Astronomical events in 2022 Full Moon Eclipse Details, Meteor Showers: Where to watch, how long it will last and more
In 2021, we had suborbital flights, we had a rover that landed on Mars, we sent the James Webb telescope, the best so far, in space and we expect many "gifts" in 2022. What will we see in 2022 , if we look up at the sky?
One of them will be visible for only 20 minutes, because the Moon is setting. We will have a lunar eclipse on May 16th. Basically, we will have to look at the moon in the morning, around 5 a.m, and we will find that it is very close to the horizon, because it is starting to set, but then it will start to enter the shadow of the Earth. It will be a spectacular phenomenon because we will see both the eclipsed sunset and the rising sun.
We will have another partial solar eclipse, which will be visible from us, on October 25. There, the Sun will be about 45 percent covered by the Moon. But it is a beautiful eclipse of the Sun, which will be seen, and for us the advantage is that it is partially visible from anywhere in the world, so we should not be "upset" that others could see it in full.
The new year will surely be a delight for heavenly viewers, with plenty of celestial events on the calendar. Here are the main events in the sky in 2022, so you can prepare your binoculars and telescope.
There are 12 phases of the full moon in 2022, and two of them qualify as supermoons. The definitions of a supermoon may vary, but the term generally refers to a full moon that is brighter and closer to Earth than normal, and therefore appears larger in the night sky.
Some astronomers say that the phenomenon occurs when the Moon is at 90% of perigee, the closest to Earth in orbit. According to this definition, the full moon in June as well as July will be considered supermoon events.
Here is the list of full astronomical events for 2022:
January 17: Moon of the Wolf
February 16: Snow Month
March 18: Worm Moon
April 16: Pink Moon
May 16: Flower Month
June 14: Strawberry Month
July 13: Deer Moon
August 11: Moon Sturgeon
September 10: Harvest Month
October 9: Hunter's Month
November 8: Beaver Month
December 7: Cold Moon
Lunar and solar eclipses
Partial solar eclipses occur when the Moon passes in front of the Sun, but only blocks some of its light. Be sure to wear appropriate eclipse goggles to see solar eclipses safely, as light can be harmful to the eyes.
A partial solar eclipse on April 30 can be seen in southern South America, the southeastern Pacific Ocean and the Antarctic Peninsula.
Another eclipse on October 25 will be visible in Greenland, Iceland, Europe, Northeast Africa, the Middle East, West Asia, India and western China.
A lunar eclipse can only occur during the full moon, when the Sun, Earth, and Moon align and the Moon passes in the shadow of the Earth. The earth casts two shadows on the moon during the eclipse. The penumbra is the partial outer shadow, and the shadow is the complete, dark one.
There will be two total lunar eclipses and two partial solar eclipses in 2022, according to The Old Farmer's Almanac.
When the full moon passes in the shadow of the Earth, it darkens, but does not disappear. Sunlight passing through the Earth's atmosphere illuminates the Moon dramatically, turning it red, which is why it is often referred to as the "blood moon."
The new year begins with the Quadrantid meteor shower, which is expected to peak in the night hours between January 2 and 3 for those in North America, according to the American Meteor Society.
The annual Perseid meteor shower in August is a real delight for those observing the sky, as it produces extremely many streaks of light through our atmosphere.
It is the first of 12 meteor showers during the year, although the next, the Lyrid meteor shower, does not reach its peak until April.
Here are the other rains to watch in 2022:
Lyrids: April 21-22
And Aquariids: May 4-5
Southern Delta Aquariums: July 29-30
Alpha Capricorns: July 30-31
Perseids: August 11-12
Orionids: October 20-21
Southern Taurids: November 4-5
Northern Taurids: November 11-12
Leonids: November 17-18
Geminids: December 13-14
Bears: December 21-22
If the sky remains clear, the Quarantines should reach their peak on the evening of January 3, after 20:00.
Lyride, meteor shower - April 21. In 2022, meteor showers will peak on the night of April 22 until the early hours of April 23.
Eta Aquarid, meteor shower - May 6. The meteor shower will peak on the night of May 5 to May 6.
Caused by Comet Halley, this meteor shower can be seen especially by people living in the southern hemisphere.
Super Moon - July 13th. A supermoon occurs when the Moon is closest to the Earth during its orbit, at the same time as a full moon, making the Moon appear significantly larger and brighter. In 2022 you will be able to see this show in mid-July.
Perseids, meteor showers - August 12 and 13. Perseids can be seen from mid-July to late August, but the peak will be between August 12 and 13.
Orionids, meteor showers - October 21. If it is dark at night, it is possible to see between 10 and 20 meteors in the sky every hour.
Partial solar eclipse - October 25. The eclipse will be visible in the UK, Europe and parts of the Middle East on October 25.
Geminids, meteor shower - December 14. The meteor shower will take place for about two weeks, but the meteorites can be seen best on December 14th.
The first meteor shower of the year, Quadrantidele, has its maximum manifestation period in January, in 2022 it takes place on the night of January 3 to 4. This meteor shower has its radiant in the constellation Bootes and is one of the strongest meteor currents, producing between 100 and 140 meteors per hour. The meteors of this current are bright and very fast.
In the year 2022, on April 14, we will have the phenomenon of the Black Moon (sometimes called in English "Dark Moon" - or "Lilith", meaning "Dark Moon" or "Black Moon"). The moon is the only natural satellite of planet Earth and has no light of its own, but only reflects that received from the Sun. There are several ways to calculate the occurrence of the phenomenon called the Black Moon: the third phase of the New Moon in a season in which there are four such monthly phases (a year with four seasons of three months each); the second phase of the New Moon in a month in which two such phases occur; the month in which the New Moon phase does not occur and the month in which the Full Moon phase does not occur
In 2022, there will be four eclipses (two lunar and two solar), according to NASA. Both lunar eclipses are total and will occur on May 16 and November 8, respectively. The first will be visible from the Americas, Europe and Africa, and the second from Asia, Australia, the Pacific and the two continents, according to eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov.
The 2022 solar eclipses will be partial and will occur on April 30 and October 25, respectively. April will be observed in the Southeast Pacific, and October in Europe, Northeast Africa, the Middle East and West Asia,
The four astronomical events that mark the beginning of the four seasons in 2022 occur at: March 20 17 h 33 m - spring equinox, June 21 12 h 14 m - summer solstice, September 23 04 h 04 m - autumn equinox , on December 21 23 h 38 m - the winter solstice.
On January 20, from an astrological point of view, the transition to the zodiac sign Aquarius is made, until February 18.
In 2022, a real heavenly spectacle is announced
We also have as a spectacular phenomenon the approach of the planet Mars. Mars is approaching Earth in December and will reach about 80 million kilometers from us. At the same time, on the evening when it is best seen all year round, the Moon will cross Mars and cover it. An occultation between the Moon and Mars will be seen somewhere around 7:00 in the morning.
We have other visible planets. For example, in the morning of March, you will see four planets in the sky: Mercury, Mars, Venus and Saturn. Then Mars will meet Saturn in April, and they will be side by side in the morning. Venus will also meet Jupiter on May 1st. From July, all year round, three planets will be seen all night: Saturn, Jupiter and Mars. They will remain visible until the end of the year.
The year of the recapture of the moon
On the other hand, 2022 will be the year of the recapture of the Moon, because almost all the states that can afford it will launch probes towards the Moon. The Americans will launch their Artemis system to the moon and back, with no people on board, will test to see if everything works. India and China will also launch probes to the moon, and it appears that Ukraine also wants to launch a satellite to study the moon closely.
We finally celebrated the new 2022 year. Astronomers say that we will have at least 5 unmissable events that you have to watch in 2022 in terms of stargazing. The coming year offers many heavenly delights for those who observe the sky. We will have, including two months of bleeding, partial solar eclipses and several planetary encounters.
The year 2022 is full of astrological events
In 2022, the night sky promises to be full of cosmic wonders. The total lunar eclipses, nicknamed the "Bloody Moon" for the intense red hue that the Moon takes when bathed in the shadow of the Earth, will be visible to billions of people.
Shining stars will pass through the sky without the bright moon drowning out the light. And sky observers can watch a cluster of five of the brightest neighboring planets, all visible to the naked eye.
Under the right conditions, distant Uranus could even join the other five visible planets, being seen as a small point of green light in the sky. Here is an overview of some of the most spectacular celestial phenomena worth circling in your calendar for next year.
On January 3 and 4, a rain of Quadrantid meteorites reaches its peak
For viewers in the northern hemisphere, the first major meteor shower in 2022, Quadrantidele, peaked on the night of January 3 and in the early hours of the morning of January 4. The thin, crescent-shaped moon will set early in the evening, leaving a dark sky ideal during peak hours between midnight and dawn.
This New Year's rain is known to produce brighter-than-average shooting stars, with 25 to 100 visible meteors per hour, depending on local light pollution.
Quadrantids take their name from the former constellation Quadrans Muralis, and the flaming space rocks appear to radiate from the northeast of the sky, right next to the handle of the Great Chariot.
Like all meteor showers, the best way to see as many shooting stars as possible is to find a place to watch away from the city lights and wait about 20 minutes for your eyes to fully adjust to the darkness of the sun. at the end of the night or before dawn.
Between March 24 and April 5, 2022, Venus, Mars and Saturn in a planetary dance
From late March to early April, those who wake up early in both hemispheres will be able to see some of the brightest neighboring planets performing a majestic celestial ballet.
Look at the low sky in the southeast about an hour before the local sunrise to catch Venus, Mars and Saturn grouped in a tight triangular group. On March 27 and 28, the rising moon will pass the planetary party.
Observers of the sky watching the planets from one morning to the next will notice that their positions will change. The planets will form a triangle that will change its angles until after April 1, when the trio will appear in a straight line.
In early April, you can also see how Saturn will approach Mars until the two appear next to each other between April 3 and 5. The two planets will appear closest on April 4, when they will be separated by only half a degree of arc, equal to the width of the full moon.
On April 30 we will have the first partial solar eclipse
Two partial solar eclipses, when the Moon blocks part of the solar disk in the sky, will occur in 2022. The first will be visible in southern South America, parts of Antarctica and parts of the Pacific and Southern Oceans.
On April 30, the Moon will pass between the Earth and the Sun, the maximum eclipse will take place at 20:41 UT, when up to 64% of the solar disk will be covered by the Moon. To see the largest magnitude of the eclipse, spectators will have to be positioned in the southern ocean, west of the Antarctic Peninsula.
However, those who watch the eclipse in the southernmost parts of Chile and Argentina will be able to see about 60 percent of the sun covered by the moon.
Goggles are needed to safely see all phases of a partial solar eclipse. Even though the sun may not appear as bright in the sky, looking directly at it can seriously hurt your eyes, so if you plan to see the eclipse on April 30, be sure to wear goggles that meet international safety standards.
On October 25, the second partial solar eclipse
On October 25, the Moon will bite from the Sun, when a partial eclipse of the Sun will cover the sky in most of Europe and the Middle East, as well as parts of West Asia, North Africa and Greenland.
Similar to the April 30 partial eclipse, this October event will take place when the Moon partially blocks the solar disk, as seen from Earth. Up to 86% of the sun will be covered for spectators in parts of Eurasia.
The moon's silhouette will begin to block some of the sun at 8:58 UT, and the maximum eclipse will occur at 11:00 UT. People in North and South America will not be lucky in this eclipse, because the partial solar eclipse will take place during the night in America.
The next solar eclipse for those looking at the sky west of the Atlantic will take place only on October 14, 2023, when an annular eclipse, or "ring of fire", will be visible.
On November 7th and 8th we will have a total lunar eclipse
Residents of North and South America, Australia, Asia and parts of Europe will have the opportunity to watch the red moon for the second time in 2022, when a total lunar eclipse will occur during the night of November 7 and 8.
In the western United States and Canada, in eastern Russia, in New Zealand, and in parts of eastern Australia, those looking at the sky will have the opportunity to see the entire eclipse unfold.
Meanwhile, eastern North America and most of South America will be able to watch partial phases of the eclipse as the moon sets in the west.
The moon will begin to darken along its edge on November 8 at 3:03 a.m. PT, and then its entire disk will plunge into the deepest central portion of the Earth's shadow at 2:59 a.m. PT. The eclipse will end at 3:41 a.m. PT, ending another wonderful year of stargazing, according to National Geographic.
The year 2022, a year of astronomical spectacle. The important thing is to have luck and clear skies so that we can see them in all their splendor.
Let’s look back at the most beautiful lunar eclipses in history.
The longest partial lunar eclipse of 2021
The longest partial lunar eclipse in the last 580 years occurred in 2021. The spectacular phenomenon, also called the "Blood Moon" due to the reddish light surrounding the Moon, was visible throughout North America as well as in some parts of the world. South America, East Australia and Northeast Asia.
The whole event lasted just over six hours, and the Moon spent three hours, 28 minutes and 23 seconds passing through the darkest part of the Earth's shadow. It was the longest partial lunar eclipse since 1440, according to NASA.
The eclipse, at its peak with 99.1% of the visible surface of the moon covered (Friday 09:03 GMT), was also visible by part of Northeast Asia, Polynesia and eastern Australia, but not from Europe or Africa.
Total lunar eclipse of 2019
Residents of much of Europe, West Africa, the Americas, and some parts of Asia were admiring a total lunar eclipse in clear skies.
It was the last such phenomenon that occurred before 2022.
For Europeans and Africans, the total eclipse occurred at the end of the night, shortly before sunrise. The eclipse was less visible in the eastern part of the two continents, due to the appearance of dawn.
For North and South Americans, the eclipse was visible in its early or midnight.
The full moon was in the shadow of the Earth from 03:34 GMT to 06:51 GMT.
During the first hour of this interval, it was gradually "blocked" from the left. The eclipse was total for one hour, starting at 04:41 GMT, according to NASA's timeframes.
The total phase of the eclipse was about three quarters of an hour shorter than that of the great eclipse of July 2018, which remained the longest in the 21st century.
During the total eclipse, the Moon was not visible, but appeared red in the night sky, as it happens during all total eclipses.
This coloration was due to the fact that the sun's rays no longer touched it directly. Instead, a small portion of the red rays of the light spectrum was filtered by the Earth's atmosphere and refracted to the moon (blue rays diverge outward), the same phenomenon that colors the sunrises and sunsets seen from Earth in red.
Total lunar eclipse of 2018
The lunar eclipse of July 27, 2018 was the second lunar eclipse of 2018. It was the second total eclipse, out of a series of three, which occurred at an interval of about six months. There was also a total central eclipse, with the Moon passing through the center of the Earth's shadow. It was the first central lunar eclipse since June 15, 2011.
Because it occurred when the Moon was nearing its peak, this eclipse was the longest total lunar eclipse of the 21st century, with a total phase of almost 103 minutes.
Eclipse of July 27, 2018. Friday night to Saturday was a unique astronomical event of this century. A total lunar eclipse took place on July 27, 2018, which was the longest in the 21st century.
Also called the "Blood Moon", the lunar eclipse of July 27, 2018 was the second total lunar eclipse that year and the third in a series of total eclipses that occur between 2017 and 2019.
In total, the astral phenomenon from the night of July 27 to 28 lasted 374 minutes, respectively 6 hours and 16 minutes. The Moon was in the shadow of our planet for 3 hours and 56 minutes.
The totality of the lunar eclipse of July 27, 2018 lasted 103 minutes, being the longest in the century 2000-2100, but with a small difference from the eclipses of June 26, 2029 and July 7, 2047, which will have totalities lasting 102 minutes.
Lunar eclipse through the twilight of 2016
On March 23, was the first lunar eclipse in the twilight of 2016. The eclipse coincided with another spectacular astronomical phenomenon. The lunar eclipse began on Wednesday.
The astronomical phenomenon was visible only for a few minutes in Asia, Australia, North America, South America, the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and Antarctica, because at that time, the Earth was between the Moon and the Sun and the shadow. The earth covered the lunar disk in a proportion of 77.5%.
A full astronomical phenomenon took place in the full moon eclipse through the penumbra. Jupiter was much brighter than usual, and after the moon was closest to the moon, it was looking like a big star, shining right next to the full moon, slightly dimmed. Jupiter was at its maximum brightness (apparent magnitude of -2.5), while the full moon, even during the eclipse, was still extremely bright, with a magnitude of -12.4.
Total lunar eclipse from 2010
The total lunar eclipse was the second that year after the partial eclipse of June 26, 2010.
In Europe, the beginning of the lunar eclipse was visible before sunrise only in the Scandinavian Peninsula.
This was the first lunar eclipse to occur on the day of the winter solstice in 1638. The next such lunar eclipse will occur in 2094.
The previous total lunar eclipse occurred almost two years ago, on February 21, 2008.
2011 began with a partial solar eclipse on January 4, followed by two more total lunar eclipses on June 15, 2011 and December 10, 2011.
The moment of totality is spectacular because the Moon had shades of orange-red-brick. The disc was not colored and evenly lit, the part closer to the center of the shadow was darker (the bottom of the disc).
The first solar eclipse of this year took place on Sunday. The Shadow of the Moon passed through West Africa, southern Saudi Arabia, India (not far from New Delhi), crossed the Himalayas, Tibet, China, Taiwan, and ended in the East China Sea. Below, how the solar eclipse could be seen in the cities and countries from which it was visible, in pictures.
The sun can be viewed safely using a green welding filter. Looking at the Sun every five minutes we can see how the edge of the Moon will touch its disk.
Those who have an astronomical instrument must be very careful in observing the eclipse. A safe method can be used, the projection method. A white card or white sheet is placed behind the telescope or telescope. The Sun's disk will be projected on a sheet where the eclipse can be observed, by several spectators at once. No filter will be used when using the projection method.
An annular eclipse of the Sun occurs when the length of the axis of the shadow cone of the Moon is less than the distance Earth-Moon, the tip of the shadow cone being located between two bodies. For the terrestrial points in the field delimited by the extension of the shadow cone, an annular eclipse of the Sun will take place, from these points being visible a peripheral ring of the Sun in the form of a "ring of fire". The Sun and the Moon are perfectly aligned with the Earth, the apparent diameter of the Moon is smaller than that of the Sun;
As the moon is quite far from Earth on this day, it will not be able to obscure all the light of the Sun sent to earth. From the Sun you will only see the edge in the shape of a "ring of fire" that surrounds the dark Moon.
A solar eclipse always occurs during the New Moon phase. Solar eclipses can be of three types: partial, annular and total. A total eclipse occurs every 40 years, visible from the same region of the earth.
New Year's Eve holds the record for most seniority. The Babylonians were celebrating the New Year 6,000 years ago, in the first nine months after the solstice. The festival lasted 11 days, with various activities taking place every day. Then people, as now, set goals for the new year, reports Agerpres.
A common custom among the Babylonians was the return of borrowed agricultural equipment. On this occasion, the king went through a ritual of repentance and was stripped of power to spend three days in isolation and in prayer. When he returned to the world, restoration ceremonies were organized to provide him with the support of nature.
In Ireland, single girls believe that the night between the years is an opportunity to find their true love. They place the mistletoe under the pillow dreaming of the magical moment when they will meet their chosen one. The mistletoe also drives away evil spirits. In terms of politics, it is believed in Ireland that the night wind between the years can predict the future of the country. If it blows from the west, it will bring prosperity, if it blows from the east, the British will dominate politics.
Polka dot clothes and round dishes seem to be the choice of Filipinos for the balance of the years. They believe that they will prosper because round points invoke coins. Also, throwing coins at midnight means plenty of revenue growth.
In Ecuador, midnight crow scarecrows are made. Each family has its own scarecrow filled with newspapers and pieces of wood, which it burns in front of the house. Tradition says that this destroys all the evil accumulated in the past 12 months, paving the way for happiness. In this country there is also the superstition that the yellow lingerie worn on New Year's Eve brings optimism next year.
The Chileans, more precisely the inhabitants of the city of Talca, celebrate their New Year with their dead relatives. The gates of the cemetery open at 11 o'clock at night, and the locals are greeted by muted classical music and dim lights, turning the cemetery into a festive place.
Better known is the American habit of sharing a passionate kiss with a loved one at midnight, which is believed to erase unpleasant memories of the past, paving the way for a future full of love.
Brazilians welcome the new year with very colorful underwear. They usually wear cheerful shades of red and yellow in hopes of attracting luck and a possible partner. Wishes for wealth and love are expressed through lingerie. Outdoor fires are lit on Paulista Boulevard at midnight. In such a celebration, fireworks are the harbingers of the new year.
In many parts of Europe, the tradition has been that the first person to enter one's house after midnight should bring a gift, a coin for prosperity, a loaf of bread for abundance, salt for flavor, or strength for good will. It is preferred that this "first footer" be a man with dark hair.
The island of Madeira in Portugal holds the record for the most glorious New Year's party. In 2007, 8,000 fireworks were launched per minute until a total of 600,000 was reached. Tourists from all over the world gather to watch the dizzying show. Here it is customary to eat 12 figs on New Year's Eve, which symbolizes 12 wishes for the coming year.
The tradition of prom in the Habsburg era has been preserved at the Austrian Imperial Salon. At midnight the "Blue Danube" resounds, and Strauss's "Bat" is always staged. The participants in the ceremony have pork on the table, a sign of luck. And the tables are decorated with chocolate piglets. The children pour molten lead into a tub, and a clairvoyant reads the shapes of the lead. If the metal forms a sphere, it means that the New Year brings luck and prosperity, if it takes the form of an anchor, it means that people will need help to overcome difficulties.
In China, the New Year is celebrated on the second new month of the solstice. Firecrackers and firecrackers are said to drive away evil spirits. Fabulous dragons and lions dance in the streets. People dress in red, the brightest of colors, and children receive red envelopes with money. Tangerines are also offered for luck, but only in even numbers. Another New Year's tradition is for people to come out and shout their wishes for the coming year. At the same time, he has to throw food as high as possible.
In Greece, a special bread called "Vasilopita" is served on New Year's Eve. A penny is hidden inside it when it is put in the oven. The bread is cut exactly at midnight and whoever receives the piece with the prize will be lucky next year. Here, the New Year's Day is dedicated to Saint Basil, famous for his kindness. Children leave their shoes by the fireplace on New Year's Eve to receive gifts from the good saint.
France celebrates the holiday called "Le Réveillon" with luxury food, champagne and gifts.
In Turkey, gifts are exchanged during a celebration of traditional Turkish food.
In Spain there is a tradition of eating 12 grapes at midnight on New Year's Eve. Each represents a month of the following year. Depending on how sweet it is, so will the month: better or harder. For brides, New Year's Eve is an opportunity to slip their wedding ring into the champagne glass and collide.
In Venezuela, those looking for a soulmate wear red underwear.
The most popular New Year's Eve drink is champagne. Everywhere in Europe and America it is accompanied by toast. In Russia, a drink of vodka, lemon juice and tap water is called "dirty water" and is drunk to stop bad luck. The Russians usually open the doors and windows for the new year to enter the house.
It is customary for people to kiss under the mistletoe at midnight on New Year's Eve. It can be considered a romantic gesture, but it is also a greeting for the New Year among people wishing them a happy new year, health and luck.
In Scotland, the New Year is called "Hogmanay", and in some villages rolls of tar are lit, which are then left to roll on the streets. Thus, the old year is burned and the new one is allowed to come. The Scots believe that the first person to enter the house on New Year's Eve will bring either luck or bad luck. The new year will be lucky if this person is a brunette man who brings a gift. "Auld Lang Syne", one of the most popular New Year's songs among English speakers, also appeared in Scotland. The song was first published by the poet Robert Burns in 1796 in the Scots Musical Museum.
In Liege, Belgium, on January 1, it is customary to eat choucroute (a kind of sauerkraut with sausages) as a family, with a coin under the plate, in your hand or in your pocket, to have money all year round.
In Naples, Italy, the New Year is celebrated with a special custom, which consists of throwing old objects, symbols of the past year, out the window. Thus, furniture, dishes, clothes, etc. they end up on the street, to the chagrin of the garbage collectors, who have to cross at night to clean up. On New Year's Eve, called "Capodanno", Italians usually put special dishes on the table, which are said to bring wealth and abundance.
In the Netherlands, the Oudejaarsdag or "last year's day" (December 31) is celebrated with many fireworks, which start at dawn and last until late at night. In fact, this is the only day that fireworks are allowed, they are on sale only three days before the New Year
In Hebrew, the New Year means "Rosh Hashanah." It is a sacred time when people think about what they have done wrong in the past and promise to be better in the future. Special ceremonies take place in the synagogues, where the shofar is played, a special instrument. The children receive new clothes, and the meal must include fruits and flour products, to remind them of the harvest time.
In India, the New Year is celebrated differently depending on the region. In West Bengal, people are adorned with flowers, which they color in red, pink, purple or white. Women wear yellow clothes, the color of spring. In southern India, mothers put food, flowers and gifts in a special box for children. On New Year's Eve, children should keep their eyes closed until they are led by hand to the gift box. In Central India, orange flags adorn all buildings on New Year's Day.
In Vietnam, the New Year is called "Tet Nguyen Dan" or simply "Tet". The Vietnamese believe that a god lives in every house, and on New Year's Day he goes to heaven. There, he says how good or bad each family member was last year. The god travels on the back of a carp, which is why Vietnamese people usually buy a live carp on New Year's Eve, which they let go of.
In Japan, people spend a whole week preparing for the coming of the new year. The house must be thoroughly cleaned to prevent the appearance of any evil spirits. All debts must be paid and, above all, all disputes resolved and mistakes forgiven.
For the Japanese, the New Year, called "Oshogatsu", is one of the most important holidays and a symbol of renewal. "Forget-me-not parties" or "Bonenkai" are organized, in which people leave behind the problems and worries of the year that are about to end and prepare for a new beginning. Misunderstandings and animosities are forgotten. On December 31st, at midnight, families go to the nearest temple to share sake (traditional drink, no.) And to witness the 108 gong blows announcing the passage of the new year (this figure represents the number of sins accumulated in -a soul throughout the year, and the gong blows symbolize the banishment of sins one by one and the purification of souls). On January 1, children receive otoshidamas - small gifts with money inside. On New Year's Day, dreams and wishes are written on a piece of paper.
Unmarried women in Belarus are waiting for New Year's Eve to find out if they will get married. They hold a few grains of corn in their hand, with which they lure a rooster. According to tradition, the girl whose rooster crouches will get married next year.
In the US, the New Year is expected on the streets of cities, as in Canada. Everyone celebrates the start of the New Year at traditional parties, sometimes at masquerade balls when everyone comes in a themed costume and with masks (according to tradition, guests have to take off their masks at midnight). Also at midnight, the bells and sirens sound, the sky is flooded with fireworks and everyone shouts in a "Happy New Year!" In New York, a 100-year-old tradition has been to throw a ball into Times Square. This is also the case in Hong Kong, Sydney, Rio de Janeiro, San Antonio and Sacramento, California. In other areas, various things are thrown to mark the New Year: in Easton (Maryland) - a crab, in Atlanta (Georgia) - a peach, in New Orleans - a pot.