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Interesting facts about titanium that you need to know

3 months ago
interesting-facts-about-titanium-that-you-need-to-know

Titanium may not be something you encounter every day, but this chemical element is quite common in all areas. You can use titanium for phone calls, you can even use it to brush your teeth - it is a resource that offers a lot of flexibility.

 

Titanium is also one of the most interesting elements on the planet. Represented by the atomic number 22 and the chemical symbol "Ti", it is often used in compounds rather than on its own. Titanium is a low density, but extremely strong and durable silver-white metal! What do you know about titanium?

 

Interesting facts that will help introduce you to titanium

 

Where can you find most of the natural titanium in the world? Why is it so popular? Here are some fantastic facts about the element to remember.

 

Short facts about titanium

 

1. Atomic number (number of protons in a nucleus): 22 

 

2. Atomic symbol (in the Periodic Table of the Elements): Ti 

 

3. Atomic weight (average mass of an atom): 47.867 

 

4. Density: 4.54 g/cm³. 

 

5. Phase at room temperature: solid 

 

6. Melting point: 1670 °C 

 

7. Boiling point: 3287 °C 

 

8. The most common isotopes are Titanium-46, Titanium-47, Titanium-48, Titanium-49, and Titanium-50. 

 

Where the titanium is found

 

9. After titanium was first discovered, it took 119 years to isolate it into a pure sample. 

 

10. It is never found in its pure form in natural conditions, it can only be found in conjunction with other elements. 

 

11. Another notable characteristic of titanium is its high corrosion resistance. The resistance is so great that it is estimated that titanium can only corrode to the thickness of a sheet of paper after 4,000 years in seawater! 

 

12. Titanium is found in almost every living being. It is the 9th element of the earth's crust in terms of abundance, titanium is relatively rare. 

 

13. Studies show that strong and light metal makes up only 0.63% of the earth's crust. 

 

14. With so little available, titanium is more expensive to harvest and produce than other metals. Of course, its unique properties—strength, lightness, and natural corrosion resistance—make titanium a worthwhile investment in certain applications. 

 

15. Most of the titanium on Earth is found in igneous (volcanic) rocks. 

 

16. Almost every volcanic rock contains titanium. 

 

 

17. The Guggenheim Museum in Spain is covered in titanium. 

 

18. There is a large amount of titanium on the earth, however, it costs a lot of money to extract it from the bowels. For development, the iodide method is used, the author of which is Van Arkel de Boer

 

19. The total amount of the world's titanium reserves is more than 700 million tons. If the rate of production remains the same, titanium will last another 150-160 years.

 

20. Titanium is present in meteorites, the sun, and other stars.

 

21. The human body contains up to 20 mg of titanium. 

 

22. Most titanium in the spleen, adrenal glands, and thyroid gland. In these organs, the content of element No. 22 does not change with age, but in the lungs, over 65 years of life it increases by more than 100 times. Of the representatives of the flora, Ciliophora algae are rich in titanium: the content of this element in it exceeds 0.03%.

 

Titanium properties

 

23. It was discovered in 1791 by the mineralogist William Gregor but was named only 4 years later by the chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth.  

 

24. The name titan comes from the titans of Greek mythology. China produces the most titanium in the world, followed by Russia. 

 

25. Titanium is generally as strong as steel but half as light. Titanium is about twice as strong as aluminum. Titanium is assigned the atomic number 22 and its symbol is Ti. 

 

26. The Kroll process is the main method for the production of titanium and consists of many steps. 

 

27. Titanium powder and shavings are highly flammable. 

 

28. Countries stored titanium during the Cold War. 

 

29. There are several versions of why the metal got its name. According to one theory, he was named after the Titans, fearless supernatural beings. According to another version, the name comes from Titania, the queen of the fairies.

 

 

30. Titanium can only melt at temperatures above 3200 degrees. And it boils at a temperature of 3300 degrees.

 

31. Metal closes the top ten "Most common metals in nature." Large deposits were found in South Africa, China, and Russia, a lot of titanium in Japan, India, Ukraine.

 

32. The largest producer of the hardest metal in the world is the Russian enterprise VSMPO-Avista, which satisfies a third of the world's demand for this metal.

 

33. The mechanical density of the metal is 6 times higher than that of aluminum, 2 times higher than that of iron. It can combine with oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen. When paired with carbon, the metal forms incredibly hard carbides. The density of titanium is 7200kg/m3.

 

34. The thermal conductivity of titanium is 4 times less than that of iron, and 13 times less than that of aluminum.

 

Where titanium is used

 

35. Titanium is commonly used in medical implants and body jewelry because its characteristics make it safe - it is non-toxic and easily accepted by the body. It can also "osseointegrate" which means that it can bind to bone tissue. Burns in nitrogen. 

 

36. Titanium anodizing allows for interesting color effects. 

 

37. Titanium is so versatile that it is used in a wide variety of applications, from jewelry to knives and firearms, from dental implants to military and commercial aircraft components, from sports equipment to architecture. 

 

38. Although titanium is used in many products, almost 95% of the metal being refined is used to produce titanium dioxide TiO2. 

 

39. Titanium dioxide is a white pigment that is used in paints, sunscreens, cosmetics, paper, toothpaste, and many other products. It is becoming more common in various fields due to its amazing strength to weight ratio.

 

40. It is believed that only in 1925 titanium was isolated in its pure form, which became one of the most demanded metals in industry. It is proved that the Russian scientist Kirillov in 1875 managed to extract pure titanium. He published a pamphlet detailing his work. However, the research of a little-known Russian went unnoticed.

 

41. Titanium is actively used in the military, medicine, and jewelry. He was given the unofficial name "metal of the future". Many say that it helps to turn a dream into reality. Today, the main consumer of titanium products is the aircraft industry. The design of a modern aircraft can contain up to 20 tons of titanium alloy.

 

42. This metal has a low density, which is important in the shipbuilding industry. Titanium products are light, which means that the weight of the ship is reduced, its maneuverability, speed, and range are increased. If the ship's hull is sheathed with titanium, it will not need to be painted for many years - titanium does not rust in seawater (corrosion resistance). Most often, this metal is used in shipbuilding for the manufacture of turbine engines, steam boilers, and condenser tubes.

 

 

43. This metal is in high demand in the medical industry. Most surgical instruments are made of titanium - lightweight and comfortable. 

 

44. Titanium perfectly "combines" with the human body. Doctors called this process "true relationship." 

 

45. Titanium structures are safe for muscles and bones, rarely cause an allergic reaction, and do not break down under the influence of liquid in the body. 

 

46. Prostheses made of titanium are resistant and withstand enormous physical loads.

 

47. In the natural environment, chromium does not occur in its pure form, but only in the form of chromium iron ore, a double oxide.

 

48. Titanium is non-magnetic and not very good at conducting heat or electricity.

 

49. Even in high doses, titanium remains non-toxic and has no natural role within the human body, usually passing through it without being absorbed.

 

50. About 95% of all titanium is used to make the compound titanium dioxide, which is a very bright and refractive white pigment that is used in paints, plastics, toothpaste, sunscreens, sports equipment, and paper.

 

 

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Beautiful 💕

2 years ago

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Cool room😂

2 years ago
cool-room
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Pigeon evolution 😂

2 years ago
pigeon-evolution
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So appropriate 👍🏻

2 years ago
so-appropriate
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