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50 interesting facts about Ukraine that you probably didn't know

5 months ago
50-interesting-facts-about-ukraine-that-you-probably-didnt-know

A border country located at the confluence of the EU and Russia, a former Soviet republic with a population of 46 million, independent since 1991, known abroad by stereotypes such as the "granary of the former USSR", the "Chernobyl catastrophe", "Gas crisis" or "orange revolution", Ukraine is trying to build an identity.


The difficulty in finding this identity stems from the fact that Ukraine has long been fragmented between the Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires, the current borders being drawn by Joseph Stalin. It is true that nationalist ideas took their place here in the nineteenth century, but it was only after the disintegration of the USSR that Ukraine became independent, except for a short period between 1917 and 1920.


You can read more interesting facts below.


Ukraine blames Russia for cyberattack against government agencies | TheHill


1. If Russia, which is not entirely in Europe, is not taken into account, Ukraine is the state with the largest area on the "Old Continent". Ukraine has an area of ​​603,628 square kilometers;


2. Ukrainians celebrate National Day on August 24;


3. Arsenal in Kyiv is the deepest subway station in the world. It is located at a depth of 105 meters and was built in 1960 for military purposes. The reason? Threatening powerful states with nuclear bombs


4. Traditional Ukrainian food includes chicken, pork, beef, eggs, fish and mushrooms. Ukrainians also tend to eat a lot of fresh, pickled potatoes, cereals and vegetables. 



5. The most famous Ukrainian dish is borscht. While many Russians claim to be from their homeland, many Ukrainians are passionate about believing that they are the founders of this dish.


6. Ukraine was at the center of one of the greatest catastrophes of the 20th century. The Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded in April 1986. The blast was considered the worst accident in the history of nuclear power.


7. Unlike many civilized states in Ukraine, wedding rings are worn on the ring finger of the right hand.


8. The "Love Tunnel" also exists in Ukraine. Near the town of Klevan in Ukraine there is a railway line that is covered with vaults formed by the branches of the nearby trees. It has become a favorite destination for thousands of lovers.


9. The geographical center of Europe is located in Ukraine. In 1886, the geographers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, using the technology of the time, established the geographical center of Europe in the village of Dilove.



10. The city of Druzhkivka in the Donetsk region is one of the few places in the world where fossilized trees are kept. The trees are almost 250 million years old and create an entire fossilized forest that covers an area of ​​1 hectare.


11. The first gas lamp in history was invented in the Ukrainian city of Lviv.


12. The Ukrainians, namely the Antonov Design Bureau, have developed an aircraft with the highest payload capacity in the world - the An-225 Mechta. At first it was designed to transport spacecraft. Now "Dream" carries out commercial cargo transportation.


13. The author of one of the first constitutions in the world is Ukrainian political and public figure Pylyp Orlyk. On April 5, 1710, he was elected hetman of the Zaporizhian army. On the same day, Pylyp Orlyk announced the "Constitution of the rights and freedoms of the Zaporizhian army." In the United States, the Constitution was adopted in 1787, in France and the Commonwealth - only in 1791. An interesting fact is that Pylyp Orlik was born on the territory of Belarus - in the village of Kosuta, Oshmyany Povet.



14. In recent years, Ukraine has confidently retained its place in the top three world leaders in honey production. Being several times ahead of European countries in terms of honey production, Ukraine is at the same time the first state in the world in honey production per capita (1.5 kg).


15. Ukraine has the world's largest reserves of manganese ore - 2.3 billion tons, or about 11% of the world's total reserves.


16. Only six monasteries in the world have the status of Lavra. Three of them are in Ukraine. These are the Holy Assumption Kiev-Pechersk Lavra in Kyiv, which received this status back in 1598, the Holy Assumption Lavra in the city of Pochaev and the Svyatogorsk Holy Assumption Lavra in the Donetsk region.


17. Ostroh Academy is the first higher educational institution in Eastern Europe, the oldest Ukrainian scientific and educational institution. In 1576, Prince Konstantin-Vasily of Ostrog founded the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy in Ostrog.


18. The first kerosene lamp was invented in Lvov by Ignaty Lukasiewicz and Jan Zekh in 1853, under the Golden Star pharmacy workers.In the same year, the first surgical operation was performed in the Lviv hospital under the illumination of a kerosene lamp. Subsequently, the kerosene lamp was presented at the international exhibition in Munich, the invention was awarded a special diploma there.



19. Monuments to the famous Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko have been erected in 1200 cities around the world.


20. The Ukrainian wind instrument trembita is the longest wind musical instrument in the world.


21. The shortest main street of all the capitals of the world, but at the same time one of the widest and most beautiful - Khreshchatyk in Kyiv. Its length is only 1225 m.


22. The oldest map known to scientists, as well as the oldest settlement of Homo Sapiens, were found in Ukraine: in the village. Mesopotamia of the Rivne region. They are about 14.5-15 thousand years old. The map is engraved on a mammoth bone.


23. The longest cave in Ukraine is called "Optimistic" and is located in Podolia. This is a gypsum cave at a depth of 20 m with a length of 216 km. The longest gypsum cave in the world and the second longest in general, it is second only to Mammoth Cave in the United States.



24. The geographical center of Europe (well, yes, we also have it :)). In Ukraine, near the town of Rakhiv, surrounded by the picturesque Carpathians, is the geographical center of Europe.


25. The oldest tree in Ukraine is considered to be a 1300-year-old oak in the Yuzefin tract, Rivne region.


26. The third most visited McDonald's in the world is located in Kyiv near the railway station. This establishment consistently ranks among the top five busiest McDonald's in the world.


27. One of the largest historical transport routes ran through the territory of Ukraine (as well as through the territory of Belarus) - “the path from the Varangians to the Greeks” - a system of river routes and portages between them 3 thousand km long, connecting the northern lands of Ancient Russia with the southern Russian lands and the Baltic sea ​​with Black. Throughout ancient history, Ukraine has acted as a bridge between the worlds of Eastern Europe and the Ancient East, Antique, Byzantine and Latin Europe.


28. Ukraine ranks fourth in the world in terms of the number of citizens with higher education. The population of Ukraine is among the most educated, and the number of people with higher education per capita is higher than the average European level.


 

29. Ukraine, on its own initiative, abandoned the world's third largest arsenal of nuclear weapons. At the time of declaration of independence, more than a thousand nuclear warheads and missiles were located on the territory of Ukraine, the third largest nuclear potential after Russia and America. The warheads and missiles were handed over to Russia, the bunkers were destroyed. In response, Ukraine received money for disarmament, as well as security guarantees from nuclear powers (as we can see, these guarantees are not respected today).


30. The international Ukrainian anthem consists of only six lines (four in verse and two in the chorus). The remaining lines of the anthem are considered politically incorrect. (for example, "Stand, brother, in a crooked way from Xiang to Don" implies Ukraine's claims to the territory of Russia and Poland). The anthem was born in 1863, and adopted as a state anthem in 2003.


31.At the language beauty contest in Paris in 1934, the Ukrainian language took third place after French and Persian in terms of phonetics, vocabulary, phraseology, and sentence structure. And in terms of melodiousness, the Ukrainian language took second place after Italian.


32. Until the almost complete destruction in 1240 by the Mongol-Tatars, Kyiv was one of the largest cities in Europe, fifty times larger than London, ten times larger than Paris. It reached its peak under Yaroslav the Wise (1010 - 1054), who became related to the royal families of France, Norway, Romania and Poland. The population of today's capital of Ukraine was about 50,000 inhabitants. It took about 600 years to reach such demographic indicators again. Quite possibly, if it were not for the destruction of that time, Kyiv could have been the most developed largest city in Europe for many years.



33. Pablo Picasso was delighted with the works of the Ukrainian artist Kateryna Bilokur (1900-1961). When in 1954 he saw her works at an exhibition, he said that they were brilliant and compared Catherine with the world-famous artist Serafin Louis.


35. One of the most famous Christmas songs in the world is Shchedryk, a folk song recorded by Ukrainian composer Mykola Leontovych. The world knows her as Carol of the Bells or Ring Christmas Bells. On Youtube, various performances of "Shchedryk" are gaining millions of views.


36. During the Anglo-Boer War (South Africa) in 1899 - 1902. the commander of one of the detachments of the Boers, Ukrainian Yuriy Budyak, saved a young English journalist from execution. Subsequently, the latter helped Budyak enter Oxford University. In 1917, Yuriy worked in the government of the Ukrainian People's Republic. In 1943 Yuri Budyak died in a Soviet concentration camp. The English journalist's name was Winston Churchill…



37. At the time of independence, there were 19.4 million pigs in Ukraine. Today, there are half as many of them - 8.3 million. Despite the reputation of a salo-eater, the average Ukrainian eats only 18 kg of pork per year. This is three times less than an ordinary German.


38. In Ukraine, near Nikopol, on a spit near the river. Lapinki, on one of the branches of the Dnieper, you can see, or rather hear a phenomenon that is rare in the world - singing sands. The "singing" of these, perhaps, the strangest sands appears after rain, when the top layer sticks together and forms a fragile crust. Walking along it, you can hear sounds similar to the whistling of air released from a car chamber.


39. In the town of Berdychiv (Zhytomyr region) in the church of St. Barbara on March 14, 1850, the local beauty Evelina Ganskaya was married to Honore de Balzac. Frederic Chopin lived in the same town for a long time, who, in addition to writing music, also supervised the restoration of the local organ.


40. It would be possible to collect a dictionary of Ukrainian surnames, distorted in the course of Russification by Russian officials. So, the Ukrainian clan Chekhov in the 19th century became Chekhov for some reason. Chekhov's grandfather was still a Czech. Anton Pavlovich himself wrote that his grandfather was a Ukrainian. Quite funny, the Deineks turned into Denikins. Cossacks Rozuma became Razumovsky, Chaikas become Tchaikovsky. The grandfather of Pyotr Tchaikovsky, the great composer - Pyotr Chaika - graduated from the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, and as a physician, the Russian government sent him as a head physician to Vyatka. 



41. Probably, the Ukrainian atmosphere in the Tchaikovsky family was preserved much better than that of the Chekhovs, because from the age of 24, the future composer lived in Ukraine almost every year for several months, where he wrote more than 30 works, including the opera Blacksmith Vakula (Cherevichki ”), “Mazepa”, song-romance “Cherry Garden of Haiti”, duet “On the Novgorod near the Ford” to the words of T. Shevchenko. In the cruel times of the empire's offensive against the Ukrainian language, he sought the production of "Taras Bulba" by N. Lysenko (the famous Ukrainian composer), used many Ukrainian folk songs in his works.


42. The great writer Fyodor Dostoevsky was Ukrainian by origin, because the Dostoevsky family came from the village of Dostoev near Pinsk (Ukrainian-Belarusian border), so Belarusians can also consider him their fellow countryman. One of the Dostoevskys becomes a hieromonk of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra and in 1647 takes part in the election of the next metropolitan. It is interesting that among the Dostoevskys who lived in Podolia, most of all were representatives of the clergy. Andrei Dostoevsky was a priest of the Ukrainian Uniate Church. 


43. He was the grandfather of the writer F. Dostoevsky. Andrei's son quarreled with his father and brother and went to Moscow. His name was Mikhail, and as a memory of his family and Ukraine, he took with him, preserved and passed on to his sons his own Ukrainian poems. The daughter of Fyodor Mikhailovich recalls: "... poetic abilities were already in the Ukrainian family of my father, and were not given only through my Muscovite mother, as Dostoevsky's literary friends suggest." It is a pity that F. Dostoevsky did not join the defense of Ukraine.



44. This, in principle, cannot be said about V. Mayakovsky. The poet sharply criticized the “Muscovites”: “Comrade Muscovite, don’t joke about Ukraine.” He also reminded that Russians from the history of Ukraine know only Shevchenko, Taras Bulba, borscht and lard (“Russians have a shallow thickness of knowledge”). 


45. By the way, he wrote about himself: "I am a Cossack from my grandfather, on the other - a Sich." Researchers point out that the Ukrainian clans of Mayakovsky went, probably, from those Cossacks who stood guard over the barrows, at the lighthouses that were set on fire during the Tatar attacks.


46. Unfortunately, the Ukrainians of Ripa turned into Repins. Although Ilya Repin, who was born in the Kharkiv region, still retained his sense of belonging to the Ukrainians and painted himself as a Cossack leaning on a cannon. “It's time to think about the Ukrainian style in art,” the artist noted. But he not only spoke, but also created many works on Ukrainian themes, for example, “The Cossacks write a letter to the Turkish Sultan” - he wrote two versions of this picture.


47. In 1931, there were more Ukrainians in the USSR than Russians. In six years, 55 million disappeared ... This figure is indicated in the book "At the Great Construction Site", published in 1931 in Leningrad. The same data are presented in the first Soviet encyclopedia of 1926. Neither this encyclopedia nor the book is available in any library in Ukraine. We managed to find "At the Great Construction Site" in Moscow. 



48. The figures of 81 million are clearly visible in these copies. It should be noted that the population of Ukrainian Galicia, which was part of Poland, was not taken into account here. Already the next census of 1937 indicates that only 26 million Ukrainians remained in the USSR. Where did all the rest go? Knowing such figures, the repressions of the 1930s seem even more terrible.


49. Freedom Square in Kharkov is the largest square in Europe.


50. The longest embankment in Europe is located in Dnepropetrovsk. Its length is 30 km.




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the-most-emotional-10-videos-from-the-ukraine-war-that-are-too-emotional-to-ignore

Ukraine's eighth day of war has been difficult but optimistic, said President Zelensky's adviser Aleksey Arestovich last night. Near Nikolaev, the invaders were bombed from Grads facilities. In Kherson, the Ukrainian Armed Forces destroyed about 1,000 assailants, 20 helicopters, 200 cars. In Gostomel, two street fights took place, Ukrainian defenders destroyed a concentration of troops.

 

Bemorepanda collected 10 videos that are showing the reality behind the situation in Ukraine.

 

Russian troops arrived in the center of the Ukrainian port of Kherson on Thursday, the first major accomplishment of the invasion launched last Thursday, and in the capital Kyiv and other big cities, the occupation forces continued the destructive bombing, without significant troop movements, probably due to logistical problems. . A Ukrainian delegation has left for a second round of talks with Russian ceasefire officials. A fire broke out on Friday morning at the Zaporizhia nuclear power plant, the largest of its kind in Europe, after a bombardment by Russian troops, causing concern around the world.

 


 

 

 

The United Nations says one million people have fled their homes in Ukraine to Poland and other neighboring countries.

 

The United Nations has overwhelmingly voted in favor of a resolution condemning Russia's invasion of Ukraine and calling for the immediate withdrawal of its forces, in a global expression of outrage that has highlighted Russia's growing isolation.

 

At an emergency session of the UN General Assembly, 141 of the 193 member states voted in favor of the resolution, 35 abstained and five voted against.

 


 

 

 

The only countries that voted in favor of Moscow were Belarus, North Korea, Eritrea and Syria.

 

Russia's longtime allies, Cuba and Venezuela have joined China in refraining.

 

It is the first time in the last 40 years that the Security Council has sent the General Assembly to discuss a crisis and the 11th emergency session since 1950 and so far, writes The Guardian.

 

The General Assembly was convened after the Security Council, due to the lack of unanimity of the permanent members, failed to exercise its main function of acting appropriately for the maintenance of international peace and security.

 


 

 

 

"It will not stop the Russian forces in their tracks, but it is a big diplomatic victory for the Ukrainians and the United States and for all those who supported them," said Richard Gowan, UN director at the International Crisis Group.

 

The Russians have captured the southern Ukrainian city of Kherson, while the International Court of Justice has opened an investigation into the allegations of genocide and will hold public hearings starting next week. Kyiv resists the siege of Russian troops, and the city of Mariupol is surrounded. One million Ukrainians have left the country since the beginning of the invasion, and Russia has changed its military strategy and is pursuing the slow annihilation of the Ukrainian army.

 

 About 150 public radio stations in Europe will broadcast the song "Give Peace a Chance" on Friday at 07:45 GMT, the European Radio and Television Union (EBU) announced.

 


 

 

The famous song, composed by John Lennon, will be heard in more than 25 countries, including Ukraine, and private radio stations can join the initiative, according to EBU.

 

Ukrainian authorities say Russian bombings in the city of Toretsk (Donetsk region) have hit a gas pipeline, leaving more than 15,000 people without heat. 400 homes, 8 schools, 9 kindergartens and 10 hospitals are affected, according to the Emergency Service

 


 

 

women, a lot of children, people who want to escape the horror of war. In the city, since 4 in the morning, anti-aircraft sirens sounded, a sound that is heard more and more often in the city. Many people have nowhere to flee and are trying to find a safe place.

 

Inside the Odessa train station, the images are even more dramatic, with thousands of children fleeing the horrors of war. I don't know when they will return and if they will have a place to return.

 


 

 

 

Many Ukrainians who are at the station on Friday at noon say they want to go to Poland and look for accommodation there.

 

To find their loved ones alive is the greatest wish of the Ukrainians who are now fleeing, hoping that they will escape the war. It is extremely difficult for them, because they leave behind their house, their fortune, their grandparents and they pray to survive until they manage to buy a ticket back, with which to return home, to their relatives, to their homes.

 


 

 

Images from the Odessa train station are painful and difficult to describe in words. It is an atmosphere of deep pain and emotion. People say that they do not know what is happening to them and why they have to witness this conflict that they do not understand and they wonder when this nightmare that they are living will end.

 

There are a lot of simple people in Odessa who say they can't go to other cities because they don't have enough money to get safely elsewhere.

 


 

 

They end up playing a lottery, where the price is their own life and they pray to God to survive.

 

In Odessa there are also tourists, but also foreign students who came to study at the Maritime University, a prestigious university, and who want to save their lives, it is very difficult for them to keep in touch with relatives, parents, because the phone signal is very weak and frequently falls in the area.

 


 

There are a lot of armed soldiers on the streets, ready to open fire if they don't understand clearly who you are and why you are in the area. There are soldiers who want to protect their families. There are a lot of volunteers in the army, defense groups of the city, made up of simple people, who went out on the street at night with hunting weapons and who say they are not ready to give up, do not want to give up and will defend their country and each centimeter of territory.

 


 

 

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20-photos-from-the-past-proving-that-history-can-still-surprise-with-interesting-moments

The past has the same meaning as the future, and not only for an individual person, but for all of humanity. How can we build our lives without looking back at the past? This is not possible for us. Therefore, in order to stir up memories and tell you something new, we have collected the most interesting historical photos that will prove that there was a lot of fascinating things in the past.

 

Yuri and Tatiana Nikulin, USSR, 1983

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Fashion guy with a Wispa motorcycle, 1990s

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First color photograph, 1861

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Opening ceremony of the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow

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Johnny Depp, 1969

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Moscow, USSR, 1990

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Marilyn Monroe, 1962

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Marlene Dietrich detained at a train station in Paris for wearing men's trousers, 1933

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The law prohibiting women from wearing trousers was in force in France until 2013 (of course, no one followed it in recent decades)

 

Samuel L. Jackson, John Travolta, Harvey Keitel and Quentin Tarantino on the set of Pulp Fiction, 1994

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Construction of the London Underground, 1898

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A tomb carved from a single giant stone nearly 2,000 years ago in Arabia

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Single urinal. Paris, 1875

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First IKEA store, Sweden, 1958

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Tilda Swinton, 1988

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Pistol duel used to be an Olympic sport, 1909

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Jenny Joseph, 28, poses for the Columbia Pictures logo, 1992

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Winona Ryder, 1990

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A startled observer at the annual Sydney gay pride parade Mardi Gras, 1994

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The last queen of Mongolia, Navaanluvsangiin Genenpil, who was shot in 1938 during the Stalinist repression by the decision of the Communist Party

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Vladimir Putin during the celebration of the Tatar national holiday "Sabantuy" in Kazan, June 24, 2000

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20-abandoned-places-that-enchant-with-their-detachment-and-unique-atmosphere

Many people have a passion for how they like to walk in abandoned places that have long been abandoned by man and taken into their "hands" by nature. These places keep a special atmosphere that attracts and repels at the same time, and now you will see for yourself.

 

It looks like an eerie abandoned church and a scary gingerbread house at the same time. 

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"I was in Vietnam and stumbled upon a long-forgotten burial carriage in an overgrown barn."

04-14-26-16190043671352725207

 

Traces of an alien civilization, which are actually abandoned anti-aircraft installations during the Second World War

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Largest abandoned teddy bear store found in Pennsylvania

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Abandoned Russian Church

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Abandoned residential complex in Turkey

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Abandoned apartment covered with snow and ice, Vorkuta, Russia

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Bus stop in Kazakhstan

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Abandoned Gothic Church in Portugal

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Tower of Saint John the Baptist, Italy

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Water tower in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

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Abandoned house in Watsonville, California

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Cemetery of Soviet military aircraft

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The last house on Holland Island

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It was once someone's home

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Abandoned British Colonial Island, India. The buildings here now have trees

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An entire abandoned island in Japan

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Somewhere in Scotland

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Abandoned amusement park in Nara prefecture, Japan

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40 years later in the same place. Someone's childhood is left here. Pripyat, Ukraine

04-14-45-1619005542920929727

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20-awkward-photos-with-stars-that-people-shared-and-made-everyone-laugh

Only a few of us can have the opportunity to communicate with a star. Many regularly attend concerts of their favorite performers, someone even got an autograph from a celebrity, but not everyone can boast that, for example, Bill Murray nursed you as a child. These "pearls" were shared by people from our article, boasting on the Internet of their meeting with a star.

 

“Bill Murray looked after me and my brother. Here is a photo of us in the late 1980s "

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"My uncle tripped and fell in front of the Queen of England in 1987"

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“My father and Elvis. He always told us that they hung out together, but before this photo we didn't believe him. "

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"When I took a selfie, I told Samuel L. Jackson to show what he really thinks about these things."

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“Today at work my mom was told to drive this 'bum' off the golf course. It turned out to be Bill Murray "

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"My son looks more like Harry Potter than Harry Potter himself."

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"My dad played against Michael Jordan in high school."

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“My wife met Chris Pratt. Anna Faris did not approve of this "

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"My wife's face on our wedding day compared to when she met Rob Lowe."

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"My husband, when he was a little boy, with Alice Cooper in 1989"

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"I got a little nervous when I met Morgan Freeman."

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“Today my mom didn't answer my call. I sent her a message asking why she was so busy and she sent me this photo. "

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"Chuck Norris admires my friend's father's cock in the 80s."

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Hugh Jackman and Ryan Reynolds are known to troll each other in a friendly way, and a Jackman fan decided to take advantage of this.

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The girl put on a dress with the image of Reynolds in a wreath to meet the idol and he burst out laughing when he saw this. But for the sake of the photo, he showed anger on his face.

 

“I met Jim Carrey and he was really amazing! I never thought he would make faces with me, but he did a great job! "

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"A friend of mine met Beyoncé in New Orleans and she said," Whatever face you make, I'll repeat it. "

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“My brother and I met our favorite superhero (Hulk) when we were 4 years old. As you can see, we were a little disappointed because Lou Ferrigno was not green. "

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“A buddy of mine met this weird dude in a dinosaur shirt and zebra print pants. Come on, just kidding, I know it's Jeff Goldblum. "

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"My dad with Muhammad Ali, 1970s"

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“I met David Hasselhoff at our local radio station in the early 80's. However, in this photo I don't look too impressed. "

07-16-32-16255783481413427580



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fourth-of-july-2021-facts-and-history-to-celebrate-the-independence-day

Independence Day is the day of the signing of the US Declaration of Independence in 1776, which proclaimed the independence of the United States from the Kingdom of Great Britain. This holiday, which Americans simply call “Fourth of July,” is a federal holiday that marks the adoption of the July 4 Declaration by the Continental Congress. He stated that thirteen American colonies consider themselves a new nation, the United States of America and are no longer part of the British Empire. Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts for you, and of course the history of the event.

 

American Independence Day is the national day of the United States.

History of the Fourth of July - Brief History & Early Celebrations - HISTORY

Independence Day in the USA History of the holiday. During the American Revolution, the legal secession of the Thirteen Colonies from Britain in 1776 actually occurred on July 2, when the Second Continental Congress voted to approve an Independence Resolution that had been proposed for consideration in June by Richard Henry Lee from Virginia. At that time, the inhabitants of 13 British colonies, which were located along the east coast of today's United States, were at war with the English king and parliament due to the fact that the British Parliament passed the "Currency Act" in 1764. This law prohibited the administration of the American colonies from issuing their own, unsecured and uncontrollably printed money and obliged them to continue to pay all taxes in gold and silver coins. In other words, the law forced the colonies to the gold standard. In 1775 the war broke out.

 

The Committee of Five, led by Thomas Jefferson, prepared the Declaration of Independence. Congress discussed and revised the wording of the Declaration, finally approving it two days later on 4 July. For the first time in an official document, the colonies were called United.

 

From the outset, Americans celebrated the national holiday on July 4, the date specified in a widely publicized Declaration, rather than July 2, when the resolution was approved in closed session of Congress.

 

Historians have long debated whether members of Congress signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4, although Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin all later wrote that they signed it that day. Most historians have come to the conclusion that the Declaration was signed almost a month after its adoption on August 2, 1776, and not July 4, as is commonly believed.

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History of the holiday Independence Day This day is usually associated with fireworks, parades, barbecues, carnivals, fairs, picnics, concerts. The holiday is also famous for baseball games, family gatherings, political speeches and ceremonies, as well as various other social events dedicated to the history, government and traditions of the United States.

 

As with other summer events, the celebration often takes place outdoors. July 4th is a federal holiday, so some federal offices (such as the Postal Service and federal courts) close on this day.

 

Families often celebrate it by hosting friends or attending picnics or barbecues. Many take advantage of the weekend to get together with family or friends. Decorations (such as streamers, balloons, and clothing) are usually painted in the red, white, and blue of the American flag. Parades are often held in the morning, before family gatherings, while fireworks are held in the evening after dark in parks and city squares.

 

America's Independence Day Fireworks are often accompanied by patriotic songs such as the national anthem "The Star-Spangled Banner," "God Save America," "America the Beautiful," "My Country," "This Land Is Your Land," "The Stars and stripes forever. " The Yankee Doodle is popular in the northeastern states and Dixie in the southern states.

Will there still be 4th of July fireworks across the mid-state amid the  COVID-19 pandemic? | WHP

In some states, fireworks are prohibited or limited in size and type for safety reasons. In addition, local weather conditions can dictate whether the sale or use of fireworks is permitted.

 

A one-gun salute for each state in the United States, called the "union salute," fires on Independence Day at noon at any military base.

 

In 2009, New York City had the largest fireworks display in the country, with over 22 tons of pyrotechnics exploding. Other major fireworks display takes place in Chicago on Lake Michigan, Boston on the Charles River, St. Louis on the Mississippi River, San Francisco over San Francisco Bay, and on the National Mall in Washington, DC.

 

Interesting coincidences on July 4th in America. Coincidentally, both John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, both of the signers and later presidents of the United States, died on the same day: July 4, 1826, when they celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Declaration.

 

Yes! This is your day, America! On July 4, 1776, the United States became an independent state. It's time for Americans to get out and clean old barbecues, stock up on fireworks, hot dogs and beer. We invite everyone else to have fun by reading 10 facts about American Independence Day.

 

1. So, on this day

In 1776, the American colonies were declared free and independent from Britain and its king.

 

2. During the first 20 years, Independence Day was not celebrated on July 4

Постеры на тему Дня независимости стали модным трендом

The date was officially declared a holiday only in 1870, almost a hundred years after the Declaration was written and signed. For example, the second president of the United States, John Adams, believed that Independence Day should be celebrated on July 2. He believed that this very date, when Congress voted for the Declaration, should be celebrated as a holiday. In a letter to his wife, Adams wrote that "July 2 should be celebrated with pomp and parade, sports, bonfires, bells and festivals." In the early years after the signing of the Declaration, there was controversy over whether the country should celebrate at all. While Democrats and Republicans were delighted with the Declaration, the Federalists considered the celebration of independence "unpatriotic, anti-British and too French."

 

3. There are more of them

Карта США

In 1776, when thirteen states declared independence from the British Empire, the nation consisted of 2.5 million citizens. These two million citizens celebrated the first on July 4th. Today, the country has over 320 million citizens and the population continues to grow.

 

4. Three American presidents died on July 4:

Томас Джефферсон - Джон Адамс - Джеймс Монро

Thomas Jefferson - July 4, 1826

John Adams - July 4, 1826

James Monroe - July 4, 1831

 

It is noteworthy that two of them, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, who signed the Declaration of Independence, died on the same day.

 

Another president, Zackery Taylor, passed away on July 9, 1850, after the Fourth of July celebration, from food poisoning.

 

5. Born on July 4

Памятная монета с изображением Президента Калвина Кулиджа

President Calvin Coolidge was born on July 4, 1872, which provided another reason to write his name in the history books.

 

6. Another country celebrates Independence Day on July 4 - the Philippines.

Празднование Дня независимости Филиппин

 

7. Instead of an eagle, a turkey could become a symbol of America

Представьте: индейка символ независимости США...

Benjamin Franklin wanted the turkey to become America's national symbol. He believed that the bald eagle was a bird with poor moral characteristics, the turkey, in his opinion, was the more respectable option. Fortunately, his point of view was not supported.

 

8. Fireworks

Фейерверки на День независимости

Every year, Americans launch about 200 million kg of fireworks! And most of them are imported from China - for $ 247.1 million. From there, American flags are brought in for $ 5-6 million annually.

 

9. Hot dog!

Хот-доги в чикагском стиле - это вкусно

Most Americans spend July 4 outdoors, picnicking with family and friends. The favorite dish is obviously the hot dog. America eats about 150 million hot dogs on this day.

 

10. The most drunk holiday

Выпьем?

The fourth of July is unofficially known as the drunkest holiday in the United States. The tradition began in 1778, on the second day of the Independence Day celebrations. Then US President George Washington ordered a double shot of rum to be given to the military to mark the anniversary of the signing of the Declaration. Since then, sales of beer and other alcoholic beverages have grown tenfold during this period. In recent years, Americans have been drinking $ 1 billion worth of beer alone in honor of Independence Day. And that's not counting other alcoholic drinks.



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