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30 incredible pictures that will make you get a duck

3 months ago
30-incredible-pictures-that-will-make-you-get-a-duck

Chickens are popular pets in the yard, but ducks have many of the same characteristics. This has led to the care of these waterfowl for feathers, meat, and eggs and simply as pets. There are a variety of duck breeds, and some make better pets than others, but they all have similar care requirements. Before purchasing a pet duck, housing, food, water, zoning restrictions, and health issues should be considered. But if you are adequately prepared for one, you will be rewarded with a few years with your feathered friend.


Cute duck pictures 


1. Flower duck


2. Lost dog


3. Strong dog


Some ducks, such as Pekin ducks, can be very friendly and calm, while others are more active and noisy. If noise is an issue, make sure you choose a breed that is not overly talkative, but otherwise sleeping, grazing, and swimming will consume most of your duck day.


Ducks, like other birds, do best in groups and will be friendlier if tamed by hand at an early age. Most ducks are not aggressive, unless they are nesting or keeping their young, so while a duck is more likely to run away than to bite if scared, this does not mean that socialization is not important. Ducks may not have teeth, but they have beaks that can hurt if bitten.


Ducks are outdoor pets, but they can still enjoy a safe home. You should have plenty of space to travel and swim during the day, but at night, in bad weather or if predators are free, you need a shelter to keep your ducks safe. A shed, a large dog house, a modified chicken coop, or a specially designed and sold duck house should be permanently accessible to your feathered birds. About four square feet of floor space is suitable for one duck, so if you have more than one duck, you may need a large henhouse or several burrows.


4. Happy duck


5. Ducklings


6. Traveling duck


Ducks do not bake, so no roosters are needed in the duck house, as they are for chickens, but they should have clean bedding to walk and stretch. Ducks produce a lot of feces, so regular cleaning is a must. Straw is best, but pine needles or wood chips can also be spread on the floor of the duck house. Wire wire grills can cause injuries, and unclean bedding can cause health problems, so the floor in your duck house is very important.


If your ducks are not outdoors in your yard or on your farm, the wire fences should be attached to the basket to keep them covered. Each duck should have at least 15 square feet of land to travel, so the space you need to secure in this enclosure will depend on how many ducks you have.


Ducks are omnivorous, so pet ducks should eat a variety of foods. A commercially available pellet duck feed should be the basis of any pet duck's diet, as it is complete and balanced, but vegetables and insects can also be offered as delicacies. Leafy greens, earthworms, worms, green peas, corn kernels and other products are healthy additives to the duck's daily meals.


In addition to the fact that there are pellets available in a feeder or in a shallow dish, fresh drinking water should also be provided. A duck waterer should be cleaned regularly and kept full, as ducks drink at least one liter of water a day.


7. Real life


8. Bath duck


9. Hello


Ducks are often considered farm animals and are not legal to keep everywhere due to zoning restrictions. Not all cities and communities allow ducks, so you'll need to check the specific rules, regulations, and ordinances you live in before buying pet ducks. Wild ducks are not legal to own, but domesticated ducks can be kept if the place where you live allows it. If pets or poultry are allowed, you may be allowed to keep ducks, but there may be specific housing requirements when they are allowed outside their home.


Since it is not legal to take a duck out of the wild, you will want to find a place where you can buy a domesticated duck. Incubators sell ducks that can be ordered online or purchased in person, but many feed stores and family farms will also sell ducks. Make sure you choose an active duck that has no eye or nose drain and has clean ventilation feathers to increase the likelihood of buying a healthy pet.


If you are interested in pet ducks and can legally own birds or animals, check out these other popular pet options:


10. Beach mood


11. Sleeping buddy


12. So cool


The rates require quite a lot of care compared to the care of chickens. They need a lot of fresh water, which they pollute frequently - so they need to be changed fairly regularly. And you'll have to do a lot of cleaning after the ducks - and it's often a lot of damp, smelly debris.


Because ducks usually cannot fly, they are a possible target when it comes to local wild predators. This does not mean that you will have to keep them closed, but when they are outside, your rates will need to be monitored and protected from potential wildlife attacks.


Rates are not doing well in colder climates. If the temperature is below -1 gr. Celsius, the rates will spend only a short time outside every day, which means more dirt to clean in the house.


Finally, pet rates can be quite noisy, especially when they want something or someone. Neighbors may not tolerate their sniffing as well as you do.


You will need a completely closed, predator-resistant shed. Ducks do not tend to fly up and perch like chickens so height is not important. What you need to keep in mind when it comes to installment payments is the floor space.


The floor matters because you will need to place a pot of water here. Ideally, the floor should be waterproof. You can use linoleum, tarpaulins or a rubber floor to prevent damage to the floor. As a bedding material you can use softwood chips, recycled paper, absorbent materials, etc.


Since the rates cannot jump, it is good that the entrance to the cottage has a low opening or a fairly wide and stable ramp for the rates to enter.


Ducks love to swim. Sprinkle with water. To drink water. To take a bath. Everything in their lives revolves around water, which means that the bigger the tub, the better.

 

13. Dog mom


14. Baloon


15. These feet


16. Look mom


17. Traveling


18. Einstein


19. Buddy


20. Cute duck


21. So playful


22. Sun vibes


23. Duck in black


24. Chilling


25. Fast duck


26. Time goes by


27. Good morning


28. Sea vibes


29. Love


30. Chilling 

 



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50-interesting-facts-about-armadillos

Amazing armadillo animals seem to be actual living relics. They look like what animals seem to have looked like many millions of years ago and somehow subtly resemble dinosaurs, although they have nothing to do with them. However, armadillos are defenseless against people despite their somewhat frightening appearance, and their habitat has been inexorably shrinking in recent decades. If this continues, these amazing and interesting animals in all respects will be threatened with extinction.

 

Interesting facts about armadillos

 

 

1. Armadillos are the only mammals with a body covered with a hard shell.

 

2. They are also among the few mammals that lay eggs.

 

3. Armadillos got their name in honor of the conquistadors, Spanish warriors chained in steel armor.

 

4. South America is considered the birthplace of these animals, but armadillos also live in Central and North America and Mexico.

 

5. In the Pleistocene era, glyptodons lived in South and Central America - giant relatives of modern armadillos. With its size and dimensions, the glyptodon resembled the Volkswagen Beetle. The body length of the armadillo ancestors reached 3 meters.

 

6. Now, giant armadillos weigh about 32 kilograms and reach one and a half meters in length.

 

7. The smallest frilled armadillo - often does not exceed 15 centimeters in length.

 

8. Sometimes, armadillos are confused with pangolins. But pangolins, or lizards, are a separate detachment of placental mammals.

 

9. Armadillos are animals that got their name from the shell covering their bodies. This armor, consisting of bone plates, allowed their ancient ancestors to survive.

 

10. The shell of these animals is a bone that grows directly from their vertebrae. A strong shell reliably protects the animal's upper body; it consists of rigid plates covered with a keratinized layer of skin. All this helps armadillos to defend themselves from predatory animals.

 

ARMADILLOS ROLL UP INTO A BALL

 

11. The plates are also located on the shoulders and hips. On the back, they consist of belts, between which there is a leathery layer, which allows animals to curl up into a ball in case of danger.

 

12. But only one species of these animals can curl up into a ball to protect themselves from attack. Those armadillos that do not know how to fold into a ball will either run away when attacked or dig a hole where you can hide.

 

13. The head, the upper part of the paws, and the tail, as a rule, are also protected by armor. Therefore, the armadillos' most vulnerable part is the body's lower part, which has only a bristly hairline.

 

14. Now, there are about 20 species of these individuals and nine genera, combined into the following groups: bristly; rugged armored; ball; large; frilled.

 

15. Of the existing 20 species of armadillos, only one of them lives in North America. The rest are found in South America.

 

16. These animals live in tropical forests, grasslands, and semi-arid places.

 

HEAD-TAILED ARMADILLOS

 

17. Head-tailed armadillos. This species has medium dimensions, body length is about 35-80 centimeters, body weight is 36-40 kilograms. A distinctive characteristic of this species is the tail of the animal, it is not protected by bone growths.

 

18. These animals have a wide muzzle with straight ears. There are 5 fingers on each limb, and the middle one is much larger than the rest. Their body is covered with 9-13 movable plates. The color is dark, almost black.

 

19. The lifespan of this armadillo species in its natural habitat is 11 years, the survival rate in captivity is very low.

 

NINE-BANDED ARMADILLOS 

 

20. Nine-banded - the most famous and well-studied type of armadillos. These animals perfectly adapt to the environment, so it is found everywhere.

 

21. Their habitat is wide, they are distributed not only in most of the United States, but also in Mexico.

 

22. Nine-banded armadillos love to burrow on river banks near green bushes and trees, they can also swim short distances. For this feature they are called marine armadillos, the animal can hold its breath for up to 5-7 minutes.

 

BRISTLY ARMADILLOS 

 

23. Bristly armadillos. Their characteristic feature is their small size, the body length rarely exceeds 45 centimeters. Weight - 3.5-3 kilograms, their life expectancy is about 10 years.

 

24. Their body is covered with granular shields and has a large amount of hair. These animals have a light brown color. They appear both during daylight hours and at night.

 

25. Bristly armadillos feed on carrion, worms and insects. They breed 2 times a year, their pregnancy is infertile.

 

GIANT ARMADILLOS

 

26. Gigantic or giant armadillos. The length of their body is 1 meter, and the tail is 50 centimeters. Weight reaches 60 kilograms.

 

27. These animals have a tube-shaped muzzle and wide ears, and the number of teeth that do not have roots reaches 100 pieces. They are found in open grasslands, savannahs and jungles.

 

28. Frilled armadillos are often found in central Argentina, Bolivia, Chile. They live in dry meadows with thorny bushes.

 

29. A sexually mature individual of these animals has a body length without a tail of 10 centimeters, a tail - 2-3 centimeters, their weight - 80-90 grams. These armadillos look small and defenseless. Their color varies from soft pink tones to dark saturated shades.

 

30. Their small, oblong head and strong forelimbs are perfectly adapted for burrowing. Most of the time these animals spend underground. They are active at night. This species of armadillos is under threat of extinction.

 

DWARF ARMADILLOS 

 

31. There is also a dwarf species, their body size is 26-35 centimeters, weight is about 1 kilogram.

 

32. Scientists cannot reliably determine how many teeth each type of armadillo has. It is known that their jaws are not very powerful, and rare teeth are peg-shaped and practically not covered with enamel.

 

33. Such a structure is explained by the fact that the animals eat soft food, which is digested in the stomach, the anterior part of which is covered with hard plates. Teeth have one root and grow throughout the life of the animal.

 

34. Most armadillos are unable to roll into a ball because they have too many plates that limit their flexibility.

 

35. Armadillos are clumsy animals with an elongated muzzle and huge erect ears. They come in black, dark brown, gray, red and even yellow.

 

36. These animals are omnivores. The basis of their diet is a variety of insects and larvae, and armadillos can also eat plant foods or carrion.

 

37. Armadillos are excellent at digging - this is how they find their food, namely insects, as well as small mammals, roots and fruits.

 

 

38. In addition to digging, armadillos have a fantastic sense of smell for finding food. They can smell their prey even underground. This compensates for the fact that they have very poor eyesight.

 

39. Ants and termites are considered their special delicacy, they are not afraid of their bites, armadillos dig them out with their clawed paws. Their long, sticky tongues help them suck up ants (including fire ants) and termites.

 

40. Their front and hind legs have from 3 to 5 fingers and large sharp claws that help the animals dig the ground, open anthills and termite mounds. Large species can even break stumps or termite mounds, and then take the prey with their long tongue.

 

41. Thanks to the large salivary glands located on the lower jaw and reaching the sternum, the tongue is constantly covered with mucus. At one time, the animal eats up to 35 thousand insects.

 

42. The most common type of armadillos - nine-belted ones in one sitting can eat about 40 thousand ants.

 

43. Some species in the warm season feed on small invertebrates, and can also eat fruits. Sometimes they replenish their diet with the eggs of birds that make nests on the ground.

 

44. These animals, despite the fact that digging the ground in search of food, spoil crops, they also bring a lot of benefits, destroying harmful insects and their larvae.

 

45. These animals do not have very good eyesight and do not distinguish colors at all, but they have a fairly developed sense of smell and excellent hearing. This helps to recognize representatives of a kind, as well as to receive information about the readiness of the opposite sex for reproduction.

 

 

46. ​​Since armadillos belong to the group of mammals, they are placental. The placenta is formed only during pregnancy, through it nutrients enter the body of the embryo, cells are saturated with oxygen and hormones are produced that are responsible for the growth of the fetus.

 

47. The mating season falls on the warm season, most often in July, it is at this time that the females are physiologically ready for mating. Conception occurs sexually and often only one egg is fertilized.

 

48. At the earliest stage, the embryo remains in the uterus for about 3-3.5 months, then implantation occurs and the fetus develops for another 4 months. Delaying implantation is necessary to ensure good survival of the offspring.

 

BABY ARMADILLOS 

 

49. Cubs are born in early spring, they are well developed and within a few hours after birth they can move independently.

 

50. The shell of babies is soft, and only by the onset of puberty does it harden.

 

51. During the first months, newborns stay close to their mother, who feeds them with breast milk.

 

52. Further, already grown cubs leave the hole and begin to master adult food. Fully development is completed by 3-4 years, depending on the sex.

 

53. Most of the animals are nocturnal, but activity may vary depending on the weather and the age of the armadillo. Juveniles may emerge from their burrows early in the morning or towards afternoon. In the cold season, animals are also active during the day.

 

54. No family of mammals has such a variable number of teeth - from 28 to 40 (in a giant armadillo - up to 90-100). The number of teeth differs not only in different species, but also in different individuals.

 

55. Due to their thin shell and low body fat, armadillos cannot maintain their internal temperature, as most other mammals do.

 

 

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15-top-interesting-facts-about-wild-animals

Numerous wild animals inhabit forests and steppes, swamps, and deserts. The more you learn about the diversity of fauna in different parts of our planet, the more you are amazed at the wisdom of nature, which created all these creatures and adapted them to other living conditions. And although man has long domesticated many species of wild animals, their free relatives still quietly exist far from our civilization.

 

Top facts about wild animals

 

1. Peacocks stage dance battles to win over the female

The peacock is a polygamous bird: the male can "be in a relationship" with several peahens at once. But their attention still needs to be won! During the mating season, peacocks compete with each other for the favor of the ladies, dancing in front of them and shaking their open tails, the feathers of which sway and even seem to ring.

 

In competition, the owner of the most extended tail usually wins - he is also the "author" of the most active movements.

 

As soon as the peahen reciprocates the courtship and sits on the egg-laying, the male loses all interest in her. He rushes to conquer a new "love" to collect the most numerous harem.

 

Although the peacock is famous for its magnificent tail, few people know that all this beauty is the tail feathers. The natural peacock tail, hidden under these colorful feathers, is nothing of interest.

 

2. Puminas are born spotted like leopards

Even the Latin name of the cougar - Puma color - reflects one of the main features of this wild cat - the uniformity of color. In adults, everything is the same - they are sandy in color. But puma is born with spots on the body, stripes on the paws, and rings on the tails.

 

Spotted coloration allows babies to camouflage better. With age (closer to a year), when the cub can already fend for itself, the spots begin to fade, and by the age of 2, they disappear entirely. In these animals, the color of the coat changes, and the color of the eyes change: all puma are born blue-eyed. By six months, the iris becomes brown.

 

3. There are no barriers to animal friendship

Exceptional cases of friendship among animals of different species can be observed in the zoo. A female tapir named Cleopatra (affectionately - Klepa) found a kindred spirit in a duck rejected by relatives. The bird was placed in an aviary with tapirs and capybaras for a while - until a new home is found for the bird, which does not find a common language with other ducks.

 

The zoo staff noticed that the tapir and the duck became friends: they ate from the same bowl, walked together, and swam in the pool. And even the appearance of Klepa's fiance could not affect their relationship: now, they spend all the time together.

 

4. Abandoned primate babies sleep with soft toys and heating pads

"Animals don't abandon their children" is a myth. Unfortunately, not everyone wakes up to maternal instinct. Such “refuseniks” would have no chance of survival in the wild, but keepers come to their aid.

 

The most challenging thing is with the cubs of primates, man's closest relatives. The fact is that females carry offspring on themselves: first on the chest, then on the back. The baby should feel warm and hear the beat of the mother's heart - only then will he feel good.

 

For “refuseniks,” keepers make fur pillows with heating pads inside, giving them soft toys to create a feeling of warmth and safety. Baby primates need to be carried around frequently, allowing them to listen to their heartbeats. And, of course, feeding by the hour from pipettes, syringes, and bottles (depending on the type of primate) has not been canceled.

 

5. An animal called "panther" does not exist

Since childhood, we have all known the black panther Bagheera from Kipling's The Jungle Book. Panther is not the name of one animal but the name of a whole genus of prominent representatives of the cat family.

 

Belonging to the genus of panthers is easily traced by the Latin names of all its four representatives: tiger - Panthera tigris, lion - Panthera leo, leopard - Panthera pardus, jaguar - Panthera onca.

 

Black panthers are called jaguars or leopards with manifestations of melanism (that is, darker than other individuals in Ida coloring). Kipling's Bagheera, by the way, was a melanistic leopard since jaguars are not found in India.

 

The star of our zoo is the black jaguar Naomi. In bright light, black spots can be seen on her graphite coat.

 

6. Foxes adopt cubs of the female they like

Even though the fox is a cunning lone cheat in fairy tales, these animals keep in pairs in life, creating strong families. Males take an active part in the upbringing of offspring: they get food for the whole family, teach the grown young to hunt, and look after the kids.

 

If trouble happens to the family's father, another single fox takes his place and takes care of other people's offspring as if they were his own. Sometimes single individuals even fight for the right to become a stepfather. Still, people have a lot to learn from animals.

 

7. Tigers can swim for fun

Representatives of the feline family do not particularly like water. Still, there are exceptions among domestic marks and representatives of their wild relatives. The Amur tiger is one of the few cats that can frolic in the water at will and with great pleasure.

 

A vivid example of this is the pet of the Limpopo Zoo, Emir, who loves to play water polo with a ball. He sits in the pool with only his head sticking out of the water.

 

8. When a camel is born, it falls from a height of a meter

Female Bactrian camels give birth standing up. Given that the growth of the average “ship of the desert” at the withers exceeds 2 meters, a newborn camel begins its life in this world with a fall. A slap on the ground makes the baby start breathing.

 

Already an hour after the birth, the camel gets up on its legs to drink its mother's milk, and after two, it can follow its parents where they go.

 

By the way, pregnancy in camels lasts 13 months, 1.5 times longer than in humans.

 

9. Japanese macaques are very smart and resourceful

Firstly, it was a discovery for me that the correct name of the animal is “macaque” and not “macaque,” as we usually say. Secondly, these most northern primates amazed me with their cunning and skill.

 

Once I watched a keeper clean up the enclosure of a young female macaque. While the worker bent down and swept the floor, the monkey jumped on her back and quickly ransacked her pants pockets. Having found a candy, she climbed into the farthest corner of the enclosure, carefully unwrapped the candy wrapper, and ate the sweetness. The wrapper, however, was not thrown into the urn.

 

Japanese macaques have an excellent ability to imitate: they can be taught to make snowballs, wash fruit before eating, and some especially enterprising individuals even try to drive a car—fortunately, a toy.

 

10. Musangs help people make the most expensive coffee in the world

The Malayan palm civet, or musang, is a small animal from Asia well known to all coffee lovers. In Indonesia, musangs are actively involved in producing the most expensive coffee globally, Kopi Luwak, 1 kg of which can cost about $ 1,000.

 

What is the feature of Kopi Luwak? The civets are fed the ripe fruits of the coffee tree and wait for the beans to come out naturally. After exposure to gastric juice and enzymes, coffee beans remain intact but acquire new taste properties. The grains are washed, dried, roasted, and sold at fabulous prices.

 

They say that the taste of such coffee is softer, without bitterness. We did not try to repeat the experience of the Indonesians at the zoo. There were no such true connoisseurs of expensive coffee.

 

11. The giraffe has the longest and thickest eyelashes of any animal

The giraffe is not only the tallest land mammal on our planet but also the owner of the longest and thickest eyelashes in the animal world. And this is not a whim of nature but a necessity.

 

The fact is that giraffes live in Africa, where there is a lot of dust. Fluffy eyelashes protect their eyes from the smallest particles of sand and are necessary for these giants to survive.

 

12. Leopard spotting is as unique as human fingerprints

On the golden fur, you can see patterns of 2 types: "rosettes" - black contours with a light center - and dark spots. When hunting, this coloration serves as a camouflage for the predator: it makes the outlines of the animal's body vaguer. It is more difficult for the prey to calculate its location.

 

The location of the spots on the coat of each leopard is unique, just like the fingerprints of humans are special. This feature allows scientists observing leopards in the wild to identify them from photos or videos.

 

13. Lynxes are not afraid of people, but they do not attack them either

This wild cat with tassels on its ears treats people quite calmly. Unlike other relatives, who avoid contact with humans in every possible way, lynxes often settle in forests near villages and villages. They even go to settlements for prey in famine years - small domestic animals.

 

Zoologists claim no single confirmed case of an unauthorized lynx attack on a person. This cat can show aggression towards people only if it is injured or protecting its offspring, which is in danger. If the lynx is not touched, it will not attack.

 

14. Holidays are arranged for pets to diversify their everyday life

Animals, like people, love holidays because, for them, it means increased attention, gifts, and treats.

 

Animals enjoy gifts and unusual edible goodies like children. And employees and visitors of the zoo are touched by looking at them.

 

15. Some animals are released from the zoo into the wild

Don't be afraid: these are not tigers or bears. They were brought to the zoo as fledglings. Fledglings are young birds that have just begun to fly out of the nest. The first flight experiences are challenging. They are seen by people and carried to the zoo.

 

It is forbidden to remove animals from the wild, so usually, zoos do not accept such foundlings and advise people to return the fledglings to where they found them. We often talk about owls, and these birds do not abandon their babies. But many "saviors" are too lazy to return to the forest, and they leave boxes with chicks at the entrance to the zoo: they say, sort it out yourself.

 

Every spring, the keepers of our zoo have to feed up to 10 owlets. This is not an easy task: depending on the chick's age, every 3-4 hours, he needs to be given food (they are fed meat with tweezers) and water. They don’t teach fledglings to handle. On the contrary, they try to show them the basics of hunting so that they can survive in the wild on their own.

 

Bonus: an otter is not a curse, but a complete mimimi

Most visitors come to the zoo to look at large animals (bears, tigers, bison) and leave in love with otters. These animals stand touchingly on their hind legs, swim excellently, demonstrate excellent plasticity, and stay underwater for about 2 minutes.

 

The beautiful and very dense fur of otters does not allow water to pass through. Therefore, after swimming a lot and shaking off drops, these animals remain dry. This feature of the waterproof undercoat will enable otters to swim even in freezing water and not get cold. Look into those eyes - and you will understand that the otter is not an insult but a compliment.

 

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50-interesting-facts-about-predatory-animals

Predatory animals living in steppes and deserts - as a rule, hunt their prey by stalking. They are supple, graceful, have long legs, and sharp eyesight. Predatory forest animals have a well-developed sense of smell and hearing. Mammals of prey have slender bodies, and birds of prey - have short wings and long tails, all for quick maneuvering among the trunks and branches of trees.

 

Facts about predatory animals

 

In nature, predatory animals and their prey are mutually dependent. The former has a specific hunting territory that provides them with the necessary food. The larger the predatory animal, the larger the environment it hunts. For example, the habitat of the Ussuri tiger is up to 100 km in diameter. If the animals that serve as prey migrate, the predatory animals follow them: the tiger after wild boars, eagles, hawks - after migrating ducks and coots. Man uses these interdependencies for his purpose. After the gatherings of seabirds - seagulls, fulmars, moose - fishermen discover schools of fish offshore.

 

 

1. Predators are carnivorous mammals.

 

2. Predators are among the most dangerous animals on Earth. They come in all shapes and sizes, ranging from 30-gram weasels to 500-pound bears, and their diet includes anything that moves, from birds, fish, reptiles, to other mammals.

 

3. There are about 280 species of predatory mammals worldwide. A slightly larger number, about 300 species, have already become extinct.

 

4. Many predators feed not only on animals but also on plant foods.

 

RACCOON

 

5. Raccoons are predators but eat more plant food than animal food.

 

6. Without exception, all types of snakes are predators.

 

7. Predators are divided into two main groups: canids and felines.

 

8. Canis include dogs, bears, wolves, raccoons, skunks, walruses, seals, etc. Felines have lions, tigers, domestic cats, hyenas, mongooses, etc. Formerly, marine mammals were classified under the suborder pinnipeds and classified as canids.

 

9. Dog-like and cat-like are divided into 15 families. Canids include canids (wolves, dogs, and foxes); mustelids (weasels, ferrets, badgers, and otters); bears (bears and pandas); skunk (skunsoa); raccoons (raccoons); eared seals; authentic seals; panda (small pandas); walrus.

 

10. Cats include felines (lions, tigers, and cats); hyenas (hyenas); mongoose (mongooses, meerkats); civet; Londinium; Madagascar viverrids.

 

HYENA

 

11. The family of hyenas is the smallest. It includes only four species.

 

12. And the viverrids are the champions, of which there are 76 different species.

 

13. All land predators are descended from a common ancestor. Paleontologists talk about it. All carnivores, from cats and dogs to bears and hyenas, were dropped from miacids living in Western Europe about 55 million years ago, 10 million years after the dinosaurs died.

 

14. These small animal miacids look like modern martens. It is they who are considered the common ancestors of all mammalian predators now living on the planet.

 

15. The largest predator that ever walked the Earth was a Tyrannosaurus Rex. According to some estimates, this monstrous dinosaur reached a body length of 10-12 meters and a mass of 7-8 tons.

 

CHEETAH

16. The fastest land predator in the world is the cheetah, which lives in Africa. In 3 seconds, these big cats can develop a record speed of 110 km / h, but they cannot run at such a speed for a long time. After a rapid jerk lasting some tens of seconds, they need to rest.

 

17. In some species of extinct saber-toothed cats, fangs reached 20 centimeters in length. And the longest Tyrannosaurus tooth ever found is 30 centimeters long.

 

18. In South America, there were once fororakos, giant predatory flightless birds weighing 200-300 kilograms and up to 2.5 meters high. They were all exterminated by primitive hunters armed with clubs and spears.

 

LYNX

 

19. The life of insidious predators of the family of canine wolves takes place in constant movement and active pursuit of victims. In search of prey, their flock overcomes 25–80 kilometers per day. In hunting, these mammals are helped by an excellent sense of smell, hearing, and 42 strong teeth. The most deadly of them are 5 cm curved fangs that can crush the tibia of an elk. During the attack, predators are silent and swift - attacking animals reach speeds of up to 64 km / h.

 

20. Predators can only move their jaws up and down. This feature is associated with the characteristic shape of the skull of predators: the lower jaw is rooted in the upper, and the muscles are attached so that they do not allow movement from side to side. Due to the particular structure of the skull of carnivores, their brains are more significant compared to other mammals, so cats, dogs, and bears are usually much more intelligent than goats, horses, and hippos.

 

COMBED CROCODILE

 

21. The most significant land predator is the combed crocodile. These reptiles grow to a length of 7 meters and have a mass of up to 2 tons, surpassing even polar bears in size.

 

22. It may seem strange, but not all predators eat meat exclusively. But they can also eat other foods. Cats of the feline family are "super predators." All energy and calories they get from fresh meat.

 

23. Red pandas and raccoons eat small amounts of meat (in the form of beetles and lizards) but spend most of their time looking for tasty vegetation.

 

24. There is even one exclusively vegetarian "meat-eater" - musang from the civet family.

 

WOLVERINE

 

25. The most predatory animal in the world is the wolverine. A muscular squat body 40-45 centimeters high and weighing 10-30 kilograms, thick short legs with wide feet, dense brown fur, and a round head characterize the wolverine, which looks like a vast badger. This inhabitant of northern Eurasia and North America forests belongs to the marten family. Ferocity, strength, lack of fear, and excessive appetite make the beast the most predatory animal, capable of defeating even an elk or a bear.

 

26. The largest predatory mollusks are giant squids, which live mainly at considerable depths. Confirmed size records are 18 meters long, including tentacles, but there are unconfirmed reports of 25-meter individuals.

 

27. Carnivores display a wide range of social behaviors, and nowhere are there more pronounced differences than between the two most famous carnivore families: cats and dogs.

 

WOLVES

 

28. Dogs and wolves are very social animals, usually hunting and living in packs. At the same time, most large cats tend to be solitary, forming small family groups only when necessary (for example, prides of lions).

 

29. In dogs, submission to the leader (alpha) is in the blood, which is why they are so well trained. With cats, everything is different - they are independent and very difficult to subdue.

 

30. Predatory creatures of some species feed only on live prey, and they will not eat dead prey, even if they die of hunger. A striking example of this is most snakes, or praying mantises, predatory insects.

 

SPERM WHALE

 

31. Sperm whales are the largest predatory animals on our planet, they often reach a mass of 50 tons with a length of 20 meters. They feed mainly on mollusks, and their herds sometimes number hundreds or even thousands of individuals.

 

32. Predators have quite varied communication. Compared to herbivorous mammals, carnivores are among the loudest animals on the planet.

 

33. The barking of dogs, the howling of wolves, the roar of big cats, the growling of bears, and the fearsome hooting of hyenas are various means of establishing dominance, initiating courtship, or warning others of danger.

 

34. Predators can also communicate non-verbally: through smell (urine and feces) or through body language (there are various positions that show the intentions of animals in a variety of situations).

 

35. On the Indonesian islands of Gili Motang, Komodo, Flores and Rinca, the largest lizard on the planet, the Komodo (Komodos) monitor lizard, lives. Its gigantic strong body reaches 3 meters in length and weighs 35-70 kilograms. A reptile with the same appetite devours insects, fish, and mammals - rodents, deer and wild pigs. The apparent sluggishness of the monitor lizard is deceptive - the attacking animal develops a speed of up to 20 km / h and unbalances the prey with a blow of a powerful tail. The hunter's strategy is to knock the trophy to the ground and tear it apart with conical teeth with jagged edges. Thanks to the expanding stomach, the voracious reptile eats up to 60 kilograms of meat at one time.

 

SAPSAN

 

36. Of all the raptors, the fastest is the peregrine falcon, which belongs to the falcons. In horizontal flight, it is inferior to swifts in speed, but in a dive, peregrine falcons reach speeds of over 300 km / h, which makes them generally the fastest living creatures on Earth.

 

37. The most unpredictable and aggressive representative of the big cat subfamily is the leopard. With a height at the withers of 45–78 centimeters and a weight of up to 75 kilograms, this hunter with red spotted hair and a long tail is inferior in size to its relatives - the tiger and the lion. However, strong jaws and a bite force of 100–125 atmospheres put the leopard on a par with the most predatory animals on the planet.

 

38. Today, the largest carnivore in the world is the southern elephant seal, whose males can reach a weight of more than 5 tons.

 

39. As a rule, plants are much more difficult to eat and digest than fresh meat - this is why the intestines of herbivores are longer, and ruminants have multi-chamber stomachs (for example, a 4-chamber stomach of cows).

 

40. And predators have a relatively simple digestive system, with a shorter and more compact intestine and a large stomach that allows you to eat a lot of food at a time.

 

WHITE SHARK

 

41. White shark is the largest predatory fish on Earth. It may well grow up to 6 meters and gain weight up to 2 tons. However, on average, only 1-2 people become victims of white sharks every year.

 

42. And the largest predatory freshwater fish is considered to be a large tiger. These fish are found in the rivers of Central Africa and reach a mass of 50 kilograms.

 

43. Among the inhabitants of the water element, the most bloodthirsty predator is the bull shark. This name was given to a dangerous fish for a reason: swimming in fresh water, it approaches the shore and hunts bulls that have come to drink. For its large head and flattened snout, this shark is also called blunt-nosed. An unpleasant date with a sharp-toothed killer can occur in all the world's oceans (with the exception of the Arctic). In the United States of America, cases of bull sharks have been recorded in Lake Michigan and the rivers of New Jersey and Illinois.

 

44. Predatory owls on the hunt rely on the absolute noiselessness of their flight.

 

45. The smallest predatory mammal is an ordinary weasel, which weighs from 30 grams. This smart and agile animal belongs to the weasel family.

 

TIGER

 

46. ​​Some land predators have learned to imitate the sounds of the animals they hunt in order to attract prey. Tigers, for example, have been observed in similar behavior.

 

47. Predators are the most skilled hunters in the world and may be the most dangerous animals on earth. The crushing jaws of dogs and wolves, the lightning speed of cheetahs, the retractable claws of tigers, the massive paws of bears are the result of millions of years of evolution during which one rule has been well studied: one missed meal creates a fine line between life and death.

 

48. In addition to their large brains, predators also have exceptionally sharp eyesight, hearing and sense of smell, which makes them more dangerous when hunting.

 

49. Most predators, unlike herbivores, practically did not grind in the process of evolution.

 

50. Today, most of the most predatory animals are endangered and listed in the Red Book.

 

 

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25-interesting-facts-about-lions-that-you-probably-didnt-know

The lion has always acted as the personification of strength and living power, power, and royal posture. But we don't know everything about lions.

 

In addition to the fact that the lion, like all animals, perceives smells through the nose, it can catch and recognize them with the help of the so-called "Jacobson's tube" - located in the oral cavity, in the upper palate, right behind the front incisors. The cats are involved when they concentrate their attention on some exciting smell for themselves, drawing in air through their mouths, slightly raising their upper lip and nose - a smile of a predator.

 

 

The muzzle of a lion, like every human fingerprint, is unique. In nature, there are no two identical lions with very muzzles. At the same time, the claws of a lion grow up to 7 cm, and the teeth of an adult - 30.

 

If the animal is complete, then the living creatures that he hunts, which serve as his prey, can quite easily walk next to him - at this moment, they have nothing to fear for their lives since such animals will not attack just like that, for the sake of entertainment.

 

Many mistakenly believe that people are attacked only by an old or wounded animal that cannot entirely hunt antelopes or gazelles. But as statistics show, more young individuals in excellent physical shape become cannibals.

 

Do you know these interesting facts about lions?

 

 

1. the giant wild cats on the planet are tigers. Lions are the second largest. Adult females can weigh about 130 kg, males - about 180 kilograms.

 

2. Lions are often referred to as "kings of the jungle." But in fact, they do not live in the jungle. Their primary habitats are African grasslands and plains. 

 

3. Leos love to travel. But you will never meet them in the rainforests - this is the element of tigers and jaguars. 

 

4. Almost all wild lions live in Africa. Still, one small population exists around the Gir Forest National Park in Western India. 

 

5. There may be more subspecies of lions in the wild than you might think. People generally can only name Asiatic and African lions. However, there are about eight of their subspecies, in particular, the northern Congolese and Masai. 

 

 

6. Of all the large feline species, lions are the most social. They live in large groups called "pride." A pride usually consists of related females and their cubs and a male or a group of males. The size of pride can vary from 15 to 40 individuals. The more members in the pride, the stronger it is.

 

7. Lionesses raise cubs together. The female can feed both her own and other cubs with milk. 

 

8. The mane is the visiting card of the male lion. None of the representatives of the cat family has anything like this.

 

Why does the male need such a luxurious “hairstyle”? The mane is a kind of indicator of the strength and activity of the animal. The darker the fur, the more attractive the male is to the female. In addition, the mane protects the neck and head of the beast during fights.

 

9. Lions are excellent hunters. They run fast, reaching speeds of up to 80 km / h and jumping. This helps them catch fast-footed prey. They have a wonderful sense of smell, sensitive hearing, and good eyesight. The claws of the beast reach a length of 7 cm.

 

10. The kings of beasts are lazy. Most of the day, they sleep or relax. They can be up to 20 hours a day! 

 

 

11. Lions can hunt down and kill an animal weighing more than 500 kg. The most desirable prey for them is buffaloes. It's just hard to deal with them. Often in a fight, the winners are not the jungle kings. 

 

12. Without water, they can do up to four days, but they need to eat every day. A lion can eat up to 40 kg of meat in one sitting, about a quarter of its weight. Its tongue is covered with sharp papillae, which help the predator scrape the flesh from the bones. 

 

13. Lions hunt mainly at night. They see well in the dark, which gives them a massive advantage over prey. 

 

14. Females hunt much more often than males. At the same time, some lionesses play the role of the "center," others play the role of "wings" - the wings drive the prey to the center. 

 

15. males must protect their pride and territory. Even though males rarely help females in hunting, they eat first. 

 

 

16. Cubs are usually born with blue eyes. After about three months, the eyes change color to yellow-brown or amber. 

 

17. Lions rub their heads against each other, thus creating a familiar collective smell. This smell allows the animals of particular pride to know who is a member of their family and who is not if a skirmish arises between the satisfaction.

 

18. At the age of 3-4 years, males and females are ready to mate. The gestation period is about four months. There are from 1 to 6 cubs in the litter (usually 2-3). Childbirth takes place away from the family, after which the female hides the cubs for another six weeks. At birth, lion cubs weigh only about 1.5 kg. 

 

19. Females in the same pride tend to give birth around the same time, making it possible to raise several litter together.

 

20. Pride often roar "in chorus," declaring their territory, and even young lion cubs join the general cry. The roar of a lion can be heard at a distance of 8 km! 

 

21. Lions don't just roar. They make various sounds, including those that are common to domestic cats. They hiss when they are angry and even meow when they want to attract the attention of their relatives. 

 

 

22. Lions can successfully interbreed with other types of big cats. For example, a liger is known - as a hybrid of a lion and a tigress.

 

23. The white lion is a rare morph with a genetic disease (leucism) caused by a double recessive allele. In total, there are about 300 such individuals on the planet. These are not albinos. They have normal pigmentation of the eyes and skin.

 

24. Lions live for about 10-14 years in the wild. Their age is much longer in captivity, up to 20-25 years. 

 

25. Only 20,000 lions are believed to be left in their natural habitat, which is half of 30 years ago. If, for example, we compare the number of lions with the number of elephants, of which there are 415 thousand, it becomes clear that there are very few royal predators left. By now, they have disappeared from 90% of their historical range. Some scientists say that if current trends continue and people do not take proper conservation measures, wild lions could completely disappear from the face of the earth by 2050.

 

What are the misconceptions about lions?

 

There is no "Lion King."

Despite what the classic Disney movie would have you believe, the pride doesn't have Mufasa or Simba in charge of all other lions (or all other African animals, for that matter). Instead of a king or queen, lions live in an egalitarian society without ranking.

 

King of the Treeless Jungle

Lions gloriously acquired the title "King of the Jungle." However, the name is misleading as lions don't live in the jungle. Their habits include bushland, grasslands, savannas, and rocky hills. This is a simple case lost in translation.

 

The word jungle has its roots - it is the Hindi word "ring," which means forest or wasteland - the latter can easily be applied to the savannah. Another title of the lion - "King of Beasts" - will not be disputed here. Please discuss the matter with your nearest lion if you wish to deny it.

 

Albi-NO

White lions have been considered sacred throughout Africa, and there is a common misconception that they have albinism. While albino lions exist, white lions are a distinct subset of lions. White lions have a regressive mutation called leucism, which reduces melanin. This pigment controls the color of a lion's coat and eyes. Eye color is a way to tell white lions from albino lions. White lions have blue eyes, while albino lions are red or pink.

 

Mane means successful male.

The lion's mane is commonly seen to calculate a lion's sex appeal to potential mates—the more magnificent the fur, the more attractive the male. However, recent evidence refutes this as a universal rule. Deserted male lions in Tsavo can attract females and successfully defend a territory against other males.

 

Manes doesn't always mean men. Maned lionesses have been seen, especially in the Okavango Delta in Botswana. These lionesses engage in activities usually associated with male lions and are more likely to be sterile.

 

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50-amazing-facts-about-mouflons

The mouflon is a graceful mountain sheep that has existed on the planet since the third century BC. It is the forefather of the well-known domestic sheep. Depending on the habitat, there is an Asian and European mouflon. The first is common in the coastal Mediterranean.

 

Top facts about mouflons

 

The mouflon is especially revered in Cyprus. The image of a wild ram was used as the logo of the local airline. It is applied to national banknotes, coins, and postage stamps.

 

 

 

1. The smallest wild sheep currently preserved in Europe is the mouflon.

 

2. These representatives of the order of artiodactyls belong to the genus of the same name of mouflon, which includes 8 subspecies.

 

3. It is these rams that are the progenitors of an ordinary domestic sheep. The males are called "moufron", and the females - "mufr".

 

MALE AND FEMALE MOUFLONS

 

4. Mouflons live in Armenia, in particular in the Armenian Highlands, in northwestern Iran and northern Iraq, in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Turkey, Tajikistan, Pakistan and some other Asian countries.

 

5. In the past, they were found in the Crimea and the Balkans, from where they disappeared more than 3,000 years ago.

 

6. In the Neolithic era, mouflons penetrated Cyprus, Corsica, Sardinia and Rhodes, forming a specific subspecies there, called the Cypriot mouflon.

 

7. In the last century, the mouflon was introduced to North America, Eastern Europe (south of Ukraine).

 

FEMALE MOUFLONS

 

8. Today, depending on the geographical distribution, eight subspecies of the mouflon are distinguished, each of which is rare and is under the protection of the law.

 

9. All mouflons are divided into two types depending on the habitat: European mouflon and Asian mouflon or arcal.

 

10. European mouflons can only be found on the islands of Corsica and Sardinia, but recently the mouflon population has been artificially settled in the southern regions of Europe and Cyprus.

 

11. Quite recently, a small population of mouflons was brought to North and South America for future hunting.

 

EUROPEAN MOUFLONS

 

12. The difference between European and Asian mouflon is very noticeable. The European Mouflon has a fairly short, smooth-lying coat that is longer on the chest. In summer, the wool of rams has a reddish-brown color, on the back of darker shades, and in winter it is brown-chestnut.

 

13. The height at the withers is 83-93 centimeters, the length of the male can reach 130 centimeters, of which 10 centimeters is the tail. A distinctive feature of males is strongly developed thick trihedral horns, forming one curl, they can reach 85 centimeters in length, there are about 35 folds on the horns. The weight of males is up to 50 kilograms.

 

14. The coat color of the female is slightly lighter, the weight is not more than 28 kilograms, the horns are almost always absent, and if they are, they are very small.

 

ASIAN MOUFLON

 

15. The Asian mouflon is slightly larger than its European counterpart. The height at the withers in males can reach 110 centimeters, and the body length is 150 centimeters, and the weight is about 55-79 kilograms. The physique of these sheep is strong and slender. The horns, helically twisted for one turn, are curved first outward and upward, and then inward with the ends facing inward. The girth of the horns can be 30 centimeters, they have transverse wrinkles.

 

16. Females are much smaller, their weight is no more than 46 kilograms.

 

17. In summer, the short coat of Asian mouflons has a reddish-brown or reddish-yellow color. In winter, the coat becomes brown with barely noticeable red and brown tones. The coat on the belly is lighter, and there is a distinct black stripe along the spine, especially noticeable in adults.

 

Mouflon is a herbivore, herbs and cereals make up the bulk of its diet. It often feeds on agricultural fields, destroying crops. Mouflons feast on sedge, leek, feather grass, berries, mushrooms, lichen, moss.

 

19. Mouflons live in rather large herds of up to 100, and sometimes 200 individuals, mainly females and lambs. Males keep alone and only for the duration of the mating season join the herd.

 

 

20. The way of life of mouflons is completely subordinated to the search for food. They are able to travel considerable distances to find suitable pastures rich in lush green grass. Mouflons live in open spaces, but at the same time they try to stay close to forest plantations so that they have somewhere to hide in case of danger. They prefer gentle mountain slopes. In the mountains they are found at an altitude of up to 4,000 meters above sea level.

 

21. Mouflons adhere to a herbivore diet. If there is no fresh water, the mouflon can also use very salty water. Throughout the spring-summer period, mouflons are gaining weight intensively, but in autumn and winter, rams noticeably lose weight.

 

22. The mouflon reaches puberty at 24-36 months, however, young males begin to breed only by 4-5 years, only at this age they can compete with adults.

 

23. From October to December, the rut begins in animals, and in order to achieve the favor of the female, the males have to arrange real fights, only those who win get the right to mate. After the end of the rut, the males leave the herd and live alone.

 

24. Pregnancy of a mouflon female lasts five months and ends with the birth of one or less often several cubs, this usually happens in March-April.

 

MOUFLONS BABY

 

25. Newborn lambs develop quickly and after 1-2 hours after birth, they become on their feet and can even jump. At first, the mother feeds the newborns with her milk, and having matured a little, the lambs begin to eat the same food as adults. Matured lambs live in herds with their mother.

 

26. Mouflon is one of the oldest representatives of the animal world. The first mention of mouflons dates back to the 3rd millennium BC. - Their drawings were discovered in the Sahara desert.

 

27. Mouflon is a wild, freedom-loving animal, therefore it prefers to migrate rather than settle strictly in one area. Its main route is watering and pastures.

 

28. Mouflons are predominantly nocturnal, during the day they rest in forests or wide mountain gorges. Females with cubs live in a herd of up to a hundred individuals.

 

29. Males prefer loneliness, they can be found in the herd only during mating periods. These artiodactyls have a strict hierarchy. Young males up to three years old are not allowed to mate with mature individuals.

 

30. For their habitat, mouflons choose steep mountain slopes with rich vegetation, they can also live on gentle mountain slopes, in the foothills. In summer they rise higher.

 

 

31. Once on a rocky area, the mouflons do not feel very confident, if they find themselves on the edge of an abyss or in a rocky gorge, they become completely helpless.

 

32. The molting period for mouflons falls on the end of February and ends in April. From May to August they have summer fur, and in September winter begins to appear, which is fully formed only by December.

 

33. Mouflons in the wild have natural enemies - these are wolves, leopards, and foxes can hunt small lambs.

 

34. If the animal feels danger, it can move quickly in open areas, while making loud and sharp sound signals.

 

35. In Corsica and Sardinia, mouflons inhabit the elevated parts of the islands. However, even here they are not a typical mountain animal, but rather a mountain forest animal.

 

36. Under normal conditions, they do not climb mountains above 2000 meters, avoid very steep slopes and rocky places. But the presence of a forest is an indispensable condition for the existence of a European mouflon.

 

37. Mouflons spend summer in a strip of light chestnut and oak forests, as well as in pine forests and clearings of deciduous plantations, where animals find not only food, but also shade and protection in the daytime. Alpine lawns, located next to the forest, go out for grazing only at night.

 

38. According to the way of life, the mouflon is a nocturnal animal. He spends most of the day hidden in the forest. Only before sunset does it come out to the zhirovka, often located quite far from the places of daytime shelters.

 

 

39. Apparently, there are no permanent transition paths for mouflons. They graze all night, before sunrise they return to the forest. In winter, warm sunny valleys and slopes in the sun are chosen for rest and grazing, and in summer, during hot daytime hours, they look for coolness in the shade of shrubs and trees.

 

40. Mouflons are the only rams that do not shed their horns.

 

41. The relationship between the mouflon and man has been going on for more than one thousand years. The domestication of animals began about 10 thousand years ago, and all this time the hunt for wild mouflons did not stop. They were mined for tasty meat and beautiful skins, and horns are considered a valuable hunting trophy. However, it is difficult to get such a trophy - mouflons are very cautious animals, moreover, they live in hard-to-reach areas. Since the population of these animals is constantly declining, their habitats are taken under protection.

 

MOUFLONS IN CAPITVITY

 

42. Recently, attempts have been made to keep mouflons in captivity, for this purpose enclosures are used. These animals quickly adapt to such conditions, so their maintenance is not difficult. In captivity, they can live 12-17 years.

 

43. Over the past 24 years (three generations), the global mouflon population has declined by 30%. The main reasons for this sad trend were poaching, hybridization and general environmental pollution.

 

44. There are also natural dangers for this species. The main natural enemies of mouflons are leopards and wolves. Cubs can also become prey for smaller predators: foxes or martens. Therefore, back in 1996, the species was included in the International Red Book and given the VU conservation status.

 

45. In 2001, the mouflon was cloned, the born lamb lived for 7 months.

 

MOUNTAIN MERINO

 

46. ​​Using mouflons, a new breed of sheep was bred - mountain merinos, which can graze in the mountains all year round.

 

47. By the wrinkles on the horns of males, one can determine their age.

 

48. To improve the quality of domestic sheep, it is mouflons that are used for crossing and further breeding.

 

49. Mouflons are especially revered in Cyprus, where he is a symbol of the nature of the island, their numbers are controlled by the state.

 

50. Mouflons are depicted on the stamps and coins of Cyprus and Kazakhstan.

 

 

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