The most spectacular Full Moon eclipses that took place ever: 2022 edition
We finally celebrated the new 2022 year. Astronomers say that we will have at least 5 unmissable events that you have to watch in 2022 in terms of stargazing. The coming year offers many heavenly delights for those who observe the sky. We will have, including two months of bleeding, partial solar eclipses and several planetary encounters.
The year 2022 is full of astrological events
In 2022, the night sky promises to be full of cosmic wonders. The total lunar eclipses, nicknamed the "Bloody Moon" for the intense red hue that the Moon takes when bathed in the shadow of the Earth, will be visible to billions of people.
Shining stars will pass through the sky without the bright moon drowning out the light. And sky observers can watch a cluster of five of the brightest neighboring planets, all visible to the naked eye.
Under the right conditions, distant Uranus could even join the other five visible planets, being seen as a small point of green light in the sky. Here is an overview of some of the most spectacular celestial phenomena worth circling in your calendar for next year.
On January 3 and 4, a rain of Quadrantid meteorites reaches its peak
For viewers in the northern hemisphere, the first major meteor shower in 2022, Quadrantidele, peaked on the night of January 3 and in the early hours of the morning of January 4. The thin, crescent-shaped moon will set early in the evening, leaving a dark sky ideal during peak hours between midnight and dawn.
This New Year's rain is known to produce brighter-than-average shooting stars, with 25 to 100 visible meteors per hour, depending on local light pollution.
Quadrantids take their name from the former constellation Quadrans Muralis, and the flaming space rocks appear to radiate from the northeast of the sky, right next to the handle of the Great Chariot.
Like all meteor showers, the best way to see as many shooting stars as possible is to find a place to watch away from the city lights and wait about 20 minutes for your eyes to fully adjust to the darkness of the sun. at the end of the night or before dawn.
Between March 24 and April 5, 2022, Venus, Mars and Saturn in a planetary dance
From late March to early April, those who wake up early in both hemispheres will be able to see some of the brightest neighboring planets performing a majestic celestial ballet.
Look at the low sky in the southeast about an hour before the local sunrise to catch Venus, Mars and Saturn grouped in a tight triangular group. On March 27 and 28, the rising moon will pass the planetary party.
Observers of the sky watching the planets from one morning to the next will notice that their positions will change. The planets will form a triangle that will change its angles until after April 1, when the trio will appear in a straight line.
In early April, you can also see how Saturn will approach Mars until the two appear next to each other between April 3 and 5. The two planets will appear closest on April 4, when they will be separated by only half a degree of arc, equal to the width of the full moon.
On April 30 we will have the first partial solar eclipse
Two partial solar eclipses, when the Moon blocks part of the solar disk in the sky, will occur in 2022. The first will be visible in southern South America, parts of Antarctica and parts of the Pacific and Southern Oceans.
On April 30, the Moon will pass between the Earth and the Sun, the maximum eclipse will take place at 20:41 UT, when up to 64% of the solar disk will be covered by the Moon. To see the largest magnitude of the eclipse, spectators will have to be positioned in the southern ocean, west of the Antarctic Peninsula.
However, those who watch the eclipse in the southernmost parts of Chile and Argentina will be able to see about 60 percent of the sun covered by the moon.
Goggles are needed to safely see all phases of a partial solar eclipse. Even though the sun may not appear as bright in the sky, looking directly at it can seriously hurt your eyes, so if you plan to see the eclipse on April 30, be sure to wear goggles that meet international safety standards.
On October 25, the second partial solar eclipse
On October 25, the Moon will bite from the Sun, when a partial eclipse of the Sun will cover the sky in most of Europe and the Middle East, as well as parts of West Asia, North Africa and Greenland.
Similar to the April 30 partial eclipse, this October event will take place when the Moon partially blocks the solar disk, as seen from Earth. Up to 86% of the sun will be covered for spectators in parts of Eurasia.
The moon's silhouette will begin to block some of the sun at 8:58 UT, and the maximum eclipse will occur at 11:00 UT. People in North and South America will not be lucky in this eclipse, because the partial solar eclipse will take place during the night in America.
The next solar eclipse for those looking at the sky west of the Atlantic will take place only on October 14, 2023, when an annular eclipse, or "ring of fire", will be visible.
On November 7th and 8th we will have a total lunar eclipse
Residents of North and South America, Australia, Asia and parts of Europe will have the opportunity to watch the red moon for the second time in 2022, when a total lunar eclipse will occur during the night of November 7 and 8.
In the western United States and Canada, in eastern Russia, in New Zealand, and in parts of eastern Australia, those looking at the sky will have the opportunity to see the entire eclipse unfold.
Meanwhile, eastern North America and most of South America will be able to watch partial phases of the eclipse as the moon sets in the west.
The moon will begin to darken along its edge on November 8 at 3:03 a.m. PT, and then its entire disk will plunge into the deepest central portion of the Earth's shadow at 2:59 a.m. PT. The eclipse will end at 3:41 a.m. PT, ending another wonderful year of stargazing, according to National Geographic.
The year 2022, a year of astronomical spectacle. The important thing is to have luck and clear skies so that we can see them in all their splendor.
Let’s look back at the most beautiful lunar eclipses in history.
The longest partial lunar eclipse of 2021
The longest partial lunar eclipse in the last 580 years occurred in 2021. The spectacular phenomenon, also called the "Blood Moon" due to the reddish light surrounding the Moon, was visible throughout North America as well as in some parts of the world. South America, East Australia and Northeast Asia.
The whole event lasted just over six hours, and the Moon spent three hours, 28 minutes and 23 seconds passing through the darkest part of the Earth's shadow. It was the longest partial lunar eclipse since 1440, according to NASA.
The eclipse, at its peak with 99.1% of the visible surface of the moon covered (Friday 09:03 GMT), was also visible by part of Northeast Asia, Polynesia and eastern Australia, but not from Europe or Africa.
Total lunar eclipse of 2019
Residents of much of Europe, West Africa, the Americas, and some parts of Asia were admiring a total lunar eclipse in clear skies.
It was the last such phenomenon that occurred before 2022.
For Europeans and Africans, the total eclipse occurred at the end of the night, shortly before sunrise. The eclipse was less visible in the eastern part of the two continents, due to the appearance of dawn.
For North and South Americans, the eclipse was visible in its early or midnight.
The full moon was in the shadow of the Earth from 03:34 GMT to 06:51 GMT.
During the first hour of this interval, it was gradually "blocked" from the left. The eclipse was total for one hour, starting at 04:41 GMT, according to NASA's timeframes.
The total phase of the eclipse was about three quarters of an hour shorter than that of the great eclipse of July 2018, which remained the longest in the 21st century.
During the total eclipse, the Moon was not visible, but appeared red in the night sky, as it happens during all total eclipses.
This coloration was due to the fact that the sun's rays no longer touched it directly. Instead, a small portion of the red rays of the light spectrum was filtered by the Earth's atmosphere and refracted to the moon (blue rays diverge outward), the same phenomenon that colors the sunrises and sunsets seen from Earth in red.
Total lunar eclipse of 2018
The lunar eclipse of July 27, 2018 was the second lunar eclipse of 2018. It was the second total eclipse, out of a series of three, which occurred at an interval of about six months. There was also a total central eclipse, with the Moon passing through the center of the Earth's shadow. It was the first central lunar eclipse since June 15, 2011.
Because it occurred when the Moon was nearing its peak, this eclipse was the longest total lunar eclipse of the 21st century, with a total phase of almost 103 minutes.
Eclipse of July 27, 2018. Friday night to Saturday was a unique astronomical event of this century. A total lunar eclipse took place on July 27, 2018, which was the longest in the 21st century.
Also called the "Blood Moon", the lunar eclipse of July 27, 2018 was the second total lunar eclipse that year and the third in a series of total eclipses that occur between 2017 and 2019.
In total, the astral phenomenon from the night of July 27 to 28 lasted 374 minutes, respectively 6 hours and 16 minutes. The Moon was in the shadow of our planet for 3 hours and 56 minutes.
The totality of the lunar eclipse of July 27, 2018 lasted 103 minutes, being the longest in the century 2000-2100, but with a small difference from the eclipses of June 26, 2029 and July 7, 2047, which will have totalities lasting 102 minutes.
Lunar eclipse through the twilight of 2016
On March 23, was the first lunar eclipse in the twilight of 2016. The eclipse coincided with another spectacular astronomical phenomenon. The lunar eclipse began on Wednesday.
The astronomical phenomenon was visible only for a few minutes in Asia, Australia, North America, South America, the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and Antarctica, because at that time, the Earth was between the Moon and the Sun and the shadow. The earth covered the lunar disk in a proportion of 77.5%.
A full astronomical phenomenon took place in the full moon eclipse through the penumbra. Jupiter was much brighter than usual, and after the moon was closest to the moon, it was looking like a big star, shining right next to the full moon, slightly dimmed. Jupiter was at its maximum brightness (apparent magnitude of -2.5), while the full moon, even during the eclipse, was still extremely bright, with a magnitude of -12.4.
Total lunar eclipse from 2010
The total lunar eclipse was the second that year after the partial eclipse of June 26, 2010.
In Europe, the beginning of the lunar eclipse was visible before sunrise only in the Scandinavian Peninsula.
This was the first lunar eclipse to occur on the day of the winter solstice in 1638. The next such lunar eclipse will occur in 2094.
The previous total lunar eclipse occurred almost two years ago, on February 21, 2008.
2011 began with a partial solar eclipse on January 4, followed by two more total lunar eclipses on June 15, 2011 and December 10, 2011.
The moment of totality is spectacular because the Moon had shades of orange-red-brick. The disc was not colored and evenly lit, the part closer to the center of the shadow was darker (the bottom of the disc).
For centuries, mankind has created a history that has been passed down from generation to generation. The myths or the reality about the leap years that have survived so far make everyone think about this inexplicable fact.
What is a leap year?
The term "jump" in Latin has a numerical meaning - 2/6. It is scientifically the fourth year above the standard number of days (366).
The historical period of a leap year
During the reign of Y. Caesar, there was an additional day repeated in the Roman calendar, with a number (February 24).
The Romans counted the days, the years, according to the Julian calendar.
In the Julian calendar, every fourth year was considered a leap year, and the last two days of February were below the same number.
After the death of the Roman ruler, the priests deliberately began to appoint the third year - a leap year. There was a change in the annual time and people, for this reason, lived up to twelve leap years.
Due to the decree of the new emperor of Rome - Augustus Octavian, everything fell into place. It took sixteen years to get the "jump time" right.
Sixteen centuries later, the Orthodox Church introduced new changes to the calendar.
The head of the Catholic Church, Pope Gregory XIII, proposed to calculate the calendar according to the new rules. He proposed introducing an additional day in February with a different date (February 29). At the general assembly, before the coming Easter, the idea of the head of the Catholic Church was successfully accepted. The Roman calendar had a new chronology. In honor of the leader of the Catholic Church, she began to be called a "Gregorian."
The modern concept of a leap year
It is known that a year consists of 365 days. The next fourth year is considered a leap year. It's a longer day.
In a leap year, February is not twenty-eight days, but twenty-nine, but this phenomenon happens every four years.
Assumptions and superstitions for the leap year
Our Slavic ancestors believed that the leap year was a mystical, superstitious year. Probably the reason lies in the distant history of Saint Kasyan.
Saint Kasian served in the Galilean monastery and was its founder. He became famous for his writing career after writing twenty-four essays on "Interview," based on a moral, Christian attitude toward the faith.
The main flaw in Saint Kasyan's life was that his date of birth fell on the last day of February and even at the end of the year.
According to the Slavic faith, the last day of the year was considered the end of a severe winter. For this reason, the holy monk gained a bad reputation.
The superstitious Slavs considered the last day of a leap year to be the most difficult. They believed in evil spirits. Hence the fear of people before a leap year.
The signs of a leap year have been associated with Saint Kasyan:
- If Kasyan approached people, the disease would attack them.
- Kasyan was next to the animals - their deaths were inevitable.
- Where Kasyan's gaze falls, there will be trouble and devastation.
- The unsuccessful year is approaching Kasyanov - unsuccessful.
According to legend, in a leap year, there are many things you should not do, for example:
- Play weddings
- Plan a pregnancy, have children
- Create new projects
- Go into the woods for mushrooms
- Divorce file
- Borrow money
- Plant new seeds
- Make interior renovations
- Buying real estate
The approach of a leap year in modern society is controversial. One part of society believes in its negative actions, the other does not.
Negative side of a leap year:
- Natural disasters
- Military conflicts
- Frequent accident
The positive side of a leap year
People born in a leap year are creative and talented people. Endowed with a brilliant charisma, strong character, love of life (Julius Caesar, Leonardo da Vinci, Elizabeth Taylor, Paul Gauguin).
Today, a leap year is perceived as a year of disasters, wars, catastrophes. After all, the worst events took place during this period.
People are prone to believe something and most often evil. A leap year is perceived as a time of loss, disappointment, sadness. Is that right? Just ask yourself.
Leap year: where did the extra day come from?
Do you think that the Earth will make a complete revolution in exactly 365 days? No, it's not like that - the Earth makes a complete circle around the Sun a little longer, that is, 365 days and 6 hours.
In other words, an extra quarter is added each year. For 4 years, such quarters come out 24 hours. So, it turned out that a year that is a multiple of 4 (2008, 2012, 2016, the calendar of leap years is based on this principle) is different from the rest.
The leap year is intended to eliminate this surplus and to bring the balance into chronology. If it weren't for the leap year, then in a few centuries the new year would have been postponed to the beginning of March, and that's pretty serious!
Differences from leap year
The differences between a leap year and other years, from a material point of view, are limited only by the number of days. In addition, people need to work harder for a day. Sometimes, however, it turns out and rests once again, but this happens quite rarely.
Astrologically, there are a lot of problems around the Earth around the Sun in a leap year:
- everyday problems;
- man-made disasters;
- natural cataclysms;
- relatively high mortality.
However, one can argue with the latter - there are no comments from ritual service workers about the increase in mortality. Only a few older people die.
Year leap: Greetings from Antiquity
For the first time, the ancient Romans were concerned about the inconsistency of the calendar with the actual course of time. In this country, it was forbidden to transfer significant data in another season. People were guided by the movement of the Sun in the sky.
Gaius Julius Caesar solved the problem quickly and radically - from the time of his reign, people began to live according to the Julian calendar, which just added a day in February every 4 years. They gradually started moving to the new calendar, not everyone accepted it, but time took its toll.
Over time, the pagan calendar migrated to Christian culture. But in some regions this year he is associated with Kasyan Visokos, one of the saints, the patron saint of monasticism.
He is believed to have been drinking without restraint for three years, and at the age of four he gets angry and takes revenge in public for the fact that his birthday is celebrated only once every 4 years.
However, there is a discrepancy here - a Christian saint, by definition, cannot be a drunk, plus there is no record in the church that Visokos would like.
Signs and beliefs associated with a leap year
Now the leap year is relatively simple, and earlier some people were afraid to leave home on February 29 in a leap year. For example, there was a sign that if you get a good frost on that day, and the frosts can be severe at the end of February, then a person will certainly catch a cold and die.
The same goes for animals. Popular belief says that any mistake in caring for pets on this day can cost animals their lives. For example, malnutrition or overeating.
Starting a new business in a leap year, according to popular belief, cannot be very successful.
Surely everything will be ruined: even if a man builds a house, he even opens a business. In addition, all major cases should be postponed until at least February 29 - this time is considered the most unfortunate since the beginning of the year.
To calm Visokos a little, you need to do the following:
- under the bells, throw a glass of vodka from the window (another alcohol is suitable, but it must be strong);
- drink without glasses that shake when it is exactly midnight;
- If you still have glasses, then you should put the glasses on the table before taking a sip.
According to popular belief, Visokos' anger will diminish slightly before the completion of the next journey around the Sun.
Another interesting sign is associated with the collection of gifts from nature. Picking mushrooms and berries is usually difficult on February 29, but things found on the street, such as money, can cause problems if they enter the house.
And if the dog barks at the same time (a dog day on February 29 itself is a bad sign), then trouble is guaranteed. You have to ignore it while saying, "Hold me out."
Prohibitions of the leap year
Because this year is so unlucky, people have come with a lot of bans, noticing that you can remove the troubles from home. By the way, nature "participates" in these prohibitions as well.
For example, according to ancient memories, in leap years, usually a poor apple crop.
So what not to do in a leap year:
- You can't sing carols for baptism. This ritual in itself is relatively associated with evil spirits and once every four years it is especially "attentive" to humans. You better not litter. So, no matter how many sweets people offer, it is better to avoid carols.
- It is not recommended to sell homemade products. It is believed that happiness and wealth leave home with them.
- You can't show the first erupted tooth to a baby to anyone, except maybe your closest relatives. If the ban is violated, the child will have crooked teeth.
- You can't start a big business, including getting married. Everything will break down, as I mentioned above.
- You can't buy "coffin stuff". It sounds weird, but for some people in their old age it is the norm to buy things for their own funeral. Doing so in a leap year will hasten death.
- Women are strictly forbidden to dye their hair. This can lead to the lady becoming bald.
- It is forbidden to change jobs or places of residence. In a new place, a person will simply not take root, you will have to start from scratch (this point is sometimes impractical because there are different circumstances in life).
- Having children joins this forbidden group, but not everyone takes this restriction seriously.
Everything may sound archaic, but the fact remains - people often complain to astrologers and psychics about the misfortunes that began even after violating such prohibitions.
Conclusion - until the Earth makes a complete revolution around the Sun in a leap year, some activities should be abandoned.
The reason for the bad reputation of a leap year
We must recognize that if we did not have leap years, there would be a regular change of seasons. Therefore, they help to synchronize the Gregorian and astrological calendars and do not allow the seasons to change in other months.
But why a leap year is considered bad, you have to figure it out. In Slavic culture, there has long been a negative attitude towards such years. An additional day in February was considered the cause of disasters and landslides.
Perhaps the reason for such antipathy was that this time, on February 29, according to Slavic beliefs, Kashchey-Chernobog was subdued, commanding dark forces, sowing evil, death, disease, and madness.
Old Russians often associated a day of jumping with Cassian, who was born on February 29th. Based on the legends, where he was assigned the role of guardian of the gates of Hell, the traitorous cherub, the adoptive one of the demons, etc., one can understand why this character was very feared and strongly cursed. The Russians were convinced that Cassian had a negative impact throughout the year. There was a pestilence of cattle and poultry, crops were destroyed in the fields, and famine began.
On February 29, people once again tried not to go out into the yard, to keep cattle and birds closed.
It is difficult to answer unequivocally why a leap year is considered bad. Some scientists claim that natural and man-made disasters are becoming more common during this period. Many personalities are also in a hurry to cancel their individual problems for more than a year.
The following tragic events are historical facts:
- the collapse of the Byzantine Empire and the city of Constantinople falls in the leap year 1204;
- the bloody Spanish Inquisition began in 1232;
- the plague of the inhabitants of medieval Europe from the plague, in which 1/3 of the population died in 1400;
- the terrible events of the Night of St. Bartholomew in 1572;
- the terrible tsunami in Japan in 1896 and the earthquake in China in 1556;
- In 1908, everyone became aware of the fall of the Tunguska meteorite, etc.
List of leap years in the 21st century
To plan important events in your life, such as marriage, birth, change of profession, place of residence, etc., information about leap years in this century will be helpful.
Leap years, list of the twentieth century: 1904, 1908, 1912, 1916, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988 , 1992, 1996.
Leap years in our century: 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024, 2028, 2032, 2036, 2040, 2044, 2048, 2052, 2056, 2060, 2064, 2068, 2072, 2076, 2080, 2084, 2088, 2092, 2096, 2100.
A positive attitude and self-confidence form a strong basis for important achievements in a person's life, and small superstitions should not become an obstacle to achieving goals.
Is it the leap year or 2022? 2022 will be an ordinary year. From year to year, the approach of the new year arouses enthusiasm among superstitious people.
Interest is based on the popular signs and superstitions associated with the addition to the additional February 29th. One day, February 29, is added to the calendar every four years.
If you believe in your own strengths you will be able to do whatever you want in any year! We at Bemorepanda advise you not to be guided by superstitions!
Lunar Eclipse - An eclipse that occurs when the Moon enters the cone of the shadow cast by the Earth. The diameter of the Earth's shadow spot at a distance of 363,000 km (the minimum distance of the Moon from the Earth) is about 2.5 times the diameter of the Moon, so that the entire Moon can be shaded. At each moment of the eclipse, the degree of coverage of the lunar disk by the earth's shadow is expressed by the phase of the eclipse. The magnitude of the phase is determined by the distance 0 from the center of the moon to the center of the shadow. In astronomical calendars, the values of Ф and 0 are given for different moments of the eclipse.
When the Moon completely falls into the shadow of the Earth during an eclipse, they speak of a total lunar eclipse, when partially - a partial eclipse. A lunar eclipse can be observed in half of the Earth's territory (where at the time of the eclipse the Moon is above the horizon). The view of the shadowy moon from any point of view is negligibly different from another point and is the same. The maximum theoretically possible duration of the total phase of a lunar eclipse is 108 minutes; such were, for example, the lunar eclipses of August 13, 1859 and July 16, 2000.
During an eclipse (even a total one), the Moon does not disappear completely, but turns dark red. This is explained by the fact that the Moon continues to shine even in the total eclipse phase. The sun's rays that pass tangentially to the earth's surface are scattered in the Earth's atmosphere and due to this scattering they partially reach the moon. Because the Earth's atmosphere is most transparent to the rays of the red-orange part of the spectrum, these rays reach the surface of the Moon to a greater extent during an eclipse, which explains the color of the lunar disk. In fact, it is the same effect as the red-orange glow of the sky near the horizon (dawn) before sunrise or even after sunset. The Danjon scale is used to assess the brightness of the eclipse.
Bemorepanda collected 50 interesting facts about the full moon eclipse, that you can check below.
1. An observer on the Moon, at the time of a total (or partial, if on the shaded side of the Moon) of a lunar eclipse sees a total solar eclipse (the eclipse of the Sun by the Earth).
2. If the Moon falls in the partial shadow of the Earth only partially, a partial eclipse is observed. With it, part of the Moon is dark and part, even in the maximum phase, remains in partial shade and is illuminated by the sun's rays.
3.There is a penumbra around the cone of the Earth's shadow - a region of space where the Earth hides the Sun only partially. If the Moon passes through the penumbra but does not enter the shadow, a penumbral eclipse occurs. With this, the brightness of the moon decreases, but insignificantly: such a decrease is almost imperceptible to the naked eye and is recorded only by instruments. Only when the moon in a penumbral eclipse passes by the cone of full shadow, with a clear sky, can you notice a slight darkening on one edge of the lunar disk.
4. At least two lunar eclipses occur each year, however, due to the mismatch of the plans of the lunar and terrestrial orbits, their phases differ.
5. Eclipses are repeated in the same order every 6585 days (or 18 years 11 days and 8 hours - a period called saros). By knowing where and when a total lunar eclipse was observed, you can determine the exact time of subsequent and previous eclipses, which are clearly visible in this area.
6. This cyclical nature often helps the exact date of the events described in the historical annals.
7. The eclipse, whether solar or lunar, has always frightened and delighted mankind. From a scientific point of view, this is an astronomical phenomenon, during which one celestial body shuts off the flow of light to another and visually creates the impression that the planets are disappearing.
8. Any processes and phenomena that occur on and around the Earth have a certain conditioned influence on our planet and its inhabitants. Solar and lunar eclipses can cause various types of cataclysms, as well as changes in the psychological and physiological health of people.
9. During a total lunar eclipse, the Moon disappears completely into the shadow of the Earth. The total phase of a lunar eclipse lasts much longer than the total phase of a solar eclipse.
10. The shape of the edge of the earth's shadow during lunar eclipses served the ancient Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle as one of the strongest proofs of the Earth's sphericity. The philosophers of ancient Greece calculated that the Earth is about three times the size of the Moon, simply based on the duration of eclipses (the exact value of this coefficient is 3.66).
11. The moon at the time of a total lunar eclipse is actually devoid of sunlight, so a total lunar eclipse is visible from anywhere in the Earth's hemisphere. The eclipse begins and ends simultaneously for all geographical points. However, the local time for this phenomenon will be different.
12. As the Moon moves from west to east, the left edge of the Moon first enters the shadow of the earth.
13. An eclipse can be total or partial, depending on whether the Moon enters the shadow of the Earth completely or passes near its edge.
14. The closer the lunar eclipse is to the lunar node, the greater its phase. Finally, when the lunar disk is covered not by a shadow but by a penumbra, penumbra eclipses occur. It is difficult to see them with the naked eye.
15. During an eclipse, the Moon hides in the shadow of the Earth and, it seems, should disappear from view every time, because the Earth is opaque. However, the Earth's atmosphere scatters the sun's rays, which hit the moon's eclipsing surface, "bypassing" the Earth.
16. The reddish color of the disc is due to the fact that the red and orange rays pass best through the atmosphere. The reddish color of the disk during a total lunar eclipse is due to the scattering of sunlight in the Earth's atmosphere.
17. Each lunar eclipse is different in terms of the distribution of brightness and color in the shadow of the earth. The color of the eclipsed moon is often estimated according to a special scale proposed by French astronomer André Danjon:
0 points - the eclipse is very dark, in the middle of the eclipse the Moon is almost or completely invisible.
1 point - the eclipse is dark, gray, the details of the lunar surface are completely invisible.
2 points - the eclipse is dark red or reddish, a darker part is seen near the center of the shadow.
3 points - a red-brick eclipse, the shadow is surrounded by a gray or yellowish edge.
4 points - a copper-red eclipse, very bright, the outer area is light, bluish.
18. If the plane of the Moon's orbit coincided with the plane of the ecliptic, then the lunar eclipses would be repeated every month. But the angle between these planes is 5 °, and the Moon crosses the ecliptic twice a month only at two points, called the nodes of the lunar orbit. Even ancient astronomers knew about these knots, calling them the Dragon's Head and Tail (Rahu and Ketu). For a lunar eclipse to occur, the moon on a full moon must be close to the node of its orbit.
19. There are usually 1-2 lunar eclipses per year. In a few years it may not be at all and sometimes the third one happens. In the rarest cases, there is a fourth eclipse, but only a partial penumbra.
20. The period of time after which the moon returns to its node is called the draconian moon, which is 27.21 days. After this time, the Moon crosses the ecliptic at a point offset from the previous 1.5 ° westward passage. The phases of the month are repeated on average every 29.53 days (synodic month). The time interval of 346.62 days in which the center of the Sun's disk passes through the same node of the lunar orbit is called the draconian year.
21. The recurrence period of eclipses - saros - will be equal to the time period after which the beginning of these three periods will coincide. Saros in ancient Egyptian means "repetition." Long before our era, even in antiquity, it was established that saros lasts 18 years 11 days 7 hours. Saros includes: 242 draconian months or 223 synodic months or 19 draconian years. During each Saros 70 to 85 eclipses occur; of these, there are usually about 43 solar and 28 monthly.
22. During the year, the seven largest eclipses can occur - either five solar and two lunar, or four solar and three lunar. The minimum number of eclipses per year is two solar eclipses. Solar eclipses occur more often than lunar eclipses, but are rarely observed in the same area, as these eclipses are only visible in a narrow band of the moon's shadow. At a certain point on the surface, a total solar eclipse is observed on average once every 200-300 years.
23. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon, and the Earth's shadow falls on the Moon. This happens on a full moon if it is observed near the lunar node. A lunar eclipse affects the psyche to a greater extent than life's plan of events, giving rise to a feeling of excruciating anxiety and a desire to do something without a clear understanding of the meaning and purpose of actions. Under a lunar eclipse, people experience a wave of emotions, there are illusions about partners and their own role in relationships
24. A solar eclipse can only occur on a new moon. A lunar eclipse can only occur on a full moon.
25. The moon governs everything related to the interests of the home and motherhood and represents the external part of a person's personality. Personality is what we see in the external expression (appearance, words, deeds), that is, everything that distinguishes one person from another.
26. The moon governs the stomach, breast, fertility, household, maternal instinct, adaptation to everyday circumstances, popularity. It has a significant impact on the general, mundane activities of everyday life.
27. The sun rules character, personality (what we really are), power and authority, authority among others. The sun means the influence of high-ranking people and the occupation of high positions.
28. Everything that happens a week before the eclipse has a completely different quality from what happens a week later. Events that occur a week before an eclipse can rarely be reconciled with how they were planned. They get out of control, gaining about higher purpose and higher speed.
29. Everything that happens on the day of the eclipse itself is endowed with fatal significance and is almost out of human control. During an eclipse, we are aware of the information that may have been available to us before, but for one reason or another did not reach our consciousness. Therefore, important decisions should be made in the week after the eclipse.
30. Solar and lunar eclipses affect differently. Solar eclipses stimulate a crisis of consciousness, change our internal attitudes, bringing events that we did not consciously cause, dictated by external circumstances. Situations conditioned by karmic predestination are made here.
31. Lunar eclipses are more associated with events caused by our thoughts and feelings. These indicate the area of daily life where the changes caused by the solar eclipse will take place.
32. If a lunar eclipse precedes a solar eclipse, the situation in a certain area of life reaches a critical point, requiring reorganization and pushing to rethink and seek a new approach to the time of the solar eclipse following the moon. If a solar eclipse is followed by a lunar eclipse, what will be determined at the beginning of the cycle will inevitably manifest itself in the next lunar eclipse - new conscious attitudes will be realized or rejected in situations that will determine the next stage of life. This can be a time of important choices and life-changing decisions.
33. Unlike a solar eclipse, a lunar eclipse is the completion of a stage in our lives. The Enlightenment came to the opposition - after passing this point, the Moon begins its journey back to the Sun.
34. A lunar eclipse is a time of maximum illumination, manifestation of questions and problems. This is a crisis in which something will be drastically changed or thrown away. One way or another, the circumstances will not remain the same. This is the time when relationship issues, legal disputes and open conflicts come to the fore. It is the most public and public time of the year, revealing information that could have remained hidden for a long time. The information spreads instantly, becoming public knowledge. The secret can be revealed. If you've been looking for someone or something, you might find it during a lunar eclipse. Carries out long-term projects and tasks. It can bring a long-awaited meeting or it can end a long-awaited breakup.
35. A lunar eclipse is a time of public outcry, termination of contracts or, conversely, mergers and acquisitions of parties. Although the conflict, clarifying the positions of the parties, is often a way to resolve the issue, however, it should be remembered that at this time the emotional tension is too strong, so beware of making spontaneous decisions. What will be destroyed during this period is difficult to restore.
36. A lunar eclipse is a cosmic phenomenon that occurs when the moon falls in the shadow of the earth. Moreover, as in the case of the Sun, events may have more development options.
37. Depending on some factors, a lunar eclipse can be total or partial. Logically, we can well assume what this term or another that characterizes a particular eclipse means.
38. A total lunar eclipse is a lunar eclipse that is usually seen where it is above the horizon at the right time. The satellite is in the shadow of the Earth, but a total eclipse is not able to completely hide the Moon. In this case, it fades only slightly, acquiring a dark, reddish hue. This is because even when it is completely in the shade, the lunar disk does not cease to be illuminated by the sun's rays passing through the Earth's atmosphere.
39. The partial lunar eclipse is in the case of the Sun, the darkness of the visible surface of the Moon is often incomplete. We can observe a partial eclipse when only part of the Moon is in the shadow of the Earth. This means that when part of the satellite is eclipsed, that is, shaded by our planet, then the second part of it continues to be illuminated by the Sun and remains clearly visible to us.
40. The penumbral eclipse, which differs from other astronomical processes, will seem much more interesting and unusual. This type of eclipse of the Earth's satellite occurs slightly differently than partially. From open sources or from our own experience, it is easy to see that there are areas on the surface of the Earth where the sun's rays are not completely hidden and therefore cannot be a shadow. But even here there is no passage of direct sunlight. This is the region of the penumbra. And when the Moon, caught right in this place, is in the penumbra of the Earth, we can observe an eclipse of the penumbra.
41. It's unbelievable, but true: the number of solar eclipses is greater, even if the Moon is smaller than After all, knowing what an eclipse is and why it occurs, one might think that the shadow of a larger object is more likely to cover a smaller one than the other way around. Based on this logic, the size of the Earth makes it possible to hide the lunar disk in the shortest time.
42. For those who have extraordinary abilities, the lunar eclipse can present a surprise in the form of doubling the extrasensory abilities, increasing the acuity of perception and intuition.
43. In the Middle Ages, mankind feared seriously for its present and future in times of eclipse, seeing only the negative consequences. Today, old prejudices have sunk in the summer, and modern science has begun to defend the interests of humanity. Long-term studies have shown that solar eclipses carry various energies. The influence of eclipses in a balanced way is both positive and negative. To smooth over the latter, esotericism is recommended to follow certain rules associated with some restrictions that are not typical of everyday life.
44. The lunar eclipse also, according to scientific research, helps to drive away the old resentment from your conscience, to reduce the feeling of guilt for past mistakes, regardless of their severity. Anything negative can lead to destruction and chaos. The energy of the eclipse will help to release the accumulated negative energy and, in return, will gain a positive and an unprecedented inspiration. In a lunar eclipse, it is advisable to forgive your criminals.
45. Lunar eclipses are as old as our planet (and the moon itself), and the moon has long played a role in shaping people's religious beliefs. So it's no wonder that lunar eclipses - especially the spectacular one in the world on Friday - have a serious history behind them.
46. The lunar cycle changes the quality of the light at night, and an eclipse temporarily throws the entire cycle out of the highest path. So it is no wonder that an eclipse can affect nocturnal species. Lemurs, for example, stop their activity altogether (maybe those big eyes aren't that great without moonlight?) While bats increase their activity before and after the eclipse to go hunting.
47. Record duration! The longest total solar eclipse in the last 100 years was on July 22, 2009. It has been admired in India, Nepal, Bhutan and China. The total dark phase lasted up to 6 minutes and 29 seconds.
48. The only place in the solar system where an eclipse can be seen is the Earth. However, some planets also have spectacular phenomena. A triple eclipse can occur on Jupiter at the same time, because it has several satellites. The phenomenon can be observed from Earth with the help of a telescope.
49. The lunar eclipse occurs when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are placed on an axis, in that order. At a lunar eclipse, the phase of the moon will always be a "full moon".
50. The moon is moving away from the Earth! This phenomenon is proven and it has been estimated that over 600 million years ago, the Moon will be so far away that we will not see a total solar eclipse. A solar eclipse is likely to be visible twice from the same place for 360 years, however, in Carbondale, Illinois, a solar eclipse will be observed in 2017, and in 2024 the second will be observed.
Astronomical events in 2022 Full Moon Eclipse Details, Meteor Showers: Where to watch, how long it will last and more
In 2021, we had suborbital flights, we had a rover that landed on Mars, we sent the James Webb telescope, the best so far, in space and we expect many "gifts" in 2022. What will we see in 2022 , if we look up at the sky?
One of them will be visible for only 20 minutes, because the Moon is setting. We will have a lunar eclipse on May 16th. Basically, we will have to look at the moon in the morning, around 5 a.m, and we will find that it is very close to the horizon, because it is starting to set, but then it will start to enter the shadow of the Earth. It will be a spectacular phenomenon because we will see both the eclipsed sunset and the rising sun.
We will have another partial solar eclipse, which will be visible from us, on October 25. There, the Sun will be about 45 percent covered by the Moon. But it is a beautiful eclipse of the Sun, which will be seen, and for us the advantage is that it is partially visible from anywhere in the world, so we should not be "upset" that others could see it in full.
The new year will surely be a delight for heavenly viewers, with plenty of celestial events on the calendar. Here are the main events in the sky in 2022, so you can prepare your binoculars and telescope.
There are 12 phases of the full moon in 2022, and two of them qualify as supermoons. The definitions of a supermoon may vary, but the term generally refers to a full moon that is brighter and closer to Earth than normal, and therefore appears larger in the night sky.
Some astronomers say that the phenomenon occurs when the Moon is at 90% of perigee, the closest to Earth in orbit. According to this definition, the full moon in June as well as July will be considered supermoon events.
Here is the list of full astronomical events for 2022:
January 17: Moon of the Wolf
February 16: Snow Month
March 18: Worm Moon
April 16: Pink Moon
May 16: Flower Month
June 14: Strawberry Month
July 13: Deer Moon
August 11: Moon Sturgeon
September 10: Harvest Month
October 9: Hunter's Month
November 8: Beaver Month
December 7: Cold Moon
Lunar and solar eclipses
Partial solar eclipses occur when the Moon passes in front of the Sun, but only blocks some of its light. Be sure to wear appropriate eclipse goggles to see solar eclipses safely, as light can be harmful to the eyes.
A partial solar eclipse on April 30 can be seen in southern South America, the southeastern Pacific Ocean and the Antarctic Peninsula.
Another eclipse on October 25 will be visible in Greenland, Iceland, Europe, Northeast Africa, the Middle East, West Asia, India and western China.
A lunar eclipse can only occur during the full moon, when the Sun, Earth, and Moon align and the Moon passes in the shadow of the Earth. The earth casts two shadows on the moon during the eclipse. The penumbra is the partial outer shadow, and the shadow is the complete, dark one.
There will be two total lunar eclipses and two partial solar eclipses in 2022, according to The Old Farmer's Almanac.
When the full moon passes in the shadow of the Earth, it darkens, but does not disappear. Sunlight passing through the Earth's atmosphere illuminates the Moon dramatically, turning it red, which is why it is often referred to as the "blood moon."
The new year begins with the Quadrantid meteor shower, which is expected to peak in the night hours between January 2 and 3 for those in North America, according to the American Meteor Society.
The annual Perseid meteor shower in August is a real delight for those observing the sky, as it produces extremely many streaks of light through our atmosphere.
It is the first of 12 meteor showers during the year, although the next, the Lyrid meteor shower, does not reach its peak until April.
Here are the other rains to watch in 2022:
Lyrids: April 21-22
And Aquariids: May 4-5
Southern Delta Aquariums: July 29-30
Alpha Capricorns: July 30-31
Perseids: August 11-12
Orionids: October 20-21
Southern Taurids: November 4-5
Northern Taurids: November 11-12
Leonids: November 17-18
Geminids: December 13-14
Bears: December 21-22
If the sky remains clear, the Quarantines should reach their peak on the evening of January 3, after 20:00.
Lyride, meteor shower - April 21. In 2022, meteor showers will peak on the night of April 22 until the early hours of April 23.
Eta Aquarid, meteor shower - May 6. The meteor shower will peak on the night of May 5 to May 6.
Caused by Comet Halley, this meteor shower can be seen especially by people living in the southern hemisphere.
Super Moon - July 13th. A supermoon occurs when the Moon is closest to the Earth during its orbit, at the same time as a full moon, making the Moon appear significantly larger and brighter. In 2022 you will be able to see this show in mid-July.
Perseids, meteor showers - August 12 and 13. Perseids can be seen from mid-July to late August, but the peak will be between August 12 and 13.
Orionids, meteor showers - October 21. If it is dark at night, it is possible to see between 10 and 20 meteors in the sky every hour.
Partial solar eclipse - October 25. The eclipse will be visible in the UK, Europe and parts of the Middle East on October 25.
Geminids, meteor shower - December 14. The meteor shower will take place for about two weeks, but the meteorites can be seen best on December 14th.
The first meteor shower of the year, Quadrantidele, has its maximum manifestation period in January, in 2022 it takes place on the night of January 3 to 4. This meteor shower has its radiant in the constellation Bootes and is one of the strongest meteor currents, producing between 100 and 140 meteors per hour. The meteors of this current are bright and very fast.
In the year 2022, on April 14, we will have the phenomenon of the Black Moon (sometimes called in English "Dark Moon" - or "Lilith", meaning "Dark Moon" or "Black Moon"). The moon is the only natural satellite of planet Earth and has no light of its own, but only reflects that received from the Sun. There are several ways to calculate the occurrence of the phenomenon called the Black Moon: the third phase of the New Moon in a season in which there are four such monthly phases (a year with four seasons of three months each); the second phase of the New Moon in a month in which two such phases occur; the month in which the New Moon phase does not occur and the month in which the Full Moon phase does not occur
In 2022, there will be four eclipses (two lunar and two solar), according to NASA. Both lunar eclipses are total and will occur on May 16 and November 8, respectively. The first will be visible from the Americas, Europe and Africa, and the second from Asia, Australia, the Pacific and the two continents, according to eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov.
The 2022 solar eclipses will be partial and will occur on April 30 and October 25, respectively. April will be observed in the Southeast Pacific, and October in Europe, Northeast Africa, the Middle East and West Asia,
The four astronomical events that mark the beginning of the four seasons in 2022 occur at: March 20 17 h 33 m - spring equinox, June 21 12 h 14 m - summer solstice, September 23 04 h 04 m - autumn equinox , on December 21 23 h 38 m - the winter solstice.
On January 20, from an astrological point of view, the transition to the zodiac sign Aquarius is made, until February 18.
In 2022, a real heavenly spectacle is announced
We also have as a spectacular phenomenon the approach of the planet Mars. Mars is approaching Earth in December and will reach about 80 million kilometers from us. At the same time, on the evening when it is best seen all year round, the Moon will cross Mars and cover it. An occultation between the Moon and Mars will be seen somewhere around 7:00 in the morning.
We have other visible planets. For example, in the morning of March, you will see four planets in the sky: Mercury, Mars, Venus and Saturn. Then Mars will meet Saturn in April, and they will be side by side in the morning. Venus will also meet Jupiter on May 1st. From July, all year round, three planets will be seen all night: Saturn, Jupiter and Mars. They will remain visible until the end of the year.
The year of the recapture of the moon
On the other hand, 2022 will be the year of the recapture of the Moon, because almost all the states that can afford it will launch probes towards the Moon. The Americans will launch their Artemis system to the moon and back, with no people on board, will test to see if everything works. India and China will also launch probes to the moon, and it appears that Ukraine also wants to launch a satellite to study the moon closely.
The Grammy Awards, along with the Oscars and the Met Gala, are one of the main and most important events in the entertainment industry. In 2022, the 64th prize will be held in Los Angeles on January 31, and just the other day the nominees became known. So, what else do you need to know about the upcoming ceremony?
The awards will be presented on January 31
And it will traditionally take place at the Staples concert venue in Los Angeles. The Grammy will be televised by CBS, and the award can be viewed online at grammy.com as well as on the YouTube channel of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences.
By the way, the presentation of the statuettes this year will be somewhat different. Reacting to the caustic remarks in their address, the Grammys abandoned the so-called nomination committees (which were criticized last year by The Weeknd, which was left without a single nomination).
Grammy Nominees 2022
Industry favorites such as Justin Bieber (eight nominations), Doja Cat (eight nominations), HER (eight nominations and a record 21 in four years), Billie Eilish (seven nominations), Olivia Rodrigo got the chance to win the most prestigious music award in 2022. (seven nominations), Lil Nas X (five nominations) and Taylor Swift (one nomination, but “Album of the Year”, in which Swift won three times already). Young Rodrigo will have to try to emulate Eilish's achievement, who two years ago became the first Grammy winner in 39 years in all four main categories: Record of the Year, Song of the Year, Album of the Year and Best New Artist. By the way, this year the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences expanded the number of nominees from eight to ten in these categories.
However, the largest number of nominations - 11 - went to John Baptiste. His album “We Are” received accolades from critics, and the jazz musician also took part in writing tracks for the cartoon "Soul", which also did not go unnoticed. Recall that last year Beyonce became the leader in the number of Grammy nominations. She could take home nine figurines, but in the end she won four awards. Offended by The Weeknd this year, he nevertheless received three nominations at once. Halsey found herself in a similar situation when she criticized the Grammy last year and was nominated for Best Alternative Album this year. And also the first in its history nomination ("Record of the Year") was received by the ABBA group.
There are two new categories
The statuettes for Best Global Music Performance and Best Album for Musica Urbana (nominated for Latin American Artists) will be presented for the first time at the upcoming ceremony. Now there are 88 categories.
Jay-Z is the most award-nominated artist of all time
In 2022, Jay-Z received three nominations, which allowed him to get such an honorable status. Prior to that, he shared a record in 80 nominations with producer and composer Quincy Jones. True, in terms of the number of awards, Jay-Z lags behind Jones (he became a laureate 23 times, and Quincy - 27). By the way, the wife of rapper Beyonce also set a record last year - she owns the largest number of victories among all solo artists.
1. The first Grammy was awarded on May 4, 1959. The song of the year was Volare by Domenico Modugno. At that time, the award was presented in only 22 nominations. Winners in 82 nominations will be announced at the 2014 Grammy Awards.
2. In 1998, a certain Michael Portnoy received his moment of fame at the Grammy. During Bob Dylan's speech, a man walked on stage with a naked torso, and on his chest was written: "Soy bomb." He was immediately tied up and taken backstage. Subsequently, the "saboteur" explained that by his appearance he wanted to convey to the public that art should be as nutritious as soybeans.
3. Despite the fact that the Grammy awards are mostly musical, some awards are also given for recordings of the spoken genre. So in 2003, the actor Robin Williams received this award for the best album in the comedy spoken genre. For such creativity, Robin has already earned as many as five "gramophones".
4. Another actor and multiple Grammy winner is Will Smith. Smith began his show business career performing rap songs with DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince. By the way, Smith and his comrades can be called the pioneers of the genre - it was they who, in 1989, were awarded the first Grammy award in history for reading rap. Subsequently, the actor received 3 more statuettes - in 1992, 1998 and 1999.
5. Surprisingly, the Grammy Awards are awarded not only to people, but also ... to dolls! Red Fuzzy Elmo from Muppet Show has won awards three times, including Elmopalooza - Best Album for Children in 1998.
6. There are also politicians among the winners of the Grammy Awards. This award was awarded to three American presidents at once - Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton and Barack Obama. But, of course, not for the songs, but for the beautiful speeches: in 2008 Obama won the Grammy for The Audacity Of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream.
7. Usually musicians await the Grammy with the same excitement as the actors - the Oscar. But not the Irish singer Sinead O'Connor, known for her rebellious disposition. On February 3, 1991, the singer, who was declared in four nominations, publicly refused the award. "All this bullshit is permeated through and through with falsehood and reflects destructive values," - said Sinead. As a result, she won a Grammy in the Best Alternative Music Performance category, but never came for the award.
8. One of the most touching moments in the history of the ceremony happened in 2010, when the organizers decided to present a posthumous prize to King of Pop Michael Jackson. His children, 12-year-old son Prince Michael and 11-year-old daughter Paris, came to receive the award for the musician. The teenagers made such a heartfelt speech that the audience could hardly restrain sobbing.
9. In the category "Most Amazing Duo of the Grammy Awards," first place can be unconditionally given to rapper Eminem and Elton John, who sang Stan during the awards ceremony in 2001. The unexpected collaboration of representatives of two such different genres was remembered for a long time by all spectators of that ceremony.
10. Now is the time to talk about the Grammy records. American singer Sherrill Crow is one of three performers to win two awards at once - Best New Artist and Record of the Year - in the same year. This achievement will be shared by Norah Jones and Christopher Cross.
11. Group U2 is the leader in the number of Grammys among musical groups. To date, they have 22 awards.
12. American blind soul singer Stevie Wonder has 28 phonographs in his musical collection, including a Grammy for Lifetime Achievement. This is an absolute record.
13. Singer Leanne Rimes became the youngest Grammy winner in history. She was only 14 years old when she received this award for Best New Artist in 1996.
14. The group Led Zeppelin received belated recognition. The band won its first and only Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2005 - 25 years after the band's disbandment.
15. Russian musicians are nominated for a Grammy almost every year. Here is just one single genre - classical music. Conductors Yuri Bashmet and Mikhail Pletnev became the laureates of the prize from Russia. But the opera diva Anna Netrebko and artistic director of the Mariinsky Theater Valery Gergiev, although they were nominated, until they received a Grammy.
16. The record for the number of Grammy awards in its entire history belongs to the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, which already has 60 statuettes.
17. "Grammy" is the highest award for a musician, so usually the laureates are very happy about their victory, but not Sinead O'Connor (52). On February 3, 1991, the Irish singer, nominated in four nominations for Best Alternative Performance, turned down the award and never came for it.
18. American composer, arranger, record producer and trumpet player Quincy Jones has been nominated for a Grammy 79 times at 27 awards, more than anyone else. But he never became a laureate of the award.
19. In the piggy bank Stevie Wonder (68) 22 Grammy awards, including the Lifetime Achievement Award.
20. In 1998, a young man named Michael Portnoy ran onto the stage of the ceremony during a show by Bob Dylan (77) with a naked torso on which was written "Soy Bomb". As Michael later explained, he wanted to convey to everyone that art should be as nutritious as soy.
21. Did you know that the Grammys are awarded not only for musical works? In 2003, actor Robin Williams won the Best Comedy Talk Album award. By the way, at the moment he already has 5 "gramophones" in this nomination.
22. Conductor Georg Solti holds the record for the most Grammy awards with 31 awards. Among women - Alison Krauss (47), she has 28 figurines.
23. We will never forget how in 2001 Eminem (46) and Elton John (71) took to the stage of the ceremony together to perform a track by rapper Stan.
24. There are also politicians among the winners of the Grammy Awards. As many as three American presidents - Jimmy Carter (94), Bill Clinton (72) and Barack Obama (58) - have received the award. Of course, not for songs, but for beautiful speeches. In 2008, Obama received a Grammy for The Audacity Of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream.
25. Believe it or not, even dolls get Grammy awards. Red Fuzzy Elmo from Muppet Show won the award three times, including the 1998 Best Album for Children.
26. 2010 was one of the most moving moments in the history of the ceremony. Then the organizers decided to present the posthumous prize to the king of pop Michael Jackson. His children - son Prince Michael (21) and daughter Paris (20) - came to receive the award for the musician. They made such a heartfelt speech that the audience could hardly hold back tears.
27. The youngest winner of the award is singer Leanne Rimes (36), who won the award in 1997 at the age of 14 for Best New Artist. And the oldest winner in 1991 was the late George Burns. He received the award at the age of 91 in the category "Non-musical work" for his "Gracie: A Love Story" ("Gracie: a love story").
28. The album that won the most impressive collection of Grammy awards in 2000 is Supernatural by Carlos Santana (71). In total, he received nine awards - the most in one year.
29. American singer Sherrill Crowe (56) is one of three performers, along with Norah Jones (39) and Christopher Cross (67), who have won two awards at once (in the nominations "Best New Artist" and "Record of the Year") in the same year.
30. The group Led Zeppelin received belated recognition. The band won its first and only Grammy Award for Lifetime Achievement only in 2005 - 25 years after the group split up.
31. The Grammy Awards have had their own "unlucky" ones. For example, singer Brian McKnight (49) - he has 16 nominations and not a single statuette. Not too lucky and the new Milli Vanilli. They won an award in the 1990s for Best New Artist. But it soon became known that the appearance of the musicians did not meet the expectations of the youth audience, and besides, they always performed “under the veneer”. Soon the duo was taken away from the previously received "Grammy" - the only case in the history of this musical award.
32. Initially, the Grammy was planned as a kind of analogue of the Hollywood Walk of Fame, but at some point the recording bosses decided that no boulevard or even a highway would be enough for all worthy figures, and instead decided to award statuettes - by analogy with the already popular at that time "Oscar".
33.The National Academy of Arts awards not only statuettes, but also medals.
The Grammy awards are handled by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, founded in 1957 specifically to select candidates worthy of this high award and its presentation.
34. The first Grammy Awards (then called the Gramophone Awards) took place in 1959, but was not filmed for television. The second ceremony has already been shown on tape, and the first live broadcast of the ceremony took place in 1971. The ABC television company decided on this bold step on one condition - the producer of the program, Pierre Cosette, had to get one of three celebrities as the host: Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin or Andy Williams (a famous pop artist). Cosette completed the task by inviting the last of them. At the same time, he did not even try to call Sinatra or Martin. “I figured Dean wouldn't do it, and neither would Sinatra,” the producer recalled.
35. In the first Grammy ceremony, 28 awards were presented. By 2011, their number had reached 109, but by the following year it had been drastically reduced to 78. At the 2017 ceremony, 83 Grammys will be handed out - not counting special awards.
36. Singer Bobby Darin received a Grammy in1959.
Before the coveted statuettes received the nickname "Grammy", they were fondly referred to as "Eddie" - in honor of the inventor of the phonograph, Thomas Edison.
37. The Grammy figurines are handcrafted by a team led by sculptor John Billings, who was a student of the original creator Bob Graves. The famous "gramophones" are made from an alloy of zinc and aluminum (which Billings calls "gramium" for solidity), turned, polished, electroplated with a layer of 24-carat gold and placed on a metal base. The production of one figurine takes 15 to 20 hours. Billings also created 48 “dummy” Grammys to be reused in ceremonies: in fact, the winners receive their personalized awards by home delivery!
38.One of the most famous scandals in Grammy history happened in 1989, when Jethro Tull won the Best Hard Rock / Heavy Metal Performance award for their flute-heavy album Crest Of a Knave, ahead of their clear favorites - Metallica with their album “... And Justice For All”. For the sake of fairness, it should be said that the aforementioned Jethro Tull album lacks not only Ian Anderson's flute (who did not even bother to appear at the awards ceremony), but also quite heavy guitar cuts of Martin Barr, who just then entered his "heavy metal" phase ... All this, however, did not really impress the audience, and at the moment the winner was announced, a noticeable humming and whistling was heard from the audience. Their label Chrysalis stood up for Jethro Tull with a congratulatory press release stating that "the flute is a heavy, metal instrument." Metallica has achieved its goal with the release of its famous "Black Album". And although after the 1989 scandal the nomination was divided for "Best Hard Rock Performance" and "Best Metal Performance", Lars Ulrich could not resist joking: "We have to thank Jethro Tull for not releasing an album this year."
39. The youngest Grammy winner is country star LeAnn Rimes, who won the statuette at the tender age of 14. The most mature was the blues pianist Pinetop Perkins: in 2011, when he received a Grammy, he was 97 years old.
40. Barack Obama. Yes, indeed, the now former President of the United States has also been honored with the popular award. True, he did not sing or play anything - he just voiced his own memoirs “Dreams From My Father”. It is also worth noting that at that time, in 2009, he was not yet the president of all America, but just a senator.
41. Bill Clinton. Another president in our selection, Clinton received the coveted statuette in 2005, when he was already an ex-president. It was then that Bill took a direct part in the recording of an interesting project - the recording of the musical fairy tale “Wolf Tracks”, “the sequel
42. Mikhail Gorbachev. Yes, the first and last president of the USSR also owns a Grammy! Together with his American colleague, he took part in the recording of the same project "Peter and the Wolf" Mikhail Sergeevich read the inserts "Entry", "Intermezzo" and "Epilogue" - in Russian. His reading was accompanied by a translation into English.
43.Orson Welles. The iconic actor / director / screenwriter / genius won not one, but three Grammy Awards in the Conversational Album category. And one of them - for the soundtrack to his first and most famous film, Citizen Kane. What can you say here? Talented people are talented in everything.
44. Elmo. Yes, the red hairy creature, so beloved by many fans of the Muppet Show, has received a Grammy not once, but three times! In each case, Elmo shared an honorary award with famous performers (Linda Ronstad, Pete Seeger and They Might Be Giants), but we know whose talent in each case belongs the main merit!
45. Margaret Hillis with their Grammy Awards in 1986.
There are many nominations in the arsenal of the prestigious award, including highly specialized ones, and therefore the list of winners who have collected the largest number of Grammys should perhaps not surprise us so much. Yes, maybe it shouldn't.
46. The Grammy's relationship with rock music (especially British) has always been difficult, as the following examples illustrate.
47. The Beatles. Against the background of the merits of the above performers (including Kanye West), the achievements of the Liverpool Four look very modest - only some 8 awards, the first of which was presented in 1965. Even Foo Fighters have more!
48. The Rolling Stones. The Beatles' eternal rivals were ignored by the Academy for a long time, and were able to pull out their first statuette only in 1986, having received the "pardonable" award for Lifetime Achievement. True, in the 90s they still managed to win several "real" statuettes.
49. Pink Floyd. The rock titans of the 70s received their first and only "gramophone" only in 1995 - for the instrumental "Marooned". Perhaps the most famous album in history, "Dark Side Of The Moon" was awarded a generous nomination for "Best Sound Engineer", but academics felt that the sound of the album still fell short and gave the "Grammy" to other hands.
50. Led Zeppelin. In 1970, the founders of hard rock were nominated for Best New Artist, but to no avail. Since the late 90s, the Academy has consoled itself by introducing the classic albums and compositions of the group, which during its lifetime did not receive its attention, into the Grammy Hall of Fame. The LZ received their first and last "real" Grammy in 2014 for their live reunion album "Celebration Day".
The Australian Open began its journey in 1905, but received recognition only in 1969, until that time the tournament was not professional and did not have such prestige. Since 1988, it has been played on hard, although grass was originally the main surface. For a long time the organizers could not decide on the time of the tournament.
There was a time when the AO was held during the New Year holidays, which is why the leading tennis players sometimes preferred to skip the tournament in order to tritely spend Christmas at home and not the strongest ones won at all in those years. By the method of many trials and errors, changes of surface and venue, we now have one of the highest quality and most comfortable for tennis players, the first TSH of the year.
1. In 1905, the first championship took place, which was called the "Championship of Australasia", in which athletes from Australia and New Zealand took part. The championship has been played in six cities in its history, leaving the Green Continent twice when the games were played in New Zealand.
2. In 1927, the tournament was renamed the "Australian Championship", and in 1969, when professionals were allowed to participate in the tournament, it changed its name to the "Australian Open Championship". In 1977, the championship was held twice - in January and December. This was caused by the transition of the tournament to December. After 10 years, the tournament was again postponed to the usual January, in connection with which the tournament was not held in 1986. Twice more the tournament was interrupted due to world wars. In 1988, the tournament moved to the new Melbourne Park Tennis Complex.
3. Tournament record holders are Australian tennis players. Roy Emerson won 6 times in singles, among women Margaret Smith Court became 11 times champion. She also owns the absolute record for the number of titles in all categories - 22 wins.
After changing from grass to hard, they started using rubber, but with the advent of high temperatures, the rubber melted, began to stick, stink, which led to big health problems for athletes and general well-being. After that, in the early 90s, Australia changed the manufacturer to the Plexicushion brand, which is still used today. The coating belongs to ITF Category 4 - Pace: Medium-Fast, in other words, the category is medium, but is classified as fast. This coating option is definitely faster than the previous one, but at the same time it allows tennis players of any style to play comfortably and, most importantly, does not turn into a sticky, hot "frying pan". Now the organizers have gone even further, in 2017 the tournament should be held on innovative courts! The Australian Open team presented the updated Rod Laver arena with a wooden surface!
4. The longest matches in the championship are: for men - (314 min.) Rafael Nadal - Fernando Verdasco 6:7, 6:4, 7:6, 6:7, 6:4 (2009), and for women - (259 min.) Barbora Zahlavova-Strycova - Regina Kulikova 7:6, 6:7, 6:3 (2010)
5. 19 years separate Australian Ken Rosewall's first and last singles title. In 1953 Ken won his first title, in 1972 his fourth. The Australian is both the youngest and oldest men's champion.
6. In December 1977, 6 months after the birth of her daughter, Yvonne Goolagong became the champion in singles for the fourth time. Thus, the Australian tennis player became the first mother who managed to win the BS tournament in the Open Era.
7. The last Australian tennis player to win at home was Chris O'Neill. By the time of her victory, she was ranked 111th in the world rankings, thus becoming the winner of the lowest rank in the history of the Open Era SH tournaments.
8. In 1984, AO began to gain international interest, and for the first time, the television company ESPN broadcast matches in the United States.
The end of January for us is the time of the year for a few warm sweaters and knitted socks, while in Australia during this period of time there is a record heat. The Australian summer is actually very sultry, life is further complicated by the hot wind from the desert, sometimes even the spectators feel bad, what can we say about tennis players. In 2014, a record was set, the heat kept at 41 degrees for several days. In that year, the record for the number of refusals in one round was set, 8 men and 1 woman. So Dantsevich in a match with Per just fainted. In this regard, a high temperature policy has been introduced, so the match can be stopped if the heat threatens the health of the athletes.
9. Winning in 1985 in succession at three tournaments - Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne, Martina Navratilova became the only tennis player in history who managed to make a hat-trick on the Green Continent.
10. Winning in 1997, Martina Hingis became the youngest GS champion of the 20th century.
11. To qualify for the second round of the AO-97 men's doubles event, Australians Wayne Arthurs and John Island had to play the longest set in Australian Open history. Their match against Italians Christian Brandi and Filippo Messori ended with the score 6:3, 3:6, 29:27. The entire match lasted 4 hours and 36 minutes of "clean" time - this is without taking into account the more than two-hour break due to rain, which the judge on the tower was forced to announce with the score of 25:25.
12. On January 21, 1997, due to the incessant heat that heated the courts to 60 degrees, chief arbiter Peter Bellenger agreed for the first time in the history of Grand Slam tournaments due to the heat to cover Center Court with a retractable roof.
13. The first official match between the Williams sisters took place on the Melbourne courts. In two sets, the elder sister Venus won.
The shortest match in time was not recorded, but this is definitely one of the matches won in a clean sheet with a score of 6-0; 6-0; 6-0. There were 6 of them, although all of them were played at a non-professional level. As for the longest match, it's more transparent here. 2012, Novak Djokovic - Rafa Nadal, tennis players spent 5 hours 53 minutes on the court, by the way, this match is also the longest final of the Australian Open tournament in history.
14. 21-year-old Nicolas Escude in 1998 set a record for professional Open Era tournaments: no one has ever managed to win three five-set matches in one competition, losing the first two games in each of them. The French defeated Magnus Larsson, Richie Reneberg and Nicholas Kiefer.
15. The 2001 AO was the first Grand Slam to feature a "royal" tie-break instead of a full-fledged third set in mixed doubles.
16. In 2002, Melbourne set a record among all the BS for the number of wins won by players who lost the first two sets. 13 tennis players managed to do this 14 times - Dominic Hrbaty, Fernando Vicente, Julien Buttier, Stefan Kubek (twice), Byron Black, Jose Acasuso, Ivan Lubicic, Carlos Moya, Jiri Novak, Nicolas Escude, Rainer Schuttler, Nicolas Lapentti and Wayne Ferreire. Before that, no BS tournament had more than 10 such victories.
17. Martina Navratilova, along with Leander Paes of India, set the all-time record in 2003 by winning a Grand Slam tournament at the age of 46 years and 3 months. Australian Norman Brooks, when he won the Australian Open in men's doubles in 1924, was a month younger than Martina. In Navratilova's career, this is already the 57th Grand Slam title, in the future Martina will double her achievement.
18. Right at the beginning of the 2005 AO, a doping scandal erupted in the tennis world, provoked by the Minister of Sports of Belgium, who at first stated that a prohibited drug was found in one of the samples of the participants in the demonstration tournament (Henin, Deshi, Dementieva and Kuznetsova), and already on The next day, the minister named Kuznetsova's name. As a result, the Belgian was not able to back up his words with anything, which caused even more bewilderment from such behavior of a member of the government of a European country.
19. In 2005, Marat Safin and Serena Williams, having played match points (1 and 3 respectively) in the semifinal matches against Roger Federer and Maria Sharapova, eventually became champions.
20. Russian tennis players became Australian champions nine times - Kafelnikov, Safin and Sharapova won in singles, Kournikova (twice) and Kuznetsova - in pairs, and Olkhovsky, Bovina and Likhovtseva in mixed doubles.
21. Aslan Karatsev performed superbly at AO, becoming the first and, so far, only Open Era tennis player to reach the semi-finals at his debut Grand Slam tournament. In the first round, Aslan beat the Italian Gianluca Mager 6:3, 6:3, 6:4, in the second round he defeated the Belarusian Egor Gerasimov 6:0, 6:1, 6:0. In the third round, he sensationally defeated the ninth racket of the world, Argentinian Diego Schwartzman 6:3, 6:3, 6:3. Karatsev actively won 50 goals in this match, and Shvartsman only 5. Karatsev also won 10 out of 11 breakpoints.
22. In the 1/8 finals, Aslan defeated the 19th racket of the world, Canadian Felix Auger-Aliassime in five sets 3:6, 1:6, 6:3, 6:3, 6:4 . In the quarterfinals, he defeated the 21st racket of the world and 18th seeded Bulgarian Grigor Dimitrov 2:6, 6:4, 6:1, 6:2. In the semi-finals, Karatsev lost to the world number one and 8-time Australian Open winner Novak Djokovic with a score of 3:6, 4:6, 2:6. According to the results of the tournament, Karatsev entered the top 50 of the world ranking and earned more prize money for this tournament than in his entire previous career.
23. In general, the tournament was not very successful for Nadal, until the quarterfinals Rafa swept over his rivals, but stumbled in the quarterfinals, the Greek tennis player Stefanos Tsitsipas was still able to put the squeeze on the Spaniard in a difficult game: the match lasted a whole 5 sets. The first two took Nadal - 6:2, 6:2, but the next 3 were left for Tsitsipas - 7:6, 6:4, 7:5.
24. In the second round match against the American Michael Mmo, Rafa had an interesting situation. In the middle of the game, during Nadal's serve, the woman sitting in the stands began to make loud noises and interfere with the Spaniard in every possible way. When the referee asked her to calm down, she gave the player the middle finger. This greatly surprised Nadal, who asked: "Is this for me?". Nevertheless, the tennis player reacted to the situation with a smile.
25. Aslan Karatsev performed superbly at AO, becoming the first and, so far, only Open Era tennis player to reach the semi-finals at his debut Grand Slam tournament. In the first round, Aslan beat the Italian Gianluca Mager 6:3, 6:3, 6:4, in the second round he defeated the Belarusian Egor Gerasimov 6:0, 6:1, 6:0. In the third round, he sensationally defeated the ninth racket of the world, Argentinian Diego Schwartzman 6:3, 6:3, 6:3. Karatsev actively won 50 goals in this match, and Shvartsman only 5. Karatsev also won 10 out of 11 breakpoints.
26. In the 1/8 finals, Aslan defeated the 19th racket of the world, Canadian Felix Auger-Aliassime in five sets 3:6, 1:6, 6:3, 6:3, 6:4 .. In the quarterfinals, he defeated the 21st racket of the world and 18th seeded Bulgarian Grigor Dimitrov 2:6, 6:4, 6:1, 6:2. In the semi-finals, Karatsev lost to the world number one and 8-time Australian Open winner Novak Djokovic with a score of 3:6, 4:6, 2:6. According to the results of the tournament, Karatsev entered the top 50 of the world ranking and earned more prize money for this tournament than in his entire previous career.
27. In general, the tournament was not very successful for Nadal, until the quarterfinals Rafa swept over his rivals, but stumbled in the quarterfinals, the Greek tennis player Stefanos Tsitsipas was still able to put the squeeze on the Spaniard in a difficult game: the match lasted a whole 5 sets. The first two took Nadal - 6:2, 6:2, but the next 3 were left for Tsitsipas - 7:6, 6:4, 7:5.
28. In the second round match against the American Michael Mmo, Rafa had an interesting situation. In the middle of the game, during Nadal's serve, the woman sitting in the stands began to make loud noises and interfere with the Spaniard in every possible way. When the referee asked her to calm down, she gave the player the middle finger. This greatly surprised Nadal, who asked: "Is this for me?". Nevertheless, the tennis player reacted to the situation with a smile.
29. The main Russian star at the Australian Open, of course, was Daniil Medvedev. He went strong throughout the tour, beating even a very charged Stefanos Tsitsipas in the semi-finals, and was really close to getting Russia's first win in 16 years at the Australian Open in men's singles.
30. Djokovic calmly started the final meeting, taking the first set, after which Danya slowed down in the game at the beginning of the second set, and in the end he completely broke his racket out of anger. At that moment, it became clear that the Russian had finally lost the match - at least mentally. Result: Novak's victory, 7:5, 6:2, 6:2. But still! In his youth (25 years old), Medvedev is already quite deservedly considered a tennis star and he has every chance to take his first “Slam” in the next year or two, which of course we wish him.
31. The main female sensation of the Australian Open was the Japanese tennis player Naomi Osaka, who at the age of 23 has already won the fourth Grand Slam tournament in her career. In 2019, she won the Australian Open, and in 2018 and 2020, Naomi won the US Open.
32. In the semi-finals, Osaka beat the infamous 27-time Grand Slam winner, American Serena Williams, with a score of 6:3, 6:4. And in the final, she dealt with another American Jennifer Brady - 6:4, 6:3. Thus, the Japanese woman rises in the rankings and becomes the second racket of the world and this, we recall, at the age of 23!
33. Of all the Baltic athletes at the AO, two Estonians, Kaia Kanepi and Anett Kontaveit, performed the best. Yes, they only got to the third round, but they showed themselves very worthy and showed great will to win. Kanepi beat Latvian tennis player Anastasia Sevastova in the first round - 6:3, 6:1, in the second round she sensationally outperformed last year's Australian Open winner Sofia Kenin - 6:3, 6:2, in the third round she lost to Croatian Donna Vekic in a close fight - 7: 5, 6:7, 4:6.
34. Kontaveit defeated Belarusian Alexandra Sosnovich in the first round - 7:5, 6:2, in the second round Heather Watson from Britain - 6:7, 6:4, 6:2, in the third she lost to American Shelby Rogers - 4:6, 3:6.
35. For the ninth time in a row, no one can beat Novak Djokovic in the Australian Open final. The Russian Daniil Medvedev did not succeed either. The entire tournament was dictated by Novak, none of the opponents could compete with him sensibly. Here are some facts from the final meeting.
36. Medvedev made 4 double faults against Djokovic's 2.
The percentage of accuracy of the first serve is better for the Serbian - 69% versus 65%.
Djokovic won 73% of the points on the first serve, the Russian tennis player has 68%.
37. Novak saved 2 break points out of 4. Medvedev saved 4, but the Serb had 11 chances.
Daniil made almost twice as many unforced errors - 30. Djokovic has 17 of them.
Thus, the Serbian tennis player won the 18th Grand Slam tournament in his career. According to this indicator, he is second only to Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer, who won 20 tournaments each.
38. Over the past three years, 12 women's Grand Slams have been won by 10 different players; only Simona Halep and Naomi Osaka have won twice in that time span.
39. Djokovic won his seventh Australian Open in 2019 - the most titled male in the history of the tournament. He won the Australian Open every time he reached the semi-finals.
40. Of the last 14 Australian Open tournaments, 12 have been won by Djokovic (7) or Roger Federer (5). And Rafael Nadal (2009) and Stan Wawrinka (2014) only once each.
41. Victoria Azarenka (2012, 2013), Serena Williams (2009, 2010) and Jennifer Capriati (2001, 2002) are the only women to have won two consecutive Australian Open titles since 2000.
42. Federer won his sixth Australian Open in 2018, 14 years after his first win at the tournament. No tennis player has won multiple Australian Opens in such a long period of time.
43. Since 2005, only Serena Williams (2010, 2015) and Azarenka (2013) have won the title of the best tennis player at the Australian Open.
44. Serena Williams has not won any of the last 11 Grand Slams. The last win at the Australian Open came in 2017 when she was pregnant - the longest period of time without a major title for an American.
45. Petra Kvitova lost in the final of the Australian Open last year, the only time she has gone past the quarter-finals in her last 19 Grand Slam appearances since winning Wimbledon in 2014.
46. Nadal and Andy Murray have finished runners-up in 9 of the last 10 Australian Open men's finals. Murray lost five times and Nadal four times. Marin Cilic in 2018 is the only other tennis player to lose in an Australian Open final during that period.
47. The last Australian to reach the Australian Open men's final was Lleyton Hewitt in 2005 and the last Australian to win the title was Mark Edmondson in 1976 (against fellow countryman John Newcomb).
48. Another interesting record belongs to Mark Edmondson, the Australian in 1976, being 212 in the ranking, thus, being a non-seeded player, became the champion of the AO, setting an absolute record of all 4 TBSH and at the same time is the last Australian who managed to win at home major. Rosewall and Edmondson are the main heroes of their country, but we hope that at least one record will be updated soon.
49. In 2002, in the semi-final doubles match, Julien Boutier fought so selflessly on the court that in one of the episodes, with a powerful blow from the forehand, he killed a flying swallow, judging by the reaction of the audience, this only amused them.
50. Beetles on the courts are already a common thing, but what about the Heron?) The fauna of Australia is more interesting, so in one of the matches between Troicki - Muñoz de la Nava in 2016, the match had to be suspended a bit due to the appearance of a bird on the court.