History, traditions and Christmas habits that will bring the spirit of winter holidays in the house
The charm of Christmas seems to have been born in the village. Here Christmas has kept its old magic and the memory of the holidays of yesteryear. The elders take into account the superstitions and customs that turn Christmas into a celebration of joy. Christmas is greeted in different corners of the world with extremely diverse traditional dishes, from pork, fish or goose to shellfish, and from chocolate cakes to those with rose petals.
The appearance of Santa Claus
Santa Claus, a white-haired old man, dressed in a red coat, with a long white beard, with a gift bag on his back or standing in a sleigh pulled by reindeer, is a very late image, imagined by Thomas Nast, an American cartoonist . The image has as a starting point St. Nicholas, making the Dutch and English settlers who left for America in the seventeenth century guilty. So, nothing from the Romanian tradition in the current image of Santa Claus, but, after 1960, this image was imposed all over the world, so we take it as such.
Christmas introduced people to a unique atmosphere, specific to both the end and the beginning, both sadness and especially joy. The way in which Santa Claus manages to bring gifts to all the children in the world in one night has come to concern the scientists, who have so far tried to prove that this is possible. And finally, they succeeded! Larry Silverberg, an American professor of mechanical and space engineering, is the first to prove that this road of hundreds of thousands of kilometers is perfectly possible. Larry Silverberg claims that in order to succeed in this journey, Santa Claus uses electromagnetic waves, but also computer science. Santa's sleeve aces include nanotechnology and genetic engineering. In order to find out what each child wants, Santa Claus has at his disposal an antenna in which the technology used in mobile telephony and EKG is integrated.
A very sophisticated system of filters allows Santa to find out where each child lives and what he wants and even how each child has behaved throughout the year. Once received, the data is processed by the high-performance sled navigation system, said Professor Larry Silverberg. However, how can Santa reach millions of homes in one night? -Using the spatio-temporal content-, the specialists answer.
Santa Claus knows that time can be stretched like a piece of rubber and that space can change. All this knowledge allows him to distribute gifts in an instant, explains the American scientist. Moreover, it seems that Santa Claus does not have a sleigh full of presents: when he enters a house, Santa uses his toy maker, so that they are made on the spot, atom by atom. In addition, Santa's reindeer are of a flying breed. Children should not give too much importance to those who say that Santa Claus cannot distribute all the gifts in one night. It is possible, moreover, that when I say this, I am relying on modern science, Silverberg said.
The origin of the name Christmas is uncertain
Christmas is one of the most anticipated holidays. In the six-week fast that precedes it, people are making numerous preparations, trying to properly welcome a celebration of such importance. There are several opinions about the popular name of the holiday, whether it comes from the Latin -creatio- - birth, or from the Slav -Karacun- - sudden death or spirit of death, or from the Albanian -Kercum- - stump. Specialists, given the main role played by the sacred stump, lit ritually on Christmas night to help the weakened Sun, lean towards a Thracian-Dacian origin of the holiday, this opinion is very close to the third variant mentioned by us. Obviously, accepting this origin, we must also accept the fact that the Christmas holiday has preserved a lot of pre-Christian elements, elements that had their full explanation in a mythical-magical way. It was not until 354 that Pope Liberius made December 25 official as the day of Jesus' birth, and in the East this happened in 379.
What to do on Christmas days
Many practices on the eve have as their main concern the cattle in the threshing floor, feeding them saturated food, as only on this night - Christ was born in the manger. Of all the dishes prepared, the housewife used to put a little in a bowl, with this full one surrounding the house three times; then the contents were given to the cattle, hoping that by doing so the cattle would be fed and prospered. The water left over from washing the dishes was given to the cattle to drink, sometimes on the third day of Christmas the animals were sprayed. In order for the cows to bear fruit, it was good not to borrow anything from the house during all this time, the fire and the leavened dough having to be very well guarded and not borrowed at all. Towards evening, everyone in the house sits around the table, this table being very special, with both the living and the dead participating in it. In some countries, no one was allowed to get up from the table until all the food was finished, otherwise the abundance would run away from home. Sometimes the man was allowed to get up, and he used to lock all the doors during the meal so that nothing would be stolen from his household next year. The woman who gets up from the table risks not having her shells on her eggs, one of her legs having to be well kept on an ax, if she wanted to have strong chicks like iron.
Calendar and family life habits are a perennial component of our traditional culture. The most widespread and most lavish proved to be those related to Christmas and the celebration of the New Year. Here are some superstitions:
- in some countries, on Christmas Eve, a cake and a glass of water are placed on the table, because it is believed that the souls of the dead come to their homes tonight, taste the cake and wet their mouths with water;
- on Christmas Eve, beekeepers do not give anything from the house, so that the bees will do well and not leave the hive during the swarm;
- on Christmas Eve it is not good to fight, not even in jest, with someone, because you make jokes in a year;
- where it is customary to cut the pig on Christmas day, the housewives prepare a dish of lean pork with onion and bacon, from which are feasted the first of the foreigners who step on the doorstep of the house, this dish is called -pork alms -;
- in some villages it is said that the woman who does not put Christmas on the table with the ciucalai tablecloth, on the walls with rags (embroidered) and on the bed with pillows on the bed is cursed is cursed;
- one week before Christmas, the preparations for caroling begin, culminating in the two days before the holidays, when the dishes are prepared and the interiors of the houses are decorated: table with embroidered face, ornate pillowcases, on the walls ornate wipes and blades, fir branches, basil;
- the dough kneaded on Christmas night is good for cattle;
- it is believed that at midnight, towards Christmas, the water turns into wine, and the cattle talk;
- on the two big holidays - Christmas and Easter- wash yourself with water in which silver money has been put and you will be penniless;
- it is not good to put brandy on the table first on Christmas Eve, because it is not his priority tonight, but the dishes;
- if you dream of green wheat for Christmas, it is a good sign that next year will be good for everyone;
- on Christmas Eve, the trees are tied with straw, so that these trees will bear rich fruit;
- On Christmas Eve, the breads are greased on top with a heap of wheat flour, so that they do not crack, and with the remaining heap, the trees in the garden are greased, so that they are loaded with fruit in the summer;
- on Christmas day they don't sweep the house, but the next day, and after you sweep that, take that garbage to the trees, because it helps them to be fruitful;
- The Christmas tree dresses in villages from the area in different aspects, differing from the Christmas tree with ornamental elements bought from the city. The most widespread was the tree with circles made of willow or wire twigs, covered in colored paper, over them are passed strings of string on which are strung white beans. White beans symbolize -cleaning the soul-;
- in other villages a tree was made adorned with short-cut wheat straw and strung on a string, delimited by popcorn. Some residents preferred the mistletoe tree, on which colored paper ribbons were applied;
- on Christmas Eve, children are given to eat pumpkin, so that they can be healthy all year round;
- The Christmas rolls were made in the shape of 8 and kept until spring, when the oxen and the plow were smoked and incense before plowing, then the rolls were eaten by plowmen;
- in the evening of December 23 to 24, until after midnight, and in some places until noon, groups of children go from house to house with carols: Santa Claus, Good morning, Christmas carol or Good morning to Santa Claus ;
- In some parts, the boys, but especially the church singers, walk with the icon on Christmas Eve - an icon on which is painted the birth of Jesus Christ.
Habits, old and new
On Christmas night it was believed that the sky was open, about the one who heard the roosters singing in the sky saying that he was lucky with money and that he would be healthy. For the petitioners, the big girls put a bowl on the porch under the window on the eve of the Eve, hoping that they would see him when he came to eat. Before going to bed, he wore a robe that had been under the threshold when the priest came out of the house, which favored the bear's dream. The people of old used to be very careful not to put out the fire on Christmas night, for this purpose they put a log or a log in the hearth.
The Christmas tree, coming from the same mythological chain, is not specific to the Romans, who took it, it seems, from the Germans, at the end of the 19th century. From the morning of Eve, the boys, usually in groups, started caroling. The traditional gifts consist mainly of rolls, also called carols, these Christmas rolls being attributed magical powers. Sometimes the nations would get rid of money or fruit. People always received carolers, because it was believed that when carols were no longer heard on earth, the devils would come out and take over the world, not receiving carolers was considered a great sin. In the water in which they washed before Christmas, people put a nut and a penny, believing that they would be as healthy as a nut and would be lucky with money. On Christmas days, parties were organized, known as -companies-, in which seven or eight couples participated, with food, drink, talking, singing and playing being the ingredients of good mood. It was passed from one householder to another and so on, until the next day, when the village resounded with songs. When people met on the roads, they used to greet each other with a formula that has disappeared today: -Christ was born! -
Christmas in Australia is as glorious as in any other part of the world, except it is not white. Usually during this period it is clear and warm, with temperatures between 25-38 degrees. In Australia, houses are decorated with lights and families decorate fir trees, usually borrowed from America, with many Australians opting for the artificial version. For Australians, mostly Catholics, Anglicans and Lutherans, Christmas Eve is an opportunity for religious gatherings. For Australians, Christmas is an opportunity to meet friends in the backyard, at a picnic, in the park, in the gardens or on the beach, with rich menus: seafood, glazed ham, cold chicken, duck or turkey, pasta, cakes with fruit or chocolate, ice cream.
In China, this holiday is celebrated only by Christians, who decorate houses with paper lanterns and decorate the Christmas tree, which they call -The Tree of Light-, with various paper objects, made by hand. Chinese children call Santa Claus, Dun Che Lao Ren. As most Chinese are not Christians, in this country, at the end of January, the real celebration begins, with the beginning of the Chinese New Year.
In Scotland, Christmas is not a real holiday. The Scots are reserved and keep their energy for New Year's Eve, Hogmanay. The word originates from the name of an oat cake once given to children on this day. As a former colony, Brazil has borrowed many end-of-year customs from this area. At Christmas, in shops, houses and churches, special places are arranged, called -presepium-, which show the place where Jesus was born. On the eve, Santa Claus arrives, full of presents, wearing a thin silk suit, suitable for the summer heat. The Christmas meal in Greece is rich in goodies, considering that for the Greeks a period of 40 days of fasting has ended. The housewives prepare a special bread, -christopsomo- (Christian bread). In Greece there is no custom of the Christmas tree. The symbol of this holiday is a wooden vessel in which are placed, in the water, twigs with bay leaves and a wooden cross.
In Iraq, on Christmas Eve, family members gather and one of the children reads about the birth of Jesus, while the others hold lighted candles in their hands, after which everyone sings, while setting fire to a thorn bush.
In Romania it is said that God left Christmas for man to be the village on this day. A specific custom for Estern Europe is for each family to slaughter a pig around the winter holidays, this event actually prefacing the approach of Christmas. This tradition passed down from generation to generation has its origins in the old archaic communities whose staple food, in the cold period of the year, was pork. Anyone who doesn't have a fat Christmas pig can't say they were happy that year. Always held on December 20, Ignat was and is associated with the pig. No pity should be witnessed in the slaughter of the pig, as there is a belief that the pig will die heavily, and the meat will no longer be good; it was even said that those who wailed the pig were angry with God! After the pig stopped moving, a cross was made in the shape of a cross, at the nape of the neck, salt was put over it, saying that only in this way the pig's soul would come out of its head.
Usually, the tail, the ears and the bladder were given to the children, the householders being especially interested in the spleen, this indicating to them, depending on the thickness, what the winter will be like; long-haired women had to eat this spleen! Finding blood clotted in the pig's heart makes the master very happy, which means good luck with money. If the pig was black, those who took part in the slaughter ate blood on their faces, hoping that they would be redder in the face and healthier all the following year. The same blood, collected in a bowl of corn, dry and ground, was good for smoking children with colds, lures, fear. Although Christianity associated the pig with intemperance and greed, for archaic communities this animal, especially through its blood, was one of the most important aids for revival.
For many of us, winter is our favorite season for the simple reason that it brings us directly to the magical holiday season.
December is also the first calendar month of winter, the month of the first snow, the month of gifts and the month in which we celebrate the most beautiful Holidays: Santa Claus, Christmas or New Year. It is the last month of the year, the month of rich meals with loved ones, the month of carols and good wishes, the month of plans for the coming year, but also the family month.
Most of us love and celebrate them according to our own customs and traditions, these being different from one area to another, but also from one country to another. Below are some of the most interesting customs or traditions celebrated by the peoples of Europe:
Christmas in Greece
In Greece, the birth of Jesus is celebrated on December 25. People go to bed early to attend the Christmas service, which begins at 4 p.m. When they return from church, the whole family shares honey, dried fruit, and Christopsomo ("Christ's Bread"), a kind of nut pie that the housewife prepared the night before and in which she made sure to leave her mark. fingers, symbol of the fingerprints of Christ, proof that he was born.
Gifts are not given at Christmas, but on January 1, when the Greeks celebrate St. Basil. This saint is, in fact, the one who brings the gifts. On Christmas Eve, New Year's Eve and Epiphany, Greek children go from house to house singing about the birth of Jesus, the coming of a new year, and the baptism of Jesus in exchange for a few coins.
Christmas in Italy
In Italy, the Christmas holiday lasts for 3 days (24, 25, 26), hence the "crib" - the scene of the Nativity of Jesus, which Italian families install 9 days before Christmas.
During this period, Italians offer sweets with the image of Santa Claus or Jesus to their loved ones, co-workers or neighbors. In Italy, however, Christmas traditions differ from region to region. In the north of the country, the gifts are brought by Santa Claus (Santa Claus) or Little Jesus (Gesu Bambino), on December 25. Elsewhere, they are brought by St. Lucia on December 13.
Christmas in Poland
In Poland, the Christmas period ("Gwiazdka" or "little star") is dedicated to the regeneration of the vital forces of the world, that is, of humans, animals and nature, in order to fulfill the cycle of the passage of time, in the best conditions.
Modern traditions associate magic, New Year's blessings, home decoration, and symbols of reconciliation. Christmas carols are still very much present during this period. In some regions, carolers, groups of children or teenagers, will go from house to house with multicolored stars and scenes of the Nativity of Jesus.
For the preparation of Christmas food, a few straws are slipped under the tablecloth to remind them that Jesus was born in a manger. Before they start eating, all those seated at the table share the unleavened bread (oplatek), marked with scenes of the Lord's birth, and wish them well.
Christmas in Bulgaria
In Bulgaria, Christmas ("Koleda") begins at 12 o'clock at night, when young girls prepare a special bread ("Krava") for their favorite "Koledar" (carol). "Koledarii" are young unmarried or newlyweds, who, dressed in traditional clothes, hold in their hands a "Koledarka", a large carved oak stick. They go around the village and stop at each house to make wishes and to receive gifts specially prepared for them. The Christmas holiday lasts until dawn.
Christmas in Germany
The Germans call Christmas "Weihnachten", which means "solemn night", or "Heiligenachten" - "holy night". It is evoked, then, not the birth of Christ, as in Latin countries, but the service at midnight on Christmas.
From the first Sunday of Advent, the Christmas fairs invade the city markets, thus starting the end-of-year holidays. The Advent wreath, made in the family, with green branches that celebrate nature, is placed, in these days, in houses. On it are either four candles, which will be lit successively every Sunday of Advent, or 24 bags of sweets and goodies that will be tasted daily in the family.
Until Christmas, the Germans visit, as a family, the countless biblical scenes of the Nativity of Jesus, in miniature or life-size, figurative or animated, built everywhere.
Christmas in Denmark
Christmas in Denmark is a holiday that is shared with family and friends. Advent festivities begin four weeks before Christmas. The wreath of green branches is made with family or friends and every Sunday is an opportunity to take part in festive meals, in the company of loved ones.At the beginning of December, all the houses and apartments are lit in red, either with a candle or with lanterns made of various materials. Whether they are fir trees or other trees, the trees in front of the houses are also lighted, and the balconies of the apartments are decorated.
Therefore, the spirit of Christmas is found in every place and has a special meaning for each of us.
How do you celebrate this holiday?
New Year's Eve holds the record for most seniority. The Babylonians were celebrating the New Year 6,000 years ago, in the first nine months after the solstice. The festival lasted 11 days, with various activities taking place every day. Then people, as now, set goals for the new year, reports Agerpres.
A common custom among the Babylonians was the return of borrowed agricultural equipment. On this occasion, the king went through a ritual of repentance and was stripped of power to spend three days in isolation and in prayer. When he returned to the world, restoration ceremonies were organized to provide him with the support of nature.
In Ireland, single girls believe that the night between the years is an opportunity to find their true love. They place the mistletoe under the pillow dreaming of the magical moment when they will meet their chosen one. The mistletoe also drives away evil spirits. In terms of politics, it is believed in Ireland that the night wind between the years can predict the future of the country. If it blows from the west, it will bring prosperity, if it blows from the east, the British will dominate politics.
Polka dot clothes and round dishes seem to be the choice of Filipinos for the balance of the years. They believe that they will prosper because round points invoke coins. Also, throwing coins at midnight means plenty of revenue growth.
In Ecuador, midnight crow scarecrows are made. Each family has its own scarecrow filled with newspapers and pieces of wood, which it burns in front of the house. Tradition says that this destroys all the evil accumulated in the past 12 months, paving the way for happiness. In this country there is also the superstition that the yellow lingerie worn on New Year's Eve brings optimism next year.
The Chileans, more precisely the inhabitants of the city of Talca, celebrate their New Year with their dead relatives. The gates of the cemetery open at 11 o'clock at night, and the locals are greeted by muted classical music and dim lights, turning the cemetery into a festive place.
Better known is the American habit of sharing a passionate kiss with a loved one at midnight, which is believed to erase unpleasant memories of the past, paving the way for a future full of love.
Brazilians welcome the new year with very colorful underwear. They usually wear cheerful shades of red and yellow in hopes of attracting luck and a possible partner. Wishes for wealth and love are expressed through lingerie. Outdoor fires are lit on Paulista Boulevard at midnight. In such a celebration, fireworks are the harbingers of the new year.
In many parts of Europe, the tradition has been that the first person to enter one's house after midnight should bring a gift, a coin for prosperity, a loaf of bread for abundance, salt for flavor, or strength for good will. It is preferred that this "first footer" be a man with dark hair.
The island of Madeira in Portugal holds the record for the most glorious New Year's party. In 2007, 8,000 fireworks were launched per minute until a total of 600,000 was reached. Tourists from all over the world gather to watch the dizzying show. Here it is customary to eat 12 figs on New Year's Eve, which symbolizes 12 wishes for the coming year.
The tradition of prom in the Habsburg era has been preserved at the Austrian Imperial Salon. At midnight the "Blue Danube" resounds, and Strauss's "Bat" is always staged. The participants in the ceremony have pork on the table, a sign of luck. And the tables are decorated with chocolate piglets. The children pour molten lead into a tub, and a clairvoyant reads the shapes of the lead. If the metal forms a sphere, it means that the New Year brings luck and prosperity, if it takes the form of an anchor, it means that people will need help to overcome difficulties.
In China, the New Year is celebrated on the second new month of the solstice. Firecrackers and firecrackers are said to drive away evil spirits. Fabulous dragons and lions dance in the streets. People dress in red, the brightest of colors, and children receive red envelopes with money. Tangerines are also offered for luck, but only in even numbers. Another New Year's tradition is for people to come out and shout their wishes for the coming year. At the same time, he has to throw food as high as possible.
In Greece, a special bread called "Vasilopita" is served on New Year's Eve. A penny is hidden inside it when it is put in the oven. The bread is cut exactly at midnight and whoever receives the piece with the prize will be lucky next year. Here, the New Year's Day is dedicated to Saint Basil, famous for his kindness. Children leave their shoes by the fireplace on New Year's Eve to receive gifts from the good saint.
France celebrates the holiday called "Le Réveillon" with luxury food, champagne and gifts.
In Turkey, gifts are exchanged during a celebration of traditional Turkish food.
In Spain there is a tradition of eating 12 grapes at midnight on New Year's Eve. Each represents a month of the following year. Depending on how sweet it is, so will the month: better or harder. For brides, New Year's Eve is an opportunity to slip their wedding ring into the champagne glass and collide.
In Venezuela, those looking for a soulmate wear red underwear.
The most popular New Year's Eve drink is champagne. Everywhere in Europe and America it is accompanied by toast. In Russia, a drink of vodka, lemon juice and tap water is called "dirty water" and is drunk to stop bad luck. The Russians usually open the doors and windows for the new year to enter the house.
It is customary for people to kiss under the mistletoe at midnight on New Year's Eve. It can be considered a romantic gesture, but it is also a greeting for the New Year among people wishing them a happy new year, health and luck.
In Scotland, the New Year is called "Hogmanay", and in some villages rolls of tar are lit, which are then left to roll on the streets. Thus, the old year is burned and the new one is allowed to come. The Scots believe that the first person to enter the house on New Year's Eve will bring either luck or bad luck. The new year will be lucky if this person is a brunette man who brings a gift. "Auld Lang Syne", one of the most popular New Year's songs among English speakers, also appeared in Scotland. The song was first published by the poet Robert Burns in 1796 in the Scots Musical Museum.
In Liege, Belgium, on January 1, it is customary to eat choucroute (a kind of sauerkraut with sausages) as a family, with a coin under the plate, in your hand or in your pocket, to have money all year round.
In Naples, Italy, the New Year is celebrated with a special custom, which consists of throwing old objects, symbols of the past year, out the window. Thus, furniture, dishes, clothes, etc. they end up on the street, to the chagrin of the garbage collectors, who have to cross at night to clean up. On New Year's Eve, called "Capodanno", Italians usually put special dishes on the table, which are said to bring wealth and abundance.
In the Netherlands, the Oudejaarsdag or "last year's day" (December 31) is celebrated with many fireworks, which start at dawn and last until late at night. In fact, this is the only day that fireworks are allowed, they are on sale only three days before the New Year
In Hebrew, the New Year means "Rosh Hashanah." It is a sacred time when people think about what they have done wrong in the past and promise to be better in the future. Special ceremonies take place in the synagogues, where the shofar is played, a special instrument. The children receive new clothes, and the meal must include fruits and flour products, to remind them of the harvest time.
In India, the New Year is celebrated differently depending on the region. In West Bengal, people are adorned with flowers, which they color in red, pink, purple or white. Women wear yellow clothes, the color of spring. In southern India, mothers put food, flowers and gifts in a special box for children. On New Year's Eve, children should keep their eyes closed until they are led by hand to the gift box. In Central India, orange flags adorn all buildings on New Year's Day.
In Vietnam, the New Year is called "Tet Nguyen Dan" or simply "Tet". The Vietnamese believe that a god lives in every house, and on New Year's Day he goes to heaven. There, he says how good or bad each family member was last year. The god travels on the back of a carp, which is why Vietnamese people usually buy a live carp on New Year's Eve, which they let go of.
In Japan, people spend a whole week preparing for the coming of the new year. The house must be thoroughly cleaned to prevent the appearance of any evil spirits. All debts must be paid and, above all, all disputes resolved and mistakes forgiven.
For the Japanese, the New Year, called "Oshogatsu", is one of the most important holidays and a symbol of renewal. "Forget-me-not parties" or "Bonenkai" are organized, in which people leave behind the problems and worries of the year that are about to end and prepare for a new beginning. Misunderstandings and animosities are forgotten. On December 31st, at midnight, families go to the nearest temple to share sake (traditional drink, no.) And to witness the 108 gong blows announcing the passage of the new year (this figure represents the number of sins accumulated in -a soul throughout the year, and the gong blows symbolize the banishment of sins one by one and the purification of souls). On January 1, children receive otoshidamas - small gifts with money inside. On New Year's Day, dreams and wishes are written on a piece of paper.
Unmarried women in Belarus are waiting for New Year's Eve to find out if they will get married. They hold a few grains of corn in their hand, with which they lure a rooster. According to tradition, the girl whose rooster crouches will get married next year.
In the US, the New Year is expected on the streets of cities, as in Canada. Everyone celebrates the start of the New Year at traditional parties, sometimes at masquerade balls when everyone comes in a themed costume and with masks (according to tradition, guests have to take off their masks at midnight). Also at midnight, the bells and sirens sound, the sky is flooded with fireworks and everyone shouts in a "Happy New Year!" In New York, a 100-year-old tradition has been to throw a ball into Times Square. This is also the case in Hong Kong, Sydney, Rio de Janeiro, San Antonio and Sacramento, California. In other areas, various things are thrown to mark the New Year: in Easton (Maryland) - a crab, in Atlanta (Georgia) - a peach, in New Orleans - a pot.
For some unknown reason, some people treat animals worse than things. We will never understand what motivates them, but, fortunately, in contrast to their heartlessness, there are kind people who are always ready to come to the aid of animals. A dog named Mo was found by volunteers from Mission Pawsible in a gutter in Bali, where she was hiding from people. The hind legs of the dog were tied with a cord, and the muzzle was tied with tape, because of which it was very starved and was dying. It is believed that she was lucky to fall out of a motorcycle owned by dog meat traders.
Mo immediately after she was found
The dog was lucky not to fall victim to the illegal dog meat trade in Bali.
The dog was found in the sewers, where she was hiding from people, being on the verge of life and death
Despite the very poor physical condition, Mo's main problem was her muzzle, which the dog catchers rewound with duct tape. The duct tape cut off circulation and her flesh died off. The dog was urgently taken to surgery, where his face was carefully stitched up using skin transplantation. Rescuers did not know if Mo would be able to survive the operation, but the dog regained consciousness and began to wag its tail.
Her muzzle was sealed with duct tape, and her hind legs were tied with a lace
Doctors stitched up Mo's face, for which they even had to transplant skin
Doctors along with the rescue team were not sure if Mo would survive this operation.
But Mo was a real fighter and soon after waking up she was already wagging her tail.
Through love, treatment and time, Mo began to recover
Trust in people has returned to her again.
The circulation in the face was restored and she could feel her nose again.
Mo started to gain weight
Confidence returned to the dog and it seemed to shine from within
Despite the pain and betrayal from people, she again learned to trust them.
She was again able to become the adorable dog she was before this sad incident.
Soon Mo found a new home and a loving family.
She even has a company
Now Mo's life is filled with love, care, toys and lots of goodies.
As soon as she got into a new house, she immediately slept for 10 hours in a row.
She is happy and often plays with other animals.
And receives many kisses and hugs from his loving masters
We hope that Mo can forever forget about what she went through, and she will always play happily, as in these photos.
20+ photos of unusual things to expand your horizons, which will again prove that the world is an amazing place
We see the world around us every day, but often we simply do not notice its magnificence because of the constant rush and fuss in which we are forced to be. But there are situations that make you stop and say "wow," and these are some of them.
"The old estate near my house has been converted to McDonald's, and this fast food restaurant looks like it's from a different dimension."
"I came across a bare ice cream cone that they forgot to put in a waffle cone."
Have you ever seen round dice? It even sounds wrong
This icicle looks like it is floating in the air, but in fact it is held by several strands of web.
"One of our chickens just laid a huge egg with another egg inside."
Copper chloride dyed paper towel that now looks like a lettuce leaf
"I have a non-central pupil since birth"
This is what the lower leg of a spurred turtle looks like.
"I have grown a carrot that looks like a finger."
This coleus decided to give its roots the shape of a vase in which it was
"Our cat had its side hair shaved off for neutering, and here's the drawing that was underneath."
Redlove apples have not only red skin, but also the flesh of the same color.
The power line fell and was so hot it melted the sidewalk and turned the sand underneath into glass
And this is the skull of a platypus, which looks very frightening
"My peeler turns the peel into pixels that look like a glitch in the matrix."
"The ice on the wheels of my car formed in such a way that it looked like a sea urchin."
The shadow on the stairs looks like another staircase
"I was photographing the street when lightning struck."
This is a hammerhead salamander you have hardly met in real life.
Egg yolk that survived from the mixer
This cat's name is Maya and she is not at all like her relatives. But look how cute she is!
And finally, the most ordinary store with a very relaxed and uninteresting view of the ancient Viking well of the 11th century right next to the toilet paper department
St. Patrick's Day: Everyone wears green and drinks a lot of beer, the history and traditions of the holiday
March 17 has a special significance for the Irish. It is one of the most important days of the year, because they celebrate St. Patrick. Originally a Catholic holiday, today this festival is rather dedicated to the entire Irish culture and is celebrated with pomp in both Ireland and the United Kingdom, as well as in the United States. Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts and history details for you.
Saint Patrick was born in the 4th century in Roman Britain, but was captured by the Irish and held captive on the island for 6 years. At that time he dedicated himself to religion, and tradition says that he had a divine revelation by which God asked him to Christianize the Irish. After escaping from captivity, he returned to Ireland in 432 and began the Christianization process of the Irish, hitherto followers of polytheism. According to Irish folklore, he used the clover leaf to explain the Christian doctrine of the Holy Trinity.
Although St. Patrick was followed by many other missionaries, he remained the leading champion of Irish Christianity. Initially, the associated color of St. Patrick was blue, but later green, the symbol color of Ireland, began to be used. The custom of wearing green bows and clovers to celebrate March 17 (the day of his death) dates back to the seventeenth century.
National holiday from the 9th-10th centuries
The feast of St. Patrick was celebrated by the Irish as a kind of national day since the ninth and tenth centuries, but the official day was included in the Catholic calendar only in the early seventeenth century. In 1903, St. Patrick's Day became a national holiday in Ireland, and the St. Patrick's Festival appeared in the 1990s.
All the customs related to this holiday revolve around the color green. Everyone wears green clothes, clovers and, because it's Ireland, they drink beer. Guinness has even launched a special edition of their beer, the Green Edition. And the Irish diaspora around the world is celebrating today, with the most important activities taking place in America. For 40 years, the city of Chicago - with a significant segment of the population of Irish origin - has been manifesting its spirit of celebration by turning the Chicago River green (with the help of a vegetable paint).
In Ireland, although this holiday usually falls on Lent, the Catholic Church accepts meat on March 17 because, according to tradition, on St. Patrick's Day the Irish go to church in the morning, then organize a big feast in honor of their patron. spiritual.
SAINT PATRICK'S DAY: the two visions
St. Patrick's is Ireland's most beloved and well-known saint. Saint Patrick, the luminary of Ireland, was born around 381 AD in a village called Bannaven Taberniae. St. Patrick comes from a family of altar servants - his grandfather Potitus was a priest and his father Calpurnius a deacon.
The name Patrick or Patrichie means a great man in Latin. From the account of his life, we learn that at the age of 16 he ends up forgetting about God. When he reached this age, his village was looted by pirates, and he was sold into slavery in Ireland. He becomes a shepherd on Mount Slemish in Antrim County. Going into captivity completely changed his life. From the rich and carefree young man, comes the person who said at least a hundred prayers at night and as many during the day.
St. Patrick had two visions: in the first he was shown that he would return home, and in the second he was told that his ship was ready. The revelation made by God is fulfilled, so that after six years spent in captivity, he manages to return to his parents.
The Saint Patrick’s Day parade is a tradition both in Ireland and abroad. After the great famine of the 19th century, caused by the lack of potatoes, a wave of migrants left Ireland, and the parade of Saint Patrick’s Day became their way of manifesting their identity. Starting from the tradition, parades began to be organized all over the world, which came to include all those who share the same values.
Ireland celebrates March 17 every year on St. Patrick's Day, the spiritual patron saint of the Irish. This day is marked with great pomp not only in Ireland, but throughout the world, in Irish communities. Each family prepares a traditional dinner with beef and cabbage dishes.
The legend of the saint who patronizes Ireland
As for the biography of St. Patrick, the true story intertwines harmoniously with the legend. It is known that St. Patrick was born in Scotland and was abducted and sold to Ireland as a slave. He became a deacon, then a priest and ended up as a bishop. Arriving on the mainland, he was sent back by the Pope to preach the gospel. He traveled mainly to the Celtic settlements, as evidenced by the fact that today many places in Wales, Cornwall, Scotland and Ireland bear his name.
Legend and history become even more difficult to separate when various sources speak of St. Patrick standing on top of a hill and - with the help of a stick - throwing snakes into the sea, forbidding them forever to return to the shores of Ireland. Patrick became known in the world as the one who saved Ireland from snakes. It is true that there are no snakes in Ireland today, but it seems that there has never been one, at least since the island is separated from the mainland. It is probably a symbol of the end of pagan practices in those places.
Regardless of the weather, March 17 was considered spring day, as St. Patrick promised to tame the weather from that date. For this reason, during this period, Irish farmers began to grow potatoes.
Later, he meets Saint German, the bishop of the city, in Auxerre. He has another dream, in which he is asked to go to Ireland. He asked St. German for advice on the dream, and because he had prayed to God to give him a person to replace St. Palladium, he saw in this dream a response from God. We point out that the Holy Palladium had left Ireland less than a year after his ordination, because of the cruelty of the Irish.
He was ordained a bishop and in 432 left the monastery of Auxerre with some companions for Ireland. Surrounded by pagans, St. Patrick had many trials.
The Druids will be dissatisfied with the presence of St. Patrick and will send Dichu to kill him. He stiffens as he raises his sword to kill him. St. Patrick unleashes him from the unseen power that held him in place. In response to the miracle performed, Dichiu will offer the saint a shelter in which he will celebrate the Holy Mass. After this miracle, many Irish people received faith in Christ. Later, he and his disciples baptized the entire country.
St. Patrick passed away on March 17, around 480. He is depicted in iconography holding a clover (a three-leafed plant), a symbol of the Holy Trinity, one God in being, but three in person. It is celebrated every year, on March 17.
St. Patrick's Day is celebrated not only in Ireland, but in many countries around the world. The most important festival is considered to be the one in Dublin, in Leinster.