60 interesting facts about the country of Oman
The Sultanate of Oman is an Arab state located southeast of the Arabian Peninsula. It has a hot climate and wealth, like other oil countries. Officially, the Sultanate of Oman was founded relatively recently, only in 1970, but people have been living here for a long time, and once these lands were part of the Arab Caliphate. Today, Oman is a prosperous Arab country with a traditional Arab way of life.
The Sultanate of Oman- exciting facts
Oman is a typical Arab state, small but prosperous due to the deposits of natural resources found on these lands. True, oil is not endless, and today the government of Oman is already beginning to seek new sources of income so that the country does not go bankrupt when the oil runs out.
1. The Sultanate of Oman is an Arab state.
2. Oman is located in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula.
3. Oman is a typical Arab state, small but prosperous.
4. The country of Oman became rich thanks to the deposits of natural resources found in these lands.
5. Of course, oil is not endless, and now the government of Oman is starting to look for new sources of income so that the country does not go bankrupt when the oil runs out.
6. Officially, the Sultanate of Oman was founded relatively recently, only in 1970, but people have been living here for a long time, and once these lands were part of the Arab Caliphate.
7. Scientists suggest that in ancient times, the main route for the settlement of people from Africa to different parts of Asia ran through the coast of Oman.
8. Oman is, in fact, the only country in the Middle East that has miraculously preserved its Arab identity and, at the same time, a high standard of living for the population.
9. Oman is an absolute monarchy, where the sultan is not a decorative figure but the natural leader of the country and head of government. He also heads the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Ministry of Finance.
10. After the death of the Sultan, the ruling family of Oman must, within three days, decide on the candidacy of his successor. If this does not happen, the relatives open the letter of the late ruler with his recommendations regarding the heir to the throne.
11. In many ways, Oman resembles Bahrain.
12. The only major city in Oman is its capital, the city of Muscat. All other towns are pretty small.
13. Muscat is the capital of Oman, a small town it stretches for 30 kilometers along the coast. The building is mostly low-rise. Offices rarely exceed 9-10 floors. Muscat is the best place to live with your family in the Arabian Peninsula.
14. The country has a hot climate. Oman receives very little rainfall, and in some regions of the country, it rains only a few times a year.
15. There is not a single permanent river in Oman - they all dry up in the summer.
16. You can swim on the coast of Oman all year round. Here the water is always warm.
17. Oman has excellent diving. The water is warm and crystal clear. You can see sharks, barracudas, moray eels, rays, and turtles. I'm not talking about ordinary colored fish. During the season, you can see whales and whale sharks. Corals start right from the shore.
18. There is a theory that Oman was covered with forests several millennia ago, but all the forests were cut down due to active copper mining. Because of this, there was a rapid desertification of the area.
19. Oman is a highly law-abiding country. Even a domestic fight is impossible to see here. After all, such a violation of the order here is supposed to be a prison sentence.
20. Oman suffers from a lack of fresh water, so the country's authorities have to desalinate the salty sea water.
21. One of the most popular places in Oman are incense markets.
22. In the south of Oman, there is a population with Ethiopian roots, and even the local dialect is more like Ethiopian than Arabic.
23. In Oman, teaching the basics of Islam is a compulsory school subject.
24. An obligatory detail of the Omani man's costume is a short broad dagger.
25. Among Omani women, blue tattoos on the face and hands and earrings in the ears and nose are common.
26. In Oman, unlike other countries of the Persian Gulf, nature is very picturesque: tropics, savannahs, fjords, waterfalls, and mountains.
27. On the west coast of Oman, there is one of the few places in the world where green turtles come to lay their eggs.
28. Due to the heat and hot air, the sky over Oman almost always looks gray. Blue skies can only be seen during the cool season.
29. Because of the rain in Oman, for example, classes at school may well be canceled.
30. In Oman, alcoholic products are sold only in specialized stores. But to purchase alcohol, you must first obtain permission from the police, and Muslims do not receive such permission.
31. There is almost no public transport in Oman - only fixed-route taxis, but only Indians use them. For some reason, this is not an option for white people.
32. Taxis that travel around the city, as a rule, also carry Indians.
33. A more or less decent taxi can only be taken from the hotel and the shopping center. A brand new taxi is now running from the airport. All cars are new, business class.
34. The national currency of Oman is the Omani rial. It is heavily pegged to the dollar. One rial costs a little less than three dollars.
35. Crime, unemployment and poverty are virtually absent in Oman.
36. The door of the National Bank of Oman is cast from pure gold.
37. Residents of Oman are exempt from paying taxes.
38. One of the national musical instruments of the Omanis is the rabab violin with a single string.
39. Gasoline in Oman is very cheap, but of poor quality due to its high sulfur content.
40. The favorite delicacy of the inhabitants of Oman is hyena meat. Addiction to this food is not found in any other country in the Arab world.
41. The government of Oman has approved a list of 26 professions that are not available to foreigners. For example, taxi drivers can only be Omanis by nationality.
42. Tourists were allowed to enter Oman only in the late 1980s.
43. The fabulous merchant and traveler Sinbad the Sailor was from Oman.
44. Car tires on Omani cars crack from the heat in a few years. Tire fitting here, apparently, is a very profitable business.
45. A lot of roads are being built in Oman. Many highways are expanding. Due to mild climatic conditions, all roads are in excellent condition.
46. There are no traffic jams anywhere in Oman, even in the capital, Muscat. Any part of the city can be reached in 20-25 minutes.
47. In Oman, it is not customary to show bare heels in public, as the locals consider it disrespectful.
48. In Oman there is a sandy Wahiba desert with huge sand dunes tens of kilometers high in a multi-storey building.
49. There is a real cave with stalactites and stalagmites 200 kilometers from the city of Muscat.
50. Children studying in foreign / European schools receive a fairly decent education, they then easily enter European and American institutions. And local schools and universities are of a low level.
51. In Oman, it is impossible to buy such familiar food as sausage. Products that religion does not allow Muslims to consume, such as pork, are very expensive in Oman, because only visitors buy them.
52. Residents of Oman on average give birth to 5-6 children.
53. Entertainment in Oman is varied. You can find something for every taste: you can go to a bar, to the mall, to the cinema or to the beach. There is also something to do: golf, diving or karting.
54. In Oman, the days off are Thursday and Friday.
55. Residents of Oman are not very interested in work - about 70% of the labor force in the country are foreigners. The same situation is observed in Qatar.
56. Omanis have the right to free healthcare, education (including in foreign universities) and land to build a house.
57. Only 0.2% of Omani consider themselves atheists. Although Oman is a noticeably less religiously radical country than neighboring Arab states.
58. Oman is considered a young country.
59. Thanks to the discovery of rich oil reserves, in 30 years Oman has turned from a run-down state with medieval orders and infrastructure into one of the economic leaders of the modern world.
60. Now Oman is a prosperous Arab country with a traditional Arab way of life.
The official name of this state is the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. The country is located in the Atlantic Ocean southeast of the Florida peninsula. The Bahamas is one of the most popular tourist resorts in the world; tourism profits account for more than half of the state's GDP. Every year, the number of tourists visiting these islands is many times greater than the number of local residents.
Facts about the Bahamas
The archipelago includes more than 700 islands, but only a small part of them (about 30) has a permanent population. The total area of all the islands is about 14,000 square kilometers, and the population is almost 400,000 people. It is assumed that the first Indian settlements were founded in the 9th century, and the first Europeans visited here in 1492. It was an expedition led by Christopher Columbus.
1. For a long time, the Bahamas were a colony of Great Britain, they received independence only on July 10, 1973. Currently, the Bahamas are a constitutional monarchy, the head of state is the Queen of England, who is represented on the islands by the Governor General. Residents of the Bahamas are not subject to income tax.
2. Gambling business brings a solid income to the state treasury, there are many casinos on the islands that were opened here in the late sixties, when the Bahamas were a colony of Britain. For a long time, only foreigners were allowed to enter the casino; local residents were forbidden to visit such establishments. The restrictions were only lifted in 2013. They tried to organize a National Lottery for local residents, but it was not particularly popular with the islanders.
3. Currently, more than 80 percent of the local population are descendants of Africans. The standard of living here is quite high, the Bahamas are even called "Caribbean Switzerland". The average life expectancy in this country is 71 years, and literacy is 96 percent. The annual population growth is more than 2,000 people.
4. Eternal summer reigns in the Bahamas, which attracts tourists from all over the world all year round. George Washington, who visited here at one time, called the Bahamas "the islands of eternal June." But, on January 17, 1977, an amazing event was recorded on the island of Grand Bahama - snow fell here. But not many people managed to admire this unexpected natural phenomenon, the snow melted almost instantly.
5. New Providence Island is not even in the top ten of the Bahamas in terms of territory, it covers an area of 207 square kilometers. However, almost 70 percent of the entire population of the country lives here. The capital of the Bahamas, the city of Nassau, is also located here. Not far from the city is the largest international airport in the Bahamas, where tourists arrive from the USA, Great Britain, Canada and the Caribbean.
6. On one of the islands of the archipelago live pigs that willingly swim in the sea. They spend a lot of time in the water, swim up to tourists in anticipation of food. Many legends are connected with their appearance on the island. According to one of them, sailors brought the pigs here, but did not have time to eat them all, and the remaining individuals bred. According to other information, the pigs got to the island on their own from a wrecked ship near the island.
7. There are no railways in the Bahamas, this is due to the small area of \u200b\u200bmost of the islands. The main means of transportation in the Bahamas is a car. The total length of highways is about 3,000 kilometers. Most of them are privately owned. Traffic here is on the left.
8. At one time, the Bahamas were a haven for pirates who traded in the Caribbean. At the beginning of the 18th century, they were expelled by the British, at which time the Caribbean became an English colony. But, until now, there are rumors about countless treasures that were buried by sea robbers on the island of Andros. Many tourists visit the island not only to relax, but also try to find pirate treasures.
9. The most popular seafood is on Sink Island.
10. The population lives on only 30 of the total number of 700 islands in the Bahamas. New Providence is an inhabited island in the Bahamas with a population of over two hundred thousand.
11. While the country is driving on the left, it is surprising to find some cars steering on the left and others on the right.
12. The Bahamas is one of two countries whose official name begins with the word "the".
13. The Bahamas are right on the edge of the infamous Bermuda Triangle.
14. The Bahamas have a wonderful underwater cave system. The sea was low 250 feet from its current level during the Ice Age. Acid rain eroded the limestone on the island and led to the formation of vertical and horizontal caves.
15. On October 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus is believed to have landed on the island.
16. The slave trade was the main economic enterprise on the island after the departure of the first royal governor of the island, Captain Woodes Rogers. Slavery ended in the island nation in 1838.
17. "Linden V" became the country's first prime minister after independence on July 10, 1973.
18. During the 1980s, the island became a notorious destination for the drug trade. Almost 90% of the cocaine reportedly entered the US through the Bahamas.
19. "Hubert Ingraham" became Prime Minister of the Bahamas in 1992 and served another consecutive term in his chair. During his administration, he noted the creation of jobs and the economic development of the country.
20. The Bahamas signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) on February 4, 2005.
21. There is no railway on the island, and the road network on the larger islands extends over 2,693 km of roads.
22. Hurricane Floyd caused significant damage to the island, and the country fell into decline in tourism.
23. 2004 - and another ferocious hurricane hit the Bahamas: Hurricane Francis, which causes widespread harm to the living and non-living.
24. The case has not yet been settled, and they saw another monster hurricane on the island; tearing up houses, uprooting trees, throwing up cars and smashing houses. However, the island is ready to shine again and come back as strong as it needs to be to forget the pain and destruction caused by a natural disaster.
25. The Bahamas and an import-oriented economy. However, significant tourism activity and government-provided financial services bring in a lot of foreign exchange to balance the economy. According to the CIA, the economy of the Bahamas is developing and stable.
26. The Bahamas have the world's third largest shipping registry.
27. There is only one stock exchange in the Bahamas, the Bahamas International Stock Exchange (BISX).
28. There is no income or sales tax for residents of The Bahamas. Most government revenue comes from tariffs and import charges.
29. The Government of The Bahamas provides maternity assistance for every live birth and a 13-week maternity benefit.
30. Tourism makes up about 40-45% of the country's economy. It has beautiful beaches, flora, fauna and many recreational and resort facilities.
31. Gambling is legal for non-Bahamians who visit the Bahamas.
32. A tourist from the US and Canada is not required to carry a passport to the Bahamas for a stay of less than three weeks. Every year, millions of visitors to the country spend billions of dollars. The average cost of staying on the island per day varied depending on the time of year and location. You can expect to spend between $30 and $400 a day during your visit to the island.
33. The Bahamian dollar is equal to the US dollar and you can easily use US dollars throughout the island as they are freely accepted as cash. However, the United States does not accept Bahamian dollars at its counters. You will have to exchange currency or spend it in the Bahamas before leaving the country.
34. More than 90% of Bahamians are followers of Christianity. However, there are also spiritists who worship various spirits, and even followers of the voodoo cult. They are mainly immigrants from Haiti and some African countries, as well as their descendants. However, followers of various religions in the Bahamas get along peacefully, and there are no conflicts on this basis.
35. The Bahamas is home to the world's largest colony of pink flamingos, birds that everyone knows. On the island of Big Inagua, which is part of the archipelago, there are about 50,000 of these amazing birds.
The islands of Tonga are practically unknown in the world, more precisely, most people on Earth do not even know about the existence of such a state. Recently, they are gaining popularity only among eco-tourists and downshifters.
Tonga is a tiny island country in the Pacific Ocean. People here live a habitual life that almost does not change over time, and even if they do not live richly, they are calm and quite happy. Here, no one cares about politics or the world economy - life here is limited to the territory of the country itself.
Tonga- top facts
1.Tonga is a small island country in the Pacific Ocean.
The majority of the world's population does not even suspect the existence of this country.
2. This state is located in Polynesia. The official name of the country is the Kingdom of Tonga.
3. The Kingdom of Tonga is an archipelago, it consists of 177 islands. Most of the islands of the Tonga archipelago are of volcanic or coral origin. Of the 177 islands, only 36 are inhabited by people.
4. These 36 islands have a total population of 108,020 people.
5. The total area of Tonga is 748 square kilometers.
6. British explorer James Cook called Tonga "Friendly Islands" and this phrase is used by the country's tourism industry to this day to attract tourists from all over the world.
7. James Cook named these islands after attending a magnificent feast and festival in his honor, organized by the leader of the island of Haapai - Finau Ulukalala. But Cook did not even suspect that the feast was actually a red herring. Finau Ulukalala and members of his tribe wanted to attack Cook and his expedition and rob the ship. But the leader did not dare to do this and abandoned his idea shortly before the start of the feast.
8. The capital of the state is Nuku'alofa. This city was founded in 1795 on the island of Tongatapu. It is now the largest and most populous city in the Kingdom. Nuku'alofa is home to ¼ of the population of Tonga.
9. Tongatapu Island is an atoll with an area of 260 km², it is also the largest and most populous island in the state. About 70% of the country's population lives on the territory of this atoll.
10. The Kingdom of Tonga was created by King George Tupou I. During his reign, the first set of laws was created on the islands, and Christianity became popular. George Tupou I reigned from 1845 to 1893 until his death at 95. Under him, the period of wars and unrest, which lasted from 1799 to 1852, was completed, and a constitution was adopted.
11. Most of the country's inhabitants are Christians. 1/3 of the country belongs to the United Methodist Church, and 1/5 of the country belongs to the Mormons. Due to the fact that there is a small number of inhabitants, it turns out that Tonga is the leader among the countries of the world in terms of the number of Mormons per capita.
12. Tonga is a mono-national country, more than 96 percent of the population are Tongans.
13. Almost the entire population of the country has Polynesian roots. The inhabitants of TongA are closely related to the Samoans and other Polynesians in culture and language, as well as in genetic heritage.
14. The kingdom gained independence from Great Britain in 1970.
15. Life here is limited to the territory of the country itself. No one here cares about politics and the world economy. People here live a habitual life that almost does not change over time, and although they do not live richly, they are calm and quite happy.
16. Due to the lack of suitable stone for construction, almost all buildings in Tonga are made of wood. But the royal palace and the parliament building are made of stone, and building materials were delivered here from other places.
17. The Kingdom is located in the so-called Pacific volcanic ring of fire and has at least 4 active volcanoes on its archipelago. In 2009, there was a strong undersea earthquake measuring 8.3, which, in turn, caused a tsunami. As a result of this tsunami, a large number of villages were destroyed.
18. Over the past two centuries, at least 35 volcanic eruptions have occurred on the islands of Tonga, the last was in 1960.
19. The highest point in the Kingdom is an unnamed place on the island of Kao, towering 1033 meters above sea level.
20. The climate on the islands of Tonga has two distinct seasons - dry and rainy. As for the average annual temperature, it is around 26 degrees Celsius.
21. The Tonga archipelago has two national parks and six reserves.
22. Tonga has two official languages - English and Tongan. But in practice, few people here speak and understand English.
23. Most Tongans are very religious people. The official religion of the kingdom is Christianity.
24. There are some diplomatic missions on the territory of the Kingdom of Tonga.
25. The Kingdom of Tonga maintains diplomatic relations with many countries.
26. The economy of this state is based on agriculture. Agriculture is the driving force in the country. The main export commodities that bring the greatest income to the country's budget are beans, coconuts, bananas, corn, breadfruit, limes, and pineapples.
27. In addition to these products, Tonga also exports timber, animal meat and fish.
28. Most of the produce grown is consumed by the Tongans, while the rest is exported to the United States of America, New Zealand, Japan and Australia.
29. The country also imports products from countries such as Australia, Singapore, USA, Fiji and New Zealand.
30. There are no railways in Tonga.
31. Hard-surfaced roads in Tonga are only about two hundred kilometers long.
32. The total length of roads in Tonga is about seven hundred kilometers.
33. There are only a few car rentals in the country.
34. There is only one international airport here. Flights from Tonga are only available from Fiji, New Zealand and Australia.
35. The crime rate in Tonga tends to zero, as in other small island countries like Niue or Kiribati.
36. Like many other island nations lost in the ocean, Tonga is experiencing problems with fresh water. Tongans collect rainwater in special tanks.
37. This country is home to the so-called "disappearing" island of Fonuafoʻou. This is an underwater volcano, which throughout history has repeatedly “peeped out” of the water, and then plunged back in the same way.
38. Between 1781 and 1865, shallow water formed near the volcano. In 1867, he already looked out from under the water. By 1885, it had risen to a height of 50 meters above sea level (at its highest point), and reached a length of 2 kilometers. Then the leadership of the state announced that they had a new island, Fonuafoʻou. However, after a few decades, he again disappeared under water. Two years later, Fonuafo'u reappeared, and its peak point reached 320 meters.
39. The government organized an expedition and wanted to plant the flag of Tonga there and plant some palm trees, but after the volcanic eruption, the island submerged again. Until 1927, he was under water. Then it appeared and existed until 1949, after which it again plunged under water. She reappeared in 1954 and sank again in 1959. Today it is under water at -17 meters above sea level.
40. The Tongan armed forces took part in the First World War, as well as in the peacekeeping operation in Iraq.
41. Bats are sacred animals in Tonga. These are the property of the monarchy and they are protected by law. Therefore, it is forbidden to harm them or use them as pets on the islands. Thanks to this policy, the islands of Tonga are an ideal place for these mammals.
42. The only embassy of Tonga is located in China, in Beijing.
43. In addition to the danger posed by the Pacific Ring of Fire, Tonga also faces a major sea level rise problem. While some parts of the country are quite high above sea level and protected by mountainous terrain, others, flat areas with relatively low altitude, may be flooded in the near future.
44. Grocery stores in Tonga do not have as much variety as one might expect, canned goods of all kinds predominate here. Affects the remoteness from civilization.
45. The national sport in Tonga is rugby.
46. The Tongan currency is called paanga. In everyday life, it is sometimes called the Tongan dollar.
47. Five radio stations broadcast throughout the kingdom.
48. The land area of the kingdom increases from time to time due to volcanic activity, as a result of which new islands rise to the surface of the ocean.
49. The islands of Tonga were practically unknown in the world. Even most people on Earth did not even know about the existence of such a state. Recently, they have been gaining popularity, especially among eco-tourists and downshifters.
50. Many tourists come to this country to swim with humpback whales. Every year from June to October, whales make an amazing journey of 5,000 kilometers from Antarctica to the warm waters of Tonga. They return to Tonga to breed. After their cubs get stronger, the whales return back.
The island of Rhodes belonging to Greece is not only an extremely popular place among tourists, but also a real paradise for lovers of history and ancient Greek culture. A great many ancient monuments, monuments and other buildings of the ancient Greeks have been perfectly preserved here, which will never leave an inquisitive tourist indifferent.
Most of the interesting facts about Rhodes are connected with the myths and monuments of Ancient Greece. Any guide to the island will attest to this. We propose to dig deeper and find out what else attracts travelers to this amazing place. The Mediterranean pearl, Rhodes, rightfully bears the title of the most beautiful of the islands of Greece.
It is located in the south of the Aegean Sea and belongs to the Dodecanese archipelago. The mild tropical climate and picturesque nature attract tourists from all over the world all year round. And for lovers of ancient history, this is just a real gift. What else do you need to know about the island, going there?
Facts about Rhodes
1. The city of Rhodes is a pearl and one of the largest historical centers of Greece.
2. This ancient port is located in the north of the island of the same name, on the coast of the Aegean and Mediterranean seas.
3. The ancient city of Rhodes is considered one of the most unique corners of Hellas, the main city of the Dodecanese Islands and the center of the island of the same name.
4. The first settlements appeared here several millennia BC. e. This is evidenced by archaeological finds.
5. Rhodes is one of the most ancient cities on the planet. Historians call 408 BC the date of the founding of Rhodes ... According to Greek legend, the ancient Telchin magicians were the discoverers of the island. They were endowed with magical powers and were excellent blacksmiths. The magicians gave the sword to the god Kron and the Trident to the sea lord Poseidon. Despite the gifts, the grandchildren of Poseidon drove the wizards off the island.
6. The history of Rhodes is replete with interesting facts, fascinating events and sights, some of which have survived to this day, and some have remained only in legends.
7. It was in this policy of Ancient Greece that the famous Kolos of Rhodes was located - one of the 7 wonders of the world. In 226 BC. e. As a result of the earthquake, the city was almost completely destroyed, and the world-famous landmark was wiped off the face of the earth.
8. Finally, the city fell into decay 170 years after the death of Caesar.
9. Convenient geographical position attracted the attention of Byzantium to Rhodes. Between the 4th and 14th centuries, the old city was a naval base and a strategically important port, the capital of the Theme of Kivirreota.
10. Since 1309 Rhodes was ruled by the Order of the Knights, in 1522 the Ottomans captured the Greek land, and at the beginning of the 20th century the Italians ruled here.
11. As a result of this, modern Greece has received a unique city that combines the features of antiquity, Byzantine style, baroque and gothic, a cultural capital and a powerful military base.
12. During its history, the city of Rhodes has been subjected to strong earthquakes several times. So, in 515, he lost almost half of the territory, and after the disaster of 1481, there were practically no ancient temples left in the city.
13. The city of Rhodes in antiquity earned itself prestige in the trading circles of the Mediterranean, as evidenced by the surviving records.
14. During the V-IV centuries BC. e. Rhodes was known for its political struggle between democracy and the oligarchs, several times power passed from the people to the owners of great wealth.
15. The heyday of the city falls on the III-II centuries BC. e., when a stadium, numerous temples, a theater, fortifications, sewerage and water supply were built.
16. Not everyone, even an ancient city, can simultaneously boast one of the 7 wonders of the world, several UNESCO World Heritage Sites and an abundance of ancient monuments.
17. The entire territory of the Island of Rhodes and the city of the same name is filled with sights, stories and legends, dating back to the Neolithic times. But especially many events occurred in the period of antiquity and the Middle Ages.
18. The city was founded by people from the island policies of Kamir, Ialis and Lind. This event took place in 408 BC.
19. Due to its convenient geographical position, ancient Rhodes in the Mediterranean became a major center of transit trade. According to historical data, earlier there were as many as 5 ports in the city. However, only three of them have been located so far.
20. Medieval Rhodes got its interesting facts thanks to the arrival of the Knights of St. John (Hospitallers) to these lands. In 1309 the city became the seat of the order.
21. The Rhodes knights significantly strengthened the defense capability of the settlement. The city was surrounded by a high and thick stone wall, the length of which was 4 kilometers. The fortification was equipped with watchtowers and 7 gates, near which there was an armed guard.
22. From the inside, the city was also divided by a wall. A smaller part, it was called Collachio, was completely given over to knighthood. It housed the Palace of the Grand Masters, the Cathedral, a hospital and other administrative buildings.
23. For the most part, Burgo, or as it was also called Hora, was settled by ordinary people. Houses, markets, churches, public buildings, etc. were erected in this area.
24. Chivalry helped the townspeople defend Rhodes and fight off foreign raids for more than two centuries. But in 1522, the Hospitallers were defeated during the siege of the city by the Ottoman troops. So Rhodes fell under the rule of the Turkish ruler Suleiman the Great.
25. As a result of the change of power, local residents were forced out of the city walls. The expelled townspeople had to settle down in a new place, and this is how the New Town (the modern part of Rhodes) got its development.
26. The name of the city in Greek means "island of roses".
27. Now the city is home to almost 60 thousand people employed in tourism, fishing and agriculture.
28. The city is territorially divided into two parts: Burg and Kollahiy.
29. Ordinary residents lived in Burg. The main street of this area is filled with shops, restaurants and souvenir shops. Kollahiy has always been the abode of knights and masters.
30. The Palace of the Grand Masters, built in the 14th century, managed to be well preserved to this day, despite the explosion of 1856. Enthusiasts restored the architectural masterpiece in the 20th century according to old sketches.
31. The Palace of the Grand Masters is now one of the visiting cards of the city. Two castle exhibition halls are dedicated to the historical and cultural heritage of Rhodes.
32. Some parts of the ancient city were discovered as a result of excavations. You can visit them and admire the man-made works of art: architecture, sculpture and crafts.
33. Temples, sculptures, and other ancient structures have been preserved in the city, which have been restored to date and receive tourists.
34. In addition, many items of ancient life have been preserved. But the paintings remained only in fragments due to the destruction caused by the earthquake.
35. The appearance of the modern city was influenced by the Italians, who rebuilt the city during the Italian occupation of the islands.
36. The cult of the sun god, Helios, is widespread not only in the city, but throughout the island. It was believed that he is the patron of the island, as he carried it out of the depths of the sea on his own hands. This territory was named after the nymph Rhodes, whom Helios loved. The locals also revered other gods, though to a lesser extent.
37. The emblem of Rhodes is a deer, the statues of which are on the columns left after the destruction of the giant statue of Helios.
ELEMENTS OF THE ACROPOLIS IN RHODES
38. Of the ancient monuments, the most valuable for the world and the country are the interesting ruins of the temple of Athena Poliada and the stadium, which is an analogue of the stadium in Olympia. To date, this is the only antique copy that has survived to this day.
39. Street of the Knights in the Old Town of Rhodes is a unique medieval street with a length of 200 meters. Laid in the XXIV century, it still retains its original appearance.
40. On the territory of the city, some elements of the acropolis and medieval buildings have been preserved. For fans of the era of medieval piracy, the siege of medieval castles, Rhodes will be a discovery.
41. Most of the region's income comes from the tourism business. Of course, first of all, people come to the city of Rhodes to see the ancient sights, but a beach holiday is also available here.
42. Therefore, tourists come here not only to see ancient monuments, but also to relax under the gentle Mediterranean sun on comfortable beaches.
43. In the northern part of the city, on the Mediterranean coast, there is one of the best beaches in Rhodes Greece - Elli. There are always a lot of vacationers here, half of them are local youth.
44. Life is in full swing on the beach around the clock: during the day, the main attention is paid to the calm and clear sea, and at night - to the nearby cafes and discos that are held in it.
45. Ella has a well-developed infrastructure. There are sun loungers and umbrellas, showers, changing cabins, a rental area, many water activities and a free jumping tower located 25 meters from the sand and pebble coast. Entry into the water on Ella is convenient, but there is music playing around the clock, so this place is not the best option for families with small children.
46. And the beach near the village of Kalawarda is an ideal place for a secluded holiday, especially for not the most picky tourists. There are no umbrellas or sun loungers, shops and entertainment areas, but all this is compensated by the clean sandy coast, calm water and beautiful nature.
47. It is also a great place for children, as there is a shallow bay on Kalavard with a convenient entry and always calm water. There are several toilets and showers on the beach, and an excellent restaurant is a 10-minute walk away.
48.A pebble-sand beach, located in the center of Rhodes, will provide you with everything you need for a good rest. It is well equipped and has all the necessary amenities. But compared to Elli Beach, located nearby, there are much fewer people here. Akti Miauli is located on the coast of the Aegean Sea, the water here is warm and clean, but in summer it is constantly windy and waves rise.
49. Modern Rhodes is distinguished by a combination of ancient civilization, interspersed with medieval architectural monuments and modern buildings, recreation areas and beaches.
50. The city of Rhodes is an interesting and unusual place. Here you can feel the atmosphere of ancient Greece and enjoy the rest on two seas at the same time.
A trip to the sea is one of the best ways to relax and switch. Before you set off, pack your suitcase (thanks, cap). We know it isn't straightforward. Therefore, we have compiled a list of things that will make it easy to pack all the stuff.
Take a photo of the documents and upload them to your phone or cloud storage - in case the originals are lost, copies will remain, and they can be printed or sent.
Passports and their photocopies
It would help if you had a regular passport. Sometimes, you need a valid visa - if you go to the sea abroad. Make photocopies of the first page of your passport and the visa page - you can carry them with you instead of a document so as not to lose the originals.
Insurance must be taken out before the trip: sometimes, it is needed even when applying for a visa. What kind of insurance to arrange, read in our material.
Check with your carrier about online check-in - this is a very convenient procedure that reduces time in queues on the spot. You receive a boarding pass in advance by filling in the required data on the carrier's website. Check if you need to print tickets afterward or show them from the smartphone screen.
Voucher or printed reservations
Guarantee that you can check into the hotel. When booking a hotel, a confirmation voucher can be sent by mail to yourself and forwarded to fellow travelers - you will always have access to it, even if the Internet and connection are lost.
Don't forget your driver's license if you plan to rent a car. They must be international if the trip is overseas.
When choosing clothes, focus on the main pastime. If you spend more time at sea or by the pool, a couple of dresses and shorts with T-shirts will suffice. If there are excursions and trips to nature, you also need to take clothes suitable for such walks.
Road clothes set
Decide what you're going to do. It should be comfortable clothing made of light fabric you feel comfortable on the road.
We bathe in one, dry in the other. A unique cosmetic bag for a swimsuit will also come in handy; you can buy one in a lingerie store.
Pair of T-shirts and skirt/shorts
Choose versatile items that blend well, dry quickly, and don't wrinkle.
One set for each day.
To keep your socks from taking up space in your suitcase, roll them up and put them inside the shoes you take with you.
Light pajamas or a long T-shirt for comfortable sleep.
Long pants and a light jacket/jacket
For chilly evenings or a day trip to the mountains.
Shirt or blouse with long sleeves
In case you get burned and need to escape from the sun.
Clothing for a restaurant or a disco
In many hotels, thematic performances, animations, or dances are arranged in the evenings. It would help if you had something neat and intelligent, but not too much.
Flip-flops or flip-flops are needed for the beach, the pool, and sometimes to take a shower in the room.
Formal and weekend shoes, so as not to be ashamed to go to a bar (some are not allowed in flip flops) or to the terrace in a cafe.
Comfortable shoes for excursions
Worn-out sneakers or sneakers in which you can walk all day without fear of rubbing your feet.
Cap or hat
A cap, hat, or Panama hat will protect against sunstroke.
Not only a fashion accessory but also an irreplaceable thing that protects the eyes from bright light and ultraviolet radiation.
Collect a separate cosmetic bag with hygiene products - it is more convenient to store all the tubes and jars in one place, so they do not hang around the suitcase. And it will also save your things if something spills along the way.
Toothbrushes and toothpaste
Everyone takes a brush, and the paste is in a large tube, one for all participants in the trip.
Shampoo, shower gel, washcloth, deodorant, tonic, or facial wash
Pour the liquid into small jars, and what you can take for everyone, take in a single copy. Remember that if any bottles travel in hand luggage, they must be less than 100 ml. By the way, if you go to an excellent hotel and there are bath accessories, you don’t need to drag some of this, and you can even take something with you as a keepsake. What can and cannot be taken from the hote?hoteldd here.
Better folding, which does not take up much space in hand luggage.
Antibacterial hand gel
It is convenient to carry with you, as it is not always possible to wash your hands on the way, and napkins run out quickly.
Check if your hotel provides towels. If yes, but yours out of your luggage! If you still want to take your own, take a microfiber towel: it is light and dries quickly.
Lenses and solutions for them
We take at least two pairs of spare lenses, as well as a small jar of the solution so that it is enough for the duration of the trip. Alternatively, buy a pack of one-day lenses.
At least sunscreen, after-sun cream, and lip balm with SPF. How to choose the proper sun protection, read here.
To sunbathe. A towel is also suitable for this business, but if several people or a large company are traveling with you, it is better to take a light blanket (but not woolen!).
Go for the paperback one - it weighs less than a hardcover book. And if you plan to read the entire list of books for the summer, think about an e-book - why drag a whole library when you can download several volumes of your favorite authors at once and not worry that the reading has ended on the first day.
Great idea to avoid buying extra plastic bottles. And with a thermos, the water will always be cold - the most it is in the heat!
They take up little space in the backpack and guarantee a fun time on the beach.
Mask, fins, water slippers, air mattress
Take it with you if you do not want to spend money and buy these things on the beach.
It is convenient to wear to the beach - you will add everything according to the list above.
First aid kit
No one is immune to headaches, fever, or indigestion while on vacation. Therefore, collect proven tablets in your first-aid kit that is beyond doubt (why your first-aid kit is always better, we tell here). There are pharmacies everywhere, but finding an analog of Russian medicine is not always easy.
From indigestion, colds, runny nose, allergies, motion sickness, antipyretic, analgesic. Check that the names are well read and you know what each drug is from and what dosage.
Get a set of patches in different sizes and callus patches if you plan on walking a lot.
Panthenol or "Rescuer" will do if you do not calculate the time in the sun and get burned.
Buy iodine or brilliant green in pencil - they won't spill in your luggage and won't ruin your things.
Eye and ear drops
There is a lot of dust everywhere, and seawater can stuff your ears, so put saving drops with you.
If you have specific allergies or asthma, medications should be on hand. This applies to those that are needed in an emergency and those pills that are taken constantly.
Put gadgets in waterproof cases and chargers in a separate bag so the wires do not bend.
A necessary thing: this is a connection, and a camera, and a player, and a flashlight, and a navigator, and a notepad for notes. Install valuable applications on the road, such as offline maps or a reader - everything you need is collected in the article.
To listen to music or audiobooks on the go.
Camera and memory card
If you think the camera in the phone is not enough, we advise you to take a small camera instead of heavy photographic equipment. Why burden yourself with extra weight on vacation?
Chargers and batteries
Check if all gadgets are charged and if all wires are working.
Powerbank (external battery)
To recharge your gadgets on the go. A small power bank with a capacity of 5000-10,000 mAh is suitable. Enough for one or two charges during the day.
There are 15 types of sockets in the world; for example, in India, Italy, Israel, and Cyprus, they differ. Familiarize yourself with the types of sockets in advance so as not to look for an adapter on the spot if you are unsure if your adapter will fit the sockets in the hotel.
How and where to store valuables on a trip on a sea holiday, we tell here.
Preferably two different payment systems, such as Visa and Mastercard. In case of failure of one, it will be possible to use a spare. Remember to notify your bank if you are going abroad.
Remember: you never need to carry all your cash with you. Put the money in different places (of course, not in the luggage you will hand over!). For example, you can hide in a secret pocket of a backpack you take with you in hand luggage.
Take dollars or euros, or any other currency depending on your destination.
What to take a woman
Pareo or sundress
It is convenient to throw over a swimsuit to go to the beach or the pool.
A small bag
A small bag will be handy to add the necessary little things for a walk around the city.
Remember that neither a nail file, scissors, orezers in hand luggage will be allowed on the plane - put them in your suitcase.
A minimum of cosmetics, let the skin rest. Choose travel options for your favorite cream or perfume - they are more compact and take up less space in your cosmetic bag.
Funds for critical days
Take what suits you.
What to take a man
Razor and shaving foam
We put it in a suitcase.
It is smaller than a backpack. We hide everything necessary inside: phone, documents, keys, and money.Such a bagt is v, very convenient for boat trips, rides, and cycling trips.
What to take if you are traveling with children
Documents for a child
Birth certificate, consent to travel (to some countries), if the children are traveling with one parent, and a new passport (you can only enter a child in an old passport
In principle, the list of clothes at the beginning of our article is also suitable for children. Remember that the smaller the child, the faster he gets things dirty. Therefore, take additional sets of children's clothing, warm socks, tights for girls, and trousers for boys. Also, children burn faster in the sun, so they take light sweaters and shirts.
Favorite toy with which the child falls asleep or without which he refuses to leave the house.
Diapers and other necessary
In order not to lug a supply of diapers for the whole vacation, find out if the right ones are sold in the place where you are going. You will probably find some diapers, but if you have preferences, it is better to take care of them in advance.
Waterproof sheets or diapers
You can lay it in transport or on a bed in a hotel.
Baby food, bib, and bottle
Baby food for babies under two years old can be taken in hand luggage, but only in the amount needed for the flight's duration (even if the capacity is more than 100 ml). With a bib, clothes can be changed less often, and the bottle will come in handy to dilute the formula for feeding.
Moisturizing - after water procedures, anti-inflammatory - with skin irritation, protective - from moisture loss, wind, and sun.
Armlets or rubber band
To swim safely.
Pencils, sketchbook, coloring book
Consider your child's leisure time. We told in our article about the things that will entertain the child on a trip.
What to take in transport
Whether you are traveling by car, train, bus, or plane, take with you:
Paper tissues and wet wipes
An absolute must-have anytime, anywhere!
An inflatable pillow, earplugs, and a sleep mask will protect your sleep in transport from bright light and noise and save you from a stiff neck.
In case the air conditioner will work to its fullest. Life hack: the blanket can then be used as a blanket to sunbathe on the beach.
Change of shoes
Cloth slippers to rest your feet.
Lollipops and snacks
Valuable to kill a worm.
Tablet with movies and games
To keep yourself and the kids busy on a long trip.
What not to take
Hair dryer and iron
If there is no hair dryer and iron in the room, you can ask for them at the reception. If you rent an apartment on the sea, you should ask the owners about their availability.
Umbrella (beach or rain)
A beach umbrella can be rented on the beach or bought locally, so you don't have to carry it in your hand luggage. And an umbrella from the rain at sea is unlikely to be helpful to you.
Check the laws of flying on drones where you are going (they are prohibited somewhere above the cities), as well as the rules for transporting quadrocopters on airplanes - we talk about all the nuances of using drones while traveling in the article.
You're going on vacation, not to work!
Leave them at home if you don't want to constantly worry about your gold rings and earrings left in the room.
Recheck the weather forecast and consider whether you need a warm sweater and jeans for the sea.
Evening dresses and stilettos
You can get by with sandals from the list of basic clothes and a short cocktail dress if you are planning parties in expensive restaurants and trips to discos.
So let's check again if everything is ready for the holidays
- The documents
- Swimsuit and swimming trunks
- Flip-flops and spare shoes
- Chargers and adapter
- Travel first aid kit
- Travel set
- Bath accessories
The most important thing is to take a good mood on vacation. Rest will not be pleasant if you worry about things forgotten at home. Almost everything from the list above can be bought on the spot, so sit back and relax!
Tokyo became the Japanese capital in 1868; before that, it was another ancient city, Kyoto. And Tokyo itself was then called “Edo”; it was renamed only after receiving the capital status. In Japan, it is considered not a city but a unique “capital district.” But it is in the top 50 largest cities in the world in terms of area.
Amazing facts about Tokyo
About 14 million people live in the capital. But the accumulation "Tokyo-Yokohama" is the largest in the world; it is home to about 39,000,000 people. A distance of 30 kilometers separates these cities, but they are both expanding and are about to merge finally - the process is already in full swing. More people already live in this accumulation than in the whole of Poland.
1. The Japanese capital Tokyo is one of the most modern cities in the world today.
2. Tokyo became the capital of Japan only in 1869. Before that, for 1075 years, the money was the city of Kyoto.
3. Tokyo occupies only 0.6% of the area of Japan.
4. The ancestors of modern Japanese inhabited these lands in the era of stone axes.
5. Tokyo is located in the southeast of the island of Honshu, on the Kanto plain, near Tokyo Bay. It was founded on an ancient Edo castle site in the 15th century. Previously, this city was a military fortress and was called Edo.
6. Now, Tokyo is a vast metropolis of Tokyo and one of the most modern and high-tech cities in the world.
7. With the help of colored lights, one of the Tokyo skyscrapers informs residents about whether to take an umbrella with them when going outside.
8. Researchers in Tokyo have developed a mirror that changes a person's facial expression in real-time. It gives a smile to the face. The application is intended for use in shopping mall bathrooms. The technology was adopted in the hope that happy shoppers would spend more.
9. The population density in Tokyo is one of the highest among the cities in the world, and there are only 4 square meters per person.
10. The population of Tokyo is approximately equal in size to the population of Moscow. In total, more than 35,000,000 people live in the Tokyo agglomeration. This is about 60 times more than the population of Montenegro.
11. So many people live in Tokyo that the temperature in the city is always higher than in the suburbs by 8-9 degrees. And there is also a tremendous amount of infrastructure radiating into space.
12. Since many people live here, and the population density is off the scale, this provokes an explosive rise in property prices.
13. The cost of a square meter of real estate in the business center of the city here comes to 2 million dollars. Due to the high price of real estate in Tokyo, capsule micro-apartments are common. Such housing is comparable to a kitchen in a typical Russian apartment.
14. In Tokyo, a building built in 1972 consists of tiny 90-square-foot capsule apartments. If necessary, they can be replaced as Lego pieces.
15. In Tokyo, there are ancient monuments (for example, a castle where the imperial residence is located) and modern buildings 40-60 floors high.
METRO IN TOKYO
16. The Tokyo subway is the largest in the world in terms of ridership - it is used by 3.2 billion people yearly. Curiously, there is even a unique position here - Asia, or pushers, whose duties include pushing passengers into overcrowded cars.
17. The dog Hachiko, famous worldwide due to his devotion, was waiting for his master right here, at Tokyo's Shibuya station, until his death.
18. Public transport in Tokyo is the most reliable, affordable, and fastest way to get around, but it is not cheap.
19. The cost of parking here is fabulously high.
20. To get rid of traffic jams in Tokyo, many high-speed highways were built, but the passage on them is paid for.
21. Each Tokyo train station has its unique theme song.
22. 45 of the 51 busiest train stations in the world are in Japan. The busiest Shinjuku station in Tokyo serves approximately 1.2 billion passengers a year.
23. There are many single people in Tokyo who have never been in any relationship with the opposite sex. Because of this, the suicide rate is extremely high.
24. Blue "anti-suicide" LED lights have been installed on all train platforms in Tokyo to reduce the number of suicides committed here. It is believed that such lanterns have a calming effect. Studies have shown that blue-light stations saw an 84% reduction in suicide rates.
25. Tokyo is clean, safe, and calm, but a foreigner unaccustomed to Japanese flavor can be shocked by strange vending machines, flashing neon signs, futuristic household appliances, and much more.
26. Vending machines ubiquitous in Tokyo sell everything, from chocolates and hamburgers to underwear.
27. Tokyo is the safest metropolis in the world. Tokyo is so safe that young children use public transport on their own.
28. Tokyo is the wealthiest city on the planet. Although Tokyo occupies only 0.6% of the area of Japan, this city provides it with a third of its total GDP.
29. The GDP of Tokyo alone is higher than that of all of Australia. If Tokyo were a separate country, it would be in 15th place in the world in terms of GDP.
30. Some establishments in Tokyo do not allow foreigners. A sign can hang on the door, meaning "foreigners are not served."
31. Back in the 1982 Akira manga, it was predicted that the 2020 Olympics would be held in Tokyo.
32. In Japan, there is an anime and manga called "Saint Young Men," in which Jesus and Buddha live in Tokyo as roommates. They rest on Earth and try to understand Japanese society.
33. Dressing up as your favorite manga or anime character and organizing a Tokyo performance is a normal pastime.
34. Tokyo has an anime-themed Butler cafe. According to his owner, Japanese women "want to visit cafes where male waiters treat them like princesses." This is the only cafe in the city where only foreigners work.
35. “Cat cafes” are typical here - establishments where you can play with these fluffy pets. They have become popular because most Japanese people love cats, but the rules forbid keeping pets in most households.
TOKYO SKY TREE
36. Tokyo Skytree is the tallest freestanding tower in the world. The height of the building is 634 meters. The tower's final size was chosen solely because of a play on words. The result is "Musashi": "mu" (in old Japanese means the number 6), "sa" (3), and "si" (4). This was the name of the historic district where modern Tokyo is located.
37. Tokyo Tower was built from steel, a third of which was scrap metal (American tanks damaged in the Korean War). Often this building is used in the Japanese kaiju film genre. It also became the site of the culminating "battles" of Godzilla, Mothra, and King Kong.
38. There are rumors that a secret underground city is supposedly located under Tokyo, but officials deny this information.
39. There is a 12-story luxury stationery store in Tokyo. On the 12th floor, they serve lettuce grown on the indoor organic farm located on the 11th floor of the same building.
40. The University of Tokyo is developing a tactile hologram, meaning they create a hologram that can be touched and felt.
AT THE TOKYO UENO ZOO
41. Ueno Tokyo Zoo is Japan's oldest zoo, with over 2,600 pets. Once a year, the zoo is closed for two months to give the animals a break from the visitors.
42. A cafe has opened in Tokyo where visitors can hug hedgehogs.
43. One Japanese scientist has created an exact copy of Tokyo. He used oatmeal to create nearby settlements, and bright light to simulate mountains, water sources and other natural features. When a scientist placed a living slime mold in the center of the mock-up, it created a network reminiscent of the Tokyo rail system as it tried to reach the treat (oatmeal).
44. Japan has almost twice as many 7-Elevens stores as the US. Only in Tokyo there are 2079 stores of this network.
45. In 2013, a 39-story hotel in Tokyo was demolished without explosives or a special wrecking ball. All 39 floors were dismantled from the inside using a small crane, which gradually folded floor by floor.
46. The asteroid Tokyo, discovered in this city in 1900 by a Tokyo astronomer, was named after the city. This celestial body of irregular shape with a diameter of approximately 81 kilometers.
47. There are five huge cylindrical shafts under Tokyo that will be filled with water in the event of a flood. This will prevent the destruction of the city.
48. Because of Tokyo's location on a tectonic fault, geologists call it the "city waiting for death." There are about 150 earthquakes in Tokyo every year, but most of them are so weak that people don't even notice them.
49. In 1923, a terrible earthquake destroyed almost half of Tokyo and caused the death of more than 90 thousand people.
50. Nevertheless, the Japanese capital is firmly held in the top of the most visited cities in the world by tourists. In any case, Tokyo is worth visiting this city.