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Top 15 smartest dog breeds in the world

5 months ago
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Dog training is an essential component of raising a pet, allowing the owner and his ward to understand each other and have a fun and exciting time together. This kind of communication with a pet brings the pleasure of spending time together and a mutual benefit. Using different commands for dogs, the owner can teach the pet to behave safely for himself and those around him, improve his motor and voice abilities, speed, reaction, ability to distinguish situations, and respond correctly to them.

 

What makes a dog breed smart?

In 1994 Stanley Coren, professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, published The Intelligence of Dogs. This book has become a bestseller. It has already gone through 16 editions and has been translated into 26 languages.

 

The author considers three aspects of dog intelligence in his book: instinctive intelligence, obedience intelligence, and adaptive intelligence. Obedience intelligence is the dog's ability to follow human commands. The intelligence of obedience formed the ranking of the most intelligent dog breeds, which Stanley Coren presented in his book.

 

Why train your dog?

"An obedient dog is a happy owner." Many dog ​​owners agree with this statement. After all, having decided to let a pet into our lives, we want to see in it a friend, a source of joy and pride. However, if the pet constantly behaves as he pleases and does not obey, it becomes a source of stress for the owner. Both are unhappy when the relationship between the dog and its owner does not add up. Therefore, it is essential not to miss the moment and start training on time.

 

A properly trained dog is the responsibility of each owner not only for the well-being of the one he has tamed but also for his peace of mind. A little training will benefit any dog, regardless of age, breed, or temperament. For the owner himself, regular exercise with the animal will help better understand the needs of the latter, become an excellent occasion for training and open up new opportunities: the better the pet behaves, the easier it is to take it with you wherever you go.

 

Self and professional training

Proper training is one of the basic needs of your pet. The sooner he learns to understand you and respond to dogs' basic commands, the higher the level of your mutual understanding in the future. And this, in turn, is the key to a long and happy coexistence.

 

Dog training should be regular, so make your training plan before starting. It is worth beginning the activity of a four-legged friend at two to three months during home quarantine after vaccination. First, teach him to respond to the nickname and the collar and leash. One of the advantages of home workouts is simplicity and accessibility; you don’t even have to leave the house or use complicated devices.

 

By having sufficient knowledge, you can teach a dog commands at home. However, the owners may have difficulties. Unlike a dog handler, an amateur does not know how to train a dog and may not achieve desired results. Also, the owner is unlikely to be able to reveal his talents. This is a disadvantage of home training.

 

Therefore, it is still recommended to contact specialists who tell you what commands the dog should know and why. If we are talking about a puppy, then, having taught him the basic commands for dogs at the age of four months, you should take a course of educational training. It is never too late to turn to a cynologist for help: he will select the optimal program and help realize the pet's full potential. Among the disadvantages for the owner is the need to find time, effort, and funds for paid classes, which are not always and not available to everyone. It is also essential to choose a good training center and trusted specialists to avoid wasting money and not harming the dog.

 

Remember: professional training does not replace your participation in raising a pet; the owner himself must establish a personal, trusting relationship with him. The relationship between the owner and the ward can only be reinforced with the help of professional courses.

 

The difference between training adult dogs and puppies

Depending on the dog's age, they require a unique approach, including when it comes to training. It is essential to understand how to train a dog depending on its breed, talents, and physical fitness. Of course, an adult dog has a specific life experience and, one way or another understands and orients itself more to what is happening around, while a puppy is a blank slate with a set of instincts; its upbringing should be approached especially carefully.

 

The main difference is the use of human force. So, in no case should it be used to train a baby; it is necessary to focus on the interest and curiosity shown by a young pet and a food target. He will react to the treatment. At the same time, adult dogs can exhibit dominant behavior; for them, treats are not always an incentive to follow the command, so there is interference from the owner. We are talking about harmless techniques for the animal, such as pressing on the sacrum when landing or holding on its side. Also, training is not suitable for young pets, one way or another contributing to the development of aggression. For example, teaching dog commands such as "Face."

 

Before starting classes, find out how to properly train a dog at home and familiarize yourself with the rules and principles regardless of the pet's age.

 

Necessary equipment

For self-study with a pet, you will need a collar and a leash - for control and manipulation, a stick or a toy - for fetching and a pre-prepared treat. These simple things may be enough for your dog to follow basic commands.

 

Suppose you plan to prepare your dog for more serious exercises, such as steeplechase, climbing, descent and ascending. In that case, you need to equip the site in advance and prepare barriers and other devices. You should read the necessary literature in advance and choose the right equipment depending on your dog's age, height and weight, breed, and physical abilities. It is best to start this kind of training at a cynological school, and then, following the example, continue at home.

 

What are the most intelligent dog breeds in the world?

 

15. Schipperke

The beautiful black dog of medium size. Hardy and physically developed breed. It is adapted to a harsh climate. It has thick and warm fur.

 

She has proven herself to be the perfect watchdog. Ideal for rural residents and owners of farmlands and country houses. Can exterminate rats, moles, and other rodents. He is affectionate with children and loves to play with them. He does not conflict with "his" cats; he will drive other people's cats out of the territory.

 

Schipperke has a sonorous voice. With the help of barking, it warns the owner of the danger, the intrusion of uninvited guests. In a city apartment, the dog will be hot and cramped. It is more suitable for the countryside. The owners note that the pet understands them perfectly.

 

14. Belgian Shepherd (Tervuren)

Dogs are very hardy and hardworking. If you wish, you can teach your pet any skills. It will become a shepherd, tracker, guide, nanny, etc.

 

They have a good memory. Remember many commands. They obey the first order. There are no problems with this dog.

 

The Tervuren is the most intelligent variety among the Belgian Shepherds. Recall that it has three more types. They differ in color and coat texture.

 

13. English Springer Spaniel

The hunting breed was formed in England. The first mention of them dates back to the 16th century. They developed flair and vision. Hunters say the dog adapts to any type of hunting.

 

Loyal, not dangerous for children. They cannot take on the functions of a watchman or guard. She is not aggressive and trusts people.

 

Suppose you want to acquire a skillful and tireless intellectual assistant for hunting hares and birds. In that case, you will not find a better option.

 

You can go to the forest with a dog for six months. The Springer Spaniel has a protective coat. Learn more about the English Springer Spaniel breed.

 

12. Miniature Schnauzer

A dog with a colorful appearance. You have probably already seen photos of this breed. The cheerful bearded man has extraordinary abilities.

 

In addition, the dog is brave, sensitive, and brave. It is not embarrassed by its own small size. Miniature schnauzers are always ready to come to the rescue of the owner.

 

Dogs are intelligent and quick-witted, amenable to training. Very devoted. They don't like being alone.

 

You will get an intelligent and loyal friend who will accompany you everywhere. Please note that you will take responsibility. Miniature Schnauzers are unaware of their modest size. They can engage in a fight with formidable dogs.

 

11. Welsh Corgi

This breed is included in the list of dogs with excellent working qualities. It is enough for Welsh to repeat the command six times so that he remembers and learns it.

 

Belongs to the shepherd breeds bred in the UK. He knows how to lead a herd and guards the house. This is a mobile dog. In a small apartment, it will be cramped. But you can take part in a variety of dog sports. Welsh Corgi can be trained and understands what the owner wants from them.

 

No conflict and benevolence with all members of the family. The pet has a cheerful character, loves to play, and gets along with children. The Elizabeth II dynasty loves corgis. Her pets often became winners of various competitions.

 

10. Australian Cattle Dog

Active and executive breed. Little known in our country. She was bred to help Australian shepherds. She manages the herd very well. The shepherd dog not only monitors the safety of livestock but also knows how to lead it in the right direction and takes on the role of leader.

 

This is a devoted breed. It cannot do without a master. The owner is very fond of it. Ideal for modern farmers and rural residents.

 

The appearance of the Australian Cattle Dog is colorful. Tricolor dogs often represent this cute animal.

 

9. Rottweiler

Brutal, serious dogs. They were previously used in the slaughter of cattle. Butchers kept them, and dogs were used as draft power.

 

An intelligent breed. Modern breeders have found a use for them in the police. They protect criminals and accompany them in prisons. Can be aggressive if not properly trained. But you always need a reason to attack. Rottweilers need a reputable owner.

 

Despite its mental abilities, the dog is not recommended for keeping people with unstable mentality, teenagers, women, and a first pet. This is the best guard and bodyguard in our TOP-15.

 

8. Papillon

Once upon a time, dogs of this breed were kept by members of the royal dynasty. Dogs of small stature are overall ideal for city apartments.

 

Papillons will satisfy the taste of the most demanding breeder. This is a decorative breed. A distinctive feature is the ears. They are decorated with decorative wool and resemble butterfly wings in shape.

 

Papillons are intelligent and quick-witted. Their intelligence develops as they grow older. They adapt to any conditions and feel the owner at the level of intuition.

 

This is a recognizable breed. You will not confuse a photo of a Papillon with anyone else.

 

7. Labrador Retriever

Popular breed in many countries of the world. Strong, kind, active, and obedient dog. She is not aggressive. Can cope with the role of a nanny, guide, and rescuer. They developed job skills. Therefore, Labradors are used in the search service.

 

Labradors have an excellent sense of smell. They can find a person on an old trail. They react to the smells of illegal substances.

 

This breed can be considered universal. It will cope with the duties you entrust to it—adapted to urban conditions, not demanding to care—enough standard procedures.

 

The Labrador Retriever is suitable for beginner breeders. This is a capable and obedient breed.

 

6. Sheltie

Inexperienced breeders confuse this dog with a collie. But they are different breeds. The Sheltie is a large, attractive dog. They are often used as family companion dogs.

 

They have a decorative appearance. Maintenance can be complicated by caring for long and thick hair. But shelties are very smart and careful. They are perfect in the city.

 

Readily amenable to training, obedient, able to act according to the situation. This is an innovative and responsible dog. She will not leave you without help.

 

5. Doberman Pinscher

Stephen Coren also included the Doberman Pinscher in his ranking. The fact is that the Doberman Pinscher needs a competent owner. He must be able to handle a dog of this breed. Then the pet turns into a bright girl whose abilities are admired.

 

Doberman pinschers are suitable for the role of bodyguards. They will protect their master. But they need a firm hand and an authoritative owner. Otherwise, he will turn into an uncontrollable dog.

 

4. Golden Retriever

Handsome and smart. The ideal family dog. Works as a guide, lifeguard, replaces a nanny. These luxurious dogs have an attractive exterior. They are physically developed and robust. Retrievers have great patience. They will never attack a person without a good reason.

 

Golden retrievers are endowed with a mind. They have an excellent memory, are obedient students, and remember many commands. And this is not a complete list of all the advantages of dogs of this breed.

 

3. German Shepherd

The mind and intelligence of the German Shepherd are legendary. Loyal dogs are always where their help is needed. They serve on the border, work with the police, support the search for criminals and save people in emergencies.

 

German Shepherds are a large breed. They are physically developed, strong, brave, and obedient. Not aggressive towards children or other pets. They are aware of their strength and behave adequately.

 

The German Shepherd is suitable as a family dog. She is devoted to her family. Unfortunately, the breed has now ceased to interest breeders. Exclusive and rare types of dogs are in fashion.

 

2. Poodle

The breed of poodles received positive reviews. We know that funny dogs often perform in the circus arena. Wandering artists worldwide have always kept a cheerful and intelligent dog with them.

 

Stephen Koren included this breed in his list. He believes that she has a heightened degree of intelligence.

 

Interestingly, poodles do an excellent job as rescuers. They can rush to help a drowning person. Some species do well in hunting and the protection of the home. But one thing is essential. This dog will never leave the owner in trouble.

 

1. Border Collie

Cynologists worldwide are sure that this is the most intelligent breed of dog. The Border is a versatile breed. It can be trained in almost everything. If a person wishes to have a nanny for his children in a dog's face, he will not find a better candidate. Border collies are excellent as a shepherd, guides, and guard. They will make great companions.

 

Dogs of this breed are endowed with such qualities as:

 

  • mind and ingenuity;
  • friendliness;
  • devotion;
  • diligence.

 

They are focused on a person and do not pose a danger to him. In addition, the breed has an attractive exterior. You can verify this by looking at the photo.

 

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20-sings-that-your-dog-loves-you-more-than-anyone-else

Have you always wanted to know what your pet is thinking and feeling? Why is he so afraid of thunderstorms? Or does he love you? Many studies show that all dogs show their emotions in the same way. This behavior was the result of living together with people and dogs side by side for several thousand years. We are so used to each other that our pets have unique ways of expressing their affection specifically for a person. Here are just some of the signs that will help you understand if your dog loves you.

 

Your dog loves you!

 

 

 

They spend most of her time with you. The best place in the house is next to the owner. When the dog is not busy with his important canine business, he seeks to spend time with his loved one. To people who are not interesting to her, she will prefer to chase pigeons or dig up a flower bed. Along with the owner, of course.

 

The dog is glad you are back home. Crazy joy after your return home is another clear sign that you are loved and expected. A dog will never be happy with the arrival of a person to whom it is indifferent.

 

Calmly accepts your departure. It is generally accepted that the stormy experiences of the animal before your departure are a sign of strong affection and love. But in reality, things are a little different. If the dog reacts quite calmly to your departure, it means that he trusts you and is sure that you will return.

 

 

Your dog sleeps with you. A loving dog will always want to sleep next to you in your bed. Of course, if you let her.

 

Comes to you to lie around after eating. After eating, the dog concentrates on the most important. And if, after eating, she spins around you, lies down next to you or wants to climb on her knees, this is how she expresses her love.

 

Her best toys are your toys. If a dog brings you his favorite ball or teddy bear, it is far from always worth taking it as a call to play. First of all, this is a sign of affection and a desire to please you. Suddenly you will like this toy too.

 

Your dog cuddles up to you. Sometimes a dog will snuggle up to its owner because it is nervous or afraid, which in itself is a show of trust and confidence in your ability to protect it. However, it is also a sign of true love. As well as the desire to play, chat or go for a walk.

 

The dog loves to lick you. While not very hygienic, licking is the best way for dogs to express their love.

 

 

How do you feel about your dog?

 

 Scientists believe that dogs feel the attitude of others. Love your pet, and he will definitely love you back.

 

Notice the regular loving look. In many cases, direct eye contact in dogs means aggression or a fight for dominance. It is for this reason that it is not recommended to look directly into the eyes of unfamiliar dogs. However, if your own dog likes to make eye contact with you without any signs of aggression or irritation, then by doing so he is expressing his love for you.

 

The peace-loving and joyful look of the dog indicates that she is completely comfortable next to you.

 

See if the dog's tail leans more to the right when he wags you. Not all tail wagging has the same meaning. In many cases, when the dog's tail deviates more to the right than to the left, this indicates his affection for you and a happy state. On the other hand, if the tail deviates more to the left, this may indicate anxiety and irritation.

 

However, the above signs are not true for all dogs. In general, if the dog's tail is moving parallel to the ground and he looks quite happy on the outside, he is most likely showing you his affection.

 

 

Pay attention to how regularly the dog looks back at you. Does she often break away from smelling and turn around to look at you during walks? If you are in a forbidden room for a dog in your house, is he waiting for you at the door? Does he check in regularly to see what you are doing? Basically, if a dog wants to know what you're up to all the time, chances are he really loves you!

 

If you walk your dog with your spouse, partner, brother, sister, parents, friends, and so on, pay attention to which of you the dog checks more often than others. This will probably be the person she loves the most!

 

See how much your dog is happy about you. If the dog is unable to contain his own excitement when you return home from work or school, then this is a clear sign of affection for you. If the dog does not even notice you when you arrive, then most likely you are not a priority for him.

 

Of course, different dogs have different levels of arousal, so it's best to judge your dog's reaction to you versus his reaction to other people. For example, if a dog is happy with anyone who enters your house, but when you come home, he is undisguisedly delighted, then this is a good sign.

 

Consider how quickly the dog calms down around you. This is the other side of the coin, which should also be considered in the dog's outburst of admiration when he sees you. If soon after the initial enthusiasm, the dog begins to cling to you or just wants to stay close to you, then this indicates a high level of comfort that he feels in your company.

 

 

Dogs get excited easily when they meet someone they like. However, if the dog quickly calms down in your presence, this indicates a higher level of trust and affection for you.

 

See if the dog likes to take your things or sleep with them. You may be annoyed by the dog's habit of carrying your slippers or going to bed on your T-shirts left on the bed. But this behavior demonstrates her love! Your personal belongings carry your scent, and the dog wants to be close to this scented reminder of you.

 

Therefore, instead of getting upset because of gnawed and slobbered slippers, brag to everyone at home that this is a sign of the pet's greatest love!

 

Assess the speed of the dog's reaction to your call and commands. Dogs can follow the commands of many people. However, the clear desire of the dog to carry out commands and the high speed of their execution most likely indicate the dog's attachment to a particular person.

 

A faster reaction is due to the fact that the dog wants to be near a loved one and wants to please him.

If your dog is generally not very good at following commands, the very fact that he obeys you more often may be a sign of affection.

 

 

Think about who provided care for the dog during the first six months of its life. Dogs tend to become strongly attached to those who provided them with the necessities of life in puppyhood. If it was you who cared for the pet in the early stages of his life, then with a high probability we can say that he developed a deep and strong attachment to you.

 

Predictably, the quality of early care and the amount of love you show will affect the strength of your pet's affection.

 

However, this does not mean that you will not be able to establish a strong relationship with the dog that you adopted as an adult. It may take longer for her to develop trust in you, to develop feelings of comfort and affection, but in most cases, dogs successfully form friendships with those who provide them with loving care.

 

Assess the quantity and quality of spending time with your dog. This is the main factor in the relationship with the dog, which is under your control. How much time do you spend with your dog, and how well do you spend that time? Do you play with your dog, provide exercise, explore the world, or relax together? Do you feed and water your dog well, keep it clean and take care of its health? All these things affect the development of affection in a pet.

 

Even if you aren't currently the most attentive host, it's never too late to start!

 

 

Notice if the dog has positive associations with you or with people like you. We can say that sometimes dogs think in stereotypes. For example, if the first owner of a dog was a woman, then it will probably be easier for her to establish friendships with women. If a dog in puppyhood had a not very good owner with a beard, then it may be wary of bearded people.

 

It is possible to overcome the dog's negative associations, but it will take more time and effort on your part to develop a strong and loving relationship with him. In this case, the most important thing is to ensure that the experience of communicating with you from the very beginning always remains only positive for the dog.

 

 

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Many families have dogs and cats. But not everyone knows how to interpret this or that behavior of a pet. And this is necessary, because sometimes it testifies not at all to a bad character or upbringing, but to problems with it's health.

 

 

About the behavior of dogs and cats that you would like to know the answer to

 

Anyone who has ever observed the behavior of dogs or cats has seen how they periodically begin to spin in a top, trying to catch their tail. Why do they do it? Does it hurt or not when they manage to do it? Do they know that their tails are actually attached to them?

 

To better understand your four-legged friend, read what experts say the common behavioral traits of dogs and cats mean.

 

What is normal dog behavior?

 

Humans tend to project human traits and emotions onto dogs, and we are already used to certain behavioral responses from these animals. However, while we can notice things like canine anxiety in a dog's body language and understand why they howl, some dog behaviors, like barking for no reason or wanting to wallow in smelly things, confuse us.

 

What is classified as normal dog behavior may surprise you. Here's what the pet experts say.

 

1. Barks at the postman

Every day the postman delivers letters and parcels, and every day your dog barks. Does this behavior mean that your four-legged friend hates postal workers? “Barking at people outside is a defensive behavior,” says Gary Richter, MD, veterinarian and founder of Ultimate Pet Nutrition. "Dogs view their home as their territory and anyone approaching or near their territory is a potential threat, so they bark to ward off an intruder."

 

Think about it from your dog's point of view: the postman delivers the mail, the dog barks to keep the intruder away, and the postman leaves. This creates a pattern that gets stronger each time. “From the point of view of dogs, every day they save the house from invasion, driving away the invader. We never appreciate their efforts,” says Dr. Richter.

 

2. Biting

Your puppy's light, loving nibbles are sweet and adorable, but if you don't nip this behavior in the bud, it's a training mistake you'll regret when your pet has adult teeth. "Dogs may playfully bite their owners' hands or feet because they know it draws attention to them, even if it's negative attention," says Joe Gale, MD, MD, Mars Petcare veterinarian. A playful bite can quickly turn into something more serious as the dog becomes overly agitated.

 

Biting can also be the result of a dog's anxiety and stress, or a warning sign that your dog is in pain, especially if he bites you when you touch or move him. As for biting as a form of aggression, this can usually be identified by the dog's facial expression and body language. This is not always the case, so be sure to contact the experts. “You should always consult a veterinarian and a bite behaviorist to avoid the risk of human injury,” advises Dr. Gale.

 

3. Begging for food

"Most dogs will happily accept any food at any time of the day," says Dr. Gale, noting that dogs shouldn't be blamed. “People actually provoke begging when they react and share their food with a dog. The dog quickly learns that this is a successful tactic for getting extra snacks.”

 

Staring at you and patiently waiting for a bite to eat or a treat after a job well done is an expected and common behavior. Growing puppies, pregnant and lactating dogs, breeds with high energy requirements, and those who exercise a lot can have increased appetites, Dr. Gale says. "If your pet's appetite changes or their weight increases, be sure to contact your veterinarian to find out the cause."

 

4. Poop in the house

One of the things veterinarians say you need to know about potty training is that you need to be prepared for "accidents" in the house. But it's also important to know that if your pet dog suddenly starts urinating in the house, it's not necessarily bad behavior. “My main concern when I hear this complaint is that your dog may have underlying medical issues such as urinary incontinence, inflammatory bowel disease, urinary tract infections, or even kidney failure,” says Dana Varble, MD, Chief veterinarian of the North American Veterinary Society. In addition, it is important to spay pets at the age recommended by your veterinarian to reduce the chance that the dog will mark territory, which is especially common in male dogs.

 

5. Wallowing in smelly things

Dogs have over 300 million olfactory receptors in their noses, while humans have only six million. No wonder dogs can smell a lot more than we can. With such an abundance of receptors, one would think that dogs would be more selective and sensitive to smells, especially vile and pungent ones, such as the smell of a dead animal, but for them it is like perfume water (though smelly). “Their idea of ​​attractive smells is often different from ours,” says Jennifer L. Summerfield, MD, veterinarian at Brown Veterinary Services in Wayne, West Virginia. “It is believed that the habit of dogs to wallow in strongly smelly things may have arisen as a way to disguise their smell, which may be useful for hunting.”

 

6. Eats excrement and rot

Why do dogs eat feces and other disgusting things like rotting food? As with the sense of smell, dogs' sense of taste is highly developed and very different from ours. They and we both like juicy burgers, but rotten chicken or even dog vomit will also be to your taste. “Dogs originally evolved as scavengers, eating leftovers on the fringes of human settlements, and today, wild dog populations still manage to survive fairly well on less than ideal food sources such as garbage, corpses, and other nasty options,” explains Dr. Summerfield.

 

So why don't they get sick when they eat junk food? "A dog's gastrointestinal tract can process bacteria and other contaminants that can cause disease in humans, and is often able to extract some nutritional value from things like feces or vomit." Your dog's eating habits can also indicate a serious illness, so it's important to know why your dog is eating inedible things like dirt.

 

7. Looking for the right place to go poop

Dr. Summerfield says there are three possible reasons for the dog's behavior. One theory is that your dog is stomping around looking for a clean spot to go big. Secondly, it scans the area for predators. But the study uncovered perhaps the most interesting reason: "A study in Europe showed that dogs tend to stand in a north-south direction when they poop," says Dr. Summerfield. More interestingly, the dogs rarely pissed on the east-west line.

 

8. Sniffing the crotch

While this dog behavior is embarrassing, it's completely normal and you shouldn't be embarrassed. According to Dr. Summerfield, dogs collect a lot of vital information through their nose, and the most concentrated sources of pheromones are in the perineum or buttocks, whether you have two or four legs. “While we may find this behavior socially unacceptable, sniffing the anus or genitals of another dog is a very polite and normal way to say hello in the canine world, much like shaking hands is for humans,” she says.

 

9. Runs in a dream

As you might have guessed, this usually means they are dreaming, and fortunately, it usually has no medical significance, says Dr. Richter. Nevertheless, it makes you wonder what dogs dream about. Probably nothing supernatural. Studies have shown that some dog breeds display their distinctive traits in their sleep, such as the English Springer Spaniel stalking prey. If all this "running around" during sleep seems excessive, according to Dr. Richter, it may indicate hidden stress or illness. If dogs sleep too much, this can also be a sign of illness, so find out how much sleep dogs usually get.

 

10. Interaction with other dogs

"Many dogs experience anxiety or discomfort when interacting with other dogs," says Dr. Summerfield. "This may be due to genetics, negative past experiences, or lack of adequate early socialization during puppyhood."

 

The dog may rush forward and bark at another dog to keep it from getting too close - this is a kind of dog etiquette that you should follow.

 

Other dogs may hide behind you, while some simply lie down in an overly submissive position because they are scared or uncomfortable in the situation. “Dogs are often wary of other dogs but very friendly with people—or vice versa,” she says.

 

11. Licks the face (and other parts of the body)

Let's start with the most licked part of the body: the face. “Muzzle licking, especially around the mouth, is a normal friendly behavior that dogs often show towards other dogs when they say hello. This is usually seen as a way to say "Hello! I pose no threat to you!” says Dr. Summerfield. So it's perfectly natural (and delightful) for a dog to lick a human face as well.

 

What about other parts of the body? As for the feet, toes, and between the toes, the stronger the smell, the stronger the attraction. “This may be due to the higher concentration of odor in these areas, which is also why dogs are attracted to dirty socks and dirty laundry,” she says.

 

12. The dog rubs its bottom on the ground, and sits on the bottom too oftenS

It may look funny from the outside, but it can also be one of the things dogs do to let you know they are sick. The reason is that they have clogged or infected anal glands.

 

“Normal, these sacs release their contents, a brown liquid with a very pungent odor, when the dog defecates. But sometimes the sacs can become clogged or infected, making it hard for them to empty on their own,” explains Dr. Summerfield. To reduce discomfort, they slap their buttocks on the floor. "If this happens, your veterinarian can usually fix the problem by manually decanting the glands."

 

13. Puts his paws on you

Why is your dog doing this? All dogs are quite tactile, so according to Dr. Warble, this is their way of holding hands. “Have you ever seen photos of foxes or wolves playing or sleeping side by side in the wild? While most dogs don't like the restraint of cuddling, they like to make contact with their closest friends by putting their paws on them, and human companions are no different," she says.

 

Your puppy may also put his paw on you to let you know he's ready to play, or ask you to keep petting him after you stop. This is one of the clear signs that you are not giving your dog enough attention. "It's a great way to get our attention, and it always seems to work," says Dr. Varble.

 

14. Hides things

Why do some dogs bury their bones (and other treasures) or hide them behind chairs or under a pile of pillows on the couch? According to Dr. Richter, this is purely instinctive dog behavior. “They watch their stuff,” he says.

 

To prevent their treasures from being stolen by other animals, they hide them for safekeeping. Dachshunds, a breed known for hiding everything, may have a cache of toys and treats in the corner of a dog bed. Some hunting breeds, such as hounds and terriers, tend to burrow because the prey they hunt lives underground. If your dog likes to bury his stuff outside, make sure his dig sites aren't exposed to the usual backyard hazards.

 

15. Rushing to the door

Dogs can sleep without their hind legs, but they will instantly rush to the door when it opens. This dog behavior is similar to ours, when we are surprised at something - we begin to act to see what's wrong. But for a dog, it's more than that. “This is an instinctive reaction in self-defense. Something has moved suddenly and unexpectedly, and they don't know what can get through the door,” says Dr. Richter. Some dogs, including guard breeds, go even further and burst through the door because they want to explore potential threats and protect their space.

 

16. Picks up items while walking

Most likely, you have seen how your pet picks up found items while walking. And it can be anything - from a stick to a used mask that someone dropped. “Dogs use their mouths in much the same way that human children use their hands. Many dogs are naturally curious about the world around them, and if they find something interesting, they may want to pick it up, hold it, or carry it for a while,” says Dr. Summerfield.

 

Wonder what your dog is thinking about as he collects these treasures? It's probably less complicated than you imagine. They are really curious, like toddlers. And they are attracted to certain objects in the same way that babies are attracted to their blankets. This is especially true of sporting and hunting dog breeds.

 

17. Tail wags to the left

A dog's tail can express a variety of emotions, and with careful observation, you can decipher what it is trying to tell you. For example, a low wagging tail with a wide arch indicates friendliness, while a high, stiff tail may indicate aggression or arousal. But why do dogs wag their tails to the left?

 

“Recent body language studies in dogs suggest that there may be a difference in how other dogs interpret left and right tail wagging and how dogs feel when their tail wag left or right,” says Dr. Summerfield. In the study, dogs remained relaxed when they saw a picture of another dog wagging its tail to the right, but when dogs saw a picture of a tail wagging to the left, it caused anxiety. More research is needed, but they do point to the tail as a key communicator.

 

Cats like to hide in boxes because they reduce stress: scientists explanation

Theoretically, at the moment, some scientists are of the opinion that cats, climbing into boxes, drawers, laundry baskets, etc., thus reduce their stress level. So, in 2014, scientists from the University of Utrecht, the Netherlands, conducted a study in order to test this theory.

 

In the end, they confirmed that cats hiding in boxes, crates, and other objects actually reduce stress levels. The study was conducted at an animal shelter.

 

Scientists have found that stressful experiences in cats can have a serious impact on cat well-being and lead to an increase in the number of infectious diseases in shelters due to increased levels of cortisol, which causes immunodeficiency. But while researchers have been able to partially determine the reason why cats hide in boxes, they can determine whether boxes in shelters can reduce disease rates in stressed cats.

 

Scientists during the study immediately noticed the difference between the group of cats that were kept with boxes, and those that did not have boxes in their cages. Stress levels in cats were determined using the Kessler and Turner Cat-Stress (CSS) scale.

 

After a few days, cats caged with a box had lower stress levels than cats kept in cages without boxes.

 

In the end, the scientists concluded that shelter appears to be important for a cat, as it allows them to effectively cope with the stresses of a new environment in the first weeks after arriving in a new place. They also said further research is needed to determine what effect sheltering has on cats. For example, this is necessary in order to identify correlations between the frequency of outbreaks of infectious diseases in cats, depending on the presence of various shelters in the habitat.

 

Why do pets chase their tails: expert opinion?

Anyone who has ever observed the behavior of dogs or cats has seen how they periodically begin to spin in a top, trying to catch their tail. Why do they do it? Does it hurt or not when they manage to do it? Do they know that their tails are actually attached to them?

 

Sometimes cats get bored and start playing with their tail. Are they doing this to have fun and also to get my attention?

 

“Sometimes cats and dogs will chase their tails for fun (think of the reactions they see from their owners when chasing!), Animal Health and Behavior Consultant Erin Askeland of Camp Bow Wow told POPSUGAR. “Therefore, they may be doing this to get attention because of our reactive nature.

 

However, tail chasing can also be a sign of problems, such as boredom or energy overload, pain or discomfort caused by health problems or anxiety (such as OCD). Age and body characteristics also play a role.”

 

Do cats and dogs know that their tails are attached to them?

Sometimes when we watch my dog ​​catch his tail, we wonder if it hurts? After all, from the point of view of people, chewing on an arm or leg is not entirely pleasant.

 

Cats and dogs know their tails are connected to them. Although puppies and kittens don’t fully understand it yet, they can move them at will and feel touch, and they react to it.

 

Should we be concerned when our pets are tail chasing?

Of course, if your dog or cat is chasing its tail nonstop, it might be time to talk to a veterinarian.

 

What are the signs of cat anxiety?

1. Increased activity, motority, up to the fact that the animal destroys everything around (66%)

2. Desperate meow (63%)

3. Urination in the wrong places (60%)

4. Aggression, extreme irritation (36%)

5. Depression, apathy (53%)

6. Arousal (36%)

7. Defecation in the wrong places (23%)

 

In addition, the study found that the behavior of cats is also influenced by the social portrait of the owner of the animal. On the eve of separation from people, cats literally lost their heads because of the fear of being left to the mercy of fate. This is especially true in homes where:

 

  • There are several grown women
  • Households live in the age range of 18-35 years
  • No other cats
  • No cat toys

 

How to help overcome feelings of anxiety in cats?

The study has shown that an effective antidepressant measure will be such signs of attention from people as the purchase of a new toy. It will entertain and distract your pet from a gloomy mood. Moreover, take another cat into the house. If there is one, why not start a second one: together, they say, it's more fun.

 

Outside of the game, when tail chasing becomes compulsive and repetitive, it may not be a clear signal of a problem, but it helps to let us know that something may be going on that is causing this pet distress,” she explained. “It can become part of a pet's behavioral vocabulary, where their behavior and body language tell us how they feel at the moment.

 

 

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50-funny-facts-about-dogs-you-probably-didnt-know-bemorepanda

“A dog is a man’s best friend” is a good old quote, the most popular phrase, and the truest! But how much do we know about our friends? A variety of breeds, specific behavior, and endless devotion to the owner - are not all that can surprise pets. Today we will reveal 50 interesting facts that will help you understand our pets even more.

 

Top facts about dogs

 

 

1. Dogs love to sleep on their owner's bed, and there are 50% of them. 

 

2. The most common problem among dogs is obesity. So, if you have a “strong man” growing, this is an occasion to think about it and take action! 

 

3. For the first time, animal rights were written into the legislation of Japan in the 18th century. According to the law, the death penalty was awarded for the murder of a dog, and people are required to address stray dogs as “Your Honor”. 

 

4. Dogs are mentioned 14 times in the Bible. 

 

5. The tallest dog is a Great Dane. Its height on its hind legs reaches 2.2 meters. 

 

6. Be aware that the dog perceives you as the leader of the pack. 

 

 

7. Your dog is uncomfortable with your hugs. For her, this is a signal of dominance. 

 

8. A large dog has a hard time in the house. The smallest breed is the Chihuahua. The smallest weighs 900 grams, and its growth is like a can of Coca-Cola.

 

9. The oldest dog is 30 years old. In relation to human life, this is more than 200 years. In 2013, the venerable terrier reached 30 years old. 

 

10. Sometimes dogs behave like people: they can drink very quickly, and even hiccup at dinner.

 

11. Did you know that the number of teeth in an adult dog is one and a half times more than in a puppy? For information, a puppy has 28, an adult has 42 teeth. 

 

12. An experiment was conducted in New Zealand. As it turned out, the three dogs had a good ride behind the wheel of a car on a straight road and even learned how to turn! 

 

 

13. We all know the symbol “@” is called “dog”, but this is only with us! For example, in the Czech Republic it is a herring, in Kazakhstan it is a moon ear, in other countries it is a strudel, a snail, a monkey. 

 

14. The total number of genuine breeds is 703 varieties. 

 

15. Long-nosed dogs have a more efficient internal cooling mechanism. 

 

16. A puppy's vision begins to develop well only at the age of 1 month. 

 

17. Taste buds in dogs are much poorer than human ones: 1700 compared to 9000 - a significant difference! 

 

18. Keep in mind, a dog's sense of smell is hundreds of thousands of times stronger than a human's, so keep your goodies in a safe place. 

 

 

19. Speaking of goodies. Chocolate is a dangerous sweet for dogs. The substance contained in it destroys the nervous system of the animal. Yes, it is detrimental to the heart. In the human body, it is broken down by enzymes. 

 

20. Like newborn babies, Chihuahua puppies are born with fontanelles. This is a soft spot in the upper cranial region that gradually hardens with age. 

 

21. Intellectual development of dogs, like a two-year-old child. They can count up to 5, understand about 300 gestures and words, and even successfully cope with elementary arithmetic tasks. 

 

22. A large dog has a normal heartbeat of 70-100 beats per 1 minute - just like a person. In small breeds - from 100 to 140. 

 

23. It is thanks to a wet nose that the dog easily determines where the smell comes from. 

 

 

24. The exotic name of the breed “Chihuahua” appeared in honor of the Mexican state, where they found these miniature crumbs. 

 

25. The Boxer dog loves to play with its front paws, which is where the name of its breed comes from. 

 

26. First-class seats in the Titanic saved three dogs from death. Pekingese, Newfoundland and 

Pomeranian miraculously survived. 

 

 

27. On the paws of thoroughbred dogs "Lundehund" six fingers. 

 

28. Dog owners are 65% more mobile than those who do not have a favorite pet. 

 

29. Dogs are the direct descendants of wolves.

 

30. When a dog drinks, its tongue resembles the shape of a spoon, but only wrapped down. 

 

31. Before embarking on an important action or deed, the dog instinctively demands approval and praise from the leader. 

 

32. In Russia, stray dogs have learned to use the subway for their own purposes. To get food, they confidently ride from one station to another in search of the most populated areas.

 

 

33. Once upon a time in Greece, spiked collars were invented that protected dogs from wolf aggression. 

 

34. The dog evaluates the object first by observing the movement, then pays attention to the brightness and only in the end to the form. 

 

35. In the name of the dog, the Canary Islands got their name. The inhabitants of the dog were on a par with the gods. By the way, in honor of the same islands, birds were also named canaries. 

 

36. The dog has 3 pairs of eyelids - lower, upper and nictitating. 

 

37. In 1988, in America, at customs, the dogs Barco and Rocky patrolled the border between Mexico and Texas (the so-called cocaine alley zone) so effectively that they delighted the drug lords, who then offered 30 thousand dollars for them. 

 

38. A dog hears ultrasound well. With this in mind, Paul McCartney added this sound to his beloved dog at the end of “A Day In The Life”. 

 

 

39. In 1994, the record for the fastest Greyhound breed was recorded. Its maximum is 67.3 km per hour. To this day, the record remains the same. 

 

40. In ancient China, the emperor had a mini-dog Pekingese as a spare defensive “weapon”. Hiding in the sleeve of her leader, feeling the danger, she immediately attacked the enemies. 

 

41. In the days of Ancient Russia, according to the law of the XIV century, a dog was a very valuable animal - it could be exchanged for 3 best horses, a flock of sheep or 1 ox. 

 

42. A Korean scientist cloned a dog for the first time in 2005. Today, the procedure can be repeated for 100 thousand dollars. 

 

43. When the dog of the outstanding future poet Lord Byron was not allowed into Cambridge College, he staged a kind of protest, bringing a bear cub with him. 

 

44. Women from Mississippi were extremely outraged by the fact that happened in the USSR. After all, everyone knew what fate awaited Laika, who flew into space. Housewives wrote a letter to the UN with a proposal to use Negroes for scientific experiments: “We have as many of them as our heart desires,” they protested, “but for the experiment, as it turned out, it makes no difference whether these creatures are alive or not!” 

 

 

45. “Get out of the water” is an expression that actually refers to Newfoundland dogs. And in fact, they do not get wet in the water, and the webs on their paws allow them to swim perfectly. 

 

46. ​​Is a Hollywood star a dog? Sounds strange, but it's a fact! In the collection of the German Shepherd Rin Tin Tin, there are as many as 22 film agreements. And he signed them himself with a paw print. 

 

47. The specific smell from your pet, reminiscent of chips, is not a reason to punish him for theft. The reason may be microbes accumulated on the paws that smell like chips. So first of all, take care of your hygiene! 

 

48. A dog is a predator by nature, therefore, food should be predominantly protein of animal origin, and less carbohydrates (cereals, potatoes, etc.) accidents. The goose did not leave the animal in trouble, but became a guide for it, directing it with cries and neck. 

 

 

49. Dogs have a larger range of sizes than any other mammal.

 

50. A dog's hearing is 10 times more sensitive than a human's, which is why 70% of owners believe that their pets successfully predict a storm.

 

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40-facts-about-cats-that-will-blow-your-mind

Do you know everything about cats? Think again. Cats are naturally mysterious, they are like an onion: endless layers! Dogs will tell you all the facts about themselves. Get cozy with your best furry buddy and learn some lesser-known facts about cats.

 

Interesting facts about cats

 

We use the term "big cats" to refer to animals such as lions, tigers, and leopards for a good reason. Cats and tigers shared a common ancestor over ten million years ago. However, today's domestic cats still share 95% of their genetic code with tigers. It's no wonder why the two exhibit many of the same behaviors, including scent marking, prey stalking and attacking.

 

1. The cat's domestication took place approximately 9500 years ago in the Middle East in the Fertile Crescent region (the conditional name for the region with increased rainfall during the winter months), where the oldest human civilizations originated developed. 

 

2. A cat's tongue is pulled out at a speed of 1 meter per second when licking liquid. Unlike dogs, a cat's tongue only touches the surface of the liquid and does not penetrate it. Then the tongue rushes up and drags a column of liquid with it. 

 

3. Currently, there are about 600 million domestic cats in the world. 

 

 

4. A distinctive feature of the structure of the cat's eye, which is characteristic of many mammals, is the presence of a nictitating membrane (third eyelid). It can be seen when the cat sleeps with its eyes open or feels tired. If the third eyelid is constantly visible, including when the cat is awake, this in most cases can be a sign of illness. 

 

5. Most cats are able to give birth to one to nine kittens in one litter. The largest known litter consisted of 19 kittens, 15 of which survived. 

 

6. The longest-lived cat ever recorded is Cream Puff, who lived 38 years and 3 days (1967-2005). 

 

7. Cats see excellently in low light conditions, however, contrary to common misconception, they cannot see in absolute darkness. 

 

8. Vibrissae (colloquially whiskers) in cats are specialized sense organs that perform a tactile function. In no case should a cat's vibrissae be removed, since by doing so it will actually be deprived of its "orientation and navigation system" in space. 

 

9. While in most countries the black cat is considered a symbol of bad luck, in the UK and Australia they are, on the contrary, regarded as animals that bring good luck. 

 

 

10. Cats have a sense of smell that is about 14 times stronger than a human's, which allows them to smell odors that humans are not even aware of. 

 

11. Mathematician Richard Montgomery once developed a special theory called the falling cat theorem. According to her, a cat falling backwards always flips upside down to land on its feet. 

 

12. A cat almost never meows to other cats, mostly this sound is intended for people. They tend to purr or hiss at other felines. 

 

13. The Burmese cat breed has a very calm, obedient and gentle character. They are very smart and sociable. As a rule, they greet guests with great curiosity and completely without fear. Unlike some other more active breeds, cats of this breed often like to sit on their laps and hands. 

 

14. Cats should not be deprived of meat food, since it is impossible to synthesize all the amino acids they need from plant foods. 

 

15. Cats eat grass, leaves and young shoots of plants to improve the functioning of the digestive system, as well as to induce vomiting to cleanse the stomach of hair. 

 

16. Cleanliness is an instinct in all felines: cleanliness of the body is necessary when hunting, so that the victim could not smell the lurking predator. They wash themselves by licking their fur at least ten times a day. 

 

 

17. Maine Coon cats are highly intelligent. This is one of the few breeds that can be trained. 

 

18. In the claws of cats there is a pulp - a blood vessel that reaches almost to the tip of the claw. In cases where the nails need to be trimmed, this must be done with extreme caution. 

 

19. Cat nail amputation is prohibited by law in Germany and Switzerland, and in many other European countries it is also prohibited under the European Companion Animal Convention. 

 

20. Valerian root extract contains actinidin, which is the culprit in the unusual behavior of domestic cats and other felines (tigers, lions, cougars, etc.). Its smell is similar to the smell of one of the components contained in cat urine. 

 

21. Cats are able to give their voice about a hundred different intonations, while dogs - only about ten. 

 

22. The Abyssinian cat is one of the oldest cat breeds. They are named after the African country of Abyssinia, now Ethiopia. 

 

23. The "purr apparatus" in cats is the thinly connected hyoid bones that lie between the base of the skull and the base of the tongue. Muscle contraction near the vocal cords causes them to vibrate. The cat makes a purring sound with its mouth and nose, and the vibration spreads throughout its body. 

 

 

24. When a cat is pleased, it extends and retracts its claws on its front paws. This movement is called the "milk step" - with this movement, the kittens stimulate the release of milk from the mother's nipples during feeding. 

 

25. Yuri Dmitrievich Kuklachev gained fame by being the first in the USSR to engage in circus work with cats. In addition to performances with cats, Yuri Kuklachev regularly conducts "Lessons of Kindness" in schools, child care facilities and even in children's colonies in different cities of Russia. 

 

26. In the UK, two cats - Humphrey (1988-2006) and Larry (2007-) were awarded the official title. Cats living in the residence of the Prime Minister of Great Britain received the title of "Chief mouser of the government residence". 

 

27. Cats are very sensitive to vibrations. They can feel an earthquake 10 or 15 minutes before a human. 

 

28. In the 1930s, two Russian biologists discovered that the color change in Siamese kittens depended on their body temperature. Siamese cats carry albino genes that are triggered at body temperatures above 36℃. In warm parts of the body, less pigment is produced than in cold parts, so the ears, paws, tail and muzzle are painted in a darker color compared to the rest of the body. 

 

 

29. Even a cat entering the water for the first time will swim well, because the position and movements of its body when swimming will be the same as when walking. 

 

30. In ancient Egypt, cats were considered the embodiment of the goddess of fertility Bast and were revered as sacred animals. The punishment for their murder was the death penalty. 

 

31. In the Catholic countries of medieval Europe, the cat was considered a companion of witches and the personification of evil spirits. Because of this, they were burned alive at the stake or thrown from the bell towers. The destruction of cats is indirectly attributed to the cause of outbreaks of plague epidemics, since there was almost no one to exterminate rats and other rodents that carry the disease. 

 

32. In Russia, a domestic cat was expensive and could serve as a valuable gift, since it guaranteed the protection of the crop from rodents. She was also a symbol of peace and prosperity in the house, protecting the house from evil spirits. 

 

33. Cats are the only animals allowed to enter the mosque. 

 

34. The most fluffy and thick fur among cats has a manul. While other cats have an average of 2,500 hairs per square centimeter, Pallas' cats have 9,000.

 

 

35. Unlike dogs, cats have not undergone significant changes during their domestication process. 

 

36. In cats, sweat glands are located only on the paw pads. 

 

37. A cat's heart beats almost twice as fast as a human's, between 110 and 140 beats per minute.

 

38. Like humans, cats have a dominant hand. 

 

39. The most popular breeds are Persian, Maine Coon and Siamese cats. 

 

40. On short distances, the speed of cats can reach 49 kilometers per hour.

 

 

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