Most interesting 50 facts that you need to know about this year 2022 NHL season event
The 2022 NHL Winter Classic between the St. Louis Blues and Minnesota Wild took place on January 1, 2022 at the Minnesota Twins' Target Field, Major League Baseball team, in Minneapolis. The match, originally scheduled for the first day of 2021, will continue the tradition of outdoor play begun in 2008. 2022 will mark the 14th anniversary of the first "Winter Classic" in Buffalo.
The 2022 Honda All-Star NHL Weekend will take place in Las Vegas at the T-Mobile Arena on February 4-5. Skill contests will take place on Friday, February 4, and the next day will be the "All-Star Game".
On February 26, as part of the 2022 Navy Federal Credit Union NHL Stadium Series, the Nashville Predators will play Tampa at the Nissan Stadium in Nashville, home of the NFL Tennessee Titans. This will be the second open-air match for the Predators and the first for the Lightning, who will be the 27th team to play outdoors.
Each team in the 2021-22 season will play 82 matches, and there will be a total of 1,312 matches. The last day of the regular season will be Friday, April 29, when 30 out of 32 teams will take to the ice.
1. Olympic Break: To date, no final decision has been made on the participation of NHL hockey players in the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics. Negotiations are ongoing. If the players' union and the International Ice Hockey Federation agree to resolve all issues, including insurance for hockey players on COVID-19, as agreed in the collective agreement, then the calendar will provide a pause between February 7 and 22.
2. If conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic deteriorate or the health and safety of players is threatened, the NHL and the players' union will refuse to participate in the Games. If NHL players compete in the 2022 Olympics, the regular season will resume on February 23rd. If, for any reason, hockey players do not play at the Olympics, the NHL will publish a revised regular season schedule.
3. The National Hockey League is considered the most prestigious, popular and professional league in the world of ice hockey. The most loyal fans, the most spectacular matches and the most prestigious awards are directly related to the NHL.
4. The history of the league is very long, because during its existence there have been many truly significant events, let alone the number of really talented athletes who have made their careers in the NHL. We have already talked about the strongest players in the NHL, talked about the best clubs and even recalled the history of the main hockey attributes, but now we want to talk about a few interesting facts that will help you learn hockey even better.
5. The history of the league dates back to the late 19th century, when in 1892 the Governor General of Canada, Lord Frederick Arthur Stanley, established the country's main hockey trophy - the Challenge Hockey Cup.
6. The devoted fans of Canada fought for the cup. Any team could challenge the current trophy holder, and he had to accept it. After the death of the Governor-General, the prize was named in his honor - the Stanley Cup.
7. Now the Stanley Cup is considered the most prestigious of those that a professional hockey player can win in his career, which is why many athletes tag in the NHL in order to try their luck in the championships. It is worth noting that we talked about the history of hockey in more detail in one of our previous articles.
8. As for the first official goal, which marked the beginning of professional hockey, it was scored by Dave Ritchie, who was a player of the Montreal Wanderers. The puck flew into the net on December 19, 1917, and it was the first official match in NHL history, followed by a huge number of sports fans. Then on the ice against "Montreal" came "Toronto Arenas", which conceded the same goal.
9. Many will wonder why the Stanley Cup was established almost at the very beginning of the 20th century, and the first puck was hammered only 20 years later? The fact is that the NHL was just beginning to develop, many teams did not immediately reach the professional level, and the championships were not held as cool as we see in this picture now. It is difficult to say at what point it is worth starting a report on the existence of the National League, but here everyone decides for himself.
10. Selling and buying players is quite a fun process. Of course, now popular players cost a lot of money, and many clubs go broke just to take possession of the legend of big sports. But in the history of the NHL there was a case when a player was bought for only one dollar.
11. We are talking about one Canadian ice hockey player, Chris Draper, who was drafted by the Winnipeg Jets in 1993 under the general number 62. The athlete had practically no playing practice and had zero experience in the NHL, which is why he was sold to the famous Detroit for just one American dollar.
12. Moving to a new team, Chris was not left without an inverse nickname - "man for one dollar." But the nickname did not humiliate the athlete at all, and even brought its own benefit. Perhaps it's all about motivation and the desire to prove to the majority of his worth, but Draper was able to quickly advance to the main team, and then take the post of the leader of Krasnye Krylia. He became one of the club's top players at the time, significantly increasing his value in professional sports. It is worth noting that Draper played 1137 games for Detroit, scored 128 goals in them and helped the team win four Stanley Cups.
13. We have already talked about the origin of this trophy, but the award deserves special attention for several more reasons. Interestingly, the original height of the Stanley Cup was 18 centimeters, now it is much larger. It is also worth noting that there is a certain tradition according to which each member of the team that won the Stanley Cup has the right to personally own the cup for one day in the summer off-season after the victory. This happened for the first time in 1997, after the victory of the Detroit Red Wings, where the Russian Five played.
14. Often the practice of giving away the cup for a day to the players led to curiosities. In 1996, Colorado defender Sylvain Lefebvre christened his little daughter Alexanna in a cup. Now Aleksanna Lefebvre plays for the university's hockey team. In 2008, the Stanley Cup was again used as a cup for infant baptism: Thomas Holmstrom baptized his nephew in it. In general, they didn’t fill the cup with anything during the celebrations. Ice cream, melted chocolate, soup, chili sauce, applesauce, and even dog food.
15. Goalkeeper Martin Brodeur, after winning the New Jersey Devils in 2003, went to the cinema with the kids and took a goblet with him to fill it with popcorn. Here is such an interesting trophy.
16. The best hockey player in the history of the National Hockey League! Wayne became the leader in almost all offense-related indicators: points (2857), goals (894), assists (1963), points in equal squads (1818), majority (890), minority (149) and goals in an empty net (57).
17. Wayne also became the only NHL player to score more than 200 points per season in 1982 (212 points), 1984 (205), 1985 and 1986 (208 and 215 points, respectively). It's hard to find a hockey fan who hasn't heard of this athlete. This hockey player is truly unique and is a legend in the National Hockey League.
18. Despite the unique records, the athlete did not differ in versatility, often lost in speed indicators to his rivals and did not always demonstrate decent defense. But he could always competently choose his position on the court, defeating the opponent with perfect technique and a strong throw. Interestingly, many note the fact that even if Wayne had not scored a single goal, he would still have been the leader in terms of the number of points scored in his career. Here is such an interesting character, famous all over the world.
19. The first goalkeeper to score an unusual goal against an opponent was New York Islanders goalkeeper Billy Smith.
20. Philadelphia Flyers goalkeeper Ron Hextall became the second goalkeeper to score, and the first to score. Most of the goals against rivals are on the personal account of Martin Brodeur. He was able to score as many as three goals. In general, a rather unusual situation when the puck flies into the goal from the goalkeeper of another team, but often this is due to the unpredictability of hockey.
21. There are times when the goalkeeper repels a strong attack from the opponent, and then the incomprehensible force of the rebound comes into play, and it happens that the goalkeeper himself wants to take the initiative into his own hands, like the above-described hockey players.
22. This interesting fact can be noted in as many as two matches in the history of the National Hockey League. The first happened in the third season of the NHL, when the Montreal players were able to beat their age-old opponents from Toronto with a score of 14-7. The second-highest scoring match in league history came in 1985 when the aforementioned Wayne Gretzky's Edmonton fired on Chicago.
23. In this meeting, "Edmonton" was able to win with a score of 12-9, while the legendary Gretzky, without scoring a single goal, gave his teammates seven assists. It is worth noting that in each season of the NHL you can see many interesting, spectacular and memorable matches that make the history of the league unique.
24. Theoren Fleury is a truly great ice hockey player from Canada, born in 1968. His height was only 168 cm, but this did not stop him from achieving unprecedented heights in sports. The hockey player scored 1,088 points in the NHL, won the Stanley Cup, became a gold medalist at the Olympic Games, a silver medalist in the World Championship and received the honorary title of "Player of the Year" in the NHL.
25. And the tallest player in the history of the NHL was born in Slovakia. In his 44 years, Zdeno has also broken a large number of prejudices. With a height of 206 cm, the defender continues to play for the Washington Capitals to this day. The good news is that such a truly unique player does not lose heart and does not even think about the end of his career. On account of his 1608 games in the NHL, for which he was able to score 207 goals.
26. Zdeno Hara, which we wrote about above, also set another record worthy of attention. The hockey player has one of the most powerful shots in NHL history. Zdeno Hara was able to throw the puck at 105.4 mph (169.6 km / h) in 2009. By the way, Hara liked to break records - and he did it a couple more times, reaching 107 mph (172.2 km / h) in 2012. But here it is worth noting another athlete who achieved higher numbers.
27. The incredible Bobby Hull was able to break absolutely all the records of big sport, accelerating the hockey puck to 193 km / h with his powerful click. Experts also say that the athlete could make a throw with a maximum puck speed of 169 km / h using a wrist technique.
28. Bobby Hull was one of the best strikers in the NHL in the 1960s. The player was awarded the title of best sniper of the regular season between 1959 and 1969 as many as seven times, making him the second strongest hockey player in this indicator. Bobby Hull was able to score 54 goals in 1965/66, making him the only player to score over 50 goals in the NHL regular season. Throughout his career, the athlete took part in 1,063 matches of the regular season and in 119 playoffs. But now the legend of world hockey is already 82 years old, and it is simply impossible to check or refute his records.
29. Thus, the National Hockey League contains in its history many unique moments that will be of interest to every fan of big sport. It is these facts and records that are the basis of interesting hockey, a professional sport that has a huge number of fans. Important events are remembered by many, making hockey even more popular and even more spectacular, which is why this sport quickly gained worldwide popularity and annually indulges us with legendary events.
30. On November 26, 1917, representatives of four Canadian clubs (Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators and Quebec Bulldogs) decided to create the National Hockey League. A little later, Toronto Arenas joined the organizers.
31. The first NHL matches took place on December 19, 1917. There are currently 30 teams in the world's strongest professional hockey league.
32. In 1943, the Hockey Hall of Fame was opened in Toronto, where the names of the best hockey players on the planet were entered. Currently, more than 300 world hockey legends have been awarded this honor, including 6 of our compatriots: Anatoly Tarasov, Vladislav Tretyak, Vyacheslav Fetisov, Valery Kharlamov, Igor Larionov and Pavel Bure.
33. On February 14, 1934, the Toronto Maple Leafs permanently assigned the number 6 jersey to team star Ace Bailey. Later, the tradition of removing the numbers of great hockey players from circulation gained wide popularity in the NHL. Pavel Bure was the only Russian to be awarded such an honor. In 2013, the Vancouver Canucks secured form with number 10.
34. In 1959, the Montreal Canadiens goalkeeper Jacques Plant began wearing a mask. Not everyone liked this novelty, and many even called Plant a coward. But after a few years, the mask became a common attribute of the goalkeeper's uniform.
35. According to statistics, 68% of professional hockey players lost at least one tooth during a match.
36. The legendary Gordie Howe was distinguished not only by high performance, but also by an aggressive game. Therefore, if one hockey player manages to throw the puck in a match, make an assist and take part in a fight, then such a result is called "Gordie Howe's hat-trick."
37. Since 1993, every hockey player who has won the Stanley Cup, the NHL's premier trophy, can take it home for a day. But there is one secret: the athletes are given a copy of the prize, and the original is kept in the Hockey Hall of Fame.
38. April 16, 1999 ended the sports career of the most famous hockey player in the history of the NHL - Wayne Gretzky. In NHL games, Gretzky has scored 894 goals and made 1,963 assists. Its result has not been surpassed so far.
39. Bobby Hull had the most powerful shot among the pros. After his impact, the puck flew at a speed of 190.4 kilometers per hour.
40. In the entire long history of the NHL, the Stanley Cup has not been played twice. In 1919, the tournament was stopped due to the flu epidemic, and in 2005 the championship was canceled due to a hockey strike.
41. In the first month of the 2017-18 season, 212 matches were played. On average, the teams scored 6.1 goals in them (excluding 18 goals in shootouts). This is significantly more than the figure for the same period of the last championship - 5.6. On average, NHL teams scored 5.45 goals per game that season.
42. The last time NHL clubs managed to cross the line of six goals per game in the 2005-06 championship was 6.05 in 1230 games. And the level of 6.1 goals per game was exceeded for the last time in the regular championship of 1995-96 - 6.29.
43. This figure may be impressive, but it is still significantly less than 25 years ago, when NHL clubs averaged 7.25 goals per game.
44. There is another indicator of the increased performance: all 24 top scorers in the league (as of Saturday) are gaining an average of points per match. Last season, only eight of the top 24 played as effectively.
45. Pittsburgh have won all four games between Crosby and McDavid: two in regulation, one in overtime and one in shootouts. Now they can meet again at best only in the playoffs. Or next season.
46. “Islanders” figured out the game in the majority: “New York Islanders” for three weeks to establish the game in the majority and, apparently, the team was able to find the cause of failure and draw the right conclusions.
47. The first took place during the third season of the NHL - Montreal beat Toronto (St. Patrick's) with a score of 14-7, but then such a score was the norm.
48. The second such a productive match had to wait for more than 60 years - until the end of 1985, when Edmonton, led by the inimitable Gretzky, staged a shootout with Chicago and won 12-9. At the same time, Wayne did not score a single (!) Washer, but he helped his partners as much as seven (!) Times, which became a record for transfers in one game.
49. Andrew Hammond, who defended the gates of Ottawa and Colorado, got his nickname "The Hamburglar" (ie "Burgervor") long before the NHL during one of the varsity games for Bowling Green State University (NCAA). First, one of his teammates, Wade Finegan, began calling Hammond "Robber" for his ability to "steal" victories for his team. Then the nickname evolved into "Burglar" ("Thief"), then simply "Burgs". The result of this chain is the nickname "The Hamburglar", which is the name of a friend of Ronald McDonald, and this friend, as you might guess, loves to steal burgers on the sly. It was he who was depicted on the mask of the Canadian when he played for Ottawa.
50.Eighteen-year-old Alec Regula was selected by Detroit in the third round of the 2018 NBA Draft pick as # 67.
The Stanley Cup is the most famous sports trophy in the world. The goblet is a huge silver vase with a massive cylindrical base 89.54 centimeters (35.25 inches) high and weighs 15.5 kilograms. No trophy in professional sports, other than the Stanley Cup, is engraved with the names of all the players, coaches, managers, and technical staff of the team that won the title.
Originally, the Cup was a decorative bowl made of silver, 18.5 centimeters (7.28 inches) high and 29 centimeters (11.42 inches) in diameter. Until 1924, the appearance of additional rings to the bowl and their filling proceeded in a "chaotic" mode. At first, additional rings appeared on the bowl with the engraved name of the team and the year of its championship. In 1907, the Montreal Wanderers were the first club to have their team's name printed on the inside of the ball, as well as engraving the names of all of their team's players.
For unknown reasons, many clubs simply did not engrave their team names on the bowl, and in three cases the names were incorrectly recorded - this was in 1915, 1916 and 1918, when teams winning their championships put their names on the Cup despite the fact that it has already been played under the new system between the champions of the National Hockey Association (NHA) and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA).
Bemorepanda collected more interesting facts about Stanley Cup Finals
1. The cup was also a prize for the winner of the league in which the champion team played.
2. The cup does not become the property of the champion team, but was only transferred to it for a while.
3. The trustees of the Cup have the right of the last word in any dispute related to the presentation of the Cup.
4. Contenders for the Cup must win the championship of their league.
5. Series of matches for the possession of the Stanley Cup must consist of one-, two- or three-match series by mutual agreement of the contenders.
Since 1924, it has become an annual tradition for teams to put on their names and the names of all their players. As a result, the cup became too bulky and, due to its similarity to a chimney, was called the "Chimney Cup" (Stovepipe Cup). In 1948, it was decided to redesign the Cup and take into account all the mistakes and shortcomings made in the early years. In 1958, the Cup underwent minor changes and since that time has a modern design. In 1991, when there was no room for names on the Cup hoops, they were removed and placed in the Hall of Fame, replaced with clean ones. All of the old tapes are in the Hall except for one: the tape with the names of the Boston players of the 1928/1929 season is missing.
Prior to 1977, only players who played in the Stanley Cup playoffs were eligible to have their name immortalized on the Cup. Currently, in order for a player's name to be engraved on the Stanley Cup, they must have played at least 41 games in the NHL regular season (and must be on the team when it wins the Cup) or play at least one game in the Stanley Cup Finals . However, since 1994, teams have been allowed to petition the NHL commissioner to be allowed to engrave a player's name, who reviews various specific cases and circumstances that prevented players from being immortalized on the Stanley Cup. So in 1998, the Detroit Red Wings received special permission from the NHL to engrave the name of Vladimir Konstantinov, whose career ended after a car accident on June 13, 1997.
6. All matches were to be played at the applicants' home arenas, although the Cup custodians had the right to set the date and time of the matches.
7. If the applicants for the Cup do not agree with the appointment of judges for the series, then the guardians have the right to appoint any referee.
8. Tickets for matches must be equally distributed among the applicant teams.
9. The league cannot qualify for the Cup twice in a season.
10. The champion team is obliged to return the Cup to the guardians in good condition and when they request it.
11. The champion team has the right to add a commemorative inscription about their victory to the silver circle of the Cup.
It is also worth noting that an interesting fact is that 12 women were honored to engrave their names on the Stanley Cup, and it takes 13 years to fill in the teams of champions of each Cup ring. The Stanley Cup winning team has the right to take the trophy for 100 days at its disposal. Since 1994, each of the hockey players who won the Cup has the right to take it to his home for one day and dispose of it at his own discretion within 24 hours.
Unknown to many, there are actually three versions of the Stanley Cup - the original Cup, a certified replica of the Stanley Cup, and a replica of the Stanley Cup. The original Bowl, bought by Lord Stanley and awarded to the champion until 1970, is kept in the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto. In 1963, one of the walls of the original was worn out and damaged, then NHL President Clarence Campbell decided to get a certified copy of the Cup, the production of which was kept secret and the copy of the Cup was not known until three years later. A certified copy of the Stanley Cup is also called a presentation or "Presentation Cup" (Presentation Cup), since it is this version that is used at ceremonies and handed over to hockey players after the final series of the playoffs. A certified copy is stored in the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto, being an exhibition exhibit only, and the Cup holders have the right only to touch it. Traveling is a replica of the Stanley Cup, which was created in 1993 and is used as an inductee in the Hockey Hall of Fame whenever the "Performance Cup" is used at any celebrations and is not available for display. An exact copy can be distinguished from a certified copy only by the seal of the Hall of Fame, which is located on the underside of the base of the Cup. There is another difference: there are no grammatical errors on an exact copy of the Cup, unlike a certified copy, on which errors were made, both grammatical in the spelling of player names and team names, and curious ones - in 1984, Edmonton Oilers owner Peter Pocklington includes to the list of winners of his father Basil, who is not connected with the team in any way and his name is engraved on the Cup.
12. In 1896 "Winnipeg Victorias" for the first time drinking champagne from the Stanley Cup won - a century-old tradition that has preserved to this day.
13. In 1920, victory celebrations end with a brawl between the Ottawa Senators and the Stanley Cup players lying in the gutter all night.
14. In 1932, the Stanley Cup was first awarded immediately after the end of the final on the ice hockey rink.
15. On March 24, 1936, the match between the Detroit Red Wings and the Montreal Maroons took place, which became the longest match in the history of the Stanley Cup.
16. The first and only puck in this match was abandoned by the players, “Detroit” only in the 17th minute of the sixth (!) Additional period.
17. The match began at half past nine in the evening and ended at half past three in the night. The meeting lasted 176 minutes 30 seconds of pure time.
18. In 1950, for the first time, Detroit Red Wings captain Ted Lindsey lifted the Stanley Cup over his head and swept it around the rink.
19. So another tradition appeared - each member of the team, starting with the captain, makes a circle of honor around the site, holding the Cup over his head.
20. In 1961, a Montreal fan wanted to steal the Cup from a display case in a stadium in Chicago. He broke the glass, but was captured by security.
Then in court he said: "Your Honor, I just wanted to return the Cup back to Montreal, where it belongs."
21. In 1962, celebrating their victory, the Toronto players dropped the Stanley Cup into the fire, the Cup was badly damaged and restored at the expense of the team.
22. In 1968, after the assassination of prominent black rights activist Martin Luther King, three 1/4 playoff series were canceled at once.
23. The pause caused by mourning lasted 2 days.
24. In 1970, one of the rings of the stand disappeared from the Hockey Hall of Fame. He was found later in the yard of the nearest dry cleaners.
25. In 1980, after the presentation of the first Stanley Cup by the New York Islanders, Brian Trottier took the trophy home and settled into bed with it.
He later told a reporter, "I just wanted to wake up and see him around."
26. In 1982, Clark Gillies filled the Cup with dog food so that his dog could celebrate the New York Islanders' third consecutive championship.
27. In 1984, Edmonton Oilers owner Peter Pocklington included his father, Basil, who had nothing to do with the team, as one of the winners.
His name is engraved on the Cup, and when the NHL notices a "mistake", they are ordered to replace the ring, but the "error" is not corrected on the certified copy of the Cup.
28. In 1986, the Cup sinks into the pond of Patrick Roy, from where one of the fans got it.
29. In 1987, Edmonton Oilers players take the Stanley Cup with them to a strip bar.
30. In 1991, the legendary Mario Lemieux tied a heavy Cup to his leg and threw it into the pool.
Of course, the athlete, like a tugboat, flies after him. As a result, the trophy is torn into two parts and then restored for a long time.
31. In 1992, for the first time in the history of Stanley Cup matches, the result was determined by watching a video replay.
32. Doubt caused a throw, as it turned out to assist, the Russian striker “Detroit” Sergei Fedorov, who shook the gates of “Minnesota” in overtime.
33. In 1993, for the first time, the captain of the team did not raise the Stanley Cup first from the team, but passed it to another member of the team.
Thus, the captain of “Montreal” Guy Karbanno honored the merits of Denis Savard, who during his career did not even have a chance to play in the Cup final.
34. None of the 7 free throws awarded in the history of the Cup finals were taken.
Last on the list is Pavel Bure, who failed to outplay New York Rangers goaltender Mike Richter in 1994.
35.In 1996, Sylvain Lefevre christens his daughter in the cup.
36. In 1998, the Cup receives some recognition from prime-time TV: in the television series The Simpsons, Krusty the Clown vomits into it.
37. In 1998, the captain of “Detroit” Steve Yzerman did not lift the Cup over his head, but passes it to Vladimir Konstantinov, whose career was cut short.
38. The Detroit Red Wings received special permission from the NHL to engrave the name of Vladimir Konstantinov, who was involved in a car accident, on the Stanley Cup.
39. In 1999, Finn Jere Lehtinen decides to attach the trophy to his national traditions and takes a steam bath with it.
40. In 2000, New Jersey Devils goaltender Martin Brodeur takes the Stanley Cup to the movies, where he fills it with popcorn.
41. In 2001, Colorado's captain won the Cup and captain Joe Sakic passed it on to Ray Burke.
For Bourque, this was the last game of his 22-year NHL career and the only Stanley Cup to be won.
42. Not a single "dry" series in the 2002 playoffs - 16 teams participated in the Cup, which played 90 matches.
This happened only once - in 1959, when the Cup was contested by 4 teams who played a total of 18 matches.
43. In 2002, the Cup came to Asia for the first time. Detroit Red Wings forward Pavel Datsyuk brings him to his native Yekaterinburg.
44. Only 2 times in history, in 1919 and in 2005, the Stanley Cup did not find its owner - in 1919, due to the flu epidemic, the final series was interrupted.
And in 2005, the Stanley Cup was not played due to the lockout, because the players' association (NHLPA) did not agree with the pay cut proposed by the NHL.
45. Toronto Maple Leafs (1942 - final), New York Islanders (1975 - 1/4 finals), Philadelphia Flyers (2010 - 1/4 finals).
Three teams losing 0-3 in the National Hockey League playoffs and eventually winning the series 4-3.
Moreover, “Philadelphia” failed “double comeback” – in the seventh match of the series, she bounced back from a score of 0-3, set by the 15th minute of the first period.
46. In 1915, the Cup began to bear its usual name for us - the Stanley Cup. The fight for the trophy was now between the champions of the National Hockey Association (NHA) and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA). The meetings took place in March after the end of the regular seasons of both leagues, and the venue for the decisive matches changed from year to year - one season in the East, the other in the West. Moreover, due to the differences in the rules of the NHA and PCHA, it was decided that the game rules would alternate from game to game.
47. On November 26, 1916, the National Hockey League (NHL) was formed to replace the National Hockey Association (NHA). The purpose of the formation, the NHL, was to get rid of the team from Toronto, or rather from its owner, who was pretty annoying to everyone. The following entered the league: Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanders, Ottawa Senators, Toronto Arenas (the owner of the team had already changed by that time) and the Quebec Bulldogs club, which took part in the league only two seasons later due to his financial problems in 1917-1918.
48. Back in 1914, the first American team "Portland Rosebuds" was accepted into the PCHA, since then the organizers have made a statement that the Stanley Cup is a trophy for the best professional team not only in Canada, but in the whole World. Two years later, the Portland Rosebuds played in the finals, but lost to the Montreal Canadiens. And in 1917, the first American team won the Stanley Cup - "Seattle Metropolitans" beat the same "Montreal Canadiens" in the final.
49. In 1919, the Stanley Cup was left without its owner for the first time, as the final series of the Seattle Metropolitans - Montreal Canadiens was stopped due to the Spanish flu epidemic. The series was tied after five games played (the teams had two wins and one draw), there was one playoff game left, which was eventually canceled, as a large number of Montreal Canadiens players and their manager were hospitalized with the flu, four days after the canceled game, one of the players died...
50. From the 1921-1922 season, another league appeared in the West, the Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL). In 1922, the winners of the PCHA and WCHL faced each other, after which the Western champion met in the Stanley Cup final with the champion of the National Hockey League (NHL).
Basketball is an Olympic sport, a sports team game with a ball, the goal of which is to throw the ball into the opponent's basket more times than the opposing team does at the set time. Each team consists of 5 field players.
The history of the emergence and development of basketball
In 1891 in the United States of America, a young teacher, a native of Canada, Dr. James Naismith, trying to "revive" gymnastics lessons, attached two fruit baskets to the railing of the balcony and offered to throw soccer balls into it. The resulting game only remotely resembled modern basketball. There was no question of any management, the players threw the ball to each other and then tried to throw it into the basket. The team that scored the most goals won.
A year later, Naismith developed the first rules of basketball. The very first matches under these rules caused their first changes.
Gradually, basketball from the United States penetrated first to the East - Japan, China, the Philippines, and then to Europe and South America. After 10 years at the Olympic Games in St. Louis, the Americans organized a demonstration tour between the teams of several cities. The Basketball Association of America (BAA) was formed in 1946. The first match under her auspices took place on November 1 of the same year in Toronto between the Toronto Huskies and New York Knickerbockers. In 1949, the association merged with the US National Basketball League to form the National Basketball Association (NBA).
In 1967, the American Basketball Association was created, which for a long time tried to compete with the NBA, but merged with it 9 years later. Today, the NBA is one of the most influential and well-known professional basketball leagues in the world. The International Amateur Basketball Federation was founded in 1932. The federation includes 8 countries: Argentina, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Romania. Sweden, Czechoslovakia. Based on the name, it was assumed that the organization would lead only amateur basketball, however, in 1989, professional basketball players received admission to international competitions, and the word "amateur" was removed from the name. The very first international match took place in 1904, and in 1936 basketball entered the program of the Summer Olympic Games.
Basketball rules (briefly)
The rules of the game of basketball changed several times until 2004, when the final version of the rules took shape, which is considered relevant to this day. Basketball is played by two teams. Usually a team consists of 12 people, 5 of which are field players, and the rest are considered substitutes. Basketball dribbling. Athletes in possession of the ball must move around the field, hitting the floor with it. Otherwise, "carrying the ball" will be counted, and this is a violation of the rules in basketball.
Accidentally touching the ball with a body part other than the hand is not considered a foul, unlike purposeful play with the foot or fist.
A basketball game consists of 4 periods or halves, but the timing of each half (play time) varies depending on the basketball association. So, for example, in NBA a match consists of 4 halves of 12 minutes each, and in FIBA each such half lasts 10 minutes.
Short breaks are provided between periods, and between the second and third periods, the break time is increased. The ball thrown into the basket can bring a different number of points to its team. If the ball is scored during the free throw, the team earns 1 point.
If the ball is thrown from an average or close distance (closer than the 3-point line), then the team is given 2 points.
A team earns three points if the ball is scored from behind the three-point line. If in regular time both teams scored the same number of points, then a 5-minute overtime is assigned, if it ended in a draw, then the next one is assigned and so on until the winner is determined.
The 3 second rule is a rule that prohibits any player on the attacking team from being in the free throw area for more than three seconds.
The two step rule in basketball. The player is only allowed to take two steps with the ball, after which he must either shoot or pass.
The playing field for basketball has a rectangular shape and a hard surface. The surface of the site must not have any bends, cracks or any other deformations. The size of the basketball court must be 28 meters long and 15 meters wide (standard). The height of the ceiling must be at least 7 meters, and on professional sites, ceilings are raised to a height of 12 meters and above. The lighting on the field must be designed so as not to interfere with the movement of the players and must evenly cover the entire court. Until the end of the 60s, tournaments could be organized outdoors. However, now basketball games are played only in closed areas.
Limit lines. Pass along the entire perimeter of the site (2 short front lines and 2 long side lines).
Central line. It is drawn from one side line to another and at the same time it is parallel to the front lines.
The central zone is a circle (radius 1.80 m) and is located exactly in the center of the basketball field. Three-point lines are semi-circles with a radius of 6.75 m, drawn to the intersection with parallel (front) lines.
Free throw lines. The free-throw line is drawn 3.60 m long parallel to each end line so that its far edge is located at a distance of 5.80 meters from the inside edge of the end line, and its middle is on an imaginary line connecting the midpoints of both end lines.
The basketball is spherical, painted an approved shade of orange, and has a pattern of eight inlays and black stitching.
Basketball hoop and backboard dimensions
The height of the basketball hoop from the floor level is 3.05 meters (standard). The diameter of the basketball hoop ranges from 45 cm to 45.7 cm. The ring itself must be painted bright orange. A special net with a length of 40-45 cm is attached to the ring. The basketball hoop is located at a distance of 15 cm from the backboard.
The shield to which the ring is attached also has a number of important parameters. Basketball backboard size: width - 1.8 m, height - 1.05 m. Modern basketball backboards are made of tempered glass.
Refereeing in basketball
At the basketball game there are: senior referee and referee; timekeeper; Secretary; assistant secretary; operator 30 seconds.
Other interesting facts
Judge uniform: gray shirt; long black trousers; black basketball shoes.
Popularity in Europe: Basketball is the national sport in Georgia and Lithuania. Basketball is the national summer sport in Latvia, as ice hockey is the national winter sport.
Basketball in the Olympic program: Basketball became part of the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany. As of 2013, gold medals in basketball have been won by: the USA - 14 times, the USSR - twice, #Argentina and Yugoslavia - once each.
The author of the idea for the game: James Naismith is a #Canadian-American sports coach who, after landing a job at Springfield College, Massachusetts, was tasked with developing a set of winter exercises that would help athletes stay fit. In his creative thinking process, Naismith laid the foundation for the game that is known today as basketball.
The original rules of the game: Recent #historical finds indicate that in the first version of Naismith's game, before throwing the ball into the basket, it had to be rolled on the floor.
The new idea that changed everything: The idea to add to the game the ability to pass the ball by throwing it in the air belongs to Lambert Will, director of the YMCA in Herkimer County, New York.
Basketball basket: The original basketball baskets had a closed bottom, so after each pitched ball, the referee had to climb a ladder and retrieve it.
Naismith rules: The first official game of basketball under Naismith's rules took place in 1892. The court was half the size of a modern basketball court and only one ball was scored during the entire game.
Dribbling in basketball: Re-hitting the ball on the floor (dribbling) was prohibited by D. Naismith's original rules.
Injury of the game: Only in the US in 2011 in hospitals 249650 ambulances were provided to children aged 12-17 who were injured while playing basketball.
American football vs basketball: Statistical studies indicate that among all sports, American football alone has more injuries than basketball.
Basketball color: The color of the ball was not always orange: in the beginning, basketball was played with a brown ball, but later it was decided to change the color of the ball to a brighter one.
Creation of the NBA: The NBA (National Basketball Association) of America was founded in 1949 by the merger of the NBL (National Basketball League) and the BAA (Basketball Association of America).
Soccer ball: Until 1929, basketball was played with an ordinary soccer ball.
Michael Jordan: Michael Jordan is considered one of the best basketball players in the world. He went down in history with a career-high 5,987 career playoff points.
The appearance of the shield: The basketball backboard was added to the hoop for a very interesting reason: some match-goers from the balconies tried to catch or throw the ball during the teams game.
Forbidden slam dunks: In 1967, slam dunking was banned, but such a spectacular part of basketball was returned and legalized again only nine years later.
Women's basketball: In 1892, women also began to play basketball, but special changes in the rules were developed for them.
Boston Celtics dominance: The Boston Celtics have won the most championship titles in the NBA (17 in total) and 7 of those titles were won in a row (from 1960 to 1966).
Most Valuable Player: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, who played 20 seasons in the NBA, holds the all-time scoring record. During his career, he scored 38387 points.
100 points per game: On March 2, 1962, Wilt Chamberlain scored 100 points in one game. This is the highest number of points a player has scored in a single game.
Who invented the three-point shot?: The NBA only started counting three-pointers in the 1979-80 season. This idea was borrowed from the ABA (Adriatic Basketball League).
Chicago Bulls game: The Chicago Bulls have won every NBA Finals they have competed in (6 in total).
The tallest and shortest player: Most #male basketball players are at least 1.90m tall and have an average weight of 100kg. The tallest player in history is Manute Bol of Sudan at 2.31m and the shortest is Mugsy Bogz at 1.60m.
Horse polo is considered the most ancient team game in the world, which appeared more than two thousand years ago and was widespread in Persia and India. In India, the English army officers got acquainted with this game, and polo spread throughout Europe thanks to them. The word "polo" also came from India and is translated as "wood." The sticks for this game are made of wood. Interestingly, in India, polo is played not only on horses but also on elephants.
Facts about horse polo
Thanks to the British, polo has become not just a popular folk pastime but a sport with rules that allow competitions, including international ones. The first documented polo game in England took place in 1869. By the way, the British originally called this sport "hockey on horseback." From England, polo spread not only throughout Europe but the world. For example, in 1875, polo began to be played even in distant Argentina.
Polo in the Olympics
Polo was included in the program of the Olympic Games 5 times: in 1900, 1908, 1920, 1924, and 1936. Interestingly, the traditional Olympic equestrian disciplines appeared at the Olympics only in 1912. Horse polo was considered more of a team sport (like, for example, football) than equestrian. An interesting fact at the Olympics in Berlin, the polo tournament at the Maifeld arena gathered a record number of spectators in the stands, about 70 thousand - more than any other sport.
It is worth considering that since the early 1930s, polio was considered a disgraced sport in Nazi Germany, against which active propaganda was carried out in the press. And shortly after the end of the Games, Adolf Hitler altogether banned polo as a "Jewish" and "Anglo-American" sport. However, this species was excluded from the Olympic program for another reason. The fact is that the class of the Argentina national team, which won both in 1924 and 1936, was so superior to all other groups that it became apparent: that it was useless to play with it; the Argentines would still win. This trend continues to the present. The king of polo "- the Argentinean Adolfo Cambiaso.
Lefties can play polo
Left-handers play polo but must hold the stick with their “uncomfortable” hands. Horse polo rules state that only the right hand can have the bar. In this case, you can hit the ball on the left. In total, four main types of blows are accepted: offside forehand (strong backhand blow forward or sideways), near side backhand (back blow), near side neck shot (hit from the left side under the horse’s neck), and offside tail shot (hit from under horse's tail). Striking from above or below the opponent's horse is prohibited.
Animals other than horses used for polo
In India, polo on elephants is quite popular; in Arab countries - on camels. An exciting fact In 2000, a polo match on yaks took place in Mongolia for the first time. This action initially pursued the goal of drawing public attention to the preservation of these animals from extermination. However, since 2006, yak polo, or sarlagan polo, has become so popular that it has also begun to be played in Pakistan. In Mongolia itself, the Mongolian Sarlagan Polo Association was even formed.
Among the exotic varieties, polo canoes, segways, golf carts, bicycles, and motorcycles should also be noted. Polo on yaks has taken root in Mongolia. Perhaps the most famous polo player Winston Churchill said: "Polo handicap is your passport to the world." Of course, this aristocratic game is far from accessible to everyone.
Spectators watching the match immediately notice that the polo field is much larger than the football field. Its length is 275 meters, and its width is about 180. Each team consists of four riders whose goal is to hit the opponent's goal, which is 7 meters 30 centimeters wide. The players are "armed" with special sticks, and the diameter of the ball is about 8 centimeters. Most often, the game consists of six periods (chukkers), and the duration of each of them is seven minutes.
Even in a short period, the horses manage to pretty much knock out the turf on the field; therefore, during the breaks, you can see a curious sight - the spectators go out onto the lawn and help the workers drive in pieces of turf into their place. For the game, they use a special breed of horses - polo ponies. The leader in their breeding is Argentina. The cost of each horse is about $50,000. At the same time, each athlete has several; you can change them even during the game.
Importance of Argentina in Polo
Horse polo was even included in the program of five Olympics: 1900, 1908, 1920, 1924, and 1936. In the post-war years, polo was excluded from the Olympic sports list. Moreover, this was done with a fascinating wording: in 1924 and 1936. The advantage of athletes from Argentina was so evident that the IOC decided why to hold equestrian polo competitions if the winner was known in advance. Since 1987, the World Polo Championships have been saved.
It is in Argentina that the world's most titled polo player lives. His name is Adolfo Cambiaso. For fans of this sport, Cambiaso is an absolute legend. But horse polo is far from the most popular game in the world. Therefore, the stars of Argentine football are known in the sports world much more than Adolfo Cambiaso.
During the match, the teams change goals after each goal is scored. This is explained by the fact that one of the teams has to play against the sun, which blinds the eyes. An exchange of goals is necessary to equalize rivals' chances. In principle, the sun also affects players in other sports, but nowhere else do the plans change so often.
Horse polo sticks
Horse polo sticks are most often made from bamboo. Sometimes willow and combined materials are used. According to the rules of this sport, the bar is only allowed to be held in the right hand. Can lefties play polo? Of course, they can. But no exceptions are made for them either; the stick must be held in an uncomfortable right hand.
Even though horse polo was not included in the program of the Olympic Games for many years, the federation of this sport does not lose hope of returning to the Olympic family. Currently, equestrian polo is cultivated in more than 70 countries worldwide. The leaders are Argentina, England, Australia, the USA, India, and Pakistan.
Homeland of horse polo - Persia
Modern horse polo is a team sport. It is played on horseback, and the ball must be moved across the field by hitting it with clubs. The main goal set for the players is to get into the opponent's goal.
The country where horse polo first appeared in Persia, which happened in the 6th century AD. After that, the game spread to other Asian territories. And all over the world, this sport became known thanks to the British colonialists, who spread it first on their native island - in Great Britain and then in Europe.
The word "polo" comes from the Indian "pulu," which translates as "wood." India still has various versions of polo: on elephants or camels.
The oldest team game
To date, it is horse polo considered the oldest team sport. In the 19th-20th century, it was trendy in India, and in 1869, thanks to the British, it became the way we can see it now.
It is noteworthy that the stiff British liked this unusual sport so much that it became part of the mandatory training of cavalry officers of the British army, so it was introduced into the program of cavalry military schools.
Today, polo is considered a noble sport. Therefore, it is not surprising that all the men of the British royal family should be able to play it well.
The largest horse polo field in team sports
Equestrian polo boasts the largest field of all currently existing team sports. Its dimensions are 275 meters long and 180 meters wide. For example, according to UEFA standards, the size of a football field should be 105 by 68 meters.
At the same time, the player’s virtuosity largely depends not on the characteristics of the field but on the person’s ability to stay in the saddle, since during the match, you need to keep in the saddle with one hand and with the other, using a stick, accurately hit a small ball, trying to score it into the opponent’s goal. In this case, you need to be able to lead the horse at high speed.
Spectators help polo players trample the lawn.
Modern polo is a game in which two teams of four players participate. Players spend 42 minutes on the field (7 chukkers (rounds) of 6 minutes each).
One of the most exciting features of the equestrian floor is the trampling of the earth between chukkers. This is done not only by employees but also by spectators. They go out into the field and press the pieces of turf uprooted by the horses' hooves back to the ground. Given that this sport is secular, such a spectacle looks very interesting.
Horse polo requires special horses.
Not all breeds of horses can be used in polo, but only special ones - polo ponies. Even though they are similar in height to ordinary horses, since the 147 cm height limit for ponies was abolished in 1919, polo ponies have a stable psyche and a bold character. Moreover, such horses can easily pick up speed over a short distance and simultaneously change their speed dramatically.
The leader in breeding horses for equestrian sex in Argentina. And if the polo pony was not raised in this country, its roots are probably from here.
Polo is not a sport for amateurs
Even though this sport is one of the favorite pastimes of aristocrats, not everyone will be able to achieve significant success in it since the rider and horse must act as a single whole. The ability to play horse polo has been honed over the years because it is difficult to imagine a person who knows exactly how to jump to the ball on the field to correctly hit the ball without many years of practice.
In addition, horse polo is one of the most traumatic sports because you need to be able to stay in the saddle so as not to fall off.
Horse polo is an expensive sport
Today, horse polo is not only noble but also very expensive, so it is not available to everyone. You will need to spend about 50 thousand dollars to purchase one polo pony. Moreover, there should be several such horses in the stall since, during the match, the rider changes them (a rare horse can withstand more than two halves because it feels significant stress during the game). But the rules state that a polo player can change no more than six horses per match.
In addition, it is worth considering the funds for the maintenance of stables, veterinary services, and ammunition.
The decision of the International Association of World Games and the Birmingham Organizing Committee to hold the XI World Games in 2022 was caused by the postponement of the Olympic Games XXXII 2020 in Tokyo (Japan) to 2021. Keeping the original dates of the competitions would have meant the exclusion of many Olympic athletes and officials from the World Games and reduced spectator and media interest in the competition.
Competitions, as planned, will be held at 25 sports grounds located both in Birmingham itself and its environs.
The program will include 34 sports, 58 disciplines, 223 sets of medals will be played. More than 3,600 athletes from over 100 countries will take part in the competition.
Below you can find most interesting facts about World Games.
1. The World Games are held by the International World Games Association (IWGA), established on the initiative of the leaders of 12 sports federations.
2. The inspiration of the idea in 1980 was the President of the World Taekwondo Federation and a member of the International Olympic Committee, South Korean Un Yong Kim.
3. The Games were created to promote non-Olympic sports to the Olympic program and are held every four years.
4. The program of the World Games also includes Olympic sports (rhythmic gymnastics, trampoline, rugby-7), but with their own non-Olympic disciplines (the exception is rugby-7, but this discipline has not yet been presented at the Olympic Games).
5. The first World Games were held in 1981 in the American city of Santa Clara, where 1265 athletes competed for 88 sets of awards in 18 sports.
6. The first winners of the Games in the team event were the US athletes, who won 76 medals - 27 gold, 26 silver and 23 bronze.
7. A total of ten World Games were held - Santa Clara 1981 (USA), London 1985 (Great Britain), Karlsruhe 1989 (Germany), The Hague 1993 (Holland), Lahti 1997 (Finland), Akika 2001 (Japan), Duisburg 2005 (Germany) and Kaohsiung 2009 (Taiwan), Cali 2013 (Columbia), Wrocław 2017 (Poland)
8. In 2001, the World Games began to be held under the patronage of the International Olympic Committee.
9. Only four teams won victories in the team competitions - Russia (3 times), the USA (2), Italy (2) and Germany (1).
10. Only eight teams managed to get into the top three winners of the team standings. The leaders are Italy (6), Germany (5), USA (4), USSR/Russia (4).
11. Russia has three first team places. In The Hague-1993 was the 24th position, in Lahti-1997 - the fifth.
12. Russia has won the last three World Games - in Akita in 2001, Duisburg in 2005 and Kaohsiung in 2009.
13. In Duisburg, a Russian record was set for the number of gold medals won (27) and awards of all merits (57).
14. The national teams of Russia and the USA are co-authors of the record for the won gold medals for one World Games (27). The Americans installed it in 1981, our compatriots repeated it - in 2005.
15. The record holder for the total number of medals won in one Games is the Italian team, which in 1985 won 77 awards of three denominations.
16. The leader in the total number of gold medals for all seven World Games is the team of Italy (120). The Italians have also won the most medals of all three denominations (353).
17. The 2005 World Games in Duisburg also set a record for the number of sports included in the program (38, including 32 official ones). Akika-2001 still holds the lead in the number of countries participating in the Games (93).
18. Soviet athletes first performed at the 1981 World Games in Santa Clara. The most significant success took place in Karlsruhe-1989, where the USSR team took second place, winning 36 medals - 15 gold, 13 silver and 8 bronze.
19. The official program of the Games includes: parachuting, archery, billiards, bowl sports, bowling, canoe polo, dance sports, scuba diving, fistball, frisbee, gymnastics (artistic, acrobatics, aerobics, trampolining), jujitsu, karate, korfball, lifesaving, orienteering, powerlifting, roller hockey, roller skating, artistic roller skating, beach handball, racketball, rugby sevens, rock climbing, squash, sumo, tug of war and water skiing.
20. The demonstration program of the Games included: duathlon, softball, wushu and marathon canoeing.
21. Previously, the program of the World Games included former Olympic sports - Basque pelota, powerboating, cricket, croquet, lacrosse, polo, rocky. In addition, there were American football, golf, casting, roller ski racing, pesapallo, sambo, surfing, and floorball.
22. The World Games, first held in 1981, are an international multi-sport event, meaning for sports or disciplines or events within a sport that do not compete in the Olympics.
23. The World Games are organized and administered by the International World Games Association (IWGA), recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
24. The World Games are held every four years, one year after the Summer Olympics.
25. A number of sports that were part of the World Games program have been discontinued as they are now included in the Olympic Games programme, such as badminton, beach volleyball, trampolining, rugby 7's, taekwondo, triathlon and women's weightlifting. Other sports have been Olympic sports in the past (such as tug of war).
26. Some of the sports played at the World Games are acrobatic gymnastics, top notch, orienteering, karate, powerlifting, tug of war, fin swimming, squash, korfball, billiards, water skiing, and dancesport.
27. The sports included in the World Games are limited to the facilities available in the host city; no new objects can be built for games.
28. The official program of the World Games includes from 25 to 30 sports. In addition, the IWGA, in consultation with the host city, may invite a sport to participate in the "invitation" program.
29. In order to be part of the World Games program, the sport must become widespread throughout the world, and the specific international sports federation must be a member of the IWGA.
30. Only the best athletes or teams may participate in each sport, as determined by the International Sports Federations. Most classes require you to qualify by placing first in a World Championship or Qualifying Tournament in order to be eligible to participate.
31. Badminton is the fastest racket sport: the speed of a shuttlecock can reach 270 km/h.
32. If you're bowling, don't try to knock down the pins as hard as you can. A bowling pin with a 7.5 degree deflection is enough for a fall.
33. Boxing was only legalized as a sport in 1900. Prior to that, he was considered too cruel and not suitable for the presence of the public. In the 20th century, boxing became the most popular sport in cinema.
34. It is noteworthy that the first hockey puck was a square shape! For a certain period they played hockey with round wooden pucks. A modern hockey puck is made of vulcanized rubber and weighs 200 grams. Before the start of the game, it is frozen so that it does not spring.
35. The first product of the Dassler family - the founders of Adidas - were sleeping slippers.
36. The fastest man in the world - Usain Bolt (Jamaica). Three-time Olympic champion of the 2008 Olympics in Beijing - in the sprint at distances of 100 and 200, he set a record by running these distances in 9.69 and 19.30 seconds, respectively.
37. In a Spanish second league match between San Isidro and Olimpico Carrante, a few minutes before the end of the game, the players of the two teams, dissatisfied with the refereeing, surrounded the referee to explain to him how to referee. And not only with words and gestures. In this critical situation, the referee, keeping complete calm, took out a red card and presented it to all twenty-two participants in the match.
38. Athletes jumping from a springboard on skis should not be wished for a fair wind - it only harms them. A headwind is much better, thanks to which an air cushion is created in front of the skier in flight, and he flies further. To start the jump, athletes are given a certain time, during which the coaches try to choose the optimal start moment, taking into account the wind. The change in wind during the course of the competition can make the conditions for the participants unequal: if the skier got only a tailwind, his chances for medals, even with the best technique, are sharply reduced.
39. The rules of horse racing state that the length of the name of a racing horse should not exceed eighteen letters. Names that are too long are cumbersome to record.
40. There are 336 notches in a standard golf ball.
41. Boxing was legalized as a sport only in 1900.
42. The only country to have participated in every World Cup is Brazil.
43. The most popular sport in cinema is boxing.
44. In ancient Greece, the birthplace of the Olympic Games, all participants set their records naked, naked.
45. Contrary to a well-known misconception, in judo there are not 10, but 12 dans. True, not a single person was awarded the eleventh dan, and the twelfth was awarded to only one person - the founder of judo Dhigaro Kano.
46. In 1936, a hockey goaltender's mask was first used in Berlin by Japanese goaltender Tanaka Hoima.
47. Of the 51 matches held by Mike Tyson in the professional ring, he finished 21 by knockout in the first round (40.8%).
48. The weight of the table tennis ball is 2.5 grams.
49.The most popular simulator for the home is the orbitrek.
50. After being hit by a professional volleyball player, the ball can fly at speeds up to 130 km/h. And with the help of a hockey player, the puck can reach speeds of up to 160 kilometers per hour.
The New York Knicks are one of the oldest teams in the National Basketball Association (NBA). Along with the Boston Celtics and the Golden State Warriors (then the Philadelphia Warriors), it competed in the very first BAA championship in 1946/47. Let us remind you that in 1949, the BAA merged with the NBL to form the NBA, which is familiar to us to this day. The Knicks are not as titled as, for example, Boston, they have only 2 championship titles won in 1970 and 1973. Over the years, 516 basketball players have donned New York Knicks jerseys, nine of which have been retired by the club in recognition of their service to the team.
The New York Knickerbockers, better known as the New York Knicks, are an American professional basketball team based in the New York City area of Manhattan. The Knicks compete in the National Basketball Association (NBA) as a member of the Eastern Conference Atlantic Division. The team plays its home games at Madison Square Garden, an arena they share with the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League (NHL). It is one of only two NBA teams based in New York; the other team is the Brooklyn Nets. Along with the Boston Celtics, the Knicks are one of two original NBA teams still in their original city.
Created by Ned Irish in 1946, the team was one of the founding members of the American Basketball Association (BAA), which became the NBA when it merged with the rival National Basketball League (NBL) in 1949. The Knicks enjoyed success in their early years and were consistent playoff contenders under the franchise's first head coach, Joe Lapczyk. Beginning in 1950, the Knicks have made three consecutive NBA Finals appearances, all of which have lost. Lapczyk retired in 1956 and the team subsequently began to falter.
It wasn't until the late 1960s, with Red Holtzman taking over as head coach, that the Knicks began to reclaim their former dominance. Holtzman successfully led the Knicks to two NBA championships: 1970 and 1973. The Knicks of the 80s had mixed success, including six playoff appearances; However, they were unable to take part in the NBA Finals.
The 90s Knicks were led by future Hall of Famer center Patrick Ewing at the playoff level; this era was marked by passionate rivalries with the Chicago Bulls, Indiana Pacers, and Miami Heat. During this time they were known for their tough defense under head coaches Pat Riley and Jeff Van Gundy, playing in the NBA Finals in 1994 and 1999. However, they failed to win an NBA championship at the time.
Since 2000, the Knicks have struggled to regain their former glory, but won their first division title in 19 years in the 2012–13 season, led by a core of forwards Carmelo Anthony and Amar'e Stoudemire. They were eventually eliminated by the Indiana Pacers in the Eastern Conference semi-finals and have since failed to make the playoffs.
1. The Jamaican native made his New York debut in the 1985/86 season and played until the 1999/00 season. Ewing spent 2 more years at the end of his career in Seattle and Orlando. The stretch from 1985 to 2000 is called the Ewing era in New York.
2. During this time, he accounted for 1039 matches for the Knicks. The New York Knicks selected Ewing with the 1st overall pick in the 1985 draft and Patrick took his team to the NBA Finals twice but failed to win both times.
3. Walt Frazier, who played for the team for 10 years, from 1967/68 to 1976/77 seasons, became the second in the number of appearances.
4. It was under Frazier, in 1970, that the Knicks became champions for the first time, and the playing numbers of the entire starting five (Walt Frazier, Willis Reed (No. 8 on our list), Dave Debuchet (No. 23 in matches played), Bill Bradley (3rd) and Dick Barnett (10th)) were retired by the club.
5. In 1973, this team again became the champion. Ewing's partners Charles Oakley, John Starks and Allan Huston are also veterans of the club.
6. 10 seasons ran for the team and the future legendary coach Phil Jackson. He played just in the championship era, but came off the bench. He has 732 Knicks appearances and is #5 on our list.
7. On the 26th line with 412 matches is Carmelo Anthony. Now the Knicks have a new, rebuilding team, and its leaders Julius Randle and RJ Barrett are not even included in the top 100 list yet. Patrick Ewing on the offensive Who scored the most points in the history of the New York Knicks.
8. As you might guess, the highest scorer in the history of the New York Knicks is also Patrick Ewing. Over 1039 matches, he scored an average of 22.8 points per match, which gave a total of 23665 points. The second again was Walt Fraser. He played shooting guard and finished with the Knicks with 14,617 points. Willis Reed was third and Allan Houston was fourth.
9. In terms of average performance, Carmelo Anthony surpassed everyone, gaining an average of 24.7 points per match. After the end of the Ewing era, from the beginning of the 00s, leapfrog and the era of timelessness began in New York.
10. Players have come and gone. With the exception of Carmelo, over the years a number of good players have passed, such as Stephon Marbury, Jamal Crawford, David Lee, but none of them stayed in New York for a long time and did not advance to the leaders of the performance rating.
11. The current leader of the team, Julius Randle, is still in the 50th place. Given his current 22 points per game, he will be close to the top 30 by the end of the 2021/22 season.
12. Walt Frazier in the Aisle. Who scored the most rebounds in the history of the New York Knicks, Ewing also predictably became the best rebounder in history. During his career, he has amassed 10,759 rebounds, averaging 10.4 rebounds per game.
13. The second was the captain of the gold team of the 70s, Willis Reed, and the third was Ewing's partner in the team of the 90s, power forward Charles Oakley.
14. Reed and Walt Bellamy, who played for the Knicks for 4 seasons from 1965 to 1969, were the best in rebounding average. But where Ewing did not become a champion is in offensive rebounds.
15. If under his own ring all the rebounds a priori went to Patrick, then under someone else's ring the rebounds had to be snatched with resistance, and here Charles Oakley bypassed him.
16. He has 2,580 career offensive rebounds, while Ewing has 12 fewer rebounds at 2,568. Carmelo Anthony is modestly ranked 19th. Current roster players Julius Randle in 45th, Mitchell Robinson in 62nd Charles Oakley Who has made the most assists in New York Knicks history Patrick Ewing averaged 2 assists per game and finished a modest 12th in this category. The leader here was the already mentioned Walt Fraser.
17. He has 4,791 assists in 759 games played for New York. Averaged 6.3 per game. Mark Jackson, Michael Ray Richardson and Stephon Marbury are leading in assists per game. Frazier is only 6th here.
18. Let's move on from passes to interceptions. Here, too, Ewing is in the lead, and Oakley is in second place. The most effective interception was Michael Ray Richardson, nicknamed "Sugar", which means "sugar". Richardson played for the Knicks for 4 seasons from 1978/79 to 1981/82. He made 2.57 interceptions per game.
19. Richardson was a strong player and could have been much higher in the rankings in many categories, but after 4 seasons with the Knicks, he went first to the Golden State, then to New Jersey, and then was completely banned for life for using (sucking through the nose ) prohibited substances.
20. Let me remind you that the statistics of block shots appeared in the NBA only in 1973/74. Block shots are usually the lot of tall centers and tall power forwards, who operate mainly under their basket.
21. A good pace keeps the current team center Mitchell Robinson. In 168 games for New York, he already has 341 blocked shots, averaging just over 2 per game. Barring injuries or a sudden move to another team, Robinson will be in second place in a couple of years. Who made the most three-point shots in New York Knicks history?
22. A large number of three-point shots is a trend of recent years. Therefore, it is not surprising that records have been actively rewritten in this category in recent years. The New York Knicks record holder for the number of abandoned "three" is Ewing's teammate from the 90s.
23. The top performer among those who made at least 1000 attempts is Trent Tucker (40.9%). This guard played for the Knicks from 1982 to 1991. This player is also known for the fact that in 1990 in a match against Chicago, with 0.1 seconds left in the match, he received a pass and threw a 3-pointer, bringing the Knicks a 109-106 victory.
24. Chicago subsequently protested this throw, after which the league developed the so-called "Trent Tucker" rule that a player needs a minimum of 0.3 seconds to handle the ball and shoot, if there is less time left in the game / quarter / possession when the player receives the ball, then it is considered that the player did not have time to throw and the hit does not count. Later, operational video replays appeared and the need for such a rule disappeared.
25. Julius Randle is already in 20th place. Who has the best free throw percentage in New York Knicks history? And the last category is for real shooters. Allan Houston is leading here with a GM score of 87.2%.
26. New York is one of the most famous teams in the NBA, and therefore it is not mind-blowing that when selecting the substance for the provided article, an extremely large number of players surfaced, one or the other played prominent roles in the league at a close time and left a noticeable mark in its history. But the more famous and bigger ones were played in the 1970s, which is why I propose to recall a little about them.
27. The main defender in history Nyx, who deserved to be included in the list of the best. He was selected in the 2nd round of the 1954 draft at the eighth number, yet he made the team barely two years later due to a job in the Marine Corps (he ended up serving 9 years).
28. Guerin's main season did not come out clearly, but still was not bad (9.6 points on average). Who would have thought that for the next 6 seasons he would be one of the most coveted shooters in the league. And here send matches of stars, symbolic fives, etc.
29. An intriguing fact is that during his time with the Knicks, he only made the playoffs once. He is also, for example, the main player of the Knicks, one or another scored for the 2000 season and most points. So here it is. In the joint, its area among the best is beyond doubt.
30. Famed New York left-hander Barnett, along with then-rookie Willis Reed, skipped the foundation monolith of the big Knicks team of the dot-60s and early-70s. Then there were two championships and Dick had a hand in both. But playing perfectly different roles.
31. If in 1970 he was one of the team's favorites, spending an average of 33 minutes on the floor and gaining almost 15 points per match, then in 1973 he was that necessary veteran, so necessary for the championship team. Well, plus brought a rest to the general defenders of the team (look at them thicker). This contribution was also appreciated by the management of Nix, having strengthened the number 12 behind it.
32. By the way, what is interesting, Barnett possessed an extremely unusual throw, one or another, of course, is valiant of individual interest, and about one or another I would say this: “It is more excellent to look once, than to think, how to describe.” So I advise you to look.
33. Fraser possessed an unusual talent, one or another could simply be embodied in the second appearance of sports (he played football and baseball, and not without success), but he preferred basketball. Chosen by the Knickerbockers in 1967 as the top pick in the draft, he had 10 great seasons there, becoming a two-time favorite in one or the other and cementing his NBA star status for life.
34. Without looking at it, he constantly calculated the 2nd star of the team, then Willis Reed. But sometimes when Willis got injured or something else happened to him, Frazier built it so that no one would remember about it.
35. He was also extremely good in defense, which did not go unnoticed by the league, one or another preferred him 7 times in order to the main defensive five. Well, the pinnacle of recognition was found in 1987, sometimes Walt was included in the Hall of Fame, and in 1996 Mr. "Clyde" was included in the list of the 50 best NBA players. And, of course, a T-shirt with his number hangs in Madison Square Garden.
36. If you thought that the league's only "Magic" was Irving Johnson, then you are extremely mistaken. Earl's main "Magic" association, true "Black Magic", but not the essence of ``fundamentally. Still, if the most famous magician became so thanks to mystical passes, then this one scored some impossible shots, owned perfectly crazy dribbling.
37. He came to the Knicks in 1971 and, together with Frazier, began to compose one of the best (if not the top) pair of intercessors of that time.
38. Of the newest wave of players in New York, there are an extremely large number of those who had brevity as a sister, but it’s impossible to say at least about someone that he embodied his own talent to the fullest. Here, both injuries and temper, and fans, one or the other constantly called for victories from relatives, and, of course, an ideally mediocre selection. The most colorful of the unrealized was Allan Houston. Let's remember him.
39. That's who could, really, freeze as a super cool basketball player, so it's him. And he ended up being a pretty good player. Yes, there were a couple of matches of whole stars, the NBA finals, but, again, my opinion, it could easily freeze with the largest player. Again, by the way, hello to the management of New York. Well, okay, from my own feelings, let's move on to Allan himself.
40. 1999 and 2000 were the most successful years for Houston. Then he was easily unrealistically cool. Especially in 1999, sometimes in the absence of general players (Sprewell and Ewing just deserved it), he pulled the team into the playoffs and dragged him to the end of the NBA.
41. It is worth mentioning that he participated in a project called Barack Obama, as a result, one or another scold became what he is currently doing (he raised funds for the company). Allan is currently assistant general manager of the Knicks.
42. It so happened that if you scribble about the 1970s, then there is not a word of criticism addressed to the team, but as the 2000s came, it was immediately vulgar and kindred. Sad as it may seem, but at the moment the Knicks are the height of unprofessionalism, one or another ruins the players and their championship prospects. What will happen next? Yes, in my opinion, nothing good is expected. It remains only to assume that Melo and Amara are not affected by this, and they will continue to anneal.
43. In 2000 he became Sydney's Olympic favorite and on this his successes froze to fall, at a speed comparable to the speed of a plane in distress. Injuries, injuries and more injuries ... and New York. By signing the contract, as a result, one or another became the second richest man in the league, Houston and stopped playing. It's a pity…
44. The most excellent game of a career, specifically in this category for us, back in 1970, in the seventh game of the end of the NBA against the Lakers. 36 points, 19 assists - it's phenomenal!!!
45. Trent Tucker, who scored well from behind the three-point arc, was lost on the free throw line and made only 75% of free attempts. Excellent results and Jamal Crawford with Carmelo Anthony. Patrick Ewing shot 74.2% of his shots from the line. Walt Fraser 78.3%, Charles Oakley 78.2%.
46. John Starks. He scored 982 long shots in 602 Knicks games. Second was his teammate Allan Houston, who scored 61 three-pointers less in the same number of games. Curiously, Houston's sales percentage is much better.
47. Not surprisingly, Patrick Ewing leads this category as well. He has blocked an average of 2.65 shots per game and has amassed 2,758 blocks in his career with the Knicks. Also on the podium are Bill Cartwright and Marvin Webster.
48. The championship did not take long to wait, and in 1973 everything happened. In 1990, Monroe was included in the Hall of Fame, and in 1996 he was included in the list of the 50 greatest players. "Jesus" (another nickname), what else to add.
49. In the second ten of the ranking are such stars as Letrell Sprewell, Allan Huston, Carmelo Anthony and Stephon Marbury. Of the current Knicks, Mitchell Robinson is in the seventh ten, Randle and Barrett are even lower. Who made the most block shots in New York Knicks history?
50. Julius Randle is currently in 50th place with 686 assists and is averaging 4.7 assists per game. With this speed, in 3 years, if you avoid injuries, you can get into the top 20. Who made the most steals in New York Knicks history?