2022 NASCAR Cup Series most interesting facts that you need to know
The National Stock Car Racing Association (NASCAR) is the largest motorsport organization in the United States. The three largest racing series sanctioned by NASCAR are Cup Series, Xfinity Series and Camping World Truck Series, there are also seven regional series. More than 1500 races are held under the NASCAR umbrella on more than 100 tracks a year. The races take place in 38 states of the USA, Canada and Mexico. In 1996, 1997 and 1998, NASCAR also held demonstration races in Japan and Australia.
Starting as a regional entertainment in the southeastern United States, NASCAR has grown to become the second most popular professional sport in terms of television ratings in the United States, second only to the National Football League. Internationally, NASCAR races are broadcast in over 150 countries.
Each race is watched by an estimated 75 million fans who purchase more than $ 2 billion worth of licensed merchandise annually. These fans are considered the most loyal to the brand of any other sport. The Stock Car Racing Association manages to host 17 of the 20 most attended sporting events in the United States of the year.
The Sprint Cup Series (NCS) is the top division of the NASCAR series. Hence, it is the most popular and most profitable series of the National Stock Car Racing Association. Since 2001, the Cup Series season has consisted of 36 races over 10 months. Fans often refer to it simply as "The Cup" or "Nascar" as it is the main championship of the entire series.
The Xfinity Series is the second highest level of professional competition in this series. Unlike other world championships, such as Formula One, the second NASCAR motto is not very different from the first. Both championships use a similar technique, the same tires, and the races are held on the same tracks (most of the season). The main differences lie in the training and skill of the pilots and the team, there are also additional restrictions to reduce the series.
The Camping World Truck Series is a NASCAR racing series featuring pickup trucks. This is the "tritium" motto of the national divisions of NASCAR. The idea for the Truck series originated in 1993, when a group of off-road drivers created a prototype of a pickup truck in the style of the stock car racing series. They were first shown during the 1994 Daytona 500 race and a number of demonstration races were held throughout the season. These trucks proved to be extremely popular and this led NASCAR to create a series in 1995, originally known as the "Super Truck Series''. It is now called the Camping World Truck Series because of the title sponsored Camping World.
Bemorepanda prepared some interesting facts about 2022 NASCAR Cup Series.
1. In the United States, stock NASCAR racing has a rich history. The roots of this competition go back to the prohibition era, when bootleggers used fast little cars to transport alcohol. Much time has passed since the abolition of Prohibition, but the popular love for fast cars has not passed. The result was stock car racing.
2. In 1948, Bill France formally established NASCAR as the official governing body for motorsport. This species is incredibly popular today. Let's see how NASCAR racing has changed from 1948 to the present day.
3. Auto racing was widespread throughout the Wild West even before NASCAR became the governing body in this area. In the 30s, the racer Joe Chitwood Sr. achieved special success. He raced the Indy 500 seven times. After completing his auto racing career, Chitwood decided to create his own auto show with professional stuntmen.
4. During the entire existence of the Joie Chitwood Thrill Show, about 3,000 vehicles were destroyed. After that, Chitwood became a road safety consultant.
5. In 1954, Jack Chockett became the winner of NASCAR. In order to become the owner of the prize-winning place, he used a car modified by his own hands. Chockett competed in major national races for the next two years. As a result, he managed to climb to the highest level on the Pal Beach Racetrack in 1955. In 1956, the last NASCAR Chockett race took place. In his entire career, he never managed to win. Over the next two decades, he continued to drive modified vehicles. However, he did not succeed in regaining his glory as a strong race car driver.
6. In 1957, NASCAR races underwent significant changes. This was largely due to the construction of the Daytona International Speedway. The first race on the new track took place in 1958. The track, which has become one of the most famous in the world, cost the organizers $ 3 million.
7. The construction took two years. The track was officially opened only in 1959. More than 100 thousand people could fit in the stands at the same time. At that time, it was one of the fastest tracks on which auto racing could take place.
8. A year before the official appearance of NASCAR, Fonty Folk had to replace his brother Bob in the races, who was unable to participate due to injury. In the same year, Fonti won the national championship.
9. After receiving the official status of NASCAR, Folk continued to take part in races on modified cars. In 1949 he won the championship again. Fonti stopped participating in NASCAR races only after a terrible accident in the 1957 race. In 2004, the racer was inducted into the Georgia Automotive Hall of Fame.
10. Another iconic figure in NASCAR racing is Vicky Wood. This brave race car driver was not afraid to compete with her male colleagues. She appeared on the track at Raceway Park in Toledo. Today the history of NASCAR already knows many women racers.
11. Currently, the most famous female NASCAR driver is Danica Patrick.
12. Dale Earnhardt Sr. is considered one of the best racers in the history of NASCAR. He died doing what he loved. In 2001, he had an accident in the Daytona 500. His son finished second in the race on the same day.
13. Dale's career began in 1985 when he first joined Richard Childress's team. Their friendship with the owner of the team lasted 15 years. Together they have won six NASCAR championships.
14. Many refuse to admit that NASCAR racing is primarily a team sport. Of course, all the public's attention is riveted on the driver. But to win, he first of all needs well-coordinated work of the whole team. The team of Greg Zipadelli became a striking example of such joint work. Before each race, he held small briefings with members of his squad.
15. Zipadelli's career began in 1988. It was then that he first became crew chief for Mike McLaughin. This year the team won first place for the first time. Greg was only 21 at the time. Today he still races as a crew chief.
16. Ralph Earnhardt is direct proof that racing is a family business. Ralph started with racing on dirt roads. The start of his professional career at NASCAR dates back to 1953. It was then that he won his first NASCAR Sportsman Championship. For the next couple of years, Ralph occupied an honorable second place in the standings.
17. In the late 70s and early 80s, a racer named Larry Pearson became especially popular among motorsport fans. He competed in the NASCAR Dash. He managed to win as many as five times. Larry also took part in the Busch and Cup Circuit races. Larry retired in 1999 after the Textilease Medique 300 competition.
18. This race car driver became famous not for his victories on the track, but for an epic accident, after which he survived. During a race in 1951, his Ford rolled over on the hood. Despite this, Flanders finished 31 of 59. He completed only 145 out of 250 laps. Everyone he overtook overheated or got into accidents.
19. Many have used NASCAR racing as an opportunity to promote their brand. So, in 1969, for the first time before the NASCAR race, an advertising campaign of Union 76 Oil was held, in which 76 attractive young girls took part. Then they joined the winner of the race. In 2017, the Monster Energy Corporation decided to use the same advertising move.
20. At first glance, it might seem that a cool and tense relationship should develop between racers. But in reality this is not at all the case, and many photographs taken before the races prove it.
21. For example, a 1969 photo of Neil Castle and G.C. Spencer shows the first rider casually leaning on the hood of the second to chat about something. Today it is already difficult to catch two riders, at ease talking about something. Only the number of sponsorship stickers on the cars remains unchanged.
22. In the modern world, car racing is also very popular. As a rule, modified vehicles of a new generation take part in the competition. It should be noted that this is a very dangerous sport. If you do not cope with driving, the consequences can be very different, up to and including death. Therefore, before starting to take part in competitions, it is worth thinking several times.
23. Nascar. Many people consider this kind of auto sport very boring and dull - bright and attractive cars wind a lot of circles (and the Nascar tracks are nothing more than ovals).
24. Common between the road version and the racing car - only the name (until 70, cars with a "circulation" of the road version of which was 500 units were allowed to participate in races. Cars prepared for racing participated in the competition, but they were based on their road counterparts. Then they moved away from this concept).
25. Manufacturing plants provide teams only with engine blocks, teams build a car themselves.
26. Car frame: a space frame made of steel pipes, onto which steel sheets are subsequently welded, thereby forming the car body.
27. To ensure the safety of the driver, 6 or 7 point seat belts are used.
28. Dimensions: wheelbase 110 "(2794mm), length 208" (5283mm), width 76.5 "(1943mm), height 53.5" (1358mm).
29. Aerodynamic elements: front splitter, rear spoiler and skirts.
30. Wheels: Goodyear supplied slicks, mounted on 5 nuts, dimension 300 * 54 R15. Many teams pump nitrogen into their tires, not air.
31. Brakes: cast iron or steel, have a diameter limitation of 12.72 "(323.09mm).
32. Intake: carburetors were used until 2012, later it was decided to switch to injectors.
33. Release: the absence of a muffler as such, and even more so a catalyst.
34. Fuel tank capacity: 17.75 US gallons (approximately 67 liters).
35. Fuel: E15 high-octane racing gasoline (15% ethanol content), supplied by Sunoco.
36. Weight: 3200-3400 pounds (without driver and with driver and fuel, respectively; approximately from 1450 to 1540 kg).
37. Gearbox: 4-speed mechanics.
38. The engine: V8, 16V (2 valves per cylinder) are used, with a volume of 358 cubic inches (5.86 liters, until 1971 engines with a volume of 429 cubic inches - 7 liters) are used, turbines, compressors and etc., the compression ratio is 12: 1, the power of this American atmospheric monster, according to various sources, is from 750 hp. up to 865hp (on some tracks (read Daytona and Talladega), the power is limited to 445hp). The torque is 530 foot-pounds. which equals approximately 718 N / m.
39. Average speed of about 333 km / h;
40. Pit stop time is up to 14 seconds, the number of mechanics on the pit is limited to 7, it is allowed to lift the car only from one side.
41.Since 2018, as many as 3 races have taken place on the roads: cars of the Nascar Cup Series compete on the Sonoma Raceway (3.2 km track with 10 turns), Watkins Glen (5.4 km track with 11 turns) and Charlotte Motor Speedway (3.7 km track with 17 corners). The latter, in September 2018, became the first road track used at Playoff, thus confirming the growing importance of these tracks.
42. In the Nascar Cup Series, the different tracks are more noticeably different: on large ovals, such as Talladega and Daytona, pilots do not use the brakes, except on the return circle and in the event of an accident. On shorter oval tracks like Martinsville, pilots apply the brakes for about 7 seconds on each of the two corners. With a lap time of 20 seconds, the brakes are up to 70 percent.
43. One of the main differences between Formula 1 and Nascar Cup Series rims is the material they are made from: carbon is banned from American racing and therefore cast iron rims are used on cars. Some consider this to be an indicator of technological backwardness, unaware that Brembo is continuously researching and testing various metrics and performances on cast iron brake discs, starting with ventilation. This means designing ventilation ducts that regulate the cooling of the disc during competition. And the number of computational experiments, static and dynamic tests carried out by Brembo regarding the size, shape, number and curvature of the channels is no less than the tests of the holes of carbon discs.
44. Unlike Formula 1, where each team uses the same brake caliper model throughout the season (of course, taking into account evolutionary developments throughout the season), in the Nascar Cup Series 3 races, different tracks require the same number of brake calipers, since the brakes are used in different ways. On Super Speedways (4 km long) the brakes are only used to enter the box or when yellow flags appear. On Intermediate tracks (1.6 to 4 km) the brakes are rarely used, while on short track the brakes are applied throughout the corner.
45. Over the past decade, the braking systems of the Nascar Cup Series race cars have been significantly improved thanks to Brembo, which draws on its know-how accumulated over 40 years of racing. With just 4 pistons, modern calipers provide the same stopping power as the 6 pistons of the previous decade. Better discs and pads mean an average 20 percent increase in maximum braking.
46. But not everyone knows that in the Nascar Cup Series, too, every team demands a more or less significant individual approach to the braking system from Brembo. Since the drivers of the same team have different braking styles (some use a racing car style with initial heavy braking that is then reduced, the other prefers the opposite), two members of the same team can use different friction materials.
47. In Nascar Cup Series races, caliper temperatures can reach 440 degrees Fahrenheit, equal to over 226 degrees Celsius. Even the pads and discs have a higher temperature, which reaches 871 and 982 degrees Celsius, respectively. All this is possible thanks to the Brembo HTC 64T brake fluid, which has a boiling point of 335 degrees Celsius, much higher than that of the competition.
48. It seems to us that in order to brake a car weighing one and a half tons, braking systems of impressive dimensions are required. However, the Brembo 6-piston front monobloc caliper for Short Track trails weighs 2.8 kg, while the front 4-piston caliper for Super Speedway weighs less than 2.3 kg. The rear calipers are even lighter: 2 kg for the car for the Short Track and 1.5 kg for the Speedway, for which even the Light version weighing 1.2 kg is available.
49. 9mm of wear per pad, which is recorded on average at Martinsville and 11mm that is consumed at Watkins Glen. These two values are further confirmation of the not at all secondary role of brakes in the Nascar Cup Series competition.
50. The Nascar Cup Series is the queen of entertainment. This is confirmed by the fact that 12 pilots won at least one competition in 2018. The format of the championship, the minimum difference in the team's budget and the similar performance of the 3 engines used create a balance due to which the competition is held with a minimum separation and unclear outcome until the very wave of the checkered racing flag.
Mighty hippos, they are hippos, only seem to be such clumsy bumpkins. These massive animals have a quick temper and are very dangerous, especially if someone has the imprudence to disturb them. On the other hand, hippos do not harm anyone - they only protect themselves and their territory, which is steadily shrinking due to the expansion of human civilization.
The common hippopotamus is an artiodactyl animal that belongs to the hippopotamus family. Hippopotamuses prefer to live near freshwater reservoirs, where they spend most of their time, only occasionally leaving the water to feed. Hippos are also often called hippos, which means "river horse" in Greek. The name is very accurate, given the craving of hippos for water and the impressive dimensions of these animals.
Hippopotamuses are one of the largest land animals. The mass of an adult male often exceeds three tons; some sources claim that there were also four-ton giants. Until about ten, the group of males and females does not differ much, but males begin to gain weight much faster in adulthood. In the wild, the life expectancy of a hippopotamus rarely exceeds 40 years, and in captivity, animals can live up to 60 years with proper care.
Interesting facts about Hippos
1. In the African country of Sudan, hippos are considered evil creatures, so the locals fear them and bypass them.
2. There are pygmy hippos worldwide, which are 12-15 times inferior to their full-sized counterparts.
3. True, they still weigh about two hundred kilograms.
4. Hippos have stronger teeth than any other living creature on Earth.
5. Once upon a time, pygmy hippos were found on the Mediterranean islands, particularly in Cyprus, but they died out there long ago (see 33 interesting facts about Cyprus).
6. Hippo meat is entirely edible. Moreover, paleontologists have established that the ancestors of modern humans hunted them for meat several million years ago.
7. Although hippopotamuses spend most of their lives in the water, they only eat vegetation that grows on land but does not eat aquatic plants.
8. An enraged hippopotamus can develop tremendous speed, so even a professional athlete will not be able to escape from it.
9. The only living creature in the world that poses a threat to an adult hippo is a person.
10. The skin of hippopotamuses is unique in that it secretes a particular enzyme that helps to disinfect wounds. An excellent natural mechanism, considering that hippos often fight and inflict more or less severe injuries on each other.
11. A newborn baby hippo weighs an average of about 50 kg.
12. Hippos often ravage the fields in the countryside. In ancient Egypt, they, and not locusts, were considered the scourge of the areas.
13. In the stomach of an adult hippopotamus, up to 200 kg of digestible food can be simultaneously located.
14. The female hippo cannot become pregnant for 15-18 months after the cub's birth.
15. Some tribes in Africa make dentures from hippopotamus teeth.
16. Although hippos are fiercely protective of their offspring, they can quickly kill other people's cubs.
17. The skin of an adult hippopotamus weighs up to 500 kg, up to one-eighth of the mass of its entire body.
18. Hippos can sweat, and their sweat is reddish-pink.
19. The pupils of these animals are unique in that they are T-shaped.
20. In Africa, hippos kill more people than crocodiles.
21. even though hippos constantly eat when possible, if necessary, they can go without food for 15-20 days.
22. Hunting for hippos is officially banned in all countries, but some African tribes, leading a lifestyle close to the primitive, continue to hunt them.
23. The skin of these animals reaches 3.5-4 cm in thickness.
24. In well-fed hippos, the stomach sags so much that it can touch the ground when walking.
25. Their life expectancy can reach approximately 50 years.
26. Hippos, on occasion, do not mind eating a gaping antelope or even a crocodile.
27. Their skin is more challenging than that of any other animal. It is even more challenging than elephants.
28. An adult hippopotamus eats 50-60 kg of food per day.
29. Hippos can develop a running speed of up to 30 kilometers per hour. Accurate, from such efforts, they quickly fizzle out.
30. Older individuals often starve to death after their teeth have been completely worn down and they can no longer grind plant foods.
31. Hippos grow throughout their lives.
32. Hippos usually wait out the heat of the day in the water and go out to graze on land at night.
33. Often, during the night, they walk more than 10 kilometers in search of food.
34. Usually, females of these animals give birth to cubs on land, but sometimes they do it in the water. Why is it unknown?
35. If an adult hippopotamus opens its mouth, the distance from its upper to lower jaw can reach one and a half meters.
36. Hippos have relatively poor eyesight but excellent hearing. And in the water, they hear no worse than on land.
37. Hippos live only in freshwater.
38. If necessary, hippos can hold their breath for up to five minutes while diving underwater.
39. Even adults and large crocodiles avoid attacking hippos.
40. An adult hippopotamus can weigh over 4 tons.
41. From the point of view of zoology, the closest relatives of these animals are whales.
42. Some African tribes treat the skin of hippopotamuses in such a way that it is used for polishing diamonds. But this is a long process that takes up to five or six years.
43. Currently, you can meet a wild hippopotamus only in Africa, and in recent decades their numbers have been declining. Biologists estimate that the total number of animals does not exceed 150,000, a quarter of them live in Zambia. But on the territory of South Africa, wild hippos completely disappeared several decades ago; they can only be found in the national park.
44. The main enemy of hippos is the man. Among the animals, few dare to attack this giant. Sometimes lions and crocodiles decide on this. But, even these ferocious predators do not always manage to defeat the hippopotamus, which in appearance seems lazy and clumsy. Crocodiles attack hippos in the water and lions on land.
45. A hippo's mouth can open almost 180 degrees, and its scope in adult animals reaches one and a half meters. The strength of the jaws of a hippopotamus is such that it can bite the spine of an adult crocodile.
46. With such a vast mass, the animal needs up to 50 kg—of feed per day. The main diet of the hippopotamus consists of grass. But, hippos can also eat the meat of other animals.
47. In zoos, hippos began to appear in the middle of the 19th century. The first animal was delivered to the London Zoo on May 25, 1850. The townspeople's delight knew no bounds, up to ten thousand people a day came to see such a miracle. Now hippos successfully breed in captivity, but keeping these animals is not cheap.
48. Since ancient times, people have hunted hippos for meat, skins, and bones. The heart, especially a young animal, is tasty and tastes like veal.
49. a healthy skin, up to four centimeters thick, was often used by warriors for sheathing shields, and the bone is used to make souvenirs. Given the sharp decline in the number of animals, the trade-in hippopotamus bones are limited by hard quotas.
50. When a hippopotamus goes to land, his body quickly dehydrates; therefore, in search of food, they prefer to go out at night when the heat subsides. In search of food, the hippopotamus can overcome up to ten kilometers, and with the onset of heat, they again plunge into the reservoir. Despite their impressive mass, hippos can reach speeds of up to thirty kilometers per hour over short distances.
51. For people, hippos are very dangerous. They often settle near sown fields, and in a short time, they can destroy a significant part of the crops since these animals have an excellent appetite. At this time, hippos are aggressive and can attack people passing by. In the water, animals sometimes attack passing boats. Most often, females do this, fearing for their cubs. In South Luangwa Park, located in Zambia, more than 100 people become victims of hippopotamus attacks yearly.
52. Most hippos prefer not to leave their native waters. Therefore, they suffer significantly during a drought, when the water level drops rapidly. But among these animals, there are lovers of travel. For example, in three years, a female named Hubert, from 1928 to 1931, decided on a desperate step - she covered 1,600 kilometers in southern Africa. She was shot dead by the hunters, who were then sentenced to a $25 fine.
People became closely acquainted with koalas only 200 years ago. Still, during this time, the cute eared creature managed to become the most famous Australian animal, eclipsing even the kangaroo and one of the most famous animals worldwide. Everyone, at least once, was touched by this creature that looked like a tiny bear cub with cute ears and a curious look.
What are some interesting facts about koalas?
In nature, koalas live only in Australia, and in zoos, where they take root well, they are real stars not only because of their appearance but also because of their elegant and, at the same time, leisurely manner of moving. If there are koalas in the zoo, you can predict with a high degree of probability that the most significant number of visitors, tiny ones, will be near their enclosure. The appearance of koalas is deceptive: an angry animal in a rage can attack a person. Let's try to state a few more facts about these fascinating animals.
15. Europeans first met koalas in 1798.
One of the employees of the governor of the colony of New South Wales, John Price, reported that in the Blue Mountains (they are located in the extreme southeast of Australia) an animal similar to a wombat lives. Still, it does not live in holes but on trees. After four years, the koala remains were discovered, and in July 1803, the Sydney Gazette printed a description of a recently caught live specimen. Surprisingly, koalas were not seen by members of the expedition of James Cook in 1770. Cook's voyages were extensive, but the solitary lifestyle of koalas prevented them from making a discovery.
14. Koalas are not bears, although they are very similar.
Not only does the appearance of a funny animal contributes to the confusion. The first British settlers in Australia called the animal "Koala bear" - "Koala Bear." For former convicts and people from the lower classes of British society at the end of the 18th century, it was difficult to expect ordinary literacy, let alone biological. Yes, and scientists reached an agreement on the belonging of the koala to the class of marsupials only at the beginning of the next century. Of course, in everyday life, the combination “Koala Bear” will be understandable to most people.
13. Koala is a particular species in terms of biological classification.
The closest relatives of the inhabitants of the eucalyptus forests are wombats, but they are both in terms of lifestyle and biologically very distant from the koala.
12. Except for nature reserves and zoos, koalas live only in Australia and only on its east coast and adjacent islands.
The example of the koala clearly shows that the negative experience of settling animal species on the continent does not teach Australians at all. Having burned themselves on ostriches, rabbits, and even cats in the 20th century, they enthusiastically undertook to resettle koalas. Not only restored the deforested population of these marsupials in the state of South Australia. The koalas have been relocated to the Yanchep National Park and several islands off the northeast coast of the country. The geography of the settlement of koalas has expanded to 1,000,000 km2, but one can only hope that the slowness and good nature of koalas will help avoid the following environmental problems. Although on Kangaroo Island, where koalas were forcibly brought, their number reached 30,000, which exceeded the food supply. The proposal to shoot 2/3 of the population was rejected as damaging the country's image.
11. The maximum body length is 85 cm, the maximum weight is 55 kg.
The cost differs depending on the habitat - its color varies from silver in the north to dark brown in the south. This gradation suggests that two different subspecies live in the north and south, but this assumption has not yet been proven.
10. The diet of koalas is unique.
Not only does it consist exclusively of plant foods. Vegetation is slowly and poorly digested, forcing the animal to devote most of the day to feeding. The diet of koalas consists only of eucalyptus leaves, which are poisonous to all other animals. They contain terpene and phenolic compounds, and young shoots are also rich in hydrocyanic acid. It is surprising how koalas absorb such a hellish mixture of tens of kilograms (500 g - 1 kg per day) without harming their health. After genetic research, it turned out that in the genome of these animals, there are particular genes responsible for the breakdown of poisons. The same studies showed that the tongue of koalas has unique taste buds that allow you to instantly assess the moisture content of a eucalyptus leaf - a fundamental property of its absorption. In fact, by lightly licking the leaf, the koala already knows if it is edible. And yet, even with such unique abilities, the koala spends at least 20 hours a day on food and the subsequent digestion of food in a dream.
9. The fact that a koala sleeps a lot and can sit on the same tree for days does not mean that the motor abilities of this animal are limited.
Koalas just have almost nowhere to rush. In nature, Dingoes are their enemies, but for an attack, the marsupial needs to get out into the open, and the dog gets close - a koala can quickly accelerate up to 50 km / h at short distances. During the mating season, males can arrange a bloody duel in which they will demonstrate sharpness and speed of reaction; in this case, it is better not to fall under the arm, or rather, under the long sharp claws. Also, koalas are very clever at jumping from tree to tree and even know how to swim. Their ability to climb trunks and branches and even hang on one paw for a long time has long been the hallmark of these cute animals.
8. Koala parasites are much more dangerous than external enemies.
Many young male koalas die in fights with more experienced individuals or due to falls from trees (and they happen - a large amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the skull is often explained by the need to soften the concussion from a fall from a height). Many koalas suffer from pathogens that cause conjunctivitis, cystitis, sinusitis, and other diseases. Even with a slight long-term decrease in temperature, koalas can get pneumonia caused by a runny nose. Koalas even have their analog of AIDS, the Koala Immunodeficiency Virus.
7. The brain's weight is only 0.2% of the total weight of koalas.
Excavations, and the current size of their skulls, show that the brains of the ancestors of these animals were much larger. However, with the simplification of the diet and the disappearance of enemies, its size became excessive. Now about half of the internal volume of the koala's skull is occupied by cerebrospinal fluid.
6. Koalas breed at about the same pace as they live.
Sexual maturity occurs in the third year of their life, lasting only 12-13 years. At the same time, females mate once every 1 - 2 years, exceptionally rarely bearing two cubs, usually one. Males call them with sharp-smelling secretions of glands and characteristic cries. Pregnancy lasts a little more than a month; the cub is born very small (weighing a little more than 5 grams) and sits in the mother's bag for the first six months. He also does not come off his mother for the next six months but already outside the bag, clinging to the fur. At the age of one year, babies finally become independent. At the same time, females look for their territory, and males can live with their mothers for a couple more years.
5. Male koalas have unique vocal cords that allow them to make loud sounds of different tones.
Like humans, the voice develops with age. Young males, frightened or injured, make cries similar to the cries of human babies. The call of a mature male has a lower timbre and is more informative. Scientists believe that the screams of a koala can frighten competitors and attract females. Moreover, the tone of the cry contains information (often exaggerated) about the size of the individual.
4. Koalas survived their genocide.
At the beginning of the 20th century, they were shot by the millions; the beautiful thick fur was so valued. Hunting was banned in 1927, but the population never recovered. Later, several koala parks and even a particular hospital were organized in Australia. However, due to climate fluctuations, human deforestation, and wildfires, the koala population is constantly declining.
3. Private ownership of koalas is illegal worldwide, although there may be some kind of underground trade - the forbidden fruit is always sweet.
But to see these marsupials, it is not necessary to fly to Australia - there are koalas in many zoos around the world. They live longer in captivity than in the wild with proper nutrition and care and can live up to 20 years. At the same time, despite their low level of intelligence, they show a touching affection for the staff, having fun or being capricious like small children.
2. By the end of the 20th century, the koala surpassed the kangaroo as the animal symbol of Australia.
In 1975, a survey conducted among tourists entering the continent from Europe and Japan showed that 75% of the guests would first like to see koalas. The income from visits to parks and reserves with koalas was then estimated at $ 1 billion. The image of the koala is widely used in the advertising industry, show business, and logos around the world. Koalas are characters in many films, television shows, cartoons, and computer games.
1. Australia has an exceptional Wildlife Rescue Service.
From time to time, its employees have to rescue animals in dangerous or incidental situations. On July 19, 2018, the service crew went to the electrical substation "Happy Valley" of SA Power Networks in South Australia. The koala was stuck in an aluminum fence that he could have crawled under. Rescuers quickly released the animal, which behaved remarkably calmly. This calmness was explained simply - the unlucky marsupial had already dealt with people. On his paw was a tag saying that the koala had already been rescued once after being hit by a car.
Which animal is lazier, a koala or a panda?
The sloth shares the first place among the laziest creatures with the koala. The time of wakefulness of this marsupial animal does not exceed two hours a day, while their sleep can last from eighteen to twenty-two hours. During it, a koala can pick eucalyptus leaves from trees and eat while half asleep.
Panda belongs to the bear family. But its main difference is that it does not fall into hibernation, but it can sleep up to fifteen hours a day. This huge animal, the rest of the time, is engaged in the extraction and eating of food. Since all representatives are in enclosures due to the threat of extinction of the species, they do not have to get food on their own, so the wakefulness time has decreased significantly.
So, of course, a koala is much lazier than a panda.
A woman from Turkey has been officially declared the tallest female person alive by Guinness World Records. The young woman is 24 years old and measures 215.16 centimeters. The height reached by Rumeysa Gelgi is the result of a condition called Weaver syndrome which, among other things, causes an accelerated growth.
"Every disadvantage can be turned into an advantage for you, so accept yourself as you are, be aware of your own potential and do everything you can, ”said the young woman, who is extremely active on social networks.
This is the second time that Gelgi has managed to break a world record, after being declared the tallest teenager alive in 2014. Since then, she has used this platform to support other people diagnosed with rare diseases, notes dpa , quoted by Agerpres. Most of the time, she uses a wheelchair, although she can walk with a frame.
"It is an honor to welcome Rumeysa back to the Book of Records. Her untamed spirit and pride in being noticed in the crowd is an inspiration, "said Craig Glenday, editor-in-chief of Guinness World Records.
"The category dedicated to the tallest woman in life is not one in which the protagonists change very often, so I am delighted to share this news with the world," he added.
The tallest man in the world, Sultan Kosen, is from the same country, Turkey. He was 251 centimeters tall when he was measured, in 2018.
The tallest woman alive was Zeng Jinlian, from China, with a height of 246.3 centimeters, measured before she died, in 1982.
Russia is a country that impresses with its massive size and culture. At the same time, Russians are kind and nice people who are glad to welcome every guest. This country is associated with forests and mountains, clear lakes and endless rivers, diverse flora and fauna. It is here that people of different nationalities live, respecting the culture and customs of the locals. Next, we suggest reading more interesting and amazing facts about Russia and Russians. The country is made up of people, not the government.
1. Russia is the largest country in the world, with an area of more than 17 million km2, so its length from east to west covers 10 time zones at once.
2. The Russian Federation includes 21 national republics, which occupy 21% of the territory of Russia.
3. Throughout the world, Russia is considered a European country, but at the same time, 2/3 of its territory is in Asia.
4. Russia is separated from the USA by only 4 km, which separates the Russian island of Ratmanov and the American island of Kruzenshtern.
5. The area of frosty Siberia is 9.7 million km2, which is as much as 9% of the land mass of planet Earth.
6. Forests occupy most of the Russian territory and make up as much as 60% of the area of Russia. Russia is also rich in water resources, which include 3 million lakes and 2.5 million rivers.
7. The lake in Russia, which is located on the territory of the Valdai National Park, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is said that the water in this lake is healing and holy.
8. In Russia, Swan Lake is not only the name of the ballet, but also the place in the Altai Territory, where about 300 swans and 2000 ducks arrive for wintering in November.
9. In Russia, mother nature is honored, therefore, 4% of the country's area is occupied by nature reserves.
10. Russia is the only state in the whole world whose territory is washed by 12 seas at once.
11. Russia is home to the largest active volcano in the world, Klyuchevskaya Sopka, which is 4.85 km high and has been erupting regularly for 7,000 years.
12. The climate in Russia is very diverse, and if in Sochi in winter the usual air temperature is +5°C, then in the settlement of Yakutia it can reach -55°C at the same time.
13. The record low air temperature was recorded in 1924 in the Russian city of Oymyakon, and it amounted to as much as -71 ° C.
14. The first place in the world in gas and oil production, as well as in the export of aluminum, steel and nitrogen fertilizers, is awarded to the Russian Federation.
15. The capital of Russia, Moscow, is one of the most densely populated cities in the world, with 11 million people living there, according to official figures.
16. In terms of population, Russia ranks 7th in the world and has 145 million people, with Russians in Russia making up 75% of the population.
17. Moscow is one of the richest and most expensive cities in the world, and the level of wages in this city differs from the level of wages in other Russian cities by 3, and occasionally 33 times.
18. In Russia there is one amazing city - Suzdal, on an area of is 15 km2 10,000 people live, and which is amazing in that there are as many as 53 temples, majestic in their beauty and decoration.
19. The Russian city of Yekaterinburg in 2002, according to the UNESCO rating, was included in the list of 12 most ideal cities for living in the world.
20. One of the oldest cities in the world where people still live in Russia is the Dagestan city of Derbent.
21. If you add together the territory of the Netherlands and Belgium, then their area will be equal to the area of the Tambov region.
22. The Russian Federation is considered the successor of the Roman Empire, because the double-headed eagle depicted on its coat of arms symbolizes the Byzantine idea of harmonious interaction between the power of church and state.
23. Russia is rich in its secrets. For example, there are more than 15 cities there that are hidden from everyone, because they are neither on maps, nor on road signs, but nowhere at all, and, of course, foreigners are strictly forbidden to enter there.
24. The Moscow metro is the most punctual metro in the world, because the intervals between trains during rush hour are only 1.5 minutes.
25. The deepest metro in the world is located in the cultural capital of the Russian Federation - St. Petersburg, and its depth is as much as 100 meters.
26. The Russian metro was the safest place during the air raids of World War II, and 150 people were born there during the bombing.
27. St. Petersburg is not just called the cultural capital of Russia, it's just that in this city there are 2000 libraries, 45 art galleries, 221 museums, about 80 theaters and the same number of clubs and palaces of culture.
28. Peterhof is one of the most amazing palace and park complexes in the world, because in addition to luxurious palaces, it has a huge number of fountains, of which there are 176 pieces, of which 40 fountains are truly gigantic.
29. They say that Venice is a city of bridges, but no matter how, because there are three times as many bridges in St. Petersburg.
30. Russia has the longest railway line - the Trans-Siberian Railway, connecting Moscow and Vladivostok. The length of this route is 9298 km, and during the trip it is possible to pass 8 time zones, 87 cities and 16 rivers.
31. Russia also has the largest freshwater lake in the world - Baikal, with a volume of as much as 23 km3. To imagine its greatness, it is enough to think about the fact that the 12 largest rivers in the world have to flow for a whole year in order to fill Baikal.
32. The most ancient, and therefore the most majestic mountains in the world are the Urals. For example, Mount Pencil, which is part of the Ural Mountains complex, arose more than 4 billion years ago.
33. One of the strangest mountains in the world is the Russian mountain Magnetic, located under the city of Magnitogorsk, which is almost entirely made of iron.
34. In Russia, there is the largest, densest and almost wild forest in the world - this is the Siberian taiga, half of which has not even been mastered by man yet.
35. In the capital of the Russian Federation there is one fountain, which is part of the architectural group "Alexander and Natalie", from which it is not ordinary water that beats, but drinking water, which you can gladly quench your thirst on a hot summer day.
36. Located on Borovitsky Hill, the Moscow Kremlin is the largest fortress in the world, preserved since the Middle Ages, and its area covers 27.5 hectares, and the length of the walls is 2235 m.
37. The largest and oldest museum in the whole world is the Russian Hermitage Museum, which contains 3 million exhibits, and if someone wants to examine them all, devoting only one minute to each exhibit, this person will have to go to the museum, as if to work, for 25 years.
38. The Hermitage is also famous for the fact that the staff of the museum includes not only people, but also the most ordinary cats who have their own passport with a photo and earn their Whiskas money by catching rodents in the museum, preventing them from spoiling the exhibits.
39. In Russia, there is the largest library in Europe - this is the Public Library, which was founded in Moscow in 1862.
40. In the small town of Kizhi there is a church resembling a work of art, which is interesting because not a single nail was spent on its construction.
41. In Russia, there is the world's largest university building - Moscow State University, whose height, together with an exquisite spire, is 240 meters.
42. In Moscow, you can see the highest building in Europe - the Ostankino TV tower, whose height is 540 meters.
43. The world's largest bell was cast in Russia by craftsmen Ivan Motorin and his son Mikhail. This is the Tsar Bell, which is 614 cm high and weighs 202 tons.
44. The oldest Christian temple is located on the territory of the Russian Federation - this is the Tkhaba-Erdy temple, built in the VIII-IX centuries, which is located in Ingushetia.
45. Russia has one of the largest urban parks in the world - this is Izmailovsky Park, which was founded in 1931 and whose territory is now as much as 15.3 km2.
46. The largest botanical garden in Europe is again Russian. This is the botanical garden. Tsitsing, which was founded immediately after the end of the Great Patriotic War in 1945.
47. The world's largest tram network is located in St. Petersburg and is as much as 690 km.
48. The most record-breaking issue of a paper newspaper took place in May 1990, when 22 million copies of Komsomolskaya Pravda newspapers were published.
49. The frame of the world-famous New York Statue of Liberty was smelted in one of the Russian cities - Yekaterinburg.
50. Russia is a paradise for tourists with many beautiful and interesting tourist and sightseeing routes, among which the Golden and Silver Rings of Russia, as well as the Great Ural Ring, are considered the best.
There are so many fascinating things in the world to learn, and even more to remember, all this is simply unrealistic. Therefore, it is best to learn a little bit of everything, choosing only the most interesting from it. Today we hope to become a source of insight for you by presenting a collection of 20 fascinating facts about a wide variety of things. Educate yourself, have fun and get smarter 💗
The modern air conditioner was invented by Willis Carrier not for the comfort of people, but to control temperature and combat damaging humidity in the printing
house.The actual first apparatus was invented on July 17, 1902 in Buffalo, New York, USA, when Carrier created the first air conditioner for the Brooklyn printing house. The inventor received a patent for the air conditioner on January 2, 1906. The very first air conditioner designed to cool people's homes was installed in 1914 by the design of Willis Carrier in Minneapolis.
Rolling Stones bassist Bill Wyman began dating his second wife Mandy Smith when she was 13 and he was 47. They were married for 2 years and divorced in 1993. In the same year, Wyman's 30-year-old son from his first marriage married his mother Mandy Smith, who at that time was 46 years old
Wyman's son actually married his step-grandmother. After that, he seemed to become his own grandfather 🎪
There has been no Soviet Union for 30 years, but the USSR still holds the record for the number of Olympic gold medals in wrestling
In the medal table of the Soviet Union from 1896 to 2020: 62 gold medals, 31 silver medals and 23 bronze medals, total 116 🥇🥈🥉
Immediately behind the USSR is the United States, they have over the same period: 60 gold, 47 silver and 44 bronze medals.
A Spanish civil servant did not show up to work for 6 years, and this only came to light when his superiors decided to present him with a seniority award.In
Italy, there was a similar case where a public hospital employee did not go to work for 15 years after transferred from one hospital to another in 2005. He reportedly received a total of 538,000 euros over the years of his "work" 👨⚕️
After the plague epidemic in Europe, there was a severe shortage of workers who, therefore, were able to demand higher wages. By some estimates, the wages of the average worker have increased by 50%.
Labor shortages have been observed since 1348. Of course, the rise of salary was not easy, since the feudal lords did their best to keep the workers and peasants in check, limiting their movements and passing other laws. But with the help of the uprisings, they were able to get their way.
The chemical reaction in glow sticks was discovered by Dr. Edwin Chandross in 1962, but he had no idea that his “chemiluminescent” invention was hugely popular at raves and music festivals until an interview with Vice in 2013.
He said, “Is this really so? Perhaps now my granddaughter will think that I am cool ” 🎆
Astronauts need to sleep near ventilation, otherwise, due to weightlessness, carbon dioxide from their own lungs forms a bubble around their
heads.As reported, astronauts almost always feel nasal congestion, since due to weightlessness, the natural leakage of mucus from the nasal cavities does not occur 👃
Albert Spazhyari, a bank robber from France, prepared a fake, encrypted document, allegedly proving his alibi. While the judge was distracted by decryption, Spazhyari jumped out of the window, landed safely on the roof of a parked car and disappeared from his seat on a waiting motorcycle. No one saw him
again.Some sources say that later the car owner received a check for 5,000 francs in the mail for damage to the roof 💰
Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989. He was frustrated by the fact that he had to go to his colleagues and ask what data was on their computer so that he could add it to his computer.
For the invention of the World Wide Web, we have to thank laziness and frustration.
According to the Geneva Convention, an ejected pilot in the air is not a participant in hostilities, so an attack on him is a war crime
Not only does the pilot lose the ability to attack, moreover, having landed on enemy territory, he will presumably become a prisoner of war. Shooting at paratroopers descending by parachute is not prohibited 🪂
In the original script the finale of the film "Pretty Woman" (1990) character Richard Gere had to throw Julia Roberts from his limousine in a dirty alley and throw her an envelope with $ 3,000
Once the main character Vivian (Julia Roberts) had to throw on Hollywood Boulevard, she had to throw an envelope into a leaving car. The envelope should have been torn, and the money should have disappeared in a ditch 💸
The study showed that 94% of Brits said that they talked about the weather in the last six hours, and 38% said that they had discussed it in the last 60 minutes,
which means that at any time in the UK a third of the population, or talking about the weather, or already did it, or is going to do it ☔
In 2012, a Briton named Wesley Carrington bought a metal detector and within 20 minutes found Roman-era gold worth £ 100,000 (at the time of writing, £ 10,125,345), a
34-year-old car salesman walked into a local store where he bought the cheapest metal detector for beginners. He immediately went to the local forest to try out his new toy. He immediately found a spoon and a halfpenny, but then the apparatus began to emit a loud sound signal, making it clear that there was something large and metallic under the ground 🧐
When Muhammad Ali lost the fight to Larry Holmes in 1980, 14-year-old teenager Mike Tyson, who was already a promising boxer, spoke to Ali on the phone, promising to avenge the defeat.He
fulfilled his promise seven years later, knocking Holmes out in just four rounds. Later, Tyson called this a highlight of his career. During the battle, Muhammad Ali was in the hall watching Holmes' defeat 🥊
Corporation McDonald's quietly abandoned its legendary mascot clown Ronald McDonald after the 2016 network filled rolls with cruel jokes from prankerov dressed as clowns, in which they scared people
In 2016, the real trend started in the network, in which prankery in clown costumes scared people in different ways, filming it all on camera 🤡
Popular American presenter Steve Harvey sent a TV every year to his school teacher for Christmas, who said that he would never make it on TV
“Every year, while my teacher was still alive, I sent him a TV for Christmas. I just wanted him to see me, ”said Harvey 📺