The tallest woman is from Turkey! She is 24 years old and over 2.15 meters
A woman from Turkey has been officially declared the tallest female person alive by Guinness World Records. The young woman is 24 years old and measures 215.16 centimeters. The height reached by Rumeysa Gelgi is the result of a condition called Weaver syndrome which, among other things, causes an accelerated growth.
"Every disadvantage can be turned into an advantage for you, so accept yourself as you are, be aware of your own potential and do everything you can, ”said the young woman, who is extremely active on social networks.
This is the second time that Gelgi has managed to break a world record, after being declared the tallest teenager alive in 2014. Since then, she has used this platform to support other people diagnosed with rare diseases, notes dpa , quoted by Agerpres. Most of the time, she uses a wheelchair, although she can walk with a frame.
"It is an honor to welcome Rumeysa back to the Book of Records. Her untamed spirit and pride in being noticed in the crowd is an inspiration, "said Craig Glenday, editor-in-chief of Guinness World Records.
"The category dedicated to the tallest woman in life is not one in which the protagonists change very often, so I am delighted to share this news with the world," he added.
The tallest man in the world, Sultan Kosen, is from the same country, Turkey. He was 251 centimeters tall when he was measured, in 2018.
The tallest woman alive was Zeng Jinlian, from China, with a height of 246.3 centimeters, measured before she died, in 1982.
Lunar Eclipse - An eclipse that occurs when the Moon enters the cone of the shadow cast by the Earth. The diameter of the Earth's shadow spot at a distance of 363,000 km (the minimum distance of the Moon from the Earth) is about 2.5 times the diameter of the Moon, so that the entire Moon can be shaded. At each moment of the eclipse, the degree of coverage of the lunar disk by the earth's shadow is expressed by the phase of the eclipse. The magnitude of the phase is determined by the distance 0 from the center of the moon to the center of the shadow. In astronomical calendars, the values of Ф and 0 are given for different moments of the eclipse.
When the Moon completely falls into the shadow of the Earth during an eclipse, they speak of a total lunar eclipse, when partially - a partial eclipse. A lunar eclipse can be observed in half of the Earth's territory (where at the time of the eclipse the Moon is above the horizon). The view of the shadowy moon from any point of view is negligibly different from another point and is the same. The maximum theoretically possible duration of the total phase of a lunar eclipse is 108 minutes; such were, for example, the lunar eclipses of August 13, 1859 and July 16, 2000.
During an eclipse (even a total one), the Moon does not disappear completely, but turns dark red. This is explained by the fact that the Moon continues to shine even in the total eclipse phase. The sun's rays that pass tangentially to the earth's surface are scattered in the Earth's atmosphere and due to this scattering they partially reach the moon. Because the Earth's atmosphere is most transparent to the rays of the red-orange part of the spectrum, these rays reach the surface of the Moon to a greater extent during an eclipse, which explains the color of the lunar disk. In fact, it is the same effect as the red-orange glow of the sky near the horizon (dawn) before sunrise or even after sunset. The Danjon scale is used to assess the brightness of the eclipse.
Bemorepanda collected 50 interesting facts about the full moon eclipse, that you can check below.
1. An observer on the Moon, at the time of a total (or partial, if on the shaded side of the Moon) of a lunar eclipse sees a total solar eclipse (the eclipse of the Sun by the Earth).
2. If the Moon falls in the partial shadow of the Earth only partially, a partial eclipse is observed. With it, part of the Moon is dark and part, even in the maximum phase, remains in partial shade and is illuminated by the sun's rays.
3.There is a penumbra around the cone of the Earth's shadow - a region of space where the Earth hides the Sun only partially. If the Moon passes through the penumbra but does not enter the shadow, a penumbral eclipse occurs. With this, the brightness of the moon decreases, but insignificantly: such a decrease is almost imperceptible to the naked eye and is recorded only by instruments. Only when the moon in a penumbral eclipse passes by the cone of full shadow, with a clear sky, can you notice a slight darkening on one edge of the lunar disk.
4. At least two lunar eclipses occur each year, however, due to the mismatch of the plans of the lunar and terrestrial orbits, their phases differ.
5. Eclipses are repeated in the same order every 6585 days (or 18 years 11 days and 8 hours - a period called saros). By knowing where and when a total lunar eclipse was observed, you can determine the exact time of subsequent and previous eclipses, which are clearly visible in this area.
6. This cyclical nature often helps the exact date of the events described in the historical annals.
7. The eclipse, whether solar or lunar, has always frightened and delighted mankind. From a scientific point of view, this is an astronomical phenomenon, during which one celestial body shuts off the flow of light to another and visually creates the impression that the planets are disappearing.
8. Any processes and phenomena that occur on and around the Earth have a certain conditioned influence on our planet and its inhabitants. Solar and lunar eclipses can cause various types of cataclysms, as well as changes in the psychological and physiological health of people.
9. During a total lunar eclipse, the Moon disappears completely into the shadow of the Earth. The total phase of a lunar eclipse lasts much longer than the total phase of a solar eclipse.
10. The shape of the edge of the earth's shadow during lunar eclipses served the ancient Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle as one of the strongest proofs of the Earth's sphericity. The philosophers of ancient Greece calculated that the Earth is about three times the size of the Moon, simply based on the duration of eclipses (the exact value of this coefficient is 3.66).
11. The moon at the time of a total lunar eclipse is actually devoid of sunlight, so a total lunar eclipse is visible from anywhere in the Earth's hemisphere. The eclipse begins and ends simultaneously for all geographical points. However, the local time for this phenomenon will be different.
12. As the Moon moves from west to east, the left edge of the Moon first enters the shadow of the earth.
13. An eclipse can be total or partial, depending on whether the Moon enters the shadow of the Earth completely or passes near its edge.
14. The closer the lunar eclipse is to the lunar node, the greater its phase. Finally, when the lunar disk is covered not by a shadow but by a penumbra, penumbra eclipses occur. It is difficult to see them with the naked eye.
15. During an eclipse, the Moon hides in the shadow of the Earth and, it seems, should disappear from view every time, because the Earth is opaque. However, the Earth's atmosphere scatters the sun's rays, which hit the moon's eclipsing surface, "bypassing" the Earth.
16. The reddish color of the disc is due to the fact that the red and orange rays pass best through the atmosphere. The reddish color of the disk during a total lunar eclipse is due to the scattering of sunlight in the Earth's atmosphere.
17. Each lunar eclipse is different in terms of the distribution of brightness and color in the shadow of the earth. The color of the eclipsed moon is often estimated according to a special scale proposed by French astronomer André Danjon:
0 points - the eclipse is very dark, in the middle of the eclipse the Moon is almost or completely invisible.
1 point - the eclipse is dark, gray, the details of the lunar surface are completely invisible.
2 points - the eclipse is dark red or reddish, a darker part is seen near the center of the shadow.
3 points - a red-brick eclipse, the shadow is surrounded by a gray or yellowish edge.
4 points - a copper-red eclipse, very bright, the outer area is light, bluish.
18. If the plane of the Moon's orbit coincided with the plane of the ecliptic, then the lunar eclipses would be repeated every month. But the angle between these planes is 5 °, and the Moon crosses the ecliptic twice a month only at two points, called the nodes of the lunar orbit. Even ancient astronomers knew about these knots, calling them the Dragon's Head and Tail (Rahu and Ketu). For a lunar eclipse to occur, the moon on a full moon must be close to the node of its orbit.
19. There are usually 1-2 lunar eclipses per year. In a few years it may not be at all and sometimes the third one happens. In the rarest cases, there is a fourth eclipse, but only a partial penumbra.
20. The period of time after which the moon returns to its node is called the draconian moon, which is 27.21 days. After this time, the Moon crosses the ecliptic at a point offset from the previous 1.5 ° westward passage. The phases of the month are repeated on average every 29.53 days (synodic month). The time interval of 346.62 days in which the center of the Sun's disk passes through the same node of the lunar orbit is called the draconian year.
21. The recurrence period of eclipses - saros - will be equal to the time period after which the beginning of these three periods will coincide. Saros in ancient Egyptian means "repetition." Long before our era, even in antiquity, it was established that saros lasts 18 years 11 days 7 hours. Saros includes: 242 draconian months or 223 synodic months or 19 draconian years. During each Saros 70 to 85 eclipses occur; of these, there are usually about 43 solar and 28 monthly.
22. During the year, the seven largest eclipses can occur - either five solar and two lunar, or four solar and three lunar. The minimum number of eclipses per year is two solar eclipses. Solar eclipses occur more often than lunar eclipses, but are rarely observed in the same area, as these eclipses are only visible in a narrow band of the moon's shadow. At a certain point on the surface, a total solar eclipse is observed on average once every 200-300 years.
23. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon, and the Earth's shadow falls on the Moon. This happens on a full moon if it is observed near the lunar node. A lunar eclipse affects the psyche to a greater extent than life's plan of events, giving rise to a feeling of excruciating anxiety and a desire to do something without a clear understanding of the meaning and purpose of actions. Under a lunar eclipse, people experience a wave of emotions, there are illusions about partners and their own role in relationships
24. A solar eclipse can only occur on a new moon. A lunar eclipse can only occur on a full moon.
25. The moon governs everything related to the interests of the home and motherhood and represents the external part of a person's personality. Personality is what we see in the external expression (appearance, words, deeds), that is, everything that distinguishes one person from another.
26. The moon governs the stomach, breast, fertility, household, maternal instinct, adaptation to everyday circumstances, popularity. It has a significant impact on the general, mundane activities of everyday life.
27. The sun rules character, personality (what we really are), power and authority, authority among others. The sun means the influence of high-ranking people and the occupation of high positions.
28. Everything that happens a week before the eclipse has a completely different quality from what happens a week later. Events that occur a week before an eclipse can rarely be reconciled with how they were planned. They get out of control, gaining about higher purpose and higher speed.
29. Everything that happens on the day of the eclipse itself is endowed with fatal significance and is almost out of human control. During an eclipse, we are aware of the information that may have been available to us before, but for one reason or another did not reach our consciousness. Therefore, important decisions should be made in the week after the eclipse.
30. Solar and lunar eclipses affect differently. Solar eclipses stimulate a crisis of consciousness, change our internal attitudes, bringing events that we did not consciously cause, dictated by external circumstances. Situations conditioned by karmic predestination are made here.
31. Lunar eclipses are more associated with events caused by our thoughts and feelings. These indicate the area of daily life where the changes caused by the solar eclipse will take place.
32. If a lunar eclipse precedes a solar eclipse, the situation in a certain area of life reaches a critical point, requiring reorganization and pushing to rethink and seek a new approach to the time of the solar eclipse following the moon. If a solar eclipse is followed by a lunar eclipse, what will be determined at the beginning of the cycle will inevitably manifest itself in the next lunar eclipse - new conscious attitudes will be realized or rejected in situations that will determine the next stage of life. This can be a time of important choices and life-changing decisions.
33. Unlike a solar eclipse, a lunar eclipse is the completion of a stage in our lives. The Enlightenment came to the opposition - after passing this point, the Moon begins its journey back to the Sun.
34. A lunar eclipse is a time of maximum illumination, manifestation of questions and problems. This is a crisis in which something will be drastically changed or thrown away. One way or another, the circumstances will not remain the same. This is the time when relationship issues, legal disputes and open conflicts come to the fore. It is the most public and public time of the year, revealing information that could have remained hidden for a long time. The information spreads instantly, becoming public knowledge. The secret can be revealed. If you've been looking for someone or something, you might find it during a lunar eclipse. Carries out long-term projects and tasks. It can bring a long-awaited meeting or it can end a long-awaited breakup.
35. A lunar eclipse is a time of public outcry, termination of contracts or, conversely, mergers and acquisitions of parties. Although the conflict, clarifying the positions of the parties, is often a way to resolve the issue, however, it should be remembered that at this time the emotional tension is too strong, so beware of making spontaneous decisions. What will be destroyed during this period is difficult to restore.
36. A lunar eclipse is a cosmic phenomenon that occurs when the moon falls in the shadow of the earth. Moreover, as in the case of the Sun, events may have more development options.
37. Depending on some factors, a lunar eclipse can be total or partial. Logically, we can well assume what this term or another that characterizes a particular eclipse means.
38. A total lunar eclipse is a lunar eclipse that is usually seen where it is above the horizon at the right time. The satellite is in the shadow of the Earth, but a total eclipse is not able to completely hide the Moon. In this case, it fades only slightly, acquiring a dark, reddish hue. This is because even when it is completely in the shade, the lunar disk does not cease to be illuminated by the sun's rays passing through the Earth's atmosphere.
39. The partial lunar eclipse is in the case of the Sun, the darkness of the visible surface of the Moon is often incomplete. We can observe a partial eclipse when only part of the Moon is in the shadow of the Earth. This means that when part of the satellite is eclipsed, that is, shaded by our planet, then the second part of it continues to be illuminated by the Sun and remains clearly visible to us.
40. The penumbral eclipse, which differs from other astronomical processes, will seem much more interesting and unusual. This type of eclipse of the Earth's satellite occurs slightly differently than partially. From open sources or from our own experience, it is easy to see that there are areas on the surface of the Earth where the sun's rays are not completely hidden and therefore cannot be a shadow. But even here there is no passage of direct sunlight. This is the region of the penumbra. And when the Moon, caught right in this place, is in the penumbra of the Earth, we can observe an eclipse of the penumbra.
41. It's unbelievable, but true: the number of solar eclipses is greater, even if the Moon is smaller than After all, knowing what an eclipse is and why it occurs, one might think that the shadow of a larger object is more likely to cover a smaller one than the other way around. Based on this logic, the size of the Earth makes it possible to hide the lunar disk in the shortest time.
42. For those who have extraordinary abilities, the lunar eclipse can present a surprise in the form of doubling the extrasensory abilities, increasing the acuity of perception and intuition.
43. In the Middle Ages, mankind feared seriously for its present and future in times of eclipse, seeing only the negative consequences. Today, old prejudices have sunk in the summer, and modern science has begun to defend the interests of humanity. Long-term studies have shown that solar eclipses carry various energies. The influence of eclipses in a balanced way is both positive and negative. To smooth over the latter, esotericism is recommended to follow certain rules associated with some restrictions that are not typical of everyday life.
44. The lunar eclipse also, according to scientific research, helps to drive away the old resentment from your conscience, to reduce the feeling of guilt for past mistakes, regardless of their severity. Anything negative can lead to destruction and chaos. The energy of the eclipse will help to release the accumulated negative energy and, in return, will gain a positive and an unprecedented inspiration. In a lunar eclipse, it is advisable to forgive your criminals.
45. Lunar eclipses are as old as our planet (and the moon itself), and the moon has long played a role in shaping people's religious beliefs. So it's no wonder that lunar eclipses - especially the spectacular one in the world on Friday - have a serious history behind them.
46. The lunar cycle changes the quality of the light at night, and an eclipse temporarily throws the entire cycle out of the highest path. So it is no wonder that an eclipse can affect nocturnal species. Lemurs, for example, stop their activity altogether (maybe those big eyes aren't that great without moonlight?) While bats increase their activity before and after the eclipse to go hunting.
47. Record duration! The longest total solar eclipse in the last 100 years was on July 22, 2009. It has been admired in India, Nepal, Bhutan and China. The total dark phase lasted up to 6 minutes and 29 seconds.
48. The only place in the solar system where an eclipse can be seen is the Earth. However, some planets also have spectacular phenomena. A triple eclipse can occur on Jupiter at the same time, because it has several satellites. The phenomenon can be observed from Earth with the help of a telescope.
49. The lunar eclipse occurs when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are placed on an axis, in that order. At a lunar eclipse, the phase of the moon will always be a "full moon".
50. The moon is moving away from the Earth! This phenomenon is proven and it has been estimated that over 600 million years ago, the Moon will be so far away that we will not see a total solar eclipse. A solar eclipse is likely to be visible twice from the same place for 360 years, however, in Carbondale, Illinois, a solar eclipse will be observed in 2017, and in 2024 the second will be observed.
Japan is an ancient country, with an extremely interesting history and traditions. Japan is also very closed to foreigners, which is why so many tourists are interested in these isolated islands. The modern Japanese way of life and culture are quite different from the USA and Europe. Read on for interesting things about Japan that you probably didn't know.
There are no people in Japan to collect garbage. The streets of Japan are extremely clean, even in Tokyo, which is the capital and a massive megalopolis, all the streets are clean and have no garbage. But how is this possible without garbage? It all comes down to their mentality. The Japanese rarely leave garbage on the streets. Also, volunteers, both young and old, clean the streets simply because they want to live in a clean city. If an employer sees that you have previously worked as a volunteer street cleaner, you will be seen as a responsible person and will probably hire you much faster.
In Japan, 98.5% of the population is Japanese. Today's world is becoming more and more international due to the mixing of cultures. But this is not the case in Japan, because of the extremely difficult visas and cultural mentality, it is a challenge for migrants to stay in Japan. On the one hand, it protects this unique and ancient culture with ancient traditions, but, on the other hand, it is closed to the outside world and migrants.
25% of Japan's population is over 65 years old. Japan is now facing terrible demographic problems. Because it is so difficult to afford the needs of children, such as schools, medicine, extracurricular activities, many Japanese simply do not have children. It has been like this for many years, and now over 25% of the population is over 65 years old. Immigrants are the solution to this problem, they do not like to integrate and want to have children.
In Japan you are allowed to sleep at work. You've probably heard about how long the days of service in Japan are. Officially, the schedule is 8 hours a day as in most parts of the world, but due to their mentality, any employee wants to stay over the schedule to show that he is willing to work. In Japan, if you sleep during the work day, it is a sign that you work extremely hard. Even if Japanese companies do the same job as Americans or Europeans, workers postpone their work until evening to stay at work and show a desire to work.
1.Giving everyone a change
5.Tree in Japan
6.Telephone of the wind
8.Just 2 days
9.Train seats in Japan
11.Toilets be like
15.Waiting at station
17.The oldest fish
21.Trains in Japan
23.Help in Japan
24.Japan under water
26.Package from Japan
32.Food at hospital
35.Floating solar power plant
44.System for bags
47.KFC in Japan
48.Subway in Japan
Women and men are two opposites, two parallel, but at the same time, inseparable worlds.
Celebrating this holiday, let's not forget that admiration for a woman is not only admiration for her beauty and kindness, but, first of all, a tribute to a working woman, a manifestation of real concern for her.
When you think about what befell our women in the last centuries, it is both breathtaking and a lump comes to the throat: this is a great fate - great in happiness and great in tragedy. They survived the war, got an education, stood on a par with men in the construction of a new state and a new national economy, gave birth and, together with their country, brought up new generations of defenders and builders. Injustice sipped during the years of repression. And then they stood next to their husbands, brothers and sons during the years of the invasions and defended their state - at anti-aircraft guns, at the controls of aircraft, in medical battalions, at walkie-talkies and traffic controllers on military roads, in partisan detachments and underground, behind machine tools, in design bureaus , on the collective farm fields and so on.
The women's holiday began to "split up", Valentine's Day, Mother's Day appeared, they started talking about analogies even in the church calendar.
A special Mother's Day is good, but not as an alternative to Women's Day, but in addition to it. The understanding that we are talking about the one who is called to be a wife and mother, repeat this again, cannot and should not be removed from the image of a woman honored on Women's Day, from our, masculine, attitude towards her in principle. Especially from the attitude of our sons and grandchildren towards her, including when it comes to their peers.
Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts about International women's Day 2022.
1. In Portugal, women celebrate March 8 exclusively in the company of their friends, arranging bachelorette parties. Men are not allowed to attend such meetings.
2. The meaning of the holiday has changed more than once. Moreover, many women still understand the meaning of March 8 in different ways. But traditionally it was a celebration of the women's struggle for gender equality and the advancement of women around the world.
3. An analogue of March 8 was celebrated in ancient Rome. There is evidence that back then there was a special day when women received gifts, and slaves could rest.
4. In India, Women's Day is celebrated in October, and it lasts for about 10 days.
5. But in Japan, almost the entire month of March is devoted to holidays for women. This list includes not only International Women's Day, but also holidays of dolls, peach blossoms and girls.
6. The 2015 UN Women's Report found that despite women working longer than men, when taking into account both paid and unpaid work, women worldwide still earn on average 24% less than men. The largest wage gap, 33%, is found in South Asia.
It is unlikely that anyone will object to honoring believing women on the third Sunday after Easter, the Sunday of the Holy Myrrh-bearing Women, but one cannot fail to understand that the vector of the feeling honored on this holiday is different: from women to the One who came into our world in the form of a man. If we talk about the moment of the Gospel story, which most conveys the sacredness of the relationship to a woman and mother, then these are the words spoken by Jesus Christ at the dying moment, addressed to the Virgin Mary: "Woman! behold, your son." Note, not a brother in Christ, but a son; not a sister, but a mother. Moreover, we are talking about a personal call, not to all those of the students who were present at the execution, but only to one of them. And to Her - not about all of them, but only one of them, the one to whom Christ commanded a very important thing: to take Her into his house.
So on Women's Day on 8th March, let's hug all our wonderful grandmothers, mothers, wives, sisters, daughters, beloved women, and delight them with beautiful bouquets and gifts dear to their hearts! We will remember those of our dear women who are no longer with us, we will put flowers to their portrait. Congratulations to all our fair sex colleagues at work. Mentally - and whoever can, and personally - we will pay tribute to our truly great contemporaries.
And most importantly: when celebrating this "holiday of admiration for women", let's not forget that admiration for a woman is not only admiration for her beauty and kindness, but, first of all, a tribute to a working woman (by the way, they are not only in age, but also young), a woman-keeper of the hearth, a manifestation of real concern for her!
7. Despite the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, adopted back in 1993, today one in three women worldwide is the victim of physical or sexual violence, which is usually committed by a close intimate partner.
8. Last year, UNICEF reported that more than 500 million women and girls around the world do not have access to private sanitary facilities where they can monitor their menstrual hygiene. That's half a billion women and girls around the world who are unable to meet their basic needs.
9. According to UNICEF, in 2013, about 31 million girls of primary school age and 32 million girls of primary school age were unable to attend school.
10. Originally called International Working Women's Day, the holiday was first observed on 28 February. Women continued to celebrate it on the last Sunday of February until 1913. The first modern International Women's Day was held on March 8 in 1914. The date was chosen because that year March 8 fell on a Sunday when most women did not work, allowing them to participate in marches and other activities. Since then, the holiday has been celebrated on this day.
11. Previously, instead of flowers, sweets or teddy bears, women were awarded diplomas and awards. Different countries, cities and republics have different traditions and holidays.
12. In one of the republics on this bright holiday, the fallen heroes are honored, this republic is called Liberia.
13. Japan has amazing traditions, this country is unique in its holidays. There in March they celebrate 2 holidays for all women. Hina Matsuri, as well as Girls' Day and Peach Blossom.
14. In Italy, it is impossible to fully enjoy the atmosphere of this holiday, as its inhabitants go to work on this day.
15. Women's Day was celebrated in ancient Rome. And, as expected, with gifts and congratulations. The Romans gave presents to spouses, and slaves received a day off.
16. Women speak about 20,000 words a day, which is 13,000 more than men.
17. The 20 richest women in the world inherited money from their father or husband.
18. The average British woman has 19 pairs of shoes but only wears 7.
19. 40% of births in the US are by unmarried women.
20. Women spend almost a year of their lives thinking about what to wear.
21. On average, women cry 30-64 times a year, and men 6-17 times.
22. Israel is the only country in the world where women are called up for military service.
23. A woman's heart beats faster than a man's.
24. . Women have more taste buds than men.
25. Only 2% of women consider themselves beautiful.
26. In 1900, women took part in the Olympic Games for the first time.
27. Women in Niger have an average of 7 children, the highest in the world.
28. Women live longer than men, in part because their immune systems age more slowly.
29. In the US, 30% of businesses are owned by women.
30. The UAE has the largest gender imbalance in the world, with only 100 women for every 219 men in the country.
31. All the women in the world earn $18 trillion and spend $28 trillion!
32. There are 603 million women in countries where domestic violence is not a crime.
33. 80% of those who bought a Fifty Shades of Gray book are women.
34. The only country in the world named after a woman is the island nation of Saint Lucia, which was discovered by Columbus on December 13, 1502 on Saint Lucia's Day.
35. A British study found that the average woman is on a diet for 17 years of her life.
36. Mental bonds in girls begin to form earlier than in boys in childhood and adolescence. That is why women have more developed thought processes and emotional spheres than men.
37. Caligynephobia, also known as venustraphobia, is nothing more than a fear of beautiful women. As a rule, young men suffer from it, and most often this phobia of beauties disappears at an older age, but nevertheless, not all men manage to defeat it even in adulthood.
38. Spasmodic pains in the lower abdomen during menstruation in women can be as strong as in all people during a heart attack. This condition is known as dysmenorrhea, which, just imagine, affects millions of women every month.
39. Women are known to speak 13,000 more words a day than men. Girlfriends, neighbors, work colleagues - well, how can you resist and not say a word.
40. Scientists have conducted studies among women who regularly use lipstick.
41. Women blink about twice as often as men. This seems to be where the expression "blink your eyes" comes from.
42. Ada Lovelace was the first programmer in history. She is best known for the fact that she created a description of a computer, however, the project was developed by a man, Charles Babbage. But she wrote the first program for this machine and introduced the terms "cycle" and "work cell".
43. Women are better than men at remembering where certain things are. How often does your husband ask you to help him find socks, ties or shirts in his own closet? So think after that, who has a better memory.
44. On the street, women tend to focus on buildings and signs, while men use directions and distances to describe paths. Therefore, a woman is more likely to say, "Go straight to the lingerie store, then turn right until you reach the bridge." A man will say differently: “You need to drive 5 km to the north, then turn east on Svoboda Street and continue driving in this direction for another 4 km.”
45. Girls have 11% more neurons than boys in the brain centers that are responsible for language and hearing.
46. Women are better than men at distinguishing shades of colors. Therefore, blue and dark blue are two completely different shades, not to mention pink, purple, purple or mauve.
47. Girls develop fine motor skills earlier than boys. This lends scientific support to the stereotype that women have neater handwriting. And by the way, representatives of both sexes generally write differently.
48. Men's noses are 10% larger than women's. This is due to the fact that men tend to have more muscle mass and require more oxygen, which means that their nostrils are enlarged. The size difference begins to show around age 11, when boys develop muscle and girls develop fat.
49. Compared to men, women have weaker ligaments, so they are more flexible and easier to sit on the splits, for example.
50. Women's skin is much thinner than men's, depletes collagen earlier, and is therefore more prone to wrinkles. In addition, this notorious collagen in the strong half of humanity has a higher density, so they look young much longer.
The human brain has fascinated scientists since ancient times, as well as writers, poets, and musicians. So far no one was able to send in the perfect solution, which is not strange.
Every second, the brain collects and transmits signals to and from parts of your body. It keeps everything running, even when we sleep at night. Here you can take a quick tour of this great control center. You can see each part and later find out which parts perform different functions.
There are two types of cells in your brain: neurons and glial cells (glia - Greek word for glue). For a long time, biologists believed that neurons were the only cells that controlled our bodies, and that was where memories were stored. The glial cells were in the brain only to support the neurons, to isolate them, to feed them, and to do the basic cleansing. Recent research is beginning to show that glial cells do much more.
Read here the most interesting facts about the brain.
1. The human brain has about 80-100 billion nerve cells (neurons).
2. The left hemisphere of the human brain is 200 million richer in neurons than the right hemisphere.
3. Neurons in the human brain are very tiny. Their size reaches from 4 to 100 micrometers in width.
4. According to the research of scientists in 2014, there is more gray matter in the brain of a woman than in the brain of a man.
5. According to statistics, a large percentage of the so-called gray matter are people with a humanitarian mindset.
6. Constant physical stress can increase the amount of gray matter.
7. The components of 40% of the human brain are gray cells. They turn gray only after they die.
Bark: The wrinkled outer part of the brain is the largest part of the brain. This is also where our thinking comes from. It is also used to read this story in mathematics or in solving homework given by teachers. It is also the part of the brain that controls your voluntary muscles. These are the muscles used to press a mouse button, ride a bike, run a race, or hit a ball.
Are you using the left or right side of your brain?
Some researchers believe that the right and left sides of the cerebral cortex specialize in various activities. The right side is responsible for abstract things, such as colors, shapes, and music. The left side deals with math and speech and is the analytical part. It is also known that the right side of your brain controls the left side of your body and the left side of your brain controls the right side.
8. The brain of a living person has a bright pink hue.
9. The male brain has less gray matter but more cerebrospinal fluid and white matter.
10. White matter makes up 60% of the human brain.
11. Fat is bad for the human heart, but it is very good for the brain.
12. The average weight of the human brain is 1.3 kilograms.
13. The human brain occupies up to 3 percent of the total body mass but consumes 20% of oxygen.
14. The brain is capable of producing a large amount of energy. Even the energy of a sleeping brain can light a 25-watt light bulb.
The cerebellum: Behind the brain, the cerebellum helps you to make smooth, coordinated movements. Walking, running, writing. . . without the cerebellum, the movement would not take place properly.
Thalamus: Given the activity that takes place in the brain, there must be a switching station, and this is the function of the thalamus. This part of the brain takes the information that comes from the body and transmits it to the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex also sends messages to the thalamus, which then transmits information to other areas of the brain and spinal cord.
Spinal cord: This is the main information bus. All information from different parts of the body moves to and from the brain through the spinal cord. It is connected to the brain through the brainstem. It is protected by the vertebral bones, which form the spine.
Hypothalamus: There is a thermostat in your house. This is the button on the wall that you can turn to warm or cool the room. The hypothalamus is your body's thermostat. When it is hot, it sends signals for your skin to sweat. If you are cold, it makes you shiver and goosebumps.
15. It has been proven that the size of the brain does not affect the mental abilities of a person, Albert Einstein had a smaller than average brain size.
16. The human brain has no nerve endings, so doctors can cut into a person's brain when he is conscious.
17. A person uses the capabilities of his brain by almost 100%.
18. The texture of the brain is very important, and the wrinkles of the brain enable it to contain more neurons.
19. Yawning cools the brain, and the absence of normal sleep raises its temperature.
20. Even a tired brain can be productive. Scientists say that in one day, on average, a person has 70,000 thoughts.
21. Information inside the brain is transmitted at high speed, from 1.5 to 440 kilometers per hour.
22. The human brain can process and scan the most complex images.
Hippocampus: Deep in your brain, the hippocampus works with the cerebral cortex to create memories. From five minutes ago to five years ago, the hippocampus helps you remember everything that has happened in your life. The hippocampus helps you remember how to navigate and how to navigate the environment, depending on how you've traveled in the past.
Callus Body: The callus body connects the right side of the brain to the left side. It allows the two parts of the brain to communicate with each other.
Pituitary gland: This small part of the brain is the size of a pea. It is the smallest part of the brain and one that controls when and how fast we grow. It releases special hormones that help you grow. He also works at puberty.
Brainstem: The brainstem connects three areas of the brain. These parts are the spinal bulb, Varolio's bridge, and the midbrain. The brainstem is located below the cerebellum and connects the brain to the spinal cord. It makes all the muscles work involuntarily. These are the muscles that you do not consciously control, such as the muscles that make your heartbeat. Together, these three parts of the brain keep us alive by controlling our breathing, digestion, and blood circulation.
23. Previously, it was believed that the human brain is fully formed already in the first years of life, but in fact, adolescents undergo changes in the cerebral cortex, which are responsible for emotional processing and impulse control.
24. Doctors say that brain development continues until the age of 25.
25. The human brain takes seasickness for a hallucination caused by poison, so the body turns on a defensive reaction in the form of vomiting impulses to get rid of the poison.
26. Archaeologists from Florida at the bottom of the pond found an ancient cemetery, some turtles had parts of the brain tissue.
27. The brain perceives the movements of annoying people slower than they are.
28. In 1950, the scientist found the pleasure center of the brain, and acted with electricity on this part of the brain, as a result, he imitated a half-hour orgasm to a woman using this method.
29. In the human stomach there is a so-called second brain, it has control over mood and appetite.
30. When you refuse something, the same parts of the brain work as with physical pain.
31. Obscene words are processed by a separate part of the brain, and they reduce pain.
32. It has been proven that the human brain can draw monsters for itself when a person looks in the mirror.
33. Human brain burns 20% of calories.
34. If you pour warm water into the ear, then his eyes will move towards the ear, if you pour cold water, then, on the contrary, I use this method to check the functioning of the brain.
35. Scientists have proven that not understanding sarcasm is considered a sign of brain disease, and the perception of sarcasm helps in solving problems.
36. A person sometimes does not remember why he entered the room, this is because the brain creates a “border of events”.
37. When a person tells someone that he wants to achieve some goal, this satisfies his brain as if he had already achieved this goal.
38. The human brain has a negative bias, because of it a person wants to find bad news.
39. The amygdala is part of the brain, its function is to control fear, if you remove it, you can lose the feeling of fear.
40. During rapid eye movement, the human brain does not process information.
41. Modern medicine has almost learned to do brain transplant operations, this was practiced on primates.
42. Phone numbers have seven digits for a reason, as this is the longest sequence that the average person can remember.
43. To create a computer with the same parameters as the human brain, it will have to perform 3800 operations in one second and store 3587 terabytes of information.
44. There are “mirror neurons” in the human brain, they encourage a person to repeat after others.
45. The inability of the brain to correctly assess the upcoming situation causes a lack of sleep.
46. Obulomania is a brain disorder that causes a person to have a constant feeling of indecision.
47. In 1989, a healthy child was born, even though his mother's brain completely died, and the body was artificially supported during childbirth.
48. The reaction of the brain in mathematics lessons and scary situations is identical, which means that mathematics is a great fear for those who do not understand it.
49. The most rapid development of the brain occurs in the range of 2 to 11 years.
50. Constant prayer reduces the frequency of breathing and normalizes the wave vibrations of the brain, stimulating the process of self-healing, because believers go to the doctor 36% less.
Everyone knows Amazon.com, where you can order fast and convenient delivery of everything. Its creator, Jeff Bezos, promises that it will soon be possible to deliver orders in 10 minutes using aerial drones. But few have heard of Relentless.com. By typing this address in a search engine, you will be automatically redirected to Amazon.
The fact is that "Relentless" is one of the first names that 30-year-old Bezos came up with for his online store. The second option was "Kadabra" as part of a magic spell. But both did not pass, then Bezos simply took a dictionary from the shelf and chose one of the first words he came across - the Amazon River. Thus began one of the most successful business stories in the world. It has a bit of magic and ruthlessness.
Brad Stone's book "The Everything Store" is about Jeff Bezos and the Amazon era, which explores the early years of Amazon and how it evolved from an online bookstore to today's e-commerce giant. Bemorepanda have collected some interesting facts about Amazon from this book.
1. Amazon originally had a different name.
Jeff Bezos wanted to give his company the name Cadabra, which sounded like part of a spell.
But Amazon's first lawyer, Todd Tarbert, said the name was too similar to the word cadaver, which translates from English as "corpse." Customers may have misheard such a name on the phone.
Bezos also liked the title Relentless. By the way, if you go to Relentless.com, you will be redirected to the Amazon home page.
Finally, Bezos chose the name Amazon - he liked the idea of naming the company after the largest river in the world. It can be seen on the original Amazon logo.
2. There used to be a bell in the company's office that would ring whenever someone made a purchase on Amazon
After a few weeks, the bell began to ring so often that it had to be removed.
3. Initially, Bezos opened a company in his garage. The servers required so much power that when Bezos and his wife turned on a hairdryer or vacuum cleaner in the house, they would short-circuit.
4. In its first month of operation, Amazon sold books to people from all 50 states of America and 45 different countries.
5. A little-known lichen book saved Amazon from bankruptcy.
Book distributors demanded to buy books in batches of ten, but Amazon didn't need that much, and the company wouldn't have enough money to buy them.
But in the end, there was one loophole with which it was possible to bypass this rule. Amazon began ordering one book and nine copies of some obscure lichen book that was always out of stock.
6. Bezos used to hold meetings at the Barnes & Noble bookstore.
In the early days of Amazon, Jeff Bezos, his wife Mackenzie, and their first employee, Shel Kafan, held meetings at a local Barnes and Noble store.
In 1996, Bezos met with the shopkeepers, and they said they respect him, but they are still going to launch a site that will destroy Amazon. Barnes and Noble co-founder Len Riggio wanted to call this site the Book Predator.
7. Jeff Bezos wanted his employees to work at least 60 hours a week.
Previously, the company did not know what it meant to maintain a balance between work and personal life. One of the first employees said that he worked without rest for more than eight months: he came to work early in the morning and returned late at night. He constantly rode his bike to work and completely forgot about the minibus that was parked at his house.
He didn’t have time to check his mail, and when he did open it, he saw several parking tickets, a notification from the tow truck and, finally, a message that his minibus was sold at an auction.
8. In 1998, Amazon had a very busy Christmas.
At that time, the company had a significant staff shortage. At Christmas time, all fulfillment center employees had to work the night shift. They called for help from friends and relatives and sometimes slept in their cars to go straight to work in the morning.
After this incident, Amazon promised to make sure that the next holidays the company has enough employees who would be able to fulfill the holiday orders. This is why Amazon is recruiting so many seasonal workers these days.
9. When eBay came along, Amazon launched its own auction site.
The idea failed, but Bezos liked it.
For $ 40,000, he bought the skeleton of a primeval cave bear and displayed it in the lobby of Amazon headquarters. This skeleton stands there to this day, and next to it is a sign "Please do not feed the bear."
10. Bezos enjoyed growing his company quickly, leading to chaos in Amazon's order centers.
In the late 90s and early 2000s, Amazon was in chaos. Centers were closed for several hours due to system failures, and mountains of goods were lying around, and the company was not ready to store new categories of products.
When Amazon started selling kitchen goods, it sometimes happened that the knives without the protective packaging cut the conveyor belt. The situation was extremely dangerous.
11. In early 2002, Bezos introduced the concept of a “two pizza team”.
He suggested that workers should work in groups of less than ten people - that's how many people can be fed with two pizzas. According to Bezos, such groups should work autonomously, they should have clear goals and a formula for assessing success.
12. Dissatisfied customers can send a complaint to Bezos's personal mail, and he will forward it to the right employee with a single scary "?"
Whenever Amazon employees receive a letter from Bezos with a question mark, they react to it like a bomb. They usually have several hours to solve the problem and prepare a detailed explanation of why it arose. The explanatory note is checked by senior managers and then redirected to Bezos himself. In this way, Bezos shows customers that their complaints are constantly reviewed by the company.
13. Even before Google Street View came along, Amazon had Block View.
In 2004, Amazon launched the A9.com search engine. The team that worked on it also began to develop a project called Block View, which would display photographs of them from the street in response to a search query about stores and restaurants. For less than $ 100,000, Amazon sent its car photographers to twenty US cities to photograph the restaurants they needed. In 2006, Amazon abandoned the project, and in 2007 Google launched Street View.
14. Amazon employees fought stress with primal screams.
During the holidays, it is especially difficult for the employees of the logistics department. In the early 2000s, Jeff Wilkie, Chief Operating Officer for Amazon, allowed anyone who was able to achieve a big goal at work to close their eyes and yell at him with all their might on the phone.
Some of these primal screams nearly broke his speakers, Wilkie said.
15. Sometimes the "protests" of employees of Amazon fulfillment centers ended in rather funny ways.
The working conditions in these centers are notorious and sometimes their employees have tried to go on strike. One day, a worker decided to quit his job and sat astride a conveyor belt - and so he rode all the way out of the building.
But the funniest story happened in 2006 with a temporary employee of a Kansas center.
This employee came and went at the beginning of the shift, but no one saw him during working hours. Only a week later, it was discovered that the man had made himself a lair inside a pile of empty wooden boxes. Inside, he built a bed of Amazon products, reinforced the walls with pages torn from books, and even stole ordered food. When his lair was finally discovered, the employee was fired (not surprisingly).
16. The original Amazon Kindle e-reader was codenamed "Fiona".
This name Kindle got from the book by Neil Stevenson "The Diamond Age". It told of a distant future in which an engineer managed to steal a rare interactive book for his knowledge-hungry daughter, Fiona. The team behind the Kindle prototype was inspired by this fictional device.
The team asked Bezos to keep the name Fiona, but he ended up choosing the Kindle. This word is translated as "kindle the flame", and it really liked Bezos.
17. Jeff Bezos is said to have hired a leadership coach to shout less at his subordinates.
Bezos is known for being quite harsh or sarcastic about employees who tell him something unpleasant. Rumor has it that he has hired a special assistant to help him respond to the news in a less harsh manner.
During one meeting, Bezos chastised employees in his usual harsh manner. He said that they were all fools and that he gave them a week to figure out what they were doing. Then he took a couple of steps, froze as if he suddenly realized something and said: "But still, you did a good job."
18. Bezos Realized a childhood dream.
Bezos founded his own space tourism company Blue Origin in 2000, decades after telling teachers and friends as a child that he wanted to be a “space entrepreneur” when he grew up.
19. Space enthusiast.
Jeff is so passionate about NASA during the Mercury and Apollo missions that he equipped and financed an underwater expedition to locate and recover the debris of Apollo rockets.
20. Bezos doesn't use an alarm clock.
He does not use an alarm clock and tends to sleep a full eight hours a night. No overnight fires or early risings for this CEO.
21. A good father.
As a child, Jeff was adopted by his stepfather Miguel Bezos. Today, the entrepreneur has four children with his wife Mackenzie: three sons and a daughter, whom the couple adopted in China.
22. He has come a long way.
As a teenager, Bezos worked at McDonald's, making French fries. At the same time, he founded a small summer camp for primary school students DREAM Institute.
23. Demanding to women.
Jeff had high demands on candidates for the role of a life partner. In an interview with Wired, he said that he was looking for one that "will get him out of the trap of the Third World."
24. Altruist, but not strong.
Originally from Albuquerque, Jeff studied at Princeton. There he studied electrical engineering and computer science. In 2011, he donated $ 15 million to the university to build a center for the study of neurological disorders.
At the same time, being the richest man on earth, Bezos is ranked last in the ranking of the top 10 billionaire benefactors.
25. A big fan of reading.
Bezos's favorite book is The Remains of the Day by Kazuo Ishiguro.
26. Customers come first.
If you have any complaints or suggestions, just email email@example.com. Receiving emails to this mail, Bezos forwards the question to the person in charge at the company, who then reports directly to the CEO on the progress of the issue. So the problem is under control.
27. Bezos made the first tables for himself and Amazon employees himself.
He could not afford expensive furniture at the beginning of the journey, so he put together tables for the first employees himself, using wooden doors instead of tabletops and boards for legs. Now these tables have become something of an artifact at the company - for over 20 years at Amazon, they have been using various variations of that historically simple design for the desktop.
The company even instituted the Door Desk Awards, which give creators "good ideas to offer consumers the lowest prices."
28. Bezos is not a fan of expensive cars.
Despite the fact that after the founding of Amazon, Bezos' business rapidly went uphill, he did not, like many, buy yachts and expensive cars for himself and for a long time remained faithful to his 1987 Chevrolet Blazer, which at first personally delivered deliveries. In 1997, when the company went public, he finally swapped out his old car for the new Honda Accord.
29. Bezos once looked into the eyes of death.
In 2003, Jeff Bezos practically looked death in the eye. He was looking for land to build a test site for Blue Origin when his helicopter crashed on a tour of Texas. The Amazon CEO received a number of minor injuries and recovered quickly, but after that he did not fly helicopters for a long time.
“Nothing special occurred to me. I was only thinking about what a stupid way to die, ”Bezos told Fast Company in 2004.
It didn't become some kind of life-defining experience for me. I’m afraid I’ve learned a rather mundane lesson: Avoid helicopters whenever possible! They are not as reliable as air transport with wings. "
30. Bezos is an Early Investor in Google.
Less than five years after founding Amazon, Bezos demonstrated his investment flair by investing $ 1 million in Google in the late 90s. Then it was a serious risk, which by now has paid off handsomely.