Interesting facts about the Aegean sea - a perfect destination for your summer vacation
The world ocean covers about 70% of the earth's surface and consists of vast bodies of water - oceans and seas- and smaller ones - lakes and straits. This article will focus on a significant part of the planet's water space, the Aegean Sea. Ancient Greek mythology associates its name with the Athenian king Aegeus, who threw himself from a cliff into the sea, deciding that his son Theseus died in Crete, killed by the Minotaur. You can rightly ask the question: what is so unique about it, except the mythological reference, compared with other Earth water surfaces? First, your attention should be attracted by its advantageous geographical position.
There are many islands in the Aegean Sea, more than 2,000. It is easy to calculate that if someone decides to visit all of them, spending only one day exploring one island, such a trip will take five and a half years. Of such a vast number of islands, people live on only a tenth, and the rest are uninhabited, although tourists regularly visit them.
Interesting facts about the Aegean Sea
According to legend, the Aegean Sea got its name in honor of the king of Athens, Aegeus. His son Theseus went to the island of Crete to fight the monster Minotaur. The ship set off under a black sail, and when returning, in the event of Theseus' victory, the sail had to be changed to white. Theseus could hit the Minotaur with his dagger, but for the joy, he forgot to change the sail. Aegeus decided that his son was dead and threw himself into the sea, then called the Aegean.
Since ancient times, the Aegean Sea has been famous for its fishing; here, in addition to fish, squid, shrimp, crabs, and lobsters were caught in huge quantities. In recent years, the number of fish has decreased. Therefore, it was decided to reduce production, limiting fishing to a few months a year. In addition, due to global warming, the salinity of the water and the temperature in the Aegean Sea are increasing.
Many tourists visiting resorts on the Aegean coast are concerned about the question - are there sharks here? Cases of shark attacks on people are pretty rare here. In 2008, the Turkish coast of the Aegean Sea was closed due to the invasion of sand sharks, but they turned out to be harmless to humans. In total, there are about 35 species of sharks in the Aegean Sea, and only 4 of them are recognized as dangerous.
The Aegean Sea belongs to the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. But of all (22), it is only in 16th place in terms of its area - 179 thousand km², overtaking the Ionian, Azov, and its neighbor - the Sea of Marmara. Looking at the map, you will see that its basin occupies a central place, washing the eastern coast of Greece and the western coast of Turkey with its waters. This allows us to call it a link between the West and the East. It, like a mosaic, combines many small islands (about 2000), the most famous of which are Crete, Rhodes, Chios, and Euboea, being, thanks to them, also semi-enclosed from the southern part. The majestic and ancient island of Crete, which still keeps its secrets in coastal waters, can be called highly accurate to its basin. In addition, the Aegean Sea is a virtual channel of island communication. Therefore, if you have always wanted to go on a cruise, then this place is perfect for this: you can enjoy the magnificent, colorful, and always different sunsets and the landscape of the islands, admiring how the sun sets behind one of the many, albeit low, mountain ranges.
For special connoisseurs of sea travel, the described water area will be at your disposal all year round, since the water temperature in winter is within +11..+15 °C, and in summer, it reaches +22…+25 °C. But tourists should never forget the northern winds in this region in the summer. Therefore, a refreshing breeze will constantly be felt despite the hot weather.
Another attraction for tourists is that the Aegean basin has long been famous for its opportunities for fishing activities, not only for fish but also for octopuses. You can dive into the world of marine life using the developed diving system and try to catch a fleeting wave, having surfing skills.
Shipping is also a hallmark of this body of water. The three main ports of Piraeus (Greece), Thessaloniki (Greece), and Izmir (Turkey) will gladly welcome sailors, allowing them to admire the seascapes from the coast, which also offers a fascinating view. And since the Turkish coast is replete with bays, this will enable yachting enthusiasts to retire from noisy ports and more intensely feel the sound of the surf.
History buffs will also like this region since such a vast number of significant historical upheavals that this sea has experienced can hardly boast of any other body of water on the planet.
With its essential central position, the Aegean can be called the cradle of antiquity. It was the node of the development of ancient Greece, allowing Athens to rise because of their skillful understanding of the benefits and effectiveness of sea currents. And then to the Italian cities - the states that became the leading players in trade in the Middle Ages. This happened to a greater extent, thanks to the Aegean Sea Canal, which acted as a bridge the Italian merchant fleet used to trade first with Byzantium and then with the Ottoman Empire.
This sea was the most valuable for warfare in terms of the chaotic arrangement of the islands, of which there are many. Still, capturing even one of them makes it possible to control maritime communications between the islands and continental territories. For example, the events of the Cretan or Candian Wars (1645 - 1669) unfolded in this region when the Turks were able to take away the island of Crete from Venice, which had belonged to it since the time of the Crusades. It also adds religious and cultural flavor to the waters. During the Second World War, this basin's most critical strategic islands fell under German control.
The sea in present
Currently, the territory of the sea is free from military conflicts. But, being an essential key in geopolitical relations, the so-called "Aegean question" consisting not only of several controversial points regarding the neighboring rights of Turkey and Greece - the two significant territories that the Aegean basin shares about its water area, but also airspace above it is still relevant. The last dispute occurred in 1996, which almost led to the outbreak of hostilities between the two states.
Unfortunately, the ecological situation in the Aegean region is complicated because the route of oil tankers (merchant ships carrying oil in bulk) from the Black Sea passes through it, so spills of flammable liquids often occur. Another problem is related to wastewater discharges. But if the Greek coast is leveled due to the catchment area of land and the site of the sea, which are 1:1, then the western Turkish coast becomes more unreliable in ecological terms. The problem of “red” tides has arisen: seawater off the coast becomes brown-red due to the rise from the depths of waters rich in phosphorus and atom, which affects the rapid reproduction of toxic microflora. Tourists at this time can neither swim nor eat seafood.
But despite the existence of some environmental problems that almost any water basin in the modern industrialized world has, the Aegean Sea takes the 6th place in the "hygienic" rating, being cleaner than the Mediterranean beaches of France, Spain, and Italy, the Adriatic, Baltic and Black seas. And the beaches comply with environmental standards: the ecological friendliness of the coastal zone is confirmed by a series of EU blue flags.
The only thing that should be taken more carefully is the salinity of the water: the water in the Aegean basin, compared to, for example, the Black, has a higher salinity. Therefore, to avoid an allergic reaction both on the skin and on the eyes, it is recommended to wash with fresh water after bathing.
Sea smoothness and waves have always attracted tourists from all over the world. They are also an inspiration for many creative people. Painters with trepidation depict character, views, and crystal aquamarine water on their canvases. For example, the famous Russian artist - marine painter I.K. Aivazovsky painted the painting Rocky Coastal Landscape in the Aegean Sea (1884). On it, the artist depicted the infinity and depth of water, a lonely ship that does not want to fall into the abyss of this sea power, and the proud patrons of the sea - birds that are not destined to succumb to the current.
Navigation in the Aegean has been developed since antiquity. It is not surprising that there have been many shipwrecks during all this time. For example, in 2018, maritime archaeologists discovered 58 ships at the bottom of the small Fourni archipelago, most of which sank in antiquity. On 90% of the boats, there were amphorae, thanks to which it was possible to conclude when and what goods were transported across the Aegean Sea.
The danger to sailors in the Aegean was not only storms and fogs but also pirates. Moreover, the pirates of the Zgea Sea were mentioned as early as the 8th century BC. Merchant ships passed through here in huge numbers, and the rocky coast and many islands were an ideal hiding place for sea robbers. Most often, pirates used small, nimble boats.
The Aegean Sea near Greece
The Greek port of Piraeus is the largest in Europe and the third in the world. It is just a few kilometers from Athens, the capital of Greece. The port occupies a vast territory, receiving hundreds of ships and ferries daily. Piraeus serves up to 20 million passengers annually. In ancient times, there was a small fishing settlement here, and in the 5th century BC, the ruler of Athens, Themistocles, decided to build a large seaport here.
In 1983, the Museum of the Aegean Sea was opened in Mykonos; this museum is located in a building built in the 19th century. The museum specializes in the history of Greek maritime trade since antiquity. Visitors can see unique maps, rare documents, marine equipment, and navigational instruments. The museum has a library containing about 5,000 of the most irregular publications.
Other interesting facts
There, the brother, the twin of the well-known Titanic, the Britannic, sank in 1916. The most paradoxical thing is that the Britannic was conceived as a replacement for the Titanic, which had a sad take into account, so it was put on several improvements. For example, watertight bulkheads passed through the decks with first-class cabins. It was the largest ship of that time, converted into a hospital afloat, and actively participated in the hostilities of the First World War. Despite its considerable size, the boat sank in just 55 minutes. Most people were able to escape (1035 out of 1066). But they plunged to its remains in 1975: Jacques Yves Cousteau discovered it on the seabed. Currently, the ship, or rather what is left of it, rests in the depths of the sea. Those wishing to see it with their own eyes are growing every year, but the Britannic is under the protection of the state, and it is forbidden to dive into the area of its flooding.
Sunny Greece is a picturesque land created by the gods for the rest of the soul and body. The islands of Kos, Santorini, the western part of Rhodes, the Halkidiki peninsula, and the eastern part of the Peloponnese are washed by the Aegean Sea. The east coast of Rhodes and the northern and southern beaches of Crete caress the waters of the Mediterranean Sea.
The Ionian Sea will help you enjoy a holiday in western Crete, eastern Corfu, and the western part of the Peloponnese. Lovers of invigorating swimming will enjoy the refreshing Adriatic Sea on Corfu's western and northern shores.
Top places to stay in Greece
From May to October, you will get an incredible relaxation on all the seas, sunbathing on the comfortable beaches and enjoying the gentle turquoise waters of the sea. Many resorts in Greece by the sea offer tourists to see the ancient attractions, immerse themselves in the dizzying atmosphere of the nightlife and enjoy the taste of the local cuisine, and you can choose where to relax.
In the necklace of the Greek islands, the legendary homeland of Zeus, Crete, stands out as the most fabulous pearl. It hosts the southernmost resorts in the country, where it enjoys almost 340 days a year of sunny weather: beautiful mountain scenery, sandy beach areas, and beautiful inns for romantic and family vacations.
Among the many resorts, an unforgettable holiday on the sandy shores surrounded by picturesque nature will be provided by Agios Nikolaos, Elounda, Rethymno, Chania, Heraklion, and Hersonissos, Malia, Lassithi. If you prefer more comfort, staying in the eastern part of Crete, on Lassithi, with sandy beaches in the Gulf of Mirabella and "star" hotels, is better.
In the northern region, the resort of Rethymno has gained popularity with a coast dotted with a mixture of sand and pebbles, a gentle descent into the water, and a freshwater lake with its beach. There are many hotels on the first line in the city. It is pleasant to walk around, enjoying the picturesque combination of Venetian and Oriental architecture.
The Heraklion coast stretches along the central part. It is a lively resort for young people, with water parks and an aquarium. Moving to the west coast of Crete, you are in the most exotic resort - Chania, surrounded by lush exotic vegetation, famous for the best sandy beaches, architectural monuments, and Venetian-style mansions. Those who are just interested in spending time on the beach can safely choose Elafonisi, the red beach in Matale, the Vapay beach on Lassithi, and the wild Balos beach with luxurious white sand.
Rhodes will satisfy the most demanding tourists with its natural beauty, all-encompassing tourist infrastructure, and fantastic weather. There are beaches on the island for all tastes: sandy and pebble, comfortable and wild, picturesque and relaxing bays, and open to all winds.
All beaches are accessible. Fans of a versatile beach holiday, sightseeing, and active nightlife should choose the capital - Rhodes, located in the north. Here, on the spit, there are beaches from two nearby seas - the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea, which differ in terms of water temperature and the presence of sea waves.
It is preferable to rest with the children, heading south, where peace reigns. A famous beach - Ellie with white sand overlooking the Mediterranean Sea and excellent infrastructure. The sandy pebble beach of Paropoul and the pebble beaches of Ixia and Ialyssos, which stretch along the rolling shores of the Aegean Sea, are suitable for extreme sports fans.
Several unique beaches in Kallithea, nestled in cozy little bays, are famous for their Roman hot springs. Among the Mediterranean resorts, Faliraki stands out with its clean, golden sand beaches of almost 4 kilometers, followed by Anthony Quinn Beach, located in a bay surrounded by cliffs.
Among the Mediterranean beaches awarded with "Blue Flags," we would like to mention Kolimbia and Afandou, the comfortable sandy beaches of Tsambika, Stegna, and Agati. In Rhodes, spending time on the beach goes well with visiting medieval forts, Byzantine and Catholic churches, museums, old Lindos with its acropolis, and visiting Rodini Park, the Butterfly Valley, and the ostrich farm.
Kos Island offers many pleasant moments, surrounded by picturesque nature and stunning beaches with resorts and attractions. Its gravel-dominated coastline is washed away by the crystal clear waters of the Aegean Sea. In the central city - Kos, the beaches are too crowded.
Tourists intending to combine sea bathing and sunbathing on the beach with hiking in historic sites should head to Kamari and Kefalos with their quiet sea and well-equipped beaches separated by a bay. Near Kefalos, there is a cozy sandy beach with paradise, surprising with water bubbles near the coast coming from the volcanic gases emitted.
Kardamena Resort, located in the southwest, has hotels with beautiful beaches and the ancient temple of Apollo. In the northern part of Kos, there are unique black sand beaches that have settled on the shores of the volcanic eruption and Lake Aliko with flamingos.
Psalidi, with its gravel coastline, is a favorite among windsurfing enthusiasts. The wide white sandy beach of Maskhari, with a slight slope in the sea, is perfect for families. Terma Beach, famous for its hot springs, is located 10 kilometers from the capital.
There are many ancient attractions on Kos - the ancient city of Paleo Pili, the castle of Animachia, the site of the Asclepius sanatorium, the old Roman Odeon, and many medieval temples.
Immersed in greenery, Corfu is located 2 kilometers from mainland Greece in the northern part of the Ionian Sea. Several resort complexes with cozy hotels and cozy pebble beaches stretch along its coast.
A paradise hidden among small bays and bays is called Paleokastritsa Protected, located in the northwestern part of Corfu. Here sunbathing on the beach, swimming in the sea, and diving is complemented by plenty of entertainment options.
No less attractive for young people in the town of Kavos, located in the southeastern part of Corfu, famous for its active nightlife. For mature tourists and families, the southern resorts of Moraitika and Mesongi could not be found better. The settlement of Lefkimi will ensure an atmosphere of solitude and tranquility.
The deep warm shores of the sea, the clean beaches, and the daily comfort attract families with children here. The resort towns in northeast Dasia, Bourbaki, Nissaki, and Kontokali are also in good condition. Glyfada will appeal to those who like to combine an active daytime life with evening entertainment in restaurants and entertainment venues.
The young audience likes to gather in the northern resort of Sidari, famous for the legendary Love Channel, in Kassiopi, Rhoda, and Acharavi, with a high level of comfort and many entertainment options. Kommeno resort is preferred with luxury hotels, villas, expensive restaurants, and nightlife entertainment for the elite tourist category. There are many unique attractions on the island - 4 cities, several medieval churches, Achilleion Palace and Pontikonissi Island.
In the geographical trident of Halkidiki, the Kassandra Peninsula, named in honor of the king, who was the son-in-law of Alexander the Great, stands out. It is connected to the mainland by the beautiful Nea Potidea bridge. Kassandra is only 15 kilometers wide but stretches along the Aegean coast for 50 kilometers.
Young people go to lively and crowded resorts with a wide range of nightlife: Eriopigu, Kallithea, and Hanioti. Tourists with children prefer to relax in Nea and Sani. A delightful bay in the village of Nea Fokia, next to the beach strip, draws near the Byzantine tower by the sea, from which the sermons of the apostle Paul were read.
The golf course leads to a healing spring and a chapel. The comfortable location of Nea Potidea is famous for its magnificent beaches, covered with sand and fragments of an ancient fortress. The golden sand-covered Pevkohori coast is a paradise for lovers of solitude, surrounded by mountains, pine forests, and a gentle sea.
For those looking for privacy, do not hesitate to stay alive in the city of Nea Moudania. The peninsula is famous for its cozy sandy beaches, many of which have been awarded the Blue Flags of the European Union and have water parks.
On the beaches of Nea Fokea, it is good to snorkel at Glarokavas, where the depth is excellent, and lovers of boat trips and yachts like it. On the golden coast of Haiti, on the shores of the fine sand, both young people and families with children like to sunbathe and swim.
The second peak of Poseidon's trident - the Khalidiki peninsula - was Sithonia. Conquer with stunning scenery in a combination of mountainous terrain, clean pine trees, and coastlines, washed west by the waters of Kassandra Bay, east - by Singitimos Bay. The diversity of the coast, with fishing villages, comfortable bays, picturesque harbors, and clean unobstructed beaches, makes it possible to choose a safe place to relax for lovers of independent tourism.
Accommodation in Sithonia will not be a problem. The most prominent tourist center is Neos Marmaras, with two stunning beach areas on both sides of the town. Spend a wonderful holiday on the beautiful coastline of Parthenonas, with luxury hotels and a 17th-century temple. In the center, it is worth visiting the resorts: Kriaritsi, Marafias, Azapiko, Kalamtiko, Tristi Paradiso, and Caracas.
On the opposite side is the stunning mountain village of Sykia, with lovely terraces, the towns of Vourvourou and Sarti, and the breathtaking beauty of the Panagia Bay coast. Relaxing on the sandy shores of Porto Koufo Bay will attract families with children. The azure sea and numerous taverns with seafood delicacies offer an opportunity to eliminate the daily hustle and bustle.
The Athos Peninsula, where the sacred mountain rises, is part of Halkidiki. It is known that only men can visit Athos Monastery, so a joint venture or family should come to the peninsula to settle in Ouranoupoli, the nearest resort town of Athos, with developed tourist infrastructure.
You can stay here at relatively affordable prices even in the city center in a hotel with a pool, a little more expensive - in an apartment. But for lovers of luxury, it is also not difficult to find a hotel with a private beach. The city's main attractions are the 14th-century Byzantine tower and the Frankish castle.
The coast near Mount Athos is covered with pebbles and sand. The beach areas are equipped with everything you need for a comfortable stay. For travelers who want to take in the sights and sounds of a Campsite, it is fashionable to stay at a campsite near Ouranoupoli on Komitsa Beach with bars, cafes, and shops.
On the peninsula of Athos is interesting the city of Stagira, where the famous philosopher Aristotle was born, whose statue is in the city park. For anyone who wants to immerse themselves in the atmosphere of local traditions, we recommend visiting the city of Ierissos, with the ruins of an ancient settlement and several Byzantine temples.
Near the Halkidiki Peninsula, there is a beautiful Amoliani, which fascinates tourists at first sight. It has become a paradise for all those who prefer a secluded vacation. The landscapes with picturesque bays and sandy beaches, surrounded by olive groves on the hills, provoke an indescribable delight and the desire to stay here for a long time.
The guests' comfort is created by perfectly equipped beaches and comfortable hotels, of which there are more than 40 nightclubs and taverns with excellent seafood dishes. For lovers of active entertainment, there is everything for water sports. It is undeniable that the main asset in favor of the trip is the ecologically clean sandy beaches caressed by the warm azure sea.
In terms of their popularity, Alykes awarded the Blue Flag, is in the lead. The golden sandy shore, surrounded by lush vegetation, with a convenient entrance to the sea, attracts families with children. For couples in love, more secluded corners of the beach are suitable: Agias Georgios, Megali Amos, Karagatsi, Zaska, Faka, Nisakia, where there are fewer people, but all the equipment for the beach, swimming, and water activities are available.
The small island does not have a lot of attractions. Still, a relaxed life surrounded by flowery Mediterranean nature and authentic local houses will make you feel like a natural paradise.
The northernmost and greenest Greek island in the Aegean Sea. It is covered with forests, oaks, chestnuts, and banana plantations. It has such a small surface that it is not difficult to move around it in a day. The ancient capital of Thassos has long been considered the city of Limenas, surrounded by old city walls, behind which there are many ancient shrines and altars.
The beach and swimming will be fun in the resort of Potos, and in the evening it is fun to relax in the entertainment facilities. Theologos mountain village, notable for the ruins of an ancient city, has a beautiful, well-kept beach, especially suitable for surfers. In the historic town of Alik, apart from the beautiful beach and nature area, the fragments of an ancient temple with inscriptions are impressive.
For 115 kilometers, a luxurious beach stretches along the island, where the beaches of San Antonio, Paradise, Psili Amos, Makrimos, Glymoferi, and Marble shine with shining pearls, many of which have received the international Blue Flag rating. Tourists are ready to accept more than 180 hotels at affordable prices, both for standard accommodation and through the "all-inclusive" system.
See here the TOP 20 white sand beaches in Greece for summer 2022.
Charming little sunny Skiathos, with its luxurious nature, is washed by the emerald waters of the Aegean Sea. It offers its guests a wide range of marine pleasures and entertainment. To enjoy its charms in full force, you need to spend more than a week on Skiathos. Along the 44-kilometer coastline, towns and villages with excellent resort infrastructure and areas—well-kept beaches covered with fine and delicate sand.
The only difficulty for tourists is choosing a beach, of which there are 60. They have crystal clear water, sandy shores, and many water activities everywhere. Tourists are advised to sunbathe and swim at Little and Big Banana, the picturesque Vromolimnos. On the secluded beaches of Nikotsara, Castro, and Lalaria, which it is impossible to reach on foot, boats leave the port every day and take everyone to town in the evening.
It is the ideal destination for yachts. Little Chersonesos will conquer with the romance of the fortress Burtzi and a beautiful port. Skiathos will delight you with the ruins of the medieval Castro fortress, 17th-18th-century monasteries, and excellent hotel services and entertainment facilities. Excellent transport links are a perfect opportunity to get around the most beautiful places inside and out.
It is part of the Ionian Archipelago. Its name, "white" in Greek, comes from the white rocks that flank the west coast. The resorts of Lefkada are buried in dense vegetation, and the comfortable bays are beautiful places, with excellent beach infrastructure, lots of entertainment, and comfortable hotels of different stars.
The main tourist center is the picturesque town of Lefkada, which delights guests with colorful mosaic houses. Everyone calls the main wealth of Lefkada resorts its excellent beaches, which are firmly rooted in the ranking of the best in the world. On the southeast coast is Porto Katsiki, with its purest soft sand, azure waters, and luxurious natural surroundings.
If you are traveling to the southwest, it is impossible not to fall in love with the cozy and secluded beach corner - of Egremni. The lovely sandy beaches of Kathisma and Nydri, surrounded by pine forests, cypresses, and olive groves, are loved by tourists who prefer a comfortable and relaxing holiday. The leisure time of the island's guests will be diversified through its historical and cultural monuments.
A small sunny island in the Ionian Sea, with picturesque beaches, which has recently become a resort. The capital is Argostolion, with a population of 40,000. Nature has generously endowed the resorts of Poros, Skala, Spartia, Lassi, and Svaronata with a quiet coastline, beautiful mountains, and the purest ecology.
Among the most picturesque and comfortable beaches will be in the village of Assos, with a gravel coast and a sandy coast of Kaminia, with a shallow entrance to the sea, which is excellent for families with children. Well-maintained blue flag beaches: white sandy-pearl-covered Myrtos with white pebbles and white gravel Antisamos surrounded by lush hills, shallow water near the coast, which is good for the health of adults and children.
Fans of the taming of the waves will enjoy a stretch of miles of the coastal strip called Petani, with high cliffs, a deep transparent sea, a strong waves. Kefalonia offers guests almost 800 accommodation options in hotels with different statuses, apartments, and villas. There is an airport and in any tourist town, nightclubs, cafes and a cinema.
The tiny island, which became the birthplace of the legendary Odyssey, belongs to the administrative district of Kefalonia. This is a little-visited Greek resort, mainly due to the inconvenient transport connections from the mainland. But tourists visiting Ithaca notice the extraordinary charm of its comfortable bay and natural landscapes.
The most populous city - Vati, is considered the capital of Ithaca, so it is better to start getting to know the resorts here. The city conquers with its buildings, built in the Venetian traditions of architecture, historical monuments, and a natural harbor, the largest in the world. Holidays in Ithaca enjoy coasts mostly covered with small pebbles, clear waters, and low tourist density.
The comfortable Filiatro Beach, which stretches into a bay between a mountain range near Watu, is considered the best on the island. Poli Beach, located next to the Stavros settlement, is not inferior in its beauty and range of services. Wild beaches - Agios Ioannis with beautiful views, Piso Aetos - yacht and other rental boats, Gidaki and Dexa - great for snorkeling.
The only stretch of sand on the Mnimat coast, surrounded by olive groves, is popular with tourists and offers services. Finding accommodation in Ithaca will not be a problem. You can rent a decent room with a sea view or an apartment during the tourist season.
The Ionian island of dreams attracts tourists with beautiful scenery, golden beaches, warm turquoise sea, the healing scent of emerald coniferous forests, and attractions covered with exciting legends. No wonder it has been granted the status of an international nature reserve with unique creations of nature: Navagio Bay, the Blue Caves, the addition of relict turtles, and the Axos stone park.
The capital - the city of Zakynthos, is notable for its historical monuments and the charming beach area of nearby Kalamaki. Many comfortable hotels have recently been built on the east coast, and restaurants with traditional Mediterranean cuisine and bars have been opened.
The eastern towns of the island are recommended as magnificent resorts with sandy beaches: Alykes, Argassi, Vasilikos, Agios Nikolaos, Gerakas, and Laganas. The beautiful Porto Limnionas is hidden in a bay surrounded by cliffs to the west. The coastline surrounds the island for 120 kilometers, on which there are more than a hundred beaches, which stand out for their perfect cleanliness. All the beaches are lovely. Regardless of the choice of resort, you will be assured of many vivid impressions.
The most romantic Greek island, stretching like a crescent through the waters of the Aegean Sea. On the tops of its majestic cliffs are islands of white towns with stunning Cycladic architecture and views of the volcano's warming. The unforgettable charm of the landscapes, the relaxation at sea, and the tasting of the cuisine and wine of Santorini will remain in your memory with sweet memories.
The compact territory of Santorini is dotted with resorts with a wide selection of hotels of various categories, excellent infrastructure, and many beaches with volcanic sand. The main resort town is the capital - Fira, which is located on rock terraces, decorated with heavenly domes of churches, streets of snow-white houses, and scaffolding (cave houses).
There are plenty of hotels, bars, and restaurants here. The main beach area is Kamari, with a coastline of a mixture of pebbles and dark sand and several hotels and bars that stretch along the coastline. The quiet resort of Perissa, located at the foot of Mount Mesa Vouna, is not inferior to Kamari. A comfortable tan and marine activities await you on the shores covered with volcanic sand.
They are listed as the largest islands in the Aegean Sea. There are seven municipalities with over 200 thousand inhabitants. Larger cities are located along the coast, and small settlements are located on bays, mountains, and river valleys. The mountains divide the island into north, central, and south.
Each of them has all the conditions for receiving tourists in hotels, private cottages, various houses at affordable prices, and loyal services. On Euboea, the beach areas stretch for 680 kilometers, located in crowded resorts and isolated bays. At sea, the bottom is covered with cracks and underwater caves. The constant wind attracts surfers.
However, the wind does not catch up with the big waves, and tourists who prefer passive fun can sunbathe and swim safely. The most popular resorts are located mainly on the west coast, near the mainland: Edeps, Politics, and Eretria. Among the objectives of interest are several ancient monasteries and the remains of fortifications.
The country's southern peninsula is connected to the Balkans by the Isthmus of Corinth. It is divided into seven regions, where each has created a wide range of services for tourists. You can stay in a simple two-star hotel or a luxury five-star hotel in any coastal resort. Most of the beaches in the Peloponnese are sandy, remarkable for landscaping.
For a family vacation, it is best to head to the shores of the Achaea region, where cheap hotels or places between Kastoria and Corinth attract the magnificent bays and beaches of Loutraki and Xylokastro, and the pebbled coastline of Sykia is marked for the purity of the sea. Blue flag. " In the south, you should pay attention to Laconia for tourists who prefer secluded coastal places surrounded by cliffs. In Arcadia, there is a beautiful city Leonidion.
When choosing the Argolis region, you can't go wrong with Porto Heli, Plepi, and Tolo, where you will find both sandy and gravel beaches. In addition to being on the sea, the Peloponnese will impress with the monuments of the history of ancient Greece. As you rest, you will see the legendary palaces of Agamemnon, the famous Olympia with the ruins of the temple of Zeus, beautiful ancient temples, and medieval castles.
The third-largest Greek island has become a popular resort in the northeastern part of the Aegean Sea. Glorified by ancient poets, he gained the ambiguous fame of a place where the cult of same-sex love flourished. The capital Lesvos is the port city of Mytilene, with two ports located in the southeast.
The best beach in Mytilene with hotels, sports fields, and restaurants is called Vatera. It stretches along the seafront for 8 kilometers. In the north of Lesvos, the Molyvos beach area is attractive, offering comfortable conditions for the beach, swimming, and entertainment. The beach area of Petra, 5 km from Molyvos, is the best place for families with children.
Going west, you will find the stunningly beautiful beach area of Skala Press, which has been repeatedly marked with the "Blue Flag" and the nearby hot springs. The island has a wide range of hotels and apartments. The history of the world includes the sights of Lesvos: the castle-fortress of Mytilene, the monastery of Archangel Michael, the Church of Panagia Glykofilus, and the Gulf of Calloni. The healing air of the resorts, saturated with pine aroma, will boost vivacity for the whole year.
The landscape consists of white windmills, white and blue streets, famous luxury villas, stunning sandy beaches, and an azure sea. In Mykonos, called Chora by the townspeople, there are many expensiVIPsVIP and luxury hotels and restaurants where you can meet celebrities from shows and movie actors.
Most resorts are located in the south, where there is less wind. You can spend a good holiday in Agios Iannis, Platis-Yalos, Psarou, Ornos, Azrari, Elia and Paraidaz. Nudists favor Paranga and Paradise, and Super Paradise traditionally attracts homosexuals and noisy parties.
Several cozy beach areas with yellow sand and clear sea are popular: Elia beach, Patis Yialos, and Super Paradise beach. People who prefer solitude should go to the coast of Agios Sostis. The marine rest is completed by visiting the tourist objectives: the Church of Our Lady of Paraportiani, the monastery of the Virgin from the 18th century, and the archeological and ethnographic museum.
The Aegean town on the Gulf of Pagasitikos has about 100,000 inhabitants. But at the same time, it is the third most important port in the country and a favorite location for tourists. Despite its industrial importance, the city has a well-developed infrastructure for a comfortable stay for many guests.
Walking along the embankment, you will find many attractions: various monuments and sculptures, architectural structures, a vast number of beautiful palm trees, the Orthodox Church of Saints Constantine and Helen, taverns, restaurants, and cafes where you can taste Greek national cuisine or enjoy the familiar taste of traditional European dishes.
No matter what interests him, every tourist will find his free time among the attractions of Volos: the Brick Museum, the richest Archaeological Museum, the castle of Volos, built in the sixth century, many cathedrals, and temples. And in the vicinity of Volos, tourists will find exciting trips to the site of the ancient cities of Dimitriada and Diminios, the old European settlement Sesklos, a copy of the legendary ship "Argo," anchored forever on the outskirts of the town.
According to tourists, Volos is a picturesque place where you can experience Greek hospitality, immerse yourself in ancient history, enjoy the gastronomic pleasure of Greek national cuisine, and learn more about the culture of one of the oldest civilizations.
See here the TOP 20 white sand beaches in Greece for summer 2022.
In 2020, the summer holidays will be under the rule of restrictions, distance, masks and hand sanitizer. Everywhere we have rules to follow. In a country with only 3,300 confirmed cases, Greece has also adapted the conditions in which it receives its tourists. Greece is waiting for them with joy and hope that everything will be fine.
Since June 15, Greece has opened its gates for tourism, tourists can go on the long-awaited vacation without having to isolate themselves either at the destination or when returning home.
Hundreds of people got in cars or coaches and left from the first day to the beautiful beaches they missed. It seems like a lot, but the number is much lower compared to previous years. According to hoteliers, in Halkidiki, the occupancy rate is only 10-40%. The beautiful sun-drenched resorts of this area are still under the rule of numbness. Only a few tourists on the streets, the doldora souvenir shops are more deserted, and the terrace owners look longingly in the distance, only someone steps on their doorstep.
Are you afraid of rules? Well, find out that for us tourists there are not many. The Greeks made sure that their guests enjoyed all the comfort they needed on a vacation.
Tourists traveling by bus or plane are required to wear a mask throughout the trip. Once they reach their destination, they can say goodbye to her. "Wearing masks is not mandatory for tourists indoors, everyone can wear it only if they want, for their own protection.
The obligation is only for employees (maids, receptionists, salesmen, waiters), and this can give confidence to tourists ", says Cosmin Vasile, destination manager Greece at Hello Holidays. "On the first day of vacation, we entered a supermarket with a mask and the employees were looking at us strangely, they told us that we could take it off," says a tourists who arrived in Halkidiki.
The island of Rhodes belonging to Greece is not only an extremely popular place among tourists, but also a real paradise for lovers of history and ancient Greek culture. A great many ancient monuments, monuments and other buildings of the ancient Greeks have been perfectly preserved here, which will never leave an inquisitive tourist indifferent.
Most of the interesting facts about Rhodes are connected with the myths and monuments of Ancient Greece. Any guide to the island will attest to this. We propose to dig deeper and find out what else attracts travelers to this amazing place. The Mediterranean pearl, Rhodes, rightfully bears the title of the most beautiful of the islands of Greece.
It is located in the south of the Aegean Sea and belongs to the Dodecanese archipelago. The mild tropical climate and picturesque nature attract tourists from all over the world all year round. And for lovers of ancient history, this is just a real gift. What else do you need to know about the island, going there?
Facts about Rhodes
1. The city of Rhodes is a pearl and one of the largest historical centers of Greece.
2. This ancient port is located in the north of the island of the same name, on the coast of the Aegean and Mediterranean seas.
3. The ancient city of Rhodes is considered one of the most unique corners of Hellas, the main city of the Dodecanese Islands and the center of the island of the same name.
4. The first settlements appeared here several millennia BC. e. This is evidenced by archaeological finds.
5. Rhodes is one of the most ancient cities on the planet. Historians call 408 BC the date of the founding of Rhodes ... According to Greek legend, the ancient Telchin magicians were the discoverers of the island. They were endowed with magical powers and were excellent blacksmiths. The magicians gave the sword to the god Kron and the Trident to the sea lord Poseidon. Despite the gifts, the grandchildren of Poseidon drove the wizards off the island.
6. The history of Rhodes is replete with interesting facts, fascinating events and sights, some of which have survived to this day, and some have remained only in legends.
7. It was in this policy of Ancient Greece that the famous Kolos of Rhodes was located - one of the 7 wonders of the world. In 226 BC. e. As a result of the earthquake, the city was almost completely destroyed, and the world-famous landmark was wiped off the face of the earth.
8. Finally, the city fell into decay 170 years after the death of Caesar.
9. Convenient geographical position attracted the attention of Byzantium to Rhodes. Between the 4th and 14th centuries, the old city was a naval base and a strategically important port, the capital of the Theme of Kivirreota.
10. Since 1309 Rhodes was ruled by the Order of the Knights, in 1522 the Ottomans captured the Greek land, and at the beginning of the 20th century the Italians ruled here.
11. As a result of this, modern Greece has received a unique city that combines the features of antiquity, Byzantine style, baroque and gothic, a cultural capital and a powerful military base.
12. During its history, the city of Rhodes has been subjected to strong earthquakes several times. So, in 515, he lost almost half of the territory, and after the disaster of 1481, there were practically no ancient temples left in the city.
13. The city of Rhodes in antiquity earned itself prestige in the trading circles of the Mediterranean, as evidenced by the surviving records.
14. During the V-IV centuries BC. e. Rhodes was known for its political struggle between democracy and the oligarchs, several times power passed from the people to the owners of great wealth.
15. The heyday of the city falls on the III-II centuries BC. e., when a stadium, numerous temples, a theater, fortifications, sewerage and water supply were built.
16. Not everyone, even an ancient city, can simultaneously boast one of the 7 wonders of the world, several UNESCO World Heritage Sites and an abundance of ancient monuments.
17. The entire territory of the Island of Rhodes and the city of the same name is filled with sights, stories and legends, dating back to the Neolithic times. But especially many events occurred in the period of antiquity and the Middle Ages.
18. The city was founded by people from the island policies of Kamir, Ialis and Lind. This event took place in 408 BC.
19. Due to its convenient geographical position, ancient Rhodes in the Mediterranean became a major center of transit trade. According to historical data, earlier there were as many as 5 ports in the city. However, only three of them have been located so far.
20. Medieval Rhodes got its interesting facts thanks to the arrival of the Knights of St. John (Hospitallers) to these lands. In 1309 the city became the seat of the order.
21. The Rhodes knights significantly strengthened the defense capability of the settlement. The city was surrounded by a high and thick stone wall, the length of which was 4 kilometers. The fortification was equipped with watchtowers and 7 gates, near which there was an armed guard.
22. From the inside, the city was also divided by a wall. A smaller part, it was called Collachio, was completely given over to knighthood. It housed the Palace of the Grand Masters, the Cathedral, a hospital and other administrative buildings.
23. For the most part, Burgo, or as it was also called Hora, was settled by ordinary people. Houses, markets, churches, public buildings, etc. were erected in this area.
24. Chivalry helped the townspeople defend Rhodes and fight off foreign raids for more than two centuries. But in 1522, the Hospitallers were defeated during the siege of the city by the Ottoman troops. So Rhodes fell under the rule of the Turkish ruler Suleiman the Great.
25. As a result of the change of power, local residents were forced out of the city walls. The expelled townspeople had to settle down in a new place, and this is how the New Town (the modern part of Rhodes) got its development.
26. The name of the city in Greek means "island of roses".
27. Now the city is home to almost 60 thousand people employed in tourism, fishing and agriculture.
28. The city is territorially divided into two parts: Burg and Kollahiy.
29. Ordinary residents lived in Burg. The main street of this area is filled with shops, restaurants and souvenir shops. Kollahiy has always been the abode of knights and masters.
30. The Palace of the Grand Masters, built in the 14th century, managed to be well preserved to this day, despite the explosion of 1856. Enthusiasts restored the architectural masterpiece in the 20th century according to old sketches.
31. The Palace of the Grand Masters is now one of the visiting cards of the city. Two castle exhibition halls are dedicated to the historical and cultural heritage of Rhodes.
32. Some parts of the ancient city were discovered as a result of excavations. You can visit them and admire the man-made works of art: architecture, sculpture and crafts.
33. Temples, sculptures, and other ancient structures have been preserved in the city, which have been restored to date and receive tourists.
34. In addition, many items of ancient life have been preserved. But the paintings remained only in fragments due to the destruction caused by the earthquake.
35. The appearance of the modern city was influenced by the Italians, who rebuilt the city during the Italian occupation of the islands.
36. The cult of the sun god, Helios, is widespread not only in the city, but throughout the island. It was believed that he is the patron of the island, as he carried it out of the depths of the sea on his own hands. This territory was named after the nymph Rhodes, whom Helios loved. The locals also revered other gods, though to a lesser extent.
37. The emblem of Rhodes is a deer, the statues of which are on the columns left after the destruction of the giant statue of Helios.
ELEMENTS OF THE ACROPOLIS IN RHODES
38. Of the ancient monuments, the most valuable for the world and the country are the interesting ruins of the temple of Athena Poliada and the stadium, which is an analogue of the stadium in Olympia. To date, this is the only antique copy that has survived to this day.
39. Street of the Knights in the Old Town of Rhodes is a unique medieval street with a length of 200 meters. Laid in the XXIV century, it still retains its original appearance.
40. On the territory of the city, some elements of the acropolis and medieval buildings have been preserved. For fans of the era of medieval piracy, the siege of medieval castles, Rhodes will be a discovery.
41. Most of the region's income comes from the tourism business. Of course, first of all, people come to the city of Rhodes to see the ancient sights, but a beach holiday is also available here.
42. Therefore, tourists come here not only to see ancient monuments, but also to relax under the gentle Mediterranean sun on comfortable beaches.
43. In the northern part of the city, on the Mediterranean coast, there is one of the best beaches in Rhodes Greece - Elli. There are always a lot of vacationers here, half of them are local youth.
44. Life is in full swing on the beach around the clock: during the day, the main attention is paid to the calm and clear sea, and at night - to the nearby cafes and discos that are held in it.
45. Ella has a well-developed infrastructure. There are sun loungers and umbrellas, showers, changing cabins, a rental area, many water activities and a free jumping tower located 25 meters from the sand and pebble coast. Entry into the water on Ella is convenient, but there is music playing around the clock, so this place is not the best option for families with small children.
46. And the beach near the village of Kalawarda is an ideal place for a secluded holiday, especially for not the most picky tourists. There are no umbrellas or sun loungers, shops and entertainment areas, but all this is compensated by the clean sandy coast, calm water and beautiful nature.
47. It is also a great place for children, as there is a shallow bay on Kalavard with a convenient entry and always calm water. There are several toilets and showers on the beach, and an excellent restaurant is a 10-minute walk away.
48.A pebble-sand beach, located in the center of Rhodes, will provide you with everything you need for a good rest. It is well equipped and has all the necessary amenities. But compared to Elli Beach, located nearby, there are much fewer people here. Akti Miauli is located on the coast of the Aegean Sea, the water here is warm and clean, but in summer it is constantly windy and waves rise.
49. Modern Rhodes is distinguished by a combination of ancient civilization, interspersed with medieval architectural monuments and modern buildings, recreation areas and beaches.
50. The city of Rhodes is an interesting and unusual place. Here you can feel the atmosphere of ancient Greece and enjoy the rest on two seas at the same time.
All sandy beaches are beautiful, but tourists especially invariably love the white sandy beaches of Greece. The gentle sand seems to be created for the relaxation of tourists on it and the long walks along the coast. Here's all the information on white-sand beaches in Greece to choose the right option for you.
Top beaches in Greece
Greece - is a country with a long length from north to south, so the recommendations will vary depending on where you go. The holiday season begins in May and peaks in July-August: there are too many tourists, and the temperature on the southern island reaches 40 degrees, which may not yet play a role on the beach, but it is certainly not suitable for sightseeing. So the best time to relax in Greece is late spring-early summer or September-October.
20. Myrtos beach
To get from Agios Nikolaos, you have to cross the highway in a southerly direction (buses run to Ierapetra) and from Heraklion to the southeast (Shuttle bus to Ierapetra stops in Mirtos). You can quickly get there by car. The beach is located in an open bay. That's why it's windy.
The tourist infrastructure is well developed. There are umbrellas and sunbeds here. The line of taverns and mini-hotels goes almost to the water itself. There is a rental of sports equipment. There is a shower and a dressing room. The cover is with small gray pebbles, rarely sand. The descent into the water is gradual, uniform, and without borders. The bottom is secure, with no holes or sharp depth changes. The resort is ideal for children and guests with reduced mobility, thanks to the accessible beach, the nearby accommodation, and the convenient transfer.
Among the nearest attractions is only the Venetian fortress of Ierapetra. The walls of the defense and the surrounding palms - a good places for selfies. It doesn't make sense to go there just for the city's sake, but you can go on the road or take the time to visit the town completely.
Vroulidia Beach is located in a secluded spot on the southernmost tip of Chios, just 9 km from the beautiful Greek village of Pyrgi. Although the coast is only 100 m, the beach gives the impression of an exotic place due to the unusual combination of colors and landscape. Tall white cliffs surround the quiet, deserted beach of Wroulidia.
Skoutari is a beach located between Kontron and Gifio resorts. It is characterized by perfect cleanliness, many attractions, and a shallow and hot sea. There is a cozy tavern on-site where the best Greek cuisine is prepared and tourists are treated to young wine.
The largest and most beautiful beach on the island of Ikaria is Faros. Its turquoise waves and white sand can often be seen on postcards with typical Greek landscapes. But seeing is one thing, and feeling on your body - every grain of sand and a ray of fragrant sun and the aroma of needles and olives - is entirely different.
Gialos is a harbor beach with modern infrastructure and lots of fun. It is famous for its white sand, clear water, and good order. There are monuments of Greek architecture, luxury and affordable hotels, churches, and ancient monasteries.
The beach is located on the north coast of Icaria, next to a small village of the same name. The island's capital, Agios Kirikos, is about 40 miles away and can be reached by car or bus. A few kilometers west is the port of Evdilos, the second largest on the island. Ships depart from it to mainland Piraeus and the islands of Mykonos, Naxos, and Paros. Evdilos is connected to Campos by a road along which you can see the many ruins of ancient buildings and walls.
Microdata is one of the best beaches in northern Greece. This comfortable and well-equipped Blue Flag Beach is located near Skala Avdiron, 26 km from Xanthi. The peculiarity of Mirodato is its white sand that shines in the sun, on which it is pleasant to walk and run barefoot. The beach will be an excellent option for relaxing on the sea.
Another wild beach in western Crete. It is located 20 kilometers west of Palaiochora. You can drive to Elafonisi, where there is tourist infrastructure and parking, and from there, you can walk along the path (a few kilometers to the southeast).
The first beach welcomes guests to the island of Lefkada and its northern part. The most convenient way to get to the recreation area is to rent a car, as a paved road leads directly to the beach. There is also free parking and a bus stop, which budget lovers may not need, as the beach is only 15 minutes away from the city.
Kavurotripes (also known as Orange Beach) is a picturesque beach located 5 km from Sarti. It is famous for its orange cliffs, bright blue water, and soft and pleasant sand.
Read here about The top 21 beach towns in America for the 2022 summer vacation.
They are located in the Messina prefecture on the west coast of the Peloponnese. With a bizarrely curved amphitheater, it crowns the picturesque Yalova Lagoon, which is connected to a narrow sandy spit. The local landscapes admire their beauty, and their photographs adorn all the tourist brochures in Greece. Next to the beach is the fresh Lake Divariou, where about three hundred different birds migrate from Europe to Africa. Therefore, the local area is a conservation area under the control of the environmental organization Natura 2000.
Navagio (or Shipwreck Beach) is one of the most famous and beautiful beaches in Zakynthos and the whole of Greece. The picturesque bay with a rusty ship on its shore has long been the primary illustration of guides on this Greek island paradise. The name of this attraction is due to the beach. Initially, it was named after Saint George and later renamed "Shipwreck," and the coast itself is often called Smugglers' Beach.
Kathisma is one of the most beautiful beaches in Lefkada, which ideally combines scenic landscapes with a highly developed infrastructure. It enjoys the fame of being the most visited on the island. It is located about 15 km southeast of the capital, near the village of Agios Nikitas (just 3.5 km from it). This is one of the longest white sand beaches on Lefkada. There are always a lot of tourists, and the Kathisma coast is considered a natural paradise for a beach holiday for young people.
Kriopigi Beach is one of the most beautiful and unusual beaches on the Halkidiki Peninsula. Its name translates to "cold key," which is due to the numerous sources of ice water in the vicinity. Even swimming in the sea, you can feel the cold courses. It is believed that the waters here are saturated with functional trace elements, and swimming on this beach improves health. There are always a lot of people who want to experience this.
Sani is a snow-white beach in the Kassandra Peninsula. There are two swimming pools at guests' disposal, a photo area, sports fields, and park areas. The beach is popular with newlyweds. Greek celebrities and athletes often relax here.
5. Agios Prokopios
Agios Prokopios is one of the most beautiful beaches in Naxos, most often included in the first lists of picturesque coasts in Greece and throughout Europe. The Greeks constantly claim to keep the charm of this coast clean, preventing its development with modern buildings and entertainment centers. This beach is located about 5.5 km southwest of the island's capital, near Agios Georgios, from where many people go here.
It is located on the coast of Crete, near Istro, 12 km from the big city and the port of Agios Nikolaos. There are buses to Istro (the journey takes 15-20 minutes). The beach is located in one of the many bays in the depths of Mirabello Bay and is the largest and most beautiful in the area and the most popular. Mountains and low pilgrims surround the sandy beach. The water is clear, turquoise, slightly sloping bottom with standard depth, no depths, and potholes. The water is usually clean, but storms sometimes bring garbage.
It is located in the southern part of the Peloponnese, on the island of Elafonisos, part of the prefecture of Laconia. The island was part of the mainland, but a strong earthquake that took place centuries ago took it off the land. Despite its convenient location, Elafonisos is one of the best resorts in Greece, and Simos is considered its pearl. The beach is on the Natura 2000 list of nature reserves and is a conservation area in the EU.
Egremni is a picturesque wild beach on the very southwestern edge of Lefkada, about 40 km from Lefkada. It is considered one of the most beautiful on the island and the Mediterranean. At the same time, the long coastline gives glory to the longest on the Lefkada. Therefore, impressive landscapes can be enjoyed here in relative isolation than on other beautiful but very crowded beaches of the island.
It is located 55 kilometers from Chania, near the Gypsy Cape, on the Korikos Peninsula, at the northwestern tip of Crete. There are waters from the three seas that wash the island converge.
Everyone's favorite and the long-awaited holiday season have begun, the sea, sandy beaches, delicious fruits, and sunbathing. Everyone wants to relax in the sun, whether on a white sandy beach on the shores of the azure sea or a green lawn in the country. But does everyone know how to sunbathe correctly so as not to peel off the next day after spending a sleepless night in a moisturizer? Whatever you decide to get your tan, read on for our tips!
Tips for the best tan
Even though the sun has a beneficial effect on us (it increases the level of serotonin, stimulates the production of vitamin D, and strengthens the immune system), it still has its drawbacks: the risk of getting burned, aging prematurely or getting skin cancer. But all the disadvantages can be reduced to zero by following the simple rules for sunbathing.
Rule 1: Don't Forget Your Sunscreen
It would seem that everyone knows about it. However, how do you choose one that will protect your skin? Different creams provide different levels of protection, which is indicated by the SPF index.
The level of SPF (sun protection factor) determines the effectiveness of counteracting UV radiation on the skin treated with the cream. For example, if your cream has an SPF-20 index, you can get a UV dose without harm to health 20 times more than without using a protective agent. SPF only protects the skin from group B UV rays, which are dangerous for our health.
On sunscreen packages, SPF ranges from 2 to 50. It's essential to determine your skin type. Scientists identify six phototypes, read the descriptions and look for matches:
Phototype 1: people with blond hair, fair skin, and light eyes. Representatives of this type most often burn the sun. It is recommended to stay in the sun for no more than 15 minutes without protection. Creams with SPF-30 and above are suitable.
Phototype 2: people with blond or red hair, gray eyes, and fair skin, often with freckles. Recommended time in the sun: 20 - 30 minutes; creams with SPF-20, and then a minimum of SPF-10.
Phototype 3: people with dark hair, brown eyes, and swarthy skin. Recommended time in the sun: up to 40 minutes without additional protection. To prevent burns while tanning, you need to use creams with SPF-15 only after arriving on vacation and SPF-6 after three to four days.
Phototype 4: brunettes with dark eyes and swarthy skin. Such people often do not suffer from sunlight, but for prevention, it is better to use a cream with SPF-8.
5 and 6 phototypes: people with very dark (up to black) skin. They can spend much time in the sun without protection and only use moisturizers.
Have you identified your phototype? Excellent! However, it is essential to know the rules for applying sunscreen:
1. Apply 20 minutes before sunbathing.
2. Do not forget to reapply the cream according to the instructions.
Rule 2: tan gradually
If everything were simple, spend a few hours in the sun and immediately get the desired tan for the whole year! But don't even dream about it. As practice shows, adherents of this method most often suffer from the negative consequences of sunburn.
The dark pigment that gives our skin its brown color is called melanin. But besides providing shade to the skin, it has another vital function - a protective mechanism that protects the skin from UV rays! Melanin creates a protective barrier around skin cells that scatters dangerous UVB rays. That is why it is essential to accumulate melanin gradually: sunbathe on the first day for 10-15 minutes before lunch and 15-20 after. For a positive effect, add every day for 10 minutes, preventing the skin from reddening in the sun.
Rule 3: Prepare your skin for tanning
Before sunbathing, cleaning the skin of impurities and dead cells is essential. So it will be easier for her to accumulate melanin. You can do this with soft scrubs, a washcloth, or an exfoliating glove. But don't be zealous. It is enough to cleanse the skin in this way once a week and a half.
Rule 4: Don't be in the sun in the middle of the day
The more direct sunlight hits the skin, the more UV it receives. The maximum radiation falls on the time from 10:00 to 16:00. If the health of the skin and the body is dear to you, it is better not to show yourself in the sun at this time. Go outside at this time in light clothes with long sleeves.
It is safest to sunbathe before 10 am and in the evening after 4 pm.
Rule 5: protect the body from the inside
Don't worry; you don't need to eat sunscreen for this. To do this, some products help reduce the adverse effects of UV rays due to the high content of antioxidants. So what are these products:
- fatty fish rich in omega-3: mackerel, tuna, salmon.
- red and orange vegetables and fruits: tomatoes, peppers, oranges, apricots
- any cabbage: broccoli, leafy, cauliflower
- teas: green and black
In addition, there are products that, on the contrary, can increase the negative effect of the sun on the skin, for example, yogurt, cheese, or whole milk.
Rule 6: know the measure.
It makes no sense to sunbathe all day since the body stops producing melanin after 2-3 hours of exposure to the sun. So 4-5 hours in the sun will not give you a chocolate or bronze tan but will only increase the risk of skin damage.
Rule 7: take care of your skin after sunburn.
If you want to keep your tan for longer, do not forget to moisturize your skin after sunbathing. This is important because the body treats excess melanin as a wake-up call that signals damage to the skin. That is why he seeks to quickly get rid of the top tanned layer, making it drier. So it was easier for the body to eliminate damaged cells and exfoliate them.
Use moisturizing creams and lotions and wait with scrubs and rough washcloths.
Well, here are, perhaps, the basic rules that will provide you with the perfect tan!
First aid and treatment for sunburnt skin
From the first warm spring days to the beginning of autumn frosts, dressing as lightly as possible is pleasant to show a beautiful figure. Many spend weekends and vacations on the beach, taking their children with them, believing that sunbathing is suitable for their health. It has been established that exposure to the sun strengthens the immune system, promotes the production of vitamin D, and improves the condition of bone tissues. A soft golden or dark chocolate tan is associated with travel and adventure, holidays on the sea coast, and tropical islands.
But intense exposure to ultraviolet rays is not suitable for health. Sunburn is a protective reaction of the skin, leading to a change in its color. The coloring pigment melanin is produced in its lower layers to protect against ultraviolet radiation. With prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, skin photoagingaccelerates, wrinkles form faster, and the risk of developing neoplasms increases. Another danger of sun exposure is burnt skin. Pain for negligence will be a pain, peeling, or a general deterioration in well-being.
What to do if the skin is sunburned
You can get burned on the beach, walking around the city, working on an individual plot, etc. The sun gradually heats the skin and the head,d a person does not feel discomfort for a long time but notices redness, burning, and tightness when the skin is severely burned. Minor burns can be treated at home, but if blisters develop, see a doctor.
You must go into the room or the shade at the first sign of burning or overheating. If this is not possible, cover open areas of the body with clothes, a towel, or a thick cloth. Replenish the lack of fluid in the body. Drink clean, cool water or warm but not hot tea. To reduce discomfort, if there are no blisters, or open wounds, apply an after-sun cream or other emollient, such as Panthenol, to the skin. If the damage is minor, restoring the skin after a sunburn will take 3-5 days.
Signs of sunburned skin
To prevent deep burns, you must periodically check for burning signs in the sun. The first symptom is redness of the skin. Pain and another discomfort may not be felt. They show up later.
It is necessary to determine the degree of damage to the skin. If there is redness or mild pain but no blisters, you need to provide first aid, and the redness will pass after a few days. Perhaps the skin will begin to peel off. This is not dangerous but increases the risk of a second, more severe burn when exposed to the sun.
If blisters appear, you need to consult a doctor and treat them with anti-burn ointments, drugs that relieve inflammation and prevent infection. Treatment takes place under the supervision of a physician. Patients often have a fever, swelling, headaches, weakness, and palpitations.
If there are burns from sunburn, you need to get dressed and go into the shade or the room. A cool (but not cold) shower or a compress on the affected body parts will help relieve unpleasant symptoms. Cool and cleanse your skin. To quickly restore the damaged epidermis and prevent the appearance of blisters, and peeling, apply an anti-burn ointment with panthenol on it.
If blisters appear, cool the skin, wash with clean water without soap, apply an ointment, and then visit a doctor. He will prescribe a treatment to avoid infection of the wounds that appear after the blisters burst.
If a significant body surface is burned, a person has a fever, dizziness, palpitations, nausea, or vomiting; you need to give an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory drug (Nurofen or others) and quickly deliver it to a medical facility or call an ambulance. Sunburn can cause disturbances in the functioning of the cardiovascular system.
First aid for burns caused by ultraviolet radiation should be provided as soon as possible. But not always in the home first-aid kit; there are the necessary medicines. They can be replaced with folk remedies. To improve the general condition without antipyretics, you can drink cool black or green tea with lemon and mineral water if the temperature has risen slightly. You can apply a cool compress to your forehead.
To cool and soothe burned skin, you can make a gauze compress from excellent green tea, a decoction of parsley, chamomile, calendula, and oak bark. If the face turns red after going to the beach or walking on a sunny day, you can apply fresh cabbage leaves and chopped parsley to the burnt places and grease them with honey. They will help with minor burns and prevent peeling, and you will look good the next day. To reduce the risk of infection of burned areas and moisturize them, you can rub the skin with aloe leaves.
What not to do with sunburn
Complications after sunburn often arise due to improper treatment. So that they pass without consequences:
- do not apply ice to burned areas, do not take a cold shower - a sharp temperature drop will accelerate the development of the inflammatory process;
- do not puncture blisters with a needle or other sharp objects - this increases the risk of infection;
- do not wipe the skin with alcohol-containing solutions - it needs to be moisturized, and alcohol dries it, which will increase peeling;
- do not lubricate burned areas with olive, sunflower, or other vegetable oils - they form a greasy film, which prevents regular air exchange and natural cooling;
- if there are blisters, there are wounds, or acne - do not apply fermented milk products;
- do not use hard washcloths or peels to speed up exfoliation; you can injure the skin.
At this time, you need to soften it, moisturize, and protect it from ultraviolet radiation with sunscreen or tight clothes, do not use scrubs, or hard washcloths, do not go to the sauna, and do not take hot baths.
How to choose a cosmetic product that protects against ultraviolet radiation
Sun cream can have different levels of protection. SPF denotes it with various coefficients. For a walk around the city on a clear spring day, a cream with SPF 2-5 is enough. If you are going to be on the street for several hours (picnic, work in the garden), you need a remedy with SPF 5-10. For those with white skin prone to freckling, it is best to use sunscreen products that provide intense protection (SPF 20-30). If you vacation to a hotter region, take an SPF 50 cream with you, such as Avene cream. If you want to swim, use a waterproof product. Sunscreen should be applied 20 minutes before leaving the house.
Choose products containing vitamins and antioxidants to look good on hot days and prevent the appearance of early wrinkles. They protect not only from ultraviolet rays but also take care of the skin.
How to choose creams after sunburn
To make the skin recover quickly after sunbathing, and look beautiful and fresh, use an after-sun cream or milk. It contains hydrants that replenish water in cells and soothing and softening ingredients that prevent flaking. To quickly pass minor burns, you can use not medicinal but cosmetics. It is convenient to use cosmetics that are available in the form of sprays, for example, Avene. By pressing the sprayer several times, you will evenly apply the product.
Sprays or creams are available that need to be rubbed with light massage movements for the face and body. It is better to purchase two products of the same brand: one for the front, where the skin is more delicate and demanding to care for, and the other for the body. Use them every time you go out in the sun to rehydrate and prevent photoaging.
After-sun cosmetics are available for different skin types. For oily, a lighter texture is needed; for dry, high hyaluronic acid content; for sensitive, aloe extract and other medicinal plants.
Prevention of sunburn
For the tan to look beautiful and there to be no burns, you need to dose your exposure to the sun. The best sunbathing is before 10-11 am and after 4-5 pm. Try not to go out in the sun between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. Wear wide-brimmed hats, peaked caps, or other head coverings to protect your face and body from direct sunlight. Do not forget about eye protection - sunglasses will help maintain vision and slow down the formation of wrinkles in the corners of the eyes.
On hot days, dress in loose, light-colored clothing made from natural fabrics. It reflects ultraviolet rays well and does not interfere with air exchange. If you have delicate, fair skin prone to sunburn, cover your shoulders and back, choose dresses, shirts, and long-sleeved T-shirts.
Drink more clean water and tea, but give up sugary carbonated drinks and coffee. They have a diuretic effect and accelerate the loss of moisture. And it is needed by the body to release sweat and naturally cool the skin.
Apply sunscreen regularly to exposed areas of your body, even if you have to walk down the street for a short time on a sunny day. At the beach, renew it every 2 hours and after swimming.