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What is Juneteenth and why is a second national independence day needed?

9 months ago
what-is-juneteenth-and-why-is-a-second-national-independence-day-needed

Juneteenth, also known as Freedom Day and Emancipation Day, commemorates June 19, 1865, marking the end of slavery in the United States.

 

Juneteenth is the portmanteau of June and the nineteenth. The day is the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the end of slavery in the United States and is celebrated on June 19. It is also known as Emancipation Day or Independence Day in Juneteenth.

 

On January 1, 1863, then-President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring that all persons held as enslaved people in rebellious states would be released. More than 2.5 years after Lincoln's proclamation, many enslavers continued to hold their slaves captive by hiding this information from them and keeping them slaves for another harvest season, according to the Congressional Research Service. 

 

But first, let’s remember some details about July 4th to move on to Junetheen.

 

What do Americans celebrate on July 4th?

July 4, 1776, also known as Independence Day, marks the anniversary of the Second Continental Congress at which the Declaration of Independence was adopted.

 

The congress, made up of delegates from the original 13 colonies in the United States, unanimously approved the document declaring independence from Britain.

 

The Continental Congress did not vote for independence until July 4. Twelve of the 13 colonies passed a resolution calling for freedom on July 2, 1776.

 

Many original signatories did not put their names on the Declaration of Independence until August 2, 1776.

 

The first celebrations of Independence Day

Some Americans began celebrating July 4, the year following the signing of the Declaration of Independence. In a letter to his daughter, former President John Adams wrote that July 4, 1777, was celebrated in Philadelphia "with a celebration and ceremony appropriate to the occasion," according to the Library of Congress, USA Today reports.

 

But July 4 became widely celebrated by Americans after the war of 1812. Independence Day became the most crucial non-religious holiday for many Americans until the 1870s. Congress passed a law that turned Independence Day into a federal holiday on June 28, 1870.

 

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence.

 

Jefferson and four other members of the Second Continental Congress, including John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert Livingston, formed a committee in 1776 to draft a declaration, which would later go through dozens of amendments before being signed by 56 men.

 

But Jefferson is credited with writing the document we know today, which calls for "inalienable rights," including "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."

 

However, the famous words of the declaration did not apply to all those in the thirteen colonies, such as enslaved people, indigenous peoples, and other groups.

 

Why are fireworks such an essential part of the holiday?

At the first celebration of the 4th of July in Philadelphia in 1777, the Americans fired their cannon 13 times in honor of the original 13 colonies. Thirteen fireworks were also fired into the city as part of the festivities.

 

Kate Haulman, an associate professor of history at the American University, said fireworks were part of a public holiday tradition in England, citing Guy Fawkes Day, which commemorates the obstruction of a plot to blow up the Houses of Parliament.

 

Haulman called the early Independence Day celebrations "a continuation of previous types of political culture, but which became American."

 

Americans also celebrated with fireworks in the 21st century, with fireworks sales rising in 2020.

 

What is Juneteenth?

Just two weeks ago, Americans celebrated Juneteenth for the first time as a national holiday.

 

President Joe Biden signed the law on June 17 that makes Juneteenth or June 19 a new federal holiday to commemorate the end of slavery.

 

Juneteenth, the official name of the federal holiday Juneteenth National Independence Day, also called Emancipation Day, Freedom Day, Jubilee Day, Black Independence Day, is a holiday that commemorates the end of slavery in the United States, marked annually on June 19 is celebrated on Saturday, writes Encyclopaedia Brit.

 

In 1863, during the American Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared free more than three million slaves living in the Confederate states.

 

However, it will be more than two years before the news reaches the African-Americans living in Texas. It was not until Union troops arrived in Galveston, Texas, on June 19, 1865, that the people of the state finally learned that slavery had been abolished.

 

The formerly enslaved people immediately began to celebrate with prayers, songs, and dances.

 

 

The following year, on June 19, the first official Juneteenth holidays were held in Texas. Initial celebrations included prayer meetings and religious music, and participants wore new clothes to represent their new freedom.

 

African Americans in other countries also celebrated the day for a few years, making it an annual tradition.

 

Holidays continued in the United States until the 21st century and usually include prayer and religious services, speeches, educational events, family gatherings and picnics, music, food, and dance festivals.

 

Juneteenth became a state holiday in Texas in 1980, and several other states followed suit.

 

In 2021, Juneteenth became a federal holiday. The day is also celebrated outside the United States. Organizations in many countries use it to recognize the end of slavery and honor African Americans' culture and achievements.

 

Juneteenth's legacy

Newly released enslaved people from Texas celebrated the first Juneteenth in 1866, making it the oldest known end of slavery in the United States. Texans have been celebrating the day for over 150 years - my father, born in Houston in the 1940s, remembers celebrating the day in style when he was a child. However, Juneteenth, also known as Emancipation Day and Freedom Day, did not become an official holiday in Texas until 1979. It was another 11 years before another state, Florida, followed suit. These days, 49 states and the District of Columbia recognize the day, with Washington and Hawaii passing legislation to commemorate the significance of Juneteenth in April 2021. South Dakota remains abnormal.

 

What is the difference between Juneteenth and Independence Day?

Juneteenth (officially Juneteenth National Independence Day and Jubilee Day, Emancipation Day, Freedom Day, and Black Independence Day) is a federal holiday in the United States that commemorates the emancipation of enslaved African-Аmericans. It is also often seen celebrating African American culture.

 

Which four states do not celebrate Juneteenth?

Almost every American state recognizes the holiday that marks the end of slavery. Hawaii, North Dakota, and South Dakota are the states that have not yet set the day as a holiday.

 

Why is it called Juneteenth Freedom Day?

Juneteenth is a holiday that commemorates the end of slavery in the United States. It is also called Emancipation Day or Independence Day in Juneteenth. The name "Juneteenth" refers to the date of the holiday, combining the words "June" and "Zenith."

 

Why is Juneteenth an important day?

Juneteenth, or "Freedom Day," is the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the end of slavery in the United States. This holiday is considered "the longest African-American holiday" and has been called "America's Second Independence Day." On June 19, 1865, Union soldiers, led by Major General.

 

What are the colors for Juneteenth?

The official Juneteenth flag was red, white, and blue, indicating that all enslaved Americans and their descendants were Americans. However, many black communities have adopted the pan-African, red, black, and green flag. The colors represent the blood, the soil, and the prosperity of Africa and its people.

 

Which state was the last to free the enslaved people?

Mississippi becomes the last state to ratify the 13th Amendment, the official abolition of slavery.

 

What was the first state to free enslaved people?

In 1780, Pennsylvania became the first state to abolish slavery when it adopted a statute that provided for the freedom of every enslaved person born after its promulgation (once that individual reached the age of majority). Massachusetts was the first to abolish slavery once and for all by court order in 1783.

 

Is Juneteenth called Independence Day?

The term Juneteenth is a mixture of the words June and XIX. The holiday was also called Juneteenth Independence Day or Freedom Day. Often celebrated at first with picnics and church speeches, the holiday spread across the country and internationally as black Texans moved elsewhere.

 

How do you explain Juneteenth to a child?

Juneteenth is a holiday that commemorates the freedom of enslaved people in the United States. The name Juneteenth is a combination of the words June and XIX. The day is also called Emancipation Day and Freedom Day.

 

What did the enslaved people eat?

Weekly rations — usually cornmeal, lard, some meat, molasses, peas, greens, and flour — were distributed every Saturday. Vegetable areas or gardens, if the owner allows them, provide fresh produce to be added to the rations. In the enslaved people's huts, morning meals were prepared and eaten at dawn.

 

What are you wearing on Juneteenth?

In celebration of the first Juneteenth, the freed people found their freedom to shed the clothes associated with their life as enslaved people. ... A common theme is dressing in red, white, and blue to highlight the "Independence Day for people of color" holiday atmosphere.

 

What traditional food is served on Juneteenth?

You can't go wrong with southern classics, such as crispy and golden fried chicken and smoked greens. And, of course, a large Cajun gumbo pot with chicken and sausage andouille or red Creole-style jambalaya loaded with chicken, sausage, and shrimp can serve as the main event.

 

Which companies comply with Juneteenth?

Before Juneteenth became a federal holiday this week, hundreds of companies have already marked the day by recognizing the release of enslaved people after the Civil War. To name a few, Adobe, Capital One, JPMorgan Chase, Lyft, Nike, Google, Quicken Loans, Spotify, Target, and Uber launched Juneteenth last year.

 

Is there a Juneteenth flag?

That flag with a star bursting in the middle is the Juneteenth flag, a symbolic representation of the end of slavery in the United States. The flag is the work of activist Ben Haith, founder of the National Foundation for the Celebration of Youth (NJCF).

 

Is there still legal slavery in Texas?

Section 9 of the General Provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Texas, ratified in 1836, again legalized slavery in Texas and defined the status of enslaved people and people of color in the Republic of Texas.

 

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top-funny-memes-following-pelosis-taiwan-visit

So many wanted to watch the start of World War III live after Pelosi landed in Taiwan that the website Flightradar24, which was live-streaming the flight, gave up on overload.

 

The war, as expected, was postponed. The Chinese bluff did not hold in the end. Pelosi had the good sense to stand up to inept US military leaders like nominal superpower President Joe Biden, and she wasn't completely intimidated. So he landed in Taipei, even though Biden had stated that "the US military" thought Pelosi's visit to Taipei would be "not a good idea."

 

Nancy Pelosi memes

 

1. Firework show

 

2. True love is

 

3. China, when Pelosi arrived

 

Her common sense retort came from her first statement after landing in Taipei: "Our delegation's visit to Taiwan honors our unwavering commitment to supporting Taiwan's vibrant democracy."

 

And Communist China, which had poorly agitated, had consistently lashed out, shrill warnings, insane threats, swallowed the dumpling, and gave peace. He withdrew his tanks from the beach to the barracks. Chinese military aircraft flying over the maritime border between Communist China and Taiwan democracy have also returned to their bases. Beijing reiterated its official protest. And the global conflagration, which started with rhetorical horror outings, like "(American) politicians who play with fire will burn," has been carried over. Taiwan wins. Democracy wins.

 

Let's take advantage of this step and recap: liberal democracies live by what they produce. Dictatorships, from what they steal, they rob, they get by benevolence or, if they succeed, by blackmail and robberies.

 

4. Pelosi in Taiwan

 

5. Who is she?

 

6. Worried

 

Just as they procure economic goods, which they obtain by bluffing, stacking, enslaving, spoliating, or cheating, tyrannies, totalitarian dictatorships, or their satraps also do in the sphere of political power. They adjudge everything that is given to them. And they are often suicidal for a long time. And when they drool and don't get what they want, they try to take it with the japonica, bluffing. It can hold.

 

This, in short, is also the history of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, first a terrorist-genocide story and, more recently, a simple territorial robbery, if viewed from the Russian perspective. And this is also the story of Nancy Pelosi's trip to Taiwan.

 

The leader of the Democratic majority in the Senate wanted to carry it out a long time ago. The pandemic stopped it. Then she tried to make up for a lost time as part of an Asian tour, taking her to economically and strategically important states for the United States, such as Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, and South Korea. But Taiwan miraculously disappeared from the official list of countries to visit. He had threatened the regime of communist China terribly and, as never before, whose head of state and totalitarian party, Xi, definitely wanted to eternalize himself in power in Beijing and obtain a third presidential term.

 

When choosing the tools necessary to carry out this operation, Xi did not prove delicate. On the contrary. He preferred the ax to the scalpel. So he gave free rein to his propaganda masters to utter the most ferocious apostrophes, the terrifying intimidations, the most terrible and apocalyptic whispers, rants, and warnings.

 

Like the dog that barks but doesn't bite (and a bit like Hungary's Orban, who also tried in vain to acquire, diplomatically convenient, Russian gas but was forced to pay the price by sending his minister of foreign to appear with Lavrov in the Kremlin), Xi thought to buy cheap a huge foreign political success: the propagandistic kneeling of the US. Stake? Putting them in the corner is a cardboard superpower that meekly takes orders from Beijing and obeys them without a peep.

 

This is how a leader works. He sprinkles, threatens, curses, curses, and curses if it works. The war is postponed to the Greek calendar. How did Xi get the idea that he could make fun of America?

 

Simple: following the pathetic military and political performance of the United States under Joe Biden, first in Afghanistan. And then, in the face of Russian threats to Ukraine.

 

When Biden, instead of firmly and unequivocally warning Putin, evoking a possible US military intervention in support of Ukraine or at least leaving him in the dark about US intentions, announced the neo-fascist, neo-Stalinist and neo-colonialist tyrant of Russia that he guaranteed that he would not see American or NATO troops in Ukraine.

 

Putin said thank you and, misjudging reality, like any ideologically intoxicated totalitarian tyrant, underestimated Ukraine's resistance (and the International Community's desire to restore world order by helping Kyiv) by invading the neighboring country.

 

Tyrannies and dictators understand the language of force well. But no other language. This is why it is fatal to speak to them in a language other than the one they understand, assuming that they have elaborate, nuanced, complex thinking, aware of who knows what credible justifications for the grievances and claims with which it justifies the most brutal, illegitimate and unjustified aggressions.

 

7. Waiting

 

8. Pelosi in Taiwan

 

9. Nancy Pelosi

 

10. Made in China

 

11. Hairy

 

In such situations, the reply of the tyrants (to overly condescending, conciliatory, or excessively nuanced approaches) is always to walk the road. I answer nonsense. They feel stimulated when they should be fearful. I don't understand what will happen to them. He acts headlessly from confused, unconscious impulses. And they believe they are on the right track, even though they are on the beaten path to catastrophe and hell.

 

To end up on this road and never be able to turn back unless they give themselves up when their bluff is paid dry, the kibitites, the cheerleaders, and the supporters help them. Hateful of the West and the Americans, not a few opinion leaders in Europe and the USA feel encouraged by the bluffs of the dictators, belief them to be stronger than they are and amplify the power of tyrannies, intensively spreading foolish or imbecile opinions, which, however, suit the propaganda dictators. Not infrequently, these impulses and encouragements culminate when they cannot be checked in time, in cataclysm.

 

In the USA, such people are frequently prevailed upon by the ideas and aberrations of Tom Friedman from the New York Times or John Mearsheimer from the University of Chicago. For Friedman and others like him, Pelosi's trip would have been a "completely irresponsible" adventure and a challenge, an "unscrupulous job."

 

The reality is the opposite. If Pelosi did not go to Taipei, the US was admitting that it was at the mercy of Communist China and, by extension, the aggressive and expansionist Eastern totalitarian tyrannies who, taking advantage of America's fear of war, dictate the foreign policy of the superpower. That would have been irresponsible.

 

For, spurred on by US cowardice, tyrannies would be outbid. So do their propagandists and disinformers. New and new demands, aggressions, conquests, colonizations, mass bloodsheds, and crucifixions of peoples eager for freedom would have followed on the altar of "responsibility," "scruples," "pragmatism," "moderation," "realism," ” and of appeasement.

 

Landing in Taipei, Nancy Pelosi is redoing in her bold way what American troops have accomplished by killing Al Qaeda chief al-Zawahiri, Osama Bin Laden's right-hand man, with two Hellfire missiles while their Islamist network carried out the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

 

And Pelosi and the handlers of the drone that ended his career as an anti-American mass murderer send the same message: deterrence (including retribution against the enemies of the US, the free world, and Judeo-Christian civilization) has not been permanently forgotten and buried.

 

12. Ukraine conflict

 

13. China right now

 

14. Reactions

 

15. Hold my beer

 

16. Both buttons

 

17. Where is war?

 

18. Very sad

 

19. Ping Pong

 

20. Afraid to ask

 

21. I’m your pilot

 

22. Big guy

 

23. About Nancy

 

24. You don’t say?

 

25. Vodka stuff

 

26. Constitution

 

27. Back to work

 

28. Owen

 

29. Nancy Pelosi

 

30. The airline

 

 

 

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violence-in-minneapolis-after-the-murder-of-george-floyd-a-state-of-siege-was-declared

Tensions in the United States!  Protests erupted in several major US cities on Friday night (May 29) after the death of George Floyd, 46, a black man from Minneapolis.  A white policeman killed him, although he was armed, did not oppose the arrest and begged the man to spare his life.  The policeman stood for a few minutes with his foot on the man's head and neck, until he gave his last breath.  It was later revealed that several complaints had been made in the name of the police officer over time.

It is not a singular case, and people feel that people of color are the target of police violence, even when they are simply walking down the street.  Hundreds of people gathered in several cities across the country, as well as in front of the White House in Washington, but also in New York, Dallas, Houston, the victim's hometown, or in Las Vegas, Des Moines, Memphis and Portland. In Atlanta, police patrol vehicles were set on fire.


The siege is in effect Friday in Minneapolis.  Protesters were removed with tear gas.  George Floyd's family, with whom President Donald Trump announced he had spoken, welcomed the police's arrest as a first step towards a "path to justice", but said it was "late" and insufficient.  On the third night of riots in northern Minnesota, protesters demand criminal sanctions according to the gravity of the act

 "We want him to be charged with premeditated manslaughter. And we want the other agents involved to be arrested," the family said in a statement.  At this time, only Officer Derek Chauvin was "arrested," said Commissioner John Harrington of the Minnesota Department of Civil Security.


 The face of the murderous policeman went around the world, after a video in which he violently arrested Floyd for a minor crime went viral.  He pressed his neck to his knee despite George Floyd saying he couldn't breathe.  The United States National Guard was deployed in Minneapolis after two consecutive nights of violent clashes.

 The mayor appealed for calm with tears in his eyes: “I believe in Minneapolis.  I love Minneapolis.  If we believe in our city, we must believe that we can be much better than we were.  We must face the shortcomings with both humility and hope.  We need to restore peace so that we can do this hard work together. "

 Donald Trump, who has repeatedly denounced a "tragic" crime, attacked those who robbed the stores.  "The robberies will be immediately received with bullets," he wrote in a message on Twitter, which the social network decided to signal as an "apology for violence."


 His predecessor, Barack Obama, said he shared the "suffering" of millions of African Americans, for whom "being treated differently on racist grounds is tragic, painful."


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2021-memorial-day-30-facts-meaning-and-history-to-celebrate-this-holiday

Memorial Day in the United States is a special national holiday celebrated on the last Monday in May every year.

 

This day is dedicated to those US servicemen who died defending the interests of the country in all wars and military conflicts in which the US has ever participated. But not everyone knows the history of this holiday.

 

History Memorial Day began after the American Civil War and was originally dedicated only to Confederate state soldiers who died during the war. Then the holiday had a different name - Decoration Day, because on this day it was customary to decorate the graves of dead soldiers with flowers and flags.

 

Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts so you can discover more about the history and meaning of this holiday.

 

1. The holiday was named the Day of Remembrance in 1866. For the first time, Memorial Day was officially celebrated in the small town of Waterloo, New York, on May 5, 1866.

Memorial Day in 2021 | Calendar Labs

 

2. The location was not chosen by chance. Here, a citywide campaign was held annually to clean the graves of the dead soldiers. This day was an official non-working day, so the introduction of the holiday did not affect the usual life in any way.

Memorial Day - Wikipedia

 

3. However, over time, the holiday has become very popular and even family. On May 5, 1868, the holiday was officially proclaimed by General John Logan, commander of the Old Republic Army.

Memorial Day: Reflection and Celebration | U.S. Embassy in Switzerland and  Liechtenstein

 

4. He was commemorated on May 30, 1868 by the laying of flowers at the grave of Allied and Confederate soldiers at Arlington National Cemetery.

General John A. Logan, Memorial Day founder – The Campaign for the National  Museum of the United States Army

 

5. In 1873, the holiday was officially recognized by the state of New York - the first state to celebrate it.

Memorial Day – a time to remember and honor: Our view

 

6. Since 1890, the holiday has been recognized by all Northern states of the United States.

Memorial Day in Orlando: 10 things to do this weekend - Orlando Sentinel

 

7. The southern states refused to celebrate, remembering their loved ones who died in the war on other days.

Coronavirus can't crush real meaning of Memorial Day

 

8. After the First World War, on the Day of Remembrance began to commemorate the soldiers who died in battles in this war. But the holiday was still unofficial in much of the United States.

Military families share Memorial Day with nation mourning coronavirus  losses - ABC News

 

9. Memorial Day was recognized as a federal holiday only in 1971 with the adoption of the corresponding law - the Uniform Monday Holiday Act.

Memorial Day | Definition, History, & Facts | Britannica

 

10. Today, Americans associate Memorial Day with the actual onset of summer.

Memorial Day | Definition, History, & Facts | Britannica

 

11. On the weekend before Memorial Day (and along with the holiday itself there are as many as 3 days), it is customary to go with your family for a picnic, on a trip, participate in sports competitions, and organize charity events.

Memorial Day 2020: What's the difference between Memorial Day and Veterans  Day? - al.com

 

12. But the Americans do not forget the origins of the holiday - on this day they still decorate the graves and plant flags on them, remembering the exploits of American soldiers.

TIME for Kids | A Salute to Memorial Day

 

13. Nonetheless, various political groups have repeatedly submitted bills to Congress to fix an official (non-floating) date for Memorial Day.

Coronavirus cancels traditional Memorial Day events at Riverside National  Cemetery – Press Enterprise

 

14. With the passage of time and the distance of events that caused the creation of the holiday, it is increasingly perceived by the new generation as just part of a three-day weekend.

This Memorial Day, remember the 'others'

 

15. Some states have additional commemoration days. For example, in Texas it is January 19, in Florida and Alabama - April 26, in South Carolina - May 10, in Louisiana - June 3.

6 facts about Memorial Day and how to celebrate it - Deseret News

 

16. The holiday is celebrated on the last Monday in May when it gets warmer and schools and universities close for summer holidays. For Americans, Memorial Day weekend marks the unofficial start of summer. Many take part in parades, go to the beach, or have picnics with family and friends.

Материалы по теме "День Поминовения в США" на английском языке для уровня  Intermediate

 

17 Participants in the parade in the form of soldiers from the American Revolutionary War perform in the parade.

(© Images-USA/Alamy)

 

18. Soldier's boots at the Vietnam War Veterans Memorial in Washington, DC, on the black granite walls of which are carved the names of more than 58 thousand Americans who died during the Vietnam War.

(© Cliff Owen/AP Images)

 

19. US Marines in front of the illuminated American flag in Times Square in New York during the celebration of Fleet Week. Fleet Week has been held in New York City since 1984 to honor the United States Navy and the Marine Corps. In normal years, Fleet Week ends on Memorial Day with an air parade honoring US military personnel who have been killed.

(© Mario Tama/Getty Images)

 

20. A family at a Memorial Day picnic outside Vicksburg National Cemetery in Vicksburg, Mississippi, which houses the largest number of graves of participants in the US Civil War in any national cemetery.

(© Rogelio V. Solis/AP Images)

 

21. A soldier of the 3rd US Army Infantry Regiment, often referred to as the "Old Guard", puts a flag on the tombstone of the deceased soldier. The annual flag-planting ceremony takes place at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.

(© Cliff Owen/AP Images)

 

22. During the American Civil War, women in the southern states began to gather without any official reason to decorate the graves of Confederate soldiers. In April 1886, the women's associations of Columbia and Georgia decided to commemorate the victims once a year. However, there was no single day - the feasts of remembrance in the southern states were held on different days throughout the spring and early summer. This tradition has been partially preserved today. Nine southern states officially recognize Confederate Memorial Day, and also celebrate the birthday of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and the death of General Thomas "Stonewell" Jackson.

What exactly is the difference between Veterans Day and Memorial Day?

 

23. After the end of the Civil War, the northerners decided to adopt from the southerners the tradition of commemorating the dead on a certain day. In 1868, General John A. Logan, in his order, declared May 30 to be a memorial day for the more than 620,000 soldiers killed in the Civil War. He called the holiday Decoration Day, because on this day the Americans had to decorate with flowers the graves of those killed in the war, "whose bodies now lie in almost every city and village cemetery." According to legend, Logan chose May 30 because it was a rare day that did not fall on the anniversary of any Civil War battle, although some historians believe this date was chosen because flowers are in full bloom across the country these days.

Why Memorial Day Is on a Monday | Mental Floss

 

24. Following the edict of John A. Logan, the graves at Arlington Cemetery were decorated for the first time on May 30, with more than five thousand people attending the ceremony. In 1873, New York became the first state in America to officially recognize this holiday. In 1890 it was recognized by all northern states, but the southern states still tried to show their hostility, and commemorated their dead on other dates. This misunderstanding lasted about 50 years until the start of the First World War, then this day was proclaimed the day of honoring those killed in all wars.

Introduction - Memorial Day: Topics in Chronicling America - Research  Guides at Library of Congress

 

25.Since 1971, when America was deeply involved in the Vietnam War, Memorial Day has officially become a national US holiday. Only then did the holiday get its current name and from Decoration Day became Memorial Day. Then the holiday was made "floating" - it began to be celebrated on the last Monday of May. This decision was not without controversy - groups of veterans were worried that the long weekend would distort the essence of the holiday and turn it into just a day of relaxation. Many organizations are still lobbying for a return to the May 30 celebration.

Memorial Day Weekend - North Landing Beach

 

26. The holiday has its own traditions and rituals. On this day, American flags are lowered until noon, and after that they are raised up the flagpoles. In 2000, the US Congress passed a law requiring the entire country to honor the dead with a minute of silence at 3 pm.

The History of Memorial Day: 7 Facts Every American Should Know | Better  Homes & Gardens

 

22. During the American Civil War, women in the southern states began to gather without any official reason to decorate the graves of Confederate soldiers. In April 1886, the women's associations of Columbia and Georgia decided to commemorate the victims once a year. However, there was no single day - the feasts of remembrance in the southern states were held on different days throughout the spring and early summer. This tradition has been partially preserved today. Nine southern states officially recognize Confederate Memorial Day, and also celebrate the birthday of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and the death of General Thomas "Stonewell" Jackson.

Memorial Day - Antietam National Battlefield (U.S. National Park Service)

 

23. After the end of the Civil War, the northerners decided to adopt from the southerners the tradition of commemorating the dead on a certain day. In 1868, General John A. Logan, in his order, declared May 30 to be a memorial day for the more than 620,000 soldiers killed in the Civil War. He called the holiday Decoration Day, because on this day the Americans had to decorate with flowers the graves of those killed in the war, "whose bodies now lie in almost every city and village cemetery." According to legend, Logan chose May 30 because it was a rare day that did not fall on the anniversary of any Civil War battle, although some historians believe this date was chosen because flowers are in full bloom across the country these days.

The Best Flowers For Memorial Day - Adrian Durban Florist

 

24. Following the edict of John A. Logan, the graves at Arlington Cemetery were decorated for the first time on May 30, with more than five thousand people attending the ceremony. In 1873, New York became the first state in America to officially recognize this holiday. In 1890, it was recognized by all northern states, but southern states still tried to show their hostility, and commemorated their dead on other dates. This misunderstanding lasted about 50 years before the start of the First World War, then this day was proclaimed the day of honoring those killed in all wars.

Memorial Day Brooklyn: Remembering Decoration Day in Brooklyn | Brownstoner

 

25.Since 1971, when America was deeply involved in the Vietnam War, Memorial Day has officially become a national US holiday. Only then did the holiday get its current name and from Decoration Day became Memorial Day. Then the holiday was made "floating" - it began to be celebrated on the last Monday of May. This decision was not without controversy - groups of veterans were worried that the long weekend would distort the essence of the holiday and turn it into just a day of relaxation. Many organizations are still lobbying for a return to the May 30 celebration.

The Best Memorial Day Events in New York City

 

26. The holiday has its own traditions and rituals. On this day, American flags are lowered until noon, and after that they are raised up the flagpoles. In 2000, the US Congress passed a law requiring the entire country to honor the dead with a minute of silence at 3 pm.

Memorial Day | National WWI Museum and Memorial

 

27. In 1971, Memorial Day was declared a national holiday.

2020 — National Veterans Memorial and Museum Virtual Run and Walk — Race  Roster — Registration, Marketing, Fundraising

 

28. Including 529.5 thousand during the Civil War, 405.4 thousand - World War II, 116.5 thousand - World War I, 58.2 thousand - Vietnam (1964-1973) and 36.6 thousand - Korean War (1950-1953).

On Memorial Day We Remember Fallen Soldiers

 

29. Every day in the United States die about 1.8 thousand. War veterans, who are buried in 151 national cemeteries.

Best Things to Do Memorial Day Weekend 2019 in DC | Washington DC

 

30. By the end of the 19th century, Memorial Day was celebrated almost throughout the country, and after the First World War, on the last Monday in May, they began to commemorate those who died in all armed conflicts with the participation of the United States.

2020 Memorial Day Events | Military.com


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20-key-facts-about-area-51-that-you-should-know-bemorepanda

Area 51 has been in the public eye over time through military activities and, obviously, through conspiracies related to aliens.

 

In recent months, Area 51 has been in the public eye because of interns who planned to storm it. Over time, the area has attracted public attention through the military activities that have taken place here and the conspiracy theories that certain individuals have maintained.

 

Bemorepanda has created a list of 20 facts about everything you need to know about Area 51.

 

1. The name

The name Area 51 was given by officials who oversaw nuclear tests in the 1950s and was used on military maps of the region. For these tests was created in the desert, 100 kilometers from Las Vegas, Nevada Test Site, now known as the Nevada National Security Site. In these areas delimited by the military authorities, several hundred nuclear weapons tests took place, of which about 100 took place outdoors.

 

2. UFOs

To a greater or lesser extent, Area 51 has been in the public eye since the nuclear tests. However, worldwide fame came in the 1980s, when Robert Lazar told a Las Vegas television station that he was working on S-4, a base near Area 51 as part of a flying saucer reverse engineering project. .

 

When these statements were made public, they sparked a growing interest in the activities taking place in Area 51. However, not long after, the whole story that Robert Lazar built was dismantled. Thus, investigators were able to prove that he did not work at Los Alamos Laboratories and that he had not graduated from MIT or Caltech.

 

3. Access forbidden

Currently, the US Army uses the Area for aircraft testing and therefore its entire perimeter is continuously patrolled. Colloquially, these guards are called by the locals and the press "camouflaged boys" because of the equipment they use. Unfortunately for the military who are part of these patrols, this activity proves to be extremely dangerous, some of them claiming that they suffer from breathing problems due to the compounds used to make the aircraft "invisible" on radar.

 

4. Landing

Landing, in turn, has attracted the attention of people interested in conspiracy theories. In a 1974 book, "We Never Went to the Moon: America's Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle," Bill Kaysing argued that all images of Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were made in Area 51.

 

Theories about a false landing have been dismantled over the decades, the only link between Area 51 and the Apollo program is testing some of the space equipment in Nevada.

 

5. Military base

Area 51 is currently part of the Nevada Test and Training Range (NTTR), which is under the authority of the Nellis Base of the United States Air Force. Officials in this part of the US military say the military base covers about 1.2 million hectares.

 

6. Functions of Area 51

The Nevada Test and Training Range, of which the Area is a part, is used to train military pilots for combat scenarios. In the past, this base has been used to test and design military technologies: airplanes, helicopters and drones. One of the most famous "products" of this base is the U-2 spy plane, used for high altitude espionage.

 

7. The desert community

While the U.S. military was working on U-2 spy planes, engineer Kelly Johnson proposed building a settlement for the staff working on the project and their families. This place was called Paradise Ranch.

 

8. Conspiracies

For ufologists and those who believe in various conspiracy theories, Area 51 is proving to be an endless source of mysteries. The truth is that the lack of transparency that military activities and espionage raise is at the source of these conspiracy theories. Naturally, the multitude of resources that the American government allocates to this base and the relative silence regarding the activities that take place there raise a series of questions whose answers can be transformed into conspiracy theories.

 

According to declassified CIA documents, most of the UFOs that were reported in the area were, in fact, U-2 aircraft under test.

 

9. Continuous activity

After the U-2 program, Area 51 was used for other military espionage programs. These projects include the Lockheed A-12 Oxcart and D-21 Tagboard aircraft.

 

Satellite images show that Area 51 is still used today, with the addition of various buildings and facilities to the base. In 2016, images from Google Earth showed that a new runway was built, with security experts believing that it would be used for drones.

 

10. It is not a tourist attraction

As the last few months have shown, internet users are more than happy to enter the territory of Area 51. However, any attempt to enter the territory of this base is discouraged by the military. Those who enter without permission risk six months in prison and $ 1,000 fines.

 

11. Soviet engineering

Although there is no evidence that Alien 51 experimented with extraterrestrial technology, documents declassified in 2013 showed that the United States obtained and tested Soviet MiG fighter jets in the 1970s and 1980s.

 

12.The Roswell phenomenon

However, the public perception that the US government is hiding evidence of alleged extraterrestrial visits to Earth also originated in Roswell, New Mexico, more than 70 years ago.

 

In July 1947, a flying object made of thin metal foil crashed near a farm in Roswell during a storm. The Air Force quickly picked up the remains on the spot for research. A local newspaper, the Roswell Daily Record, published an article about a "flying saucer" or "flying saucer" found on the farm.

 

13.The Mogul Project

The Mogul project successfully discovered a nuclear activity of the Russians, until it was closed in 1950. The balloons used were made of polyethylene, according to the Times, a material unknown at the time and which was the basis for the release of meteorological equipment into the atmosphere, later. The balloons were not very suitable for monitoring nuclear explosions, but they proved to be very good for radio communications.

 

14.U-2 spy plane project

From the documents declassified by the CIA, it results that in the period 1954-1974 two spy plane projects were developed: the U-2 aircraft project and the Oxcart project (construction of the Lockheed A-12 spy planes).

 

An interesting fact reported by the CIA document on U-2 planes is President Eisenhower's desire to recruit only foreign nationals for espionage missions. In the event of a U.2 plane crash, the US could have denied its involvement in the activity carried out by the respective foreign pilot.

 

15.Drone program

Area 51 is currently undergoing a program to build new drones, military equipment that has become increasingly in demand by the U.S. military and intelligence services, especially in the war on terror that has followed terrorist attacks in the United States. September 11, 2001. The American drone program came to the fore in 2002, through the tragic event in Yemen, where a drone accidentally killed 13 people who were part of a wedding procession.

 

16.Existence of Area 51

The US government officially recognized the existence of the base only in 2013, with the publication by the CIA of declassified documents on the U-2 and A-12 reconnaissance and espionage aircraft programs.

 

17.Storm Area 51, They Can’t Stop All of Us

The internet has been invaded by Area 51 memes inspired by a joke Facebook event to take over the secretive military site and find the supposed aliens kept inside. The event, called “Storm Area 51, They Can’t Stop All of Us, was planned for Sept. 20, and so far 1.5 million people have signed on.

 

18.Location of Area 51

The base is huge, covering over 125,000 hectares with at least 22 runways. The land was chosen for its isolated location, and for the large areas of perfectly flat land, which allowed the construction of long tracks, many of them unpaved.

 

19.The secret around Area 51

The secrecy surrounding Area 51 goes far beyond these proactive measures. In 1994, a group of civilian contractors and their widows filed a lawsuit alleging that they had been exposed to hazardous materials that had been burned in an open ditch. The case was dismissed for lack of evidence after the government refused to publish details of those materials, claiming it would harm national security. This was reinforced by a presidential order signed by Bill Clinton.

 

20.There is no real fence around area 51

At such a heavily guarded facility by the US military, it would appear that Zone 51 would have a physical boundary to hold citizens. After all, it is not a very safe military installation if you can get through the protected area just by a simple walk.

 

That's right. Area 51 has no fence at all and we refer to "always". While some of its indoor installations are protected by perimeters, the entire base has no physical boundaries. This does not mean that it is wise to just enter, as there are magnetic sensors and watchtowers in many places that would surely pull you if you try.

 

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we-found-out-how-much-you-need-to-earn-to-rent-a-house-in-big-us-cities

In many countries, in some cities, renting housing costs "space" money. England, Singapore, Switzerland, and even Monaco - this is where it is costly to have your apartment or house and rent a home. The States are not far behind them.

 

They say that in the same USA, to make financial ends meet, the cost of rent should not exceed 1/3 of the monthly salary; otherwise, nothing. But there are several cities in America where the price tags are so vast and unbearable that not all residents can pull rent in them.

 

How much money do you need to rent an apartment or house in the States?

 

We have compiled a list of 25 examples, or rather, the average cost of renting in a particular city, according to the current average price of rented housing (in recent months it has grown significantly) with one bedroom and the average income (month/year) required to rent this is housing (not luxury houses or apartments). It will be interesting!

 

1. New York, NY: $11,925/month or $143,100/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $3,975.

 

2. Los Angeles, California: $7,422/month or $89,064/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $2,474.

 

3. Chicago, Illinois: $5,400/month or $64,800/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,800.

 

4. Houston, Texas: $4,002/month or $48,024/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,334.

 

5. Phoenix, Arizona: $4,335/month or $52,020/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,445.

 

6. Philadelphia, PA: $4,350/month or $52,200/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,450.

 

7. San Antonio, TX: $3,489/month or $41,868/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,163.

 

8. San Diego, California: $7,953/month or $95,436/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $2,651.

 

San Francisco has the most expensive rental housing in the US: for an American family to rent a two-bedroom apartment, their income must be at least $68.33 per hour. This is three times higher than the national average of $24.9. This is stated in the National Low Income Housing Coalition's report, which deals with housing affordability problems.

 

In their report, the authors assumed that the average tenant earns income by working at least 40 hours weekly, 52 weeks a year.

 

Other California cities also made it into the top 10 most expensive cities to rent. In second place is San Jose ($58.67), and in third is Santa Cruz ($58.10). The top ten also included the Californian cities of Oakland, Santa Maria (with Santa Barbara), Santa Ana, and San Diego. Closes the entire ten most significant cities in the state of Los Angeles. The only cities in the top ten not located in California were Boston ($44.92 an hour) and Hawaiian Honolulu ($39.87).

 

On average, to rent a two-bedroom apartment or house in California, a tenant's income is $39.03, the highest of any state. California has remained at the top of the list despite a significant drop in rental prices during the pandemic. Over the past year, according to Business Insider, housing prices in San Francisco have fallen by 30%. Many IT professionals and workers in Silicon Valley during the period of remote work changed their place of residence to areas such as the Lake Tahoe region (the border between the states of Nevada and California), Texas, Austin, and others.

 

9. Dallas, TX: $4,419/month or $53,028/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,473.

 

10 San Jose, California: $8,355/month or $100,260/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $2,785.

 

11. Austin, TX: $5,145/month or $61,740/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,715.

 

12. Jacksonville, Florida: $3,675/month or $44,100/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,225.

 

13. Fort Worth, TX: $3,540/month or $42,480/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,180.

 

14. Columbus, Ohio: $3,651/month or $43,812/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,217.

 

15. Charlotte, North Carolina: $4,500/month or $54,000/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,500.

 

16. Indianapolis, Indiana: $3,285/month or $39,420/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,095.

 

In second place in the ranking is the state of Hawaii, whose residents must earn $ 37.69 to rent housing. At the same time, if a relatively high salary for Californians offsets the high cost of rent, the island state's residents cannot boast salaries proportional to the high cost of housing. The average wage in Hawaii is $17.56, which is less than half the amount required for rent.

 

In third place is Massachusetts, where the average cost of a two-bedroom apartment is $1,885 per month (corresponding to an hourly wage of $36.24). The Boston accumulation is located in Massachusetts - one of the most comprehensive educational, cultural, and commercial centers in the United States, as well as a point of attraction for specialists from all over the country and from abroad, which largely determines the high cost of housing.

 

In fourth place is New York, where rental housing will cost, on average in the state, $1,770. To afford a two-bedroom apartment, New Yorkers would, in theory, have to work almost three permanent minimum-wage jobs ($12.5 an hour in the state).

 

The US capital closes the top five. A Washington resident must earn $33.94 an hour to rent housing, which is in high demand in the city. Due to the large number of visitors arriving in Washington to build a career, the American capital is among the leaders in the country in terms of the rental market.

 

17. San Francisco, California: $9,285/month or $111,420/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $3,095.

 

18. Seattle, Washington: $6,087/month or $73,044/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $2,029.

 

19. Denver, Colorado: $5,130/month or $61,560/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,710.

 

20. Washington, DC: $7,131/month or $85,572/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $2,377.

 

21. Nashville, TN: $5,172/month or $62,064/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,724.

 

22. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: $2,547/month or $30,564/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $849.

 

23. Boston, Massachusetts: $9,240/month or $110,880/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $3,080.

 

24. El Paso, TX: $2,199/month or $26,388/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $773.

 

25. Portland, Oregon: $4,500/month or $54,000/year

The current median price for a one-bedroom apartment: is $1,500.

 

 

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