From beetles and parasites to whale vomit: the disgusting ingredients in cosmetics
We must recognize that most of us, do not read what is on the list of ingredients on cosmetics, or we do not understand the meaning of all those words. If we had enough knowledge, we would be surprised at what we really use.
The expensive perfume contains feces and whale vomit
Ambergris is a yellow, waxy, solid substance that is produced in the whale's intestines to protect them from the sharp objects they sometimes swallow. It is often called "sea gold". Just half a pound of feces or whale vomit can be worth up to $ 10,000. Whales either vomit the substance or eliminate it along with their feces.
Most lipsticks contain broken parasitic beetles
Cactus beetles (Dactylopius Coccus) are small insects that feed on cactus plants in Central and South America. Cochineal female beetles eat the red fruits of cacti, so when the beetles are crushed, a very strong red dye is produced.
Cochineal dye has been used for centuries and is very safe for most people, so it is commonly used in lipstick, ice cream, candy, yogurt and eyeshadow. In fact, Starbucks admitted a few years ago that they used a red cochineal dye in some of their drinks, which turned out to be a big problem for their vegetarian fans.
Animal fat in lipstick, eyeshadow and soap
Seoul is a common ingredient in many cosmetics. It is present in: eyeshadows, lipsticks, foundations, shampoos, shaving soaps, moisturizers and skin care products. Seoul is made from animal carcasses.
Seoul is made from animal fat, which means boiling carcasses to create fat products. Dead animals used to make tallow come from many sources, including laboratories, slaughterhouses, zoos, shelters, and yes, animals killed on the road are also used.
Bull semen in hair products
Due to its high protein content, bull semen has become a popular ingredient in hair products. Used mainly for dry or damaged hair, the semen is mixed with a plant called Katera and applied to the hair in expensive beauty salons. The process takes about 45 minutes, costs about $ 90-120 dollars and has been described as "Viagra for hair."
Snail secretions in moisturizers
Snail exudate is collected and used as an ingredient in many famous moisturizers. Glycolic acid and elastin in snail secretion protect the skin from wounds, bacteria and UV rays, making it a great source of protein that removes dead cells and regenerates the skin. It is also useful for removing scars, stretch marks and curing acne.
Infant foreskin in anti-aging products
The recovery complex marketed by TNS SkinMedica claims to use cells derived from human infantile foreskin (NouriCel-MD) in a "revolutionary" line of anti-aging products. Using a combination of soluble collagen, antioxidants, natural growth factors and proteins, they claim to slow down the aging process and encourage the growth of new cells for a younger complexion.
Many companies have already announced that they have given up some of these ingredients, opting for "more pleasant" alternatives, but others, given their effect, will not do so too soon.
“No parabens” is the motto of people who are used to reading the list of ingredients carefully. Are they right when they avoid this component?
Sometimes a broad discussion of the action of certain ingredients is a significant phenomenon that helps people maintain their health. We have already understood the beneficial and harmful properties of silicones. This time, let's talk about parabens, among the "victims" of such discussions. Everything is not so simple, and before passing a verdict on them, it is necessary to study the properties of these substances in more detail and get acquainted with the opinion of scientists on this matter. How can parabens in cosmetics be harmful, and are they harmful at all? Let's figure it out right now, but at the same time, we'll see if it's worth choosing natural paraben-free cosmetics as a replacement.
About parabens in cosmetics
Parabens are chemical compounds (to be more precise, we are talking about esters of para-Hydroxybenzoic acid) that are famous for their antiseptic properties and have been used as preservatives for a long time, both in the food industry and in the pharmaceutical and beauty industries.
Parabens can be synthesized or obtained from plants in the laboratory - yes, there are natural parabens found, for example, in cranberries, lingonberries, and sour.
In the composition of medicines or cosmetics, parabens allow you to extend their shelf life by preventing the growth of bacteria.
Why are parabens dangerous? This is where the controversy begins. The trouble with parabens began when scientists studying breast cancer discovered high concentrations of parabens in tumors. And some have linked it to cosmetics containing parabens (such as deodorants that are applied to the underarm area).
So far, it has not been possible to accurately confirm that cosmetics affect the development of this type of cancer. Still, even a hypothesis was enough for many people to take up arms against parabens.
Properties of parabens in cosmetic
Parabens are considered the most popular preservative today. What is the reason for such a choice?
Thanks to parabens in jars and tubes with cosmetics, there will be no active reproduction of bacteria and fungi. This means they can be used safely for longer without fear that the skin will react with irritation or inflammation.
Ability to stabilize the formula
Another plus of parabens is that they perform a stabilizing function in the formulas of products: their presence in the procedure maintains the desired consistency and allows all components to coexist harmoniously.
Parabens, unlike other preservatives, are effective in small concentrations. Manufacturers who emphasize the natural composition of their cosmetics can use natural preservatives. They are needed in much larger quantities to keep the product fresh for a long time. Organic acids and essential oils are potent allergens. There is a high risk that these products will cause an adverse reaction in the skin.
The downside is that parabens can cause allergies. But the long-term practice of their use shows that the risks are more diminutive in the case of parabens. They are used in the food industry. International standards ensure maximum safety. The creators of cosmetics use these substances in a limited amount.
What cosmetics contain parabens?
Parabens are needed primarily in the composition of funds with a liquid, cream,m or gel texture. In a word, in cosmetics that contain water. A humid environment is favorable for the reproduction of bacteria, and parabens prevent this.
Due to the presence of parabens, tonal foundations “live” from six months to 1.5 years. The expiration date,e in this case, is affected not so much by the concentration of preservatives as by the texture of the product - for example, the fluid will serve you less than a thick and dense foundation.
Mascara cannot be made without parabens, but its shelf life is the shortest compared to other beauty products: it is recommended to use mascara no longer than 3 months after opening the package.
Parabens extend the shelf life of this product to about six months.
With these tools - the same story as with the category of concealers: you can do makeup with them only for about six months. But without parabens, this period would be even shorter.
Liquid shadows, highlighters, bronzers, lipstick,s and other water-based products also contain parabens. The most common areethyl parabenss andmethyl parabenss. They are safe and resistant to external influences, including thermal. But dry shadows will last you a long time and without parabens in the composition. True, by the end of the expiration date, they will likely no longer fit perfectly. But from the,m it will be possible to make lipstick of an unusual shade. Just follow this video guide.
How are parabens identified in cosmetics?
We have already discussed the general rules that will help you quickly check the composition of cosmetics here. Since parabens are a whole group of substances, you will have to remember a few bare names and symbols to recognize them on the packaging. Parabens that are often used in the manufacture of cosmetics include methylparaben (it can be found in the list of ingredients under the codes E218 and E219), ethylparaben (E214), propylparaben (E216), butylparaben, benzyl paraben, isobutyl paraben.
In addition, among the designations of parabens are met again, propagation, nipagin, and nipazol. They can even be combined under the general name "hydroxybenzoic acids, without specifying the details.
Are there cosmetics without parabens?
Today, the list of brands that produce cosmetics without parabens and sulfates is quite extensive. In the absence of these ingredients in the composition of their products, many manufacturers use them as an advertisement. Therefore it may seem that such beauty products are becoming more common. However, statistics show the opposite: more than 75% of cosmetics still contain parabens.
Those who are not going to give up cosmetics with parabens completely, but are still afraid of this controversial ingredient, should pay attention to thorough skin cleansing.
What is the best way to remove paraben makeup? One of the leading "working" means micellar water - the features of its production allow you not to use sulfates and parabens. The same applies to many hydrophilic oils.
It's good that cosmetics lovers have a choice. Science is not yet able to provide accurate data proving that parabens in cosmetics are harmful and cause life-threatening diseases. But for those who want to eliminate any risks associated with parabens, products labeled paraben-free can be preferred.
Cosmetics without parabens
It is essential to understand that the absence of parabens does not always make cosmetics 100% safe. So, substitutes for parabens arepropanoll,quaternion-15, butyl hydroxy anisole (E320 or BHA), and butylhydroxytoluene (BHT) - and these substances have been proven toxic and carcinogenic. However, they are found not only in cosmetics but also in food.
About natural cosmetics, manufacturers of natural beauty products also use paraben-free labels. They use vitamins E and C, tea tree oil, eucalyptus oil, propolis, and grapefruit seed extract as preservatives. The last component has gained particular popularity as a natural disinfectant and preservative.
Grapefruit seed extract
In the case of natural cosmetics, the question arises, how effective are the preservatives used in it. If methyl and ethyl parabens in cosmetics, as a rule, are no more than 0.4% of the composition, natural substitutes will be required in much higher concentrations to compare with them in terms of strength. Do not forget that many natural ingredients that can increase the shelf life of cosmetics can cause allergic reactions.
Applying makeup during filming is not a quick process. Mainly when not only the image of the character depends on it but also on the film's overall success. The Deadpool actors must endure many hours of sitting in the make-up chair and all their manipulations, sometimes reminiscent of “torture.”
Changed beyond recognition! What makeup can do to actors
Bemorepanda found examples of what actors go through to make their on-screen characters stand out and memorable. For example, make-up for 8-9 hours. And this, it turns out, is not the most challenging thing that they sometimes have to face.
1. 8-9 hours, Rebecca Romijn as Mystique in X-Men
“It was a nine-hour make-up process. Throughout three films, we managed to cut it down to seven hours, but it was still... a lot. And I realized pretty quickly that this was my job, which was to apply all this makeup! — Rebecca Romijn, Looper
2. 8-9 hours, Jennifer Lawrence as Mystique in X-Men: First Class
In First Class, the filmmakers stayed accurate to Rebecca Romijn's original costume. But for Jennifer Lawrence, the body paint caused such severe skin irritation that she had to call a doctor. For the next film, X-Men: Days of Future Past, they switched to bodysuits. It also helped save all that time on set.
“I'm so excited because I'm going to wear a tight suit. It will be from the neck down so that it will cut time and blisters." - Jennifer Lawrence.
3. 8.5 hours, Jim Carrey as the Grinch in The Grinch Stole Christmas
The process of putting on makeup and costume took so long that the film producer brought in a CIA officer whose job was to help people endure torture.
4. 8 hours, Halle Berry as Jocasta Ayres (and five other characters) in Cloud Atlas
In addition to her role as Jocasta Ayres, Berry is also known as:
- Louise Ray
- Native woman
- Indian party guest
5. 8 hours, Christian Bale as Dick Cheney in "Power."
“In the old days, when we were sculpting foam fixtures, we would reshape the jaw and chin area a bit because it would compress a bit. But now, in silicone, we must accentuate the cheekbones and jawlines because his weight pulls him down. So it isn't easy. It would help if you had to know what you're doing." — Makeup artist Greg Cannom, Vox.
6. 7-8 hours, John Hurt as John Merrick in The Elephant Man
The make-up for John Hurt, resembling the real-life John Merrick, was created using the casts of Merrick's body in the Royal London Hospital.
7. 7 hours, Jamie Campbell Bower as Vecna in Stranger Things 4
Take a behind-the-scenes look below for a closer look at the process.
8. 7 hours, Michael Dorn as Worf in Star Trek: The Next Generation
According to Michael Dorn, over time, the makeup process has become easier:
“Now it's not that weird because it used to be quite difficult because they used a lot of glue and makeup. It was just a natural process."
9. 7 hours, Ryan Reynolds as Wade Wilson in Deadpool
Seven hours is a very long time, and the makeup artists were uneasy when Ryan Reynolds once pranked them by ripping it all off after they were done.
Here's how it was:
10. 6 hours, Arnold Schwarzenegger as Mr. Freeze in "Batman and Robin."
For some close-up shots, Arnold had to put an LED in his mouth, and at some point, it became quite dangerous:
“When you put it in Arnold's mouth, Arnold's saliva seeps into the seams of this thing and attacks the batteries. Batteries begin to disintegrate, and battery acid may begin to enter Arnold's mouth." — Makeup artist Jeff Dawn, THR.
11. 6 hours, Gary Oldman as Mason Verger in Hannibal
Greg Cannom, who worked with Christian Bale on The Authority, was Hannibal's makeup artist:
“I knew we could get away with [Oldman] more than any other actor. He first said, "Can we open my eye?" It's disgusting. I showed people pictures of [Oldman as Verger], and they all just said, “Oh my God!” and left, which made me very happy.” — Cannom, The Guardian.
12. 5-6 hours, Doug Bradley as Hellraiser in Hellraiser
“The process started with Clive sketching out his ideas that we had to work through together, and then we came up with other ideas based on those sketches. Initially, Pinhead was not at all what he is now. He was much more like Nightbreed's Shunu Sassi character, with only needles sticking out of the top of his head. I looked at it and thought, "Clive [Barker, director], we can't do it with that budget." I knew this makeup would last six days, and we couldn't do it on such a tight budget. He said, "Okay, let's think about it." That's when we came up with this grid pattern on a lifecast to determine where we were going to insert what were originally supposed to be six-inch nails. Clive looked at the mesh and decided he liked its symmetry, so we left it in place." — Makeup artist Bob Keane, DailyDead.
13. 5 hours, Brad Pitt as Benjamin Button in The Curious Case of Benjamin Button
Greg Cannom ("Power," "Hannibal") is back in business:
“I had time to get it right, which I don’t usually do in a film. We did intensive tests for two weeks before filming started at every age and did make-up after make-up. The make-up had to work. Otherwise, the film wouldn't have worked." — Kann, Variety.
14. 5 hours, John Matuszak as Sloth in The Goonies
Back in 2019, 34 years after the release of The Goonies, test shots of the Sloth makeup were finally found.
15. 5 hours Dave Bautista as Drax in Guardians of the Galaxy
“Drax started with a five-hour make-up, and gradually the time began to decrease, as expected. Such extensive makeup is a real challenge for the team because it is so complex.
“Every day, a plastic mold was offered that was the exact shape of David's body, with perforated holes indicating where the prosthesis begins and ends. Through it, a drawing showing a map was applied to rice paper.
“All teams had different tasks in this sequence. Some begin the application of paint, while others complete the shading of the dentures. We added subtle layers of browns, reds, and greens to the base gray to break up the tone and spice it up before the final color unwrapping.
"The whole body is then sealed with a retainer so that it can withstand daytime shooting." — Makeup artist David White, Business Insider.
16. 5 hours, Zoe Saldana as Gamora in Guardians of the Galaxy
“This time, I was picked up at three in the morning - my dog was not even happy about it. I had to sit for five hours for five months. It was crazy, but it paid off. The film is fantastic." — Zoe Saldana, US Weekly.
17. 5 hours, Jeff Goldblum as Seth Brundle in The Fly
“Yes, Chris Wallace got an Oscar for it. And Stéphane Dupuis put me in the dentist's chair for five hours and used this thing. And then another hour after we finished… well, you know, labor, labor, labor… took it off. This suit is a little tight... the rubber suit... so I look so... ugly. And then prosthetics. — Jeff Goldblum, Yahoo.
18. 6 hours, Arnold Schwarzenegger as Terminator in Terminator 2: Judgment Day
“Maria walked onto the set in the midst of filming Terminator 2. And then she saw me - when half of the face disappeared, and the eye lit up. All this weird makeup... So she started screaming and crying on set because she didn't understand why dad looked like that." - Arnold Schwarzenegger.
19. 5 hours, Marion Cotillard as Edith Piaf in La Vie en Rose
Marion Cotillard didn't mind the five-hour make-up because she's a big fan of Edith Piaf and wanted to give her credit:
“It was very stressful, but she was a powerful person. I love tragedy. Not in my life. But I love to play a tragedy. It allows me to express so many things. At the same time, I feel empty and full of emotions; I feel alive." — Marion Cotillard, Under the Radar.
20. 5 hours, Tim Curry as Lord of Darkness in "Legend."
“We had terrible negotiations about what parts of me would be visible. I fought and begged to have my own eyes… My eyes were solid contact lenses, like wolf or cat eyes, which were very painful to install because they took a cast of your eye and inserted it into your eye. If it hurt, they scratched him a little until he stopped hurting.” — Tim Curry, Legend commentary.
A good primer should smooth out skin imperfections on the face and keep the make-up in perfect condition for as long as possible. We have collected the most effective makeup bases - read and choose the one that is right for you.
Facial primers are a controversial product. Today there are a huge number of them on the market and it is not so easy to find a quality makeup base. It is not always clear whether it is needed at all. Let's try to figure it out, and at the same time, we will tell you about those basics for makeup, which, in our opinion, are worth paying attention to.
What is a makeup base?
Primers solve several problems at once:
- Mask imperfections, age spots, uneven tone.
- Makes skin texture smoother.
- Improve the properties of tonal products and increase the durability of makeup.
- A primer cannot replace either foundation or skin care creams, it has a narrow, limited functionality. The basis for makeup does not have to be in a woman's cosmetic bag. However, you can’t do without it if you need impeccable and persistent make-up.
It is important to know that many makeup bases necessarily contain silicones, so due to frequent use, skin pores can become clogged, which will provoke rashes on the face. To prevent this from happening, thoroughly cleanse your skin every evening and, if possible, use a make-up base, not every day.
How to choose a primer according to skin type?
Today, the beauty industry offers a large selection of makeup bases. You need to choose those products that are most suitable for the type and color of the skin.
For normal skin types, a brightening make-up base with sunscreen is ideal. A primer with reflective particles is also suitable.
For dry skin types, it is recommended to use light moisturizing makeup bases with a creamy or oily consistency. To give the face visual moisture, use a product with a shimmer.
For oily skin types, a make-up base is best suited to mattify and mask pores. It will control the appearance of oily sheen throughout the day. The primer can be either water-based or silicone-based. If the skin has inflammation and redness, use a base with a green tint.
For combination skin, you can take a mattifying makeup base and apply it only to problem areas. On other "dry" areas, use a moisturizing primer.
For sensitive skin, you will need a makeup base, with the function of protecting against toxins, toxins, and negative environmental factors. Look for fragrance-free products. If redness and inflammation often appear on the skin, choose a color-correcting primer with a green pigment.
Is there a difference between budget and luxury makeup bases?
Unfortunately, there is no definitive answer here. Choosing a good makeup base requires personal experience. The most important thing in any cosmetic product is how it suits your skin. Hence the relativity of rankings - what has become a panacea for a thousand lucky ones, for you may turn out to be a waste of money.
When choosing a primer, pay attention to the following:
- how effectively it evens out the complexion, hides skin imperfections;
- how long does it keep makeup in perfect condition;
- what type of skin is suitable for.
To make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of 19 good makeup bases, one of which is potentially suitable for you.
Face Primer Urban Defense Complexion Primer SPF 30, Urban Decay
It is a pleasure to apply it on the skin: the delicate gel texture does not leave any stickiness or film feeling! And the composition itself makes the skin smooth and prepares for the application of foundation, minimizing bumps and pores. You can be calm about the skin, especially in spring and summer: with this primer, care and sun protection are provided.
The basis for the perfect complexion Le Blanc de Chanel Multi-Use Illuminating Base, Chanel
This makeup base is indispensable for creating a flawless look, because it is suitable for any skin tone, hiding visible imperfections and gently illuminating the face. In addition, the product contains caring elements (witch hazel extract, licorice extract and a moisturizing complex) that help preserve the beauty of the skin.
Multifunctional primer Naked Face Balancing Primer, Holika Holika
This tool pleases even externally: inside the bottle there are capsules of three different shades, which, mixing when the dispenser is pressed, give a base that adapts to skin color. The mixture is dense enough to even out the microrelief of the face and last for several hours. Another plus is that you will need significantly less foundation, because the primer provides the necessary undertone.
Cellular Performance Glow Makeup Base Brightening Make-Up Base, Sensai
This base immediately deeply moisturizes, smoothes and brightens the skin, giving firmness and radiance - so that wrinkles and unevenness become less noticeable. A special complex of apricot essence, OH-neutralizer, hyaluronate and collagen stimulators helps the base to fight the first signs of aging. They prevent loss of tone and neutralize pigmentation.
Pore-covering makeup base Master Prime, Maybelline New York
This primer from Maybelline perfectly evens out the texture of the skin, giving it a delicate glow. And at the same time pleases with a very affordable price!
Waterproof face primer You better work! Gym-proof Primer Essence
Thanks to its special waterproof formula, this primer not only hides skin imperfections, but also prevents makeup from "floating" from sweat or heat - ideal for holidays or active workouts, if it is important for you to look "on parade". Bonus: UV filter with SPF 20.
Leveling face primer Prime and Fine Pore Refining Anti-Shine Base, Catrice
The lightweight texture of this primer ensures perfect pairing with any foundation and extra hold. No unwanted shine and enlarged pores!
Makeup base, concealing redness, Base Full HD 16 hours, Eveline
Worried about redness, vascular network and manifestations of rosacea? Then you need the Full HD Base 16 hours from Eveline - the perfect camouflage tool. By the way, she also mattes.
Makeup base Prisme Primer Color Correcting, Givenchy
This makeup base has a light, velvety texture, easy to apply and blends well. The coating is quite dense without the "mask effect". Moreover, this primer not only masks imperfections (it is especially good at fighting dark circles around the eyes), but also gives the skin elasticity over and over again due to vegetative
x extracts in the composition.
Face primer with reflective particles Perfect Glow Primer, Thalgo
Marine spring water and verbena extract, together with reflective particles and color-correcting pigment, give a stunning effect. Firstly, the caring ingredients really take care of the skin - and its natural color evens out over and over again. Secondly, the tone becomes radiant, as if glowing from within.
Primer for flawless skin Smooth Affair Facial Primer & Brightener, Jane Iredale
A sheer, mineral-based soft pink, this primer is virtually invisible on the skin, but that doesn't stop it from effectively tightening pores, unifying skin texture, and giving it a luxurious matte finish. In addition, the formula of the product is enriched with plant components that have an anti-aging effect. Namely - extracts of grapefruit, apple, green and white tea, algae and olive leaves.
Prelude in the Clouds Aqua Base, Rouge Bunny Rouge
This moisturizing foundation is 70% water and literally hydrates the skin for the whole day. Ideal as a make-up base! It contains extracts of sea buckthorn and Florentine iris root, bisabolol and vitamins A and E. With regular use, you will notice that your skin has become softer and more elastic, and inflammation and irritation have decreased.
Face primer Encre de Peau All Hours Primer, YSL Beauty
This base makes it easier to apply the foundation, makes it last longer and helps to keep the matte finish until the evening. Instant perfection for the whole day!
Mattifying base for makeup, masking pores Instant Poreless Pore-Blurring Matifying Primer, Clarins
Despite its light texture, Instant Poreless mattifying base erases pores like an eraser! Thanks to the universal shade, this tool can be used as a base for makeup, or solo. In any case, you are guaranteed perfectly smooth porcelain skin.
Makeup base Photo Finish Foundation Primer, Smashbox
With this primer, you don't need Photoshop or Facetune, because it not only prolongs the durability of makeup, but also visually fills pores and wrinkles, evening out skin texture and tone.
Leveling and illuminating makeup base Radiant Boost Face Base, Kiko Milano
This base visibly improves and refreshes the complexion due to its delicate pinkish tint. The lightweight formula helps the product absorb quickly, smoothing imperfections and giving the skin a slight shimmer.
Makeup base UV Master Primer, Giorgio Armani
Ideal if you are concerned about enlarged pores and uneven skin texture in general. The base will smooth out unevenness and give a soft natural glow, as if you just returned from vacation. Speaking of vacations, this foundation will also come in handy there, because it contains UVA and UVB filters that provide sun protection with an SPF 40 factor.
Aqua-fluid for the face Moisture Genius, L'Oreal
Innovations on guard of your beauty! This product, enriched with aloe juice and hyaluronic acid, immediately turns into a liquid upon contact with the skin and is instantly absorbed, moisturizing the skin, normalizing the hydro-lipid balance and preventing the appearance of oily sheen. Amazing combination of moisturizer and primer!
Moisturizing cream primer for face Hydro Priming Cream InBetween, Blithe
This tool is not just a primer, but a complete care that is suitable for both morning and evening use. Thanks to its elastic formula, this cream is suitable for any skin type, effectively smoothing its texture, correcting tone and mattifying. Bonus: nice lavender scent.
When the hair turns into a straw, they no longer hold volume, splits, and look dull, brittle, and dry. A familiar picture? Don't rush to get a haircut. It is possible to restore damaged hair, and we will tell you how to do it!
How do you fix severely damaged hair?
Not all damaged hair is damaged in the same way: for some, the condition is close to disaster. For others, it may remain quite acceptable. It all depends on the degree of damage and, of course, the characteristics of each case.
Types of damaged hair
Mechanical damage is the destruction of the scaly layer through styling tools. Despite its hardness, hair is soft compared to metal. Any intense mechanical impact leaves minor damage to hair. These damages gradually accumulate and deepen.
Hair often undergoes mechanical stress daily: we wind it, stretch it, comb it intensively, comb it, tie it into a ponytail with tight elastic bands, the hair rubs against each other and the fabric during sleep and wiping with a towel, etc. For us, this is a mere trifle, which we do not even remember. But if you look at the hair under a microscope, you can see: that the farther the hair is from the root, the more uneven the edges of the scales of the cuticle layer of the hair. The scaly layer may lack significant fragments toward the end, leading to hair damage.
Scratching is very harmful. Since this type of process can lead to the destruction of the scales of the shell, in the process, the ends of the hair will simply begin to fork. Provided the cuticle is first destroyed in the middle of the hair, it breaks in this place.
Chemical damage to the hair results from improper or excessive use of cosmetic hairdressing products. There are plenty of damaging procedures in the arsenal of the hairdresser, such as chemical hair straightening, perm, hair lightening, and coloring with complex hair dyes. These procedures cause damage to the hair on their own, but it is common to combine techniques (such as dyeing chemically curled hair) that further damage the hair. As a result of perms, bleaching, and dyeing, there is a firm swelling and a change in the structure of the hair. At the end of this procedure, the hair acquires a very high porosity.
All these processes are accompanied by an intense swelling of the hair and the opening of the hair's cuticle layer. The cuticle layer cannot close naturally. The hair becomes damaged. When dyeing with complex hair dyes, the primary damage is caused to the hair due to intense swelling and gradual drying.
Each procedure without proper care exacerbates the existing damage. Hair care products can only temporarily and cosmetically compensate for wear. It is impossible to restore the structure with severe damage. In such cases, the damaged areas of the hair are cut off.
If we briefly describe the chemical damage to the hair: this is the softening and destruction of the core (cortex), the oxidation of melanin, and the exposure of the fibrous layer. Chemical damage to the hair contributes to the manifestation of increased sensitivity to mechanical damage to the hair.
Thermal damage to the hair. This type of damage occurs as a result of the frequent use of hot styling appliances. This includes straightening with an iron, curling with a curling iron, styler, tongs, and blow-drying.
When exposed to high temperatures, the cuticle scales, which form the protective layer of the hair, rise, exposing the cortex, internal moisture evaporates, and the destruction of keratin protein occurs. The rod is covered with bubbles - the curls become brittle and dry. The appearance deteriorates, the former shine disappears, split ends appear, and difficulties arise when combing. The lack of moisture makes the hair more vulnerable and crumbles during combing.
Everyone's favorite sun also has a negative effect, from whose UV rays protection is needed. Direct sunlight destroys carbon-sulfur bonds and provokes the breakdown of proteins. This leads to hair loss and breakage.
We figured out the types of damage, and now let's figure out how a modern girl does not earn these “three horsemen of the Apocalypse” and how to save her hair.
Mechanical damage to the hair. Recommendations
Recall that mechanical damage to the hair is understood as a violation of the structure of the hair due to rough mechanical influences. Therefore, to minimize injury, try to adhere to the following rules:
- Do not use metal combs;
- Do not comb your hair roughly and harshly. When searching, it is necessary to start from the tips, gradually rising;
- Do not use bouffants;
- Try to use tight elastic bands infrequently. If possible, do not tie high tails;
- Avoid rubbing your hair with a towel;
- Don't brush too often;
- Do not comb damp hair because, in this state, they are susceptible and weakened.
Chemical hair damage. Recommendations
Chemical damage to the hair is considered the most devastating, as it affects the hair and can also trigger hair loss.
- Do not curl your hair with a perm;
- Use gentle staining and bleaching methods;
- Trust chemical hair treatments only to experienced professionals;
- Do not use cosmetics for straightening;
- Follow the recommendations of your master, and do not forget about care and active moisturizing.
Thermal damage to the hair. Recommendations
Thermal damage to the hair is characterized by a change in the structure of the hair by exposure to cold or hot temperatures.
- If possible, exclude the use of straighteners, curlers, and curlers. Better replace them with brushes;
- Do not dry your hair with hot air at a distance closer than 30 cm;
- Use hats when going out into the sun or visiting the bath;
- Also, do not forget about hats in the cold season. Low temperatures are bad for your hair.
- As for the general recommendations for hair care, regardless of the degree of hair damage and the factors that led to the deterioration in the appearance of curls:
- If the hair is seriously damaged, then it is worth waiting with dyeing and using a hot hair dryer or flat iron;
- Get into the habit of head massage. Blood circulation will improve, and hair will grow faster;
Before going out into the sun or frost, use protective sprays, for example, with SPF protection;
If the hair is severely damaged, then home remedies may not help. You will have to go to specialized salons, where cosmetologists help restore the hair shaft and its follicle. Among such procedures, mesotherapy, reflexotherapy, personalization, and laser therapy can be noted.
Causes for damaged hair
This element is crucial for the strength of the hair. Copper deficiency can make hair brittle and contribute to the premature graying of hair.
It is associated with alopecia because the hair also becomes brittle due to the lack of zinc.
Diligent styling with curlers, flat irons, hair dryers, and other tools can cause hair to become weak and brittle. After all, they fit into the hair due to thermal exposure, and high temperatures cause severe damage to the hair, making it dry and lifeless.
Substances used in styling products, dyes, and other products can compromise the health of your hair and cause it to become brittle. For example, shampoos containing sulfates and parabens can make hair dry and flaky (since their pH is higher than necessary). Some products (like hair masks) contain formaldehyde, which can irritate the scalp and weaken hair. Hair dyes use dyes and chemicals such as hydrogen peroxide and ammonium, which can damage hair due to their oxidizing and penetrating properties.
Washing your hair too often can also make it brittle. Ideally, you should wash your hair twice a week. Shampooing too often can strip hair of its natural sebum and leave it dry and vulnerable.4. You comb your hair too vigorously.
Too vigorous brushing
This habit can also cause significant damage to the strands.
Hormonal imbalance causes brittle hair. Some birth control pills, menopause, and pregnancy can cause changes in the body that do not affect the condition of the hair in the best way.
Diets lacking in protein and vitamins make hair brittle and dry. Conversely, a balanced diet protects curls.
Diseases such as Graves and thyroid disease affect the hormonal balance, affecting hair growth and strength.
When hair is constantly exposed to rain, wind, heat, and humidity, it can gradually become brittle.
For example, those used to treat psoriasis, cardiovascular disease, eczema, high cholesterol, diabetes, and hepatitis have brittle and dry hair as a side effect. Other treatments that can cause them to be frail include major surgeries - such as gastrointestinal bypasses and transplants.
How to prevent damaged hair – follow the tips below for healthy hair.
Lower the Temperature on Your Tools
We all love straight and smooth hair. Ironing helps us quickly achieve this effect. But few people know that Brushing (a round comb-brush for styling) also injures hair. Hot styling steams the hair and lifts the cuticle (the protective layer), and the temperature dries out the main living layer of the hair. This is how hair loss occurs.
Always use thermal protection.
Before using a heating device on your hair, even a hair dryer, it is always recommended to use a heat protectant that creates a barrier between the exposed hair shaft and the heat. The most popular product is leave-in. Spritz a few times through damp hair and then use a wide-toothed comb to distribute the product from roots to ends. As a bonus, many heat protection serums also tend to detangle the hair, creating less friction and, therefore, less breakage when combed through.
To strengthen the hair's protective barrier so that it is strong enough to withstand heat damage, it is recommended that you use a high-quality shampoo and conditioner to moisturize and detangle your hair. After washing and conditioning, use a light mist to add another layer of reinforcement and protection.
Trim Your Split Ends
While it may seem at first glance that cutting your hair may not help prevent damage from heat damage, in fact, the healthier your strands are, the minor heat damage will be. Once the hair begins to break or split, further exposure to a flat iron or hair dryer will only worsen its condition. Dryness and brittleness will rise higher from the ends, damaging the still healthy part of the hair. You can prevent this by trimming your hair at least once every couple of months, although stylists recommend doing this every 8-12 weeks.
Fix your damaged hair and look amazing
Hair damage is not selective. At the slightest crack, the entire system suffers, so recovery must be comprehensive. First, external factors (mechanical, chemical, thermal) should be minimized. It is also advisable to adjust the diet and strengthen the immune system.
An essential step in hair restoration is the selection of the proper care. It must be delicate but effective, meeting the case's specific needs. Most often, complex procedures are not required. For a noticeable or complete solution to the problem, it is enough to minimize the factors that damage the hair and regularly use shampoo and masks for damaged hair.
Funny 911 calls
Reddit users asked dispatchers to share the strangest calls they've ever received. The discussion turned out to be so lively that it gathered thousands of comments in a couple of days. We have selected some of the funniest stories for you.
1. Arrest my brother
2. Pizza delivery
3. A grown man
The woman decided to contact the rescue service with the following problem: “I ordered Chinese food, paid with a card. The food was not brought, and the money is refused to be returned.” The dispatcher clarified, "And that's why you're calling 911?" “What else am I supposed to do, go there and get my money by force?” – the woman was indignant.
“You know, I grow marijuana, and I just want to clarify how big the plant will grow?” asked 21-year-old Robert Mikaelson. After 15 minutes, the police came to his house and arrested him.
“So… my problem is… I took a few pills. In general, I drank two tablets of Viagra, and my erection has not gone away for four days ... Nothing has changed, and I'm already feeling bad, ”an unknown man told the dispatcher.
4. Seven months of Christmas
Key in the butt
“The guy called from the payphone to complain that he had a pipe wrench sticking up his ass and needed an ambulance. He pointed to the place where the pay phone was located. I asked him if he could tell me about his appearance so that I could be sure the medics could find him. His response: "Look, man, I'll be the only guy on the corner with a pipe wrench in his ass." I couldn't argue with that...
How to recognize a cow
— I called 911 about two cows running down the street near my parents' house. The dispatcher asked me to describe the animals, and I said, "Lady, I promise you these are the only two cows running right down the street here." Then one of them was hit by a jeep, and I had to clarify that now only one cow was running down the street.
Keep your mouth shut!
I got a call to 911, and I couldn't figure out who was calling. The man mumbled. I knew he was calling from the bar, so I asked if he was drinking? After much questioning, I determined that he wanted to call the police and not an ambulance. He tried to file an assault charge because the woman pulled his tongue. I asked, "How did she get your tongue out?" He replied, "Because I showed it to her." I had to mute the bell because I was laughing so hard.
6. Donate a building
7. Cat tree problems
“My late aunt once called 911 because my uncle didn’t want to turn off the fan blowing on her. Since it was a small community in Michigan, the police laughed and came and turned on the fan.
Punish for promiscuity
- An elderly, very embarrassed woman called the police from the hospital and told the doctors to remove her hair clips, thereby letting her hair down. So what, that she was being prepared for a CT scan of the head, now her hair was in a mess!
Lazy ass - 2
“My best friend once told me that an older woman used to call 911 all the time complaining of chest pains. Then, when the paramedics arrived, she said that everything was in order and asked to turn off the light in the bedroom. She only called them because she didn't want to turn off the lights. She did this several times a week.
9. School vibes
10. Math homework
11. Cardiac arrest
12. Drunk people
13. Insulated shirt
A pregnant woman called to say that her doctor had advised her to abstain from sex for the rest of her pregnancy, and she didn't understand why. I explained to her that it was safer that way. She tearfully exclaims, “But how am I going to feed the baby?”
Me: Excuse me, ma'am, could you repeat your question?
She: How will I feed my baby if I can't have sex?
... The woman was sure that her child was living on her boyfriend's sperm and that he would starve if they stopped having sex. I explained to her about the umbilical cord, etc. But she refused to believe me until I asked her about single moms and lesbian couples and stuff. After a moment of silence, she thanked me and hung up. I felt sorry for their unborn child.
My father worked as a dispatcher in the Netherlands. He received a call from a man who was upset about something, crying, asking for help.
My father, being a professional, remained calm and asked what the cause of the disaster was:
"Ajax lost again..."
Ajax is the Dutch football team for those who are not familiar with football.
An old lady calls 911. She asks what happened, why it was dark, and where the sun was. You heard the anxiety and worried in her voice. It was 3 am. It took some time to explain that it was the middle of the night. She finally understood what was going on and apologized for calling.
A guy who went with two girls to a hotel room for sexual pleasure called to complain that they stole $50 and kicked him out of the room. The dispatcher told him that this was not theft but payment for services rendered. As a result, the guy was arrested.
16. Where’s my mom
19. Allergic reaction
20. I want a donut
21. Locked a pig in the bathroom
23. About nightmares
24. Dog acting strange
25. Funny story
26. What day is it
27. Pet rock
28. Dead body
29. Ask a pig
30. Dog story