi needed 99 matches for this, the Portuguese - 119.
6. The Champions League Cup is a transitional award. The club keeps the cup for 10 months. The team that wins the tournament 5 times or 3 times in a row has the right to keep the cup forever. The only team to have 2 Champions League Cups is Real Madrid.
7. The record holder for the number of defeats in the Champions League finals is Juventus Turin. The Italians played 8 times in the finals of the tournament, but only twice celebrated the victory.
8. The biggest victory in the tournament was celebrated by the Dynamo Bucharest players. In 1973, the Romanians scored 11 unanswered goals against the Northern Irish Crusaders.
9. Because of its shape, and especially the handles, the main trophy of the tournament is called "Big Ears".
10. In the entire history of the tournament, representatives of one country have played only 5 times in the finals. This happened for the first time in 2000, when Real Madrid and Valencia met. In 2003, Milan and Juventus played in the final, in 2008 - Manchester United and Chelsea, in 2013 - Borussia Dortmund and Bayern Munich, in 2014 - Real Madrid and Atletico Madrid . "
11. The most productive scorer in one tournament is Cristiano Ronaldo. In the 2013/2014 season, the Portuguese scored 17 goals, surpassing the result of Ferenc Puskas and Lionel Messi, who had 14 goals each.
12. The most awarded Champions League coaches are Bob Paisley - mentor of Liverpool and Carlo Ancelotti. Unlike Paisley, Ancelotti won the Champions League with two clubs - Milan and Real Madrid.
13. Lionel Messi is the absolute leader in the number of hat-tricks in the Champions League. He has 5 hat-tricks on his account.
14. The largest number of spectators at the final match of the tournament was recorded in 1960. In the final, which took place in Glasgow, Real Madrid and Eintracht Frankfurt met. The stadium was attended by 127,621 fans.
15. The modern Champions League anthem appeared in 1992. The arrangement of Zadok the Priest by Georg Frideris Handel (18th century composer) was performed by Tony Britten. The League Anthem is sung in the three official languages of UEFA - English, French and German.
16. Paolo Maldini is the oldest captain in the Champions League. In February 2008, the footballer set an age record by coming out with a captain's armband in a League match at the age of 39 years and 239 days.
17. The fastest goal in UEFA Champions League history was scored by Bayern Munich forward Roy Makai on 7 May 2007. In the victory for his team in the 1/8 final match with Real Madrid, the Dutchman took his team ahead 11 seconds after the starting whistle.
18. The fastest sending-off in Champions League history took place on 11 March 2015. In the match Bayern Munich - Shakhtar Donetsk, the Pitmen's defender Oleksandr Kucher was sent off in the 3rd minute. As a result, the Donetsk team lost with a score of 7: 0 and stopped fighting for the award.
19. The youngest debutant in the Champions League is Celestine Babayaro (“Anderlecht”), who in 1994 was 16 years old and 87 days old. In his debut match, Babayaro was sent off in the 37th minute.
20. The record holder for the number of matches played in the Champions League is Xavi. As part of the Catalan "Barcelona" legend The spaniard has made 151 league appearances.
15 unique photofacts about everything in the world that you should learn to broaden your horizons
Sometimes you can learn a lot of useful things from the Internet by simply leafing through pictures. In this post Bemorepanda collected different facts about everything that will help broaden our horizons, as well as distract for a couple of minutes from the routine.
1. In 2016, a Chinese businessman Xiong Shuihua demolished all the houses in his native village and built villas in their place.
2. You would be confused to see such a door in your entrance for the first time. This is just a drawing with an optical illusion.
3. The Varani people live in Ecuador. After lengthy litigation, they won a case against an oil company claiming their land. In the photo, members of the Amazon tribe in the courtroom.
4. In 2015, Ford installed wide-angle front and rear 1-megapixel cameras on its cars that allow "seeing from around the corner." The problem of "blind" zones has been solved.
5. Animal rights advocates have figured out how to protect elephants from poachers: they painted the animal tusks with pink paint, which is marked with banknotes in banks. It does not harm the animal, but it is impossible to wash it off. Buyers do not need such tusks.
6. Does it look edible? In fact, in the photo there is not grapes, but a mineral called "grape chalcedony".
7. This is the cross sea. It looks like this because of wave systems moving at different angles.
8. This is a tree called Jabuticaba (or Brazilian grape tree). Its fruits grow directly from the bark.
9. The guy took off the lightning for 2 hours and then combined all the frames in one.
10. City in Peru around the oasis in Huacachina.
11. In the Congaree National Park, the water in the lake turns different colors at a certain temperature.
12. Blacks couples born white baby. No, the DNA test confirmed that the spouses are the biological parents of the baby. Perhaps these are white dormant genes or mutating albinism.
13. Scientists have tracked eagle movements using GPS for 20 years. Here are his flights.
14. Trace after a needle prick on the skin, taken with a microscope.
15. This is how entrants of the GITIS acting faculty are evaluated in the era of coronavirus.
Reddit is set to become a public company in 2022, valued at $15 billion. Here are top 50 interesting facts that made them so succesfull
Reddit. Anyone who follows the news closely will certainly come across numerous references to Reddit - a real giant that is rapidly gaining popularity from year to year. But, unlike Facebook, the immigration of population did not happen there. For most users, the social news site remains a mystery - a kind of overseas wonder of the world that the mind cannot understand. And there are several reasons for this.
Reddit is a social news site that was once created to make it easy to find and share links to news, articles, and just interesting content. But over time, the portal grew, destroying the popular Digg, and now it is, in fact, a platform for conversations, that is, a forum, an image board, and so on. Links and their discussions remain an important part of the platform, but only a part. Increasingly, people come here to communicate, having escaped from sinking forums and dead sites.
Due to the huge popularity of the portal, many users use it to draw attention to a particular issue, or, more often, a site. Many sites have experienced the so-called “Slashdot effect”, when one link to Reddit (sometimes even just in the comments) leads to an overload of the site’s servers due to the influx of visitors.
Reddit may once have seemed like a strange alternative to popular social networks where anonymity continues to be valued and where people are addressed by nicknames rather than names, but now it has become the standard platform for both just chatting and connecting with fans. AMAs (Ask Me Anything) are constantly held here, when a star (yes, anyone in general) answers questions in the comments for an hour. This only emphasizes the influence of the site and its role in the modern world.
Reddit is the fastest growing site on the internet. This is a website where anyone can hyperlink to interesting content from all over the internet. If you've never visited Reddit, chances are you won't like it for the first time. The design is inspired by the early days of the web with small fonts that can easily distract a new user. But looks are deceiving. This is evidenced by the extensive statistics of Reddit. Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts.
1. It hosts 6 million daily users and internet marketers, promoters, spammers, creators are fighting to get this total user share pie for free. But no one succeeds because of their community-driven and heavily moderated structure. Only really popular content is promoted on Reddit.
2. The secret behind Reddit's popularity is the anonymity of users and the insignificance of user accounts. You click on any user profile and you will be redirected to a page that shows their submissions, comments, etc. along with a link and comment karma. No, selfies with fake facial expressions, without focusing on yourself and copying text about yourself. This is the real power of Reddit. It is focused on content, not users.
3. Digg was the successor to Reddit and was a pioneer of news voting sites. Both websites were on par in 2010, but Reddit's nuclear growth since 2010 has propelled it into the top 50 websites on Earth, in just 5 years.
4. In addition, its anonymity allows the user to speak their mind and go beyond creating or presenting content without thinking about what others will think. Check out a screenshot of the most popular post in Reddit history.
Registration on the site is instant. No personal information is required, just like a phone number. In this sense, the site continues to follow the precepts of the old Internet, and this is very good.
At the moment, Reddit is going through perhaps the most difficult period in its history - the transition to a new design. We all know how painful this process is for sites with an attached audience. Reddit is no exception - it's been in the process of being updated for a long time now, and as is often the case, the redesign didn't get users excited. The new version, currently in beta and optional, strips the portal of its archaic charm and adds more modern elements. Beginners will most likely want to use the newer version, which is much more logical. Everyone else rightly points out a lot of new problems. For example, the redesign significantly reduces the ability to customize subreddits, making them more unified.
The entire site is divided into subreddits - interest groups or just communities united by an idea. Initially, there was supposed to be one main "reddit", but the idea did not catch on, although the site still has default reddits, to which all newcomers are subscribed. The /r/popular subreddit includes the most important entries of all groups, excluding some controversial subreddits, such as those dedicated to Donald Trump. /r/all is the sitewide popularity feed without any filter. The user is free to choose what interests him - in this sense, you can draw an analogy with YouTube and its channels. Or with LJ and band news feed. In general, everything is very simple, albeit unusual.
Any site like Reddit at first seems like a dump of content that is impossible to sort through. In fact, it is possible, but Reddit itself will hardly help you with this. Finding content here is not very easy - as well as the subreddits that interest you. Among experienced users, it has long been customary to joke about how bad site search is, and the anecdote is not without truth. Therefore, even if the search is possible, I most often use search engines for this task - or rather, Google, which indexes the site very quickly. All other search engines, including the growing DuckDuckGo, are experiencing some difficulty in finding fresh entries.
5. Anyone who visits Reddit regularly can easily answer it. Nearly 40% of Reddit's top stories are images from the image-sharing site img loading="lazy"ur.com. Imgur gets almost 30% of its website visitors through Reddit.
6. In fact, Reddit does not allow users to upload images to their server. Imgur founder Alan Schaaf saw this as a great opportunity and created img loading="lazy"ur. When he launched Imgur, he posted an ad on Reddit for his new product.
7. The total amount of funds spent by the founders of Reddit on its advertising since its inception is only 500 US dollars, and this is also for stickers.
8. Reddit's founders received $12,000 in initial funding to launch the idea, of which they only spent $500 on their website's promotional activities as well as stickers.
9. In a post written by Alexis Ohanion about Fast Company, he stated that it was the most sound investment he had ever made.
10. The Reddit Snoo mascot was there before the site even went live.
Many Reddit users have been silently consuming content for years, with no desire to add anything of their own. However, most often you will want to insert your word. To do this, in each subreddit there is an opportunity to add your entry, share a link or photo.
Unlike forums, on Reddit, the relevance of a post is determined by its rating. This is, in fact, a system of likes, but, like in YouTube, entries can be both “plus” and “minus”. This is called upvoting and downvoting. If your entry gets a good upvote ratio, the system considers it worthy of attention. So from the “new” section, the record crawls into “hot” and “best”. If you posted something really interesting or original, then, depending on the number of subreddit subscribers, it can even crawl out to the main page of the site - and there you are already guaranteed endless "karma" and the attention of millions of visitors.
It is impossible to find a formula that would guarantee a 100% “hit”. For a recording to work, a perfect set of circumstances is required: the relevance of the recording, the right time, the urgency, and so on. Of course, there are various tricks that can only be learned over time. Even really great content can get lost in the garbage stream. It often happens that your picture passes the attention of the masses, but when someone posts it again in a couple of days, it will immediately fly up to the main site. Try to figure it out.
"Karma" (that is, the counter of upvotes, or likes) is calculated in the user's profile. There is no sense in it, but attention to your own record is always nice. The owners of great karma consider themselves, if not the elite, then very respected people. It is reminiscent of Google Questions and Answers (if you remember such a service), where the most erudite experts liked to brag about their achievements.
11. In an interview with the website, Alexis Ohanion revealed that he started working on the logo even before it was clear how the site would work. He would sketch in his marketing class or whenever he had free time.
12. In the early days, the founders of Reddit made a lot of fake accounts to make the site look active.
13. In a video for an online educational website, Steve Huffman explained that in the early days of Reddit, he and Alexis created hundreds of fake accounts to make the site more active because no one else was submitting any content to the site at the time. and there was a lot of empty space that didn't look very pretty.
14. Reddit launched the commenting system six months after it first launched.
15. It's good that in just six months, Steve and Alexis realized that without comments, this community could not survive.
16. A graduate student analyzed the top 850,000 Reddit posts to find how to create successful posts.
17. Randy Olson, a computer science graduate student at Michigan State University, posted a blog post on how to create a successful Reddit post. His advice was backed up by his analysis of 850,000 top Reddit posts out of the 4,200 most active subreddits.
The popularity of the site and the activity of its audience attract the attention of companies that are trying to advertise themselves in a less obvious way. Reddit is a great place to draw attention to your site or even your product, but obvious self-promotion will be easily figured out by moderators (read Reddit and business below). But if you're an artist who wants to raise their profile, a writer who's written something interesting, or a startup with an interesting idea, then Reddit can be the perfect tool for your own promotion. The main thing is to choose the right subreddit. Do not forget to read the rules - each subreddit has its own rules, and non-compliance with them leads to the removal of the post or even the ban of the user.
If your comment receives a large number of dislikes, it will be hidden from other users, although it can still be seen if desired. Often the "reputation" that looms from this ranking affects how often you can post. Subreddits can put a limit on the number of posts per minute, and this can seriously limit your ability to take an active part in the life of the subreddit.
Upvotes and downvotes, despite some controversy in their implementation, are very important for maintaining order. If social networks like Twitter or VKontakte almost always rage with chaos, with obscenities, swearing and spam, then “karma” on Reddit allows you to hide bad comments and raise quality ones. Thanks to this system, the discussions on the site look like a smart dialogue, and not like a kindergarten, which is most often seen on other popular Internet sites.
18. His post includes tips like when is the best time to post, what to write, what heading to use and many other great tips, you should check out his post.
19. The first post on Reddit appeared 13 years ago and was called The Downing Street Memo. You can still find it at the following link. At first, most of the content on the site was written by the creators of the resource themselves - they created a lot of fake accounts from which they filled the site with interesting links and news, thereby creating the appearance of an active resource.
20. Comments first appeared on the site in December 2005, and sections (subreddits) only in March 2008.
21. At the same time, the latter were met with hostility - the users of the site did not understand what the need for such “segregation” was, because the population of the resource at that time was very modest, and the need to scroll through all the subreddits in search of new news then seemed strange.
22. From the moment of his birth until about 2010. Reddit actively competed with Digg, which is extremely similar in design and purpose. Reddit was born just a few months later, but Digg was much more popular at the time.
23. Everything changed dramatically in August 2010, when the creators of Digg ruined their project with a bad design update. Users of the resource were furious and for a whole month the main page was filled with messages with complaints, requests to return the old version of the site, as well as links to Reddit - annoyed people urged everyone to change the platform, leaving for competitors.
24. Over the next year, the popularity of Reddit skyrocketed, while Digg fell. At the same time, at first, as many as 20% of Reddit's monthly traffic was from Digg.
25. Theoretically, any Reddit user should strive for the same thing - to have their post appear on the front page. But is it possible to achieve this result by following some magical "formula for success"? As it turned out - it is possible.
26. In this universal formula, there will be several factors that you will need to consider: this is the time and day of the week when you will publish the post; brightness or scandalous content; correct title wording. There is also the possibility of buying votes - there are corresponding resources that sell them for real currency.
27. But any Redditor will tell you that the most effective (albeit cynical) way to earn votes that will eventually lead you to the main page of the resource is to steal someone else's content. The usual repost of someone else's post, which has already appeared on this resource before, will lead you to success much faster than any original content.
28. In 2013, a study was made, the results of which showed shocking statistics: over a 17-day period, more than 52% of the materials that reached the main page had already appeared on the forum before. Moreover, in the same 17-day period of time indicated in the study, and not several years before.
29. If you use the Google Ngram Viewer resource, you can see how often a particular word was used in world literature centuries before you were born. Thanks to him, we can note with surprise for ourselves that the word Reddit already existed, and its use has been declining since the 1700s.
30. This strange fact is connected with the existence of the Latin word REDDO, which means "give back", "return" or "restore". At the same time, in the REDDIT form, this word means “it returned”, and REDDITOR means “the one who returns”. Thus, all users of the Reddit resource who call themselves "redditors" literally turn into reposters and people who steal other people's content.
31. Thanks to the collective power of this resource, Reddit has saved its users more than once.
32. One of the most striking cases can be called an incident that occurred 3 years ago, when a user under the nickname RBradbury1920 reported mysterious yellow reminder stickers that appeared in his apartment. He was sure that he did not stick them on, and suspected that this was some kind of bad joke on the part of the owner of this apartment (he rented it).
33. However, these pieces of paper contained information that was known only to RBradbury1920, which further confused this strange mystical case. A Reddit user decided to turn to his favorite forum for advice - should you call the police or just call the landlord for a serious conversation?
34. He advised the topic starter to buy an inexpensive CO tester that could confirm this hypothesis. And indeed, that was the problem. The tester showed an off-scale concentration of this gas, which in such cases can lead to various problems with the brain, as well as memory loss.
35. Subsequently, RBradbury1920 unsubscribed that throughout the whole year he visited various medical specialists in order to regain his lost health. And only after a long course of treatment, his body returned to normal.
36. In August 2015, Roskomnadzor added Reddit to the register of banned sites. The reason for the blocking was a request to remove one of the pages of the resource from the Gosnarkokontrol. It contained instructions for growing mushrooms containing narcotic substances. After a call from the administration of the resource to the department, a day later, the resource was unblocked.
37. Reddit has restricted access on the territory of the Russian Federation to prohibited information.
38. The post, which drew the attention of the State Drug Control Service, was posted by one of the Russian-speaking users with the nickname rsocfan intentionally and specifically “for the RKN”. It was a provocation to block a popular resource.
39. However, another user with the nickname Kakkerlak offered an alternative explanation for what happened - he clung to a small detail in the description of the RBradbury1920 apartment. He talked about an unusual tiny bedroom, devoid of any windows. Kakkerlak suggested that it could be due to severe carbon monoxide (carbon monoxide) poisoning that RBradbury1920 was exposed to due to poor ventilation in his bed.
40. And finally, a fresh interesting event. Reddit users (by the way, 53% of whom are from the United States) made popular the YouTube channel of Russian cosmonaut Oleg Artemiev, which almost no one watched. The video of the astronaut got on Reddit and after 5 days scored 84k pluses. “This is a Russian cosmonaut named Oleg who posts videos from the International Space Station on his channel. His new video from space, posted five hours ago, has only 17 views. It captures the flight through the entire station,” wrote the user.
41. Reddit ads are often forgotten in the paid social world, in part because other systems seem to have more impressive targeting capabilities or are talked about more. For some advertisers, this can bring bad luck.
42. Reddit gets over 21 billion screen views per month and the platform is used by 6% of adults online. Over 70% speak English, and a significant proportion are from the US.
43. Although Reddit has an extremely diverse audience, a sizable segment of users have high sales revenue of $75,000 or more per year.
44. There are two types of ads on Reddit that marketers can use to their advantage.
45. The second type of ad will appear in feeds. They will look like posts, except for the blue "Promoted" tag at the top. When users click on these ads, they are taken directly to the landing page of your choice, not to the talk page.
46. Reddit is demographic and geo-targeted, like all your standard paid social platforms you know and love, where you can target by age, gender, location, and interests.
49. There are over 2.2 million different subreddits, ranging from broad ones (like "finance") to much more niche ones ("vegan beauty").
50. Some ad platforms have high minimum ad spends, resulting in a high entry threshold for companies that want to try out new platforms or that have a low budget.
57 fun facts from the world of music that only a select few know
Without music, our life would be dull and monotonous. Many of us start and end our day with it. After all, besides the fact that it helps us to get aesthetic pleasure, music also cheers us up and generally has a beneficial effect on our well-being.
Elvis Presley was told at the audition that he lacked talent.
But to learn more about music, it is not at all necessary to be a professional in this field. Because many musical facts will interest anyone.
And today, we at Bemorepanda are ready to share some exciting details with you.
1. British naval officers turn on the Britney Spears songs "Oops I Did It Again" and "Baby One More Time" to drive pirates off the east coast of Africa. Since African criminals have a strong dislike for Western music and culture, they try to get away from this place as soon as possible.
2. Singing has been scientifically proven to be soothing and uplifting. However, singing in a group is even more beneficial because it releases hormones like oxytocin that make you feel good and also lowers stress hormones like cortisol.
3. Jimi Hendrix had no musical education and taught himself to play the guitar. Throughout his career, he could not read music.
4. If you're hoping to build a career in music but can't read or write music, don't worry. If the Beatles could do it, so can you! In a 2018 interview, Paul McCartney admitted that both he and the rest of his bandmates were musically "illiterate" and lacking in music theory. Every tune they wrote simply "came to them from above," said the legendary musician.
5. French researchers have determined that the volume of music affects the amount of alcohol consumed. Namely, if you listen to loud music, you are more likely to drink more in less time. The researchers studied 40 men aged 18-25 who drank draft beer in bars by manipulating the sound volume and observing the behavior of their subjects. So, if you don't plan on drinking a lot at the party, it might be worth avoiding bars with loud music.
6. Finland is the country with the largest number of metal musicians. A Reddit user created a map based on data from the Metallum encyclopedia. With 42.6 metal bands per 100,000 inhabitants, Finland is indeed home to the largest number of metal bands in this genre.
7. Cows prefer slow music. A 2001 study at the University of Leicester found that when cows listen to slow, soothing songs, they produce 3% more milk. Cows need oxytocin to produce milk, so slow music helps them relax and increases oxytocin levels. On the other hand, cows remained indifferent to rap and techno music, showing no change in milk production.
8. One of the greatest musicians and composers of the Renaissance, Orlande de Lassus was kidnapped three times as a child. The reason for all three kidnappings was his beautiful singing voice.
9. Scottish Heriot-Watt University studied the personalities of more than 36,000 music lovers from different countries and found that the only difference between heavy metal and classical music lovers is their age. Other than that, they were pretty much the same, creative, at ease, and introverted.
10. There are so many stories around about people quitting their jobs to pursue the career in art they have dreamed of all their lives. However, the opposite also happens. James Lilja, the original drummer for the pop punk band The Offspring, left the band after three years. There were no conflicts with other members of the group, but Lilya wanted to go to medical school. He later became an obstetrician-gynecologist and gynecologist-oncologist.
11. Prince released his debut album For You at the age of 20. In the liner notes of the album, he is listed as the musician performing all the vocals, but in addition he played 27 musical instruments: electric guitar, acoustic guitar, bass, bass synthesizer, electric piano, acoustic piano, etc.
12. It's hard to believe, but there are people who are completely indifferent to music. The University of Barcelona conducted a study in which 5 percent of participants reported that they did not experience any emotion or even the desire to tap their feet while listening to music. Otherwise, they were physically and psychologically healthy young people who enjoyed other things in life, but were not interested in music in any form.
13. Canada widely celebrated the 150th anniversary of the country. Part of the celebrations was a concert that lasted from March 17 to April 5, 2017, in which the musical group Epidemic participated. It was 453 hours 54 minutes and 40 seconds long and has been recognized as the longest multi-singer concert in the world.
14. In 1974, Elvis Presley approached Dolly Parton for the rights to record a cover of her hit I Will Always Love You. However, after his manager demanded half of all profits from the song, Parton refused to let Elvis record it.
15. In 2016, Mozart sold more CDs than Beyoncé, Adele and Drake. 2016 marks the 225th anniversary of Mozart's death, and to commemorate this event, Universal Music Group released a 200-disc box set featuring works by the great musician. The fact is that for statistical purposes, each disk was considered separately. But the box set was also a huge success and, despite a hefty price tag of over $600, was sold out almost immediately.
16. In 2013, Metallica played a concert for 120 scientists and competition winners at Carlini Station in Antarctica. The performance was held under a transparent dome. After that, the group received a new title in the Guinness Book of Records as the first musical group to perform on all seven continents. In fact, Metallica toured all seven continents in the same year.
17. Music helps increase physical performance, especially if you synchronize repetitive exercises with rhythm. This will not only help you train longer, but will also be more efficient. In one study, cyclists reported that they needed 7% less oxygen when they exercised to music than people who performed the same exercise with a random, unsynchronized background count. This shows that the temporal cues provided by music help you use your physical energy more effectively.
18. Before becoming famous, the members of Guns N' Roses had to earn their living doing some strange work. So, frontman Axl Rose and his co-founder and first rhythm guitarist Izzy Stradlin smoked cigarettes for a scientific study at the University of California, Los Angeles. According to some reports, they were making $8 an hour (or $19 in today's money).
19. The oldest piece of music in the world dates back to the 1st century AD and is called Seikilos Epitaph. You can find it on a tombstone in Turkey. Including both the score and a short text, it reads:
"While you live, shine / Do not be sad at all / Life exists only for a short time / And time takes its toll."
20. We find inspiration wherever we can. Even if your own cat walks on the keys of your instrument. This is exactly what Domenico Scarlatti observed before he had the idea of composing his fugue in G minor for harpsichord. He even named the work "Cat's Fugue" after the cat.
21. In 2014, scientists from the Museum of Science and Industry conducted an online test called "Hooked on Music." The test consisted of a thousand snippets of pop hits, from contemporary hits to hits from the 1940s. The 12,000 participants had to identify each song as quickly as possible. While the average time to identify most songs was 5 seconds, it took only about 2.3 seconds to guess the song Wannabe from the Spice Girls, making it the most memorable song of all time.
22. Astronaut Chris Hadfield became the first Canadian to go into space, but he also turned out to be a talented musician. He first went viral with his cover of David Bowie's "Space Oddity". During his 144-day stay on the International Space Station, Hadfield recorded 11 original songs. In 2015, he released them on an album titled Space Sessions: Songs for a Tin Can.
23. Everyone knows that music can affect our mood, but it turns out that it can also have a significant impact on our perception of the world. In a 2011 study at the University of Groningen, participants were asked to identify emojis while listening to music. If the faces matched the music, the participants identified them more accurately. And even when there were no emojis, participants felt like they were seeing a happy or sad face, depending on what music they were listening to at the time.
24. If you are into music or have received any form of music education, you are more likely to score higher on the SAT (Standardized Test for Admissions to Higher Education in the United States) or similar exams. Reports show that music students typically score 63 points higher in speaking and 44 points higher in math. They also tend to show a lot of self-confidence and are good team players and chimes, also known as tubular bells, was created by Simon Desorger. He used 120 aluminum tubes ranging in length from 473 mm to 4877 mm, tuned to suit musical scales.
26. Most musicians hate changing guitar strings. This is a tedious job that takes time and requires a lot of effort and a lot of patience. But instrument technician and record store owner Thomas Silkman set out to prove that this was not the case. On April 20, 2018, he set a world record by changing 226 strings in an hour. Interestingly, there was no special reason for this, he simply dreamed of setting a world record.
27. In the history of music, there are two days that are called "The Day the Music Died". The first occurred on February 3, 1959, when musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and Big Bopper died in a plane crash in Ohio. A few years later, in 1963, another plane crashed in Tennessee, killing Patsy Cline, Hawkshaw Hawkins, and Cowboy Copas on board.
28. Country music is strongly associated with the American countryside. But over time, this genre is becoming more and more popular all over the world. One example of this is the Indian singer Bal Kishore Das Loival, who goes by the name Bobby Cash. He built a career as a country music performer in Australia and in 2005 received recognition from the Country Music Association of Nashville, Tennessee.
29. The best-selling album of all time belongs to Michael Jackson. This is his sixth studio album Thriller, released in 1982. It is estimated that over 60 million copies have been sold worldwide.
30. Elvis Presley was a truck driver. However, in order to fulfill his dream of becoming a singer, he attended auditions whenever possible. During his first performance on stage at the Grand Ole Opry in Tennessee, talent manager Jim Denny told Elvis that he lacked talent and should go back to his previous job.
31. You often hear about free concerts that have attracted more than a million viewers, but these numbers are often exaggerated. However, Guinness World Records claims that the largest free concert in history was attended by an estimated 4.2 million people. It took place on Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and was organized to celebrate the New Year 1993. The stage performer was Rod Stewart.
32. The longest team drumming marathon in the world lasted 3 days, 8 hours and 2 minutes. Janelle Spaulding, Aaron Housego, Holly Jones, Ryan Murray and Lorraine Dorrington played from August 26 to 29, 2016, and their performance was broadcast live around the world.
33. There are two ways to read musical notes. In most Western countries they are known as do-re-mi-fa-sol-la-si. In some others, these names are replaced by the first seven letters of the alphabet. However, seven notes is not a full octave. An octave consists of eight notes, where the eighth is the same as the first. And if you count all the sharps and flats in between, you get 12 notes.
34. If you thought that the conductor has absolute power over his orchestra, you are not mistaken. As a rule, orchestras include instruments from each of the five instrumental groups. However, the conductor has the right to choose the instruments necessary for the performance of the musical program. Also in the 20th century, a new tradition was introduced, according to which it was allowed to use not only classical musical instruments in the orchestra. Nowadays, if the conductor sees fit, you can see an electric guitar, a synthesizer or any other modern instrument in the orchestra.
35. We know that music is good for our mood and general well-being, but researchers from the University of Pavia (Italy) have proven that it helps our heart physically. It causes physiological changes that regulate blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory function. And if a classical musical phrase lasts more than 10 seconds, it causes the heart rate and some other parts of the cardiovascular system to synchronize with the music. At the same time, research has shown that music elicits stronger physiological responses in musicians than in people without a musical education.
36. Most countries have military bands, but only one country has a military band larger than a real army, and that is Monaco. The country's military band consists of 85 people. At the same time, his army has 82 soldiers. This is understandable, since Monaco is a fairly small country, and the only time it put its army on alert was when the president of neighboring France threatened to cut off water and electricity supplies in 1962 unless income tax was imposed on Monaco residents.
37. Almost everything the Simpsons does becomes history, and so the show's creators decided, x. Rumors have since circulated that Michael Jackson was the ghost composer, which made sense since the artist was a big fan of The Simpsons; however, the producers continued to deny this. It wasn't until many years later that Matt Groening admitted that Jackson actually wrote the track, but this was kept secret as the King of Pop was legally prohibited from writing for an outside label.
38. The largest known performing rock group included 953 musicians. The concert, organized by the Beijing Academy of Contemporary Music on June 16, 2016, took place in Tianjin, China and included 349 singers, 154 guitarists, 151 drummers, 100 bassists, 100 keyboardists and 98 brass players.
39. Prior to the Renaissance, non-folk music was predominantly written and performed at church services. After the Middle Ages, the Renaissance placed more emphasis on humanism, allowing musicians to experiment with new instruments and styles. The music they composed became less religious and more secular. One of the greatest things that the Renaissance gave us was opera, which was created as an attempt to bring ancient Greek theater back to life.
40. In Japanese, “carappo” means “empty,” and “okesutura” is the Japanese pronunciation of the word “orchestra.” If you put these two words together, you get "karaoke", which translates as "empty orchestra".
41. The world's longest performance began in September 2001 and should end in 2640. Yes, 27th century! The action takes place in the church of St. Buchard in Germany, where an automatic organ plays as slowly as possible a piece by avant-garde composer John Cage. Visitors have to wait months to catch the chord change - that's how slow it is. Interestingly, the performance began even before the organ was completely completed - in 2008, several pipes were added, and this did not affect the music in any way.
42. The sea organ may sound like something straight out of The Little Mermaid, but it actually exists. After the devastation caused by World War II, the city of Zadar in Croatia underwent a major renovation. One of them was a concrete wall on the city coast. An interesting part of this wall is located under the large marble steps and is a set of pipes. When they hit the sea waves, they make musical sounds. Since its completion in 2005, the Zadar Sea Organ has become very popular with locals and tourists alike.
43. Even after so many years after the breakup of the Spice Girls, individual members are still referred to by their nicknames. But what is interesting, these nicknames were not invented by the girls themselves and not by any of the label's employees. At the beginning of their career, they were interviewed by the famous British teen magazine Top of the Pops, whose editor gave them nicknames. All five of them stuck and were later officially used by the band.
44. The highest price a musical instrument was sold for is $15.9 million. Of course, it was a Stradivarius violin, namely "Lady Blunt". It was sold in 2011 for four times the previous Stradivarius record. Industry experts say that Stradivari and Guarneri del Gesù violins yield around 10-12% per year.
45. It is well known that different areas of our brain are responsible for different aspects of life. However, in 2011, Finnish researchers showed in a groundbreaking study that different areas of the brain are involved in listening to music, including those that control motor actions, emotions, and creativity. This research helped them understand how the brain processes rhythm, pitch and timbre, also known as sound color, as well as other aspects of music, and how large the effect of music is.
46. The largest erhu ensemble gathered for a performance in Raoyang, China on October 19, 2019. 2024 participants played a traditional Chinese musical instrument similar to a violin for 5 minutes and 18 seconds.
47. On November 13, 2009, the Tom Lee Music Company gathered 6,131 musicians in Hong Kong for a concert that was to be given by the largest harmonica ensemble in history. The entire performance lasted 7 minutes and 25 seconds.
48. No one will be surprised by the fact that two people play at the same piano. What about 23 people? Students of the Isidor Bajic School of Music proved that this is possible on September 20, 2019, when they performed in Novi Sad (Serbia). The play they performed, called "Zora" ("dawn" in Serbian), was written by one of the graduates of the school especially for this event.
49. When Japanese pop group AKB48 started out, it only had 48 members, hence the name. However, over time, they decided that the more the better, the time of existence. This makes AKB48 the biggest pop group in the world.
50. The London Symphony Orchestra was supposed to travel to the US to perform aboard the infamous Titanic. However, due to reasons beyond their control, the entire orchestra had to board another ship in order to reach their destination in time.
51. A study of the word "jazz" showed that it is associated with the word "jasm", meaning "cheerfulness, energy" as early as 1860. The first recorded use of the word was not even associated with music. In an article in the Los Angeles Times in 1912, a minor league baseball pitcher called the pitch a "jazz ball" because "it wobbles and you just can't do anything about it."
52. Jazz ensembles differ in the number of performers and types of instruments, but the most basic of them is called the piano trio. Consisting of piano, bass and drums, it's just enough to perform and share the essence of jazz with your audience.
53. A professor at the University of Sydney conducted a study that examined the deaths of musicians between 1950 and June 2014. He compared life expectancy, and the proportion of suicides, homicides, and accidental deaths by sex and decade, with those of the general US population. The conclusion he came to was not particularly encouraging: on average, musicians live 25 years less than ordinary people.
54. Whoever told you that Elvis Presley, the king of rock and roll, is dead, don't believe them! He may not be with us physically, but today he continues to be the world's best-selling solo artist with over 1 billion sales worldwide. For a musician whose career peaked in the 50s and 60s, this is a huge achievement.
55. The word "orchestra" does not indicate a specific number of musicians. Chamber orchestras are usually small and include no more than fifty performers, which cannot be said about symphony and philharmonic orchestras - they often have more than eighty musicians. Depending on the program, even more than a hundred performers can be expected in one orchestra.
56. Italian composer Gioacchino Rossini is one of the most famous operatic authors in the history of music. Among his works is the opera "Tancredi", which includes the play "Di Tanti Palpiti". Rossini himself called it a "rice aria" because he composed the entire piece while waiting for a dish of rice to be cooked.
57. On October 15, 2017, David Stanley and The Music Man Project brought together 1,521 triangle players to perform together at the Music is Magic concert in London. This ensemble went down in history as the largest ensemble of triangles.
50 World Snooker Championship interesting and fun facts in 2022 to mark the beging of the most prestigious and wealthiest tournament
The World Snooker Championship is the premier professional ranking tournament in snooker.
Since the 1973/74 season, it has been included in the list of rating competitions. The championship is currently held at the Crucible Theater in Sheffield, England. This tournament is the most important in terms of prestige, ranking points and prize money, and takes place annually at the end of the season.
The format of the World Cup in the early stages of its development (1920-1960) was unstable and changed almost every time. Basically, snooker players played long, sometimes multi-day matches. The peak of such "marathon" draws came in the 1950s, when the finals were played to at least 50 wins. 1952 was a record year for this indicator - then Horace Lindrum and Clark McConaughey played a match of 143 frames.
Lindrum won that final with a score of 94:49 (for comparison, championship finals are now played up to 18 wins). However, in the 1970s, the WPBSA (snooker's new governing body) was forced to reduce the number of frames to win. This happened for a simple reason: snooker matches began to be broadcast on television, and the broadcast time was limited.
So, since 1980, the maximum possible number of final games has been reduced to 35. By the way, around the same time, thanks to the arrival of new professional players, the tournament bracket expanded: now the matches of the main part of the championship began with the 1/16 finals. The rest of the matches were played according to a well-established system, which for almost 30 years has undergone minimal changes: 1/16 finals - matches up to 10 wins, 1/8 finals - up to 13 wins, 1/4 finals - up to 13 wins and semi-finals - up to 17 victories (up to 16 until 1997). Seeding of playersTraditionally, the first match of each new world championship is opened by the current winner.
Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts.
1. The fastest high of 147 in the history of snooker was made at the 1997 World Cup by Ronnie O'Sullivan. It was unimaginably fast - only five minutes and 20 seconds, Ronini then played against Mick Price.
2. Chinese promoters have built a replica of the Crucible (the arena where the World Cup takes place) in Beijing as a first step in getting the World Cup to be hosted in China.
3. It must be said that the Chinese Crucible is completely identical to the English arena in Sheffield, and may be more than a convincing argument in the future. Sheffield has a contract to host the World Cup until 2017, and World Snooker chairman Barry Hearn said he just wants the tournament to stay in that city.
4. In total, 10 maximums were made during the televised stages of the World Championships. And three each - on account of Stephen Hendry and Ronnie O'Sullivan. Also among those who made 147 at this stage are Cliff Thorburn, Jimmy White, Ali Carter and Mark Williams. Moreover, Hendry made his last maximum in the championship in 2012, after which he retired.
5. Scottish players have won 12 of the last 25 world titles, including Hendry's seven (1990-92-93-94-95-96-99), John Higgins' four (1998-2007-2009-2011) and one in Graham Dott (2006).
Accordingly, when seeding for a tournament, he receives the first number, regardless of what place he occupies in the official or preliminary ranking. The second number is usually given to the player ranked first in the official rankings. The distribution of seeding among the remaining 14 snooker players from the Top 16 is also made in accordance with the official ranking. For example, at the 2010 tournament, the first seed was the winner of the 2009 championship (that is, the previous champion) John Higgins (although at that time he was only the 4th number in the rating).
The second was Ronnie O'Sullivan, who occupied the 1st at that time in the rating. The third seed went to Stephen Maguire (ranked 2). It should also be noted that the distribution of "unseeded" (qualified) players to the first round of the final stage (1/16 finals) is made by random draw, and their official rating does not play no role. For example, in the 1/16th of the same tournament in 2010, Higgins, being the first seed, played with the 17th seed, and the 2nd seed (O'Sullivan) played with the 27th number.
Prize money at the World Snooker Championship appeared from the very first year of its holding and amounted to 6 pounds and 10 shillings. By 1946, the prize money had increased to £1,000 for the victory and the final, and although translated into the current exchange rate, this amount increases several times, the money was clearly not enough all this time.
The situation changed for the better in the early 1970s, when snooker tournaments began to be shown on television, and well-known sponsors (mostly advertising cigarettes and alcoholic beverages) became interested in the game. did not increase, but the sponsors themselves changed three times over the next 10 years.
The arrival of the cigarette brand Embassy in 1976 was crucial for the tournament, and it began to actively increase the prize fund. At the first Embassy-sponsored World Championship, the prize money totaled ? 15,300; the champion guaranteed himself £6,000. But already by 1995, the fund was set at 578,250, and in the 2003 championship, a record for prize money, only the winner received ? 270 thousand. The general fund of that superiority has made 1 378 920 pounds.
6. Derbyshire player Joe Davis became the first world champion in 1927 and won 15 titles in a row, ie. all the World Cups in which he participated. He won his last world title in 1946 and ended his career undefeated.
7. Only two players participated in the 1931 World Cup. Tom Dennis, in whose pub this tournament was organized, lost 25:21 to Joe Davis.
8. Fred Davis, who won eight world titles, reached the 1978 semi-finals at the age of 64. Joe Davis, his brother, collapsed watching the semi-finals and died two months later.
9. The youngest world champion was Stephen Hendriev in 1990. The Scot was only 21 years old when he defeated Jimmy White 18:12.
10. Hendry was the youngest player to make his World Cup debut in 1986 until his record was broken by Belgian Luca Brecel in 2012 when she made her first World Cup appearance at 17 years and 45 days old.
11. In 2005, Sean Murphystal was the first player to qualify and eventually win the world title. Judd Trump almost repeated his achievement in 2011, but failed, losing in the final to John Higgins.
12. The TV audience for the World Cup final, in which Dennis Taylor defeated Steve Davis by winning in the last black, was 18.5 million in the UK alone. TV time, both are still unbeaten. However, when compared with China, in particular, with the audience of Ding Junhui's matches, these numbers are simply meager.
In addition, since the early 1990s, players who made the maximum break have also received a solid reward in the amount of 157,000 to 167,000 pounds (147,000 for the maximum itself and up to 20,000 for the highest break of the tournament); in 2011, this bonus was canceled, and since 2012, a “rolling jackpot” system has been introduced. Geography of the championship and its participants Over 83 years (with short breaks) of its history, the World Championship has visited 13 cities and 3 countries of the world (Great Britain (England), South African Republic, Australia).
Among the most successful players, both before and now, the British dominate, but recently participants from traditionally “non-nooker” countries have begun to appear. Since the beginning of the 90s, representatives of England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Ireland, China, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada, the Netherlands, Iceland, Norway, Finland, Thailand, Pakistan, Malta and Belgium have played in the final stage of the tournament.Among The most successful non-British snooker players who have not yet finished their careers include Neil Robertson from Australia (winner of the 2010 World Cup), Stefan Mazrotsis from the Netherlands, who made it to the 16 finals at the 1997 World Cup, Ding Junhui and Liang Wenbo from China and Tony Drago from Malta.
Recently, information has periodically appeared that the World Cup could be moved to China, but not earlier than the current contract with the Sheffield Crucible ends. The desire to move the tournament to China is due to the high popularity of snooker in this country, as well as the possibility of attracting new major sponsors.
Ranking Points Ranking points at the World Championships have always been and remain the most valuable of all snooker tournaments. Although until 2005 the winners of the championship received 8,000 points, this was enough for them to sharply improve or strengthen their position in the world rankings, since the points in most other competitions were half as much. Often, it was the victory in the championship that brought snooker players with an insufficiently high rating the first place at the end of the season. For example, in 1990, Stephen Hendry became the first thanks to the victory in the championship, although before that he was far behind Steve Davis.
13. Jimmy White, Walter Donaldson and Fred Davis each lost six finals - and this is an anti-record. True, White, unlike Donaldson and Davis, has never been a world champion.
14. In the entire history of the World Championships, there was only one devastating match with a dry score. It happened in the first round in 1992, when 62-year-old Australian Eddie Charlton suffered a crushing 10-0 loss to then-champion John Parrott.
15. The maximum capacity of the Crucible is 980 spectators.
16. Ronnie O'Sullivan turned professional as Under-21 World Snooker Champion. Of the seventy-two of his first matches as a professional, Ronnie won seventy.
17. Alex Higgins was the first player to play 15 reds over blacks in the World Championship, although he never quite got to the 147-point streak.
18. At the age of 16 years and 11 months, Jimmy White became the youngest amateur world champion (this happened in 1970).
Points are distributed among the players to varying degrees depending on their position in the official rankings and the tournament result. For example, players with a lower rating (outside the Top 16, i.e. qualified) receive more points for losing in the round of 32 strongest (1/16 finals) than participants in the Top 16 with the same result. the history of the event has only been played a few times over the course of more than one year. In general, the dates for this tournament have been set for quite a long time - this is approximately mid-April - early May.
For example, the 2008 World Cup was held daily from April 19 to May 5. Qualifying matches For a long time (until 2010), the qualification of the main tour players in the main part of the tournament was usually carried out in two stages. The first was played by snooker players, who occupy the lowest positions in the official ranking. The first stage was usually held in winter, in early to mid-January. The second qualifying stage was held in the spring, two or three months before the start of the championship. In 2010, it was decided to bring the two qualifying stages closer together in calendar terms and to be held, with short breaks, between February 26 and March 9.
Starting from 2011, all qualifying rounds were set to be held daily, one after another, with the only one-day break left to restore the gaming tables. Recently, the so-called pre-qualification, or qualification for players who are part of the WPBSA, but not playing in main tour. It, depending on the number of participants, can consist of several stages, and gives the opportunity for former professionals (or other WPBSA members who are not playing on the tour) to get into the main qualification and fight further for getting into the final stage. Previously, when significantly more snooker players were playing on the main tour, there was a pre-qualification for regular amateur players instead.
19. At the 1982 World Championship, defending Steve Davis was beaten 10–1 by Tony Knowles in the first round.
20. The first official maximum series was made by Joe Davis in 1955.
21. Steve Davis made the first "television" 147-point streak in 1982 at the Lada Classic tournament.
22. Canadian snooker player Bill Verbeniuk was ordered by doctors to drink a pint (about half a liter) of lager (a kind of light beer) after each game, which sometimes amounted to up to 40 pints of lager per day. This huge man, who weighed about 128 kg, drank liters of beer before, during, and after matches to calm the trembling in his cue hand. This trembling was due to a hereditary nervous disorder.
23. Ronnie O'Sullivan made a record 30 century breaks in his first season in professional snooker.
24. Stephen Hendry won the Rothmans Grand Prix in 1987 at the age of 18, becoming the youngest player to win a ranking event.
25. Cliff Thorburn made the very first 147-point streak in World Snooker Championship history in 1983.
26. In the 1983–84 season, Steve Davis won his third world title in four years, becoming the first player to manage to defend his league title.
27. The three-minute game in the match between Tony Drago and Danny Fowler was the fastest ever in the history of rating tournaments.
28. Judd Trump is the youngest player to make a 147-point streak in official competition at the age of 14 years and 208 days.
29. The final session of K. Thorburn's game against T. Griffiths at the 1983 World Championship was a record long one. The session time was 6 hours 25 minutes, the match ended at 3:51 in the morning!
30. In the 1993 season (at age 17), Ronnie O'Sullivan became the youngest player to qualify for the World Cup.
31. Murt O'Donoghue was the first player to make a 147-point streak in 1934.
32. Dennis Taylor won his first Rothman's Grand Prix title in 1984 three weeks after his mother's death.
33. In the 1985 Dulux British Open final between Kirk Stevens and Silvino Francisco, a non-British player challenged for the title of winner of a ranking tournament for the first time.
34. In 1927, Joe Davis received £6.10 for winning the World Championship.
542 players entered the 1993 World Cup, while only two entered the 1931 World Cup.
35. John Spencer made his first 147-point streak in professional competition against Cliff Thorburn at the Holstein Classic in 1979.
36. In the 1992–93 season, Doug Mountjoy won a match in the Crucible before surgery to remove a malignant tumor.
37. The 1985 World Cup final between Steve Davis and Dennis Taylor was watched by 18.5 million viewers.
38. Snooker balls were originally made from ivory.
39. In 2005, at the age of 18 years and 1 day, Chinese snooker player Ding became the youngest winner of a professional tournament ("China Open").
40. Alex Higgins became world snooker champion on his first try (in 1972). He received £480 for the win (compared with Shaun Murphy's £250,000 in 2005).
41. John Virgo had to come to terms with a two-set loss after he was 30 minutes late for the final session of the 1979 Coral UK final.
42. In 1990, Stephen Hendry, at the age of 21, became the youngest ever world champion when he defeated Jimmy White 18–12.
43. Canadian Cliff Thorburn (1980 World Champion) and Irish Ken Dougherty (1997 World Champion) are the only two non-UK champions.
44. Joe Johnson in 1986 and Shaun Murphy in 2005 became world champions, while their chances of winning were estimated at one chance in one hundred and fifty.
45. Jimmy White has reached the finals of the World Championships six times, but never won. He came closest to a championship title in 1994 when he lost to Stephen Hendry 17–18.
46. Derbyshire native Joe Davies became snooker's first world champion in 1927 and won all 15 world championships he competed in. He won his last title in 1946, after which he did not take part in the world championships, but continued to play in other tournaments.
47. At the first World Championship in Birmingham, the prize fund was ... 6 pounds 10 sterling.
48. Only two players participated in the 1931 World Cup: Tom Dennis, in whose pub the tournament was held, lost 21-25 to Joe Davis.
49. Fred Davis, who won eight world titles, reached the semi-finals of the championship in 1978 at the age of 64. Unfortunately, his sibling Joe Davis suffered a seizure while watching the match and later passed away just a couple of months later.
50.18.5 million Britons watched the denouement at the decisive black in the 1985 World Cup final when Dennis Taylor defeated Steve Davis. At the same time, the television audience of Ding Junhui's matches in China, as a rule, regularly exceeds this figure by an order of magnitude.
Top 50 interesting facts about hippopotamus
Mighty hippos, they are hippos, only seem to be such clumsy bumpkins. These massive animals have a quick temper and are very dangerous, especially if someone has the imprudence to disturb them. On the other hand, hippos do not harm anyone - they only protect themselves and their territory, which is steadily shrinking due to the expansion of human civilization.
The common hippopotamus is an artiodactyl animal that belongs to the hippopotamus family. Hippopotamuses prefer to live near freshwater reservoirs, where they spend most of their time, only occasionally leaving the water to feed. Hippos are also often called hippos, which means "river horse" in Greek. The name is very accurate, given the craving of hippos for water and the impressive dimensions of these animals.
Hippopotamuses are one of the largest land animals. The mass of an adult male often exceeds three tons; some sources claim that there were also four-ton giants. Until about ten, the group of males and females does not differ much, but males begin to gain weight much faster in adulthood. In the wild, the life expectancy of a hippopotamus rarely exceeds 40 years, and in captivity, animals can live up to 60 years with proper care.
Interesting facts about Hippos
1. In the African country of Sudan, hippos are considered evil creatures, so the locals fear them and bypass them.
2. There are pygmy hippos worldwide, which are 12-15 times inferior to their full-sized counterparts.
3. True, they still weigh about two hundred kilograms.
4. Hippos have stronger teeth than any other living creature on Earth.
5. Once upon a time, pygmy hippos were found on the Mediterranean islands, particularly in Cyprus, but they died out there long ago (see 33 interesting facts about Cyprus).
6. Hippo meat is entirely edible. Moreover, paleontologists have established that the ancestors of modern humans hunted them for meat several million years ago.
7. Although hippopotamuses spend most of their lives in the water, they only eat vegetation that grows on land but does not eat aquatic plants.
8. An enraged hippopotamus can develop tremendous speed, so even a professional athlete will not be able to escape from it.
9. The only living creature in the world that poses a threat to an adult hippo is a person.
10. The skin of hippopotamuses is unique in that it secretes a particular enzyme that helps to disinfect wounds. An excellent natural mechanism, considering that hippos often fight and inflict more or less severe injuries on each other.
11. A newborn baby hippo weighs an average of about 50 kg.
12. Hippos often ravage the fields in the countryside. In ancient Egypt, they, and not locusts, were considered the scourge of the areas.
13. In the stomach of an adult hippopotamus, up to 200 kg of digestible food can be simultaneously located.
14. The female hippo cannot become pregnant for 15-18 months after the cub's birth.
15. Some tribes in Africa make dentures from hippopotamus teeth.
16. Although hippos are fiercely protective of their offspring, they can quickly kill other people's cubs.
17. The skin of an adult hippopotamus weighs up to 500 kg, up to one-eighth of the mass of its entire body.
18. Hippos can sweat, and their sweat is reddish-pink.
19. The pupils of these animals are unique in that they are T-shaped.
20. In Africa, hippos kill more people than crocodiles.
21. even though hippos constantly eat when possible, if necessary, they can go without food for 15-20 days.
22. Hunting for hippos is officially banned in all countries, but some African tribes, leading a lifestyle close to the primitive, continue to hunt them.
23. The skin of these animals reaches 3.5-4 cm in thickness.
24. In well-fed hippos, the stomach sags so much that it can touch the ground when walking.
25. Their life expectancy can reach approximately 50 years.
26. Hippos, on occasion, do not mind eating a gaping antelope or even a crocodile.
27. Their skin is more challenging than that of any other animal. It is even more challenging than elephants.
28. An adult hippopotamus eats 50-60 kg of food per day.
29. Hippos can develop a running speed of up to 30 kilometers per hour. Accurate, from such efforts, they quickly fizzle out.
30. Older individuals often starve to death after their teeth have been completely worn down and they can no longer grind plant foods.
31. Hippos grow throughout their lives.
32. Hippos usually wait out the heat of the day in the water and go out to graze on land at night.
33. Often, during the night, they walk more than 10 kilometers in search of food.
34. Usually, females of these animals give birth to cubs on land, but sometimes they do it in the water. Why is it unknown?
35. If an adult hippopotamus opens its mouth, the distance from its upper to lower jaw can reach one and a half meters.
36. Hippos have relatively poor eyesight but excellent hearing. And in the water, they hear no worse than on land.
37. Hippos live only in freshwater.
38. If necessary, hippos can hold their breath for up to five minutes while diving underwater.
39. Even adults and large crocodiles avoid attacking hippos.
40. An adult hippopotamus can weigh over 4 tons.
41. From the point of view of zoology, the closest relatives of these animals are whales.
42. Some African tribes treat the skin of hippopotamuses in such a way that it is used for polishing diamonds. But this is a long process that takes up to five or six years.
43. Currently, you can meet a wild hippopotamus only in Africa, and in recent decades their numbers have been declining. Biologists estimate that the total number of animals does not exceed 150,000, a quarter of them live in Zambia. But on the territory of South Africa, wild hippos completely disappeared several decades ago; they can only be found in the national park.
44. The main enemy of hippos is the man. Among the animals, few dare to attack this giant. Sometimes lions and crocodiles decide on this. But, even these ferocious predators do not always manage to defeat the hippopotamus, which in appearance seems lazy and clumsy. Crocodiles attack hippos in the water and lions on land.
45. A hippo's mouth can open almost 180 degrees, and its scope in adult animals reaches one and a half meters. The strength of the jaws of a hippopotamus is such that it can bite the spine of an adult crocodile.
46. With such a vast mass, the animal needs up to 50 kg—of feed per day. The main diet of the hippopotamus consists of grass. But, hippos can also eat the meat of other animals.
47. In zoos, hippos began to appear in the middle of the 19th century. The first animal was delivered to the London Zoo on May 25, 1850. The townspeople's delight knew no bounds, up to ten thousand people a day came to see such a miracle. Now hippos successfully breed in captivity, but keeping these animals is not cheap.
48. Since ancient times, people have hunted hippos for meat, skins, and bones. The heart, especially a young animal, is tasty and tastes like veal.
49. a healthy skin, up to four centimeters thick, was often used by warriors for sheathing shields, and the bone is used to make souvenirs. Given the sharp decline in the number of animals, the trade-in hippopotamus bones are limited by hard quotas.
50. When a hippopotamus goes to land, his body quickly dehydrates; therefore, in search of food, they prefer to go out at night when the heat subsides. In search of food, the hippopotamus can overcome up to ten kilometers, and with the onset of heat, they again plunge into the reservoir. Despite their impressive mass, hippos can reach speeds of up to thirty kilometers per hour over short distances.
51. For people, hippos are very dangerous. They often settle near sown fields, and in a short time, they can destroy a significant part of the crops since these animals have an excellent appetite. At this time, hippos are aggressive and can attack people passing by. In the water, animals sometimes attack passing boats. Most often, females do this, fearing for their cubs. In South Luangwa Park, located in Zambia, more than 100 people become victims of hippopotamus attacks yearly.
52. Most hippos prefer not to leave their native waters. Therefore, they suffer significantly during a drought, when the water level drops rapidly. But among these animals, there are lovers of travel. For example, in three years, a female named Hubert, from 1928 to 1931, decided on a desperate step - she covered 1,600 kilometers in southern Africa. She was shot dead by the hunters, who were then sentenced to a $25 fine.