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Earth Day: the most interesting facts about our planet

4 months ago

Perhaps Earth Day should be celebrated every day because we should always strive to care for our planet. This holiday, which takes place annually on April 22, serves as a reminder to appreciate precisely how we live and how it affects our environment.


Earth Day was originally the brainchild of Senator Gaylord Nelson, a Democratic senator from Wisconsin who wanted to educate the nation about the environment. Since the first celebration in 1970, Nelson has inspired a billion people to take action to protect the future of our planet.


Earth Day - celebrate it every day


There are endless ways to celebrate Earth Day this year: share themed quotes with friends to inform and inspire them to take action to save the planet, engage in fun activities with their kids, or educate yourself and figure out how to stay environmentally conscious during a pandemic.


But first, read the Earth Day Facts to learn more about ways to reduce your carbon footprint and why this holiday is so critical to our future.


The United States almost leads the way in waste production

Compared to other countries, Americans are pretty wasteful: the average US citizen produces about 2 kg of garbage per day, including a significant part of recyclables. On average, the world's daily waste per person is about 700 g, so the amount of waste in America is almost three times the global average.


We have too many bottles

About 1 million water bottles are sold every minute worldwide - that's 1.3 billion bottles a day! About 35 million bottles in the US are sent to landfills each year, where they will take about 1,000 years to decompose.


If you want to stay hydrated on the road, consider purchasing a reusable container. It will keep the water cold but reduce your waste. And you will become an excellent example for others. In general, disposable water bottles are one of the single-use items that you should ditch right now.


Devices need to be turned off

Just because you have turned off the button on the device does not mean that you have turned off the power. Backup power, also known as phantom power, extends to devices such as computers, mobile phones, game systems, cable boxes, etc., as long as they are connected to the mains.


This waste of energy is bad for the environment and your wallet. You will save approximately 10% on your electricity bill! More importantly, reduce your home's carbon footprint by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide released into the air.


Our lifestyle is impossible to maintain

There are currently more than 7.6 billion people globally, and the population continues to grow. According to the United Nations, if the population reaches 9.6 billion by 2050, it would take three of our planets to produce enough natural resources to support our current way of life. This order is unstable and clarifies that we need to make some changes.


Polluted drinking water is a natural killer.

According to the World Health Organization, approximately 2 billion people worldwide are forced to drink water contaminated with feces. And this leads to severe consequences.


About 485,000 people die from diarrhea caused by drinking contaminated drinking water. Even more troubling, the organization estimates that by 2025, nearly half of the world's population will live in water-stressed areas.


Smog is another big problem

Suppose you thought smog was just an unfortunate consequence of manufacturing. In that case, you might be shocked to learn that about 7 million people die each year from air pollution worldwide.


Pollution refers to atmospheric (outdoor) air pollution and indoor (or domestic) pollution. The problem is so widespread that it is estimated that 9 out of 10 people breathe contaminated air.


Take a cue from Greta

Greta Thunberg is an inspirational figure and one of the youngest women to make history. In 2019, she made headlines by ditching air travel and traveling from Europe to the US by boat.


What was the reason? Draw the public's attention to the fact that aviation accounts for 2% of global carbon emissions today and that passenger numbers are predicted to double by 2037. Travel by train or bus to significantly reduce your carbon footprint whenever possible.


Our oceans are choking on plastic

According to the Ocean Conservancy, plastic has been found in 60% of seabirds and 100% sea turtles! Every year, 8 million metric tons of plastic enter our oceans, endangering wildlife and the environment.


There's a good reason for banning plastic straws

It's time to buy reusable straws! If you're wondering why plastic straws are slowly disappearing from restaurants, there's an excellent reason. Somewhere they were banned somewhere; they are issued at customers' request. The National Park Service estimates that 500 million plastic straws are used daily in the US alone. Sadly, they are not recyclable. And that means they end up in the oceans and landfills.


Eating less meat and dairy is a good idea

Eliminating meat and dairy from your diet would be the most effective way to reduce your carbon footprint. Meat and dairy products, including livestock, account for 14.5% of the world's greenhouse gases annually. This is the same amount of emissions as all trucks, cars, planes, and boats combined.


Meat and dairy products require a lot of water resources

The next time you buy a hamburger, remember that it took a lot of one of our most valuable resources, water, to produce it. Yes, it takes 2,500 liters of water to grow enough beef to make a pound of burgers. Meanwhile, it takes only 40 liters to grow enough wheat for a slice of bread.


Buying used clothes saves more than money

If you love scouring secondhand stores for hidden gems, you know that buying used items saves you a lot of money. It also protects the environment.


When you buy used clothes, they don't end up in landfills, use fewer resources, and result in less pollution than making new clothes. This is an important detail, considering that it takes about 6800 liters of water to produce one pair of jeans!


Your pets are another part of the problem

A medium-sized dog has the same carbon footprint as a large SUV. Of course, no one is saying to give up pets; just know that there are workable ways to reduce the carbon footprint of your beloved family member. For example, switching to a diet with less meat is better for the environment. But before changing your pet's diet, you should talk to your veterinarian.


We need to stop wasting food

In the US, the Department of Agriculture estimates that 30 to 40% of the food supply goes to waste. In comparison, more than 12% of Americans struggle with food insecurity.


This is not only a moral issue but also an environmental issue, as the world's precious resources are being used to produce food, which is wasted as a result.


The USDA says the best way to reduce food waste is not to produce so much. Ordinary people can also contribute by shopping more mindfully and preparing and storing food more carefully.


Recycling is the key to success

While many plastics are recyclable, 91% of recyclable plastic products are never recycled. If this continues, by 2050, there will be 12 billion tons of plastic in landfills.


It will take a global effort to solve this problem, from the actions of ordinary people to the policies of large companies that must consciously abandon single-use plastic.


Almond milk is terrible for the environment

If you love adding almond milk to your morning coffee, it might be time to consider looking into an alternative. It takes 6,000 liters of water to produce one liter of almond milk. Almond milk has another disadvantage that no one talks about: bees on almond farms are under stress.


Almonds require more insects to grow than most other crops. Even the growing season of the plant begins earlier, which means that farmers force insects to “go to work,” not at the call of nature.


Sustainability is big business

Sustainability is not only an ethical choice but also a business intent. Small purchases add up not only to a tidy sum but also go into maintaining the only planet we will ever have.


Glass is another environmental problem

If, after all this talk about plastic, you might be surprised to learn that glass creates problems too. According to recycling company Rubicon, glass bottles take 4,000 years to decompose.


But the good news is that glass is one of the most recyclable materials on the planet. It can be recycled over and over without loss of integrity. The trick is in the proper way of disposal: in a special wastebasket and not in a standard bucket.


NASA says humans are responsible for climate change

NASA scientists say there is over a 95% chance that humans are responsible for the current global warming trend. This means that we, too, are responsible for solving this problem to save the planet for future generations. Start small by replacing some frequently used items with organic products.


Ice cover is shrinking

NASA is also collecting data on our planet's shrinking ice sheet, and that's terrible news. Ice masses in Greenland and Antarctica are shrinking at an alarming rate. Between 1993 and 2016


Greenland was losing an estimated 286 billion tons of ice per year, and Antarctica lost 127. If you are wondering what will happen if the glaciers continue to melt, the answer is disappointing: sea levels will rise, the land configuration will change, and people will have to change their place of residence.


We need to start recycling soda cans

US residents use 65 billion aluminum cans a year! Fortunately, aluminum can can be recycled as much as you like. What's more, you can produce 20 recycled cans with the same amount of energy it would take to make one new one.


Turn off incandescent lamps

Turn off these incandescent lamps (wire-filament electric lamps) when not in use. They not only do not need to illuminate a room in which no one is sitting, incandescent lamps, in principle, are not the most efficient use of energy. Only 10% of their energy produces light, the rest giving off heat, an unnecessary and often unpleasant by-product.


Consider buying an electric car

Americans use about 9 million barrels of oil a year, about 2/3 of which is used for transportation. Switching to an electric or hybrid car will not only reduce fuel emissions but will also save you money in the long run as gas prices are volatile and tend to be very high.


Global warming causes dangerous hurricanes

Rising sea levels caused by melting polar ice make hurricanes even more dangerous. They increase storm surge levels, endangering people living near the ocean. Unfortunately, by 2100 the water level will rise by another 30-60 cm!


Sustainability brings health benefits

Cycling to work instead of driving is a great way to reduce your negative impact on the planet. But the benefits don't end there. A Canadian study found that workers who cycled to work were less stressed 45 minutes into the day than their counterparts.


Energy consumption is only increasing

Despite all the information available, the world's energy consumption continues to increase. The US Energy Information Administration predicts that energy consumption will grow by 50% by 2050, with the most significant consumption coming from Asia.


Global warming leads to drought

Due to climate change, droughts are becoming more and more frequent. In the United States, California was particularly hard hit, with a drought that lasted from 2011 to 2019 and was interrupted by particularly wet winters. This had an economic impact on farmers and also provoked the worst forest fires.


Time matters too

According to the UN, we need to reduce global emissions by 7.6% per year to combat climate change. And so on until 2030. If we had started ten years earlier, we would have only had to cut global emissions by 3.3% by 2030.


Scientists say the current situation is an emergency

At the end of 2019, 11,000 scientists worldwide declared that climate change is not just a cause for concern but a real emergency. They issued a document warning that if the situation is not changed quickly, "untold human suffering" awaits us.


Industrial activity causes significant damage to the environment

Over the past 15 decades, industrial activity has raised carbon dioxide levels from 280 ppm to 412.


Carbon dioxide leads to the appearance of the greenhouse effect when gases enter the earth's environment, affect the heat exchange of the planet and cause global warming. One way to solve this problem is to buy recycled items whenever possible and not contribute to producing a large number of new products.


Washing clothes in cold water is much more environmentally friendly

The easiest way to reduce energy consumption in your home is to wash your clothes in cold water. Most of the greenhouse gas emissions associated with laundry come from heating the water in the washing machine. By flying in cold water, you will not only do your part to protect the environment but also save on your energy bill by reducing your energy consumption.


We need to build intelligent buildings

Buildings account for nearly 40% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Building more energy-efficient buildings and switching to alternative energy sources such as solar energy will be a big step toward reducing the negative human impact on nature.


Greening isn't always about lawns

If you are interested in a green policy, you should consider reducing the size of your front lawn. In the US, grounds use nearly 13 trillion liters of water a year, and lawnmowers require 200 million gallons of gas. If these facts are not enough, we have another one: lawns contain 30 million kg of pesticides.


Bees are also in danger

If you have ever wondered why the world needs bees, the answer will surprise you. They produce honey, but they also pollinate every third piece of food we put in our mouths. These insects are also under threat: US beekeepers lost 22.2% of their colonies last year to pesticides, mites, habitat loss, and climate change.


Use clotheslines

There are about 90 million clothes dryers in the US. The next time you wash your laundry, dry it naturally - don't turn on the dryer. This step will reduce your family's carbon footprint by 1 kg per year and save you money. In addition, air drying is one of the many ways to extend the life of your favorite clothes.


Composting can make a difference

The US Environmental Protection Agency estimates that food and yard waste makes up more than 28% of household waste in the US, and most of it can be composted. Composting will help enrich the soil and produce the perfect crop. Still, it will also reduce the need for chemical fertilizers.


Pump your tires all the way

Believe it or not, the US Department of Energy says under-inflated tires are bad for the environment. You can save up to 3% on fuel consumption if you inflate your tires to the recommended pressure. Using less of it will save you money. Still, it will also ensure that your car emits less carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.


Turn down the heat at night

Turning the thermostat a few degrees lower before bed will save a few percent of energy in 8 hours. This is another easy way to save money and reduce your carbon footprint.


Bring back the stars!

80% of the world's population lives under light-polluted skies, while in Europe, this number rises to 99%. This means that the stars do not shine very brightly. And also - that we spend too much unnecessary energy. To reduce light pollution, it is necessary to turn off unused lights and not waste energy lighting unnecessary spaces.

Take care of wild animals

The World Wildlife Federation estimates that global warming puts 20 to 30% of wildlife species at risk of extinction. For example, the tiger population has already dwindled to 3,200. Global warming will only increase that number as sea levels rise and their habitats are threatened by droughts and wildfires.


Climate change makes it harder to grow food

A 2018 study concluded that by 2100 the growth of vegetables and legumes could be reduced by as much as 35% due to water shortages and ozone problems if we do not stop the current course of climate change.


Preventing a global food crisis is in our hands

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report showed that the likelihood that climate change will affect food production is very high. This is mainly due to the threat of an increase in extreme weather conditions - severe storms and droughts - which will affect both agriculture and livestock.


Our food is becoming less nutritious

The same study by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change revealed another major problem with our food: All the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere reduces our crops' nutritional value. For example, grain has grown in areas with high carbon dioxide levels containing up to 8% less iron and up to 13% less protein.


Climate change affects life expectancy

A recent study of 4,100 different species of terrestrial vertebrates from around the world concluded that warmer temperatures associated with climate change affect the way cold-blooded organisms such as amphibians and reptiles age. In short, higher temperatures lead to faster aging and a shorter lifespan.


Not only cold-blooded creatures suffer

According to researchers, global warming is affecting human health more than ever. It is expected that between 2030 and 2050, climate change will cause an additional 250,000 deaths per year. It becomes clear that we need to change something.


Wealthy people contribute more to the environmental problem

Living a luxurious lifestyle and accumulating wealth means that, in general, the rich are more of a contributor to climate change than the poor. Oxfam estimates that the carbon footprint of the rich could be 175 times that of the less wealthy. Buying used goods, ditching private jets, and making smart investment choices will have a significant impact on reducing their negative environmental impact.


Rainforests are one of our best climate change mitigators

When rainforests thrive, they absorb billions of tons of harmful carbon dioxide from the air. In other words, rainforests are at the forefront of the fight against climate change. This is one of the many reasons it is essential to protect them.


In the US, they don't recycle everything they can

If you believe that the US is leading the way in saving the planet, you should think twice. There are many things that other countries recycle that the United States does not. In the United States, only 35% of waste is recycled or composted.



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Geographers are looking up and down for interesting information about our world. They want to know “why”, but they also like to know what is the biggest / smallest, the farthest / closest and the longest / shortest. Geographers also want to answer confusing questions, such as "What time is it at the South Pole?" And other interesting things.

Earth or the Blue Planet, is the third planet from the Sun and the largest of the terrestrial planets in the Solar System. It is the only planet in the universe known to have life and hides a lot of amazing details.

Today through the prism of 100 folders you will discover new things from all over the world. In the meantime, you will be able to read curiosities about our planet. It's time for new acquaintances with Bemorepanda!

1.The New Longest Possible Train Journey In The World

2.Atheists Are Prohibited From Holding Public Office In 8 Us States

Atheists Are Prohibited From Holding Public Office In 8 Us States

3.Is Escape A Crime?

4.This Map Of All Of The Sunken Japanese Ships Of Wwii Is Mind Blowing!

This Map Of All Of The Sunken Japanese Ships Of Wwii Is Mind Blowing!

Planet Earth is part of the solar system, is the largest terrestrial planet, formed about 4.57 billion years ago and is the densest planet in the entire solar system. Read general information about planet Earth.

Planet Earth revolves around the sun in 365.26 days, and this period is known as one year. During all this time, the Earth rotates about its axis about 366.26 times. During gravity, the Earth interacts with other objects in space, especially the Sun and Moon, the Earth's only natural satellite.

Seasons appear on Earth because its axis of rotation is inclined relative to its orbital plane. The gravitational interaction between the Earth and the Moon stabilizes the Earth's orientation on its axis and gradually slows down its rotation.

The Earth's surface is 71% covered with water, mainly by the oceans, and the remaining 29% is made up of continents and islands that, along with other rivers and water sources, contribute to the hydrosphere.

5.Most Common Means Of Transportation To Work By County. [usa] Acs Survey

Most Common Means Of Transportation To Work By County. [usa] Acs Survey

6.Countries That Have Had Female Heads Of State Or Government In The Last Century

Countries That Have Had Female Heads Of State Or Government In The Last Century

7.Innocent Opinions That Divide Nations

Innocent Opinions That Divide Nations

8.European Cultural Superiority

European Cultural Superiority

The name of the planet Earth does not derive from Greek or Roman mythology, as is the case with the other planets that were named after gods and goddesses from Greco-Roman mythology. The word "earth" comes from the Latin word "pavimentum", which means "paved earth" or "level", "floor", "paved road", "smooth place", "pavement", "mosaic" or "weft".

Since its formation, the Earth has undergone many geological and biological processes. The Earth's atmosphere and oceans were formed by volcanic activity and expulsion. From here, water vapor condensed into oceans amplified with water and ice from asteroids, comets and protoplants.

More than 3.5 billion years ago, the Earth's magnetic field stabilized, and this prevented the solar wind from scattering the atmosphere.

Approximately 4.5 billion years old, the Earth was formed when a cloud of dust collapsed due to gravity, and like planets such as Mercury, Venus, and Mars, the planet Earth is a rocky, central core. which is surrounded by a mantle and a solid crust.

9.The World If The Sea Level Decreased By 1000 Meters

The World If The Sea Level Decreased By 1000 Meters

10.“Lgbtq+ Free” Zones In Poland

“Lgbtq+ Free” Zones In Poland

11.The World's Longest Non-Stop Flights

The World's Longest Non-Stop Flights

12.Each Star Represents A Capital City Of A Country

Each Star Represents A Capital City Of A Country

The shape is approximately oblique spheroidal and, due to the rotation, the Earth is flattened at the poles and bulging around the equator. Its diameter at the equator is 43 kilometers, larger than the pole-pole diameter.

The main deviations from the Earth's surface are: Mount Everest, 8,850 meters above sea level and the Marianas Pit, 10,924 meters below sea level.

The Earth's mass consists mainly of iron (32.1%), oxygen (30.1%), silicon (15.1%), magnesium (13.9%), sulfur (2.9%), nickel (1 , 8%), calcium 1.5%), aluminum (1.4%), the remaining 1.2% consisting of small amounts of other elements. Due to mass segregation, it is estimated that the core consists mainly of iron (88.8%), with smaller amounts of nickel (5.8%), sulfur (4.5%) and less than 1% trace elements.

The total area of ​​the Earth is about 510 million square kilometers, of which 70.8% and 361.13 square kilometers are below sea level and covered with ocean, the remaining 29.2% and 148.94 million square kilometers, respectively it is not covered by water and consists of mountains, plains, deserts, plateaus and other landforms.

13. A Map Centered On Antarctica

A Map Centered On Antarctica

14.The Topography Of Russia

The Topography Of Russia

15.A Map Visualizing The Armenian Genocide - Started 106 Years Ago

A Map Visualizing The Armenian Genocide - Started 106 Years Ago

Due to the swelling of the earth at the equator, the summit of Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador (20,700 feet or 6,310 meters) is the farthest point from the center of the Earth. Thus, the mountain claims the title of being "the highest point on Earth" (although Mount Everest is still the highest point above sea level). Mt. Chimorazo is an extinct volcano and is located about a degree south of the equator.

While at sea level, the boiling point of water is 212 F, it changes if you are higher than that. How much does it change? For every 500 feet of elevation increase, the boiling point decreases by one degree. Thus, in a city 5,000 meters above sea level, the water boils at 202 F.

The fourth most populous country in the world has the largest Muslim population. About 87% of Indonesia's population is Muslim; Thus, with a population of 216 million, Indonesia is home to about 188 million Muslims. The religion of Islam spread to Indonesia in the Middle Ages.

16.This Road Trip Will Be The Same Temperature Year-Round

This Road Trip Will Be The Same Temperature Year-Round

17.Countries Where More Than 50% Of The Population Is Vaccinated With Two Doses Of Covid-19 Vaccine

Countries Where More Than 50% Of The Population Is Vaccinated With Two Doses Of Covid-19 Vaccine

18.Europe: Protests: 2020-2021

Europe: Protests: 2020-2021

19.15th October 2019 - 1st November 2021: Indian Households With A Tap Water Connection (Data: Jal Jeevan Mission)

15th October 2019 - 1st November 2021: Indian Households With A Tap Water Connection (Data: Jal Jeevan Mission)

The largest lake in Africa is Lake Victoria, located in East Africa, on the border of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. It is the second largest freshwater lake in the world, after Lake Superior in North America.

Lake Victoria was named by John Hanning Speke, a British explorer and first European to see the lake (1858), in honor of Queen Victoria.

The country with the lowest population density in the world is Mongolia, with a population density of about four people per square mile. Mongolia's 2.5 million people occupy more than 600,000 square miles of land.

20.Government Request To Remove Content (Google) Since 2011

Government Request To Remove Content (Google) Since 2011

21.Date Formats Worldwide

Date Formats Worldwide

22.Made An Ink Map Of The Grand Canyon!

Made An Ink Map Of The Grand Canyon!

The total density of Mongolia is limited, as only a small part of the land can be used for agriculture, the vast majority of the land can only be used for nomadic grazing.

Hadrian's Wall is located in the north of Great Britain (the main island of Great Britain) and stretches for almost 120 kilometers from Solwat Firth in the west to the River Tyne near Newcastle in the east.

The wall was built under the rule of the Roman emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century to keep the Caledonians of Scotland out of England. Portions of the wall still exist today.

23. Olympus Mons Compared To France

Olympus Mons Compared To France

24.Interesting Map Made In 1996; One Square Equals 1% Of The World’s Population

Interesting Map Made In 1996; One Square Equals 1% Of The World’s Population

25.Eu Countries Pushing To Label Nuclear Power As Green Energy

Eu Countries Pushing To Label Nuclear Power As Green Energy

The deepest lake in the United States is Crater Lake in Oregon. Crater Lake is located in the collapsed crater of an ancient volcano called Mount Mazama and is 1,932 feet (589 meters) deep.

The clear water of Crater Lake has no streams to feed it and no streams as springs - it has been filled and sustained by rainfall and melting snow. Located in southern Oregon, Crater Lake is the seventh deepest lake in the world and contains 4.6 trillion gallons of water.

In 1947, the British left South Asia and divided their territory into independent countries in India and Pakistan. The Muslim regions on the east and west sides of Hindu India have become part of Pakistan.

The two separate territories were part of a single country, but were known as East and West Pakistan and were separated by more than 1,609 km. After 24 years of turmoil, East Pakistan declared independence and became Bangladesh in 1971.

26.Beavers In Europe, 1900 And 2021

Beavers In Europe, 1900 And 2021

27.Comparative Size Of Australia And The Mediterranean

Comparative Size Of Australia And The Mediterranean

28.Biden's Approval In Each State On Inauguration Day vs. Today

Biden's Approval In Each State On Inauguration Day vs. Today

29.This Was Up In The Bathroom Of A Canadian Company I Was Doing Some Work At

This Was Up In The Bathroom Of A Canadian Company I Was Doing Some Work At

30.Europe And North America At The Same Latitude

Europe And North America At The Same Latitude

Because the longitude lines converge at the North and South Poles, it is almost impossible (and very impractical) to determine which time zone you are in based on longitude.

Therefore, researchers in the Arctic and Antarctic regions of the Earth typically use the time zone associated with their research stations. For example, because almost all flights to Antarctica and the South Pole come from New Zealand, New Zealand time is the most common time zone in Antarctica.

The longest river in Russia and Europe is the Volga River, which flows entirely in Russia for 3,685 km (2,290 miles). Its source is in the Valdai Hills, near the town of Rzhev, and flows into the Caspian Sea in southern Russia.

The Volga River is navigable for much of its length and, with the addition of dams, has become important for energy and irrigation. The canals connect it to the Don River, as well as the Baltic Sea and the White Sea.

31.A Phone-Map Of Ireland

A Phone-Map Of Ireland

32.The 38 States Of America, Proposed By George Etzel Pearcy In 1973 Based On Cultural And Economic Relation Of Existing Regions

The 38 States Of America, Proposed By George Etzel Pearcy In 1973 Based On Cultural And Economic Relation Of Existing Regions

33.Some Really Strange Political Parties

Some Really Strange Political Parties

At one point, in recent decades, someone started an idea to alert people that population growth was out of control, saying that most people who have ever lived were alive today. Well, that's a gross overestimation.

Most studies place the total number of human beings who have ever lived between 60 and 120 billion. Since the world's population is currently only 7 billion, the percentage of people who have lived and are alive today is only 5% to 10%.

34.1987 The World According To Ronald Reagan (Version #2)

1987 The World According To Ronald Reagan (Version #2)

35.20 Years Of Deforestation In The Amazon

20 Years Of Deforestation In The Amazon

36.America’s Beautiful Weather Zones By Mattie Lubchansky

America’s Beautiful Weather Zones By Mattie Lubchansky

37.Paper Sizes Around The World

Paper Sizes Around The World

38.The Topography Of Ukraine

The Topography Of Ukraine

39.Countries That Have, Or Have Had, Openly Gay Heads Of Government

Countries That Have, Or Have Had, Openly Gay Heads Of Government

40.Canada, But It's Just Roads

Canada, But Its Just Roads

41.How People Call Their Homeland

How People Call Their Homeland

42.Safety Walking Alone At Night Europe

Safety Walking Alone At Night Europe

43.Countries That Drive On The Left Side Of The Road (Orange) vs. Countries That Drive On The Right Side Of The Road (Blue). (Map From Statista)

Countries That Drive On The Left Side Of The Road (Orange) vs. Countries That Drive On The Right Side Of The Road (Blue). (Map From Statista)

44.My Grandpa Was A Radar Operator During World War Two, Here's One Of His Maps

My Grandpa Was A Radar Operator During World War Two, Here's One Of His Maps

45.The U.S.' Google Searches Of European Countries

The U.S.' Google Searches Of European Countries

46.Homicide Rate By Country

Homicide Rate By Country

47.Flights Within One Country

Flights Within One Country

48.Canada, But It's Just Trees

Canada, But Its Just Trees

49.Average Color Of Each Country

Average Color Of Each Country

50.Map Of The World From Its Flight Routes

Map Of The World From Its Flight Routes

51.I Found A 1958 World Map While Tearing Out A Basement Interior Wall In My House

I Found A 1958 World Map While Tearing Out A Basement Interior Wall In My House

52.Newest Republic In The World

Newest Republic In The World

53.Cousin Marriage Rates In Nations With Significant Muslim Populations

Cousin Marriage Rates In Nations With Significant Muslim Populations

54.At This Time Of Day, In This Part Of The Country, Localized Entirely Within The Area In Green On This Map. Whether You Can See It Depends On How Far North You Are As Well As Cloudiness

Tomorrow Night, We Will Have Aurora Borealis At This Time Of Year, At This Time Of Day, In This Part Of The Country, Localized Entirely Within The Area In Green On This Map. Whether You Can See It Depends On How Far North You Are As Well As Cloudiness

55.Cat Map

Cat Map

56.Odd Places In The UK

Odd Places In The UK

57.Most Common European Ancestry In The Americas. Now With Subdivisions!

Most Common European Ancestry In The Americas. Now With Subdivitions!

58.The Search Queries For "How Do I..." In Europe

The Search Querys For "How Do I..." In Europe

59.How Many Billionaires Live In Each Country?

60.An Small Reminder That This Country Exist

An Small Riminder That This Country Exist(Im From Czechia)

61.Amazon Basin

Amazon Basin

62.This Is The Farthest Place On Earth From Any Ocean

This Is The Farthest Place On Earth From Any Ocean

63.Which States In The US Are Actually City States?

Which States In The US Are Actually City States?

64.If The US Was Split Into Two Halves With Equal Population

65.Countries Where Covid-19 Vaccinations Are Mandatory For EveryoneCountries Where Covid-19 Vaccinations Are Mandatory For Everyone

66.Map For Halloween - Every Castle In Europe

Map For Halloween - Every Castle In Europe

67.Where People Still Practice Open Defecation

Where People Still Practice Open Defecation

68.Manhattan Is Less Dense Today Then It Was In 1910

Manhattan Is Less Dense Today Then It Was In 1910

69.The Scariest Thing In Every European Country

The Scariest Thing In Every European Country

70.Piracy In The 21st Century

Piracy In The 21st Century

71.The World According To Bhutan

The World According To Bhutan

72.Uncontacted Tribes In The Deep Amazon

Uncontacted Tribes In The Deep Amazon

73.Countries With The Most Islands

Countries With The Most Islands

74.The Minimum Ages In Which Children In Each Country Can Be Sent To Prison

The Minimum Ages In Which Children In Each Country Can Be Sent To Prison

75.Us 1956 Nuclear War Plan Targets

Us 1956 Nuclear War Plan Targets

76.Percentage Of Population Increase From 1960 To 2020 By Country In Europe (Source: World Bank)

Percentage Of Population Increase From 1960 To 2020 By Country In Europe (Source: World Bank)

77.Origin Of Immigrants In Europe

Origin Of Immigrants In Europe

78.A Map Of Italy Made Out Of Pizza. By Modernist Cuisine (2018)

A Map Of Italy Made Out Of Pizza. By Modernist Cuisine (2018)

79.Share Of Europeans Who Have Travelled At Least Once Outside The Eu (2014)

Share Of Europeans Who Have Travelled At Least Once Outside The Eu (2014)

80.The Pakistan-India Border Can Be Seen From Space

The Pakistan-India Border Can Be Seen From Space

81.Us States To Entire Countries Gdp

Us States To Entire Countries Gdp

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Average Fixed Internet Speed In European Subcontinent As It Was In September 2021

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Civilian Gun Ownership Per Capita In 2017. Data From Small Arms Survey

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Europe In China View

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The World At War In 2021

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New York State Stereotype Maps

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On April 22, Earth Day will be celebrated all over the world - a holiday in which it is worth thinking about the future of our planet and what we can do for a common home. This tradition originated in 1970 at the initiative of US Senator Gaylord Nelson, whose goal was to draw public attention to the problems of environmental pollution. On the eve of the holiday, we will share with you the most interesting facts about the Earth.

Earth Day was founded by US Senator Gaylord Nelson in 1970 to awaken the political class from its disinterest in the environment and was celebrated in its first year by about 20 million Americans, mostly young people. and very young. After 2 decades, in 1990, over 200 million people in 141 countries turned Earth Day into a major event in human history, by joining them in the desire to advocate for a better future for our planet, and in year 2009,

The United Nations (UN) has declared April 22 as the official holiday of planet Earth and a common expression of everyone's desire to build a stable society for a cleaner and greener future. The genesis of the Earth took place several billion years ago from a cloud of dust and gas that revolved around the sun and is the third planet from the sun with a particular constitution in the solar system.

Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts for you.

1. The core of the Earth contains so much gold, which will be enough to cover the entire surface of our planet by almost 45 centimeters.

2. The inner core of the Earth has a radius of about 1220 kilometers, which is comparable to 70% of the radius of the Moon. In addition, based on geophysical and geochemical methods, there is an assumption that the inner core of our planet is about the same temperature as the Sun.

3. Lightning strikes the earth on our planet more than 8.6 million times a day.

4. Prior to space travel, the Earth was often depicted as a green world. Science fiction writer Frank Paul is believed to be the first to depict a cloudless blue planet with well-defined land on the back of the July 1940 issue of Amazing Stories magazine.

5. Scientific evidence indicates that the Earth was formed from a solar nebula about 4.54 billion years ago. Life on the planet appeared about 4.25 billion years ago, that is, shortly after its origin.

6. The conditions for the existence of life on Earth preserve the ozone layer and the Earth's magnetic field, which weaken the solar radiation harmful to life.

7. The oceans occupy about 70.8% of the surface of our planet. Liquid water, which is essential for all known life forms, does not exist on the surface of any known planet in the solar system other than Earth.

8. The average speed of movement of lithospheric plates on Earth is approximately equal to the growth rate of nails on human hands. After 200-300 million years, hypothetically, all the continents of the planet will merge into the supercontinent Pangea Ultima.

9. The force of gravity at the poles of the Earth is greater than at the equator. A person who weighs 150.8 pounds (68.4 kg) at the North Pole will weigh 400 grams less while at the equator.

10. More than 68% of the Earth's freshwater is solid, including glaciers, snow cover and permafrost. 

11. The Earth was first photographed from space in 1959 by the Explorer-6 apparatus. The first ever image of the entire Earth was captured by the orbital station Lunar Orbiter V on August 8, 1967.

12. The most massive extinction in the entire history of the Earth occurred at the end of the Permian period (298.9 ± 0.15 million years ago), when more than 90% of living things on the planet died.

13. The highest point on the Earth's surface is Mount Everest (8,848 m above sea level), and the deepest is the Mariana Trench (10,994 m below sea level).

14. The deadliest tsunami known to have occurred on 26 December 2004 in Southeast Asia was triggered by a 9.3 magnitude submarine earthquake in the Indian Ocean. The total death toll exceeded 235 thousand people.

15. The most toxic plant on Earth is the yew, a genus of small conifers. Every part of this tree is poisonous, with the exception of its berries, however, their seeds are also poisonous.

16. If all the water of the World Ocean is evenly distributed over the surface, then a layer with a thickness of more than 2.7 kilometers would be obtained. Of all the water that is on Earth, only 2.5% is fresh, the rest is salty.

17. Without the greenhouse effect, the Earth's average temperature would be between -18 and -23 ° C, given that it is actually 14.8 ° C. Without this thermal insulation effect, life on our planet most likely would not exist.

18. The atmosphere passes into interplanetary space gradually, in the exosphere, starting at an altitude of 500-1000 kilometers from the Earth's surface. By definition, the boundary between the atmosphere and space is drawn along the Karman line, located at an altitude of about 100 kilometers, above which air flights become completely impossible.

19. Human breathing becomes impossible at an altitude of 9 kilometers, although the atmosphere contains oxygen up to about 115 kilometers.

20. At an altitude of about 19-20 kilometers, the pressure of the atmosphere decreases so much that it leads to the boiling of water and interstitial fluid in the human body. Outside the pressurized cockpit at these heights, death occurs almost instantly.

21. The seas lose more water due to evaporation than they receive with precipitation, on land - vice versa. Water circulates continuously around the globe, while its total amount remains unchanged.

22. The rotation of the Earth occurs from west to east. Due to tidal acceleration, each next day is longer than the previous ones by an average of 29 nanoseconds.

23. Due to tidal synchronization, the Moon is moving away from the Earth by about 38 millimeters per year. Millions of years from now, this tiny change, as well as an increase in Earth's day of 23 microseconds per year, will result in significant changes. So, for example, in the Devonian period (about 410 million years ago) there were 400 days a year, and a day lasted 21.8 hours.

24. The largest tidal waves on Earth are observed in the Bay of Fundy in Canada and are 18 meters.

25. Earth is the only name for the planet that was not taken from Greco-Roman mythology.

26. Lake Baikal in Russia accounts for about 20% of all world reserves of fresh lake water. It is the deepest and oldest lake in the world.

27. The ice sheet in Antarctica contains about 80% of all freshwater on the planet. If it melts completely, the level of the World Ocean will rise by almost 60 meters.

28. The Earth moves around the Sun at a distance of about 150 million kilometers at a speed of almost 30 kilometers per second.

29. The driest place on earth is the Atacama Desert in Chile. In some places of this desert, rain falls once every several decades.

30. If the history of the Earth were presented in the form of a 24-hour segment, then the dinosaurs would have died out at 23:41, and human existence would begin at 23:54 and 43 seconds of the same day.

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Among the animals, both small creatures are invisible to the eye and real giants. The dinosaurs died out a long time ago, so we can no longer see the brachiosaurs with our eyes, which could weigh up to 50 tons. There are some animals whose sizes are unique. Below is a selection of the ten largest animals.


Which one is the biggest animal?


Hundreds of thousands of animals of various sizes live on earth. There are real giants, the dimensions of which, although inferior to prehistoric monsters, far exceed the sizes of those animals that we can usually see around.


10. Giant Squid

Giant squids are clear evidence of deep-sea gigantism. Today, it is reliably known about individuals whose length from the ends of the tentacles to the fins reaches eight m. When, after death, the squid muscles are relaxed, length measurements can show the figure 16 m. The mass of these inhabitants of the ocean reaches 275 kg.


Giant squids live at depths of 300-1000 m, and they can be found in any ocean on Earth. They feed on fish and smaller species of squid.


9. Polar bear

Bears are the largest land mammal, predators. Among them, polar bears are the largest. Their length can reach 3 m, and their weight can reach 500 kg. The giant polar bears live on the coast of the White Sea.


The polar bear hunts seals and sea hares but, if possible, attacks seals and walruses. His favorite technique is to overturn the ice floe on which the seals are located. Today, there are approximately 25,000 polar bears in the world. It is worth noting that they live in the Northern Hemisphere, in the Arctic. They are not found in Antarctica.


8. Giraffe

The tallest animal on the planet, whose height can reach 6 m. The mass of adults is 900-1200 kg. The high neck allows giraffes, exclusively herbivores, to feed on the leaves of tall trees. At the same time, other herbivores cannot reach these leaves because of their high location, and therefore giraffes do not experience competition from them.


However, it is difficult for the animal's heart to pump blood because of the high neck. It is forced to create a blood pressure three times higher than a human. The nature of the giraffe weighs over 12 kg.


7. Saltwater Crocodile

The largest among crocodiles are combed crocodiles that live in Australia, India, Indonesia, Indochina. The length of their bodies can reach up to 6.2 m, and the mass of such crocodiles can exceed a ton. Due to their size, combed crocodiles are considered the planet's giant reptiles and terrestrial predators.


Salted crocodiles are extremely dangerous and can attack even some types of sharks in the water. In nature, they have no natural enemies. Even a man with a firearm is hard to resist. The incident that occurred in February 1945 on Ramri Island is indicative. During the Second World War, an armed detachment of more than a thousand armed Japanese tried to get out of the encirclement, making their route through one swamp. As a result, almost all the soldiers were eaten by combed crocodiles, only 20 Japanese survived.


6. Hippo

The average mass of these giants living in Africa reaches 3 tons. However, record-holders weigh more than 4500 kg. The length of hippos can be 5.4 m.


They spend most of the day in the water but come out to feed at night. Although hippos are herbivores, they often attack other animals, including rhinos and elephants, when disturbed. There are frequent cases of fights between two hippos, while the weaker male usually dies in such disputes. Although hippopotamuses seem, clumsy creatures, if necessary, they can reach speeds of up to 30 km/h.


5. Elephant seal

Among all pinnipeds and seals, the largest species is the southern elephant seal. The mass of one such animal sometimes exceeds 3.5 tons, and its body length is 6.5 m. The name of the species suggests that it has a trunk. However, its length is usually only 10 cm.


Southern elephant seals live mainly off the coast of the subantarctic islands - the Kerguelen archipelago, the islands of South Georgia, Crozet, etc. Approximately 5% of individuals live directly in Antarctica. Also, animal colonies are present in the southernmost regions of Argentina. If necessary, elephant seals can hold their breath for 2 hours and dive to 2000 m.


4. Rhino

Among these animals, distinguished by the presence of one giant horn, the largest are white rhinos, which are gray. Their mass can reach up to 5 tons, although usually, it is in the range of 2-2.5 tons. The length of the rhinos is 4.2 m, and the height is 1.6-2 meters.


There are white rhinos in southern Africa. They create groups that can reach up to 18 individuals. There are two subspecies of white rhinos - northern and southern. The subspecies of the north are almost exterminated - there are two females left, which are kept in the zoo. There are approximately 20,000 southern white rhinos.


3. Elephant

Among all land animals, elephants are the largest, and among them, the savannah elephants that live in Africa are the largest. The average weight is estimated at 7 tons, and females weigh about 5 tons. However, in 1974, a specimen was shot in Angola while hunting, whose weight was 12.2 tons. The length of the savannah elephants reaches 7 m, and the height reaches 3.8 m.


Elephants lead a peaceful lifestyle and feed on vegetation. Nevertheless, only in Zimbabwe from 1982-to 1989, did 500 people become their victims, because elephants can still show aggression, protecting themselves and the herd. The number of savannah elephants back in 1930 was 5 million individuals, but today there are no more than 700 thousand.


2. Whale Shark

The largest of the sharks is also the largest fish on Earth. Usually, the length of the whale shark does not exceed 12 m, but there were individuals with a height of 20 m. The mass of such giants can reach 34 tons.


The speed of these species of sharks does not exceed 5 km/h. They feed on plankton and therefore are safe for humans. Sometimes people can even ride on their backs.


The lifespan of whale sharks is remarkable. Individuals reach sexual maturity only by 30, and they live up to 100 or even 150 years.


1. Blue whale

In general, all whales are enormous animals, and if desired, the entire TOP 10 could be filled with different types of whales. But the largest among them are blue whales. The length of the most prominent individuals reaches 33 meters, and the mass of such animals exceeds 150 tons.


Oddly enough, these giants do not feed on fish but only on plankton, consisting of small crustaceans (no more than 6 cm in size). Seeing their flock, the whale opens its mouth and launches a massive amount of water inside. Then it closes its mouth and uses a unique mechanism to push out the water.


Back in the 19th century, the number of blue whales exceeded 350 thousand individuals. Whalers could not hunt this species for a long time - it was too strong. But in 1868, hunters mastered a new weapon - a harpoon gun, with the help of which the extraction of blue whales became possible. By 1967, the number of blue whales was reduced to 2 thousand, as a result of which their fishing was utterly prohibited. Since then, the number of blue whales has grown very slowly.


What is the smallest animal in the world?


The Etruscan shrew is the smallest modern mammal on the planet.

The pygmy shrew, or Etruscan shrew (Suncus Etruscans), is the smallest known mammal. Her body weight does not exceed 1.8 grams, and the maximum body length is 4.5 centimeters.


The shrew moves very fast and has an extremely high metabolic rate, which causes it to eat twice its weight in food. So, this crumb has to eat up to 25 times a day, hunting for insects, young frogs, and lizards.


As a rule, the heartbeat of a shrew reaches 1511 beats/min (25 beats/sec), and its body temperature is 37 ° C. However, when a shrew falls into a temporary torpor, its temperature drops to 12°C. Usually, this state of the body occurs during a food shortage and with the onset of cold weather. The exit from the stupor is accompanied by a sharp increase in heart rate - from 100 to 800-1200 per minute.


Today, these amazing creatures are endangered in some countries. This is mainly due to sudden climate changes, to which pygmy shrews are very sensitive. But to a greater extent, the destruction of their dwellings due to agricultural work leads to a decrease in the number of Etruscan shrews. This fact is even more upsetting when you consider that the shrew is of great benefit to people, destroying pests in their gardens, vegetable gardens, and fields.


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 Coca-Cola is a sweet, non-alcoholic carbonated drink produced by The Coca-Cola Company. In addition to Coca-Cola, it also makes other products, such as sweet syrups and numerous carbonated drinks, including Sprite, Fanta, Pulpy, and others. Coca-Cola first appeared on the American market and soon found its way worldwide.


Read the most interesting facts about Coca-Cola


"Coca-Cola" was invented by doctor-pharmacist John Pemberton in 1886. John considered the drink a medicinal tincture and thought it would help with stomach pains. This is logical, given that coca leaves, which were initially one of the ingredients of Coca-Cola, contain cocaine (from 0.1% to 0.9%). Today, however, Coca-Cola is produced without the use of cocaine.


Initially, Coca-Cola was sold in pharmacies as a medicine.

A pharmacist developed the recipe that later formed the basis of the famous soda recipe based on coca leaves, a renowned plant for its sedatives. The pharmacist promised that a drink made from these leaves would relieve headaches, cramps, and hangovers and be extremely useful for those who suffer from depression. It was because of the healing properties of the plant that is part of the drink that it was sold in pharmacies and was considered a medicine. To buy the first Coca-Cola, a prescription from a doctor was required because then, it was not a soft drink but a medicine.


When Coca-Cola was born, it was already known about the properties of the coca leaves that were part of it. Still, their use or possession was not considered criminal, so they were often added to food. However, after proving that these leaves are addictive and narcotic, the technology for making Coca-Cola had to be changed - now, the coca leaves were carefully squeezed, removing the narcotic substance before adding them to the drink.


H.G. Wells wrote a satirical novel that makes fun of Coca-Cola

There is a novel with elements of satire written by HG Wells. It's called "Tono-Bengue" and cruelly ridicules the advertising campaign that the producers of Coca-Cola carried out. The writer is sure that it is in the uncontrolled consumption, which such advertising campaigns contribute, that the reason for the possible end of the world lies.


Coca-Cola is the national symbol of America.

There is not a single American who has not tried this soda. Coca-Cola is America's national symbol because it is the most consumed soft drink in the United States and beyond. The money generated from global sales of sweet drinks has significantly boosted the American economy and contributed to the growth of the population's standard of living.


The first Coca-Cola was not carbonated.

The first Coca-Cola was not carbonated and was a thick sweet syrup, which included coca leaves and other medicinal components. It was sold in pharmacies and was something like a healing balm that relieves headaches, fatigue, and hangovers.


Read here: Interesting facts about each of the 50 American states


Coca-Cola draws attention with a bright label.

Coca-Cola attracts buyers with a bright label, and this is no coincidence. The red color in which it is painted irritates the visual receptors and makes the feeling of hunger wake up. People who will buy sugary soda are looking forward to drinking it. They will become cheerful and energetic.


Today, Coca-Cola is sold all over the world.

There is not a single country where Coca-Cola is not sold. Even African countries are buying Coca-Cola, which positively affects the American economy. Coca-Cola is trendy, and the brand that originated in the US has already spread worldwide.




To attract attention, Coca-Cola producers have organized and continue to contain numerous promotions. When Coca-Cola was still gaining popularity, manufacturers tried their best to tell people how tasty and unusual their product was. For this, free tastings were held, and coupons were distributed to people, presenting which they could receive their free portion of sweet soda.


Today's manufacturers are not inferior to their predecessors: before each new year, a promotion is held in which you can win teddy bears in clothes with the Coca-Cola brand logo, as well as glasses, mugs, T-shirts, and other goods. It is enough to collect a sufficient number of caps from Coca-Cola bottles to get them.


Coca-cola harms tooth enamel.

Sweet soda destroys tooth enamel, and this has been scientifically proven. Many experiments were conducted during which volunteers drank Coca-Cola daily. At the end of the study, it was found that 90% of the volunteers acquired dental problems. The teeth became more fragile and changed color - instead of white, the tooth enamel became dark.


Interesting facts about Coca-Cola: features, composition, and consumption statistics.

  • The Coca-Cola logo was hand-drawn.
  • Coca-Cola easily removes dirt from kitchen tiles and other surfaces.
  • Coca-Cola can dissolve organic materials.
  • Most people consume Coca-Cola in the United States, Mexico, and Iceland.
  • The Coca-Cola company pioneered the patent for cold drink refrigerators, which can now be found in any store.
  • Coke contains a lot of sugar.


Other interesting facts about Coca-Cola

1. The first Coca-Cola products contained real cocaine, although only about 9 milligrams per glass. The drink was advertised as a substitute for alcohol, which also helped to get rid of opium addiction. In 1903, they stopped adding cocaine. 


2. Of the 57 billion servings of all types of liquids drunk on the planet every day (other than water), just over 3% (1.9 billion) are drinks branded or licensed by Coca-Cola. This is the most widely used product in the world. 


3. There are only two countries where Coca-Cola is not sold: Cuba and North Korea. 


4. The company produces so many different drinks that if you wanted to try them all, one variety every day, you would need more than nine years. The company's product portfolio consists of more than 3,500 types and 500 brands, including carbonated, energy, and soy-based drinks. 


5. If the entire volume of drinks produced since the beginning of the Coca-Cola brand was filled into 8-ounce (227 ml) bottles, stacked one on top of the other, and formed a line from them, it could be drawn to the moon and back more than 2 000 times. 


6. Coca-Cola owns 20 brands, each generating more than $1 billion in sales per year. 


7. The Coca-Cola brand is worth approximately $83.8 billion. That's more than Budweiser, Metro, Pepsi, and KFC combined.


8. Coca-Cola claims its name is the second most understandable word after "OK." 



9. Most people in the world drink Coca-Cola Mexicans. On average, they drink 745 company drinks a year. Americans consume an average of 401 of its products per year. 


10. Coca-Cola believes that it was they who invented promotional coupons. The company began distributing them at the end of 1886 and is sure that this was the main reason for the rapid spread of the drink throughout all of America (by 1990). Between 1886 and 1914, each of the ten bottles of Coca-Cola was given away for free. 


11. Coca-Cola can be thanked for the images of Santa Claus that have become familiar today. The brand began running Christmas advertising campaigns in 1920 to boost sales during the sluggish winter months. At first, there were several different images of Santa, but none of them could become famous. Sometimes he was too thin, sometimes too big, sometimes he wore clothes of different colors (including green and brown). Until 1931, illustrator Haddon Sundblom depicted a plump Jolly Santa Claus in a red coat. When creating the image, the artist read Clark Clement Moore's poem "The Visit of St. Nicholas" and recalled his Scandinavian roots.


12. In 1985, Coca-Cola became the first soft drink to go into space. Astronauts aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger tested whether Coca-Cola could be consumed in zero gravity. It turned out it could. 


13. Coca-Cola believes that the "ideal" temperature for drinking drinks is between 34 and 38 degrees Fahrenheit (1.1 - 3.3 degrees Celsius).


Read here: Interesting facts about each of the 50 American states

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Odessa is known for its humor, specific accent, and the sea. It is customary to count the city's history from the reign of Catherine II, the 18th century. But in fact, these lands were inhabited long before the tsarina's decree.


Odessa - Ukrainian soul city


As in every port city, many nations have always coexisted here. The multi-ethnic settlement inscribed the history of the Greeks, Italians, Ukrainians, Turks, Albanians, Russians, and Jews in its biography. There is no wonder that there are Greek, Polish, Lithuanian, Arnautskaya, Jewish streets, Moldavanka district, Italian Boulevard, Istanbul Park, and Azerbaijan Park. And the city ends on the seashore with Primorsky Boulevard, from where beautiful views open that attract tourists so much.


We will tell you who lived and what they did in past centuries and what influence they had on the city's development and what has been preserved since then—unknown and interesting facts about Odessa.


The cycle of history and ethnic groups 


1. From the 8th-10th centuries, the territory of the present Odessa region was inhabited by Slavic tribes. The Liberty, who settled in these parts, fell under the rule of Kievan Rus and participated in the campaigns of the Kievan princes against Byzantium, and subsequently were under the control of the Galician principality. 


2. One of the 11 gold coins from the time of Prince Vladimir that has survived in the world is in Odessa. It can be seen in the archaeological museum. 


3. At the end of the 13th century, on the site of Odessa, there was a Genoese settlement of merchants Ginestra, whose name probably comes from the changed name of the Dniester. It was a camp of Italian sailors in the Odessa Bay, where grain and other goods were transported from the Black Sea region.



4. In the 14th-15th centuries, the Black Sea region fell under the rule of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which established a settlement and the royal port of Kachibey here. The first mention in the documents is 1415. Estimated location - Zhevakhova Gora. 


5. At the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries, the settlement came under the rule of the Tatars, and they began to call it Khadzhibey. In 1765, the Ottoman government built a new Yeni-Dunya fortress between the modern Potemkin Stairs and the Vorontsov Palace on Primorsky Boulevard.


6. The Turkish Khadzhibey was stormed by the Cossacks of Bohdan Khmelnitsky and Ivan Sirko, Semyon Paliya, and Peter Kalnyshevsky. The 220-year-old Black Night oak stands on Shevchenko Avenue; according to legend, it was planted by the Black Sea Cossacks when they left Khadzhibey in 1792. And in the Luzanovka park, a people's memorial was created in memory of Colonel Paliy. 


7. The Ottomans finally conquered the fortress in 1789 by Russian troops led by José de Ribas and Black Sea Cossacks led by atamans Anton Golovaty and Zakhary Chepiga. De Ribas wrote about this event: "The victory was celebrated in a Greek tavern to the sounds of a Cossack hopak." In 1794, the city was renamed in the manner of the Greek colony Odessos and began to build. In Starobazarny Square, there is a bronze monument to ataman Anton Golovaty, who conquered Khadzhibey from the Turks. 


8. The ancestors of Ukrainians began to populate the territory around present-day Odessa in the 15th century. Cossack families moved to the estuaries and started salt mining here. Also, Ukrainians fled to these lands controlled by the Turks from serfdom after the destruction of Catherine the Sich. Cossack cemeteries have been preserved in the city's north and nearby villages (Usatovo, Nerubayskoye). The crosses and graves on them are older than Odessa. Ukrainians also formed the basis of the population after founding the city. Not far from Shkodova Gora, there are still cave houses that the Cossacks built-in 1775-1800 for themselves.



9. Among the city's first leaders, there were many foreigners - the Spaniard Jose de Ribas, the Frenchman de Richelieu, the British Thomas Koble, the Frenchman Louis Langeron, the Russian Mikhail Vorontsov, the German Paul von Kotzebue, the Greek Grigorios Marazzi. To increase the city's population, Bulgarians, Albanians, Greeks, Jews, and Germans began to create their colonies here. 


10. Italians opened bakeries and pasta factories in Odessa. The first printing house in the city belonged to an Italian. Italian architects built the majestic structures of Odessa in the 19th century. Genoa is a sister city of Odessa. In cities, there are streets dedicated to each other - in Odessa, it is Genoese, and in the Italian town - Via Odessa.


11. Greek colonies on the territory of present-day Odessa existed even before our era. On Zhevakhova Hill, archaeologists discovered an ancient sanctuary, wherein the 5th-4th centuries BC, the ancient Greek goddess Demeter, the patroness of fertility, was worshiped. Excavations were also carried out in other places.


Odessa is at the forefront

12. The first house in Odessa after its renaming was built in 1794 for Count Volkonsky on Lanzheronovskaya Street. 


13. The Duke de Richelieu erected the first monument in the city in 1828. He led the city and organized the production of stearin candles, wax, soap, and powder.


14. The first Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker was built on the site of the present Transfiguration Cathedral. 


15. In 1886, Ilya Mechnikov and Mykola Gamalia organized first Ukraine and the second in the world (after Paris) bacteriological station. A memorial plaque reports this on house number 4 on Leo Tolstoy Street. 


16. The oldest sparkling wine factory in Ukraine operates in Odessa on French Boulevard. Heinrich Roederer founded it at the end of the 19th century. 


17. In 1902, the first funicular in Ukraine was opened in Odessa. It connected the port and the upper part of the city.



In 1919, the first state film studio in Ukraine was opened in Odessa. The only Museum of Film Exposition operates here. It stores the first camera Dovzhenko. 


19. The world's first Spirit Fountain was opened in Odessa. Every hour, the fountain sprays 21 fragrances in turn.


The first owner of a car in Odessa in 1891 was the publisher of "Odessa Listok" Vasily Navrotsky. The car was brought to him from Marseille by ship. He greatly respected art. 


21. Paving stones, which paved the first roads of Odessa, quite impassable, were brought from Naples. Some sites laid back in the 18th century are still preserved on the streets of Pushkinskaya, Deribasovskaya. In this city, they began to pave roads with asphalt throughout the empire.



22. The Odessa Opera House was included in the Forbes magazine's list of the most unusual sights in Eastern Europe. For the 120th anniversary of the theater, the National Bank of Ukraine issued a commemorative coin with its image.


23. The Brodskaya synagogue in Odessa became one of the first choral synagogues in the empire. It was founded by people from Brody in the Lviv region who moved here. Now it houses the regional archive. 


The Potemkin Stairs got its name not in honor of Prince Potemkin. Prince Vorontsov built it as a gift to his wife. Initially, it did not have a name. After the release of "Battleship Potemkin," the townspeople began to call it Potemkinskaya. 


25. There is Ostap Bender Square in Odessa. It occupies only five m². The smallest square in the world is located on Deribasovskaya Street around the monument to the 12th chair.


26. Odessa doctor Ivan Lipa built a hospital for the poor near Odessa at his own expense. He founded the first society in sub-Russian Ukraine, "Prosvita," and was the Minister of Health in the government of the UNR. A memorial plaque to father and son Ivan and Yury Liam is located on the house where they once lived on Pasteur Street. 



27. House-wall - a residential building in Vorontsovsky Lane. If you look at it from the side, an optical illusion is created, as if there is only one wall in the house. This is the former apartment building of Rafalovich (consul of Denmark and vice-consul of Brazil). 


28. The house on Ekaterininskaya Street, 25, has one of the longest balconies in the world. It stretches across the entire third floor along the facade, from where you can simultaneously view both Ekaterininskaya and Grecheskaya streets. The building was built by a descendant of the Phanariot princely family Mavrokorodato.


29. Odessa Church - the central Lutheran Cathedral of Ukraine. St. Paul's Church was built by the German community in the 19th century. 



Mother-in-law's bridge is very long and loosens under the influence of wind. It is a replica of the Grand Duchess Charlotte Bridge in Luxembourg. According to one version, he got this name because he liked to go to his mother-in-law for pancakes. Now, this is a place for lovers to hang locks on it.


31. The Shah's palace was first built for a Polish magnate, then an Iranian shah who fled from his homeland settled in it. He decorated the mansion in oriental style.



32. The Spanish nobleman de Ribas was the first manager of Odessa. His brother Felix founded the City Garden. The main street of Odessa, Deribasovskaya, is named after them. However, at first, it was called the Gymnasium. There is also a monument to the Spaniard, who holds the city's plan with one hand and leans on a shovel with the other. 


33. The governor of Catherine, her son Pavel I, did not want to build a port and a city, so Odessa merchants bribed him with oranges. With the help of 3,000 pieces of this overseas fruit, they convinced the emperor and the allocated funds. In memory of this event, there is a monument to orange on Zhvanetsky Boulevard.


34. A monument to Steve Jobs was erected in Odessa in 2012 by students of the State Academy of Technical Regulation and Quality in front of the hostel on Novoselsky Street. It was opened on the first anniversary of Jobs' death. The sculpture is equipped with a device that distributes wi-fi. 


35. Odessans called this sculpture "Children and a Frog," but the author named it "Youth". The French modernist sculptor Max Blond created this attraction at the beginning of the 20th century, which stands on Lanzheronovskaya Street near the Maritime Museum. 



36. The world's first and only monument to Darth Vader was erected in Odessa in 2015. The artist Alexander Milov originally remade the monument to Lenin. Instead of it on Stolbovaya Street, 28, there is a sculpture of a character from the legendary Star Wars.


37. Sculptures of cats are scattered throughout the city. One is a lantern. The other is a sphinx. One metal barbel climbs the wall of the tourist information center. 


38. On Lanzheron Beach, there is a house of the sun. The bronze sculpture in the form of open doors invites the sun to Odessa in the morning through the main entrance. The author was inspired by the old gates of the house at 21 Rishelievskaya Street.



In Odessa, there is an open-air Museum of Anchors. They were taken from the bottom of the sea. Previously, they were part of the Museum of the Navy. Still, they were separated and placed at the Marine Station. 


40. The Museum of the History of the Development of the Ukrainian Cossacks operates in the Peresyp area. Dioramas, models, and sculptures reflect the history of those times when the city was built. You can see the Cossack ships, firearms, edged weapons, and Cossack costumes. In total, more than a thousand exhibits have been collected here.


41. The Museum of Interesting Science on Shevchenko Avenue reveals the secrets of physics using original methods. Visitors, for example, can get acquainted with human anatomy, play a laser harp, and see a perpetual motion machine. There is also a planetarium here. 


42. The wax museum in Odessa is called "At Baba Uti." The 70 characters are de Ribas, Richelieu, Pushkin, Ilf, Akhmatova, Vysotsky, and Ostap Bender.



43. The smuggling museum shows confiscated goods and ingenious ways to smuggle them across the border. He works on Ekaterininskaya Street, 6. 


44. The Museum "Secrets of Underground Odessa" introduces you to the catacombs with secret passages and labyrinths. The catacombs were once a refuge for smugglers and those who had to hide. Their total length is 2.5 thousand kilometers. Houses in this area have always had two exits - the main one and the catacombs. Thus, criminal dealers could escape prosecution.


Little Known Facts

45. A palm alley was planted in Odessa to create a resort atmosphere. It grows on the beach of Arcadia, which the Belgian Emile Kombi made. He opened an electric tram station, a park, and a restaurant. 


46. ​​In Odessa, on Marazlievskaya Street, 20, one of the most famous patients of Sigmund Freud, “The Wolf Man,” once lived. Sergei Pankeev suffered from zoophobia and loved to torture animals. Nightmares haunted him. Subsequently, this man began to consider himself a wolf. He was treated by the famous Austrian psychoanalyst and became one of his five most famous clinical cases. 


47. Poetess Anna Akhmatova was born in Odessa. Her maiden name is Gorenko. Her family home stood at the 11th station of the Big Fountain. There is now a commemorative bas-relief. Also, an unusual sculpture of Akhmatova and Tsvetaeva in ancient Egyptian costumes was built in the Sculpture Garden of the Literary Museum.


48. The novel "12 Chairs" by Odessa writers Ilf and Petrov was filmed 18 times worldwide. Moreover, each country considered its realities: the main character was a girl in Brazil. In America - a flea racing coach. 



49. The founder of Brazilian abstractionism - the artist Samson Flexor studied at the Odessa Art College. 


50. A fairy-tale tunnel depicting scenes from different fairy tales is located on French Boulevard, leading to the sea. Its length is 200 m, depth is 20 m.


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