Most interesting 50 facts that you need to know about this year 2022 NHL season event
The 2022 NHL Winter Classic between the St. Louis Blues and Minnesota Wild took place on January 1, 2022 at the Minnesota Twins' Target Field, Major League Baseball team, in Minneapolis. The match, originally scheduled for the first day of 2021, will continue the tradition of outdoor play begun in 2008. 2022 will mark the 14th anniversary of the first "Winter Classic" in Buffalo.
The 2022 Honda All-Star NHL Weekend will take place in Las Vegas at the T-Mobile Arena on February 4-5. Skill contests will take place on Friday, February 4, and the next day will be the "All-Star Game".
On February 26, as part of the 2022 Navy Federal Credit Union NHL Stadium Series, the Nashville Predators will play Tampa at the Nissan Stadium in Nashville, home of the NFL Tennessee Titans. This will be the second open-air match for the Predators and the first for the Lightning, who will be the 27th team to play outdoors.
Each team in the 2021-22 season will play 82 matches, and there will be a total of 1,312 matches. The last day of the regular season will be Friday, April 29, when 30 out of 32 teams will take to the ice.
1. Olympic Break: To date, no final decision has been made on the participation of NHL hockey players in the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics. Negotiations are ongoing. If the players' union and the International Ice Hockey Federation agree to resolve all issues, including insurance for hockey players on COVID-19, as agreed in the collective agreement, then the calendar will provide a pause between February 7 and 22.
2. If conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic deteriorate or the health and safety of players is threatened, the NHL and the players' union will refuse to participate in the Games. If NHL players compete in the 2022 Olympics, the regular season will resume on February 23rd. If, for any reason, hockey players do not play at the Olympics, the NHL will publish a revised regular season schedule.
3. The National Hockey League is considered the most prestigious, popular and professional league in the world of ice hockey. The most loyal fans, the most spectacular matches and the most prestigious awards are directly related to the NHL.
4. The history of the league is very long, because during its existence there have been many truly significant events, let alone the number of really talented athletes who have made their careers in the NHL. We have already talked about the strongest players in the NHL, talked about the best clubs and even recalled the history of the main hockey attributes, but now we want to talk about a few interesting facts that will help you learn hockey even better.
5. The history of the league dates back to the late 19th century, when in 1892 the Governor General of Canada, Lord Frederick Arthur Stanley, established the country's main hockey trophy - the Challenge Hockey Cup.
6. The devoted fans of Canada fought for the cup. Any team could challenge the current trophy holder, and he had to accept it. After the death of the Governor-General, the prize was named in his honor - the Stanley Cup.
7. Now the Stanley Cup is considered the most prestigious of those that a professional hockey player can win in his career, which is why many athletes tag in the NHL in order to try their luck in the championships. It is worth noting that we talked about the history of hockey in more detail in one of our previous articles.
8. As for the first official goal, which marked the beginning of professional hockey, it was scored by Dave Ritchie, who was a player of the Montreal Wanderers. The puck flew into the net on December 19, 1917, and it was the first official match in NHL history, followed by a huge number of sports fans. Then on the ice against "Montreal" came "Toronto Arenas", which conceded the same goal.
9. Many will wonder why the Stanley Cup was established almost at the very beginning of the 20th century, and the first puck was hammered only 20 years later? The fact is that the NHL was just beginning to develop, many teams did not immediately reach the professional level, and the championships were not held as cool as we see in this picture now. It is difficult to say at what point it is worth starting a report on the existence of the National League, but here everyone decides for himself.
10. Selling and buying players is quite a fun process. Of course, now popular players cost a lot of money, and many clubs go broke just to take possession of the legend of big sports. But in the history of the NHL there was a case when a player was bought for only one dollar.
11. We are talking about one Canadian ice hockey player, Chris Draper, who was drafted by the Winnipeg Jets in 1993 under the general number 62. The athlete had practically no playing practice and had zero experience in the NHL, which is why he was sold to the famous Detroit for just one American dollar.
12. Moving to a new team, Chris was not left without an inverse nickname - "man for one dollar." But the nickname did not humiliate the athlete at all, and even brought its own benefit. Perhaps it's all about motivation and the desire to prove to the majority of his worth, but Draper was able to quickly advance to the main team, and then take the post of the leader of Krasnye Krylia. He became one of the club's top players at the time, significantly increasing his value in professional sports. It is worth noting that Draper played 1137 games for Detroit, scored 128 goals in them and helped the team win four Stanley Cups.
13. We have already talked about the origin of this trophy, but the award deserves special attention for several more reasons. Interestingly, the original height of the Stanley Cup was 18 centimeters, now it is much larger. It is also worth noting that there is a certain tradition according to which each member of the team that won the Stanley Cup has the right to personally own the cup for one day in the summer off-season after the victory. This happened for the first time in 1997, after the victory of the Detroit Red Wings, where the Russian Five played.
14. Often the practice of giving away the cup for a day to the players led to curiosities. In 1996, Colorado defender Sylvain Lefebvre christened his little daughter Alexanna in a cup. Now Aleksanna Lefebvre plays for the university's hockey team. In 2008, the Stanley Cup was again used as a cup for infant baptism: Thomas Holmstrom baptized his nephew in it. In general, they didn’t fill the cup with anything during the celebrations. Ice cream, melted chocolate, soup, chili sauce, applesauce, and even dog food.
15. Goalkeeper Martin Brodeur, after winning the New Jersey Devils in 2003, went to the cinema with the kids and took a goblet with him to fill it with popcorn. Here is such an interesting trophy.
16. The best hockey player in the history of the National Hockey League! Wayne became the leader in almost all offense-related indicators: points (2857), goals (894), assists (1963), points in equal squads (1818), majority (890), minority (149) and goals in an empty net (57).
17. Wayne also became the only NHL player to score more than 200 points per season in 1982 (212 points), 1984 (205), 1985 and 1986 (208 and 215 points, respectively). It's hard to find a hockey fan who hasn't heard of this athlete. This hockey player is truly unique and is a legend in the National Hockey League.
18. Despite the unique records, the athlete did not differ in versatility, often lost in speed indicators to his rivals and did not always demonstrate decent defense. But he could always competently choose his position on the court, defeating the opponent with perfect technique and a strong throw. Interestingly, many note the fact that even if Wayne had not scored a single goal, he would still have been the leader in terms of the number of points scored in his career. Here is such an interesting character, famous all over the world.
19. The first goalkeeper to score an unusual goal against an opponent was New York Islanders goalkeeper Billy Smith.
20. Philadelphia Flyers goalkeeper Ron Hextall became the second goalkeeper to score, and the first to score. Most of the goals against rivals are on the personal account of Martin Brodeur. He was able to score as many as three goals. In general, a rather unusual situation when the puck flies into the goal from the goalkeeper of another team, but often this is due to the unpredictability of hockey.
21. There are times when the goalkeeper repels a strong attack from the opponent, and then the incomprehensible force of the rebound comes into play, and it happens that the goalkeeper himself wants to take the initiative into his own hands, like the above-described hockey players.
22. This interesting fact can be noted in as many as two matches in the history of the National Hockey League. The first happened in the third season of the NHL, when the Montreal players were able to beat their age-old opponents from Toronto with a score of 14-7. The second-highest scoring match in league history came in 1985 when the aforementioned Wayne Gretzky's Edmonton fired on Chicago.
23. In this meeting, "Edmonton" was able to win with a score of 12-9, while the legendary Gretzky, without scoring a single goal, gave his teammates seven assists. It is worth noting that in each season of the NHL you can see many interesting, spectacular and memorable matches that make the history of the league unique.
24. Theoren Fleury is a truly great ice hockey player from Canada, born in 1968. His height was only 168 cm, but this did not stop him from achieving unprecedented heights in sports. The hockey player scored 1,088 points in the NHL, won the Stanley Cup, became a gold medalist at the Olympic Games, a silver medalist in the World Championship and received the honorary title of "Player of the Year" in the NHL.
25. And the tallest player in the history of the NHL was born in Slovakia. In his 44 years, Zdeno has also broken a large number of prejudices. With a height of 206 cm, the defender continues to play for the Washington Capitals to this day. The good news is that such a truly unique player does not lose heart and does not even think about the end of his career. On account of his 1608 games in the NHL, for which he was able to score 207 goals.
26. Zdeno Hara, which we wrote about above, also set another record worthy of attention. The hockey player has one of the most powerful shots in NHL history. Zdeno Hara was able to throw the puck at 105.4 mph (169.6 km / h) in 2009. By the way, Hara liked to break records - and he did it a couple more times, reaching 107 mph (172.2 km / h) in 2012. But here it is worth noting another athlete who achieved higher numbers.
27. The incredible Bobby Hull was able to break absolutely all the records of big sport, accelerating the hockey puck to 193 km / h with his powerful click. Experts also say that the athlete could make a throw with a maximum puck speed of 169 km / h using a wrist technique.
28. Bobby Hull was one of the best strikers in the NHL in the 1960s. The player was awarded the title of best sniper of the regular season between 1959 and 1969 as many as seven times, making him the second strongest hockey player in this indicator. Bobby Hull was able to score 54 goals in 1965/66, making him the only player to score over 50 goals in the NHL regular season. Throughout his career, the athlete took part in 1,063 matches of the regular season and in 119 playoffs. But now the legend of world hockey is already 82 years old, and it is simply impossible to check or refute his records.
29. Thus, the National Hockey League contains in its history many unique moments that will be of interest to every fan of big sport. It is these facts and records that are the basis of interesting hockey, a professional sport that has a huge number of fans. Important events are remembered by many, making hockey even more popular and even more spectacular, which is why this sport quickly gained worldwide popularity and annually indulges us with legendary events.
30. On November 26, 1917, representatives of four Canadian clubs (Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators and Quebec Bulldogs) decided to create the National Hockey League. A little later, Toronto Arenas joined the organizers.
31. The first NHL matches took place on December 19, 1917. There are currently 30 teams in the world's strongest professional hockey league.
32. In 1943, the Hockey Hall of Fame was opened in Toronto, where the names of the best hockey players on the planet were entered. Currently, more than 300 world hockey legends have been awarded this honor, including 6 of our compatriots: Anatoly Tarasov, Vladislav Tretyak, Vyacheslav Fetisov, Valery Kharlamov, Igor Larionov and Pavel Bure.
33. On February 14, 1934, the Toronto Maple Leafs permanently assigned the number 6 jersey to team star Ace Bailey. Later, the tradition of removing the numbers of great hockey players from circulation gained wide popularity in the NHL. Pavel Bure was the only Russian to be awarded such an honor. In 2013, the Vancouver Canucks secured form with number 10.
34. In 1959, the Montreal Canadiens goalkeeper Jacques Plant began wearing a mask. Not everyone liked this novelty, and many even called Plant a coward. But after a few years, the mask became a common attribute of the goalkeeper's uniform.
35. According to statistics, 68% of professional hockey players lost at least one tooth during a match.
36. The legendary Gordie Howe was distinguished not only by high performance, but also by an aggressive game. Therefore, if one hockey player manages to throw the puck in a match, make an assist and take part in a fight, then such a result is called "Gordie Howe's hat-trick."
37. Since 1993, every hockey player who has won the Stanley Cup, the NHL's premier trophy, can take it home for a day. But there is one secret: the athletes are given a copy of the prize, and the original is kept in the Hockey Hall of Fame.
38. April 16, 1999 ended the sports career of the most famous hockey player in the history of the NHL - Wayne Gretzky. In NHL games, Gretzky has scored 894 goals and made 1,963 assists. Its result has not been surpassed so far.
39. Bobby Hull had the most powerful shot among the pros. After his impact, the puck flew at a speed of 190.4 kilometers per hour.
40. In the entire long history of the NHL, the Stanley Cup has not been played twice. In 1919, the tournament was stopped due to the flu epidemic, and in 2005 the championship was canceled due to a hockey strike.
41. In the first month of the 2017-18 season, 212 matches were played. On average, the teams scored 6.1 goals in them (excluding 18 goals in shootouts). This is significantly more than the figure for the same period of the last championship - 5.6. On average, NHL teams scored 5.45 goals per game that season.
42. The last time NHL clubs managed to cross the line of six goals per game in the 2005-06 championship was 6.05 in 1230 games. And the level of 6.1 goals per game was exceeded for the last time in the regular championship of 1995-96 - 6.29.
43. This figure may be impressive, but it is still significantly less than 25 years ago, when NHL clubs averaged 7.25 goals per game.
44. There is another indicator of the increased performance: all 24 top scorers in the league (as of Saturday) are gaining an average of points per match. Last season, only eight of the top 24 played as effectively.
45. Pittsburgh have won all four games between Crosby and McDavid: two in regulation, one in overtime and one in shootouts. Now they can meet again at best only in the playoffs. Or next season.
46. “Islanders” figured out the game in the majority: “New York Islanders” for three weeks to establish the game in the majority and, apparently, the team was able to find the cause of failure and draw the right conclusions.
47. The first took place during the third season of the NHL - Montreal beat Toronto (St. Patrick's) with a score of 14-7, but then such a score was the norm.
48. The second such a productive match had to wait for more than 60 years - until the end of 1985, when Edmonton, led by the inimitable Gretzky, staged a shootout with Chicago and won 12-9. At the same time, Wayne did not score a single (!) Washer, but he helped his partners as much as seven (!) Times, which became a record for transfers in one game.
49. Andrew Hammond, who defended the gates of Ottawa and Colorado, got his nickname "The Hamburglar" (ie "Burgervor") long before the NHL during one of the varsity games for Bowling Green State University (NCAA). First, one of his teammates, Wade Finegan, began calling Hammond "Robber" for his ability to "steal" victories for his team. Then the nickname evolved into "Burglar" ("Thief"), then simply "Burgs". The result of this chain is the nickname "The Hamburglar", which is the name of a friend of Ronald McDonald, and this friend, as you might guess, loves to steal burgers on the sly. It was he who was depicted on the mask of the Canadian when he played for Ottawa.
50.Eighteen-year-old Alec Regula was selected by Detroit in the third round of the 2018 NBA Draft pick as # 67.
The Stanley Cup is the most famous sports trophy in the world. The goblet is a huge silver vase with a massive cylindrical base 89.54 centimeters (35.25 inches) high and weighs 15.5 kilograms. No trophy in professional sports, other than the Stanley Cup, is engraved with the names of all the players, coaches, managers, and technical staff of the team that won the title.
Originally, the Cup was a decorative bowl made of silver, 18.5 centimeters (7.28 inches) high and 29 centimeters (11.42 inches) in diameter. Until 1924, the appearance of additional rings to the bowl and their filling proceeded in a "chaotic" mode. At first, additional rings appeared on the bowl with the engraved name of the team and the year of its championship. In 1907, the Montreal Wanderers were the first club to have their team's name printed on the inside of the ball, as well as engraving the names of all of their team's players.
For unknown reasons, many clubs simply did not engrave their team names on the bowl, and in three cases the names were incorrectly recorded - this was in 1915, 1916 and 1918, when teams winning their championships put their names on the Cup despite the fact that it has already been played under the new system between the champions of the National Hockey Association (NHA) and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA).
Bemorepanda collected more interesting facts about Stanley Cup Finals
1. The cup was also a prize for the winner of the league in which the champion team played.
2. The cup does not become the property of the champion team, but was only transferred to it for a while.
3. The trustees of the Cup have the right of the last word in any dispute related to the presentation of the Cup.
4. Contenders for the Cup must win the championship of their league.
5. Series of matches for the possession of the Stanley Cup must consist of one-, two- or three-match series by mutual agreement of the contenders.
Since 1924, it has become an annual tradition for teams to put on their names and the names of all their players. As a result, the cup became too bulky and, due to its similarity to a chimney, was called the "Chimney Cup" (Stovepipe Cup). In 1948, it was decided to redesign the Cup and take into account all the mistakes and shortcomings made in the early years. In 1958, the Cup underwent minor changes and since that time has a modern design. In 1991, when there was no room for names on the Cup hoops, they were removed and placed in the Hall of Fame, replaced with clean ones. All of the old tapes are in the Hall except for one: the tape with the names of the Boston players of the 1928/1929 season is missing.
Prior to 1977, only players who played in the Stanley Cup playoffs were eligible to have their name immortalized on the Cup. Currently, in order for a player's name to be engraved on the Stanley Cup, they must have played at least 41 games in the NHL regular season (and must be on the team when it wins the Cup) or play at least one game in the Stanley Cup Finals . However, since 1994, teams have been allowed to petition the NHL commissioner to be allowed to engrave a player's name, who reviews various specific cases and circumstances that prevented players from being immortalized on the Stanley Cup. So in 1998, the Detroit Red Wings received special permission from the NHL to engrave the name of Vladimir Konstantinov, whose career ended after a car accident on June 13, 1997.
6. All matches were to be played at the applicants' home arenas, although the Cup custodians had the right to set the date and time of the matches.
7. If the applicants for the Cup do not agree with the appointment of judges for the series, then the guardians have the right to appoint any referee.
8. Tickets for matches must be equally distributed among the applicant teams.
9. The league cannot qualify for the Cup twice in a season.
10. The champion team is obliged to return the Cup to the guardians in good condition and when they request it.
11. The champion team has the right to add a commemorative inscription about their victory to the silver circle of the Cup.
It is also worth noting that an interesting fact is that 12 women were honored to engrave their names on the Stanley Cup, and it takes 13 years to fill in the teams of champions of each Cup ring. The Stanley Cup winning team has the right to take the trophy for 100 days at its disposal. Since 1994, each of the hockey players who won the Cup has the right to take it to his home for one day and dispose of it at his own discretion within 24 hours.
Unknown to many, there are actually three versions of the Stanley Cup - the original Cup, a certified replica of the Stanley Cup, and a replica of the Stanley Cup. The original Bowl, bought by Lord Stanley and awarded to the champion until 1970, is kept in the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto. In 1963, one of the walls of the original was worn out and damaged, then NHL President Clarence Campbell decided to get a certified copy of the Cup, the production of which was kept secret and the copy of the Cup was not known until three years later. A certified copy of the Stanley Cup is also called a presentation or "Presentation Cup" (Presentation Cup), since it is this version that is used at ceremonies and handed over to hockey players after the final series of the playoffs. A certified copy is stored in the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto, being an exhibition exhibit only, and the Cup holders have the right only to touch it. Traveling is a replica of the Stanley Cup, which was created in 1993 and is used as an inductee in the Hockey Hall of Fame whenever the "Performance Cup" is used at any celebrations and is not available for display. An exact copy can be distinguished from a certified copy only by the seal of the Hall of Fame, which is located on the underside of the base of the Cup. There is another difference: there are no grammatical errors on an exact copy of the Cup, unlike a certified copy, on which errors were made, both grammatical in the spelling of player names and team names, and curious ones - in 1984, Edmonton Oilers owner Peter Pocklington includes to the list of winners of his father Basil, who is not connected with the team in any way and his name is engraved on the Cup.
12. In 1896 "Winnipeg Victorias" for the first time drinking champagne from the Stanley Cup won - a century-old tradition that has preserved to this day.
13. In 1920, victory celebrations end with a brawl between the Ottawa Senators and the Stanley Cup players lying in the gutter all night.
14. In 1932, the Stanley Cup was first awarded immediately after the end of the final on the ice hockey rink.
15. On March 24, 1936, the match between the Detroit Red Wings and the Montreal Maroons took place, which became the longest match in the history of the Stanley Cup.
16. The first and only puck in this match was abandoned by the players, “Detroit” only in the 17th minute of the sixth (!) Additional period.
17. The match began at half past nine in the evening and ended at half past three in the night. The meeting lasted 176 minutes 30 seconds of pure time.
18. In 1950, for the first time, Detroit Red Wings captain Ted Lindsey lifted the Stanley Cup over his head and swept it around the rink.
19. So another tradition appeared - each member of the team, starting with the captain, makes a circle of honor around the site, holding the Cup over his head.
20. In 1961, a Montreal fan wanted to steal the Cup from a display case in a stadium in Chicago. He broke the glass, but was captured by security.
Then in court he said: "Your Honor, I just wanted to return the Cup back to Montreal, where it belongs."
21. In 1962, celebrating their victory, the Toronto players dropped the Stanley Cup into the fire, the Cup was badly damaged and restored at the expense of the team.
22. In 1968, after the assassination of prominent black rights activist Martin Luther King, three 1/4 playoff series were canceled at once.
23. The pause caused by mourning lasted 2 days.
24. In 1970, one of the rings of the stand disappeared from the Hockey Hall of Fame. He was found later in the yard of the nearest dry cleaners.
25. In 1980, after the presentation of the first Stanley Cup by the New York Islanders, Brian Trottier took the trophy home and settled into bed with it.
He later told a reporter, "I just wanted to wake up and see him around."
26. In 1982, Clark Gillies filled the Cup with dog food so that his dog could celebrate the New York Islanders' third consecutive championship.
27. In 1984, Edmonton Oilers owner Peter Pocklington included his father, Basil, who had nothing to do with the team, as one of the winners.
His name is engraved on the Cup, and when the NHL notices a "mistake", they are ordered to replace the ring, but the "error" is not corrected on the certified copy of the Cup.
28. In 1986, the Cup sinks into the pond of Patrick Roy, from where one of the fans got it.
29. In 1987, Edmonton Oilers players take the Stanley Cup with them to a strip bar.
30. In 1991, the legendary Mario Lemieux tied a heavy Cup to his leg and threw it into the pool.
Of course, the athlete, like a tugboat, flies after him. As a result, the trophy is torn into two parts and then restored for a long time.
31. In 1992, for the first time in the history of Stanley Cup matches, the result was determined by watching a video replay.
32. Doubt caused a throw, as it turned out to assist, the Russian striker “Detroit” Sergei Fedorov, who shook the gates of “Minnesota” in overtime.
33. In 1993, for the first time, the captain of the team did not raise the Stanley Cup first from the team, but passed it to another member of the team.
Thus, the captain of “Montreal” Guy Karbanno honored the merits of Denis Savard, who during his career did not even have a chance to play in the Cup final.
34. None of the 7 free throws awarded in the history of the Cup finals were taken.
Last on the list is Pavel Bure, who failed to outplay New York Rangers goaltender Mike Richter in 1994.
35.In 1996, Sylvain Lefevre christens his daughter in the cup.
36. In 1998, the Cup receives some recognition from prime-time TV: in the television series The Simpsons, Krusty the Clown vomits into it.
37. In 1998, the captain of “Detroit” Steve Yzerman did not lift the Cup over his head, but passes it to Vladimir Konstantinov, whose career was cut short.
38. The Detroit Red Wings received special permission from the NHL to engrave the name of Vladimir Konstantinov, who was involved in a car accident, on the Stanley Cup.
39. In 1999, Finn Jere Lehtinen decides to attach the trophy to his national traditions and takes a steam bath with it.
40. In 2000, New Jersey Devils goaltender Martin Brodeur takes the Stanley Cup to the movies, where he fills it with popcorn.
41. In 2001, Colorado's captain won the Cup and captain Joe Sakic passed it on to Ray Burke.
For Bourque, this was the last game of his 22-year NHL career and the only Stanley Cup to be won.
42. Not a single "dry" series in the 2002 playoffs - 16 teams participated in the Cup, which played 90 matches.
This happened only once - in 1959, when the Cup was contested by 4 teams who played a total of 18 matches.
43. In 2002, the Cup came to Asia for the first time. Detroit Red Wings forward Pavel Datsyuk brings him to his native Yekaterinburg.
44. Only 2 times in history, in 1919 and in 2005, the Stanley Cup did not find its owner - in 1919, due to the flu epidemic, the final series was interrupted.
And in 2005, the Stanley Cup was not played due to the lockout, because the players' association (NHLPA) did not agree with the pay cut proposed by the NHL.
45. Toronto Maple Leafs (1942 - final), New York Islanders (1975 - 1/4 finals), Philadelphia Flyers (2010 - 1/4 finals).
Three teams losing 0-3 in the National Hockey League playoffs and eventually winning the series 4-3.
Moreover, “Philadelphia” failed “double comeback” – in the seventh match of the series, she bounced back from a score of 0-3, set by the 15th minute of the first period.
46. In 1915, the Cup began to bear its usual name for us - the Stanley Cup. The fight for the trophy was now between the champions of the National Hockey Association (NHA) and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA). The meetings took place in March after the end of the regular seasons of both leagues, and the venue for the decisive matches changed from year to year - one season in the East, the other in the West. Moreover, due to the differences in the rules of the NHA and PCHA, it was decided that the game rules would alternate from game to game.
47. On November 26, 1916, the National Hockey League (NHL) was formed to replace the National Hockey Association (NHA). The purpose of the formation, the NHL, was to get rid of the team from Toronto, or rather from its owner, who was pretty annoying to everyone. The following entered the league: Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanders, Ottawa Senators, Toronto Arenas (the owner of the team had already changed by that time) and the Quebec Bulldogs club, which took part in the league only two seasons later due to his financial problems in 1917-1918.
48. Back in 1914, the first American team "Portland Rosebuds" was accepted into the PCHA, since then the organizers have made a statement that the Stanley Cup is a trophy for the best professional team not only in Canada, but in the whole World. Two years later, the Portland Rosebuds played in the finals, but lost to the Montreal Canadiens. And in 1917, the first American team won the Stanley Cup - "Seattle Metropolitans" beat the same "Montreal Canadiens" in the final.
49. In 1919, the Stanley Cup was left without its owner for the first time, as the final series of the Seattle Metropolitans - Montreal Canadiens was stopped due to the Spanish flu epidemic. The series was tied after five games played (the teams had two wins and one draw), there was one playoff game left, which was eventually canceled, as a large number of Montreal Canadiens players and their manager were hospitalized with the flu, four days after the canceled game, one of the players died...
50. From the 1921-1922 season, another league appeared in the West, the Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL). In 1922, the winners of the PCHA and WCHL faced each other, after which the Western champion met in the Stanley Cup final with the champion of the National Hockey League (NHL).
The history of the US Open dates back to 1881, when the first US Men's National Tennis Championship was held in Newport. After some time, men's pairs began to fight for the championship. Women only joined the prank in 1887. A little later, a competition was held among female couples.
For a long time, men's, women's and doubles tournaments were held at different times and in different places. The merger occurred in 1968, when the first US Open was held.
And in 1978, this tournament became the first in which both men and women received the same amount of prize money for winning. In other competitions there was a noticeable bias towards the stronger sex.
If you do not take the first tournaments that became the progenitors of the US Open, then the record holder for titles in men's singles is the American Jimmy Connors. On his wall of fame are five trophies he won between 1974 and 1983. Later, his record was repeated by two more tennis players: Pete Sampras, who won his titles from 1990 to 2002, and Roger Federer, who distinguished himself five times in a row. - from 2004 to 2008. In 2009, he could break the record, but in the final he lost to Argentinean Juan Martin del Potro. This season, the Swiss will again try to climb this American tennis Olympus.
In women, the only holder of the record, six victories in recent history, is American Chris Evert. She received awards from 1975 to 1982, including four consecutive awards from 1975 to 1978.
1. The history of the US Tennis Championship began in Newport, Rhode Island, which is now home to the International Tennis Hall of Fame and Museum. In August 1881, the American Lawn Tennis Association organized the first men's tennis tournament at a local club.
2. Only members of this club were admitted to it - 26 people. The strongest among them was Richard Sears, who later became the winner for seven years in a row. To achieve this result, he was largely helped by the rule that existed at that time: the champion automatically got into the final of the next year.
3. This format lasted until 1911 inclusive. It is curious that the competitions were held to the accompaniment of classical music. A little later, this tournament was called the US National Championship, and with the onset of the Open Era, it was renamed the US Open.
4. The Women's Tennis Tournament within the US National Championship dates back to 1887 on the courts of the Philadelphia Cricket Club.
5. The first champion was Ellen Henzel. Two years later, doubles competitions were included in the tournament program, and after another two years, mixed doubles competitions were added to them.
6. It is worth noting that, with the exception of four war years, until 1968, the US Championship in different categories was held at different stadiums. For example, since 1917, the US national doubles tennis championship has been held in Massachusetts on the courts of the Longwood Cricket Club.
7. In 1915, the men played their championship for the first time in the quiet New York suburb of Forest Hills on the courts of the West Side Tennis Club. The growing popularity of the tournament leads to the construction of a horseshoe-shaped tennis stadium here, accommodating up to 15,000 spectators.
8. This stadium will later become the main arena of the US championship, and in 1968, the history of the US Open will begin here. In 1978, the US Open finally outgrew Forest Hills, and the championship moved to the new USTA National Tennis Center in New York's Flushing Meadows Park. Five years ago, the stadium received its current name - in honor of Billie Jean King.
9. The American championship in its century-old history has changed three main types of court coverage - until 1975 they played on grass, then for three years - on green ground, and in 1978 it was the turn of hard. In 2005, for the sake of television, this coating changed its color from green to blue.
10. Americans can be proud that they have a champion who has won on all surfaces - this is Jimmy Connors. His no less famous compatriot Chris Evert won victories here on two surfaces, while she was the only woman to win the tournament on clay.
11. Jimmy Connors and Chris Evert also hold the record for most singles titles in the Open Era. Connors won five times, subsequently Pete Sampras and Roger Federer were able to repeat his record. Evert became the champion six times.
12. The absolute record holder for the most titles in all categories in the Open Era is Martina Navratilova, who won 16 times (four titles in singles, nine in doubles and three in mixed doubles). Martina won her last title on the eve of her 50th birthday, becoming the oldest Grand Slam champion.
13. The youngest championship winners are Pete Sampras (19 years 1 month) and Tracy Austin (16 years 8 months).
14. In 1968, the American Artush Ash, in whose honor the main arena at Flushing Meadows would later be named, became the first African American Grand Slam champion. In addition, it was the first American title since 1955.
15. The New York Times called Ash's victory "the most notable achievement of a Negro athlete" at the time. However, due to his amateur status, the 25-year-old US Army lieutenant was unable to receive the $14,000 due for the victory. The organizers paid Ash only a legal daily allowance of $ 15 for each game day of the championship.
16. In 1970, Margaret Court scored a hat-trick, becoming the absolute champion of the US Open. It was the first such success in the history of women's championships. After 17 years, Martina Navratilova was able to repeat this record.
17. The fastest men's final was in 1974, when 22-year-old Jimmy Connors crushed 39-year-old Ken Rosewall 6-1, 6-0, 6-1 in 78 minutes.
18. In 1978, Chris Evert won the US Open for the fourth time in a row. Before her, Molla Mallory (1915-1918) and Helen Jacobs (1932-1935) achieved the same. Among men, the Open Era record holder is Roger Federer, who won five times in a row (2004-2008).
19. The American Championship is the first tournament where the prize money for men and women was equal. It happened in 1973, when Margaret Smith-Court and John Newcomb became the proud owners of $25,000 checks. We can say that innovation is the profile of the US Open.
20. In 1970, a tie-break was played here for the first time at the Grand Slam tournaments, five years later, evening matches were held under artificial lighting for the first time, and in 2006, the Hawkeye system was used.
21. In 2001, for the first time in the history of the Grand Slam tournaments, the women's final was scheduled for prime time television. The match between the Williams sisters was eventually watched by 22,700,000 viewers.
22. In 1996, before the start of the tournament, a scandal erupted over the seeding of tennis players. The announced seeding did not match the rating, which caused criticism from the leadership of the ATP and leading tennis players. This practice existed only at Wimbledon, and at the US Open it was a complete surprise. Then, in a strange way, the tournament bracket was formed: the seeded players were entered into it at a closed meeting in a New York restaurant after the draw.
23. Yevgeny Kafelnikov, who was seeded seventh instead of fourth, considered himself the main victim of such manipulations. In protest, Eugene left New York, providing a certificate of back injury as an official explanation.
24. A special press conference of the 50 strongest tennis players took place next, at which they declared the inadmissibility of such a practice in the future and otherwise threatened with a boycott. As a result, the organizers decided to hold a second draw, but did not reveal their original goals.
25. On the sidelines, everyone agreed that all this was started for a possible Sampras-Agassi final, which, however, never took place. Two years later, the tournament management again adjusted the seeding, but this no longer caused a fuss. Steffi Graf, who was returning from an injury, was 38th in the ranking, and the organizers raised the German by 30 positions. In the end, Natasha Zvereva turned out to be the victim, but then few people doubted the correctness of the decision.
26. Another scandal, but already connected with refereeing, broke out in 2004. The protagonists were Serena Williams and the Portuguese referee Mariana Alves. In the quarter-finals, the umpire overruled the linesmen's decisions several times in favor of Serena's rival Jennifer Capriati. With the light hand of Williams JrThis scandal was dubbed "Anti-Serena".
27. At the end of the match, which Williams eventually lost, the WTA representatives apologized to her and disqualified Alves for the rest of the tournament. But this was little consolation for the tennis player, who at a press conference proposed introducing a rule according to which the player would have the opportunity to check the decision of the referees several times in a match with some electronic device. So, soon tennis received the Hawkeye system.
28. Another incident is connected with the name of Serena. In the semi-finals of the 2009 tournament, the referee was already hurt by Williams. When Kim Clijsters lineswoman Shino Tsurubuchi caught a step at a match point in favor of Serena's rival, the American woman unleashed the full force of her anger on the referee, promising her to "shove the ball down her throat." As a result, Williams was denied the opportunity to finish the match and fined a tennis record $82,500. Plus, for swearing at the judge, Serena received a suspended disqualification for two years - until 2012.
29. In 1999, for the first time in history, the reigning champion lost in the first round. They became Patrick Rafter, who, due to an injury, could not finish the match against Cedric Piolin, although he led the games 2:0. Six years later, this anti-record was repeated by Svetlana Kuznetsova, who lost to Ekaterina Bychkova.
30. In 1994, Andre Agassi became the first unseeded Open Era champion. Three years later, tournament debutante Venus Williams became the first unseeded finalist, and in 2009, unranked Kim Clijsters became the first wild card champion. In addition, she was the third tennis player who managed to defeat both Williams sisters at the same major.
31. With the advent of the new century, sports and show business increasingly penetrated each other. In 2000, the organizers decided to install a huge monitor on the approach to the Louis Armstrong arena. Now the audience could watch what was happening in the arena of Arthur Ashe from the "Food Village" (Food Village). In the same year, the current US President Bill Clinton visited the tournament for the first time - he came to the American women's final, in which Venus Williams defeated Lindsay Davenport.
32. The Americans nicknamed the 2000 tournament "Russian Days in New York." For the first time, the Russians have achieved such impressive success here - five Russian tennis players have reached at least the semi-finals of all five adult categories.
33. The main success fell to Marat Safin, who in the final not only beat the great Pete Sampras, but inflicted the most crushing defeat on him in the Grand Slam finals. For the entire match, the American never took the opponent's serve - 6:4, 6:3, 6:3.
34. A curious episode happened to the future champion in the third round match against Sebastian Grosjean. Their five-set duel was interrupted several times due to rain, which was very inopportune for Safin, who forgot to bring enough sportswear. As a result, he had to finish the match in Jeff Tarango's socks and Nicholas Kiefer's jersey.
35. Russian tennis players at Flushing Meadows became champions seven times: Safin, Kuznetsova and Sharapova won singles, Kafelnikov, Dementieva and Safina won doubles, and Zvonareva won two titles: doubles and mixed doubles. Vera is the only Russian woman who has played in the finals of all categories - she added the singles final to her two championship titles last year.
36. Nine seeded tennis players remain in the men's bracket - the smallest number at the Grand Slam tournaments since 2013 (Wimbledon), and at the US Open since 2005.
37. Immediately 11 players aged 25 and under made it to the fourth round - the most at the Grand Slam tournaments since 2010 (Roland Garros), and at the US Open since 2006.
38. 7 participants will perform for the first time in the 1/8 finals at a major (Alcaraz, Brooksby, Gojovchik, Harris, Opelka, Otte, van de Zandschulp).
39. For the second year in a row, 4 players aged 21 and under will compete in the fourth round (Alcaraz, Sinner, Brooksby, Auger-Aliassime).
40. Immediately 3 representatives from the USA and Germany went to the 1/8 finals. The last time the Americans managed to do this at the majors was in 2011 in New York, and the Germans in 1999 at Wimbledon.
41. In the women's bracket, Iga Šwiętek is the only tennis player who has made it to the fourth round in all Slams this season. There are 4 such players in the men's bracket - Djokovic, Medvedev, Zverev, Berrettini.
42. For the first time in the Open Era, 2 Canadians will play in the fourth round of the US Open: Bianca Andreescu and Leila Fernandez.
43. 18-year-old Emma Raducanou became only the second Briton to reach the fourth round in the Slams twice before her 19th birthday (Sue Baker did so in 1974-1975 at the Australian Open).
44. For the first time since 2009, two teenagers (Radukanu, Fernandez) will play in the women's bracket in the fourth round.
45. For the first time since 1998 (Safin, Kournikova, Hingis, V. Williams) at the US Open in the fourth round in both the men's and women's draws, players aged 18 and under (Carlos Alcaraz; Leyla Fernandez and Emma Radukanou) will perform. At the Grand Slam tournaments, the last time such a result was in 2005 in Australia (Nadal; Sharapova, Dushevina, Linetskaya).
46. Fastest serve: Oscar Otte (243 km/h) and Alisha Parks (208 km/h)
47. The main favorite of the men's tournament is certainly the first racket of the world, Serbian Novak Djokovic. He continues to chase Nadal: Novak has already won one Grand Slam tournament this season - on the courts of Melbourne. And if Djokovic can win in New York, then he will come close to Nadal in terms of the number of major wins.
48. The Spaniard now has 19 such titles, while Novak has 17. The leader in this indicator is Federer (20). It is important to note that at the Cincinnati Masters, which moved to New York this year, the Serbian guaranteed himself a top spot on the ATP rating list for at least the next four weeks. A successful performance at the US Open will help Djokovic further break away from his closest pursuers.
49. In the absence of Barty, Halep, Svitolina, Bencic and other strong tennis players, one of the main contenders for victory will be American Serena Williams, who received the 3rd seed.
50. In addition to six titles at the US Open, the American has three more victories at the Roland Garros and seven won trophies at the Australian Open and Wimbledon. With 23 majors won, Serena is second in history behind the famous Australian Margaret Court (24). The American has long wanted to catch up with her, but so far this dream is unattainable. After the birth of her daughter Olympia, Serena twice reached the final in New York, but lost at the decisive moment. This time, Williams was preparing so seriously for the US Open that she even built a turf court at home, like at the US Open.
The 2022 UEFA Champions League Final will take place on 28 May 2022. This will be the 67th season of UEFA's premier European football club competition and the 30th season since the European Cup was renamed the UEFA Champions League. The winner of the final will qualify to play the 2021/2022 UEFA Europa League winner for the 2022 UEFA Super Cup title and qualify for the 2022/2023 UEFA Champions League group stage
The 2021/22 UEFA Champions League is in the play-off stage.
When will the final take place?
The decisive match will take place on Saturday 28 May and will start at 21:00 CET.
If there is a draw in regular time, extra time will follow: two extra-times of 15 minutes each. If after their expiration the score is equal again, the winner will be determined in the 11-meter series.
Where will the final take place?
The final will take place at the Gazprom Arena in St. Petersburg, which was built before the 2018 World Cup. It is located a few hundred meters from the Gulf of Finland on the site of the former Kirov Stadium, where the matches of the football tournament of the 1980 Olympic Games were held.
The author of the project is Japanese architect Kise Kurokawa. The stadium is equipped with a retractable roof and can accommodate more than 60,000 spectators. In 2018, an ice hockey match between the national teams of Russia and Finland was held here in the presence of more than 80,000 fans.
This will be the third European Cup final in Russia. In 1999, Parma defeated Olimpik at the Luzhniki stadium in the UEFA Cup final, and in 2008, Manchester United defeated Chelsea in the Champions League final at the same arena.
What will the winner receive?
The Champions Cup weighs 7.5 kilograms and rises 73.5 centimeters. "It may not be a masterpiece, but everyone in football wants to touch it," said trophy creator Jürg Stadelmann.
Also prepared are 40 gold medals for the winners and 40 silver medals for the losers. Additional medals are not allowed.
The winner of the Champions League will also receive a place in the group stage of the next edition. Unless, of course, it does not guarantee it through the national championship.
Which team will be the host?
The nominal host of the final will be determined by a draw, which will be held on March 18 for administrative purposes. The finalists may enter the field in their primary colors, but if they overlap, the guest nominees must use a spare kit.
The 2022 UEFA Champions League Final will take place on 28 May 2022. This will be the 67th season of UEFA's premier European football club competition and the 30th season since the European Cup was renamed the UEFA Champions League. The winner of the final will qualify to play the 2021/2022 UEFA Europa League winner for the 2022 UEFA Super Cup title and qualify for the 2022/2023 UEFA Champions League group stage
The 2021/22 UEFA Champions League is in the play-off stage. UEFA.com tells how it will end.
1. For the third year in a row, a team has played in a Cup/Champions League final for the first time (Tottenham in 2019, PSG in 2020, Manchester City in 2021). The last time this happened was between 1986 and 1988 (Steaua, Porto, PSV).
2. The Champions League final will be the eighth in a row in which two clubs from the same country will play. This will be the third time this will be a match between English clubs (after the Champions League finals Chelsea - Manchester United in 2008 and Liverpool - Tottenham in 2019).
3. This season's final will take place at the Dragau Stadium in Portugal. This is the first time that a Cup/Champions League decisive match has been played in the same country for several years (Da Luz Stadium hosted the final in 2020). For the first time, the Cup/Champions League final in Portugal will be played outside the capital - the previous three matches were played in Lisbon.
4. Chelsea under Tuchel won both matches with Manchester City - in the semi-finals of the FA Cup (1-0) and in the championship (2-1).
5. Chelsea will play their second final in two weeks and their 22nd final in 18 years under Roman Abramovich.
6. Chelsea reached the final of the European Cup for the seventh time. The Blues suffered their only defeat in 2008 against Manchester United on penalties.
7. This is Chelsea's third Champions League final since the 2007/2008 season. Only Real Madrid (4) and Bayern Munich (4) have played in more Champions League finals during this period.
8. Chelsea reach the final of a major tournament for the first time in history for five consecutive seasons (2017 and 2018 FA Cup, 2019 League Cup and Europa League, 2020 FA Cup, 2021 FA Cup and League champions).
9. Manchester City are the ninth English side to reach the Cup/Champions League final. This is three more than the closest pursuers - Germany and Italy (six each). But only one of the last 10 teams to compete in their first final ever won it. It was Borussia Dortmund that beat Juventus 3-1 in 1997. Aston Villa were the last English team to win their first final in 1982 when they beat Bayern.
10. Chelsea and Manchester City met in the Premier League in early May (the Blues won 2-1). For the first time since 2013, the two teams will face off in a European Cup final in the same month they played in a league game. The last time it was Bayern and Borussia Dortmund. They then drew 1-1 in the Bundesliga and then won 2-1 at Wembley in the Champions League final.
11. Chelsea have won their last two matches against Manchester City in all competitions. The last time the Blues defeated the Citizens in three or more games in a row was between 2005 and 2009. Then the Londoners beat Manchester City eight times in a row.
12. In European competition, Chelsea and Manchester City have met only once before - in the semi-finals of the 1970/1971 Cup Winners' Cup. Chelsea won both matches 1-0 and reached the final, where they beat Real Madrid after a replay.
13. Both Chelsea and Manchester City have conceded just four goals in the Champions League this season. For the first time since the 2005/2006 season, both teams participating in the final have four or fewer goals conceded in the entire tournament. Then Arsenal conceded two goals to the final, and Barcelona four.
14. Manchester City have won 11 Champions League matches this season. In the event of a victory over Chelsea, the "citizens" will equal the record of "Real" - 12 matches in the 2001/2002 season.
15. It has been 51 years since Manchester City last played in a European Cup final. In the final of the Cup Winners' Cup in 1970, the "citizens" defeated "Gornik" from Zabrze with a score of 2: 1. Manchester City broke the record for the longest gap between finals for one team. Prior to this, Sporting owned the record: the Portuguese had a pause of 41 years between the Cup Winners' Cup final (1964) and the UEFA Cup final (2005).
16. Manchester City manager Josep Guardiola could win his third Champions League trophy. He previously won in 2009 and 2011 with Barcelona. Pep will become only the third manager to win the Champions League three times, after Carlo Ancelotti (2003, 2007, 2014) and Zinedine Zidane (2016, 2017, 2018).
17. During his coaching career, Guardiola suffered the most defeats in all competitions against Chelsea (7).
18. Tuchel became the first manager to reach the Cup/Champions League final in two consecutive seasons with different clubs. A year ago, the German specialist headed PSG and lost to Bayern.
19. Tuchel became the third manager to lose the final in two consecutive seasons, after Marcello Lippi (1997 and 1998, Juventus) and Hector Cooper (2000 and 2001, Valencia).
20. Phil Foden of Manchester City will be 21 years and one day old at the time of the final. He could become the third youngest Englishman to reach a Champions League final after Bayern's Owen Hargreaves (20 years, 123 days) in 2001 and Liverpool's Trent Alexander-Arnold who played in 2018 and 2019.
21. Chelsea goalkeeper Edouard Mendy has kept eight clean sheets out of 11 Champions League matches this season. Only two goalkeepers could not miss in nine meetings of one season - Santiago Canizares (Valencia, in the 2000/2001 season) and Keylor Navas (Real Madrid, in the 2015/2016 season).
22. Manchester City's Kevin De Bruyne and Riyad Mahrez scored in the quarter-finals and semi-finals of this season's Champions League. The last time two players scored for the same team was in the quarter-final, semi-final and final of a single Cup/Champions League competition in the 1959/1960 season - Alfredo Di Stefano and Ferenc Puskas of Real Madrid.
23. In September 2018, Bernardo Silva from Manchester City lost to Lyon - 1:2. After that, the Portuguese was unbeaten with his team in 26 Champions League matches (23 wins, three draws). This is the longest unbeaten streak in tournament history. Foden is second in the longest streak, having gone unbeaten in 21 consecutive matches (18 wins, three draws) since losing to Basel in March 2018.
24. Chelsea defender Thiago Silva was in the Champions League final last season with PSG. The Brazilian could become the fifth player to play in the final twice in a row with different teams after Marcel Desailly (1993 Marseille, 1994 AC Milan), Paulo Souza (1996 Juventus, 1997 Borussia Dortmund), Samuel Eto'o ( 2009 Barcelona, 2010 Inter) and Alvaro Morata (2014 Real Madrid, 2015 Juventus).
25. If Sergio Aguero plays in the final, it will be his last match for Manchester City. The Argentine has scored 13 goals against Chelsea for the Citizens. But he has not scored in any of his last four matches against the Blues since a hat-trick in February 2019.
26. Ilkay Gundogan is the only current Manchester City player who has already participated in the Champions League final (his Borussia Dortmund lost to Bayern in 2013).
27. Madrid is the venue for the second English UEFA Champions League final. Tottenham Hotspur will take part in the final for the first time in their history at this stage, while Liverpool will try to forget the pain of losing to Real Madrid in the 2018 season.
28. Both teams were able to make impressive semi-final comebacks to reach the Estadio Metropolitano, home of Atlético Madrid. Each of the finalists managed to go further and rehabilitate after three missed goals. While Liverpool won 4-0 in their second match against Barcelona at Anfield to go 4-3 on aggregate, Lucas Moura's hat-trick at the Johan Cruyff Arena gave Spurs the opportunity to beat Ajax from score 3:2 in Amsterdam.
29. Liverpool are aiming to claim their sixth European title - and celebrate their second UEFA Champions League triumph since their memorable comeback in Istanbul against AC Milan in 2005, while Tottenham have never made it to the final before. In fact, Spurs' only semi-final before this season came in 1961/62, and their best previous UEFA Champions League campaign, in 2010/11, ended in the round of 16.
30. There have been six UEFA Champions League finals between clubs from the same country, all since 2000. Real Madrid have won all Spanish finals: in 2000 (Valencia), 2014 and 2016 (both Atlético), while Milan beat the Italian opponent Juventus on penalties. Also in 2003, Bayern Munich defeated Borussia Dortmund in the 2013 all-German final.
31. The only previous English final was at Moscow's Luzhniki Stadium in 2008, when Manchester United beat Chelsea 6-5 on penalties after regular and extra time ended 1-1.
32. Tottenham will be the eighth English club to appear in a European Cup final, more than any other country; Italy and Germany are next on the list with six finalists.
33. Real Madrid have scored the most goals - 439
34. And conceded the most with 231 goals
35. Porto has suffered the most defeats - 51
36. Zlatan Ibrahimovic, Nicolas Anelka, Javier Saviola each played for 6 different teams
37. Ryan Giggs is the player with the most Champions League appearances (19 draws)
38. Iker Casillas played the most minutes (13,450)
39. Raul is the fielder with the most game minutes (11,999)
40. Thierry Henry misses most penalties (5)
41. Zlatan Ibrahimovic and David Luiz retired the most - 4 times
42. Marco Balotta - the oldest goalkeeper (43 years and 253 days)
43. Cristiano Ronaldo is the player with the most wins in a row (14)
44. Peter Ofori-Kvaie is the youngest scorer (17 years and 195 days)
45. Arsene Wenger is the coach with the most appearances (19 draws)
46. Carlo Ancelotti has coached the most teams (6)
47. Alex Ferguson is the manager with the most Champions League appearances (190)
48. Arsene Wenger is the manager with the most defeats (49 matches)
49. Real Madrid (winner of the 2013/2014 season) with the most goals per match (3.15)
50. Total played 2533 matches in the Champions League
2022 Major League Baseball season schedule, top picks and other interesting facts that you need to know
Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization and the oldest professional sports league in the United States and Canada. There are 30 teams in Major League Baseball: 15 in the National League (NL) and 15 in the American League (AL). NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1876 and 1901 respectively. Beginning in 1903, the two leagues cooperated but remained legally separate entities. Both leagues operated as separate legal entities until they merged into a single organization under the leadership of the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000.
This season is the last season in which the Cleveland Indians compete under the moniker after decades of controversy. On 14 December 2020, the team announced that they would be introducing their new nickname and associated kit and stadium changes prior to the 2022 season to replace the 106-year-old nickname.
As for games between leagues, matches will be between teams from the following divisions:
LA vs. Central LN
L.A. Central vs. West of LN
West of Los Angeles vs. L.N.
Meanwhile, it is the calendar of the regular MLB 2022 season. It will end on October 2, 2022.
Between the special dates, the calendar from the 2022 regular season of MLB is like this:
April 15, 2022 (Jackie Robinson Day)
July 19, 2022 (All-Star Game - All-Star Game at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles ).
Already MLB teams publish their calendar for the 2022 Major season.
1. MLB oversees Minor League Baseball, which includes 256 teams affiliated with major league clubs. MLB and the World Confederation of Baseball Softball co-administer the World Baseball Classic international tournament.
2. The first fully professional baseball team was the Cincinnati Red Stockings, founded in 1869. Prior to this, some teams secretly paid some players. The first few professional baseball games were characterized by league-to-league rivalries and players who often moved from one team or league to another.
3. The period before 1920 is known as the dead-ball era, during which players rarely hit home runs. Professional baseball in the States survived a plot to fix the 1919 World Series that became known as the Black Sox Scandal.
4. The sport's popularity in the 1920s and experienced periods of decline during the Great Depression and World War II. Shortly after the war, Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color barrier.
5. The 1950s and 1960s were a time of club expansion and relocation for the AL and NL. New stadiums and artificial turf started the rules of the game in the 1970s and 1980s.
6. The home run dominated the game during the 1990s, and the use of anabolic steroids among MLB players in the mid-2000s was discussed in the media. In 2006, an investigation resulted in the Mitchell Report, implicating many players in the use of performance-enhancing substances, including at least one player from each team.
7. Today MLB is made up of 30 teams: 29 in the US and 1 in Canada. Teams play 162 games each season, and five (5) teams per league advance to a four-round post-season tournament that culminates in the Best of the Best World Series. seven championship series between two league champions that date back to 1903.
8. Baseball games are broadcast on television, radio on the Internet in North America and in some other countries. MLB has the largest total season attendance of any sports league in the world with over 69.6 million viewers in 2018.
9. MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution. This document has gone through several incarnations since its inception in 1876. Under the direction of the commissioner of baseball, MLB hires and maintains officiating teams and negotiates marketing, labor, and television contracts. MLB maintains a unique relationship of control over the sport, including the majority of Minor League Baseball.
10. This has much to do with the US 1922 Supreme Court ruling in Federal Baseball Club v. National League, which held that baseball was not an interstate commerce and therefore not subject to federal antitrust law. In subsequent years, this rule was slightly relaxed.
11. The easing provided owners with more stability and led to double-digit price increases. There were several challenges to MLB championship in sports between the 1870s and the Federal League in 1916; the last attempt at a new major league was the aborted Continental League in 1960.
12. The chief executive of MLB is the commissioner, currently Rob Manfred. COO is Tony Petitti. There are five other executives: president (business and media), chief public relations officer, chief legal officer, chief financial officer, and chief baseball officer.
13. Based in New York City, the multimedia division of MLB is MLB Advanced Media. This chapter oversees MLB.com and the websites of each of the 30 teams. Its bylaws state that MLB Advanced Media has an independent newsroom from the league, but is under the same ownership group and revenue sharing plan.
14. MLB Productions is a similarly structured wing of the league focusing on video and broadcast media. MLB also owns 67 percent of the MLB network, with the remaining 33 percent split between cable operators and satellite provider DirecTV.
15. In 1920, the weak National Commission that had been set up to manage relations between the two leagues was replaced by the much more powerful Baseball Commissioner, who had the power to decide all of professional baseball unilaterally. From 1901 to 1960, the American and National Leagues fielded eight teams each.
16. In the 1960s, the MLB expansion added eight teams, including the first American team (Montreal Expos).
17. Two teams (Seattle Mariners and Toronto Blue Jays) were also added in the 1970s. From 1969 to 1993, each league consisted of an East and West division. In 1993, the National League expanded with two teams, the Florida Marlins and the Colorado Rockies, to equalize the number of teams in both leagues.
18. A third division, the Central Division, was formed in each league in 1994. Until 1996, the two leagues only met on the field during the World Series and the All-Star Game. The regular season of Interleague Play was introduced in 1997.
19. In March 1995, two new franchises, the Arizona Diamondbacks and the Tampa Bay Devil Rays (now known as the Tampa Bay Rays), were awarded by MLB to start play in 1998. This addition brought the franchise total to 30. In early 1997, MLB decided to have one new team per league: Tampa Bay joined A.L. and Arizona joined the NL.
20. The original plan was to have an odd number of teams in each league (15 in each league, five in each division), but in order for each team to play daily, this would require interleague play to be scheduled throughout the entire period. the whole season.
21. However, it was not clear at the time if interleague play would continue beyond the 1998 season, as this would have to be approved by the players' union. For this and other reasons, it was decided. one existing club would have to change leagues.
22. The Milwaukee Brewers agreed in November 1997 to move from the AL to the NL, thus making the NL a 16-team league. At the same time, the Detroit Tigers agreed to move from East Albert to Al Central (to replace Milwaukee), with the Tampa Bay expansion Devil Rays joining East Albert.
23. Later, when the Houston Astros changed ownership prior to the 2013 season, the team moved from the Central Northern League to Alberta Western, resulting in both leagues having three divisions of five teams each and giving all teams a more balanced schedule. The Interleague is now played throughout the season.
24. In 2000, the AL and NL became a single general league similar to the National Football League (NFL), the National Basketball Association (NBA), and the National Hockey League (NHL), albeit with two components called "leagues" rather than "conferences" .
25. Both leagues use the same rules and regulations, with one exception: AL operates under designated hitter rules, while NL does not. This difference in rules between leagues is unique to MLB; other sports leagues in the United States and Canada have a single set of rules for all teams.
26. In the 1860s, with the help of soldiers playing in the camp during the Civil War, "New York" style baseball developed into a nationwide game and spawned baseball's first governing body, the National Baseball Players Association.
27. NABBP existed as an amateur league for 12 years. By 1867 over 400 clubs were members. Most of the top clubs remained clubs based in the Northeast United States. MLB uses 1869 as the founding year of Professional Baseball, when the first professional team, the Cincinnati Red Stockings, was formed.
28. Between professional and amateur ball players after the founding of the Cincinnati club. NABBP was divided into amateur and professional. The National Association of Professional Baseball Players, often known as the National Association (NA), was formed in 1871.
29. Her amateur counterpart disappeared after just a few years. The history of the modern Chicago Cubs and Atlanta Braves franchises dates back to the National Association of Professional Baseball Players in the 1870s.
30. In 1876, the National League Professional Baseball Clubs (later known as the National League or NL) were formed after the NA went underperforming.
31. The league has focused on the clubs, not the players. Clubs can now fulfill player contracts, preventing players from moving to higher paying clubs.
32. Clubs were required to play full game schedules instead of forgoing scheduled games when the club was no longer in contention for the league championship, which was often the case within North America. A concerted effort was made to limit gambling in games, which cast doubt on the validity of the results. The first game in the NL - Saturday, April 22, 1876 (at the Jefferson Street Grounds, Philadelphia) - is often cited as the start of MLB.
33. The early NLs were turbulent, with threats from rival leagues and players revolting against the hated "reserve clause" that restricts the free movement of players between clubs.
34. Teams have come and gone; 1882 was the first season in which the league line-up was the same as the previous season, with only four franchises surviving until 1900. Competitor leagues formed regularly and also broke up regularly.
35. The most successful was the American Association (1882–1891), sometimes called the "beer and whiskey league" for its tolerance of selling alcoholic beverages to spectators. For several years, the National League and American Association champions met in a postseason championship series - the first World Series attempt. The two leagues merged in 1892 into a single 12-team no-limit game, but no-limit football lost four teams after the 1899 season. This led to the formation of the American League in 1901 under AL President Ban Johnson, and the resulting betting war for players led to widespread contract breaches and litigation.
36. The war between the AL and the NL caused shock throughout the baseball world. At a meeting at the Leland Hotel in Chicago in 1901, the other baseball leagues agreed on a plan for their independence. A new National Association was formed to oversee these minor leagues. Although the NA still exists today (known as the Little League), at the time, Ban Johnson saw it as a tool to put an end to smaller rivals' threats that could spread to other territories and threaten his league's dominance.
37. After 1902, the NL, AL, and NA signed a new National Agreement that linked independent contracts to contracts with a reserve clause. The agreement also established a formal classification system for the minor leagues, which was refined by Branch Rickey.
38. Several other formerly non-existent baseball leagues are officially considered major leagues, and their statistics and records are included in those of the current two major leagues. . These included the AA, the Trade Union Association (1884), the Players' League (1890), and the Federal League (1914–1915). Both UA and AA are being researched by baseball researchers as major leagues due to the high level of play and number of star players.
39. Some researchers, including Nate Silver, have disputed UA's major league status, that franchises have come and gone, and that the St. Louis club was intentionally "linked"; the St. Louis club was owned by the league president and was the only club that came close to major league level.
40. The period from 1900 to 1919 is commonly referred to as the "dead ball era". Games of the era were generally low scoring and were often dominated by pitchers such as Walter Johnson, Cy Young, Christy Mathewson, Mordecai Brown. and Grover Cleveland Alexander. The term is also known as the condition of baseball itself.
41. Baseball used American wool yarn, not modern Australian wool yarn, and was not wound as tightly, which affected the distance he could walk. More importantly, they stayed in the game until they became crippled, soft and sometimes twisted. At the time, a baseball cost three dollars, equal to $44.24 today (adjusted for US dollar inflation), and the owners were reluctant to buy new balls. Fans were expected to throw away fouls and (rare) home runs. Baseballs have also been stained with tobacco juice, grass, and mud, and sometimes juice, which some players have chewed to discolour the ball.
42. In addition, pitchers could manipulate the ball using a spittoon. (In 1921, the use of this field was restricted to meals with a grandfather clause). In addition, many stadiums were large, such as the Chicago Cubs' West Side Grounds, which was 560 feet (170 m) from the field's center fence, and the Boston Red Sox's Huntington Avenue Grounds, which was 635 feet (194 m) away. m) from the center field fence, thus home runs were rare and "small ball" tactics such as singles, bunts, stolen bases, and run and run dominated the strategies of the time. Techniques such as the Baltimore Chop have been used to increase singles in the infield.
43. Baseball's popularity increased in the 1920s and 1930s. The 1920 season was marked by the death of Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians. Chapman, who was hit in the head by the field and died hours later, became the only MLB player to die from an injury on the field, a tragedy that led both leagues to require new white baseballs to be brought into play whenever a ball became scratched. or dirty, which helped end the dead-ball era.
44. The following year, the New York Yankees made their first World Series appearance. By the end of the 1930s, the team had competed in 11 World Series, winning eight of them. Slugger Yankee Babe Ruth set a single-season home run record in 1927 with 60 home runs; A few years earlier, Ruth had set the same record with 29 home runs.
45. Popular hardships of the Great Depression Baseball's popularity began to decline in the early 1930s. By 1932, only two MLB teams had made a profit. Attendance dropped at least in part due to a 10% federal entertainment tax added to baseball ticket prices. Baseball owners have reduced their rosters from 25 to 23, and even the best players have had to take pay cuts.
46. The onset of World War II created a significant shortage of professional baseball players, as over 500 men left MLB teams to serve in the military. Many of them play on service baseball teams that have entertained military personnel in the US or the Pacific.
47. MLB teams of the time were primarily made up of youths, older players, and those with a military 4F classification, indicating mental, physical, or moral unfitness for service. People like Pete Gray, the one-armed outfielder, were given a shot at promotion to the big leagues. However, there was not a single black player on the MLB roster until the end of the war. Black players, many of whom had served in the war, were still restricted from playing Negro League baseball.
48. Wartime restrictions designed to keep outdoor lighting levels low caused another problem for baseball. These rules restricted travel and night games to the point where the 1942 season almost had to be canceled.
49. On January 14, 1942, MLB Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis wrote a letter to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt pleading for baseball to continue during the war in hopes of starting a new major league season. President Roosevelt replied, “I sincerely believe that it would be better for the country if baseball continued to develop. There will be fewer unemployed people and everyone will work longer and harder. And that means they should have a chance to relax and take their minds off work even more than before.”
50. With the approval of President Roosevelt, spring training began in 1942 and had little impact. The war interrupted the careers of stars such as Stan Musial, Bob Feller, Ted Williams, and Joe DiMaggio, but the baseball clubs carried on.
Excess weight is an actual problem, and people engage in sports exercises and follow various diets. Some facts about losing weight will surprise you. A lack of calcium in the body can lead to weight gain, the danger of loving low-fat foods, and 50 more facts about weight loss.
How to lose wight - interesting facts
Admit that you must have Googled "How to lose weight in three days" or "Keto diet." Many people have done this - come up with extra pounds and try to achieve perfection, eat nothing all day but an apple and a piece of cheese, and at two in the morning run to the refrigerator and eat three sandwiches, drinking cola. However, nutritionists believe that express diets before some important event are not rational: after all, no matter how much you throw off, during the holidays, you will probably “eat” too much, and later those extra pounds will return in double volume.
The amount eaten at dinner depends on the lighting
The brighter the light, the less you eat - German scientists came to this conclusion. The lack of light distorts the portion size (it seems smaller), and the amount consumed is more challenging to control.
15 minutes of jumping rope is equivalent to 60 minutes of running
According to biomechanics, running is a series of jumps with a relaxed phase of flight after a push. When working with a rope, the muscles of the lower leg of both legs are simultaneously contracted, and circular movements are made in the shoulder joints. This almost quadruples the load.
Everything is possible
The main rule of a good figure: is maintaining a balance of KBJU (calories, proteins, fats, carbohydrates). The balance looks like this: 50% protein, 30% fat, 20% carbohydrates for losing weight. The number of calories depends on the level of physical activity. Nutrition should be balanced and varied. Nutrient deficiencies can lead to health problems.
Fat-free foods can help you gain weight
Dairy products contain vitamins A, D, E, and K, but they are not absorbed without fat. Lipids signal the brain to be complete. If they are not in the dish, we eat much more.
Sugar is added to fat-free foods to add flavor, and these are fast carbohydrates from which you can get better.
Weight depends on the condition of the teeth
It has been proven that people with severe chewing surface wear, teeth diseases, and oral cavity gain weight twice as fast—reason: indigestion and metabolism due to insufficient chewing of food.
Short-term diets don't work
First of all, the body breaks up with water and only then - with fat cells. Slow weight loss involves a comfortable diet without starvation and stress, due to which the diet is easier to tolerate. Rapid weight loss negatively affects the work of the digestive tract and is fraught with food breakdowns and a set of extra kilos.
Overweight people have a normal metabolism
Overweight people use more energy. Each move and turn costs them a few more calories. Studies have shown that the metabolism of fat people is about the same as that of thin people.
Weight gain is a long process
Gaining weight is a long process, just like losing weight. If, after a piece of cake, the scales showed +300 grams, this is water, not fat. In the morning, the weight will return to normal. To gain, it is necessary to disturb the balance of KBJU and overeat systematically.
Aromatherapy helps you lose weight
Some aromas send satiety signals to the brain—for example, the smell of peppermint, apples, and bananas. Keep a bottle of essential oil on your desk and occasionally bring it to your nose when you get hungry. When choosing an apple or banana as a snack, try to chew it as slowly as possible to prolong the flavor.
The perfect snack - pine nuts
British scientists have found that pine nuts contribute to the production of cholecystokinin, a hormone that sends a signal of satiety. They are superior to vegetables, fruits, bread, and meat in terms of nutritional value. Bonus: pine nuts contain vitamins A, B, C, D, E, tannins, fiber, and carbohydrates.
Dog owners gain weight more slowly
Scientists at the University of Michigan have calculated that pet owners move 34% more every day! Walking the dog is a great cardio workout that triples your energy expenditure.
Sweets are allowed on a diet
For most, sweets are rewards. For this reason, they "seize" the slightest stress with sweets. Moderate consumption of sweets will not affect the figure. Opt for dark chocolate and fruits. Remember, PP pastries and naturally dried fruit sweets are no less caloric than traditional desserts. Don't get carried away!
Calcium deficiency increases appetite
Specialists from the Laval Faculty of Medicine conducted a study: they divided overweight women into two groups and offered a different diet. The basis of the menu of the first group was products with a high content of calcium, the second - with a low range. Result: a menu enriched with calcium helps lose weight several times faster.
Late dinner does not affect the figure
The rule of thumb for weight loss is that you spend more energy than you take in calories. The time of the last meal should be no later than 3 hours before bedtime. If you are a night owl, a late dinner is acceptable and indicated (people with different circadian rhythms have different metabolic patterns).
Long-term diets are ineffective
Scientists in California have proven that prolonged dieting reduces its effectiveness. To continue to lose weight, you need to diversify the menu and practice regular physical activity.
There are no harmful calorie foods
A common myth is that certain foods (celery, for example) take more calories to digest than they provide. Some vegetables and fruits help speed up the metabolism: radishes, broccoli, grapefruit, asparagus, carrots, and others. Their calorie content tends to zero. By eating fatty foods, you will not be able to lose weight!
"Liquid calories" in the account
Dieters scrupulously count every calorie, forgetting to add tea, coffee, juices. A cup of standard latte 500 ml - 256 kcal, fresh - 180! If your goal is to lose weight, drink water with a slice of lemon and a sprig of mint.
Dessert time – 17.00
French nutritionist Alain Delabaud is sure that the cause of excess weight is the inability to “listen” to the body. Hormones are produced according to the daily "schedule." The peak of cortisol synthesis, which is involved in digestion, is in the morning. Therefore, Alain advises eating more fat for breakfast.
Fast carbohydrates are better absorbed by the evening - with them, the amino acid tryptophan is delivered to the brain and promotes the production of serotonin - the hormone of happiness. This protects against food breakdowns before bed. Delabeau says: "The best time for dessert: 16.00 - 17.00."
It's easier to lose weight in winter
In winter, many get better. The reason: a decrease in motor activity, not a slowdown in metabolism (another common myth!). In sub-zero temperatures, the metabolic rate increases (to generate heat), and calories are burned faster.
Men lose weight faster
Scientists have found that men lose weight twice as fast. The reason: hormones that prepare the body for pregnancy take part in regulating female metabolism. When he receives fewer calories, any incoming product is stored as a reserve, transforming into subcutaneous fatty tissue.
Sleep deprivation leads to weight gain
During sleep, the body produces leptin, a hormone that stimulates metabolism and the mechanism of hunger/satiety. Constant lack of sleep leads to its absence. Outcome: metabolic disorder.
10-minute exercise against extra kilos
Daily exercise for 10 minutes by 11% reduces cancer risk, normalizes blood pressure, and helps burn up to 300 kcal. Charging can be replaced by walking - oxygen promotes the breakdown of fat.
Legumes make the diet easier
Legumes allow you to avoid food breakdowns. The effect is achieved due to the low rate of digestion. John Sievenpiper (St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto) proved that those who eat one serving of legumes a day do not experience acute bouts of hunger during the day.
All diets are the same
This statement was made by a group of researchers led by Bradley Johnston (Canada). The researchers analyzed 48 studies in which participants followed different dietary patterns. Regardless of the diet chosen, the average weight loss was 8-9 kilograms in 6 months.
Salt and diet are incompatible
One gram of salt retains 100 grams of water. The daily dose is 10 g (corresponds to a quarter of a teaspoon). Sodium chloride (salt) is found in foods: meat, vegetables, cottage cheese, and cereals. Half of the norm enters the body with them, and no more than 5 g is left for salting dishes.
Mono-diets are dangerous
Monidiets - the use of one product (buckwheat, rice, kefir) for a certain period. Such a change in the diet gives a quick result. In a stressful situation, the body blocks all sources of fat removal, and after the end of the diet, the weight will begin to grow. On mono-diets, they lose weight due to the withdrawal of fluid and the burning of muscle mass!
Herbal teas for weight loss do not work
Most of them act as potent diuretics. You lose weight by getting rid of fluids. Constantly using herbal teas, you risk getting dysfunction of the excretory system.
Fewer calories - healthier food?
In the case of olive, linseed, and other vegetable oils, this rule does not work. Their energy value exceeds 600 kcal per 100 grams! At the same time, nutritionists recommend not giving up oils during the diet - they improve metabolism and lower cholesterol levels.
Anti-cellulite creams do not help you lose weight
All creams, ointments, and gels - fat burners give an effect in combination with the proper diet and regular physical activity. They contain essential oils that improve blood circulation but not burn fat deposits.
Fasting days are useless when losing weight
It takes the body at least 72 hours to switch to fat-burning mode. Daily fasting allows you to get rid of excess fluid. After fasting days, the weight returns with the first meal! Nutritionists say: “It is impossible to maintain a normal weight by fasting one day a week and violating the rules of PP the other 6.”
You don't have to exercise every day
Physical exercise is a must. But the body needs time to restore the muscles - take breaks. Optimal schedule: 4 times a week for 30 minutes with alternating intense, moderate, strength, and aerobic exercises. This will help burn 50 to 100 grams of fat per week.
Exercising regularly, you need to adhere to proper nutrition
Constantly visiting the gym but violating the diet, you will not lose weight. It takes 60 minutes of exercise to burn off the calories of one sandwich of white bread, butter, and cheese, while a pork patty with mashed potatoes equals 20 kilometers of running.
One-time fasting does not “switch” the body into calorie-burning mode
On fasting days, when you limit yourself to a few liters of water per day, your metabolic rate slows down. This does not happen immediately - after 60-70 hours of lack of food. When you start eating again, your metabolism slows down, and all the excess is deposited in the form of subcutaneous fat.
It is impossible to determine the fat content of food "by eye."
Vegetable and butter, margarine - "species fats," which are very high in calories. Some foods contain "hidden" lipids. For example, in a vegetable salad - 20 kcal; if you fill it with a teaspoon of olive oil, the energy value will increase to 65 kcal per 100 g. The result: a dish with 70% fat in the composition. Control it!
Weight formula: height minus 110 does not work!
The ideal weight formula was invented 100 years ago by the French anthropologist Paul Brock. Modern nutritionists are skeptical about it: it does not consider the body's individual characteristics (for example, the presence/absence of muscle mass). The BMI formula is more relevant today: weight divided by height squared. For women, the optimal figure varies from 19 to 24.
Cellulite and excess weight are not the same
Cellulite is a consequence of hormonal imbalance or water-salt metabolism. There are more reasons for excess weight: sedentary work, overeating, not maintaining the balance of KBJU, and others.
Being overweight is not related to heredity
It has been proven that being overweight is a complex phenomenon. Genetic predisposition is one of the reasons, along with hormonal changes, neurological and psychological factors. In 50% of cases, excess weight results from overeating and an unbalanced diet.
Strength training for weight loss equals cardio
Common myth: High-intensity cardio is effective for burning fat. Aerobic exercise should not be more than 20 minutes so as not to "burn" the muscles along with extra calories. Strength training is essential! The more muscles in the body, the more calories are burned at rest.
Bath and sauna do not relieve excess weight
High temperatures stimulate blood circulation but do not get rid of fat. Lipids are broken down during specific chemical reactions, and it is impossible to “evaporate” them. In the bath and sauna, weight loss is due to fluid removal. Steam rooms work in conjunction with physical activity and proper nutrition.
"Local" weight loss is a myth
You can not lose weight only in the buttocks or abdomen! Adipose tissue has nothing to do with nearby muscles. Doing exercises in one area strengthens the muscle corset, and lipids are burned everywhere.
Cutting out carbs won't help you lose weight
Weakness, irritability, lethargy, memory impairment, and insomnia result from carbohydrate-free diets. Without carbohydrates, the body goes into the saving mode, storing fat with each meal. In combination with an excess of protein, this leads to cholesterol plaques.
Mechanical impact on body fat - impossible
Slimming procedures (massage, lymphatic drainage, electrical stimulation, etc.) stimulate blood circulation and metabolism but not break down lipids. For maximum effectiveness, all types of massage should be combined with proper nutrition and cardio training.
You can eat at night
If you are a "night owl" and are not going to bed until 3 am, eat at 12! The body will have time to digest food without consequences. Sleeping on an empty stomach is the cause of insomnia and food breakdowns during the day.
Eating disorders are acceptable
Cake with fat cream will not affect the weight in any way. Nutritionists recommend pampering the body once a week to control appetite. "Reliefs" should be planned - include them in the weekly meal plan.
A weight loss plan may not work
The nutrition plan is developed individually, taking into account the organism's characteristics and physiological indicators. The diet that your friend lost weight on may not work for you due to different metabolic rates, hormonal levels, and other things.
Plant foods don't help you lose weight
Myth: A vegan diet will help you lose weight. Weight gain depends on the presence or absence of meat and animal products. Refusing the latter, the body begins to demand more carbohydrates. Result: extra weight.
Exercise doesn't make you hungry
You are feeling a little hungry after a workout is regular! This indicates an intensive work of metabolism. After the gym, you need to eat no later than 40 minutes to restore energy. Choose protein and fiber if you're looking to lose weight and slow carbs if you're gaining muscle mass.
You don't have to cut out sugar completely
In Edinburgh, scientists conducted studies that proved that a small amount of sugar in the diet contributes to weight loss. The experiment involved 60 women; they were divided into two groups. Sugar was eliminated first. The second - left, picking up an individual "dose." Weighed in two months later, the sugar group lost more pounds.
A hearty breakfast helps control weight - this is the conclusion of a group of scientists in Cambridge. By eating 50% of your daily calorie intake for breakfast, you give your body time to process them. Without “feeding” him after waking up, you risk switching your metabolism to the “fat reserve” mode.