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50 fun and interesting facts that you didn't know about Tour de France

5 months ago
50-fun-and-interesting-facts-that-you-didnt-know-about-tour-de-france

On November 20, 1902, the editor of the newspaper L'Auto, Henri Desgrange, and the journalist Géo Lefebvre, dined in one of the Parisian cafes. Their conversation turned to the then-famous cycling race along the route Paris - Brest - Paris. These competitions were sponsored by the newspaper Le Petit Journal, which gave it good publicity and new subscribers.


Suddenly, Geot Lefebvre asked the editor - why not organize your own bike race? After all, Henri Desgrange was a famous cyclist in his youth, the owner of several records in races of 50 and 100 kilometers, as well as 100 miles. Desgrange liked the idea, and in the summer of next year the first Tour de France cycling race took place, which then became the most prestigious competition for professional cyclists.


Already the first competition brought the newspaper "L'Auto" an unprecedented increase in popularity. During the Tour alone, the number of subscribers grew from 25,000 to 65,000. Moreover, the circulation of the newspaper only increased with each competition. Currently, the history of the Tour de France has more than 100 years. Races were not held only during the First and Second World Wars. Naturally, many interesting events have happened on the Tour de France over the years.


The race consists of 21 stages, each of which takes one day. During this time, participants overcome a total of 3-4 thousand kilometers. The record for the length of the race was set in 1926, when the athletes covered 5745 km. This is approximately equal to the distance from Paris to Omsk.


In the early years of the competition, racers carried with them all the tools and spare parts needed for repairs. They tried to fix the breakdowns right on the highway or went to the nearest settlement in search of, for example, a blacksmith. Indeed, in order for participation in the stage to be counted, the cyclist needs to reach the finish line.


The real legend of the Tour de France was the American cyclist Lance Armstrong, who was able to win a record number of races - seven. But, in 2013, the athlete admitted to doping. Adding at the same time that otherwise it was simply impossible to win such a number of victories. Armstrong was stripped.


Bemorepanda collected more interesting facts below.



1. The Tour de France has been held since 1903. It was originally an advertising project for the newspaper L'Auto (an ancestor of L'Équipe). Another newspaper, Le Petit Journal, had a Paris-Brest-Paris cycle race.  Already after the first edition of the race, the number of subscribers increased from 25 thousand to 65, and in 1908 it exceeded 250 thousand. In 1933, a record 854,000 copies a day were sold during the race.


2. At first, the "Great Loop" (the second name of the "Tour de France") was a six-stage race with a length of 2428 km. For more than a century of history, it was not carried out only during the wars - World War I (1915-1918) and World War II (1940-1946).


3. The first winner of the Tour de France was the former chimney sweep Maurice Garin, who won the first stage and the last two. At the finish line in Paris, he was greeted by a cheering crowd, and the fee was 6075 gold francs.


4. Jacques Anquetil, Bernard Hino, Miguel Indurain and Eddy Merckx have won the Tour de France more often than others - five times each. Seven victories in a row on account of Lance Armstrong, but he was later disqualified.


5. In 1969, Eddy Merckx set a unique record by winning the general classification, as well as mountain and points.



6. Briton Chris Froome has won the Tour de France four times, but has missed the race for the second year in a row. In June 2019, Froome was seriously injured and took a long time to recover. This year he plans to start in the Vuelta a España.


7. The most prestigious multi-day event has four classifications. Each has its own jersey. Yellow jersey - for the leader of the general classification. It has been used since 1919. The color matches the color of the pages of the newspaper that founded the Tour de France.


8. The green jersey belongs to the rider with the most sprint points. They have been accrued according to the system determined by the organizers since 1953. Points can be earned at the end of the flat stages and intermediate sprint finishes. Each stage has its own coefficient.


9. Only four times in history has a Tour de France winner won the points classification. Eddy Merckx did it three times, and Bernard Hinault once. Peter Sagan won the green jersey more often than others - seven times. Eric Zabel was the top scorer six times.


10. The mountain king wears a pea jersey. It was introduced in 1975, although the best mountain racer has been awarded since 1933. The unusual coloring comes from the T-shirt's first sponsor, a French chocolate manufacturer that sold it in white packaging with red dots.



11. Mountain classification is considered the most difficult to predict on the Tour de France. The winner is the one who scored the most points at the finishes of the mountain stages or intermediate mountain finishes. Mountains have their own categories. The steeper and longer the mountain, the more points are given for it.


12. White jersey - best young rider trophy. It has been played since 1975 among those who, on January 1 of the year of the race, were not 25 years old. There have been five occasions in the history of the Tour de France when one rider has won both the white and yellow jerseys. Such success has been achieved by Laurent Fignon (1983), Jan Ulrich (1997), Alberto Contador (2007), Andy Schleck (2010) and Egan Bernal (2019).


13. Colombian Egan Bernal (Ineos) is the youngest winner of the Tour de France in the last 100 years. He won the Big Loop at the age of 22 years 196 days. Younger were only Henri Cornet (19 years and 355 days) in 1904 and Francois Faber (22 years 187 days) in 1909. In addition, Bernal is the first South American winner.


14. Bernal put on the yellow jersey of the leader in the 19th stage, shortened due to weather conditions. It is clear that he also got the white jersey of the best young rider. “My father could not utter a word at first, but when he got over it, he congratulated me, almost crying. For us, this is a dream. We used to watch the Tour de France on TV, we thought it was something unattainable. As a child, you think: "How cool it would be to be there one day." But it looked so far away. And here we are.



15. The winner of the mountain classification was Romain Bardet (France, AG2R), points - Peter Sagan (Slovakia, Bora-Hansgrohe). Ilnur Zakarin took 51st place. Leading 14 days Julian Alaphilippe finished fifth.


16. Due to the pandemic, the 107th start of the Great Loop was postponed by two months. The route, approved back in 2019, passes only through the territory of France. It consists of 9 flat stages, 6 mountain stages, 5 mid-mountain stages and one time trial. The total length of all stages is 3484 kilometers.


17. The 2020 Tour de France has 19 world tour teams and three pro-continental teams. Each has eight cyclists, totaling 176.


18. The most experienced rider in the 2020 Tour de France is Spaniard Alejandro Valverde, who took part in this race 12 times. He is also the oldest - 40 years 127 days.


19. In addition to last year's winner Egan Bernal (Team INEOS Grenadiers), Primož Roglič (Jumbo - Visma), Emanuel Buchmann (Bora-hansgrohe), Nairo Quintana (Arkea-Samsic), Mikel Landa (Bahrain-Merida), Thibault Pino (Groupama - FDJ), Rigoberto Uran (EF Education-First), Tom Dumoulin (Jumbo - Visma), Richie Porte (Trek-Segafredo), Bauke Mollema (Trek-Segafredo), Miguel Lopez (Astana), Tadej Pogacar ( UAE Team Emirates).


20. During one Tour, teams use about 42,000 cycling bottles. It is noteworthy that many of them are thrown to the side of the road, and viewers can get not only a memorable, but also a useful souvenir.


21. Eddy Merckx has been on the podium the most times. 37 times the Belgian became the winner of the stages.


22. The Tour de France is often referred to as "LaGrande Boucle", which means "big loop", and marks the route encircling France around.


23. The average cyclist burns about 124,000 calories during the Tour. 252 double cheeseburgers in a month can be eaten by riders at least without harm to their figure.



24. Based on an average cadence of 90 revolutions per minute, then for 3 weeks of the race the cyclist produces 486 thousand revolutions of the pedals.


25. Up until the 1960s, it was considered normal practice to drink an alcoholic drink after a race to numb muscle pain. Soon alcohol was banned, as it was considered a stimulant.


26. About 12 million spectators line the tracks of the Tour de France to watch the graceful cycling. This makes the "big loop" the biggest sporting event in the world!


27. In 1919, only 10 people reached the finish line - the smallest number for the entire duration of the race.


28. During the Tour, cyclists do not rest a day from the bike. Even on "weekend" days, they pedal for at least 2 hours to disperse the lactic acid and stay focused on the race. They must have really good bike saddles.



29. The smallest gap in the general standings was recorded in 1989. Then the American Greg LeMond was ahead of his French colleague Lauren Fignon by 8 seconds. A journey of 21 days and only 8 seconds of separation. Brutal sport.


30. Five-time Tour de France winner Bernard Hinolt once said an interesting phrase: “A beginner should think very carefully before attempting to ride one stage of the Tour. Two stages will obviously require a visit to the doctor, and after three you will need a psychiatrist. If more, be sure to make sure that the rider has made a will.”


31. The total prize money of the Tour de France is $4.3 million.


32. Three and a half billion viewers watch the Tour de France at least once on TV each year.


33. The peloton wears out a total of 790 tires in a three-week race.


34. In the early years, riders had 14 rest days instead of the current two. Then the stages very often ended at night, and the cyclists needed a day to recover.



35. The winner of the 1947 Tour, Jen Robick, is famous for stuffing himself full of canteens of water at the top of the mountain in order to descend faster. Cunningly.


36. Eddy Merckx has worn the yellow jersey for the longest time - 96 days over several years.19. The very first Tour de France winner was Maris Garin. In 1904 he repeated his success, but was later disqualified for fraud. At one of the stages, Maris used the train to win in the Alps. About times, about customs. Looks like he didn't use a bike bag.


37. The maximum average speed at the stage was recorded in 2005 - 41.36 km / h. For example, in 1919 the average was only 24 km/h. Although this is a good indicator, you will agree.


38. In the early years of the Tour de France, riders rode bikes without derailleurs. In extreme cases, they were allowed to manipulate the chain, but they did not give much effect. In 1910, when difficult mountainous sections appeared on the track, it became clear that gear shifting was indispensable.


39. At the dawn of the history of the Tour de France, cyclists were "self-service" - namely, they carried all the necessary spare parts and tools for repairs with them (and don't even try to imagine how much all this stuff weighed, which had to be pulled uphill without changing gears ). Of course, they also produced themselves in haste. If the breakdown could not be fixed alone and quickly, the participant dropped out of the race. There is a well-known story of an Englishman by the name of Christophe, who led the races three times, but eventually lost, as he broke his fork and was forced to look for a forge on foot.



40. The heaviest participant in the Tour de France was the Swedish rider Magnus Wakstedt, who weighed 94 kg and received the nickname Big Maggy for this. And the Frenchman Jean Robich, who, due to his slender physique, would have been more suitable for the role of a jockey than a cyclist (with a height of 161 cm, he weighed 60 kg), carried with him two bottles of water, where he added lead. Thus, the rider increased the weight and more or less equalized his chances with his rivals on the descents. He won the Tour de France in 1947. WADA did not exist then, and lead was not considered doping.


41. Speaking of doping. Until the early 1960s, Tour de France participants were allowed to drink alcohol right during the races (ether was also used for pain relief during exertion). Then a law was passed banning stimulants, and the former courage left the race - but not everyone. For example, when the British athlete Tom Simpson in 1967 felt ill at the 13th stage of the competition and died a few hours later, the doctors found that the man was "charged" with a cocktail of alcohol and drugs.


42. By the way, the most titled participant in the Tour de France, Lance Armstrong, who won seven victories, lost all awards in 2012 by decision of the US Anti-Doping Agency.


43. The first winner of the Tour de France, Maurice-Francois Garin (1904 champion), was later disqualified for cheating: as it turned out, he ate food from one of the cars, which was against the rules.



44. It has been established that the average Tour de France rider spends 4-5 thousand kcal at each stage and almost 124 thousand kcal in total (that's about 252 double cheeseburgers), and then they lose such a volume of fluid that is equivalent to 39 trips to the toilet. Between rides, cyclists don't rest, riding for about 2 hours a day to flush lactic acid from the muscles and maintain focus.


45. Cyclist Miguel Indurain, who won the Tour de France five times in a row, has unique physiological features: his pulse is 28 beats per minute (at a rate of 60-70 beats), his lung capacity is 8 liters (with an average volume of 6 liters), and the circulatory system pumps 7 liters of oxygen per minute (for an ordinary person - 3-4 liters, and for other professional cyclists - 5-6 liters).


46. During the existence of the "Tour de France" it has acquired organizational traditions. For example, an advertising caravan usually rides in front of cyclists - cars from which food and souvenirs are distributed to the audience (alas, cases of death of freebie hunters under the wheels of these cars are known). 



47. The organizers are trying to lay out the route in such a way that it runs through little-known settlements and attracts tourists there, and with them profit for local residents. Every year, among the spectators, "loop hooligans" are hiding - people who, for some reason, cannot stand bicycles, cycling races, and specifically the Tour de France. They try to arrange different antics, interfering with the racers. Every year, up to 100-120 people find themselves behind bars in the police station because of this.


48. Cyclist Miguel Indurain, who won the Tour de France five times in a row, has unique physiological characteristics.


49. If the pulse of an ordinary person is 60-70 beats per minute, Indurain's figure at the peak of his career was 28. 


50.His lung capacity is 8 liters, while the average volume is 6 liters. His circulatory system pumped 7 liters of oxygen per minute at a rate of 3-4 liters for an ordinary person and 5-6 liters for professional cyclists.



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50-most-interesating-and-fun-facts-about-the-roland-garros-tennis-championship-that-you-need-to-know-in-2022

Roland Garros” is on the lips of everyone who is not indifferent to tennis, and especially in the second half of May and early June, when the French Open takes place - the unofficial world championship on clay courts. This name is given to the tennis stadium in Paris. However, not all tennis fans know the history of this name. The French championship at the beginning of the 19th century did not have a permanent residence permit and until 1928 was held on the courts of the capital's clubs "Racing Club de France", "l'île de Puteaux" and "Stade Francais". 


In 1925 it was declared "International", after which it began to be considered as an unofficial world championship on clay courts. There were not enough courts at the existing tennis bases. The French Lawn Tennis Federation (FFLT) realized that the time had come to build a tennis stadium with more courts and grandstands and began to look for a place for it. 


In 1928, the owner of the Stade Francais club (author's note - Located in the Parc Saint-Cloud - a suburb of Paris) Emile Lesieur agreed to donate part of his territory (3.25 hectares) for this purpose, but with one condition - the stadium must bear the name of the famous Frenchman Roland Garros, with whom he was on friendly terms since his studies at the HEC Paris business school (1906-1908), and during the First World War they were both pilots. In addition, Garros played for the club's rugby team - the most titled at that time. The condition was accepted. And not only the stadium was named Roland Garros, but the French Championship itself (Internationaux de France, French Open) began to be called by the same name.


Bemorepanda collected more interesting facts below.



1. Roland Garros, which by the way is called the French Open only outside of France, was not always open. The tournament was first held in 1891, and then only men, members of French tennis clubs, could participate in it.


2. A women's rank was added in 1897, and foreign athletes were able to compete on French courts in 1925.


3. Men are winning the Musketeers Cup, named after the "Four Musketeers' ' Jacques Brugnon, Jean Borotra, Henri Cochet and René Lacoste, who brought France its first Davis Cup victory in 1927. Women get the Suzanne Lenglen Cup, named after the French tennis player who at the beginning of the 20th century won 12 Grand Slam singles tournaments and was an Olympic champion.


4. The tournament bears the name of the French pilot and aviator Roland Garros, who participated in the First World War.


5. Garros was the first to cross the Mediterranean in an airplane, and invented a machine gun that could be mounted behind a propeller and fired without damaging it. Well, besides this, Garros loved rugby and, of course, tennis. The pilot was a member of one of the French tennis clubs and regularly went to the court while studying in Paris.


6. First, the arena that hosts the French Open was named after him, and then the entire tournament.



7. The arena, which bears the name of Roland Garros, was built specifically in 1928 for the French tennis team, which had won the Davis Cup a year earlier and was supposed to defend the title against the US team. There were simply no other suitable structures in France.


8. When the stadium was built, it was handed over to the French Tennis Federation on the condition that it would bear the name of the famous pilot.


9. This is the smallest arena of all that hosts Grand Slam tournaments, and the organizers plan to reconstruct it in 2016.


10. It was Roland Garros that became the first Grand Slam tournament, which allowed both professional and amateur tennis players to take part in competitions. This happened in 1968.


11. The tournament has been held since 1891, but during the Second World War, the competition was still interrupted. However, even in wartime conditions, small tennis tournaments were held in France. Only the French could participate in them.


12. The question of moving Roland Garros to another city was raised, but the unequivocal decision was made that the tournament should remain in Paris.



13. This is the only Grand Slam tournament that takes place on clay, and the participants require special stamina - the balls fly slower and higher, and good preparation is needed to stay in the game.


14. In addition, the clay surface deprives the masters of the serve, for example, Andy Roddick, during his career at Roland Garros, could not go beyond 4 rounds.


15. The hosts of the Parisian courts cannot boast a long list of achievements. Only three girls and two men have won Roland Garros in singles.


16. The last winner with a French passport was Mary Pierce, who won the tournament in 2000. In men, the last victory of the hosts dates back to 1983 - it was won by Yannick Noah.


17. Yannick Noah was not only the last French winner of the Roland Garros, but also the first black winner of this tournament. His son Joachim Noah did not become a tennis player and plays basketball, he currently plays for the Chicago Bulls NBA team.



18. In women, the first black winner was American Atea Gibson. She won the competition in 1956, the same year she also won the doubles Roland Garros. In addition, she is the first black winner of Wimbledon.


19. Roland Garros, like many major tournaments, has its own museum, which is called "tennisseum". It was opened in 2003 and covers 2200 square meters.


20. This is the first multimedia museum dedicated to tennis, with almost 4,400 hours of audiovisual programs on the history of the tournament, the oldest of which date back to 1897.


21. In addition to multimedia materials, the museum also presents ordinary exhibits. For example, more than 100 rackets, the oldest of which date back to the 50s of the XX century.


22. The youngest winner in 1989 was the American Michael Chang, at that time he was 17 years and 3 months old. In the women's category, the youngest winner is an American of Yugoslav origin, Monica Seles. In 1990, she won the tournament at the age of 16 years and 6 months.


23. Roland Garros record holders for the number of victories are Chris Evert in women and Rafael Nadal. Both won on the Parisian courts 7 times.



24. Spaniard Nadal won in 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011 and 2012. American Chris Evert won the tournament in 1974, 1975, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1985, and 1986.


25. Nadal won the French Open 4 times in a row (as did Bjorn Borg, who won a total of 6 victories at Roland Garros) and defended the title in the 2013 season. In the women's part of the tournament, the current winner is Russian Maria Sharapova.


26. In 1891, the Union of French Societies of Athletic Sports (USFSA) organized the first French tennis championship, which took place within one day in Paris on the clay courts of the Racing Club. The tournament did not arouse much interest either among tennis players or among spectators, since only the French or members of French tennis clubs were allowed to participate. But by the beginning of the twentieth century, the championship became the largest French tournament.


27. However, in 1912, the number of participants decreased sharply, as a new World Clay Tennis Championship appeared, organized in cooperation with the Stade Français club. After 11 years, this tournament exhausts itself, which leads to the resumption of the previous championship of France. In 1925, foreign players were admitted to the championship for the first time, and it acquired the status of the French Open. Tournaments start at the same time on the courts of Stade Français and Racing Club.



28. In 1927, the magnificent French four Jacques Brunion, Jean Borotra, Henri Cochet and Rene Lacoste, whom the press and fans called only the “four musketeers”, defeated American tennis players in the Davis Cup. The rematch was supposed to take place in the home of the Musketeers, and such a major sporting event required a stadium of a decent standard. The Stade Français club is donating three hectares of land to the French Tennis Federation in Porte d'Auteuil, a suburb of Paris.


29. The only stipulation was that the new stadium would bear the name of former French hero club member and military pilot Roland Garros, the first person to fly non-stop across the Mediterranean and who died just five weeks before the end of the First World War. In May 1928, the opening of the stadium took place, on the courts of which a few weeks later the French championship was held, and then the long-awaited rematch with the Americans took place. Since that time, the French Open has received a permanent registration and became the fourth Grand Slam tournament. In 1968, the French were the first of the big four to allow professional players onto their courts.


30. In 1974, 18-year-old Bjorn Borg and 19-year-old Chris Evert won in Paris. These two victories marked the beginning of a new era. From 1974 to 1981, the Swede won the championship six times, and the American won seven titles between 1974 and 1986. These successes have made tennis players Roland Garros record holders. In terms of the total number of victories won in all categories, the best are the Frenchman Henri Cochet (nine titles) and the Australian Margaret Smith Court (13 titles).



31. In 1983, 37 years after the victory of Marcel Bernard, to the delight of all France, their compatriot Yannick Noah won. And the last Frenchwoman to win in Paris was Marie Pierce in 2000. In total, French athletes have won 16 titles in the 85-year history of the Open Championship (ten men, six women). The champions among men are the Spaniards (13 titles), and among women, the Americans are out of competition (27 times).


32. In 1989, the tournament was won by Michael Chang. He is only 17 years old, becoming the youngest champion of the French Open and the first American in 34 years (the last was Tony Trabert in 1955). Among the girls, the youngest champion is Monica Seles (16 years 6 months).


33. Monica is also the third tennis player in the history of the French Open, who managed to win the tournament three times in a row (1990-92). Helen Wills-Moody (1928-30) and Hilde Sperling (1935-37) did it before her. In the future, this achievement will be able to repeat Justine Henin (2005-07). The record among men is four victories in a row. Two managed to do this - Bjorn Borg (1978-81) and Rafael Nadal (2005-08).



34. Helen Wills-Moody holds another record - she has not lost a single set in all four championships she has won. Bjorn Borg (1978, 1980), Rafael Nadal (2008, 2010) and Justine Henin (2006-07) each have two such championships.


35. Most victories on the courts of Paris won: for men - Guillermo Vilas (56 wins in 73 matches), for women - Steffi Graf (84 wins in 94 matches).


36. The record holders for the longest matches in the championship are the French: for men - Fabrice Santoro - Arnaud Clement 6:4, 6:3, 6:7, 3:6, 16:14 (2004, 393 min.), And for women - Virginie Busson - Noel van Lotton 6:7, 7:5, 6:2 (1995, 247 min.).


40. The shortest final was played in 1988, when Steffi Graf defeated Natasha Zvereva - 6:0, 6:0 (34 min.) The German woman also holds the record for the longest final (1996), in which she defeated Arancha Sanchez - Vicario 6:3, 6:7, 10:8 (184 min.) Among men, the longest final was played in 1982 - Mats Wilander - Guillermo Vilas 1:6, 7:6, 6:0, 6:4 (282 min.).


41. In 1993, 12-year-old Martina Hingis at Roland Garros became the youngest champion in the history of junior Grand Slam tournaments. It's a paradox, but it is the French championship that will remain a white spot in her professional career. Among men, the main loser of Paris is considered to be the great Pete Sampras.



42. In 1997, Gustavo Kuerten won in Paris, being the 66th racket of the world. It was the first professional title in the Brazilian's career. In 2001, he won the tournament for the third time and became the first champion of Roland Garros, who had to play match points on the way to the title. 


43. Three years later, another unseeded player, Gaston Gaudio, will win a sensational championship victory, while winning back two championship points. In total, in the history of the championship, only four men won without being seeded players.


44. Among women, the only unseeded champion was Margaret Scriven (1933). Until last year, this was the only time that a tennis player not included in the Top 10 seeding became the champion.


45. The record holder for the number of performances in Paris is the Frenchwoman Natalie Tosia (18 times).


46. The 1998 Men's Championship went down in history as the first Grand Slam tournament in the Open Era in which only one of the top eight seeds made it past the second round. In addition, at the French Open, it has not yet happened that a tennis player who made his way to the main draw through qualification defeated the current champion: Marat Safin - Gustavo Kuerten 3:6, 7:6, 3:6, 6:1, 6:4.



47. In the same year, the Williams sisters played their first Grand Slam final. In the mixed doubles competition, the victory went to the eldest: Venus, paired with Justin Gimelstob, defeated Serena and Luis Lobo 6:4, 6:4.


48. Russian finals were played twice in Paris: in 2004, Anastasia Myskina beat Elena Dementieva 6:1, 6:2, and in 2009 Svetlana Kuznetsova defeated Dinara Safina 6:4, 6:2. And the first Russian woman to win the Roland Garros was Olga Morozova, who won the doubles title in 1974. In total, Russian tennis players have won seven titles. Yevgeny Kafelnikov became the champion in singles (1996) and won three times in doubles. Evgenia Manyukova and Andrey Olkhovsky won the mixed doubles competition (1993).


49. Roland Garros is considered the most romantic Grand Slam tournament. As many believe, this is facilitated by the nearby Bois de Boulogne and the special Parisian aura. More than one tennis romance happened here. And the biggest love story was born in 1999, when Andre Agassi and Steffi Graf were celebrating their victories.


50. Pink geranium has always been an indispensable attribute of the center courts of the stadium. However, in the middle of the last decade, for unknown reasons, this color began to annoy some tennis leaders, and the geranium bloomed its current red color.



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10-sports-questions-that-almost-everyone-has-asked-bemorepanda-have-the-answer

A sport is an activity of a physical nature and may involve competition. At the same time, sport is an activity that can influence a person's lifestyle, health or personality.


The study of the development of sport in human history can show significant social changes that have occurred over the centuries in different cultures. The concept of sport as an activity involving basic human, physical and mental abilities, aims to improve these skills to be used more effectively and suggests that sport is probably as old as the development of human intelligence. For primitive man, the physical activity of it was just a way to improve their knowledge of nature and, to the same extent, a way to master the environment around it. During the nineteenth century, many objects of prehistoric art were discovered in France (at Lascaux ), in Africa and Australia, which show how in prehistoric times, ritual ceremonies were performed in which physical activity was involved for participants. Some of these discoveries have been established to be at least 30,000 years old.


Sport, by its very nature, encourages diversity in a cultural world. As countries and nations become closer and closer to each other, but still retain their cultural identity, sport is a field in which cultural differences are not only accepted, but a wealth to be cultivated and valued. The concept of sport can become an "indicator of change" of the global society, of anticipation, evolutions and changes through the symbolic opening of interstate relations. Sport thus becomes and must be considered as a mirror of culture and society, as it represents the hopes and prospects of the future.


How do synchronized interpreters hear music underwater and why is a soccer ball black and white?

Black and White Synthetic Fiber Regulation-size Premium Inflated Soccer Ball  - On Sale - Overstock - 13341958

Each of us is connected with sports in one way or another: someone is engaged at home, someone is at a professional level, and there are those who follow the athletes and their achievements from the outside. Nevertheless, some moments for many still remain a mystery. We analyze the most popular questions about sports.


Why are golf ball notches?

Acushnet introduces Union Green golf balls and takes a giant divot

These "dents" on the ball are needed to increase the range of its flight. So the air, flowing around the uneven ball, reduces the vacuum trail created by the speed. And the boundary layer of air at a smooth ball does not have time to go behind its back side, so a zone of reduced pressure is created, which means that the speed decreases.


Why are the Olympic rings these colors?

Olympic Rings - Symbol of the Olympic Movement

The closed rings as a whole symbolize the unity of the five continents, the union of all parts of the world and the worldwide character of the Olympic Games. And the colors are symbols of various elements: blue is water, red is fire, yellow is the energy of the earth, black is the energy of metal, green is the energy of wood.


How do synchronized swimmers hear music underwater?

10 Reasons Why Synchronized Swimming Is An Admirable Sport

So that during performances the synchronized interpreters do not get lost and hear music even under water, special underwater speakers are built into the pool. Of course, due to the density of the water, the sound is heard much worse, but this helps the swimmers to hear at least the rhythm and perform the elements of the program in time.


Is Cristiano Ronaldo's real surname?

Нападающий «Ювентуса» Криштиану Роналду заявил, что доволен тем, как  сложился сезон-2020/21 для него и для клуба - Eurosport

In fact, Ronaldo is not a surname, but a first name. They added the name Cristiano in honor of US President Ronald Reagan, who had previously been an actor. The footballer's father was very fond of films with his participation. That is, Cristiano Ronaldo is a double name, the entire football star is called Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro.


How much does a hockey goalkeeper's ammunition weigh?

Imported hockey batting cloth standard goal size training target ice hockey  hockey goalkeeper training cloth

Hockey is a very traumatic sport. Therefore, the equipment, especially the goalkeeper, who is always under the threat of a blow, must protect most of the body. Hence the weight - about 30 kg. It is made up of shin guards, helmet, gloves, carapace and more.


What is this white powder that gymnasts put on their hands?

Different Types of Gym Chalk and Why Gymnasts Use it - allgymnasts.com

Many people mistakenly believe that gymnasts rub flour in their hands before performing, but this is not the case. White magnesium powder removes even the smallest traces of moisture from the hand, helping to improve grip.


What is the most expensive sport?

F1 Portugal GP 2021: Lewis Hamilton wins Formula 1's Portugal Grand Prix  and championship standings | Marca

The most expensive kind of sport is the Formula 1 circuit race. It is known that pilots receive large fees, but before that, the athletes themselves have to invest a lot of effort and money. And not only for the equipment itself, but also for its maintenance.


Who was the youngest Olympic champion?

7 самых юных олимпийских чемпионов - Дети Mail.ru

Marcel Depaye, a boy of 8-10 years old - even his age is not known for sure - accidentally got to the 1900 Olympics. In the final rowing race, the Dutch decided to replace the heavy helmsman with a boy and won the race. Marseille became an Olympic champion, but did not receive any awards and did not even make the list of winners.


Why do swimmers wear two caps at once?

Rio Olympics 2016: Why Some Swimmers Wear Two Swim Caps - Thrillist

Fans began to notice that swimmers often wear two rubber caps on their heads at once - for what? To keep your hair dry and out of the way? No, the fact is that it is important for swimmers to protect their eyes from water, and so that the glasses are pressed tightly, athletes wear two rubber caps at once.


Why is the football black and white?

Football and atopic eczema | Eczema Foundation

In 1970, when televisions were still in black and white, football matches were already broadcast live. Against a background of bright colors that looked gray on the screens, the black and white soccer ball was bright enough to stand out clearly. And then they decided to keep the tradition.

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basketball-game-history-rules-and-interesting-facts-that-you-probably-didnt-know

Basketball is an Olympic sport, a sports team game with a ball, the goal of which is to throw the ball into the opponent's basket more times than the opposing team does at the set time. Each team consists of 5 field players.

 

The history of the emergence and development of basketball

 

 In 1891 in the United States of America, a young teacher, a native of Canada, Dr. James Naismith, trying to "revive" gymnastics lessons, attached two fruit baskets to the railing of the balcony and offered to throw soccer balls into it. The resulting game only remotely resembled modern basketball. There was no question of any management, the players threw the ball to each other and then tried to throw it into the basket. The team that scored the most goals won.

 

A year later, Naismith developed the first rules of basketball. The very first matches under these rules caused their first changes.

 

Gradually, basketball from the United States penetrated first to the East - Japan, China, the Philippines, and then to Europe and South America. After 10 years at the Olympic Games in St. Louis, the Americans organized a demonstration tour between the teams of several cities. The Basketball Association of America (BAA) was formed in 1946. The first match under her auspices took place on November 1 of the same year in Toronto between the Toronto Huskies and New York Knickerbockers. In 1949, the association merged with the US National Basketball League to form the National Basketball Association (NBA). 

 

In 1967, the American Basketball Association was created, which for a long time tried to compete with the NBA, but merged with it 9 years later. Today, the NBA is one of the most influential and well-known professional basketball leagues in the world. The International Amateur Basketball Federation was founded in 1932. The federation includes 8 countries: Argentina, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Romania. Sweden, Czechoslovakia. Based on the name, it was assumed that the organization would lead only amateur basketball, however, in 1989, professional basketball players received admission to international competitions, and the word "amateur" was removed from the name. The very first international match took place in 1904, and in 1936 basketball entered the program of the Summer Olympic Games.

 

Basketball rules (briefly)

 

The rules of the game of basketball changed several times until 2004, when the final version of the rules took shape, which is considered relevant to this day. Basketball is played by two teams. Usually a team consists of 12 people, 5 of which are field players, and the rest are considered substitutes. Basketball dribbling. Athletes in possession of the ball must move around the field, hitting the floor with it. Otherwise, "carrying the ball" will be counted, and this is a violation of the rules in basketball. 

 

Accidentally touching the ball with a body part other than the hand is not considered a foul, unlike purposeful play with the foot or fist. 

 

A basketball game consists of 4 periods or halves, but the timing of each half (play time) varies depending on the basketball association. So, for example, in NBA a match consists of 4 halves of 12 minutes each, and in FIBA ​​each such half lasts 10 minutes. 

 

Short breaks are provided between periods, and between the second and third periods, the break time is increased. The ball thrown into the basket can bring a different number of points to its team. If the ball is scored during the free throw, the team earns 1 point. 

 

If the ball is thrown from an average or close distance (closer than the 3-point line), then the team is given 2 points. 

 

A team earns three points if the ball is scored from behind the three-point line. If in regular time both teams scored the same number of points, then a 5-minute overtime is assigned, if it ended in a draw, then the next one is assigned and so on until the winner is determined. 

 

The 3 second rule is a rule that prohibits any player on the attacking team from being in the free throw area for more than three seconds. 

 

The two step rule in basketball. The player is only allowed to take two steps with the ball, after which he must either shoot or pass.

 

Basketball field

 

The playing field for basketball has a rectangular shape and a hard surface. The surface of the site must not have any bends, cracks or any other deformations. The size of the basketball court must be 28 meters long and 15 meters wide (standard). The height of the ceiling must be at least 7 meters, and on professional sites, ceilings are raised to a height of 12 meters and above. The lighting on the field must be designed so as not to interfere with the movement of the players and must evenly cover the entire court. Until the end of the 60s, tournaments could be organized outdoors. However, now basketball games are played only in closed areas.

 

Site marking

 

Limit lines. Pass along the entire perimeter of the site (2 short front lines and 2 long side lines).

 

Central line. It is drawn from one side line to another and at the same time it is parallel to the front lines.

 

The central zone is a circle (radius 1.80 m) and is located exactly in the center of the basketball field. Three-point lines are semi-circles with a radius of 6.75 m, drawn to the intersection with parallel (front) lines.

 

Free throw lines. The free-throw line is drawn 3.60 m long parallel to each end line so that its far edge is located at a distance of 5.80 meters from the inside edge of the end line, and its middle is on an imaginary line connecting the midpoints of both end lines.

 

Basketball ball

 

The basketball is spherical, painted an approved shade of orange, and has a pattern of eight inlays and black stitching.

 

Basketball hoop and backboard dimensions

 

The height of the basketball hoop from the floor level is 3.05 meters (standard). The diameter of the basketball hoop ranges from 45 cm to 45.7 cm. The ring itself must be painted bright orange. A special net with a length of 40-45 cm is attached to the ring. The basketball hoop is located at a distance of 15 cm from the backboard.

 

The shield to which the ring is attached also has a number of important parameters. Basketball backboard size: width - 1.8 m, height - 1.05 m. Modern basketball backboards are made of tempered glass.

 

Refereeing in basketball

 

At the basketball game there are: senior referee and referee; timekeeper; Secretary; assistant secretary; operator 30 seconds.

 

Other interesting facts

 

Judge uniform: gray shirt; long black trousers; black basketball shoes.

 

Popularity in Europe: Basketball is the national sport in Georgia and Lithuania. Basketball is the national summer sport in Latvia, as ice hockey is the national winter sport.

 

Basketball in the Olympic program: Basketball became part of the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany. As of 2013, gold medals in basketball have been won by: the USA - 14 times, the USSR - twice, #Argentina and Yugoslavia - once each.

 

The author of the idea for the game: James Naismith is a #Canadian-American sports coach who, after landing a job at Springfield College, Massachusetts, was tasked with developing a set of winter exercises that would help athletes stay fit. In his creative thinking process, Naismith laid the foundation for the game that is known today as basketball.

 

The original rules of the game: Recent #historical finds indicate that in the first version of Naismith's game, before throwing the ball into the basket, it had to be rolled on the floor.

 

The new idea that changed everything: The idea to add to the game the ability to pass the ball by throwing it in the air belongs to Lambert Will, director of the YMCA in Herkimer County, New York.

 

Basketball basket: The original basketball baskets had a closed bottom, so after each pitched ball, the referee had to climb a ladder and retrieve it.

 

Naismith rules: The first official game of basketball under Naismith's rules took place in 1892. The court was half the size of a modern basketball court and only one ball was scored during the entire game.

 

 

Dribbling in basketball: Re-hitting the ball on the floor (dribbling) was prohibited by D. Naismith's original rules.

 

Injury of the game: Only in the US in 2011 in hospitals 249650 ambulances were provided to children aged 12-17 who were injured while playing basketball.

 

American football vs basketball: Statistical studies indicate that among all sports, American football alone has more injuries than basketball.

 

Basketball color: The color of the ball was not always orange: in the beginning, basketball was played with a brown ball, but later it was decided to change the color of the ball to a brighter one.

 

Creation of the NBA: The NBA (National Basketball Association) of America was founded in 1949 by the merger of the NBL (National Basketball League) and the BAA (Basketball Association of America).

 

Soccer ball: Until 1929, basketball was played with an ordinary soccer ball.

 

Michael Jordan: Michael Jordan is considered one of the best basketball players in the world. He went down in history with a career-high 5,987 career playoff points.

 

The appearance of the shield: The basketball backboard was added to the hoop for a very interesting reason: some match-goers from the balconies tried to catch or throw the ball during the teams game.

 

 

 Forbidden slam dunks: In 1967, slam dunking was banned, but such a spectacular part of basketball was returned and legalized again only nine years later.

 

Women's basketball: In 1892, women also began to play basketball, but special changes in the rules were developed for them.

 

Boston Celtics dominance: The Boston Celtics have won the most championship titles in the NBA (17 in total) and 7 of those titles were won in a row (from 1960 to 1966).

 

Most Valuable Player: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, who played 20 seasons in the NBA, holds the all-time scoring record. During his career, he scored 38387 points.

 

100 points per game: On March 2, 1962, Wilt Chamberlain scored 100 points in one game. This is the highest number of points a player has scored in a single game.

 

Who invented the three-point shot?: The NBA only started counting three-pointers in the 1979-80 season. This idea was borrowed from the ABA (Adriatic Basketball League).

 

Chicago Bulls game: The Chicago Bulls have won every NBA Finals they have competed in (6 in total).

 

The tallest and shortest player: Most #male basketball players are at least 1.90m tall and have an average weight of 100kg. The tallest player in history is Manute Bol of Sudan at 2.31m and the shortest is Mugsy Bogz at 1.60m.

 

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novak-djokovic-wife-net-worth-and-other-50-fascinating-facts-about-the-number-one-tennis-start-player-that-you-need-to-know-in-2022

Novak Djokovic - Serbian tennis player, 15-time Grand Slam winner, retained the title of the first racket of the world for 223 weeks.


Novak Djokovic was born on May 22, 1987 in the former Yugoslavia. In addition to him, the parents raised 2 more younger children, and one day they also decided to involve them in tennis, which the eldest son was also fond of. Subsequently, a few years later, all three guys became professional tennis players.


Novak is also one of the richest athletes in the world, and his fortune has developed, including from prize money for tournaments. During his career, Djokovic earned 133 million euros. This is the best result among all tennis players and 20 million more than Rafael Nadal.


Off the court, Nole is doing well with several lucrative business ventures. In 2005, he founded the catering company Family Sport, which, among other tournaments, organized the Serbia Open. Djokovic owns two popular restaurants: Novak in Belgrade and Eqvita in Monaco. The most unsuccessful project of the first racket of the world is a gluten-free company called Djokolife. The startup failed: Novak launched it in 2015, and nothing has been heard of him since.


Another source of income for a tennis player is contracts with equipment manufacturers. Lacoste is paying Djokovic 8.2 million euros a year to have the Serbian wear Lacoste during matches. Nola wears shoes at Asics - for this he receives another 3.5 million euros annually. The general condition of the Serb is estimated at 192 million euros - he is in 38th place among the richest athletes in the world.


Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts about Novak Djokovic.



1. As a child, Novak was involved in many sports, including skiing and football, but everything changed when, at the age of four, the boy picked up a racket. Although he liked all the sports he tried, the choice was made in favor of tennis. Djokovic didn't fail. But who knows, perhaps in football the Serb would have achieved no less heights.


2. The first coach of Djokovic was not only an excellent sports specialist, but also a culturally developed person. Elena Gencic worked as a director on television and knew a lot about art. She instilled her passion in Novak: during training and after matches, the tennis player, together with his coach, listened to classical music to bring emotions into harmony. Many years have passed, but Djokovic's love for the classics has remained.


3. Novak's childhood, like many people from Serbia, fell on the Yugoslav war. The bombing of Belgrade made training impossible for some time. 


4. Novak had to celebrate his 12th birthday in a bomb shelter. But the tennis coach did not let him relax even at this time. Jelena Gencic found a court near a military hospital that would not be bombed, so the training continued. Also, for classes, they chose places that had previously been bombarded.


Novak started playing tennis at the age of four, and already at 16 he received the level of a professional. The key year in his life was 1993, when the game of a six-year-old novice tennis player was seen by national tennis legend Elena Gencic.


Then she said that this was the best child's play she had ever seen. The woman became the first professional coach of the future tennis star, and worked with him for six years, and then helped the boy go abroad to continue building a career in tennis. Here, of course, her connections helped, and the 12-year-old boy became a student at the Pilic tennis academy in Oberschleissheim (Germany). Here he studied for four years, during this period he began his international career. At the age of 14, he won the European Championship in three categories.


You can talk about the sports glory of a tennis player for a very long time, but another of his traits that a fan is crazy about is a great sense of humor. He became famous as a parodist who very funny copies the behavior of his friends - athletes. Through a great passion for humor and practical jokes, he even got the nickname "Joker", which became a symbiosis of his last name and the word "Joke" - which translates from English as "joke".


Today, Novak resides in Monte Carlo until he is married, but has a girlfriend, Jelena Ristic. By the way, he is an Orthodox Christian and financially helps the churches and monasteries of his homeland a lot. For this, he was awarded the highest award of the Serbian Church - the Order of St. Sava.


In addition, Djokovic is a member of the Champions for Peace organization, along with other athletes, he fights for world peace. Many journalists classify Novak as a polyglot, because in addition to great success in tennis, the athlete also boasts mental abilities, and in particular, that he is fluent in four languages ​​- his native Serbian, German, Italian and, of course, English.



5. The Olympic Games are not considered a top priority for tennis players, but are still perceived as a prestigious tournament. Athletes usually take part in them only three or four times in a career. In 2008, while still far from being the most famous tennis player in the world, Novak won a bronze medal at the Beijing Olympics. Above him were only the Chilean Fernando Gonzalez and the eternal rival of the Serb Rafael Nadal.


6. Novak won the Australian Open and holds 15 Grand Slam titles. The win in Australia put Djokovic in third place in all-time Grand Slam wins. Only Swiss Roger Federer (20 times) and Spaniard Rafael Nadal (17 times) have won more than him in these tournaments. But given that the difference between them is not so big, the Serb still has the opportunity to catch up with competitors.


7. Novak Djokovic became the first tennis player to win all nine Masters tournaments. It happened not so long ago: the tennis player added to his piggy bank the missing victory in Cincinnati, beating Roger Federer in the final. For the Serb himself, the tournament was the 70th win in his career. Djokovic won the other eight Masters gradually throughout his career. So in 2018, Novak became a real “Master”.


8. The Grand Slam tournament in Australia is held annually on the hard courts of Melbourne, and here Djokovic has no equal. During his career, the tennis player has already won the Australian Open seven times. He won his latest triumph on an exotic continent this weekend. Now Novak is the absolute champion of the tournament, because no one in modern history has managed to win there seven times before. Of the 15 Grand Slam victories, almost half were won in Australia, so the Serbian can definitely consider himself the tennis “king” of this country.



9. Perhaps, on the scale of Serbian history, Djokovic loses in popularity to physicist Nikola Tesla and director Emir Kusturica, but at the moment Novak is the most famous Serb in the world and in Serbia itself. To understand the scale of the personality of a tennis player in his native country, it is enough to know just one fact. The local airline Air Serbia named its second aircraft in his honor.


10. The aircraft made its first flight in Abu Dhabi, so if you ever want to go from Serbia to the Emirates, then you know what to fly on.


11. Perhaps today, charity is a common thing for every publicly wealthy person. But that doesn't change the importance of what Djokovic does. His Novak Djokovic Foundation is dedicated to helping disadvantaged children around the world. So, for example, the tennis player donated his $20,000 prize money for winning the Australian Open 2016 to a training program for children from Melbourne.


12. Today, Djokovic is the best tennis player in the world. This is evidenced by his first place in the men's standings. 


13. In the ATP rankings, the Serbian is more than 2,000 points ahead of the Spaniard Rafael Nadal and has a 4,000 point lead over the German Alexander Zverev, who is in third place. 


14. For the first time, Novak became the first racket of the world in 2011 and since then, although periodically falling lower, giving way to either Nadal or Andy Murray, he still remains one of the best tennis players on the planet.



15. On the eve of the Serbian tennis player Novak Djokovic defeated the Italian Matteo Berrettini in the Wimbledon final, equaling the number of Grand Slam tournaments with the legendary Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal. 


16. If the first racket of the world wins the Olympics and the US Open, he will earn the calendar "Golden Helmet" - a prize that is awarded to tennis players who have won 4 major annual tournaments and the Olympics.


17. Novak Djokovic was born in 1987 in Serbia into a family of professional skiers. Since childhood, he has been involved in sports a lot: in winter he participated in ski races, in summer he played football, and in the off-season he played tennis. 


18. When he was 6, Novak was noticed by the Yugoslav tennis player Jelena Gencic, who once coached Monica Seles, the former first racket of the world, and undertook to develop his talent. When the tennis player turned 13, he went to train at the legendary Pilic Academy in Munich, and a year later he began his international career.


19. At the age of 14, Novak Djokovic became a three-time European champion in singles, doubles and team events. When the athlete turned 18, he won his first ATP-tour tournament and entered the top 100 tennis players of the Association of Tennis Professionals, and a year later he climbed into the top ten of the ranking. 



20. Then his career took off even more rapidly. In 2011, Djokovic topped the ATP rankings for the first time and since then has been the leader in men's tennis for almost 2/3 of the time. After yesterday's triumphant Wimbledon final, he became the first tennis player in history to win all Grand Slam tournaments 2 times: now the Serb has nine titles at the Australian Open, two at Roland Garros, six at Wimbledon and three at the US Open. 


21. In addition, Djokovic is the record holder for major tennis titles, now he has 61 of them (his closest rival Rafael Nadal has 57, and Roger Federer has 54). “Yes, I am the best. I think so, - said the tennis player in an interview after the victory over Berrettini. “I believe that I am the best. Otherwise, I would not have won the Helmets and did not claim titles. But the greatest in history or not is up to you to decide. I have already said that it is very difficult to compare different historical eras of tennis. Rackets, balls, technology, courts, everything is changing.”


22. In his personal life, Novak Djokovic has succeeded no less than in professional tennis. He met his future wife Elena Ristic in high school. In 2005, they began dating, although soon after graduation they were separated by distance: Novak trained in Serbia, and Elena entered the Bocconi University in Milan. When the tennis player's lover graduated from university in 2011, they moved together to Monte Carlo, where Djokovic could train all year round. After 3 years, they legalized the relationship and became the parents of their first child, the son of Stefan. In 2017, Novak and Elena had a daughter, Tara.



23. Novak Djokovic is not just a brilliant athlete, but also a very versatile person. 


24. Like his rival Roger Federer, Novak is a polyglot and speaks six languages: his native Serbian, English, German, Italian, Slovak and French. He understands nutrition (his book Serve to Win even has a chapter on diet for athletes), loves dogs (and once tweeted his poodle), and is a serious fan of the AC Milan football club. In addition, Djokovic definitely has a talent for humor. 


25. In the early 2010s, the tennis player was called the Joker for famous parodies of colleagues: his collection included grotesque caricatures of the playing style of Rafael Nadal, Maria Sharapova and Andy Roddick.


26. Novak Djokovic is an Orthodox Christian (he considers this title the most important in his life) and provides assistance to dozens of churches in Kosovo and Metohija, for which he was awarded the Order of St. Sava I. 


27. In 2007, the tennis player opened the Novak Djokovic Foundation, a charitable foundation that makes education available to children from low-income families, and also covers the travel expenses of young Serbian athletes participating in international competitions. “Money is not a problem for me. I have earned enough to feed the whole of Serbia. I think the Serbs deserve it after the support I received from them,” Djokovic admitted in an interview.



28. The limited collection, created by Novak Djokovic in collaboration with Lacoste, is made in the colors of the national flags of France and Serbia - blue, red and white.


29. The athlete has a great sense of humor, which he repeatedly proved with his parodies of colleagues on the tennis court. In particular, on the network you can find a video where Novak copies the playing style of the Russian tennis player Maria Sharapova. The athlete's fans even gave him the nickname Joker ("Joker"). By the way, it is consonant with the name of Djokovic.


30. Novak boasts impressive achievements not only in tennis, but also in the study of languages. The athlete is fluent in Serbian, English, French, Italian and German.


31. Djokovic's life can be followed around the clock through the application for iOS and Android, which publishes the latest news, photos, videos and statistics of the tennis player. In addition, through the Nole4You option, each user has the opportunity to ask a question or send a wish to an athlete. The app is free and can be downloaded from iTunes or Google Play.


32. In order to be able to train all year round, Novak, along with his wife Jelena Ristic and son Stefan, had to move to Monaco, where the athlete settled in a two-room apartment, modest by Monte Carlo standards, in the immediate vicinity of the Monte Carlo Country Club training court.


33. In 2012, Novak set up his own charitable foundation, the Novak Djokovic Foundation, which helps develop education and sports in Serbia. In addition, in 2014, after Djokovic won the Italian Open tournament, the athlete drew a big heart on the ground and transferred his entire prize fund (750 thousand dollars) to flood victims in his native country.



34. Novak's love for music comes from his first coach, Jelena Gencic. After the end of her career, she worked not only as a coach at the tennis school in Kopaonik, where Djokovic studied from the age of 5, but also as a television director. Gencic has made over 1,500 art and culture films. Elena's father dreamed of becoming a pianist. Following his example, she learned to play the piano and often listened to classical music.


35. Sometimes they did visualization with music. Djokovic is still well versed in the classics and often turns to them to put his thoughts in order.


36. Gencic also made Djokovic learn foreign languages. From the very beginning, she believed that Novak would be among the best tennis players in the world and therefore considered it necessary to teach him not only a good backhand, but also public speaking. I found tutors and taught him to be kind, helpful and diplomatic.


37. Novak often referred to Elena as his "tennis mom". But she herself believed that her role was not limited to this, and appropriated the title of "individual development instructor" to herself. So, it was Elena who explained to Novak how to behave at the table: “I understood that he grew up in a family that made ends meet, and as a top-level tennis player he would have to sit down at a table where everyone is entitled to not only one knife, one fork and one glass.



38. The only truly candid interview Novak's father, Srdjan Djokovic, gave to the Serbian television channel B92 back in 2010, immediately after the team's victory in the Davis Cup.


39. Elena Genich was the first to notice that in the spring, with the beginning of the flowering season, Novak developed allergic rhinitis.


40. Djokovic was put on a diet by a specialist in alternative medicine, Serbian doctor Igor Chetoevich. He happened to see Novak in January 2010 when he was playing Jo-Wilfried Tsonga during a night session at the Australian Open. 


41. He performed a full examination of Djokovic, and to confirm the results, he connected him to a "biofeedback device" that can determine the level of stress, toxins from the environment and register brain impulses and symptoms of food allergies. As a result, it turned out that Djokovic's body reacts negatively to foods containing gluten.


42. Djokovic is far ahead of all representatives of Serbia in terms of popularity, including the famous director Emir Kusturica, after whom Air Serbia named its second aircraft.


43. Marco and George are four and eight years younger than Novak, respectively. Marco is more successful and ranks 930th in the ATP rankings. The youngest of the three brothers is located on the 1504th position. Marco ($71,525 since 2007) and George ($9,510 since 2011) together earned just over $80,000.



44. Together with Jelena Ristic, Djokovic created a charitable foundation in Serbia. The organization annually invests about half a million dollars in the construction of schools and kindergartens that provide free education to children from poor families. The foundation was established in 2007, and in 2014, Elena's charitable work was recognized by a joint award from the University of Physical Education and the Government of Serbia.


45. Even a wild Australian January does not make him change his habits. Cold water slows down blood circulation, and the body loses its tone. Therefore, on the recommendation of doctors, Djokovic drinks only warm water.


46. This is the saddest fact about Djokovic. Nole loves pizza but cannot eat even a very small piece. Novak is on a gluten-free diet, which involves the complete elimination of foods containing gluten. The tennis player's suffering is reinforced by the fact that his parents opened a pizzeria in Belgrade in 2009 and named it Novak.


47. Djokovic does not apply for the role of Mikhail Baryshnikov. But the lanky Serb is not at all shy about his movements. Nole celebrates almost every victory with dancing. And exhibition matches are not complete without concerts. The video of Nole dancing Gangnam Style with Serena has amassed over 1.5 million views.



48. When Djokovic first started his career, he already knew what he would do when he won Wimbledon. Eating some weed off center court is a childhood dream that first came true in 2011. Nole spoke about the reasons for eating the lawn only after the third victory at Wimbledon.


49. Nole takes two or three books on each trip. The Serbian tennis player especially respects classical literature. Periodically, Djokovic seeks advice from fans who send him playlists. In 2012, Suzanne Collins' The Hunger Games trilogy topped the chart. Nola liked the novel so much that he even posted a thank you video on his website.


50. Djokovic loves dogs. His poodle Pierra has a Twitter account. But there is no official sign on it. And since June 2011, there have been only 20 tweets. But Pierre has more than two thousand readers. Nole named his second dog in honor of Nikola Tesla, of whom he is a fan.


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most-interesting-50-facts-that-you-need-to-know-about-this-year-2022-nhl-season-event

The 2022 NHL Winter Classic between the St. Louis Blues and Minnesota Wild took place on January 1, 2022 at the Minnesota Twins' Target Field, Major League Baseball team, in Minneapolis. The match, originally scheduled for the first day of 2021, will continue the tradition of outdoor play begun in 2008. 2022 will mark the 14th anniversary of the first "Winter Classic" in Buffalo.


The 2022 Honda All-Star NHL Weekend will take place in Las Vegas at the T-Mobile Arena on February 4-5. Skill contests will take place on Friday, February 4, and the next day will be the "All-Star Game".


On February 26, as part of the 2022 Navy Federal Credit Union NHL Stadium Series, the Nashville Predators will play Tampa at the Nissan Stadium in Nashville, home of the NFL Tennessee Titans. This will be the second open-air match for the Predators and the first for the Lightning, who will be the 27th team to play outdoors.


Each team in the 2021-22 season will play 82 matches, and there will be a total of 1,312 matches. The last day of the regular season will be Friday, April 29, when 30 out of 32 teams will take to the ice.


Bemorepanda prepared some interesting facts about NHL.



1. Olympic Break: To date, no final decision has been made on the participation of NHL hockey players in the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics. Negotiations are ongoing. If the players' union and the International Ice Hockey Federation agree to resolve all issues, including insurance for hockey players on COVID-19, as agreed in the collective agreement, then the calendar will provide a pause between February 7 and 22. 


2. If conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic deteriorate or the health and safety of players is threatened, the NHL and the players' union will refuse to participate in the Games. If NHL players compete in the 2022 Olympics, the regular season will resume on February 23rd. If, for any reason, hockey players do not play at the Olympics, the NHL will publish a revised regular season schedule.


3. The National Hockey League is considered the most prestigious, popular and professional league in the world of ice hockey. The most loyal fans, the most spectacular matches and the most prestigious awards are directly related to the NHL. 


4. The history of the league is very long, because during its existence there have been many truly significant events, let alone the number of really talented athletes who have made their careers in the NHL. We have already talked about the strongest players in the NHL, talked about the best clubs and even recalled the history of the main hockey attributes, but now we want to talk about a few interesting facts that will help you learn hockey even better. 


5. The history of the league dates back to the late 19th century, when in 1892 the Governor General of Canada, Lord Frederick Arthur Stanley, established the country's main hockey trophy - the Challenge Hockey Cup. 



6. The devoted fans of Canada fought for the cup. Any team could challenge the current trophy holder, and he had to accept it. After the death of the Governor-General, the prize was named in his honor - the Stanley Cup. 


7. Now  the Stanley Cup is considered the most prestigious of those that a professional hockey player can win in his career, which is why many athletes tag in the NHL in order to try their luck in the championships. It is worth noting that we talked about the history of hockey in more detail in one of our previous articles.


8. As for the first official goal, which marked the beginning of professional hockey, it was scored by Dave Ritchie, who was a player of the Montreal Wanderers. The puck flew into the net on December 19, 1917, and it was the first official match in NHL history, followed by a huge number of sports fans. Then on the ice against "Montreal" came "Toronto Arenas", which conceded the same goal.


9. Many will wonder why the Stanley Cup was established almost at the very beginning of the 20th century, and the first puck was hammered only 20 years later? The fact is that the NHL was just beginning to develop, many teams did not immediately reach the professional level, and the championships were not held as cool as we see in this picture now. It is difficult to say at what point it is worth starting a report on the existence of the National League, but here everyone decides for himself.


10. Selling and buying players is quite a fun process. Of course, now popular players cost a lot of money, and many clubs go broke just to take possession of the legend of big sports. But in the history of the NHL there was a case when a player was bought for only one dollar. 


11. We are talking about one Canadian ice hockey player, Chris Draper, who was drafted by the Winnipeg Jets in 1993 under the general number 62. The athlete had practically no playing practice and had zero experience in the NHL, which is why he was sold to the famous Detroit for just one American dollar.



12. Moving to a new team, Chris was not left without an inverse nickname - "man for one dollar." But the nickname did not humiliate the athlete at all, and even brought its own benefit. Perhaps it's all about motivation and the desire to prove to the majority of his worth, but Draper was able to quickly advance to the main team, and then take the post of the leader of Krasnye Krylia. He became one of the club's top players at the time, significantly increasing his value in professional sports. It is worth noting that Draper played 1137 games for Detroit, scored 128 goals in them and helped the team win four Stanley Cups.


13. We have already talked about the origin of this trophy, but the award deserves special attention for several more reasons. Interestingly, the original height of the Stanley Cup was 18 centimeters, now it is much larger. It is also worth noting that there is a certain tradition according to which each member of the team that won the Stanley Cup has the right to personally own the cup for one day in the summer off-season after the victory. This happened for the first time in 1997, after the victory of the Detroit Red Wings, where the Russian Five played. 


14. Often the practice of giving away the cup for a day to the players led to curiosities. In 1996, Colorado defender Sylvain Lefebvre christened his little daughter Alexanna in a cup. Now Aleksanna Lefebvre plays for the university's hockey team. In 2008, the Stanley Cup was again used as a cup for infant baptism: Thomas Holmstrom baptized his nephew in it. In general, they didn’t fill the cup with anything during the celebrations. Ice cream, melted chocolate, soup, chili sauce, applesauce, and even dog food. 


15. Goalkeeper Martin Brodeur, after winning the New Jersey Devils in 2003, went to the cinema with the kids and took a goblet with him to fill it with popcorn. Here is such an interesting trophy.


16. The best hockey player in the history of the National Hockey League! Wayne became the leader in almost all offense-related indicators: points (2857), goals (894), assists (1963), points in equal squads (1818), majority (890), minority (149) and goals in an empty net (57). 



17. Wayne also became the only NHL player to score more than 200 points per season in 1982 (212 points), 1984 (205), 1985 and 1986 (208 and 215 points, respectively). It's hard to find a hockey fan who hasn't heard of this athlete. This hockey player is truly unique and is a legend in the National Hockey League. 


18. Despite the unique records, the athlete did not differ in versatility, often lost in speed indicators to his rivals and did not always demonstrate decent defense. But he could always competently choose his position on the court, defeating the opponent with perfect technique and a strong throw. Interestingly, many note the fact that even if Wayne had not scored a single goal, he would still have been the leader in terms of the number of points scored in his career. Here is such an interesting character, famous all over the world.


19. The first goalkeeper to score an unusual goal against an opponent was New York Islanders goalkeeper Billy Smith. 


20. Philadelphia Flyers goalkeeper Ron Hextall became the second goalkeeper to score, and the first to score. Most of the goals against rivals are on the personal account of Martin Brodeur. He was able to score as many as three goals. In general, a rather unusual situation when the puck flies into the goal from the goalkeeper of another team, but often this is due to the unpredictability of hockey. 


21. There are times when the goalkeeper repels a strong attack from the opponent, and then the incomprehensible force of the rebound comes into play, and it happens that the goalkeeper himself wants to take the initiative into his own hands, like the above-described hockey players.



22. This interesting fact can be noted in as many as two matches in the history of the National Hockey League. The first happened in the third season of the NHL, when the Montreal players were able to beat their age-old opponents from Toronto with a score of 14-7. The second-highest scoring match in league history came in 1985 when the aforementioned Wayne Gretzky's Edmonton fired on Chicago. 


23. In this meeting, "Edmonton" was able to win with a score of 12-9, while the legendary Gretzky, without scoring a single goal, gave his teammates seven assists. It is worth noting that in each season of the NHL you can see many interesting, spectacular and memorable matches that make the history of the league unique.


24. Theoren Fleury is a truly great ice hockey player from Canada, born in 1968. His height was only 168 cm, but this did not stop him from achieving unprecedented heights in sports. The hockey player scored 1,088 points in the NHL, won the Stanley Cup, became a gold medalist at the Olympic Games, a silver medalist in the World Championship and received the honorary title of "Player of the Year" in the NHL.


25. And the tallest player in the history of the NHL was born in Slovakia. In his 44 years, Zdeno has also broken a large number of prejudices. With a height of 206 cm, the defender continues to play for the Washington Capitals to this day. The good news is that such a truly unique player does not lose heart and does not even think about the end of his career. On account of his 1608 games in the NHL, for which he was able to score 207 goals. 



26. Zdeno Hara, which we wrote about above, also set another record worthy of attention. The hockey player has one of the most powerful shots in NHL history. Zdeno Hara was able to throw the puck at 105.4 mph (169.6 km / h) in 2009. By the way, Hara liked to break records - and he did it a couple more times, reaching 107 mph (172.2 km / h) in 2012. But here it is worth noting another athlete who achieved higher numbers. 


27. The incredible Bobby Hull was able to break absolutely all the records of big sport, accelerating the hockey puck to 193 km / h with his powerful click. Experts also say that the athlete could make a throw with a maximum puck speed of 169 km / h using a wrist technique. 


28. Bobby Hull was one of the best strikers in the NHL in the 1960s. The player was awarded the title of best sniper of the regular season between 1959 and 1969 as many as seven times, making him the second strongest hockey player in this indicator. Bobby Hull was able to score 54 goals in 1965/66, making him the only player to score over 50 goals in the NHL regular season. Throughout his career, the athlete took part in 1,063 matches of the regular season and in 119 playoffs. But now the legend of world hockey is already 82 years old, and it is simply impossible to check or refute his records. 


29. Thus, the National Hockey League contains in its history many unique moments that will be of interest to every fan of big sport. It is these facts and records that are the basis of interesting hockey, a professional sport that has a huge number of fans. Important events are remembered by many, making hockey even more popular and even more spectacular, which is why this sport quickly gained worldwide popularity and annually indulges us with legendary events.


30. On November 26, 1917, representatives of four Canadian clubs (Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators and Quebec Bulldogs) decided to create the National Hockey League. A little later, Toronto Arenas joined the organizers.



31. The first NHL matches took place on December 19, 1917. There are currently 30 teams in the world's strongest professional hockey league.


32. In 1943, the Hockey Hall of Fame was opened in Toronto, where the names of the best hockey players on the planet were entered. Currently, more than 300 world hockey legends have been awarded this honor, including 6 of our compatriots: Anatoly Tarasov, Vladislav Tretyak, Vyacheslav Fetisov, Valery Kharlamov, Igor Larionov and Pavel Bure.


33. On February 14, 1934, the Toronto Maple Leafs permanently assigned the number 6 jersey to team star Ace Bailey. Later, the tradition of removing the numbers of great hockey players from circulation gained wide popularity in the NHL. Pavel Bure was the only Russian to be awarded such an honor. In 2013, the Vancouver Canucks secured form with number 10.


34. In 1959, the Montreal Canadiens goalkeeper Jacques Plant began wearing a mask. Not everyone liked this novelty, and many even called Plant a coward. But after a few years, the mask became a common attribute of the goalkeeper's uniform.


35. According to statistics, 68% of professional hockey players lost at least one tooth during a match.



36. The legendary Gordie Howe was distinguished not only by high performance, but also by an aggressive game. Therefore, if one hockey player manages to throw the puck in a match, make an assist and take part in a fight, then such a result is called "Gordie Howe's hat-trick."


37. Since 1993, every hockey player who has won the Stanley Cup, the NHL's premier trophy, can take it home for a day. But there is one secret: the athletes are given a copy of the prize, and the original is kept in the Hockey Hall of Fame.


38. April 16, 1999 ended the sports career of the most famous hockey player in the history of the NHL - Wayne Gretzky. In NHL games, Gretzky has scored 894 goals and made 1,963 assists. Its result has not been surpassed so far.


39. Bobby Hull had the most powerful shot among the pros. After his impact, the puck flew at a speed of 190.4 kilometers per hour.


40. In the entire long history of the NHL, the Stanley Cup has not been played twice. In 1919, the tournament was stopped due to the flu epidemic, and in 2005 the championship was canceled due to a hockey strike.



41. In the first month of the 2017-18 season, 212 matches were played. On average, the teams scored 6.1 goals in them (excluding 18 goals in shootouts). This is significantly more than the figure for the same period of the last championship - 5.6. On average, NHL teams scored 5.45 goals per game that season.


42. The last time NHL clubs managed to cross the line of six goals per game in the 2005-06 championship was 6.05 in 1230 games. And the level of 6.1 goals per game was exceeded for the last time in the regular championship of 1995-96 - 6.29.


43. This figure may be impressive, but it is still significantly less than 25 years ago, when NHL clubs averaged 7.25 goals per game.


44. There is another indicator of the increased performance: all 24 top scorers in the league (as of Saturday) are gaining an average of points per match. Last season, only eight of the top 24 played as effectively.


45. Pittsburgh have won all four games between Crosby and McDavid: two in regulation, one in overtime and one in shootouts. Now they can meet again at best only in the playoffs. Or next season.


46. “Islanders” figured out the game in the majority: “New York Islanders” for three weeks to establish the game in the majority and, apparently, the team was able to find the cause of failure and draw the right conclusions.



47. The first took place during the third season of the NHL - Montreal beat Toronto (St. Patrick's) with a score of 14-7, but then such a score was the norm.


48. The second such a productive match had to wait for more than 60 years - until the end of 1985, when Edmonton, led by the inimitable Gretzky, staged a shootout with Chicago and won 12-9. At the same time, Wayne did not score a single (!) Washer, but he helped his partners as much as seven (!) Times, which became a record for transfers in one game.


49. Andrew Hammond, who defended the gates of Ottawa and Colorado, got his nickname "The Hamburglar" (ie "Burgervor") long before the NHL during one of the varsity games for Bowling Green State University (NCAA). First, one of his teammates, Wade Finegan, began calling Hammond "Robber" for his ability to "steal" victories for his team. Then the nickname evolved into "Burglar" ("Thief"), then simply "Burgs". The result of this chain is the nickname "The Hamburglar", which is the name of a friend of Ronald McDonald, and this friend, as you might guess, loves to steal burgers on the sly. It was he who was depicted on the mask of the Canadian when he played for Ottawa.


50.Eighteen-year-old Alec Regula was selected by Detroit in the third round of the 2018 NBA Draft pick as # 67.

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