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30 mind-blowing facts about social media

6 months ago
30-mind-blowing-facts-about-social-media

Social networks are Internet platforms for communication, exchange of information and content, and other social interactions. They are used for work, leisure and entertainment, allow groups of people to coordinate with each other and have a wide range of functions. Unlike the more compact messenger format, a social network usually supports the ability to share and consume content. It is generally more public. Social networks are used by millions of people around the world, which makes them an excellent tool for online marketing.

 

Social media facts

 

Now it is hard to believe that someone does not know what it is, but until the early 2000s, this concept existed mainly in theory. It is difficult to say when the concept appeared: something similar was foreseen by the 19th-century. The first prototypes were electronic bulletin boards that supported the communication function, then Internet chats appeared. The beginning of the era of social networks is considered to be 2003-2004: it was during this period that such giants as Facebook, LinkedIn, MySpace were launched in the USA.



 

1. One million links are shared on facebook every 20 minutes.

 

2. Every hour on facebook 4.5 million people receive an invitation to an event.

 

3. Every minute 100,000 people become friends on facebook.

 

4. Half of all users spend one to five hours a week on social media.

 

5. Every second, 8 people on the planet become part of any of the existing social networks.

 

6. The number of search queries on Google has exceeded one billion a day.

 

7. Facebook is the 3rd largest country in the world, after China and India, with a population of about 600 million people.

 

8. The chances that the average person under thirty years of age is in any social network - more than 50%.

 

 

9. On average, a user logs into his account 2 times a day.

 

10. Every social media user has an average of 195 friends.

 

11. The fastest growing segment of social media users are women aged 55-65.

 

12. The number of followers of Ashton Kutcher and Britney Spears is comparable in size to the population of Ireland, Norway or Panama.

 

13. There are about 200,000,000 blogs in the world.

 

14. 80% of people trust the opinions of their online friends more than their real-life peers.

 

15. More than 90% of people born in the new century have accounts in various social networks.

 

16. And here are the preferences of users from some countries of the world: Russia - Vkontakte, Odnoklassniki, Facebook USA - Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin Germany - Facebook, Twitter, Xing UK - Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin

 

Dangerous social networks:

 

17. Statistics show that thanks to social networks, the number of crimes against minors on sexual grounds has increased by 26 times.

 

18. Every year in the world, about 100 people pay with their lives for a message left on a social network.

 

19. In 2011, four out of five robbers in the UK used social media to prepare a robbery.

 

20. Studies have shown that the passion for social networks undermines the human immune system.

 

21. Social media has already overtaken pornography as the most popular online pastime. 22. Social media accounts for one in three divorces worldwide.

 

 

23. About 15% of users use social networks for surveillance. This is especially practiced by the special services.

 

24. Facebook at the end of November 2011 patented a tracking system for users outside the social network.

 

25. Being on social networks increases the risk of suicide, because. makes a person more detached from reality, minimizing contacts with others.

 

Social networks and family:

 

26. Slightly more than 10% of marriages in the United States occurred thanks to social networks.

 

27. Every fifth couple in the world gets to know each other on social networks.

 

28. Of all parents, 69% are friends with their children on social media.

 

29. Every fifth child spends a day out of seven days a week on the social network. More than half of the children are close to this indicator.

 

30. 80% of children have social media accounts.

 

31. 80% of parents said they know what their children are doing online. However, 31% of children are sure that their parents do not know anything about it.

 

 

32. 10 years old is the average age at which independent use of social networks begins.

 

33. Here's how much time (hours per week) children spend on social networks and groups: 7-14 hours - 23%, 14-12 hours - 57%, more than 21 hours - 20%

 

34. The number of betrayals increased by 3 times after dating in a social network. A wide choice and permissiveness causes a surge of desires.

 

Social networks and business:

 

35. Circulation of 24 of the world's 25 largest newspapers has fallen due to the fact that news began to reach people through other channels, in particular through social networks.

 

36. 25% of all search results for the world's top 20 brands lead to user-generated content on social media.

 

37. It turned out that most popular social services continue to store images deleted by users.

 

38. In less than a year, facebook has amassed over 200 million users, while it took 13 years for television to gather just 60 million people around it.

 

39. 4 out of 5 companies already use social media to find employees.

 

40. About a third of bloggers regularly publish their opinions about the largest brands and brands.

 

 

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80-amazing-facts-about-seals

These amazing animals, seals, just seem clumsy. Yes, on land they appear to be such lumps, but in the water, they are swift, strong, and graceful. However, much still depends on the specific species to which the seal belongs - many of them differ vary significantly from each other. But it was thanks to these animals that such a colloquial word as "seal" appeared, that is, to wallow, relax and do nothing. But what, after all, these marine animals really often allow themselves to relax and unwind, although, of course, their life does not consist of continuous rest.

 

Fun facts about seals

 

 

1. Seals belong to the family of true seals.

 

2. Depending on the species, they can live in both salt and fresh water of the arctic, subarctic or temperate zones.

 

3. Currently, three types of seals are known: two of them are marine, and one is freshwater.

 

4. All seals, especially freshwater ones, are living relics that have been preserved on Earth since the end of the Tertiary period.

 

5. Seals are similar to seals, they have a spindle-shaped body, a small head and limbs that have evolved into flippers, thanks to which the seals are excellent swimmers and divers.

 

6. The neck of the seal is weakly expressed, sometimes it may even seem that it does not exist at all, and the body simply passes into a small, head with a flattened skull, smoothly turning into a slightly elongated muzzle.

 

7. In general, the seal's head is a bit similar in shape to a cat's, except for the fact that its muzzle is more elongated. The seals have no ears, they are replaced by auditory canals, which are invisible from the outside.

 

8. The eyes of this animal are large, dark and very expressive. The eyes of seal cubs seem especially large: huge and dark, they seem even more contrasting against the background of light wool and give the little seal a resemblance either to an owlet or some kind of alien creature.

 

 

9. Thanks to the third eyelid that seals have, they can swim and dive without fear of damaging their eyes. However, in the open air, the seal's eyes tend to water, which gives the impression that the animal is crying.

 

10. In the body of the seal there is a large fat layer that helps this animal survive in the harsh conditions of a cold climate and not freeze in icy water.

 

11. The same reserves of fat can help the seal survive a temporary hunger strike during a period of starvation, and thanks to them, the animal can lie for hours and even sleep on the surface of the water.

 

12. The skin of the seal is very strong and strong. It is covered with short, dense and harsh hair, which also protects the animal from hypothermia both in cold water and on ice or on the shore.

 

13. Between the fingers of these animals there are membranes, and on the front flippers, in addition, there are also powerful claws, thanks to which the seal makes holes in the ice in order to get to land or in order to rise to the surface of the water for a sip of fresh air.

 

14. The coat color of the seal, depending on the species, can be dark silver or brownish, while it is often covered with darker spots.

 

 

15. There are three types of seals. The ringed seal inhabits the temperate waters of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and the Arctic Ocean.

 

16. In Russia, ringed seals are found in all northern seas, as well as in the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the Bering Sea.

 

17. The Caspian seal is endemic to the Caspian Sea.

 

18. The Baikal seal is not found anywhere else in the world, except for Lake Baikal.

 

19. Some scientists suggest that all types of seals are related to each other by a common origin, moreover, the ancestor of the Caspian and Baikal species is called the ringed seal, which migrated to Baikal and the Caspian about two million years ago and there evolved into two new species.

 

20. However, there is another version, according to which the ringed and Baikal seals simply had a common ancestor that appeared later than even the Caspian seal.

 

21. All three species differ from each other in color and, in part, in size.

 

CASPIAN SEALS

 

22. The Caspian seal is the smallest of them, its dimensions are approximately 1.3 meters in length and weighs about 86 kilograms.

 

23. The Caspian seal is found along the coastline and on the rocky islands of the Caspian Sea, in winter it can also often be seen on drifting ice floes. In the warm season, it can even swim into the mouths of the Volga and the Urals.

 

24. Caspian seals eat fish and crustaceans that live in the Caspian Sea. They are especially willing to eat small herring and sprat - these are the types of fish that make up the bulk of their diet. The proportion of crustaceans is small - it is approximately 1% of the total amount of food.

 

25. One of the species of these animals, the ringed seal, was named so because of its unusual color, in which the dark rings on its skin have a light border.

 

26. The ringed seal, or akiba, is the most common species of true seals in the Arctic: according to conservative estimates, there are about 4 million ringed seals in the world.

 

27. Akiba is distributed in the seas of the Arctic Ocean from the Barents and White in the west to the Bering Sea in the east, it lives in the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the Baltic Sea, the Tatar Strait, the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga, and sometimes rises along the Neva to St. Petersburg.

 

28. This seal lives both in the coastal zone and in the open ocean, but more often it keeps in bays, straits and estuaries. This species does not make large regular migrations. In winter, the seal lives on the ice.

 

29. Subspecies of ringed seal: Baltic ringed seal, White Sea ringed seal, Ladoga ringed seal, Okhotsk, or Far Eastern ringed seal, Saimaa ringed seal.

 

30. Subspecies of the ringed seal live mainly in the polar or subpolar regions.

 

HISPIDA SEAL

 

31. The White Sea seal lives in the Arctic and is the most common seal in the Arctic Ocean.

 

32. The Baltic seal lives in the cold waters of the northern regions of the Baltic, in particular, it can be seen off the coast of Sweden, Finland, Estonia and Russia. Sometimes this animal even swims to the coast of Germany.

 

33. Two other subspecies of the ringed seal - Ladoga and Saimaa, are freshwater and live in Lake Ladoga and Lake Saimaa.

 

34. The body length of adult ringed seals reaches 1.5 meters, weight 40-80 kilograms. Baltic specimens are even larger - 140 centimeters and 100 kilograms. Males are usually somewhat larger than females.

 

35. Akiba has excellent eyesight, hearing and sense of smell, which help the animal find food for itself and hide from predators in time. These seals feed on crustaceans, molluscs and fish (spiny goby, Greenland goby, pike, navaga, salmon, salmon).

 

36. Ringed seals never form colonies. Most often they stay alone, although sometimes they gather in small groups, which, however, are not very stable. All year round they spend at sea, for which their body is very well adapted.

 

37. The Baikal seal is not only an endemic of Lake Baikal, that is, it is found only here, but the Baikal seal is the only mammal of Lake Baikal. According to morphological and biological features, the Baikal seal is close to the ringed seal that lives in the seas of the Far North and the Far East. There are some signs of similarity between this seal and the Caspian species.

 

 

38. The origin of the seal in Baikal remains an unresolved issue to this day. Most researchers adhere to the point of view of I. D. Chersky that the seal entered Baikal from the Arctic Ocean through the Yenisei-Angara river system during the Ice Age simultaneously with the Baikal omul.

 

39. But there is another point of view - that the entire family of true seals, to which the Baikal seal belongs, originated in large freshwater reservoirs of Eurasia. And only then did the resettlement of three sister species begin: the Caspian seal mastered the Caspian Sea, the ringed one - the Arctic Ocean, and the Baikal one - the deepest freshwater lake.

 

40. However, there is no doubt that the seal owes its prosperity and high numbers in Baikal to its deep water and food web features.

 

BAIKAL SEALS ON THE USHKAN ISLANDS

 

41. The Baikal seal is widespread throughout the lake, but it is especially abundant in its northern and middle parts. The most favorite habitat for seals is the Ushkany Islands, located on the territory of the Zabaikalsky National Park.

 

42. The basis of nutrition of the Baikal seal is golomyanka and gobies. She eats about a ton of fish a year. In search of food, the seal dives to a depth of 200 meters and remains under water for 20-25 minutes.

 

43. Previously, it was believed that Baikal seals cause great damage to the whitefish population, but, as it turned out later, they come across them only by chance and the total number of sturgeons in the seal's diet is no more than 1-2%.

 

44. The seal is called the symbol of Baikal, the same as the famous Baikal omul, its images are used on the emblems. This is an interesting object of ecological tourism.

 

45. Every year, many wildlife lovers come to Baikal to see and, if possible, photograph it. The main flow of ecotourists goes to the Ushkany Islands, where the conditions for shooting are prepared.

 

46. ​​It is believed that the Baikal seal has no natural enemies in nature: only humans are a danger to it. However, not often, but it happens that these animals are hunted by a brown bear.

 

BAIKAL SEALS

 

47. Baikal seal cubs are usually safely hidden inside the den, because in the absence of a mother who has retired in search of food, they can become prey for foxes, sables or white-tailed eagles.

 

48. The ringed seal living in the ice of the Arctic has much more enemies. It is seals that are the main part of the diet of polar bears, and arctic foxes and large polar gulls prey on their cubs. In the water, killer whales and Greenland polar sharks pose a danger to ringed seals. Sometimes they can be hunted by walruses.

 

49. All seals are animals leading a mostly solitary lifestyle. Only during the breeding season do they gather in flocks. But even so, each seal tries to keep apart and drives away its relatives with an indignant snort.

 

LADOGA SEAL

50. The smallest among the subspecies of seals is the Ladoga seal, which lives in Lake Ladoga itself, has a body length of no more than 135 centimeters and a weight of 40 kilograms.

 

51. The seal spends most of its life in the water. She dives superbly and can spend up to 70 minutes underwater depending on the species. While diving, the animal's ear canals and nostrils are closed, so that under water it can breathe only thanks to the large volume of its lungs and the supply of air that fits in them.

 

52. Often these animals even sleep on the surface of the water, and their sleep is surprisingly strong: it happened that people, having swum up to sleeping seals, turned them over on purpose, and they did not even think of waking up.

 

53. The seal spends winter under water, only occasionally rising to the surface of the water in order to take a new breath of fresh air. On ice or on land, these animals begin to get out closer to the beginning of spring, when the breeding season begins.

 

54. Moreover, as a rule, seals have favorite places for rookeries, where they gather in order to continue their race.

 

55. Seals only on the ground can seem clumsy and clumsy creatures. In water, they are active, energetic and almost tireless. Under water, the speed of movement of the seal can be 25 km / h, although in a calm environment these animals swim much more slowly.

 

 

56. On the shore, seals move with the help of their front flippers and tail, sorting through them. In the event of danger, they begin to jump, while loudly slapping on the ice or ground with their front flippers and pushing off a hard surface with their tail.

 

57. Sea seals of cold latitudes, unlike freshwater ones, regardless of the time of year, prefer to spend most of their time on the ice or on the shore, and not in the water, where they dive only in case of danger or in order to get food.

 

58. Sexual dimorphism is externally expressed in the fact that individuals of different sexes differ from each other in size. Moreover, if the females of the Baikal seal are larger than the males, then the Caspian seal, on the contrary, the males are larger.

 

59. Depending on the species and gender, seals reach sexual maturity at 3-7 years of age, and males mature later than females. These animals bring cubs either annually or 2-3 years after the previous birth. Female seals usually give birth to one cub, but sometimes 2-3 cubs at a time.

 

60. It happens that a certain percentage of females after mating do not bring offspring. As a rule, 10-20% of the Baikal seals have such "vacations" every year.

 

 

61. The reasons for this still remain unclear: either this is due to the natural regulation of the level of livestock numbers, or simply not all females that have temporarily suspended the development of embryos resume it after a while. It is also not excluded that this phenomenon may be associated with some diseases transferred by the female or unfavorable living conditions.

 

62. Seals usually mate in the spring, and then the gestation period continues for 9-11 months. Females give birth on ice, at this time they and their newborn cubs are very vulnerable to predators and hunters.

 

63. The color of babies differs from the color of adults: for example, the cubs of the Baikal seal are born white, from which their name comes - pups.

 

64. At first, the mother feeds the baby with milk, after which the cub is gradually transferred to an adult diet consisting of fish and invertebrates. By the time this happens, he manages to completely shed and change the color of the fur to the one that is inherent in adults.

 

RINGED SEAL WITH A BABY

 

65. Even before giving birth, Baikal seals build special dens from snow, where they feed their cubs exclusively with milk for a month or a half. Depending on weather and temperature conditions, lactation can last from 2 to 3.5 months.

 

66. The seal is the only animal that can deliberately suspend and resume the intrauterine development of its future cubs. Most often this happens during long and very cold winters, when babies born at term simply cannot survive.

 

67. Males do not take any part in the upbringing of offspring, while females continue to take care of the babies until they learn to live independently. After the cubs are weaned, the female seal can mate again, but sometimes the breeding season for her comes earlier: when the previous cub is still feeding on milk.

 

68. In summer, ringed seals keep mainly in coastal waters and in some places form small haulouts on stones or pebble spits. In autumn, as the sea freezes, most of the animals leave the coastal zone deep into the sea and stay on drifting ice.

 

 

69. A minority of animals stay for the winter near the coast and keep in bays and bays. In this case, even at the beginning of the freezing of the sea, the seal makes holes in the young ice - loopholes through which it emerges from the water.

 

70. There are also smaller holes, used only to breathe through them. Often the hole in the hole is covered with a thick layer of snow, in which the seal makes a hole without an outlet to the outside. In such a convenient place, she rests, being invisible to enemies, mainly polar bears.

 

71. The seal is a valuable object of fishing. She gives fur skins, fat and meat. The meat of the seals is fed to Arctic foxes, hats are made from fur, and it is used to pad hunting skis.

 

72. Seal meat is eaten, especially tender meat in young seals, and seal flippers boiled in water are considered a delicacy. In the old days, seal fat was used in leather production and in soap making.

 

73. Fishing seals and eventually led to a reduction in the number of these animals. And, although every effort is currently being made to prevent the seals from disappearing, one of their species is threatened with complete extinction.

 

74. At present, two types of seals - Baikal and ringed, belong to quite safe species and they have been assigned the status of "Cueing Least Concern".

 

CASPIAN SEAL

 

75. But the Caspian seal is not so lucky: due to human activities leading to pollution of the Caspian Sea, this species is endangered. And, although all efforts are currently being made to restore the former number of Caspian seals, their number is steadily decreasing year by year.

 

76. Seals can live on average 40-55 years. Sexual maturity occurs at 4-6 years of age. Females are able to bear fruit up to 35-40 years.

 

77. The age of seals can be easily recognized by the annual rings on their fangs and claws. And this is their unique feature, not characteristic of any other animal in the world.

 

78. The largest concentrations of seals are observed in the spring on drifting ice during puppies, molting and mating. This is especially true for the seas of the Far East, where in one day of swimming in the ice you can observe many hundreds, and sometimes thousands of animals. More often, seals lie in groups of 10-20 heads, but there are clusters of a hundred or more animals.

 

79. Seals are amazing animals. They have a lively and curious nature and are easy to train.

 

80. In natural conditions, they like to swim up to drifting ships and follow them.

 

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70-motivational-quotes-for-those-who-have-lost-hope

We all make mistakes and often blame ourselves for it. Especially when we let someone down or don't keep a promise to ourselves. But did you know that guilt almost never helps you overcome a problem or admit defeat in order to move on? We humans are interesting and strange living creatures. We know that failure is part of our lives and perhaps a hidden gift from above. However, even small mistakes can make us very upset.

 

Do you know what helps you get through a difficult period, when it seems to you that the earth is about to jump out from under your feet? This is someone else's experience from life, which eventually became the basis for cool inspirational quotes and aphorisms that help perk up, forget about the negative and boldly, optimistically look forward.

 

Quotes that will restore faith in yourself

 

We at Bemorepanda are convinced that motivational quotes, aphorisms and sayings really work for those people who think that the end of the world has come. To help you calm down and get through a difficult period in your life, we have compiled a list of inspirational quotes about failures and fiascos.

 

 

1. Failure is not a shame. Failure is one of the greatest arts in the world." - American engineer, inventor and entrepreneur Charles Kettering

 

2. “The greatest glory is not in never being wrong, but in being able to rise every time you fall” - poet, philosopher, pastor, lecturer Ralph Waldo Emerson

 

3. "A necessary aspect of creativity is not being afraid to fail." - Scientist and inventor Edwin Land

 

4. “When I was young, I noticed that nine out of ten things I did were unsuccessful. So I did ten times as much work to increase my chances of success.” – Nobel Prize-winning playwright and novelist George Bernard Shaw

 

5. “Celebrating success is good, but it’s more important to learn from failure.” – Entrepreneur Bill Gates

 

6. “Failure is the spice that gives success its flavor.” - Actor and playwright Truman Capote

 

 

7. “If you learn from defeat, you haven’t really lost.” — Writer and public speaker Zig Ziglar

 

8. "Success is the ability to live from failure to failure without losing enthusiasm" - British Prime Minister in 1940-1945 and 1951-1955 Winston Churchill

 

9. "Success is a bad teacher, failure makes you patient" - Actor Shah Rukh Khan

 

10. “I think that you can always find 10,000 explanations and reasons for failure, but you will not find a single good explanation for success, as it often comes along with luck.” – Brazilian prose writer and poet Paulo Coelho

 

11. "Failure doesn't mean you're unlucky, it just means you haven't succeeded yet." - American writer Robert H. Schuller

 

12. “It’s not whether you failed, but whether you are happy with your failure that worries me very much.” - 16th US President Abraham Lincoln

 

13. "Mistakes are portals of discovery" - Irish writer and poet James Joyce

 

14. “Don’t be ashamed of your failures, learn from them so you can start over with ease.” — Entrepreneur, founder of Virgin Group Corporation Richard Branson

 

 

15. “Winning is, of course, great, but if you are really going to do something in life, learn to lose. Nobody and nothing remains undefeated. If you can bounce back from a crushing defeat and keep winning again, someday you will be a champion.” – American track and field athlete, three-time Olympian Wilma Rudolph

 

16. “If a person does not believe in something, then there will be no result, a waste of time,” Soviet and Russian rhythmic gymnastics coach, teacher, doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor Irina Viner-Usmanova

 

17. “Failure has two advantages. Firstly, if you fail, you will find out what does not work, and secondly, it will give you the opportunity to try something differently and in a new way, ”- American speaker, conference organizer, author and toy manufacturer Roger von Oh

 

18. "Failure will never befall you if your determination to succeed is strong enough" - American writer, "sales guru" and author of the book "The Greatest Salesman in the World" Og Mandino

 

19. "Your ability to adapt to setbacks and find a way out of them 100% makes you who you are." - American actress and producer Viola Davis

 

20. “If you are so afraid of failure, you will never succeed. You have to take risks." - American racing driver Mario Andretti

 

 

21. "Every failure is a step towards success" - English philosopher, theologian, Anglican priest, historian of science William Whewell

 

22. “Don't be afraid of making mistakes. You will know failure. Keep going forward, ”- American politician, diplomat, inventor, scientist, philosopher, writer Benjamin Franklin

 

23. “I can accept failure—everyone fails in some way. But I can't get over the fact that I didn't even try." - American basketball player Michael Jordan

 

24. “Success is the 1% of your work that is the result of 99% of the so-called failures.” — Honda founder Soichiro Honda

 

25. “Failure is just an opportunity to start again, but this time more intelligently.” - American industrialist, owner of automobile factories Henry Ford

 

26. “Remember your dreams and fight for them. You must know what you want from life. There is only one thing that makes your dream impossible: the fear of failure.” – Brazilian novelist and poet Paulo Coelho

 

27. “Defeat is not the worst of failures. True failure is not trying." - American poet George Edward Woodberry

 

 

28.  “I think and think for months and years. 99 times my conclusion is wrong. For the hundredth time, I'm right." - Theoretical physicist Albert Einstein

 

29. "On the path to success, you always fail." - American actor Mickey Rooney

 

30. “It is much better to venture on great things, to achieve glorious triumphs, even if they are pursued by failure, than to stand on a par with the poor who do not enjoy and do not suffer, because they live in a gray twilight that knows neither victory nor defeat.” 26th President of the United States from 1901-1909 Theodore Roosevelt

 

31. "The season of failure is the best time to sow the seeds of success" - Indian yogi Paramahansa Yogananda

 

32. "If you don't fail from time to time, it's a sign that you're not doing anything innovative." - American film director, comedian Woody Allen

 

33. “Failure is not always a mistake! Perhaps this is simply the best that can be under the circumstances. The real mistake is to stop trying." - American psychologist, inventor and writer Burres Frederick Skinner

 

 

34. “Do not rely on luck, do not despair of failure, both are deceptive, for a person is subject to misfortune and troubles” - Catherine II

 

35. "Success is often achieved by those who are unaware of the inevitability of failure" - French fashion designer and founder of the Chanel fashion house Coco Chanel

 

36. “Failure happens all the time. They happen every day in life. What makes you a better person is how you respond to them." - American football player Mia Hamm

 

37. "Success is not permanent, and failure is not fatal" - American football player, coach and television commentator Mike Ditka

 

38. “There are defeats more triumphant than victories.” - French writer and Renaissance philosopher Michel de Montaigne

 

39. "Failure to prepare for failure is the first step to failure" - American televangelist Mike Murdoch

 

40. "Many failures in life are people who didn't realize how close they were to success when they gave up." - American inventor and entrepreneur Thomas Alva Edison

 

41. "Don't be afraid of failure, be afraid of small success." - Actress Maud Adams

 

42. "The most important of my discoveries were prompted to me by my failures" - British chemist, agricultural chemist, physicist and geologist, inventor Humphry Davy

 

 

43. “The only real failure in life is not being true to what you know best.” – Buddha

 

44. “Defeat is not so dangerous as the fear of admitting defeat is dangerous” - Vladimir Ilyich Lenin

 

45. “I have not been defeated. I just found 10,000 ways that don't work." - American inventor and entrepreneur Thomas Alva Edison

 

46. “Man is not made for defeat. A person can be destroyed, but not defeated, ”- American writer, war correspondent, Nobel Prize in Literature 1954 Ernest Hemingway

 

47. “It is impossible to live without making mistakes about something, unless you live so carefully that you might as well not live at all, in which case you have failed by default.” - British writer, screenwriter and film producer Joanne Rowling

 

48. “A man can fail many times, but he is not a failure until he begins to blame someone else for his troubles.” - American writer, artist, naturalist and philosopher John Burroughs

 

 

49. “You are capable of more than you think. Choose a goal that seems right to you and strive for it, no matter how difficult your path may be. Set high goals. Behave decently. Get ready to be alone and fail from time to time. The world needs everything that you can give it, ”- American biologist, sociobiologist, myrmecologist, ecologist, writer Edward Osborne Wilson

 

50. “Never hide from failure. Instead, carefully and creatively explore its hidden virtues.” —Novelist Michael Korda

 

51. "Those who conquered doubt and fear conquered failure" - British writer, known for his motivational books and poetry, James Allen

 

52. "Success is the result of excellence, hard work, learning from mistakes, and perseverance" - American politician and US Army General Colin Powell

 

53. "A little more perseverance, a little more effort, and what seemed to you a hopeless failure can turn into a glorious success" - writer, artist and philosopher Elbert Hubbard

 

54. “Failure can discourage you, or you can learn from it. So go ahead and make mistakes, do the best you can. Remember that this is where you will find success, which is on the other side of failure, ”- American entrepreneur, IBM CEO Thomas John Watson

 

55. "Show me a completely satisfied person and I'll show you a loser." — Thomas Alva Edison

 

56. “Success comes from our willingness to take on life's challenges. Failures come when we avoid them.” - American writer, speaker and pastor John Maxwell

 

57. "Losing is not a shame if you did your best." - American baseball pitcher Jim Palmer

 

 

58. At any moment you can start all over again, because what we call failure is not a fall, but resilience,” American actress from Canada, co-founder of United Artists film company Mary Pickford

 

59. “We learn wisdom from failures much more than from successes. We often discover what will work by figuring out what won't work; and probably he who has never made a mistake has never made a discovery.” – Writer and reformer Samuel Smiles

 

60. “Failure should be our teacher, not our undertaker. Failure is a delay, not a defeat. This is a temporary bypass, not a dead end. Failure is something we can only avoid by saying and doing nothing.” — Motivational speaker, writer, and consultant Denis Waitley

 

61. “Do you want to be happy? Learn to suffer first.” – Ivan Turgenev

 

62. “A person who doubts himself is like a person who joins the ranks of his enemies and arms himself against himself” - writer Alexandre Dumas

 

63. “Create success from failure. Disappointment and failure are the two surest steps on the path to success, ”- American educator, lecturer, writer, motivational speaker Dale Carnegie

 

64. "Through perseverance, many people succeed in what seemed doomed to failure" - 40th and 42nd British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli

 

 

65. “Often the difference between a successful person and a failure is not that someone has better abilities or ideas, but the courage it takes to bet on your ideas, take calculated risks and not be afraid to act.” - French writer André Malraux

 

66. “There are no secrets to success. It is the result of preparation, hard work, and learning from failure.” - American politician and US Army General Colin Powell

 

67. “Luck is a measure of happiness in breadth, and failure is a test for happiness in depth,” Mikhail Prishvin

 

68. “Success comes when people work together, but failure loves loners.” - Deepak Chopra, an American physician and writer from India

 

69. "Failure is a word I don't know" - boxer Muhammad Ali

 

70. “You can’t climb the ladder of success dressed in a loser suit.” — Writer, salesperson, and motivational speaker Zig Ziglar

 

 

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40-unusual-products-that-famous-brands-have-released-and-surprised-us

Increasing the ways consumers can interact with a brand is often quite a challenge to implement.

 

Miracles of marketing: what unusual products were released by companies that the whole world knows

 

This usually requires companies to go beyond their comfort zones, search for non-standard solutions and competently implement them. One of the ways is for a well-known company to start producing (or rather selling) a product that is completely inconsistent with their image and direction of work.

 

For example, barbell pancakes from Samsung... or McDonald's playing cards. How do you like that? Maybe a Coca-Cola screwdriver set will surprise you more?

 

Read below, we have 40 unusual products that famous brands have released and surprised us. It doesn't look like them at all, but it's true!

 

1. Thematic deck of McDonald's cards. In the hands of the king is a potato with an emblem, and in the hand of the queen is a burger

 

2. Audi is dog friendly. My car came back from the service center with these dog toys in the back seat.

 

3. Signature Subaru honey from my local dealership

 

4. Crayola Calculator

 

5. My dad has a working Mitsubishi sharpener from 40 years ago, and you can still adjust the sharpness of the pencil on it.

 

6. I was cleaning my old apartment and found a 1982 Coca-Cola screwdriver set.

 

7. This luxury watch from Nintendo

 

8. Porsche Buyers Get Paperclips In The Shape Of A Porsche 911

 

9. Turkish Muslim woman working at McDonald's wears McDonald's branded hijab (Istanbul, Turkey)

 

10. USB Power Bank disguised as a Honda mini generator

 

11. It was in a hospital in the UK. They have a toy MRI machine in the hospital waiting room

 

12. When you order a knife directly from Fällkniven, they also send you these branded plasters in the same package.

 

13. Spice Twix for popcorn, ice cream, dough, cookies and more

 

14. My neighbors park their Lamborghini in the yard.

 

15. Found this old Volvo cap where the strap is a seat belt

 

16. McDonald's made a french fry radio in the 80s

 

17. The radio I found in the attic looks like a Coke vending machine.

 

18. KFC made logs

 

19. Dodgeballs at a Dodge showroom

 

20. Still using a Coleman-made 12V Marlboro car fridge from the Marlboro catalog from the 90s.

 

21. Colgate Beef Lasagne

 

22. Packages of ketchup and mayonnaise that were brought to me in a restaurant along with food.

 

23. If you thought that the perfect soap does not exist - here it is!

 

Mountain Dew shower gel is powerful. But the face soap from the chip maker is no less fun...

 

24. Volkswagen is the largest producer of a certain type of sausage (currywurst) in Germany.

 

25. Michelin Tire is the same Michelin company that awards Michelin stars to restaurants and hotels.

 

26. LEGO Brick sneaker model

 

27. I received KFC socks with my delivery order.

 

28. IKEA sells panama hats made from IKEA bags

 

29. Hairdryer with an electric motor designed by Ferrari

 

30. Scented wipes Dr. Pepper

 

31. Dr. Canned Beans Pepper. Pepper, I think you've gone too far this time.

 

32. PlayStation cufflinks

 

33. Big Mac shower gel (courtesy of Austrian McDonald's)

 

34. Hello Kitty Pasta Sauce?

 

35. Guinness is a famous brand of beer and the creators of the Book of Records are the same company.

 

36. Samsung opens a fashion store in South Korea

 

37. Samsung, it turns out, made pancakes for the bar

 

38. Sewing machine Toyota. Give your beloved a Toyota if she so wants it.

 

39. Mentos Strawberry Bath Bombs

 

40. Louis Vuitton fire extinguishers. If you fight fire, then fight with style!

 

World brands and their strange goods

 

Colgate

Main range: toothpaste

Experimental Item: Kitchen Entrees Ready Meals

The Colgate brand decided to be with us not only after meals, but also during. Ready meals under the brand of toothpaste caused only bewilderment of buyers. The expansion campaign failed.

 

Frito Lay

Main range: chips

Experimental Goods: Lemonade

Frito-Lay marketers thought: why not let consumers refresh and quench their thirst after eating their salty snacks? And they created Frito-Lay lemonade. But the buyers did not accept the new product. Either the chips weren't salty enough, or the lemonade wasn't tasty enough.

 

Bic

Main assortment: ballpoint pens, lighters, razors

Experimental Item: Disposable Underwear

The kings of disposable goods Bic decided to get even closer to their customers and created a line of disposable underpants. But the linen did not receive the attention of the audience, the production had to be stopped.

 

Zippo

Main range: lighters

Experimental Item: Women's Perfume

The world-famous brand of lighters Zippo has released a collection of women's perfumes in bottles in the form of lighters. But the fair sex could not get rid of associations with Zippo gasoline stuffing, and sales turned out to be miserable.

 

Harley Davidson

Main range: motorcycles

Experimental Item: Cake Decorations

Harley Davidson is not such a brutal brand as it seemed to many. The motorcycle icon produced not only bikes, but also branded bakery decorations. It is easy to guess that fans of the brand did not understand this move.

 

Dr. Pepper

Main range: soft drinks

Experimental Item: Barbecue Sauce

Dr Pepper technologists turned out to be bold experimenters and created a barbecue sauce with the signature taste of Dr Pepper soda. Buyers did not appreciate this, so the sauce was discontinued.

 

Cosmopolitan

Main assortment: women's magazine

Experimental item: yogurt

Marketers of Cosmopolitan magazine, popular among women, saw some analogy between yogurt and sex, they say, we need one and the other every day. Subtly noted! But this did not bring success: either the price of yogurt did not cause attraction among buyers, or the idea itself ...

 

Smith and Wesson

Main range: pistols

Experimental Item: Mountain Bikes

Known worldwide for its reliable and high-quality products, Smith and Wesson decided to produce not only weapons, but also peaceful goods - bicycles. Like many of the experimental products, their bikes were not appreciated. Pistols were more relevant.

 

Virgin

International conglomerate

Experimental item: wedding dresses

A risky move for Virgin, whose core business was air travel and banking, was to sell wedding merchandise. The name of the brand, of course, suits such products perfectly. But Richard Branson, the founder of Virgin, later admitted: "There were no sales at all."

 

Pond's

Main range: face cream

Experimental Item: Toothpaste

The American manufacturer of cosmetics and skin care products Pond's has released a new product - toothpaste. Despite the fact that all the taste tests were successfully passed, the customers did not like the pasta. Perhaps because of the strong association with face cream.

 

Evian

Main range: bottled water

Experimental Item: Water Bra

Evian decided to help consumers refresh not only from the inside, but also from the outside. They created a unique water-filled bra that you could even sunbathe in on the beach. But the customers didn't like it.

 

Cheetos

Main assortment: snacks with cheese flavor

Experimental Item: Lip Balm

Lays has been making salty Cheetos-flavored snacks for many years. Who would have thought that they would decide to release with the same taste ... lip balm! But, obviously, none of the buyers wanted to smell of cheese.

 

Gerber

Main assortment: baby food

Experimental Goods: Nutrition for Singles

One of the leading brands in the baby food market, Gerber, decided to take care of adults as well. They released a line of Gerber Singles purees for students and bachelors, all those who are not used to cooking for themselves. But Gerber's marketers didn't think about the fact that it's "not cool" for students to eat porridge in a jar, and for single people, an extra reminder of their marital status is very painful.

 

Hooters

Main activity: chain of restaurants

Pilot Activity: Air Freight

The global network of American sports bars Hooters in 2003 took up air transportation in the United States. The aircraft retained the orange and white design of the bars and the big-eyed owl symbol. On board, in addition to the usual staff, there were 2 Hooters-girls. But flights with busty girls, oddly enough, were not to the taste of the Americans. Flights were stopped in 2006.

 

Life Savers

Main assortment: lollipops

Experimental Item: Soft Drinks

The candy brand Life Savers wanted to expand its range and created a soda that was identical to candies in taste and color. But lovers of sweets did not approve of the new product.

 

Diesel

Main range: jeans

Experimental Goods: Wine

In the early 90s, Diesel acquired its own vineyards. They thought why the grapes should be wasted, and began to produce wine. Diesel brand wines began to be sold in branded boutiques. But they could not compete in the wine and vodka market.

 

Guinness

Main range: stout

Experimental Item: Book of Records

The well-known Guinness Book of Records was first published in 1955 by order of the Irish brewing company Guinness. The decision to publish the book was visited by Guinness management when they saw how fierce disputes can be in bars regarding the record of this or that phenomenon. The book has taken root and is published annually to this day.

 

Michelin

Main range: tires

Experimental Product: Restaurant Guide

Back in 1900, Michelin decided to make more than just tires and released the Michelin Red Guide. Initially, it was a list of various places that could be useful to a traveler, such as hotels, repair shops, eateries or paid car parks. Today, Michelin is the most famous and influential of the restaurant ratings.

 

 

 

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50-interesting-facts-about-sea-urchins

Amazing creatures, sea urchins, have long tormented the minds of zoologists. These underwater animals are very interesting from a biological point of view, and the conditions in which some of their species live seem to be truly extreme. But people are willing to collect them, especially in shallow water, as sea urchins in some countries are enviable food. However, most tourists who have tried them do not share this opinion.

 

Facts about sea urchins

 

 

1. Animal sea urchins are echinoderm mollusks.

 

2. These amazing creatures have long been under the close attention of zoologists, as sea urchins are very interesting from a biological point of view.

 

3. These underwater animals attract with their unusual appearance and physiology.

 

4. In total, there are about 940 species of sea urchins in nature, and in our time, zoologists continue to discover more and more of their species.

 

5. Sea urchins are one of the longest living animals on Earth. They are older than dinosaurs. Their first species appeared on our planet about 450 million years ago.

 

6. These animals are able to easily withstand the monstrous pressure of the water column. Research probes have detected them at depths of up to 7 kilometers.

 

7. These animals live only in very salty waters, therefore, where large rivers partially desalinate the seas and oceans into which they flow, sea urchins are not found.

 

8. The size of the largest sea urchins reaches 30 centimeters in diameter, while in the smallest it does not exceed 2 centimeters.

 

9. The conditions in which some of the species of sea urchins live seem truly extreme. 

 

10. They are also found not only in warm waters. Some sea urchins even live in the Antarctic climate.

 

11. Sea urchins can drill holes for themselves even in strong granite rocks.

 

SEA URCHIN-DIADEMA

 

12. The record holder for the length of the spines among all sea urchins are diadem hedgehogs (the length of their spines is up to 70 cm with a shell diameter 10 times smaller), and in flat hedgehogs their length does not exceed 2 millimeters.

 

13. Also diadem sea urchins glow in the dark.

 

14. Most sea urchins lay eggs, but some give birth to live offspring, like mammals.

 

15. Sea urchins got their name for a reason. Their entire body is covered with movable sharp needles, although there are a small number of species lacking this feature. Basically, the needles serve to protect against predators. Their long needles are a formidable and effective weapon. But needles serve them not only for protection, but also for movement, as well as for obtaining food.

 

16. On the body of sea urchins there are over 1000 tiny legs with suction cups on them. Thin legs pass through the shell. On their feet are suction cups, with the help of which these animals move.

 

17. In addition, their legs are adapted for burrowing. The legs of sea urchins are also located on the back, they serve to sense the environment. And some species have adapted their unusual limbs to obtain food and cleanse their shells of pollution.

 

18. Sea urchins do not have bones. Their body is covered with strong calcium plates that cover the body like an orange peel. These plates are symmetrical to each other, they are strong enough and protect the internal organs from mechanical damage.

 

19. By the annual rings on the shell of these animals, one can determine their age in the same way as by the growth rings of trees.

 

 

20. Sea urchins have five jaws at once, each of which has one tooth. These teeth can move independently of each other. Their teeth grow throughout their lives. Thanks to friction against each other, they grind off and always remain sharp enough. The mouth of these animals is somewhat reminiscent of a beak.

 

21. The eyes of sea urchins are located in the upper part of the body, and the mouth is in the lower.

 

22. Puberty in sea urchins occurs only 2-3 years after birth.

 

23. And in some of their species - even after 5 years. That's why they reproduce so slowly.

 

24. Sea urchins reproduce by external fertilization - they release sperm and eggs directly into the water.

 

25. First, the animal passes through the larval stage. Until its final transformation, it moves along the bottom along with other plankton.

 

26. In food, sea urchins are completely illegible. They feed mainly on algae, but are also not averse to eating small invertebrates, the remains of dead fish and other small living creatures.

 

 

27. A large brood needs a lot of food. Hedgehogs literally eat all the coral reefs. Some of them even eat each other.

 

28. They continue to grow throughout life.

 

29. Most species of sea urchins are nocturnal.

 

30. One of the species of sea urchins cannot roll back if they are knocked over. In this case, these animals die.

 

31. Amazing sea urchins are always a close object of attention for lovers of snorkeling or scuba diving.

 

32. These strange creatures look very unusual, and many people want to touch them, but this should absolutely not be done.

 

 

33. You can easily prick yourself on the spines of a sea urchin, and such injections are very painful.

 

34. If you step on a sea urchin, its needles, like fragile glass, break into many fragments, sticking into the body. Their extraction is a very complicated and painful operation, which only experienced doctors can do.

 

35. And some types of sea urchins are poisonous, and therefore very dangerous.

 

36. Poison is contained in the mucus on their spines.

 

37. During low tide, sea urchins do not risk staying on the shore, where they can become easy prey. Usually they either hide in burrows or burrow into the sand.

 

SEA CUCUMBER

 

38. Close relatives of sea urchins, according to scientists, are sea cucumbers.

 

39. Some small fish have learned to have a mutually beneficial coexistence with sea urchins.

 

40. They hide between its needles in case of danger, and in response they eat the parasites that have stuck around it, from which the hedgehog cannot get rid of on its own.

 

41. On average, sea urchins live for about 30 years. But some types of sea urchins are real centenarians. In the wild, they live up to 200 years.

 

42. Despite their own pricklyness, they often become victims of predators. A large number of different animals prey on these echinoderms. They are readily eaten by fur seals, birds, fish, lobsters and starfish.

 

43. One of the most formidable enemies of sea urchins is the sea otter. He breaks the needles of his prey with a stone, and then eats her insides. Sea otters eat so many sea urchins every day that their entire insides turn purple due to the pigment contained in these echinoderms.

 

 

44. Humans also pose a considerable danger to the diversity of species of this class. Sea urchins in many countries are part of the national cuisine. Their caviar is mainly used for food.

 

45. Many people are willing to collect sea urchins, especially in shallow water, as sea urchins are a delicacy in some countries. But most tourists who have tried them do not share this opinion.

 

46. ​​There is a whole fishery for their breeding and catching. Due to human activities and active fishing, many species are endangered.

 

47. Although sea urchins are distributed throughout the world. They are found in all oceans and in almost all seas, including the coldest ones.

 

48. There are only three seas in which not a single species of sea urchins lives - the Caspian, the Black, and, of course, the Dead Sea.

 

49. These animals are very useful creatures. They absorb carbon dioxide like plants. And sea urchins reduce the level of radiation in the oceans.

 

50.Sea urchins are an essential part of the ocean ecosystem.

 

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top-50-facts-about-cobras-that-you-didnt-know

Cobras are among the most dangerous and venomous snakes in the world. They are found on the territory of many countries and invariably instill fear in the locals. Who does not recognize this silhouette with an open hood? However, you can find an approach to cobras if you know how. Catchers of snakes have already proven this many times.

 

Top facts about cobras

 

There are many famous snakes worldwide, but cobras stand apart, mainly because they are perhaps the most recognizable reptiles in the world. There are many more poisonous snakes in the world than cobras, but the habit of these creatures opening the hood in the event of an attack made them very memorable. And does it make any difference to a snakebite victim how deadly poisonous the snake that bit her is if the venom of any cobra is usually enough to kill any living creature on Earth?

 

 

1. Cobras are large snakes known for their venom and their peculiar way of puffing out their hoods.

 

2. This name means, first of all, representatives of the genus of real cobras, as well as the king and collar cobras related to them. Despite its name, the king cobra does not belong to true cobras, it forms a separate genus.

 

3. Cobras live exclusively in the Old World - in Africa (across the continent), Central and South Asia (in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka).

 

4. In total, scientists distinguish 16 different types of cobras, and all of them are poisonous and they all belong to the aspid family and are related to other, no less poisonous species - deadly and cruel snakes, kraits and asps.

 

5. All types of cobras are quite large, one of the smallest - the Angolan cobra - reaches a length of 1.5 meters, and the largest king cobra, or hamadryad, reaches a length of 4.8 and even 5.5 meters.

 

6. The king cobra is the largest venomous snake in the world, reaching a size of 3-4 meters, but there are some recorded individuals in length over 5 meters, weighing up to 10-12 kilograms.

 

7. Despite its large size, its body does not look massive (like pythons or boas, for example), in general, these reptiles are characterized by high mobility.

 

8. King cobras grow all their lives, and their average life expectancy reaches 25-30 years.

 

9. When meeting, the king cobras stand in a combat stance and measure their height. The shorter one admits defeat and crawls away.

 

 

10. The king cobra is the only snake in the world that, on occasion, willingly feeds on other snakes, including poisonous ones.

 

11. King cobras are rarely kept in zoos and terrariums due to aggressiveness.

 

12. Unlike other snakes, the king cobra can control the dose of poison. She often bites people without poison at all, so as not to waste it on someone who is not suitable food for her.

 

13. Cobra swims well, and the speed of its movement on land is 6 km / h. However, this snake does not usually chase a human.

 

14. Sometimes these poisonous snakes are found even in the mountains, at an altitude of up to 2.5 kilometers above sea level.

 

15. The poison of some species of cobras is used in medicine.

 

HEMACHATUS COBRA

 

16. The collared cobra is the only one that does not lay eggs, but gives birth to live cubs, and sometimes up to 50-60 at a time.

 

17. Collared cobra is considered one of the greatest "actresses" of the snake world. In case of danger (if spitting poison did not help), she turns her belly up and, opening her mouth, deftly pretends to be dead.

 

18. The habitats of cobras are diverse, however, arid places are more to their taste. A typical landscape for a cobra is bushes, deserts and semi-deserts, a number of species are found in the jungle, along river banks, but these snakes avoid very wet places.

 

RINGED WATER COBRA

 

19. Like all reptiles, cobras live alone, but Indian and king cobras are the rarest exception to this rule. These snakes are the only reptiles that form stable pairs during the mating season.

 

20. Unlike their other poisonous snakes, cobras do not ambush the enemy, but allow themselves to be discovered. They stand upright, open their hood and sway, as if warning that they are not to be trifled with, in order to frighten the enemy and force him to retreat.

 

CENTRAL ASIAN COBRA

 

21. These animals are thermophilic and do not occur where snow falls in winter, with the exception of the Central Asian cobra, whose range in the north reaches Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

 

22. The poison of all types of cobras is deadly to humans, but its strength varies from species to species. The poison of the Central Asian cobra is “not too” strong, death from its bite occurs after a few hours or even days, but the poison of the king cobra can kill a person in half an hour, moreover, there are cases when even elephants died from its bite.

 

EGYPTIAN COBRA

 

23. During the hunt, cobras do not swallow the victim alive, as many people think, but first paralyze them with their poison, wait for some time until the prey dies, and only after that they start eating.

 

24. In a calm state, cobras do not stand out among other snakes, but in a state of irritation, they raise the front of the body and swell the neck.

 

25. A more or less pronounced hood is a distinctive feature of these reptiles, such a structural feature is no longer found in any other snakes.

 

ANGOLAN COBRA

 

26. Angolan cobra is the smallest of these snakes. The length of an adult usually does not exceed 1.5 meters.

 

27. The color of cobras is mostly nondescript, it is dominated by yellowish-brown and black-brown tones, but some species may have a bright color. For example, red spitting - brown-red, South African shield - coral.

 

28. Also, cobras are characterized by the presence of transverse stripes, especially pronounced on the neck.

 

INDIAN COBRA

 

29. The famous Indian cobra or spectacled snake got its name from the two spots that are visible on its swollen hood, these snakes have individuals with one spot, such cobras are called monocles.

 

30. Among the cobras there are a number of specialized species that practice a special way of hunting. They do not bite their prey, but ... shoot it with poison.

 

31. The Indian spitting cobra is considered the most accurate shooter, and black-necked and collared cobras from Africa also possess this skill. In these species, the opening of the poisonous channel is not located at the bottom of the tooth, but on its front surface, with special muscles the cobra compresses the poisonous glands and the deadly liquid flies out under pressure, as if from a syringe.

 

32. At one time, the cobra is able to fire several shots (up to a maximum of 28). The snake can shoot at a distance of up to 2 meters, and from such a distance it hits a target with a diameter of a couple of centimeters. Such accuracy is not accidental, because to kill the victim, a simple hit in her body is not enough. The poison cannot penetrate the covers of the prey and kill it, but it can have a strong irritating effect on the mucous membrane.

 

33. Therefore, spitting cobras always aim at the eyes, the jet of poison irritates the organs of vision and the victim loses orientation, but even if she is lucky to escape, she is doomed. The poison causes irreversible changes in the proteins of the cornea and the victim goes blind. If the poison gets into the eyes of a person, it can only be saved by immediately washing the eyes with plenty of water.

 

34. African spitting cobras are capable of spraying poison at the enemy up to 30-40 times in a row in a short period of time.

 

PHILIPPINE COBRA

 

35. The Philippines is home to the second most venomous cobra, whose venom can kill an adult in half an hour. She is especially dangerous because she does not need to bite - she also belongs to the spitting.

 

36. Distinctive features of the cobra - six shields on the head. True, when meeting with her, there is usually no time to look at them.

 

37. Despite its poisonousness, the cobra is quite edible, and in a number of Asian countries it is considered a rare and expensive delicacy.

 

38. Cobras breed once a year. Sexual intercourse in cobras can last two to three days. Male king cobras have two penises instead of one.

 

39. The breeding season occurs more often in January-February (for example, in the Indian cobra) or spring (in the Central Asian), the females of these species lay their eggs in April-May or June-July, respectively. The fecundity of cobras is highly dependent on the species and can range from 8 to 70 eggs.

 

40. Cobras lay their eggs in crevices between stones, heaps of fallen leaves and similar shelters. Females usually guard the clutch.

 

41. The behavior of the royal and Indian cobras is especially interesting. Their females not only protect the eggs, but also build a nest for them. This seems surprising when you consider that snakes are completely devoid of limbs. To do this, the cobra rakes the leaves with the front part of the body into a pile, laying eggs, it remains to guard them. Moreover, the most active part in the protection of the nest is also taken by males, who do not leave their chosen ones until the offspring hatch.

 

SNAKE CHARMER

 

42. During this period, Indian and king cobras can be very aggressive, actively driving animals and people away from their nest. This was the reason to accuse these snakes of unpredictable attacks on humans, in fact, such behavior is observed only during the breeding season.

 

43. Hatched serpents are completely independent and already have poison, however, due to its small amount, they initially hunt the smallest prey and even insects.

 

44. Young cobras are usually striped, and the black and white cobra even got its name from the color of the young.

 

45. The life expectancy of cobras in nature has not been precisely established; in captivity, one black-and-white cobra lived for 29 years, which is a very high figure for snakes.

 

46. ​​Cobras are more active during the day and are generally very resistant to overheating. In most people's minds, cobras are aggressive, but in fact, these snakes are quite calm and even a little phlegmatic. Knowing their behavior, they are easy to control, which is often demonstrated by "charmers" of snakes.

 

47. Cobras feed on small rodents, birds (passerines and ground-nesting, for example, nightjars), lizards, frogs, toads, smaller snakes, and eggs.

 

 

48. The king cobra feeds exclusively on reptiles, and eats lizards extremely rarely, and more often hunts other snakes. Its victims are usually the most poisonous species and the closest relatives of cobras - kraits and asps.

 

49. Despite the strong poison, cobras also have enemies. Young animals can be attacked by larger snakes, monitor lizards, and adults are preyed upon by mongooses and meerkats. Although these animals do not have innate immunity to cobra venom, they are so clever at distracting the snake's attention with false attacks that they manage to seize the moment and deliver a deadly bite to the back of the head. A cobra caught in the path of a mongoose or a meerkat has no chance of survival.

 

50. For protection, cobras have a number of devices. Firstly, this is the famous stand, which performs a signaling role. Although a cobra that puffs out its hood is extremely dangerous in a person’s mind, in fact, this behavior allows you to avoid an unexpected encounter with a snake and bypass it. Cobra, in turn, achieves just such a reaction. Secondly, if a cobra is caught or annoyed, it does not immediately go on the attack. Often in such cases, the snake connects additional means of intimidation - loud hissing and false attacks, during which the snake does not let in poisonous teeth. And only if this does not help, the cobra can bite.

 

 

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