Is 2022 a leap year? What is a leap year: history, calculations and superstitions
For centuries, mankind has created a history that has been passed down from generation to generation. The myths or the reality about the leap years that have survived so far make everyone think about this inexplicable fact.
What is a leap year?
The term "jump" in Latin has a numerical meaning - 2/6. It is scientifically the fourth year above the standard number of days (366).
The historical period of a leap year
During the reign of Y. Caesar, there was an additional day repeated in the Roman calendar, with a number (February 24).
The Romans counted the days, the years, according to the Julian calendar.
In the Julian calendar, every fourth year was considered a leap year, and the last two days of February were below the same number.
After the death of the Roman ruler, the priests deliberately began to appoint the third year - a leap year. There was a change in the annual time and people, for this reason, lived up to twelve leap years.
Due to the decree of the new emperor of Rome - Augustus Octavian, everything fell into place. It took sixteen years to get the "jump time" right.
Sixteen centuries later, the Orthodox Church introduced new changes to the calendar.
The head of the Catholic Church, Pope Gregory XIII, proposed to calculate the calendar according to the new rules. He proposed introducing an additional day in February with a different date (February 29). At the general assembly, before the coming Easter, the idea of the head of the Catholic Church was successfully accepted. The Roman calendar had a new chronology. In honor of the leader of the Catholic Church, she began to be called a "Gregorian."
The modern concept of a leap year
It is known that a year consists of 365 days. The next fourth year is considered a leap year. It's a longer day.
In a leap year, February is not twenty-eight days, but twenty-nine, but this phenomenon happens every four years.
Assumptions and superstitions for the leap year
Our Slavic ancestors believed that the leap year was a mystical, superstitious year. Probably the reason lies in the distant history of Saint Kasyan.
Saint Kasian served in the Galilean monastery and was its founder. He became famous for his writing career after writing twenty-four essays on "Interview," based on a moral, Christian attitude toward the faith.
The main flaw in Saint Kasyan's life was that his date of birth fell on the last day of February and even at the end of the year.
According to the Slavic faith, the last day of the year was considered the end of a severe winter. For this reason, the holy monk gained a bad reputation.
The superstitious Slavs considered the last day of a leap year to be the most difficult. They believed in evil spirits. Hence the fear of people before a leap year.
The signs of a leap year have been associated with Saint Kasyan:
- If Kasyan approached people, the disease would attack them.
- Kasyan was next to the animals - their deaths were inevitable.
- Where Kasyan's gaze falls, there will be trouble and devastation.
- The unsuccessful year is approaching Kasyanov - unsuccessful.
According to legend, in a leap year, there are many things you should not do, for example:
- Play weddings
- Plan a pregnancy, have children
- Create new projects
- Go into the woods for mushrooms
- Divorce file
- Borrow money
- Plant new seeds
- Make interior renovations
- Buying real estate
The approach of a leap year in modern society is controversial. One part of society believes in its negative actions, the other does not.
Negative side of a leap year:
- Natural disasters
- Military conflicts
- Frequent accident
The positive side of a leap year
People born in a leap year are creative and talented people. Endowed with a brilliant charisma, strong character, love of life (Julius Caesar, Leonardo da Vinci, Elizabeth Taylor, Paul Gauguin).
Today, a leap year is perceived as a year of disasters, wars, catastrophes. After all, the worst events took place during this period.
People are prone to believe something and most often evil. A leap year is perceived as a time of loss, disappointment, sadness. Is that right? Just ask yourself.
Leap year: where did the extra day come from?
Do you think that the Earth will make a complete revolution in exactly 365 days? No, it's not like that - the Earth makes a complete circle around the Sun a little longer, that is, 365 days and 6 hours.
In other words, an extra quarter is added each year. For 4 years, such quarters come out 24 hours. So, it turned out that a year that is a multiple of 4 (2008, 2012, 2016, the calendar of leap years is based on this principle) is different from the rest.
The leap year is intended to eliminate this surplus and to bring the balance into chronology. If it weren't for the leap year, then in a few centuries the new year would have been postponed to the beginning of March, and that's pretty serious!
Differences from leap year
The differences between a leap year and other years, from a material point of view, are limited only by the number of days. In addition, people need to work harder for a day. Sometimes, however, it turns out and rests once again, but this happens quite rarely.
Astrologically, there are a lot of problems around the Earth around the Sun in a leap year:
- everyday problems;
- man-made disasters;
- natural cataclysms;
- relatively high mortality.
However, one can argue with the latter - there are no comments from ritual service workers about the increase in mortality. Only a few older people die.
Year leap: Greetings from Antiquity
For the first time, the ancient Romans were concerned about the inconsistency of the calendar with the actual course of time. In this country, it was forbidden to transfer significant data in another season. People were guided by the movement of the Sun in the sky.
Gaius Julius Caesar solved the problem quickly and radically - from the time of his reign, people began to live according to the Julian calendar, which just added a day in February every 4 years. They gradually started moving to the new calendar, not everyone accepted it, but time took its toll.
Over time, the pagan calendar migrated to Christian culture. But in some regions this year he is associated with Kasyan Visokos, one of the saints, the patron saint of monasticism.
He is believed to have been drinking without restraint for three years, and at the age of four he gets angry and takes revenge in public for the fact that his birthday is celebrated only once every 4 years.
However, there is a discrepancy here - a Christian saint, by definition, cannot be a drunk, plus there is no record in the church that Visokos would like.
Signs and beliefs associated with a leap year
Now the leap year is relatively simple, and earlier some people were afraid to leave home on February 29 in a leap year. For example, there was a sign that if you get a good frost on that day, and the frosts can be severe at the end of February, then a person will certainly catch a cold and die.
The same goes for animals. Popular belief says that any mistake in caring for pets on this day can cost animals their lives. For example, malnutrition or overeating.
Starting a new business in a leap year, according to popular belief, cannot be very successful.
Surely everything will be ruined: even if a man builds a house, he even opens a business. In addition, all major cases should be postponed until at least February 29 - this time is considered the most unfortunate since the beginning of the year.
To calm Visokos a little, you need to do the following:
- under the bells, throw a glass of vodka from the window (another alcohol is suitable, but it must be strong);
- drink without glasses that shake when it is exactly midnight;
- If you still have glasses, then you should put the glasses on the table before taking a sip.
According to popular belief, Visokos' anger will diminish slightly before the completion of the next journey around the Sun.
Another interesting sign is associated with the collection of gifts from nature. Picking mushrooms and berries is usually difficult on February 29, but things found on the street, such as money, can cause problems if they enter the house.
And if the dog barks at the same time (a dog day on February 29 itself is a bad sign), then trouble is guaranteed. You have to ignore it while saying, "Hold me out."
Prohibitions of the leap year
Because this year is so unlucky, people have come with a lot of bans, noticing that you can remove the troubles from home. By the way, nature "participates" in these prohibitions as well.
For example, according to ancient memories, in leap years, usually a poor apple crop.
So what not to do in a leap year:
- You can't sing carols for baptism. This ritual in itself is relatively associated with evil spirits and once every four years it is especially "attentive" to humans. You better not litter. So, no matter how many sweets people offer, it is better to avoid carols.
- It is not recommended to sell homemade products. It is believed that happiness and wealth leave home with them.
- You can't show the first erupted tooth to a baby to anyone, except maybe your closest relatives. If the ban is violated, the child will have crooked teeth.
- You can't start a big business, including getting married. Everything will break down, as I mentioned above.
- You can't buy "coffin stuff". It sounds weird, but for some people in their old age it is the norm to buy things for their own funeral. Doing so in a leap year will hasten death.
- Women are strictly forbidden to dye their hair. This can lead to the lady becoming bald.
- It is forbidden to change jobs or places of residence. In a new place, a person will simply not take root, you will have to start from scratch (this point is sometimes impractical because there are different circumstances in life).
- Having children joins this forbidden group, but not everyone takes this restriction seriously.
Everything may sound archaic, but the fact remains - people often complain to astrologers and psychics about the misfortunes that began even after violating such prohibitions.
Conclusion - until the Earth makes a complete revolution around the Sun in a leap year, some activities should be abandoned.
The reason for the bad reputation of a leap year
We must recognize that if we did not have leap years, there would be a regular change of seasons. Therefore, they help to synchronize the Gregorian and astrological calendars and do not allow the seasons to change in other months.
But why a leap year is considered bad, you have to figure it out. In Slavic culture, there has long been a negative attitude towards such years. An additional day in February was considered the cause of disasters and landslides.
Perhaps the reason for such antipathy was that this time, on February 29, according to Slavic beliefs, Kashchey-Chernobog was subdued, commanding dark forces, sowing evil, death, disease, and madness.
Old Russians often associated a day of jumping with Cassian, who was born on February 29th. Based on the legends, where he was assigned the role of guardian of the gates of Hell, the traitorous cherub, the adoptive one of the demons, etc., one can understand why this character was very feared and strongly cursed. The Russians were convinced that Cassian had a negative impact throughout the year. There was a pestilence of cattle and poultry, crops were destroyed in the fields, and famine began.
On February 29, people once again tried not to go out into the yard, to keep cattle and birds closed.
It is difficult to answer unequivocally why a leap year is considered bad. Some scientists claim that natural and man-made disasters are becoming more common during this period. Many personalities are also in a hurry to cancel their individual problems for more than a year.
The following tragic events are historical facts:
- the collapse of the Byzantine Empire and the city of Constantinople falls in the leap year 1204;
- the bloody Spanish Inquisition began in 1232;
- the plague of the inhabitants of medieval Europe from the plague, in which 1/3 of the population died in 1400;
- the terrible events of the Night of St. Bartholomew in 1572;
- the terrible tsunami in Japan in 1896 and the earthquake in China in 1556;
- In 1908, everyone became aware of the fall of the Tunguska meteorite, etc.
List of leap years in the 21st century
To plan important events in your life, such as marriage, birth, change of profession, place of residence, etc., information about leap years in this century will be helpful.
Leap years, list of the twentieth century: 1904, 1908, 1912, 1916, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988 , 1992, 1996.
Leap years in our century: 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024, 2028, 2032, 2036, 2040, 2044, 2048, 2052, 2056, 2060, 2064, 2068, 2072, 2076, 2080, 2084, 2088, 2092, 2096, 2100.
A positive attitude and self-confidence form a strong basis for important achievements in a person's life, and small superstitions should not become an obstacle to achieving goals.
Is it the leap year or 2022? 2022 will be an ordinary year. From year to year, the approach of the new year arouses enthusiasm among superstitious people.
Interest is based on the popular signs and superstitions associated with the addition to the additional February 29th. One day, February 29, is added to the calendar every four years.
If you believe in your own strengths you will be able to do whatever you want in any year! We at Bemorepanda advise you not to be guided by superstitions!
New Year's superstitions are respected by many people, who believe that in this way they will do well in the New Year. Superstitions and end-of-year habits include dancing outdoors for health and luck and filling wallets with money for a prosperous year.
True or not, how many of us pass by a superstition indifferently? Whether we know about it from childhood or from the popular tradition, or we hear about a new one, we are still with increased attention and wide-eyed, interested in taking at least a little into account of it.
People all over the world strongly believe in some superstitions related to leaving one year and entering the new year. The basic idea that guides us all on New Year's Eve and on the first day of the new year is that just as the events of that night between the years and the next day happen, so it will go for you in the new year.
Studies show that many people do various things, some of which are more bizarre, to make sure that they have invited luck into their lives and that they have banished bad luck and the problems of the past year.
For example there is a superstition that the New Year must catch you with new clothes so that in the next 365 days you will receive as many gifts as possible. Red is the color of joy and love, so the custom is that if you dress in red for the New Year you will have a lucky and loving new year.
Below are the most famous international superstitions that you can take into account for New Year's Eve and the first day of the new year. Or not! You choose, we just present them to you.
Next let’s see together with Bemorepanda what superstitions exist on New Year night.
New Year's superstitions 2022
On the night between the years and on January 1, don’t cry. Tradition says that those who cry on the first day of the year will have a year of sad events.
2.No bad words
Whoever is polite and mannered with the New Year will always be like that, so it is said that on New Year's Eve both contradictory discussions and licentious or brutal language, as well as stories about ghosts or the dead, should be avoided. Apart from the fact that they are not pleasant at all, they also attract bad luck.
3.Born on January 1st
Children born on January 1 are said to be lucky for life.
4.Do not borrow money
In several countries, people do not borrow money, jewelry or other valuables on the first day of the year and do not pay debts or taxes, do not carry garbage and do not offer gifts, all of which are signs of poverty in the year which is just beginning. Some go even further with superstition, and if they have to get something out of the house, they call someone else for it.
5.Keep your doors open
Americans are accustomed to leaving all the doors and windows open at the turn of the year so that the old year can leave immediately and make way for the new one. At midnight the doors must be opened for the old year to come out and give way to the new one which brings health, happiness and good luck. Another New Year's tradition says that it is good to leave a lamp or a candle lit on New Year's Eve to enjoy a bright and fulfilling new year.
6.Full glasses and plates
It is also said that for a prosperous year it is good to have glasses and plates full on the table at midnight, and for each member of the family to have money in the pocket. Empty glasses, plates and pockets are the signs of a poor year, superstitious people believe.
7.Working on 1st January
Although few agree with the idea, it is said that those who work on the first day of the year are more likely to advance in their careers in the next period. But, paradoxically, starting a large-scale project on that day is pure bad luck.
8.Pay all your debts
If you don't want to be in debt all year, try to pay off your debts by midnight.
In the southern United States, it is believed that a sign of good luck for the whole year is if you eat black beans on the first day of January. It is also said that the one who cooks beans will be twice as lucky.
10.Kissing is mandatory
Under mistletoe or not, kissing is mandatory on New Year's Eve, if you want to have affection in the coming year. Otherwise, you will have a year with little sentimental satisfaction. The midnight kiss marks not only the feelings that bind us to those people, but also how our relationships with the people in question will evolve during the year that is just beginning. In other words, it is desirable that at the turn of the year, the loved one be by your side.
Dancing at midnight outdoors, especially around a tree, brings health and the fulfillment of all desires.
12.Never sweep on New Year’s Eve
A householder should never sweep on New Year's Eve, because it drives away prosperity.
Also in the evening of December 31, do not wash clothes and do not cut with scissors so as not to destroy luck. Tradition also says that you do not have to throw anything out of the house on the first day of the new year because you are throwing your luck.
13.Wear something red
As the years go by, the elders say, it is good for everyone to wear a new coat and something red or some other cheerful color that attracts positive energies.
14.Let in the right persons
It is said that the first person to enter your house after midnight will influence what happens in the new year. For a woman, it would be ideal for a tall, brunette man to enter (blondes and redheads are said to be unlucky, and women too), and if this guest brings a twig of mistletoe, bread and salt, they are all the chances of the new year being the best of your life so far.
15.Make a wish
On the night between the years it is good to make a wish because it has all the chances to be fulfilled.
As the fish swims through the water, you will swim through all the troubles of the next year, without affecting you. But beware, superstitious people say that it must be the first food you eat in the new year!
17.Eat goose meat
This way you will float over problems and you will advance towards your goal, as the "winged fat" does on the shine of the water! Some even say that it is good to avoid chicken meat, because this bird squeaks and so luck spreads
18.Stay with your loved ones
It's important not to be alone, but if you can't do otherwise, call your loved ones at midnight. You will be close to those you met at midnight all year, you will talk all year with the one you talked to in the first moments of the year!
It is good for girls who want to get married in the New Year to see a man at the bedroom window at the turn of the year.
The night when the years change foretells the future. If you are happy, you will be like this all year long! In the same way, sadness or quarrel will be perpetuated: you do not want such a thing. It's not good to be quiet around you either: on this wonderful night even the non-speakers start talking, and the one who hears them talking is said to die. So don't avoid fireworks, firecrackers, the sound of clashing glasses and fun!
What could be a Christmas tree? Lively, artificial, bright, spectacular. Well, come on, strain your imagination. In fact, it can be anything: wooden, chocolate, crystal, precious ... It can be built from bottles, and even old tires. And it will still remain a festive tree.
There is nothing left until the New Year. Everyone is waiting for this holiday and, of course, they are preparing for it. Today on Bemorepanda we will show you the most unusual solutions for decorating Christmas trees. By the way, in the role of the forest beauties themselves, they did not always eat. Instead of traditional trees that only people do not use! And books, and skis, and stairs ... However, we will not reveal all the cards. Bemorepanda has compiled a selection of unusual Christmas trees planted in different cities over the years.
The most luxurious Christmas tree was installed at the Emirates Palace Hotel (Abu Dhabi, UAE). Decorators used gold, diamonds, pearls, emeralds, sapphires, real jewelry worth over $ 11 million to
decorate the 13-meter spruce tree.
Japanese jeweler Ginza Tanaka is considered a specialist in making the most expensive Christmas trees. The showcase of his jewelry store has been decorated with precious trees for several years. For example, in 2012, a stylized spruce 2.4 meters high and weighing 40 kilograms was created from pure gold. The tree was decorated with figurines of famous Disney characters. The New Year's symbol was valued at approximately $ 4.2 million. A year earlier, a 12-kilogram golden tree decorated with ribbons, orchid flowers and hearts of gold was displayed in the window of the same Tokyo jewelry store, each of which cost about $ 1.5 thousand. The gold star adorning the top of the tree cost more than $ 65,000, and the total cost was approximately $ 2 million.
The most brilliant
Christmas trees studded with Swarovski crystals or almost entirely made of them are installed annually in one of the cities of the world. Last year, Swarovski designers erected a Christmas symbol in the open air on the famous Orchard Road in Singapore. The spruce was adorned with mirrored snowflakes, a swan logo and Swarovski lettering. When decorating the Christmas tree, 28 thousand crystals were used.
The most budgetary
A Christmas tree was made practically from garbage, which adorned the square of Kaunas (Lithuania) in 2011. Several thousand green plastic bottles were needed to create a 14-meter tree. At night, the entire structure was illuminated and looked very impressive.
Another Christmas tree from unnecessary containers was installed in Haifa (Israel). The spruce was 10 meters high and 5480 plastic bottles were used to make it. Energy-saving LED lamps served as decoration.
The biggest Christmas Tree
The world's largest Christmas tree included in the Guinness Book of Records is located in the city of Gubbio (Italy). This is a huge (130,000 sq. M.) Light installation located on Mount Indzhino.
The largest living (growing) "spruce" at Christmas decorates the city of Wilmington (USA). The height of the tree is 15 meters, the girth is 33 meters. Although in fact it is a 400 year old oak tree.
And the tallest artificial Christmas tree in the world was installed in Mexico City in 2009. The tree is 110.35 meters high, 35 meters in diameter, decorated with 1.2 million bulbs, has been entered into the Guinness Book of Records.
The "Drinking" Tree
Another source of inspiration for designers was alcohol, or rather, alcoholic containers.
So, near one of the shopping centers in Shanghai, the Dutch company Heineken built a spruce from 1,100 bottles of beer.
A Christmas tree was installed in the London Sofitel hotel in 2010, decorated with bottles of French Louis XIII cognac. A crystal chandelier crowned the crown of the Christmas tree. The cost of this installation was approximately £ 35,000.
Meanwhile, in Lynchburg (USA), a "spruce" of 140 barrels full of Jack Daniel's whiskey was installed.
The most difficult
Christmas trees made from the famous Lego bricks appear in different cities almost every year. In 2012, in the city of Johor Bahru (Malaysia), a 9-meter tree weighing 6 tons was made from 400,000 LEGO bricks. It took 10 weeks to create it. The tree is decorated with more than 300 balls and candles made of legoblocks.
Another similar spruce adorned St Pancras Station in London. The construction of the Lego Christmas tree, 11 meters high and weighing 3 tons, took almost three weeks and 600 thousand LEGO bricks, making up 172 separate parts, which were then connected to each other using a steel rod. The tree is decorated with 1,200 toys, also made from a construction set by London schoolchildren.
The most delicious
To the delight of the sweet tooth, French chocolatier Patrick Rogers created a 10-meter spruce using a ton of the best dark chocolate. White chocolate and powdered sugar were used to simulate snow on the tree. Together with the supporting structure, the resulting dessert weighed 3.6 tons. Everyone could taste a piece of this sweet beauty at a price of 5 euros per 100 grams.
And in Singapore, the confectionery company Ferrero Rocher created a Christmas tree from huge candies. In the evening it was illuminated with thousands of lights.
And finally, a few ideas for creating unusual Christmas trees with your own hands.
Creative way to create of a modern Christmas Tree
This is in the name of 2020, Coronavirus Year
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In most countries of the world, New Year is considered a favorite holiday. He is loved by both children and adults. Moreover, each country has its own traditions of celebrating the New Year. There are many signs and superstitions associated with this cheerful and bright holiday. For example, on New Year's Eve, you need to make a wish so that they come true next year. Next, we suggest reading more interesting and exciting facts about the New Year.
1. Three centuries ago, during the reign of Peter in Kievan Rus, a tradition arose to celebrate the New Year. By this time, March 1 was New Year's Day.
2. Sociable, well-mannered people with good manners, were born under the sign of the goat. Despite their shyness, they value beauty and home comfort, and are also hospitable people.
3. Computer equipment is the most popular children's gift of modern Santa Clauses, and most office workers ask to freeze their boss.
4. Ginger is widely used in traditional European New Year pastries.
5. 150 years ago there was a custom to install a Christmas tree for the New Year. The richest palaces in Russia and Europe were decorated with New Year's beauties.
6. Write your cherished wish on a piece of paper a few hours before the New Year. The paper must be set on fire with the first strike of the chimes, and your wish will certainly come true if the paper burns out before the end of the last strike.
7. November 18 is the official birthday of Santa Claus. Real winter during this period comes in Ustyug.
8. For 35 years, on December 31, television has been showing the film "The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath."
9. Every year on New Year's in Tibet it is customary to bake pies and distribute them to passers-by.
10. One of the oldest customs is New Year's fireworks.
11. In the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro, the world's largest artificial Christmas tree, more than 77 meters high, has been installed.
12. On December 31st, most Italian citizens throw all old things out of their homes through their own windows.
13. To the sounds of a magic verse, most girls in the old days used to guess at their beloved on the night before the New Year.
14. Lentil soup is considered the main national festive dish in Brazil, as lentils are a symbol of well-being and a happy life.
15.On 19 February 2015, the Year of the Goat will come into its own.
16. Veliky Ustyug is considered the birthplace of Father Frost.
17. Australians do not use game dishes for the New Year's table, such an animal is considered a symbol of happiness.
18. Tell your friends "Akimashite Omedetto Gozaimasu" if you want to congratulate them in Japanese style.
19. The day off was officially declared on January 1, 1947 by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.
20. Santa Claus puts his presents in the oven in Sweden, on the windowsill in Germany.
21. Fortune telling on rice grains is considered one of the most popular types of New Year's fortune telling.
22. Figurines of polar bears and walruses, carved out of ice, are presented to their relatives and friends by the inhabitants of Greenland.
23. "Little Christmas" is called New Year in Romania.
24. In America, in 1985, a New Year's garland was first lit on a Christmas tree in front of the White House.
25. Ded Zhar is the main character in the New Year in hot Cambodia.
26. Every fourth year is considered a leap year.
27. Postage stamps with holiday decoration are issued in many countries for the New Year.
28. From December 25 to January 5, the New Year and Christmas holidays are celebrated.
29. Vietnamese on New Year's Eve near their home in the pond release live carp, which is a symbol of happiness and prosperity.
30. Goose liver pate, oysters, cheese and traditional turkey are New Year's Eve specialties in France.
31. Russian Santa Claus met with Finnish Yolupukki in 2011.
32. It is not recommended to give money before the New Year, this is a bad omen.
33. Rice porridge is considered a happy New Year's dish in Scandinavia.
34. The first rocket was launched by Peter I in 1700 on New Year's Eve.
35. With the first strike of the clock in England, the back door is opened to let in the Old Year, and with the last, the front doors to let in the New Year.
36. The poem "Christmas tree" by Raisa Kudasheva was published in the New Year issue of the magazine "Baby" in 1903.
37. Santa Claus rides a jet ski for Christmas in Australia.
38. In the old days, Santa Claus received gifts from people.
39. You can hang letters with wishes on the tree, and so you can diversify the New Year's holiday.
40. The symbol of 2015 is the white Goat.
41. Grapes, lentils and nuts are put on the New Year's table in Italy. It is a symbol of well-being, health and longevity.
42. Mrs. Claus is the wife of Santa Claus and is considered the personification of winter for many nations.
43. Mistletoe is considered a beautiful ritual symbol in many countries.
44. "Jelly" is the name of the month of December in Old Slavonic.
45. It is customary to wash away all sins on the eve of the New Year in Cuba.
46. The Christmas tree became the symbol of New Year's holidays in the 30s of the twentieth century.
47. Cornel sticks are usually given for the New Year holidays in Bulgaria.
48. In the Czech Republic, Mikulas plays the role of the New Year character.
49. In the twentieth century, the tradition of making a snowman out of snow was born.
50. Prophetic dreams happen on December 31st.
51. Ded Moroz is always present at the festivities in the Kremlin palace.
52. Paper dragons are a symbol of prosperity in China.
53. Midnight fortune-telling and sleigh rides originate from the Old Russian New Year holidays.
54. All the troubles that happened during the year are written in New Year's letters in Ecuador.
55. Raisins, sugar and flour were the main types of gifts in medieval England.
56. Ded Moroz in folk tales is traditionally called Frost Red Nose, Moroz Ivanovich, Ded Treskun.
57. A good harvest can be expected if the sky is blue on New Year's Eve.
58. Eucalyptus is a New Year tree in the Southern Hemisphere.
59. Donuts baked according to a traditional Dutch recipe are considered a symbol of the end of the year.
60. In the middle of the twentieth century, the granddaughter of Santa Claus was born.
61. In France, Pere Noel - Santa Claus leaves gifts in children's shoes.
62. On the bulb on New Year's Eve, girls write the names of their future chosen ones, and which bulb grows faster in the water, that girl will marry for the first time.
63. Anyone can go to Bolshoy Ustyug to visit Santa Claus.
64. On New Year's Eve, it is customary to break a pomegranate fruit on the ground in Greece for good luck.
65. In Scandinavia, for the first time, the production of glass Christmas tree decorations began.
66. Santa Claus first came to the pages of the book in 1840.
67. New Year's gifts are put in a sock in Ireland and England, in a shoe - in Mexico.
68. At the beginning of summer in ancient times, the New Year began in Egypt.
69. It is necessary to celebrate the New Year in new clothes in order to go in new clothes for a whole year.
70. The Day of the Kings is called the New Year in Cuba.
71. To give birth to a boy, it is recommended for a couple in love to visit Lapland for the New Year.
72. Since 1991, New Year and Christmas have been considered an official holiday in Russia.
73. Denmark has the largest number of New Year trees sold.
74. It is customary to bake small surprises into New Year's pies in Romania.
75. Favorite white deer lives in the estate of Santa Claus.
76. The bell heralds the arrival of the New Year in England.
77. Souvenirs and postcards are traditional gifts in France.
78. Decorating a Christmas tree with sweets is a traditional custom in Russia.
79. The eastern horoscope was based on the twelfth cycle.
80. It is not customary to wash dirty linen on the first day after the New Year in Scotland.
81. Many festive lanterns are lit on New Year's Eve in China.
82. In Soviet times, the tradition has spread to invite Father Frost home.
83. The largest number of New Year's gifts in America.
84. Caviar, beans, roasted chestnuts and seaweed are happy New Years in Japan.
85. The village of Shchelikovo near Kostroma is considered the birthplace of the Snow Maiden.
86. For three minutes, exactly at midnight on New Year's Eve, the lights are turned off in Bulgaria.
87. Sting, Fidel Castro, Lewis Carroll celebrate their birthday on New Year's Eve.
88. A festive goose is put on the New Year's table in England.
89. In the old days, the character of Slavic legends and myths was Santa Claus.
90. The village of the Finnish Father Frost is located in the capital of Lapland.
91. Barrels of tar are usually set on fire on New Year's Eve in Scotland.
92. In 1954, the first New Year's holiday took place in Russia.
93. Since 1954, the folk song "Oh, frost, frost ..." has been considered
94. Donuts with jelly are served at the festive table in Poland.
95. The first New Year's card was printed in London in 1843.
96. On New Year's Eve, kites are launched into the sky in Japan.
97. The Snegurochka and Ded Moroz were recognized as the brightest "stars" in Russia.
98. It is customary to give money for the New Year in Korea.
99. The candle is considered a universal gift in Finland.
100. The title “Veteran of Fairy Tale” is given to Father Frost in Russia.
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We finally celebrated the new 2022 year. Astronomers say that we will have at least 5 unmissable events that you have to watch in 2022 in terms of stargazing. The coming year offers many heavenly delights for those who observe the sky. We will have, including two months of bleeding, partial solar eclipses and several planetary encounters.
The year 2022 is full of astrological events
In 2022, the night sky promises to be full of cosmic wonders. The total lunar eclipses, nicknamed the "Bloody Moon" for the intense red hue that the Moon takes when bathed in the shadow of the Earth, will be visible to billions of people.
Shining stars will pass through the sky without the bright moon drowning out the light. And sky observers can watch a cluster of five of the brightest neighboring planets, all visible to the naked eye.
Under the right conditions, distant Uranus could even join the other five visible planets, being seen as a small point of green light in the sky. Here is an overview of some of the most spectacular celestial phenomena worth circling in your calendar for next year.
On January 3 and 4, a rain of Quadrantid meteorites reaches its peak
For viewers in the northern hemisphere, the first major meteor shower in 2022, Quadrantidele, peaked on the night of January 3 and in the early hours of the morning of January 4. The thin, crescent-shaped moon will set early in the evening, leaving a dark sky ideal during peak hours between midnight and dawn.
This New Year's rain is known to produce brighter-than-average shooting stars, with 25 to 100 visible meteors per hour, depending on local light pollution.
Quadrantids take their name from the former constellation Quadrans Muralis, and the flaming space rocks appear to radiate from the northeast of the sky, right next to the handle of the Great Chariot.
Like all meteor showers, the best way to see as many shooting stars as possible is to find a place to watch away from the city lights and wait about 20 minutes for your eyes to fully adjust to the darkness of the sun. at the end of the night or before dawn.
Between March 24 and April 5, 2022, Venus, Mars and Saturn in a planetary dance
From late March to early April, those who wake up early in both hemispheres will be able to see some of the brightest neighboring planets performing a majestic celestial ballet.
Look at the low sky in the southeast about an hour before the local sunrise to catch Venus, Mars and Saturn grouped in a tight triangular group. On March 27 and 28, the rising moon will pass the planetary party.
Observers of the sky watching the planets from one morning to the next will notice that their positions will change. The planets will form a triangle that will change its angles until after April 1, when the trio will appear in a straight line.
In early April, you can also see how Saturn will approach Mars until the two appear next to each other between April 3 and 5. The two planets will appear closest on April 4, when they will be separated by only half a degree of arc, equal to the width of the full moon.
On April 30 we will have the first partial solar eclipse
Two partial solar eclipses, when the Moon blocks part of the solar disk in the sky, will occur in 2022. The first will be visible in southern South America, parts of Antarctica and parts of the Pacific and Southern Oceans.
On April 30, the Moon will pass between the Earth and the Sun, the maximum eclipse will take place at 20:41 UT, when up to 64% of the solar disk will be covered by the Moon. To see the largest magnitude of the eclipse, spectators will have to be positioned in the southern ocean, west of the Antarctic Peninsula.
However, those who watch the eclipse in the southernmost parts of Chile and Argentina will be able to see about 60 percent of the sun covered by the moon.
Goggles are needed to safely see all phases of a partial solar eclipse. Even though the sun may not appear as bright in the sky, looking directly at it can seriously hurt your eyes, so if you plan to see the eclipse on April 30, be sure to wear goggles that meet international safety standards.
On October 25, the second partial solar eclipse
On October 25, the Moon will bite from the Sun, when a partial eclipse of the Sun will cover the sky in most of Europe and the Middle East, as well as parts of West Asia, North Africa and Greenland.
Similar to the April 30 partial eclipse, this October event will take place when the Moon partially blocks the solar disk, as seen from Earth. Up to 86% of the sun will be covered for spectators in parts of Eurasia.
The moon's silhouette will begin to block some of the sun at 8:58 UT, and the maximum eclipse will occur at 11:00 UT. People in North and South America will not be lucky in this eclipse, because the partial solar eclipse will take place during the night in America.
The next solar eclipse for those looking at the sky west of the Atlantic will take place only on October 14, 2023, when an annular eclipse, or "ring of fire", will be visible.
On November 7th and 8th we will have a total lunar eclipse
Residents of North and South America, Australia, Asia and parts of Europe will have the opportunity to watch the red moon for the second time in 2022, when a total lunar eclipse will occur during the night of November 7 and 8.
In the western United States and Canada, in eastern Russia, in New Zealand, and in parts of eastern Australia, those looking at the sky will have the opportunity to see the entire eclipse unfold.
Meanwhile, eastern North America and most of South America will be able to watch partial phases of the eclipse as the moon sets in the west.
The moon will begin to darken along its edge on November 8 at 3:03 a.m. PT, and then its entire disk will plunge into the deepest central portion of the Earth's shadow at 2:59 a.m. PT. The eclipse will end at 3:41 a.m. PT, ending another wonderful year of stargazing, according to National Geographic.
The year 2022, a year of astronomical spectacle. The important thing is to have luck and clear skies so that we can see them in all their splendor.
Let’s look back at the most beautiful lunar eclipses in history.
The longest partial lunar eclipse of 2021
The longest partial lunar eclipse in the last 580 years occurred in 2021. The spectacular phenomenon, also called the "Blood Moon" due to the reddish light surrounding the Moon, was visible throughout North America as well as in some parts of the world. South America, East Australia and Northeast Asia.
The whole event lasted just over six hours, and the Moon spent three hours, 28 minutes and 23 seconds passing through the darkest part of the Earth's shadow. It was the longest partial lunar eclipse since 1440, according to NASA.
The eclipse, at its peak with 99.1% of the visible surface of the moon covered (Friday 09:03 GMT), was also visible by part of Northeast Asia, Polynesia and eastern Australia, but not from Europe or Africa.
Total lunar eclipse of 2019
Residents of much of Europe, West Africa, the Americas, and some parts of Asia were admiring a total lunar eclipse in clear skies.
It was the last such phenomenon that occurred before 2022.
For Europeans and Africans, the total eclipse occurred at the end of the night, shortly before sunrise. The eclipse was less visible in the eastern part of the two continents, due to the appearance of dawn.
For North and South Americans, the eclipse was visible in its early or midnight.
The full moon was in the shadow of the Earth from 03:34 GMT to 06:51 GMT.
During the first hour of this interval, it was gradually "blocked" from the left. The eclipse was total for one hour, starting at 04:41 GMT, according to NASA's timeframes.
The total phase of the eclipse was about three quarters of an hour shorter than that of the great eclipse of July 2018, which remained the longest in the 21st century.
During the total eclipse, the Moon was not visible, but appeared red in the night sky, as it happens during all total eclipses.
This coloration was due to the fact that the sun's rays no longer touched it directly. Instead, a small portion of the red rays of the light spectrum was filtered by the Earth's atmosphere and refracted to the moon (blue rays diverge outward), the same phenomenon that colors the sunrises and sunsets seen from Earth in red.
Total lunar eclipse of 2018
The lunar eclipse of July 27, 2018 was the second lunar eclipse of 2018. It was the second total eclipse, out of a series of three, which occurred at an interval of about six months. There was also a total central eclipse, with the Moon passing through the center of the Earth's shadow. It was the first central lunar eclipse since June 15, 2011.
Because it occurred when the Moon was nearing its peak, this eclipse was the longest total lunar eclipse of the 21st century, with a total phase of almost 103 minutes.
Eclipse of July 27, 2018. Friday night to Saturday was a unique astronomical event of this century. A total lunar eclipse took place on July 27, 2018, which was the longest in the 21st century.
Also called the "Blood Moon", the lunar eclipse of July 27, 2018 was the second total lunar eclipse that year and the third in a series of total eclipses that occur between 2017 and 2019.
In total, the astral phenomenon from the night of July 27 to 28 lasted 374 minutes, respectively 6 hours and 16 minutes. The Moon was in the shadow of our planet for 3 hours and 56 minutes.
The totality of the lunar eclipse of July 27, 2018 lasted 103 minutes, being the longest in the century 2000-2100, but with a small difference from the eclipses of June 26, 2029 and July 7, 2047, which will have totalities lasting 102 minutes.
Lunar eclipse through the twilight of 2016
On March 23, was the first lunar eclipse in the twilight of 2016. The eclipse coincided with another spectacular astronomical phenomenon. The lunar eclipse began on Wednesday.
The astronomical phenomenon was visible only for a few minutes in Asia, Australia, North America, South America, the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and Antarctica, because at that time, the Earth was between the Moon and the Sun and the shadow. The earth covered the lunar disk in a proportion of 77.5%.
A full astronomical phenomenon took place in the full moon eclipse through the penumbra. Jupiter was much brighter than usual, and after the moon was closest to the moon, it was looking like a big star, shining right next to the full moon, slightly dimmed. Jupiter was at its maximum brightness (apparent magnitude of -2.5), while the full moon, even during the eclipse, was still extremely bright, with a magnitude of -12.4.
Total lunar eclipse from 2010
The total lunar eclipse was the second that year after the partial eclipse of June 26, 2010.
In Europe, the beginning of the lunar eclipse was visible before sunrise only in the Scandinavian Peninsula.
This was the first lunar eclipse to occur on the day of the winter solstice in 1638. The next such lunar eclipse will occur in 2094.
The previous total lunar eclipse occurred almost two years ago, on February 21, 2008.
2011 began with a partial solar eclipse on January 4, followed by two more total lunar eclipses on June 15, 2011 and December 10, 2011.
The moment of totality is spectacular because the Moon had shades of orange-red-brick. The disc was not colored and evenly lit, the part closer to the center of the shadow was darker (the bottom of the disc).