The tallest woman is from Turkey! She is 24 years old and over 2.15 meters
A woman from Turkey has been officially declared the tallest female person alive by Guinness World Records. The young woman is 24 years old and measures 215.16 centimeters. The height reached by Rumeysa Gelgi is the result of a condition called Weaver syndrome which, among other things, causes an accelerated growth.
"Every disadvantage can be turned into an advantage for you, so accept yourself as you are, be aware of your own potential and do everything you can, ”said the young woman, who is extremely active on social networks.
This is the second time that Gelgi has managed to break a world record, after being declared the tallest teenager alive in 2014. Since then, she has used this platform to support other people diagnosed with rare diseases, notes dpa , quoted by Agerpres. Most of the time, she uses a wheelchair, although she can walk with a frame.
"It is an honor to welcome Rumeysa back to the Book of Records. Her untamed spirit and pride in being noticed in the crowd is an inspiration, "said Craig Glenday, editor-in-chief of Guinness World Records.
"The category dedicated to the tallest woman in life is not one in which the protagonists change very often, so I am delighted to share this news with the world," he added.
The tallest man in the world, Sultan Kosen, is from the same country, Turkey. He was 251 centimeters tall when he was measured, in 2018.
The tallest woman alive was Zeng Jinlian, from China, with a height of 246.3 centimeters, measured before she died, in 1982.
Geographers are looking up and down for interesting information about our world. They want to know “why”, but they also like to know what is the biggest / smallest, the farthest / closest and the longest / shortest. Geographers also want to answer confusing questions, such as "What time is it at the South Pole?" And other interesting things.
Earth or the Blue Planet, is the third planet from the Sun and the largest of the terrestrial planets in the Solar System. It is the only planet in the universe known to have life and hides a lot of amazing details.
Today through the prism of 100 folders you will discover new things from all over the world. In the meantime, you will be able to read curiosities about our planet. It's time for new acquaintances with Bemorepanda!
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Planet Earth is part of the solar system, is the largest terrestrial planet, formed about 4.57 billion years ago and is the densest planet in the entire solar system. Read general information about planet Earth.
Planet Earth revolves around the sun in 365.26 days, and this period is known as one year. During all this time, the Earth rotates about its axis about 366.26 times. During gravity, the Earth interacts with other objects in space, especially the Sun and Moon, the Earth's only natural satellite.
Seasons appear on Earth because its axis of rotation is inclined relative to its orbital plane. The gravitational interaction between the Earth and the Moon stabilizes the Earth's orientation on its axis and gradually slows down its rotation.
The Earth's surface is 71% covered with water, mainly by the oceans, and the remaining 29% is made up of continents and islands that, along with other rivers and water sources, contribute to the hydrosphere.
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The name of the planet Earth does not derive from Greek or Roman mythology, as is the case with the other planets that were named after gods and goddesses from Greco-Roman mythology. The word "earth" comes from the Latin word "pavimentum", which means "paved earth" or "level", "floor", "paved road", "smooth place", "pavement", "mosaic" or "weft".
Since its formation, the Earth has undergone many geological and biological processes. The Earth's atmosphere and oceans were formed by volcanic activity and expulsion. From here, water vapor condensed into oceans amplified with water and ice from asteroids, comets and protoplants.
More than 3.5 billion years ago, the Earth's magnetic field stabilized, and this prevented the solar wind from scattering the atmosphere.
Approximately 4.5 billion years old, the Earth was formed when a cloud of dust collapsed due to gravity, and like planets such as Mercury, Venus, and Mars, the planet Earth is a rocky, central core. which is surrounded by a mantle and a solid crust.
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The shape is approximately oblique spheroidal and, due to the rotation, the Earth is flattened at the poles and bulging around the equator. Its diameter at the equator is 43 kilometers, larger than the pole-pole diameter.
The main deviations from the Earth's surface are: Mount Everest, 8,850 meters above sea level and the Marianas Pit, 10,924 meters below sea level.
The Earth's mass consists mainly of iron (32.1%), oxygen (30.1%), silicon (15.1%), magnesium (13.9%), sulfur (2.9%), nickel (1 , 8%), calcium 1.5%), aluminum (1.4%), the remaining 1.2% consisting of small amounts of other elements. Due to mass segregation, it is estimated that the core consists mainly of iron (88.8%), with smaller amounts of nickel (5.8%), sulfur (4.5%) and less than 1% trace elements.
The total area of the Earth is about 510 million square kilometers, of which 70.8% and 361.13 square kilometers are below sea level and covered with ocean, the remaining 29.2% and 148.94 million square kilometers, respectively it is not covered by water and consists of mountains, plains, deserts, plateaus and other landforms.
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Due to the swelling of the earth at the equator, the summit of Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador (20,700 feet or 6,310 meters) is the farthest point from the center of the Earth. Thus, the mountain claims the title of being "the highest point on Earth" (although Mount Everest is still the highest point above sea level). Mt. Chimorazo is an extinct volcano and is located about a degree south of the equator.
While at sea level, the boiling point of water is 212 F, it changes if you are higher than that. How much does it change? For every 500 feet of elevation increase, the boiling point decreases by one degree. Thus, in a city 5,000 meters above sea level, the water boils at 202 F.
The fourth most populous country in the world has the largest Muslim population. About 87% of Indonesia's population is Muslim; Thus, with a population of 216 million, Indonesia is home to about 188 million Muslims. The religion of Islam spread to Indonesia in the Middle Ages.
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The largest lake in Africa is Lake Victoria, located in East Africa, on the border of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. It is the second largest freshwater lake in the world, after Lake Superior in North America.
Lake Victoria was named by John Hanning Speke, a British explorer and first European to see the lake (1858), in honor of Queen Victoria.
The country with the lowest population density in the world is Mongolia, with a population density of about four people per square mile. Mongolia's 2.5 million people occupy more than 600,000 square miles of land.
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The total density of Mongolia is limited, as only a small part of the land can be used for agriculture, the vast majority of the land can only be used for nomadic grazing.
Hadrian's Wall is located in the north of Great Britain (the main island of Great Britain) and stretches for almost 120 kilometers from Solwat Firth in the west to the River Tyne near Newcastle in the east.
The wall was built under the rule of the Roman emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century to keep the Caledonians of Scotland out of England. Portions of the wall still exist today.
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The deepest lake in the United States is Crater Lake in Oregon. Crater Lake is located in the collapsed crater of an ancient volcano called Mount Mazama and is 1,932 feet (589 meters) deep.
The clear water of Crater Lake has no streams to feed it and no streams as springs - it has been filled and sustained by rainfall and melting snow. Located in southern Oregon, Crater Lake is the seventh deepest lake in the world and contains 4.6 trillion gallons of water.
In 1947, the British left South Asia and divided their territory into independent countries in India and Pakistan. The Muslim regions on the east and west sides of Hindu India have become part of Pakistan.
The two separate territories were part of a single country, but were known as East and West Pakistan and were separated by more than 1,609 km. After 24 years of turmoil, East Pakistan declared independence and became Bangladesh in 1971.
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Because the longitude lines converge at the North and South Poles, it is almost impossible (and very impractical) to determine which time zone you are in based on longitude.
Therefore, researchers in the Arctic and Antarctic regions of the Earth typically use the time zone associated with their research stations. For example, because almost all flights to Antarctica and the South Pole come from New Zealand, New Zealand time is the most common time zone in Antarctica.
The longest river in Russia and Europe is the Volga River, which flows entirely in Russia for 3,685 km (2,290 miles). Its source is in the Valdai Hills, near the town of Rzhev, and flows into the Caspian Sea in southern Russia.
The Volga River is navigable for much of its length and, with the addition of dams, has become important for energy and irrigation. The canals connect it to the Don River, as well as the Baltic Sea and the White Sea.
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At one point, in recent decades, someone started an idea to alert people that population growth was out of control, saying that most people who have ever lived were alive today. Well, that's a gross overestimation.
Most studies place the total number of human beings who have ever lived between 60 and 120 billion. Since the world's population is currently only 7 billion, the percentage of people who have lived and are alive today is only 5% to 10%.
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Lunar Eclipse - An eclipse that occurs when the Moon enters the cone of the shadow cast by the Earth. The diameter of the Earth's shadow spot at a distance of 363,000 km (the minimum distance of the Moon from the Earth) is about 2.5 times the diameter of the Moon, so that the entire Moon can be shaded. At each moment of the eclipse, the degree of coverage of the lunar disk by the earth's shadow is expressed by the phase of the eclipse. The magnitude of the phase is determined by the distance 0 from the center of the moon to the center of the shadow. In astronomical calendars, the values of Ф and 0 are given for different moments of the eclipse.
When the Moon completely falls into the shadow of the Earth during an eclipse, they speak of a total lunar eclipse, when partially - a partial eclipse. A lunar eclipse can be observed in half of the Earth's territory (where at the time of the eclipse the Moon is above the horizon). The view of the shadowy moon from any point of view is negligibly different from another point and is the same. The maximum theoretically possible duration of the total phase of a lunar eclipse is 108 minutes; such were, for example, the lunar eclipses of August 13, 1859 and July 16, 2000.
During an eclipse (even a total one), the Moon does not disappear completely, but turns dark red. This is explained by the fact that the Moon continues to shine even in the total eclipse phase. The sun's rays that pass tangentially to the earth's surface are scattered in the Earth's atmosphere and due to this scattering they partially reach the moon. Because the Earth's atmosphere is most transparent to the rays of the red-orange part of the spectrum, these rays reach the surface of the Moon to a greater extent during an eclipse, which explains the color of the lunar disk. In fact, it is the same effect as the red-orange glow of the sky near the horizon (dawn) before sunrise or even after sunset. The Danjon scale is used to assess the brightness of the eclipse.
Bemorepanda collected 50 interesting facts about the full moon eclipse, that you can check below.
1. An observer on the Moon, at the time of a total (or partial, if on the shaded side of the Moon) of a lunar eclipse sees a total solar eclipse (the eclipse of the Sun by the Earth).
2. If the Moon falls in the partial shadow of the Earth only partially, a partial eclipse is observed. With it, part of the Moon is dark and part, even in the maximum phase, remains in partial shade and is illuminated by the sun's rays.
3.There is a penumbra around the cone of the Earth's shadow - a region of space where the Earth hides the Sun only partially. If the Moon passes through the penumbra but does not enter the shadow, a penumbral eclipse occurs. With this, the brightness of the moon decreases, but insignificantly: such a decrease is almost imperceptible to the naked eye and is recorded only by instruments. Only when the moon in a penumbral eclipse passes by the cone of full shadow, with a clear sky, can you notice a slight darkening on one edge of the lunar disk.
4. At least two lunar eclipses occur each year, however, due to the mismatch of the plans of the lunar and terrestrial orbits, their phases differ.
5. Eclipses are repeated in the same order every 6585 days (or 18 years 11 days and 8 hours - a period called saros). By knowing where and when a total lunar eclipse was observed, you can determine the exact time of subsequent and previous eclipses, which are clearly visible in this area.
6. This cyclical nature often helps the exact date of the events described in the historical annals.
7. The eclipse, whether solar or lunar, has always frightened and delighted mankind. From a scientific point of view, this is an astronomical phenomenon, during which one celestial body shuts off the flow of light to another and visually creates the impression that the planets are disappearing.
8. Any processes and phenomena that occur on and around the Earth have a certain conditioned influence on our planet and its inhabitants. Solar and lunar eclipses can cause various types of cataclysms, as well as changes in the psychological and physiological health of people.
9. During a total lunar eclipse, the Moon disappears completely into the shadow of the Earth. The total phase of a lunar eclipse lasts much longer than the total phase of a solar eclipse.
10. The shape of the edge of the earth's shadow during lunar eclipses served the ancient Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle as one of the strongest proofs of the Earth's sphericity. The philosophers of ancient Greece calculated that the Earth is about three times the size of the Moon, simply based on the duration of eclipses (the exact value of this coefficient is 3.66).
11. The moon at the time of a total lunar eclipse is actually devoid of sunlight, so a total lunar eclipse is visible from anywhere in the Earth's hemisphere. The eclipse begins and ends simultaneously for all geographical points. However, the local time for this phenomenon will be different.
12. As the Moon moves from west to east, the left edge of the Moon first enters the shadow of the earth.
13. An eclipse can be total or partial, depending on whether the Moon enters the shadow of the Earth completely or passes near its edge.
14. The closer the lunar eclipse is to the lunar node, the greater its phase. Finally, when the lunar disk is covered not by a shadow but by a penumbra, penumbra eclipses occur. It is difficult to see them with the naked eye.
15. During an eclipse, the Moon hides in the shadow of the Earth and, it seems, should disappear from view every time, because the Earth is opaque. However, the Earth's atmosphere scatters the sun's rays, which hit the moon's eclipsing surface, "bypassing" the Earth.
16. The reddish color of the disc is due to the fact that the red and orange rays pass best through the atmosphere. The reddish color of the disk during a total lunar eclipse is due to the scattering of sunlight in the Earth's atmosphere.
17. Each lunar eclipse is different in terms of the distribution of brightness and color in the shadow of the earth. The color of the eclipsed moon is often estimated according to a special scale proposed by French astronomer André Danjon:
0 points - the eclipse is very dark, in the middle of the eclipse the Moon is almost or completely invisible.
1 point - the eclipse is dark, gray, the details of the lunar surface are completely invisible.
2 points - the eclipse is dark red or reddish, a darker part is seen near the center of the shadow.
3 points - a red-brick eclipse, the shadow is surrounded by a gray or yellowish edge.
4 points - a copper-red eclipse, very bright, the outer area is light, bluish.
18. If the plane of the Moon's orbit coincided with the plane of the ecliptic, then the lunar eclipses would be repeated every month. But the angle between these planes is 5 °, and the Moon crosses the ecliptic twice a month only at two points, called the nodes of the lunar orbit. Even ancient astronomers knew about these knots, calling them the Dragon's Head and Tail (Rahu and Ketu). For a lunar eclipse to occur, the moon on a full moon must be close to the node of its orbit.
19. There are usually 1-2 lunar eclipses per year. In a few years it may not be at all and sometimes the third one happens. In the rarest cases, there is a fourth eclipse, but only a partial penumbra.
20. The period of time after which the moon returns to its node is called the draconian moon, which is 27.21 days. After this time, the Moon crosses the ecliptic at a point offset from the previous 1.5 ° westward passage. The phases of the month are repeated on average every 29.53 days (synodic month). The time interval of 346.62 days in which the center of the Sun's disk passes through the same node of the lunar orbit is called the draconian year.
21. The recurrence period of eclipses - saros - will be equal to the time period after which the beginning of these three periods will coincide. Saros in ancient Egyptian means "repetition." Long before our era, even in antiquity, it was established that saros lasts 18 years 11 days 7 hours. Saros includes: 242 draconian months or 223 synodic months or 19 draconian years. During each Saros 70 to 85 eclipses occur; of these, there are usually about 43 solar and 28 monthly.
22. During the year, the seven largest eclipses can occur - either five solar and two lunar, or four solar and three lunar. The minimum number of eclipses per year is two solar eclipses. Solar eclipses occur more often than lunar eclipses, but are rarely observed in the same area, as these eclipses are only visible in a narrow band of the moon's shadow. At a certain point on the surface, a total solar eclipse is observed on average once every 200-300 years.
23. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon, and the Earth's shadow falls on the Moon. This happens on a full moon if it is observed near the lunar node. A lunar eclipse affects the psyche to a greater extent than life's plan of events, giving rise to a feeling of excruciating anxiety and a desire to do something without a clear understanding of the meaning and purpose of actions. Under a lunar eclipse, people experience a wave of emotions, there are illusions about partners and their own role in relationships
24. A solar eclipse can only occur on a new moon. A lunar eclipse can only occur on a full moon.
25. The moon governs everything related to the interests of the home and motherhood and represents the external part of a person's personality. Personality is what we see in the external expression (appearance, words, deeds), that is, everything that distinguishes one person from another.
26. The moon governs the stomach, breast, fertility, household, maternal instinct, adaptation to everyday circumstances, popularity. It has a significant impact on the general, mundane activities of everyday life.
27. The sun rules character, personality (what we really are), power and authority, authority among others. The sun means the influence of high-ranking people and the occupation of high positions.
28. Everything that happens a week before the eclipse has a completely different quality from what happens a week later. Events that occur a week before an eclipse can rarely be reconciled with how they were planned. They get out of control, gaining about higher purpose and higher speed.
29. Everything that happens on the day of the eclipse itself is endowed with fatal significance and is almost out of human control. During an eclipse, we are aware of the information that may have been available to us before, but for one reason or another did not reach our consciousness. Therefore, important decisions should be made in the week after the eclipse.
30. Solar and lunar eclipses affect differently. Solar eclipses stimulate a crisis of consciousness, change our internal attitudes, bringing events that we did not consciously cause, dictated by external circumstances. Situations conditioned by karmic predestination are made here.
31. Lunar eclipses are more associated with events caused by our thoughts and feelings. These indicate the area of daily life where the changes caused by the solar eclipse will take place.
32. If a lunar eclipse precedes a solar eclipse, the situation in a certain area of life reaches a critical point, requiring reorganization and pushing to rethink and seek a new approach to the time of the solar eclipse following the moon. If a solar eclipse is followed by a lunar eclipse, what will be determined at the beginning of the cycle will inevitably manifest itself in the next lunar eclipse - new conscious attitudes will be realized or rejected in situations that will determine the next stage of life. This can be a time of important choices and life-changing decisions.
33. Unlike a solar eclipse, a lunar eclipse is the completion of a stage in our lives. The Enlightenment came to the opposition - after passing this point, the Moon begins its journey back to the Sun.
34. A lunar eclipse is a time of maximum illumination, manifestation of questions and problems. This is a crisis in which something will be drastically changed or thrown away. One way or another, the circumstances will not remain the same. This is the time when relationship issues, legal disputes and open conflicts come to the fore. It is the most public and public time of the year, revealing information that could have remained hidden for a long time. The information spreads instantly, becoming public knowledge. The secret can be revealed. If you've been looking for someone or something, you might find it during a lunar eclipse. Carries out long-term projects and tasks. It can bring a long-awaited meeting or it can end a long-awaited breakup.
35. A lunar eclipse is a time of public outcry, termination of contracts or, conversely, mergers and acquisitions of parties. Although the conflict, clarifying the positions of the parties, is often a way to resolve the issue, however, it should be remembered that at this time the emotional tension is too strong, so beware of making spontaneous decisions. What will be destroyed during this period is difficult to restore.
36. A lunar eclipse is a cosmic phenomenon that occurs when the moon falls in the shadow of the earth. Moreover, as in the case of the Sun, events may have more development options.
37. Depending on some factors, a lunar eclipse can be total or partial. Logically, we can well assume what this term or another that characterizes a particular eclipse means.
38. A total lunar eclipse is a lunar eclipse that is usually seen where it is above the horizon at the right time. The satellite is in the shadow of the Earth, but a total eclipse is not able to completely hide the Moon. In this case, it fades only slightly, acquiring a dark, reddish hue. This is because even when it is completely in the shade, the lunar disk does not cease to be illuminated by the sun's rays passing through the Earth's atmosphere.
39. The partial lunar eclipse is in the case of the Sun, the darkness of the visible surface of the Moon is often incomplete. We can observe a partial eclipse when only part of the Moon is in the shadow of the Earth. This means that when part of the satellite is eclipsed, that is, shaded by our planet, then the second part of it continues to be illuminated by the Sun and remains clearly visible to us.
40. The penumbral eclipse, which differs from other astronomical processes, will seem much more interesting and unusual. This type of eclipse of the Earth's satellite occurs slightly differently than partially. From open sources or from our own experience, it is easy to see that there are areas on the surface of the Earth where the sun's rays are not completely hidden and therefore cannot be a shadow. But even here there is no passage of direct sunlight. This is the region of the penumbra. And when the Moon, caught right in this place, is in the penumbra of the Earth, we can observe an eclipse of the penumbra.
41. It's unbelievable, but true: the number of solar eclipses is greater, even if the Moon is smaller than After all, knowing what an eclipse is and why it occurs, one might think that the shadow of a larger object is more likely to cover a smaller one than the other way around. Based on this logic, the size of the Earth makes it possible to hide the lunar disk in the shortest time.
42. For those who have extraordinary abilities, the lunar eclipse can present a surprise in the form of doubling the extrasensory abilities, increasing the acuity of perception and intuition.
43. In the Middle Ages, mankind feared seriously for its present and future in times of eclipse, seeing only the negative consequences. Today, old prejudices have sunk in the summer, and modern science has begun to defend the interests of humanity. Long-term studies have shown that solar eclipses carry various energies. The influence of eclipses in a balanced way is both positive and negative. To smooth over the latter, esotericism is recommended to follow certain rules associated with some restrictions that are not typical of everyday life.
44. The lunar eclipse also, according to scientific research, helps to drive away the old resentment from your conscience, to reduce the feeling of guilt for past mistakes, regardless of their severity. Anything negative can lead to destruction and chaos. The energy of the eclipse will help to release the accumulated negative energy and, in return, will gain a positive and an unprecedented inspiration. In a lunar eclipse, it is advisable to forgive your criminals.
45. Lunar eclipses are as old as our planet (and the moon itself), and the moon has long played a role in shaping people's religious beliefs. So it's no wonder that lunar eclipses - especially the spectacular one in the world on Friday - have a serious history behind them.
46. The lunar cycle changes the quality of the light at night, and an eclipse temporarily throws the entire cycle out of the highest path. So it is no wonder that an eclipse can affect nocturnal species. Lemurs, for example, stop their activity altogether (maybe those big eyes aren't that great without moonlight?) While bats increase their activity before and after the eclipse to go hunting.
47. Record duration! The longest total solar eclipse in the last 100 years was on July 22, 2009. It has been admired in India, Nepal, Bhutan and China. The total dark phase lasted up to 6 minutes and 29 seconds.
48. The only place in the solar system where an eclipse can be seen is the Earth. However, some planets also have spectacular phenomena. A triple eclipse can occur on Jupiter at the same time, because it has several satellites. The phenomenon can be observed from Earth with the help of a telescope.
49. The lunar eclipse occurs when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are placed on an axis, in that order. At a lunar eclipse, the phase of the moon will always be a "full moon".
50. The moon is moving away from the Earth! This phenomenon is proven and it has been estimated that over 600 million years ago, the Moon will be so far away that we will not see a total solar eclipse. A solar eclipse is likely to be visible twice from the same place for 360 years, however, in Carbondale, Illinois, a solar eclipse will be observed in 2017, and in 2024 the second will be observed.
Each new year represents a new beginning. Around the night between the years, we think about what we want the new year to bring, we make wishes, we make plans and we respect different superstitions in order to have luck in the beginning year. It is as common as it is convenient to believe that the luck of the new year is primarily due to fate, and thus we tend to minimize our own responsibility and the importance of our contribution to our own well-being.
But what if, at the turn of the year, we made a list of things we want to learn next year? Maybe we want to learn a foreign language, maybe we want to try a new sport, maybe we want to learn a new skill, use a new device, get a driver's license or maybe we want to learn to paint. We all have such desires, but we seldom fulfill them.
1.Learning law for humanity
Learning is necessary up to a point. When we are little, we always learn things about the reality around us that help us survive and adapt. Then we go to school, where we are forced to learn various subjects, some of which we like, some less. Then we go to college, where we specialize in one field. We go to work, where we learn to do our job. After a while, however, learning is no longer compulsory, it becomes optional. Nothing presses us anymore, the only motivation is given by our desire to know things. And this is the moment when the excuses appear: I don't feel like it now, I want to relax, I've learned enough, I'm too old to learn anymore, etc.
These excuses have long-term negative consequences. The brain, like any other muscle, atrophies in the absence of exercise. For this reason, thinking becomes rigid and we tend to suffer from functional fixation. In other words, we are used to doing things the same way all the time, we feel uncomfortable when we are faced with a new situation and we lose the ability to think "outside the box" and find creative solutions to the problems we face. The more time we spend learning nothing new, the more useless it seems to us to try.
5.The 9 Nanas
6.Money doesn’t grow on tree
First of all, if our brain is always trained to learn new things, it will be easier for us to learn skills, because we will be able to relate them to what we already know. And we will know more and more. This will allow us to deal with more and more situations. Although we may not see the immediate benefit of learning a certain thing in the long run, we will certainly feel the benefits.
By always learning, we keep our spirit young and will process information very quickly, because we will have a complex system in which to integrate it. Last but not least, we will have an increased sense of self-efficacy, which will help us to feel good about ourselves, to know what we are capable of and to be confident that we can succeed in what we set out to do.
10.Dream come true
11.Breakfast with dads
The human brain has fascinated scientists since ancient times, as well as writers, poets, and musicians. So far no one was able to send in the perfect solution, which is not strange.
Every second, the brain collects and transmits signals to and from parts of your body. It keeps everything running, even when we sleep at night. Here you can take a quick tour of this great control center. You can see each part and later find out which parts perform different functions.
There are two types of cells in your brain: neurons and glial cells (glia - Greek word for glue). For a long time, biologists believed that neurons were the only cells that controlled our bodies, and that was where memories were stored. The glial cells were in the brain only to support the neurons, to isolate them, to feed them, and to do the basic cleansing. Recent research is beginning to show that glial cells do much more.
Read here the most interesting facts about the brain.
1. The human brain has about 80-100 billion nerve cells (neurons).
2. The left hemisphere of the human brain is 200 million richer in neurons than the right hemisphere.
3. Neurons in the human brain are very tiny. Their size reaches from 4 to 100 micrometers in width.
4. According to the research of scientists in 2014, there is more gray matter in the brain of a woman than in the brain of a man.
5. According to statistics, a large percentage of the so-called gray matter are people with a humanitarian mindset.
6. Constant physical stress can increase the amount of gray matter.
7. The components of 40% of the human brain are gray cells. They turn gray only after they die.
Bark: The wrinkled outer part of the brain is the largest part of the brain. This is also where our thinking comes from. It is also used to read this story in mathematics or in solving homework given by teachers. It is also the part of the brain that controls your voluntary muscles. These are the muscles used to press a mouse button, ride a bike, run a race, or hit a ball.
Are you using the left or right side of your brain?
Some researchers believe that the right and left sides of the cerebral cortex specialize in various activities. The right side is responsible for abstract things, such as colors, shapes, and music. The left side deals with math and speech and is the analytical part. It is also known that the right side of your brain controls the left side of your body and the left side of your brain controls the right side.
8. The brain of a living person has a bright pink hue.
9. The male brain has less gray matter but more cerebrospinal fluid and white matter.
10. White matter makes up 60% of the human brain.
11. Fat is bad for the human heart, but it is very good for the brain.
12. The average weight of the human brain is 1.3 kilograms.
13. The human brain occupies up to 3 percent of the total body mass but consumes 20% of oxygen.
14. The brain is capable of producing a large amount of energy. Even the energy of a sleeping brain can light a 25-watt light bulb.
The cerebellum: Behind the brain, the cerebellum helps you to make smooth, coordinated movements. Walking, running, writing. . . without the cerebellum, the movement would not take place properly.
Thalamus: Given the activity that takes place in the brain, there must be a switching station, and this is the function of the thalamus. This part of the brain takes the information that comes from the body and transmits it to the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex also sends messages to the thalamus, which then transmits information to other areas of the brain and spinal cord.
Spinal cord: This is the main information bus. All information from different parts of the body moves to and from the brain through the spinal cord. It is connected to the brain through the brainstem. It is protected by the vertebral bones, which form the spine.
Hypothalamus: There is a thermostat in your house. This is the button on the wall that you can turn to warm or cool the room. The hypothalamus is your body's thermostat. When it is hot, it sends signals for your skin to sweat. If you are cold, it makes you shiver and goosebumps.
15. It has been proven that the size of the brain does not affect the mental abilities of a person, Albert Einstein had a smaller than average brain size.
16. The human brain has no nerve endings, so doctors can cut into a person's brain when he is conscious.
17. A person uses the capabilities of his brain by almost 100%.
18. The texture of the brain is very important, and the wrinkles of the brain enable it to contain more neurons.
19. Yawning cools the brain, and the absence of normal sleep raises its temperature.
20. Even a tired brain can be productive. Scientists say that in one day, on average, a person has 70,000 thoughts.
21. Information inside the brain is transmitted at high speed, from 1.5 to 440 kilometers per hour.
22. The human brain can process and scan the most complex images.
Hippocampus: Deep in your brain, the hippocampus works with the cerebral cortex to create memories. From five minutes ago to five years ago, the hippocampus helps you remember everything that has happened in your life. The hippocampus helps you remember how to navigate and how to navigate the environment, depending on how you've traveled in the past.
Callus Body: The callus body connects the right side of the brain to the left side. It allows the two parts of the brain to communicate with each other.
Pituitary gland: This small part of the brain is the size of a pea. It is the smallest part of the brain and one that controls when and how fast we grow. It releases special hormones that help you grow. He also works at puberty.
Brainstem: The brainstem connects three areas of the brain. These parts are the spinal bulb, Varolio's bridge, and the midbrain. The brainstem is located below the cerebellum and connects the brain to the spinal cord. It makes all the muscles work involuntarily. These are the muscles that you do not consciously control, such as the muscles that make your heartbeat. Together, these three parts of the brain keep us alive by controlling our breathing, digestion, and blood circulation.
23. Previously, it was believed that the human brain is fully formed already in the first years of life, but in fact, adolescents undergo changes in the cerebral cortex, which are responsible for emotional processing and impulse control.
24. Doctors say that brain development continues until the age of 25.
25. The human brain takes seasickness for a hallucination caused by poison, so the body turns on a defensive reaction in the form of vomiting impulses to get rid of the poison.