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Famous women in history and their incredible contribution

7 months ago
famous-women-in-history-and-their-incredible-contribution

They have amazing fortitude, are not afraid to take risks, and are ahead of their time. They delight, fascinate, and turn consciousness and history as a whole. And if suddenly you lack inspiration right now, let their stories become a source of that same charge of energy with which you can achieve no less success.

 

Who are the most famous women in history?

 

In our world, men generally accept that men made all great discoveries. They also invented everything, created innovative technologies, and naturally drove progress. But it's not in our selection of only 30 women who have changed the world. There are, of course, many more of them.

 

Katharine Hepburn

 

American actress Katharine Hepburn (Katharine Houghton Hepburn) was born in Hartford, Connecticut, on May 12, 1907. The Hepburns were an unusual family for their time and surroundings. The father of the future Hollywood star, Thomas Norval, was a well-known urologist in the city, and his mother, Catherine Martha Haughton, whom everyone called 'Keith,' went down in history as a leader of the feminist and suffragist movement; she was orphaned early, managed to get a higher education against the will of her guardian, picketed the White House with calls to improve working conditions for women and allow birth control. 

 

Famous people of that time - the writer Sinclair Lewis, the leader of the suffragist movement Margaret Sanger and others - were frequent guests in the Hepburns' house. Topics that were not customary to talk about then were freely discussed in the living room. The famous actress had five brothers and sisters, who were raised in an atmosphere of free thinking and personal responsibility for their actions, taught to swim in icy water and not be afraid of any work. Katherine Haughton was named after her mother; she was the second child after her brother Tom, whom she loved so much that after his death, she began to consider the date of his birth (November 8) as her own.

 

Marie Curie

 

Maria Curie-Sklodowska was born on November 7, 1867, in Warsaw in the family of a physics teacher. Maria graduated from secondary school in Warsaw with a gold medal, after which she worked as a tutor and governess for eight years. In the laboratory at the Museum of Industry and Agriculture in Warsaw, she passed the preparatory stage in research in chemistry and physics. In 1891-95. studied at the Faculty of Natural Sciences of the Paris Sorbonne University and graduated with a bachelor's degree in physical and mathematical sciences. In the house of Professor Kowalski, she met Pierre Curie, whom she married in 1895 and took French citizenship. The first publication of Curie-Sklodowska was published in 1898 and drew the attention of scientists to Becquerel rays.

 

Edith Clarke

 

Edith Clarke was the first woman to earn an electrical engineering degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She became the first female electrical engineering professor at the University of Texas at Austin. Edith was born into a prosperous family in Maryland in the late 19th century and had no idea that she would become a woman who would build a career as a scientist. Like most girls, she dreamed of being a good wife, mother, and gracious hostess. Later, Edith Clark did not let public expectations hinder her professional aspirations and became one of the most famous engineers of her era.

 

After studying mathematics and astronomy at Vassar College, Clark began her career as a teacher. While working in this position, she realized her genuine interest in technology, even though women in the early 20th century rarely dared to think about something like that. Edith briefly studied civil engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison but did not graduate and went on to earn a degree in electrical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, becoming the first woman to do so.

 

As a woman, she could not find a job as an engineer but worked hard at it and eventually became an electrical engineer at the Central Station of General Electric's technical department and achieved great success with this company. Later she entered the electrical engineering department of the University of Texas at Austin.

 

Elizabeth Warren

 

In mid-March 2019, US Senator and Democratic presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren proposed splitting technology companies such as Apple, Facebook, Amazon, and Google. The senator's campaign received support from social networks.

 

Warren proposes to introduce a new category of companies - "platforms." These are virtual store companies with more than $25 billion in sales. Warren believes that Apple, Facebook, Amazon, and Google need to be broken up by forcing them to split or sell parts of their businesses and forbidding them from using their platforms to promote their products.

 

According to the senator, Google should give up ranking priority when searching for its services. Amazon should stop selling products from the Amazon Basics line and spin off Whole Foods into a separate business, and Facebook should sell Instagram and WhatsApp.

 

Warren is concerned about the power over information and, ultimately, the power over the economy that the tech giants have acquired. In her opinion, such companies suppress the development of small IT businesses and innovative technologies. Without platform separation, a new generation of IT leaders in the United States may never appear.

 

Facebook has already shown a prime example of its power: the platform removed Warren's presidential campaign ads. After rising indignation, advertising was returned. Subsequently, a Facebook spokesperson said that the company removed only four of Warren's advertisements due to Facebook's logo rules violations.

 

Either way, with the 2020 presidential election approaching, the internet giants will likely come under increasing criticism from senators. Facebook, in particular, is facing growing scrutiny from lawmakers over a range of issues, including its market share, the spread of misinformation on the platform, and the resale of user data.

 

Hillary Clinton

 

Hillary has a law degree. From 1965-to 1969, she attended Wellesley Women's Private College in Massachusetts, where she majored in political science and received a bachelor's degree. In 1973 she graduated from Yale University with a doctorate in law - where she met her future husband. In 1973 she worked as a legal adviser for the Children's Defense Fund in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and in 1974 - in the office of the Judiciary Committee of the US House of Representatives in Washington.

 

As First Lady of Arkansas, Hillary was active in public life, focusing on children, health, and education.

 

In 1980, she gave birth to a daughter, Chelsea, but the birth of a child did not make her give up her career as a lawyer. By the 1980s, she had established herself as one of the best lawyers in the United States - in 1988 and 1991. The National Law Journal named Clinton among the 100 most influential lawyers in the country.

 

After becoming the first lady of the United States after the election of Bill Clinton as president in the 1992 elections, at her husband's request, she headed the operational committee for the development of health care reform. Hillary went on to turn her attention to protecting the interests of children and women. Her weekly comments entitled "Let's talk" on the White House website were devoted to this issue.

 

After leaving the administration, Clinton began writing her memoirs and giving paid lectures. According to the press, her average fee for one public performance is about $200,000. Forbes magazine estimates Hillary's fortune at $45 million.

 

She is also the author of several books, among them "The whole world and other lessons that children ask us" (1996), "Invitation to the White House" (1999), and memoirs "Living History" (2003). The last book - "A Hard Choice" - was published in 2014.

 

Eleanor Roosevelt

 

First Lady of the United States, public figure, wife of 32 US President Franklin Roosevelt, niece of Theodore Roosevelt. Eleanor Roosevelt is also known as a publicist, writer and human rights activist, took part in the creation of the UN and belonged to the first wave of feminists. She died November 7, 1962.

 

In 1928, Franklin was elected Governor of New York, and in 1933 he became President of the United States. Eleanor Roosevelt's worries increased: she visited schools, hospitals and prisons, traveled around the country, met with voters. She defended the rights of black citizens of the United States, advocated the preservation of prohibition. During her absence from the capital, the duties of the First Lady were performed by her daughter Anne.

 

After the death of Franklin Roosevelt in 1945, Eleanor did not leave public life. She published a lot, dealt with the problems of youth and ethnic minorities. Eleanor Roosevelt became chairman of the Human Rights Committee and traveled to many countries, was part of the US delegation to the UN. President Kennedy appointed her to the Peace Corps and chair of the Women's Rights Commission, and later to the POW Commission.

 

Emmeline Pankhurst

Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst was ready to literally do anything to defend the rights of women: she collected thousands of protests, participated in pogroms, went on a hunger strike in prison. The suffragettes faced violence and were arrested en masse, but in the end, under the leadership of Pankhurst, they won the right for women to vote.

 

In August 1914, Great Britain entered the First World War. Pankhurst called on members of the Women's Social and Political Union to temporarily suspend actions and rallies in order to help the motherland in wartime. Emmeline asked women to go to work in factories instead of men who went to the front. Between 1914 and 1918, about 2 million women took on jobs that men who had gone to war were temporarily unable to do. If at the beginning of the war only 24% of British women were employed, by the end of hostilities their share had grown to 37%.

 

Pankhurst opened an orphanage during the war and, at age 57, took care of four orphans herself. At the same time, Emmeline had no property for a long time: she sold her house back in 1907, and all her things were placed in a small suitcase. All of Pankhurst's money went to helping others and activism. She herself lived with friends and supporters of the suffragist movement. When Pankhurst was asked how, in such a difficult financial situation, she decided to take care of the orphans, the activist replied: “You’d better ask why I didn’t take forty children.”

 

Women's contribution to the economy during the First World War, as well as their dedication, convinced the government that suffrage should not be exclusively a male privilege. In 1918, the Representation of the People Act was passed. Women were allowed to vote provided they were over 30 years of age, were not restricted in their rights and occupied "land or premises in the district for business purposes generating at least £5 of income". In 1928, these restrictions were also lifted. English women were equal in voting rights with men. It was an absolute victory for the suffragettes. Emmeline Pankhurst died shortly thereafter on June 14, 1928.

 

Today, several monuments have been erected in her honor, including in Manchester and London. Time magazine included her in the list of 100 most prominent figures of the 20th century, noting that Pankhurst "created the image of a woman of our time, transferring society to a new dimension from which it is no longer possible to return to the past."

 

Ada Lovelace

 

From the beginning of 1841, Lovelace began to study Babbage's machines in earnest. In one of the letters to Babbage, Ada writes: “You must tell me the basic information regarding your car. I have good reason for wanting it." In a letter dated January 12, 1841, she outlines her plans: "...Some time in the future (maybe within 3 or 4, and possibly even many years) my head can serve you for your goals and plans ... Precisely I want to have a serious talk with you on this matter." This proposal was gratefully accepted by Babbage. Since that time, their cooperation has not been interrupted and has given brilliant results.

 

Since 1844, Ada Lovelace has become more and more interested in playing at the races, especially since she herself rode beautifully and loved horses. Both Babbage and William Lovelace played at the races, and Babbage, who was interested in applied problems of probability theory, considered the game at the races from these positions and was looking for the optimal game system. However, both Babbage and Ada's husband withdrew from the game relatively soon. But Ada, reckless and stubborn, continued to play. Moreover, Lady Hell became close to a certain John Cross, who blackmailed her. She used up almost all of her funds and by 1848 had become heavily indebted.

 

Then her mother had to pay off these debts, and at the same time buy incriminating letters from John Cross. In the early 50s, the first signs of the disease that claimed the life of Ada Lovelace appeared. In November 1850, he writes to Babbage: "My health ... is so bad that I want to accept your offer and appear on arrival in London to your medical friends." Despite the measures taken, the disease progressed and was accompanied by severe suffering. On November 27, 1852, Ada Lovelace died at the age of 37. Together with her outstanding intellect, her father passed on to her this terrible heredity - an early death - the poet died at the same age ... She was buried next to her father in the Byron family crypt.

 

Successes were given to her with great effort and not without damage to health. Augusta Ada Lovelace accomplished little in her short life. But the little that came out of her pen inscribed her name in the history of computational mathematics and computer technology as the first programmer. In memory of Ada Lovelace, the ADA language, developed in 1980, is one of the universal programming languages. This language was widely used in the United States, and the US Department of Defense even approved the name "Ada" as the name of a single programming language for the American armed forces, and later for the entire NATO.

 

Also in honor of Ada Lovelace, two small cities are also named in America - in the states of Alabama and Oklahoma. There is also a college named after her in Oklahoma.

 

Jane Austen

 

English writer, satirist, forerunner of realism in British literature. Her books are recognized as masterpieces in all countries of the world and are required to be studied in schools and institutes. Jane Austen is known as the "First Lady" of English literature.

 

Jane Austen was born at the end of the 18th century in Steventon, Hampshire. Father George was a priest from an old family. The Austin family was large: six boys and two girls (Cassandra and Jane).

 

Little is known about the writer Jane Austen. Many of her contemporaries even disagree about her appearance. Someone calls her "prim, capricious and unnatural", someone - "attractive, thin, graceful." All that remained of Jane was a portrait painted by her sister Cassandra.

 

In 1783 Jane studied at Oxford, Southampton and Reading with her sister. They were not lucky with their education. Somewhere met the tyrannical nature of the headmistress, but somewhere too soft. Jane's father took the girls home and began to educate them himself. Jane Austen grew up on the works of Shakespeare, Fielding, Stern, Thompson.

 

At the age of 14, Jane Austen wrote her first parody of the boring 18th century odes Love and Friendship. The little girl had the courage to write a parody pamphlet on the work of the English historian Goldsmith "History of England".

 

Jane Austen spent her whole life in her native estate, but kept an active correspondence with her brothers and their wives, who saw the events of the French Revolution, the war with Napoleon, the Indian War of Independence.

 

According to some testimonies, Jane Austen suffered from cancer and metastasis all her life. She died in Winchester in 1817, where she went to treat Addison's disease. She never finished her last novel, Sanditon.

 

Mother Teresa

 

Mother Teresa (worldly name - Agnes Gonje Boyadzhiu) was born on August 26, 1910 in the city of Uskyub of the Ottoman Empire (now the city of Skopje - the capital of the Republic of Macedonia) in a family of Catholic Albanians. She later called her real birthday August 27, when she was baptized.

 

According to Mother Teresa, from early childhood she wanted to devote herself to serving the church. This desire was strengthened at the age of 12 when she met missionaries from India. From that time on, she dreamed of living in India and caring for the poor there. After graduating from high school, in 1928 she left to study English in Ireland and became a novice in the Irish Sisters of Loreto Catholic monastic order.

 

The girl's parents were wealthy people: her father Nikola, a native of Armenia, owned a large construction company and sold medicines, and her mother, an Albanian Dranafile, devoted herself to prayers and worship. The family strictly followed Catholic traditions. Dranafile often visited the sick and needy with her children and invited the poor to her home for dinners. “My child, never eat a single bite until you share it with others,” she said to Agnese. When she asked who the unknown guests were, the mother replied: "Some of them are our relatives, but they are all our people."

 

It was believed that Mother Teresa helped the sick and the poor, alleviated their suffering by providing them with shelter, treatment and food. However, the nun had a special view of death and torment: she said that they should be glorified, not healed. She compared suffering with the noble torments of Christ and was opposed to painkillers: “There is something beautiful in the way the poor take their share, how they suffer, like Jesus on the cross. The world gains a lot from suffering. Anguish means that Jesus is kissing you."

 

Mother Teresa's main departments were the homes for the dying, where doomed people were to spend their last days. Writer Mary Loudon, a former volunteer, recalled: “The first impression of the footage was ... as if I had a photo from Bergen-Belsen [Nazi concentration camp. — Approx. ed.], because all the patients were shaved bald. There were no chairs, only cots, similar to those from the First World War. There was no garden, no yard, nothing at all. And I thought, “What is this? These are two rooms. One has 50 to 60 men, the other has the same number of women. Everyone is dying. They received virtually no medical care. They did not receive any painkillers other than aspirin.”

 

 

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tammina
@Tammina
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7 months ago
Best women ever
they-did-it-56-women-whose-achievements-are-known-around-the-world

Being the first is always an honor and a pleasure. And it doesn’t matter what you excelled in - in sports, politics, politics, politics, or even politics, or even in space. The main thing is that no one has done this before you, and your name will always be associated with some incredible achievement.

 

Women who proved that not only men could be the first

 

However, to understand the full scale of these achievements, Bemorepanda suggests taking representatives of the beautiful half of humanity as an example. For clarity. And you never know who can, you say. However, let's move from words to deeds and see what the heroines of our selection did, which no one had done before them.

 

1. Harriet Tubman became the first woman to lead a US military operation.

Although Tubman was best known for her work in helping enslaved people escape on the Underground Railroad, she was also the first woman to lead an armed expedition. During the Civil War, she led a raid on the Combahee River that freed over 700 enslaved people in South Carolina.

 

There was talk of replacing Andrew Jackson with her image on the $20 bill.

 

2. Marie Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize and the only woman to win it twice.

The Polish scientist Marie Curie received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903 for her research on spontaneous radiation. Eight years later, in 1911, she received the Chemistry Prize for her work on radioactivity. In 1929, President Hoover gave her a $50,000 gift from the American Friends of Science to help her research radium.

 

3. Edith Wharton became the first woman to win a Pulitzer Prize.

She won a Pulitzer Prize for her 1921 novel The Age of Innocence, which deals with the choice between love and duty in Golden Age New York.

 

Wharton was born when women were only required to get married and have children, making her accomplishments all the more impressive.

 

4. Madame CJ Walker is considered America's first self-made millionaire woman.

After suffering from scalp and hair loss problems, Madame CJ Walker, the daughter of slaves, created her line of hair care products for black women. In 1905, she began selling Madame C.J. Walker's excellent hair growth product.

 

While Walker is widely considered the first female self-made millionaire to achieve financial success, Annie Turnbo Malone, Walker's former employer, is less known for achieving relative financial success.

 

Malone created hair products for black women and founded PoroCollege, a cosmetology school, to provide the necessary knowledge. According to Vox, she is considered "a pioneer in the African American cosmetics business."

 

Walker was a former client turned employee and then rival of Malone. After losing her hair, Walker turned to Malone for help and began working for her as a hair care agent before creating her line of products for African Americans.

 

Walker was similar to the original Mary Kay; she had agents who went door to door selling her beauty products. These women received solid wages ranging from $5 to $15 a day, which is $128 to $384 daily in today's dollars.

 

In 2020, Walker's story became the subject of the Netflix series DIY, starring Octavia Spencer.

 

5. Gertrude Ederle was the first woman to swim across the English Channel.

In 1926, Ederle became the first woman to swim across the English Channel. A native of New York, she began swimming at an early age and competed in the 1924 Olympics.

 

To protect herself from the extreme cold and possible jellyfish stings in the English Channel, she coated her body with lanolin, a type of fat obtained from sheep. The entire swim took her 14 hours and 31 minutes, which was faster than some male swimmers who completed the journey.

 

6. In 1928, Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly an airplane across the Atlantic Ocean and the first person to fly across both the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans.

Before mysteriously disappearing while trying to circumnavigate the globe from the equator in 1937, Earhart received numerous awards. She was not only the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean and the first person to fly over the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans but also the 16th woman in history to earn a pilot's license.

 

7. Hattie Caraway became the first woman elected to the US Senate.

Hattie Caraway's husband, Thaddeus Horatio Caraway, was a prominent politician at the time, and Caraway worked extensively behind the scenes on her campaigns. In the 1920s, Thaddeus Caraway served four terms in the House of Representatives and two in the Senate, representing Arkansas. After his death, Hattie was elected to his Senate seat in 1931. Caraway then won the 1932 election with 92% of the vote.

 

Caraway served 14 years in the Senate and supported President Franklin Roosevelt and his New Deal reforms.

 

8. In 1939, Hattie McDaniel became the first African-American woman to win an Oscar.

In 1939, Hattie McDaniel won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as Mammy in the film version of Gone with the Wind.

 

9. Frida Kahlo was the first Mexican artist whose work was purchased by a world-famous museum.

Frida Kahlo became the first Mexican artist to be exhibited at the Louvre after a self-portrait of her called "Rama" was purchased by a French museum in 1939.

 

10. Marsdenia Lyle Stone, also known as Toni Stone, was the first woman to play in major league baseball.

Stone-broke through double discrimination by becoming not only the first woman to play professional baseball but also the first black woman to break such a barrier. In 1953, she played for the Indianapolis Clowns of the Negro League.

 

Stone-faced ridicule from her teammates, saying things like, "Go home and make your husband some cookies," but she didn't let that stop her. In 1953, she hit a serve from legendary fastball player Satchel Page.

 

11. Judy Garland was the first woman to win Album of the Year at the Grammy Awards.

At the fourth Grammy Awards in 1961, Judy Garland made history as the first woman to win in one of the Big Four categories. She won Album of the Year for Judy at Carnegie Hall.

 

Nearly 30 years later, in 1990, her daughter Liza Minnelli became the first woman to win the legendary Grammy Award.

 

12. In 1962, Rita Moreno became the first Hispanic woman to win an Oscar.

Rita Moreno won an Oscar in 1962 for her role as Anita in the Broadway musical West Side Story film adaptation. She became the first Latin American to win an Oscar.

 

However, after winning the Oscar, she said she still faced discrimination in Hollywood. However, after winning the Oscar, she said she still faced discrimination in Hollywood, telling the Miami Herald in 2008, "Before West Side Story, I was constantly being offered stereotypical Latina roles. Conchita and Lolitas in Westerns. I have always been barefoot. It was humiliating, and embarrassing. But I did it because there was nothing else to do. After West Side Story, it was pretty much the same. Lots of gang stories.

 

Moreno is also among the few (and only Hispanic) EGOT winners, as she has an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar, and a Tony.

 

13. Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to travel into space

Valentina Tereshkova from Russia became the first and youngest woman to fly into space aboard the Vostok-6 spacecraft. The launch was made on June 16, 1963. Before this, Tereshkova was an assembly worker at a textile factory and an amateur skydiver.

 

14. Kathryn Schwitzer was the first woman to run the Boston Marathon despite officials trying to force her to leave the race.

In 1967, 20-year-old Katherine Schwitzer became the first woman to run the Boston Marathon, even though women weren't allowed to compete at the time. As she ran, a race official ran up to her and tried to force her out of the race, as captured in an iconic photo released by The Boston Globe.

 

Attitude towards women's sports and for the inclusion of the women's marathon in the program of the Olympic Games.

 

“It changed everything,” she told NBC News in 2017. “It has changed my life and the lives of millions of women.”

 

15. Patsy Mink became the first woman of color to be elected to Congress.

An ardent advocate of gender equality, she wrote Title IX of the bills, the Early Childhood Education Act, and the Women's Education Equality Act. She did not want future women to suffer the same gender discrimination that she did.

 

Her work writing Title IX was instrumental in changing women's education, giving them equal opportunities with men.

 

In 1972, she also became the first Asian American woman to run for president.

 

16. Katherine Graham was the first female Fortune 500 CEO and the first woman to become the publisher of a major American newspaper.

The Washington Post was founded by Graham's father, Eugene Meyer. After his death, her husband Philip Graham became president, but after a long struggle with mental problems, he committed suicide in 1963.

 

After the tragedy, Graham became president of The Washington Post and turned the paper into the powerful news outlet it is today. She was a vital supporter of The Post's 1972-1974 investigation into the Watergate scandal.

 

In 1972, Graham took over as CEO of The Post, making her the first woman to become CEO of a Fortune 500 company.

 

17. Juanita M. Kreps was the first woman to serve as Secretary of Commerce

Juanita Kreps was also the first woman to serve on the New York Stock Exchange board of directors. She served as Secretary of Commerce under President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1979.

 

According to The New York Times, while serving under President Carter, she was "an advocate for women and older workers, the unemployed, minority-owned businesses, and the development of depressed urban areas."

 

18. Susan B. Anthony was the first woman in America to be featured on a coin.

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony fought for women's right to vote and other women's freedoms for most of her life. In 1888, Anthony helped combine the two most significant suffrage associations, which became known as the National Women's Suffrage Association. She led the group until 1900 and died in 1906, 14 years before women were granted the right to vote.

 

In 1979, it was announced that a portrait of Susan B. Anthony would be issued on U.S. dollar coins.

 

19. Mary E. Clark was the first woman to be promoted to Major General in the United States Army.

Clarke joined the Women's Army Corps during World War II and rose from private to major general. She became the first woman to be promoted to major general.

 

Clark served in the army for 36 years. She was the last director of the Women's Army Corps, which was dissolved at the end of her tenure.

 

Later in her career, she became the first woman to hold a significant Army post at the US Army Military Police Training Center and Schools of Chemistry at Fort McClellan, Alabama.

 

20. Patricia R. Harris was the first woman to serve as Secretary of Health and Human Services.

Harris served under President Jimmy Carter and was also the first black woman to do in the presidential office.

 

She received her law degree from George Washington University and was later admitted to the D.C. bar, where she appeared before the U.S. Supreme Court.

 

President John F. Kennedy appointed her as co-chair of the National Women's Committee for Civil Rights, which helped lay the foundation for her career in politics. Later, in 1980, she became Secretary of Health and Human Services.

 

21. Sandra Day O'Connor was the first woman on the US Supreme Court.

As the first female justice on the US Supreme Court, O'Connor helped make many landmark decisions for women.

 

Appointed in 1981 by President Reagan, by 1982, she published an opinion against enrolling only women in Mississippi nursing school, stating that it "tends to perpetuate the stereotypical view of nursing as an exclusively female job."

 

She continued to help pass bills to soften abortion laws and provide harsher sexual harassment and assault consequences.

 

22. Sally Ride was the first American woman in space

Ride became the first American woman to go into space in 1983 aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger. She beat out 1,000 other highly qualified candidates for a place in NASA's space program.

 

Prior to spaceflight, Ryde was asked questions such as what kind of makeup she would wear and how space might affect her ability to conceive, to which she replied, "It's a shame it's such a big deal. It's a shame our society hasn't progressed further."

 

23. Vanessa Williams became the first black winner of the Miss America pageant in 1984.

On September 17, 1983, Vanessa Williams became the first black woman to win the Miss America crown. During the first 30 years of the Miss America pageant, black women were not even allowed to enter the pageant.

 

Less than a year after receiving the title, nude photos of Williams surfaced and were published by the Penthouse without her consent. She was forced to give up her title, but she still managed to have a very successful career in music, film and stage.

 

24. Barbra Streisand became the first woman to win a Golden Globe for Best Director.

Streisand was awarded Best Director at the 41st Annual Golden Globe Awards in 1984 for Yentl. She also won the Best Picture award.

 

In 2018, Streisand publicly announced the Golden Globes, presenting the Best Director award after no woman was nominated for Best Director that year.

 

“Behind the scenes, I heard them say that I was the only woman… to win Best Director, and you know, that was in 1984. It was 34 years ago. Guys, it's time! - she said. “We need more female directors and more women nominated for Best Director. There are so many films that are so well made by women."

 

In 2021, Chloe Zhao became the second woman — and the first Asian woman — to win the Best Director award for Nomadland.

 

25. Joan Benoit won the first women's Olympic marathon

Joan Benoit won the gold medal in the first ever Olympic Women's Marathon at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California. Benoit won the Chicago Marathon in 1985 and until 2017 held the record for the fastest time among American women. In 2000, Benoist was inducted into the Maine Women's Hall of Fame.

 

26. Helen Hayes was the first woman to receive an EGOT award

Helen Hayes' career spanned over 80 years until her death in 1993. She is one of only 16 people to win Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony awards and is the first woman to receive this prestigious award.

 

In 1953, she received an Emmy Award for her role in Schlitz Star Theater. In 1977, she received a Grammy Award for Best Voice Acting for Great American Documents. Hayes won two Academy Awards, one for Best Actress in The Sin of Madelon Claudet and one for Best Supporting Actress in Airport. Finally, she received the Tony Award for outstanding performance in the theater.

 

27. Aretha Franklin was the first woman to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Nicknamed the "Queen of Soul", Franklin had hits like "Respect", "Freeway of Love" and "I Say a Little Prayer". In 1987, she became the first woman to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

 

In 2008, she won her 18th Grammy Award, making her one of the most decorated music artists in history.

 

28. Toni Morrison became the first black woman to win a Nobel Prize.

Toni Morrison received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993. In her acceptance speech, she said, "My job requires me to think about how free I can be as an African-American writer in my gendered, sexualized, all-racial world."

 

Her first book, The Bluest Eyes, was released in 1970 and tells the story of a young black girl who adheres to white beauty standards and dreams of blue eyes.

 

Morrison also won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1988 for her novel Beloved. In 2012, President Obama awarded her the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 

29. In 1997, Madeleine Albright, the first female US Secretary of State, was sworn in under President Bill Clinton.

Madeleine Albright, born in the Czech Republic, served as US Ambassador to the UN from 1993 to 1997 and became the first female US Secretary of State in 1997.

 

Albright's nomination, nominated by President Bill Clinton, was unanimously approved by the US Senate. Albright held this post until 2001.

 

30. Julie Taymor became the first woman to win a Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical.

In 1998, Julie Taymor became the first woman to win the Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical for Broadway's production of The Lion King. Her incredible life-size dolls on the show also helped win her a Tony Award for costume design.

 

31. Oprah Winfrey was the first black female billionaire.

Oprah became the first black female billionaire in 2003.

 

She is best known for her award-winning talk show The Oprah Winfrey Show which aired from 1986 to 2011. By the end of the show's first year on television, it had grossed $125 million, of which $30 million went to Winfrey.

 

32. Danica Patrick was the first woman to lead the Indy 500 and the first to take pole position at the Daytona 500.

Patrick dropped out of school to pursue a racing career. She traveled to England to train and compete at the Formula Ford Festival where she placed second, the highest ever female or American finish at the event.

 

In 2005, she became the fourth woman to compete in the Indy 500. She finished fourth, the highest ever for a female rider.

 

In 2013, during her first full season at the Nascar Sprint Cup circuit, she won the Daytona 500 time trial and became the first woman to do so.

 

33. Halle Berry became the first African American to win an Academy Award for Best Actress.

In 2001, Halle Berry became the first African-American woman to win an Academy Award for Best Actress for Monster's Ball.

 

In her acceptance speech, Berry said, “This is for the women who stand by my side, Jada Pinkett, Angela Bassett, Vivica Fox. And that's for every nameless, faceless woman of color that's got a chance now, because that door was open tonight. Thank you. It's a great honor for me."

 

In the wake of the #OscarsSoWhite movement in 2017, Berry told Teen Vogue's Elaine Welteroth that her win is now meaningless for her, as Hollywood has yet to give women of color the honors and opportunities they deserve.

 

“That moment really meant nothing,” Berry said. “It didn't mean anything. I thought it meant something, but I don't think it meant anything."

 

34. Wangari Maathai became the first African woman to receive a Nobel Prize.

Wangari Maathai was a Kenyan activist known as the founder of the Green Belt movement. She was a supporter of environmental protection, as well as women's rights, and repeatedly spoke at the UN. In 2004, Maathai was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

 

35. In 2008, Sarah Palin, then Governor of Alaska, became the first female Republican Vice Presidential nominee.

 

On August 29, 2008, Republican presidential candidate John McCain announced Palin as his running mate, and both were chosen to run against President Barack Obama and Joe Biden.

 

Prior to being elected as McCain's running mate, Palin served as the ninth governor of Alaska from 2006 until her resignation in 2009.

 

36. Kathryn Bigelow became the first woman to win an Oscar for Best Director

Kathryn Bigelow is the first and only woman to win an Oscar for Best Director. She was awarded it in 2010 for the film The Hurt Locker. The film won five more awards, including Best Picture and Best Original Screenplay.

 

At the time, Bigelow was the fourth woman to be nominated for Best Director. Since 2010, only one female director, Greta Gerwig, has been nominated for this award.

 

37. Lauryn Williams was the first American woman to win medals at both the Summer and Winter Olympics.

Lauryn Williams is an American sprinter and bobsledder. At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, she won gold in the 100 meters. At the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics, she won gold in the women's bobsleigh event.

 

She now owns financial planning firm Worth Winning in Houston, Texas.

 

38. Tammy Duckworth is the first woman with a disability to be elected to the House of Representatives and the Senate

Tammy Duckworth became the first woman with a disability to be elected to Congress in 2012. She is a veteran of the Iraq War and lost her legs when her helicopter was shot down. She told the Washington Post: “I was hurt while serving my country. I was proud that I went. It was my soldier's duty. And I would go tomorrow.”

 

In 2016, she was elected to the Senate, where she became the first disabled woman senator. Then, in 2018, she became the first female senator to give birth while in office.

 

39. Hillary Clinton became the first woman to win a presidential primary.

In 2016, Hillary Clinton became the first American to win the presidential primary. Prior to her presidential run, she was the first "First Lady" and the first woman from New York to win a seat in the Senate in 2001.

 

Although she planned to run for president in 2008, she lost the nomination to President Obama. At the same time, she delivered a speech: “Although this time we could not break this highest and most durable glass ceiling, thanks to you there are 18 million cracks in it.”

 

40. Vera Podorlik became the first Native American to win the right to vote in a presidential election.

Vera Podorlik became the first Native American and the first Native American woman to win the right to vote in the 2016 presidential election. In fact, the vote passed without her knowledge, since she did not even run for president. Washington State Democratic voter Robert Satyakum voted for her during a protest against Hillary Clinton.

 

Podorlik was one of the greatest activists against the Keystone pipeline project and herself experienced the destruction of her native land by the US government as a child. She told the Los Angeles Times in 2016, "My dad looked at me and said, 'You know, my girl... someday you're going to have to do something about all this.'

 

41. In 2018, Chef Dominique Krenn became the first woman in the United States to receive Michelin's highest three-star award.

According to Pointe magazine, Kurlow began taking ballet lessons when she was only 2 but quit when she was 9 and her family converted to Islam. Kurlow was reportedly unable to find ballet studios that catered for Muslim ballet dancers in regards to uniforms.

 

After seeing her daughter struggle with it, Kurlow's mother opened a ballet academy and she has been dancing ever since.

 

44. Nancy Pelosi is the first woman to serve as Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the first person in over 60 years to serve as Speaker non-consecutively.

Nancy Pelosi entered politics in 1987 after winning a special election in California's eighth congressional district, which includes San Francisco. In 2002, Pelosi was elected leader of the Democratic Party in the House of Representatives.

 

In 2010, the Democrats lost the House of Representatives, and Pelosi became the minority leader again. In January 2019, Democrats regained control of the House of Representatives and Pelosi was reinstated as speaker, making her the first non-consecutive speaker in over 60 years.

 

45. Billie Eilish is the first woman to win the Big Four at the Grammy Awards: Album, Record of the Year, Song of the Year and Best New Artist

After the resounding success of her first studio album When We All Fall Asleep, Where Do We Go? Billie Eilish was equally successful at the 2020 Grammy Awards. She won the competition and ended up winning the Big Four awards for Album, Record of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist.

 

She is the first woman to do so and the second person in history to receive all four awards after Christopher Cross in 1981. Eilish, then 18, also broke Taylor Swift's record as the youngest Album of the Year winner.

 

46. ​​In 2021, Kamala Harris became the first female Vice President of the United States.

Kamala Harris made history in August 2020 as the first black South Asian woman to accept the vice presidential nomination alongside Joe Biden. She was sworn in as Vice President on January 20, 2021.

 

After being confirmed as Vice President-Elect on November 7, Kamala Harris addressed the nation from Wilmington, Delaware, saying, "While I may be the first woman in office, I won't be the last, because every little girl sees that this is the land of opportunity.”

 

47. Amanda Gorman also made history on her inauguration day as the youngest known inaugural poet.

Gorman was only 22 years old when she made an impression throughout the country with her poem "The Hill We Climb."

 

President Joe Biden became the fourth president-elect to have poetry read at his inauguration.

 

48. Avril Haynes is the first woman to serve as director of national intelligence.

Haynes was appointed director of national intelligence by President Biden and was confirmed by the Senate on her inauguration day in 2021. She was also the first person elected to the Biden cabinet.

 

Haynes previously served as deputy director of the Central Intelligence Agency and deputy national security adviser to the Obama administration. She was also the first woman to hold both positions.

 

49. Cardi B became the first female rapper to have a song with a diamond certification.

On March 9, 2021, it was announced that Cardi B's hit "BodakYellow", released by the artist in 2017, had won the RIAA Diamond Award. She is the first female rapper to receive this honor.

 

50. Chloe Zhao became the first Asian woman to win the Golden Globe for Best Director. She is also the first Asian woman to win the Academy Award for Best Director.

Zhao won both Best Director awards for Nomadland, a film starring Frances McDormand about a widow who chooses to live in her van. Zhao also wrote, edited and produced the critically acclaimed film.

 

51. Taylor Swift became the first woman to win Album of the Year three times at the 2021 Grammy Awards.

At the 2021 Grammy Awards, Swift was awarded Album of the Year for Folklore, her ninth studio album, which the singer wrote and produced entirely during quarantine. The album is considered one of Swift's finest works and was the best-selling album of 2020.

 

In 2010, she became the youngest artist ever to win an award for "Fearless" and won again in 2016 for "1989".

 

The only artists to have won Album of the Year three times are Stevie Wonder, Frank Sinatra and Paul Simon.

 

Swift also broke the record for the most Video of the Year wins at the 2022 VMAs, becoming the only artist in history to win the top award three times.

 

52. Beyoncé also made history as the most decorated woman at the Grammy Awards with 28 wins.

Beyoncé has won four of the nine nominations she has been nominated for, also making her the most nominated artist at the 63rd annual ceremony, bringing her total wins to a whopping 28.

 

"I'm so flattered, I'm so excited," she said as she accepted the award.

 

 “It's so overwhelming. I have been working all my life, since I was nine years old. I can't believe this happened. It's such a magical night."

 

53. Amy Schneider is the highest paid woman in Jeopardy! (an American television quiz game) with over $1 million in revenue

Schneider currently ranks second in consecutive games won and fourth in regular season wins with over $1.3 million. She hit the $1 million mark in January 2022 during her 28th game, during which she won over $42,000.

 

54. Speed ​​skater Erin Jackson won a gold medal at the 2022 Beijing Olympics, becoming the first black woman to win the event.

Jackson won gold in the 500m speed skating. The victory also made her the first American woman to win a medal in an individual speed skating event since 2002.

 

"I know I'll be thinking about this for a long time... if a black girl from Central Florida can stand on the top step of an Olympic podium on the other side of the world as a champion... well, maybe it's true that anything is possible," Jackson said.

 

55. In 2022, Ariana DeBos became the first Afro-Latin American actress to receive a SAG (Screen Actors Guild of America Award) for acting.

DeBos won Best Supporting Actress for her role as Anita in West Side Story.

 

"It's a sign that doors are opening," DeBos told reporters backstage in the SAG virtual media room after her win, according to NBC News. "It's an honor for a queer Afro-Latino of color, dancer, singer and actor."

 

56. Zendaya made history when she won her second Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series

Zendaya became the first black actress to win the award twice, both times for her role as Rue Bennett on the hit HBO series Euphoria. She is also the youngest woman to win two Emmy Awards for a lead role.

 

In her acceptance speech, the 26-year-old actress thanked show creator Sam Levinson "for believing in me and even in the moments when I didn't believe in myself."

 

 

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50-most-interesting-and-fun-facts-about-the-international-womens-day-that-you-need-to-know-in-2022

Women and men are two opposites, two parallel, but at the same time, inseparable worlds.

 

Celebrating this holiday, let's not forget that admiration for a woman is not only admiration for her beauty and kindness, but, first of all, a tribute to a working woman, a manifestation of real concern for her.

 

When you think about what befell our women in the last centuries, it is both breathtaking and a lump comes to the throat: this is a great fate - great in happiness and great in tragedy. They survived the war, got an education, stood on a par with men in the construction of a new state and a new national economy, gave birth and, together with their country, brought up new generations of defenders and builders. Injustice sipped during the years of repression. And then they stood next to their husbands, brothers and sons during the years of the invasions and defended their state - at anti-aircraft guns, at the controls of aircraft, in medical battalions, at walkie-talkies and traffic controllers on military roads, in partisan detachments and underground, behind machine tools, in design bureaus , on the collective farm fields and so on.

 

The women's holiday began to "split up", Valentine's Day, Mother's Day appeared, they started talking about analogies even in the church calendar.

 

A special Mother's Day is good, but not as an alternative to Women's Day, but in addition to it. The understanding that we are talking about the one who is called to be a wife and mother, repeat this again, cannot and should not be removed from the image of a woman honored on Women's Day, from our, masculine, attitude towards her in principle. Especially from the attitude of our sons and grandchildren towards her, including when it comes to their peers.

 

Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts about International women's Day 2022.

 

 

1. In Portugal, women celebrate March 8 exclusively in the company of their friends, arranging bachelorette parties. Men are not allowed to attend such meetings.

 

2. The meaning of the holiday has changed more than once. Moreover, many women still understand the meaning of March 8 in different ways. But traditionally it was a celebration of the women's struggle for gender equality and the advancement of women around the world.

 

3. An analogue of March 8 was celebrated in ancient Rome. There is evidence that back then there was a special day when women received gifts, and slaves could rest.

 

4. In India, Women's Day is celebrated in October, and it lasts for about 10 days.

 

5. But in Japan, almost the entire month of March is devoted to holidays for women. This list includes not only International Women's Day, but also holidays of dolls, peach blossoms and girls.

 

6. The 2015 UN Women's Report found that despite women working longer than men, when taking into account both paid and unpaid work, women worldwide still earn on average 24% less than men. The largest wage gap, 33%, is found in South Asia.

 

__________________________________

It is unlikely that anyone will object to honoring believing women on the third Sunday after Easter, the Sunday of the Holy Myrrh-bearing Women, but one cannot fail to understand that the vector of the feeling honored on this holiday is different: from women to the One who came into our world in the form of a man. If we talk about the moment of the Gospel story, which most conveys the sacredness of the relationship to a woman and mother, then these are the words spoken by Jesus Christ at the dying moment, addressed to the Virgin Mary: "Woman! behold, your son." Note, not a brother in Christ, but a son; not a sister, but a mother. Moreover, we are talking about a personal call, not to all those of the students who were present at the execution, but only to one of them. And to Her - not about all of them, but only one of them, the one to whom Christ commanded a very important thing: to take Her into his house.

 

So on Women's Day on 8th March, let's hug all our wonderful grandmothers, mothers, wives, sisters, daughters, beloved women, and delight them with beautiful bouquets and gifts dear to their hearts! We will remember those of our dear women who are no longer with us, we will put flowers to their portrait. Congratulations to all our fair sex colleagues at work. Mentally - and whoever can, and personally - we will pay tribute to our truly great contemporaries.

 

And most importantly: when celebrating this "holiday of admiration for women", let's not forget that admiration for a woman is not only admiration for her beauty and kindness, but, first of all, a tribute to a working woman (by the way, they are not only in age, but also young), a woman-keeper of the hearth, a manifestation of real concern for her!

__________________________________

 

 

7. Despite the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, adopted back in 1993, today one in three women worldwide is the victim of physical or sexual violence, which is usually committed by a close intimate partner.

 

8. Last year, UNICEF reported that more than 500 million women and girls around the world do not have access to private sanitary facilities where they can monitor their menstrual hygiene. That's half a billion women and girls around the world who are unable to meet their basic needs.

 

9. According to UNICEF, in 2013, about 31 million girls of primary school age and 32 million girls of primary school age were unable to attend school.

 

10. Originally called International Working Women's Day, the holiday was first observed on 28 February. Women continued to celebrate it on the last Sunday of February until 1913. The first modern International Women's Day was held on March 8 in 1914. The date was chosen because that year March 8 fell on a Sunday when most women did not work, allowing them to participate in marches and other activities. Since then, the holiday has been celebrated on this day.

 

11. Previously, instead of flowers, sweets or teddy bears, women were awarded diplomas and awards. Different countries, cities and republics have different traditions and holidays.

 

 

12. In one of the republics on this bright holiday, the fallen heroes are honored, this republic is called Liberia.

 

13. Japan has amazing traditions, this country is unique in its holidays. There in March they celebrate 2 holidays for all women. Hina Matsuri, as well as Girls' Day and Peach Blossom.

 

14. In Italy, it is impossible to fully enjoy the atmosphere of this holiday, as its inhabitants go to work on this day.

 

15. Women's Day was celebrated in ancient Rome. And, as expected, with gifts and congratulations. The Romans gave presents to spouses, and slaves received a day off.

 

16. Women speak about 20,000 words a day, which is 13,000 more than men.

 

17. The 20 richest women in the world inherited money from their father or husband.

 

 

18. The average British woman has 19 pairs of shoes but only wears 7.

 

19. 40% of births in the US are by unmarried women.

 

20. Women spend almost a year of their lives thinking about what to wear.

 

21. On average, women cry 30-64 times a year, and men 6-17 times.

 

22. Israel is the only country in the world where women are called up for military service.

 

23. A woman's heart beats faster than a man's.

 

24. . Women have more taste buds than men.

 

 

25. Only 2% of women consider themselves beautiful.

 

26. In 1900, women took part in the Olympic Games for the first time.

 

27.  Women in Niger have an average of 7 children, the highest in the world.

 

28. Women live longer than men, in part because their immune systems age more slowly.

 

29. In the US, 30% of businesses are owned by women.

 

30. The UAE has the largest gender imbalance in the world, with only 100 women for every 219 men in the country.

 

31. All the women in the world earn $18 trillion and spend $28 trillion!

 

32. There are 603 million women in countries where domestic violence is not a crime.

 

 

33. 80% of those who bought a Fifty Shades of Gray book are women.

 

34. The only country in the world named after a woman is the island nation of Saint Lucia, which was discovered by Columbus on December 13, 1502 on Saint Lucia's Day.

 

35. A British study found that the average woman is on a diet for 17 years of her life.

 

36. Mental bonds in girls begin to form earlier than in boys in childhood and adolescence. That is why women have more developed thought processes and emotional spheres than men.

 

37. Caligynephobia, also known as venustraphobia, is nothing more than a fear of beautiful women. As a rule, young men suffer from it, and most often this phobia of beauties disappears at an older age, but nevertheless, not all men manage to defeat it even in adulthood.

 

38. Spasmodic pains in the lower abdomen during menstruation in women can be as strong as in all people during a heart attack. This condition is known as dysmenorrhea, which, just imagine, affects millions of women every month.

 

 

39. Women are known to speak 13,000 more words a day than men. Girlfriends, neighbors, work colleagues - well, how can you resist and not say a word.

 

40. Scientists have conducted studies among women who regularly use lipstick.

 

41. Women blink about twice as often as men. This seems to be where the expression "blink your eyes" comes from.

 

42. Ada Lovelace was the first programmer in history. She is best known for the fact that she created a description of a computer, however, the project was developed by a man, Charles Babbage. But she wrote the first program for this machine and introduced the terms "cycle" and "work cell".

 

43. Women are better than men at remembering where certain things are. How often does your husband ask you to help him find socks, ties or shirts in his own closet? So think after that, who has a better memory.

 

44. On the street, women tend to focus on buildings and signs, while men use directions and distances to describe paths. Therefore, a woman is more likely to say, "Go straight to the lingerie store, then turn right until you reach the bridge." A man will say differently: “You need to drive 5 km to the north, then turn east on Svoboda Street and continue driving in this direction for another 4 km.”

 

 

45. Girls have 11% more neurons than boys in the brain centers that are responsible for language and hearing.

 

46. Women are better than men at distinguishing shades of colors. Therefore, blue and dark blue are two completely different shades, not to mention pink, purple, purple or mauve.

 

47. Girls develop fine motor skills earlier than boys. This lends scientific support to the stereotype that women have neater handwriting. And by the way, representatives of both sexes generally write differently.

 

48. Men's noses are 10% larger than women's. This is due to the fact that men tend to have more muscle mass and require more oxygen, which means that their nostrils are enlarged. The size difference begins to show around age 11, when boys develop muscle and girls develop fat.

 

49. Compared to men, women have weaker ligaments, so they are more flexible and easier to sit on the splits, for example.

 

50. Women's skin is much thinner than men's, depletes collagen earlier, and is therefore more prone to wrinkles. In addition, this notorious collagen in the strong half of humanity has a higher density, so they look young much longer.

 

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40-facts-about-ancient-egypt-that-will-show-how-little-we-know-about-this-civilization

Even if you are not a historian and did not study well at school, you, one way or another, have an idea about Ancient Egypt. Haven't you heard about Cleopatra, Tutankhamen and, of course, about the pyramids, which are the symbol of Egypt? You must have heard. So, most likely, you associate this country with the tombs of the pharaohs, hieroglyphs, and sands.

 

Spoiler: some facts will surprise even a history teacher

 

But besides this, Ancient Egypt had something to be proud of. Take at least science - the ancient Egyptian civilization left a lot of invaluable knowledge in astronomy, mathematics, and geography to subsequent generations. The ancient Egyptians were excellent engineers; otherwise, how could they have built their great pyramids known to the world? Here it was only possible to do with special knowledge.

 

However, how ancient Egypt is shown in the movies is very different from how it was. We at Bemorepanda have collected little-known facts about this ancient civilization, from which you can learn something new and get a slightly different idea.

 

1. Cleopatra is known for her beauty, but very little is said about her intelligence. 

She spoke twelve languages and had considerable knowledge of mathematics, astronomy, philosophy, and oratory. The ancient Egyptian chroniclers described her as a ruler who paid tribute to scientists and often appeared in their company.

 

2. Women may not have been socially equal to men in ancient Egypt. Still, they enjoyed a relatively wide range of rights and freedoms, especially compared to other countries of the same era. 

Unlike in Greece, where women practically belonged to their husbands, Egyptian women were allowed to divorce, remarry, and keep the wealth they brought into the marriage. In addition, they were allowed to buy and sell real estate, enter into legal agreements, and even sit on juries. They rarely worked outside the home, but they were usually guaranteed equal pay in formal employment.

 

3. Egypt was the first to introduce a healthcare program. 

Stanford Egyptologist Ann Austin talks about the "earliest documented public health program" that allowed workers from the village that later became known as Deir el-Medina to take paid sick leave or visit a doctor while the pyramid was being built. Some modern countries could learn from this example.

 

4. Although the Egyptians may have deified their pharaohs, this did not mean they allowed their labor rights to be violated. 

Egyptian workers even organized strikes to improve working conditions. One of the most famous occurred in the 12th century BC. during the reign of Pharaoh Ramses III when the builders working on the royal cemetery at Deir el-Medina did not receive their usual payment in grain. The workers staged a so-called strike - they went to the nearest mortuary temple and remained there until their demands were listened to and they received what they earned.

 

5. It is common knowledge that cats had a special status in ancient Egyptian culture, but did you know that wealthy families dressed their cats in jewelry and fed them food that not every ordinary family could afford? 

Because cats were considered magical creatures, the ancient Egyptians believed they brought good luck to people who kept them as pets and treated them appropriately. If a pet cat died, the owner shaved off his eyebrows and mourned the loss until the eyebrows grew back.

 

6. Makeup was not only welcomed but also encouraged for both sexes. 

As a rule, it was applied with wooden, bone, or elephant tools. Eye makeup was made by grinding malachite and galena. The resulting substance was known as kohl. Women also liked to paint their hands and nails with henna and paint their cheeks with red paint. Perfumes made from oil, myrrh, and cinnamon were popular with men and women. Makeup was believed to evoke the protection of the gods Horus and Ra and had magical healing powers. Interestingly, there was some truth in this assumption. Scientists have confirmed that lead-based cosmetics did help protect the Egyptians from eye infections.

 

7. Wars were part of the life of ancient Egypt.

One of the longest spanned more than two centuries, during which the Egyptians fought against the Hittite Empire to control the lands that would later become modern Syria. By the time Pharaoh Ramses II ascended the throne, both empires were under threat of attack from other countries. To end the battle, which had depleted many of the necessary resources, in 1259 B.C. Ramses II proposed what would later become known as the Egyptian-Hittite Peace Treaty, one of the first recorded peace treaties. This helped both countries stop the fight and join forces against other invaders. Today, a treaty copy can be found above the entrance to the United Nations Security Council Chamber in New York.

 

8. enslaved people did not build the pyramids.

Life as a pyramid builder certainly wasn't easy—worker skeletons usually show signs of arthritis and other ailments—but evidence suggests that the massive tombs were built not by enslaved people but by wage laborers. These ancient builders were a mixture of skilled artisans and temporary workers; some seemed to have taken great pride in their craft. Graffiti found next to the monuments shows that they often gave their brigades playful names such as "The Drunkards of Menkaur" or "Friends of Khufu." The idea that enslaved people built pyramids at the flick of a whip was first put forward by the Greek historian Herodotus in the fifth century BC, but most historians now dismiss it as a myth. While the ancient Egyptians were not opposed to keeping slaves, they seem to have mainly used them as field laborers and domestic servants.

 

9. Moldy bread was used as a form of early antibiotic. 

Mr. Allen, the curator of Egyptian art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, spoke of an ancient Egyptian text that suggested putting moldy bread on wounds. This means that although the Egyptians knew nothing about bacteria, they had already discovered a way to fight infections and understood the basic principle of penicillin.

 

10. Cleopatra was not an Egyptian. 

She was born in Alexandria, and her ancestry can be traced back to the Greco-Macedonian lieutenant Ptolemy I, one of Alexander the Great's most confidantes. His descendants ruled Egypt from 323 to 30 BC. and managed to preserve their Greek identity and culture largely.

 

11. The economy of Ancient Egypt was largely dependent on the Nile River - it affected every aspect of life. 

Surrounded by desert, the Nile was a vital artery not only for transporting building materials and moving people but also for irrigating agricultural land, obtaining food resources, and more.

 

12. Cleopatra's first husband, Ptolemy XIII, expelled her from Egypt when she tried to get rid of him as a ruler and concentrate all power in her hands. 

Cleopatra found an ally in Julius Caesar and defeated Ptolemy, becoming queen of Egypt. Ptolemy drowned in the Nile.

 

13. The age of the Sphinx is a mystery. 

The most common and generally accepted theory dates the construction of the Great Sphinx to the era of Pharaoh Khafre (c. 2603-2578 BC), but this is just a theory. Some scholars suggest that the statue is much older. They base their guess on erosion patterns found in the figure and other archaeological evidence.

 

14. Most ancient healers treated anything from fevers to wounds received in battle. 

However, there is evidence that some Egyptian physicians concentrated on one aspect of human health. The Greek historian and traveler Herodotus first mentions this practice in his notes dating back to 450 BC. He wrote: "Each doctor is a healer of one disease and no more ... eyes, teeth, belly." The Egyptians even gave specific names to doctors who specialized in only one area.

 

15. Many of us have heard of Egyptian deities such as Isis, Ra, Osiris, Anubis, or Horus. 

But the fact is that the Egyptian pantheon included more than 2,000 gods and goddesses. Those who were more popular became national deities, celebrated throughout the country. Others, less well-known, were either associated with a specific region or a specific ritual or role. One such deity was the goddess Kebhet, who offered cool water to the souls of the dead awaiting judgment in the afterlife. Another example is Seshat, the goddess of written words and concrete dimensions.

 

16. Some modern European countries may be considered the best beer producers, but did you know that beer was an integral part of the menu in ancient Egypt? 

Being high in calories, beer was considered an excellent source of nutrition for adults of both sexes and children. It was also quite common to use beer as compensation for labor. For example, builders on the Giza Plateau received beer three times daily as payment for their work.

 

17. Board games were very popular with the ancient Egyptians. 

Some of the games that have come down to us were "Mehen" and "Dogs and Jackals," but it seems that the game known as "Senet" was the most popular. It involved throwing dice or sticks and moving figures around a board with withdrawn squares. Although historians are still trying to determine the exact rules of the game, they are pretty sure that it dates back to 3500 BC. and was famous not only among ordinary people but also among the pharaohs.

 

18. With thousands of years of history and being one of the greatest ancient civilizations, it's no surprise that modern Egypt is home to as many as seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites: 

Abu Mena, Ancient Thebes with a necropolis, historic Cairo, Memphis and its necropolis - Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur, Nubian monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae, St. Catherine's area and Wadi al-Khitan (Whale Valley).

 

19. Winding up a mummy may seem straightforward, but it requires a lot of time and materials. 

The process could last from one to two weeks, and the winding took about 372 square meters of linen. The deceased's family had to prepare everything necessary while his body dried in the desert. Later, the embalmers cut the clothes brought by the relatives of the dead into little rags like bandages and wrapped them around the mummies. Wealthy families got expensive materials and sometimes even clothes from sacred statues, while members of the lower class collected old clothes and other household linens.

 

20. Servants sometimes had to coat their bodies with honey to keep flies from the pharaohs. 

Sources speak of Pharaoh Pepi II, who was especially notable for making strange demands. One day, he ordered his servants to catch a dancing pygmy because he thought having one in his palace would be funny. He also made his servants smear themselves with honey to rid themselves of annoying flies.

 

21. Each deceased in ancient Egypt was buried with four canopic canopies. 

These jugs were used to store and preserve the deceased's internal organs during the mummification of the body. Each canopic vessel contained one vital organ: the lungs, liver, intestines, and stomach. The embalmers did not remove the heart, as it was considered the home of a person's soul.

 

22. Everyone knows the Egyptians loved their cats, associated with the goddess Bastet. 

But, of course, they were not the only animals the Egyptians kept as pets. Hawks, ibises, dogs, lions, and baboons were also highly respected and had a special status in Egyptian families. Often, after death, animals were mummified and buried with their owners. The ancient Egyptians also trained animals to help them with their work. For example, the Egyptian police had special dogs and sometimes monkeys to accompany them on patrol.

 

23. In ancient Egypt, science was very respected and well-developed. 

Of course, they did not have all the knowledge we have today, but the Egyptians did boast some great mathematicians and scientists. In particular, the mathematical concepts they understood and put into practice included geometry, such as determining the surface area and volume of three-dimensional shapes useful for architectural design, and algebra, such as the false position method and quadratic equations.

 

24. What do writing, ink, cosmetics, toothpaste, a plow, advances in medicine, a door lock, a calendar, a police concept, and a bowling alley have in common? 

All of them were invented by the ancient Egyptians. And this is a partial list of things from Egypt that we use today.

 

25. Jewelry in Ancient Egypt was less of a pretty accessory than a way to please the gods (and thus help and protect you). 

The more jewelry you wear, the more attention you will receive from the gods. That is why both men and women wore necklaces, bracelets, rings, earrings, pendants, and unique buttons. On special occasions, they wore the glamorous headdresses often seen in old drawings. Of course, the wealthier a person was, the more jewelry he put on daily.

 

26. When your diet includes a lot of beer, wine, bread, and honey, it's only a matter of time before you start putting on extra pounds. 

Combined with the lack of manual labor, this led to obesity and poor health for many pharaohs. One of the most striking examples is Queen Hatshepsut, who lived in the 15th century BC. Her sarcophagus depicted her as slender (because who would dare say otherwise), but historians have reason to believe that she was obese and was losing her hair.

 

27. Striembalming process of embalming in ancient Egypt was not to remove the heart from the body while other organs were removed

Imagine how shocked the archaeologists were when they discovered that this rule was violated by none other than Tutankhamun. The reason could be a chest injury that the young king received before his death. Some Egyptologists believe that the wound that decapitated his chest resulted from a behemoth bite. Archaeological evidence shows that the Egyptians hunted animals for fun, and several statues in Tutankhamun's tomb depict him throwing a harpoon. So it is quite possible that he died during the hunt.

 

28. Surely you have heard about the Ten Commandments and the story of Moses, who received them from God. Describing this event, the Bible mentions Mount Sinai, where it all happened. 

However, in the Book of Deuteronomy, this place is called Horeb. Scholars believe that both of these names refer to the same place.

 

29. If you imagine King Tutankhamun as an adult, wiser person, then this is an erroneous idea. 

The great pharaoh was eight and nine when he ascended the throne, choosing Nebkheperure. His reign lasted approximately nine years before he died.

 

30. Do you think rock musicians invented tattoos? 

Or pirates? Look further. When scientists used infrared imaging and radiocarbon dating of two of Gebelein's mummies, they discovered what they believe are the earliest figurative tattoos. They still need to figure out what purpose or meaning tattoos had in ancient Egypt. The two mummies that were found to have tattoos date from 3351 to 3017 BC.

 

31. Egyptian pharaohs played a dual role in the country. 

As kings, they led the state, made laws, collected taxes, waged wars, and controlled the entire territory. According to the law, all the land in the country belonged to the pharaoh. Another role was to guide his people as a religious leader. This involved maintaining religious harmony and participating in ceremonies. As a spiritual leader, pharaohs were seen as divine mediators between gods and humans.

 

32. Every second tourist who comes to Egypt goes to look at the pyramids on the Giza plateau. 

These three immense structures, which served as the last harbor for the pharaohs of Keops, Khafre, and Menkaura, although becoming more and more famous, are not the only pyramids that Egypt can boast of. There are a total of 118 pyramids in the country.

 

33. You probably know about the "curse of the mummy," which implies that anyone who approaches the pharaoh's tomb or - God forbid! - open it, die a terrible death. 

The world first heard about the "curse" in 1922, when archaeologists discovered the tomb of King Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings near Luxor. It was believed that the hieroglyphs on the wall of the royal tomb imposed a deadly curse on everyone around.

 

34. Geographically, Egypt occupies a very advantageous position. 

Situated between the Mediterranean and Red Seas, Egypt has played a strategic role in trade and communications for centuries since ancient times. The Suez Canal was built in the second half of the 19th century to connect both seas and allow ships to move quickly between Asia and Europe.

 

35. How the Egyptians bathed depended on their social class.

The Egyptians bathed daily; however, their methods varied according to social class. The rich had a particular room where they could wash in their homes. Their servants carried water from the Nile River for this purpose. Some upper-class houses also had foot-washing areas made of wood, stone, or ceramic and were used for rinsing and washing feet, as most people did not wear shoes.

 

The Egyptians used a natural mineral called natron (sodium carbonate decahydrate, commonly crystalline soda) as soap and applied moisturizers to soften skin after bathing.

 

The lower classes, who made up most of Egyptian society, bathed in the Nile.

 

36. The ancient Egyptians developed the 12-month calendar we use today. 

It was a solar calendar with 365 days a year. The division was slightly different from the modern calendar. There were only three seasons, 120 days each. Each season was divided into four months of 30 days. In addition, there was an intervening month of five epagomenal days, which was seen as falling outside the prior year. Months were initially numbered within a season but were often named after their significant holidays. The months were also divided into three decades, a period of 10 days.

 

37. even though King Tutankhamun was very young when he died, he still gave birth to two daughters. 

Both died in infancy, and their names were not mentioned on the coffins, so they went down in history as mummies 317a and 317b, the names that Howard Carter gave them during his excavations. Studies have shown that 317b had Sprengel's deformity (where one shoulder blade on the back is higher than the other) and spina bifida. Mummy 317a was born prematurely at 5-6 months of pregnancy. There is no record of their mother, but it is believed that she was Ankhesenamun, the only known wife of King Tutankhamun.

 

38. What you don’t expect from a pharaoh is a revolution, but this is precisely what King Akhenaten did. 

His reign, characterized by social, political, and religious upheavals, is still considered one of the most controversial in the history of ancient Egypt. In just under two decades on the throne, Akhenaten attempted a religious revolution as he introduced new spiritual aspects, tried to erase the names and images of some of Egypt's traditional gods, introduced a new form of architecture, revised his royal artistic style, and moved Egypt's capital to a previously unoccupied area.

 

39. When you look at ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, they seem very beautiful but, at the same time, incredibly complex.

 And they are pretty complex. The ancient Egyptian writing system includes about 1000 characters, combining logographic, syllabic, and alphabetic elements. If that wasn't enough, they also had cursive hieroglyphs for religious literature on papyrus and wood. Many modern scripts were based on the Egyptian hieroglyphic script; some of the better known include Latin, Cyrillic (via Greek), and Arabic. It is also possible that the Brahmic script family was based on hieroglyphs.

 

40. In addition to the well-known hieroglyphs, the Egyptians had another form of writing called hieratic. 

Some historians believe that the concept of the written word was brought to Egypt from Mesopotamia, where it was developed. Though entirely of Egyptian origin, the hieroglyphs were quite laborious to write. Therefore, another faster option was set. Hieratic writing consisted of simplified versions of hieroglyphs; its name is translated as "sacred writing."

 

 

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March 17 has a special significance for the Irish. It is one of the most important days of the year, because they celebrate St. Patrick. Originally a Catholic holiday, today this festival is rather dedicated to the entire Irish culture and is celebrated with pomp in both Ireland and the United Kingdom, as well as in the United States. Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts and history details for you.


Saint Patrick was born in the 4th century in Roman Britain, but was captured by the Irish and held captive on the island for 6 years. At that time he dedicated himself to religion, and tradition says that he had a divine revelation by which God asked him to Christianize the Irish. After escaping from captivity, he returned to Ireland in 432 and began the Christianization process of the Irish, hitherto followers of polytheism. According to Irish folklore, he used the clover leaf to explain the Christian doctrine of the Holy Trinity.


Best St Patrick's Day Amsterdam Activities 2021 - Tiqets Blog


Although St. Patrick was followed by many other missionaries, he remained the leading champion of Irish Christianity. Initially, the associated color of St. Patrick was blue, but later green, the symbol color of Ireland, began to be used. The custom of wearing green bows and clovers to celebrate March 17 (the day of his death) dates back to the seventeenth century.


National holiday from the 9th-10th centuries

Surprising St Patrick's Day Facts You Never Knew


The feast of St. Patrick was celebrated by the Irish as a kind of national day since the ninth and tenth centuries, but the official day was included in the Catholic calendar only in the early seventeenth century. In 1903, St. Patrick's Day became a national holiday in Ireland, and the St. Patrick's Festival appeared in the 1990s.


All the customs related to this holiday revolve around the color green. Everyone wears green clothes, clovers and, because it's Ireland, they drink beer. Guinness has even launched a special edition of their beer, the Green Edition. And the Irish diaspora around the world is celebrating today, with the most important activities taking place in America. For 40 years, the city of Chicago - with a significant segment of the population of Irish origin - has been manifesting its spirit of celebration by turning the Chicago River green (with the help of a vegetable paint).


In Ireland, although this holiday usually falls on Lent, the Catholic Church accepts meat on March 17 because, according to tradition, on St. Patrick's Day the Irish go to church in the morning, then organize a big feast in honor of their patron. spiritual.


SAINT PATRICK'S DAY: the two visions

Where to go for St Patrick's Day (Top 9 Europe) | DoTravel


St. Patrick's is Ireland's most beloved and well-known saint. Saint Patrick, the luminary of Ireland, was born around 381 AD in a village called Bannaven Taberniae. St. Patrick comes from a family of altar servants - his grandfather Potitus was a priest and his father Calpurnius a deacon.


The name Patrick or Patrichie means a great man in Latin. From the account of his life, we learn that at the age of 16 he ends up forgetting about God. When he reached this age, his village was looted by pirates, and he was sold into slavery in Ireland. He becomes a shepherd on Mount Slemish in Antrim County. Going into captivity completely changed his life. From the rich and carefree young man, comes the person who said at least a hundred prayers at night and as many during the day.


St. Patrick had two visions: in the first he was shown that he would return home, and in the second he was told that his ship was ready. The revelation made by God is fulfilled, so that after six years spent in captivity, he manages to return to his parents.


Facts about St. Patrick's Day celebrations you probably don't know


The Saint Patrick’s Day parade is a tradition both in Ireland and abroad. After the great famine of the 19th century, caused by the lack of potatoes, a wave of migrants left Ireland, and the parade of Saint Patrick’s Day became their way of manifesting their identity. Starting from the tradition, parades began to be organized all over the world, which came to include all those who share the same values.


Ireland celebrates March 17 every year on St. Patrick's Day, the spiritual patron saint of the Irish. This day is marked with great pomp not only in Ireland, but throughout the world, in Irish communities. Each family prepares a traditional dinner with beef and cabbage dishes.


The legend of the saint who patronizes Ireland

Collectible St. Patrick's Day memorabilia hard to find before 1900 |  HeraldNet.com


As for the biography of St. Patrick, the true story intertwines harmoniously with the legend. It is known that St. Patrick was born in Scotland and was abducted and sold to Ireland as a slave. He became a deacon, then a priest and ended up as a bishop. Arriving on the mainland, he was sent back by the Pope to preach the gospel. He traveled mainly to the Celtic settlements, as evidenced by the fact that today many places in Wales, Cornwall, Scotland and Ireland bear his name.


Legend and history become even more difficult to separate when various sources speak of St. Patrick standing on top of a hill and - with the help of a stick - throwing snakes into the sea, forbidding them forever to return to the shores of Ireland. Patrick became known in the world as the one who saved Ireland from snakes. It is true that there are no snakes in Ireland today, but it seems that there has never been one, at least since the island is separated from the mainland. It is probably a symbol of the end of pagan practices in those places.


Regardless of the weather, March 17 was considered spring day, as St. Patrick promised to tame the weather from that date. For this reason, during this period, Irish farmers began to grow potatoes.


St Patrick's Day playlist: 23 classic Irish anthems to get you dancing |  The Independent | The Independent


Later, he meets Saint German, the bishop of the city, in Auxerre. He has another dream, in which he is asked to go to Ireland. He asked St. German for advice on the dream, and because he had prayed to God to give him a person to replace St. Palladium, he saw in this dream a response from God. We point out that the Holy Palladium had left Ireland less than a year after his ordination, because of the cruelty of the Irish.


He was ordained a bishop and in 432 left the monastery of Auxerre with some companions for Ireland. Surrounded by pagans, St. Patrick had many trials.


The Druids will be dissatisfied with the presence of St. Patrick and will send Dichu to kill him. He stiffens as he raises his sword to kill him. St. Patrick unleashes him from the unseen power that held him in place. In response to the miracle performed, Dichiu will offer the saint a shelter in which he will celebrate the Holy Mass. After this miracle, many Irish people received faith in Christ. Later, he and his disciples baptized the entire country.


St. Patrick passed away on March 17, around 480. He is depicted in iconography holding a clover (a three-leafed plant), a symbol of the Holy Trinity, one God in being, but three in person. It is celebrated every year, on March 17.


St. Patrick's Day is celebrated not only in Ireland, but in many countries around the world. The most important festival is considered to be the one in Dublin, in Leinster.

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Independence Day is the day of the signing of the US Declaration of Independence in 1776, which proclaimed the independence of the United States from the Kingdom of Great Britain. This holiday, which Americans simply call “Fourth of July,” is a federal holiday that marks the adoption of the July 4 Declaration by the Continental Congress. He stated that thirteen American colonies consider themselves a new nation, the United States of America and are no longer part of the British Empire. Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts for you, and of course the history of the event.

 

American Independence Day is the national day of the United States.

History of the Fourth of July - Brief History & Early Celebrations - HISTORY

Independence Day in the USA History of the holiday. During the American Revolution, the legal secession of the Thirteen Colonies from Britain in 1776 actually occurred on July 2, when the Second Continental Congress voted to approve an Independence Resolution that had been proposed for consideration in June by Richard Henry Lee from Virginia. At that time, the inhabitants of 13 British colonies, which were located along the east coast of today's United States, were at war with the English king and parliament due to the fact that the British Parliament passed the "Currency Act" in 1764. This law prohibited the administration of the American colonies from issuing their own, unsecured and uncontrollably printed money and obliged them to continue to pay all taxes in gold and silver coins. In other words, the law forced the colonies to the gold standard. In 1775 the war broke out.

 

The Committee of Five, led by Thomas Jefferson, prepared the Declaration of Independence. Congress discussed and revised the wording of the Declaration, finally approving it two days later on 4 July. For the first time in an official document, the colonies were called United.

 

From the outset, Americans celebrated the national holiday on July 4, the date specified in a widely publicized Declaration, rather than July 2, when the resolution was approved in closed session of Congress.

 

Historians have long debated whether members of Congress signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4, although Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin all later wrote that they signed it that day. Most historians have come to the conclusion that the Declaration was signed almost a month after its adoption on August 2, 1776, and not July 4, as is commonly believed.

4th of July Activities for Campers | Sun RV Resorts

History of the holiday Independence Day This day is usually associated with fireworks, parades, barbecues, carnivals, fairs, picnics, concerts. The holiday is also famous for baseball games, family gatherings, political speeches and ceremonies, as well as various other social events dedicated to the history, government and traditions of the United States.

 

As with other summer events, the celebration often takes place outdoors. July 4th is a federal holiday, so some federal offices (such as the Postal Service and federal courts) close on this day.

 

Families often celebrate it by hosting friends or attending picnics or barbecues. Many take advantage of the weekend to get together with family or friends. Decorations (such as streamers, balloons, and clothing) are usually painted in the red, white, and blue of the American flag. Parades are often held in the morning, before family gatherings, while fireworks are held in the evening after dark in parks and city squares.

 

America's Independence Day Fireworks are often accompanied by patriotic songs such as the national anthem "The Star-Spangled Banner," "God Save America," "America the Beautiful," "My Country," "This Land Is Your Land," "The Stars and stripes forever. " The Yankee Doodle is popular in the northeastern states and Dixie in the southern states.

Will there still be 4th of July fireworks across the mid-state amid the  COVID-19 pandemic? | WHP

In some states, fireworks are prohibited or limited in size and type for safety reasons. In addition, local weather conditions can dictate whether the sale or use of fireworks is permitted.

 

A one-gun salute for each state in the United States, called the "union salute," fires on Independence Day at noon at any military base.

 

In 2009, New York City had the largest fireworks display in the country, with over 22 tons of pyrotechnics exploding. Other major fireworks display takes place in Chicago on Lake Michigan, Boston on the Charles River, St. Louis on the Mississippi River, San Francisco over San Francisco Bay, and on the National Mall in Washington, DC.

 

Interesting coincidences on July 4th in America. Coincidentally, both John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, both of the signers and later presidents of the United States, died on the same day: July 4, 1826, when they celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Declaration.

 

Yes! This is your day, America! On July 4, 1776, the United States became an independent state. It's time for Americans to get out and clean old barbecues, stock up on fireworks, hot dogs and beer. We invite everyone else to have fun by reading 10 facts about American Independence Day.

 

1. So, on this day

In 1776, the American colonies were declared free and independent from Britain and its king.

 

2. During the first 20 years, Independence Day was not celebrated on July 4

Постеры на тему Дня независимости стали модным трендом

The date was officially declared a holiday only in 1870, almost a hundred years after the Declaration was written and signed. For example, the second president of the United States, John Adams, believed that Independence Day should be celebrated on July 2. He believed that this very date, when Congress voted for the Declaration, should be celebrated as a holiday. In a letter to his wife, Adams wrote that "July 2 should be celebrated with pomp and parade, sports, bonfires, bells and festivals." In the early years after the signing of the Declaration, there was controversy over whether the country should celebrate at all. While Democrats and Republicans were delighted with the Declaration, the Federalists considered the celebration of independence "unpatriotic, anti-British and too French."

 

3. There are more of them

Карта США

In 1776, when thirteen states declared independence from the British Empire, the nation consisted of 2.5 million citizens. These two million citizens celebrated the first on July 4th. Today, the country has over 320 million citizens and the population continues to grow.

 

4. Three American presidents died on July 4:

Томас Джефферсон - Джон Адамс - Джеймс Монро

Thomas Jefferson - July 4, 1826

John Adams - July 4, 1826

James Monroe - July 4, 1831

 

It is noteworthy that two of them, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, who signed the Declaration of Independence, died on the same day.

 

Another president, Zackery Taylor, passed away on July 9, 1850, after the Fourth of July celebration, from food poisoning.

 

5. Born on July 4

Памятная монета с изображением Президента Калвина Кулиджа

President Calvin Coolidge was born on July 4, 1872, which provided another reason to write his name in the history books.

 

6. Another country celebrates Independence Day on July 4 - the Philippines.

Празднование Дня независимости Филиппин

 

7. Instead of an eagle, a turkey could become a symbol of America

Представьте: индейка символ независимости США...

Benjamin Franklin wanted the turkey to become America's national symbol. He believed that the bald eagle was a bird with poor moral characteristics, the turkey, in his opinion, was the more respectable option. Fortunately, his point of view was not supported.

 

8. Fireworks

Фейерверки на День независимости

Every year, Americans launch about 200 million kg of fireworks! And most of them are imported from China - for $ 247.1 million. From there, American flags are brought in for $ 5-6 million annually.

 

9. Hot dog!

Хот-доги в чикагском стиле - это вкусно

Most Americans spend July 4 outdoors, picnicking with family and friends. The favorite dish is obviously the hot dog. America eats about 150 million hot dogs on this day.

 

10. The most drunk holiday

Выпьем?

The fourth of July is unofficially known as the drunkest holiday in the United States. The tradition began in 1778, on the second day of the Independence Day celebrations. Then US President George Washington ordered a double shot of rum to be given to the military to mark the anniversary of the signing of the Declaration. Since then, sales of beer and other alcoholic beverages have grown tenfold during this period. In recent years, Americans have been drinking $ 1 billion worth of beer alone in honor of Independence Day. And that's not counting other alcoholic drinks.



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