35 interesting facts about the Bahamas that you need to know this summer
The official name of this state is the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. The country is located in the Atlantic Ocean southeast of the Florida peninsula. The Bahamas is one of the most popular tourist resorts in the world; tourism profits account for more than half of the state's GDP. Every year, the number of tourists visiting these islands is many times greater than the number of local residents.
Facts about the Bahamas
The archipelago includes more than 700 islands, but only a small part of them (about 30) has a permanent population. The total area of all the islands is about 14,000 square kilometers, and the population is almost 400,000 people. It is assumed that the first Indian settlements were founded in the 9th century, and the first Europeans visited here in 1492. It was an expedition led by Christopher Columbus.
1. For a long time, the Bahamas were a colony of Great Britain, they received independence only on July 10, 1973. Currently, the Bahamas are a constitutional monarchy, the head of state is the Queen of England, who is represented on the islands by the Governor General. Residents of the Bahamas are not subject to income tax.
2. Gambling business brings a solid income to the state treasury, there are many casinos on the islands that were opened here in the late sixties, when the Bahamas were a colony of Britain. For a long time, only foreigners were allowed to enter the casino; local residents were forbidden to visit such establishments. The restrictions were only lifted in 2013. They tried to organize a National Lottery for local residents, but it was not particularly popular with the islanders.
3. Currently, more than 80 percent of the local population are descendants of Africans. The standard of living here is quite high, the Bahamas are even called "Caribbean Switzerland". The average life expectancy in this country is 71 years, and literacy is 96 percent. The annual population growth is more than 2,000 people.
4. Eternal summer reigns in the Bahamas, which attracts tourists from all over the world all year round. George Washington, who visited here at one time, called the Bahamas "the islands of eternal June." But, on January 17, 1977, an amazing event was recorded on the island of Grand Bahama - snow fell here. But not many people managed to admire this unexpected natural phenomenon, the snow melted almost instantly.
5. New Providence Island is not even in the top ten of the Bahamas in terms of territory, it covers an area of 207 square kilometers. However, almost 70 percent of the entire population of the country lives here. The capital of the Bahamas, the city of Nassau, is also located here. Not far from the city is the largest international airport in the Bahamas, where tourists arrive from the USA, Great Britain, Canada and the Caribbean.
6. On one of the islands of the archipelago live pigs that willingly swim in the sea. They spend a lot of time in the water, swim up to tourists in anticipation of food. Many legends are connected with their appearance on the island. According to one of them, sailors brought the pigs here, but did not have time to eat them all, and the remaining individuals bred. According to other information, the pigs got to the island on their own from a wrecked ship near the island.
7. There are no railways in the Bahamas, this is due to the small area of \u200b\u200bmost of the islands. The main means of transportation in the Bahamas is a car. The total length of highways is about 3,000 kilometers. Most of them are privately owned. Traffic here is on the left.
8. At one time, the Bahamas were a haven for pirates who traded in the Caribbean. At the beginning of the 18th century, they were expelled by the British, at which time the Caribbean became an English colony. But, until now, there are rumors about countless treasures that were buried by sea robbers on the island of Andros. Many tourists visit the island not only to relax, but also try to find pirate treasures.
9. The most popular seafood is on Sink Island.
10. The population lives on only 30 of the total number of 700 islands in the Bahamas. New Providence is an inhabited island in the Bahamas with a population of over two hundred thousand.
11. While the country is driving on the left, it is surprising to find some cars steering on the left and others on the right.
12. The Bahamas is one of two countries whose official name begins with the word "the".
13. The Bahamas are right on the edge of the infamous Bermuda Triangle.
14. The Bahamas have a wonderful underwater cave system. The sea was low 250 feet from its current level during the Ice Age. Acid rain eroded the limestone on the island and led to the formation of vertical and horizontal caves.
15. On October 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus is believed to have landed on the island.
16. The slave trade was the main economic enterprise on the island after the departure of the first royal governor of the island, Captain Woodes Rogers. Slavery ended in the island nation in 1838.
17. "Linden V" became the country's first prime minister after independence on July 10, 1973.
18. During the 1980s, the island became a notorious destination for the drug trade. Almost 90% of the cocaine reportedly entered the US through the Bahamas.
19. "Hubert Ingraham" became Prime Minister of the Bahamas in 1992 and served another consecutive term in his chair. During his administration, he noted the creation of jobs and the economic development of the country.
20. The Bahamas signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) on February 4, 2005.
21. There is no railway on the island, and the road network on the larger islands extends over 2,693 km of roads.
22. Hurricane Floyd caused significant damage to the island, and the country fell into decline in tourism.
23. 2004 - and another ferocious hurricane hit the Bahamas: Hurricane Francis, which causes widespread harm to the living and non-living.
24. The case has not yet been settled, and they saw another monster hurricane on the island; tearing up houses, uprooting trees, throwing up cars and smashing houses. However, the island is ready to shine again and come back as strong as it needs to be to forget the pain and destruction caused by a natural disaster.
25. The Bahamas and an import-oriented economy. However, significant tourism activity and government-provided financial services bring in a lot of foreign exchange to balance the economy. According to the CIA, the economy of the Bahamas is developing and stable.
26. The Bahamas have the world's third largest shipping registry.
27. There is only one stock exchange in the Bahamas, the Bahamas International Stock Exchange (BISX).
28. There is no income or sales tax for residents of The Bahamas. Most government revenue comes from tariffs and import charges.
29. The Government of The Bahamas provides maternity assistance for every live birth and a 13-week maternity benefit.
30. Tourism makes up about 40-45% of the country's economy. It has beautiful beaches, flora, fauna and many recreational and resort facilities.
31. Gambling is legal for non-Bahamians who visit the Bahamas.
32. A tourist from the US and Canada is not required to carry a passport to the Bahamas for a stay of less than three weeks. Every year, millions of visitors to the country spend billions of dollars. The average cost of staying on the island per day varied depending on the time of year and location. You can expect to spend between $30 and $400 a day during your visit to the island.
33. The Bahamian dollar is equal to the US dollar and you can easily use US dollars throughout the island as they are freely accepted as cash. However, the United States does not accept Bahamian dollars at its counters. You will have to exchange currency or spend it in the Bahamas before leaving the country.
34. More than 90% of Bahamians are followers of Christianity. However, there are also spiritists who worship various spirits, and even followers of the voodoo cult. They are mainly immigrants from Haiti and some African countries, as well as their descendants. However, followers of various religions in the Bahamas get along peacefully, and there are no conflicts on this basis.
35. The Bahamas is home to the world's largest colony of pink flamingos, birds that everyone knows. On the island of Big Inagua, which is part of the archipelago, there are about 50,000 of these amazing birds.
The Sultanate of Oman is an Arab state located southeast of the Arabian Peninsula. It has a hot climate and wealth, like other oil countries. Officially, the Sultanate of Oman was founded relatively recently, only in 1970, but people have been living here for a long time, and once these lands were part of the Arab Caliphate. Today, Oman is a prosperous Arab country with a traditional Arab way of life.
The Sultanate of Oman- exciting facts
Oman is a typical Arab state, small but prosperous due to the deposits of natural resources found on these lands. True, oil is not endless, and today the government of Oman is already beginning to seek new sources of income so that the country does not go bankrupt when the oil runs out.
1. The Sultanate of Oman is an Arab state.
2. Oman is located in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula.
3. Oman is a typical Arab state, small but prosperous.
4. The country of Oman became rich thanks to the deposits of natural resources found in these lands.
5. Of course, oil is not endless, and now the government of Oman is starting to look for new sources of income so that the country does not go bankrupt when the oil runs out.
6. Officially, the Sultanate of Oman was founded relatively recently, only in 1970, but people have been living here for a long time, and once these lands were part of the Arab Caliphate.
7. Scientists suggest that in ancient times, the main route for the settlement of people from Africa to different parts of Asia ran through the coast of Oman.
8. Oman is, in fact, the only country in the Middle East that has miraculously preserved its Arab identity and, at the same time, a high standard of living for the population.
9. Oman is an absolute monarchy, where the sultan is not a decorative figure but the natural leader of the country and head of government. He also heads the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Ministry of Finance.
10. After the death of the Sultan, the ruling family of Oman must, within three days, decide on the candidacy of his successor. If this does not happen, the relatives open the letter of the late ruler with his recommendations regarding the heir to the throne.
11. In many ways, Oman resembles Bahrain.
12. The only major city in Oman is its capital, the city of Muscat. All other towns are pretty small.
13. Muscat is the capital of Oman, a small town it stretches for 30 kilometers along the coast. The building is mostly low-rise. Offices rarely exceed 9-10 floors. Muscat is the best place to live with your family in the Arabian Peninsula.
14. The country has a hot climate. Oman receives very little rainfall, and in some regions of the country, it rains only a few times a year.
15. There is not a single permanent river in Oman - they all dry up in the summer.
16. You can swim on the coast of Oman all year round. Here the water is always warm.
17. Oman has excellent diving. The water is warm and crystal clear. You can see sharks, barracudas, moray eels, rays, and turtles. I'm not talking about ordinary colored fish. During the season, you can see whales and whale sharks. Corals start right from the shore.
18. There is a theory that Oman was covered with forests several millennia ago, but all the forests were cut down due to active copper mining. Because of this, there was a rapid desertification of the area.
19. Oman is a highly law-abiding country. Even a domestic fight is impossible to see here. After all, such a violation of the order here is supposed to be a prison sentence.
20. Oman suffers from a lack of fresh water, so the country's authorities have to desalinate the salty sea water.
21. One of the most popular places in Oman are incense markets.
22. In the south of Oman, there is a population with Ethiopian roots, and even the local dialect is more like Ethiopian than Arabic.
23. In Oman, teaching the basics of Islam is a compulsory school subject.
24. An obligatory detail of the Omani man's costume is a short broad dagger.
25. Among Omani women, blue tattoos on the face and hands and earrings in the ears and nose are common.
26. In Oman, unlike other countries of the Persian Gulf, nature is very picturesque: tropics, savannahs, fjords, waterfalls, and mountains.
27. On the west coast of Oman, there is one of the few places in the world where green turtles come to lay their eggs.
28. Due to the heat and hot air, the sky over Oman almost always looks gray. Blue skies can only be seen during the cool season.
29. Because of the rain in Oman, for example, classes at school may well be canceled.
30. In Oman, alcoholic products are sold only in specialized stores. But to purchase alcohol, you must first obtain permission from the police, and Muslims do not receive such permission.
31. There is almost no public transport in Oman - only fixed-route taxis, but only Indians use them. For some reason, this is not an option for white people.
32. Taxis that travel around the city, as a rule, also carry Indians.
33. A more or less decent taxi can only be taken from the hotel and the shopping center. A brand new taxi is now running from the airport. All cars are new, business class.
34. The national currency of Oman is the Omani rial. It is heavily pegged to the dollar. One rial costs a little less than three dollars.
35. Crime, unemployment and poverty are virtually absent in Oman.
36. The door of the National Bank of Oman is cast from pure gold.
37. Residents of Oman are exempt from paying taxes.
38. One of the national musical instruments of the Omanis is the rabab violin with a single string.
39. Gasoline in Oman is very cheap, but of poor quality due to its high sulfur content.
40. The favorite delicacy of the inhabitants of Oman is hyena meat. Addiction to this food is not found in any other country in the Arab world.
41. The government of Oman has approved a list of 26 professions that are not available to foreigners. For example, taxi drivers can only be Omanis by nationality.
42. Tourists were allowed to enter Oman only in the late 1980s.
43. The fabulous merchant and traveler Sinbad the Sailor was from Oman.
44. Car tires on Omani cars crack from the heat in a few years. Tire fitting here, apparently, is a very profitable business.
45. A lot of roads are being built in Oman. Many highways are expanding. Due to mild climatic conditions, all roads are in excellent condition.
46. There are no traffic jams anywhere in Oman, even in the capital, Muscat. Any part of the city can be reached in 20-25 minutes.
47. In Oman, it is not customary to show bare heels in public, as the locals consider it disrespectful.
48. In Oman there is a sandy Wahiba desert with huge sand dunes tens of kilometers high in a multi-storey building.
49. There is a real cave with stalactites and stalagmites 200 kilometers from the city of Muscat.
50. Children studying in foreign / European schools receive a fairly decent education, they then easily enter European and American institutions. And local schools and universities are of a low level.
51. In Oman, it is impossible to buy such familiar food as sausage. Products that religion does not allow Muslims to consume, such as pork, are very expensive in Oman, because only visitors buy them.
52. Residents of Oman on average give birth to 5-6 children.
53. Entertainment in Oman is varied. You can find something for every taste: you can go to a bar, to the mall, to the cinema or to the beach. There is also something to do: golf, diving or karting.
54. In Oman, the days off are Thursday and Friday.
55. Residents of Oman are not very interested in work - about 70% of the labor force in the country are foreigners. The same situation is observed in Qatar.
56. Omanis have the right to free healthcare, education (including in foreign universities) and land to build a house.
57. Only 0.2% of Omani consider themselves atheists. Although Oman is a noticeably less religiously radical country than neighboring Arab states.
58. Oman is considered a young country.
59. Thanks to the discovery of rich oil reserves, in 30 years Oman has turned from a run-down state with medieval orders and infrastructure into one of the economic leaders of the modern world.
60. Now Oman is a prosperous Arab country with a traditional Arab way of life.
The islands of Tonga are practically unknown in the world, more precisely, most people on Earth do not even know about the existence of such a state. Recently, they are gaining popularity only among eco-tourists and downshifters.
Tonga is a tiny island country in the Pacific Ocean. People here live a habitual life that almost does not change over time, and even if they do not live richly, they are calm and quite happy. Here, no one cares about politics or the world economy - life here is limited to the territory of the country itself.
Tonga- top facts
1.Tonga is a small island country in the Pacific Ocean.
The majority of the world's population does not even suspect the existence of this country.
2. This state is located in Polynesia. The official name of the country is the Kingdom of Tonga.
3. The Kingdom of Tonga is an archipelago, it consists of 177 islands. Most of the islands of the Tonga archipelago are of volcanic or coral origin. Of the 177 islands, only 36 are inhabited by people.
4. These 36 islands have a total population of 108,020 people.
5. The total area of Tonga is 748 square kilometers.
6. British explorer James Cook called Tonga "Friendly Islands" and this phrase is used by the country's tourism industry to this day to attract tourists from all over the world.
7. James Cook named these islands after attending a magnificent feast and festival in his honor, organized by the leader of the island of Haapai - Finau Ulukalala. But Cook did not even suspect that the feast was actually a red herring. Finau Ulukalala and members of his tribe wanted to attack Cook and his expedition and rob the ship. But the leader did not dare to do this and abandoned his idea shortly before the start of the feast.
8. The capital of the state is Nuku'alofa. This city was founded in 1795 on the island of Tongatapu. It is now the largest and most populous city in the Kingdom. Nuku'alofa is home to ¼ of the population of Tonga.
9. Tongatapu Island is an atoll with an area of 260 km², it is also the largest and most populous island in the state. About 70% of the country's population lives on the territory of this atoll.
10. The Kingdom of Tonga was created by King George Tupou I. During his reign, the first set of laws was created on the islands, and Christianity became popular. George Tupou I reigned from 1845 to 1893 until his death at 95. Under him, the period of wars and unrest, which lasted from 1799 to 1852, was completed, and a constitution was adopted.
11. Most of the country's inhabitants are Christians. 1/3 of the country belongs to the United Methodist Church, and 1/5 of the country belongs to the Mormons. Due to the fact that there is a small number of inhabitants, it turns out that Tonga is the leader among the countries of the world in terms of the number of Mormons per capita.
12. Tonga is a mono-national country, more than 96 percent of the population are Tongans.
13. Almost the entire population of the country has Polynesian roots. The inhabitants of TongA are closely related to the Samoans and other Polynesians in culture and language, as well as in genetic heritage.
14. The kingdom gained independence from Great Britain in 1970.
15. Life here is limited to the territory of the country itself. No one here cares about politics and the world economy. People here live a habitual life that almost does not change over time, and although they do not live richly, they are calm and quite happy.
16. Due to the lack of suitable stone for construction, almost all buildings in Tonga are made of wood. But the royal palace and the parliament building are made of stone, and building materials were delivered here from other places.
17. The Kingdom is located in the so-called Pacific volcanic ring of fire and has at least 4 active volcanoes on its archipelago. In 2009, there was a strong undersea earthquake measuring 8.3, which, in turn, caused a tsunami. As a result of this tsunami, a large number of villages were destroyed.
18. Over the past two centuries, at least 35 volcanic eruptions have occurred on the islands of Tonga, the last was in 1960.
19. The highest point in the Kingdom is an unnamed place on the island of Kao, towering 1033 meters above sea level.
20. The climate on the islands of Tonga has two distinct seasons - dry and rainy. As for the average annual temperature, it is around 26 degrees Celsius.
21. The Tonga archipelago has two national parks and six reserves.
22. Tonga has two official languages - English and Tongan. But in practice, few people here speak and understand English.
23. Most Tongans are very religious people. The official religion of the kingdom is Christianity.
24. There are some diplomatic missions on the territory of the Kingdom of Tonga.
25. The Kingdom of Tonga maintains diplomatic relations with many countries.
26. The economy of this state is based on agriculture. Agriculture is the driving force in the country. The main export commodities that bring the greatest income to the country's budget are beans, coconuts, bananas, corn, breadfruit, limes, and pineapples.
27. In addition to these products, Tonga also exports timber, animal meat and fish.
28. Most of the produce grown is consumed by the Tongans, while the rest is exported to the United States of America, New Zealand, Japan and Australia.
29. The country also imports products from countries such as Australia, Singapore, USA, Fiji and New Zealand.
30. There are no railways in Tonga.
31. Hard-surfaced roads in Tonga are only about two hundred kilometers long.
32. The total length of roads in Tonga is about seven hundred kilometers.
33. There are only a few car rentals in the country.
34. There is only one international airport here. Flights from Tonga are only available from Fiji, New Zealand and Australia.
35. The crime rate in Tonga tends to zero, as in other small island countries like Niue or Kiribati.
36. Like many other island nations lost in the ocean, Tonga is experiencing problems with fresh water. Tongans collect rainwater in special tanks.
37. This country is home to the so-called "disappearing" island of Fonuafoʻou. This is an underwater volcano, which throughout history has repeatedly “peeped out” of the water, and then plunged back in the same way.
38. Between 1781 and 1865, shallow water formed near the volcano. In 1867, he already looked out from under the water. By 1885, it had risen to a height of 50 meters above sea level (at its highest point), and reached a length of 2 kilometers. Then the leadership of the state announced that they had a new island, Fonuafoʻou. However, after a few decades, he again disappeared under water. Two years later, Fonuafo'u reappeared, and its peak point reached 320 meters.
39. The government organized an expedition and wanted to plant the flag of Tonga there and plant some palm trees, but after the volcanic eruption, the island submerged again. Until 1927, he was under water. Then it appeared and existed until 1949, after which it again plunged under water. She reappeared in 1954 and sank again in 1959. Today it is under water at -17 meters above sea level.
40. The Tongan armed forces took part in the First World War, as well as in the peacekeeping operation in Iraq.
41. Bats are sacred animals in Tonga. These are the property of the monarchy and they are protected by law. Therefore, it is forbidden to harm them or use them as pets on the islands. Thanks to this policy, the islands of Tonga are an ideal place for these mammals.
42. The only embassy of Tonga is located in China, in Beijing.
43. In addition to the danger posed by the Pacific Ring of Fire, Tonga also faces a major sea level rise problem. While some parts of the country are quite high above sea level and protected by mountainous terrain, others, flat areas with relatively low altitude, may be flooded in the near future.
44. Grocery stores in Tonga do not have as much variety as one might expect, canned goods of all kinds predominate here. Affects the remoteness from civilization.
45. The national sport in Tonga is rugby.
46. The Tongan currency is called paanga. In everyday life, it is sometimes called the Tongan dollar.
47. Five radio stations broadcast throughout the kingdom.
48. The land area of the kingdom increases from time to time due to volcanic activity, as a result of which new islands rise to the surface of the ocean.
49. The islands of Tonga were practically unknown in the world. Even most people on Earth did not even know about the existence of such a state. Recently, they have been gaining popularity, especially among eco-tourists and downshifters.
50. Many tourists come to this country to swim with humpback whales. Every year from June to October, whales make an amazing journey of 5,000 kilometers from Antarctica to the warm waters of Tonga. They return to Tonga to breed. After their cubs get stronger, the whales return back.
London is the capital of Great Britain and one of the largest cities in Europe, which is the world center of culture, music, education, fashion, politics, finance and trade. It is a vibrant and bustling metropolis with a dynamic life and a wonderful cosmopolitan atmosphere. London is one of the oldest cities in Europe, which has an amazing concentration of a variety of sights, historical and cultural monuments: luxurious palaces, historical buildings, towers, bridges, ancient churches, attractions and world-class museums.
London was founded during the Roman Empire and throughout its rich history has been one of the most important cities in Europe. All the wealth of the United Kingdom flocked here, so its capital has magnificent sights from various historical eras. London is one of the most multifaceted cities in the world, which has absorbed not only the traditions of Britain, but also the cultures of many nationalities and peoples. It is a place of amazing diversity to be discovered and explored endlessly.
London can be visited all year round, so the best time to visit it depends entirely on your preferences. There are fewer tourists in the capital of the United Kingdom during the off-season, so it's easier to book a good hotel and you can comfortably explore the city. There are many festivals and cultural events in London in the summer, but there are also many more tourists.
London is one of the world's shopping capitals. Here is the largest department store in Europe - Harrods, where you can find almost everything. Also in the capital of Great Britain is a huge shopping center - Westfield, which includes 300 stores. The main shopping area is the West End (Oxford Street, Regent Street, Bond Street, Piccadilly and Covent Garden). Near London Bridge is the Borough food market, although it is relatively expensive. Brushfield is home to an old fruit market that now sells up-and-coming designers, housewares and food.
Food in London caters to all tastes. Here you can find everything from fast food and inexpensive pubs to exclusive restaurants. In London, a standard tourist rule applies - food near popular attractions and in the central part of the city is more expensive. Many locals go to restaurants in residential and working areas, where the quality of food and service is higher and prices are lower.
Below you can read more interesting facts.
1. The English capital is about two thousand years old. No one knows the exact date of foundation.
2. In the past, London was known as Londinium, Augusta, Lundenwick and Lundenburch.
3. Native Englishmen make up about 50% of the population of the capital of Great Britain. The rest are mostly from Africa and Asia.
4. The first Londinium was burned by the Britons during their revolt against the Romans.
5. In the 9th century, a huge army of pagan Vikings captured half of England, avenging the death of their king Ragnar. It controlled the territories of London and its environs for 15 years.
6. Judging by archaeological finds, primitive people lived on the site of modern London long before the foundation of the city.
7. Indigenous people in different parts of London have different accents. Foreigners do not notice this, but the locals determine it accurately.
8. Because of the monstrous prices for real estate, most citizens in London rent a house all their lives, and do not buy it.
9. Every Friday every London pub is packed to capacity. Most locals book tables well in advance.
It is impossible to see a stray cat or dog on the streets of London.
10. Residents of London can easily walk around in a T-shirt and jeans, for example, in November. Like their Irish neighbors, they are not afraid of the cold.
11. The apartments here, with rare exceptions, are very cramped. Many also live in old houses with communication problems.
12. London is in the top 10 most expensive cities in the world every year.
13. Drivers of traditional cabs in London know the whole city from memory down to the small lanes.
14. Navigators are not allowed to use them. This rule does not apply to ordinary yellow taxis.
15. You can find at least one bike rental on any major London street.
16. The most popular fast food in London is Indian cuisine.
17. London police officers do not carry firearms.
18. There are usually no washing machines for London apartments, so there is a laundry service on every corner.
19. Every year, people forget about 80,000 umbrellas on the London Underground.
20. Contrary to popular myth, it doesn't rain as often in London as you might think. For example, even in Rome or Milan there is more rainfall than here.
21. According to ancient law, London has the right to refuse the reigning English monarch entry into the capital.
22. Londoners never go out without taking an umbrella with them. Yes, just in case.
23. On one of the branches of the London Underground, trains are fully automated, and they travel without the help of drivers.
24. And here it is customary to leave to read newspapers right in the subway so that someone else can read them. By the way, they are still very popular in London, despite the development of modern technology.
25. The most popular pet in London is a dog, despite the fact that many landlords forbid tenants from keeping pets.
26. Every year, a Christmas tree sent from Norway is set up in London's Trafalgar Square. This is a token of appreciation from the people of Oslo for helping Britain during World War II.
27. Driving into central London costs money.
28. Big Ben is not called the famous London clock tower, but the bell installed in it.
29. Some retail outlets in London only accept credit cards.
30. Most of London's cinemas are specialized - one shows comedies, another shows Hollywood blockbusters, and a third shows retro movies.
31. There are about 5,000 pubs in London. This is more than even in Dublin.
32. Most of London's museums are free to enter, but donations are welcome.
33. About 20 underground rivers flow under London.
34. The multinationality of London society is evidenced by the fact that the locals speak about 300 different languages.
35. Among all the cities in the world, London occupies one of the first places in terms of the number of billionaires living in it.
36. The famous movable Tower Bridge in London weighs 2000 tons, while it takes just one minute to open.
37. It was here that the world's first subway was built.
38. The foggy London stereotype arose from the fact that during the era of the development of local industry, the city was constantly wrapped in thick smog. In fact, fogs are rare here, and mostly in the cold season.
39. In summer it is rarely warmer than +20, but in winter the temperature rarely drops below 0 degrees.
40. In terms of population, London ranks second in Europe, second only to Moscow.
41. Many streets, especially in older areas, are confusing and very winding, so many Londoners carry a map of the city with them.
42. Lines are everywhere here - in museums, pubs and restaurants. Even in the USSR there were not so many queues.
43. London is the only city in the world to have hosted the Olympic Games three times.
44. Less than 50% of Londoners are Christians.
45. The famous Westminster Abbey in London was built over almost 700 years.
46. One of the ancient laws obliges London hotels to accept not only guests, but also their horses.
Buckingham Palace in London consists of 600 rooms.
47. In the USA, as many as 8 cities are called London (interesting facts about the USA).
48. From the center of London to the center of Paris can be reached by high-speed train in just 2 hours.
49. The exact age of London is unknown, but, judging by the chronicles found, it is about two thousand years old.
50. In the Tower of London, the ravens that live there are looked after by a special caretaker. There is a legend that Great Britain will fall when these birds leave the Tower (see interesting facts about birds).
51. There are two types of taxis in London - ordinary and traditional London cabs. To get a cab driver's license, you have to pass the most difficult test on the knowledge of absolutely all London streets, because traditionally cab drivers do not use maps or navigators.
52. London is the largest city in the European Union, and concurrently the second largest in Europe as a whole.
53. Founded by the Romans, London was originally called in the Roman manner - Londinium.
54. For a hundred years, from 1985 to 1925, London was the largest city in the world.
55. Every year at Christmas in Trafalgar Square in London, a Christmas tree is sent from Oslo. This is a token of gratitude for the help provided to Norway during the Second World War (see interesting facts about Oslo).
56. Driving into the center of London during the daytime is paid, and, by the way, costs a lot - ten pounds sterling.
57. There is a statue of George Washington in London, but it was installed on land brought from the United States, because Washington declared during his lifetime that "do not set foot on English soil again."
58. London's famous Big Ben is not a tower, contrary to popular myth. "Big Ben" is the name of the bell tower installed there, and the tower itself is called "Elizabeth"
59. Twenty hidden rivers flow under London (see interesting facts about rivers).
60. The code of rules for ships entering London harbor still allows the constable of the Tower to demand a barrel of rum from each ship as a duty.
61. The inhabitants of London speak more than three hundred languages, which makes London the most multilingual city in the world. However, in English here anyway, of course, everyone speaks.
62. Local law forbids you from hailing a taxi on the streets of London if you are infected with the plague.
63. All London buses became red in 1907. Before that, they were painted in different colors.
64. London is the largest city in the UK. About a third less people live here than in Moscow, and almost fifty times more than in Paris.
65. One of London's museums houses a collection of items left behind by passengers on the London Underground. It includes such extravagant items as a human skull, a samurai sword, a coffin and a puffer fish.
66. London Heathrow Airport receives and sends more international flights than any other airport in the world.
67. During the fire of 1666 in London, about 70 thousand people were left without a roof over their heads, despite the fact that then the population of this city was only 80 thousand.
68. The world's first zoo opened in London. This significant event took place back in 1828.
69. There are over a thousand streets in London.
70. Contrary to popular belief, London is not a rainy city at all. On the contrary, it is one of the driest in Europe. But there are really many cloudy days here.
71. Buses in London run around the clock.
72. The cheapest transport in London is a bicycle. You can rent it on almost every street, and a daily rental will cost half the price of the shortest metro ride.
73. In 2012, the city hosted the Olympics for the third time, no other city has received such an honor.
74. Many museums in London are free to visit, although you can make a voluntary donation if you wish.
75. Eternal rain in London is a common myth. In fact, there is no more precipitation here than, for example, in Rome, but it can start to rain suddenly and end just as suddenly, so it is customary for locals to always carry an umbrella with them.
76. The London Eye Ferris wheel is one of the largest in the world. There are 32 booths fixed on the circle (according to the number of districts of the city), each of which can accommodate 25 people. A full turn of the wheel takes half an hour. The "Eye" is an important element of the pyrotechnic shows that are held on New Year's Eve and other holidays; fireworks are also launched from it.
77. If Japanese restaurants and pizzerias are widespread in Russia, then in London the championship belongs to Indian cuisine.
78. There are as many as 6 airports in London and its environs. Heathrow is the most famous of them, and also the busiest in Europe.
79. There are almost no traffic jams in the central part of the city. The secret is simple - since 2003, on weekdays, entry here is paid and is more than 12 pounds. Moreover, entry in an old car that does not meet environmental standards will cost twice as much.
80. The London Underground is one of the largest in the world with 270 stations. It is also the oldest in the world, its first branch was opened in 1863. The people call the subway Underground (“subway”) or Tube (“pipe”). The fare varies depending on the metro area. The stations have special places for musicians to perform, and it is customary to leave the newspapers in the car, where someone else can read them.
81. London has a Tramlink tram system, but it operates only in south London in the Croydon area and has only 4 routes. The fact is that there is no subway in this part of the city.
82. London is the only place where you need to study to become a taxi driver, and the training takes several years and involves passing the most difficult exams. The fact is that it is not customary for local taxi drivers to use maps, and even more so navigators, they must remember all the streets and even houses by heart! Not surprisingly, about 70% of applicants do not stand up to training. Naturally, we are talking about black taxi cabs that have become the hallmark of the city. It is they who have the right to play the streets and put passengers anywhere, but the prices in them bite. There are also simpler taxis in the city, but they only work on specific calls. If you need to use a transfer to the airport, we recommend that you order a Russian taxi in London. Reasonable price and quality service guaranteed.
83. Famous red double decker buses are called double deckers. The first buses of this type appeared on the streets in 1956.
84. In many places of the city there are parking lots with bicycles that can be rented with a bank card.
85. The Greenwich meridian passes through London, which in 1884 was decided to be considered zero (until that moment, different countries counted longitude from their national meridians). It used to pass through the observatory in the town of Greenwich, but now the town has become one of the districts of the sprawling capital.
86. Under London there are many underground rivers and streams. In the Victorian era, they were hidden underground - in the sewer system. At that time, it was the right decision, because Londoners threw garbage at them and poured sewage.
87. The Tower of London on the banks of the Thames is considered one of the oldest buildings in the UK. Its construction is attributed to William I, the legendary Norman conqueror who radically changed the whole way of Great Britain. Construction began in 1066 and ended in 1078. Later, Richard the Lionheart ordered to build several more towers and dig a moat around the fortress, and from 1190 the fortress gradually began to turn into a prison and a place of executions, and representatives of the nobility and even unsuccessful monarchs often became prisoners. King Henry VIII and his descendants were especially zealous in this matter in the 16th-17th centuries. It was only after World War II that they stopped keeping prisoners. Part of the fortress was occupied for a long time by the mint and the menagerie, later transferred to the London Zoo. Today, the Tower has become a museum and repository of the treasures of the British crown. Among the staff of the modern Tower there is a ravenmaster - an employee who monitors the well-being of the local flock of crows. There is a belief that when they leave the fortress, many misfortunes await the country. To prevent this from happening, crows have their wings clipped.
88. Big Ben is another well-known landmark that is actually not called that. The clock tower of the Palace of Westminster bears the name of Elizabeth, and "Big Ben" is not even the name of the clock, but the largest of the six bells inside the tower.
89. The London Zoo has been operating since 1828 and is the oldest in the world. Interestingly, it does not receive government funding and exists on proceeds from ticket sales, charitable fees and donations.
90. Like other major cities, London has not been spared by great tragedies. In 1952, the Great Smog hung over the city for several days - a toxic fog that led to the death of several thousand people. Immediately after this environmental disaster, the Clean Air Act was passed, but London is still considered one of the most polluted European cities today.
91. In 1666, during the Great Fire of London, most of the city burned out in just three days. The exact number of victims is unknown, the fact remains that more than 80% of the population was left homeless, and the restoration of the city took more than a dozen years. Although everything can be found pluses. For example, the fire helped to cope with the Great Plague Epidemic, which at that time had been raging in the capital for a year.
92. The Great Stench is another environmental disaster in London's history. In 1858, there was no sewerage in the largest city in Europe. And during the hot summer, the Thames overflowed with sewage and poisoned the surrounding areas. Cholera began to spread (they did not yet know that it was transmitted through water), there was a disgusting stench, residents fled to the suburbs, and the British Parliament resigned. The disaster ended by itself with the advent of rainy weather, but the government realized that the problem had to be dealt with somehow, and a year later a sewer system appeared in London.
93. The city is the main political, cultural and economic center of Britain.
94. In the Tower, a local fortress, a special person watches over the ravens living in its territories. According to one legend, Great Britain will fall immediately after the birds leave the fortress.
95. An interesting fact is that in London, anyone can, instead of a traditional taxi, call a cab - a horse-drawn carriage.
96. There are 20 piped rivers flowing under the surface of London.
97. Did you know that over 300 languages are spoken in this capital, making London the most multilingual city on earth. But there is no doubt that everyone here knows English.
98. The British take their culture and traditions very seriously. As a result, the tower constable has the right to demand from the ships entering the harbor - a barrel of rum.
99. By law, a person suffering from the plague is not allowed to call a taxi.
100. Since 1907, all London buses have been painted red, although before that they were of a wide variety of colors and shades.
Bangladesh is a small but very densely populated country located in southern Asia. Much has it in common with neighboring India- culture, traditions, customs, and the peoples themselves inhabiting Bangladesh. This state, along with China, is one of the leading suppliers of cheap labor - a vast number of various things sold worldwide are made in Bangladesh.
Facts about Bangladesh
1. Bangladesh is a small country located in southern Asia.
2. Bangladesh as a country did not exist until 1971. Indian, Turkic, and Mongol tribes ruled its territory and the British for centuries.
3. This country was a British colony for a long time, and only in 1971 receive independence from it.
4. Bangladesh has many things in common with neighboring India - culture, traditions, customs, and the people who inhabit the country.
5. This state, like China, is one of the leading suppliers of cheap labor. A vast number of various things that are sold around the world are made in Bangladesh.
6. Bangladesh is the most populous state on the planet - 1154 people per 1 km².
THE CAPITAL OF BANGLADESH IS DHAKA CITY
7. The capital of Bangladesh is the city of Dhaka. It is the 5th largest city in the world and the most densely populated.
8. The area of Dhaka is 304 km2. About 10 million people live in this area. Compared with Moscow, its area is 2561 km2, and the population is slightly more than 12.5 million people.
DHAKA BY NIGHT
9. There is incredible movement due to the high population density in Bangladesh, especially in Dhaka. Here, those caught in a traffic jam will need about 30-40 minutes to drive 1 kilometer. Dhaka also has deplorable roads, so traffic rarely exceeds 75 km/h.
10. In addition, the capital of Bangladesh, Dhaka, is very polluted. In addition to lousy air, car sirens constantly sound, unpleasant odors are present, etc.
11. According to a report by The Economist Intelligence Unit, Dhaka is the second most uninhabitable city on the planet.
COPY OF THE TAJ MAHAL IN BANGLADESH
12. In the vicinity of Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, the local oligarch Asanullah Moni built a life-size copy of the Taj Mahal. This building is located on the territory of his possessions. one
13. In 1757, the territory of this state was conquered by Britain (previously, it was under the control of the Mongols).
14. In 1857, there was a sepoy uprising, which led to the transfer of the region to the British Raj.
15. In 1947, the British Raj gave up territories due to a decade-long independence movement. At the same time, the countries of India and Pakistan (East and West) were created. Bangladesh was "East Pakistan" and became an independent state only in 1971.
16. On the country's territory, many archaeological sites and artifacts are over 4000 years old, dating back to 2000 BC.
SOMAPURI VIHARA MONASTERY
17. Somapuri Vihara Monastery, built in the 8th century, is one of South Asia's most significant archaeological sites. The complex is spread over an area of more than 11 hectares.
18. After the division of British India into Bangladesh, a unique enclave of the third order was formed - Dakhala Kagrabari.
19. The territory of India was surrounded by the lands of Bangladesh, which, in turn, were surrounded by the possessions of India, and those were again located within the borders of Bangladesh.
20. This terrible mess was only resolved in 2015 when the two countries' governments signed an agreement on exchanging territories.
21. Bangladesh ranks 10th in the world in terms of population.
22. Bangladesh is a monistic country with 98% of Bengalis.
23. But a large number of citizens of this country, approximately 7.5 million people, live outside their country.
24. Almost half of this number live in India, about 1 million in Saudi Arabia, and the rest in the Middle East.
25. The Bangladeshi diaspora has contributed enormously to their country's economy as foreign workers constantly send remittances home. Approximately 5% of Bangladesh's GDP is remittances from citizens abroad.
26. Most Bangladeshi citizens are engaged in agriculture. It is estimated that approximately 70% of the population is farmers. Without farming, many people in this country could not survive.
27. About 96% of the country's income comes from selling clothing and fabrics. Moreover, many popular brands manufacture clothes in Bangladesh due to low labor and production costs.
28. Approximately 90% of the population is Muslim. Among Bangladeshi Muslims, 96% are Sunnis, 3% are Shiites, and about 1% are Ahmadis.
29. Bangladesh is the world's fourth largest Muslim country. This state is second only to Indonesia, Pakistan, and India.
30. The official language in the country is Bangla, known as Bengali. Also, many people speak English, especially in urban areas.
31. Some non-Bengali Muslims speak Urdu as their first language.
32. Despite its small size, Bahrain has unique places and sights in every corner of the city or village.
33. The country's sights are diverse and unique, and each architectural monument has an exciting history. Interesting places in Bangladesh are located mainly in the city of Dhaka and Chittagong.
34. The sights of Bangladesh are the great pride of the Bengali people. Most people here are believers, so there are many mosques and Buddhist temples in Dhaka.
MOSQUE BAITUL MUKARRAM
35. The Baitul Mukarram Mosque was built in 1960; its style resembles the famous Kaaba, the main shrine of all Muslims. Of course, it also has its characteristics, for example, the painted elements on the walls are made in a modern style, and at the entrance to the mosque, the most beautiful reservoir greets visitors.
36. The history of Bangladesh began 4 thousand years ago, during which time the people of the republic had to endure many wars and revolutions. Therefore, it is not surprising that in the country, the monuments of Bangladesh are literally "at every turn."
MEMORIAL MONUMENT SHIKHID-MINAR
37. Memorial monument Shahid-Minar, located in the central part of the capital. In the mid-1950s, residents staged a peaceful demonstration in support of the preservation of the Bengali language. The government of Pakistan decided to suspend the rally, resulting in a significant clash between civilians and law enforcement agencies.
38. Students of the city of Dhaka erected a temporary monument in memory of the tragedy, which was destroyed. The final restoration of the memorial was possible only after the last international recognition of the independence of Bangladesh.
39. Bangladesh is known to many as a charming country that boasts beautiful nature. Glittering rivers, stunning mountain ranges - all this is available in Bangladesh.
40. This country is home to the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans. This forest has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1997. Its area is 10,000 km2, of which 6,000 km2 are located in Bangladesh, the remaining 4,000 km2 in India.
41. Most of the republic is located only a few meters above sea level. Several researchers claim that 10% of the territory of Bangladesh will be flooded if the sea level rises by at least 1 meter.
42. A very unusual phenomenon can be observed in Barisal. For inexplicable reasons, you can hear sounds reminiscent of artillery shots. In this regard, this phenomenon was nicknamed "the guns of Barisal."
BANGLADESH NATIONAL MUSEUM
43. The museums of Bangladesh have several departments: ethnographic, department of natural history, department of world civilization, etc. The National Museum of Bangladesh was built at the beginning of the last century. Its archive contains more than ten thousand exhibits: ancient relics, paintings, weapons, sculptures, tapestries, and much more.
44. Bangladesh has competed in every Olympic Games since 1984 but has failed to win a single medal.
45. The national flower of the People's Republic of Bangladesh is the lily, and the animal is the Bengal tiger.
46. The building of the National Assembly of Bangladesh is one of the unusual objects in the capital due to its design structure. The design of the building combines concrete, water, and light. Appearance - these are geometric shapes folded together: squares, triangles, circles.
47. The main difference between the seasons in the country is the amount of rain. This is because the air temperature in Bangladesh almost does not change.
COX BAZAR BEACH IN BANGLADESH
48. Bangladesh has the longest beach in Asia. It's called Cox's Bazar. The beach is located in the Bay of Bengal, in the southwestern part of the country, and is the longest in Asia and the 3rd in the world. The length of Cox's Bazar is 120 kilometers.
49. Citizens of Bangladesh are exceptionally hospitable. For this reason, they may invite any stranger into their home. The guest must try all the treats on the table, as refusing food here will be regarded as disrespectful to the hosts.
50. Despite poverty, the country has a relatively high literacy level. Among adults, about 76% of men and 70% of women are literate. Among young people, the figures are even higher. About 92% of the country's young population aged 15 to 24 are educated.