100 interesting geographical facts told through explicit and informative maps - Earth Day 2022
Geographers are looking up and down for interesting information about our world. They want to know “why”, but they also like to know what is the biggest / smallest, the farthest / closest and the longest / shortest. Geographers also want to answer confusing questions, such as "What time is it at the South Pole?" And other interesting things.
Earth or the Blue Planet, is the third planet from the Sun and the largest of the terrestrial planets in the Solar System. It is the only planet in the universe known to have life and hides a lot of amazing details.
Today through the prism of 100 folders you will discover new things from all over the world. In the meantime, you will be able to read curiosities about our planet. It's time for new acquaintances with Bemorepanda!
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Planet Earth is part of the solar system, is the largest terrestrial planet, formed about 4.57 billion years ago and is the densest planet in the entire solar system. Read general information about planet Earth.
Planet Earth revolves around the sun in 365.26 days, and this period is known as one year. During all this time, the Earth rotates about its axis about 366.26 times. During gravity, the Earth interacts with other objects in space, especially the Sun and Moon, the Earth's only natural satellite.
Seasons appear on Earth because its axis of rotation is inclined relative to its orbital plane. The gravitational interaction between the Earth and the Moon stabilizes the Earth's orientation on its axis and gradually slows down its rotation.
The Earth's surface is 71% covered with water, mainly by the oceans, and the remaining 29% is made up of continents and islands that, along with other rivers and water sources, contribute to the hydrosphere.
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The name of the planet Earth does not derive from Greek or Roman mythology, as is the case with the other planets that were named after gods and goddesses from Greco-Roman mythology. The word "earth" comes from the Latin word "pavimentum", which means "paved earth" or "level", "floor", "paved road", "smooth place", "pavement", "mosaic" or "weft".
Since its formation, the Earth has undergone many geological and biological processes. The Earth's atmosphere and oceans were formed by volcanic activity and expulsion. From here, water vapor condensed into oceans amplified with water and ice from asteroids, comets and protoplants.
More than 3.5 billion years ago, the Earth's magnetic field stabilized, and this prevented the solar wind from scattering the atmosphere.
Approximately 4.5 billion years old, the Earth was formed when a cloud of dust collapsed due to gravity, and like planets such as Mercury, Venus, and Mars, the planet Earth is a rocky, central core. which is surrounded by a mantle and a solid crust.
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The shape is approximately oblique spheroidal and, due to the rotation, the Earth is flattened at the poles and bulging around the equator. Its diameter at the equator is 43 kilometers, larger than the pole-pole diameter.
The main deviations from the Earth's surface are: Mount Everest, 8,850 meters above sea level and the Marianas Pit, 10,924 meters below sea level.
The Earth's mass consists mainly of iron (32.1%), oxygen (30.1%), silicon (15.1%), magnesium (13.9%), sulfur (2.9%), nickel (1 , 8%), calcium 1.5%), aluminum (1.4%), the remaining 1.2% consisting of small amounts of other elements. Due to mass segregation, it is estimated that the core consists mainly of iron (88.8%), with smaller amounts of nickel (5.8%), sulfur (4.5%) and less than 1% trace elements.
The total area of the Earth is about 510 million square kilometers, of which 70.8% and 361.13 square kilometers are below sea level and covered with ocean, the remaining 29.2% and 148.94 million square kilometers, respectively it is not covered by water and consists of mountains, plains, deserts, plateaus and other landforms.
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Due to the swelling of the earth at the equator, the summit of Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador (20,700 feet or 6,310 meters) is the farthest point from the center of the Earth. Thus, the mountain claims the title of being "the highest point on Earth" (although Mount Everest is still the highest point above sea level). Mt. Chimorazo is an extinct volcano and is located about a degree south of the equator.
While at sea level, the boiling point of water is 212 F, it changes if you are higher than that. How much does it change? For every 500 feet of elevation increase, the boiling point decreases by one degree. Thus, in a city 5,000 meters above sea level, the water boils at 202 F.
The fourth most populous country in the world has the largest Muslim population. About 87% of Indonesia's population is Muslim; Thus, with a population of 216 million, Indonesia is home to about 188 million Muslims. The religion of Islam spread to Indonesia in the Middle Ages.
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The largest lake in Africa is Lake Victoria, located in East Africa, on the border of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. It is the second largest freshwater lake in the world, after Lake Superior in North America.
Lake Victoria was named by John Hanning Speke, a British explorer and first European to see the lake (1858), in honor of Queen Victoria.
The country with the lowest population density in the world is Mongolia, with a population density of about four people per square mile. Mongolia's 2.5 million people occupy more than 600,000 square miles of land.
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The total density of Mongolia is limited, as only a small part of the land can be used for agriculture, the vast majority of the land can only be used for nomadic grazing.
Hadrian's Wall is located in the north of Great Britain (the main island of Great Britain) and stretches for almost 120 kilometers from Solwat Firth in the west to the River Tyne near Newcastle in the east.
The wall was built under the rule of the Roman emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century to keep the Caledonians of Scotland out of England. Portions of the wall still exist today.
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The deepest lake in the United States is Crater Lake in Oregon. Crater Lake is located in the collapsed crater of an ancient volcano called Mount Mazama and is 1,932 feet (589 meters) deep.
The clear water of Crater Lake has no streams to feed it and no streams as springs - it has been filled and sustained by rainfall and melting snow. Located in southern Oregon, Crater Lake is the seventh deepest lake in the world and contains 4.6 trillion gallons of water.
In 1947, the British left South Asia and divided their territory into independent countries in India and Pakistan. The Muslim regions on the east and west sides of Hindu India have become part of Pakistan.
The two separate territories were part of a single country, but were known as East and West Pakistan and were separated by more than 1,609 km. After 24 years of turmoil, East Pakistan declared independence and became Bangladesh in 1971.
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Because the longitude lines converge at the North and South Poles, it is almost impossible (and very impractical) to determine which time zone you are in based on longitude.
Therefore, researchers in the Arctic and Antarctic regions of the Earth typically use the time zone associated with their research stations. For example, because almost all flights to Antarctica and the South Pole come from New Zealand, New Zealand time is the most common time zone in Antarctica.
The longest river in Russia and Europe is the Volga River, which flows entirely in Russia for 3,685 km (2,290 miles). Its source is in the Valdai Hills, near the town of Rzhev, and flows into the Caspian Sea in southern Russia.
The Volga River is navigable for much of its length and, with the addition of dams, has become important for energy and irrigation. The canals connect it to the Don River, as well as the Baltic Sea and the White Sea.
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At one point, in recent decades, someone started an idea to alert people that population growth was out of control, saying that most people who have ever lived were alive today. Well, that's a gross overestimation.
Most studies place the total number of human beings who have ever lived between 60 and 120 billion. Since the world's population is currently only 7 billion, the percentage of people who have lived and are alive today is only 5% to 10%.
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66 Facts About Planet Earth (Minus 89.2°C in Antarctica, plus 56.7°C in California)
Modern people know a lot about our planet, especially now, when it is possible to travel around the world or, if this is not possible, look into any corner of the globe using the Internet. And even if geography seemed a little boring to someone at school, geography seemed a little boring to someone; in fact, it is worth it to get interested in it, especially if you get acquainted with curious facts about our planet tied to geographical coordinates.
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What might make these facts enjoyable? We answer: to some extent, disbelief - when you want to google this or that information from our list to verify its integrity personally. On the other hand, this is instead a plus - and it will be remembered better, and there will be no reason to doubt what you have read. Yes, and you can always shine in a conversation, giving the impression of an erudite person. But first, could you look at what facts we at Bemorepanda have found for you?
1. Canada has the largest number of lakes - more than 879,000 of them.
Second in size, but first in the number of lakes, Canada surpasses any other country in the number of lakes. The study found that Canada has the most lakes per square kilometer in the entire world. Canada contains 62% of the world's 1.42 million lakes that are larger than 0.1 square kilometers. — nature.com
2. You can get inside a volcanic magma chamber in Iceland
Iceland is a country of volcanoes. If you ever visit this island, be sure to visit the volcanic magma chamber open to tourists. The magma chamber of a volcano is often referred to as its heart. That's where all the "bad things" happen. The only notable exception to this is the Thrihnukagigur volcano, where the magma in the chamber appears to have disappeared. — insidethevolcano.com
3. Lions Are Extinct In 26 African Countries
The kings of the jungle, lions once ruled the African continent and were even present on the European continent before being driven out. According to official figures, lions have become extinct not only in Europe, but also in 26 African countries. It is sad to imagine how much of the lion population was wiped out. — PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
4. There are no mosquitoes in Iceland
Who loves mosquitoes? Probably no one. Luckily for you, there are none in Iceland. Although they are widespread in other countries, they do not exist in Iceland. Due to the cold climate, mosquitoes cannot enter Iceland and lay their eggs on the ground, which prevents them from colonizing the island. — why.is
5. There are more ancient pyramids in Sudan than in Egypt.
There are many interesting facts connected with the pyramids. The Pyramids of Giza are just some of the oldest pyramids in the world. In fact, there are more ancient pyramids in Sudan than in Egypt.
Apparently, there are 138 pyramids in Egypt, and 200-255 pyramids in Sudan. Interestingly, the pyramids in the latter were not built by the ancient Egyptians, who may have moved further south. — sciencealert.com
6. There are more caves in Kentucky than anywhere else on earth.
While Kentucky today may be known as the birthplace of Kentucky whiskey, it also hosts more caves than any other place on Earth. The longest cave system, known as Mammoth Cave National Park, is located on the east coast of this state. So grab your gear, get your tickets, and set out to explore (with a guide, of course) just how deep this state stretches. — nps.gov
7. Peru has floating islands in the lake
Seeing an island in the ocean is common, but what about a floating island in a lake? Well, there are several in Peru. The highest navigable lake in the world, Titicaca, has a small area on which the mobile islands of Uros are located. It is safe to assume that there is nothing like it anywhere else on the planet. peruforless.com
8. The largest desert in the world - Antarctica
Is Antarctica the largest desert? Something is wrong here. Sometimes the desert consists of more than just sand. Deserts can be described as arid places where it is impossible to survive for long periods of time. According to this description, Antarctica is home to one of the largest deserts on earth. Interesting geographical facts like these only demonstrate how unique Antarctica is as a continent. — britannica.com
9. Peru is about 2.9 times bigger than Sweden
Located on the continent of South America, you might be surprised how huge Peru is compared to a large European country like Sweden. Peru is about 1,285,216 square kilometers larger than Sweden, which is about 450,295 square kilometers. It makes you wonder how small Sweden is. — mylifeelsewhere.com
10. There is a supervolcano in Yellowstone National Park
A simple volcano can be intimidating on its own, but a supervolcano? This is really scary and amazing. As the first natural park in the US, Yellowstone is special. Most of the park is located on top of the supervolcano.
While the last time the Yellowstone supervolcano erupted was over 640,000 years ago, one might just wonder how much power lurks beneath this park. yellowstonepark.com
11. Istanbul is the only major city located on two continents
Istanbul, located on the border of the Black and Mediterranean Seas, is the largest city in Turkey, but not the capital. It is also located on two different continents - Europe and Asia. The city is united by a system of bridges, but both sides of the city are still completely different. The European side has banks and historical buildings, while the Asian side is quieter. amusingplanet.com
12. The longest flight in the world lasts 19 hours
Nobody likes to fly or drive for a long time. Because it becomes too boring to sit in one place and just wait. The longest air route in the world, from Singapore to New York, will be operated by Singapore Airlines from October. The route is about 15,322 km long, which is quite a long flight! — forbes.com
13. Japan's Aomori gets over 792cm of snow every year.
Since Japan is an island nation, the weather there gets crazy from time to time. Most of the nearly 0.8 m of snow that falls in Aomori City each year falls between November and April. Due to the city's low winter temperatures, headwinds accelerate cloud formation, resulting in significant precipitation that falls as snow rather than rain. Such incredible facts only stimulate the tourism sector of this city. — tripsavvy.com
14. The deepest place on Earth is the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean
The Mariana Trench is a deep-sea trench that runs along the bottom of the western part of the North Pacific Ocean. This is the deepest depression that exists on Earth and is located mainly to the east and south of the Mariana Islands. Its depth is 11034 meters.
The Challenger Deep, a small steep-walled valley at the bottom of the main depression southwest of Guam, is where the deepest depths are found. Fun facts like these might make you want to take a dip in the ocean! — nationalgeographic.org
15. The full name of Bangkok consists of 163 letters.
While the Swedish city "O" has the title of the shortest city name, Bangkok can be the title of the city with the longest name of 163 letters. Ready?
Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahintara Yuthaya Mahadilok Phop Nopparat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchanivet Mahasatan Amon Piman Avatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit.
Try to remember it. —theculturetrip.com
16. The coldest temperature ever recorded was -89.2 °C (-128.6 °F)
While it can be cold in Russia, how cold can it be on Earth as a whole? Vostok station in Antarctica reported the lowest air temperature ever measured on the surface of the planet on July 21, 1983 at 02:45 UT: -89.2°C (-128.56°F). Because of the high susceptibility to marine air mass intrusion, as Rossby wave activity shifts across the peninsula, surface temperatures at Vostok station fluctuate greatly in winter. nora.nerc.ac.uk
17. Hurricanes hit China more than any other country.
The fact that China's typhoon season lasts all year makes it the country most prone to hurricanes. Typhoon Rammasun was the most powerful hurricane ever recorded in China. When it hit China in 2014, its speed was 257 km/h. Since 1970, more than 127 hurricanes have hit the Chinese mainland. They caused significant damage to the developing economy of the country. — borgenproject.org
18. 42 buildings in New York have their own zip codes
The island is home to 4 million people, so a huge amount of mail passes through Manhattan every day. The postcode system is needed to complete the enormous job of getting all the mail to where it needs to go. It is interesting to note that 42 buildings in Manhattan have unique zip codes. — convene.com
19. The most remote place on Earth - Point Nemo
When the closest person to you is an astronaut in space, then you know that you are quite far from civilization. Point Nemo is as far away as it can be. Whenever they fly over Point Nemo, astronauts on the International Space Station, which is 415.211 km away, are closest to that point. — allthatsinteresting.com
20. The red rock of Uluru in Australia is bigger than you think.
Stones! They are everywhere, but Australia is probably the largest. At 863 meters above sea level, Uluru/Ayers Rock rises 348 meters above the surrounding desert plain. Researcher Ernest Giles, South Africa's first deputy, is home to a complex of seasonal waterfalls known as the Tugela Falls in Royal Natal's Drakensberg National Park. It consists of five free-falling cascades, the largest of which is 411 m. The total height of the cascade is 933 m. It may be the highest waterfall on Earth. praguemonitor.com
22. The diameter of Australia is 600 km larger than that of the Moon.
The diameter of Australia is 600 km (372.82 miles) larger than the diameter of the Moon. While Australia spans over 4,000 km (2,485,485 miles) from east to west, the moon's diameter is only 3,400 km (2,112,662 miles). — www.awol.com.au
23. The Diomede Islands, located at a distance of 4 km from each other, are 20 hours away from each other
Time zones can be weird and create strange situations. The Diomede Islands are separated by only 4 km (2.4 miles), but due to the fact that the International Date Line runs through them, they are not only in different time zones, but also 20 hours apart. — www.atlasobscura.com
24. The Dead Sea is sinking
Shrinking seas are one of the worst side effects of global warming. The Dead Sea is one of them. According to studies, the surface of the salty sea sinks by more than 91.44 cm per year. — bbc.com
25. The world's largest war memorial is a road
As the First World War came to an end, many Australians returned home and took local jobs to support themselves and their families. Some have been building roads along the coast of Australia. One of the roads, built in 1932, with a total length of 241,402 km, became a memorial dedicated to the fallen soldiers, called the "Great Ocean Road". adb.anu.edu.au
26. The largest sandy island in the world is in Australia.
Listed as a World Heritage Site, Fraser Island, the world's largest sand island, is almost 123 km long and 22 km wide at its widest point. The highest dunes on the island rise to a height of 244 m, while most reach only 100-200 m. - fraserisland.net
27. Yuma, Arizona is the sunniest place in the world, averaging over 4,000 hours of sunshine.
Arizona has 91 percent of daylight hours per year, earning it the title of the sunniest city on Earth. — ncdc.noaa.gov
28. Australia's Deadliest Animals Are Horses
While Australia is a place of strange animals that seem scary and dangerous, the most dangerous animal there is the horse. Between 2008 and 2017, 77 people were killed by horses and cows in Australia. — aihw.gov.au
29. The tallest tree in the world named Hyperion is located in Redwood National Park in California.
Sequoia sempervirens, native to California's Redwood National Park, is the tallest surviving tree. The coast sequoia known as Hyperion was found by Chris Atkins and Michael Taylor on August 25, 2006, and in order to preserve it, its exact location is being kept a closely guarded secret. — guinnessworldrecords.com
30. Mauna Kea above Everest
Everest is called the highest mountain because of the highest peak, but it is not the highest mountain. If you measured the mountain from the bottom where it starts, the title of the highest mountain would go to Mauna Kea, which starts from the bottom of the ocean and reaches a total of 10,210 m. - oceanservice.noaa.gov
31. There are about 7,640 islands in the Philippines
Many facts about geography focus on the mountains, and few of them concern the islands. The Republic of the Philippines is an archipelago of over 7,640 islands, approximately 2,000 of which are inhabited. The second largest island of the Philippines, Mindanao, is located at the southern tip of the archipelago and can be divided into three main regions: Luzon, Visayas and the country as a whole. — nationalgeographic.com
32. Jericho is considered the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world
Jericho is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. This territory belonged to the ancient city of Palestine, founded 9000 years before the birth of Christ and located on the Jordan River. Jericho is not only the oldest city in the world, but also the lowest due to its location at 258 m below sea level. — W. David Kingery, Pamela B. Vandiver, Tamar Noy
33. One resident lives in a city in Nebraska
Located in Nebraska, Monowi is possibly the smallest city in the United States. The only resident of Monowi, Nebraska, is 84-year-old Elsie Eyler, who pays taxes and issues a license to sell alcohol. — bbc.com
34. There are 840 languages in Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea claims to be the country with the most languages, with 840 active languages. Second place is occupied by Indonesia, which has 711 languages. Nigeria ranks third with 520 surviving languages. — ethnologue.com
35. Brazil is home to over 3,100 animal species.
Ah, the Amazon rainforest! A wonder of this world, a place where life thrives and many species of animals exist. According to current data, there are 3,100 different species of animals living in the Amazon rainforest. One can only guess what is hidden behind the trees and leaves of this magnificent place. — iucnredlist.org
36. There is a lake inside the island on the lake inside the island
Like a Russian nesting doll, there is an island with a lake inside, on which there is an island ... on which there is a lake. Perhaps one of the most surprising geographic facts is that these initial type island types are usually summed up and referred to simply as recursive islands. earthobservatory.nasa.gov
37. The Russian Trans-Siberian Railway crosses 3901 bridge
The Siberian part of Russia is quite large and hosts one of the longest railroads that can be found in an industrialized country. The length of the Trans-Siberian Railway is approximately 9200 km. This railway crosses 3901 bridges until it reaches its final destination, Vladivostok. — thetranssiberianexpress.com
38. The highest recorded temperature was 56.7 °C (134 °F)
At the Greenland Ranch in Death Valley, California, USA, on July 10, 1913, a temperature of 56.7 ° C (134 ° F) was officially recorded as the highest temperature on record. The previous record was held by El Azizia, Libya, with a temperature of 58 °C (136.4 °F), but was withdrawn for various reasons. — guinnessworldrecords.com
39. The shortest flight in the world takes 57 seconds
If you're ready for a short flight, why not take a 57 second flight? In Scotland, a flight between Westray and Papa Westray is the shortest commercial flight in the world. marketwatch.com
40. Russia has the highest mountain in Europe - Elbrus
The Alps, ski resorts and attractive mountain villages often come to people's minds when they think of mountaineering in Europe. In fact, Europe's highest peak, Elbrus, is in the Russian Caucasus, not the French Alps. Elbrus with its two-cone volcano (5642 meters above sea level) is 832 meters higher than Mont Blanc, the highest mountain in Western Europe. Despite its sheer size, most people can climb Europe's highest peak, but it takes effort and determination. — lonelyplanet.com
41. Russia has the coldest inhabited place on Earth
We humans tend to live where the sun shines and the weather is nice, but the inhabitants of this place seem to have a different outlook on life. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Oymyakon, also known as the "Pole of Cold", was -71.2°C.
In the 1920s and 1930s, reindeer herders stopped in the village, which is now home to 500 people, to water the herds from the thermal spring. Ironically, due to the nearby hot spring, Oymyakon means "non-freezing water". — dailymail.co.uk
42. There is no rain in the Dry Valleys
The dry valleys in Antarctica, where there has been no rain for about 2 million years, are the driest regions on Earth. Covering 4,800 square kilometers, this area has almost no water, ice or snow and no precipitation. The lack of rain in this area is caused by katabatic winds, which are mountain breezes so wet that gravity pulls them out of the valleys. — universetoday.com
43. 14 countries have less than 1% forests (3 have no forests)
Due to pressure from growing populations on available land, tiny countries with high population densities typically have little or no forest area. While the small states of Monaco and Nauru have 0% of their territory covered by forests, the island states of Kiribati and the Maldives have between 2% and 3% of their territories covered by forests. — worldatlas.com
44. Pygmy elephants only exist in Borneo and Sumatra
Bornean elephants, the smallest subspecies of Asian elephants, are noticeably smaller than their relatives on the mainland. According to DNA data, these elephants diverged from their counterparts in mainland Asia and Sumatra about 300,000 years ago. They currently live on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. — worldwildlife.org
45. You will only find narwhals in the wild in Canada, Denmark (Greenland), Norway and Russia
The narwhal has a long spiral tusk protruding from its head, which gives it the appearance of a hybrid of a whale and a unicorn. Tusks are most commonly found in males, and some may have two.
In Arctic waters off the coast of Canada, Greenland, Norway and Russia, narwhals live their entire lives. The Baffin Bay and Davis Strait region is home to most of the world's narwhals, spending up to five months hibernating under the sea ice there. — worldwildlife.org
46. There are underwater lakes and rivers
Lakes and rivers are found not only on the surface, but also below us. As salt water rises from the seabed, it dissolves the surrounding salt layer and collects in the resulting depressions. So at the bottom of the ocean, underwater lakes and rivers are formed. Unique fish live in water bodies within a few kilometers of each other
Looking at the map, you might think that Australia and New Zealand are practically neighbors, only a few thousand small steps apart. Well, the distance between these two countries is only 4163 km apart. If you were to fly from one island to another, you would have to fly over 4 hours! — distancefromto.net
48. Mount Everest is not as close to the Moon as Mount Chimborazo
Being one of the highest mountains not only on the Asian continent, but also in the world, Everest has a height of 8,848 m, but it is not the closest mountain to the Moon. Since the Earth is not the perfect circle we all imagine, some points are much closer to the Moon than others. Since the Earth's largest bulge is just one degree south of the equator, the summit of Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador, which is located there, is the highest point above the center of the planet. With this in mind, this means that Mount Chimborazo is closer to the moon and stars than Everest's highest peak. oceanservice.noaa.gov
49. Iceland is growing at 5 centimeters a year
As one of the youngest land masses in the world, Iceland is home to some of the most active volcanoes. The island was formed by a huge volcanic fissure in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge where the American and Eurasian tectonic plates collide. Even now, the country is expanding at about 5 cm per year as it expands at the collision points of two tectonic plates. — iceland.is
50. The Sargasso Sea is the only sea in the world that does not have a land border.
The only sea in the world that is completely surrounded by sea is in the North Atlantic Ocean. Its northern, western, southern and eastern boundaries are formed by the Gulf Stream, the North Atlantic Equatorial Current and the Canary Current. Like a land coastline, these currents create a gyre that circles the Sargasso Sea in a clockwise direction. — www.atlasobscura.com
51. Africa spans all four hemispheres
The world can be divided into four different parts, known as hemispheres. Africa is located in such a way that it is in all four hemispheres, which makes it the only continent of the four main ones. — worldatlas.com
52. Water covers most of the planet, but most of it cannot be used by humans.
Although there is water in the oceans, seas, lakes and rivers, people cannot use all of it. We can only use fresh water. Fresh water makes up a very small fraction of the total amount of water on the globe. Although water covers nearly 70% of the earth's surface, only 2.5% of it is fresh water.
Only 1% of our fresh water is readily available, and most of it is in glaciers and snowfields. In fact, only 0.007% of the world's water is used to hydrate and nourish 8 billion people. — nationalgeographic.com
53. It's snowing in Hawaii
On the tropical island of Hawaii, snow falls from time to time, but only on the tops of the highest peaks of the Big Island, and Maui is covered with it. The snowstorms that return every winter usually only cover mountains above 11,000 feet (3.35 km), so snow can only be seen on Mauna Kea (13,803 feet - 4.2 km) and Mauna Loa (13,680 feet). – 4.1 km). — popsci.com
54. There are over 300 indigenous tribes in Brazil.
There are people in our world who prefer to live in tribes. Approximately 305 tribes, or about 900,000 people, make up 0.4% of Brazil's current population. For the indigenous population, the government has recognized 690 districts, which is almost 13% of the territory of Brazil. This protected area is located almost entirely in the Amazon. survivalinternational.org
55. Mawsynram in India is the wettest place on Earth
The village of Mawsynram in northeast India is the wettest place on earth, averaging an incredible 11,871 millimeters of rainfall per year. From June to August alone, an average of 3,000 millimeters of precipitation fell. Due to the unusual shape and orography of the catchment, moisture from the Bay of Bengal is concentrated here, causing heavy rains. — worldatlas.com
56. The Caribbean is the deepest of the seven seas.
Jack Sparrow's secrets aren't the only dark depths hidden in the Caribbean. With a maximum depth of 7,686 m below sea level, the Caribbean Sea is the deepest sea in the world and the second deepest sea in the Atlantic Ocean. It is deeper than the Arctic Ocean and is the fifth deepest body of water on earth. — worldatlas.com
57. Colombia is home to most bird species.
In Colombia, you can find the largest number of different types of birds! Currently, 1958 species of birds live here, 80 of which are endemic, which makes up Indonesia. The province of North Sulawesi produces most of the country's coconuts. Coconuts grown in Indonesia are exported in large quantities abroad. Indonesia is also one of the largest pineapple producers in the world. — worldatlas.com
59. Polar bears live only in Alaska, Canada, Russia, Greenland and some northern islands belonging to Norway.
The sea ice that forms over the open waters where their prey, the seals, is essential to the survival of polar bears. Because they are good swimmers, polar bears can travel long distances between shore and sea ice. Polar bears often swim between floating ice islands when the ice breaks off. Currently, polar bears can be found in Alaska, Canada, Russia, Greenland and the islands of Northern Norway. — nwf.org
60. The Pacific is shrinking
The world's largest Pacific Ocean shrinks by several centimeters every year. This is due to the fact that the tectonic plates on which America is located are shifting to the west.
61. Earth has enough gold to cover itself with it.
Gold is not only shiny and valuable, but also lies deep in the earth where we cannot get it. According to modern scientific theories, there is enough gold in the Earth's core to cover the surface of the planet with a layer of pure gold 4 meters thick. — westcoastplacer.com
62. Middle East imports sand from Australia
Australia and Saudi Arabia are two desert countries, but one exports sand and the other imports it. Saudi Arabia is an importer of sand from Australia due to their huge construction needs. This demand is only growing, and Australia is happy to try. — dailytelegraph.com.au
63. Egypt is located in both Africa and Asia
Egypt is called a "transcontinental nation". It is located in both Asia and Africa. However, since most of Egypt is in Africa, most people think of Africa when talking about Egypt. Asia contains another small part of Egypt. This is the Sinai Peninsula, located in the southwest of the country. — furtherafrica.com
64. There are underwater volcanoes
The Earth's most active volcanic systems are submerged in water that is typically 2,600 m deep. It is estimated that 75% of the annual volcanic activity is produced by the global mid-ocean ridge system below the oceans.
It is estimated that lava erupted over an area of 3 cubic kilometers. The edges of the new oceanic plates are formed by magma and lava, which also provide heat and chemicals to some of the planet's most unusual and exotic organisms. — Martin Speight, Peter Henderson
65. Russia has 11.0% of the earth's land
Throughout history, Russia has been in the top 5 countries by land area and has stayed there for a long time. At present, even after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia is still the largest country in the world. With a total area of 17,098,242 square kilometers and a land area of 16,376,870 square kilometers, or 11% of the total 148,940,000 square kilometers
The human brain has fascinated scientists since ancient times, as well as writers, poets, and musicians. So far no one was able to send in the perfect solution, which is not strange.
Every second, the brain collects and transmits signals to and from parts of your body. It keeps everything running, even when we sleep at night. Here you can take a quick tour of this great control center. You can see each part and later find out which parts perform different functions.
There are two types of cells in your brain: neurons and glial cells (glia - Greek word for glue). For a long time, biologists believed that neurons were the only cells that controlled our bodies, and that was where memories were stored. The glial cells were in the brain only to support the neurons, to isolate them, to feed them, and to do the basic cleansing. Recent research is beginning to show that glial cells do much more.
Read here the most interesting facts about the brain.
1. The human brain has about 80-100 billion nerve cells (neurons).
2. The left hemisphere of the human brain is 200 million richer in neurons than the right hemisphere.
3. Neurons in the human brain are very tiny. Their size reaches from 4 to 100 micrometers in width.
4. According to the research of scientists in 2014, there is more gray matter in the brain of a woman than in the brain of a man.
5. According to statistics, a large percentage of the so-called gray matter are people with a humanitarian mindset.
6. Constant physical stress can increase the amount of gray matter.
7. The components of 40% of the human brain are gray cells. They turn gray only after they die.
Bark: The wrinkled outer part of the brain is the largest part of the brain. This is also where our thinking comes from. It is also used to read this story in mathematics or in solving homework given by teachers. It is also the part of the brain that controls your voluntary muscles. These are the muscles used to press a mouse button, ride a bike, run a race, or hit a ball.
Are you using the left or right side of your brain?
Some researchers believe that the right and left sides of the cerebral cortex specialize in various activities. The right side is responsible for abstract things, such as colors, shapes, and music. The left side deals with math and speech and is the analytical part. It is also known that the right side of your brain controls the left side of your body and the left side of your brain controls the right side.
8. The brain of a living person has a bright pink hue.
9. The male brain has less gray matter but more cerebrospinal fluid and white matter.
10. White matter makes up 60% of the human brain.
11. Fat is bad for the human heart, but it is very good for the brain.
12. The average weight of the human brain is 1.3 kilograms.
13. The human brain occupies up to 3 percent of the total body mass but consumes 20% of oxygen.
14. The brain is capable of producing a large amount of energy. Even the energy of a sleeping brain can light a 25-watt light bulb.
The cerebellum: Behind the brain, the cerebellum helps you to make smooth, coordinated movements. Walking, running, writing. . . without the cerebellum, the movement would not take place properly.
Thalamus: Given the activity that takes place in the brain, there must be a switching station, and this is the function of the thalamus. This part of the brain takes the information that comes from the body and transmits it to the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex also sends messages to the thalamus, which then transmits information to other areas of the brain and spinal cord.
Spinal cord: This is the main information bus. All information from different parts of the body moves to and from the brain through the spinal cord. It is connected to the brain through the brainstem. It is protected by the vertebral bones, which form the spine.
Hypothalamus: There is a thermostat in your house. This is the button on the wall that you can turn to warm or cool the room. The hypothalamus is your body's thermostat. When it is hot, it sends signals for your skin to sweat. If you are cold, it makes you shiver and goosebumps.
15. It has been proven that the size of the brain does not affect the mental abilities of a person, Albert Einstein had a smaller than average brain size.
16. The human brain has no nerve endings, so doctors can cut into a person's brain when he is conscious.
17. A person uses the capabilities of his brain by almost 100%.
18. The texture of the brain is very important, and the wrinkles of the brain enable it to contain more neurons.
19. Yawning cools the brain, and the absence of normal sleep raises its temperature.
20. Even a tired brain can be productive. Scientists say that in one day, on average, a person has 70,000 thoughts.
21. Information inside the brain is transmitted at high speed, from 1.5 to 440 kilometers per hour.
22. The human brain can process and scan the most complex images.
Hippocampus: Deep in your brain, the hippocampus works with the cerebral cortex to create memories. From five minutes ago to five years ago, the hippocampus helps you remember everything that has happened in your life. The hippocampus helps you remember how to navigate and how to navigate the environment, depending on how you've traveled in the past.
Callus Body: The callus body connects the right side of the brain to the left side. It allows the two parts of the brain to communicate with each other.
Pituitary gland: This small part of the brain is the size of a pea. It is the smallest part of the brain and one that controls when and how fast we grow. It releases special hormones that help you grow. He also works at puberty.
Brainstem: The brainstem connects three areas of the brain. These parts are the spinal bulb, Varolio's bridge, and the midbrain. The brainstem is located below the cerebellum and connects the brain to the spinal cord. It makes all the muscles work involuntarily. These are the muscles that you do not consciously control, such as the muscles that make your heartbeat. Together, these three parts of the brain keep us alive by controlling our breathing, digestion, and blood circulation.
23. Previously, it was believed that the human brain is fully formed already in the first years of life, but in fact, adolescents undergo changes in the cerebral cortex, which are responsible for emotional processing and impulse control.
24. Doctors say that brain development continues until the age of 25.
25. The human brain takes seasickness for a hallucination caused by poison, so the body turns on a defensive reaction in the form of vomiting impulses to get rid of the poison.
26. Archaeologists from Florida at the bottom of the pond found an ancient cemetery, some turtles had parts of the brain tissue.
27. The brain perceives the movements of annoying people slower than they are.
28. In 1950, the scientist found the pleasure center of the brain, and acted with electricity on this part of the brain, as a result, he imitated a half-hour orgasm to a woman using this method.
29. In the human stomach there is a so-called second brain, it has control over mood and appetite.
30. When you refuse something, the same parts of the brain work as with physical pain.
31. Obscene words are processed by a separate part of the brain, and they reduce pain.
32. It has been proven that the human brain can draw monsters for itself when a person looks in the mirror.
33. Human brain burns 20% of calories.
34. If you pour warm water into the ear, then his eyes will move towards the ear, if you pour cold water, then, on the contrary, I use this method to check the functioning of the brain.
35. Scientists have proven that not understanding sarcasm is considered a sign of brain disease, and the perception of sarcasm helps in solving problems.
36. A person sometimes does not remember why he entered the room, this is because the brain creates a “border of events”.
37. When a person tells someone that he wants to achieve some goal, this satisfies his brain as if he had already achieved this goal.
38. The human brain has a negative bias, because of it a person wants to find bad news.
39. The amygdala is part of the brain, its function is to control fear, if you remove it, you can lose the feeling of fear.
40. During rapid eye movement, the human brain does not process information.
41. Modern medicine has almost learned to do brain transplant operations, this was practiced on primates.
42. Phone numbers have seven digits for a reason, as this is the longest sequence that the average person can remember.
43. To create a computer with the same parameters as the human brain, it will have to perform 3800 operations in one second and store 3587 terabytes of information.
44. There are “mirror neurons” in the human brain, they encourage a person to repeat after others.
45. The inability of the brain to correctly assess the upcoming situation causes a lack of sleep.
46. Obulomania is a brain disorder that causes a person to have a constant feeling of indecision.
47. In 1989, a healthy child was born, even though his mother's brain completely died, and the body was artificially supported during childbirth.
48. The reaction of the brain in mathematics lessons and scary situations is identical, which means that mathematics is a great fear for those who do not understand it.
49. The most rapid development of the brain occurs in the range of 2 to 11 years.
50. Constant prayer reduces the frequency of breathing and normalizes the wave vibrations of the brain, stimulating the process of self-healing, because believers go to the doctor 36% less.
100 most interesting and fun facts about Tokyo that will change your mind about Japan
Tokyo, the capital of distant and prosperous Japan, stuns tourists literally from the first moments, as soon as the traveler's footsteps on his land. Everything seems to be different here than in other cities: an incredibly complex layout of blocks, and intricate metro lines that are perceived as not connected to each other, and a solid jungle of city communications wires. During rush hours, people seem to merge into one river, and its flows fill the streets, underpasses, public transport. Here you need to always keep your eyes open, because it is very easy to get lost, getting completely different from where you hoped to be.
Tokyo is second in the world in terms of population density. The city of 37 million is not only the political, administrative and financial, but also the industrial and cultural center of the country. Located in the southeastern part of Japan's largest island of Honshu, this ultra-modern metropolis, where life does not stop day or night, is located on the Kanto Plain, in a cozy bay of Tokyo Bay. To truly feel its amazing atmosphere and get acquainted with at least half of the sights, one day or even a week is not enough - you need to live here for several months.
Huge and many-sided Tokyo, the capital of the only empire in the world, and even an island - Japan, cannot be described in a few words or limited to only a couple of epithets, even the most eloquent ones. And all because in this ancient city, modernity and ancient Japanese traditions harmoniously coexist, mutually penetrating each other. The Old City is worth mentioning separately. Having visited its numerous palaces, temples and shrines, it is as if you are plunging into the era of the shoguns, who for a long time were the sole rulers of the Land of the Rising Sun. Art lovers will quench their thirst for beauty in Tokyo's many museums.
1. Beneath Tokyo are five huge cylindrical shafts that will be filled with water in the event of a flood. This will prevent the destruction of the city.
2. There is an anime and manga in Japan called "Saint Young Men" in which Jesus and Buddha live in Tokyo as roommates. They rest on Earth and try to understand Japanese society.
3. When Tokyo officials went to congratulate the oldest man in the city on his 111th birthday in 2010, they found his remains on a bed. He had been dead for 30 years, and his family was taking away his pension, which was still accruing to him.
4. The Allied bombing of Tokyo killed more civilians than the atomic bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima combined.
5. During the Tokyo real estate bubble, the Imperial Palace (1.32 square miles) was valued more than all real estate in California.
6. Researchers in Tokyo have developed a mirror that changes a person's facial expression in real time. It gives a smile to the face. The application is intended for use in the bathrooms of the mall. The technology was adopted in the hope that happy shoppers would spend more.
7. The 2020 Olympic Games was held in Tokyo, Japan, as predicted in the 1982 Akira manga.
8. In 2013, a 39-story hotel in Tokyo literally "disappeared". It was demolished without the use of explosives or a special wrecking ball. All 39 floors were dismantled from the inside using a small crane, which gradually folded floor by floor.
9. You can pay a travel agency in Tokyo to send your plush toy on vacation without you.
10. One day, the Japanese government sent cherry tree seedlings to Washington as a gift. After the Second World War, cuttings from these cherry trees were sent back to Japan to restore the Tokyo collection, which was destroyed as a result of American bombing.
11. Tokyo Skytree is the tallest freestanding tower in the world. The height of the building is 634 meters. The tower's final height was chosen solely because of a play on words. The result is "Musashi": "mu" (in old Japanese means the number 6), "sa" (3) and "si" (4). This was the name of the historic district where modern Tokyo is located.
12. A Japanese scientist has created an exact copy of Tokyo. He used oatmeal to create nearby settlements, and bright light to simulate mountains, water sources and other natural features. When a scientist placed a living slime mold in the center of the mock-up, it created a network reminiscent of the Tokyo rail system as it tried to reach the treat (oatmeal).
13. Japan has almost twice as many 7-Elevens stores as the US. Only in Tokyo there are 2079 stores of this network.
14. There is a store in Tokyo called Whoopi Goldberg.
15. One of the Tokyo skyscrapers informs you with the help of colored lights whether to take an umbrella with you when you go outside.
16. In Tokyo, there is a building built in 1972, consisting of tiny 90-square-foot capsule apartments. If necessary, they can be replaced as Lego pieces.
17. There is a 12-story luxury stationery store in Tokyo. On the 12th floor they serve lettuce grown on the organic indoor farm located on the 11th floor of the same building.
18. Tokyo University is developing a tactile hologram. In other words, they create a hologram that can be touched and felt.
19. Tokyo has an anime-themed Butler cafe. According to the hostess, Japanese women “want to visit cafes where handsome male waiters will treat them like princesses.” This is the only cafe where only foreigners work.
20. 45 of the 51 busiest train stations in the world are in Japan. The busiest Shinjuku station, located in Tokyo, serves approximately 1.2 billion passengers a year.
21. At noon on September 1, 1923, a powerful earthquake occurred in Tokyo. Major fires broke out throughout the city because at the time of the earthquake, people were cooking dinner over an open fire. More than 100,000 people died.
22. Blue "anti-suicide" LED lights have been installed on all train platforms in Tokyo in an attempt to reduce the number of suicides committed here. It is believed that such lanterns have a calming effect. Studies have shown that blue-light stations have reduced suicide rates by 84%.
23. In 1923, a “fire tornado” swept through Tokyo and burned over 38,000 people.
24. Each Tokyo train station has its own unique theme songs.
25. The rock and roll culture of the 50s is still thriving in Tokyo.
26. Researchers at the University of Tokyo have created a robot arm that wins 100% of the time in a game of rock-paper-scissors. Using a high-speed camera, the robot recognizes within one millisecond the shape that the human hand is about to create, and then selects the winning combination.
27. A cafe has opened in Tokyo where visitors can hug hedgehogs.
28. On March 9-10, 1945, 300 B29 bombers dropped almost 500,000 cylinders of napalm and petroleum products on Tokyo, creating a 40-kilometer firestorm that killed over 100,000 people and maimed another million Japanese. It was the most destructive bombing in human history, including the atomic bombs of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
29. Crows in Tokyo often steal steel wires to add to their nests. This often results in power outages when birds build nests on power lines.
30. Tokyo restaurants have more Michelin stars than Parisian establishments. In 2007, the editor of Michelin declared Tokyo to be the "Gastronomic Capital of the World".
31. Cat cafes are popular and quite common in Japan. Here, people pay to interact with cats, since most Tokyo apartments do not allow pets.
32. Only after 3 hours in Tokyo learned that Hiroshima had been bombed.
33. In 2011, the residents of Sendai received an earthquake warning 10-30 seconds before the main seismic waves hit. Residents of Tokyo, the Japanese Earthquake Early Warning System (EEW) notified of the impending wave in 60 seconds. Messages were relayed via mobile phones, TV shows and web pages across the country.
34. The Tokyo metropolitan area has a larger population than Canada.
35. More than 70 unexploded WWII bombs are found in Tokyo every year.
36. Tokyo Tower was built from steel, a third of which was scrap metal (American tanks damaged in the Korean War). Often this building is used in the Japanese kaiju film genre. It also became the site of the culminating "battles" of Godzilla, Mothra and King Kong.
37. Tokyo is by far the richest city on Earth. If it were a city-state, then Tokyo would still be among the ten richest countries in terms of GDP.
38. The former Tokyo governor claimed that the Nanjing Massacre (the mass rape and murder of Chinese civilians by the Japanese military) never happened.
39. Because of Tokyo's location on a tectonic fault, geologists call it the "city waiting for death."
40. There are rumors that a secret underground city is supposedly located under Tokyo, but officials vehemently deny this information.
41. The ancestors of modern Japanese inhabited these lands in the era of stone axes. Previously, this city was a military fortress and was called "Edo".
42. Tokyo became the capital of Japan only in 1868. Prior to that, for 1075 years, the capital was the city of Kyoto.
43. In 1923, a terrible earthquake destroyed almost half of Tokyo and killed more than 90,000 people (earthquake facts).
44. The cost of a square meter of real estate in the business center of the city here reaches 2 million dollars.
45. Due to the high price of real estate in Tokyo, capsule micro-apartments have become widespread.
46. Some establishments here do not allow foreigners. A sign can hang right on the door, which means "foreigners are not served."
47. Despite the relative popularity of tattoos among Japanese youth, a person with a tattoo on exposed areas of the body will most likely not be allowed into any decent restaurant. In Japan, tattoos are strongly associated with the yakuza and the underworld.
48. In order to get rid of traffic jams in Tokyo, a huge number of high-speed highways were built, but the passage on them is paid.
49. The cost of parking here is fabulously high.
50. Fruits and vegetables are expensive here.
51. The most popular area for Tokyo youth looking for entertainment is Harajuku. It is here that you can meet the owners of the strangest outfits and hairstyles.
52. In Tokyo, there is a restaurant "Aragawa", which from year to year occupies one of the first places in the list of the most expensive establishments in the world.
53. An asteroid discovered in 1900 by a Tokyo astronomer was named after this city.
54. The zoo in Tokyo closes for two months each year so that its inhabitants can take a break from visitors.
55. “Cat cafes” are common here - establishments where you can play with these fluffy creatures.
55. They have become popular because most Japanese people love cats, but in most households, the rules forbid keeping pets (cat facts).
56. The air temperature in Tokyo is usually 9-10 degrees higher than outside the city. The reason for this is a huge amount of infrastructure radiating into space, plus 13 million inhabitants, whose bodies also warm the air around.
57. There are about 150 earthquakes in Tokyo every year, but most of them are so weak that people don't even notice them. A similar situation is observed, by the way, in Santiago, the capital of Chile.
58. The capital occupies only 0.6% of the area of Japan, but it provides a third of its total GDP.
59. The GDP of the city of Tokyo alone is higher than the GDP of all of Australia.
60. Twice as many people live in the suburbs of the Japanese capital than in the city itself. In total, more than 35 million people live in and near the city. This is about 60 times more than the population of Montenegro.
61. Based on the area of the city and the population, there are about 4 square meters per inhabitant.
52. Tokyo's ubiquitous vending machines sell everything from chocolates and hamburgers to used women's underwear.
53. The dog Hachiko, famous all over the world due to his devotion, was waiting for his master right here, at Tokyo's Shibuya station, until his death.
54. In major Japanese cities, many homeowners ban pets, which is why "cat cafes" have appeared in Tokyo - for a low fee, visitors can choose a cat and pet it while drinking lemonade or tea.
55. The Tokyo subway system is the world's largest in terms of ridership, with 3.2 billion people a year. An interesting fact is that there is even a special position here - osiya, or pushers, whose duties include pushing passengers into overcrowded cars.
56. Public transport in Tokyo is the most reliable, affordable and fastest way to get around. But still, he's not cheap.
57. The asteroid Tokyo, discovered in this city in 1900, was named after the city. This is an irregularly shaped celestial body with a diameter of approximately 81 kilometers.
58. Tokyo Ueno Zoo is Japan's oldest zoo with over 2,600 pets.
59. If you say at least a couple of phrases to the Japanese in Tokyo in their language, they will be very happy, because they believe that foreigners simply cannot learn Japanese because of its phenomenal complexity.
60. The population density in Tokyo is one of the highest among cities in the world, and there are only 4 square meters per person. In total, more than 35,000,000 people live in the Tokyo agglomeration.
61. There are a lot of single people in Tokyo who have never been in any kind of relationship with the opposite sex. Because of this, the suicide rate is extremely high.
62. If Tokyo were a separate country, it would be 15th place in the world in terms of GDP.
63. Tokyo is the safest metropolis in the world. Tokyo is so safe that young children use public transport on their own.
64. Tokyo's Shinjuku-Ni-Cheme area has the largest concentration of gay bars in the world.
65. Dressing up as your favorite manga or anime character and organizing a performance in Tokyo is a completely normal pastime.
66. Since the "Land of the Rising Sun" is located in a seismically active zone, earthquakes often occur here. In 1923, a powerful earthquake destroyed about half of Tokyo's infrastructure, killing more than 90,000 people in the process.
67. In the capital, real estate costs fabulous money. For 1 m 2 in the business center of Tokyo, the buyer will have to pay about $ 2 million!
68. Due to the high cost of housing, there are many micro-apartments in Tokyo. Their area varies within 10 m².
69. Parking in the city center for 1 hour is approximately $15.
70. Curiously, Harajuko is predominantly populated by young people. For this reason, in this region you can see many people with original hairstyles and outfits.
71. An interesting fact is that in the capital, rail transport is the most common type of public transport.
72. The Tokyo Stock Exchange is one of the three largest stock exchanges in the world.
73. Unlike some other megacities like Kuala Lumpur or Manila, Tokyo can be called a safe city with a clear conscience. True, foreigners are not welcome here everywhere. Some establishments here, as in the Korean capital of Seoul, put up a sign stating that "foreigners are not served."
74. Formally, Tokyo ceased to exist as a city in 1943 and was no longer displayed on maps. Officially, Tokyo refers to the 62 administrative divisions that make up the Tokyo Metropolitan Area.
75. Moreover, the 23 special districts included in it, which made up Tokyo until 1943, are now equated in status with individual cities that have their own mayor and their own city council.
76. An indicator of the exceptional transparency of the air in Tokyo - if from it you can see the sacred Mount Fuji located 100 kilometers from it - the national symbol of Japan. But this happens very rarely.
77. Fujiyama, in fact, is not a mountain, but a volcano, although it is listed as weakly active. Its last eruption occurred in 1707. Then Edo was covered with a cloud of volcanic ash.
78. Tokyo is one of the few capitals in the world located in a seismically active zone. And at the same time - the only one, because the world's largest economy is located here.
79. The earth on which it stands is shaken by earthquakes of various strengths about 150 times a year.
80. The Tokyo subway is also the largest in the world in terms of passenger traffic: more than 8.5 million passengers a day. Of these, 3 million are at Shinjuku Station alone, the busiest transport hub in the world.
81. However, trains must still leave stations without delay. That is why passengers are helped by special employees - osiya ("pushers"): they push them into the cars and make sure that the doors do not jam anyone's luggage.
82. One of the main attractions of Tokyo is Ginza, the main street of Tokyo's administrative center and the main shopping street. Walking on it is a kind of ritual. The whole street is one continuous showcase of shops located on it.
83. Buying here is not available to everyone, but it is prestigious. And also such a purchase means that you belong to the middle class - the basis of the entire Japanese economy.
84. From an architectural point of view, Tokyo is a gray and featureless city, devoid of frills and sights.
85. After World War II, mass construction began in the rapidly developing city, and it was guided by only three principles: pragmatism, expediency, and economy.
86. Tokyo can be amaze with an abundance of gray and inexpressive streets, many of which do not even have a name.
87. In Tokyo, as in other major cities in Japan, it is forbidden to keep any animals at home - the unanimous point of view of Japanese homeowners.
88. The onset of cherry blossom season, which is an important part of spring in Japan, marks the end of harsh winters. Cherry blossoms can be enjoyed for only two weeks during the whole year.
89. With a noodle shop and a beer garden on top, Takao-san is the world's most visited mountain on the western edge of Tokyo.
90. Tokyo Tower, modeled after the Eiffel Tower, is repainted with approximately 7,500 gallons of paint every 5 years.
91. Tokyo's Ritz Carlton has the most expensive room in the city, costing as much as $25,000.
92. The longest concert in Tokyo was the concert of the American band Guns N'Roses, which lasted three hours and thirty-seven minutes.
93. No matter how old people in Japan are, the Komagata Dozeu restaurant managed to survive the earthquakes and bombings, and managed to continue operating on the same piece of land for six generations (150 years).
94. Tokyo Skytree became the tallest tower in 2010. The official name was determined by a voting system. The current name received 30% of the votes and was announced on June 10, 2008 as "Tokyo Skytree".
95. Shinjuku Station has 36 platforms, including an underground entrance, an overhead entrance, and many corridors. Moreover, there are more than 200 different exits.
96. Tokyo in translation means the eastern capital. There are approximately 150 earthquakes in Tokyo every year.
97. In Japan, growing plants is an art.
98. The new generation of Japanese is not as small as Europeans think.
99. The Japanese tend to believe that all foreign countries, especially America, are dangerous to visit.
100. You can buy batteries, beer, wine, condoms, cigarettes, comics, hot dogs, light bulbs, and used women's underwear from Tokyo's vending machines.
Russia is a country that impresses with its massive size and culture. At the same time, Russians are kind and nice people who are glad to welcome every guest. This country is associated with forests and mountains, clear lakes and endless rivers, diverse flora and fauna. It is here that people of different nationalities live, respecting the culture and customs of the locals. Next, we suggest reading more interesting and amazing facts about Russia and Russians. The country is made up of people, not the government.
1. Russia is the largest country in the world, with an area of more than 17 million km2, so its length from east to west covers 10 time zones at once.
2. The Russian Federation includes 21 national republics, which occupy 21% of the territory of Russia.
3. Throughout the world, Russia is considered a European country, but at the same time, 2/3 of its territory is in Asia.
4. Russia is separated from the USA by only 4 km, which separates the Russian island of Ratmanov and the American island of Kruzenshtern.
5. The area of frosty Siberia is 9.7 million km2, which is as much as 9% of the land mass of planet Earth.
6. Forests occupy most of the Russian territory and make up as much as 60% of the area of Russia. Russia is also rich in water resources, which include 3 million lakes and 2.5 million rivers.
7. The lake in Russia, which is located on the territory of the Valdai National Park, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is said that the water in this lake is healing and holy.
8. In Russia, Swan Lake is not only the name of the ballet, but also the place in the Altai Territory, where about 300 swans and 2000 ducks arrive for wintering in November.
9. In Russia, mother nature is honored, therefore, 4% of the country's area is occupied by nature reserves.
10. Russia is the only state in the whole world whose territory is washed by 12 seas at once.
11. Russia is home to the largest active volcano in the world, Klyuchevskaya Sopka, which is 4.85 km high and has been erupting regularly for 7,000 years.
12. The climate in Russia is very diverse, and if in Sochi in winter the usual air temperature is +5°C, then in the settlement of Yakutia it can reach -55°C at the same time.
13. The record low air temperature was recorded in 1924 in the Russian city of Oymyakon, and it amounted to as much as -71 ° C.
14. The first place in the world in gas and oil production, as well as in the export of aluminum, steel and nitrogen fertilizers, is awarded to the Russian Federation.
15. The capital of Russia, Moscow, is one of the most densely populated cities in the world, with 11 million people living there, according to official figures.
16. In terms of population, Russia ranks 7th in the world and has 145 million people, with Russians in Russia making up 75% of the population.
17. Moscow is one of the richest and most expensive cities in the world, and the level of wages in this city differs from the level of wages in other Russian cities by 3, and occasionally 33 times.
18. In Russia there is one amazing city - Suzdal, on an area of is 15 km2 10,000 people live, and which is amazing in that there are as many as 53 temples, majestic in their beauty and decoration.
19. The Russian city of Yekaterinburg in 2002, according to the UNESCO rating, was included in the list of 12 most ideal cities for living in the world.
20. One of the oldest cities in the world where people still live in Russia is the Dagestan city of Derbent.
21. If you add together the territory of the Netherlands and Belgium, then their area will be equal to the area of the Tambov region.
22. The Russian Federation is considered the successor of the Roman Empire, because the double-headed eagle depicted on its coat of arms symbolizes the Byzantine idea of harmonious interaction between the power of church and state.
23. Russia is rich in its secrets. For example, there are more than 15 cities there that are hidden from everyone, because they are neither on maps, nor on road signs, but nowhere at all, and, of course, foreigners are strictly forbidden to enter there.
24. The Moscow metro is the most punctual metro in the world, because the intervals between trains during rush hour are only 1.5 minutes.
25. The deepest metro in the world is located in the cultural capital of the Russian Federation - St. Petersburg, and its depth is as much as 100 meters.
26. The Russian metro was the safest place during the air raids of World War II, and 150 people were born there during the bombing.
27. St. Petersburg is not just called the cultural capital of Russia, it's just that in this city there are 2000 libraries, 45 art galleries, 221 museums, about 80 theaters and the same number of clubs and palaces of culture.
28. Peterhof is one of the most amazing palace and park complexes in the world, because in addition to luxurious palaces, it has a huge number of fountains, of which there are 176 pieces, of which 40 fountains are truly gigantic.
29. They say that Venice is a city of bridges, but no matter how, because there are three times as many bridges in St. Petersburg.
30. Russia has the longest railway line - the Trans-Siberian Railway, connecting Moscow and Vladivostok. The length of this route is 9298 km, and during the trip it is possible to pass 8 time zones, 87 cities and 16 rivers.
31. Russia also has the largest freshwater lake in the world - Baikal, with a volume of as much as 23 km3. To imagine its greatness, it is enough to think about the fact that the 12 largest rivers in the world have to flow for a whole year in order to fill Baikal.
32. The most ancient, and therefore the most majestic mountains in the world are the Urals. For example, Mount Pencil, which is part of the Ural Mountains complex, arose more than 4 billion years ago.
33. One of the strangest mountains in the world is the Russian mountain Magnetic, located under the city of Magnitogorsk, which is almost entirely made of iron.
34. In Russia, there is the largest, densest and almost wild forest in the world - this is the Siberian taiga, half of which has not even been mastered by man yet.
35. In the capital of the Russian Federation there is one fountain, which is part of the architectural group "Alexander and Natalie", from which it is not ordinary water that beats, but drinking water, which you can gladly quench your thirst on a hot summer day.
36. Located on Borovitsky Hill, the Moscow Kremlin is the largest fortress in the world, preserved since the Middle Ages, and its area covers 27.5 hectares, and the length of the walls is 2235 m.
37. The largest and oldest museum in the whole world is the Russian Hermitage Museum, which contains 3 million exhibits, and if someone wants to examine them all, devoting only one minute to each exhibit, this person will have to go to the museum, as if to work, for 25 years.
38. The Hermitage is also famous for the fact that the staff of the museum includes not only people, but also the most ordinary cats who have their own passport with a photo and earn their Whiskas money by catching rodents in the museum, preventing them from spoiling the exhibits.
39. In Russia, there is the largest library in Europe - this is the Public Library, which was founded in Moscow in 1862.
40. In the small town of Kizhi there is a church resembling a work of art, which is interesting because not a single nail was spent on its construction.
41. In Russia, there is the world's largest university building - Moscow State University, whose height, together with an exquisite spire, is 240 meters.
42. In Moscow, you can see the highest building in Europe - the Ostankino TV tower, whose height is 540 meters.
43. The world's largest bell was cast in Russia by craftsmen Ivan Motorin and his son Mikhail. This is the Tsar Bell, which is 614 cm high and weighs 202 tons.
44. The oldest Christian temple is located on the territory of the Russian Federation - this is the Tkhaba-Erdy temple, built in the VIII-IX centuries, which is located in Ingushetia.
45. Russia has one of the largest urban parks in the world - this is Izmailovsky Park, which was founded in 1931 and whose territory is now as much as 15.3 km2.
46. The largest botanical garden in Europe is again Russian. This is the botanical garden. Tsitsing, which was founded immediately after the end of the Great Patriotic War in 1945.
47. The world's largest tram network is located in St. Petersburg and is as much as 690 km.
48. The most record-breaking issue of a paper newspaper took place in May 1990, when 22 million copies of Komsomolskaya Pravda newspapers were published.
49. The frame of the world-famous New York Statue of Liberty was smelted in one of the Russian cities - Yekaterinburg.
50. Russia is a paradise for tourists with many beautiful and interesting tourist and sightseeing routes, among which the Golden and Silver Rings of Russia, as well as the Great Ural Ring, are considered the best.
Top 15 interesting facts about koalas
People became closely acquainted with koalas only 200 years ago. Still, during this time, the cute eared creature managed to become the most famous Australian animal, eclipsing even the kangaroo and one of the most famous animals worldwide. Everyone, at least once, was touched by this creature that looked like a tiny bear cub with cute ears and a curious look.
What are some interesting facts about koalas?
In nature, koalas live only in Australia, and in zoos, where they take root well, they are real stars not only because of their appearance but also because of their elegant and, at the same time, leisurely manner of moving. If there are koalas in the zoo, you can predict with a high degree of probability that the most significant number of visitors, tiny ones, will be near their enclosure. The appearance of koalas is deceptive: an angry animal in a rage can attack a person. Let's try to state a few more facts about these fascinating animals.
15. Europeans first met koalas in 1798.
One of the employees of the governor of the colony of New South Wales, John Price, reported that in the Blue Mountains (they are located in the extreme southeast of Australia) an animal similar to a wombat lives. Still, it does not live in holes but on trees. After four years, the koala remains were discovered, and in July 1803, the Sydney Gazette printed a description of a recently caught live specimen. Surprisingly, koalas were not seen by members of the expedition of James Cook in 1770. Cook's voyages were extensive, but the solitary lifestyle of koalas prevented them from making a discovery.
14. Koalas are not bears, although they are very similar.
Not only does the appearance of a funny animal contributes to the confusion. The first British settlers in Australia called the animal "Koala bear" - "Koala Bear." For former convicts and people from the lower classes of British society at the end of the 18th century, it was difficult to expect ordinary literacy, let alone biological. Yes, and scientists reached an agreement on the belonging of the koala to the class of marsupials only at the beginning of the next century. Of course, in everyday life, the combination “Koala Bear” will be understandable to most people.
13. Koala is a particular species in terms of biological classification.
The closest relatives of the inhabitants of the eucalyptus forests are wombats, but they are both in terms of lifestyle and biologically very distant from the koala.
12. Except for nature reserves and zoos, koalas live only in Australia and only on its east coast and adjacent islands.
The example of the koala clearly shows that the negative experience of settling animal species on the continent does not teach Australians at all. Having burned themselves on ostriches, rabbits, and even cats in the 20th century, they enthusiastically undertook to resettle koalas. Not only restored the deforested population of these marsupials in the state of South Australia. The koalas have been relocated to the Yanchep National Park and several islands off the northeast coast of the country. The geography of the settlement of koalas has expanded to 1,000,000 km2, but one can only hope that the slowness and good nature of koalas will help avoid the following environmental problems. Although on Kangaroo Island, where koalas were forcibly brought, their number reached 30,000, which exceeded the food supply. The proposal to shoot 2/3 of the population was rejected as damaging the country's image.
11. The maximum body length is 85 cm, the maximum weight is 55 kg.
The cost differs depending on the habitat - its color varies from silver in the north to dark brown in the south. This gradation suggests that two different subspecies live in the north and south, but this assumption has not yet been proven.
10. The diet of koalas is unique.
Not only does it consist exclusively of plant foods. Vegetation is slowly and poorly digested, forcing the animal to devote most of the day to feeding. The diet of koalas consists only of eucalyptus leaves, which are poisonous to all other animals. They contain terpene and phenolic compounds, and young shoots are also rich in hydrocyanic acid. It is surprising how koalas absorb such a hellish mixture of tens of kilograms (500 g - 1 kg per day) without harming their health. After genetic research, it turned out that in the genome of these animals, there are particular genes responsible for the breakdown of poisons. The same studies showed that the tongue of koalas has unique taste buds that allow you to instantly assess the moisture content of a eucalyptus leaf - a fundamental property of its absorption. In fact, by lightly licking the leaf, the koala already knows if it is edible. And yet, even with such unique abilities, the koala spends at least 20 hours a day on food and the subsequent digestion of food in a dream.
9. The fact that a koala sleeps a lot and can sit on the same tree for days does not mean that the motor abilities of this animal are limited.
Koalas just have almost nowhere to rush. In nature, Dingoes are their enemies, but for an attack, the marsupial needs to get out into the open, and the dog gets close - a koala can quickly accelerate up to 50 km / h at short distances. During the mating season, males can arrange a bloody duel in which they will demonstrate sharpness and speed of reaction; in this case, it is better not to fall under the arm, or rather, under the long sharp claws. Also, koalas are very clever at jumping from tree to tree and even know how to swim. Their ability to climb trunks and branches and even hang on one paw for a long time has long been the hallmark of these cute animals.
8. Koala parasites are much more dangerous than external enemies.
Many young male koalas die in fights with more experienced individuals or due to falls from trees (and they happen - a large amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the skull is often explained by the need to soften the concussion from a fall from a height). Many koalas suffer from pathogens that cause conjunctivitis, cystitis, sinusitis, and other diseases. Even with a slight long-term decrease in temperature, koalas can get pneumonia caused by a runny nose. Koalas even have their analog of AIDS, the Koala Immunodeficiency Virus.
7. The brain's weight is only 0.2% of the total weight of koalas.
Excavations, and the current size of their skulls, show that the brains of the ancestors of these animals were much larger. However, with the simplification of the diet and the disappearance of enemies, its size became excessive. Now about half of the internal volume of the koala's skull is occupied by cerebrospinal fluid.
6. Koalas breed at about the same pace as they live.
Sexual maturity occurs in the third year of their life, lasting only 12-13 years. At the same time, females mate once every 1 - 2 years, exceptionally rarely bearing two cubs, usually one. Males call them with sharp-smelling secretions of glands and characteristic cries. Pregnancy lasts a little more than a month; the cub is born very small (weighing a little more than 5 grams) and sits in the mother's bag for the first six months. He also does not come off his mother for the next six months but already outside the bag, clinging to the fur. At the age of one year, babies finally become independent. At the same time, females look for their territory, and males can live with their mothers for a couple more years.
5. Male koalas have unique vocal cords that allow them to make loud sounds of different tones.
Like humans, the voice develops with age. Young males, frightened or injured, make cries similar to the cries of human babies. The call of a mature male has a lower timbre and is more informative. Scientists believe that the screams of a koala can frighten competitors and attract females. Moreover, the tone of the cry contains information (often exaggerated) about the size of the individual.
4. Koalas survived their genocide.
At the beginning of the 20th century, they were shot by the millions; the beautiful thick fur was so valued. Hunting was banned in 1927, but the population never recovered. Later, several koala parks and even a particular hospital were organized in Australia. However, due to climate fluctuations, human deforestation, and wildfires, the koala population is constantly declining.
3. Private ownership of koalas is illegal worldwide, although there may be some kind of underground trade - the forbidden fruit is always sweet.
But to see these marsupials, it is not necessary to fly to Australia - there are koalas in many zoos around the world. They live longer in captivity than in the wild with proper nutrition and care and can live up to 20 years. At the same time, despite their low level of intelligence, they show a touching affection for the staff, having fun or being capricious like small children.
2. By the end of the 20th century, the koala surpassed the kangaroo as the animal symbol of Australia.
In 1975, a survey conducted among tourists entering the continent from Europe and Japan showed that 75% of the guests would first like to see koalas. The income from visits to parks and reserves with koalas was then estimated at $ 1 billion. The image of the koala is widely used in the advertising industry, show business, and logos around the world. Koalas are characters in many films, television shows, cartoons, and computer games.
1. Australia has an exceptional Wildlife Rescue Service.
From time to time, its employees have to rescue animals in dangerous or incidental situations. On July 19, 2018, the service crew went to the electrical substation "Happy Valley" of SA Power Networks in South Australia. The koala was stuck in an aluminum fence that he could have crawled under. Rescuers quickly released the animal, which behaved remarkably calmly. This calmness was explained simply - the unlucky marsupial had already dealt with people. On his paw was a tag saying that the koala had already been rescued once after being hit by a car.
Which animal is lazier, a koala or a panda?
The sloth shares the first place among the laziest creatures with the koala. The time of wakefulness of this marsupial animal does not exceed two hours a day, while their sleep can last from eighteen to twenty-two hours. During it, a koala can pick eucalyptus leaves from trees and eat while half asleep.
Panda belongs to the bear family. But its main difference is that it does not fall into hibernation, but it can sleep up to fifteen hours a day. This huge animal, the rest of the time, is engaged in the extraction and eating of food. Since all representatives are in enclosures due to the threat of extinction of the species, they do not have to get food on their own, so the wakefulness time has decreased significantly.
So, of course, a koala is much lazier than a panda.