50 incredible facts about Mauritius - a perfect travel destination
The paradise island of Mauritius is a beautiful place to spend a vacation. Here you can enjoy the fantastic local atmosphere, not yet soaked through with a commercial attitude. However, holidays in Mauritius are not very cheap, not least because of the flight cost.
Interesting facts about Mauritius
Mauritius is a popular resort, but there are almost no tourists here during the rainy season. It's all because of the weather; during the rainy season, powerful hurricanes and typhoons hit the island every year, carrying tons of water and causing powerful floods.
1. Mauritius is a small island nation located in the Indian Ocean. Mauritius is 900 kilometers from Madagascar.
2. The full name of the country is the Republic of Mauritius, because in addition to the island of the same name, Mauritius, it also includes islands such as Rodrigues, Cargados Carajos and a number of smaller islands and islets.
3. The total land area of the republic is only 2 thousand 40 square kilometers.
4. Mauritius has practically no water possessions - in total they make up only 0.05% of the country's territory.
5. Most of the country's population lives on the main island - Mauritius.
6. Mauritius had a rather difficult past. This country was colonized by the Dutch, French and British.
7. The colonialists brought slaves from India, China and Africa to the territory of the modern state, which further influenced the population and culture of Mauritius.
8. This country received independence from the British only in 1968. And this state became a Republic in 1992.
9. Mauritius is the richest African country. GDP per capita is $13,703 (ranked 53rd in the world). For comparison, in Russia about 16,000 dollars.
10. Also, despite its small size, the Republic of Mauritius is a very densely populated country. With a total population of about 1,267,000 people, the population density here is 610 people per square kilometer. This makes the state the first in Africa in this indicator. And in the world in terms of population density, the Republic of Mauritius ranks 19th.
11. Although the population growth rate here is very low - it grows by an average of 1% in three years.
12.The country's population is mainly composed of people of Indo-Pakistani origin. They account for about 2/3 of the population. About ¼ of the country's population are Creoles (mestizos of French and African origin).
13. Most of the population of the country professes Hinduism. They account for about 48.5% of the population. This makes Mauritius the only African country with a Hindu majority. In addition to Hindus, about 26.3% of Catholics and about 17.3% of Muslims live here.
14.Despite the fact that English is the most spoken language in the country, there is no official language in the country. The constitution of this country only mentions that English is the official language of the government, however, in addition to English, French is allowed in the government.
15. English is the most common language in government circles and in business. As for the most common language, it is Creole, which is spoken by 85.6% of the country's population.
16.The Republic of Mauritius hosts two UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The first object is the Aapravasi Ghat building, which became the first point of reception of labor migrants from India.
17. The second object is Mount Le Morne Brabant, in the caves of which the slaves who escaped from captivity found refuge.
18. The local currency is the Mauritian rupee, but most places will also accept US dollars.
19. There is one university in Mauritius. It is located in the capital city of Port Louis.
20. In the Republic of Mauritius, education is free, and higher education too. And the state sends especially gifted individuals to study abroad.
21. The national flag of this state consists of four equal colored stripes. Each lane has its own meaning. The red color, located at the very top, means a bloody past before the abolition of slavery and the acquisition of independence. The blue color immediately following the red is the boundless and mighty Indian Ocean that surrounds Mauritius. Yellow, the penultimate color, is the bright future of the country, and green, the last color, is the nature of the island.
22. Geographically belonging to Africa, Mauritius is the richest African country in terms of per capita income.
23. The first people to ever set foot on Mauritian soil were Europeans. The Portuguese captain who discovered Mauritius gave him the name "Sishna" in honor of one of his ships.
24. The original forests in Mauritius were cut down to the root. Almost all the plants that now grow on the island were once brought here by the colonists.
25. Mauritius does not have its own army. The people with weapons there are the police, the maritime patrol service and the police special forces. The crime rate is very low.
26. Mauritius is surrounded by the third largest coral reef in the world. It is called Saya de Malha. This is one of the best diving spots in the world. Here you can explore sunken ships, meet many species of exotic fish and admire colorful corals.
27. One of the local attractions is the Seven Colored Sands, dunes consisting of grains of sand of seven different colors. The spectacle is amazing.
28. Due to tropical downpours, floods are not uncommon here, and almost every year tropical hurricanes hit Mauritius, the speed of which exceeds 200 kilometers per hour.
29. All TV channels and radio stations here belong to the state.
30. The cuisine of Mauritius has been significantly influenced by Chinese, European and Indian cuisines. Also, French dishes are very popular on the island. Most of the traditional Mauritian dishes were created by former slaves, Indian workers and Chinese migrants in the 19th century.
31. The extinct Dodo bird was endemic to Mauritius, that is, this island was the only place where it lived. Even though the bird died out a long time ago, it is the national bird of the country and is even depicted on the national coat of arms.
32. Presumably, this bird became extinct due to the Dutch, who encountered it for the first time in 1598. After the Dutch settled in Mauritius, the last Dodo was seen in the 1960s.
33. One in five women and one in ten men in Mauritius are illiterate, unable to read and write.
34. About 8% of Mauritians are unemployed. An interesting fact is that the number of people below the poverty line is equal to the number of unemployed.
35. The climate here is very mild - there is neither suffocating heat nor severe cold. The climate on this island is maritime subtropical, with fairly uniform temperatures throughout the year. Average annual temperatures are in the region of 20 degrees Celsius in the coastal areas and in the range of 10 degrees Celsius on the high plateau. In total, the country has two seasons: hot (lasts from December to April) and cool (from June to September).
36. This island is home to the world's only underwater waterfall. You can watch it from a bird's eye view. The waterfall is located off the coast of Le Morne. Although in fact, this is not a waterfall, but an optical illusion that is visible only from above. Undercurrents and sand flowing from the edge of the ocean floor create the illusion of a waterfall.
37. Mauritius is a paradise, an island in the Indian Ocean, replete with clean beaches and green palm trees.
38. In addition to cleanliness and beautiful nature, Mauritius boasts a favorable and safe environment, as well as amazingly delicious local cuisine.
39. Unlike many other island nations, Mauritius is replete with rivers and streams.
40. Once Europeans tried to develop agriculture here, but it turned out that frequent hurricanes destroy any crops, and only sugar cane is able to withstand the onslaught of furious winds.
41. Sugar cane is the main crop grown on this island. Sugar cane fields occupy almost 80% of the island.
42. You can also find tea plantations in the highlands. Sugar and tea are the main exports of this state.
43. Tourism is the second largest source of income for the state. With scenic beauty and magnificent white-squeaky beaches and turquoise-clear ocean waters, Mauritius is a true tourist paradise.
44. Tourists from all over the world come to this island every year to sunbathe in the sun and swim in the crystal clear waters.
45. Despite its small size, you can admire a variety of flora and fauna on the island. There are a huge number of birds and more than 700 species of plants.
46.Here you can meet huge sea turtles, amazing pink pigeons (endemic to this island) and many other animals and birds.
47. Holidays in Mauritius cost a lot of money, not least because of the cost of the flight. Prices can be compared with the Seychelles or the Maldives.
48. Mauritius is famous for its incredibly beautiful beaches and the fact that every year more and more tourists come to the island. Every year it is visited by about a million lovers of beach holidays and water sports.
49. Many have heard about this wonderful island in the Indian Ocean. Mauritius is the dream of all those who love white sandy beaches and blue blue seas.
50. Due to its small size, tourists can completely drive around the entire country of Mauritius in just a few hours. If one island seems not enough, then you can go to other islands of this amazing state.
The island state of Kiribati is located immediately in Polynesia and Micronesia. At present, the small country is successfully developing despite scarce natural resources.
Amazing facts about Kiribati
Of all the countries in the world, only Kiribati is located in all hemispheres of the planet at once - Northern, Southern, Western, and Eastern. All 33 atolls belonging to the republic are scattered at a considerable distance from each other, while only 13 of them are permanently inhabited. At the same time, Christmas Island, the largest atoll in the world, accounts for about 48% of the state's total land mass.
1. Kiribati is a tiny island country located in the Western Pacific Ocean.
The name of the island nation of Kiribati comes from the distorted English "Gilbert Islands".
2. Kiribati is the only country on Earth located in all hemispheres at once - Northern and Southern, Western and Eastern.
3. The Republic of Kiribati in the northwest borders on the territorial waters of two states, namely the Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands. In the southwest and west, Kiribati has maritime boundaries with Tuvalu, the Solomon Islands and Nauru.
4. In the southeast and south - with the waters belonging to Tokelau, the Cook Islands, as well as French Polynesia. In the northeast and north, the republic borders on the Outer Small Islands, which are part of the United States, as well as on Pacific neutral waters.
5. The coastal strip of Kiribati has a length of 1143 kilometers.
6. Little is known about how the islands of Kiribati were settled. There is an assumption that the ancestors of modern local residents moved to the Gilbert atolls in the 1st millennium AD. from eastern Melanesia. But the Phoenix and Line archipelagos remained uninhabited by the time they were discovered by the Americans and Europeans.
7. Nevertheless, on these atolls one can find traces of the presence of a person who lived here in the distant past. A similar fact allowed scientists to assume that the local population for some reason left these archipelagos. One of the most popular versions explains this by small land areas, remoteness from other islands, an arid climate and a constant shortage of fresh water. Due to all these factors, it was difficult to live on these atolls. Most likely, the people who settled the islands soon left them.
8. The discoverers of the archipelagos located in the western part of the Pacific Ocean are American and British expeditions. Their ships visited these places in the period from the end of the 17th century to the beginning of the 19th century.
9. Initially, the atolls were called the Gilbert Islands. It happened in 1820. The name of the islands was given by the Russian traveler and Admiral Krusenstern in honor of the British captain T. Gilberg, who discovered these lands in 1788.
10. The first settlers from Britain arrived on the islands in 1837. In 1892, these territories became a protectorate of England. Christmas Island joined the colony in 1919 and Phoenix became part of it in 1937.
11. The land area of the Republic of Kiribati consists of 33 atolls. This is the name of the coral islands, which have a ring-shaped shape. This state also includes small coral islands.
12. The country of Kiribati is located on atolls, one of which, Banaba, is raised. According to the theory put forward by Charles Darwin, the formation of such formations was facilitated by the subsidence of volcanic islands and the gradual fouling of their surface with corals. This process led to the emergence of fringing reefs, and then barrier reefs. Thus, land appeared in this part of the Pacific Ocean.
13. The distance from the easternmost to the westernmost island of the state is 4 thousand kilometers.
14. In the waters of the Pacific Ocean, all these small areas of land are spread over an area exceeding 3.5 million square kilometers. According to this indicator, the country of Kiribati has the second largest exclusive economic zone in the Pacific Ocean. But the entire land area of the country does not exceed 811 square kilometers.
15. Although this Pacific nation has 33 atolls, only 13 of them have permanent population.
16. The island state of Kiribati is located immediately in Polynesia and Micronesia.
17. The country consists of island groups. These are the Gilbert, Phoenix, and Line Islands. The last of them, by their location, belong to the southern part of the Hawaiian Islands.
18. The Republic of Kiribati as a state appeared in 1979, having gained independence from Great Britain.
19. The total population of Kiribati is a little over 115 thousand people.
20. About 90% of the population of Kiribati are representatives of the people of the same name. Its other name is tungar.
21. The official language of the country is English, but few people speak it. The majority of the population speaks Kiribati.
22. Modern writing in Kiribati uses the letters of the Latin alphabet.
23. In 1983, a friendship agreement was signed between the United States and Kiribati, according to which the United States renounced claims to 14 islands, recognizing them as part of Kiribati.
24. Kiribati does not have its own army. The defense of the state is carried out by the armed forces of Australia and New Zealand.
25. The United States in the 20th century tested atomic bombs on two atolls belonging to Kiribati.
26. This island nation has a weak economy, because it is far from world markets for its products.
27. Agriculture dominates the country, which negatively affects the vegetation cover of the islands, which are gradually being deforested.
28.Overpopulation, soil erosion and lack of fresh water are considered to be the main problems of Kiribati.
29. The United Kingdom periodically allocates funds to the development of the education system in Kiribati, and France to the health sector.
30. In Kiribati there are only 2 fresh, but about 100 small salt lakes. Some of them reach a diameter of several kilometers.
31. Freshwater lakes can be found only on two islands of the state. This is the atoll of Christmas and Teraina (Washington).
32. There is not a single river in Kiribati either.
33. The highest point of Kiribati is 81 meters above sea level. It is located on the Banaba Atoll. This is quite a lot, especially when compared with the Maldives, also located on the atolls, where the highest point is at a height of less than 5 meters.
34. The soils on the islands of Kiribati, due to their coral origin, are very poor and highly alkaline. Most of them are porous and do not retain moisture well.
35. The soils of Kiribati are very low in mineral and organic matter. The only exceptions are magnesium, sodium and calcium. Phosphate soils are widespread throughout the republic.
36. There are also brown-red soils on the islands, formed from guano, which is the decomposed droppings of sea birds, as well as bats.
37. The lack of water bodies on the islands is due to their small area, low altitude, and also the porosity of the soil.
38. The only source of fresh water on the atolls are the so-called lenses, formed by rainwater that seeps through the soil. You can get to the moisture by digging a well.
39. Such lenses are the only source of fresh water in most of the atolls of Kiribati. After the rains, local residents extract moisture for themselves from the leaves of coconut palms.
40.Since 28 January 2008, the Phoenix Island Group has been the world's largest marine reserve. Its area is 410.5 thousand square kilometers.
41. The Kiritimati Atoll, which is part of this country, is the largest coral atoll on Earth. It accounts for about 80% of the entire landmass of this country.
42. Christmas Island, one of the atolls that make up Kiribati, is the largest atoll in the world. Christmas Island is home to more bird species than any other island in the world.
43. The relatively young geological age of the atolls, their remoteness from the continent, as well as unfavorable weather conditions, have contributed to the fact that only 83 species of native plants in Kiribati exist. And none of them is endemic.
44. In addition, it is believed that several species of plants were introduced to these areas by Aboriginal people. Among them are: taka pinnatifid; breadfruit of two kinds; yam; giant taro; tarot; swamp giant taro.
45. Plants such as the coconut palm and the roofing pandanus most likely have a dual origin. On some atolls, they were brought by man, while on others they are indigenous representatives of the flora.
46.Four plant species, namely pandanus, breadfruit, coconut and taro, played in the past and continue to play today a leading role in the nutrition of the inhabitants of this island country.
47. The main representatives of the marine fauna are pearl mussels, holothurians (sea cucumbers), cones, tridacna, palm thieves and lobsters. There are a lot of fish in the ocean near the islands, of which there are from 600 to 800 species.
48. As for fish, it has always been the main food for local residents. In coastal waters, reef perches, albuls, hanos, large-headed mullets, sultans and horse mackerels are caught. There are several varieties of sea turtles near the islands.
49. Rich coastal waters of Kiribati and corals.
50. The animal world of the atolls is rather poor. During an American scientific expedition at the beginning of the 19th century, researchers discovered here only the only representative of land mammals - the Polynesian rat. Today, the inhabitants of the islands breed pigs and poultry.
51. But the world of avifauna in Kiribati is very diverse. There are 75 species of birds in the country, one of which is endemic. This is a warbler bird. She lives on Christmas Island.
52. Most of the landmasses of the Phoenix and Line archipelagos host large-scale bird colonies. That is why the islands of Starbuck and Malden, as well as part of the Christmas Atoll, have been declared a zone of marine reserves.
53. An additional source of income for Kiribati in recent years has been the issuance of licenses to fish in the Special Economic Zone.
54. The bulk of the republic's population lives on the Gilbert Islands. And most of them are located on Tarawa Atoll. Here is the capital of Kiribati - the city of South Tarawa. About 50 thousand inhabitants are registered here.
55. In addition to the capital, the city of Kiribati, there are 9 more settlements, the number of which exceeds 1.5 thousand people. The residential areas of the capital of Kiribati are located on several small islands, interconnected by bridges and dams.
56. South Tarawa comprises four municipalities. Their names are Betio and Bairiki, Bikinibeu and Bonriki. All these municipalities are located on the islands of the same name, being part of the capital of the state of Kiribati. It is on their territories that all the main commercial, government and educational institutions of the country are located.
57. So, in Betio there is a power plant operating for the entire atoll, a Maritime Institute and a port. Interestingly, this island is almost flat and devoid of vegetation. Its entire central part is occupied by a wide strip of the Hawkins airfield. It is in this place that the sights of Kiribati are located, which are military relics of the period when the famous battle for Tarawa took place.
58. Among the monuments reminiscent of the fierce battle on Tarawa are the Memorial Chapel built in the village of Abaroko.
59. And also the Memorial to the Heroes of the Outpost, which commemorates the memory of 22 British servicemen killed by the Japanese in October 1942.
60.The most important feature of Betio are military cemeteries, which can impress anyone with their numerous rows of wooden tombstones, because on the island, which is only 3 kilometers long, more than 5.5 thousand war victims are buried.
61. Kiribati has two radio stations of its own, government and private.
62. Road signs here are often drawn by hand on suitable surfaces.
63. Athletes from Kiribati take part in the Olympic Games.
64. The average annual temperature in Kiribati ranges from +26, +32 ⁰C.
65. On the Caroline Atoll, located in the Line Archipelago, people are the first to celebrate the New Year (outside of Eurasia and Antarctica). This happens due to the fact that this island is the easternmost piece of land located in the 12th time zone.
66. Among the local villages there are London, Paris and others. Locals like to call their villages after European capitals.
67.The production of postage stamps generates significant revenue for the public treasury. Stamps are very popular among philatelists from various countries.
68.There are two official currencies in circulation in the country - the Australian dollar and the equivalent Kiribati dollar.
69. The Kiribati one dollar coin has a dodecagonal shape.
70.At present, the small country is developing successfully despite scarce natural resources.
71.Kiribati is a member of the UN.
72.The world's only diplomatic mission of the Republic of Kiribati is located in the Fiji Islands.
73. The British Consulate is usually in charge of the diplomatic affairs of Kiribati.
74. Kiribati is an amazing country. In addition to the natural beauty, it is also notable for the fact that 99.99% of the world's population has no idea about its existence.
75. Kiribati is the least visited country on the planet by tourists. Only the most desperate tourists reach the remote islands of the country of Kiribati.
Saint Vincent is a small state consisting of the island of the same name and the Grenadines - a small group of islets. The capital of Saint Vincent is Kingstown. The country is part of the Commonwealth of Nations. The island itself was discovered back in 1498 by Christopher Columbus. Catholics celebrate St. Vincent's Day, and the island received the same name on this day. There are other interesting facts about Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
Interesting facts about Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is considered an elite holiday area. This applies in particular to the island of Mustique. Here, members of the British royal family and other world celebrities come to rest. The island has many five-star hotels, entertainment venues, and beautiful beaches. Also, visitors have the opportunity to see many exotic animals and plants. Despite the high prices for goods and services, many tourists visit the island yearly. We have compiled a selection of the most amazing facts about St. Vincent.
1. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an independent state located in the Caribbean Sea. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are part of the Commonwealth of Nations.
2. The country of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is located in the Windward Islands, south of Saint Lucia and north of Grenada. From the west, it is washed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea, and from the east by the Atlantic Ocean.
3. The territory of this state is 389.3 km², which is 183rd in the world.
4. Its territory includes the relatively large island of St. Vincent and 32 small islands (Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Union, and others), which are part of the Northern Grenadines group in the Lesser Antilles archipelago, as well as Tobago reefs.
5. The flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a tricolor of three vertical stripes of blue, yellow, and green. In the center of the yellow stripe, 1/2 the length of the flag, three diamonds (rhombuses) are depicted in green, arranged in the Latin letter V - the first letter in the name of Vincent Island.
6. Christopher Columbus discovered the island of St. Vincent during his third expedition to the New World on January 28, 1498, on the day of St. Vincent, from where the name of the island came from.
7. The Carib Indians lived on the islands when the Europeans appeared. For more than two centuries, the Caribs fiercely resisted European colonization. The cannons of the Spanish coastal forts were directed inland since the Caribs posed a greater danger to the colonists than external enemies.
8. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the territory of St. Vincent alternately came under the control of the French or the British.
9. In 1719, the French began to grow coffee, tobacco, indigo, and cotton there. Enslaved Africans were brought in to work on the plantations. As a result of mixed marriages of runaway and formerly enslaved people with local Indians, a layer of "dark-skinned Caribs" (Garifs) appeared. Now, most of the population is made up of blacks and mulattos.
10. The British first took possession of St. Vincent in 1763, and it became a British colony under the Treaty of Versailles in 1783. In 1796, the British crushed an uprising of dark-skinned Caribs and exiled more than 5,000 rebels to one of the islands off the coast of Honduras.
11. At the beginning of the 19th century, sugar cane plantations appeared in St. Vincent, where enslaved people worked. After the abolition of slavery in the English colonies (1834), emigrants from India and Portugal were attracted to the islands as a labor force.
12. In 1925, the first legislative council was created on the island; in 1951, universal suffrage was introduced; in 1969, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines received the status of an "associated state" with the right to full internal self-government.
13. And the country gained complete independence on October 27, 1979, by the constitution drawn up in September 1978 in London. In the same year, 1979, the Labor Party, which won the parliamentary elections, formed a government.
14. In 1984, the New Democratic Party won, and its leader, James Mitchell, became Prime Minister. This party also won in 1989, 1994, and 1998.
On February 15, 2001, Parliament was dissolved. A month later, early parliamentary elections were held, in which the United Labor Party (ULP) won 12 seats and the New Democratic Party 3. The government was headed and formed by the leader of the ULP, Ralph Gonsalves.
COUNTRY COMBAT SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
16. The coat of arms of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines consists of a cotton flower, an emblem, and a ribbon with the text "Peace and Justice" in Latin. The symbol is based on the colonial version used from 1907 to 1979, which depicts two women in classic Roman dress, one holding a palm branch and the other with clasped hands.
17. St. Vincent is a mountainous island of volcanic origin; its area is 344 km². The entire central part of the main island is covered with forest.
18. The islands of the Grenadines archipelago are small in size; the largest are Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Mero, and Union. Many of the Grenadines are surrounded by coral reefs.
19. The central part of the island of St. Vincent is occupied by mountains covered with forests. The highest point is the active volcano Soufriere (1234 meters). There is a lake in its crater. Soufrière erupted in 1718, 1812, 1902, and 1979.
20. To the south of it is a chain of gradually lowering cones of extinct volcanoes. Streams run down to the sea on the steep western slopes of the mountains, forming picturesque waterfalls and turning into turbulent streams after tropical downpours.
21. The eastern slopes are gentler, longer, wider, and more abundant rivers flow down them. The island's beaches are covered with black volcanic sand; the exception is the white sandy beaches at the southern tip of the island.
22. The climate here is tropical, trade wind, and humid. There are often intense hurricanes. Average monthly temperatures range from +24 to +28° C. The dry season lasts from December to April. The average annual rainfall on the southeast coast is 1500 mm, and in the interior mountainous regions - 3750 mm. 70% of precipitation falls from May to November.
23. The mountains are covered in places with dense tropical rainforests and shrubs. The fauna is rich in birds: the endangered St. Vincent Amazon parrot, a rare subspecies of the red-throated hermit thrush, and others.
24. Coastal waters abound with fish, crustaceans, and mollusks. Several forest and ornithological reserves operate on the islands for nature protection.
CAPITAL - CITY OF KINGSTOWN
25. The capital of the island of St. Vincent is Kingstown, which means “city of kings.” A little more than 40 thousand inhabitants live here.
26. The capital city of Kingstown is the largest in the state. Kingstown is located in the harbor on the southwestern tip of St. Vincent.
27. Since Kingstown was under British rule for a long time, its architecture was dominated by the colonial style.
28. The city has several old churches: St. Mary's, St. George's, and the Kingstown Methodist Church.
29. Kingstown is an important financial center where tax incentives attract many banks.
30. Also, it is the main economic center of the state. The rich soil of the islands allows you to grow various vegetables and fruits. Arrowroot grows here, which is added to desserts, sweet potatoes, coconuts, breadfruit, and bananas, which are the country's pride. Banana varieties such as figs and bluggo are considered especially popular.
31. Agriculture in the country specializes in producing bananas, coconuts, and arrowroot, starchy flour from arrowroot rhizomes. Among the local population, cassava tubers are widely used, from which choki cakes are made.
BOTANICAL GARDEN IN KINGSTOWN
32. Also, there is a Botanical Garden in Kingstown, founded more than 200 years ago in 1762. Plants from all over the world are collected here. The complex is the oldest in the entire Western Hemisphere. In its exposition, there are more than 450 species of tropical plants. In addition, there is an aviary for birds, including the endangered species of parrot - the Amazon.
33. The official language of the state is English. But in fact, the local population speaks Creole or Vincentian.
34. North of Kingstown are the ruins of Fort Charlotte, which was built in 1806 to guard the city and harbor. The Museum of the History of the Black Caribs is currently located here.
35. Hiking enthusiasts can walk along the nature trail Bookament-Vermont-Nature-Trail, during which the opportunity to wander through the rainforest and watch the birds.
36. On St. Vincent, as on other islands, there are many beautiful bays and white beaches framed by palm trees. Some of the islands are privately owned.
37. The combination of coral reefs and clear water is ideal for spearfishing.
38. The largest seaport is located in Kingstown. Arnos Vale International Airport is located near the capital. In addition to it, there are five more airports on the islands.
39. Local coins have the most diverse geometric shapes. This is because most of the locals are illiterate. This currency is expected in seven countries in the region.
40. There are unusual laws and traditions here. For example, do not do in St. Vincent: 1. Kick the ballot boxes. Every waste bin has its sponsor who will not like this treatment. 2. Walk without an umbrella. Generally, this is not forbidden, but the weather here is unpredictable. 3. Go to street bars. These are ordinary wooden stalls where a simple TV and music play. 4. Joking about religion. Very devout people live in St. Vincent, no matter what denomination they belong to.
41. Tobago Reefs is one of the most beautiful places in the Caribbean. They are uninhabited. Stunning corals grow here, and the variety of algae and fish is impressive. This area has been given the status of a National Park. Fishing on Tobacco is prohibited, and a severe fine is imposed for garbage thrown in the wrong place.
42. On the archipelago islands and beaches, they filmed Pirates of the Caribbean with Johnny Depp in the title role. The filming location has long been a center for excursions and pilgrimages. It is called Jack Sparrow Valley.
43. There is no rail connection in the country. Movement is carried out mainly by cars. The total length of roads in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is 1,000 kilometers. The hard coating has only a third of them. Tourists can rent a car. You can also use taxi services.
44. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are members of the UN and the Organization of American States. From 1958 to 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines were part of the West Indies Federation. The country maintains economic ties with other states of the West Indies, being a member of the Caribbean Community and the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States.
45. Oldheg Turtle Sanctuary is located on the island of Bequia. The staff of the reserve is working on the conservation of one of the rare species of turtles. Since many newborns die immediately after birth, the reserve workers, together with volunteers, collect newborn turtles and place them in a special nursery. There, young turtles learn to survive in nature on their own. Only after the young turtles can get food and take care of their safety are they released into the ocean.
46. On the west coast of the island of St. Vincent, there are beautiful Balein waterfalls.
47. A particular type of acacia grows on the islands. Its pods are large, and the seeds begin to make sounds when dried. As a result, a fascinating musical instrument called “shak-shak” is obtained from huge pods.
48. The locals here live modestly, as in other developing countries. The lack of a medical and educational system and high unemployment led to the mass migration of residents to other countries.
49. Approximately 20% of residents experience difficulties in finding employment. It also has a meager birth rate. On average, one woman gives birth to no more than two children.
50. The country has banned the export of things of cultural value without accompanying documents. This also applies to corals and products from them.
51. Given the growing popularity of the resorts of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, the demand for the purchase of real estate on the islands is also growing.
52. However, potential buyers are faced with several protective measures introduced by the state due to the small size of the territory. So, to purchase real estate, foreign citizens are first required to obtain a special permit and pay some fees.
53. The most popular real estate types are villas on the coast. The cost of such villas starts from $ 200,000. Apartments are less popular, but there is also a demand for them. Most of the apartments are rented out.
54. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is the perfect place for a beach holiday. All the islands have white sand beaches, and in the east of St. Vincent, you can see black sand beaches.
55. Although people go to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines for a beach holiday, you should remember the rules of conduct in public places. Outside the hotel, a bathing suit is considered unacceptable here. Moreover, you are unlikely to be allowed into a good restaurant in this form.
56. The islands of St. Vincent and nearby Kanukan and Bequia are where the best beaches, restaurants, and cafes are concentrated. St. Vincent is more crowded, and there is more entertainment, while on other islands, it is the other way around: there are many secluded bays and trails for hiking.
57. The country of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is focused on elite tourism. The government is considered a fashionable resort. It has a well-developed infrastructure, beautiful nature, and excellent ecology. Tourists also have the opportunity to see many exotic animals and plants.
58. There are many five-star resort hotels in the country. Most of them are on the coast and have their beach and developed infrastructure.
59. Holidays in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are considered elite. Mustique Island is a holiday destination for celebrities. Such famous people as Bill Gates, the English royal family members, and Mick Jagger spent time here. The resort area organized here is superbly equipped. Horse riding and golf courses, magnificent beaches, exotic animals, and citrus orchards - all this is on the island. The prices are appropriate.
60. Despite the high prices for goods and services, many tourists visit the island yearly.
61. The monetary unit of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is the East Caribbean dollar. It is in circulation in 6 countries that are members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States.
62. St. Vincent and Grenadine's cuisine is based on seafood. The main recipe of many menus here is grilled fish. Shellfish, shrimp, and lobsters are used in cooking, and three to three fish, are a local delicacy. It is prepared in various ways but always with curry and spices.
63. In addition to seafood, fruits and vegetables are used in local cuisine: sweet potatoes, arrowroot, bananas, coconuts, and breadfruit.
64. Of the drinks, tea, coffee, cocoa, and various juices are common. The islands produce rum, the basis of most cocktails, and brew beer.
65. Elite tourism brings the bulk of the income to the local budget. Also, St. Vincent is one of the most popular offshore zones.
Traveling now is difficult, and in many places it is impossible. But the borders have begun to slowly open - and this year's vacation already sounds like a plan, not just a dream. But how risky is it and is it even possible to protect yourself from coronavirus on vacation? Weigh the pros and cons together.
Over the past year, everyone has grown tired of worries, confusion and prohibitions. This article was written to help you decide whether or not to go on vacation in 2021. Bemorepanda explains you how it is going.
Tourism in the era of coronavirus: where can you go abroad now? And whether to go at all?
Some countries are opening borders and easing quarantine measures, but this does not add confidence. The question of whether it is safe to travel now is even more worrisome after the resumption of international traffic.
The answer depends on many factors: the way of travel (by plane, train, car, or something else), direction, fresh statistics on cases of coronavirus infection in a certain place, quarantine measures and current prevention methods.
Should I book a flight this year?
Long queues at the check-in counters, security checks at the airport, waiting for departure side by side with a crowd of strangers, several hours in an airplane seat in the same cabin with other passengers - all this raises doubts about the safety of flights during a pandemic.
But the good news is that airports and airlines have already adjusted to the new reality.
For example, carriers have introduced flexible rules for canceling and postponing flight bookings, and large air hubs are closing some terminals to ensure more effective security measures in a pandemic. There are also far fewer cafes and shops at airports. Some sell only takeaway.
The temperature is measured at anyone who enters the airport building: passengers, greeters, crew members, airport staff and everyone else. In some cases, non-contact thermometers and thermal imagers are used again - just before boarding a flight.
In public transport, taxis, in terminal terminals and during the entire flight, masks are required, and sometimes other personal protective equipment (face screens, for example) are required.
Social distancing rules are widely followed. Airlines are changing seating positions in aircraft cabins whenever possible, offering self-check-in instead of check-in at counters, and redesigning the queuing system so that passengers are at a safe distance from each other. The cabins of the largest carriers are equipped with HEPA air filters. Some air terminals have introduced one-way traffic through terminals to reduce the number of personal contacts between people.
The approach of airlines to in-flight meals has also changed: some carriers no longer serve food on their flights, others have cut down on the menu and offer only individually packaged snacks and drinks in cans. It's safer to take a snack with you from home - just check the airlines' requirements for food in hand luggage.
Isn't it dangerous to stay in hotels during the coronavirus?
Major hotel chains and small family hotels are well aware that in the era of the coronavirus, guests' demands on the hygiene and safety of vacation homes have increased.
To reduce the risks for guests, many hotels offer contactless check-in and check-out and virtual reception, but almost everywhere they abandoned the buffet and free use of pools and other public areas. In the hotels of large world chains, even the room service has been replaced with an application: you place an order through your smartphone - and it is left under the room door.
Social markings and machines with sanitizers at every turn are a new reality in the hotel world. Many good hotels use disinfectant mats, air ionizers and electrostatic filters, and offer guests free masks. Cleanliness in rooms is now more closely monitored than before the pandemic: in many hotels, tables with a schedule for the latest and planned cleaning have appeared, and the cleaning protocols themselves have become more stringent.
Most hotels around the world now allow free cancellation or modification of reservations up to 24 hours prior to the scheduled check-in date. And to make you even more relaxed, the cleanliness rating is immediately visible in the search results for hotels on Skyscanner. It shows you the hotel's hygiene standards and helps you make an informed booking decision.
Is it safe now to travel by car and is it worth renting a car on vacation from a hygiene point of view?
Analysts predict an increase in demand for car rental and car sharing during the pandemic, as these are safer alternatives to public transport. If you rent a car on a trip or drive a car sharing car, do not forget about safety measures: gloves, ventilation and treatment of contact surfaces with an antiseptic will never hurt.
Car rental offices are doing everything to ensure that their service meets safety requirements during the coronavirus period. The giants are investing in the development of machines that unlock automatically, that is, without keys walking from hand to hand. But that's not all: many measures to protect against COVID-19 have already been implemented.
For example, a car from Sixt can now be ordered, picked up and returned without personal contact with managers and agents. The keys are left in the locker, which you can access through the mobile application. Another car rental company, Zipcar, has already introduced a mobile car unlocking system: they have an app that replaces keys. Read about other travel contactless technologies.
Is it dangerous to travel by train until the COVID-19 pandemic is over?
Against the backdrop of the pandemic, railways strictly follows the recommendations.
Measures to ensure the sanitary safety of train passengers in our country are divided into two types:
Disinfection of trains. Before leaving the route, each train is thoroughly disinfected. Bed linen, which is given to passengers for rest and spending the night on the train, also undergoes additional sanitation.
Staff at train stations and on trains must wear masks and undergo a body temperature check before going on shift. All railway workers have received special training - they know how to take care of a passenger who has symptoms of SARS on the way, and of those around them.
Comprehensive disinfection is carried out at railway stations with the participation of specialists. A safe distance between passengers is also respected. The most walk-through places, checkout rooms, sanitary rooms, platforms, walkways and office premises are treated with special disinfectants. There are markings everywhere, and there are vending machines with sanitizers at the entrance, at the ticket office and in the waiting rooms. In some places, personal protective equipment (PPE) is issued.
Do they measure the temperature on the train and how is the railway being treated now?
On the way, train passengers are measured twice a day. If someone has a high rate, the conductors will exclude contact between the passenger and others and call an ambulance to the nearest station.
At least four times a day during the journey, the personnel must sanitize all surfaces of the rolling stock using means that prevent the spread of bacteria.
In addition to disinfecting bed linen and carriage surfaces,railways ensures safety in restaurant carriages. They use sanitization and checkerboard seating to maintain social distance, and all service personnel wear masks. If you do not want to visit the restaurant car, you can order any dish from the menu from the conductor with delivery to your place.
Similar rules apply at train stations and on trains abroad. Thorough multiple disinfection, social markup, checkerboard seating, thermometry, sanitizers, masks and contactless payment for services are used.
The island of Rhodes belonging to Greece is not only an extremely popular place among tourists, but also a real paradise for lovers of history and ancient Greek culture. A great many ancient monuments, monuments and other buildings of the ancient Greeks have been perfectly preserved here, which will never leave an inquisitive tourist indifferent.
Most of the interesting facts about Rhodes are connected with the myths and monuments of Ancient Greece. Any guide to the island will attest to this. We propose to dig deeper and find out what else attracts travelers to this amazing place. The Mediterranean pearl, Rhodes, rightfully bears the title of the most beautiful of the islands of Greece.
It is located in the south of the Aegean Sea and belongs to the Dodecanese archipelago. The mild tropical climate and picturesque nature attract tourists from all over the world all year round. And for lovers of ancient history, this is just a real gift. What else do you need to know about the island, going there?
Facts about Rhodes
1. The city of Rhodes is a pearl and one of the largest historical centers of Greece.
2. This ancient port is located in the north of the island of the same name, on the coast of the Aegean and Mediterranean seas.
3. The ancient city of Rhodes is considered one of the most unique corners of Hellas, the main city of the Dodecanese Islands and the center of the island of the same name.
4. The first settlements appeared here several millennia BC. e. This is evidenced by archaeological finds.
5. Rhodes is one of the most ancient cities on the planet. Historians call 408 BC the date of the founding of Rhodes ... According to Greek legend, the ancient Telchin magicians were the discoverers of the island. They were endowed with magical powers and were excellent blacksmiths. The magicians gave the sword to the god Kron and the Trident to the sea lord Poseidon. Despite the gifts, the grandchildren of Poseidon drove the wizards off the island.
6. The history of Rhodes is replete with interesting facts, fascinating events and sights, some of which have survived to this day, and some have remained only in legends.
7. It was in this policy of Ancient Greece that the famous Kolos of Rhodes was located - one of the 7 wonders of the world. In 226 BC. e. As a result of the earthquake, the city was almost completely destroyed, and the world-famous landmark was wiped off the face of the earth.
8. Finally, the city fell into decay 170 years after the death of Caesar.
9. Convenient geographical position attracted the attention of Byzantium to Rhodes. Between the 4th and 14th centuries, the old city was a naval base and a strategically important port, the capital of the Theme of Kivirreota.
10. Since 1309 Rhodes was ruled by the Order of the Knights, in 1522 the Ottomans captured the Greek land, and at the beginning of the 20th century the Italians ruled here.
11. As a result of this, modern Greece has received a unique city that combines the features of antiquity, Byzantine style, baroque and gothic, a cultural capital and a powerful military base.
12. During its history, the city of Rhodes has been subjected to strong earthquakes several times. So, in 515, he lost almost half of the territory, and after the disaster of 1481, there were practically no ancient temples left in the city.
13. The city of Rhodes in antiquity earned itself prestige in the trading circles of the Mediterranean, as evidenced by the surviving records.
14. During the V-IV centuries BC. e. Rhodes was known for its political struggle between democracy and the oligarchs, several times power passed from the people to the owners of great wealth.
15. The heyday of the city falls on the III-II centuries BC. e., when a stadium, numerous temples, a theater, fortifications, sewerage and water supply were built.
16. Not everyone, even an ancient city, can simultaneously boast one of the 7 wonders of the world, several UNESCO World Heritage Sites and an abundance of ancient monuments.
17. The entire territory of the Island of Rhodes and the city of the same name is filled with sights, stories and legends, dating back to the Neolithic times. But especially many events occurred in the period of antiquity and the Middle Ages.
18. The city was founded by people from the island policies of Kamir, Ialis and Lind. This event took place in 408 BC.
19. Due to its convenient geographical position, ancient Rhodes in the Mediterranean became a major center of transit trade. According to historical data, earlier there were as many as 5 ports in the city. However, only three of them have been located so far.
20. Medieval Rhodes got its interesting facts thanks to the arrival of the Knights of St. John (Hospitallers) to these lands. In 1309 the city became the seat of the order.
21. The Rhodes knights significantly strengthened the defense capability of the settlement. The city was surrounded by a high and thick stone wall, the length of which was 4 kilometers. The fortification was equipped with watchtowers and 7 gates, near which there was an armed guard.
22. From the inside, the city was also divided by a wall. A smaller part, it was called Collachio, was completely given over to knighthood. It housed the Palace of the Grand Masters, the Cathedral, a hospital and other administrative buildings.
23. For the most part, Burgo, or as it was also called Hora, was settled by ordinary people. Houses, markets, churches, public buildings, etc. were erected in this area.
24. Chivalry helped the townspeople defend Rhodes and fight off foreign raids for more than two centuries. But in 1522, the Hospitallers were defeated during the siege of the city by the Ottoman troops. So Rhodes fell under the rule of the Turkish ruler Suleiman the Great.
25. As a result of the change of power, local residents were forced out of the city walls. The expelled townspeople had to settle down in a new place, and this is how the New Town (the modern part of Rhodes) got its development.
26. The name of the city in Greek means "island of roses".
27. Now the city is home to almost 60 thousand people employed in tourism, fishing and agriculture.
28. The city is territorially divided into two parts: Burg and Kollahiy.
29. Ordinary residents lived in Burg. The main street of this area is filled with shops, restaurants and souvenir shops. Kollahiy has always been the abode of knights and masters.
30. The Palace of the Grand Masters, built in the 14th century, managed to be well preserved to this day, despite the explosion of 1856. Enthusiasts restored the architectural masterpiece in the 20th century according to old sketches.
31. The Palace of the Grand Masters is now one of the visiting cards of the city. Two castle exhibition halls are dedicated to the historical and cultural heritage of Rhodes.
32. Some parts of the ancient city were discovered as a result of excavations. You can visit them and admire the man-made works of art: architecture, sculpture and crafts.
33. Temples, sculptures, and other ancient structures have been preserved in the city, which have been restored to date and receive tourists.
34. In addition, many items of ancient life have been preserved. But the paintings remained only in fragments due to the destruction caused by the earthquake.
35. The appearance of the modern city was influenced by the Italians, who rebuilt the city during the Italian occupation of the islands.
36. The cult of the sun god, Helios, is widespread not only in the city, but throughout the island. It was believed that he is the patron of the island, as he carried it out of the depths of the sea on his own hands. This territory was named after the nymph Rhodes, whom Helios loved. The locals also revered other gods, though to a lesser extent.
37. The emblem of Rhodes is a deer, the statues of which are on the columns left after the destruction of the giant statue of Helios.
ELEMENTS OF THE ACROPOLIS IN RHODES
38. Of the ancient monuments, the most valuable for the world and the country are the interesting ruins of the temple of Athena Poliada and the stadium, which is an analogue of the stadium in Olympia. To date, this is the only antique copy that has survived to this day.
39. Street of the Knights in the Old Town of Rhodes is a unique medieval street with a length of 200 meters. Laid in the XXIV century, it still retains its original appearance.
40. On the territory of the city, some elements of the acropolis and medieval buildings have been preserved. For fans of the era of medieval piracy, the siege of medieval castles, Rhodes will be a discovery.
41. Most of the region's income comes from the tourism business. Of course, first of all, people come to the city of Rhodes to see the ancient sights, but a beach holiday is also available here.
42. Therefore, tourists come here not only to see ancient monuments, but also to relax under the gentle Mediterranean sun on comfortable beaches.
43. In the northern part of the city, on the Mediterranean coast, there is one of the best beaches in Rhodes Greece - Elli. There are always a lot of vacationers here, half of them are local youth.
44. Life is in full swing on the beach around the clock: during the day, the main attention is paid to the calm and clear sea, and at night - to the nearby cafes and discos that are held in it.
45. Ella has a well-developed infrastructure. There are sun loungers and umbrellas, showers, changing cabins, a rental area, many water activities and a free jumping tower located 25 meters from the sand and pebble coast. Entry into the water on Ella is convenient, but there is music playing around the clock, so this place is not the best option for families with small children.
46. And the beach near the village of Kalawarda is an ideal place for a secluded holiday, especially for not the most picky tourists. There are no umbrellas or sun loungers, shops and entertainment areas, but all this is compensated by the clean sandy coast, calm water and beautiful nature.
47. It is also a great place for children, as there is a shallow bay on Kalavard with a convenient entry and always calm water. There are several toilets and showers on the beach, and an excellent restaurant is a 10-minute walk away.
48.A pebble-sand beach, located in the center of Rhodes, will provide you with everything you need for a good rest. It is well equipped and has all the necessary amenities. But compared to Elli Beach, located nearby, there are much fewer people here. Akti Miauli is located on the coast of the Aegean Sea, the water here is warm and clean, but in summer it is constantly windy and waves rise.
49. Modern Rhodes is distinguished by a combination of ancient civilization, interspersed with medieval architectural monuments and modern buildings, recreation areas and beaches.
50. The city of Rhodes is an interesting and unusual place. Here you can feel the atmosphere of ancient Greece and enjoy the rest on two seas at the same time.
Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in the world and at least the most senior in Western Europe. The first mention of it dates back to the 3rd century BC. Despite this, practically no evidence of this antiquity remains in the city. It's all to blame - the fact below.
Lisbon is the westernmost capital of mainland Europe. Near the city is the famous Cape Roca, from which only the boundless Atlantic Ocean extends.
Facts about Lisbon
1. The city of Lisbon is the capital of Portugal.
2. He is respected in Europe because he is one of the oldest.
3. The first settlements on the site of the modern capital of Portugal appeared earlier than in Rome and Paris.
4. According to most estimates, the city was founded in the 12th century BC, near the Tagus River, providing excellent living opportunities. It turns out that Lisbon is older than Rome by four centuries. In fact, in Europe, only Athens was founded earlier than Lisbon.
5. Lisbon has been considered the capital of Portugal since 1255. However, there are no official documents confirming the fact that Lisbon is the capital of Portugal. The city became the capital by accident when King Alfonso III settled with his court in Lisbon. This made sense since Lisbon was already Portugal's largest and most important city.
6. A long time ago, this region was inhabited by pre-Celtic tribes. Then came the Celts, and then the Phoenicians. The Punic Wars forced the inhabitants of this place to think about building defensive walls. And then they began to build castles and towers here.
7. In the Middle Ages, Muslims came to the city and brought with them a new culture. But their reign ended when the Norwegian crusaders came to Lisbon.
8. Gradually, the city expanded due to its advantageous position. As a result, it became the most important European port, from which the gates to many states were opened.
9. And again, the city wants to capture the enemies. Lisbon survived both the invasion of the Spaniards and the arrival of Napoleon's troops. So Lisbon is a city that has seen a lot in its lifetime. But the most terrible disaster in the city's history was the most powerful earthquake of 1775.
10. It turned out to be so ruthless that the city turned into ruins. But he was not destined to die. With the help of the remaining townspeople, the use of the country's inhabitants was gradually revived.
11. Then, a new city practically rose from the ruins and became one of the most beautiful. Three revolutions took place here in the 20th century. After them, the rapid development of modern capital began.
12. Today's Lisbon is the most beautiful European capital with its sights and legends.
13. Lisbon is the warmest European capital. There are at least 100 rainy days here a year.
THE OLDEST DISTRICT OF LISBON - ALFAMA
14. Alfama is the oldest district of Lisbon and the only one that survived and even retained its appearance after an earthquake in the middle of the 18th century. The Alfama district is located in the southeast of the city along the banks of the Tagus River. Alfama is situated at the foot of two of the seven Lisbon hills, one of which crowns the castle of St. George, and the other is the Cathedral of St. Vincent.
15. Its architecture stands out as a bright spot against the background of the rest of the city - chaotically located streets and tiny houses with stairs on the slopes form the image of the Middle Ages, and in general, it looks not like a district, but like a small village in the city. For a long time, it had a reputation as an area where sailors, anglers, etc., lived, that is, simple poor people, but in the Middle Ages, Muslims used the springs in Alfama to improve their health; for this, they came here as a resort.
16. Down to the banks of the Tagus River, the Alfama area is taking on more modern features - the old port warehouses have turned into modern loft spaces equipped with restaurants and trendy nightclubs.
17. The sights of Porto and Lisbon are a unique tandem of two Portuguese pearls that allows you to discover all the most atmospheric places in Portugal, feel its lively character and plunge into the old days.
18. The ancient buildings and centuries-old streets of these cities allow you to go back in time and understand how the state's glorious history developed.
19. One of the most iconic places in Lisbon is Rossio Square, which can be classified as a must-see for tourists. It is surrounded by buildings from the 17th and 18th centuries, which house numerous shops, cafes, and restaurants today, from modern eateries to fine Art Nouveau establishments.
20. Over the centuries, the square has seen a lot - even the Romans equipped their hippodrome on this place. Bullfights, festivals, military parades, and executions were held in the court. Today, city and public holidays are celebrated here; they study original installations and relax.
21. Locals are sure that Lisbon is associated with Freemasonry since the entire central district of Lisbon Baixa was designed and built on the principles of Masons: there are seven streets (one of which is Golden Street and the other is Silver Street), three squares, two columns near the river, one triumphal arch and many other facts point to this. But it is difficult to say this is true because Freemasonry is covered with a veil of mystery.
22. Ravens have been a symbol of the city since 1173 when they accompanied the body of Saint Vincent to Lisbon, where he was buried. Every coal merchant in the town kept ravens as pets. All these beloved pets have always had the same name: Vicente, in honor of the saint. The raven can always be seen in the castle of San Jorge and below at Se.
23. Lisbon is the first city to import Guinness. It is not in the Guinness Book of World Records, but records from 1811 show Lisbon was the first city to import Guinness beer.
24. O'Gillins and Hennessy's are among the few pubs in Lisbon where you can enjoy a perfectly poured pint of Guinness - continuing a tradition over 203 years old.
25. One of the attractions of Lisbon is the Arc de Triomphe. The date of the creation of this architectural structure is the end of the 18th century. The majestic arch was decorated with statues, sculptures of famous Portuguese, stone carvings, bas-reliefs, and column groups. By paying a few euros, you can climb to the observation deck, located on the roof of the building.
26. The Tahoe River stretches for 14 kilometers, winding through the capital.
27. The Tagus River is not the most attractive. No one in their right mind would think of swimming in its waters. But the world-famous oysters were once found in this river.
28. Only five people know the recipe for their favorite Lisbon cake. In a city where almost no one has secrets from each other, one terrible secret is kept - the recipe for Pastel de Belém cake. The secret recipe of Pastel de Belen has never been written down and is transmitted only orally; it has always been remembered and kept in mind. To prevent the formula from being lost, its keepers are not prohibited from flying together in the same plane or driving in the same car.
29. As you know, with great secrets comes great responsibility, and the keepers of this recipe take special precautions: they never travel in the same plane, do not sit in the same car, and do not order the same dish in a restaurant.
ON THE HILL OF GRACE
30. Graça is the highest of Lisbon's hills, but it was excluded from the original and official list. The seven lucky ones lined up in this order: San Jorge, San Vicente, San Roque, Santo Andre, Santa Catarina, Chagas and Santa Anna.
31. Maybe that's why most locals tell tourists that Lisbon is a city of seven hills. But this statement is not valid. They are deliberately misidentified to make Lisbon more like Rome, also known as the city of the seven hills.
CHURCH OF SAINT ENGRAVE
32. One of the most impressive creations of Portuguese Baroque architecture is the Church of Saint Engracia, also called the National Pantheon. This is a magnificent building made of pink marble with a vast dome, at the base of which, at the height of about 80 meters, there is an observation deck overlooking the city and the Tagus River.
33. This temple began to be built in the 17th century but was supplemented and rebuilt over the next three centuries. The construction process dragged on so much that the well-known phrase “construction of Santa Engracia” appeared in everyday life of the Portuguese, which meant an endless delay in work. The church has a design that has not previously been used in any Portuguese building - the interior space is distributed according to the scheme of the Greek cross. Above the entrance are niches with statues, and a beautiful baroque portal leads inside, where two angels hold the Portuguese coat of arms.
34. The city is considered multinational. At the same time, according to the census, 97% of the Portuguese live in it.
35. The Guinness Book of Records writes about a dinner in Lisbon, which 15,000 people attended. This dinner took place on the Vasco da Gama bridge during its opening in 1998.
36. In one of Lisbon's classic cafes, Martinho da Arcada, two tables remain empty and are permanently "reserved" for late writers. One for Fernando Pessoa, Portugal's most famous poet, and one for Nobel laureate José Saramago, Portugal's most beloved writer.
BASILICA - ESTRELA
37. A hill west of Lisbon crowns a majestic building - the Basilica da Estrela, erected by the Queen Mary of Portugal decree. Sometime during the marriage, Mary vowed to build a temple for the nuns of the Order of Barefoot Carmelites if the Lord would grant her a son. After a while, her heir was born, and at the end of the 18th century, the construction of the basilica began.
38. So, a unique building with columns, bell towers, and bas-reliefs grew. A tower complements the dome with a cross, which to this day serves as a guide for travelers - it can be seen from almost any part of the city.
39. Unfortunately, by the time construction was completed, the queen's son had already died from the smallpox he had suffered. The picturesque architecture of the temple combines the Baroque and Neo-Gothic styles; the facade is decorated with sculptures of angels and six allegories. The central dome is surrounded by a terrace from which you can enjoy beautiful views of the capital.
40. Lisbon has the world's only public tie mirror. At least there is no other city with such a mirror in the world. It is located next to door number 115 in Piazza D. Pedro IV. The inscription calls: "Put in order the knot of your tie."
MONUMENT TO THE PIONEERS
41. In Lisbon, there is a monument to the discoverers. It is located on the Belen embankment of the Tagus River. This large-scale 50-meter sculpture was created in memory of the era of legendary geographical discoveries. According to the project, the monument should personify the exploits of the famous navigators of Portugal. At the top level of the monument is an observation deck.
42. Lisbon has one of the smallest bookstores in the world. Bertrand is known as the world's oldest bookstore, a well-known fact. But Livraria do Simao is one of the smallest, with an area of only 3.8 square meters. Meters. However, it holds 4,000 books! It is so small that the store owner usually leaves the premises when a customer enters.
VASCO DA GAMA BRIDGE
43. The Lisbon Vasco da Gama Bridge is the longest bridge in Europe, its length exceeds 17 kilometers. It is also the largest in Europe. Its appearance marked the 500th anniversary of the opening of the route to India by the great navigator. The construction crosses the river in its widest part, connecting one of the districts of Lisbon with the opposite towns of Montijo and Alcuchet.
44. The Vasco da Gama Bridge is a powerful support, dozens of cables, a curved line of the roadbed over the waters of the Tagus River. It is known that the design of the Vasco da Gama bridge is able to withstand the elements, 4.5 times more powerful than the famous Lisbon earthquake of the 18th century.
PRASA SQUARE - DO - COMERCIU
45. Praça do Comercio in Lisbon is one of the most beautiful European squares, from which the active development of the city began in the 15th century, regarding the famous geographical discoveries. It was during these years that the construction of the port and administrative buildings associated with maritime trade began. During the prosperity of Lisbon, ships with treasures from the Portuguese colonies moored in the port, important royal delegations arrived.
46. And in our time, in the Praça do Comercio area, evidence of past glory remains - monumental monuments, ancient administrative buildings and various interesting places. Ministries, banks and other state organizations work in historical buildings located along the perimeter of the square. The legendary cafe Martinho da Arcada also operates here, where true aristocrats dined.
47. There are many unusual museums in the city: carriages, electricity, ancient art.
AT THE GALUST GULBENKYAN MUSEUM
48. The Calouste Gulbenkian Museum is a private museum. Usually private museum collections do not attract as much attention as large national museums. The Galouste Gulbenkian Gallery is a special case, with a huge and diverse collection that can outshine any large-scale exhibition.
49. The first part of this exposition presents objects of Greek, Egyptian, Persian art, here you can see the rarest jewelry, precious vases, fragments of Egyptian tombs. The second part is dedicated to European art - these are collections of paintings, carvings, sculptures, and various decor. But the most impressive part is the collection of paintings with paintings by Rembrandt, Renoir, Claude Monet and other eminent painters.
PAVILION OF KNOWLEDGE IN THE PARK OF NATIONS
50. In Lisbon, in the Park of Nations in the Interactive Museum of Science, a thematic pavilion of Knowledge was opened in 1999. It will be interesting to visit it for a person of any age - both kids from 3 years old and pensioners.
51. In the pavilion, divided into separate rooms, you can set up all kinds of experiments, for example, in the field of chemistry or physics, participate in experiments, learn about technological innovations and natural phenomena. Special attention deserves a hall with interactive modules called Escaping Exhibition: here you can ride a rope at a height of 6 meters on a bicycle, or relax at a huge table.
52. An unusual Santa Justa street elevator operates in the city, raising tourists to a height of 45 meters.
53. Lisbon Oceanarium is the largest in Europe. 450 species of marine inhabitants live here.
54. Almost all Lisbon streets look in black and white. Such an unusual coloring is not associated with mourning events, but symbolizes the robes of St. Vincent, who is the patron saint of the city.
55. During World War II, spies arrived in Lisbon from all over the world. The richest European refugees have created a small community around the casinos of the city of Estoril near Lisbon. They spent their days on the beach, dancing the night away, hosting banquets and gambling games where the stakes were very high.
56. The best spies of all Western countries worked hard in these circles. The most famous is Ian Fleming, the author of the James Bond novels, who was here in the service of British Naval Intelligence.
57. The April 25 Bridge across the Tagus River is 2.2 kilometers long. It is the largest in Europe among similar suspended transitional structures.
ZOO IN LISBON
58. The Lisbon Zoo is a unique menagerie. It stands out from other zoos in that it does not have cages or enclosures. The inhabitants live in recreated "natural" conditions: a house is built for the rhinoceros in the form of an entire African village, macaques and chimpanzees jump on real trees, tigers and lions rest on the grass of the "savannah".
59. For comfortable observation of animals and organizing picnics, tables and benches are located on the area of the complex. Tourists who come to Lisbon with children should visit this wonderful zoo in the first place.
TRAMS IN LISBON
60. The narrow, uneven streets of the historic part of Lisbon are lined with tram tracks that have existed here for more than 100 years. They are followed by miniature yellow Remodelado trams that appeared in the early 20th century, and today everything inside them, from controls to wooden benches, seems to transport you to a charming era of the past.
61. Tourists who just want to wander around the city, the first thing you should pay attention to is Augusta, the main pedestrian street of Lisbon. It stretches from the central city square of Rossio to the famous triumphal arch and is a pavement lined with ancient mosaics in the form of a fancy pattern. It is a favorite place for walks of locals and visitors, a large shopping area and a popular vacation spot with numerous outdoor cafes, boutiques, exhibitions of local artists and performances by musicians.
62. Tourists are everywhere surrounded by colorful facades of old mansions, and the end of the walking route is crowned by the majestic Arc de Triomphe, which in itself is a separate attraction. The grand building is decorated in a mixture of Baroque, Renaissance and Manueline styles. A spiral staircase and an elevator lead to the top of the arch, where the observation deck is located.
63. The observation deck of San Pedro de Alcantara is a panoramic observation point, the area of \u200b\u200bwhich is divided into two levels. At each level there are small restaurants, sculptural compositions, shops, fountains and vegetation. It is here that the local intelligentsia and the youth of the capital gather. Moreover, you do not need to pay for access to this observation terrace in the fresh air.
64. When exploring the ancient quarters of Lisbon, one should not forget about its surroundings, which are no less rich in historical monuments. For example, you can go outside of Lisbon to explore the sights of Sintra - Moorish castles, palaces, ancient monasteries against the backdrop of landscapes immersed in greenery.
65. Tourists say that once they see Lisbon, they cannot forget it or confuse it with another city. And you will definitely want to return there again to wander through its streets and visit its many other attractions.