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100 short and interesting facts about the Champions League 2021

8 months ago
100-short-and-interesting-facts-about-the-champions-league-2021

Ever since some Sheffield cricketers decided to try a new sport and set up the first football club in history, every team that has ever tied on the square or on the grass of the world's great stadiums has been looking for opponents on measure. There have been club tours in Europe since the 19th century, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, then continued in various forms among the world wars until the 1950s, but the history of the Champions League, as we know it today, would begin in South America!


8 groups of 32 teams in the first round guarantee a minimum of 6 matches played for each club and this new format replaces the eliminatory scheme played in the old CCE. The UEFA Champions League began its adventure of conquering the world in the autumn of 1992 (exactly when the first season of the Premier League began!).


Bemorepanda has collected 100 interesting facts for you.


1. Real Madrid scored the most goals - 439

2. And missed the most 231 goals

3. Porto suffered the most losses - 51

4. Zlatan Ibrahimovic, Nicolas Anelka, Javier Saviola each played for 6 different teams

5. Ryan Giggs is a player with most Champions League appearances (19 rallies)

6. Iker Casillas played the most minutes (13,450)

7. Raul is the fielder with the most playing minutes (11,999)

8. Thierry Henry missed the most penalties (5)

9 . Zlatan Ibrahimovic and David Luiz are most removed - 4 times

10. Marco Balotta - the age goalkeeper (43 years and 253 days)

11. Cristiano Ronaldo - the player who won the most consecutive wins (14)

12. Péteri Ofori-Kwai - the young goalscorer (17 years and 195 days)

13. Arsene Wenger is the coach with the most appearances (19 rallies)

14. Carlo Ancelotti has coached the most teams (6)

15. Alex Ferguson is the coach with the most Champions League appearances (190 )

16. Arsene Wenger - coach with naib with most losses (49 matches)

17. Real Madrid (winner of the 2013/2014 season) with most goals per match (3.15)

18. Totalplayed 2533games Champions League

19. Total 1261 home wins, 650 away wins and 622 draws

20. Total scored 6,783 goals 

21. Total shot 534 penalties, 125 missed

22. The most popular 1: 1 score met in 280 games

23. Real Marid, Barcelona, ​​Porto and Manchester United are the teams with the most participation (20 draws )

24. Most productive match Monaco - Deportivo 8: 3 (05.11.2003)

25. Glasgow Rangers-Unira - the game with the most own goals (3 -20.10.2009)

26. Final (Real Madrid - Atlético) - the game with the most yellow cards (12)

27. The most common penalty is prescribed ingate the Arsenal(22 times)

28. most often disposed of players Juventus(20 times)

29. Kim Milton Nielsen - the referee, judging the most (53 games)

30. France - the country, represented the largest number of players (471)

31. Players of 124 nationalities played in matches

32. Daniel Amokachi - scorer of the first goal (25.11.1992 Bruges-CSKA 1: 0)

33. Lionel Messi and Luiz Adriano scored the most goals in one match (5)

34. Francesco Totti - oldest goal scorer (38 years and 59 days)

35. Celesten Babayaro - youngest debutant (16 years and 87 days)

36. Raul - youngest hat-trick at the age of 18 years 114 days (18.10.1995 Real Madrid - Ferencvaros 6: 1 (24, 25, 84 minutes)

37.13 Spanish teams have participated in at least one Champions League (Athletic, Atlético, Barcelona, ​​Betis, Valencia, Villarreal, Deportivo, Malaga, Mallorca, Real Madrid, Real Sociedad, Sevilla, Celta)

38. Luis Figo and Ruud Van Nistelrooy scored the most spenalti (10)

39. Manchester United - the team the most times played a draw (52 times)

40. Barcelona scored the most goals in the gate (9)

41. Marco Van Basten - the author of the first het-trick Champions League (25.11.1992 Milan-Gothenburg)

42. Glasgow Rangers - the team that won the first away victory (09.12.1992 CSKA-Glasgow Rangers 0: 1). Although formally the meeting took place in Bochum (Germany)

43. Donetsk Shakhtar - the author of the biggest away victory 7: 0

44. Real Madrid did not score the most penalties (11)

45. The referees most often sent off players in matches against Barcelona (29 times)

46. Real Madrid is the team with the most victories in one competition (12 - 2001/2002)

47. Maccabi Haifa (2009/2010) and Deportivo (2005/2005) have not scored a single goal

48. Iker Casillas - the player who played most often in the starting lineup (149 times) and finished the match (145 times)

49. Alessandro Nesta - the player who did not score in 99 matches

50. Vanden Borre - the player who did not win in 23 matches in a row

51. Xavi - the player with the most wins (91)

52. Raul was the first to play 100 matches in the Champions League

53. Cristiano Ronaldo opened the scoring most often (29 times)

54. The biggest victory in the history of the tournament - Liverpool-Besiktas 8: 0 (06.11.2007 )

55. Carles Puyol won the trophy most of all as captain - 3 times

56. Roy Macaay - scored the fastest goal 10.12 seconds (07.03.2007 Bayern-Real Madrid)

57. Milan most often played in the finals (6 times), Bayern, Barcelona and Juventus (5 times), Real Madrid and Manchester United 4 times

58. Juventus lost more than all finals (4 times), Milan and Bayern 3 times

59. Real Madrid (4) and Porto (1 time) have never lost in the final

60. Cristiano Ronaldo has scored the most in one draw - 17 goals (2013 / 2014)

61. The biggest difference in the final - Milan-Barcelona (4: 0) 05/18/1994

62. Liverpool-Milan (3: 3) - the most productive final (05/25/2005)

63. 5 players with doubles in the finals - Daniele Massaro (1993/1994), Karl Heinz Riedle (1996/1997), Hernan Crespo (2004/2005), Filippo Inzaghi (2006/2007), Diego Milito (2009/2010)

64.4 players scored in two finals - Raul ( 1999/2000 and 2001/2002), Cristiano Ronaldo (2007/2008 and 2013/2014), Lionel Messi (2008/2009 and 2010/2011), Samuel Eto'o (2005/2006 and 2008/2009)

65. Carlo Ancelotti won the trophy three times (2002/2003, 2006/2007 with Milan and 2013/2014 with Real Madrid)

66. Coaches who won the trophy with different teams - Otmar Hitzfeld (Borussia D 1996/1997 and Bayern 2000/2001), Jupp Heinckess (Real Madrid 1997/1998 and Bayern 2012/2 013), Jose Mourinho (Porto 2003/2004 and Inter 2009/2010), Carlo Ancelotti (Milan 2002/2003, 2006/2007 and Real Madrid 2013/2014)

67. Oldest winning coach - Raymond Gutals (71 and 232 days)

68.6 times the winner was determined in a penalty shootout - Juventus-Ajax (1995/1996), Bayern-Valencia (2000/2001), Milan-Juventus (2002/2003), Liverpool-Milan (2004/2005), Manchester United -Chelsea (2007/2008), Chelsea-Bayern (2011/2012)after

69.1 time winner extra time - Real Madrid-Atlético 2013/2014 (4: 1)

70. Oldest fielder - Alessandro Costacurta 40 years old and 213 days (21.11.2006 AEK - Milan 1: 0)

71. Clarence Seedorf - the only one who won the Champions League with 3 different clubs (Ajax 1994/1995, Real Madrid 1997/1998, Milan 2002/2003, 2006/2007)

72. Frank Rijkaard is the only one who won the Champions League as a player (Ajax 1994/1995) and coach (Barcelona 2005/2006)

73. Final Milan-Liverpool (2004/2005, 2006/2007) and Barcelona-Manchester United (2008/2009 , 2010/2011) played twice 

74. Real Madrid and Bayern - the team, who had gained the most consecutive wins (10)

75. 130 teams at least once participated in the draw of the tournament

76. Barcelona more than any win on the road - 45 matches

77 20 different stadiums hosted the final of the Champions League

78. In 13 of them the different winner was ahead

79. 14 teams lost all matches in the group stage of the Champions League - Kosice (1997/1998), Fenerbahce (2001/2002), Spartak Moscow (2002/2003), Anderlecht (2004/2005), Rapid (2005/2006), Levski (2006/2007), Dynamo Kiev (2007/2008), Debrecen (2009/2010), Zhilina (2010/2011), Partizan (2010/2011), Maccabi Haifa (2009/2010), Villarreal (2011/2012), Otelul (2011/2012), Olympique Marseille (2103/2014)

80. Real Madrid-Bayern have met the most in the Champions League - 22 times

81. Liverpool-Chelsea more often all met as representatives of one of the country - 10 times

82 5 finals played by representatives of the same country (Real Madrid-Valencia 1999/2000, Milan-Juventus 2002/2003, Manchestr e United-Chelsea 2007/2008, Bayern-Borussia D 2012/2013, Real Madrid-Atlético 2013/2014)

83. And only once by teams from the same city (Real Madrid-Atlético 2013/2014)

84. Marcel Desailly (Olympique 1992 / 1993 and Milan 1993/1994), Paulo Sousa (Juventus 1995/1996 and Borussia D 1996/1997), Gerard Piqué (Manchester United 2007/2008 and Barcelona 2008/2009) and Samuel Eto'o (Barcelona 2008/2009 and Inter 2009/2010) have won the Champions League twice in a row

85. Marcelo Lippi, Alex Ferguson and Carlo Ancelotti with their teams have4 times playedin the Champions League final

86. Jupp Hynckess, Rafael Benitez, Josep Guardiola, Carlo Ancelotti, Roberto Di Matteo and Luis Enrique won the trophy in their very first season

87. Chelsea is the only team to be eliminated in the group stage after winning the Champions League (2012/2013)

88. Athens (Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, AEK - 2003/2004), and London (Arsenal. Chelsea, Tottenham - 2003/2004) represented 3 teams each in the Champions League

89. Only Juventus (1995/1996) and Borussia D (1996/1997) managed to become winners in their country

90. Only Spanish teams won the Champions League in a row (Real Madrid 2013/2014 and Barcelona 2014/2015)

91. Brothers who won the Champions League - Frank and Ronald de Boers, Gary and Phil Neville, Gabi and Diego Milito

92. Brazilians scored the most in the Champions League - 747 goals

93. Raul was the first to reach marks of 50 goals 

94. Van Tiggelen became the first player sent off in the match (25/11/1992 Porto - PSV 2: 2)

95. Alex Ferguson is the first coach to score 100 wins

96. 3,002 goals scored in the first half

97. 3,764 scored in the second half

98. 9 goals scored in extra time

99. 5848 players have played at least one minute in the match

100 343 coach took part in at least one match

 


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20-interesting-facts-about-the-mayan-tribe-culture-architecture-and-the-rules-of-life

One of the most famous among the oldest civilizations is the Mayan tribe. Until now, scientists in questions of the existence of the Maya civilization have left for themselves a lot of unknown. The researchers managed to determine that the Mayan civilization appeared in the 1st millennium BC. Their legacy lies in unusual writing and beautiful architectural structures, in advanced mathematics and astronomy, in art objects and in the famous incredibly accurate calendar.


Despite the huge amount of unknown facts, the most secret for historians was the question of what led to the fall of the highly developed Mayan civilization. At the same time, the first prerequisites for such a decay, according to scientists, appeared around the 9th century AD. Not only the decline of the Mayan civilization, but also many other mysterious moments from the life of this tribe to this day haunt scientists. The last place where such tribes were recorded was the north of Guatemala. Only archaeological excavations tell about the history and culture of the Maya.


Bemorepanda presents you this interesting facts about Mayan tribe.


1. Many people mistakenly assume that the Mayan tribe is extinct and the entire civilization is in the past, but this is not so. Maya to this day live in North America. Their number has decreased and today amounts to about 6 million.

Mexico: the history of the Maya - Saga



2. The Maya never predicted the end of the world. This people had not 1, but 3 calendars. Each of them was not a harbinger of the apocalypse. The point was that the cycle of the longest Mayan calendar could reset to zero approximately every 2,880,000 days. One of these updates was planned for 2012.

Maya peoples - Wikipedia


3. The huge Mayan tribe lived in the vast territory of present-day Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize, in the west of Honduras and El Salvador. The development center of such a civilization was in the North.

Mayans: Civilization, Culture & Empire - HISTORY


4. Apart from the Babylonian systems, the Maya were the first to use the number "0". Indian mathematicians later began to use zero as a mathematical value in calculations.

Maya Civilisation Large Display Cut Out Pack (teacher made)


5. Some linguists managed to prove that the word "shark" came to us from the language of the Mayan tribe.

Unbelievable Facts about the Mayan Civilization -


6. The pre-Colombian Maya wanted to "improve" the physical characteristics of their own children. For this, mothers tied the boards to the child's forehead so that over time the forehead became flat.

Apocalypto princess by Fishheye on DeviantArt


7. Aristocrats from the Mayan tribes were hunchbacked, and their teeth were inlaid with jade.

10 Fascinating Tales of Ancient Mayan Civilization - Toptenz.net


8. In the ancient Maya tribes, all children were named according to the day they were born.

TOP 10 Amazing Facts About THE MAYANS - YouTube


9. Some members of the Maya tribe to this day practice bloody sacrifices. Fortunately, chickens are now being sacrificed, not people.

The mayans period 1


10. All major cities of the Mayan civilization had stadiums. Their type of "football" involved decapitation. In this case, the team of losers was the victim. The severed heads, as historians suggest, were used as balls. The modern version of this game is called "ulama", but decapitation is no longer used.

Top 5 Mayan ruins to visit in Mexico this November | Insight Guides Blog


11. Like the Aztecs, the Maya never used steel or iron in their construction. Their main weapon was obsidian or volcanic rocks.

Maya Civilization - Ancient History Encyclopedia


12. They could create incredible constructions with geometric precision. Smooth corners and walls coupled with perfect computation is something that is difficult to achieve now. But in the Mayan civilization there were many such structures.

Tikal Temple II - Wikipedia


13. The main dish of the Maya in the diet was corn, and therefore it is not surprising that, according to Mayan mythology, the creator god Hunab created mankind precisely from the cob of corn.

Pagan Ornament Of A Tribe Maya Stock Photo, Picture And Royalty Free Image.  Image 4755023.


14. The Maya played football, but their game was to use a rubber ball. It had to be hammered into a round hoop.

What have the Mayans ever done for us... apart from predict the end of the  world? | The Independent | The Independent


15. Baths and saunas played a large role in the Mayan civilization. This tribe believed that with the release of sweat, they got rid of not only dirt, but also from perfect sins.

Premium Vector | Pyramid maya, chief of tribe maya. mayan.


16. Archaeologists have been able to find evidence that the Mayan tribes used human hair to sew up a wound. Representatives of this civilization treated unsurpassed not only bone fractures, but were also considered skilled dentists.

Mayans: Civilization, Culture & Empire - HISTORY


17. In the Maya tribe, prisoners, slaves, and other people who were to be sacrificed were painted blue and sometimes tortured. After that, they were brought to the top of one of the pyramids, where they were shot from a bow or their still beating heart was cut out from their chest. Sometimes the priests' assistants then removed the skin of the victim, which the high priest put on. Then a ritual dance was performed.

Ek Balam, a Mayan god represented by the Black Jaguar – The Yucatan Times


18. The Maya tribes had one of the most advanced writing systems among all the ancient civilizations. They wrote on everything that came to hand, especially on structures.

5 Unique Facts about Temples of the Mayan Tribes in Central America | See  Local to Action


19. It was also possible to prove that the Maya used means of pain relief. So for various religious rituals, hallucinogenic drugs were used. They used them in everyday life quite widely. Such a hallucinogen was made from a specific mushroom, peyote, bindweed, and also from tobacco.

Rise and Fall of Maya Civilization Over 3,000 Years - History


20. The Mayan pyramids were included in the list of 7 wonders of the world. Until now, many structures are hidden under a thick layer of earth, and their excavation has become difficult due to the impassability of the rainforest. Those constructions that have already been restored impress with their own extraordinary layering.

20+ Facts About the Mayan People That Your School Teachers Didn't Tell You  About

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2021-earth-day-30-fascinating-facts-that-will-raise-your-awareness-related-to-environmental-issues

On April 22, Earth Day will be celebrated all over the world - a holiday in which it is worth thinking about the future of our planet and what we can do for a common home. This tradition originated in 1970 at the initiative of US Senator Gaylord Nelson, whose goal was to draw public attention to the problems of environmental pollution. On the eve of the holiday, we will share with you the most interesting facts about the Earth.


Earth Day was founded by US Senator Gaylord Nelson in 1970 to awaken the political class from its disinterest in the environment and was celebrated in its first year by about 20 million Americans, mostly young people. and very young. After 2 decades, in 1990, over 200 million people in 141 countries turned Earth Day into a major event in human history, by joining them in the desire to advocate for a better future for our planet, and in year 2009,


The United Nations (UN) has declared April 22 as the official holiday of planet Earth and a common expression of everyone's desire to build a stable society for a cleaner and greener future. The genesis of the Earth took place several billion years ago from a cloud of dust and gas that revolved around the sun and is the third planet from the sun with a particular constitution in the solar system.


Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts for you.


1. The core of the Earth contains so much gold, which will be enough to cover the entire surface of our planet by almost 45 centimeters.


2. The inner core of the Earth has a radius of about 1220 kilometers, which is comparable to 70% of the radius of the Moon. In addition, based on geophysical and geochemical methods, there is an assumption that the inner core of our planet is about the same temperature as the Sun.


3. Lightning strikes the earth on our planet more than 8.6 million times a day.


4. Prior to space travel, the Earth was often depicted as a green world. Science fiction writer Frank Paul is believed to be the first to depict a cloudless blue planet with well-defined land on the back of the July 1940 issue of Amazing Stories magazine.


5. Scientific evidence indicates that the Earth was formed from a solar nebula about 4.54 billion years ago. Life on the planet appeared about 4.25 billion years ago, that is, shortly after its origin.


6. The conditions for the existence of life on Earth preserve the ozone layer and the Earth's magnetic field, which weaken the solar radiation harmful to life.


7. The oceans occupy about 70.8% of the surface of our planet. Liquid water, which is essential for all known life forms, does not exist on the surface of any known planet in the solar system other than Earth.


8. The average speed of movement of lithospheric plates on Earth is approximately equal to the growth rate of nails on human hands. After 200-300 million years, hypothetically, all the continents of the planet will merge into the supercontinent Pangea Ultima.


9. The force of gravity at the poles of the Earth is greater than at the equator. A person who weighs 150.8 pounds (68.4 kg) at the North Pole will weigh 400 grams less while at the equator.


10. More than 68% of the Earth's freshwater is solid, including glaciers, snow cover and permafrost. 


11. The Earth was first photographed from space in 1959 by the Explorer-6 apparatus. The first ever image of the entire Earth was captured by the orbital station Lunar Orbiter V on August 8, 1967.


12. The most massive extinction in the entire history of the Earth occurred at the end of the Permian period (298.9 ± 0.15 million years ago), when more than 90% of living things on the planet died.


13. The highest point on the Earth's surface is Mount Everest (8,848 m above sea level), and the deepest is the Mariana Trench (10,994 m below sea level).


14. The deadliest tsunami known to have occurred on 26 December 2004 in Southeast Asia was triggered by a 9.3 magnitude submarine earthquake in the Indian Ocean. The total death toll exceeded 235 thousand people.


15. The most toxic plant on Earth is the yew, a genus of small conifers. Every part of this tree is poisonous, with the exception of its berries, however, their seeds are also poisonous.


16. If all the water of the World Ocean is evenly distributed over the surface, then a layer with a thickness of more than 2.7 kilometers would be obtained. Of all the water that is on Earth, only 2.5% is fresh, the rest is salty.


17. Without the greenhouse effect, the Earth's average temperature would be between -18 and -23 ° C, given that it is actually 14.8 ° C. Without this thermal insulation effect, life on our planet most likely would not exist.


18. The atmosphere passes into interplanetary space gradually, in the exosphere, starting at an altitude of 500-1000 kilometers from the Earth's surface. By definition, the boundary between the atmosphere and space is drawn along the Karman line, located at an altitude of about 100 kilometers, above which air flights become completely impossible.


19. Human breathing becomes impossible at an altitude of 9 kilometers, although the atmosphere contains oxygen up to about 115 kilometers.


20. At an altitude of about 19-20 kilometers, the pressure of the atmosphere decreases so much that it leads to the boiling of water and interstitial fluid in the human body. Outside the pressurized cockpit at these heights, death occurs almost instantly.


21. The seas lose more water due to evaporation than they receive with precipitation, on land - vice versa. Water circulates continuously around the globe, while its total amount remains unchanged.


22. The rotation of the Earth occurs from west to east. Due to tidal acceleration, each next day is longer than the previous ones by an average of 29 nanoseconds.


23. Due to tidal synchronization, the Moon is moving away from the Earth by about 38 millimeters per year. Millions of years from now, this tiny change, as well as an increase in Earth's day of 23 microseconds per year, will result in significant changes. So, for example, in the Devonian period (about 410 million years ago) there were 400 days a year, and a day lasted 21.8 hours.


24. The largest tidal waves on Earth are observed in the Bay of Fundy in Canada and are 18 meters.


25. Earth is the only name for the planet that was not taken from Greco-Roman mythology.


26. Lake Baikal in Russia accounts for about 20% of all world reserves of fresh lake water. It is the deepest and oldest lake in the world.


27. The ice sheet in Antarctica contains about 80% of all freshwater on the planet. If it melts completely, the level of the World Ocean will rise by almost 60 meters.


28. The Earth moves around the Sun at a distance of about 150 million kilometers at a speed of almost 30 kilometers per second.


29. The driest place on earth is the Atacama Desert in Chile. In some places of this desert, rain falls once every several decades.


30. If the history of the Earth were presented in the form of a 24-hour segment, then the dinosaurs would have died out at 23:41, and human existence would begin at 23:54 and 43 seconds of the same day.



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100-most-interesting-and-fun-facts-about-tokyo-that-will-change-your-mind-about-japan

Tokyo, the capital of distant and prosperous Japan, stuns tourists literally from the first moments, as soon as the traveler's footsteps on his land. Everything seems to be different here than in other cities: an incredibly complex layout of blocks, and intricate metro lines that are perceived as not connected to each other, and a solid jungle of city communications wires. During rush hours, people seem to merge into one river, and its flows fill the streets, underpasses, public transport. Here you need to always keep your eyes open, because it is very easy to get lost, getting completely different from where you hoped to be.


Tokyo is second in the world in terms of population density. The city of 37 million is not only the political, administrative and financial, but also the industrial and cultural center of the country. Located in the southeastern part of Japan's largest island of Honshu, this ultra-modern metropolis, where life does not stop day or night, is located on the Kanto Plain, in a cozy bay of Tokyo Bay. To truly feel its amazing atmosphere and get acquainted with at least half of the sights, one day or even a week is not enough - you need to live here for several months.


Huge and many-sided Tokyo, the capital of the only empire in the world, and even an island - Japan, cannot be described in a few words or limited to only a couple of epithets, even the most eloquent ones. And all because in this ancient city, modernity and ancient Japanese traditions harmoniously coexist, mutually penetrating each other. The Old City is worth mentioning separately. Having visited its numerous palaces, temples and shrines, it is as if you are plunging into the era of the shoguns, who for a long time were the sole rulers of the Land of the Rising Sun. Art lovers will quench their thirst for beauty in Tokyo's many museums.



1. Beneath Tokyo are five huge cylindrical shafts that will be filled with water in the event of a flood. This will prevent the destruction of the city.


2. There is an anime and manga in Japan called "Saint Young Men" in which Jesus and Buddha live in Tokyo as roommates. They rest on Earth and try to understand Japanese society.


3. When Tokyo officials went to congratulate the oldest man in the city on his 111th birthday in 2010, they found his remains on a bed. He had been dead for 30 years, and his family was taking away his pension, which was still accruing to him.


4. The Allied bombing of Tokyo killed more civilians than the atomic bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima combined.


5. During the Tokyo real estate bubble, the Imperial Palace (1.32 square miles) was valued more than all real estate in California.



6. Researchers in Tokyo have developed a mirror that changes a person's facial expression in real time. It gives a smile to the face. The application is intended for use in the bathrooms of the mall. The technology was adopted in the hope that happy shoppers would spend more.


7. The 2020 Olympic Games was held in Tokyo, Japan, as predicted in the 1982 Akira manga.


8. In 2013, a 39-story hotel in Tokyo literally "disappeared". It was demolished without the use of explosives or a special wrecking ball. All 39 floors were dismantled from the inside using a small crane, which gradually folded floor by floor.


9. You can pay a travel agency in Tokyo to send your plush toy on vacation without you.


10. One day, the Japanese government sent cherry tree seedlings to Washington as a gift. After the Second World War, cuttings from these cherry trees were sent back to Japan to restore the Tokyo collection, which was destroyed as a result of American bombing.



11. Tokyo Skytree is the tallest freestanding tower in the world. The height of the building is 634 meters. The tower's final height was chosen solely because of a play on words. The result is "Musashi": "mu" (in old Japanese means the number 6), "sa" (3) and "si" (4). This was the name of the historic district where modern Tokyo is located.


12. A Japanese scientist has created an exact copy of Tokyo. He used oatmeal to create nearby settlements, and bright light to simulate mountains, water sources and other natural features. When a scientist placed a living slime mold in the center of the mock-up, it created a network reminiscent of the Tokyo rail system as it tried to reach the treat (oatmeal).


13. Japan has almost twice as many 7-Elevens stores as the US. Only in Tokyo there are 2079 stores of this network.


14. There is a store in Tokyo called Whoopi Goldberg.



15. One of the Tokyo skyscrapers informs you with the help of colored lights whether to take an umbrella with you when you go outside.


16. In Tokyo, there is a building built in 1972, consisting of tiny 90-square-foot capsule apartments. If necessary, they can be replaced as Lego pieces.


17. There is a 12-story luxury stationery store in Tokyo. On the 12th floor they serve lettuce grown on the organic indoor farm located on the 11th floor of the same building.


18. Tokyo University is developing a tactile hologram. In other words, they create a hologram that can be touched and felt.


19. Tokyo has an anime-themed Butler cafe. According to the hostess, Japanese women “want to visit cafes where handsome male waiters will treat them like princesses.” This is the only cafe where only foreigners work.



20. 45 of the 51 busiest train stations in the world are in Japan. The busiest Shinjuku station, located in Tokyo, serves approximately 1.2 billion passengers a year.


21. At noon on September 1, 1923, a powerful earthquake occurred in Tokyo. Major fires broke out throughout the city because at the time of the earthquake, people were cooking dinner over an open fire. More than 100,000 people died.


22. Blue "anti-suicide" LED lights have been installed on all train platforms in Tokyo in an attempt to reduce the number of suicides committed here. It is believed that such lanterns have a calming effect. Studies have shown that blue-light stations have reduced suicide rates by 84%.


23. In 1923, a “fire tornado” swept through Tokyo and burned over 38,000 people.


24. Each Tokyo train station has its own unique theme songs.



25. The rock and roll culture of the 50s is still thriving in Tokyo.


26. Researchers at the University of Tokyo have created a robot arm that wins 100% of the time in a game of rock-paper-scissors. Using a high-speed camera, the robot recognizes within one millisecond the shape that the human hand is about to create, and then selects the winning combination.


27. A cafe has opened in Tokyo where visitors can hug hedgehogs.


28. On March 9-10, 1945, 300 B29 bombers dropped almost 500,000 cylinders of napalm and petroleum products on Tokyo, creating a 40-kilometer firestorm that killed over 100,000 people and maimed another million Japanese. It was the most destructive bombing in human history, including the atomic bombs of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.


29. Crows in Tokyo often steal steel wires to add to their nests. This often results in power outages when birds build nests on power lines.


30. Tokyo restaurants have more Michelin stars than Parisian establishments. In 2007, the editor of Michelin declared Tokyo to be the "Gastronomic Capital of the World".



31. Cat cafes are popular and quite common in Japan. Here, people pay to interact with cats, since most Tokyo apartments do not allow pets.


32. Only after 3 hours in Tokyo learned that Hiroshima had been bombed.


33. In 2011, the residents of Sendai received an earthquake warning 10-30 seconds before the main seismic waves hit. Residents of Tokyo, the Japanese Earthquake Early Warning System (EEW) notified of the impending wave in 60 seconds. Messages were relayed via mobile phones, TV shows and web pages across the country.


34. The Tokyo metropolitan area has a larger population than Canada.


35. More than 70 unexploded WWII bombs are found in Tokyo every year.


36. Tokyo Tower was built from steel, a third of which was scrap metal (American tanks damaged in the Korean War). Often this building is used in the Japanese kaiju film genre. It also became the site of the culminating "battles" of Godzilla, Mothra and King Kong.



37. Tokyo is by far the richest city on Earth. If it were a city-state, then Tokyo would still be among the ten richest countries in terms of GDP.


38. The former Tokyo governor claimed that the Nanjing Massacre (the mass rape and murder of Chinese civilians by the Japanese military) never happened.


39. Because of Tokyo's location on a tectonic fault, geologists call it the "city waiting for death."


40. There are rumors that a secret underground city is supposedly located under Tokyo, but officials vehemently deny this information.


41. The ancestors of modern Japanese inhabited these lands in the era of stone axes. Previously, this city was a military fortress and was called "Edo".


42. Tokyo became the capital of Japan only in 1868. Prior to that, for 1075 years, the capital was the city of Kyoto.



43. In 1923, a terrible earthquake destroyed almost half of Tokyo and killed more than 90,000 people (earthquake facts).


44. The cost of a square meter of real estate in the business center of the city here reaches 2 million dollars.


45. Due to the high price of real estate in Tokyo, capsule micro-apartments have become widespread. 


46. Some establishments here do not allow foreigners. A sign can hang right on the door, which means "foreigners are not served."


47. Despite the relative popularity of tattoos among Japanese youth, a person with a tattoo on exposed areas of the body will most likely not be allowed into any decent restaurant. In Japan, tattoos are strongly associated with the yakuza and the underworld.


48. In order to get rid of traffic jams in Tokyo, a huge number of high-speed highways were built, but the passage on them is paid.


49. The cost of parking here is fabulously high. 



50. Fruits and vegetables are expensive here. 


51. The most popular area for Tokyo youth looking for entertainment is Harajuku. It is here that you can meet the owners of the strangest outfits and hairstyles.


52. In Tokyo, there is a restaurant "Aragawa", which from year to year occupies one of the first places in the list of the most expensive establishments in the world.


53. An asteroid discovered in 1900 by a Tokyo astronomer was named after this city.


54. The zoo in Tokyo closes for two months each year so that its inhabitants can take a break from visitors.



55. “Cat cafes” are common here - establishments where you can play with these fluffy creatures. 


55. They have become popular because most Japanese people love cats, but in most households, the rules forbid keeping pets (cat facts).


56. The air temperature in Tokyo is usually 9-10 degrees higher than outside the city. The reason for this is a huge amount of infrastructure radiating into space, plus 13 million inhabitants, whose bodies also warm the air around.


57. There are about 150 earthquakes in Tokyo every year, but most of them are so weak that people don't even notice them. A similar situation is observed, by the way, in Santiago, the capital of Chile.


58. The capital occupies only 0.6% of the area of ​​Japan, but it provides a third of its total GDP.


59. The GDP of the city of Tokyo alone is higher than the GDP of all of Australia.



60. Twice as many people live in the suburbs of the Japanese capital than in the city itself. In total, more than 35 million people live in and near the city. This is about 60 times more than the population of Montenegro.


61. Based on the area of ​​​​the city and the population, there are about 4 square meters per inhabitant.


52. Tokyo's ubiquitous vending machines sell everything from chocolates and hamburgers to used women's underwear.


53. The dog Hachiko, famous all over the world due to his devotion, was waiting for his master right here, at Tokyo's Shibuya station, until his death.



54. In major Japanese cities, many homeowners ban pets, which is why "cat cafes" have appeared in Tokyo - for a low fee, visitors can choose a cat and pet it while drinking lemonade or tea.


55. The Tokyo subway system is the world's largest in terms of ridership, with 3.2 billion people a year. An interesting fact is that there is even a special position here - osiya, or pushers, whose duties include pushing passengers into overcrowded cars.


56. Public transport in Tokyo is the most reliable, affordable and fastest way to get around. But still, he's not cheap.


57. The asteroid Tokyo, discovered in this city in 1900, was named after the city. This is an irregularly shaped celestial body with a diameter of approximately 81 kilometers.


58. Tokyo Ueno Zoo is Japan's oldest zoo with over 2,600 pets. 


59. If you say at least a couple of phrases to the Japanese in Tokyo in their language, they will be very happy, because they believe that foreigners simply cannot learn Japanese because of its phenomenal complexity.



60. The population density in Tokyo is one of the highest among cities in the world, and there are only 4 square meters per person. In total, more than 35,000,000 people live in the Tokyo agglomeration.


61. There are a lot of single people in Tokyo who have never been in any kind of relationship with the opposite sex. Because of this, the suicide rate is extremely high.


62. If Tokyo were a separate country, it would be 15th place in the world in terms of GDP.


63. Tokyo is the safest metropolis in the world. Tokyo is so safe that young children use public transport on their own.


64. Tokyo's Shinjuku-Ni-Cheme area has the largest concentration of gay bars in the world.


65. Dressing up as your favorite manga or anime character and organizing a performance in Tokyo is a completely normal pastime.



66. Since the "Land of the Rising Sun" is located in a seismically active zone, earthquakes often occur here. In 1923, a powerful earthquake destroyed about half of Tokyo's infrastructure, killing more than 90,000 people in the process.


67. In the capital, real estate costs fabulous money. For 1 m 2 in the business center of Tokyo, the buyer will have to pay about $ 2 million!


68. Due to the high cost of housing, there are many micro-apartments in Tokyo. Their area varies within 10 m².


69. Parking in the city center for 1 hour is approximately $15.


70. Curiously, Harajuko is predominantly populated by young people. For this reason, in this region you can see many people with original hairstyles and outfits.



71. An interesting fact is that in the capital, rail transport is the most common type of public transport.


72. The Tokyo Stock Exchange is one of the three largest stock exchanges in the world.


73. Unlike some other megacities like Kuala Lumpur or Manila, Tokyo can be called a safe city with a clear conscience. True, foreigners are not welcome here everywhere. Some establishments here, as in the Korean capital of Seoul, put up a sign stating that "foreigners are not served."


74. Formally, Tokyo ceased to exist as a city in 1943 and was no longer displayed on maps. Officially, Tokyo refers to the 62 administrative divisions that make up the Tokyo Metropolitan Area. 


75. Moreover, the 23 special districts included in it, which made up Tokyo until 1943, are now equated in status with individual cities that have their own mayor and their own city council.


76. An indicator of the exceptional transparency of the air in Tokyo - if from it you can see the sacred Mount Fuji located 100 kilometers from it - the national symbol of Japan. But this happens very rarely.


 


77. Fujiyama, in fact, is not a mountain, but a volcano, although it is listed as weakly active. Its last eruption occurred in 1707. Then Edo was covered with a cloud of volcanic ash.


78. Tokyo is one of the few capitals in the world located in a seismically active zone. And at the same time - the only one, because the world's largest economy is located here. 


79. The earth on which it stands is shaken by earthquakes of various strengths about 150 times a year.


80. The Tokyo subway is also the largest in the world in terms of passenger traffic: more than 8.5 million passengers a day. Of these, 3 million are at Shinjuku Station alone, the busiest transport hub in the world. 


81. However, trains must still leave stations without delay. That is why passengers are helped by special employees - osiya ("pushers"): they push them into the cars and make sure that the doors do not jam anyone's luggage.


82. One of the main attractions of Tokyo is Ginza, the main street of Tokyo's administrative center and the main shopping street. Walking on it is a kind of ritual. The whole street is one continuous showcase of shops located on it. 



83. Buying here is not available to everyone, but it is prestigious. And also such a purchase means that you belong to the middle class - the basis of the entire Japanese economy.


84. From an architectural point of view, Tokyo is a gray and featureless city, devoid of frills and sights. 


85. After World War II, mass construction began in the rapidly developing city, and it was guided by only three principles: pragmatism, expediency, and economy. 


86. Tokyo can be amaze with an abundance of gray and inexpressive streets, many of which do not even have a name.


87. In Tokyo, as in other major cities in Japan, it is forbidden to keep any animals at home - the unanimous point of view of Japanese homeowners.


88. The onset of cherry blossom season, which is an important part of spring in Japan, marks the end of harsh winters. Cherry blossoms can be enjoyed for only two weeks during the whole year.



89. With a noodle shop and a beer garden on top, Takao-san is the world's most visited mountain on the western edge of Tokyo.


90. Tokyo Tower, modeled after the Eiffel Tower, is repainted with approximately 7,500 gallons of paint every 5 years.


91. Tokyo's Ritz Carlton has the most expensive room in the city, costing as much as $25,000.


92. The longest concert in Tokyo was the concert of the American band Guns N'Roses, which lasted three hours and thirty-seven minutes.


93. No matter how old people in Japan are, the Komagata Dozeu restaurant managed to survive the earthquakes and bombings, and managed to continue operating on the same piece of land for six generations (150 years).



94. Tokyo Skytree became the tallest tower in 2010. The official name was determined by a voting system. The current name received 30% of the votes and was announced on June 10, 2008 as "Tokyo Skytree".


95. Shinjuku Station has 36 platforms, including an underground entrance, an overhead entrance, and many corridors. Moreover, there are more than 200 different exits.


96. Tokyo in translation means the eastern capital. There are approximately 150 earthquakes in Tokyo every year.


97. In Japan, growing plants is an art.


98. The new generation of Japanese is not as small as Europeans think.


99. The Japanese tend to believe that all foreign countries, especially America, are dangerous to visit.


100. You can buy batteries, beer, wine, condoms, cigarettes, comics, hot dogs, light bulbs, and used women's underwear from Tokyo's vending machines.



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@Jessy I am learning Japanese, hope I will study in Tokyo
interesting-facts-about-human-brain-that-everyone-needs-to-know

The human brain has fascinated scientists since ancient times, as well as writers, poets, and musicians. So far no one was able to send in the perfect solution, which is not strange.

 

Every second, the brain collects and transmits signals to and from parts of your body. It keeps everything running, even when we sleep at night. Here you can take a quick tour of this great control center. You can see each part and later find out which parts perform different functions.

 

There are two types of cells in your brain: neurons and glial cells (glia - Greek word for glue). For a long time, biologists believed that neurons were the only cells that controlled our bodies, and that was where memories were stored. The glial cells were in the brain only to support the neurons, to isolate them, to feed them, and to do the basic cleansing. Recent research is beginning to show that glial cells do much more.

 

Read here the most interesting facts about the brain.

 

 

1. The human brain has about 80-100 billion nerve cells (neurons). 

 

2. The left hemisphere of the human brain is 200 million richer in neurons than the right hemisphere. 

 

3. Neurons in the human brain are very tiny. Their size reaches from 4 to 100 micrometers in width.

 

4. According to the research of scientists in 2014, there is more gray matter in the brain of a woman than in the brain of a man. 

 

5. According to statistics, a large percentage of the so-called gray matter are people with a humanitarian mindset. 

 

6. Constant physical stress can increase the amount of gray matter. 

 

7. The components of 40% of the human brain are gray cells. They turn gray only after they die. 

 

 

Bark: The wrinkled outer part of the brain is the largest part of the brain. This is also where our thinking comes from. It is also used to read this story in mathematics or in solving homework given by teachers. It is also the part of the brain that controls your voluntary muscles. These are the muscles used to press a mouse button, ride a bike, run a race, or hit a ball.

 

Are you using the left or right side of your brain?

 

Some researchers believe that the right and left sides of the cerebral cortex specialize in various activities. The right side is responsible for abstract things, such as colors, shapes, and music. The left side deals with math and speech and is the analytical part. It is also known that the right side of your brain controls the left side of your body and the left side of your brain controls the right side.

 

8. The brain of a living person has a bright pink hue. 

 

9. The male brain has less gray matter but more cerebrospinal fluid and white matter. 

 

10. White matter makes up 60% of the human brain. 

 

11. Fat is bad for the human heart, but it is very good for the brain. 

 

12. The average weight of the human brain is 1.3 kilograms. 

 

13. The human brain occupies up to 3 percent of the total body mass but consumes 20% of oxygen. 

 

14. The brain is capable of producing a large amount of energy. Even the energy of a sleeping brain can light a 25-watt light bulb. 

 

 

The cerebellum: Behind the brain, the cerebellum helps you to make smooth, coordinated movements. Walking, running, writing. . . without the cerebellum, the movement would not take place properly.

 

Thalamus: Given the activity that takes place in the brain, there must be a switching station, and this is the function of the thalamus. This part of the brain takes the information that comes from the body and transmits it to the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex also sends messages to the thalamus, which then transmits information to other areas of the brain and spinal cord.

 

Spinal cord: This is the main information bus. All information from different parts of the body moves to and from the brain through the spinal cord. It is connected to the brain through the brainstem. It is protected by the vertebral bones, which form the spine.

 

Hypothalamus: There is a thermostat in your house. This is the button on the wall that you can turn to warm or cool the room. The hypothalamus is your body's thermostat. When it is hot, it sends signals for your skin to sweat. If you are cold, it makes you shiver and goosebumps.

 

15. It has been proven that the size of the brain does not affect the mental abilities of a person, Albert Einstein had a smaller than average brain size. 

 

16. The human brain has no nerve endings, so doctors can cut into a person's brain when he is conscious. 

 

17. A person uses the capabilities of his brain by almost 100%. 

 

18. The texture of the brain is very important, and the wrinkles of the brain enable it to contain more neurons. 

 

19. Yawning cools the brain, and the absence of normal sleep raises its temperature. 

 

20. Even a tired brain can be productive. Scientists say that in one day, on average, a person has 70,000 thoughts. 

 

21. Information inside the brain is transmitted at high speed, from 1.5 to 440 kilometers per hour. 

 

22. The human brain can process and scan the most complex images. 

 

 

Hippocampus: Deep in your brain, the hippocampus works with the cerebral cortex to create memories. From five minutes ago to five years ago, the hippocampus helps you remember everything that has happened in your life. The hippocampus helps you remember how to navigate and how to navigate the environment, depending on how you've traveled in the past.

 

Callus Body: The callus body connects the right side of the brain to the left side. It allows the two parts of the brain to communicate with each other.

 

Pituitary gland: This small part of the brain is the size of a pea. It is the smallest part of the brain and one that controls when and how fast we grow. It releases special hormones that help you grow. He also works at puberty.

 

Brainstem: The brainstem connects three areas of the brain. These parts are the spinal bulb, Varolio's bridge, and the midbrain. The brainstem is located below the cerebellum and connects the brain to the spinal cord. It makes all the muscles work involuntarily. These are the muscles that you do not consciously control, such as the muscles that make your heartbeat. Together, these three parts of the brain keep us alive by controlling our breathing, digestion, and blood circulation.

 

23. Previously, it was believed that the human brain is fully formed already in the first years of life, but in fact, adolescents undergo changes in the cerebral cortex, which are responsible for emotional processing and impulse control. 

 

24. Doctors say that brain development continues until the age of 25.

 

25. The human brain takes seasickness for a hallucination caused by poison, so the body turns on a defensive reaction in the form of vomiting impulses to get rid of the poison. 

 

 

26. Archaeologists from Florida at the bottom of the pond found an ancient cemetery, some turtles had parts of the brain tissue. 

 

27. The brain perceives the movements of annoying people slower than they are. 

 

28. In 1950, the scientist found the pleasure center of the brain, and acted with electricity on this part of the brain, as a result, he imitated a half-hour orgasm to a woman using this method. 

 

29. In the human stomach there is a so-called second brain, it has control over mood and appetite. 

 

30. When you refuse something, the same parts of the brain work as with physical pain. 

 

31. Obscene words are processed by a separate part of the brain, and they reduce pain. 

 

32. It has been proven that the human brain can draw monsters for itself when a person looks in the mirror. 

 

33. Human brain burns 20% of calories. 

 

 

34. If you pour warm water into the ear, then his eyes will move towards the ear, if you pour cold water, then, on the contrary, I use this method to check the functioning of the brain.

 

35. Scientists have proven that not understanding sarcasm is considered a sign of brain disease, and the perception of sarcasm helps in solving problems. 

 

36. A person sometimes does not remember why he entered the room, this is because the brain creates a “border of events”. 

 

37. When a person tells someone that he wants to achieve some goal, this satisfies his brain as if he had already achieved this goal. 

 

38. The human brain has a negative bias, because of it a person wants to find bad news. 

 

39. The amygdala is part of the brain, its function is to control fear, if you remove it, you can lose the feeling of fear. 

 

 

40. During rapid eye movement, the human brain does not process information.

 

41. Modern medicine has almost learned to do brain transplant operations, this was practiced on primates. 

 

42. Phone numbers have seven digits for a reason, as this is the longest sequence that the average person can remember. 

 

43. To create a computer with the same parameters as the human brain, it will have to perform 3800 operations in one second and store 3587 terabytes of information. 

 

44. There are “mirror neurons” in the human brain, they encourage a person to repeat after others. 

 

45. The inability of the brain to correctly assess the upcoming situation causes a lack of sleep. 

 

 

46. ​​Obulomania is a brain disorder that causes a person to have a constant feeling of indecision.

47. In 1989, a healthy child was born, even though his mother's brain completely died, and the body was artificially supported during childbirth. 

 

48. The reaction of the brain in mathematics lessons and scary situations is identical, which means that mathematics is a great fear for those who do not understand it. 

 

49. The most rapid development of the brain occurs in the range of 2 to 11 years. 

 

50. Constant prayer reduces the frequency of breathing and normalizes the wave vibrations of the brain, stimulating the process of self-healing, because believers go to the doctor 36% less.

 

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30-facts-about-the-royal-family-that-you-should-now-after-the-oprah-interview-scandal

Many would like to be part of the British royal family. The attention of the whole world, many servants, jewelry, palaces and other joys of aristocrats - isn't it a fairy tale? However, everyone forgets that being in the public eye of millions of people and constantly maintaining a brand can be incredibly difficult. The life of royals is subject to regulations and is filled with sometimes really strange requirements that they must certainly fulfill.


The British royal family is called one of the main attractions of Great Britain. The British are proud of their monarchy. They celebrate the Queen's Birthday along with other holidays. They follow with interest the relationship in the royal family. But not all Englishmen know about the origin of the dynasty, about the real names of its members and about other interesting facts.


The name of the ruling dynasty in Great Britain is Windsor. But until 1917 it was called Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, which indicates its connection with the German rulers. During World War I, King George V decided to change the name of the dynasty in order to give up the German titles. He chose the surname Windsor after Windsor Castle, one of the royal residences. This surname became official to all members of the royal family. And after the wedding of the then Princess Elizabeth to Philip Mountbatten, the surname began to sound Mountbatten-Windsor.


Interestingly, none of the members of the royal family is required to use the surname. And when they go to school, serve or work, they can take a different surname. For example, Princes William and Harry were known in the army as Wales. And the two grandchildren of Queen Elizabeth from Princess Anne have their father's surname - Phillips.


Bemorepanda collected some more interesting facts about the royal family.


1. Princess Diana was supposed to play the main role in the 2nd part of "The Bodyguard" with Kevin Costner. A kissing scene was planned, but the film itself never came out due to the tragic death of Lady Dee in 1997 in a car accident in Paris. In the story, a romantic relationship between the protagonists begins when a bodyguard is tasked with protecting the princess from the paparazzi.


2. On their travels, Elizabeth II and her son Charles are accompanied by a doctor of the British Royal Navy, who must have a supply of their blood with him. This measure is necessary for an emergency transfusion in case of an emergency.


3. Shellfish, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, and garlic are banned in Buckingham Palace, as sea creatures are allergenic and garlic has an unpleasant odor. However, this rule is now adhered to only by the queen.


4. Six ravens (and one spare) must always dwell in the Tower of London. According to one of the versions, this rule is observed, since the prediction of the royal court astrologer-monk Charles II (1630-1685) says: "If the crows leave the Tower, the kingdom will fall." After the famous fire of 1666, almost all the birds were exterminated, but thanks to the prophecy of the ravens, they were left in the care of the crown. They are considered part of the royal family, they have servants and a special raven keeper who is chosen from 38 members of the Tower's ceremonial Yeomen guard ("beefeaters"). In addition, the birds are officially enlisted in the ranks of the royal army.


5. Long before becoming part of the royal family, Kate Middleton lived with her family in Amman, Jordan. The father of the future Duchess, Michael Middleton, worked as a manager for British Airways and ended up in the Middle East on duty. Then Kate was 2 years old, but she already went to kindergarten and, in addition to English, studied Arabic. The Middletons have lived in Jordan for almost 3 years.


6. During the opening of the new session of Parliament, the Queen must take a hostage - one of the Members of Parliament, who will be guarded by the staff of Buckingham Palace throughout the ceremony. This tradition appeared due to the fact that earlier monarchs and parliament, to put it mildly, did not get along. Now everything is peaceful, but no one is going to change anything.


7. Queen Elizabeth II, then 21-year-old Princess Elizabeth, married Prince Philip on 20 November 1947 in a coupon-purchased wedding dress. She deliberately did not take advantage of her opportunities, since in the post-war period the whole country was slowly getting out of the ruins.


8. The crown of Elizabeth II is nothing more than the diadem of King George IV, created in 1820 at the request of the king himself. It is set with 1,333 diamonds for a total of 320 carats (64 g), including a 4-carat yellow diamond. There are 2 strands of pearls along the base. Initially, the upper thread had 86 pearls and the lower one - 94, but in 1902 the number of pearls was changed to 81 and 88.


9. To avoid embarrassment in windy weather, all the hem of the skirts of Queen Elizabeth II are weighed down by small loads


10. Initially, princes William and Harry were supposed to be called Arthur and Albert, as their father Charles wanted, but Lady Diana insisted on William and Harry, although Arthur and Albert are the middle names of the princes.


11. Queen Elizabeth II is a godmother for 30 crowned godchildren and this is not the limit.


12. Kate Middleton is a relative of George Washington.


13. At Christmas in the royal family, it is customary to give funny gifts. For example, Meghan Markle gave the Queen a toy singing hamster. But besides the fun, the royal couple - Elizabeth II and Prince Philip - must remember their duty. They send about 750 Christmas cards to heads of state, top politicians, Commonwealth leaders and family members.


14. Before and after Christmas dinner, all members of the royal family must weigh themselves. This long tradition was introduced by King Edward VII around 1900. He was very worried that someone would go away hungry after a sumptuous reception.


15. The Queen has the right to dissolve the current parliament both in Britain and in Australia and Canada.


16. Princess Diana gave her son, Prince William, an incredible 13th birthday surprise. Since the boy was in love with supermodel Cindy Crawford, she invited her to a festive tea party.


17. The most unusual titles that Elizabeth II bears are Duke of Lancanster and Duke of Normandy.


18. Pearl necklace of three strands almost always adorns the queen's neck - this is a visiting card of her style. When Elizabeth was 10 years old, she received such a necklace as a gift from her grandfather George V, and it became her favorite piece of jewelry.

A little later, Queen Mary, Elizabeth's grandmother, gave her pearl earrings. To this day, they, complete with a necklace, form part of the image of a modern monarch.


19. Since ancient times, monarchs from different countries have adopted a throne name during their time in power, which is different from that which was given to them at birth. In Britain, this tradition was also maintained. So, Queen Victoria was Princess Alexandrina before her coronation, and King George was named Albert. Elizabeth II chose not to change her name, because this is only permissible, but not mandatory for the monarch.


20. Elizabeth is often called the queen of England, but this is not true. First, she is the monarch of the entire United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and England is just a part of it.


21. Misconceptions about princesses are no less common. Lady Dee after her wedding with Prince Charles began to be called the princess. However, she was not a princess by birth, so by all the rules her title should have sounded like "Her Royal Highness Princess Charles of Wales", as strange as it may sound.


22. As for the chosen one of their eldest son William, Kate Middleton is also not a princess. She married the Duke of Cambridgeshire, and therefore her official title is Duchess of Cambridge.


23. According to official sources, different family members have their own privileges in addressing the Queen. So, the husband of Elizabeth II calls her Lilibet. The future queen called herself this name when she was very little and could not pronounce “Elizabeth”.


24. Elizabeth II is very economical and serves as an excellent example in this for her subjects. So, it is known that she always turns off the light when leaving the room, and requires this from all the inhabitants of the palace. The queen wears the same dresses for a long time.


25. Representatives of Buckingham Palace report that all of the Queen's overseas travel is in accordance with the recommendations of the British government. Therefore, most often Elizabeth visits those countries in which she needs to be present based on current state affairs.


During her 65 years on the throne, the Queen has made over 120 official visits. Most often, the queen visited Canada (27 times) and Australia (18 times).


26. Some people who were born shortly before or immediately after the New Year celebrate their birthday twice, but in general, usually a person has one birthday. But the Queen has two of them - on April 21, she was born for real, and in May or June, official celebrations are usually organized on her birthday.


27. Queen Elizabeth II currently rules Britain for the longest time in history: her term of reign is now 64 years. Queen Victoria, who ruled before her, remained on the throne for 63 years and 216 days. Nowadays, it is difficult for a person not to lose his job even for a year, let alone more than 60 years!


28. Only in 2013, Great Britain moved away from the concept of male succession, thus proclaiming that any member of the royal family, regardless of gender, can inherit the throne. You may ask: how then did Elizabeth II ascend to the throne? Elementary: her father had no sons.


29. What is the Queen's surname? I think many would like to know. But in fact, this is not so important: being on the throne, a person can take almost any surname for himself. Elizabeth II's father changed his surname from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor; later Windsor became Mountbatten-Windsor.


30. If you have ever seen Buckingham Palace up close, at least in a movie, you know that it is huge. It is located on an area of ​​77,000 square meters, it has 775 rooms and about 800 employees who keep it and the life of the royal family normal. There are cooks, maids, butlers, security guards and even watchmakers!

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