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Best makeup base: 19 primers for dry, oily and combination skin

5 months ago

A good primer should smooth out skin imperfections on the face and keep the make-up in perfect condition for as long as possible. We have collected the most effective makeup bases - read and choose the one that is right for you.

Facial primers are a controversial product. Today there are a huge number of them on the market and it is not so easy to find a quality makeup base. It is not always clear whether it is needed at all. Let's try to figure it out, and at the same time, we will tell you about those basics for makeup, which, in our opinion, are worth paying attention to.

What is a makeup base?

Primers solve several problems at once:

  • Mask imperfections, age spots, uneven tone.
  • Makes skin texture smoother.
  • Improve the properties of tonal products and increase the durability of makeup.
  • A primer cannot replace either foundation or skin care creams, it has a narrow, limited functionality. The basis for makeup does not have to be in a woman's cosmetic bag. However, you can’t do without it if you need impeccable and persistent make-up.

It is important to know that many makeup bases necessarily contain silicones, so due to frequent use, skin pores can become clogged, which will provoke rashes on the face. To prevent this from happening, thoroughly cleanse your skin every evening and, if possible, use a make-up base, not every day.

How to choose a primer according to skin type?

Today, the beauty industry offers a large selection of makeup bases. You need to choose those products that are most suitable for the type and color of the skin.

Normal skin

For normal skin types, a brightening make-up base with sunscreen is ideal. A primer with reflective particles is also suitable.

Dry skin

For dry skin types, it is recommended to use light moisturizing makeup bases with a creamy or oily consistency. To give the face visual moisture, use a product with a shimmer.

Oily skin

For oily skin types, a make-up base is best suited to mattify and mask pores. It will control the appearance of oily sheen throughout the day. The primer can be either water-based or silicone-based. If the skin has inflammation and redness, use a base with a green tint.

Combination skin

For combination skin, you can take a mattifying makeup base and apply it only to problem areas. On other "dry" areas, use a moisturizing primer.

Sensitive skin

For sensitive skin, you will need a makeup base, with the function of protecting against toxins, toxins, and negative environmental factors. Look for fragrance-free products. If redness and inflammation often appear on the skin, choose a color-correcting primer with a green pigment.

Is there a difference between budget and luxury makeup bases?

Unfortunately, there is no definitive answer here. Choosing a good makeup base requires personal experience. The most important thing in any cosmetic product is how it suits your skin. Hence the relativity of rankings - what has become a panacea for a thousand lucky ones, for you may turn out to be a waste of money.

When choosing a primer, pay attention to the following:

  • how effectively it evens out the complexion, hides skin imperfections;
  • how long does it keep makeup in perfect condition;
  • what type of skin is suitable for.

To make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of 19 good makeup bases, one of which is potentially suitable for you.

Face Primer Urban Defense Complexion Primer SPF 30, Urban Decay

It is a pleasure to apply it on the skin: the delicate gel texture does not leave any stickiness or film feeling! And the composition itself makes the skin smooth and prepares for the application of foundation, minimizing bumps and pores. You can be calm about the skin, especially in spring and summer: with this primer, care and sun protection are provided.

The basis for the perfect complexion Le Blanc de Chanel Multi-Use Illuminating Base, Chanel

This makeup base is indispensable for creating a flawless look, because it is suitable for any skin tone, hiding visible imperfections and gently illuminating the face. In addition, the product contains caring elements (witch hazel extract, licorice extract and a moisturizing complex) that help preserve the beauty of the skin.

Multifunctional primer Naked Face Balancing Primer, Holika Holika

This tool pleases even externally: inside the bottle there are capsules of three different shades, which, mixing when the dispenser is pressed, give a base that adapts to skin color. The mixture is dense enough to even out the microrelief of the face and last for several hours. Another plus is that you will need significantly less foundation, because the primer provides the necessary undertone.

Cellular Performance Glow Makeup Base Brightening Make-Up Base, Sensai

This base immediately deeply moisturizes, smoothes and brightens the skin, giving firmness and radiance - so that wrinkles and unevenness become less noticeable. A special complex of apricot essence, OH-neutralizer, hyaluronate and collagen stimulators helps the base to fight the first signs of aging. They prevent loss of tone and neutralize pigmentation.

Pore-covering makeup base Master Prime, Maybelline New York

This primer from Maybelline perfectly evens out the texture of the skin, giving it a delicate glow. And at the same time pleases with a very affordable price!

Waterproof face primer You better work! Gym-proof Primer Essence

Thanks to its special waterproof formula, this primer not only hides skin imperfections, but also prevents makeup from "floating" from sweat or heat - ideal for holidays or active workouts, if it is important for you to look "on parade". Bonus: UV filter with SPF 20.

Leveling face primer Prime and Fine Pore Refining Anti-Shine Base, Catrice

The lightweight texture of this primer ensures perfect pairing with any foundation and extra hold. No unwanted shine and enlarged pores!

Makeup base, concealing redness, Base Full HD 16 hours, Eveline

Worried about redness, vascular network and manifestations of rosacea? Then you need the Full HD Base 16 hours from Eveline - the perfect camouflage tool. By the way, she also mattes.

Makeup base Prisme Primer Color Correcting, Givenchy

This makeup base has a light, velvety texture, easy to apply and blends well. The coating is quite dense without the "mask effect". Moreover, this primer not only masks imperfections (it is especially good at fighting dark circles around the eyes), but also gives the skin elasticity over and over again due to vegetative

x extracts in the composition.

Face primer with reflective particles Perfect Glow Primer, Thalgo

Marine spring water and verbena extract, together with reflective particles and color-correcting pigment, give a stunning effect. Firstly, the caring ingredients really take care of the skin - and its natural color evens out over and over again. Secondly, the tone becomes radiant, as if glowing from within.

Primer for flawless skin Smooth Affair Facial Primer & Brightener, Jane Iredale

A sheer, mineral-based soft pink, this primer is virtually invisible on the skin, but that doesn't stop it from effectively tightening pores, unifying skin texture, and giving it a luxurious matte finish. In addition, the formula of the product is enriched with plant components that have an anti-aging effect. Namely - extracts of grapefruit, apple, green and white tea, algae and olive leaves.

Prelude in the Clouds Aqua Base, Rouge Bunny Rouge

This moisturizing foundation is 70% water and literally hydrates the skin for the whole day. Ideal as a make-up base! It contains extracts of sea buckthorn and Florentine iris root, bisabolol and vitamins A and E. With regular use, you will notice that your skin has become softer and more elastic, and inflammation and irritation have decreased.

Face primer Encre de Peau All Hours Primer, YSL Beauty

This base makes it easier to apply the foundation, makes it last longer and helps to keep the matte finish until the evening. Instant perfection for the whole day!

Mattifying base for makeup, masking pores Instant Poreless Pore-Blurring Matifying Primer, Clarins

Despite its light texture, Instant Poreless mattifying base erases pores like an eraser! Thanks to the universal shade, this tool can be used as a base for makeup, or solo. In any case, you are guaranteed perfectly smooth porcelain skin.

Makeup base Photo Finish Foundation Primer, Smashbox

With this primer, you don't need Photoshop or Facetune, because it not only prolongs the durability of makeup, but also visually fills pores and wrinkles, evening out skin texture and tone.

Leveling and illuminating makeup base Radiant Boost Face Base, Kiko Milano

This base visibly improves and refreshes the complexion due to its delicate pinkish tint. The lightweight formula helps the product absorb quickly, smoothing imperfections and giving the skin a slight shimmer.

Makeup base UV Master Primer, Giorgio Armani

Ideal if you are concerned about enlarged pores and uneven skin texture in general. The base will smooth out unevenness and give a soft natural glow, as if you just returned from vacation. Speaking of vacations, this foundation will also come in handy there, because it contains UVA and UVB filters that provide sun protection with an SPF 40 factor.

Aqua-fluid for the face Moisture Genius, L'Oreal

Innovations on guard of your beauty! This product, enriched with aloe juice and hyaluronic acid, immediately turns into a liquid upon contact with the skin and is instantly absorbed, moisturizing the skin, normalizing the hydro-lipid balance and preventing the appearance of oily sheen. Amazing combination of moisturizer and primer!

Moisturizing cream primer for face Hydro Priming Cream InBetween, Blithe

This tool is not just a primer, but a complete care that is suitable for both morning and evening use. Thanks to its elastic formula, this cream is suitable for any skin type, effectively smoothing its texture, correcting tone and mattifying. Bonus: nice lavender scent.

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5 months ago
Giorgio Armani is my favourite!

“No parabens” is the motto of people who are used to reading the list of ingredients carefully. Are they right when they avoid this component?

Sometimes a broad discussion of the action of certain ingredients is a significant phenomenon that helps people maintain their health. We have already understood the beneficial and harmful properties of silicones. This time, let's talk about parabens, among the "victims" of such discussions. Everything is not so simple, and before passing a verdict on them, it is necessary to study the properties of these substances in more detail and get acquainted with the opinion of scientists on this matter. How can parabens in cosmetics be harmful, and are they harmful at all? Let's figure it out right now, but at the same time, we'll see if it's worth choosing natural paraben-free cosmetics as a replacement.

About parabens in cosmetics 

Parabens are chemical compounds (to be more precise, we are talking about esters of para-Hydroxybenzoic acid) that are famous for their antiseptic properties and have been used as preservatives for a long time, both in the food industry and in the pharmaceutical and beauty industries.

Parabens can be synthesized or obtained from plants in the laboratory - yes, there are natural parabens found, for example, in cranberries, lingonberries, and sour.

In the composition of medicines or cosmetics, parabens allow you to extend their shelf life by preventing the growth of bacteria.

Why are parabens dangerous? This is where the controversy begins. The trouble with parabens began when scientists studying breast cancer discovered high concentrations of parabens in tumors. And some have linked it to cosmetics containing parabens (such as deodorants that are applied to the underarm area).

So far, it has not been possible to accurately confirm that cosmetics affect the development of this type of cancer. Still, even a hypothesis was enough for many people to take up arms against parabens.

Properties of parabens in cosmetic

Parabens are considered the most popular preservative today. What is the reason for such a choice?

Antibacterial properties

Thanks to parabens in jars and tubes with cosmetics, there will be no active reproduction of bacteria and fungi. This means they can be used safely for longer without fear that the skin will react with irritation or inflammation.

Ability to stabilize the formula

Another plus of parabens is that they perform a stabilizing function in the formulas of products: their presence in the procedure maintains the desired consistency and allows all components to coexist harmoniously.

Parabens, unlike other preservatives, are effective in small concentrations. Manufacturers who emphasize the natural composition of their cosmetics can use natural preservatives. They are needed in much larger quantities to keep the product fresh for a long time. Organic acids and essential oils are potent allergens. There is a high risk that these products will cause an adverse reaction in the skin.

The downside is that parabens can cause allergies. But the long-term practice of their use shows that the risks are more diminutive in the case of parabens. They are used in the food industry. International standards ensure maximum safety. The creators of cosmetics use these substances in a limited amount.

What cosmetics contain parabens?

Parabens are needed primarily in the composition of funds with a liquid, cream,m or gel texture. In a word, in cosmetics that contain water. A humid environment is favorable for the reproduction of bacteria, and parabens prevent this.


Due to the presence of parabens, tonal foundations “live” from six months to 1.5 years. The expiration date,e in this case, is affected not so much by the concentration of preservatives as by the texture of the product - for example, the fluid will serve you less than a thick and dense foundation.


Mascara cannot be made without parabens, but its shelf life is the shortest compared to other beauty products: it is recommended to use mascara no longer than 3 months after opening the package.


Parabens extend the shelf life of this product to about six months.

Lip gloss

With these tools - the same story as with the category of concealers: you can do makeup with them only for about six months. But without parabens, this period would be even shorter.

Liquid shadows, highlighters, bronzers, lipstick,s and other water-based products also contain parabens. The most common areethyl parabenss andmethyl parabenss. They are safe and resistant to external influences, including thermal. But dry shadows will last you a long time and without parabens in the composition. True, by the end of the expiration date, they will likely no longer fit perfectly. But from the,m it will be possible to make lipstick of an unusual shade. Just follow this video guide.

How are parabens identified in cosmetics?

We have already discussed the general rules that will help you quickly check the composition of cosmetics here. Since parabens are a whole group of substances, you will have to remember a few bare names and symbols to recognize them on the packaging. Parabens that are often used in the manufacture of cosmetics include methylparaben (it can be found in the list of ingredients under the codes E218 and E219), ethylparaben (E214), propylparaben (E216), butylparaben, benzyl paraben, isobutyl paraben.

In addition, among the designations of parabens are met again, propagation, nipagin, and nipazol. They can even be combined under the general name "hydroxybenzoic acids, without specifying the details.

Are there cosmetics without parabens?

Today, the list of brands that produce cosmetics without parabens and sulfates is quite extensive. In the absence of these ingredients in the composition of their products, many manufacturers use them as an advertisement. Therefore it may seem that such beauty products are becoming more common. However, statistics show the opposite: more than 75% of cosmetics still contain parabens.


Those who are not going to give up cosmetics with parabens completely, but are still afraid of this controversial ingredient, should pay attention to thorough skin cleansing.

What is the best way to remove paraben makeup? One of the leading "working" means micellar water - the features of its production allow you not to use sulfates and parabens. The same applies to many hydrophilic oils.

Micellar water

It's good that cosmetics lovers have a choice. Science is not yet able to provide accurate data proving that parabens in cosmetics are harmful and cause life-threatening diseases. But for those who want to eliminate any risks associated with parabens, products labeled paraben-free can be preferred.

Cosmetics without parabens

It is essential to understand that the absence of parabens does not always make cosmetics 100% safe. So, substitutes for parabens arepropanoll,quaternion-15, butyl hydroxy anisole (E320 or BHA), and butylhydroxytoluene (BHT) - and these substances have been proven toxic and carcinogenic. However, they are found not only in cosmetics but also in food.

About natural cosmetics, manufacturers of natural beauty products also use paraben-free labels. They use vitamins E and C, tea tree oil, eucalyptus oil, propolis, and grapefruit seed extract as preservatives. The last component has gained particular popularity as a natural disinfectant and preservative.

Grapefruit seed extract

In the case of natural cosmetics, the question arises, how effective are the preservatives used in it. If methyl and ethyl parabens in cosmetics, as a rule, are no more than 0.4% of the composition, natural substitutes will be required in much higher concentrations to compare with them in terms of strength. Do not forget that many natural ingredients that can increase the shelf life of cosmetics can cause allergic reactions.

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Applying makeup during filming is not a quick process. Mainly when not only the image of the character depends on it but also on the film's overall success. The Deadpool actors must endure many hours of sitting in the make-up chair and all their manipulations, sometimes reminiscent of “torture.”


Changed beyond recognition! What makeup can do to actors


Bemorepanda found examples of what actors go through to make their on-screen characters stand out and memorable. For example, make-up for 8-9 hours. And this, it turns out, is not the most challenging thing that they sometimes have to face.


1. 8-9 hours, Rebecca Romijn as Mystique in X-Men


“It was a nine-hour make-up process. Throughout three films, we managed to cut it down to seven hours, but it was still... a lot. And I realized pretty quickly that this was my job, which was to apply all this makeup! — Rebecca Romijn, Looper


2. 8-9 hours, Jennifer Lawrence as Mystique in X-Men: First Class


In First Class, the filmmakers stayed accurate to Rebecca Romijn's original costume. But for Jennifer Lawrence, the body paint caused such severe skin irritation that she had to call a doctor. For the next film, X-Men: Days of Future Past, they switched to bodysuits. It also helped save all that time on set.


“I'm so excited because I'm going to wear a tight suit. It will be from the neck down so that it will cut time and blisters." - Jennifer Lawrence.


3. 8.5 hours, Jim Carrey as the Grinch in The Grinch Stole Christmas


The process of putting on makeup and costume took so long that the film producer brought in a CIA officer whose job was to help people endure torture.


4. 8 hours, Halle Berry as Jocasta Ayres (and five other characters) in Cloud Atlas


In addition to her role as Jocasta Ayres, Berry is also known as:


- Louise Ray


- Ovid


- Meronym


- Native woman


- Indian party guest


5. 8 hours, Christian Bale as Dick Cheney in "Power."


“In the old days, when we were sculpting foam fixtures, we would reshape the jaw and chin area a bit because it would compress a bit. But now, in silicone, we must accentuate the cheekbones and jawlines because his weight pulls him down. So it isn't easy. It would help if you had to know what you're doing." — Makeup artist Greg Cannom, Vox.


6. 7-8 hours, John Hurt as John Merrick in The Elephant Man


The make-up for John Hurt, resembling the real-life John Merrick, was created using the casts of Merrick's body in the Royal London Hospital.


7. 7 hours, Jamie Campbell Bower as Vecna ​​in Stranger Things 4


Take a behind-the-scenes look below for a closer look at the process.




8. 7 hours, Michael Dorn as Worf in Star Trek: The Next Generation


According to Michael Dorn, over time, the makeup process has become easier:


“Now it's not that weird because it used to be quite difficult because they used a lot of glue and makeup. It was just a natural process."


9. 7 hours, Ryan Reynolds as Wade Wilson in Deadpool


Seven hours is a very long time, and the makeup artists were uneasy when Ryan Reynolds once pranked them by ripping it all off after they were done.


Here's how it was:




10. 6 hours, Arnold Schwarzenegger as Mr. Freeze in "Batman and Robin."


For some close-up shots, Arnold had to put an LED in his mouth, and at some point, it became quite dangerous:


“When you put it in Arnold's mouth, Arnold's saliva seeps into the seams of this thing and attacks the batteries. Batteries begin to disintegrate, and battery acid may begin to enter Arnold's mouth." — Makeup artist Jeff Dawn, THR.


11. 6 hours, Gary Oldman as Mason Verger in Hannibal


Greg Cannom, who worked with Christian Bale on The Authority, was Hannibal's makeup artist:


“I knew we could get away with [Oldman] more than any other actor. He first said, "Can we open my eye?" It's disgusting. I showed people pictures of [Oldman as Verger], and they all just said, “Oh my God!” and left, which made me very happy.” — Cannom, The Guardian.


12. 5-6 hours, Doug Bradley as Hellraiser in Hellraiser


“The process started with Clive sketching out his ideas that we had to work through together, and then we came up with other ideas based on those sketches. Initially, Pinhead was not at all what he is now. He was much more like Nightbreed's Shunu Sassi character, with only needles sticking out of the top of his head. I looked at it and thought, "Clive [Barker, director], we can't do it with that budget." I knew this makeup would last six days, and we couldn't do it on such a tight budget. He said, "Okay, let's think about it." That's when we came up with this grid pattern on a lifecast to determine where we were going to insert what were originally supposed to be six-inch nails. Clive looked at the mesh and decided he liked its symmetry, so we left it in place." — Makeup artist Bob Keane, DailyDead.


13. 5 hours, Brad Pitt as Benjamin Button in The Curious Case of Benjamin Button


Greg Cannom ("Power," "Hannibal") is back in business:


“I had time to get it right, which I don’t usually do in a film. We did intensive tests for two weeks before filming started at every age and did make-up after make-up. The make-up had to work. Otherwise, the film wouldn't have worked." — Kann, Variety.


14. 5 hours, John Matuszak as Sloth in The Goonies


Back in 2019, 34 years after the release of The Goonies, test shots of the Sloth makeup were finally found.


15. 5 hours Dave Bautista as Drax in Guardians of the Galaxy 


“Drax started with a five-hour make-up, and gradually the time began to decrease, as expected. Such extensive makeup is a real challenge for the team because it is so complex.


“Every day, a plastic mold was offered that was the exact shape of David's body, with perforated holes indicating where the prosthesis begins and ends. Through it, a drawing showing a map was applied to rice paper.


“All teams had different tasks in this sequence. Some begin the application of paint, while others complete the shading of the dentures. We added subtle layers of browns, reds, and greens to the base gray to break up the tone and spice it up before the final color unwrapping.


"The whole body is then sealed with a retainer so that it can withstand daytime shooting." — Makeup artist David White, Business Insider.


16. 5 hours, Zoe Saldana as Gamora in Guardians of the Galaxy 


“This time, I was picked up at three in the morning - my dog ​​was not even happy about it. I had to sit for five hours for five months. It was crazy, but it paid off. The film is fantastic." — Zoe Saldana, US Weekly.


17. 5 hours, Jeff Goldblum as Seth Brundle in The Fly


“Yes, Chris Wallace got an Oscar for it. And Stéphane Dupuis put me in the dentist's chair for five hours and used this thing. And then another hour after we finished… well, you know, labor, labor, labor… took it off. This suit is a little tight... the rubber suit... so I look so... ugly. And then prosthetics. — Jeff Goldblum, Yahoo.


18. 6 hours, Arnold Schwarzenegger as Terminator in Terminator 2: Judgment Day


“Maria walked onto the set in the midst of filming Terminator 2. And then she saw me - when half of the face disappeared, and the eye lit up. All this weird makeup... So she started screaming and crying on set because she didn't understand why dad looked like that." - Arnold Schwarzenegger.


19. 5 hours, Marion Cotillard as Edith Piaf in La Vie en Rose


Marion Cotillard didn't mind the five-hour make-up because she's a big fan of Edith Piaf and wanted to give her credit:


“It was very stressful, but she was a powerful person. I love tragedy. Not in my life. But I love to play a tragedy. It allows me to express so many things. At the same time, I feel empty and full of emotions; I feel alive." — Marion Cotillard, Under the Radar.


20. 5 hours, Tim Curry as Lord of Darkness in "Legend."


“We had terrible negotiations about what parts of me would be visible. I fought and begged to have my own eyes… My eyes were solid contact lenses, like wolf or cat eyes, which were very painful to install because they took a cast of your eye and inserted it into your eye. If it hurt, they scratched him a little until he stopped hurting.” — Tim Curry, Legend commentary.




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We must recognize that most of us, do not read what is on the list of ingredients on cosmetics, or we do not understand the meaning of all those words. If we had enough knowledge, we would be surprised at what we really use.


The expensive perfume contains feces and whale vomit


Ambergris is a yellow, waxy, solid substance that is produced in the whale's intestines to protect them from the sharp objects they sometimes swallow. It is often called "sea gold". Just half a pound of feces or whale vomit can be worth up to $ 10,000. Whales either vomit the substance or eliminate it along with their feces.


Most lipsticks contain broken parasitic beetles


Cactus beetles (Dactylopius Coccus) are small insects that feed on cactus plants in Central and South America. Cochineal female beetles eat the red fruits of cacti, so when the beetles are crushed, a very strong red dye is produced.


Cochineal dye has been used for centuries and is very safe for most people, so it is commonly used in lipstick, ice cream, candy, yogurt and eyeshadow. In fact, Starbucks admitted a few years ago that they used a red cochineal dye in some of their drinks, which turned out to be a big problem for their vegetarian fans.


Animal fat in lipstick, eyeshadow and soap


Seoul is a common ingredient in many cosmetics. It is present in: eyeshadows, lipsticks, foundations, shampoos, shaving soaps, moisturizers and skin care products. Seoul is made from animal carcasses.

Seoul is made from animal fat, which means boiling carcasses to create fat products. Dead animals used to make tallow come from many sources, including laboratories, slaughterhouses, zoos, shelters, and yes, animals killed on the road are also used.


Bull semen in hair products


Due to its high protein content, bull semen has become a popular ingredient in hair products. Used mainly for dry or damaged hair, the semen is mixed with a plant called Katera and applied to the hair in expensive beauty salons. The process takes about 45 minutes, costs about $ 90-120 dollars and has been described as "Viagra for hair."


Snail secretions in moisturizers


Snail exudate is collected and used as an ingredient in many famous moisturizers. Glycolic acid and elastin in snail secretion protect the skin from wounds, bacteria and UV rays, making it a great source of protein that removes dead cells and regenerates the skin. It is also useful for removing scars, stretch marks and curing acne.


Infant foreskin in anti-aging products


The recovery complex marketed by TNS SkinMedica claims to use cells derived from human infantile foreskin (NouriCel-MD) in a "revolutionary" line of anti-aging products. Using a combination of soluble collagen, antioxidants, natural growth factors and proteins, they claim to slow down the aging process and encourage the growth of new cells for a younger complexion.

Many companies have already announced that they have given up some of these ingredients, opting for "more pleasant" alternatives, but others, given their effect, will not do so too soon.



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Mark Twain, aka Samuel Langhorne Clemens (Florida, November 30, 1835 - Redding, April 21, 1910), was an American writer, humorist, aphorist, and professor of some of the most famous masterpieces of nineteenth-century American literature called The Adventures. Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn have entered the collective imagination and have had numerous television and film transpositions.

He is considered one of the essential American stars of his day: William Faulkner wrote that he was "the first truly American writer."

Mark Twain quotes

Twain had to work from an early age as an orphaned father and began his career as a journalist and then as a humorous storyteller, eventually becoming troubled after some personal events (such as the death of a brother and his wife). So, two of his three adult daughters and his dear friend Henry Rogers, who happened almost during the writer's difficult old age), a severe and irreverent chronicler of vanities, take a look at all the hypocrisy and human cruelty, as well as a critic of religions, with a background of ironic pessimism and misanthropy.

In the middle of his career, together with Huckleberry Finn, he combined fine humor, solid fiction, and social criticism at a level unmatched in the vast medium of American literature.

1. A man cannot feel good if he is not in harmony with himself.

2. The right word can be effective, but no word has ever been as effective as a break at the right time.

3. Climate is what we expect. The weather is what we get.

4. You can't let your eyes down if your imagination doesn't focus well.

5. It is better to keep quiet and let others think you are a fool than to speak up and dispel any doubts.

6. If in doubt, tell the truth.

7. An Englishman is the person who does things because they have been done before, while the American does them so that no one has done them before.

8. When you realize you are on the side of the majority, it is time for reform.

9. Dance as if no one sees you; love as if you were never hurt; sing as if no one could hear you; live as if you were the only man on earth.

10. I went through terrible moments in my life. Some of them even happened.

Samuel Clemens was born in Florida and raised in Hannibal, Missouri, the son of Jane (born Lampton, 1803-1890), a native of Kentucky, and John Marshall Clemens (1798-1847), a Virginia by birth. His parents met when his father moved to Missouri and married a few years later in 1823. He was the sixth of seven children, but only three of them survived as children: his brother Orion (1825-1897). Henry (1838-1858) died in a boat explosion with Twain and Pamela (1827-1904).

His sister Margaret (1833-1839) died at three, and his brother Benjamin (1832-1842) died three years later. Another brother, Pleasant (1828-1829), died at the age of six months. Twain was born two weeks after Halley's closest comet to Earth, a fact he will often remember. When he was four years old, his family moved to Hannibal, a port city on the Mississippi River, which inspired him with Tom Sawyer and the fictional town of Huckleberry Finn, St. Petersburg.

Missouri was a slave state, and young Twain was familiar with the institution of slavery, a subject he would later explore in his writing. Twain's father, John, practiced as a lawyer and judge. In 1847, when Twain was 11 years old, his father died of pneumonia. The following year, Samuel became an apprentice in a printing press. In 1851 he began working as a printer and contributing humorous articles for the Hannibal Journal, a newspaper founded by his brother Orion. At 18, he left Hannibal to work in New York, Philadelphia, St. Louis, and Cincinnati.

11. It's easier not to get involved than to get out of the game.

12. Each is a moon with a dark side, which no one shows.

13. The New Year is an innocent annual event, with no apparent benefit to anyone, except to be a reason for the promiscuous fun, friendly appellation, and free promises.

14. In Paris, everyone looked at me strangely when I spoke to them in French. I never managed to get those bastards to understand their language.

15. Journalists - people who think about the profession they should have learned all their lives.

16. If people learned to walk and speak as they were taught to read and write, everyone would be lame and stuttered.

17. I am opposed to the position of millionaires, but it would be dangerous to be offered that position.

18. Honesty is the best policy when it brings you financial gain.

19. You can't rely on your eyes when your imagination goes crazy.

20. A man with a new idea is eccentric until his concept succeeds.

21. Plan your future carefully, because you will spend the rest of your life there.

Twain's most significant contribution to American literature is often considered the picaresque novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884), followed by The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, a children's book. Ernest Hemingway said: “All modern American literature comes from a book by Mark Twain, Huckleberry Finn. (...) All American writings derive from this. There was nothing before. Nothing so good has ever been so far. "Famous are the fictional historian The Prince and the Poor, an American in King Arthur's court (humorous science fiction example), and the natural, autobiographical Life of Mississippi. Twain was a master in translating everyday conversation, creating and disseminating specific American literature, and constructing American themes and expressive languages. Twain was also famous for his aphorisms; one of his typical paradoxes reads: "If your grandfather had no children and your father none, it is pretty unlikely that you will have one. "

22. What are the appropriate proportions of a maxim? A minimum of sounds for maximum meaning.

23. All you need in this life is ignorance and confidence; success is sure.

24. He who does not read good books is not superior to him who cannot read them.

25. There are two types of people: those who do things and those who claim to do something.

26. The human species has an effective weapon: it is laughter.

27. Training is everything. The peach was once a bitter almond; cauliflower is nothing but a cabbage with higher education.

28. We have a legal system that is superior to any such system in the world; its effectiveness is tested only by the difficulty of finding twelve people every day who know nothing and cannot read.

29. Be very careful when reading health books. You could die from a typo.

30. Forgiveness is the scent of violet leaves on the heel that crushed it.

31. I learned a lot of things, so now I have a solid culture. But at first, I didn't have one. At first,t I was ignorant. I felt humiliated because I could never be on stage when the water was flowing, even though I was just eyes and ears. But now I don't care. I did a lot of experiments until I found out that the water only flows upwards in the dark. It's floating in the night. I know this because the pond never empties. And I put my hand in the fire because it would be empty if the water didn't come back at night. It is best to prove things through live experiences. Then you know, from here on out! As long as you depend on suspicions, assumptions, and assumptions, you will never become a man of culture.

32. I have never exercised except for sleep and relaxation.

33. It takes your enemy and your friend together to break your heart: first, to slander you, second, to come and tell you.

34. Man is more complex than a prejudice!

35. The descendants of the rich: pride, vanity, ostentation, arrogance, tyranny.

36. We can defend ourselves against temptations but are too cowardly to do so.

37. Live, love your heart, and smell the flowers.

38. Wrinkles should only show where the smiles were.

39. There is no time; life is so short for quarrels, apologies, jealousy, repro, and aches. It's just time for love and only a moment for her.

40. This new creature with long hair is confusing to me. He always walks me around and follows me. I wouldn't say I like it because I'm not used to society. It was better to stay with the other animals… Today is cloudy weather; the wind is blowing from the east. I think the rain will come on us… "We?" Where else did he get that word? Ah, I remember: the new creature always says so.

41. When you seek to fish for love, set your heart as your bait, not your brain.

42. I vehemently disapprove of duels. If a man provoked me, I would carefully take him by the arm, lead him to a quiet place, and kill him there.

43. Through trials, we can learn to endure adversity. Of other people, obviously.

44. The bed is the most dangerous place in the world: 99% of people die in it.

45. When a teacher calls a student by his full name, that means trouble.

46. ​​There are many ways to resist temptation, but cowardice is safest.

47. If our vote could change anything, no one would let us vote.

48. And The turkey is consideredeacock, but no one cares.

49. When even the brightest mind of our world has been drawn from childhood into a superstition of every kind, that mind will never be able, in adulthood, to examine honestly, without passion, and conscientiously, any evidence. Or a circumstance that would seem to question the validity of that superstition. I doubt I could do it myself.

50. I have higher standards and principles than George Washington. He couldn't lie. I can, but I don't want to.

51. Don't think I'm angry that I swear. I swear all day without being a little sore.

52. Truth is stranger than fiction.

53. Good things come to those who wait for them and do not die in the meantime.

54. Seek love with the heart, not with the head.

55. Religion consists of a set of things in which the commoner has the impression that he believes and of which he would like to be sure.

56. Etiquette demands our admiration for the human race.

57. The fear of life causes the fear of death. A man who lives to the fullest is ready to die anytime.

58. Censorship means telling a man that he can't get a steak just because a baby can't chew it.

59. Consumed in moderation, water cannot hurt!

60. I would like to understand me on the moon ?! Not because I get rid of people, How much… water.

61. Pessimism is just the name that bold people give to wisdom.

62. There is nothing sadder than a young pessimist.

63. I don't give a damn about a man who can say a word in one direction.

64. With a human memory, amazing things can be done if you direct it to a single field of activity.

65. I like criticism, but let it be my way.

66. Do something you don't want to do every day; it's the golden rule if you want to get used to doing your duty without suffering.

67. Time heals wounds, but he's a miserable beautician.

68. People are an eternal problem!

69. I wouldn't say I like to dedicate myself to heaven or hell; I have friends in both locations.

70. The older we get, the greater the astonishment when we see how much ignorance dwells in us without tearing our clothes.

71. I did not attend the funeral but sent them a letter stating that I agreed with her.

72. Animals are best friends. They do not ask questions or criticize.

73. The citizen who considers that the political clothes of his community have worn out and yet keeps silent and does not agitate to give him a new garment - an unfaithful citizen, a traitor.

74. Prosperity is the best defender of principles.

75. Although I have 40 years of experience in the human potluck and vanity field, I have not seen anything resembling the insensibility and self-admiration of this vulgar bastard and incomparable ignorance.

76. Life is straightforward if we think we are all crazy.

77. April 1 is the day that reminds us of how we are in the other 364 days of the year.

78. Do not part with illusions. If they disappear, you will continue to exist but cease to live.

79. The parliamentarian is only an ordinary criminal who makes laws while not in prison for any common law crime.

80. The radical of one period is the conservative of the next. The extreme comes with new visions. Once they fade into importance, the Conservative adopts them.

81. February is the most dangerous month for stock market speculation. The others are January, March, May, July, August, December, October, November, April, June, and September.

82. The journey is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness, so many of our people, are in great need of it. Broad, generous, charitable visions of people and things cannot be obtained by vegetating in a small corner of the earth all one's life.

83. Mental and intelligent people are just like any other human being. They carefully and courteously hide their private opinions from others, giving the world only fictitious things.

84. Kings and kingdoms were as numerous in Britain as they had been in Palestine in the days of Joshua when people were forced to sleep with their knees in their mouths because they could not lie down without a passport.

85. There are three things a woman can do out of nothing: a hat, a salad, and a quarrel between husbands.

86. Most people are annoyed by those passages in Scripture that they don't understand, but the courses that bother me are the ones I know.

87. You can be careless with your clothes if that's what you want, but be careful with your soul.

88. The secret to success is to make your vacation.

89. The constitution protects the right to stupidity. This is a guarantee of the free development of the personality.

90. I'm tired of the country where you can't find a crane!

91. I am a sublime naive. Consequently, they are the work of the Lord, and all His creations must be treated with respect.

92. You may experience pain alone but must share the joy of knowing it to the fullest with someone.

93. Prejudice always distorts people's thoughts, feelings, and opinions.

94. Small people have a habit of discouraging you, but big people know how to make you feel that you can too.

95. Fiction must remain within the scope of possibilities. But the truth is not.

96. Civilization is the limitless multiplication of unnecessary necessities.

97. Get the facts first; then, you can deform them as you wish.

98. Good friends, good books, and a sleeping conscience: this is the ideal life.

99. Sadness can handle itself, but to be itself, joy needs to be shared with someone.

100. Honesty is the best policy; when it comes to money.

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In the second half of the 20th century, the stand-up genre emerged in the United States - a conversational performance in which the artist speaks directly to the audience. The members of this collection have something to say.


List of Famous Comedians Who Made us Laugh Hard and Often!


Comedian, from the German Komiker, Komikus is an actor who performs comic roles. Recently, in our country, comedians, and the stand-up genre in general, are gaining more and more popularity. Today we decided to recall the pioneers - the most famous comic actors in the world.


George Carlin


One of the genre pioneers, actor, and writer, winner of four Grammy awards and the Mark Twain Award.


Carlin started as a DJ at a radio station, then put on comedy numbers in nightclubs, and was a frequent guest on various TV shows. His popularity grew like a snowball. In total, the artist released 14 full-length stand-ups.


In his books and speeches, Karlin destroys all the foundations of modern society and universal human values. There are no taboo topics for his penetrating gaze and devastating humor - religious dogmas, gender stereotypes, political correctness, mass media, politics, patriotism, and the institution of the family. Some of his monologues fell under proceedings in the US Supreme Court.


Richard Pryor


The most influential black comedian, social critic, and actor, whose popularity peaked in the 1970s-1980s. Richard Pryor is the typical African American that Hollywood has portrayed. He was not poor, but he robbed neighbors' houses and often got caught as a child. At 19, Pryor attacked the owners of a club owned by the Italian mafia with a toy gun. He was the son of a boxer and a prostitute and was raised by his grandmother in a brothel, of which she was the mistress.


The five-time Emmy winner started as an entertainer. He soon became a regular on the television entertainment shows The Ed Sullivan Show and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. Pryor's popularity quickly grew, and he decided to try his hand at the Las Vegas stage, where he was waiting for success as a stand-up comedian.


In 2004, Pryor was ranked number one on Comedy Central's list of the 100 Greatest Stand-Up Artists of All Time. In a 2005 British poll by The Comedian, Pryor was ranked the tenth best comedy figure.


Andy Kaufman


Although Andy was often called a comedian, Kaufman never called himself that. He refused to do jokes or comedies, at least not in the way that others did. Kaufman considered himself an anti-comedian, an artist of the absurd, and called himself "an artist who dances and sings." In his numbers, Andy always evoked different feelings in the audience - from numbness and disgust to uncontrollable laughter. For him, there were no boundaries in the invented jokes.


In addition to being weird, Andy Kaufman has wrapped himself in mystery. Until now, many believe that he did not die at all, and is just waiting in the wings to appear in public. After all, he joked many times during his lifetime that he would do just that. The fog was added by his brother, who in 2013 stated that he found a note from Andy almost immediately after his death.


Some are still not sure if the artist really died or just faked his death.


Louis C.K.

The most recognizable American stand-up comedian of our time.


Started as a writer for other comedians and TV presenters. Success came to him when Louis was already over 40. He made a name for himself on the subject of a midlife crisis. C.K. exploits the image of an irritated man who is divorced, has two daughters and eats immoderately. The humor may seem very cynical, but the presentation leaves no doubt - Louis C.K. sincerely loves people.


Dave Chappelle

American stand-up comedian, actor and screenwriter. Winner of two Emmy Awards and a Grammy Award.


At first glance, Chappelle is a typical African-American comedian, talking about racism, weed and "brothers". In reality, he is completely atypical: he talks about the same thing, but in a different way. Therefore, viewers with different skin colors come to his concerts. His low calm voice is combined with rhythm and passion. Chappelle does not draw conclusions for the viewer, but each story provides food for thought.


Jimmy Carr

An English comedian for whom nothing is sacred. A second ago he was joking with dwarfs, and right now he is mocking the city in which he gives his concert. Although sometimes the performance is divided into peculiar headings, like a TV show.


Not everyone likes his sharp jokes and dark humor, which Carr takes lightly, saying that people have the right to be offended, but he also has the right to freely joke about whatever he wants.


Subtle British humor and impeccable one-lines make any black joke in his performance first of all funny. This allows Carr to avoid responsibility for his insults. In most cases.


Woody Allen

Woody Allen is a man whose prowess as a stand-up comedian can only be judged by audio recordings and rare surviving video recordings. At the end of many shows, Allen recommended buying his record. Those who did this helped posterity learn what troubles and sores plagued the neurotic from Brooklyn. The future director talked about doctors and failures with women, and also noticed the absurdities in the life of a big city, which later became fragments of many of his films. Allen still inspires young people to conquer the scene with sincere and self-deprecating jokes.


George Carlin

One of the most significant stand-up artists of all time, George Carlin took to the stage with ruthless pamphlets denouncing the state and human stupidity. He ridiculed the routine phrases on board the aircraft, the bombastic statements of environmentalists and the supporting piles of politically correct America. In parallel with the caustic concerts, Karlin also appeared on the wide screen. He collaborated with Kevin Smith three times - on Dogma, Jay and Silent Bob and Jersey Girl. Karlin was dissatisfied with most of his acting work.


Robin Williams

Oscar winner (with four nominations) and five-time Golden Globe winner, Robin Williams was a stand-up comedian in the seventies, performing at The Comedy Store club along with the iconic Richard Pryor and George Carlin. Then he had a television career and success in big movies, but in the early 2000s, Williams returned to his roots. He recorded two stand-up gigs where he mocked the names of hurricanes, the last American presidents, tiny electric cars and raccoons, for which ecological separation of garbage is a real punishment. Watching Williams is interesting not only because of the jokes, but also because of the performance skills - he can be given a second Oscar for drawing sketches “by roles”.


Eddie Murphy

In the eighties, Murphy walked around the stage in a tight leather suit, was afraid that one of the men in the audience would stare at his ass, and cursed as often as he could not afford, now a family movie star. African-American stand-up comedians have become a self-sufficient niche in the humor market since Richard Pryor, and the glib Murphy proved to be one of the brightest wisecracking storytellers: he parodied Michael Jackson and Stevie Wonder, and also spoke with equal frankness about sex and childhood love of ice cream.


Jim Carrey

When Jim Carrey left the stage and moved to the big screen, his stage image did not change much: the “rubber-faced man” continued to amuse the audience with eccentric antics. An emotional story about situations from life was accompanied by pantomime, the apotheosis of which can be considered the image of famous personalities. Carrey is probably the only one who parodied Jack Nicholson as the Joker and Clint Eastwood without a single word - he showed this number exclusively with facial expressions with a striking portrait resemblance.


Chris Rock

Chris Rock, following Pryor and Murphy, spoke about the life of an African American in the United States, complained that it has become increasingly difficult to defend rap lately, and did not hesitate to attack the state. "The government doesn't want you to use your drugs, they want you to use their drugs," he declared from the stage. Rock is often said to have changed the face of American humor. However, in the cinema he was less fortunate. Chris Rock was not as successful as Eddie Murphy, but starred twice with Kevin Smith (Jay and Silent Bob, Dogma), voiced a zebra in the Madagascar trilogy, wrote a semi-autobiographical script for the TV series Everybody Hates Chris. , and acted as a director in two more films.


Adam Sandler

Raised to comedian from high school prankster, Adam Sandler took to the stage in the 1980s as the goofy simpleton that Reese Darby (Always Say Yes and Rock Wave) now uses with equal success. Giggling at his own jokes, Sandler spoke in a thin voice about talking to girls. In a normal voice, he could tell, for example, about the teammates of the famous basketball player Wilt Chamberlain, who set an NBA record by scoring one hundred points in one match. The remaining four, according to Sandler, approached the team leader and said: "Listen, man, I'm open." With such baggage in the early nineties, the native of Brooklyn got on television, acted in films - and away we go.


Jud Apatow

The young Jud Apatow, speaking to the bar's patrons, looked like the slightly chubbier Ross from Friends, who preferred jokes about his own laziness and wasted life to dinosaurs. Dressed in a formal suit, Apatow looked like a lawyer or a traveling salesman. Twenty years ago, hardly anyone would have recognized him as the “king of comedy” from mass culture. However, before becoming a director, Apatow managed to work on stage on his own, and later supplied Jimm Carrey and other comedians with material.


Zach Galifianakis

Gaining fame after The Hangover, Galifainakis made many people learn his hard-to-pronounce last name. The fame of the native of North Carolina was a matter of time: on stage, he was not much different from his extravagant on-screen character. The audience was delighted with the unhurried monologues that he uttered over a bottle of beer. “I look like fat Jesus,” Zach hung from the stage. "Be careful, I'm really funny."


Seth Rogen

Seth Rogen made people laugh long before Donnie Darko and The 40 Year Old Virgin. One of the main associates of Jud Appatow, he went on stage from the age of twelve. The first speeches contained observations about school, unruly hair, and how hard it is for a child in a Jewish family. The main problem, according to Rogen, is the grandparents. However, even then the comedian knew how to turn a minus into a plus: “Once I asked for a cup of milk, and received $ 20.” Perhaps much in the career of a guy from Canada has developed in a similar way.


Bill Burr

Bill Burr is a cynical American comedian, actor, writer, musician, and producer. He started his stand-up career in 1992 and has since released six quite successful shows. But other projects have brought him popularity: his own weekly podcast Bill Burr’s Monday Morning Podcast, appearances on radio shows and podcasts of other comedians, participation in the voice acting of GTA 4, a small role in the TV series Breaking Bad, and much more.


Bill Burr claims that his style was partly influenced by George Carlin. Burr's humor has been described as "furious". His speeches look rude, chauvinistic, indecent. He always chooses the most politically incorrect topics, ridiculing the excessive tolerance of the modern world. But it's his politically incorrectness and fearlessness that make his stand-up show so appealing.


Ellen DeGeneres

American actress and comedian Ellen DeGeneres is known all over the world as a talented TV presenter, but she started her career with stand-up, and very successful. Back in the 70s, when Ellen was about 20 years old, she began performing in coffee houses and clubs, gradually gaining popularity and moving to a television audience. And in the 80s, the comedian was talked about all over the country, calling the funniest person on American television.


Ellen DeGeneres starred on the sitcom Ellen for four years, playing a bookstore owner. Although the series did not receive high television ratings, critics praised it, especially noting the talent of the comedian. In the 2000s, Ellen began to offer to host the Emmy, Grammy and other awards ceremonies. She turned out to be a great host, she was even nominated for an Emmy for hosting the ceremony.


Ellen is bright, funny and cheerful, without rudeness, unnecessary cynicism and vulgarity, but with wonderful self-irony. Her performances are very laid back and she improvises well.


Bo Burnham

Bo Burnham is a young but already popular American comedian and musician. He started his career in an unusual way compared to other comedians: from a Youtube channel where he uploaded his funny songs with guitar and electric piano. Then he started posting comedy videos about religion, gender, homosexuality, disability. Bo soon began to perform in clubs and on television, and in 2010 at the Edinburgh Comedy Festival he was nominated for the prize for the best comedy show.


Bo Burnham starred in several TV series and wrote and produced the sitcom Zach Stone Is Going to Be Big. But his main hobbies are still music and comedy.


Bo Burnham's performances can be called a musical comedy, but not in the classic version, when the songs are simply accompanied by jokes. Burnham's shows are more interesting, with jokes interrupted by songs and pantomimes, as if the comedian is mocking a classic stand-up.


Sarah Silverman

Sarah Silverman is an American stand-up actress and satirist, comedy writer. Sarah first performed in the comedy genre at the age of 17, in the late 80s. Although she described her performance as terrible, her career took off quickly. Soon, Sarah began to perform in a satirical talk show on television, act in comedy series and create her own shows.


Sarah starred in dozens of films and TV series. Since 2007, she has been producing the weekly show The Sarah Silverman Program. In 2009, Silverman received an Emmy Award.


Sarah calls herself a "Jewish comedian". She often uses the themes of racism and the Holocaust in her speeches. Her stand-up is laced with deep satire and is often accompanied by black humor.


Bill Hicks

American stand-up comedian Bill Hicks lived a short life but gained immense recognition after his death. He performed in the 80s and 90s, shocking the audience with obscene language, black humor and discussion of the most controversial topics. Hicks deliberately challenged the mainstream in comedy by getting people to not just laugh at jokes, but to learn new things and think for themselves.


In his stand-up speeches, Bill Hicks criticized the banality and superficiality of popular culture. He wanted people to think more deeply and live more consciously. Hicks ridiculed the media, consumerism and philistinism. His cynical humor was not liked by everyone, but after Hicks' death, he was called one of the greatest comedians of all time.


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