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50 interesting facts about Easter that you need to know in 2022

8 months ago
50-interesting-facts-about-easter-that-you-need-to-know-in-2022

Easter - a holiday full of traditions and facts.

 

People from different cultures and countries have different attitudes towards Easter. They also have different interpretations of its original meaning and their own traditions on how to celebrate it. Here are a few facts about Easter that will impress you for sure.

 

Catholics and Orthodox use different calendars when counting: in the first case, the Gregorian, and in the second, the Julian. Therefore, it turns out that Catholics start from the spring equinox on March 21 according to the new style, and Orthodox - from the old date - April 3. Thus, in 2022 Easter will be:

 

  • for the Orthodox - April 24;
  • for Catholics - April 17.

 

Read the most interesting facts about Easter below.

 

 

Facts about Easter traditions

 

1. The concept of an Easter bunny giving eggs and candy originates in Germany. The first written document of this tradition appeared in the 16th century. By the 1700s, Dutch immigrants brought the idea of ​​rabbits to the United States when they settled in Pennsylvania.

 

2. Traditional Easter clothing includes pastel colors and floral prints. This means the coming of spring. The trend suggests that people are spending around $3.3 billion on Easter clothing.

 

3. The Easter Bunny came to life from the legends.

 

4. In some cultures, rabbits are seen as a symbol of new life. The German legend of the Easter Bunny tells the story of a woman who plants hidden decorated eggs throughout the city during a famine. Finding the eggs, the children saw a big rabbit jumping around.

 

5. The official Easter flower is the white lily.

 

 

6. These "Easter lilies" symbolize grace and purity. Therefore, during Easter, people decorate their houses and churches with these flowers.

 

7. Easter in the United States is celebrated by leaving Easter baskets for children on the morning of the holiday.

 

8. This was one of the manifestations of how Protestants demonstrated their rejection of Catholic Easter traditions. Moreover, in some European countries there are other animals. The cuckoo brings eggs in Switzerland, and the fox in Westphalia.

 

9. Followers of the Greek Orthodox Church paint their Easter eggs red. It signifies the blood of Jesus and his victory over death. In addition, red also symbolizes the renewal of life.

 

10. In some European countries, people burn Easter bonfires. It is believed that this tradition represents fertility.

 

11. Pretzels were also used to celebrate Easter

 

 

12. Its shape evoked associations with Easter due to the similarity of the hands crossed in prayer.

 

13. On Easter morning, children raced to see who would get the rabbit's basket. Unlike regular gifts and wrapped boxes, Easter baskets are open. This design is intended to resemble a bird's nest in which eggs are kept.

 

14. Early egg dyes were made from natural materials. Some items used are flower petals, juices, onion skins, and tree bark.

 

15. Among the holiday eggs, there is one called "Real Easter Egg". This particular piece explains the Christian meaning of the holiday. Back in 2012, 90,000 real Easter eggs were sold to churches.

 

16. In Europe, it is called the Easter Bunny. From that point on, the rabbit jumped to fame in the US in the 1800s. In addition to Easter egg hunting, other Easter customs include the making of Easter baskets and the wearing of Easter bonnets.

 

 

17. The inhabitants of Scotland and North East England rolled dyed eggs over steep hills.

Some Americans also do this by pushing eggs with spoons.

 

18. The coloring of chickens for the Easter season has been the subject of controversy among celebrants.

 

19. Several hatcheries have already ceased participation. However, others argue that it is not harmful to their health as the dye sheds along with their down as they begin to grow feathers.

 

Facts in numbers about Easter

 

 

20. On average, children in the UK receive 8.8 Easter eggs a year. This number is equivalent to twice the recommended calorie intake for them for an entire week.

 

21. In some cases, candy sales are higher the week before Easter than the week before Halloween.

 

22. The first recorded use of decorated Easter eggs was in the 13th century. The resurrection of Jesus from the tomb is associated with the appearance of a new one from an eggshell. Eventually, it became the official symbol of the Resurrection.

 

23. The tradition of rabbits for Easter originated in the Protestant communities of Europe.

Although it began in the 17th century, it only became common in the 19th century. They believe that the Easter Bunny lays, decorates and hides Easter eggs.

 

24. "Easter Bonnet" originated from the ballad "Easter Parade". Composer Irving Berlin launched American pop culture in 1933. This song is still one of the most popular Easter tunes.

 

25. In 2011, Italy made the world's tallest chocolate Easter egg. It was 10.39 meters tall and weighed 7200 kilograms. In other words, the tall Easter egg is taller than a giraffe and heavier than an elephant.

 

 

26. Brazil set another Easter Bunny record in February 2017. Located in Minas Gerais, Brazil, the Equipe da Casa do Chocolate at Shopping Uberaba has created a giant cocoa bunny. Nine professional chocolatiers built the rabbit for eight consecutive days until they set a Guinness World Record.

 

27. In 2007, the largest Easter egg hunt took place in Florida. 9,753 children and 501,000 eggs took part in the hunt.

 

28. Contrary to what many people think, hollow chocolate bunnies are better. Since hard chocolate will be as hard as a brick, it can seriously damage your teeth. While the hollow pieces are of great value due to the chocolate trail they have.

 

29. A 2007 Faberge Easter egg was sold for around £9 million.

 

30. Marmalade was first introduced in the 1930s as an Easter treat. Today, consumption among Americans during the holiday reaches 16 million. This amount is enough for marmalade to circle the globe three times.

 

31. The US produces hundreds of millions of Easter candies every year. This production includes 90 million chocolate bunnies, 700 million eyes and 91.4 billion chocolate eggs.

 

Facts from Easter history

 

 

32. Easter is the oldest of the Christian holidays.

 

33. Eastern and Western Christians celebrated Easter at different times.

 

34. Eastern Christianity bases its Easter dates on the Julian calendar.

 

35. According to the Christian calendar, Easter comes after the forty days of Lent.

 

36. Sundays are not included in the calculation. Traditions include fasting and penance.

 

37. The Holy Week before Easter Sunday is dedicated to names and memorials.

 

38. One of them is Maundy Thursday, dedicated to the Last Supper, which Jesus arranged with his disciples. The other is Good Friday in recognition of His crucifixion. Holy Saturday is a transitional day for the Crucifixion and Resurrection.

 

39. Western Christianity celebrates Easter on the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox.

 

 

40. It includes both Catholics and Protestants. Due to complex calculations, Easter Sunday could have been anytime between March 22 and April 25.

 

41. In Polish folklore, the Virgin Mary offered eggs to Christ's guards on the cross. When she begged for their mercy, her tears flowed, leaving stains on the eggs.

 

42. In the Middle Ages, Easter involved throwing an egg at a church. The custom began with the priest tossing a hard-boiled egg to a choir boy. Whoever catches it throws it to another, and so on. When the clock strikes 12, whoever holds the egg wins and keeps the egg.

 

43. President Rutherford Hayes initiated an annual tradition of egg rolls at the White House.

 

44. The first families after his reign have retained Easter customs to this day.

 

45. The former press secretary for President Donald Trump was a former Easter Bunny.

Sean Spicer dressed up as an Easter Bunny during the George W. Bush administration. The character has always been a part of the White House Easter Egg Roll since day one. Proud of his rabbit days, Spicer even lists it in his biography of the Republican Party.

 

46. About half of the US has banned painting chickens for Easter. Meanwhile, Florida took a different path when it repealed the 45-year-old law.

 

 

47. The tradition of buying new clothes for Easter began in New York City in the mid-1800s. People believed that new clothes for Easter would bring them good luck throughout the year. Until today, more and more people adhere to this custom.

 

48. There are many theories about the name of Good Friday before Easter. Despite the fact that Catholics celebrate the Passion of Christ on this day, they still believe that there is something good in it. They see the suffering and death of Jesus as a stepping stone to His Resurrection and victory over death and sin.

 

49. According to another theory, Good Friday originated from "God's Friday". However, there is no etymological basis for this theory. Linguist Ben Zimmer observed that Good Friday does not translate as "Gottes Freitag" or "God's Friday" in German. Instead, it is "Karfreitag" which means "Mournful Friday".

 

50. The latter theory refers to the ancient meaning of the word "good." Other names for the day include "Holy Friday" in Roman and "Good Friday" in Russian. Moreover, the Oxford English Dictionary can confirm this theory.

 

 

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famous-women-in-history-and-their-incredible-contribution

They have amazing fortitude, are not afraid to take risks, and are ahead of their time. They delight, fascinate, and turn consciousness and history as a whole. And if suddenly you lack inspiration right now, let their stories become a source of that same charge of energy with which you can achieve no less success.

 

Who are the most famous women in history?

 

In our world, men generally accept that men made all great discoveries. They also invented everything, created innovative technologies, and naturally drove progress. But it's not in our selection of only 30 women who have changed the world. There are, of course, many more of them.

 

Katharine Hepburn

 

American actress Katharine Hepburn (Katharine Houghton Hepburn) was born in Hartford, Connecticut, on May 12, 1907. The Hepburns were an unusual family for their time and surroundings. The father of the future Hollywood star, Thomas Norval, was a well-known urologist in the city, and his mother, Catherine Martha Haughton, whom everyone called 'Keith,' went down in history as a leader of the feminist and suffragist movement; she was orphaned early, managed to get a higher education against the will of her guardian, picketed the White House with calls to improve working conditions for women and allow birth control. 

 

Famous people of that time - the writer Sinclair Lewis, the leader of the suffragist movement Margaret Sanger and others - were frequent guests in the Hepburns' house. Topics that were not customary to talk about then were freely discussed in the living room. The famous actress had five brothers and sisters, who were raised in an atmosphere of free thinking and personal responsibility for their actions, taught to swim in icy water and not be afraid of any work. Katherine Haughton was named after her mother; she was the second child after her brother Tom, whom she loved so much that after his death, she began to consider the date of his birth (November 8) as her own.

 

Marie Curie

 

Maria Curie-Sklodowska was born on November 7, 1867, in Warsaw in the family of a physics teacher. Maria graduated from secondary school in Warsaw with a gold medal, after which she worked as a tutor and governess for eight years. In the laboratory at the Museum of Industry and Agriculture in Warsaw, she passed the preparatory stage in research in chemistry and physics. In 1891-95. studied at the Faculty of Natural Sciences of the Paris Sorbonne University and graduated with a bachelor's degree in physical and mathematical sciences. In the house of Professor Kowalski, she met Pierre Curie, whom she married in 1895 and took French citizenship. The first publication of Curie-Sklodowska was published in 1898 and drew the attention of scientists to Becquerel rays.

 

Edith Clarke

 

Edith Clarke was the first woman to earn an electrical engineering degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She became the first female electrical engineering professor at the University of Texas at Austin. Edith was born into a prosperous family in Maryland in the late 19th century and had no idea that she would become a woman who would build a career as a scientist. Like most girls, she dreamed of being a good wife, mother, and gracious hostess. Later, Edith Clark did not let public expectations hinder her professional aspirations and became one of the most famous engineers of her era.

 

After studying mathematics and astronomy at Vassar College, Clark began her career as a teacher. While working in this position, she realized her genuine interest in technology, even though women in the early 20th century rarely dared to think about something like that. Edith briefly studied civil engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison but did not graduate and went on to earn a degree in electrical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, becoming the first woman to do so.

 

As a woman, she could not find a job as an engineer but worked hard at it and eventually became an electrical engineer at the Central Station of General Electric's technical department and achieved great success with this company. Later she entered the electrical engineering department of the University of Texas at Austin.

 

Elizabeth Warren

 

In mid-March 2019, US Senator and Democratic presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren proposed splitting technology companies such as Apple, Facebook, Amazon, and Google. The senator's campaign received support from social networks.

 

Warren proposes to introduce a new category of companies - "platforms." These are virtual store companies with more than $25 billion in sales. Warren believes that Apple, Facebook, Amazon, and Google need to be broken up by forcing them to split or sell parts of their businesses and forbidding them from using their platforms to promote their products.

 

According to the senator, Google should give up ranking priority when searching for its services. Amazon should stop selling products from the Amazon Basics line and spin off Whole Foods into a separate business, and Facebook should sell Instagram and WhatsApp.

 

Warren is concerned about the power over information and, ultimately, the power over the economy that the tech giants have acquired. In her opinion, such companies suppress the development of small IT businesses and innovative technologies. Without platform separation, a new generation of IT leaders in the United States may never appear.

 

Facebook has already shown a prime example of its power: the platform removed Warren's presidential campaign ads. After rising indignation, advertising was returned. Subsequently, a Facebook spokesperson said that the company removed only four of Warren's advertisements due to Facebook's logo rules violations.

 

Either way, with the 2020 presidential election approaching, the internet giants will likely come under increasing criticism from senators. Facebook, in particular, is facing growing scrutiny from lawmakers over a range of issues, including its market share, the spread of misinformation on the platform, and the resale of user data.

 

Hillary Clinton

 

Hillary has a law degree. From 1965-to 1969, she attended Wellesley Women's Private College in Massachusetts, where she majored in political science and received a bachelor's degree. In 1973 she graduated from Yale University with a doctorate in law - where she met her future husband. In 1973 she worked as a legal adviser for the Children's Defense Fund in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and in 1974 - in the office of the Judiciary Committee of the US House of Representatives in Washington.

 

As First Lady of Arkansas, Hillary was active in public life, focusing on children, health, and education.

 

In 1980, she gave birth to a daughter, Chelsea, but the birth of a child did not make her give up her career as a lawyer. By the 1980s, she had established herself as one of the best lawyers in the United States - in 1988 and 1991. The National Law Journal named Clinton among the 100 most influential lawyers in the country.

 

After becoming the first lady of the United States after the election of Bill Clinton as president in the 1992 elections, at her husband's request, she headed the operational committee for the development of health care reform. Hillary went on to turn her attention to protecting the interests of children and women. Her weekly comments entitled "Let's talk" on the White House website were devoted to this issue.

 

After leaving the administration, Clinton began writing her memoirs and giving paid lectures. According to the press, her average fee for one public performance is about $200,000. Forbes magazine estimates Hillary's fortune at $45 million.

 

She is also the author of several books, among them "The whole world and other lessons that children ask us" (1996), "Invitation to the White House" (1999), and memoirs "Living History" (2003). The last book - "A Hard Choice" - was published in 2014.

 

Eleanor Roosevelt

 

First Lady of the United States, public figure, wife of 32 US President Franklin Roosevelt, niece of Theodore Roosevelt. Eleanor Roosevelt is also known as a publicist, writer and human rights activist, took part in the creation of the UN and belonged to the first wave of feminists. She died November 7, 1962.

 

In 1928, Franklin was elected Governor of New York, and in 1933 he became President of the United States. Eleanor Roosevelt's worries increased: she visited schools, hospitals and prisons, traveled around the country, met with voters. She defended the rights of black citizens of the United States, advocated the preservation of prohibition. During her absence from the capital, the duties of the First Lady were performed by her daughter Anne.

 

After the death of Franklin Roosevelt in 1945, Eleanor did not leave public life. She published a lot, dealt with the problems of youth and ethnic minorities. Eleanor Roosevelt became chairman of the Human Rights Committee and traveled to many countries, was part of the US delegation to the UN. President Kennedy appointed her to the Peace Corps and chair of the Women's Rights Commission, and later to the POW Commission.

 

Emmeline Pankhurst

Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst was ready to literally do anything to defend the rights of women: she collected thousands of protests, participated in pogroms, went on a hunger strike in prison. The suffragettes faced violence and were arrested en masse, but in the end, under the leadership of Pankhurst, they won the right for women to vote.

 

In August 1914, Great Britain entered the First World War. Pankhurst called on members of the Women's Social and Political Union to temporarily suspend actions and rallies in order to help the motherland in wartime. Emmeline asked women to go to work in factories instead of men who went to the front. Between 1914 and 1918, about 2 million women took on jobs that men who had gone to war were temporarily unable to do. If at the beginning of the war only 24% of British women were employed, by the end of hostilities their share had grown to 37%.

 

Pankhurst opened an orphanage during the war and, at age 57, took care of four orphans herself. At the same time, Emmeline had no property for a long time: she sold her house back in 1907, and all her things were placed in a small suitcase. All of Pankhurst's money went to helping others and activism. She herself lived with friends and supporters of the suffragist movement. When Pankhurst was asked how, in such a difficult financial situation, she decided to take care of the orphans, the activist replied: “You’d better ask why I didn’t take forty children.”

 

Women's contribution to the economy during the First World War, as well as their dedication, convinced the government that suffrage should not be exclusively a male privilege. In 1918, the Representation of the People Act was passed. Women were allowed to vote provided they were over 30 years of age, were not restricted in their rights and occupied "land or premises in the district for business purposes generating at least £5 of income". In 1928, these restrictions were also lifted. English women were equal in voting rights with men. It was an absolute victory for the suffragettes. Emmeline Pankhurst died shortly thereafter on June 14, 1928.

 

Today, several monuments have been erected in her honor, including in Manchester and London. Time magazine included her in the list of 100 most prominent figures of the 20th century, noting that Pankhurst "created the image of a woman of our time, transferring society to a new dimension from which it is no longer possible to return to the past."

 

Ada Lovelace

 

From the beginning of 1841, Lovelace began to study Babbage's machines in earnest. In one of the letters to Babbage, Ada writes: “You must tell me the basic information regarding your car. I have good reason for wanting it." In a letter dated January 12, 1841, she outlines her plans: "...Some time in the future (maybe within 3 or 4, and possibly even many years) my head can serve you for your goals and plans ... Precisely I want to have a serious talk with you on this matter." This proposal was gratefully accepted by Babbage. Since that time, their cooperation has not been interrupted and has given brilliant results.

 

Since 1844, Ada Lovelace has become more and more interested in playing at the races, especially since she herself rode beautifully and loved horses. Both Babbage and William Lovelace played at the races, and Babbage, who was interested in applied problems of probability theory, considered the game at the races from these positions and was looking for the optimal game system. However, both Babbage and Ada's husband withdrew from the game relatively soon. But Ada, reckless and stubborn, continued to play. Moreover, Lady Hell became close to a certain John Cross, who blackmailed her. She used up almost all of her funds and by 1848 had become heavily indebted.

 

Then her mother had to pay off these debts, and at the same time buy incriminating letters from John Cross. In the early 50s, the first signs of the disease that claimed the life of Ada Lovelace appeared. In November 1850, he writes to Babbage: "My health ... is so bad that I want to accept your offer and appear on arrival in London to your medical friends." Despite the measures taken, the disease progressed and was accompanied by severe suffering. On November 27, 1852, Ada Lovelace died at the age of 37. Together with her outstanding intellect, her father passed on to her this terrible heredity - an early death - the poet died at the same age ... She was buried next to her father in the Byron family crypt.

 

Successes were given to her with great effort and not without damage to health. Augusta Ada Lovelace accomplished little in her short life. But the little that came out of her pen inscribed her name in the history of computational mathematics and computer technology as the first programmer. In memory of Ada Lovelace, the ADA language, developed in 1980, is one of the universal programming languages. This language was widely used in the United States, and the US Department of Defense even approved the name "Ada" as the name of a single programming language for the American armed forces, and later for the entire NATO.

 

Also in honor of Ada Lovelace, two small cities are also named in America - in the states of Alabama and Oklahoma. There is also a college named after her in Oklahoma.

 

Jane Austen

 

English writer, satirist, forerunner of realism in British literature. Her books are recognized as masterpieces in all countries of the world and are required to be studied in schools and institutes. Jane Austen is known as the "First Lady" of English literature.

 

Jane Austen was born at the end of the 18th century in Steventon, Hampshire. Father George was a priest from an old family. The Austin family was large: six boys and two girls (Cassandra and Jane).

 

Little is known about the writer Jane Austen. Many of her contemporaries even disagree about her appearance. Someone calls her "prim, capricious and unnatural", someone - "attractive, thin, graceful." All that remained of Jane was a portrait painted by her sister Cassandra.

 

In 1783 Jane studied at Oxford, Southampton and Reading with her sister. They were not lucky with their education. Somewhere met the tyrannical nature of the headmistress, but somewhere too soft. Jane's father took the girls home and began to educate them himself. Jane Austen grew up on the works of Shakespeare, Fielding, Stern, Thompson.

 

At the age of 14, Jane Austen wrote her first parody of the boring 18th century odes Love and Friendship. The little girl had the courage to write a parody pamphlet on the work of the English historian Goldsmith "History of England".

 

Jane Austen spent her whole life in her native estate, but kept an active correspondence with her brothers and their wives, who saw the events of the French Revolution, the war with Napoleon, the Indian War of Independence.

 

According to some testimonies, Jane Austen suffered from cancer and metastasis all her life. She died in Winchester in 1817, where she went to treat Addison's disease. She never finished her last novel, Sanditon.

 

Mother Teresa

 

Mother Teresa (worldly name - Agnes Gonje Boyadzhiu) was born on August 26, 1910 in the city of Uskyub of the Ottoman Empire (now the city of Skopje - the capital of the Republic of Macedonia) in a family of Catholic Albanians. She later called her real birthday August 27, when she was baptized.

 

According to Mother Teresa, from early childhood she wanted to devote herself to serving the church. This desire was strengthened at the age of 12 when she met missionaries from India. From that time on, she dreamed of living in India and caring for the poor there. After graduating from high school, in 1928 she left to study English in Ireland and became a novice in the Irish Sisters of Loreto Catholic monastic order.

 

The girl's parents were wealthy people: her father Nikola, a native of Armenia, owned a large construction company and sold medicines, and her mother, an Albanian Dranafile, devoted herself to prayers and worship. The family strictly followed Catholic traditions. Dranafile often visited the sick and needy with her children and invited the poor to her home for dinners. “My child, never eat a single bite until you share it with others,” she said to Agnese. When she asked who the unknown guests were, the mother replied: "Some of them are our relatives, but they are all our people."

 

It was believed that Mother Teresa helped the sick and the poor, alleviated their suffering by providing them with shelter, treatment and food. However, the nun had a special view of death and torment: she said that they should be glorified, not healed. She compared suffering with the noble torments of Christ and was opposed to painkillers: “There is something beautiful in the way the poor take their share, how they suffer, like Jesus on the cross. The world gains a lot from suffering. Anguish means that Jesus is kissing you."

 

Mother Teresa's main departments were the homes for the dying, where doomed people were to spend their last days. Writer Mary Loudon, a former volunteer, recalled: “The first impression of the footage was ... as if I had a photo from Bergen-Belsen [Nazi concentration camp. — Approx. ed.], because all the patients were shaved bald. There were no chairs, only cots, similar to those from the First World War. There was no garden, no yard, nothing at all. And I thought, “What is this? These are two rooms. One has 50 to 60 men, the other has the same number of women. Everyone is dying. They received virtually no medical care. They did not receive any painkillers other than aspirin.”

 

 

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@Tammina Best women ever
105-questions-about-the-world-and-history-that-seem-easy-but-you-have-to-work-hard

Do you love history? Or maybe you are preparing for the next test or quiz, and you are afraid of the vast amount of material that you need to learn in a short time?

 

If you are one of those people who don't yawn uncontrollably about historical dates and events, you can test and refresh your knowledge with our questions and answers. If you need to sharpen yourself in this subject, our selection will also be helpful (and interesting). Because you don’t have to shovel through many sources, you must choose the most likely questions and remember the answers. Yes, and flashing knowledge on occasion is also good. In general, some pluses.

 

Historical facts about the world in the format of "question-answer."

 

Let`s start. We wonder how many questions you can answer correctly. Are you interested?

 

 

1. Who was the youngest Nobel Peace Prize winner at 17 in 2014?

 

Answer: Malala Yousafzai.

 

2. How long did it take Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, to orbit the Earth?

 

Answer: 89 minutes.

 

3. How many times has the Mona Lisa been stolen?

 

Answer: five.

 

4. How many years made the 100-year war last?

 

Answer: 116 years.

 

5. What year was Google launched?

 

Answer: In 1998.

 

6. Which Greek goddess was the Parthenon dedicated to?

 

Answer: Athena.

 

7. What are the seven wonders of the ancient world?

 

Answer: Pyramid of Cheops, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Colossus of Rhodes, and Lighthouse of Alexandria.

 

8. In what year did the Internet become public?

 

Answer: In 1993.

 

9. On how many hills was the ancient city of Rome built?

 

Answer: Seven.

 

10. Who painted the Last Supper fresco?

 

Answer: Leonardo da Vinci.

 

 

11. Who painted the Sistine Chapel?

 

Answer: Michelangelo.

 

12. Besides Hiroshima, Japan, which Japanese city was hit by an atomic bomb in 1945?

 

Answer: Nagasaki.

 

13. In 1996, a sheep became the first mammal cloned from an adult somatic cell. What was the name of that sheep?

 

Answer: Dolly.

 

14. Who is the king of the Olympian gods in Greek mythology?

 

Answer: Zeus.

 

15. How long did the war between England and Zanzibar last?

 

Answer: From 38 to 45 minutes.

 

16. How many days were there in a week in Ancient Rome?

 

Answer: 8.

 

17. How did Joan of Arc die?

 

Answer: They burned her at stake.

 

18. What was New York used to be called?

 

Answer: New Amsterdam.

 

 

19. What do the stripes on the American flag mean?

 

Answer: 13 original colonies.

 

20. When did the construction of the Great Wall of China begin?

 

Answer: In 221 BC.

 

21. What was the name of the ancient trade route that connected the East with the West?

 

Answer: Silk Road.

 

22. How did Alexander the Great solve the riddle of the Gordian knot?

 

Answer: He cut it with a sword.

 

23. What famous prison was stormed on July 14, 1789?

 

Answer: The Bastille in Paris.

 

24. How old was King Tutankhamun when he died?

 

Answer: 19.

 

25. Which planet was downgraded to a dwarf planet in 2006?

 

Answer: Pluto.

 

26. Who among the Argentines became a prominent figure in the Cuban revolution?

 

Answer: Che Guevara.

 

27. During which war was the Christmas truce concluded?

 

Answer: During World War I.

 

 

28. Which two members of the royal family divorced in 1996?

 

Answer: Prince Charles and Princess Diana.

 

29. What era marked the transition from agricultural to industrial methods?

 

Answer: The era of the industrial revolution.

 

30. What was the name of the international group created to maintain world peace after the First World War?

 

Answer: League of Nations.

 

31. Where is the Pyramid of the Sun?

 

Answer: Teotihuacan, Mexico.

 

32. What mighty ancient empire was the Byzantine Empire a continuation of?

 

Answer: Roman Empire.

 

32. What year was the first iPhone released?

 

Answer: In 2007.

 

33. What year was Facebook created?

 

Answer: In 2004.

 

34. What organization was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1917?

 

Answer: Red Cross.

 

35. In 1927, who became the first person to fly solo non-stop across the Atlantic?

 

Answer: Charles Lindbergh.

 

 

36. Where were the first modern Olympic Games held?

 

Answer: in Athens, Greece, in 1896.

 

37. What was the Ptolemaic dynasty ruled the ancient kingdom?

 

Answer: Egypt.

 

38. Who is famous for running through the streets shouting "Eureka"?

 

Answer: Archimedes.

 

39. Which serial killer was named "The Whitechapel Killer"?

 

Answer: Jack the Ripper.

 

40. What is the only disease completely eradicated in 5,000 human histories?

 

Answer: Smallpox.

 

41. Who was the first female British Prime Minister?

 

Answer: Margaret Thatcher.

 

42. Who is usually called the person who created the first printing press?

 

Answer: Johannes Gutenberg.

 

43. Who was the first ruler of the Mongol Empire?

 

Answer: Genghis Khan.

 

 

44. What city was the capital of the Inca Empire?

 

Answer: Cuzco.

 

45. During World War II, Allied forces stormed the beaches of Normandy. What country is Normandy in?

 

Answer: In France.

 

46. ​​Who participated in the Hundred Years' War?

 

Answer: England and France.

 

47. Who was the first emperor of Rome?

 

Answer: August.

 

48. What ancient figure is often considered the founder of Western philosophy?

 

Answer: Socrates.

 

49. Queen Nefertiti ruled with which pharaoh?

 

Answer: Pharaoh Akhenaten.

 

50. In what year did the Berlin Wall fall?

 

Answer: In 1989.

 

 

51. In which city was one of the world's ancient wonders, the Hanging Gardens, found?

 

Answer: In Babylon.

 

52. Which dung beetle did the ancient Egyptians worship?

 

Answer: Scarab.

 

53. Who was the first woman in space?

 

Answer: Valentina Tereshkova

 

54. Which English queen ruled for only nine days?

 

Answer: Lady Jane Grey.

 

55. Who was the emperor of Rome from 54 to 68 AD?

 

Answer: Nero.

 

56. In what year did people put the first satellite into orbit?

 

Answer: In 1957.

 

57. Who organized the terrorist attack against the USA on September 11, 2001?

 

Answer: Al-Qaeda.

 

 

58. Who discovered penicillin?

 

Answer: Alexander Fleming.

 

59. Who became the most decorated gymnast in history in the 2010s?

 

Answer: Simone Biles.

 

60. What was the name of the German invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II?

 

Answer: Operation Barbarossa.

 

61. In what year did the bubonic plague start in Europe and Asia?

 

Answer: In 1347.

 

62. What was the name of modern Istanbul in Turkey when it was the capital of the Byzantine Empire?

 

Answer: Constantinople.

 

63. How many rules are written in the Code of Hammurabi?

 

Answer: 282.

 

64. When did Alexander the Great conquer Egypt?

 

Answer: In 332 BC.

 

 

65. What fabric was invented in ancient China?

 

Answer: Silk.

 

66. What is the name of the whistleblower who leaked classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013?

 

Answer: Edward Snowden.

 

67. Greenland was a colony of which country until 1981?

 

Answer: Denmark.

 

68. When did the first reusable transport spacecraft go into space?

 

Answer: April 12, 1981.

 

69. Who was the first person to swim across the English Channel?

 

Answer: Matthew Webb.

 

70. In what year was the first Super Bowl played?

 

Answer: In 1967.

 

71. What was the name of Bangladesh before independence?

 

Answer: East Pakistan.

 

72. How many people made the Aztecs sacrifice per year?

 

Answer: 250,000.

 

73. Four eons have passed since the beginning of the Earth. What is the name of the era in which we live?

 

Answer: Phanerozoic eon.

 

74. In what wars did European Christians invade the Middle East to take over the Holy Land?

 

Answer: During the Crusades.

 

 

75. What was the first dynasty of imperial China?

 

Answer: Xia Dynasty.

 

76. What was the name of the military nobility in Japan?

 

Answer: Samurai.

 

77. In what year did the French Revolution start?

 

Answer: In 1789.

 

78. In what year did India gain independence from Great Britain?

 

Answer: In 1947.

 

79. Who founded the Xia Dynasty in China?

 

Answer: Yu the Great.

 

80. What dynasty did Cleopatra belong to?

 

Answer: To the Macedonian Ptolemaic dynasty.

 

81. The Mayan Empire concentrated on the current territory of what country?

 

Answer: Guatemala.

 

82. What famous battle is considered the turning point in the wars between Persia and Greece?

 

Answer: The Battle of Marathon in 490 BC.

 

83. Under which Roman emperor did they start building the Colosseum?

 

Answer: Under Vespasian.

 

84. What US government department was created after the September 11 attacks?

 

Answer: Department of Homeland Security.

 

85. Who were the Russian rulers from the 17th century until the revolution of 1917?

 

Answer: The Romanovs

 

 

86. What famous battle took place on June 18, 1815?

 

Answer: Battle of Waterloo.

 

87. When did Mao Zedong come to power?

 

Answer: In 1949.

 

88. Which Russian cosmonaut was the first to go into outer space?

 

Answer: Alexey Leonov.

 

89. What is the modern name of Van Diemen's Land?

 

Answer: Tasmania.

 

90. Where did Roald Amundsen lead a successful expedition in 1911?

 

Answer: To the South Pole.

 

91. In what famous naval battle of 31 BC Octavian defeated Mark Antony?

 

Answer: At the Battle of Actium.

 

92. In what country was the most giant known Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton found?

 

Answer: In Canada.

 

93. Which of man's ancestors was the first to open fire?

 

Answer: Homo erectus.

 

94. Which British ocean liner was torpedoed by a German submarine on May 7, 1915?

 

Answer: Lusitania.

 

95. What city used to be called Saigon?

 

Answer: Ho Chi Minh City.

 

96. What was the name of the Battle of the Pacific between the US Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy in June 1942?

 

Answer: Battle of Midway.

 

 

97. What event is commonly believed to have caused the outbreak of the First World War?

 

Answer: Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.

 

98. In what year did Libya gain independence from Italy?

 

Answer: In 1947.

 

99. What was the global recession that lasted from 2007 to 2009?

 

Answer: The Great Recession.

 

100. In what year was the Paris Agreement signed?

 

Answer: In 2015.

 

101. What is the Great Western Schism?

 

Answer: When more than one pope claimed authority over the Roman Catholic Church.

 

102. The Khmer Rouge was the regime that ruled which country in the 20th century?

 

Answer: Cambodia.

 

103. What city did the Titanic sail from?

 

Answer: From Southampton.

 

104. What documents contributed to establishing the 17th parallel as the line dividing Vietnam during the Vietnam War?

 

Answer: Geneva Accords.

 

105. Which union has 27 member countries, many of which use the euro as their currency?

 

Answer: European Union.

 

 

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30-facts-about-the-renaissance-that-you-wont-find-in-a-history-book

The Renaissance is called the period of European history, marking the transition from the Middle Ages to the New Age and covering the 15th and 16th centuries. Some researchers consider it the beginning of the era of humanism. Others believe it is a step backward because magic and witch-hunts flourished in parallel with the flourishing of art in the Renaissance.

 

Top facts about the Renaissance

 

We at Bemorepanda decided to find out more about the mysterious Renaissance. We dug up exciting facts that will allow you to draw your conclusions about whether that time is rightly called the Renaissance.

 

 

1. In Renaissance Florence, men married at 30, while girls became wives at 17–18. Such an age difference led to the fact that there were many young widows in the city.

 

2. The life of the ladies in Florence was not sweet. Having visited this city, a French traveler wrote: “Women are more reserved here than in any other part of Italy; they see the world only through small holes in their windows.”

 

3. According to other information, the ladies were forbidden even to look out the window to not tempt random passers-by on the street.

 

4. The main task of women was to be beautiful. Therefore, they were forbidden to play wind instruments: it distorted their facial features. The ladies were asked to master the strings, such as the lute.

 

5. The most beautiful room in the palace was the bedroom. They received guests there.

 

6. Hairstyles that covered the ears were in fashion. Women wore them for fear of pregnancy. According to legend, the Virgin Mary became pregnant through her ear after hearing the word of God.

 

 

7. One of the principal masterpieces of the Renaissance - "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci - is in poor condition because of the great painter's love of experimentation. Instead of applying paint to wet plaster, as was usually done when creating a fresco, the master decided to develop the "Last Supper" on drywall. As a result, the paint began to peel off, and Leonardo had to correct his work before it was finished. Perhaps in the Last Supper that we see today, almost nothing remains of the original.

 

8. The Renaissance style icon was Henry VIII, who introduced square-toed shoes into fashion. At the same time, he strictly regulated the trend, issuing an order that limited the width of the sock to 6 inches (15.24 cm).

 

9. During the Renaissance, a fashion trend arose to reveal what was hidden under clothing to the world. And all thanks to the English laws on luxury, which ordered commoners to have a single-color wardrobe. They came up with slits on them to diversify their monotonous costumes, thereby demonstrating the lower layer of clothing painted in bright colors.

 

10. The professions of a surgeon and a hairdresser were different facets of the same work. The same artisans could pull out a tooth and cut their hair.

 

11. At the same time, Renaissance doctors began to do plastic surgery. At that time, duels and diseases could significantly spoil a man's appearance, but surgeons were able to fix it. They performed rhinoplasty, transplanting a piece of skin from the forearm to the bridge of the nose. Thanks to the artisans of the Renaissance, many celebrities today can boast of chiseled noses.

 

 

12. Another Renaissance invention is ice cream. The Medici family announced a competition for the most unusual dish, the winner of which was a Florentine chicken seller, who presented a frozen dessert to the court of the famous family. Around the same time, another Florentine, the courtier Bernardo Buonaletti, was organizing a celebration in honor of the arrival of the Spanish guests. He put on theatrical performances and set off fireworks. Most importantly, he prepared a cream with the taste of bergamot, lemons, and oranges, chilled with a mixture of his invention.

 

13. The famous Uffizi Gallery was not conceived as a museum. It was the official center of Florence. Actually, "Uffizi" is translated as "offices".

 

14. The famous Roman Colosseum served as an industrial building during Renaissance. In the 16th century, it was planned to turn it into a wool factory, but this would have led to its destruction. In 1594, a glue factory was built in the building. By the end of the 17th century, the ancient stadium had turned into a dump.

 

15. During the Renaissance, the Latin language ceased to be alive. Back in the Middle Ages, it was spoken and evolved. Still, the enthusiasm of Renaissance scientists for Antiquity led to the fact that Latin returned to its classical form and its natural development stopped.

 

 

16. The Renaissance got its name because, in these few centuries, the flourishing of interest in ancient culture began, which had utterly faded away in the previous Middle Ages.

 

17. The second name of this era is the Renaissance. It comes from the French "Renaissance" and means, in fact, "Renaissance." Interestingly, this world-famous name came from the French language, although the Renaissance began in Italy.

 

18. To describe this era outside of Italy north of the Alps, "Northern Renaissance" is used. And some researchers even single out the French Renaissance, the Renaissance, Spanish, English, and others.

 

19. During the Renaissance, she was not called by this word. It was popularized and introduced by the French historian Jules Michelet only in the 19th century.

 

20. The Renaissance lasted a little less than three centuries, at least where it originated, that is, in Italy - from the beginning of the 14th century to the end of the 16th. But it came to some other countries later and ended there too later.

 

21. The names of the most famous Renaissance artists are familiar to the world. Leonardo da Vinci was generally a “universal man” who succeeded in everything, including Michelangelo, Titian, and Raphael Santi.

 

 

22. The Renaissance had a significant impact on the development of the sciences. In this era, medieval superstitions began to lose popularity, more attention was paid to scientific development, and the most important discoveries were made. In particular, the Great Geographical Discoveries and the findings of Nicolaus Copernicus.

 

23. Renaissance literature began, by all accounts, with the Divine Comedy by the famous Dante Alighieri. This work became so popular that it brought the Tuscan dialect of Italian to the forefront, effectively establishing it as the "official Italian."

 

24. With the beginning of the Renaissance, music ceased to be a purely ecclesiastical art. It began to spread around the world, imbued with a new worldview.

 

25. The ancestor of the Renaissance in Russia is considered the Grand Duke of Moscow, Ivan III. The latter invited Italian architects and other masters to Moscow. But in general, the influence of the 

Renaissance in Russia was relatively weak due to its remoteness and attachment to Byzantine traditions.

 

26. The Vatican stubbornly opposed many of the ideas of the Renaissance, and many scientists, poets, and writers were persecuted, but they had their patrons. In France, such as, for example, the wise King Francis I, a well-known philanthropist.

 

 

27. In the Renaissance, the old prejudices were supplanted, replaced by scientific views, but not entirely, as is commonly believed. For example, alchemy and astrology were considered essential sciences. The famous Galileo was engaged in the compilation of horoscopes, Isaac Newton wrote many works on alchemy, and the astronomer Johannes Kepler was also an astrologer.

 

It was the Renaissance that gave humanity oil painting. Jan van Eyck was a Dutch artist. Oil paints came to Europe early in the 12th century.

 

29. Of great importance to the Renaissance was the invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg in 1450. This machine made books dozens of times more accessible, contributing to enlightenment.

 

30. One of the strangest events popular during the Renaissance was anatomical theater. This is a public autopsy carried out by doctors who commented and explained their actions to all those present. In the Middle Ages, the “desecration” of the human body was strictly prohibited. Still, during the Renaissance, these prejudices gradually died out, thanks to which anatomy and medicine began to develop rapidly.

 

 

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top-50-funny-memes-about-easter-to-boost-your-mood-in-2022

Easter memes are really special and keep the light on the Easter Bunny.

 

Easter is the most important moment of the religious calendar and the fundamental point on which the Christian faith rests. Easter focuses human hopes and aspirations on overcoming seemingly invincible limits and situations. 

 

For many, the greatest joy of Easter is that the family gathers around the table full of goodies. There are many people that like to recieve messages that begin with "May the light of the holiday ..". But it is also funny to send some good memes to your friends. Easter has a long history, old spring festivals, religious disputes, various traditions and many commercial elements added in the last 250 years. For sure you will find this things in our memes.

 

Funniest memes to boost your mood for the 2022 Easter.

 

1.Easter eggs

 

2.Easter bunny

 

3.Not real

 

4.Holidays be like

 

Like Christmas, Easter has its roots in the great holidays of antiquity, practically in the ancient spring festivals. Elements from ancient times have been added and have come to be included in the holiday we know today. Then, in recent centuries, modern components have been added: the bunny, the gifts and the things that led to the excessive sale of the holiday.

 

Both Easter and Christmas are related to key moments of the year, they are strictly related to an optimistic time (spring, respectively winter) and an important astronomical moment (spring equinox, respectively winter solstice). In addition, both have changed a lot in the last 150 years, becoming family holidays, huge business holidays, and products related to these holidays appear in stores three months in advance. No wonder there have been calls in the UK this year for supermarkets not to bring chocolate eggs so quickly, as the obesity rate has reached record levels among children and the first eggs have appeared in stores since the first days of January.

 

Easter is different from other holidays and the fact that its date varies greatly from year to year. For example, in 2010 it was on April 4th, and in 2013 on May 5th, so on the night of the resurrection it can be in the cold years and below 0 degrees, and in the very warm ones, over 10 degrees. Every four or five years, the date of the Catholic Easter coincides with the date of the Orthodox Easter, but the calendar has in many cases caused controversy and discussions have been held to unify the data between Catholics and Orthodox, but no agreement has been reached.

 

The date of the celebration of Easter is based on two astronomical phenomena: the spring equinox and the rotating motion of the Moon around the Earth. Generally, the Catholic one is one week before the Orthodox one, but there are also cases in which the Catholic one is more than a month earlier.

 

 

5.What?

 

6.Back in 3 days

 

7.Sorry

 

Pâques (in French) or Pascua (in Italian) appeared on the same etymology. In English, Easter has an uncertain etymology, but a widely accepted scenario is that it came from Eostre or Eostrae, an Anglo-Saxon goddess of spring and fertility. The mention was made by the monk Venerable Bede in the 8th century, but it is disputed by some historians.

 

In the pre-Christian period, the coming of spring was celebrated with fasting, food and drink, especially in northern Europe where nature came back to life, the weather warmed up and the days became longer than the nights.

 

Many of the holiday traditions are much older and can be attributed to the so-called pagans. If we talk about the pagan roots of Easter, we can list the myth of the resurrection present in Sumerian, Egyptian or Roman deities, the presence of the lamb in Israelite sacrifice rituals or the tradition of egg exchange (egg being a symbol of fertility).

 

In many parts of Europe, there were pre-Christian spring holidays, carnivals, or processions designed to ward off evil spirits and "scare" the winter once and for all. In some villages there are still carnivals in which people disguised as monsters go to carols in the spring and receive sweets, meat or wine, a custom that is believed to derive from the fact that families helped themselves with food during times of great deprivation.

 

It would be wrong to say that modern Easter traditions come directly from pre-Christian peoples, but it would be just as erroneous to believe that we are facing a completely modern phenomenon. In the first three to four centuries of Christianity, the rising religion took over some of the traditions of the so-called barbarians.

 

Pagans were those who worshiped gods or idols or were of a religion other than Christianity. The pagans called them Christians and those who had no religion, did not believe in God, or were not baptized.

 

Traditions that seemed appropriate to them were gradually adopted by Christianity. In addition, the new religion soon found its place among the so-called barbarians as long as some of the old rituals were maintained, which can be seen as a sign of respect for those who converted.

 

The earliest evidence of the Passover is from the second century, but it is suspected that the resurrection of Jesus has been commemorated since the first century AD.

 

8.Creepy

 

9.Searching for eggs

 

10.Sad rabbit

 

11.Became a bunny

 

12.Kitty bunny

 

13.Rabbit picture

 

14.Tramp

 

15.Party time

 

16.Happy Easter

 

17.Good luck

 

18.No lie

 

19.Hey bunny

 

20.Quarantine

 

21.Police bunny

 

22.No here

 

23.I’ll be back

 

24.Cute buddy

 

25.Dust bunnies

 

26.Happy Easter

 

27.Fuzzy bunny

 

28.Basket case

 

29.Kids are coming

 

30.It’s Easter

 

31.T-rex

 

32.Bunny face

 

33.Zoom

 

34.Easter outfit

 

35.Good advice

 

36.Found

 

37.Best game ever

 

38.Bunnies

 

39.Atheist friends

 

40.Eggs

 

41.Happy face

 

42.Every bunny

 

43.Easter is coming

 

44.Cat meme

 

45.Bunnies be like

 

46.Not chocolates

 

47.Eat a rabbit

 

48.Tastes funny

 

49.Not my bunny

 

50.Candy and toys

 

 

 

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20-photos-from-the-past-proving-that-history-can-still-surprise-with-interesting-moments

The past has the same meaning as the future, and not only for an individual person, but for all of humanity. How can we build our lives without looking back at the past? This is not possible for us. Therefore, in order to stir up memories and tell you something new, we have collected the most interesting historical photos that will prove that there was a lot of fascinating things in the past.

 

Yuri and Tatiana Nikulin, USSR, 1983

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Fashion guy with a Wispa motorcycle, 1990s

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First color photograph, 1861

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Opening ceremony of the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow

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Johnny Depp, 1969

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Moscow, USSR, 1990

07-10-48-1625471316925848237

 

Marilyn Monroe, 1962

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Marlene Dietrich detained at a train station in Paris for wearing men's trousers, 1933

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The law prohibiting women from wearing trousers was in force in France until 2013 (of course, no one followed it in recent decades)

 

Samuel L. Jackson, John Travolta, Harvey Keitel and Quentin Tarantino on the set of Pulp Fiction, 1994

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Construction of the London Underground, 1898

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A tomb carved from a single giant stone nearly 2,000 years ago in Arabia

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Single urinal. Paris, 1875

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First IKEA store, Sweden, 1958

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Tilda Swinton, 1988

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Pistol duel used to be an Olympic sport, 1909

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Jenny Joseph, 28, poses for the Columbia Pictures logo, 1992

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Winona Ryder, 1990

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A startled observer at the annual Sydney gay pride parade Mardi Gras, 1994

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The last queen of Mongolia, Navaanluvsangiin Genenpil, who was shot in 1938 during the Stalinist repression by the decision of the Communist Party

07-10-49-1625471373789935426

 

Vladimir Putin during the celebration of the Tatar national holiday "Sabantuy" in Kazan, June 24, 2000

07-10-49-1625471380752995023



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