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How Martin Luther King's Day became a federal holiday, facts and history

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how-martin-luther-kings-day-became-a-federal-holiday-facts-and-history

This whole nation honors the leader's contributions to civil rights.


Martin Luther King is best known for his contributions to the American civil rights movement. Although the adoption of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution freed blacks from slavery in 1865, they still suffered significant discrimination and legal sanctions almost a century later. In the 1950's, King and other concerned citizens began to protest against this unequal state of affairs. King quickly emerged as a leader because of his strong speeches and charismatic personality.


King simply did not know how to gather people to the cause. He was also a brilliant tactician and knew how to do things. He believed that equality should be achieved through peaceful means. This was partly due to practical concerns, as he was concerned that white Americans would never cooperate with a violent movement and partly because of his strong Christian faith. King's main tactics were marches, sit-ins, and other forms of civil disobedience. Police frequently reacted violently, but his followers remained peaceful.



King's first major success was organizing the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955. African Americans and their white supporters refused to ride buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregation. This would eventually lead to a lawsuit in which the United States Supreme Court ordered Montgomery to disintegrate its buses.


King continued to organize protests throughout the 1950s and 1960s, but his most famous may be the Washington March. The march drew 250,000 supporters, and King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech, which is considered one of the most famous speeches in American history. The event gained massive support, and only a year later, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was enacted to outlaw racial discrimination and segregation.


Not everyone was happy with King's success. He received many death threats over the years and even survived an assassination attempt. In 1968, he was in Memphis, Tennessee, to support the striking workers who were protesting against the lower wages and unfair working conditions experienced by black employees. While sitting on the balcony of his hotel room, he was shot by James Earl Ray, a white man who was supporting the separation. King was rushed to the hospital, but died later that night at the age of 39.



After King's death, his supporters were eager to ensure that his legacy would not be forgotten. They started campaigning for a vacation in his honor. King had been a staunch supporter of labor rights, so some of the first appearances of the holiday were in bargaining contracts between unions and employers. Michigan Democratic Congressman John Conyers also spoke in Congress about creating a holiday just four days after King's death, but received no political support at the time. However, he continued to persist and reintroduced his bill each year.


On November 2, 1983, President Ronald Reagan signed a bill to make Martin Luther King's Day a federal holiday, effective January 20, 1986. As a result of this bill, Americans commemorate his birthday. Few Americans are aware of the history of Martin Luther King's day and the long struggle to persuade Congress to establish this holiday in recognition of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.


John Conyers and MLK Day



Congressman John Conyers, an African-American Democrat from Michigan, led the movement to establish MLK Day. Rep. Conyers worked in the civil rights movement in the 1960s and was elected to Congress in 1964, where he supported the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Four days after King's assassination in 1968, Conyers introduced a bill that would make January 15 to be a federal holiday in honor of King. But Congress was not impressed by Conyers' enthusiasm, and although he continued to revive the bill, he was unsuccessful in Congress.


In 1970, Conyers persuaded the governor of New York and the mayor of New York to commemorate the king's birthday, a move that St. Louis emulated in 1971. Other localities followed, but by the 1980s, Congress acted on Conyers' bill. Meanwhile, the congressman enlisted the help of popular singer Stevie Wonder, who released the song "Happy Birthday" for the king in 1981.


Conyers also organized holiday marches in 1982 and 1983.

Congress fights over MLK Day.



Conyers was finally successful when he reintroduced the bill in 1983. But even in 1983, support was not unanimous. In the House of Representatives, William Dannemeyer, a California Republican, led the opposition to the bill, arguing that it was too expensive to create a federal holiday and estimated that it would cost the federal government $ 225 million annually in lost productivity.


The Reagan administration agreed with Dannemeyer's arguments, but Parliament passed the bill with 338 votes to 90.


When the bill reached the Senate, the arguments against the bill were less grounded in economics and more dependent on total racism. Senator Jesse Helms, a Democrat from North Carolina, took a stand against the bill and asked the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to publish its files on King, saying that King was a communist who did not deserve the honor of a holiday. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) investigated the king in the late 1950s and 1960s at the request of his boss, J. Edgar Hoover, and even attempted intimidation tactics against King, sending a note to the civil rights leader in 1965. to avoid embarrassing personal revelations that hit the media.



The king, of course, was not a communist and had not broken federal laws, but by challenging the status quo, the king and the civil rights movement disappointed the Washington institution. The accusations of communism were a popular way to discredit those who dared to speak the truth during the 1950s and 1960s, and King's opponents used this tactic liberally.


When Helms tried to revive the tactic, Reagan defended him. A reporter asked Reagan about the Communists' violation of the king, and Reagan said the Americans would be around 35 years old, referring to the time before any material the FBI gathered on a subject could be released. Reagan later apologized, and a federal judge blocked the release of the king's FBI files.


Conservatives in the Senate have also tried to change the name of the bill on "National Civil Rights Day", but have failed to do so. The bill passed the Senate with a vote of 78 for and 22 against. Reagan capitulated, signing the bill into law.


First Day MLK



The king's wife, Coretta Scott King, chaired the commission responsible for creating the first celebration of the king's birthday in 1986. Although she was disappointed that she did not receive more support from the Reagan administration, the result included a week of commemoration. starting in January.


11, 1986 and lasts until the holiday itself on January 20th. The events took place in cities such as Atlanta and Washington, DC and paid homage to the Georgia State Capitol and the dedication of a bust of the king to the US Capitol.


Some southern states protested against the new holiday by including confederation commemorations on the same day, but by the 1990s the holiday was established throughout the United States.


Reagan's proclamation of the holiday on January 18, 1986, explained the reason for the holiday: "This year marks the first birthday of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 's birthday as a national holiday. We are glad that in his life In short, Dr. King, through his preaching, example, and leadership, has helped us move closer to the ideals on which America was founded ... He challenged us to make America's promise of freedom, equality, opportunity and brotherhood. "


It took a long 15-year struggle, but Conyers and his supporters successfully won the king's national recognition for his service to the country and to humanity.


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compilation-of-best-30-melania-trump-memes-that-are-too-funny-to-ignore

Melania Trump (born Melanija Knavs, Germanized Melania Knauss, born April 26, 1970, Novo Mesto, Socialist Republic of Slovenia, RSF Yugoslavia is a jewelry and watch designer, former model and American businesswoman of Slovenian origin.

 

She has been married since 2005 to US billionaire Donald Trump, a former real estate businessman and former US president. Born in Yugoslavia (now Slovenia), she became a permanent resident of the United States in 2001 and a citizen in 2006.

 

The first lady of the USA, Melania Trump, reacted on Twitter more than 24 hours after the media projections showed that Donald Trump lost the race for a new mandate at the White House.

 

Sources quoted by CNN said, before this tweeet, that Melania Trump would have tried to convince the incumbent president to publicly accept her defeat.

 

According to the projections, the democratic candidate Joe Biden gathered over 270 electoral votes, the minimum number to ensure his election.

 

However, Trump has challenged this result and is accused of voting fraud, even if, according to the Federal Electoral Commission, there is no evidence to that effect.

 

He announced that his campaign team will go to court on Monday to challenge the counting of votes they consider "illegal".

 

Still through the time of being the first lady, there appeared a lot of funny memes with Melania. Bemorepanda collected the funniets one.

 

1.This look

 

2.How Melania sees the world

 

3.When you marry a millionaire

 

4.Blink twice

 

5.Help Melania

 

6.The only good moment of this inauguration

 

7.Stop sending this

 

8.It makes sense now

 

9.Smiling at Putin

 

10.Upgraiding to Putin

 

11.The reason is clear

 

12.Cheating on Melania

 

13.If he goes blind

 

14.Devotion to America

 

15.Delete Trump account

 

16.Signaling something?

 

17.A sugar daddy

 

18.Russian dolls

 

19.That's pretty funny

 

20.Melania loves Trudeau

 

21.Looks like even Melania is thinking of an escape

 

22.Fantasy moment

 

23.Dress for the jos you want

 

24.A black widow

 

25.Can I copy your homework?

 

26.I had a degree

 

27.Being the first lady

 

28.Trusted speech writers

 

29.Date a rich guy

 

30.Be nice to Melania

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the-funniest-memes-that-will-cheer-you-up-at-the-time-of-the-america-2020-elections

The counting of votes has not yet ended in six key states to determine the next four-year term in the White House. In this election, more than other times, the counting of votes is prolonged, in a race that is already very close between Trump and Biden.

 

Although the polls have closed, and in many American states it is already clear in which camp the voters appointed to represent the popular vote will vote, there is still a long way to go before a winner is established. Because in some states the votes are still being counted, and in others they have not even started counting the votes cast in advance, by correspondence or in person.

 

But there are six states that everyone is watching now, because the results here will determine who occupies the White House Oval Office for the next four years. Joe Biden needs to win three of them and not lose in the ones that still have votes, while Donald Trump would need to win four of these states, to ensure his victorious threshold of 270 votes of electors.

 

That's why Bemorepanda decided to cheer you up with memes, until we wait for the results from the vote!

 

1.If 2020 was a presidential election

 

2.I learn a lot from watching TV

 

4.That's what you did

 

5.The Founding Fathers

 

6.Passing a test

 

7.No sign of intelligence

 

8.This year election

 

9.Presidential debate

 

10.Voting now

 

11.Sleeping after elections

 

12.Give him a condom

 

13.Get ready everybody

 

14.1month to learn how government works

 

15.Which one you choose?

 

16.Old man yells

 

17.Who are you voting for?

 

18.Things that died in 2016

 

19.Memes for everything

 

20.No matter who you vote for

 

 

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this-town-is-electing-dogs-as-its-mayor-since-its-founding

The new mayor of Rabbit Hash, USA, with a population of 426, is Wilbur, a six-month-old French bulldog, NBC News reports.

 

The village of the American state of Kentucky has a strange tradition of choosing canine candidates, and Wilbur is the last dog elected mayor in this town in the United States of America.

 

"Rabbit Hash has never had a real person or a man as mayor," Wilbur owner Amy Noland told NBC News.

 

She said the tradition emerged in the late 1990s when a man thought it "would be a great idea to choose an animal, not necessarily a dog, as the mayor of the village" at a fundraiser for the city's history association.

Noland states that the village has a thriving community of canine lovers, she being one of them. The woman revealed

 

The woman revealed that she has two more adopted dogs besides the French bulldog, but that Wilbur is an "anomaly" because he is registered as thoroughbred. "He was so nice," Noland explains.

 

The owner of the 6-month-old puppy claims that she registered Wilbur in the election race due to "all the negative news from all over America, and the presidential election, and Covid-19, so I wanted Wilbur to be something positive in the media."

 

Rabbit Hash had five more dogs as mayor since the first, Goofy. The last one, a pit bull named Brynn, was mayor between 2016 and 2020.

 

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20-key-facts-about-area-51-that-you-should-know-bemorepanda

Area 51 has been in the public eye over time through military activities and, obviously, through conspiracies related to aliens.

 

In recent months, Area 51 has been in the public eye because of interns who planned to storm it. Over time, the area has attracted public attention through the military activities that have taken place here and the conspiracy theories that certain individuals have maintained.

 

Bemorepanda has created a list of 20 facts about everything you need to know about Area 51.

 

1. The name

The name Area 51 was given by officials who oversaw nuclear tests in the 1950s and was used on military maps of the region. For these tests was created in the desert, 100 kilometers from Las Vegas, Nevada Test Site, now known as the Nevada National Security Site. In these areas delimited by the military authorities, several hundred nuclear weapons tests took place, of which about 100 took place outdoors.

 

2. UFOs

To a greater or lesser extent, Area 51 has been in the public eye since the nuclear tests. However, worldwide fame came in the 1980s, when Robert Lazar told a Las Vegas television station that he was working on S-4, a base near Area 51 as part of a flying saucer reverse engineering project. .

 

When these statements were made public, they sparked a growing interest in the activities taking place in Area 51. However, not long after, the whole story that Robert Lazar built was dismantled. Thus, investigators were able to prove that he did not work at Los Alamos Laboratories and that he had not graduated from MIT or Caltech.

 

3. Access forbidden

Currently, the US Army uses the Area for aircraft testing and therefore its entire perimeter is continuously patrolled. Colloquially, these guards are called by the locals and the press "camouflaged boys" because of the equipment they use. Unfortunately for the military who are part of these patrols, this activity proves to be extremely dangerous, some of them claiming that they suffer from breathing problems due to the compounds used to make the aircraft "invisible" on radar.

 

4. Landing

Landing, in turn, has attracted the attention of people interested in conspiracy theories. In a 1974 book, "We Never Went to the Moon: America's Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle," Bill Kaysing argued that all images of Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were made in Area 51.

 

Theories about a false landing have been dismantled over the decades, the only link between Area 51 and the Apollo program is testing some of the space equipment in Nevada.

 

5. Military base

Area 51 is currently part of the Nevada Test and Training Range (NTTR), which is under the authority of the Nellis Base of the United States Air Force. Officials in this part of the US military say the military base covers about 1.2 million hectares.

 

6. Functions of Area 51

The Nevada Test and Training Range, of which the Area is a part, is used to train military pilots for combat scenarios. In the past, this base has been used to test and design military technologies: airplanes, helicopters and drones. One of the most famous "products" of this base is the U-2 spy plane, used for high altitude espionage.

 

7. The desert community

While the U.S. military was working on U-2 spy planes, engineer Kelly Johnson proposed building a settlement for the staff working on the project and their families. This place was called Paradise Ranch.

 

8. Conspiracies

For ufologists and those who believe in various conspiracy theories, Area 51 is proving to be an endless source of mysteries. The truth is that the lack of transparency that military activities and espionage raise is at the source of these conspiracy theories. Naturally, the multitude of resources that the American government allocates to this base and the relative silence regarding the activities that take place there raise a series of questions whose answers can be transformed into conspiracy theories.

 

According to declassified CIA documents, most of the UFOs that were reported in the area were, in fact, U-2 aircraft under test.

 

9. Continuous activity

After the U-2 program, Area 51 was used for other military espionage programs. These projects include the Lockheed A-12 Oxcart and D-21 Tagboard aircraft.

 

Satellite images show that Area 51 is still used today, with the addition of various buildings and facilities to the base. In 2016, images from Google Earth showed that a new runway was built, with security experts believing that it would be used for drones.

 

10. It is not a tourist attraction

As the last few months have shown, internet users are more than happy to enter the territory of Area 51. However, any attempt to enter the territory of this base is discouraged by the military. Those who enter without permission risk six months in prison and $ 1,000 fines.

 

11. Soviet engineering

Although there is no evidence that Alien 51 experimented with extraterrestrial technology, documents declassified in 2013 showed that the United States obtained and tested Soviet MiG fighter jets in the 1970s and 1980s.

 

12.The Roswell phenomenon

However, the public perception that the US government is hiding evidence of alleged extraterrestrial visits to Earth also originated in Roswell, New Mexico, more than 70 years ago.

 

In July 1947, a flying object made of thin metal foil crashed near a farm in Roswell during a storm. The Air Force quickly picked up the remains on the spot for research. A local newspaper, the Roswell Daily Record, published an article about a "flying saucer" or "flying saucer" found on the farm.

 

13.The Mogul Project

The Mogul project successfully discovered a nuclear activity of the Russians, until it was closed in 1950. The balloons used were made of polyethylene, according to the Times, a material unknown at the time and which was the basis for the release of meteorological equipment into the atmosphere, later. The balloons were not very suitable for monitoring nuclear explosions, but they proved to be very good for radio communications.

 

14.U-2 spy plane project

From the documents declassified by the CIA, it results that in the period 1954-1974 two spy plane projects were developed: the U-2 aircraft project and the Oxcart project (construction of the Lockheed A-12 spy planes).

 

An interesting fact reported by the CIA document on U-2 planes is President Eisenhower's desire to recruit only foreign nationals for espionage missions. In the event of a U.2 plane crash, the US could have denied its involvement in the activity carried out by the respective foreign pilot.

 

15.Drone program

Area 51 is currently undergoing a program to build new drones, military equipment that has become increasingly in demand by the U.S. military and intelligence services, especially in the war on terror that has followed terrorist attacks in the United States. September 11, 2001. The American drone program came to the fore in 2002, through the tragic event in Yemen, where a drone accidentally killed 13 people who were part of a wedding procession.

 

16.Existence of Area 51

The US government officially recognized the existence of the base only in 2013, with the publication by the CIA of declassified documents on the U-2 and A-12 reconnaissance and espionage aircraft programs.

 

17.Storm Area 51, They Can’t Stop All of Us

The internet has been invaded by Area 51 memes inspired by a joke Facebook event to take over the secretive military site and find the supposed aliens kept inside. The event, called “Storm Area 51, They Can’t Stop All of Us, was planned for Sept. 20, and so far 1.5 million people have signed on.

 

18.Location of Area 51

The base is huge, covering over 125,000 hectares with at least 22 runways. The land was chosen for its isolated location, and for the large areas of perfectly flat land, which allowed the construction of long tracks, many of them unpaved.

 

19.The secret around Area 51

The secrecy surrounding Area 51 goes far beyond these proactive measures. In 1994, a group of civilian contractors and their widows filed a lawsuit alleging that they had been exposed to hazardous materials that had been burned in an open ditch. The case was dismissed for lack of evidence after the government refused to publish details of those materials, claiming it would harm national security. This was reinforced by a presidential order signed by Bill Clinton.

 

20.There is no real fence around area 51

At such a heavily guarded facility by the US military, it would appear that Zone 51 would have a physical boundary to hold citizens. After all, it is not a very safe military installation if you can get through the protected area just by a simple walk.

 

That's right. Area 51 has no fence at all and we refer to "always". While some of its indoor installations are protected by perimeters, the entire base has no physical boundaries. This does not mean that it is wise to just enter, as there are magnetic sensors and watchtowers in many places that would surely pull you if you try.

 

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presidential-daughters-ivanka-trump-versus-ashley-biden-how-is-the-daughter-of-joe-biden-who-replaced-ivanka-trump-as-the-daughter-of-the-president-of-america

Both were born in 1981 and share a fascination with fashion, a field in which they had business. Ivanka and Ashley have things in common, despite being part of opposing political camps

 

Ivanka Trump had a fashionable business - a clothing line that bore her name, which, however, entered a downward trend after her father became president of America. At one point, her clothes had actually been sold under another name - Adrienne Vittadini Studio - until 2018, when Ivanka decided it was better to close this business.

On the other hand, Ashley Benson launched in 2017 an ecological textile brand, Livelihood, claiming that 10% of the company's profit goes to the development of various communities in need. As for her personal life, Ivanka is known to have converted to Judaism before marrying Jared Kushner, to whom she gave three children.

 

Ashley is also married to an American of Jewish descent: Howard Krein, a plastic surgeon. Ashley, on the other hand, did not convert to Judaism, wanting to keep her Catholic faith, nor did she have children.

While a student, Ashley was a rebel - she was arrested in 1999 for possession of marijuana, and three years later, she was arrested again for obstructing the intervention of authorities who wanted to stop a fight in a bar in Chicago. On the other hand, however, Ivanka has a very clear past in this regard. If, however, Ivanka comes from a large family, Ashley has an impressive story in this regard.

 

He's Joe Biden's only child with his second wife, Jill. His first wife, Neilia Hunter, died in a car accident in 1972 with their daughter, Naomi, just 5 months old. From this first marriage, Joe Biden had two more sons. Joseph Beau, also a politician, died in 2015 from a brain tumor. The second son, Robert Hunter, 50, a lawyer by profession, has struggled for years with alcohol and drug addiction.

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