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The most emotional 10 videos from the Ukraine war that are too emotional to ignore

1 year ago

Ukraine's eighth day of war has been difficult but optimistic, said President Zelensky's adviser Aleksey Arestovich last night. Near Nikolaev, the invaders were bombed from Grads facilities. In Kherson, the Ukrainian Armed Forces destroyed about 1,000 assailants, 20 helicopters, 200 cars. In Gostomel, two street fights took place, Ukrainian defenders destroyed a concentration of troops.


Bemorepanda collected 10 videos that are showing the reality behind the situation in Ukraine.


Russian troops arrived in the center of the Ukrainian port of Kherson on Thursday, the first major accomplishment of the invasion launched last Thursday, and in the capital Kyiv and other big cities, the occupation forces continued the destructive bombing, without significant troop movements, probably due to logistical problems. . A Ukrainian delegation has left for a second round of talks with Russian ceasefire officials. A fire broke out on Friday morning at the Zaporizhia nuclear power plant, the largest of its kind in Europe, after a bombardment by Russian troops, causing concern around the world.





The United Nations says one million people have fled their homes in Ukraine to Poland and other neighboring countries.


The United Nations has overwhelmingly voted in favor of a resolution condemning Russia's invasion of Ukraine and calling for the immediate withdrawal of its forces, in a global expression of outrage that has highlighted Russia's growing isolation.


At an emergency session of the UN General Assembly, 141 of the 193 member states voted in favor of the resolution, 35 abstained and five voted against.





The only countries that voted in favor of Moscow were Belarus, North Korea, Eritrea and Syria.


Russia's longtime allies, Cuba and Venezuela have joined China in refraining.


It is the first time in the last 40 years that the Security Council has sent the General Assembly to discuss a crisis and the 11th emergency session since 1950 and so far, writes The Guardian.


The General Assembly was convened after the Security Council, due to the lack of unanimity of the permanent members, failed to exercise its main function of acting appropriately for the maintenance of international peace and security.





"It will not stop the Russian forces in their tracks, but it is a big diplomatic victory for the Ukrainians and the United States and for all those who supported them," said Richard Gowan, UN director at the International Crisis Group.


The Russians have captured the southern Ukrainian city of Kherson, while the International Court of Justice has opened an investigation into the allegations of genocide and will hold public hearings starting next week. Kyiv resists the siege of Russian troops, and the city of Mariupol is surrounded. One million Ukrainians have left the country since the beginning of the invasion, and Russia has changed its military strategy and is pursuing the slow annihilation of the Ukrainian army.


 About 150 public radio stations in Europe will broadcast the song "Give Peace a Chance" on Friday at 07:45 GMT, the European Radio and Television Union (EBU) announced.




The famous song, composed by John Lennon, will be heard in more than 25 countries, including Ukraine, and private radio stations can join the initiative, according to EBU.


Ukrainian authorities say Russian bombings in the city of Toretsk (Donetsk region) have hit a gas pipeline, leaving more than 15,000 people without heat. 400 homes, 8 schools, 9 kindergartens and 10 hospitals are affected, according to the Emergency Service




women, a lot of children, people who want to escape the horror of war. In the city, since 4 in the morning, anti-aircraft sirens sounded, a sound that is heard more and more often in the city. Many people have nowhere to flee and are trying to find a safe place.


Inside the Odessa train station, the images are even more dramatic, with thousands of children fleeing the horrors of war. I don't know when they will return and if they will have a place to return.





Many Ukrainians who are at the station on Friday at noon say they want to go to Poland and look for accommodation there.


To find their loved ones alive is the greatest wish of the Ukrainians who are now fleeing, hoping that they will escape the war. It is extremely difficult for them, because they leave behind their house, their fortune, their grandparents and they pray to survive until they manage to buy a ticket back, with which to return home, to their relatives, to their homes.




Images from the Odessa train station are painful and difficult to describe in words. It is an atmosphere of deep pain and emotion. People say that they do not know what is happening to them and why they have to witness this conflict that they do not understand and they wonder when this nightmare that they are living will end.


There are a lot of simple people in Odessa who say they can't go to other cities because they don't have enough money to get safely elsewhere.




They end up playing a lottery, where the price is their own life and they pray to God to survive.


In Odessa there are also tourists, but also foreign students who came to study at the Maritime University, a prestigious university, and who want to save their lives, it is very difficult for them to keep in touch with relatives, parents, because the phone signal is very weak and frequently falls in the area.



There are a lot of armed soldiers on the streets, ready to open fire if they don't understand clearly who you are and why you are in the area. There are soldiers who want to protect their families. There are a lot of volunteers in the army, defense groups of the city, made up of simple people, who went out on the street at night with hunting weapons and who say they are not ready to give up, do not want to give up and will defend their country and each centimeter of territory.




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Ukrainians are shocked and horrified by what is happening to them. Sirens are heard in Kiev, and people are fleeing the city. Images appeared with huge columns of cars blocking the highway at the exit from Kiev. Meanwhile, others have taken refuge in subway stations or are kneeling on the streets.

Several people from Kiev rushed to the underground subway stations to take shelter. Others boarded buses to leave the city.

On social media, people send messages saying that they are panicking and that they are trying to get to anti-aircraft shelters and basements as soon as possible. Reporters filmed groups of people praying on the street, kneeling.

In addition to panic, Ukrainians are creating videos with the slogan "My Home. My Ukraine." These videos are profound and painful. People want peace and a future for their children. Ukraine is truly a beautiful country, with many places where nature fills your soul, and the picturesque views are breathtaking. A country full of traditions, color and greenery. Ukraine is the home of its nation, and at this time, many will lose their homes as a result of the bombings, people are forced to leave their homes, to flee their country.

My home. My Ukraine

The first bombings took place just after 5 o'clock in the morning.

Residents of Kiev were told to stay in their homes and prepare a bag with the essentials in case they should leave urgently.

In the city, red arrows have been drawn on several walls indicating the locations of the nearest anti-aircraft shelters. These insignia have existed since 2014, and now they have been marked once again with intense color, so that they can be easily observed.

At 6:18 a.m., two hours before the start of the school day, the parents of the children attending the Ivan Franko school in central Kiev received a message to keep the children at home and that the classes would be held online.

Residents of Ukraine's capital, Kiev, woke up to explosions and sirens on Thursday morning, and the city panicked: many tried to seek shelter, while others fled the town. Even after weeks of warnings from Ukrainian and Western leaders that a Russian attack was imminent, some Kiev residents were caught unprepared.

Many people rushed to anti-aircraft shelters or subway stations to take shelter. Others sat in long queues at banks, supermarkets, or gas stations. Some fled west by car.

"I didn't expect that. I didn't think anything would happen until this morning," said Nikita, a 34-year-old marketer as she waited in a long line at a bottle stack. of water in the shopping cart. "I am a healthy adult. I packed my bags, bought food and stayed home with my family," he said.

Other residents were determined to move to western Ukraine, which they considered relatively safe. During the morning, traffic was blocked on the four lanes of the main road to the western city of Lviv. The cars were parked side by side for tens of kilometers, according to witnesses quoted by Reuters.

Among those who tried to leave is 31-year-old Alex Svitelskyi, who says he wants to take his parents out of town. He is also worried about his sister: "I want her away from here."

The effects of the attacks were immediately apparent in Ukraine. In addition to the affected buildings in various cities, in the capital Kiev people did their best to leave. Queues formed at ATMs, supermarkets and gas stations, while thousands of cars crowded out of town. An extremely affected area was also near Kharkov, in the city of Chiuhiv, where a blockade was devastated by a Russian rocket.

"Fighting is taking place in almost the entire territory of Ukraine. So far, 203 Russian military attacks have been reported," the Ukrainian National Police said.

Armored columns are now heading for Kiev after fighting took place at the Hostomel air base on the northern outskirts of the Ukrainian capital.

Ukrainian citizens have begun withdrawing money from ATMs and stockpiling supplies. According to their testimonies, the internet networks have already started to be affected.

People explained that the authorities asked the people not to leave the houses and, if necessary, to take shelter in the basements. "There was a real panic and people started to leave Kiev. They bought products, withdrew money from ATMs. City officials are trying to stop the panic by asking people to stay indoors and, if necessary, go down to basements or bomb shelters. The sirens sounded in the streets several times. There are constant explosions and fires. "

In Lutsk, the fire station was damaged, no one was injured. One person was injured when the airport was bombed. An "air raid" was reported in Poltava. Fire in the military depots in the village. Raduşinţi (Poltava region). At Khmelnitsky, a shell hit the runway of a military airfield. In Nijin, six people woke up under the rubble of the airfield, they are working for their release.

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Gari Kasparov, multiple world chess champion in the 1980s and 1990s, was involved in Russian political life until 2013, when he decided to leave for the United States.


The GrandMaster of Chess, who has been warning since 2015, when he launched the book “Winter is Coming. Why should Vladimir Putin and the enemies of the free world be stopped "that Ukraine is in danger, he presented on Twitter how the Russian president, who approved the siege of the neighboring country, could be stopped, which led to painful images and protests. in the whole world.


A world champion has shown how Vladimir Putin can be stopped

"Okay, after years of ignoring my warnings, I just heard 'Gari, you were right!' I will repeat what I said then. Here are my recommendations:


  • Support Ukraine militarily immediately. Through weapons, information, and technology. Putin's war machine must go bankrupt.
  • Freeze the finances of Russia and its allies. Take Russia out of every financial and international institution!
  • Withdraw all Russian ambassadors. No more talking. The new unified message is: 'Stop or you will be permanently isolated'.
  • Ban all elements of Putin's global propaganda machine. Stop helping the dictator spread lies and hatred.
  • Unmask and act against Putin's lackeys! If Schroder (a German politician) and his men continue to work for Putin, make accusations!
  • Replace Russian oil and gas. Pressure on OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries), to increase production. You can't save the planet if you don't save the people on it.
  • Recognize that there will be costs and sacrifices. I waited a long time, the price is high, but it will increase from now on. It's time to dump her and move on. "



What would be Vladimir Putin's "Achilles' heel"?


The current president of the Foundation for Human Rights also said what is the "Achilles' heel" of Vladimir Putin, namely the accounts of the "free world", "weapon" that can now be used against him.


"Putin's Achilles heel is that he and his clique keep their money in the free world, which they say they despise. That's how they came to spread corruption, but they also offered a weapon against them, if we are willing to use it, "wrote Gary Kasparov.


Garry Kasparov, born Vajnštejn (Baku, April 13, 1963), is a Russian chess player and activist of Croatian nationality, until 1991 Soviet, in 2014 he obtained Croatian citizenship. A great teacher, he was world champion from 1985 to 2000 (until 1991 for the USSR, then for Russia). After winning the title at the age of 22 years and 210 days, he is the youngest to win the global world title. Due to a long history of victories and confirmations as a world champion, he is considered one of the best chess players in history.



In April 2021, it launched the Kasparov chess server in collaboration with the French company Vivendi. The site will cover the broadcast of the Grand Chess Tour in 2021. Kasparov founded a company and a site of the same name between 1999 and 2000, raising a significant amount from investors and creditors, but the operation failed. the site closed a few years later. In 2002, Israel's first international bank sued Kasparov in Delaware, claiming unlimited rights to the Russian champion's name and image in exchange for the lost investment, but the lawsuit was rejected by US justice.


At the 1988 Thessaloniki Olympics, Kasparov managed to repeat the triumph two years earlier, winning all three golds he could aspire to (team gold, individual in the first table with 8.5 / 10 and Elo performance). In the same year he won the tournaments in Amsterdam with a score of 9/12, Belfort with 11.5 / 15 and the Soviet championship with 11.5 / 17 (equaled with the eternal rival Karpov). During the four years 1985-1988 he won the chess Oscar four times out of four, bringing his total to 6, before the interruption of the trophy that would last until 1994. The following year he won several prestigious tournaments: in Barcelona, ​​Skellefteå, Belgrade and especially for the first time at the Tilburg Chess Tournament. He also played a two-game challenge against the Deep Thought supercomputer, clearly winning both games.



In 1990, Kasparov won the Linares Tournament for the first time and prepared to defend his world title again. His eternal opponent Karpov once again showed his vigor and strength, facing the tournament of the candidates on an equal footing with the other title contenders (in 1987 he was favored as former world champion, qualifying directly in the final), winning it. The two met for the fifth time in six years; The match took place between New York and Lyon between October 8 and December 30. This time the challenge, although fought, turned out to be less interesting than the previous ones, in fact Kasparov went 4-2 in the twentieth game. Skating on the 21st and 22nd he was sure that he would keep the title (the draw favored him as champion), however Karpov was honored by winning the 23rd game closing the match with a minimum difference of 12.5-11.5.



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Much water has flowed under the bridge since the end of the Second World War. But for a long time, pain and sorrow will haunt humanity after a terrible war. Also, many archival documents of that time have not yet been declassified. As well as many facts about this great tragedy of the whole world are not known. Russia was alwasy an active fighter, that's why Bemorepanda collected top 10 facts about Russia during World War 2.

We decided to remember the Second World War and the Great Patriotic War, having collected for you ten facts that you may not know.

1. President Roosevelt used Al Capone's limousine

On the day of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, the Secret Service realized they did not have a bulletproof vehicle to safely transport President Roosevelt to Congress, where he was to deliver a speech of shame. A quick-witted presidential security agent recalled that the U.S. Treasury seized Al Capone's bulletproof limousine in 1931. It was decided to take the President to Congress in this car.

Fortunately, the criminal leader's car was still in working order, and as a result, the head of the United States was safely taken to Congress. According to some reports, when Roosevelt was informed that he would be transported in a car seized from the bandit, the US President said: "I hope Mr. Capone will not mind."

2. Nadezhda Popova (1921-2013)

Nadezhda Popova (top left) was only 19 years old when she became a pilot; she was motivated by revenge after her brother was killed by the Nazis in 1941. She conducted 852 missions (!!!) together with other girls-pilots, whom the Germans called "night witches" (the girls got this nickname for the whistling bombs they dropped on German military targets at night).

"Night witches" flew only in the dark and "did not have parachutes, guns, radios or radars, only maps and compasses. When tracer bullets hit, their planes burned like paper. Sometimes the pilots made 18 missions in one night. But most of the sorties were carried out by Popova. Almost every sortie took place under enemy fire. (After one flight, Popova counted 42 bullet holes in her plane. FORTY. TWO!)


The Night Witches were so deadly that they dropped 23,000 tons of bombs on the Nazis over four years. As a result, the German command awarded its soldiers with the Iron Cross for just one downed plane of the "night witches".

All the missions of Soviet pilots were dangerous and difficult. “When the wind was strong, he threw the plane violently. In winter, when visibility is poor, you had to lean out of the plane to better see the target. As a result, the pilots often got frostbite, our feet froze in our boots, but we continued to fly, - said Nadezhda Popova. - The main thing was not to surrender and not be captured. The task is to complete the mission by all means. Those who surrendered were shot and burned alive in their plane. Those who jumped out of the downed plane crashed because the pilots did not have parachutes. "

Popova's planes were shot down several times, but she always survived, and later she became deputy commander of the 588th regiment of night bombers. Seriously, you should read about this aviator in more detail. You will be amazed at her courage, her desire to defend her homeland from the Nazis. You can do it here and here. You can also read it here.

3. In 1942, American radio DJs were prohibited from accepting listener requests. The government feared that enemy spies would embed secret messages in such requests of listeners.

4. The SS operated a brothel called Salon Kitty, which was frequented by foreign diplomats. They collected information by eavesdropping and teaching prostitutes how to get information from clients.

5. Russia and Japan have never signed a formal peace treaty with each other to end World War II.


6. Nearly 80% of men born in the Soviet Union in 1923 did not survive the Second World War.

7. Russia is also the country with the highest number of casualties in the Great Patriotic War - an estimated 26.5 million people.

Despite the fact that 74 years have passed since the end of the Great Patriotic War, it is still not known exactly how many people actually died in our country. At the moment, official figures say about 26.6 million people, of which 8.7 million are military personnel. But, according to historians, who are based on historical scientific data, the death toll of military personnel is 13.6 million people.


8. Board games "Monopoly" helped thousands of Allied POWs to escape from German camps

Germany allowed the Red Cross to send parcels to prisoners of war, and board games were among the items that could be sent. Special monopoly boxes with a double bottom were created, in which there were items that helped the prisoners escape:

- German, French and Italian currency has been hidden under the fake bottom of the board game box

- A small compass was also hidden in the game

- Maps of the prison and its location hidden inside the playing field

9. Lyudmila Pavlichenko (1916-1974)

By the age of 25, Lyudmila Pavlichenko, born in Ukraine, was already an accomplished and professional sniper with 309 confirmed killings credited to her name. Three hundred and nine enemy soldiers were eliminated by a Soviet sniper! (In addition, most of them were German soldiers! INCLUDING GERMAN OFFICERS and 36 enemy snipers!) Some of her missions lasted several days, she had to carefully camouflage herself in various environmental conditions. Including in severe frost. Lyudmila received four wounds in battles.

It is noteworthy that at first Pavlichenko was actually not allowed to join the Red Army, but after she was rejected, she decided to prove that she could be a valuable soldier. So, in one of the units of the Red Army that defended the height, she was handed a pistol and tasked to eliminate two Romanian Nazi soldiers. She successfully completed the task. She was allowed to join the army. She later became a lieutenant. According to her, she was not afraid to kill the Nazis, since every surviving German could continue to kill Russian women, children and old people.

 In 1942, Pavlichenko came to the United States at the invitation of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt; journalists asked her a lot of questions. For example, were Soviet female soldiers allowed to wear makeup? Her response: "There are no rules against this, but who has time to think of her shiny face when the battle is going on?"

In American newspapers, yellow-press journalists began to criticize Lyudmila for not wearing makeup and wearing an olive-green uniform that does not suit a girl. To which she commented: “I wear the uniform with honor. He is wearing the Order of Lenin. He was covered in blood in battle. Obviously, for many American women, it is important whether female soldiers wear silk underwear under uniforms. What it means to wear a uniform, they have yet to learn. "

The Washington Post wrote about Lyudmila at the time: “Isn't this part of military philosophy - that a warrior is proud to wear a military uniform and that it doesn't matter how you look, the main thing is pride? Isn't this Joan of Arc in modern guise? "

10. The term "Third Reich" was first used by the German author Arthur Möller van den Bruck in his 1923 book "Das Dritte Reich" ("Third Reich")


Moeller van den Broek wrote that there were two previous Reichs:

- The First Reich was the Holy Roman Empire (962-1806)

- The Second Reich was the German Empire (1871-1918)

In his opinion, the Third Reich is also coming. As a result, Hitler took many things and terms from this book for his state. It is noteworthy that the term "Third Reich" was used as the unofficial self-designation of the German state. But by 1939 the term was recognized as "monarchist" and banned.

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A border country located at the confluence of the EU and Russia, a former Soviet republic with a population of 46 million, independent since 1991, known abroad by stereotypes such as the "granary of the former USSR", the "Chernobyl catastrophe", "Gas crisis" or "orange revolution", Ukraine is trying to build an identity.

The difficulty in finding this identity stems from the fact that Ukraine has long been fragmented between the Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires, the current borders being drawn by Joseph Stalin. It is true that nationalist ideas took their place here in the nineteenth century, but it was only after the disintegration of the USSR that Ukraine became independent, except for a short period between 1917 and 1920.

You can read more interesting facts below.

Ukraine blames Russia for cyberattack against government agencies | TheHill

1. If Russia, which is not entirely in Europe, is not taken into account, Ukraine is the state with the largest area on the "Old Continent". Ukraine has an area of ​​603,628 square kilometers;

2. Ukrainians celebrate National Day on August 24;

3. Arsenal in Kyiv is the deepest subway station in the world. It is located at a depth of 105 meters and was built in 1960 for military purposes. The reason? Threatening powerful states with nuclear bombs

4. Traditional Ukrainian food includes chicken, pork, beef, eggs, fish and mushrooms. Ukrainians also tend to eat a lot of fresh, pickled potatoes, cereals and vegetables. 

5. The most famous Ukrainian dish is borscht. While many Russians claim to be from their homeland, many Ukrainians are passionate about believing that they are the founders of this dish.

6. Ukraine was at the center of one of the greatest catastrophes of the 20th century. The Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded in April 1986. The blast was considered the worst accident in the history of nuclear power.

7. Unlike many civilized states in Ukraine, wedding rings are worn on the ring finger of the right hand.

8. The "Love Tunnel" also exists in Ukraine. Near the town of Klevan in Ukraine there is a railway line that is covered with vaults formed by the branches of the nearby trees. It has become a favorite destination for thousands of lovers.

9. The geographical center of Europe is located in Ukraine. In 1886, the geographers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, using the technology of the time, established the geographical center of Europe in the village of Dilove.

10. The city of Druzhkivka in the Donetsk region is one of the few places in the world where fossilized trees are kept. The trees are almost 250 million years old and create an entire fossilized forest that covers an area of ​​1 hectare.

11. The first gas lamp in history was invented in the Ukrainian city of Lviv.

12. The Ukrainians, namely the Antonov Design Bureau, have developed an aircraft with the highest payload capacity in the world - the An-225 Mechta. At first it was designed to transport spacecraft. Now "Dream" carries out commercial cargo transportation.

13. The author of one of the first constitutions in the world is Ukrainian political and public figure Pylyp Orlyk. On April 5, 1710, he was elected hetman of the Zaporizhian army. On the same day, Pylyp Orlyk announced the "Constitution of the rights and freedoms of the Zaporizhian army." In the United States, the Constitution was adopted in 1787, in France and the Commonwealth - only in 1791. An interesting fact is that Pylyp Orlik was born on the territory of Belarus - in the village of Kosuta, Oshmyany Povet.

14. In recent years, Ukraine has confidently retained its place in the top three world leaders in honey production. Being several times ahead of European countries in terms of honey production, Ukraine is at the same time the first state in the world in honey production per capita (1.5 kg).

15. Ukraine has the world's largest reserves of manganese ore - 2.3 billion tons, or about 11% of the world's total reserves.

16. Only six monasteries in the world have the status of Lavra. Three of them are in Ukraine. These are the Holy Assumption Kiev-Pechersk Lavra in Kyiv, which received this status back in 1598, the Holy Assumption Lavra in the city of Pochaev and the Svyatogorsk Holy Assumption Lavra in the Donetsk region.

17. Ostroh Academy is the first higher educational institution in Eastern Europe, the oldest Ukrainian scientific and educational institution. In 1576, Prince Konstantin-Vasily of Ostrog founded the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy in Ostrog.

18. The first kerosene lamp was invented in Lvov by Ignaty Lukasiewicz and Jan Zekh in 1853, under the Golden Star pharmacy workers.In the same year, the first surgical operation was performed in the Lviv hospital under the illumination of a kerosene lamp. Subsequently, the kerosene lamp was presented at the international exhibition in Munich, the invention was awarded a special diploma there.

19. Monuments to the famous Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko have been erected in 1200 cities around the world.

20. The Ukrainian wind instrument trembita is the longest wind musical instrument in the world.

21. The shortest main street of all the capitals of the world, but at the same time one of the widest and most beautiful - Khreshchatyk in Kyiv. Its length is only 1225 m.

22. The oldest map known to scientists, as well as the oldest settlement of Homo Sapiens, were found in Ukraine: in the village. Mesopotamia of the Rivne region. They are about 14.5-15 thousand years old. The map is engraved on a mammoth bone.

23. The longest cave in Ukraine is called "Optimistic" and is located in Podolia. This is a gypsum cave at a depth of 20 m with a length of 216 km. The longest gypsum cave in the world and the second longest in general, it is second only to Mammoth Cave in the United States.

24. The geographical center of Europe (well, yes, we also have it :)). In Ukraine, near the town of Rakhiv, surrounded by the picturesque Carpathians, is the geographical center of Europe.

25. The oldest tree in Ukraine is considered to be a 1300-year-old oak in the Yuzefin tract, Rivne region.

26. The third most visited McDonald's in the world is located in Kyiv near the railway station. This establishment consistently ranks among the top five busiest McDonald's in the world.

27. One of the largest historical transport routes ran through the territory of Ukraine (as well as through the territory of Belarus) - “the path from the Varangians to the Greeks” - a system of river routes and portages between them 3 thousand km long, connecting the northern lands of Ancient Russia with the southern Russian lands and the Baltic sea ​​with Black. Throughout ancient history, Ukraine has acted as a bridge between the worlds of Eastern Europe and the Ancient East, Antique, Byzantine and Latin Europe.

28. Ukraine ranks fourth in the world in terms of the number of citizens with higher education. The population of Ukraine is among the most educated, and the number of people with higher education per capita is higher than the average European level.


29. Ukraine, on its own initiative, abandoned the world's third largest arsenal of nuclear weapons. At the time of declaration of independence, more than a thousand nuclear warheads and missiles were located on the territory of Ukraine, the third largest nuclear potential after Russia and America. The warheads and missiles were handed over to Russia, the bunkers were destroyed. In response, Ukraine received money for disarmament, as well as security guarantees from nuclear powers (as we can see, these guarantees are not respected today).

30. The international Ukrainian anthem consists of only six lines (four in verse and two in the chorus). The remaining lines of the anthem are considered politically incorrect. (for example, "Stand, brother, in a crooked way from Xiang to Don" implies Ukraine's claims to the territory of Russia and Poland). The anthem was born in 1863, and adopted as a state anthem in 2003.

31.At the language beauty contest in Paris in 1934, the Ukrainian language took third place after French and Persian in terms of phonetics, vocabulary, phraseology, and sentence structure. And in terms of melodiousness, the Ukrainian language took second place after Italian.

32. Until the almost complete destruction in 1240 by the Mongol-Tatars, Kyiv was one of the largest cities in Europe, fifty times larger than London, ten times larger than Paris. It reached its peak under Yaroslav the Wise (1010 - 1054), who became related to the royal families of France, Norway, Romania and Poland. The population of today's capital of Ukraine was about 50,000 inhabitants. It took about 600 years to reach such demographic indicators again. Quite possibly, if it were not for the destruction of that time, Kyiv could have been the most developed largest city in Europe for many years.

33. Pablo Picasso was delighted with the works of the Ukrainian artist Kateryna Bilokur (1900-1961). When in 1954 he saw her works at an exhibition, he said that they were brilliant and compared Catherine with the world-famous artist Serafin Louis.

35. One of the most famous Christmas songs in the world is Shchedryk, a folk song recorded by Ukrainian composer Mykola Leontovych. The world knows her as Carol of the Bells or Ring Christmas Bells. On Youtube, various performances of "Shchedryk" are gaining millions of views.

36. During the Anglo-Boer War (South Africa) in 1899 - 1902. the commander of one of the detachments of the Boers, Ukrainian Yuriy Budyak, saved a young English journalist from execution. Subsequently, the latter helped Budyak enter Oxford University. In 1917, Yuriy worked in the government of the Ukrainian People's Republic. In 1943 Yuri Budyak died in a Soviet concentration camp. The English journalist's name was Winston Churchill…

37. At the time of independence, there were 19.4 million pigs in Ukraine. Today, there are half as many of them - 8.3 million. Despite the reputation of a salo-eater, the average Ukrainian eats only 18 kg of pork per year. This is three times less than an ordinary German.

38. In Ukraine, near Nikopol, on a spit near the river. Lapinki, on one of the branches of the Dnieper, you can see, or rather hear a phenomenon that is rare in the world - singing sands. The "singing" of these, perhaps, the strangest sands appears after rain, when the top layer sticks together and forms a fragile crust. Walking along it, you can hear sounds similar to the whistling of air released from a car chamber.

39. In the town of Berdychiv (Zhytomyr region) in the church of St. Barbara on March 14, 1850, the local beauty Evelina Ganskaya was married to Honore de Balzac. Frederic Chopin lived in the same town for a long time, who, in addition to writing music, also supervised the restoration of the local organ.

40. It would be possible to collect a dictionary of Ukrainian surnames, distorted in the course of Russification by Russian officials. So, the Ukrainian clan Chekhov in the 19th century became Chekhov for some reason. Chekhov's grandfather was still a Czech. Anton Pavlovich himself wrote that his grandfather was a Ukrainian. Quite funny, the Deineks turned into Denikins. Cossacks Rozuma became Razumovsky, Chaikas become Tchaikovsky. The grandfather of Pyotr Tchaikovsky, the great composer - Pyotr Chaika - graduated from the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, and as a physician, the Russian government sent him as a head physician to Vyatka. 

41. Probably, the Ukrainian atmosphere in the Tchaikovsky family was preserved much better than that of the Chekhovs, because from the age of 24, the future composer lived in Ukraine almost every year for several months, where he wrote more than 30 works, including the opera Blacksmith Vakula (Cherevichki ”), “Mazepa”, song-romance “Cherry Garden of Haiti”, duet “On the Novgorod near the Ford” to the words of T. Shevchenko. In the cruel times of the empire's offensive against the Ukrainian language, he sought the production of "Taras Bulba" by N. Lysenko (the famous Ukrainian composer), used many Ukrainian folk songs in his works.

42. The great writer Fyodor Dostoevsky was Ukrainian by origin, because the Dostoevsky family came from the village of Dostoev near Pinsk (Ukrainian-Belarusian border), so Belarusians can also consider him their fellow countryman. One of the Dostoevskys becomes a hieromonk of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra and in 1647 takes part in the election of the next metropolitan. It is interesting that among the Dostoevskys who lived in Podolia, most of all were representatives of the clergy. Andrei Dostoevsky was a priest of the Ukrainian Uniate Church. 

43. He was the grandfather of the writer F. Dostoevsky. Andrei's son quarreled with his father and brother and went to Moscow. His name was Mikhail, and as a memory of his family and Ukraine, he took with him, preserved and passed on to his sons his own Ukrainian poems. The daughter of Fyodor Mikhailovich recalls: "... poetic abilities were already in the Ukrainian family of my father, and were not given only through my Muscovite mother, as Dostoevsky's literary friends suggest." It is a pity that F. Dostoevsky did not join the defense of Ukraine.

44. This, in principle, cannot be said about V. Mayakovsky. The poet sharply criticized the “Muscovites”: “Comrade Muscovite, don’t joke about Ukraine.” He also reminded that Russians from the history of Ukraine know only Shevchenko, Taras Bulba, borscht and lard (“Russians have a shallow thickness of knowledge”). 

45. By the way, he wrote about himself: "I am a Cossack from my grandfather, on the other - a Sich." Researchers point out that the Ukrainian clans of Mayakovsky went, probably, from those Cossacks who stood guard over the barrows, at the lighthouses that were set on fire during the Tatar attacks.

46. Unfortunately, the Ukrainians of Ripa turned into Repins. Although Ilya Repin, who was born in the Kharkiv region, still retained his sense of belonging to the Ukrainians and painted himself as a Cossack leaning on a cannon. “It's time to think about the Ukrainian style in art,” the artist noted. But he not only spoke, but also created many works on Ukrainian themes, for example, “The Cossacks write a letter to the Turkish Sultan” - he wrote two versions of this picture.

47. In 1931, there were more Ukrainians in the USSR than Russians. In six years, 55 million disappeared ... This figure is indicated in the book "At the Great Construction Site", published in 1931 in Leningrad. The same data are presented in the first Soviet encyclopedia of 1926. Neither this encyclopedia nor the book is available in any library in Ukraine. We managed to find "At the Great Construction Site" in Moscow. 

48. The figures of 81 million are clearly visible in these copies. It should be noted that the population of Ukrainian Galicia, which was part of Poland, was not taken into account here. Already the next census of 1937 indicates that only 26 million Ukrainians remained in the USSR. Where did all the rest go? Knowing such figures, the repressions of the 1930s seem even more terrible.

49. Freedom Square in Kharkov is the largest square in Europe.

50. The longest embankment in Europe is located in Dnepropetrovsk. Its length is 30 km.

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European leaders were shocked after the last video conversation with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, who addressed them as if he had said goodbye to them, Bulgarian Prime Minister Kiril Petkov said on Friday.

"It was a very emotional discussion. President Zelensky, who was in a bunker, appeared and said, "I don't know if I'll ever see you again, because I'm on Russia's list of targets," Kiril Petkov said in a statement with journalists on the eve of the extraordinary EU summit, which takes place on Friday.

"You are shaking, because this man, who is asking for help and support, may not be alive for the next 48 hours. It shook us all, because it's one thing to see victims as statistics on TV and it's another to look into the eyes of someone for whom survival is a matter of hours, "Petkov said.

He went on to say that no EU member state was really prepared for Russia's massive invasion of Ukraine.

"No European leader expected such a massive attack. Russian tanks were expected to enter the provinces of Donetsk and Lugansk, but no one expected such a massive attack, with so many casualties. One-third of the Ukrainian army has already been destroyed, "he said.

"Young people from both sides die because of a leader who sits at a long table and makes decisions"

"If it had been a partial invasion, we might have imposed easier measures. But in the current situation, there was no voice at the table calling for light measures ", Petkov detailed.

He says Russian troops sent to Ukraine did not know about the operation and thought it was an exercise.

"Young people from both sides are dying because of a leader who sits at a long table and makes decisions. These sanctions will not affect Putin, but we cannot stand idly by, "Petkov said.

putin declaratie

Russian President Vladimir Putin has called on the Ukrainian military to turn its weapons against its own government. He reiterated false allegations that the Ukrainian authorities were "drug addicts" and "neo-Nazis".

"I once again addressed the soldiers of the Ukrainian army. Do not allow neo-Nazis to use your children, your wives, your elders as living shields. Take power in your hands. We will get along much better with you than with this bunch of drug addicts and neo-Nazis who took action in Kiev and took the entire Ukrainian people hostage, "Putin said in a speech after the Security Council meeting.

"I want to appreciate the action of the Russian soldiers and officers at the highest level. They act with great courage, professionalism and heroism, fulfilling their military duty, and defending our people and our homeland, "he added.

Putin used the theme of "denazification" of Ukraine to justify invading the country.

The Russian Federation is attacking Ukraine on several fronts. Heavy fighting is raging between the Russians and Ukrainian forces after Putin sent his army to attack from three directions. Several major cities were attacked with missiles, including Kiev, Kharkov, Mariupol and Odessa.

The president of the country, Volodymyr Zelensky, announced a general mobilization. "We are defending our country on our own this morning," Zelensky said in a statement on public television. The West has announced new harsh sanctions on Russia, condemning the attack on Ukraine. In Russia, thousands of people have been arrested after taking to the streets of major cities to protest the invasion of Ukraine.

Former President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko is ready to defend Kiev along with the military and civilians. Asked by CNN what his intentions are in the event of an attack, the former Ukrainian leader showed reporters his weapon, a Kalashnikov assault rifle.

He said he was ready to defend the city at any cost, even if he did not have the military equipment to fight.

"Putin is crazy to come here and kill us," Poroshenko added.

The former president said that many people come to enlist to defend the capital, even if the weapons they have are few.

"It's exciting and it's clear evidence that the people of Ukraine hate Putin," he said.

Asked how long they would last, Poroshenko replied: "Forever. Putin will never conquer Ukraine, no matter how many soldiers, missiles and nuclear weapons he has. We are a free people with a great European future. "

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