50 richest women in 2022 that will amaze you
If you think today's billionaires are refined socialites whose fingers shake from the weight of diamond rings, we hasten to disappoint you and show you what the richest women in the world look like.
According to Forbes, every year the number of women who get rich and multiply their fortunes is steadily growing. And probably this year, we could observe the same positive dynamics, if not for the economic crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic. Therefore, in 2021, 228 women were among the richest people on the planet - 13 less than last year. But paradoxically, their combined wealth has increased by $570 billion (as the stock markets slowly start to recover).
Many leaders of last year's rating managed to strengthen their positions (or even improve them). For example, L'Oreal heiress Françoise Bettencourt-Myers broke into the top spot of the Forbes 2021 Women's list, displacing Alice Walton. Her company's stock rose an incredible 40%, so Betancourt-Myers made $24.7 billion rich.
Top richest women in 2022
2020 has also been a successful year for the ex-wife of Amazon founder Jeff Bezos, Mackenzie Scott. She donated almost $6 billion to charity but still managed to increase her fortune. How did it happen? The fact is that after the divorce, Mackenzie became the owner of a 4% stake in Amazon. Their value increased by 66% last year, and thanks to this, Scott's fortune has grown by almost 50%.
The richest newcomer on the list, with $38.2 billion, was Miriam Adelson of Nevada, who inherited her husband's casino empire after his death.
Using the example of the 30 main billionaires in the world, we decided to figure out what and how to do to appear in the Forbes ranking (small spoiler: the shortest way is to be born into a rich family, but it is not the only one).
30. Zhao Yan
Net Worth: $7.7 Billion
Zhao Yan is the chairperson for Hong Kong-listed Bloomage BioTechnology. The company produces hyaluronic acid.
29. Christy Walton
Net Worth: $7.8 Billion
Christy Ruth Walton is the widow of John T. Walton, one of the sons of Sam Walton, founder of Walmart. In June 2005, her husband died in a plane crash, making her the main heir to his US$18.2 billion fortune. Forbes named Christy Walton the richest woman in the world for several years.
28. Diane Hendricks
Net Worth: $8 Billion
Diane Marie Hendrix is an American billionaire businesswoman and film producer from Wisconsin. She is the widow of the late businessman Ken Hendrix.
27. Blair Parry-Okeden
Net Worth: $8.2 Billion
Blair Parry-Okeden is an American-born Australian billionaire and philanthropist. In 2016, she was Australia's richest person by net worth, according to Forbes Asia. Parry-Okeden's wealth comes from Cox Enterprises.
26. Nancy Walton Laurie
Net Worth: $8.2 Billion
Nancy Walton Laurie is an American heiress to the Walmart fortune. She is also a businesswoman and philanthropist.
25. Zeng Fangquin
Net Worth: $8.3 Billion
Zeng Fangquin is the chairperson of Lingyi Technology, a part supplier for smartphones; including Apple and Huawei products. Lingyi Technology was listed on the Shenzhen stock
24. Cheng Xue
Net Worth: $8.7 Billion
Cheng Xue is the vice-chairman of Chinese soy sauce maker Foshan Haitian Flavoring. Xue currently owns a 9% stake in the company.
23. Ann Walton Kroenke
Net Worth: $9.1 Billion
Ann Walton Kroenke is the heiress to the Walmart fortune. Ann and her sister Nancy Walton Laurie inherited the shares of their father, Bud Walton, who was the brother and one of the first business partners of Walmart founder Sam Walton. She owns the Denver Nuggets in the NBA and the Colorado Avalanche in the NHL.
22. Denise Coates
Net Worth: $9.6 Billion
Denise Coates is a British businesswoman, billionaire, founder, and CEO of the online gambling company Bet365. In October 2019, Forbes magazine estimated Coates' net worth at $12.2 billion.
21. Massimiliana Landini Alleotti
Net Worth: $10.4 Billion
Massimiliano Landini Aleotti is an Italian billionaire heiress, owner of the Menarini pharmaceutical company based in Florence, Tuscany, Italy, and one of the ten richest women in the world. As of February 2016, Forbes estimated her net worth at US$11.6 billion.
20. Kwong Siu-Hing
Net Worth: $12.2 Billion
Kwong Siu-hin, or sometimes Kwok Kwong Siu-Hing, is the matriarch of the Kwok family. She controls conglomerate Sun Hung Kai Properties, the largest real estate developer in Hong Kong in 2019.
19. Wang Laichun
Net Worth: $12.7 Billion
Wang Laichun is a Chinese billionaire chairman and co-founder of electronics manufacturer Luxshare Precision Industry Co., Ltd, better known as Luxshare-ICT. Founded in 2004 in Dongguan, China, the company designs and manufactures computer cables; it is also a key AirPods assembler for Apple.
18. Kirsten Rausing
Net Worth: $13.2 Billion
Kirsten Elisabeth Rausing is a Swedish entrepreneur. The eldest daughter of Swedish industrialist Gad Rausing and his wife Birgit.
17. Abigail Johnson
Net Worth: $15 Billion
Abigail "Abby" Johnson is the granddaughter of Edward Johnson II, a member of the richest family in the United States. American entrepreneur, dollar billionaire, president of the American firm Fidelity Investments and chairman of its subsidiary, one of the richest and most powerful women in the world according to Forbes.
16. Charlene de Carvalho-Heineken
Net Worth: $15.4 Billion
Charlene de Carvalho-Heineken is the heiress of Freddie Heineken, her fortune in 2016 is estimated at approximately $12 billion. Owns a controlling stake in Heineken.
15. Iris Fontbona & Family
Net Worth: $15.5 Billion
Iris Balbina Fontbona Gonzalez is a Chilean mining magnate, media owner, billionaire businesswoman, widow of Andronico Luxica Abaroa, from whom she inherited Antofagasta PLC.
14. Zhou Qunfei & Family
Net Worth: $16.1 Billion
Zhou Qunfei is a Chinese entrepreneur and founder of the major touchscreen maker Lens Technology. After the public listing of her company on the Shenzhen ChiNext market in March 2015, her net worth skyrocketed, making her one of the richest women in China.
13. Gina Rinehart
Net Worth: $16.3 Billion
Gina Rinehart is a large Australian businesswoman, billionaire. Owner of the Australian iron ore company Hancock Prospecting. The richest woman in the world and the richest person in Australia. The fortune for 2020 is estimated at 13.5 billion dollars. She inherited her father's Hancock Prospecting business.
12. Lu Zhongfang
Net Worth: $16.4 Billion
Lu Zhongfang invested in Offcn, a test preparation company, in 1999, after retiring from working in a pesticides factory in 1993. Lu’s son, Liu Yongxin, is the chairman for Offcn. In 2019, Offcn Education Technology was listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange.
11. Fan Hongwei & Family
Net Worth: $16.8 Billion
Fan Hongwei is a Chinese chairperson for Hengli Petrochemical, a chemical fiber supplier.
10. Wu Yajun
Net Worth: $17.9 Billion
Wu Yajun is the co-founder and chairperson of Longfor Properties, a real estate developer based in Hong Kong.
9. Zhong Huijuan
Net Worth: $18.9 Billion
Zhong Huijuan is a Chinese pharmacist, billionaire, and the world's richest self-made woman. She is the founder, CEO, and chairman of Hanson Pharmaceutical, headquartered in Lianyungang and listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.
8. Laurene Powell Jobs
Net Worth: $19.9 Billion
Lauren Powell Jobs is an American billionaire businesswoman, CEO, and founder of the Emerson Collective, a non-profit organization that, in addition to investing and charitable work, is politically active in the areas of education reform, social services, and redistribution of resources and protection.
7. Susanne Klatten
Net Worth: $24.2 Billion
Susanna Klatten is a German entrepreneur. Born in the family of industrialists Herbert and Johanna Quandt. Heiress and co-owner of the family business associated with BMW.
6. Jacqueline Mars
Net Worth: $28.9 Billion
Jacqueline Mars is an American businesswoman, daughter of Forrest Mars Sr., and granddaughter of Franklin Mars, founder of the American confectionery company Mars, Incorporated. The value of her stake in the company is $11 billion. According to Forbes magazine, Jacqueline is one of the richest women in the world.
5. Yang Huiyan & Family
Net Worth: $30.6 Billion
Yang Huiyan is the richest woman in China. According to Forbes magazine, her fortune is estimated at $16.2 billion as of October 2007. Since the beginning of 2018, in just four days of the exchanges, Yang Huiyan's fortune has grown from $23.6 billion to $25.6 billion. Today her net worth is 30.6 billion.
4. Julia Koch & Family
Net Worth: $44.9 Billion
Julia Margaret Flescher Koch is an American socialite, billionaire, philanthropist, and one of the richest women in the world. She inherited her fortune from her husband David Koch, who died in 2019.
3. MacKenzie Scott
Net Worth: $62.7 Billion
McKenzie Scott is an American writer, philanthropist, and ex-wife of Amazon founder Jeff Bezos. As of 2021, Forbes estimates Scott's net worth at $59.8 billion. As of 2022, MacKenzie Scott's net worth is estimated to be $62.7 Billion.
2. Alice Walton
Net Worth: $68.1 Billion
Alice Louise Walton is an American billionaire, daughter of Walmart founder Sam Walton and his wife Helen Walton. As of May 2018, her fortune was estimated at $41.8 billion. In the Forbes list, she became the second richest woman of 2018 same as in 2022. As of 2022, Alice Walton's net worth is estimated to be $68.1 billion.
1. Francoise Bettencourt Meyers & Family
Net Worth: $69.6 Billion
Francoise Bettencourt Meyers became the reigning L'Oreal heiress when her mother, Liliane Bettencourt, passed away in 2017. She now runs the holding company as chairwoman, with her family owning 33% of L'Oreal.
Françoise Bettencourt-Myers is a French entrepreneur, after the death of her mother Liliane Bettencourt in September 2017, she received an inheritance of $ 39.5 billion. As of March 2022, with a fortune of $ 69.6 billion, she is the richest woman on the planet and ranks 20th in the ranking richest people on earth.
Women and men are two opposites, two parallel, but at the same time, inseparable worlds.
Celebrating this holiday, let's not forget that admiration for a woman is not only admiration for her beauty and kindness, but, first of all, a tribute to a working woman, a manifestation of real concern for her.
When you think about what befell our women in the last centuries, it is both breathtaking and a lump comes to the throat: this is a great fate - great in happiness and great in tragedy. They survived the war, got an education, stood on a par with men in the construction of a new state and a new national economy, gave birth and, together with their country, brought up new generations of defenders and builders. Injustice sipped during the years of repression. And then they stood next to their husbands, brothers and sons during the years of the invasions and defended their state - at anti-aircraft guns, at the controls of aircraft, in medical battalions, at walkie-talkies and traffic controllers on military roads, in partisan detachments and underground, behind machine tools, in design bureaus , on the collective farm fields and so on.
The women's holiday began to "split up", Valentine's Day, Mother's Day appeared, they started talking about analogies even in the church calendar.
A special Mother's Day is good, but not as an alternative to Women's Day, but in addition to it. The understanding that we are talking about the one who is called to be a wife and mother, repeat this again, cannot and should not be removed from the image of a woman honored on Women's Day, from our, masculine, attitude towards her in principle. Especially from the attitude of our sons and grandchildren towards her, including when it comes to their peers.
Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts about International women's Day 2022.
1. In Portugal, women celebrate March 8 exclusively in the company of their friends, arranging bachelorette parties. Men are not allowed to attend such meetings.
2. The meaning of the holiday has changed more than once. Moreover, many women still understand the meaning of March 8 in different ways. But traditionally it was a celebration of the women's struggle for gender equality and the advancement of women around the world.
3. An analogue of March 8 was celebrated in ancient Rome. There is evidence that back then there was a special day when women received gifts, and slaves could rest.
4. In India, Women's Day is celebrated in October, and it lasts for about 10 days.
5. But in Japan, almost the entire month of March is devoted to holidays for women. This list includes not only International Women's Day, but also holidays of dolls, peach blossoms and girls.
6. The 2015 UN Women's Report found that despite women working longer than men, when taking into account both paid and unpaid work, women worldwide still earn on average 24% less than men. The largest wage gap, 33%, is found in South Asia.
It is unlikely that anyone will object to honoring believing women on the third Sunday after Easter, the Sunday of the Holy Myrrh-bearing Women, but one cannot fail to understand that the vector of the feeling honored on this holiday is different: from women to the One who came into our world in the form of a man. If we talk about the moment of the Gospel story, which most conveys the sacredness of the relationship to a woman and mother, then these are the words spoken by Jesus Christ at the dying moment, addressed to the Virgin Mary: "Woman! behold, your son." Note, not a brother in Christ, but a son; not a sister, but a mother. Moreover, we are talking about a personal call, not to all those of the students who were present at the execution, but only to one of them. And to Her - not about all of them, but only one of them, the one to whom Christ commanded a very important thing: to take Her into his house.
So on Women's Day on 8th March, let's hug all our wonderful grandmothers, mothers, wives, sisters, daughters, beloved women, and delight them with beautiful bouquets and gifts dear to their hearts! We will remember those of our dear women who are no longer with us, we will put flowers to their portrait. Congratulations to all our fair sex colleagues at work. Mentally - and whoever can, and personally - we will pay tribute to our truly great contemporaries.
And most importantly: when celebrating this "holiday of admiration for women", let's not forget that admiration for a woman is not only admiration for her beauty and kindness, but, first of all, a tribute to a working woman (by the way, they are not only in age, but also young), a woman-keeper of the hearth, a manifestation of real concern for her!
7. Despite the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, adopted back in 1993, today one in three women worldwide is the victim of physical or sexual violence, which is usually committed by a close intimate partner.
8. Last year, UNICEF reported that more than 500 million women and girls around the world do not have access to private sanitary facilities where they can monitor their menstrual hygiene. That's half a billion women and girls around the world who are unable to meet their basic needs.
9. According to UNICEF, in 2013, about 31 million girls of primary school age and 32 million girls of primary school age were unable to attend school.
10. Originally called International Working Women's Day, the holiday was first observed on 28 February. Women continued to celebrate it on the last Sunday of February until 1913. The first modern International Women's Day was held on March 8 in 1914. The date was chosen because that year March 8 fell on a Sunday when most women did not work, allowing them to participate in marches and other activities. Since then, the holiday has been celebrated on this day.
11. Previously, instead of flowers, sweets or teddy bears, women were awarded diplomas and awards. Different countries, cities and republics have different traditions and holidays.
12. In one of the republics on this bright holiday, the fallen heroes are honored, this republic is called Liberia.
13. Japan has amazing traditions, this country is unique in its holidays. There in March they celebrate 2 holidays for all women. Hina Matsuri, as well as Girls' Day and Peach Blossom.
14. In Italy, it is impossible to fully enjoy the atmosphere of this holiday, as its inhabitants go to work on this day.
15. Women's Day was celebrated in ancient Rome. And, as expected, with gifts and congratulations. The Romans gave presents to spouses, and slaves received a day off.
16. Women speak about 20,000 words a day, which is 13,000 more than men.
17. The 20 richest women in the world inherited money from their father or husband.
18. The average British woman has 19 pairs of shoes but only wears 7.
19. 40% of births in the US are by unmarried women.
20. Women spend almost a year of their lives thinking about what to wear.
21. On average, women cry 30-64 times a year, and men 6-17 times.
22. Israel is the only country in the world where women are called up for military service.
23. A woman's heart beats faster than a man's.
24. . Women have more taste buds than men.
25. Only 2% of women consider themselves beautiful.
26. In 1900, women took part in the Olympic Games for the first time.
27. Women in Niger have an average of 7 children, the highest in the world.
28. Women live longer than men, in part because their immune systems age more slowly.
29. In the US, 30% of businesses are owned by women.
30. The UAE has the largest gender imbalance in the world, with only 100 women for every 219 men in the country.
31. All the women in the world earn $18 trillion and spend $28 trillion!
32. There are 603 million women in countries where domestic violence is not a crime.
33. 80% of those who bought a Fifty Shades of Gray book are women.
34. The only country in the world named after a woman is the island nation of Saint Lucia, which was discovered by Columbus on December 13, 1502 on Saint Lucia's Day.
35. A British study found that the average woman is on a diet for 17 years of her life.
36. Mental bonds in girls begin to form earlier than in boys in childhood and adolescence. That is why women have more developed thought processes and emotional spheres than men.
37. Caligynephobia, also known as venustraphobia, is nothing more than a fear of beautiful women. As a rule, young men suffer from it, and most often this phobia of beauties disappears at an older age, but nevertheless, not all men manage to defeat it even in adulthood.
38. Spasmodic pains in the lower abdomen during menstruation in women can be as strong as in all people during a heart attack. This condition is known as dysmenorrhea, which, just imagine, affects millions of women every month.
39. Women are known to speak 13,000 more words a day than men. Girlfriends, neighbors, work colleagues - well, how can you resist and not say a word.
40. Scientists have conducted studies among women who regularly use lipstick.
41. Women blink about twice as often as men. This seems to be where the expression "blink your eyes" comes from.
42. Ada Lovelace was the first programmer in history. She is best known for the fact that she created a description of a computer, however, the project was developed by a man, Charles Babbage. But she wrote the first program for this machine and introduced the terms "cycle" and "work cell".
43. Women are better than men at remembering where certain things are. How often does your husband ask you to help him find socks, ties or shirts in his own closet? So think after that, who has a better memory.
44. On the street, women tend to focus on buildings and signs, while men use directions and distances to describe paths. Therefore, a woman is more likely to say, "Go straight to the lingerie store, then turn right until you reach the bridge." A man will say differently: “You need to drive 5 km to the north, then turn east on Svoboda Street and continue driving in this direction for another 4 km.”
45. Girls have 11% more neurons than boys in the brain centers that are responsible for language and hearing.
46. Women are better than men at distinguishing shades of colors. Therefore, blue and dark blue are two completely different shades, not to mention pink, purple, purple or mauve.
47. Girls develop fine motor skills earlier than boys. This lends scientific support to the stereotype that women have neater handwriting. And by the way, representatives of both sexes generally write differently.
48. Men's noses are 10% larger than women's. This is due to the fact that men tend to have more muscle mass and require more oxygen, which means that their nostrils are enlarged. The size difference begins to show around age 11, when boys develop muscle and girls develop fat.
49. Compared to men, women have weaker ligaments, so they are more flexible and easier to sit on the splits, for example.
50. Women's skin is much thinner than men's, depletes collagen earlier, and is therefore more prone to wrinkles. In addition, this notorious collagen in the strong half of humanity has a higher density, so they look young much longer.
Social networks are Internet platforms for communication, exchange of information and content, and other social interactions. They are used for work, leisure and entertainment, allow groups of people to coordinate with each other and have a wide range of functions. Unlike the more compact messenger format, a social network usually supports the ability to share and consume content. It is generally more public. Social networks are used by millions of people around the world, which makes them an excellent tool for online marketing.
Social media facts
Now it is hard to believe that someone does not know what it is, but until the early 2000s, this concept existed mainly in theory. It is difficult to say when the concept appeared: something similar was foreseen by the 19th-century. The first prototypes were electronic bulletin boards that supported the communication function, then Internet chats appeared. The beginning of the era of social networks is considered to be 2003-2004: it was during this period that such giants as Facebook, LinkedIn, MySpace were launched in the USA.
1. One million links are shared on facebook every 20 minutes.
2. Every hour on facebook 4.5 million people receive an invitation to an event.
3. Every minute 100,000 people become friends on facebook.
4. Half of all users spend one to five hours a week on social media.
5. Every second, 8 people on the planet become part of any of the existing social networks.
6. The number of search queries on Google has exceeded one billion a day.
7. Facebook is the 3rd largest country in the world, after China and India, with a population of about 600 million people.
8. The chances that the average person under thirty years of age is in any social network - more than 50%.
9. On average, a user logs into his account 2 times a day.
10. Every social media user has an average of 195 friends.
11. The fastest growing segment of social media users are women aged 55-65.
12. The number of followers of Ashton Kutcher and Britney Spears is comparable in size to the population of Ireland, Norway or Panama.
13. There are about 200,000,000 blogs in the world.
14. 80% of people trust the opinions of their online friends more than their real-life peers.
15. More than 90% of people born in the new century have accounts in various social networks.
16. And here are the preferences of users from some countries of the world: Russia - Vkontakte, Odnoklassniki, Facebook USA - Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin Germany - Facebook, Twitter, Xing UK - Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin
Dangerous social networks:
17. Statistics show that thanks to social networks, the number of crimes against minors on sexual grounds has increased by 26 times.
18. Every year in the world, about 100 people pay with their lives for a message left on a social network.
19. In 2011, four out of five robbers in the UK used social media to prepare a robbery.
20. Studies have shown that the passion for social networks undermines the human immune system.
21. Social media has already overtaken pornography as the most popular online pastime. 22. Social media accounts for one in three divorces worldwide.
23. About 15% of users use social networks for surveillance. This is especially practiced by the special services.
24. Facebook at the end of November 2011 patented a tracking system for users outside the social network.
25. Being on social networks increases the risk of suicide, because. makes a person more detached from reality, minimizing contacts with others.
Social networks and family:
26. Slightly more than 10% of marriages in the United States occurred thanks to social networks.
27. Every fifth couple in the world gets to know each other on social networks.
28. Of all parents, 69% are friends with their children on social media.
29. Every fifth child spends a day out of seven days a week on the social network. More than half of the children are close to this indicator.
30. 80% of children have social media accounts.
31. 80% of parents said they know what their children are doing online. However, 31% of children are sure that their parents do not know anything about it.
32. 10 years old is the average age at which independent use of social networks begins.
33. Here's how much time (hours per week) children spend on social networks and groups: 7-14 hours - 23%, 14-12 hours - 57%, more than 21 hours - 20%
34. The number of betrayals increased by 3 times after dating in a social network. A wide choice and permissiveness causes a surge of desires.
Social networks and business:
35. Circulation of 24 of the world's 25 largest newspapers has fallen due to the fact that news began to reach people through other channels, in particular through social networks.
36. 25% of all search results for the world's top 20 brands lead to user-generated content on social media.
37. It turned out that most popular social services continue to store images deleted by users.
38. In less than a year, facebook has amassed over 200 million users, while it took 13 years for television to gather just 60 million people around it.
39. 4 out of 5 companies already use social media to find employees.
40. About a third of bloggers regularly publish their opinions about the largest brands and brands.
There are many types of sharks in the world, although the word "shark" most of us think of a huge killer fish from some Hollywood horror movie, terrifying the coastal waters. In fact, not all types of sharks are dangerous to humans, and even those that can harm or kill do not often cause the death of a careless diver.
More than 550 species of sharks live on our planet, and we periodically meet information about sharks from news sources. However, we know little of the interesting facts associated with them, such as the fact that sharks have been living on the planet for more than 400 million years. So sharks are older than dinosaurs.
Interesting facts about sharks
1. The body of a shark produces a special substance that blocks all its pain sensations.
2. Up to 30 tons per 1 sq. cm is the largest shark bite force.
3. About 3.5 years is the gestation period for a shark.
4. The speed of large sharks can reach up to 50 km / h.
5. A shark can't stop abruptly.
6. No more than 15% of its own weight is the average weekly diet of a shark.
7. 15 cm is the smallest shark size, and 12 meters is the largest.
8. The minimum speed of a shark is 2.5 km / h.
9. To regulate the salinity of water, the body of a shark can produce special means.
10. To conserve energy, a shark can turn off part of the brain.
11. In the water column, the scales of the skin of a predator help to move faster.
12. Thanks to its large liver, the shark stays on the water.
13. This predator has a low level of blood flow activity.
14. Shark skin is lubricated with a special oily secret to reduce resistance when moving in water. mybook.ru advertising | 16+ More
15. Some species of sharks may have glowing eyes.
16. The lateral line helps sharks navigate in space.
17. A shark's eating habits can be affected by the phases of the moon.
18. Sharks never stop moving or sleep.
19. Warm-blooded species include the blue, great white, and mako sharks.
20. Sharks never blink.
21. There is a species of shark that emits photophores on its fins.
22. Along the intestine there is a special valve in the form of a spiral to increase the absorption surface of the large intestine.
23. Two whirlwinds in one muscle movement can create a shark's tail fin.
24. The osmotic pressure of a shark provides half the salt content in the sea water of the ocean.
25. Sharks can suffer from food fever.
26. Some sharks can rest on the ocean floor.
27. If you pull the shark by the tail for a long time, then it can drown.
28. A shark's sense of smell is one of the best on the planet.
29. A shark can experience a voltage of 0.01 microvolts.
30. Even above the surface of the water, a shark can smell.
31. In 360 degrees, the hammerhead shark is able to inspect the space.
32. The shark is perfectly oriented in space.
33. The Earth's electromagnetic field serves as a "compass" for sharks.
34. The structure of the eye in sharks has the same configuration as in humans.
35. The muscles of the diaphragm in a shark are responsible for focusing the image.
36. At a distance of up to 15 meters in opaque sea water, a shark is able to see.
37. Shark sees 45 frames per second.
38. Shark eyes are able to distinguish colors.
39. 10 times the quality of a shark's vision compared to a human.
40. A shark can swim safely in the dark and with its eyes closed.
41. A shark can feel sounds with its entire skull.
42. In the range of 10-800 hertz, a shark is able to distinguish sound signals.
43. The white shark has the best hearing.
44. Sharks are able to detect changes in water temperature thanks to sensitive skin receptors.
45. Among the possible threats to humans in the water, the shark is the last on the list.
46. A double shark attack on the same person is known.
47. Every year, sharks make up to ten attacks on ships.
48. Sharks, attacking ships, often get stuck in them.
49. Florida's New Smyrna Beach is the place where most shark attacks have been recorded.
50. Shark often attacks inedible objects that impede its movement.
51. A shark uses a special system to warn people of an attack.
52. Predators often attack the male half of the population.
53. A dressed person in the water attracts the attention of a shark more than an undressed one.
54. In 1873, the white shark received its official name.
55. A juvenile white shark feeds exclusively on fish.
56. At the age of 15, a white predator reaches sexual maturity.
57. Killer whale often hunts the great white shark.
58. The great white shark closes its eyes at the last moment of the attack.
59. More than 10 meters in length reached the largest sharks caught.
60. Young predators survive on their own without the support of their parents.
61. About 47% of all shark attacks end successfully.
62. Waiting and many hours of tracking down prey is part of the shark's hunting strategy.
63. In one year, on average, a white shark eats up to 11 tons of food.
64. A great white shark can live without food for three whole months.
65. Often in captivity, a shark refuses to eat.
66. The "scavenger" of the ocean is called the tiger shark.
67. Powder kegs and cannonballs were found in the stomach of a tiger shark.
68. Compared to bull skin, tiger shark skin is 10 times stronger.
69. A tiger shark is considered a nocturnal predator.
70. A bull shark can live in fresh waters.
71. About half of all attacks on humans are carried out by a bull shark.
72. In India, the dead are thrown into the water with voracious bull sharks.
73. A bull shark is considered an almost immortal predator, which can eat its own insides.
74. The largest amount of testosterone is produced in the bull shark.
75. Only in the back row do new teeth grow in a bull shark.
76. The maximum length of a shark's teeth is 18 cm.
77. Up to 15,000 pieces can be the number of teeth in a shark.
78. A shark renews up to 24,000 of its teeth in one decade of life.
79. Only 6 mm is the size of the teeth of the whale shark.
80. About 5 cm is the length of the white shark teeth.
81. The only bone tissue in the body of a shark is the teeth.
82. Shark can determine the fat content of the victim with the help of teeth.
83. Each type of shark has its own shape of teeth.
84. A shark jumps up to three meters in the water while hunting.
85. The fox shark has an unusual way of hunting.
86. The wolf is the terrestrial brother of the shark.
87. The gray shark hunts in an original way.
88. A dolphin can attack a shark to protect its offspring.
89. The tiger shark has characteristic teeth and a very large mouth.
90. Large crocodiles are among the shark's enemies.
91. A shark can hunt a whale.
92. Sperm whales and porpoises can attack a shark.
93. Shark attacks only obviously weak opponents.
94. The whale shark is the largest species.
95. About 15 tons is the weight of the largest shark.
96. In the shape of a rectangle, the whale shark lays its eggs.
97. About 100 kg on average weighs a baby whale shark.
98. A female whale shark can carry 300 new embryos at the same time.
99. About 200 kg of plankton are eaten daily by a whale shark.
100. The speed of the whale shark often does not exceed 5 km / h.
The United Republic of Tanzania is located in East Africa; the state was formed on April 26, 1964, due to the unification of the Republic of Tanganyika and the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba. This is how the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar was born. In October 1964, the name was shortened, and the country began to be called Tanzania. The country's territory is just over 945,000 square kilometers, with more than 60 million inhabitants.
Approximately 4/5 of the total population lives in rural areas. Average life expectancy is one of the lowest in the world. Suffice it to cite this fact - less than three percent of the country's inhabitants live up to 65 years. Almost half of the population are children under the age of 15. Tanzania has two official languages - Swahili and English. At the same time, only a tiny part of the population speaks English. There are more than 120 languages \u200b\u200bof various tribes on the state's territory.
Tanzania is home to Africa's highest mountain, Kilimanjaro, at 5,895 meters. In the language of the Swahili people, its name is translated as "mountain that sparkles." Kilimanjaro is a volcano that has not been active for a long time. The first summit was recorded on October 5, 1889. The German Hans Meyer and the Austrian Ludwig Purtsheller climbed Kilimanjaro that day. Even though Mount Kilimanjaro seems to be gentle, rising to the top is not so easy; about half of all climbers have failed.
Facts about Tanzania
1. Tanzania comprises at least 120 tribes, each significant. Each is culturally distinguished by its unique masks, hand-woven baskets, batik, poetry, ebony or rosewood carvings, and the like.
2. More than 120 languages are spoken in Tanzania, most of which are from the Bantu family. Kiswahili (Swahili) is the official language of Tanzania and Kenya.
3. Tanzanians prefer to drink tea in the morning as a breakfast drink and coffee in the evening.
4. Using your left hand to congratulate someone is considered impolite in Tanzania.
5. Zanzibar, Tanzania's port city, is a cosmopolitan hotspot that dominates East African culture. Its long history with Arab rulers, Indian workers, Portuguese traders, and European colonizers has created a unique blend of tradition, cuisine, music, dance forms, and arts.
6. Dar es Salaam, a city in eastern Tanzania, is the largest city in the country. It is also the largest city that speaks Swahili and has produced many great people in African history.
7. As a former European colony, Tanzanians have adopted football and rugby as their favorite sports.
8. Tanzania's de facto national dish is the humble Ugale. This is a simple porridge made with millet or sorghum flour.
9. In Tanzania, even lakes are sculpted. Lake Natron, a highly alkaline water body, turns birds and other animals into eerie stone statues.
10. The Mpingo tree, found in Tanzania, produces the most expensive wood in the world. It has exceptional mechanical properties that make it ideal for carving and an excellent finish.
11. Mpingo trees are also known as the musical tree of Africa since their wood has been used to make traditional musical instruments since ancient times.
12. In Tanzania, there is a strange solution for elephants who have lost their way to farmland - "Throw condoms filled with chili powder on them," It works pretty well. Despite their lighter side, they used to be used to throwing spears.
13. Freddie Mercury, lead vocalist and songwriter of the rock band Queen, was born in Zanzibar, Tanzania.
14. Tanzanians love hip hop music and have created Bongo Flava, a combination of international styles such as reggae, afrobeat, blues, rasta, and ballroom with local musical traditions such as taarab and dance.
15. Kinjikitile Ngwale was an attractive man who lived in Tanzania during the 1900s and led the revolution against the German colonizers. The uprising was known as the Maji Maji Revolution and was a crucial moment in the country's history.
16. The problem was that Kinjikitil Ngwala believed he was possessed by a snake spirit and claimed that the "magic" portion called "Maji" would turn German bullets into powder. A month later, he was hanged for treason.
17. Tanzania is a friendly country in diplomatic circles, but the government declared war on neighboring Uganda on October 30, 1978. Tanzania wholly owned the Ugandans and won after five months.
18. A shadow fight caused the 1978 war. It all started when one Ugandan soldier moved to Tanzania to drink, shooting at the locals.
19. The flag of Tanzania consists of a black and yellow stripe, cut out two triangles diagonally. The top is green, and the bottom is blue.
20. The flag carries four elements of everyday life in Tanzania. Green is the beauty of nature, yellow is the country's mineral deposits, black is the people, and blue is the large lakes.
21. Zanzibar, so calm, gets its flag. The flag's colors remain the same as in Tanzania, but the style is different.
22. Before Tanzania merged with Zanzibar in 1964, it was known as Tanganyika and had its flag - a green background cut in half with a black and yellow stripe.
23. The world's longest river, the Nile, is synonymous with the world's first civilization, the Egyptian civilization. This river originates from Lake Victoria, Tanzania.
24. Lake Victoria is also the world's largest tropical and second-largest freshwater lake.
25. There is an island in Tanzania called Mafia. The other two major islands are Zanzibar and Pemba.
26. The Three Islands of Tanzania is a favorite vacation spot for lovers of everything tropical. Diving, local seafood, and all-night beach festivals attract tourists in large numbers.
27. The country has designated 25% of its land for nature reserves and national parks. It is one of the highest in the world, and the total area exceeds the size of Germany.
28. Tanzania's most famous national park is the Serengeti National Park, where a million wildebeest stumble into the Masai Mara National Park in Kenya. This migration is so epic, titled one of the world's seven natural wonders.
29. As a tourism booster, the government has installed hot air balloons in the Serengeti National Park.
30. Tanzania is home to the Ngorongoro Crater, the world's largest caldera, or volcanic depression. The crater has an area of 264 kilometers. It is estimated that it formed about 2,500,000 years ago.
31. In general comparison, the area of Tanzania (947,300 sq. Km) is slightly larger than the size of California (423,970 sq. Km) twice.
32. According to the CIA, all land in Tanzania is owned by the government, which can lease land for up to 99 years.
33. The extractive industry remains the primary sector through which the government pays its bills. Gold is the main mineral, and Tanzania is the third-largest African producer of the mineral, after South Africa and Ghana.
34. Tanzania receives about $500,000,000 in aid from around the world, most of which is paid for by the United Kingdom and the United States.
35. Ruaha National Park, Tanzania's largest national park, is home to the largest population of elephants.
36. Tanzania has seven (7) sites on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Facts on Mount Kilimanjaro (has three volcanic cones, "Kibo," "Mawenzi" and "Shira")
37. Mount Kilimanjaro is a poster boy in Tanzania. The iconic mountain is the highest peak in Africa and a place of fantastic beauty.
38. Mount Kilimanjaro is a world in itself, with stunning five different types of climate zones ranging from hot rainforests to arid snow-capped peaks. For comparison, in the whole USA, there are seven climate zones.
39. Mount Kilimanjaro is a lone wolf and loves to stand alone. It is a separate mountain; it is not part of any mountain range. It is the highest free-standing mountain in the world.
40. A German geologist named Hans Mayer was the first to climb Mount Kilimanjaro in October 1889.
41. Bernard Goosen from South Africa was the first person to climb Mount Kilimanjaro in a wheelchair.
42. Kyle Maynard, who has neither legs nor arms, became an inspiration to millions of people when he crawled to the highest peak of Mount Kilimanjaro in 2012 without any prosthetics or assistance.
43. According to the Guinness World Records, Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest delivery point for a modest pizza. The pepperoni pizza was delivered 5,897 m (19,341 ft) after traveling 745 km in 4 days.
44. Tanzania may have had countless geographical riches but remains impoverished. Despite being surrounded by the world's three largest lakes, water scarcity has become a nightmare for rural areas. As of 2009, almost a third of the country did not have access to clean drinking water.
45. Farms and livestock depend solely on rain, and years of drought bring massive starvation and starvation. The 2010 Global Hunger Index ranks the food situation as "deeply worrying."
46. About 40% of the total population lives in extreme poverty, and almost 60% live below the World Bank's $1.25 poverty line.
47. One of the critical causes of poverty is the low rate of urbanization. More than 80% of the population lives in rural areas lacking basic civic amenities such as electricity, sanitation, and education.
48. There are strange heaps of magnetized volcanic ash that travel through the desert at a rate of about 17 meters per year. The dunes are located near Olduvai Gorge within the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, along the road to the Serengeti National Park.
49. Zanzibar, Tanzania, is the site of the shortest war in history. The battle was fought between British forces and Khalid bin Barghash. The battle lasted from 38 to 45 minutes, and the British did well.
50. Traces of tracks formed about 3,600,000 years ago have been found in Tanzania. The footprints vary in size and suggest that they were created by a group consisting of a male and two females.
Life is an exciting game that has been going on since our birth. As the game should, it also has its own loopholes and hacks that make our existence easier. So why not use them and make your life more comfortable?
Top Life Hacks
A life hack is a concept that refers to some trick or useful advice that helps to solve a problem in the simplest and fastest way.
1. If you think someone is lying about their age, ask them what year they were born. You will immediately understand if a person is telling a lie, because he will have to spend time on mathematical calculations.
2. Are you one of those people who often loses his phone while away from home? Before you start getting ready to go, just charge your mobile phone. 10 extra minutes and you can use your phone a little longer than usual.
3. Can't solve the problem? Take a nap for 15 minutes, if possible. There will be much more chances for its successful solution.
4. If you love movies, read the worst review first and then the best one. This will help you decide whether to go to the cinema or watch this movie online.
5. Try to keep your desktop clean and tidy - it makes your job a lot easier than you think.
6. If you often drop your phone, this tip is for you. When your phone takes off again, try to lightly touch it with your foot - your foot will absorb most of the kinetic energy of the phone, and its landing will be much softer.
7. Buy quality clothes and shoes, even if you don't have much money. They will last a long time and save you from having to replace them soon.
8. Before going to bed, drink diluted hot milk. You will sleep like a baby.
9. Don't wash your jeans unless they are dirty. So they will serve you much longer.
10. To brew tea or coffee, pour water from a height of several centimeters. There will be more oxygen in the drink, which will improve its taste.
11. Whenever extra money appears on your card, transfer it to a savings account. This step will reduce the likelihood that you will be tempted to buy unnecessary things.
12. Submerge your sock in water and then put your bottle in it is a great way to keep your drinking water cool.
13. If you don't have time to iron wrinkled clothes, try spraying them with water and waiting for them to dry. This method is suitable for warm and dry rooms.
14. If an oncoming car has blinded you with high beams, try closing one eye. When the car passes by, change the eye. Continue until vision is restored.
15. Adhesive tape protects your feet from calluses and blisters much better than special patches.
16. Running leggings will keep you warm much better than thermal underwear. In addition, they are suitable for almost all items of your wardrobe.
17. If it seems to you that someone is following you, make four consecutive turns to the right - so you can check your suspicions.
18. To stop the bleeding at home, you can use sugar or powdered sugar - bacteria die in a high sugar environment.
19. If you accidentally send a message to the wrong person, quickly activate airplane mode. SMS will not be sent, and you can delete it.
20. If you are in a bad mood, smile for a minute and you will notice the effect. Such a trick activates the chemical process of producing hormones of happiness in the brain.
21. If your plane has Wi-Fi, you can find out where you are flying by simply typing the flight number into the Google search box.
22. If you are suffering from abdominal pain, roll over on your left side and start massaging your stomach, making circular movements in a clockwise direction.
23. Want to download YouTube videos? Just add "ss" between "www." and "youtube" in the address bar.
24. To stop crying while cutting onions, just chew gum!
25. Another way to improve mood is music. Just turn on your favorite playlist.
26. If a friend asked you to call from your iPhone, activate Siri from the lock screen. A person will be able to make a call without accessing your data.
27. To gain the confidence of the interlocutor, speak softly and clearly, and also maintain eye contact with him.
28. Drink 2 glasses of water before every meal or tea to reduce the chance of overeating.
29. If you want a clearer picture on your phone, hold your breath and then press the button to take the picture.
30. If you asked a question, but received only part of the answer, be silent. Most people will get confused and continue talking without even realizing it.
31. To save money, buy winter clothes in summer and summer clothes in winter.
32. When you finish writing some text, copy it, paste it into Google Translate and listen. This is the easiest way to find errors.
33. To skip ads on YouTube, click on the end of the video and then play it again.
34. If you find your food is starting to burn, add an ice cube to cool the pan. The water will quickly evaporate and the food will stop burning.
35. Sprinkle lemon juice on cut fruit to prevent browning.
36. When locking your door before a long trip, do something unusual to make sure the door is locked.
37. Pay attention to the position of your body in the morning - this is your most comfortable sleeping position. This knowledge will help you fall asleep faster.
38. If you are bad at remembering names, repeat the person's name several times during the greeting.
39. Don't want to cry in public? Just press your tongue against your palate.
40. Turn on airplane mode to charge your phone faster.
41. If you are going to buy online, check the product for bad reviews first.
42. To fall asleep, it is enough not to move for 15 minutes.
43. When you're not using your phone, keep your screen brightness to a minimum. This will increase battery life.
44. Holding hands with someone you love will relieve physical pain, relieve stress, and relieve fear.
45. If you're going to show someone a photo on your phone, but don't want them to see other photos, zoom in a bit. When they swipe across the screen, they just move the photo and don't move on to the next one.
46. Never call people before 9 am or after 9 pm. It's just impolite. The exception is friends or relatives.
47. Remember: there is only one life, so do what makes you happy and be with the one who makes you smile.
48. If others respect you, then you respect them. If you are not respected, do not be like them - do not let other people's actions affect your personality. Because you are only you and not someone else.
49. The best way to appreciate any person is to imagine your life without him.
50. And finally: always keep your word!