10 random facts that sound crazy, but in fact it's all true
Many people strive to learn as much as possible about the world around them, and absorb knowledge like a sponge does water. However, in some cases, we look at things one-sidedly, without thinking that there is another side that is unknown to us. Tiktoker with the nickname MjcMatthewis probably one of those curious people who are used to digging into the truth and imbuing themselves with new knowledge. The guy's account is dedicated to interesting facts that we did not know about, and, perhaps, would never have known if it were not for him.
Pablo Picasso lived for a time in the same period as Charles Darwin and Eminem
Charles Darwin: 1809 - 1882, Pablo Picasso: 1881 - 1973, Eminem: 1972 - present.
In the year of Darwin's death, Pablo Picasso was 1 year old, and the artist died a year after the birth of Eminem 🤯
Oxford University is older than the Aztec Empire
Oxford University is one of the oldest universities in the world. Although the exact date of the founding of the university is unknown, there is evidence that the study took place there as early as 1096. As for the civilization of the Aztecs, their ancestors came from the north and after long wanderings, founded a city on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco, and named it Tenochtitlan. It happened in 1325.
There is a disease that can turn all of your muscle tissue into bones.
Fibrodysplasia ossifying progressive, or FOP, is a very rare genetic disorder in which muscles, tendons, and ligaments gradually turn into bones. The process progresses over the years, usually beginning around the age of ten in children with a specific gene mutation. The earliest recorded cases date back to the 17th and 18th centuries.
The reason the Statue of Liberty is green
The Statue of Liberty was originally reddish brown in color because it was made of copper. However, several decades after its discovery, under the influence of the environment, it became covered with a layer of natural patina, which painted the statue in a greenish-blue color.
If you shuffle a deck of cards, it is statistically likely that you will shuffle them in an order that has never been and never
will.In fact, you will be the first person in history to shuffle them in this order.
The chances that someone has ever shuffled a deck of cards in the same way twice in world history are statistically infinitesimal. The number of possible permutations of 52 cards is equal to 52 factorials. To calculate the probability, you need to multiply 52 by 51, then by 50 ... and so on up to 1.
If you are still tormented by the question of the number of unique card shuffles, then there are 80 658 175 170 943 878 571 660 636 856 403 766 975 289 505 440 883 277 824 000 000 000 000 🃏
If you had a teaspoon-sized neutron star, it would have the same mass as the 900 pyramids of Giza.
A neutron star is considered one of the possible outcomes of stellar evolution. The masses of neutron stars are comparable to the mass of the Sun, but the typical radius of a neutron star is only 10-20 kilometers. Therefore, the average density of the substance of such an object is several times higher than the density of the atomic nucleus. In turn, the heaviest monolith on the Giza plateau is estimated at more than 200 tons.
The can opener was not invented until 83 years after the tin can.Although the
preservation of food with cans has been known since 1772, the first device for opening them was patented only in 1855 in England, and in the United States in 1858 🥫
There are more atoms in one glass of water than there are glasses of water in all the oceans and seas on Earth.If
you collect all the water from the oceans and seas of our planet, then there will be less of them than atoms in one glass of water 💦🥤
The stickers that are glued to the fruit are actually edible.
This, of course, does not mean that such a sticker must be eaten, but if it gets into your stomach, then nothing terrible will happen. Even the glue on these stickers is edible 🍎
The Eiffel Tower was supposed to be located in a different location.It was
originally supposed that the Eiffel Tower would be located in Barcelona, but the local authorities did not like the idea of the project, therefore, since March 31, 1889, the tower flaunts in Paris. At the time of its opening, it was the gateway to the 1889 World's Fair.
In fact, many famous French people were against the construction of Paris' most iconic landmark, and were very resentful upon completion.
For example, many sources say that the famous writer Guy de Maupassant came every day to have breakfast in a restaurant located on the second floor of the tower. The question "why?", He replied: "This is the only place in the whole Paris, where no one can see thisugliness."
And one more fun fact, Eiffel himself called his creation simply "300-meter tower" 🗼
Lunar Eclipse - An eclipse that occurs when the Moon enters the cone of the shadow cast by the Earth. The diameter of the Earth's shadow spot at a distance of 363,000 km (the minimum distance of the Moon from the Earth) is about 2.5 times the diameter of the Moon, so that the entire Moon can be shaded. At each moment of the eclipse, the degree of coverage of the lunar disk by the earth's shadow is expressed by the phase of the eclipse. The magnitude of the phase is determined by the distance 0 from the center of the moon to the center of the shadow. In astronomical calendars, the values of Ф and 0 are given for different moments of the eclipse.
When the Moon completely falls into the shadow of the Earth during an eclipse, they speak of a total lunar eclipse, when partially - a partial eclipse. A lunar eclipse can be observed in half of the Earth's territory (where at the time of the eclipse the Moon is above the horizon). The view of the shadowy moon from any point of view is negligibly different from another point and is the same. The maximum theoretically possible duration of the total phase of a lunar eclipse is 108 minutes; such were, for example, the lunar eclipses of August 13, 1859 and July 16, 2000.
During an eclipse (even a total one), the Moon does not disappear completely, but turns dark red. This is explained by the fact that the Moon continues to shine even in the total eclipse phase. The sun's rays that pass tangentially to the earth's surface are scattered in the Earth's atmosphere and due to this scattering they partially reach the moon. Because the Earth's atmosphere is most transparent to the rays of the red-orange part of the spectrum, these rays reach the surface of the Moon to a greater extent during an eclipse, which explains the color of the lunar disk. In fact, it is the same effect as the red-orange glow of the sky near the horizon (dawn) before sunrise or even after sunset. The Danjon scale is used to assess the brightness of the eclipse.
Bemorepanda collected 50 interesting facts about the full moon eclipse, that you can check below.
1. An observer on the Moon, at the time of a total (or partial, if on the shaded side of the Moon) of a lunar eclipse sees a total solar eclipse (the eclipse of the Sun by the Earth).
2. If the Moon falls in the partial shadow of the Earth only partially, a partial eclipse is observed. With it, part of the Moon is dark and part, even in the maximum phase, remains in partial shade and is illuminated by the sun's rays.
3.There is a penumbra around the cone of the Earth's shadow - a region of space where the Earth hides the Sun only partially. If the Moon passes through the penumbra but does not enter the shadow, a penumbral eclipse occurs. With this, the brightness of the moon decreases, but insignificantly: such a decrease is almost imperceptible to the naked eye and is recorded only by instruments. Only when the moon in a penumbral eclipse passes by the cone of full shadow, with a clear sky, can you notice a slight darkening on one edge of the lunar disk.
4. At least two lunar eclipses occur each year, however, due to the mismatch of the plans of the lunar and terrestrial orbits, their phases differ.
5. Eclipses are repeated in the same order every 6585 days (or 18 years 11 days and 8 hours - a period called saros). By knowing where and when a total lunar eclipse was observed, you can determine the exact time of subsequent and previous eclipses, which are clearly visible in this area.
6. This cyclical nature often helps the exact date of the events described in the historical annals.
7. The eclipse, whether solar or lunar, has always frightened and delighted mankind. From a scientific point of view, this is an astronomical phenomenon, during which one celestial body shuts off the flow of light to another and visually creates the impression that the planets are disappearing.
8. Any processes and phenomena that occur on and around the Earth have a certain conditioned influence on our planet and its inhabitants. Solar and lunar eclipses can cause various types of cataclysms, as well as changes in the psychological and physiological health of people.
9. During a total lunar eclipse, the Moon disappears completely into the shadow of the Earth. The total phase of a lunar eclipse lasts much longer than the total phase of a solar eclipse.
10. The shape of the edge of the earth's shadow during lunar eclipses served the ancient Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle as one of the strongest proofs of the Earth's sphericity. The philosophers of ancient Greece calculated that the Earth is about three times the size of the Moon, simply based on the duration of eclipses (the exact value of this coefficient is 3.66).
11. The moon at the time of a total lunar eclipse is actually devoid of sunlight, so a total lunar eclipse is visible from anywhere in the Earth's hemisphere. The eclipse begins and ends simultaneously for all geographical points. However, the local time for this phenomenon will be different.
12. As the Moon moves from west to east, the left edge of the Moon first enters the shadow of the earth.
13. An eclipse can be total or partial, depending on whether the Moon enters the shadow of the Earth completely or passes near its edge.
14. The closer the lunar eclipse is to the lunar node, the greater its phase. Finally, when the lunar disk is covered not by a shadow but by a penumbra, penumbra eclipses occur. It is difficult to see them with the naked eye.
15. During an eclipse, the Moon hides in the shadow of the Earth and, it seems, should disappear from view every time, because the Earth is opaque. However, the Earth's atmosphere scatters the sun's rays, which hit the moon's eclipsing surface, "bypassing" the Earth.
16. The reddish color of the disc is due to the fact that the red and orange rays pass best through the atmosphere. The reddish color of the disk during a total lunar eclipse is due to the scattering of sunlight in the Earth's atmosphere.
17. Each lunar eclipse is different in terms of the distribution of brightness and color in the shadow of the earth. The color of the eclipsed moon is often estimated according to a special scale proposed by French astronomer André Danjon:
0 points - the eclipse is very dark, in the middle of the eclipse the Moon is almost or completely invisible.
1 point - the eclipse is dark, gray, the details of the lunar surface are completely invisible.
2 points - the eclipse is dark red or reddish, a darker part is seen near the center of the shadow.
3 points - a red-brick eclipse, the shadow is surrounded by a gray or yellowish edge.
4 points - a copper-red eclipse, very bright, the outer area is light, bluish.
18. If the plane of the Moon's orbit coincided with the plane of the ecliptic, then the lunar eclipses would be repeated every month. But the angle between these planes is 5 °, and the Moon crosses the ecliptic twice a month only at two points, called the nodes of the lunar orbit. Even ancient astronomers knew about these knots, calling them the Dragon's Head and Tail (Rahu and Ketu). For a lunar eclipse to occur, the moon on a full moon must be close to the node of its orbit.
19. There are usually 1-2 lunar eclipses per year. In a few years it may not be at all and sometimes the third one happens. In the rarest cases, there is a fourth eclipse, but only a partial penumbra.
20. The period of time after which the moon returns to its node is called the draconian moon, which is 27.21 days. After this time, the Moon crosses the ecliptic at a point offset from the previous 1.5 ° westward passage. The phases of the month are repeated on average every 29.53 days (synodic month). The time interval of 346.62 days in which the center of the Sun's disk passes through the same node of the lunar orbit is called the draconian year.
21. The recurrence period of eclipses - saros - will be equal to the time period after which the beginning of these three periods will coincide. Saros in ancient Egyptian means "repetition." Long before our era, even in antiquity, it was established that saros lasts 18 years 11 days 7 hours. Saros includes: 242 draconian months or 223 synodic months or 19 draconian years. During each Saros 70 to 85 eclipses occur; of these, there are usually about 43 solar and 28 monthly.
22. During the year, the seven largest eclipses can occur - either five solar and two lunar, or four solar and three lunar. The minimum number of eclipses per year is two solar eclipses. Solar eclipses occur more often than lunar eclipses, but are rarely observed in the same area, as these eclipses are only visible in a narrow band of the moon's shadow. At a certain point on the surface, a total solar eclipse is observed on average once every 200-300 years.
23. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon, and the Earth's shadow falls on the Moon. This happens on a full moon if it is observed near the lunar node. A lunar eclipse affects the psyche to a greater extent than life's plan of events, giving rise to a feeling of excruciating anxiety and a desire to do something without a clear understanding of the meaning and purpose of actions. Under a lunar eclipse, people experience a wave of emotions, there are illusions about partners and their own role in relationships
24. A solar eclipse can only occur on a new moon. A lunar eclipse can only occur on a full moon.
25. The moon governs everything related to the interests of the home and motherhood and represents the external part of a person's personality. Personality is what we see in the external expression (appearance, words, deeds), that is, everything that distinguishes one person from another.
26. The moon governs the stomach, breast, fertility, household, maternal instinct, adaptation to everyday circumstances, popularity. It has a significant impact on the general, mundane activities of everyday life.
27. The sun rules character, personality (what we really are), power and authority, authority among others. The sun means the influence of high-ranking people and the occupation of high positions.
28. Everything that happens a week before the eclipse has a completely different quality from what happens a week later. Events that occur a week before an eclipse can rarely be reconciled with how they were planned. They get out of control, gaining about higher purpose and higher speed.
29. Everything that happens on the day of the eclipse itself is endowed with fatal significance and is almost out of human control. During an eclipse, we are aware of the information that may have been available to us before, but for one reason or another did not reach our consciousness. Therefore, important decisions should be made in the week after the eclipse.
30. Solar and lunar eclipses affect differently. Solar eclipses stimulate a crisis of consciousness, change our internal attitudes, bringing events that we did not consciously cause, dictated by external circumstances. Situations conditioned by karmic predestination are made here.
31. Lunar eclipses are more associated with events caused by our thoughts and feelings. These indicate the area of daily life where the changes caused by the solar eclipse will take place.
32. If a lunar eclipse precedes a solar eclipse, the situation in a certain area of life reaches a critical point, requiring reorganization and pushing to rethink and seek a new approach to the time of the solar eclipse following the moon. If a solar eclipse is followed by a lunar eclipse, what will be determined at the beginning of the cycle will inevitably manifest itself in the next lunar eclipse - new conscious attitudes will be realized or rejected in situations that will determine the next stage of life. This can be a time of important choices and life-changing decisions.
33. Unlike a solar eclipse, a lunar eclipse is the completion of a stage in our lives. The Enlightenment came to the opposition - after passing this point, the Moon begins its journey back to the Sun.
34. A lunar eclipse is a time of maximum illumination, manifestation of questions and problems. This is a crisis in which something will be drastically changed or thrown away. One way or another, the circumstances will not remain the same. This is the time when relationship issues, legal disputes and open conflicts come to the fore. It is the most public and public time of the year, revealing information that could have remained hidden for a long time. The information spreads instantly, becoming public knowledge. The secret can be revealed. If you've been looking for someone or something, you might find it during a lunar eclipse. Carries out long-term projects and tasks. It can bring a long-awaited meeting or it can end a long-awaited breakup.
35. A lunar eclipse is a time of public outcry, termination of contracts or, conversely, mergers and acquisitions of parties. Although the conflict, clarifying the positions of the parties, is often a way to resolve the issue, however, it should be remembered that at this time the emotional tension is too strong, so beware of making spontaneous decisions. What will be destroyed during this period is difficult to restore.
36. A lunar eclipse is a cosmic phenomenon that occurs when the moon falls in the shadow of the earth. Moreover, as in the case of the Sun, events may have more development options.
37. Depending on some factors, a lunar eclipse can be total or partial. Logically, we can well assume what this term or another that characterizes a particular eclipse means.
38. A total lunar eclipse is a lunar eclipse that is usually seen where it is above the horizon at the right time. The satellite is in the shadow of the Earth, but a total eclipse is not able to completely hide the Moon. In this case, it fades only slightly, acquiring a dark, reddish hue. This is because even when it is completely in the shade, the lunar disk does not cease to be illuminated by the sun's rays passing through the Earth's atmosphere.
39. The partial lunar eclipse is in the case of the Sun, the darkness of the visible surface of the Moon is often incomplete. We can observe a partial eclipse when only part of the Moon is in the shadow of the Earth. This means that when part of the satellite is eclipsed, that is, shaded by our planet, then the second part of it continues to be illuminated by the Sun and remains clearly visible to us.
40. The penumbral eclipse, which differs from other astronomical processes, will seem much more interesting and unusual. This type of eclipse of the Earth's satellite occurs slightly differently than partially. From open sources or from our own experience, it is easy to see that there are areas on the surface of the Earth where the sun's rays are not completely hidden and therefore cannot be a shadow. But even here there is no passage of direct sunlight. This is the region of the penumbra. And when the Moon, caught right in this place, is in the penumbra of the Earth, we can observe an eclipse of the penumbra.
41. It's unbelievable, but true: the number of solar eclipses is greater, even if the Moon is smaller than After all, knowing what an eclipse is and why it occurs, one might think that the shadow of a larger object is more likely to cover a smaller one than the other way around. Based on this logic, the size of the Earth makes it possible to hide the lunar disk in the shortest time.
42. For those who have extraordinary abilities, the lunar eclipse can present a surprise in the form of doubling the extrasensory abilities, increasing the acuity of perception and intuition.
43. In the Middle Ages, mankind feared seriously for its present and future in times of eclipse, seeing only the negative consequences. Today, old prejudices have sunk in the summer, and modern science has begun to defend the interests of humanity. Long-term studies have shown that solar eclipses carry various energies. The influence of eclipses in a balanced way is both positive and negative. To smooth over the latter, esotericism is recommended to follow certain rules associated with some restrictions that are not typical of everyday life.
44. The lunar eclipse also, according to scientific research, helps to drive away the old resentment from your conscience, to reduce the feeling of guilt for past mistakes, regardless of their severity. Anything negative can lead to destruction and chaos. The energy of the eclipse will help to release the accumulated negative energy and, in return, will gain a positive and an unprecedented inspiration. In a lunar eclipse, it is advisable to forgive your criminals.
45. Lunar eclipses are as old as our planet (and the moon itself), and the moon has long played a role in shaping people's religious beliefs. So it's no wonder that lunar eclipses - especially the spectacular one in the world on Friday - have a serious history behind them.
46. The lunar cycle changes the quality of the light at night, and an eclipse temporarily throws the entire cycle out of the highest path. So it is no wonder that an eclipse can affect nocturnal species. Lemurs, for example, stop their activity altogether (maybe those big eyes aren't that great without moonlight?) While bats increase their activity before and after the eclipse to go hunting.
47. Record duration! The longest total solar eclipse in the last 100 years was on July 22, 2009. It has been admired in India, Nepal, Bhutan and China. The total dark phase lasted up to 6 minutes and 29 seconds.
48. The only place in the solar system where an eclipse can be seen is the Earth. However, some planets also have spectacular phenomena. A triple eclipse can occur on Jupiter at the same time, because it has several satellites. The phenomenon can be observed from Earth with the help of a telescope.
49. The lunar eclipse occurs when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are placed on an axis, in that order. At a lunar eclipse, the phase of the moon will always be a "full moon".
50. The moon is moving away from the Earth! This phenomenon is proven and it has been estimated that over 600 million years ago, the Moon will be so far away that we will not see a total solar eclipse. A solar eclipse is likely to be visible twice from the same place for 360 years, however, in Carbondale, Illinois, a solar eclipse will be observed in 2017, and in 2024 the second will be observed.
By experimentally mixing sulfur, coal, and saltpeter (potassium nitrate), so began the history of fireworks, and people started to use the powder thus obtained for entertainment purposes.
You can get the most straightforward "Bengal lights" if you fill them with bamboo stems. Such bamboo pipes subsequently became an integral cultural component of the entire Chinese people. Later, the technology for producing primitive fireworks, turntables, all kinds of firecrackers, and rockets was developed relatively quickly. Moreover, until now, all national holidays in the Celestial Empire have been held using many pyrotechnics and fireworks. And many of the pyrotechnic shows that occur in China are the envy of the most developed cities in the world.
Everything you need to know about fireworks
We move on. And here, it is worth noting that the properties of the composition of gunpowder could not help but be of interest to the military. Nevertheless, historical references to gunpowder for military purposes date back to the 11th century. That is, as much as 400 years after the invention of fireworks. So, for example, facts began to appear when archers, instead of ordinary arrowheads, began to use bamboo stems stuffed with gunpowder. Subsequently, military engineers invented many weapon designs using a burning composition. There are also documented cases in medieval warfare when live rats with fireworks tied to them were launched into enemy territory.
What are fireworks?
We observe beautiful chemical reactions on the ground or sky when displaying fireworks. The main components are fuel, oxidizer, and a different chemical mixture. The third component gives the desired color or effect to the mix. The oxidizing agent acts as a chemical bond destroyer in the charge. It promotes the release of maximum energy stored in these chemical bonds. In this case, the entire reaction is started with a tiny spark from the fuse or directly with a direct flame.
The device and principle of operation of a high-altitude firework
First of all, it should be noted that the design of the greeting has not changed for hundreds of years.
The fireworks launch tube (mortar or barrel of household pyrotechnics) works like the muzzle of a pistol. When triggered, the fuse ignites 🔥 an expelling charge consisting of black powder. Ultimately, the head flies out in the chosen direction at high speed. It can reach 160 m/s. Meanwhile, the expelling charge and pushing the fireworks out also set fire on the moderator. The retarder indicators are calculated so that it burns out to the end at the top point of the lustkugel lift and ignites the bursting charge of the ball.
On the other hand, the explosive charge, consisting of black powder, ignites small balls. They are known among pyrotechnicians as stars. They are located around the head. Ultimately, these balls burn and create the effect of fireworks in the sky. Their quantity, chemical composition, size, and properties can vary greatly. This allows you to create various products and light up the night sky.
Variety of firework colors
Until 1830, fireworks exploded in only two colors: white and orange. And after that, scientific discoveries made it possible to diversify this type of special effects.
The inclusion of various metals and their compounds in pyrotechnic mixtures made it possible to obtain the entire palette of primary colors in the sky. For example, different chemical elements emit different wavelengths of light when they burn. In pyrotechnics, copper, iron, titanium, barium, magnesium, lithium, strontium, etc., have received the most excellent use.
For example, with the help of titanium and magnesium, you can get a bright silver or white color. Lithium and strontium give different shades of red. Barium is a rich green, while sodium burns with a yellow flame. On the other hand, when burned, in addition to light waves, some elements also produce sound effects: crackling, whistling, and hissing. Thus, the burning of titanium powder can be accompanied by white sparks and loud explosions.
Pyrotechnics manufacturers are constantly researching new pyrotechnic compositions. Scientists and technologists are looking for a replacement for expensive chemical elements. They are developing more environmentally friendly formulations and experimenting with different color shades and visual effects.
Best facts about fireworks
The craft of making, setting, and launching fireworks is called pyrotechnics, from the Greek pyro (fire) and techne (art).
The profession of a pyrotechnician is the ability to apply the laws of physics, chemistry, have design abilities when creating a light or sound show, more about this profession and how to learn it at the link above.
2. The Chinese Invented Gunpowder
The earliest recorded use of fireworks dates back to 200 BC China, during the Han Dynasty. People roasted bamboo stalks until the air inside them hissed and exploded. The resulting loud bang is believed to frighten evil spirits and herald happiness and good fortune. However, when the Chinese invented gunpowder some time between 600-900 AD, fireworks became even louder and brighter.
3. Hanabi Taikai
In Japan, there is a tradition of many pyrotechnic festivals (Hanabi Taikai) in the summer, which occur almost every weekend. For example, in August, there were more than 800 shows. Traditionally, these pyrotechnic shows were used to ward off evil spirits.
4. First fireworks, then gunpowder weapons
The invention of fireworks led to gunpowder weapons, not the other way around. During medieval wars in China, sometimes fireworks were tied to rats thrown into enemy territory. The Chinese also strapped fireworks to arrows to intimidate their enemies.
5. Fireworks - metal burning
The colors of the fireworks result from the burning of various metallic elements. When burning multiple elements, they paint the flame in different colors. For example, barium burns green, sodium burns yellow, and lithium and strontium burn red.
6. Gunpowder was brought to Europe by the Arabs
Contrary to popular belief, Marco Polo was not the first to bring gunpowder from China to Europe when he returned from China in 1295. Gunpowder was probably brought earlier by the Arabs via the Silk Road, despite the best efforts of the Chinese to keep its recipe secret.
7. Titanium Powder Creates Loud Explosions
Pyrotechnicians can create certain firework sounds. For example, aluminum or iron flakes can create hissing sounds, and titanium powder can create loud explosions.
8. Blue color fireworks
Blue is by far the most difficult firework color for pyrotechnicians to achieve. Even after thousands of years of fireworks, no one has found the perfect composition to make a vibrant blue. In contrast, red, green, orange, and white are easy to make.
9. Henry VII, Henry VIII, Elizabeth I
The earliest known fireworks display in England was set off in 1486 at the wedding of Henry VII. His son Henry VIII also celebrated his marriage to Anne Boleyn with fireworks. The daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, Queen Elizabeth I was so fond of fireworks that she created a unique position at court for the person who made the most beautiful fireworks show.
10 Native American Intimidation
According to legend, Captain John Smith set off the first fireworks in America in Jamestown, Virginia, in 1608. He wanted to impress or frighten the Native Americans.
11. Italian fireworks
The Italians are famous for turning fireworks into a work of art. In fact, many of the leading American fireworks companies or fireworks shows are owned by families of Italian origin, such as Grucci, Rozzi, and Zambelli.
12. Fireworks are part of European holidays
Although fireworks were invented in China around 200 BC, it took about 17 centuries for them to become part of European celebrations. In England, "firemasters" lit fireworks at parties with the help of their assistants or "little green men." The "Green People" wore green leaf headdresses to put out any sparks to avoid a fire.
13. Pyrotechnics Olympics in the Philippines
The Philippines hosts the annual World Pyrotechnics Olympiad. Participants from all over the world come together to determine who can create the best fireworks.
14. Fireworks in Oslo
The largest fireworks show was held in Norway on November 29, 2014, when 540,383 fireworks were launched. The spectacle continued for 1.5 hours in honor of the Norwegian constitution.
15. Only 100% cotton
People who make fireworks must wear 100% cotton clothes and even underwear. Synthetic clothing can create sparks from static electricity that can set off fireworks.
Short facts about fireworks
17. China is the largest importer of fireworks - more than 90% of all fireworks are produced in China;
18. The first fireworks display in Europe was at the wedding of King Henry VII of England in 1486;
19. For quite a long time, people believed that fireworks scare away evil spirits;
20. Three sparklers burning together can generate as much heat as a blowtorch;
21. The first fireworks in America were brought by an Englishman, Captain John Smith, whom we know from the history of Pocahontas;
22. Exploding a firework on a street or public place in the UK is a criminal offense with a maximum fine of up to £5,000.
23. In 1240, Arab scientists mastered the knowledge of gunpowder. A Syrian named Hassan al-Rammah designed the first medieval Arabic fireworks (rocket) borrowed from Chinese sources.
24. Dreams about fireworks mean that you enjoy being the center of attention and showing off to others. It also symbolizes enthusiasm and fun.
25. the giant chocolate firework was 3 m high and 1.5 m in diameter and contained 60 kg Swiss chocolates. Fireworks were launched in Zurich on New Year's Eve 2002.
26. the giant firework rocket weighed 13 kg and was launched in Portugal in 2010.
27. In Japanese, the word fireworks will sound like "Hanabi," which means "fire flower."
28. The fireworks rocket can reach a speed of 240 km/h, but the body can only maintain integrity at 200 meters.
29. Bengal fire burns at a temperature 15 times greater than the boiling point of water. Three sparklers together can generate the same heat as a blowtorch.
30. The record for the number of fireworks launched was 450 thousand pieces, achieved in Dubai in 2014.
Powerball and Mega Millions have a lot in common, but there are still some differences between them. Let's compare Mega Millions and Powerball and find out which lottery has the best odds and which game has the best prizes. In short, which is better: playing Mega Millions or Powerball? Bemorepanda hopes that in this article you will find answers to all questions regarding the differences between these lottery titans. But also find out some interesting facts about both Mega Millions and Powerball : history, biggest wins and other interesting things.
Americans kicked into lottery fever when the combined Mega Millions and Powerball jackpots were played. $ 1 billion.
The Mega Millions jackpot for the October 16 draw is valued at $ 667 million. This is the largest jackpot in Mega Millions history. Meanwhile, the Powerball jackpot is $ 345 million and the next draw will take place on October 17th.
With incredibly high jackpots, not even gamblers are willing to try their luck. If you've never played the lottery before, here's what you need to know.
Mega Millions tickets cost $ 2 each and can be purchased from lottery stores in 44 states. (Six states do not participate. Sorry Alabama, Alaska, Hawaii, Mississippi, Nevada, and Utah — you're out of luck.)
You choose six numbers for each ticket: five numbers from 1 to 70 and one number from 1 to 25 - the Mega Ball. If you do not want to choose your numbers, use the Quick Select feature and your numbers will be selected for you.
In some states, such as Texas and Wisconsin, you buy a Just the Jackpot ticket. This ticket costs $ 3 but gives you two raffles. The catch is that you only win if you get all six winning numbers. This is in contrast to the standard Mega Millions ticket, where players who match some but not all of the numbers are eligible for lower prizes.
There is also a Megaplier option that is available in most states. For the extra $ 1 per game, any non-jackpot winnings will be multiplied.
1. The rules for Mega Millions and Powerball are almost identical. You need to choose 5 main numbers and 1 additional one. If you match all the numbers drawn, you will win the jackpot. An overlap can win you a side prize.
2. Powerball and Mega Millions are renowned for their incredible jackpots, some of the largest in the world. Today the world record holder is Powerball, but before that, the Mega Millions held the palm for four years.
3. The Mega Millions jackpot reached incredible heights in March 2012, when the previous world record (set by Mega Millions in March 2007) was $ 390 million. After a long losing streak, on March 30, 2012, the $ 656 million prize was split among three winners.
4. A record $ 1.586 billion won by Powerball in January 2016 was also won with three tickets. In October 2018, it looked like Mega Millions was about to beat that amount. The lottery announced a jackpot of $ 1.6 billion, but the final prize fell below the Powerball record. This happened because ticket sales fell short of expectations.
5. The $ 1.537 billion jackpot won by a single South Carolina player is the largest lottery prize ever won with a single ticket, as well as the largest single payout on a single ticket.
6. Mega Millions also managed to win another jackpot of over a billion dollars. Although he has not set any new records, this $ 1.05 billion prize was won on January 22, 2021 in Michigan. It went to the Wolverine FFL Club, a four-member lottery club.
7. The Megaplier in Mega Millions and Power Play in Powerball are multipliers (multipliers) that you can add to your ticket for a small surcharge. This will allow you, in case of winning the secondary prize, to increase its size several times.
8. Unlike the additional numbers that players select when filling out the ticket (Mega Ball in Mega Millions and Powerball in Powerball), the multiplier number does not need to be guessed. It is selected randomly during the draw (from a separate reel).
9. In both games, the multiplier can be 2, 3, 4 or 5. However, Powerball also has a multiplier of 10, which can only be drawn when the lottery jackpot is below $ 150 million.
10. Although the multiplier does not affect the jackpot in any way, it determines how many times the secondary prizes will be multiplied. The winners of the secondary categories, who marked the multiplier box on their ticket, will win a prize multiplied by several times.
11. There is another difference between the two multipliers. Megaplier multiplies all Mega Millions side prizes. This means that when Megaplier 5x is dropped, the player who wins the 2nd prize can win $ 5 million.In the PowerBall lottery, the maximum size of the 2nd prize, regardless of the Power Play number drawn in the drawing, is always $ 2 million.
12. Powerball has drawn $ 1.586 billion and Mega Millions $ 1.537 billion, so both lotteries can play astronomical amounts. The second prize in both lotteries is $ 1 million, but there is a slight difference: the Mega Millions multiplier can increase it to $ 5 million, while the size of the 2nd Powerball prize, even with the Power Play multiplier, will never exceed $ 2 million.
13. In both Powerball and Mega Millions, you have to match 5 main and 1 additional numbers to win the jackpot. The conditions for winning other prizes are also the same, but their amounts are different.
14. The odds of hitting the jackpot in both lotteries are pretty low, but in Powerball the odds are slightly higher (1 in 292.201.338 versus 1 in 302.575.350). The odds of winning secondary prizes also vary slightly. This is due to differences in guessing ranges. Here is a table that compares the odds for each prize tier.
15. The first Powerball draw took place on April 22, 1992; The Mega Millions have been drawn since September 6, 1996. Learn more about the history of Mega Millions.
16. Mega Millions offer the "Just the Jackpot" option, which allows players to buy a cheaper ticket that only claims the jackpot and cannot win other prizes.
17. In some states, Powerball offers an additional Double Play option that allows players to participate in an additional draw where they have a chance to win up to $ 10 million.
18. Mega Millions draws on Tuesdays and Fridays at WSB-TV in Atlanta, Georgia. Powerball Draws take place on Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at Universal Studios in Orlando, Florida.
19. Mega Millions tickets are sold in 47 jurisdictions (45 states, the District of Columbia and the US Virgin Islands). Powerball tickets are available in the same jurisdictions as well as Puerto Rico.
20. The price of a Mega Millions ticket, like the cost of a Powerball ticket, is $ 2. The Megaplier / Power Play option adds $ 1 to the ticket price.
21. The minimum starting jackpot for both lotteries was $ 40 million, but this amount was cut to $ 20 million in April 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic.
22. Jackpots of both lotteries can be obtained either in a one-time payment or in 30 annual installments (each of which will be 5% higher than the previous one).
23. You don't need to travel to the United States to play Mega Millions! You also do not need to be in the United States to participate in the Powerball Draws. You can play both exciting lotteries online at theLotter!
24. The first tickets for the Mega Millions lottery, founded under the name "The Big Game", went on sale in August 1996. The first draw took place on September 6, 1996.
25. Initially, only 6 states participated in the lottery: Virginia, Georgia, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan and Maryland. Initially, the draws were held only on Fridays, but the game quickly gained popularity, and already in February 1998 the organizers added an additional draw on Tuesdays. Around the same time, the guessing range was expanded, and the winners had the opportunity to take the main prize in one payout. In 1999, New Jersey became the seventh state to offer tickets for the Great Game draws.
26. The "Mega Millions" lottery was renamed in May 2002. At the same time, Washington, New York, Oregon joined the host states. Subsequently, circulations also began to be carried out in Texas (2003) and California (2005).
27. Texas became the first state to offer members the Megaplier option, which could multiply the secondary prizes by several times. The Megaplier remained unique to the one-star state until it signed a cross-sell agreement with Powerball in January 2010, after which it appeared on tickets sold in other states. Today, the Megaplier is available in all jurisdictions in which Mega Millions tickets are sold, with the exception of California.
28. In January 2010, Mega Millions and Powerball signed a historic cross-selling agreement that allowed states to sell tickets to both lotteries. As a result of the agreement, the number of states in which Mega Millions tickets were sold jumped to 43. It was also possible to play the lottery in Washington D.C. and in the US Virgin Islands.
29. In March 2012, Mega Millions set a world record for the largest jackpot to date. The incredible $ 656 million prize was won by three tickets (purchased in Illinois, Kansas and Maryland). That record was held until January 2016, when Powerball raffled off $ 1.586 billion.
30. Starting October 22, 2013, the guessing range has changed from 5/56 + 1/46 to 5/75 + 1/15. The lottery organizers also set a minimum jackpot ($ 15 million) and a minimum amount of an increase in the first prize in case of transfer ($ 5 million), and also increased the size of the second prize from $ 250,000 to $ 1 million. In addition to this, the Megaplier 5x (with which the second prize can reach $ 5 million).
31. On July 8, 2016, Mega Millions hit the jackpot of $ 536 million - the largest prize ever won with a single ticket.
32. In October 2017, the lottery organizers revised its rules once again. The aim of these measures was to increase the popularity of the lottery and increase the Mega Millions jackpots. Changes included an update to the guessing range (5/70 + 1/25), a $ 40M minimum guaranteed jackpot, and higher secondary prizes. As part of the new format, the ticket price for Mega Millions has doubled from $ 1 to $ 2.
33. The organizers introduced a new game option "Just the Jackpot" - for $ 3, players got 2 chances to hit the jackpot, but, at the same time, they could not claim secondary prizes (this option is not available in all jurisdictions, in which tickets are sold).
34. In a historic draw on October 23, 2018, Mega Millions hit the biggest jackpot in its history: $ 1.537 billion. The winner who bought the ticket in South Carolina applied for the prize in March 2019. He chose to receive his winnings in a lump sum of $ 877,784,124 and not divulge his identity. This jackpot was the largest amount ever won with a single ticket in the world.
35. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, "The Mega Millions Consortium has adjusted the game's starting jackpot and will determine the starting amounts for subsequent jackpots and jackpot increases for each draw," the lottery organizers said in a statement in early April 2020. Since then, the starting jackpot has been reduced from $ 40 million to $ 20 million, and the minimum jackpot increase between draws has been $ 2 million.
36. The Mega Millions raffled its second billionth jackpot on January 22, 2021. After a record longest losing streak of 37 draws, the $ 1.05 billion ($ 776.6 million lump sum) prize was won by a four-player Michigan-based lottery club. The club's representative and attorney applied for the prize on March 12, 2021. The group opted for a one-off payment of $ 766 million over receipt of the full amount in annuity payments. This jackpot is the second largest prize in Mega Millions history and the third largest prize in the history of the lottery.
37. Shane Missler, 20, from Port Richey, Florida, was not surprised to find out that he had won a giant jackpot. As he said, he had a "premonition". "I am only 20, but I hope to use this [prize] to devote time to various hobbies, to help my family and to benefit humanity."
38. The syndicate prize is the largest of just 3 Mega Million jackpots hit in Philadelphia since Mega Million tickets began selling there in 2010.
39. Richard Wahl, a 47-year-old production manager at a food services company from Vernon, New Jersey, won the jackpot on the second time he ever played the lottery. "I drive past that (Mega Millions) sign every day and don't buy," he told reporters at a press conference when he picked up his check.
40. On March 30, 2012, Mega Millions had a huge draw. As the jackpot grew and grew, players and fans alike began to wonder if the prize would ever get bogged down! The final jackpot was $ 656 million - which brought the lottery the world record for the largest lottery jackpot (it lasted almost four years)!
41. The first of the three winners took his share of the $ 218.6 million prize the following Friday after the draw. Kansas law allows lottery winners to remain anonymous, which is exactly what this wise lottery multimillionaire did.
42. The second winners of the stunning prize were three Maryland public school staff who called themselves the "Three Amigos." It is known about the winners that one of them was a woman in her twenties, the other in her fifties, and the third member of the syndicate was a man in his forties. Chipping off $ 20 each, they bought 60 tickets, one of which brought them a lot of money! The amigos who split the whopping $ 218.6 million are probably each other's richest friends!
43. The last winning ticket of this huge circulation belonged to retirees Merle and Patricia Butler. When it was revealed that the winning ticket had been purchased in their hometown of Red Bad, Illinois, friends jokingly asked Merle if he had won. They never imagined ... The couple stayed up all night watching the news and surfing the Internet to find out how many people have won the jackpot. On April 18, 2012, they took their prize in a one-time payment, and after taxes were paid, they got their hands on $ 111 million.
44. After a record longest losing streak of 37 draws, the Mega Millions jackpot hit a staggering $ 1.05 billion. Finally, on Saturday, January 22nd, the winning draw numbers matched the numbers on a lucky ticket purchased in Novi, Michigan. As it turned out later, the jackpot was won by a 4-member syndicate called "Wolverine FFL Club" (wolverine - wolverine). They announced their winnings on March 12, 2021. “This money will affect the lives of the families of our club members for many generations to come. We plan to stay humble and share the winnings through donations to charities in southeastern Michigan. " Like many of the other winners on this list, the group opted for a $ 766 million lump-sum prize. This Mega Millions jackpot is the third largest lottery prize in the world, and the second largest prize won with a single ticket!
45. The ticket, sold in South Carolina, was the sole winner of the $ 1.537 billion ($ 878 million lump sum) Mega Millions draw on October 23, 2018. The jackpot was announced at $ 1.6 billion and it looked like Mega Millions would break the Powerball world record for the largest lottery prize in history. But ticket sales were lower than expected, and the final jackpot was reduced slightly as a result. After the draw ended, it became known that South Carolina has a single winner.
46. The mother of four children, Marie Holmes, did not have an easy life. She raised four children single-handedly and had to quit her job to constantly take care of her son with special needs. When the Powerball jackpot rose to sky-high levels, Marie asked her mother to buy a ticket for her. Her mother complied with the request, and fortune took care of the rest. Holmes became one of three winners of the $ 564.1 million jackpot, making her the largest lottery winner in North Carolina history. Taking the prize, Holmes vowed to spend the money on good deeds. Since then, she has made frequent headlines in the news for both positive and not-so-positive reasons. She used some of her winnings to help her church and some of the bail money for her boyfriend, who was arrested on drug charges.
47. Matthew Goode, Mark, and Cindy Hill - $ 587.5 million - November 28, 2012. The winners of this epic Powerball jackpot from Missouri announced their big win in high school, where they first met and fell in love in the 1970s. Mark and Cindy Hill of Dearborn, Missouri spent $ 10 on five random tickets and hit a $ 192 million (gross) prize! These high school sweethearts made the country news and made Dearborn famous. The second runner-up, Matthew Goode of Phoenix, Arizona (namesake of the famous actor), also opted for a lump sum.
48. Lerynne West, a 51-year-old mother of three, from Redfield, Iowa, just bought a new home and, in the course of her upcoming move, stopped by the store to buy pizza and coffee, as well as a Powerball ticket. She ended up leaving a ticket for a few days on the floor of her sister's pickup truck before realizing that she had just won a slice of the huge Powerball jackpot. Her share of the prize was $ 343.9 million, and she took that amount in a one-time payment of $ 198.1 million.
49. The record longest four-month streak without a winner was finally cut short on October 4, 2021, with a single ticket sold in California that hit the jackpot of $ 699.8 million! The winning draw numbers were 12, 22, 54, 66, 69 and Powerball 15. Not only is it the 5th largest jackpot in Powerball history, but also the 7th largest prize ever drawn in an American lottery. According to the California Lottery website, the lucky ticket was purchased at a grocery store in Morro Bay. The winner has not yet applied for the prize.
50. The ticket purchased from the Coney Market in Lonaconing, Maryland was the only ticket that featured winning Powerball draw numbers on January 20, 2021. On May 26, 2021, the prize was collected by anonymous winners who identified themselves as the “Power Pack.” ("Powerpack"). They chose to receive the money in a lump sum of $ 546.8 million (approximately $ 366.6 million after deducting federal and state taxes). Maryland Lottery officials said the winners told them the money would allow them to help their families and community members "for generations to come."
The giant panda is considered the most valuable species of the bear family. For its specific culinary preferences, it is usually called the bamboo bear. Researchers initially assigned these animals to the raccoon family and only towards the end of the 20th century was it finally assigned to the bear family. Pandas are considered a jewel of China, rare animals and are carefully protected by the state. In this article, we will introduce our readers to interesting facts related to these funny animals.
1. The first time the giant panda was caught only in 1916 with the participation of local residents, but she quickly died. Only 20 years later, one American woman managed to buy a bear cub and bring it to America.
2. The giant panda is one of the rarest animals in the world. She lives only on the territory of the PRC. The main habitat is Sichuan province. Zoologists suggest that pandas may also have remained wild in Gansu province and parts of the Tibetan mountains.
3. The first panda that appeared in a foreign zoo was called Su-ling. She has lived in several zoos in the United States. Only after a fairly long period, after a long search, two more individuals were brought to America, and a little later these bears appeared in London.
4. In the Soviet Union, the first bamboo bear appeared in 1957 in the Moscow Zoo. The panda was a male named Pin-Pin. In 1959, the administration of the Moscow Zoo managed to find another individual for reproduction. The newly acquired panda was named An-An, and she turned out to be a male.
5. For the first time in the zoo, a panda was born in 1963, in Beijing. The bear cub was given birth by a female named Li-Li. The calf's weight was 142 grams. The bear was nicknamed Min-Min. A year later, Li-Li brought another cub, then scientists were able to establish that the period of bearing offspring in pandas is about one hundred and forty days.
6. The peak of activity of pandas is in the evening and at night. The animals are extremely clean and quiet. Bears cannot stand the rain, and try to hide from it.
7. Bamboo bears are extremely careful animals and try to avoid humans. Despite this, Buddhist monks living in the highlands often tame young animals. Pandas often come to monasteries for food alone and in groups.
8. Pandas love to roll head over hills, they have acquired this habit, fleeing from predators. Plus they run surprisingly well. The main natural enemies for bears are leopards.
9. Under natural conditions, the main diet of a bamboo bear is young bamboo shoots and fresh leaves. Besides, pandas love to feast on insects, fish, small rodents.
10. The closest relative of the bamboo bear is the spectacled bear that lives on the western slope of the Andes in the South American continent.
11. The genetic code of a panda and a human is 68% identical, and that of a dog and a bamboo bear is 80% identical.
12. In the summer season, in search of coolness, pandas climb the highlands, located four kilometers above sea level, and in winter they sink eight hundred meters.
13. Adult bears grow up to one and a half meters long and weigh 150 kilograms.
14. Every day panda spends about twelve hours on food and absorbs up to 15% of its own mass.
15. The body of the animal assimilates up to 20% of the absorbed feed.
16. The giant panda, unlike other bears, does not require hibernation.
17. Pandas often reproduce twins, but they feed only one bear cub. The second cub usually dies.
18. After birth, the cub spends with its mother for about three years.
19. The total number of pandas in their natural habitat is approximately 1600 individuals.
20. In China, bamboo bear hunting has been banned since 1962. Violation of the prohibition is punishable by death.
21. The giant panda is considered a national treasure of the PRC.
22. The Chinese government leases pandas to overseas reserves for one million US dollars a year. Moreover, all born panda cubs are considered the property of the Celestial Empire.
23. A newborn bear cub weighs 800 times less than its mother.
24. Pandas have a specific sixth toe, which is the transformed carpal bone.
25. The panda is listed in the Guinness Book of Achievements as the cutest animal on earth.
26. The red panda and the giant panda share the same habitat and diet, and both animals are also endangered.
27. According to legend, the panda was once an all-white bear. When a small girl tried to save a panda cub from being attacked by a leopard, the leopard killed the girl instead. Pandas came to her funeral wearing armbands of black ashes. As they wiped their eyes, hugged each other, and covered the ears, they smudged the black ashes.
28. Pandas can stand upright, but their short hind legs aren’t strong enough to support their bodies.
29. Little pandas are born white, but after a week they acquire their recognizable black and white color.
30. Pandas rely less on visual memory than they do on spatial memory to locate a mate’s home range area and preferred patches of bamboo
31. Pandas are slow creatures, they are capable of developing a very low speed, comparable to a quick step of a person, no more. Although this is still an order of magnitude faster than sloths move (see interesting facts about sloths).
32. The size of an adult giant panda is comparable to that of a brown bear.
33. A baby panda weighs only 150-200 grams at birth.
34. Many Chinese philosophers believe that the universe is made from two opposing forces, the Yin and Yang. The panda is one symbol of this philosophy.
35. For a full and calm life in its natural habitat, an adult giant panda needs about 10 square kilometers of space.
36. In the wild, giant pandas live for 15-20 years, in captivity - a little more. But they are very reluctant to breed in captivity.
37. China does not sell giant pandas but leases them to zoos around the world. Renting one panda brings China about $ 1 million annually.
38. A panda's tooth is 7 times larger than that of a human
39. Every day the panda is busy eating for more than 12 hours and eats about 12-15% of its weight.
40. A panda fur is worth between $60,000 and $100,000 on the illegal trade market.
41. Although a giant panda’s fur looks silky and soft, it is quite thick and wiry.
42. Pandas often give birth to twins, but after giving birth, the panda mother chooses a stronger baby, and the second, left unattended, soon dies.
43. A panda’s throat has a special lining to protect it from bamboo splinters.
44. Pandas have lived on Earth for two to three million years.
45. There are only about 1600 pandas left in the wild.
46. Hunting pandas has been completely banned since 1962, and killing a panda in China can be punishable by death.
47. The word “panda” may have developed from the Nepalese word poonya, which means “bamboo-eating animal” or “plant-eating animal.
48. In summer, pandas can move to an altitude of 4000 meters, fleeing the heat. In winter, they do not hibernate and do not equip a den.
49. An adult panda eats up to 30 kg of bamboo per day.
50. A panda’s entire mating process takes only about two or three days.
Reddit is set to become a public company in 2022, valued at $15 billion. Here are top 50 interesting facts that made them so succesfull
Reddit. Anyone who follows the news closely will certainly come across numerous references to Reddit - a real giant that is rapidly gaining popularity from year to year. But, unlike Facebook, the immigration of population did not happen there. For most users, the social news site remains a mystery - a kind of overseas wonder of the world that the mind cannot understand. And there are several reasons for this.
Reddit is a social news site that was once created to make it easy to find and share links to news, articles, and just interesting content. But over time, the portal grew, destroying the popular Digg, and now it is, in fact, a platform for conversations, that is, a forum, an image board, and so on. Links and their discussions remain an important part of the platform, but only a part. Increasingly, people come here to communicate, having escaped from sinking forums and dead sites.
Due to the huge popularity of the portal, many users use it to draw attention to a particular issue, or, more often, a site. Many sites have experienced the so-called “Slashdot effect”, when one link to Reddit (sometimes even just in the comments) leads to an overload of the site’s servers due to the influx of visitors.
Reddit may once have seemed like a strange alternative to popular social networks where anonymity continues to be valued and where people are addressed by nicknames rather than names, but now it has become the standard platform for both just chatting and connecting with fans. AMAs (Ask Me Anything) are constantly held here, when a star (yes, anyone in general) answers questions in the comments for an hour. This only emphasizes the influence of the site and its role in the modern world.
Reddit is the fastest growing site on the internet. This is a website where anyone can hyperlink to interesting content from all over the internet. If you've never visited Reddit, chances are you won't like it for the first time. The design is inspired by the early days of the web with small fonts that can easily distract a new user. But looks are deceiving. This is evidenced by the extensive statistics of Reddit. Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts.
1. It hosts 6 million daily users and internet marketers, promoters, spammers, creators are fighting to get this total user share pie for free. But no one succeeds because of their community-driven and heavily moderated structure. Only really popular content is promoted on Reddit.
2. The secret behind Reddit's popularity is the anonymity of users and the insignificance of user accounts. You click on any user profile and you will be redirected to a page that shows their submissions, comments, etc. along with a link and comment karma. No, selfies with fake facial expressions, without focusing on yourself and copying text about yourself. This is the real power of Reddit. It is focused on content, not users.
3. Digg was the successor to Reddit and was a pioneer of news voting sites. Both websites were on par in 2010, but Reddit's nuclear growth since 2010 has propelled it into the top 50 websites on Earth, in just 5 years.
4. In addition, its anonymity allows the user to speak their mind and go beyond creating or presenting content without thinking about what others will think. Check out a screenshot of the most popular post in Reddit history.
Registration on the site is instant. No personal information is required, just like a phone number. In this sense, the site continues to follow the precepts of the old Internet, and this is very good.
At the moment, Reddit is going through perhaps the most difficult period in its history - the transition to a new design. We all know how painful this process is for sites with an attached audience. Reddit is no exception - it's been in the process of being updated for a long time now, and as is often the case, the redesign didn't get users excited. The new version, currently in beta and optional, strips the portal of its archaic charm and adds more modern elements. Beginners will most likely want to use the newer version, which is much more logical. Everyone else rightly points out a lot of new problems. For example, the redesign significantly reduces the ability to customize subreddits, making them more unified.
The entire site is divided into subreddits - interest groups or just communities united by an idea. Initially, there was supposed to be one main "reddit", but the idea did not catch on, although the site still has default reddits, to which all newcomers are subscribed. The /r/popular subreddit includes the most important entries of all groups, excluding some controversial subreddits, such as those dedicated to Donald Trump. /r/all is the sitewide popularity feed without any filter. The user is free to choose what interests him - in this sense, you can draw an analogy with YouTube and its channels. Or with LJ and band news feed. In general, everything is very simple, albeit unusual.
Any site like Reddit at first seems like a dump of content that is impossible to sort through. In fact, it is possible, but Reddit itself will hardly help you with this. Finding content here is not very easy - as well as the subreddits that interest you. Among experienced users, it has long been customary to joke about how bad site search is, and the anecdote is not without truth. Therefore, even if the search is possible, I most often use search engines for this task - or rather, Google, which indexes the site very quickly. All other search engines, including the growing DuckDuckGo, are experiencing some difficulty in finding fresh entries.
5. Anyone who visits Reddit regularly can easily answer it. Nearly 40% of Reddit's top stories are images from the image-sharing site imgur.com. Imgur gets almost 30% of its website visitors through Reddit.
6. In fact, Reddit does not allow users to upload images to their server. Imgur founder Alan Schaaf saw this as a great opportunity and created imgur. When he launched Imgur, he posted an ad on Reddit for his new product.
7. The total amount of funds spent by the founders of Reddit on its advertising since its inception is only 500 US dollars, and this is also for stickers.
8. Reddit's founders received $12,000 in initial funding to launch the idea, of which they only spent $500 on their website's promotional activities as well as stickers.
9. In a post written by Alexis Ohanion about Fast Company, he stated that it was the most sound investment he had ever made.
10. The Reddit Snoo mascot was there before the site even went live.
Many Reddit users have been silently consuming content for years, with no desire to add anything of their own. However, most often you will want to insert your word. To do this, in each subreddit there is an opportunity to add your entry, share a link or photo.
Unlike forums, on Reddit, the relevance of a post is determined by its rating. This is, in fact, a system of likes, but, like in YouTube, entries can be both “plus” and “minus”. This is called upvoting and downvoting. If your entry gets a good upvote ratio, the system considers it worthy of attention. So from the “new” section, the record crawls into “hot” and “best”. If you posted something really interesting or original, then, depending on the number of subreddit subscribers, it can even crawl out to the main page of the site - and there you are already guaranteed endless "karma" and the attention of millions of visitors.
It is impossible to find a formula that would guarantee a 100% “hit”. For a recording to work, a perfect set of circumstances is required: the relevance of the recording, the right time, the urgency, and so on. Of course, there are various tricks that can only be learned over time. Even really great content can get lost in the garbage stream. It often happens that your picture passes the attention of the masses, but when someone posts it again in a couple of days, it will immediately fly up to the main site. Try to figure it out.
"Karma" (that is, the counter of upvotes, or likes) is calculated in the user's profile. There is no sense in it, but attention to your own record is always nice. The owners of great karma consider themselves, if not the elite, then very respected people. It is reminiscent of Google Questions and Answers (if you remember such a service), where the most erudite experts liked to brag about their achievements.
11. In an interview with the website, Alexis Ohanion revealed that he started working on the logo even before it was clear how the site would work. He would sketch in his marketing class or whenever he had free time.
12. In the early days, the founders of Reddit made a lot of fake accounts to make the site look active.
13. In a video for an online educational website, Steve Huffman explained that in the early days of Reddit, he and Alexis created hundreds of fake accounts to make the site more active because no one else was submitting any content to the site at the time. and there was a lot of empty space that didn't look very pretty.
14. Reddit launched the commenting system six months after it first launched.
15. It's good that in just six months, Steve and Alexis realized that without comments, this community could not survive.
16. A graduate student analyzed the top 850,000 Reddit posts to find how to create successful posts.
17. Randy Olson, a computer science graduate student at Michigan State University, posted a blog post on how to create a successful Reddit post. His advice was backed up by his analysis of 850,000 top Reddit posts out of the 4,200 most active subreddits.
The popularity of the site and the activity of its audience attract the attention of companies that are trying to advertise themselves in a less obvious way. Reddit is a great place to draw attention to your site or even your product, but obvious self-promotion will be easily figured out by moderators (read Reddit and business below). But if you're an artist who wants to raise their profile, a writer who's written something interesting, or a startup with an interesting idea, then Reddit can be the perfect tool for your own promotion. The main thing is to choose the right subreddit. Do not forget to read the rules - each subreddit has its own rules, and non-compliance with them leads to the removal of the post or even the ban of the user.
If your comment receives a large number of dislikes, it will be hidden from other users, although it can still be seen if desired. Often the "reputation" that looms from this ranking affects how often you can post. Subreddits can put a limit on the number of posts per minute, and this can seriously limit your ability to take an active part in the life of the subreddit.
Upvotes and downvotes, despite some controversy in their implementation, are very important for maintaining order. If social networks like Twitter or VKontakte almost always rage with chaos, with obscenities, swearing and spam, then “karma” on Reddit allows you to hide bad comments and raise quality ones. Thanks to this system, the discussions on the site look like a smart dialogue, and not like a kindergarten, which is most often seen on other popular Internet sites.
18. His post includes tips like when is the best time to post, what to write, what heading to use and many other great tips, you should check out his post.
19. The first post on Reddit appeared 13 years ago and was called The Downing Street Memo. You can still find it at the following link. At first, most of the content on the site was written by the creators of the resource themselves - they created a lot of fake accounts from which they filled the site with interesting links and news, thereby creating the appearance of an active resource.
20. Comments first appeared on the site in December 2005, and sections (subreddits) only in March 2008.
21. At the same time, the latter were met with hostility - the users of the site did not understand what the need for such “segregation” was, because the population of the resource at that time was very modest, and the need to scroll through all the subreddits in search of new news then seemed strange.
22. From the moment of his birth until about 2010. Reddit actively competed with Digg, which is extremely similar in design and purpose. Reddit was born just a few months later, but Digg was much more popular at the time.
23. Everything changed dramatically in August 2010, when the creators of Digg ruined their project with a bad design update. Users of the resource were furious and for a whole month the main page was filled with messages with complaints, requests to return the old version of the site, as well as links to Reddit - annoyed people urged everyone to change the platform, leaving for competitors.
24. Over the next year, the popularity of Reddit skyrocketed, while Digg fell. At the same time, at first, as many as 20% of Reddit's monthly traffic was from Digg.
25. Theoretically, any Reddit user should strive for the same thing - to have their post appear on the front page. But is it possible to achieve this result by following some magical "formula for success"? As it turned out - it is possible.
26. In this universal formula, there will be several factors that you will need to consider: this is the time and day of the week when you will publish the post; brightness or scandalous content; correct title wording. There is also the possibility of buying votes - there are corresponding resources that sell them for real currency.
27. But any Redditor will tell you that the most effective (albeit cynical) way to earn votes that will eventually lead you to the main page of the resource is to steal someone else's content. The usual repost of someone else's post, which has already appeared on this resource before, will lead you to success much faster than any original content.
28. In 2013, a study was made, the results of which showed shocking statistics: over a 17-day period, more than 52% of the materials that reached the main page had already appeared on the forum before. Moreover, in the same 17-day period of time indicated in the study, and not several years before.
29. If you use the Google Ngram Viewer resource, you can see how often a particular word was used in world literature centuries before you were born. Thanks to him, we can note with surprise for ourselves that the word Reddit already existed, and its use has been declining since the 1700s.
30. This strange fact is connected with the existence of the Latin word REDDO, which means "give back", "return" or "restore". At the same time, in the REDDIT form, this word means “it returned”, and REDDITOR means “the one who returns”. Thus, all users of the Reddit resource who call themselves "redditors" literally turn into reposters and people who steal other people's content.
31. Thanks to the collective power of this resource, Reddit has saved its users more than once.
32. One of the most striking cases can be called an incident that occurred 3 years ago, when a user under the nickname RBradbury1920 reported mysterious yellow reminder stickers that appeared in his apartment. He was sure that he did not stick them on, and suspected that this was some kind of bad joke on the part of the owner of this apartment (he rented it).
33. However, these pieces of paper contained information that was known only to RBradbury1920, which further confused this strange mystical case. A Reddit user decided to turn to his favorite forum for advice - should you call the police or just call the landlord for a serious conversation?
34. He advised the topic starter to buy an inexpensive CO tester that could confirm this hypothesis. And indeed, that was the problem. The tester showed an off-scale concentration of this gas, which in such cases can lead to various problems with the brain, as well as memory loss.
35. Subsequently, RBradbury1920 unsubscribed that throughout the whole year he visited various medical specialists in order to regain his lost health. And only after a long course of treatment, his body returned to normal.
36. In August 2015, Roskomnadzor added Reddit to the register of banned sites. The reason for the blocking was a request to remove one of the pages of the resource from the Gosnarkokontrol. It contained instructions for growing mushrooms containing narcotic substances. After a call from the administration of the resource to the department, a day later, the resource was unblocked.
37. Reddit has restricted access on the territory of the Russian Federation to prohibited information.
38. The post, which drew the attention of the State Drug Control Service, was posted by one of the Russian-speaking users with the nickname rsocfan intentionally and specifically “for the RKN”. It was a provocation to block a popular resource.
39. However, another user with the nickname Kakkerlak offered an alternative explanation for what happened - he clung to a small detail in the description of the RBradbury1920 apartment. He talked about an unusual tiny bedroom, devoid of any windows. Kakkerlak suggested that it could be due to severe carbon monoxide (carbon monoxide) poisoning that RBradbury1920 was exposed to due to poor ventilation in his bed.
40. And finally, a fresh interesting event. Reddit users (by the way, 53% of whom are from the United States) made popular the YouTube channel of Russian cosmonaut Oleg Artemiev, which almost no one watched. The video of the astronaut got on Reddit and after 5 days scored 84k pluses. “This is a Russian cosmonaut named Oleg who posts videos from the International Space Station on his channel. His new video from space, posted five hours ago, has only 17 views. It captures the flight through the entire station,” wrote the user.
41. Reddit ads are often forgotten in the paid social world, in part because other systems seem to have more impressive targeting capabilities or are talked about more. For some advertisers, this can bring bad luck.
42. Reddit gets over 21 billion screen views per month and the platform is used by 6% of adults online. Over 70% speak English, and a significant proportion are from the US.
43. Although Reddit has an extremely diverse audience, a sizable segment of users have high sales revenue of $75,000 or more per year.
44. There are two types of ads on Reddit that marketers can use to their advantage.
45. The second type of ad will appear in feeds. They will look like posts, except for the blue "Promoted" tag at the top. When users click on these ads, they are taken directly to the landing page of your choice, not to the talk page.
46. Reddit is demographic and geo-targeted, like all your standard paid social platforms you know and love, where you can target by age, gender, location, and interests.
49. There are over 2.2 million different subreddits, ranging from broad ones (like "finance") to much more niche ones ("vegan beauty").
50. Some ad platforms have high minimum ad spends, resulting in a high entry threshold for companies that want to try out new platforms or that have a low budget.