20 intersting facts about 2022 World Cup
The 2022 FIFA World Cup is planned for the first time in a Middle East country. Despite all the speculation, corruption scandals and proceedings, the Arab country is already in full swing preparing for the tournament, which in its scale and organizational aspects can at least partially surpass the recent World Cup games in the Russian Federation.
As the organizers themselves admitted, it will be difficult for them to achieve the same level and professionalism in organizational matters as Russia did. At the same time, according to the Qataris, their championship will be remembered for a long time not only by the fans, but also by the guests of the country.
1.This is the last FIFA World Cup with 32 teams - from 2026, the final will be expanded to 48 teams.
2. The logo of the World Cup 2022 is a ribbon symbolizing infinity and harmony, as well as the shape of sand dunes. The ribbon features traditional Arabic designs. In the logo, you can see the numbers 2 and 0 (associated with the year of the event). He is depicted in the colors of the Qatari flag and traditionally white Arab clothing. Qatar 2022 is written in ancient Arabic script.
3. The Qatar national team will take part in the final stage of the World Cup for the first time in its history. The state was automatically qualified as the organizer of the tournament.
4.8 stadiums from five cities will host the 2022 World Cup matches. To overcome the heat, the Qataris have pledged to equip stadiums with air cooling systems that maintain temperatures at no higher than plus 27 degrees Celsius.
The largest of the stadiums,Lusail Aykonik Stadium, accommodates 86,000 spectators and will host the 2022 World Cup final on December 18, 2022.
5. At the time of the World Cup in Qatar, the sale and consumption of alcohol will be partially legalized, but this can only be done in fan zones.
6. According to the estimates of the newspaper The Guardian, during the preparation of the 2022 World Cup in Qatar, more than 6.5 thousand migrants died, who worked in the construction of stadiums, hotels and other facilities. Most of the citizens of India - 2.7 thousand people, another 1.6 thousand - from Nepal, 1,000 - from Bangladesh, more than 800 - from Pakistan and just over 550 - from Sri Lanka. Earlier, human rights organizations have repeatedly reported violations of workers' rights at these construction sites and poor working conditions there.
7. Qatar will admit only fans vaccinated against coronavirus at the 2022 World Cup.
8. For the first time, all active members of FIFA will take part in the qualifying tournament.
9. Qatar's preparations for the 2022 FIFA World Cup are now 95% complete. On June 6, 2021, the Deputy Minister of Finance of Qatar for Economic Affairs Saud bin Abdullah al-Attiyah spoke about this at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.
10. French and Belgian coaches Didier Deschamps and Roberto Martinez, respectively, are 100% likely to be "at the helm" of their teams at the 2022 World Cup.
11. Ukrainian police will take part in maintaining order at the 2022 FIFA World Cup.
12. At the 2022 World Cup it will be possible to use flags with LGBT symbols. The Qatari authorities have pledged that they are ready to adhere tonorms FIFAaimed at fostering tolerance. At the same time, Qatar itself has strict anti-LGBT laws.
Fans will be able to use flags with symbols at stadiums. Also rainbow flags can be attached to corner flags.
13. FIFA has opened ticket sales for the 2022 World Cup final in Qatar, which can be purchased for a whopping 48,802 euros.
Fans registering for the package must purchase at least two tickets, totaling € 48,802, in order to qualify for the tournament's final game atStadium Lusail next year.
Fans will have access to a lounge area in the central sector of the stadium, where spectators will be offered a four-course meal, including soft drinks, soft and alcoholic cocktails, champagne, spirits, wines and beer. The service is available before the start of the match, during the break and after the match.
14. The North Korean national team has refused to continue to qualify for the 2022 World Cup.
At that time, the DPRK national team had already played five matches in Group H of the World Cup qualification.
15. Former Arsenal head coach Arsene Wenger said that automatic offside detection could be applied at the 2022 World Cup in Qatar.
Wenger is currentlyDirector of Global Football Development FIFA's.
16. It will be possible to get to the stadiums from the hotels either by metro, or by metro and bus. Trams and trolleybuses will also transport passengers at the World Championship.
17. The maximum distance between stadiums is only 56 km. It will take no more than an hour for football fans to get from one arena to another.
18. World Cup 2022 will be the most sustainable in the history of the World Championships.
19. COVID-19 will not affect the tournament. There will be no restrictions (other than vaccinations).
20. World Cup - 2022 for the first time in its history will be held in autumn and winter (from November 21 to December 18, 2022). In addition, the 22nd World Cup will be played in the Middle East for the first time.
50 World Cup interesting quotes
The national football teams have met in the World Cup once every four years since 1930, the only exception being the period of the Second World War. Find out some of the details about this important sporting event that even the most ardent fans do not know.
1. "If you want to have a good time at Wembley, don't call the Germans." Alan Shearer.
2. “Did I say that only the sky is higher than Milan? Everything is correct. But Inter is above the sky. " Antonio Cassano.
3. “Italian football is a game of fear. Two are attacking, 10 are defending, and young players are in the reserve. " Arrigo Sacchi.
4. "Football is the most important thing of all unimportant things." Arrigo Sacchi.
5. “If you don't know what to do with the ball in the box, just score a goal. And after the match we will figure out what else could have been done. " Bob Paisley.
6. “The father of my future wife asked what I was doing. I said that I am a football player. He tensed and asked if I had a profession. I replied that this is the profession. But when I saw the look on his face, I added that I knew how to lay bricks. He immediately perked up. " Bob Paisley.
7. “My work at Liverpool has not always been successful. Once we became the second. " Bob Paisley.
8. "The problem with the referees is that they know the rules of the game, but they don't understand the game itself." Bill Shankly.
9. “In the first half, there were academics with canes in CSKA uniform on the field. And in the second half I saw professional footballers ”. Valery Gazzaev.
10. "The game is forgotten, the result remains." Valery Lobanovsky.
11. “A coach's job? I don't want to lose a footballer in myself, and this must be done in order to become a successful coach. " Dennis Bergkamp.
12. "The best place to defend the goal is in someone else's penalty area." Jock Stein.
13. "Even if it was a hand, it was the hand of God." Diego Maradona.
14. “When I die, no one will remember who I met, who I fought with and how many cars I crashed, because it doesn't matter. They will remember my game. " George Best.
15. “In 1969, I gave up alcohol and women. It was the worst 20 minutes of my life. " George Best.
16. “When the teams were recruited at school, I was always the last to be picked. I was little. " David Beckham.
17. "The stones thrown at me would be enough for a monument." Jose Mourinho.
18. “Victories are not boring. Win 10 games in a row and you want to win 11 more. " Zinedine Zidane.
19. "Life is full of regrets, but they are not worth the time spent on them." Zinedine Zidane.
20. "Why buy a Ferrari if you drive it like a Fiat?" Zlatan Ibrahimovic.
21. “If you have the ball, you have to make the field as big as possible. If your opponents have the ball, you have to make the field as small as possible. " Johan Cruyff.
22. "Every disadvantage can become an advantage." Johan Cruyff.
23. "Italians never outplay anyone, but it is always very easy for them to lose." Johan Cruyff.
24. “I am a former footballer, former coach, former director and former President Emeritus. This list shows once again that everything comes to an end. " Johan Cruyff.
25. "The secret is to smoke a cigarette to calm the nerves, and then take a big sip of something stronger to tone the muscles." Lev Yashin.
26. "I am sure that in a few weeks I can learn to speak English well enough for any German to understand me." Lothar Matthäus.
27. “Running is for animals. We need brains and a ball to play football. ” Louis van Gaal.
28. "I took over the team, but I hope to leave behind a team." Luis Aragones.
29. "If you have the best players, it does not mean that you have the best team." Marcello Lippi.
30. “I don't like compliments. I prefer to hear criticism and refute it. " Paul Scholes.
31. “I lost three World Championships on penalties. Do you mind if I say this is getting on my nerves? " Roberto Baggio.
32. “My job is aggression. I'm going to war. What I do can hardly be called participation in a football match. " Roy Keane.
33. “People say that you have to go with the flow, but do you know who goes with the flow? Dead fish. " Roy Keane.
34. "If it came to a fight with Patrick Vieira, he would kill me." Roy Keane.
35. “If I don’t go to the club at night, I won’t score during the day.” Romario.
36. “I'm ugly. But what I do is fascinating. " Ronaldinho.
37. Winning the World Cup is better than sex. And not because sex is not so good - it's just that the World Cup, unlike sex, happens only once every four years. " Ronaldo.
38. “Usually when players exchange shirts, they always smell like sweat. But Beckham's T-shirt only smelled of cologne. Either he manages to somehow remove his smell, or he sweats with perfume. " Ronaldo.
39. “I play not with my mind, but with my heart. I do not think - I act. " Thierry Henry.
40. “Italians are losing football matches as if they were wars. And they are losing wars as if they were football matches. " Winston Churchill.
41. “The only thing I know about Feyenoord is that they are from the same country where Ajax play. Fabio Capello.
42. "In football, the strongest does not win, but the strongest is the one who won." Franz Beckenbauer.
43. "Advantage means nothing if the opponent has chances." Franz Beckenbauer.
44. "Sometimes, when you walk into the locker room, it seems that you are in Hollywood." Franz Beckenbauer.
45. “I hate tiki-taku. I don’t want to hear about her anymore. Tiki-taka is a bunch of shit, pass to pass. I don't force my players to deal with such rubbish. " Josep Guardiola.
46. “I think there are two Christs. Alone there, upstairs, well, I am here. " Hristo Stoichkov.
47. “Daddy told me:“ Edik, football is a good thing, it’s help in work. If you suddenly shine in football, it will be easier to get a job at the factory ”. Edward Malofeev.
48. "What would football be if not for me?" Ellenio Herrera.
49. "Seagulls follow the trawler because they think the sardines will be thrown into the sea." Eric Cantona.
50. “Sports are completely controlled. Nowadays, football matches have nothing to do with the games in the yard. Imagination has no place here. " Jari Litmanen.
Every Football Game.
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Top 50 funny football memes and jokes to share with your mates - Bemorepanda
Football is one of the most popular sports - the "king sport," which provokes great passion and emotions among the supporters.
Top football memes
FIFA (International Football Federation) statistics show that more than 270 million people worldwide, from more than 200 countries, especially in Europe, Asia, South America, and Africa, play regular football: professionals or amateurs, men, and women who love this sport.
1. Two, please
2. He’s just a child
3. A free kick
Read here 50 fascinating facts about the UEFA Champions League that you need to know.
Football's (official) birth in Europe dates back to the 19th century, 1863, when rugby football split into rugby and football in England, with the latter establishing stringent rules. Clear. However, the distant origin of football is in ancient China, around the third century BC, in a game called "cuju," which was practiced as a kind of training for soldiers. They had to control the ball (which was filled with animal hair) with their foot, chest, calves, and shoulders.
The oldest football club, recognized internationally, was established in England in 1857 - FC Sheffield - still operating today, but at the amateur level. Initially, as there were no other clubs, the matches were played between FC Sheffield members; the criteria according to which the teams were formed were: married versus unmarried, unemployed versus employees, etc. In 1860, when a second club was set up in the same city - FC Hallam - the first club match was held every year.
The first football league was also created in England in 1888 by the president of the Aston Villa club in Birmingham and consisted of 12 teams.
4. Hear me out
5. Coming through
6. Good meme
The first international football match took place in 1872, between England and Scotland, in Glasgow and ended 0 - 0. The players wore "knickerbockers" (shorts) and hats or caps, this clothing detail (hat/hat) being preserved until the beginning of the twentieth century.
At the first club matches, the balls were not spherical. It was customary to inflate a pig's bladder, tie it at both ends, and wrap it in leather, giving it an oval shape. Also, the balls were lighter at first (340 - 425 grams), but in 1937, increasing to 396 - 453 grams. The first modern soccer ball was made in 1870, with an elastic rubber insert in a leather cover, an invention of Richard Lindon, who is said to have revolutionized the game of football with his idea.
The rules of the football game, established in 1863 at the time of its establishment, did not mention, until 1875, the existence of a crossbar for the goal, only the vertical bars. Therefore, to score a dream, it was enough for the ball to pass between the vertical bars, regardless of height.
The old tactics of the game were very similar to those of rugby today - the teams had strong attackers and, when offside, they attacked in groups to take the ball to the opponent's goal.
7. Tom and Jerry
9. Off the palette
The fouls and the arbitrators did not appear in the initial regulations, considering they do not commit intentional "mistakes." Various events on the field could be challenged in discussions with the captains and then with the players. The referees first appeared in the area in 1891.
The penalty kick appeared in football only in the twentieth century and could be executed from a line 11 meters from the goal and parallel to it. The goalkeeper could approach up to 5.5 meters of the executor.
Until about 1912, goalkeepers could use their hands in play on their entire half of the field, and the goalie's suit could only be blue, white, or orange/yellow.
FIFA Chief Referee Ken Aston inspired the yellow and red cards at a traffic light on Kensington High Street in London during a walk as he thought of ways to mark warnings and exclusions in the game.
At first, the breaks between innings did not have a pre-determined duration. The break lasted as long as the players could wash, change equipment, have a snack, and drink tea before the second half.
10. I Just lost
11. Dear diary
12. OMG, a ball
The fastest goal in football history was scored in the second 2.8, by the Uruguayan Ricardo Olivera, in 1998.
Portuguese footballer Cristiano Ronaldo holds the most records - the most goals scored by a footballer in the Champions League in a season (17), the most FIFA World Player trophies (3), the first Portuguese footballer to win the Golden Ball five times, and the second, after Messi, who won the "Golden Ice" three times, etc.
In football, most consider that the greatest footballer is the Argentine Maradona, sharing with the Brazilian Pele the title of "Player of the Century" award by FIFA.
Most own goals in a match belong to Stade Olympique de L’Emyrne, Madagascar, which, in 2006, in the game against A.S. In addition, he scored 149 own goals.
The opening match of the famous Wembley Stadium in London (where the EURO 2020 UEFA final will also take place), which took place in 1923, was attended by 190,000 spectators.
The highest number of spectators present at a football match was recorded in 1950, during the final of the World Cup in Brazil, the game being played between the national teams of Brazil and Uruguay, in the Maracana stadium. One hundred ninety-nine thousand eight hundred fifty-four spectators were about to see this match.
13. They going to kiss
14. Spot the ball
15. Cool handbag
The game rules were outlined in the mid-19th century to standardize the practices of a wide variety of similar games played in UK schools. Cambridge rules, identical to those of today, were created at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1848, at a meeting of representatives of several colleges: Eton College, Harrow School, Rugby School, Winchester College, and Shrewsbury School. But they were far from universal rules. In the 1850s, many clubs were formed, independent of schools or universities, that played various forms of football. Many used their own rules, the best example being Sheffield F.C. (former Harrow School students). It was founded in 1857, and its rules led to the formation of the Sheffield & Hallamshire Football Federation in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School created another commonly used set of rules.
These efforts led to the founding of the Football Federation (FA) in 1863, which first met on October 26, 1863, at Freemason's Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school that was represented at this meeting was Charterhouse School. Freemason’s Tavern was the meeting place for the Federation for another five meetings, between October and December. During this time, the first comprehensive set of rules was born. At the last meeting, the first treasurer of the FA, who was the Blackheath representative, withdrew his club from the FA, due to the exclusion from the rules, at the previous meeting, two basic rules: the first was the one that allowed running with the ball in his hands and the second, the possibility of stopping the opponent by hitting him in the "whistle, by shooting, or by holding. Other English rugby clubs followed suit and did not join the FA. But in 1871, they formed the Rugby Football Union. The remaining 11 clubs in the FA, led by Ebenezer Cobb Morley, have ratified the first 14 rules of the game. Despite this, the Sheffield club continued to play by its own rules until the 1870s.
Today the rules of the game are set by the International Football Association Board (IFAB). It was founded in 1886 after a meeting of the English Football Federation, the Scottish Football Federation, the Welsh Football Federation, and the Irish Football Federation in Manchester.
In 1888, Aston Villa club president William McGregor formed the first football league in England. The original format contained 12 teams from central and northern England.
The FIFA International Football Federation was formed in Paris in 1904, and its representatives decided to adopt the rules created by IFAB. The growing popularity of the game led to the union of the representatives of the two federations (FIFA and IFAB). Today, their leadership consists of 4 FIFA representatives and 1 representative from each British federation.
Football is popular with both children and adults.
17. Mom, I’m in
20. At twitter
22. Still open
24. Last month
25. Blade grass
26. Messi coming
28. Bad boy
29. Love football
30. About relationship
32. Not coming home
36. In my head
38. Let’s dance
39. Something in the air
40. It’s gone
44. I got two
45. Football season
46. That’s why
49. Slow motion
50. Complete list
Read here 50 fascinating facts about the UEFA Champions League that you need to know
50 interesting facts about mountain animals
People sparsely populate the high mountains. The cultivation of the land is difficult here, and it can only be used in summer as a pasture for domestic animals. In the last century, the mountains have become a popular place of entertainment - at first, they were chosen by climbers, later by skiers. The laying of ski tracks, the construction of lifting devices, hotels, and recreation centers sometimes cause adverse changes in the natural environment.
High in the mountains, even on the rocks, flowers of extraordinary beauty grow, such as aquilegia. The highest city in the world is Lhasa (China), located in Tibet at an altitude of 3,630 meters.
1. Living conditions in the mountains are very different from the plains.
As you climb the mountains, the climate changes rapidly: the temperature drops, the amount of precipitation increases, the air becomes more rarefied—changes from the foot of the mountains to the peaks and the nature of the vegetation. Therefore, mountain habitats vary greatly from the base to the mountain peaks.
2. The variety of living conditions contributes to the fact that the mountains are inhabited by many species of animals. On the mountains, each vertical zone has its own fauna, to some extent similar to the fauna of the corresponding latitudinal zones of the Earth.
3. By the number of species of mountain animals, the forest zone is the richest. Highlands are much poorer than them. The higher up the mountains, the fewer species of animals - this is typical for most mountainous countries. On the mountain peaks, the ambient temperature is low, the atmosphere is rarefied, and the level of ultraviolet radiation is high. The most elevated parts of the high mountains are covered with eternal snow and are almost completely devoid of life.
4. Most animal species live at lower altitudes, only in a few or even in one zone of mountains. And only the most enduring representatives of the fauna have adapted to the difficult conditions of life on the tops of the world.
5. Mountain goats and sheep can enter very high mountains - up to almost 6000 meters. Of the vertebrates, only vultures and eagles penetrate above them, and occasionally other smaller birds fly in.
6. The wild yak is a large wild animal native to the Himalayas in Central Asia. It is the ancestor of the domesticated yak. Yaks are common in treeless areas, at an altitude of 3000 to 6100 meters. They are most often found in alpine tundras with relatively high amounts of grasses and sedges.
7. This animal is characterized by a massive body, with strong legs and rounded hooves. The fur is extremely dense, long, hanging below the belly, and perfectly protects from the cold. The color of the coat, as a rule, varies from light brown to black.
8. The fauna of the alpine zone is most peculiar, where many animals are found that are unknown on the plains: various types of mountain goats (in Western Europe - stone ibex, in the Caucasus - tour, in the mountains of Asia - Siberian ibex), chamois, Asian red wolf, some rodents , vulture, mountain turkey, or snowcock, alpine jackdaw and others.
9. It is interesting that the fauna of the Alpine zone in Europe, Asia, North America and northern Africa is generally homogeneous. This is due to the fact that in the highlands of different parts of the world, living conditions are very similar.
10. Orongo is a medium-sized artiodactyl mammal native to the Tibetan Plateau. Males have long, curved horns, while females lack them. The color of the back is reddish-brown, and the lower part of the body is light.
11. On the Tibetan plateau, orongos live in open alpine and cold steppe regions, at an altitude of 3250 to 5500 meters. These animals are found almost entirely in China, where they are found in Tibet, the provinces of Xinjiang and Qinghai; some populations are also found in Ladakh, India.
12. The Tibetan fox is a species from the canine family. These foxes are found in the Tibetan plateau, in India, China, the Sutlej valley in northwestern India and parts of Nepal, in particular in the Mustang region. Tibetan foxes are known to prefer barren slopes and streams.
13. The maximum height at which these mammals were seen was 5300 meters. Among all types of foxes, the Tibetan has the most elongated muzzle. Its coat color on the back, legs and head is reddish, and on the sides it is gray.
14. Hares are found in almost all areas of the mountains.
15. In many mountains, screes are formed; the life of interesting animals is connected with them - snow voles and mountain pikas (otherwise it is called hay rate).
16. Brown bears have the widest range, and are found in the northern part of Eurasia and North America. The animals do not appear to have specific altitude restrictions and are found from sea level up to 5,000 meters (in the Himalayas).
17. Brown bears are the largest land predators, after polar bears, and can weigh up to 750 kilograms. Brown bears are adapted to high altitude conditions due to their thick fur and ability to climb mountains.
18. Many mountain animals live only where there are rocks.
19. Musk deer, mountain goats and goral antelope are saved in the rocks from predators.
20. Now on many mountains one can meet argali and other wild sheep in the rocks. This is apparently due to the long pursuit of them by hunters.
21. Where wild sheep are little disturbed, they prefer to live on relatively gentle slopes, and only the bighorn sheep, or chubuk, living in the mountains of Northeast Asia, lives very similar to mountain goats.
22. Viviparous species of reptiles penetrate the mountains above others: some lizards, vipers, in northern Africa - chameleons.
23. In Tibet, at an altitude of more than 5000 meters, there is a viviparous round-headed lizard. Roundheads, living on the plains, where the climate is warmer, lay eggs.
24. When a lot of snow falls in the mountains, it is very difficult for ungulates: it prevents them not only from moving around, but also from getting food.
25. In the mountains of the Western Caucasus in 1931-1932 there was a very snowy winter. The layer of snow in some places exceeded 6 meters. Many deer, roe deer and other animals migrated to the lower parts of the mountains, where the snow cover was less. In this winter, roe deer ran into the villages and were easily given into hands. They were caught and kept in barns along with cattle until the snow melted in the mountains.
26. The Himalayan marmot is distributed throughout the Himalayas and on the Tibetan plateau at an altitude of 3500 to 5200 meters. These animals live in groups and dig deep burrows in which they sleep. The body size of the Himalayan marmot is comparable to that of a domestic cat. It has a dark chocolate brown coat with contrasting yellow spots on its head and chest.
27. The peculiar conditions of life in the mountains affected the external appearance of animals, the forms of their bodies, their way of life and habits.
28. Many generations of these animals lived in the mountains, and therefore they developed characteristic adaptations that help in the struggle for existence.
29. Mountain goats, chamois, American bighorn goats, bighorn sheep have large, mobile hooves that can move widely apart. Along the edges of the hooves - from the sides and in front - a protrusion (welt) is well defined, the pads of the fingers are relatively soft.
30. All this allows animals to cling to barely noticeable bumps when moving on rocks and steep slopes, and not to slip when running on icy snow.
31. The horny substance of their hooves grows very strong and quickly, so the hooves never “wear out” from abrasion on sharp stones. The legs of mountain ungulates allow them to make strong jumps on steep slopes and quickly reach rocks where they can hide from persecution.
32. Kiang is a large mammal from the horse family, which has a size at the withers of up to 142 centimeters, a body length of up to 214 centimeters, and a weight of up to 400 kilograms. Kiangs are common on the Tibetan Plateau, between the Himalayas in the south and the Kunlun Mountains in the north. Their range is almost entirely limited to China, but small populations are found in the Ladakh and Sikkim regions of India, and along the northern border of Nepal.
33. Kiangs live in alpine meadows and steppes, at an altitude of 2700 to 5400 meters above sea level. They prefer relatively flat plateaus, wide valleys, and low hills dominated by grasses, sedges, and a small amount of other low vegetation. This open area, in addition to a good prey base, helps them spot and hide from predators. Their only real natural enemy other than humans is the wolf.
34. In the spring, as the snow melts, the animals that descend down migrate to the upper zones of the mountains. Among wild ungulates, adult males are the first to rise, later - females with recently born, not yet strong enough babies.
35. Chamois, mountain goats, wild sheep and other ungulates living in the mountains often die in winter and early spring during snowfalls. In the Alps in the winter of 1905-1906, one of the snow avalanches buried a herd of chamois - about 70 heads.
36. Tibetan gazelle is a relatively small antelope, with a slender and graceful body. Males have long, tapering, ribbed horns, up to 32 centimeters long. Most of the body is grayish brown. Their fur has no undercoat, and consists only of long protective hairs, which thicken considerably in winter.
37. The Tibetan gazelle is native to the Tibetan plateau and is widely distributed throughout the region, at altitudes between 3,000 and 5,750 meters. They are limited to the Chinese provinces of Gansu, Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai and Sichuan, and small populations are found in the Ladakh and Sikkim regions of India.
38. Alpine meadows and steppes are the main habitats of these animals. Unlike some other ungulates, Tibetan gazelles do not form large herds and are usually found in small family groups. These artiodactyls feed on local vegetation, including forbs. Their main predator is the wolf.
MOUNTAIN LION - PUMA
39. In the Caucasian Reserve, it was possible to observe goat-turs during a heavy snowfall. Snow avalanches fell from the opposite slope of the gorge. But the tours, usually very cautious, did not pay attention to this. Apparently, they are accustomed to the menacing sounds of a snow avalanche.
40. At the end of December 1936, snowfall continued for four days in the Caucasian Reserve. At the upper border of the forest, a layer of new loose snow reached a meter. The scientists of the reserve went out to explore the state of the snow and noticed a fresh deep path that went down the slope. They skied down this trail and soon overtook a large tur. Only a head with horns was visible from the snow.
41. The tour was so helpless that one of the employees could even afford liberties in handling him - he sat on a wild tour on horseback! Another employee photographed the scene. Tur was helped out of the snow and left. The next day, his tracks were found much lower - in the forest on a steep slope, where the aurochs could feed on lichens hanging from fir branches.
42. The snow leopard living in the high mountains of Asia has unusually long and lush fur, while its tropical relative, the leopard, has short and rarer fur.
43. Animals living in the mountains molt in the spring much later than the animals of the plains, and in the fall their hair begins to grow back earlier.
44. One of the remarkable adaptations caused by living conditions in the mountains is vertical migrations, or migrations.
45. In autumn, when it becomes cold high in the mountains, snowfalls begin and, most importantly, food is difficult to obtain, many animals migrate down the slopes of the mountains.
46. Deer, roe deer and wild boars are found in the mountains up to alpine meadows; in autumn they descend into the forest. Most of the chamois go here for the winter.
47. Mountain goats migrate to the forest part of the mountains and settle here on steep rocky slopes. Sometimes they move to the southern slopes, where snow melts in alpine meadows in the very first hours or days after a snowfall, or to steeper windward slopes, where the snow is simply blown away by the winds.
48. Following wild ungulates, predators hunting them migrate - wolves, lynxes, snow leopards.
49. The variety of natural conditions in the mountains allows animals to find places for wintering near the areas where they live in summer. Therefore, the seasonal migrations of animals in the mountains are, as a rule, much shorter than the migrations of animals and birds on the plains.
50. In the mountains of Altai, Sayan and North-Eastern Siberia, wild reindeer make seasonal migrations of only a few tens of kilometers, and deer living in the far north sometimes travel a thousand kilometers to reach their wintering grounds.
50 fun and curious facts about rodents
Rodents are characterized by the lack of canines and by a high development of incisors, with the help of which they can gnaw.
Most rodents are mammals, almost a third. This group includes squirrels, mice, rats, beavers, marmots (mammals related to the abalone), prairie dogs, and guinea pigs. They are herbivorous animals. Because incisors have no roots, they always grow. Only by gnawing, do the teeth become dull.
The digestive system is large, with a very long intestine and a developed cecal appendix. They have several habitats: arboreal (squirrels), semi-aquatic (beavers, nutria), and semi-subterranean (field mice, shrews).
Interesting facts about rodents
1. There are more than a thousand species of various rodents in the world.
They differ from each other in body structure, diet, habits and lifestyle.
2. Among all mammals, it is the family of rodents that occupies a leading position in terms of numbers.
3. Rodents are common on all continents, except for Antarctica (stations with scientists do not count, because rodents will not survive outside them) and some remote uninhabited islands.
4. Paleontologists have established that the first representatives of rodents arose on Earth about 60 million years ago.
5. One of the criteria that all rodents have is the presence of at least one pair of teeth growing throughout their lives, both on the lower and upper jaws.
6. The ubiquitous rodents are sometimes, of course, a problem for people, especially when it comes to mice or rats.
7. Rodents cause the most damage in Asia, regularly devastating rice storages and rice fields.
8. The word "mouse" comes from the word "musha".
9. African mice can shed their skin when threatened.
10. Needle mice are capable of tissue regeneration.
11. Shaggy hamsters live in the forests of East Africa. They look like porcupines.
12. Hamsters are not afraid of heights at all.
13. The average life expectancy of a hamster is no more than four years.
14. Hamsters are not only cute and funny pets. Mexican hamsters, for example, are aggressive small predators. They hunt their prey at night.
15. Some types of American hamsters can prey on poisonous scorpions. The cell structure of hamsters is able to actively block the poison.
16. A hamster bite can be scarier compared to a large animal.
AMERICAN GUINEA PIG
17. Dwarf African mice living in Africa are the smallest rodents in the world. The average body length of an adult usually does not exceed three centimeters.
18. Gerbils can perceive human speech.
19. Human laughter resembles the sounds that mice make during games.
20. The most expensive rodent in the world is the chinchilla.
21. Half a kilogram weighs an adult male chinchilla.
22. Beavers are also rodents.
23. Beavers are found in heraldry more often than most other animals.
24. The largest rodent lived in South America about 4 million years ago.
25. Capybara is the largest rodent in the world today. These rodents now live in South America. An adult capybara can grow up to 1.3 meters in length.
26. The hare is the fastest rodent on the planet. When running, this animal is able to reach speeds of up to 72 kilometers per hour.
27. The number of teeth in rodents, depending on the species, varies from 12 to 22, even in hares they are not 4, as some believe, but much more.
28. Many of them have surprisingly strong teeth. They are able to withstand pressure up to 0.5 tons per 1 square centimeter of surface.
29. Some rodents can easily prey on others. Rats, for example, readily eat mice.
30. Fried rat is considered one of the most delicious dishes in Asia and Africa.
31. In an aggressive state, a rat can attack a person.
32. The world's largest rats live in the Philippines.
33. Rats can swim more than 30 kilometers.
34. Fine rat hairs are used in ophthalmology.
35. Up to 12 kilograms of food per year can be eaten by one rat.
36. Stony squirrels that are found in North America are able to do without water for up to 3 months, since they get almost all the moisture they need from the food they eat.
37. Several thousand hiding places in one season can prepare ordinary squirrels.
CHILEAN DEGU SQUIRREL
38. Gray squirrels have developed their food storage skills very well.
39. A rat will not receive any damage when falling from a five-story building.
40. Rodents are subject to alcohol addiction, just like people. Simply put, they can become real alcoholics if they are given the opportunity.
41. Porcupines are also rodents. And one of their species, living mainly in Malaysia, holds the record for longevity - the officially registered record is as much as 27 years.
42. On an Indonesian island, a species of rodent has been discovered that cannot gnaw. They only feed on earthworms.
43. In a year, up to 15,000 cubs can give birth to rats.
44. Since the teeth of rodents grow continuously, they need to constantly gnaw something to grind them down. Otherwise, the teeth will reach such a size that the animal will not be able to eat, and as a result will die of starvation.
45. Rodents can feel x-rays.
46. Up to 1300 beats per minute can reach the pulse rate of a shrew during excitement.
47. Gambian rats are used to detect mines.
48. Different rodents are sometimes depicted on the money of different countries. For example, in Canada, the image of a beaver was used, and in Belarus, a hare.
49. It is rodents that are considered smart and intelligent animals. Any rodents easily adapt to new circumstances.
50. And, of course, the contribution of rodents to medicine cannot be underestimated - it was on them that numerous experiments were carried out in the course of work on new drugs and other medicines.