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Top 10 Biggest Animals in the World

6 months ago

Among the animals, both small creatures are invisible to the eye and real giants. The dinosaurs died out a long time ago, so we can no longer see the brachiosaurs with our eyes, which could weigh up to 50 tons. There are some animals whose sizes are unique. Below is a selection of the ten largest animals.


Which one is the biggest animal?


Hundreds of thousands of animals of various sizes live on earth. There are real giants, the dimensions of which, although inferior to prehistoric monsters, far exceed the sizes of those animals that we can usually see around.


10. Giant Squid

Giant squids are clear evidence of deep-sea gigantism. Today, it is reliably known about individuals whose length from the ends of the tentacles to the fins reaches eight m. When, after death, the squid muscles are relaxed, length measurements can show the figure 16 m. The mass of these inhabitants of the ocean reaches 275 kg.


Giant squids live at depths of 300-1000 m, and they can be found in any ocean on Earth. They feed on fish and smaller species of squid.


9. Polar bear

Bears are the largest land mammal, predators. Among them, polar bears are the largest. Their length can reach 3 m, and their weight can reach 500 kg. The giant polar bears live on the coast of the White Sea.


The polar bear hunts seals and sea hares but, if possible, attacks seals and walruses. His favorite technique is to overturn the ice floe on which the seals are located. Today, there are approximately 25,000 polar bears in the world. It is worth noting that they live in the Northern Hemisphere, in the Arctic. They are not found in Antarctica.


8. Giraffe

The tallest animal on the planet, whose height can reach 6 m. The mass of adults is 900-1200 kg. The high neck allows giraffes, exclusively herbivores, to feed on the leaves of tall trees. At the same time, other herbivores cannot reach these leaves because of their high location, and therefore giraffes do not experience competition from them.


However, it is difficult for the animal's heart to pump blood because of the high neck. It is forced to create a blood pressure three times higher than a human. The nature of the giraffe weighs over 12 kg.


7. Saltwater Crocodile

The largest among crocodiles are combed crocodiles that live in Australia, India, Indonesia, Indochina. The length of their bodies can reach up to 6.2 m, and the mass of such crocodiles can exceed a ton. Due to their size, combed crocodiles are considered the planet's giant reptiles and terrestrial predators.


Salted crocodiles are extremely dangerous and can attack even some types of sharks in the water. In nature, they have no natural enemies. Even a man with a firearm is hard to resist. The incident that occurred in February 1945 on Ramri Island is indicative. During the Second World War, an armed detachment of more than a thousand armed Japanese tried to get out of the encirclement, making their route through one swamp. As a result, almost all the soldiers were eaten by combed crocodiles, only 20 Japanese survived.


6. Hippo

The average mass of these giants living in Africa reaches 3 tons. However, record-holders weigh more than 4500 kg. The length of hippos can be 5.4 m.


They spend most of the day in the water but come out to feed at night. Although hippos are herbivores, they often attack other animals, including rhinos and elephants, when disturbed. There are frequent cases of fights between two hippos, while the weaker male usually dies in such disputes. Although hippopotamuses seem, clumsy creatures, if necessary, they can reach speeds of up to 30 km/h.


5. Elephant seal

Among all pinnipeds and seals, the largest species is the southern elephant seal. The mass of one such animal sometimes exceeds 3.5 tons, and its body length is 6.5 m. The name of the species suggests that it has a trunk. However, its length is usually only 10 cm.


Southern elephant seals live mainly off the coast of the subantarctic islands - the Kerguelen archipelago, the islands of South Georgia, Crozet, etc. Approximately 5% of individuals live directly in Antarctica. Also, animal colonies are present in the southernmost regions of Argentina. If necessary, elephant seals can hold their breath for 2 hours and dive to 2000 m.


4. Rhino

Among these animals, distinguished by the presence of one giant horn, the largest are white rhinos, which are gray. Their mass can reach up to 5 tons, although usually, it is in the range of 2-2.5 tons. The length of the rhinos is 4.2 m, and the height is 1.6-2 meters.


There are white rhinos in southern Africa. They create groups that can reach up to 18 individuals. There are two subspecies of white rhinos - northern and southern. The subspecies of the north are almost exterminated - there are two females left, which are kept in the zoo. There are approximately 20,000 southern white rhinos.


3. Elephant

Among all land animals, elephants are the largest, and among them, the savannah elephants that live in Africa are the largest. The average weight is estimated at 7 tons, and females weigh about 5 tons. However, in 1974, a specimen was shot in Angola while hunting, whose weight was 12.2 tons. The length of the savannah elephants reaches 7 m, and the height reaches 3.8 m.


Elephants lead a peaceful lifestyle and feed on vegetation. Nevertheless, only in Zimbabwe from 1982-to 1989, did 500 people become their victims, because elephants can still show aggression, protecting themselves and the herd. The number of savannah elephants back in 1930 was 5 million individuals, but today there are no more than 700 thousand.


2. Whale Shark

The largest of the sharks is also the largest fish on Earth. Usually, the length of the whale shark does not exceed 12 m, but there were individuals with a height of 20 m. The mass of such giants can reach 34 tons.


The speed of these species of sharks does not exceed 5 km/h. They feed on plankton and therefore are safe for humans. Sometimes people can even ride on their backs.


The lifespan of whale sharks is remarkable. Individuals reach sexual maturity only by 30, and they live up to 100 or even 150 years.


1. Blue whale

In general, all whales are enormous animals, and if desired, the entire TOP 10 could be filled with different types of whales. But the largest among them are blue whales. The length of the most prominent individuals reaches 33 meters, and the mass of such animals exceeds 150 tons.


Oddly enough, these giants do not feed on fish but only on plankton, consisting of small crustaceans (no more than 6 cm in size). Seeing their flock, the whale opens its mouth and launches a massive amount of water inside. Then it closes its mouth and uses a unique mechanism to push out the water.


Back in the 19th century, the number of blue whales exceeded 350 thousand individuals. Whalers could not hunt this species for a long time - it was too strong. But in 1868, hunters mastered a new weapon - a harpoon gun, with the help of which the extraction of blue whales became possible. By 1967, the number of blue whales was reduced to 2 thousand, as a result of which their fishing was utterly prohibited. Since then, the number of blue whales has grown very slowly.


What is the smallest animal in the world?


The Etruscan shrew is the smallest modern mammal on the planet.

The pygmy shrew, or Etruscan shrew (Suncus Etruscans), is the smallest known mammal. Her body weight does not exceed 1.8 grams, and the maximum body length is 4.5 centimeters.


The shrew moves very fast and has an extremely high metabolic rate, which causes it to eat twice its weight in food. So, this crumb has to eat up to 25 times a day, hunting for insects, young frogs, and lizards.


As a rule, the heartbeat of a shrew reaches 1511 beats/min (25 beats/sec), and its body temperature is 37 ° C. However, when a shrew falls into a temporary torpor, its temperature drops to 12°C. Usually, this state of the body occurs during a food shortage and with the onset of cold weather. The exit from the stupor is accompanied by a sharp increase in heart rate - from 100 to 800-1200 per minute.


Today, these amazing creatures are endangered in some countries. This is mainly due to sudden climate changes, to which pygmy shrews are very sensitive. But to a greater extent, the destruction of their dwellings due to agricultural work leads to a decrease in the number of Etruscan shrews. This fact is even more upsetting when you consider that the shrew is of great benefit to people, destroying pests in their gardens, vegetable gardens, and fields.


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Amazing armadillo animals seem to be actual living relics. They look like what animals seem to have looked like many millions of years ago and somehow subtly resemble dinosaurs, although they have nothing to do with them. However, armadillos are defenseless against people despite their somewhat frightening appearance, and their habitat has been inexorably shrinking in recent decades. If this continues, these amazing and interesting animals in all respects will be threatened with extinction.


Interesting facts about armadillos



1. Armadillos are the only mammals with a body covered with a hard shell.


2. They are also among the few mammals that lay eggs.


3. Armadillos got their name in honor of the conquistadors, Spanish warriors chained in steel armor.


4. South America is considered the birthplace of these animals, but armadillos also live in Central and North America and Mexico.


5. In the Pleistocene era, glyptodons lived in South and Central America - giant relatives of modern armadillos. With its size and dimensions, the glyptodon resembled the Volkswagen Beetle. The body length of the armadillo ancestors reached 3 meters.


6. Now, giant armadillos weigh about 32 kilograms and reach one and a half meters in length.


7. The smallest frilled armadillo - often does not exceed 15 centimeters in length.


8. Sometimes, armadillos are confused with pangolins. But pangolins, or lizards, are a separate detachment of placental mammals.


9. Armadillos are animals that got their name from the shell covering their bodies. This armor, consisting of bone plates, allowed their ancient ancestors to survive.


10. The shell of these animals is a bone that grows directly from their vertebrae. A strong shell reliably protects the animal's upper body; it consists of rigid plates covered with a keratinized layer of skin. All this helps armadillos to defend themselves from predatory animals.




11. The plates are also located on the shoulders and hips. On the back, they consist of belts, between which there is a leathery layer, which allows animals to curl up into a ball in case of danger.


12. But only one species of these animals can curl up into a ball to protect themselves from attack. Those armadillos that do not know how to fold into a ball will either run away when attacked or dig a hole where you can hide.


13. The head, the upper part of the paws, and the tail, as a rule, are also protected by armor. Therefore, the armadillos' most vulnerable part is the body's lower part, which has only a bristly hairline.


14. Now, there are about 20 species of these individuals and nine genera, combined into the following groups: bristly; rugged armored; ball; large; frilled.


15. Of the existing 20 species of armadillos, only one of them lives in North America. The rest are found in South America.


16. These animals live in tropical forests, grasslands, and semi-arid places.




17. Head-tailed armadillos. This species has medium dimensions, body length is about 35-80 centimeters, body weight is 36-40 kilograms. A distinctive characteristic of this species is the tail of the animal, it is not protected by bone growths.


18. These animals have a wide muzzle with straight ears. There are 5 fingers on each limb, and the middle one is much larger than the rest. Their body is covered with 9-13 movable plates. The color is dark, almost black.


19. The lifespan of this armadillo species in its natural habitat is 11 years, the survival rate in captivity is very low.




20. Nine-banded - the most famous and well-studied type of armadillos. These animals perfectly adapt to the environment, so it is found everywhere.


21. Their habitat is wide, they are distributed not only in most of the United States, but also in Mexico.


22. Nine-banded armadillos love to burrow on river banks near green bushes and trees, they can also swim short distances. For this feature they are called marine armadillos, the animal can hold its breath for up to 5-7 minutes.




23. Bristly armadillos. Their characteristic feature is their small size, the body length rarely exceeds 45 centimeters. Weight - 3.5-3 kilograms, their life expectancy is about 10 years.


24. Their body is covered with granular shields and has a large amount of hair. These animals have a light brown color. They appear both during daylight hours and at night.


25. Bristly armadillos feed on carrion, worms and insects. They breed 2 times a year, their pregnancy is infertile.




26. Gigantic or giant armadillos. The length of their body is 1 meter, and the tail is 50 centimeters. Weight reaches 60 kilograms.


27. These animals have a tube-shaped muzzle and wide ears, and the number of teeth that do not have roots reaches 100 pieces. They are found in open grasslands, savannahs and jungles.


28. Frilled armadillos are often found in central Argentina, Bolivia, Chile. They live in dry meadows with thorny bushes.


29. A sexually mature individual of these animals has a body length without a tail of 10 centimeters, a tail - 2-3 centimeters, their weight - 80-90 grams. These armadillos look small and defenseless. Their color varies from soft pink tones to dark saturated shades.


30. Their small, oblong head and strong forelimbs are perfectly adapted for burrowing. Most of the time these animals spend underground. They are active at night. This species of armadillos is under threat of extinction.




31. There is also a dwarf species, their body size is 26-35 centimeters, weight is about 1 kilogram.


32. Scientists cannot reliably determine how many teeth each type of armadillo has. It is known that their jaws are not very powerful, and rare teeth are peg-shaped and practically not covered with enamel.


33. Such a structure is explained by the fact that the animals eat soft food, which is digested in the stomach, the anterior part of which is covered with hard plates. Teeth have one root and grow throughout the life of the animal.


34. Most armadillos are unable to roll into a ball because they have too many plates that limit their flexibility.


35. Armadillos are clumsy animals with an elongated muzzle and huge erect ears. They come in black, dark brown, gray, red and even yellow.


36. These animals are omnivores. The basis of their diet is a variety of insects and larvae, and armadillos can also eat plant foods or carrion.


37. Armadillos are excellent at digging - this is how they find their food, namely insects, as well as small mammals, roots and fruits.



38. In addition to digging, armadillos have a fantastic sense of smell for finding food. They can smell their prey even underground. This compensates for the fact that they have very poor eyesight.


39. Ants and termites are considered their special delicacy, they are not afraid of their bites, armadillos dig them out with their clawed paws. Their long, sticky tongues help them suck up ants (including fire ants) and termites.


40. Their front and hind legs have from 3 to 5 fingers and large sharp claws that help the animals dig the ground, open anthills and termite mounds. Large species can even break stumps or termite mounds, and then take the prey with their long tongue.


41. Thanks to the large salivary glands located on the lower jaw and reaching the sternum, the tongue is constantly covered with mucus. At one time, the animal eats up to 35 thousand insects.


42. The most common type of armadillos - nine-belted ones in one sitting can eat about 40 thousand ants.


43. Some species in the warm season feed on small invertebrates, and can also eat fruits. Sometimes they replenish their diet with the eggs of birds that make nests on the ground.


44. These animals, despite the fact that digging the ground in search of food, spoil crops, they also bring a lot of benefits, destroying harmful insects and their larvae.


45. These animals do not have very good eyesight and do not distinguish colors at all, but they have a fairly developed sense of smell and excellent hearing. This helps to recognize representatives of a kind, as well as to receive information about the readiness of the opposite sex for reproduction.



46. ​​Since armadillos belong to the group of mammals, they are placental. The placenta is formed only during pregnancy, through it nutrients enter the body of the embryo, cells are saturated with oxygen and hormones are produced that are responsible for the growth of the fetus.


47. The mating season falls on the warm season, most often in July, it is at this time that the females are physiologically ready for mating. Conception occurs sexually and often only one egg is fertilized.


48. At the earliest stage, the embryo remains in the uterus for about 3-3.5 months, then implantation occurs and the fetus develops for another 4 months. Delaying implantation is necessary to ensure good survival of the offspring.




49. Cubs are born in early spring, they are well developed and within a few hours after birth they can move independently.


50. The shell of babies is soft, and only by the onset of puberty does it harden.


51. During the first months, newborns stay close to their mother, who feeds them with breast milk.


52. Further, already grown cubs leave the hole and begin to master adult food. Fully development is completed by 3-4 years, depending on the sex.


53. Most of the animals are nocturnal, but activity may vary depending on the weather and the age of the armadillo. Juveniles may emerge from their burrows early in the morning or towards afternoon. In the cold season, animals are also active during the day.


54. No family of mammals has such a variable number of teeth - from 28 to 40 (in a giant armadillo - up to 90-100). The number of teeth differs not only in different species, but also in different individuals.


55. Due to their thin shell and low body fat, armadillos cannot maintain their internal temperature, as most other mammals do.



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Cats need a lot of attention and that's why they sometimes push away the laptop out of our arms or the phone from our hand to be petted. In this compilation Bemorepanda decided to amaze you with some curiosities about cats. Cats have always been mysterious, sacred creators in many cultures. Most of their habits are beginning to be elucidated by science. Here are some examples:

  • The fact that cats were worshiped in Egypt is universally known, but they were also declared sacred in Japan during the year 1000, according to Cats International.
  • Cats can see 5 times better at night - especially if the target is moving - clearly if they can not distinguish as many things as the human eye.


  • A healthy domestic cat can reach a speed of 31 km / h, but it cannot maintain a rhythm of more than 1 minute.
  • Cats can jump 5 times their body length.


  • A healthy adult cat spends about 15% of its time in a deep sleep, 50% in a light sleep and 35% awake.
  • Sections of a cat's brain responsible for understanding, filtering and managing emotions correctly are quite the same as in a human brain.


  • A cat has 244 bones in its body (unlike humans, which have 206). They have 60 vertebrae, and between 20 are in the tail, for flexibility.
  • Cats are most active in the morning and evening (sunrise and sunset) because it is the best times to hunt.


  • Cats are born with 26 baby teeth, replacing 30 permanent teeth as they grow.
  • Most adult cats do not have the enzyme needed to digest milk.


6.Someone is really missing a hug.

7.This cat reached his attention saturation.

8.Leave your homework, play with me!

9.Please, adopt me!

10.Pleasing for some more attention.

11.Phone lover.

12.Pet me, I'm right here, you see me?

13.Such a sweetheart.

14.Look how I'm playing!

15.Missing owners when they work!
















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Predatory animals living in steppes and deserts - as a rule, hunt their prey by stalking. They are supple, graceful, have long legs, and sharp eyesight. Predatory forest animals have a well-developed sense of smell and hearing. Mammals of prey have slender bodies, and birds of prey - have short wings and long tails, all for quick maneuvering among the trunks and branches of trees.


Facts about predatory animals


In nature, predatory animals and their prey are mutually dependent. The former has a specific hunting territory that provides them with the necessary food. The larger the predatory animal, the larger the environment it hunts. For example, the habitat of the Ussuri tiger is up to 100 km in diameter. If the animals that serve as prey migrate, the predatory animals follow them: the tiger after wild boars, eagles, hawks - after migrating ducks and coots. Man uses these interdependencies for his purpose. After the gatherings of seabirds - seagulls, fulmars, moose - fishermen discover schools of fish offshore.



1. Predators are carnivorous mammals.


2. Predators are among the most dangerous animals on Earth. They come in all shapes and sizes, ranging from 30-gram weasels to 500-pound bears, and their diet includes anything that moves, from birds, fish, reptiles, to other mammals.


3. There are about 280 species of predatory mammals worldwide. A slightly larger number, about 300 species, have already become extinct.


4. Many predators feed not only on animals but also on plant foods.




5. Raccoons are predators but eat more plant food than animal food.


6. Without exception, all types of snakes are predators.


7. Predators are divided into two main groups: canids and felines.


8. Canis include dogs, bears, wolves, raccoons, skunks, walruses, seals, etc. Felines have lions, tigers, domestic cats, hyenas, mongooses, etc. Formerly, marine mammals were classified under the suborder pinnipeds and classified as canids.


9. Dog-like and cat-like are divided into 15 families. Canids include canids (wolves, dogs, and foxes); mustelids (weasels, ferrets, badgers, and otters); bears (bears and pandas); skunk (skunsoa); raccoons (raccoons); eared seals; authentic seals; panda (small pandas); walrus.


10. Cats include felines (lions, tigers, and cats); hyenas (hyenas); mongoose (mongooses, meerkats); civet; Londinium; Madagascar viverrids.




11. The family of hyenas is the smallest. It includes only four species.


12. And the viverrids are the champions, of which there are 76 different species.


13. All land predators are descended from a common ancestor. Paleontologists talk about it. All carnivores, from cats and dogs to bears and hyenas, were dropped from miacids living in Western Europe about 55 million years ago, 10 million years after the dinosaurs died.


14. These small animal miacids look like modern martens. It is they who are considered the common ancestors of all mammalian predators now living on the planet.


15. The largest predator that ever walked the Earth was a Tyrannosaurus Rex. According to some estimates, this monstrous dinosaur reached a body length of 10-12 meters and a mass of 7-8 tons.



16. The fastest land predator in the world is the cheetah, which lives in Africa. In 3 seconds, these big cats can develop a record speed of 110 km / h, but they cannot run at such a speed for a long time. After a rapid jerk lasting some tens of seconds, they need to rest.


17. In some species of extinct saber-toothed cats, fangs reached 20 centimeters in length. And the longest Tyrannosaurus tooth ever found is 30 centimeters long.


18. In South America, there were once fororakos, giant predatory flightless birds weighing 200-300 kilograms and up to 2.5 meters high. They were all exterminated by primitive hunters armed with clubs and spears.




19. The life of insidious predators of the family of canine wolves takes place in constant movement and active pursuit of victims. In search of prey, their flock overcomes 25–80 kilometers per day. In hunting, these mammals are helped by an excellent sense of smell, hearing, and 42 strong teeth. The most deadly of them are 5 cm curved fangs that can crush the tibia of an elk. During the attack, predators are silent and swift - attacking animals reach speeds of up to 64 km / h.


20. Predators can only move their jaws up and down. This feature is associated with the characteristic shape of the skull of predators: the lower jaw is rooted in the upper, and the muscles are attached so that they do not allow movement from side to side. Due to the particular structure of the skull of carnivores, their brains are more significant compared to other mammals, so cats, dogs, and bears are usually much more intelligent than goats, horses, and hippos.




21. The most significant land predator is the combed crocodile. These reptiles grow to a length of 7 meters and have a mass of up to 2 tons, surpassing even polar bears in size.


22. It may seem strange, but not all predators eat meat exclusively. But they can also eat other foods. Cats of the feline family are "super predators." All energy and calories they get from fresh meat.


23. Red pandas and raccoons eat small amounts of meat (in the form of beetles and lizards) but spend most of their time looking for tasty vegetation.


24. There is even one exclusively vegetarian "meat-eater" - musang from the civet family.




25. The most predatory animal in the world is the wolverine. A muscular squat body 40-45 centimeters high and weighing 10-30 kilograms, thick short legs with wide feet, dense brown fur, and a round head characterize the wolverine, which looks like a vast badger. This inhabitant of northern Eurasia and North America forests belongs to the marten family. Ferocity, strength, lack of fear, and excessive appetite make the beast the most predatory animal, capable of defeating even an elk or a bear.


26. The largest predatory mollusks are giant squids, which live mainly at considerable depths. Confirmed size records are 18 meters long, including tentacles, but there are unconfirmed reports of 25-meter individuals.


27. Carnivores display a wide range of social behaviors, and nowhere are there more pronounced differences than between the two most famous carnivore families: cats and dogs.




28. Dogs and wolves are very social animals, usually hunting and living in packs. At the same time, most large cats tend to be solitary, forming small family groups only when necessary (for example, prides of lions).


29. In dogs, submission to the leader (alpha) is in the blood, which is why they are so well trained. With cats, everything is different - they are independent and very difficult to subdue.


30. Predatory creatures of some species feed only on live prey, and they will not eat dead prey, even if they die of hunger. A striking example of this is most snakes, or praying mantises, predatory insects.




31. Sperm whales are the largest predatory animals on our planet, they often reach a mass of 50 tons with a length of 20 meters. They feed mainly on mollusks, and their herds sometimes number hundreds or even thousands of individuals.


32. Predators have quite varied communication. Compared to herbivorous mammals, carnivores are among the loudest animals on the planet.


33. The barking of dogs, the howling of wolves, the roar of big cats, the growling of bears, and the fearsome hooting of hyenas are various means of establishing dominance, initiating courtship, or warning others of danger.


34. Predators can also communicate non-verbally: through smell (urine and feces) or through body language (there are various positions that show the intentions of animals in a variety of situations).


35. On the Indonesian islands of Gili Motang, Komodo, Flores and Rinca, the largest lizard on the planet, the Komodo (Komodos) monitor lizard, lives. Its gigantic strong body reaches 3 meters in length and weighs 35-70 kilograms. A reptile with the same appetite devours insects, fish, and mammals - rodents, deer and wild pigs. The apparent sluggishness of the monitor lizard is deceptive - the attacking animal develops a speed of up to 20 km / h and unbalances the prey with a blow of a powerful tail. The hunter's strategy is to knock the trophy to the ground and tear it apart with conical teeth with jagged edges. Thanks to the expanding stomach, the voracious reptile eats up to 60 kilograms of meat at one time.




36. Of all the raptors, the fastest is the peregrine falcon, which belongs to the falcons. In horizontal flight, it is inferior to swifts in speed, but in a dive, peregrine falcons reach speeds of over 300 km / h, which makes them generally the fastest living creatures on Earth.


37. The most unpredictable and aggressive representative of the big cat subfamily is the leopard. With a height at the withers of 45–78 centimeters and a weight of up to 75 kilograms, this hunter with red spotted hair and a long tail is inferior in size to its relatives - the tiger and the lion. However, strong jaws and a bite force of 100–125 atmospheres put the leopard on a par with the most predatory animals on the planet.


38. Today, the largest carnivore in the world is the southern elephant seal, whose males can reach a weight of more than 5 tons.


39. As a rule, plants are much more difficult to eat and digest than fresh meat - this is why the intestines of herbivores are longer, and ruminants have multi-chamber stomachs (for example, a 4-chamber stomach of cows).


40. And predators have a relatively simple digestive system, with a shorter and more compact intestine and a large stomach that allows you to eat a lot of food at a time.




41. White shark is the largest predatory fish on Earth. It may well grow up to 6 meters and gain weight up to 2 tons. However, on average, only 1-2 people become victims of white sharks every year.


42. And the largest predatory freshwater fish is considered to be a large tiger. These fish are found in the rivers of Central Africa and reach a mass of 50 kilograms.


43. Among the inhabitants of the water element, the most bloodthirsty predator is the bull shark. This name was given to a dangerous fish for a reason: swimming in fresh water, it approaches the shore and hunts bulls that have come to drink. For its large head and flattened snout, this shark is also called blunt-nosed. An unpleasant date with a sharp-toothed killer can occur in all the world's oceans (with the exception of the Arctic). In the United States of America, cases of bull sharks have been recorded in Lake Michigan and the rivers of New Jersey and Illinois.


44. Predatory owls on the hunt rely on the absolute noiselessness of their flight.


45. The smallest predatory mammal is an ordinary weasel, which weighs from 30 grams. This smart and agile animal belongs to the weasel family.




46. ​​Some land predators have learned to imitate the sounds of the animals they hunt in order to attract prey. Tigers, for example, have been observed in similar behavior.


47. Predators are the most skilled hunters in the world and may be the most dangerous animals on earth. The crushing jaws of dogs and wolves, the lightning speed of cheetahs, the retractable claws of tigers, the massive paws of bears are the result of millions of years of evolution during which one rule has been well studied: one missed meal creates a fine line between life and death.


48. In addition to their large brains, predators also have exceptionally sharp eyesight, hearing and sense of smell, which makes them more dangerous when hunting.


49. Most predators, unlike herbivores, practically did not grind in the process of evolution.


50. Today, most of the most predatory animals are endangered and listed in the Red Book.



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Do you know everything about cats? Think again. Cats are naturally mysterious, they are like an onion: endless layers! Dogs will tell you all the facts about themselves. Get cozy with your best furry buddy and learn some lesser-known facts about cats.


Interesting facts about cats


We use the term "big cats" to refer to animals such as lions, tigers, and leopards for a good reason. Cats and tigers shared a common ancestor over ten million years ago. However, today's domestic cats still share 95% of their genetic code with tigers. It's no wonder why the two exhibit many of the same behaviors, including scent marking, prey stalking and attacking.


1. The cat's domestication took place approximately 9500 years ago in the Middle East in the Fertile Crescent region (the conditional name for the region with increased rainfall during the winter months), where the oldest human civilizations originated developed. 


2. A cat's tongue is pulled out at a speed of 1 meter per second when licking liquid. Unlike dogs, a cat's tongue only touches the surface of the liquid and does not penetrate it. Then the tongue rushes up and drags a column of liquid with it. 


3. Currently, there are about 600 million domestic cats in the world. 



4. A distinctive feature of the structure of the cat's eye, which is characteristic of many mammals, is the presence of a nictitating membrane (third eyelid). It can be seen when the cat sleeps with its eyes open or feels tired. If the third eyelid is constantly visible, including when the cat is awake, this in most cases can be a sign of illness. 


5. Most cats are able to give birth to one to nine kittens in one litter. The largest known litter consisted of 19 kittens, 15 of which survived. 


6. The longest-lived cat ever recorded is Cream Puff, who lived 38 years and 3 days (1967-2005). 


7. Cats see excellently in low light conditions, however, contrary to common misconception, they cannot see in absolute darkness. 


8. Vibrissae (colloquially whiskers) in cats are specialized sense organs that perform a tactile function. In no case should a cat's vibrissae be removed, since by doing so it will actually be deprived of its "orientation and navigation system" in space. 


9. While in most countries the black cat is considered a symbol of bad luck, in the UK and Australia they are, on the contrary, regarded as animals that bring good luck. 



10. Cats have a sense of smell that is about 14 times stronger than a human's, which allows them to smell odors that humans are not even aware of. 


11. Mathematician Richard Montgomery once developed a special theory called the falling cat theorem. According to her, a cat falling backwards always flips upside down to land on its feet. 


12. A cat almost never meows to other cats, mostly this sound is intended for people. They tend to purr or hiss at other felines. 


13. The Burmese cat breed has a very calm, obedient and gentle character. They are very smart and sociable. As a rule, they greet guests with great curiosity and completely without fear. Unlike some other more active breeds, cats of this breed often like to sit on their laps and hands. 


14. Cats should not be deprived of meat food, since it is impossible to synthesize all the amino acids they need from plant foods. 


15. Cats eat grass, leaves and young shoots of plants to improve the functioning of the digestive system, as well as to induce vomiting to cleanse the stomach of hair. 


16. Cleanliness is an instinct in all felines: cleanliness of the body is necessary when hunting, so that the victim could not smell the lurking predator. They wash themselves by licking their fur at least ten times a day. 



17. Maine Coon cats are highly intelligent. This is one of the few breeds that can be trained. 


18. In the claws of cats there is a pulp - a blood vessel that reaches almost to the tip of the claw. In cases where the nails need to be trimmed, this must be done with extreme caution. 


19. Cat nail amputation is prohibited by law in Germany and Switzerland, and in many other European countries it is also prohibited under the European Companion Animal Convention. 


20. Valerian root extract contains actinidin, which is the culprit in the unusual behavior of domestic cats and other felines (tigers, lions, cougars, etc.). Its smell is similar to the smell of one of the components contained in cat urine. 


21. Cats are able to give their voice about a hundred different intonations, while dogs - only about ten. 


22. The Abyssinian cat is one of the oldest cat breeds. They are named after the African country of Abyssinia, now Ethiopia. 


23. The "purr apparatus" in cats is the thinly connected hyoid bones that lie between the base of the skull and the base of the tongue. Muscle contraction near the vocal cords causes them to vibrate. The cat makes a purring sound with its mouth and nose, and the vibration spreads throughout its body. 



24. When a cat is pleased, it extends and retracts its claws on its front paws. This movement is called the "milk step" - with this movement, the kittens stimulate the release of milk from the mother's nipples during feeding. 


25. Yuri Dmitrievich Kuklachev gained fame by being the first in the USSR to engage in circus work with cats. In addition to performances with cats, Yuri Kuklachev regularly conducts "Lessons of Kindness" in schools, child care facilities and even in children's colonies in different cities of Russia. 


26. In the UK, two cats - Humphrey (1988-2006) and Larry (2007-) were awarded the official title. Cats living in the residence of the Prime Minister of Great Britain received the title of "Chief mouser of the government residence". 


27. Cats are very sensitive to vibrations. They can feel an earthquake 10 or 15 minutes before a human. 


28. In the 1930s, two Russian biologists discovered that the color change in Siamese kittens depended on their body temperature. Siamese cats carry albino genes that are triggered at body temperatures above 36℃. In warm parts of the body, less pigment is produced than in cold parts, so the ears, paws, tail and muzzle are painted in a darker color compared to the rest of the body. 



29. Even a cat entering the water for the first time will swim well, because the position and movements of its body when swimming will be the same as when walking. 


30. In ancient Egypt, cats were considered the embodiment of the goddess of fertility Bast and were revered as sacred animals. The punishment for their murder was the death penalty. 


31. In the Catholic countries of medieval Europe, the cat was considered a companion of witches and the personification of evil spirits. Because of this, they were burned alive at the stake or thrown from the bell towers. The destruction of cats is indirectly attributed to the cause of outbreaks of plague epidemics, since there was almost no one to exterminate rats and other rodents that carry the disease. 


32. In Russia, a domestic cat was expensive and could serve as a valuable gift, since it guaranteed the protection of the crop from rodents. She was also a symbol of peace and prosperity in the house, protecting the house from evil spirits. 


33. Cats are the only animals allowed to enter the mosque. 


34. The most fluffy and thick fur among cats has a manul. While other cats have an average of 2,500 hairs per square centimeter, Pallas' cats have 9,000.



35. Unlike dogs, cats have not undergone significant changes during their domestication process. 


36. In cats, sweat glands are located only on the paw pads. 


37. A cat's heart beats almost twice as fast as a human's, between 110 and 140 beats per minute.


38. Like humans, cats have a dominant hand. 


39. The most popular breeds are Persian, Maine Coon and Siamese cats. 


40. On short distances, the speed of cats can reach 49 kilometers per hour.



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The mouflon is a graceful mountain sheep that has existed on the planet since the third century BC. It is the forefather of the well-known domestic sheep. Depending on the habitat, there is an Asian and European mouflon. The first is common in the coastal Mediterranean.


Top facts about mouflons


The mouflon is especially revered in Cyprus. The image of a wild ram was used as the logo of the local airline. It is applied to national banknotes, coins, and postage stamps.




1. The smallest wild sheep currently preserved in Europe is the mouflon.


2. These representatives of the order of artiodactyls belong to the genus of the same name of mouflon, which includes 8 subspecies.


3. It is these rams that are the progenitors of an ordinary domestic sheep. The males are called "moufron", and the females - "mufr".




4. Mouflons live in Armenia, in particular in the Armenian Highlands, in northwestern Iran and northern Iraq, in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Turkey, Tajikistan, Pakistan and some other Asian countries.


5. In the past, they were found in the Crimea and the Balkans, from where they disappeared more than 3,000 years ago.


6. In the Neolithic era, mouflons penetrated Cyprus, Corsica, Sardinia and Rhodes, forming a specific subspecies there, called the Cypriot mouflon.


7. In the last century, the mouflon was introduced to North America, Eastern Europe (south of Ukraine).




8. Today, depending on the geographical distribution, eight subspecies of the mouflon are distinguished, each of which is rare and is under the protection of the law.


9. All mouflons are divided into two types depending on the habitat: European mouflon and Asian mouflon or arcal.


10. European mouflons can only be found on the islands of Corsica and Sardinia, but recently the mouflon population has been artificially settled in the southern regions of Europe and Cyprus.


11. Quite recently, a small population of mouflons was brought to North and South America for future hunting.




12. The difference between European and Asian mouflon is very noticeable. The European Mouflon has a fairly short, smooth-lying coat that is longer on the chest. In summer, the wool of rams has a reddish-brown color, on the back of darker shades, and in winter it is brown-chestnut.


13. The height at the withers is 83-93 centimeters, the length of the male can reach 130 centimeters, of which 10 centimeters is the tail. A distinctive feature of males is strongly developed thick trihedral horns, forming one curl, they can reach 85 centimeters in length, there are about 35 folds on the horns. The weight of males is up to 50 kilograms.


14. The coat color of the female is slightly lighter, the weight is not more than 28 kilograms, the horns are almost always absent, and if they are, they are very small.




15. The Asian mouflon is slightly larger than its European counterpart. The height at the withers in males can reach 110 centimeters, and the body length is 150 centimeters, and the weight is about 55-79 kilograms. The physique of these sheep is strong and slender. The horns, helically twisted for one turn, are curved first outward and upward, and then inward with the ends facing inward. The girth of the horns can be 30 centimeters, they have transverse wrinkles.


16. Females are much smaller, their weight is no more than 46 kilograms.


17. In summer, the short coat of Asian mouflons has a reddish-brown or reddish-yellow color. In winter, the coat becomes brown with barely noticeable red and brown tones. The coat on the belly is lighter, and there is a distinct black stripe along the spine, especially noticeable in adults.


Mouflon is a herbivore, herbs and cereals make up the bulk of its diet. It often feeds on agricultural fields, destroying crops. Mouflons feast on sedge, leek, feather grass, berries, mushrooms, lichen, moss.


19. Mouflons live in rather large herds of up to 100, and sometimes 200 individuals, mainly females and lambs. Males keep alone and only for the duration of the mating season join the herd.



20. The way of life of mouflons is completely subordinated to the search for food. They are able to travel considerable distances to find suitable pastures rich in lush green grass. Mouflons live in open spaces, but at the same time they try to stay close to forest plantations so that they have somewhere to hide in case of danger. They prefer gentle mountain slopes. In the mountains they are found at an altitude of up to 4,000 meters above sea level.


21. Mouflons adhere to a herbivore diet. If there is no fresh water, the mouflon can also use very salty water. Throughout the spring-summer period, mouflons are gaining weight intensively, but in autumn and winter, rams noticeably lose weight.


22. The mouflon reaches puberty at 24-36 months, however, young males begin to breed only by 4-5 years, only at this age they can compete with adults.


23. From October to December, the rut begins in animals, and in order to achieve the favor of the female, the males have to arrange real fights, only those who win get the right to mate. After the end of the rut, the males leave the herd and live alone.


24. Pregnancy of a mouflon female lasts five months and ends with the birth of one or less often several cubs, this usually happens in March-April.




25. Newborn lambs develop quickly and after 1-2 hours after birth, they become on their feet and can even jump. At first, the mother feeds the newborns with her milk, and having matured a little, the lambs begin to eat the same food as adults. Matured lambs live in herds with their mother.


26. Mouflon is one of the oldest representatives of the animal world. The first mention of mouflons dates back to the 3rd millennium BC. - Their drawings were discovered in the Sahara desert.


27. Mouflon is a wild, freedom-loving animal, therefore it prefers to migrate rather than settle strictly in one area. Its main route is watering and pastures.


28. Mouflons are predominantly nocturnal, during the day they rest in forests or wide mountain gorges. Females with cubs live in a herd of up to a hundred individuals.


29. Males prefer loneliness, they can be found in the herd only during mating periods. These artiodactyls have a strict hierarchy. Young males up to three years old are not allowed to mate with mature individuals.


30. For their habitat, mouflons choose steep mountain slopes with rich vegetation, they can also live on gentle mountain slopes, in the foothills. In summer they rise higher.



31. Once on a rocky area, the mouflons do not feel very confident, if they find themselves on the edge of an abyss or in a rocky gorge, they become completely helpless.


32. The molting period for mouflons falls on the end of February and ends in April. From May to August they have summer fur, and in September winter begins to appear, which is fully formed only by December.


33. Mouflons in the wild have natural enemies - these are wolves, leopards, and foxes can hunt small lambs.


34. If the animal feels danger, it can move quickly in open areas, while making loud and sharp sound signals.


35. In Corsica and Sardinia, mouflons inhabit the elevated parts of the islands. However, even here they are not a typical mountain animal, but rather a mountain forest animal.


36. Under normal conditions, they do not climb mountains above 2000 meters, avoid very steep slopes and rocky places. But the presence of a forest is an indispensable condition for the existence of a European mouflon.


37. Mouflons spend summer in a strip of light chestnut and oak forests, as well as in pine forests and clearings of deciduous plantations, where animals find not only food, but also shade and protection in the daytime. Alpine lawns, located next to the forest, go out for grazing only at night.


38. According to the way of life, the mouflon is a nocturnal animal. He spends most of the day hidden in the forest. Only before sunset does it come out to the zhirovka, often located quite far from the places of daytime shelters.



39. Apparently, there are no permanent transition paths for mouflons. They graze all night, before sunrise they return to the forest. In winter, warm sunny valleys and slopes in the sun are chosen for rest and grazing, and in summer, during hot daytime hours, they look for coolness in the shade of shrubs and trees.


40. Mouflons are the only rams that do not shed their horns.


41. The relationship between the mouflon and man has been going on for more than one thousand years. The domestication of animals began about 10 thousand years ago, and all this time the hunt for wild mouflons did not stop. They were mined for tasty meat and beautiful skins, and horns are considered a valuable hunting trophy. However, it is difficult to get such a trophy - mouflons are very cautious animals, moreover, they live in hard-to-reach areas. Since the population of these animals is constantly declining, their habitats are taken under protection.




42. Recently, attempts have been made to keep mouflons in captivity, for this purpose enclosures are used. These animals quickly adapt to such conditions, so their maintenance is not difficult. In captivity, they can live 12-17 years.


43. Over the past 24 years (three generations), the global mouflon population has declined by 30%. The main reasons for this sad trend were poaching, hybridization and general environmental pollution.


44. There are also natural dangers for this species. The main natural enemies of mouflons are leopards and wolves. Cubs can also become prey for smaller predators: foxes or martens. Therefore, back in 1996, the species was included in the International Red Book and given the VU conservation status.


45. In 2001, the mouflon was cloned, the born lamb lived for 7 months.




46. ​​Using mouflons, a new breed of sheep was bred - mountain merinos, which can graze in the mountains all year round.


47. By the wrinkles on the horns of males, one can determine their age.


48. To improve the quality of domestic sheep, it is mouflons that are used for crossing and further breeding.


49. Mouflons are especially revered in Cyprus, where he is a symbol of the nature of the island, their numbers are controlled by the state.


50. Mouflons are depicted on the stamps and coins of Cyprus and Kazakhstan.



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