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Parabens in cosmetics: should we be afraid of them?

1 month ago
parabens-in-cosmetics-should-we-be-afraid-of-them

“No parabens” is the motto of people who are used to reading the list of ingredients carefully. Are they right when they avoid this component?


Sometimes a broad discussion of the action of certain ingredients is a significant phenomenon that helps people maintain their health. We have already understood the beneficial and harmful properties of silicones. This time, let's talk about parabens, among the "victims" of such discussions. Everything is not so simple, and before passing a verdict on them, it is necessary to study the properties of these substances in more detail and get acquainted with the opinion of scientists on this matter. How can parabens in cosmetics be harmful, and are they harmful at all? Let's figure it out right now, but at the same time, we'll see if it's worth choosing natural paraben-free cosmetics as a replacement.


About parabens in cosmetics 

Parabens are chemical compounds (to be more precise, we are talking about esters of para-Hydroxybenzoic acid) that are famous for their antiseptic properties and have been used as preservatives for a long time, both in the food industry and in the pharmaceutical and beauty industries.


Parabens can be synthesized or obtained from plants in the laboratory - yes, there are natural parabens found, for example, in cranberries, lingonberries, and sour.


In the composition of medicines or cosmetics, parabens allow you to extend their shelf life by preventing the growth of bacteria.


Why are parabens dangerous? This is where the controversy begins. The trouble with parabens began when scientists studying breast cancer discovered high concentrations of parabens in tumors. And some have linked it to cosmetics containing parabens (such as deodorants that are applied to the underarm area).


So far, it has not been possible to accurately confirm that cosmetics affect the development of this type of cancer. Still, even a hypothesis was enough for many people to take up arms against parabens.


Properties of parabens in cosmetic

Parabens are considered the most popular preservative today. What is the reason for such a choice?


Antibacterial properties


Thanks to parabens in jars and tubes with cosmetics, there will be no active reproduction of bacteria and fungi. This means they can be used safely for longer without fear that the skin will react with irritation or inflammation.


Ability to stabilize the formula

Another plus of parabens is that they perform a stabilizing function in the formulas of products: their presence in the procedure maintains the desired consistency and allows all components to coexist harmoniously.


Parabens, unlike other preservatives, are effective in small concentrations. Manufacturers who emphasize the natural composition of their cosmetics can use natural preservatives. They are needed in much larger quantities to keep the product fresh for a long time. Organic acids and essential oils are potent allergens. There is a high risk that these products will cause an adverse reaction in the skin.


The downside is that parabens can cause allergies. But the long-term practice of their use shows that the risks are more diminutive in the case of parabens. They are used in the food industry. International standards ensure maximum safety. The creators of cosmetics use these substances in a limited amount.


What cosmetics contain parabens?


Parabens are needed primarily in the composition of funds with a liquid, cream,m or gel texture. In a word, in cosmetics that contain water. A humid environment is favorable for the reproduction of bacteria, and parabens prevent this.


Foundation

Due to the presence of parabens, tonal foundations “live” from six months to 1.5 years. The expiration date,e in this case, is affected not so much by the concentration of preservatives as by the texture of the product - for example, the fluid will serve you less than a thick and dense foundation.


Mascara

Mascara cannot be made without parabens, but its shelf life is the shortest compared to other beauty products: it is recommended to use mascara no longer than 3 months after opening the package.


Concealer

Parabens extend the shelf life of this product to about six months.


Lip gloss

With these tools - the same story as with the category of concealers: you can do makeup with them only for about six months. But without parabens, this period would be even shorter.


Liquid shadows, highlighters, bronzers, lipstick,s and other water-based products also contain parabens. The most common areethyl parabenss andmethyl parabenss. They are safe and resistant to external influences, including thermal. But dry shadows will last you a long time and without parabens in the composition. True, by the end of the expiration date, they will likely no longer fit perfectly. But from the,m it will be possible to make lipstick of an unusual shade. Just follow this video guide.


How are parabens identified in cosmetics?

We have already discussed the general rules that will help you quickly check the composition of cosmetics here. Since parabens are a whole group of substances, you will have to remember a few bare names and symbols to recognize them on the packaging. Parabens that are often used in the manufacture of cosmetics include methylparaben (it can be found in the list of ingredients under the codes E218 and E219), ethylparaben (E214), propylparaben (E216), butylparaben, benzyl paraben, isobutyl paraben.


In addition, among the designations of parabens are met again, propagation, nipagin, and nipazol. They can even be combined under the general name "hydroxybenzoic acids, without specifying the details.


Are there cosmetics without parabens?


Today, the list of brands that produce cosmetics without parabens and sulfates is quite extensive. In the absence of these ingredients in the composition of their products, many manufacturers use them as an advertisement. Therefore it may seem that such beauty products are becoming more common. However, statistics show the opposite: more than 75% of cosmetics still contain parabens.


Cosmetics

Those who are not going to give up cosmetics with parabens completely, but are still afraid of this controversial ingredient, should pay attention to thorough skin cleansing.


What is the best way to remove paraben makeup? One of the leading "working" means micellar water - the features of its production allow you not to use sulfates and parabens. The same applies to many hydrophilic oils.


Micellar water

It's good that cosmetics lovers have a choice. Science is not yet able to provide accurate data proving that parabens in cosmetics are harmful and cause life-threatening diseases. But for those who want to eliminate any risks associated with parabens, products labeled paraben-free can be preferred.


Cosmetics without parabens

It is essential to understand that the absence of parabens does not always make cosmetics 100% safe. So, substitutes for parabens arepropanoll,quaternion-15, butyl hydroxy anisole (E320 or BHA), and butylhydroxytoluene (BHT) - and these substances have been proven toxic and carcinogenic. However, they are found not only in cosmetics but also in food.


About natural cosmetics, manufacturers of natural beauty products also use paraben-free labels. They use vitamins E and C, tea tree oil, eucalyptus oil, propolis, and grapefruit seed extract as preservatives. The last component has gained particular popularity as a natural disinfectant and preservative.


Grapefruit seed extract

In the case of natural cosmetics, the question arises, how effective are the preservatives used in it. If methyl and ethyl parabens in cosmetics, as a rule, are no more than 0.4% of the composition, natural substitutes will be required in much higher concentrations to compare with them in terms of strength. Do not forget that many natural ingredients that can increase the shelf life of cosmetics can cause allergic reactions.



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from-beetles-and-parasites-to-whale-vomit-the-disgusting-ingredients-in-cosmetics

We must recognize that most of us, do not read what is on the list of ingredients on cosmetics, or we do not understand the meaning of all those words. If we had enough knowledge, we would be surprised at what we really use.

 

The expensive perfume contains feces and whale vomit

 

Ambergris is a yellow, waxy, solid substance that is produced in the whale's intestines to protect them from the sharp objects they sometimes swallow. It is often called "sea gold". Just half a pound of feces or whale vomit can be worth up to $ 10,000. Whales either vomit the substance or eliminate it along with their feces.

 

Most lipsticks contain broken parasitic beetles

 

Cactus beetles (Dactylopius Coccus) are small insects that feed on cactus plants in Central and South America. Cochineal female beetles eat the red fruits of cacti, so when the beetles are crushed, a very strong red dye is produced.

 

Cochineal dye has been used for centuries and is very safe for most people, so it is commonly used in lipstick, ice cream, candy, yogurt and eyeshadow. In fact, Starbucks admitted a few years ago that they used a red cochineal dye in some of their drinks, which turned out to be a big problem for their vegetarian fans.

 

Animal fat in lipstick, eyeshadow and soap

 

Seoul is a common ingredient in many cosmetics. It is present in: eyeshadows, lipsticks, foundations, shampoos, shaving soaps, moisturizers and skin care products. Seoul is made from animal carcasses.

Seoul is made from animal fat, which means boiling carcasses to create fat products. Dead animals used to make tallow come from many sources, including laboratories, slaughterhouses, zoos, shelters, and yes, animals killed on the road are also used.

 

Bull semen in hair products

 

Due to its high protein content, bull semen has become a popular ingredient in hair products. Used mainly for dry or damaged hair, the semen is mixed with a plant called Katera and applied to the hair in expensive beauty salons. The process takes about 45 minutes, costs about $ 90-120 dollars and has been described as "Viagra for hair."

 

Snail secretions in moisturizers

 

Snail exudate is collected and used as an ingredient in many famous moisturizers. Glycolic acid and elastin in snail secretion protect the skin from wounds, bacteria and UV rays, making it a great source of protein that removes dead cells and regenerates the skin. It is also useful for removing scars, stretch marks and curing acne.

 

Infant foreskin in anti-aging products

 

The recovery complex marketed by TNS SkinMedica claims to use cells derived from human infantile foreskin (NouriCel-MD) in a "revolutionary" line of anti-aging products. Using a combination of soluble collagen, antioxidants, natural growth factors and proteins, they claim to slow down the aging process and encourage the growth of new cells for a younger complexion.



Many companies have already announced that they have given up some of these ingredients, opting for "more pleasant" alternatives, but others, given their effect, will not do so too soon.

 

 

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best-makeup-base-19-primers-for-dry-oily-and-combination-skin

A good primer should smooth out skin imperfections on the face and keep the make-up in perfect condition for as long as possible. We have collected the most effective makeup bases - read and choose the one that is right for you.


Facial primers are a controversial product. Today there are a huge number of them on the market and it is not so easy to find a quality makeup base. It is not always clear whether it is needed at all. Let's try to figure it out, and at the same time, we will tell you about those basics for makeup, which, in our opinion, are worth paying attention to.


What is a makeup base?


Primers solve several problems at once:


  • Mask imperfections, age spots, uneven tone.
  • Makes skin texture smoother.
  • Improve the properties of tonal products and increase the durability of makeup.
  • A primer cannot replace either foundation or skin care creams, it has a narrow, limited functionality. The basis for makeup does not have to be in a woman's cosmetic bag. However, you can’t do without it if you need impeccable and persistent make-up.


It is important to know that many makeup bases necessarily contain silicones, so due to frequent use, skin pores can become clogged, which will provoke rashes on the face. To prevent this from happening, thoroughly cleanse your skin every evening and, if possible, use a make-up base, not every day.


How to choose a primer according to skin type?


Today, the beauty industry offers a large selection of makeup bases. You need to choose those products that are most suitable for the type and color of the skin.


Normal skin

For normal skin types, a brightening make-up base with sunscreen is ideal. A primer with reflective particles is also suitable.


Dry skin

For dry skin types, it is recommended to use light moisturizing makeup bases with a creamy or oily consistency. To give the face visual moisture, use a product with a shimmer.


Oily skin

For oily skin types, a make-up base is best suited to mattify and mask pores. It will control the appearance of oily sheen throughout the day. The primer can be either water-based or silicone-based. If the skin has inflammation and redness, use a base with a green tint.


Combination skin

For combination skin, you can take a mattifying makeup base and apply it only to problem areas. On other "dry" areas, use a moisturizing primer.


Sensitive skin

For sensitive skin, you will need a makeup base, with the function of protecting against toxins, toxins, and negative environmental factors. Look for fragrance-free products. If redness and inflammation often appear on the skin, choose a color-correcting primer with a green pigment.


Is there a difference between budget and luxury makeup bases?


Unfortunately, there is no definitive answer here. Choosing a good makeup base requires personal experience. The most important thing in any cosmetic product is how it suits your skin. Hence the relativity of rankings - what has become a panacea for a thousand lucky ones, for you may turn out to be a waste of money.


When choosing a primer, pay attention to the following:


  • how effectively it evens out the complexion, hides skin imperfections;
  • how long does it keep makeup in perfect condition;
  • what type of skin is suitable for.


To make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of 19 good makeup bases, one of which is potentially suitable for you.


Face Primer Urban Defense Complexion Primer SPF 30, Urban Decay


It is a pleasure to apply it on the skin: the delicate gel texture does not leave any stickiness or film feeling! And the composition itself makes the skin smooth and prepares for the application of foundation, minimizing bumps and pores. You can be calm about the skin, especially in spring and summer: with this primer, care and sun protection are provided.


The basis for the perfect complexion Le Blanc de Chanel Multi-Use Illuminating Base, Chanel


This makeup base is indispensable for creating a flawless look, because it is suitable for any skin tone, hiding visible imperfections and gently illuminating the face. In addition, the product contains caring elements (witch hazel extract, licorice extract and a moisturizing complex) that help preserve the beauty of the skin.


Multifunctional primer Naked Face Balancing Primer, Holika Holika


This tool pleases even externally: inside the bottle there are capsules of three different shades, which, mixing when the dispenser is pressed, give a base that adapts to skin color. The mixture is dense enough to even out the microrelief of the face and last for several hours. Another plus is that you will need significantly less foundation, because the primer provides the necessary undertone.


Cellular Performance Glow Makeup Base Brightening Make-Up Base, Sensai


This base immediately deeply moisturizes, smoothes and brightens the skin, giving firmness and radiance - so that wrinkles and unevenness become less noticeable. A special complex of apricot essence, OH-neutralizer, hyaluronate and collagen stimulators helps the base to fight the first signs of aging. They prevent loss of tone and neutralize pigmentation.


Pore-covering makeup base Master Prime, Maybelline New York


This primer from Maybelline perfectly evens out the texture of the skin, giving it a delicate glow. And at the same time pleases with a very affordable price!


Waterproof face primer You better work! Gym-proof Primer Essence


Thanks to its special waterproof formula, this primer not only hides skin imperfections, but also prevents makeup from "floating" from sweat or heat - ideal for holidays or active workouts, if it is important for you to look "on parade". Bonus: UV filter with SPF 20.


Leveling face primer Prime and Fine Pore Refining Anti-Shine Base, Catrice


The lightweight texture of this primer ensures perfect pairing with any foundation and extra hold. No unwanted shine and enlarged pores!


Makeup base, concealing redness, Base Full HD 16 hours, Eveline


Worried about redness, vascular network and manifestations of rosacea? Then you need the Full HD Base 16 hours from Eveline - the perfect camouflage tool. By the way, she also mattes.


Makeup base Prisme Primer Color Correcting, Givenchy


This makeup base has a light, velvety texture, easy to apply and blends well. The coating is quite dense without the "mask effect". Moreover, this primer not only masks imperfections (it is especially good at fighting dark circles around the eyes), but also gives the skin elasticity over and over again due to vegetative


x extracts in the composition.


Face primer with reflective particles Perfect Glow Primer, Thalgo


Marine spring water and verbena extract, together with reflective particles and color-correcting pigment, give a stunning effect. Firstly, the caring ingredients really take care of the skin - and its natural color evens out over and over again. Secondly, the tone becomes radiant, as if glowing from within.


Primer for flawless skin Smooth Affair Facial Primer & Brightener, Jane Iredale


A sheer, mineral-based soft pink, this primer is virtually invisible on the skin, but that doesn't stop it from effectively tightening pores, unifying skin texture, and giving it a luxurious matte finish. In addition, the formula of the product is enriched with plant components that have an anti-aging effect. Namely - extracts of grapefruit, apple, green and white tea, algae and olive leaves.


Prelude in the Clouds Aqua Base, Rouge Bunny Rouge


This moisturizing foundation is 70% water and literally hydrates the skin for the whole day. Ideal as a make-up base! It contains extracts of sea buckthorn and Florentine iris root, bisabolol and vitamins A and E. With regular use, you will notice that your skin has become softer and more elastic, and inflammation and irritation have decreased.


Face primer Encre de Peau All Hours Primer, YSL Beauty


This base makes it easier to apply the foundation, makes it last longer and helps to keep the matte finish until the evening. Instant perfection for the whole day!



Mattifying base for makeup, masking pores Instant Poreless Pore-Blurring Matifying Primer, Clarins


Despite its light texture, Instant Poreless mattifying base erases pores like an eraser! Thanks to the universal shade, this tool can be used as a base for makeup, or solo. In any case, you are guaranteed perfectly smooth porcelain skin.


Makeup base Photo Finish Foundation Primer, Smashbox


With this primer, you don't need Photoshop or Facetune, because it not only prolongs the durability of makeup, but also visually fills pores and wrinkles, evening out skin texture and tone.


Leveling and illuminating makeup base Radiant Boost Face Base, Kiko Milano


This base visibly improves and refreshes the complexion due to its delicate pinkish tint. The lightweight formula helps the product absorb quickly, smoothing imperfections and giving the skin a slight shimmer.


Makeup base UV Master Primer, Giorgio Armani


Ideal if you are concerned about enlarged pores and uneven skin texture in general. The base will smooth out unevenness and give a soft natural glow, as if you just returned from vacation. Speaking of vacations, this foundation will also come in handy there, because it contains UVA and UVB filters that provide sun protection with an SPF 40 factor.


Aqua-fluid for the face Moisture Genius, L'Oreal


Innovations on guard of your beauty! This product, enriched with aloe juice and hyaluronic acid, immediately turns into a liquid upon contact with the skin and is instantly absorbed, moisturizing the skin, normalizing the hydro-lipid balance and preventing the appearance of oily sheen. Amazing combination of moisturizer and primer!


Moisturizing cream primer for face Hydro Priming Cream InBetween, Blithe


This tool is not just a primer, but a complete care that is suitable for both morning and evening use. Thanks to its elastic formula, this cream is suitable for any skin type, effectively smoothing its texture, correcting tone and mattifying. Bonus: nice lavender scent.



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@Nataly Giorgio Armani is my favourite!
top-20-things-to-do-in-barcelona

One of the most beautiful cities in the world, there is so much to see and do in Barcelona that, when visitors arrive, they sometimes feel lost, with no idea where to start. If you want to take advantage of some of the best things on offer, this list will get you started.

 

When is the best time to visit Barcelona?

To decide when to go on holiday to Spain, you should determine the place and purpose of the trip. You can go on the ski slopes from the beginning of winter until April, and you can enjoy the beach from June to October. But the water only warms up nicely in July. You can come on excursions all year round, as the air here rarely cools below +10 oC (except for ski resorts).

 

September, considered the velvet season, is the best time to travel to Spain if the purpose of the trip is beaches and diving (water up to +27 C, air up to +29 C). In the Canary Islands, the season lasts longer: the temperature at which the air warms in October is about +26 C, and the water is about +22 oC. The Balearic Islands are a bit cooler. You can organize a rich program of trips to Madrid, Barcelona, and Valencia during the November holidays, as the temperature of + 18-20 oC is ideal for long walks. But in November the tour will be cheaper.

 

Is Barcelona an expensive city to visit?

It is worth noting that Barcelona is a relatively expensive European city. Still, even here, you can find excellent options where you can have a tasty and cheap.

 

Barcelona’s attractions span nearly 2,000 years of history. They include a medieval old town, a unique street network that reflects 19th-century urban trends, and many interesting, unusual, and slightly fabulous buildings, including its architectural delights. Antoni Gaudí in particular. On the streets of the Catalan capital, you can easily find ancient rarities of the Roman past, medieval neighborhoods, cathedrals, and sculptural and architectural masterpieces of modernism and modernity. Barcelona is the city where Pablo Picasso and Joan Miró got their inspiration. You can stroll aimlessly through its streets, stumble into charming corners, listen to street musicians or have fun in cozy cafes.

 

What are the top things to do in Barcelona?

 

Barcelona is a city in northeastern Spain, the capital of Catalonia. It is the largest metropolis on the Mediterranean coast, with over one and a half million people, and the second-largest in the country. Barcelona is a lively seaside town and port with a magnificent cultural and historical heritage, a unique atmosphere, and charming architecture. The center of Catalonia attracts with its mild climate and relaxed lifestyle, surreal buildings - masterpieces of Gaudí, beaches and the sea, delicious food, and entertainment for all tastes.

 

20. Taste some of the best drinks in town

Barcelona is famous for its Catalan cava. Catalonia's white (or pink) sparkling wine is obtained by the same method famously used by its French cousin, obtaining its effervescence and complexity from the fermentation of bottles. It is trendy in Barcelona and throughout Spain. At Vinya del Senyor, you can taste some of the best products in the area. The intimate restaurant serves a range of boutique-style glass cava. If you can get a meal on the plate, you’ll be able to enjoy it while enjoying views of Santa Maria del Mar. If you want to delve into the cave and its history, visit Cavas Codorniu, the oldest family cava company in Spain and one of the oldest in the world, with over 450 years of history to date. Here, you can enjoy excursions, museums, tastings, and more.

 

19. Discover the fascinating history of Barcelona

Knowing the history of a city is always a good idea when you visit a place you've never been to before. It will help you understand some of the characters of its people, architecture, art, and more. With so many different cultures, it is possible to stumble across part of Barcelona's history around every corner. One of the best places to start is at the MUHBA (Museu d’Historia de Barcelona), where the city’s heritage is preserved and displayed in several locations, such as Call, Temple Temple, Plaça del Rei, and Refugi 307.

 

You can also learn more about the history of Barcelona by visiting the newly opened Born Cultural Center, Columnas de Adrian, the Royal Shipyards of the Maritime Museum, several shelters that were built to survive the civil war, and the modernist Illa de la Discòrdia and the Fossar de les Moreres. It was once one of the historic cemeteries near the church of Santa Maria del Mar and served as a war memorial for those who lost their lives during the siege of eighteenth-century Barcelona.

 

18. Access one of Picasso's most complete art collections

The Picasso Museum in Barcelona was founded by the iconic friend of the artist's life, to whom he donated many of his works. While Picasso was from Malaga, in the south of Spain, it was Barcelona; he chose it as the location for his name museum because it was the city he forgot when he was just starting. It is housed in five connected Catalan Gothic palaces and houses one of the complete Picasso art collections. It has over 4,000 early works in sculpture, painting, and engraving. In addition to the permanent collection, temporary exhibitions explore his life, artistic interests, and love for the city. The five adjoining residences from the 13th and 14th centuries that complete the museum boast many treasures.

 

17. Be enchanted by the Magic Fountain

Font Magica, or Magic Fountain, is one of the most charming sights in Barcelona. Created for the 1929 International Exposition, it is located at the Montjuic Palace. "Magic" happens every weekend, as well as on Thursdays during the summer, with half-hour shows featuring water dancing to colorful lights and the rhythm of music ranging from classical songs to the Star Wars soundtrack. . The Magic Fountain is a fantastic display of acrobatics of color, light, movement, music, and water - making it appear as "pure magic."

 

16. Take a walk in the park

Barcelona is home to almost 70 parks, and one of the largest and most popular is Ciutadella Park. This green oasis is a great place to escape the chaos of the city's crowds and offers all sorts of things to do. Enjoy a picnic under the crowded palms, go to the zoo, take a boat in a row on the lake and look at the fountains and the medieval Castell dels Tres Dragons. If you want to see more of Antoni Gaudi's wonderful works, go to Park Guell, commissioned by Eusebi Güell, who wanted to create an elegant park for the aristocracy of Barcelona. There are some incredible stone structures and fascinating buildings, as well as a spectacular dragon, adorned with vibrant and colorful tiles. At the top of the park there is a terrace area, where you can enjoy views of the park and the city.

 

15. Immerse your toes in the Mediterranean

If you’re here in the hot summer months, as well as late spring and early fall, make sure you head to one of Barcelona’s two mile-long sandy beaches. Water temperatures are often ideal for swimming around the end of May to mid-September. Each of the beaches, from Sant Sebastia and Barceloneta, closest to the city center, to the sandy stretches of Nova Icaria and Mar Bella, have their own selection of chiringuitos (beach bars), perfect when you need a beach. break from the sun and many offer fun nightlife after dark. If you are looking for a quieter and more relaxed beach to relax in, just head along the coast to the beaches north of Olympic Port, such as Bogatell, which is only 15 minutes away. walking distance from Barceloneta.

 

14. Participate in a local festival

Barcelona loves to party and if you are looking for a non-stop party, or just want to mingle with the locals, take part in one of the many festivals. Most of the city's major festivals take place between late spring and early fall, such as the world's largest indie and alternative music festival, Primavera Sound, which takes place in late May or early June. August brings the new spring day Gracia Gracia, while September hosts the biggest fiesta of the year, the four-day Festes de la Merce, which honors the city's patron with a run, harbor swimming race and all sorts of concerts, parades, Catalan dances and holidays. Barcelona also celebrates Carnival in February, which includes carnival events and parades, being almost as colorful as the legendary Cologne festivities.

 

13. Buy something from the El Born neighbourhood

If you are passionate about shopping and want to enjoy strolling through a charming local area, head to El Born. Between the Gothic Quarter and the Parc de la Ciutadella, the main shopping street, Calle dels Flassaders, is narrow, but offers plenty of delights, such as cool cafes, modern art galleries, shops and vintage boutiques. Some of the highlights of the district include a Chocolate Museum, Chocolate Museum, MUTT Bookshop & Art Gallery, Museu Picasso de Barcelona and Museu de Cultures Del De Barcelona, ​​which feature exhibits from private and public collections that take the visitor on a journey. journey through the ancient cultures of Africa, Asia, America and Oceania.

 

12. Take a cooking class

Barcelonans are proud of Catalan cuisine and should be. A geographically diverse region, Catalunya produces a variety of fresh, high-quality seafood, meat, poultry, game, fruit and vegetables, which sometimes come in unusual combinations, such as meat and seafood, poultry. and fruits, fish and nuts. It's absolutely mouth-watering, and by taking an authentic cooking class, you can even bring some of it home and learn a lesson about the rich culinary history of Spain. BarcelonaCooking offers daily cooking classes in the morning and in the evening, offering a practical experience preparing Catalan dishes. A typical class starts with a trip to La Boqueira Market to buy local products for the class before entering the kitchen to cook appetizers, soup, paella and dessert. The classes are designed for everyone, from beginner to advanced cook, with activities in the process of preparing food for each skill level.

 

11. Enjoy Catalan cuisine

If you don't want to cook them yourself, you should try at least the best Catalan dishes in Barcelona. One of the most recommended places to try it is Cinc Sentits, where the talented Canadian-Catalan chef Jordi Artal serves the local classics with a twist. Often referred to as an indispensable experience for dishes, you can enjoy items such as shrimp in ajoblanco (garlic soup) with cherries and ice cream made from their stones. Catalan artisanal cheeses are deadly, and the foie gras that rests on a caramelized sugar rind, mashed leeks and chives, has been called the "taste of heaven". Each course is perfectly suited to all five senses, for an unforgettable dining experience. And while the restaurant has been recognized with a Michelin star, it is still one of the most affordable restaurants in Barcelona.

 

10. Complete great tapas

Your trip to Barcelona is not complete without filling out your tapas at least once. This culinary trend, which is spreading beyond the city and even overseas, is, in the most basic sense, appetizers, like small plates of enlarged delicacies. The right way to eat tapas is to jump from bar to bar, sipping a drink or two and devouring them along the way. The old fishing village of Barceloneta is where many locals go for the best tapas in the city, despite the area full of tourists, especially in summer. Ask for the house specialty, if the unit does not have one, it is not a real tapas bar.

 

If you want an insider to take you to some of the most authentic tapas bars, join the Tapas & Beer tour, where you will enjoy some of the best regional beers, along with fantastic tapas from the Gracia district. hip, where Iberian ham, mussels and patatas bravas is often to order.

 

9. Montjuic cinema experience

What could be better than open-air cinema in the night sky of Barcelona at Montjuic Castle? The beautiful surroundings, the relaxed atmosphere and the dark night add a magical touch to a summer evening, offering a unique experience in Barcelona. It is often rated as one of the best open-air cinemas in Europe and includes a selection of top films, accompanied by short films, concerts and a picnic area. You can bring your own meal and snacks or pick up something on the spot. And don't worry if you don't understand Spanish, most of the movies in the program are either in English with Spanish subtitles or in Spanish with English subtitles.

 

8. Rent a bicycle and take the Carretera De Les Aigues

While you can look at the incredible views of the city skyline from Park Guell, the peaks of Barcelona's skyline along the ancient road known as the Carretera de les Aigues. Although it has been officially renamed Passeig de les Aigües, those who travel here still call it by its original name. Well on the beaten tourist road, it revolves around the mountains, overlooking the city and the Mediterranean. It has been transformed into about 13 km of relatively flat bicycles and footpaths, and from Sant Pere Màrtir to Carretera de la Rabassada, the view from Collserola, overlooking Barcelona, ​​is absolutely perfect.

 

7. Catch a game at the Camp Nou

Millions of football fans make the pilgrimage to Barcelona every year to cheer up Barcelona's home team, FC Barcelona. The level of enthusiasm that the fans bring is equal to the stadium, Camp Nou. It boasts the largest capacity in Europe and can accommodate almost 100,000 spectators and hosting one of the best football teams in the world, many believe that a trip to the city would not be complete without going to a match. The schedule is set each year around mid-July, and matches usually begin in late August and end in late May, with a winter break around the Christmas and New Year holidays. Although nothing compares to participating in a live game, if you can't do that, you can still enjoy the experience by taking a guided tour that includes the rush of the "player tunnel", simulating what it's like to go to a creepy, crowded stadium. capacity.

 

6. Take a tour of the roof of Barcelona Cathedral

Barcelona Cathedral, officially known as the Cathedral of Seu, was built as a monument to Eulalia, the city's co-owner. One of the most magnificent Gothic structures in Barcelona, ​​it has gargoyles, flying buttresses and barrel vault accents. You can enjoy them from above, along with the city skyline, taking a tour of the rooftop. While you're there, try to locate all 13 geese that can be seen around the cloister. It contains small chapels, gardens, fountains and geese. It is said to represent every year of Eulalia's life before she was martyred, and you can hear their loud sounds inside the church building. The geese used to perform an important task: they warned against intruders and thieves.

 

5. Climb Mount Montjuic

If you want to give your legs a great workout, go to Montjuïc Mountain. Not only is it an ideal place for a scenic walk, as many do not want to make the effort to get there, it tends to be less crowded with tourists. In addition to enjoying the spectacular views and natural surroundings, on top of the hill are the Olympic Stadium and the Jardi Botanic Garden. You will also discover buildings from the 1992 Olympic Games, such as the Palau Sant Jordi and a telecommunications tower. Be sure to visit Laribal Gardens, a romantic hilltop park with its mix of fountains, water and shady trees reminiscent of gardens at the Alhambra Palace in Grenada. The park is best known among locals for Font del Gat, or Cat's Fountain, built in 1918 - it was once a popular meeting place for young couples in love and was featured in the popular song "La Marieta de l'ull viu."

 

4. Hidden tours of the city by the homeless

Homeless people in Barcelona have been touring the city for several years. According to the company's quote, who better to show you on the streets of Barcelona than someone who lived on those streets? It's a great way to give a job to someone who needs it and visit to use the incredible knowledge of trained guides. Don't worry, the guides must meet strict requirements, including fluency in English, no alcohol and / or drug addiction, be a good public speaker, and be well-presented. The approximately two-hour historical tour will take you through the city's Gothic Quarter and the Raval, combining the classics with several off-road sites. Hidden City Tours says its goal is to "connect history and social history with our day and discuss the social reality of Barcelona's old town with a unique perspective from our previously homeless guides."

 

3. Explore the artistic side of Barcelona

Art lovers will find a lot of appreciation in this city, in fact, listing all the museums and art galleries in Barcelona would be a great thing. In addition, just a walk through a park like the Greek Theater can lead to the discovery of fabulous works. MNAC (Museu Nacional pentrurt de Catalunya), is one of the top treasures of the city, which boasts pieces representing Catalan art from the Romanesque period to the middle of the twentieth century. One of the largest museums in the world is Fundacio Joan Miro. It houses a collection of over 225 paintings, 150 sculptures and pieces by the Spanish surrealist painter, along with a series of works by his contemporaries. Palau Robert offers smaller rooms, and the building itself is well worth a look. Other gems include Joan Prats, Gallery 3 Punts, DNA and Toni Tapies.

 

2. Take a walk along Las Ramblas

A walk along Las Ramblas, the busiest thoroughfare in the city, is a must for any visitor to Barcelona. This wide, shaded boulevard runs through the heart of the city from Plaça de Catalunya to Port Vell and is a lively, action-packed promenade, full of action, including street performances, as well as the live statue show presented here and lots of interesting character. Enjoy amblinging under the trees, people watching from a terrace and sipping a drink at an outdoor cafe. If you want to enjoy a bird's eye view of all events, head to the Columbus Monument's 18-story viewpoint, which offers panoramic views of both the city and the sea.

 

1.  Admire the magnificent Gaudi architecture

One of Barcelona's biggest attractions is its architecture, including magnificent works by Antonio Gaudi, such as the Sagrada Familia, which combines Gothic and Art Noveau styles in unique ways. Some consider it the greatest achievement of the Catalan building, while others consider it a clear example of waste. However, it is quite impressive inside and out. Hyperboloids, vivid colors, and unconventional representations of animals such as pelicans, turtles, and chameleons illustrate Gaudí's belief that nature and the divine were inextricably linked. Other landmarks include Palau Guell, Casa Batlló and Torre Bellesguard. Also noteworthy are the Palau de la Musica, Casa Amatller, and Casa de las Terrades.

 

 

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top-20-things-to-do-in-amsterdam

Amsterdam is one of those cities that perpetuates the idea that it can only be visited on a generous budget. However, we tell you that it is not impossible to find many places and activities that you can do with pleasure and that will not cost you anything.

 

I Amsterdam - beyond the witty slogan.

With a height of three meters and a width of 23.5 meters, the letters in red and white were one of the biggest tourist attractions and were in front of the 14-year-old Rijksmuseum. The pun "I Amsterdam" had become a city symbol. Hundreds of thousands of tourists posted photos of it on Facebook and Instagram.

 

In addition, the vast letters were an excellent way to promote the Dutch capital and contributed to the massive growth of tourism, which in recent years has left a negative mark on residents and the city. Therefore, the withdrawal of the sign was also a consequence of the overwhelming increase in the number of tourists facing Amsterdam.

 

The city with 850,000 inhabitants was visited in 2017 by over 21 million tourists, which led to overcrowding of streets, cafes, and restaurants. "These letters in Museum Square have become a symbol of mass tourism that has negative effects," said Councilor Udo Kock.

 

It is estimated that over 6,000 selfie photos were taken daily in front of these volumetric letters. The "I Amsterdam" sign also has a dedicated web address.

 

What is Amsterdam famous for?

Amsterdam is one of the largest cities in the world, with a unique lifestyle and style. Once an artistic and cultural center that rivaled the largest in history, Amsterdam now enjoys a reputation as a fascinating metropolis with a more spicy side.

 

Not to be missed for any traveler, Amsterdam has a culture in which the classic and the modern elements coexist and work together harmoniously. Amsterdam's attractions include a beautiful 17th-century Baroque architecture that once housed concert halls and merchants and now houses state-of-the-art trendy restaurants, bars, and clubs in one of the most progressive and liberal. Cities of the world.

 

What are the top things to do in Amsterdam?

 

Amsterdam, the city of diamonds, canals, bicycles, flowers, and windmills, the cultural capital of the Netherlands, but also a significant financial and institutional center, is a multicultural city, a mosaic of nationalities and religions, whose history is one of freedom, tolerance, and nightlife.

 

20. Boat trip on the city canals

The best way to enjoy the "Venice of the North" is by boat. A walk on the canals of Amsterdam is a must! During this walk, you will discover many new things about how the city was born, the narrow houses on the shore, and the canals.

 

As you wander around the city looking for the street artworks of the locals, take a look at the canals you pass. Amsterdam has 165 channels, and dozens of bridges cross them. Their role is to protect the city from the North Sea and is much more than a Nirvana for modern art lovers. On their routes, you will find many of the cafes and shops in Amsterdam, and many of the canals have gained fame just because they are… canals! Prinsengracht stands out through the beautiful trees that guard it and which hide some of the lake houses here, and Brouwersgracht passes by the historic area of the city, the most sought after by tourists after the residential one.

 

19. Walking through the Jordan

This neighborhood appeared in the 17th century and is known as the home of immigrants and the working class. At that time, Amsterdam was invaded by waves and waves of immigrants from France, England, Spain, etc., due to the political and religious tolerance that the city showed. Because of this, Jordan was initially a poor, overcrowded neighborhood with no running water.

 

Today, the neighborhood has a different face. It is famous for its typical Amsterdam cottages, restaurants, and canals. Personally, Wesaw this area less touristy and much quieter than the chaos and congestion in the central area. It's well worth a few tens of minutes.

 

18. A snack in the Foodhallen

Foodhallen is a food court set in a former tram depot. You will find many stands with fresh and delicious food: sushi, pizza, Greek food, hot dogs and burgers, Vietnamese, Iberian, or Mexican food. We were delighted with this place and, as a result, recommend it!

 

17. Visit a cheese factory

Does it make sense to tell you that We left with 2 kg of Dutch cheese? Gouda and Edam are just two of the best and most famous types of cheese from the Netherlands. We recommend you take a cheese farm tour and taste all the assortments.

 

Catharina Hoeve Farm in Zaanse Schanse is the ideal place. The farm is more of a museum where you are presented with the history and how this farm produces cheese. In the end, you are invited to a store where you can taste every assortment of cheese.

 

16. Visit the windmills

And let's talk about the Catharina Hoeve cheese farm. We must also mention the windmills in Zaanse Schans, which is why the Zaan region is so famous.

 

In the 17th-18th centuries, there were approx—600 active windmills, which positively impacted the country's economy. Over time, their number has decreased significantly, with only ten active in Zaanse Schans. They are used in wood, pigment, or oil processing.

 

15. Visit the oldest inner courtyard in Amsterdam, but also the narrowest house

Although it is not known precisely when this small charity was founded, most sources say that Beijnhof has its origins around the 1300s, which is why it is considered the oldest part of Amsterdam. After establishing Protestantism in Amsterdam in 1578, the Beijnhof was the only Roman Catholic institution in the city.

The most miniature house has three floors and is about 2 m long. Most likely, each floor is a room.

 

14. French fries and herring sandwich

Although the french fries come from Belgium, you will be able to enjoy them in Amsterdam as well. There is a stand only with french fries called Manneken Pis on station street.

 

If you arrive in Volendam, you should try a sandwich with herring, onions, and pickles. We don't promise you that it is the best sandwich you will eat, but it is traditional, and as a result, you should at least taste it.

 

13. Red Light District

We don't think anyone visited this city without going through the Red Light District or the prostitution district, as it is known, at least once, out of curiosity. The area abounds with shops with all kinds of products (We think you can imagine what kind of "products"), so-called museums and showcases.

 

You cannot take pictures in the Red Light District, especially in the evening. It's better to know this and not cheat because you don't want a very well-made guard to come to you who might tell you otherwise that you're not allowed to take pictures.

 

12. Rent a bicycle and go cycling

Cycling is a way of life in Amsterdam facilitated by the unbalanced cycling network and flat landscapes. It is one of the top 10 things to do in Amsterdam because Amsterdam is the greenest city in the world. You'll be surprised to know that there are more bikes than people in Amsterdam! You can take the bike by train to Haarlem and by bike through the tulip fields for a pleasant, refreshing and picturesque experience. There is no better way to explore Amsterdam's streets, canals, museums, and attractions than by bicycle.

 

11. Feel the adrenaline rush in the "Highest Swing in Europe."

With your toes spinning 100 meters above the IJ, this giant swing built for two on the A'DAM Toren Lookout platform is the perfect fuel for your adventurous soul. One of the best things to do in Amsterdam and a safe, unobstructed adventure, Over The Edge in Amsterdam, will make all these roller-coaster adventure sanctuaries look like children's parks.

 

10. Go ice skating in Amsterdam in the winter

There is a reason for ice skaters who love Amsterdam. Traditionally, the canals are crowded in the winter, providing the perfect frozen playground for skating locals and travelers. Visit every winter morning, and you will hear the enchanting sounds of skates spinning and cutting fearlessly over the narrow canals. One of the most fun things to do in Amsterdam in December and February is travelers can put on their skates and join the locals in skating for a skating competition while the spectators cheer you up!

 

9. Go paddle-boarding & ziplining in the Fun Forest

For all those who love nature and adventure, the Fun Forest, located at the northern end of the Bosse Bosse, offers you a combination of both! Fun Park is a fun place for your family or friends. Fun Park gives kids and adults some of the best things to do in Amsterdam - everything from running, jumping, and climbing to challenging rope courses and ziplining. Fun Park is one of the best natural landscapes in Amsterdam, offering the experience of stand-up paddleboarding (SUP) at the nearby lake.

 

8. Go on a Waterland guided boating tour of the Netherlands

Old Holland offers a perfect escape for adventure for water kids wondering what to do in Amsterdam. Overtake in the Waterland area of ​​the Netherlands with a 5-hour canoe experience in Amsterdam. With an expert guide on your side, drive north to Waterland, and see time-warp villages, quaint waterways, and lush pastures, which are enough to tell you why Amsterdam is one of the 30 most beautiful cities globally. Europe!

 

After boarding the canoe, you will find yourself surrounded by the idyllic roads of this charming landscape, with the sweet sounds of birds that will salt the scents of wild plants hanging in the air. You will glide along the rivers and bordered villages as you talk about the traditional way of life of the region.

 

7. Get lost in some fluorescent art

Amsterdam is full of weird little museums. One of them is the Ladyland Tweede Leliedwarsstraat Electric Museum, where everything starts to glow in the dark! The subject of the museum is fluorescent geology, and it is one of the few museums in the world where you are allowed to take pictures. A trip to this museum is one of the best options for those wondering what to do in Amsterdam, apart from wild parties and noise clubs. Enter this world of brilliant exposures, which will give you a high level!

 

6. Go for a beer tasting at a windmill

The Gooyer windmill in the Eastern Islands neighborhood, one of Amsterdam's eight windmills, is not just another windmill. Under the pavilions of this attractive landmark, you will find "t-Brouwerij IJ," an award-winning mini-artisanal minibar with an open-air drinks room and a 30-minute guided tour. Although you will find a vast range of standard and seasonal organic products produced here at the many bars and pubs around the city, nothing will taste as good as the freshly prepared ones in these locations. Go on a beer tasting tour at t-Brouwerij IJ so among the best things to do in Amsterdam for beer lovers.

 

5. Explore the best museums in Amsterdam

Enter the city's past at Amsterdam's many museums. Visit the Amsterdam Museum to change the evolution of urban life using objects such as 700-year-old shoes. Hop to the Ons Lieve Heer op Solder Museum, recently restored to its 17th-century glory. Then head to the Joods Historical Museum, where photographs, paintings, and artifacts speak volumes about the history of Judaism in the Netherlands.

 

Don't forget to visit the world's most fashionable art museum, the Rijksmuseum, which houses the most extensive collection of art and artifacts from the 15th century to the present day. Another excellent addition to the city is the Van Gogh Museum, an art museum dedicated to the work of Vincent Van Gogh and his contemporaries in Amsterdam. If you think that this whole city has nightclubs and vital parks, you will be surprised to find some of Amsterdam's best things to do in its museums.

 

4. Visit the famous flower market

When one thinks of Amsterdam, views of stockings, tulips, cheese, and windmills begin to rise. While the endless, multicolored tulip fields are a paradise for photographers and nature lovers, they are sold in abundance at Bloemenmarkt - one of the few floating flower markets lined up in packages with this definitive symbol of Dutch culture. One of the best things to do in Amsterdam in March to enjoy these beautiful flowers is to visit this market. If you want to see these perfect beauties in their original glory, take a short bike ride to the most famous Bollenstreek tulip fields, where these blooming flowers stretch in colorful stripes from the plain areas, it will blow your mind!

 

3. Go on a picnic in the Vondelpark

The most significant green space in Amsterdam, Vondelpark, is named after the most famous poet Joost van den Vondel (1587-1679) and is perfect for a picnic with your family, children, or partner. From picnicking on checked fruit baskets and buns to smoking and having a drink grill, people can engage in various activities in this park. The park also attracts visitors with several sculptures, including one by Picasso. Blooming in summer, the park becomes a center for music, dance, and activities for children and is thus one of the best places to visit in Europe in summer.

 

2. Meet giraffes and camels at the Amsterdam Zoo

Giraffes and camels are a queer combination. Why not? This is not the city's zoo, with a few monkeys and tigers in a cage. The Amsterdam Zoo, known as ARTIS, is home to more than 700 different animal species and over 200 types of plants and trees. Here you will find all kinds of wildlife worldwide, such as giraffes, orangutans, elephants, crocodiles, penguins, zebras, antelopes, flamingos, and even camels. In addition, the zoo boasts an impressive butterfly pavilion, a climate-controlled insectarium, a fascinating aquarium with all sorts of marine exotics, and an exhibition where tourists can learn about flora and fauna here.

 

One of the best things to do in Amsterdam is visit the zoo's planetarium, which will take you on an exhilarating journey into outer space! Visiting this zoo will surely be a unique and unforgettable experience for children and adults!

 

1. Explore the city's attractions with a Hop-On Hop-Off bus

Exploring Amsterdam has been made much easier by introducing Hop-On Hop-Off buses. They allow tourists to easily visit various places in the city, including famous tourist spots. But then, how is it different from the regular bus service in Amsterdam? Here's how - the HOHO bus service allows you to travel and travel to convenient locations in the city where you can visit some of the famous attractions and pamper yourself with all the exciting things to do in Amsterdam before boarding another bus. from the same station, remade. It's like a subway, just more colorful!

 

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top-15-smartest-dog-breeds-in-the-world

Dog training is an essential component of raising a pet, allowing the owner and his ward to understand each other and have a fun and exciting time together. This kind of communication with a pet brings the pleasure of spending time together and a mutual benefit. Using different commands for dogs, the owner can teach the pet to behave safely for himself and those around him, improve his motor and voice abilities, speed, reaction, ability to distinguish situations, and respond correctly to them.

 

What makes a dog breed smart?

In 1994 Stanley Coren, professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, published The Intelligence of Dogs. This book has become a bestseller. It has already gone through 16 editions and has been translated into 26 languages.

 

The author considers three aspects of dog intelligence in his book: instinctive intelligence, obedience intelligence, and adaptive intelligence. Obedience intelligence is the dog's ability to follow human commands. The intelligence of obedience formed the ranking of the most intelligent dog breeds, which Stanley Coren presented in his book.

 

Why train your dog?

"An obedient dog is a happy owner." Many dog ​​owners agree with this statement. After all, having decided to let a pet into our lives, we want to see in it a friend, a source of joy and pride. However, if the pet constantly behaves as he pleases and does not obey, it becomes a source of stress for the owner. Both are unhappy when the relationship between the dog and its owner does not add up. Therefore, it is essential not to miss the moment and start training on time.

 

A properly trained dog is the responsibility of each owner not only for the well-being of the one he has tamed but also for his peace of mind. A little training will benefit any dog, regardless of age, breed, or temperament. For the owner himself, regular exercise with the animal will help better understand the needs of the latter, become an excellent occasion for training and open up new opportunities: the better the pet behaves, the easier it is to take it with you wherever you go.

 

Self and professional training

Proper training is one of the basic needs of your pet. The sooner he learns to understand you and respond to dogs' basic commands, the higher the level of your mutual understanding in the future. And this, in turn, is the key to a long and happy coexistence.

 

Dog training should be regular, so make your training plan before starting. It is worth beginning the activity of a four-legged friend at two to three months during home quarantine after vaccination. First, teach him to respond to the nickname and the collar and leash. One of the advantages of home workouts is simplicity and accessibility; you don’t even have to leave the house or use complicated devices.

 

By having sufficient knowledge, you can teach a dog commands at home. However, the owners may have difficulties. Unlike a dog handler, an amateur does not know how to train a dog and may not achieve desired results. Also, the owner is unlikely to be able to reveal his talents. This is a disadvantage of home training.

 

Therefore, it is still recommended to contact specialists who tell you what commands the dog should know and why. If we are talking about a puppy, then, having taught him the basic commands for dogs at the age of four months, you should take a course of educational training. It is never too late to turn to a cynologist for help: he will select the optimal program and help realize the pet's full potential. Among the disadvantages for the owner is the need to find time, effort, and funds for paid classes, which are not always and not available to everyone. It is also essential to choose a good training center and trusted specialists to avoid wasting money and not harming the dog.

 

Remember: professional training does not replace your participation in raising a pet; the owner himself must establish a personal, trusting relationship with him. The relationship between the owner and the ward can only be reinforced with the help of professional courses.

 

The difference between training adult dogs and puppies

Depending on the dog's age, they require a unique approach, including when it comes to training. It is essential to understand how to train a dog depending on its breed, talents, and physical fitness. Of course, an adult dog has a specific life experience and, one way or another understands and orients itself more to what is happening around, while a puppy is a blank slate with a set of instincts; its upbringing should be approached especially carefully.

 

The main difference is the use of human force. So, in no case should it be used to train a baby; it is necessary to focus on the interest and curiosity shown by a young pet and a food target. He will react to the treatment. At the same time, adult dogs can exhibit dominant behavior; for them, treats are not always an incentive to follow the command, so there is interference from the owner. We are talking about harmless techniques for the animal, such as pressing on the sacrum when landing or holding on its side. Also, training is not suitable for young pets, one way or another contributing to the development of aggression. For example, teaching dog commands such as "Face."

 

Before starting classes, find out how to properly train a dog at home and familiarize yourself with the rules and principles regardless of the pet's age.

 

Necessary equipment

For self-study with a pet, you will need a collar and a leash - for control and manipulation, a stick or a toy - for fetching and a pre-prepared treat. These simple things may be enough for your dog to follow basic commands.

 

Suppose you plan to prepare your dog for more serious exercises, such as steeplechase, climbing, descent and ascending. In that case, you need to equip the site in advance and prepare barriers and other devices. You should read the necessary literature in advance and choose the right equipment depending on your dog's age, height and weight, breed, and physical abilities. It is best to start this kind of training at a cynological school, and then, following the example, continue at home.

 

What are the most intelligent dog breeds in the world?

 

15. Schipperke

The beautiful black dog of medium size. Hardy and physically developed breed. It is adapted to a harsh climate. It has thick and warm fur.

 

She has proven herself to be the perfect watchdog. Ideal for rural residents and owners of farmlands and country houses. Can exterminate rats, moles, and other rodents. He is affectionate with children and loves to play with them. He does not conflict with "his" cats; he will drive other people's cats out of the territory.

 

Schipperke has a sonorous voice. With the help of barking, it warns the owner of the danger, the intrusion of uninvited guests. In a city apartment, the dog will be hot and cramped. It is more suitable for the countryside. The owners note that the pet understands them perfectly.

 

14. Belgian Shepherd (Tervuren)

Dogs are very hardy and hardworking. If you wish, you can teach your pet any skills. It will become a shepherd, tracker, guide, nanny, etc.

 

They have a good memory. Remember many commands. They obey the first order. There are no problems with this dog.

 

The Tervuren is the most intelligent variety among the Belgian Shepherds. Recall that it has three more types. They differ in color and coat texture.

 

13. English Springer Spaniel

The hunting breed was formed in England. The first mention of them dates back to the 16th century. They developed flair and vision. Hunters say the dog adapts to any type of hunting.

 

Loyal, not dangerous for children. They cannot take on the functions of a watchman or guard. She is not aggressive and trusts people.

 

Suppose you want to acquire a skillful and tireless intellectual assistant for hunting hares and birds. In that case, you will not find a better option.

 

You can go to the forest with a dog for six months. The Springer Spaniel has a protective coat. Learn more about the English Springer Spaniel breed.

 

12. Miniature Schnauzer

A dog with a colorful appearance. You have probably already seen photos of this breed. The cheerful bearded man has extraordinary abilities.

 

In addition, the dog is brave, sensitive, and brave. It is not embarrassed by its own small size. Miniature schnauzers are always ready to come to the rescue of the owner.

 

Dogs are intelligent and quick-witted, amenable to training. Very devoted. They don't like being alone.

 

You will get an intelligent and loyal friend who will accompany you everywhere. Please note that you will take responsibility. Miniature Schnauzers are unaware of their modest size. They can engage in a fight with formidable dogs.

 

11. Welsh Corgi

This breed is included in the list of dogs with excellent working qualities. It is enough for Welsh to repeat the command six times so that he remembers and learns it.

 

Belongs to the shepherd breeds bred in the UK. He knows how to lead a herd and guards the house. This is a mobile dog. In a small apartment, it will be cramped. But you can take part in a variety of dog sports. Welsh Corgi can be trained and understands what the owner wants from them.

 

No conflict and benevolence with all members of the family. The pet has a cheerful character, loves to play, and gets along with children. The Elizabeth II dynasty loves corgis. Her pets often became winners of various competitions.

 

10. Australian Cattle Dog

Active and executive breed. Little known in our country. She was bred to help Australian shepherds. She manages the herd very well. The shepherd dog not only monitors the safety of livestock but also knows how to lead it in the right direction and takes on the role of leader.

 

This is a devoted breed. It cannot do without a master. The owner is very fond of it. Ideal for modern farmers and rural residents.

 

The appearance of the Australian Cattle Dog is colorful. Tricolor dogs often represent this cute animal.

 

9. Rottweiler

Brutal, serious dogs. They were previously used in the slaughter of cattle. Butchers kept them, and dogs were used as draft power.

 

An intelligent breed. Modern breeders have found a use for them in the police. They protect criminals and accompany them in prisons. Can be aggressive if not properly trained. But you always need a reason to attack. Rottweilers need a reputable owner.

 

Despite its mental abilities, the dog is not recommended for keeping people with unstable mentality, teenagers, women, and a first pet. This is the best guard and bodyguard in our TOP-15.

 

8. Papillon

Once upon a time, dogs of this breed were kept by members of the royal dynasty. Dogs of small stature are overall ideal for city apartments.

 

Papillons will satisfy the taste of the most demanding breeder. This is a decorative breed. A distinctive feature is the ears. They are decorated with decorative wool and resemble butterfly wings in shape.

 

Papillons are intelligent and quick-witted. Their intelligence develops as they grow older. They adapt to any conditions and feel the owner at the level of intuition.

 

This is a recognizable breed. You will not confuse a photo of a Papillon with anyone else.

 

7. Labrador Retriever

Popular breed in many countries of the world. Strong, kind, active, and obedient dog. She is not aggressive. Can cope with the role of a nanny, guide, and rescuer. They developed job skills. Therefore, Labradors are used in the search service.

 

Labradors have an excellent sense of smell. They can find a person on an old trail. They react to the smells of illegal substances.

 

This breed can be considered universal. It will cope with the duties you entrust to it—adapted to urban conditions, not demanding to care—enough standard procedures.

 

The Labrador Retriever is suitable for beginner breeders. This is a capable and obedient breed.

 

6. Sheltie

Inexperienced breeders confuse this dog with a collie. But they are different breeds. The Sheltie is a large, attractive dog. They are often used as family companion dogs.

 

They have a decorative appearance. Maintenance can be complicated by caring for long and thick hair. But shelties are very smart and careful. They are perfect in the city.

 

Readily amenable to training, obedient, able to act according to the situation. This is an innovative and responsible dog. She will not leave you without help.

 

5. Doberman Pinscher

Stephen Coren also included the Doberman Pinscher in his ranking. The fact is that the Doberman Pinscher needs a competent owner. He must be able to handle a dog of this breed. Then the pet turns into a bright girl whose abilities are admired.

 

Doberman pinschers are suitable for the role of bodyguards. They will protect their master. But they need a firm hand and an authoritative owner. Otherwise, he will turn into an uncontrollable dog.

 

4. Golden Retriever

Handsome and smart. The ideal family dog. Works as a guide, lifeguard, replaces a nanny. These luxurious dogs have an attractive exterior. They are physically developed and robust. Retrievers have great patience. They will never attack a person without a good reason.

 

Golden retrievers are endowed with a mind. They have an excellent memory, are obedient students, and remember many commands. And this is not a complete list of all the advantages of dogs of this breed.

 

3. German Shepherd

The mind and intelligence of the German Shepherd are legendary. Loyal dogs are always where their help is needed. They serve on the border, work with the police, support the search for criminals and save people in emergencies.

 

German Shepherds are a large breed. They are physically developed, strong, brave, and obedient. Not aggressive towards children or other pets. They are aware of their strength and behave adequately.

 

The German Shepherd is suitable as a family dog. She is devoted to her family. Unfortunately, the breed has now ceased to interest breeders. Exclusive and rare types of dogs are in fashion.

 

2. Poodle

The breed of poodles received positive reviews. We know that funny dogs often perform in the circus arena. Wandering artists worldwide have always kept a cheerful and intelligent dog with them.

 

Stephen Koren included this breed in his list. He believes that she has a heightened degree of intelligence.

 

Interestingly, poodles do an excellent job as rescuers. They can rush to help a drowning person. Some species do well in hunting and the protection of the home. But one thing is essential. This dog will never leave the owner in trouble.

 

1. Border Collie

Cynologists worldwide are sure that this is the most intelligent breed of dog. The Border is a versatile breed. It can be trained in almost everything. If a person wishes to have a nanny for his children in a dog's face, he will not find a better candidate. Border collies are excellent as a shepherd, guides, and guard. They will make great companions.

 

Dogs of this breed are endowed with such qualities as:

 

  • mind and ingenuity;
  • friendliness;
  • devotion;
  • diligence.

 

They are focused on a person and do not pose a danger to him. In addition, the breed has an attractive exterior. You can verify this by looking at the photo.

 

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