Top 75 interesting facts about the country of Kiribati
The island state of Kiribati is located immediately in Polynesia and Micronesia. At present, the small country is successfully developing despite scarce natural resources.
Amazing facts about Kiribati
Of all the countries in the world, only Kiribati is located in all hemispheres of the planet at once - Northern, Southern, Western, and Eastern. All 33 atolls belonging to the republic are scattered at a considerable distance from each other, while only 13 of them are permanently inhabited. At the same time, Christmas Island, the largest atoll in the world, accounts for about 48% of the state's total land mass.
1. Kiribati is a tiny island country located in the Western Pacific Ocean.
The name of the island nation of Kiribati comes from the distorted English "Gilbert Islands".
2. Kiribati is the only country on Earth located in all hemispheres at once - Northern and Southern, Western and Eastern.
3. The Republic of Kiribati in the northwest borders on the territorial waters of two states, namely the Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands. In the southwest and west, Kiribati has maritime boundaries with Tuvalu, the Solomon Islands and Nauru.
4. In the southeast and south - with the waters belonging to Tokelau, the Cook Islands, as well as French Polynesia. In the northeast and north, the republic borders on the Outer Small Islands, which are part of the United States, as well as on Pacific neutral waters.
5. The coastal strip of Kiribati has a length of 1143 kilometers.
6. Little is known about how the islands of Kiribati were settled. There is an assumption that the ancestors of modern local residents moved to the Gilbert atolls in the 1st millennium AD. from eastern Melanesia. But the Phoenix and Line archipelagos remained uninhabited by the time they were discovered by the Americans and Europeans.
7. Nevertheless, on these atolls one can find traces of the presence of a person who lived here in the distant past. A similar fact allowed scientists to assume that the local population for some reason left these archipelagos. One of the most popular versions explains this by small land areas, remoteness from other islands, an arid climate and a constant shortage of fresh water. Due to all these factors, it was difficult to live on these atolls. Most likely, the people who settled the islands soon left them.
8. The discoverers of the archipelagos located in the western part of the Pacific Ocean are American and British expeditions. Their ships visited these places in the period from the end of the 17th century to the beginning of the 19th century.
9. Initially, the atolls were called the Gilbert Islands. It happened in 1820. The name of the islands was given by the Russian traveler and Admiral Krusenstern in honor of the British captain T. Gilberg, who discovered these lands in 1788.
10. The first settlers from Britain arrived on the islands in 1837. In 1892, these territories became a protectorate of England. Christmas Island joined the colony in 1919 and Phoenix became part of it in 1937.
11. The land area of the Republic of Kiribati consists of 33 atolls. This is the name of the coral islands, which have a ring-shaped shape. This state also includes small coral islands.
12. The country of Kiribati is located on atolls, one of which, Banaba, is raised. According to the theory put forward by Charles Darwin, the formation of such formations was facilitated by the subsidence of volcanic islands and the gradual fouling of their surface with corals. This process led to the emergence of fringing reefs, and then barrier reefs. Thus, land appeared in this part of the Pacific Ocean.
13. The distance from the easternmost to the westernmost island of the state is 4 thousand kilometers.
14. In the waters of the Pacific Ocean, all these small areas of land are spread over an area exceeding 3.5 million square kilometers. According to this indicator, the country of Kiribati has the second largest exclusive economic zone in the Pacific Ocean. But the entire land area of the country does not exceed 811 square kilometers.
15. Although this Pacific nation has 33 atolls, only 13 of them have permanent population.
16. The island state of Kiribati is located immediately in Polynesia and Micronesia.
17. The country consists of island groups. These are the Gilbert, Phoenix, and Line Islands. The last of them, by their location, belong to the southern part of the Hawaiian Islands.
18. The Republic of Kiribati as a state appeared in 1979, having gained independence from Great Britain.
19. The total population of Kiribati is a little over 115 thousand people.
20. About 90% of the population of Kiribati are representatives of the people of the same name. Its other name is tungar.
21. The official language of the country is English, but few people speak it. The majority of the population speaks Kiribati.
22. Modern writing in Kiribati uses the letters of the Latin alphabet.
23. In 1983, a friendship agreement was signed between the United States and Kiribati, according to which the United States renounced claims to 14 islands, recognizing them as part of Kiribati.
24. Kiribati does not have its own army. The defense of the state is carried out by the armed forces of Australia and New Zealand.
25. The United States in the 20th century tested atomic bombs on two atolls belonging to Kiribati.
26. This island nation has a weak economy, because it is far from world markets for its products.
27. Agriculture dominates the country, which negatively affects the vegetation cover of the islands, which are gradually being deforested.
28.Overpopulation, soil erosion and lack of fresh water are considered to be the main problems of Kiribati.
29. The United Kingdom periodically allocates funds to the development of the education system in Kiribati, and France to the health sector.
30. In Kiribati there are only 2 fresh, but about 100 small salt lakes. Some of them reach a diameter of several kilometers.
31. Freshwater lakes can be found only on two islands of the state. This is the atoll of Christmas and Teraina (Washington).
32. There is not a single river in Kiribati either.
33. The highest point of Kiribati is 81 meters above sea level. It is located on the Banaba Atoll. This is quite a lot, especially when compared with the Maldives, also located on the atolls, where the highest point is at a height of less than 5 meters.
34. The soils on the islands of Kiribati, due to their coral origin, are very poor and highly alkaline. Most of them are porous and do not retain moisture well.
35. The soils of Kiribati are very low in mineral and organic matter. The only exceptions are magnesium, sodium and calcium. Phosphate soils are widespread throughout the republic.
36. There are also brown-red soils on the islands, formed from guano, which is the decomposed droppings of sea birds, as well as bats.
37. The lack of water bodies on the islands is due to their small area, low altitude, and also the porosity of the soil.
38. The only source of fresh water on the atolls are the so-called lenses, formed by rainwater that seeps through the soil. You can get to the moisture by digging a well.
39. Such lenses are the only source of fresh water in most of the atolls of Kiribati. After the rains, local residents extract moisture for themselves from the leaves of coconut palms.
40.Since 28 January 2008, the Phoenix Island Group has been the world's largest marine reserve. Its area is 410.5 thousand square kilometers.
41. The Kiritimati Atoll, which is part of this country, is the largest coral atoll on Earth. It accounts for about 80% of the entire landmass of this country.
42. Christmas Island, one of the atolls that make up Kiribati, is the largest atoll in the world. Christmas Island is home to more bird species than any other island in the world.
43. The relatively young geological age of the atolls, their remoteness from the continent, as well as unfavorable weather conditions, have contributed to the fact that only 83 species of native plants in Kiribati exist. And none of them is endemic.
44. In addition, it is believed that several species of plants were introduced to these areas by Aboriginal people. Among them are: taka pinnatifid; breadfruit of two kinds; yam; giant taro; tarot; swamp giant taro.
45. Plants such as the coconut palm and the roofing pandanus most likely have a dual origin. On some atolls, they were brought by man, while on others they are indigenous representatives of the flora.
46.Four plant species, namely pandanus, breadfruit, coconut and taro, played in the past and continue to play today a leading role in the nutrition of the inhabitants of this island country.
47. The main representatives of the marine fauna are pearl mussels, holothurians (sea cucumbers), cones, tridacna, palm thieves and lobsters. There are a lot of fish in the ocean near the islands, of which there are from 600 to 800 species.
48. As for fish, it has always been the main food for local residents. In coastal waters, reef perches, albuls, hanos, large-headed mullets, sultans and horse mackerels are caught. There are several varieties of sea turtles near the islands.
49. Rich coastal waters of Kiribati and corals.
50. The animal world of the atolls is rather poor. During an American scientific expedition at the beginning of the 19th century, researchers discovered here only the only representative of land mammals - the Polynesian rat. Today, the inhabitants of the islands breed pigs and poultry.
51. But the world of avifauna in Kiribati is very diverse. There are 75 species of birds in the country, one of which is endemic. This is a warbler bird. She lives on Christmas Island.
52. Most of the landmasses of the Phoenix and Line archipelagos host large-scale bird colonies. That is why the islands of Starbuck and Malden, as well as part of the Christmas Atoll, have been declared a zone of marine reserves.
53. An additional source of income for Kiribati in recent years has been the issuance of licenses to fish in the Special Economic Zone.
54. The bulk of the republic's population lives on the Gilbert Islands. And most of them are located on Tarawa Atoll. Here is the capital of Kiribati - the city of South Tarawa. About 50 thousand inhabitants are registered here.
55. In addition to the capital, the city of Kiribati, there are 9 more settlements, the number of which exceeds 1.5 thousand people. The residential areas of the capital of Kiribati are located on several small islands, interconnected by bridges and dams.
56. South Tarawa comprises four municipalities. Their names are Betio and Bairiki, Bikinibeu and Bonriki. All these municipalities are located on the islands of the same name, being part of the capital of the state of Kiribati. It is on their territories that all the main commercial, government and educational institutions of the country are located.
57. So, in Betio there is a power plant operating for the entire atoll, a Maritime Institute and a port. Interestingly, this island is almost flat and devoid of vegetation. Its entire central part is occupied by a wide strip of the Hawkins airfield. It is in this place that the sights of Kiribati are located, which are military relics of the period when the famous battle for Tarawa took place.
58. Among the monuments reminiscent of the fierce battle on Tarawa are the Memorial Chapel built in the village of Abaroko.
59. And also the Memorial to the Heroes of the Outpost, which commemorates the memory of 22 British servicemen killed by the Japanese in October 1942.
60.The most important feature of Betio are military cemeteries, which can impress anyone with their numerous rows of wooden tombstones, because on the island, which is only 3 kilometers long, more than 5.5 thousand war victims are buried.
61. Kiribati has two radio stations of its own, government and private.
62. Road signs here are often drawn by hand on suitable surfaces.
63. Athletes from Kiribati take part in the Olympic Games.
64. The average annual temperature in Kiribati ranges from +26, +32 ⁰C.
65. On the Caroline Atoll, located in the Line Archipelago, people are the first to celebrate the New Year (outside of Eurasia and Antarctica). This happens due to the fact that this island is the easternmost piece of land located in the 12th time zone.
66. Among the local villages there are London, Paris and others. Locals like to call their villages after European capitals.
67.The production of postage stamps generates significant revenue for the public treasury. Stamps are very popular among philatelists from various countries.
68.There are two official currencies in circulation in the country - the Australian dollar and the equivalent Kiribati dollar.
69. The Kiribati one dollar coin has a dodecagonal shape.
70.At present, the small country is developing successfully despite scarce natural resources.
71.Kiribati is a member of the UN.
72.The world's only diplomatic mission of the Republic of Kiribati is located in the Fiji Islands.
73. The British Consulate is usually in charge of the diplomatic affairs of Kiribati.
74. Kiribati is an amazing country. In addition to the natural beauty, it is also notable for the fact that 99.99% of the world's population has no idea about its existence.
75. Kiribati is the least visited country on the planet by tourists. Only the most desperate tourists reach the remote islands of the country of Kiribati.
The paradise island of Mauritius is a beautiful place to spend a vacation. Here you can enjoy the fantastic local atmosphere, not yet soaked through with a commercial attitude. However, holidays in Mauritius are not very cheap, not least because of the flight cost.
Interesting facts about Mauritius
Mauritius is a popular resort, but there are almost no tourists here during the rainy season. It's all because of the weather; during the rainy season, powerful hurricanes and typhoons hit the island every year, carrying tons of water and causing powerful floods.
1. Mauritius is a small island nation located in the Indian Ocean. Mauritius is 900 kilometers from Madagascar.
2. The full name of the country is the Republic of Mauritius, because in addition to the island of the same name, Mauritius, it also includes islands such as Rodrigues, Cargados Carajos and a number of smaller islands and islets.
3. The total land area of the republic is only 2 thousand 40 square kilometers.
4. Mauritius has practically no water possessions - in total they make up only 0.05% of the country's territory.
5. Most of the country's population lives on the main island - Mauritius.
6. Mauritius had a rather difficult past. This country was colonized by the Dutch, French and British.
7. The colonialists brought slaves from India, China and Africa to the territory of the modern state, which further influenced the population and culture of Mauritius.
8. This country received independence from the British only in 1968. And this state became a Republic in 1992.
9. Mauritius is the richest African country. GDP per capita is $13,703 (ranked 53rd in the world). For comparison, in Russia about 16,000 dollars.
10. Also, despite its small size, the Republic of Mauritius is a very densely populated country. With a total population of about 1,267,000 people, the population density here is 610 people per square kilometer. This makes the state the first in Africa in this indicator. And in the world in terms of population density, the Republic of Mauritius ranks 19th.
11. Although the population growth rate here is very low - it grows by an average of 1% in three years.
12.The country's population is mainly composed of people of Indo-Pakistani origin. They account for about 2/3 of the population. About ¼ of the country's population are Creoles (mestizos of French and African origin).
13. Most of the population of the country professes Hinduism. They account for about 48.5% of the population. This makes Mauritius the only African country with a Hindu majority. In addition to Hindus, about 26.3% of Catholics and about 17.3% of Muslims live here.
14.Despite the fact that English is the most spoken language in the country, there is no official language in the country. The constitution of this country only mentions that English is the official language of the government, however, in addition to English, French is allowed in the government.
15. English is the most common language in government circles and in business. As for the most common language, it is Creole, which is spoken by 85.6% of the country's population.
16.The Republic of Mauritius hosts two UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The first object is the Aapravasi Ghat building, which became the first point of reception of labor migrants from India.
17. The second object is Mount Le Morne Brabant, in the caves of which the slaves who escaped from captivity found refuge.
18. The local currency is the Mauritian rupee, but most places will also accept US dollars.
19. There is one university in Mauritius. It is located in the capital city of Port Louis.
20. In the Republic of Mauritius, education is free, and higher education too. And the state sends especially gifted individuals to study abroad.
21. The national flag of this state consists of four equal colored stripes. Each lane has its own meaning. The red color, located at the very top, means a bloody past before the abolition of slavery and the acquisition of independence. The blue color immediately following the red is the boundless and mighty Indian Ocean that surrounds Mauritius. Yellow, the penultimate color, is the bright future of the country, and green, the last color, is the nature of the island.
22. Geographically belonging to Africa, Mauritius is the richest African country in terms of per capita income.
23. The first people to ever set foot on Mauritian soil were Europeans. The Portuguese captain who discovered Mauritius gave him the name "Sishna" in honor of one of his ships.
24. The original forests in Mauritius were cut down to the root. Almost all the plants that now grow on the island were once brought here by the colonists.
25. Mauritius does not have its own army. The people with weapons there are the police, the maritime patrol service and the police special forces. The crime rate is very low.
26. Mauritius is surrounded by the third largest coral reef in the world. It is called Saya de Malha. This is one of the best diving spots in the world. Here you can explore sunken ships, meet many species of exotic fish and admire colorful corals.
27. One of the local attractions is the Seven Colored Sands, dunes consisting of grains of sand of seven different colors. The spectacle is amazing.
28. Due to tropical downpours, floods are not uncommon here, and almost every year tropical hurricanes hit Mauritius, the speed of which exceeds 200 kilometers per hour.
29. All TV channels and radio stations here belong to the state.
30. The cuisine of Mauritius has been significantly influenced by Chinese, European and Indian cuisines. Also, French dishes are very popular on the island. Most of the traditional Mauritian dishes were created by former slaves, Indian workers and Chinese migrants in the 19th century.
31. The extinct Dodo bird was endemic to Mauritius, that is, this island was the only place where it lived. Even though the bird died out a long time ago, it is the national bird of the country and is even depicted on the national coat of arms.
32. Presumably, this bird became extinct due to the Dutch, who encountered it for the first time in 1598. After the Dutch settled in Mauritius, the last Dodo was seen in the 1960s.
33. One in five women and one in ten men in Mauritius are illiterate, unable to read and write.
34. About 8% of Mauritians are unemployed. An interesting fact is that the number of people below the poverty line is equal to the number of unemployed.
35. The climate here is very mild - there is neither suffocating heat nor severe cold. The climate on this island is maritime subtropical, with fairly uniform temperatures throughout the year. Average annual temperatures are in the region of 20 degrees Celsius in the coastal areas and in the range of 10 degrees Celsius on the high plateau. In total, the country has two seasons: hot (lasts from December to April) and cool (from June to September).
36. This island is home to the world's only underwater waterfall. You can watch it from a bird's eye view. The waterfall is located off the coast of Le Morne. Although in fact, this is not a waterfall, but an optical illusion that is visible only from above. Undercurrents and sand flowing from the edge of the ocean floor create the illusion of a waterfall.
37. Mauritius is a paradise, an island in the Indian Ocean, replete with clean beaches and green palm trees.
38. In addition to cleanliness and beautiful nature, Mauritius boasts a favorable and safe environment, as well as amazingly delicious local cuisine.
39. Unlike many other island nations, Mauritius is replete with rivers and streams.
40. Once Europeans tried to develop agriculture here, but it turned out that frequent hurricanes destroy any crops, and only sugar cane is able to withstand the onslaught of furious winds.
41. Sugar cane is the main crop grown on this island. Sugar cane fields occupy almost 80% of the island.
42. You can also find tea plantations in the highlands. Sugar and tea are the main exports of this state.
43. Tourism is the second largest source of income for the state. With scenic beauty and magnificent white-squeaky beaches and turquoise-clear ocean waters, Mauritius is a true tourist paradise.
44. Tourists from all over the world come to this island every year to sunbathe in the sun and swim in the crystal clear waters.
45. Despite its small size, you can admire a variety of flora and fauna on the island. There are a huge number of birds and more than 700 species of plants.
46.Here you can meet huge sea turtles, amazing pink pigeons (endemic to this island) and many other animals and birds.
47. Holidays in Mauritius cost a lot of money, not least because of the cost of the flight. Prices can be compared with the Seychelles or the Maldives.
48. Mauritius is famous for its incredibly beautiful beaches and the fact that every year more and more tourists come to the island. Every year it is visited by about a million lovers of beach holidays and water sports.
49. Many have heard about this wonderful island in the Indian Ocean. Mauritius is the dream of all those who love white sandy beaches and blue blue seas.
50. Due to its small size, tourists can completely drive around the entire country of Mauritius in just a few hours. If one island seems not enough, then you can go to other islands of this amazing state.
Kiribati is an island country in the Pacific Ocean. It is the largest state in Oceania in terms of extent, with an area of about 5,000,000 km² covered by the ocean, but the land area is only a small fragment of it, only 811 km², in the form of 32 small islets . The country has about 100,000 inhabitants who can be proud of the official title of "land of the rising sun". taking into account the conventions that set the time zone across the planet. The Republic of Kiribati is one of the first places on Earth traversed by the first rays of the Sun every morning. The time zone is 14 hours ahead of UTC - the farthest time zone in the world.
The state comprises three groups of islands - the Gilbert Islands, the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands. The capital of the Republic of Kiribati is South Tarawa, and the island relief is of coral and volcanic origin, the maximum altitude in the area being only 80 meters. The climate is equatorial, and vegetation is represented by tropical trees and grassy plants. Coconut and pandanus forests occupy 50% of the territory.
The island state of Kiribati is located immediately in Polynesia and Micronesia. Currently, the small country is successfully developing, despite scarce natural resources. Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts:
1. The name of the island state of Kiribati comes from the distorted English "Gilbert Islands".
2. All the islands on which Kiribati is located are atolls.
3. Kiribati covers an area of 33 atolls.
4. The highest point in Kiribati is 81 meters above sea level. It is located on Banaba Atoll.
5. On the territory of Kiribati there are two freshwater lakes and about a hundred salt ones.
6. Kiribati is a member of the United Nations.
7. Two of the atolls of Kiribati were once used for testing atomic weapons.
8. The main problems in Kiribati are overpopulation, lack of fresh water and soil erosion.
9. The total population of Kiribati is just over one hundred thousand people.
10. About 90% of the population of Kiribati are representatives of the people of the same name. Its other name is tungaru.
11. The official language of the country is English, but very few people speak it. The majority of the population speaks the Kiribati language.
12. The writing system of Kiribati is based on the English alphabet.
13. Kiribati does not have its own army.
14. There are two official currencies in the country - the Australian dollar and the equivalent Kiribatian dollar.
15. The Kiribati one dollar coin has a dodecagonal shape.
16. Stamps issued by the country are popular with philatelists around the world and are a significant source of replenishment of the state treasury.
17. Kiribati has the second largest exclusive economic zone in the Pacific Ocean - more than three and a half million square kilometers of water space.
18. Kiribati has two radio stations - a government and a private one.
19. Kiribati is the least visited country on the planet by tourists.
20. Athletes from Kiribati take part in the Olympic Games.
21. Also, the Republic of Kiribati is unique in that it is located in all hemispheres of the Earth at once. Part of Kiribati, islands
22. Phoenix is the world's largest marine reserve.
23. On one of the atolls of Kiribati there is a city called London.
24. Christmas Island, one of the Kiribati atolls, is the largest atoll in the world. He alone occupies 48 percent of the country's total land mass..
25. The Republic of Kiribati as a state appeared in 1979, having gained independence from Great Britain.
26. There is not a single river in Kiribati.
27. The only diplomatic mission in the world of the Republic of Kiribati is located on the Fiji Islands. In Russia, for example, the British consulate is in charge of Kiribati's diplomatic affairs.
28. Tarawa and others of the Gilbert group were occupied by Japan during World War II.
29. The island is slowly disappearing.
30. Most of the islands of Kiribati are low-lying coral atolls built on a submerged volcanic chain and encircled by reefs.
Saint Vincent is a small state consisting of the island of the same name and the Grenadines - a small group of islets. The capital of Saint Vincent is Kingstown. The country is part of the Commonwealth of Nations. The island itself was discovered back in 1498 by Christopher Columbus. Catholics celebrate St. Vincent's Day, and the island received the same name on this day. There are other interesting facts about Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
Interesting facts about Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is considered an elite holiday area. This applies in particular to the island of Mustique. Here, members of the British royal family and other world celebrities come to rest. The island has many five-star hotels, entertainment venues, and beautiful beaches. Also, visitors have the opportunity to see many exotic animals and plants. Despite the high prices for goods and services, many tourists visit the island yearly. We have compiled a selection of the most amazing facts about St. Vincent.
1. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an independent state located in the Caribbean Sea. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are part of the Commonwealth of Nations.
2. The country of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is located in the Windward Islands, south of Saint Lucia and north of Grenada. From the west, it is washed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea, and from the east by the Atlantic Ocean.
3. The territory of this state is 389.3 km², which is 183rd in the world.
4. Its territory includes the relatively large island of St. Vincent and 32 small islands (Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Union, and others), which are part of the Northern Grenadines group in the Lesser Antilles archipelago, as well as Tobago reefs.
5. The flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a tricolor of three vertical stripes of blue, yellow, and green. In the center of the yellow stripe, 1/2 the length of the flag, three diamonds (rhombuses) are depicted in green, arranged in the Latin letter V - the first letter in the name of Vincent Island.
6. Christopher Columbus discovered the island of St. Vincent during his third expedition to the New World on January 28, 1498, on the day of St. Vincent, from where the name of the island came from.
7. The Carib Indians lived on the islands when the Europeans appeared. For more than two centuries, the Caribs fiercely resisted European colonization. The cannons of the Spanish coastal forts were directed inland since the Caribs posed a greater danger to the colonists than external enemies.
8. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the territory of St. Vincent alternately came under the control of the French or the British.
9. In 1719, the French began to grow coffee, tobacco, indigo, and cotton there. Enslaved Africans were brought in to work on the plantations. As a result of mixed marriages of runaway and formerly enslaved people with local Indians, a layer of "dark-skinned Caribs" (Garifs) appeared. Now, most of the population is made up of blacks and mulattos.
10. The British first took possession of St. Vincent in 1763, and it became a British colony under the Treaty of Versailles in 1783. In 1796, the British crushed an uprising of dark-skinned Caribs and exiled more than 5,000 rebels to one of the islands off the coast of Honduras.
11. At the beginning of the 19th century, sugar cane plantations appeared in St. Vincent, where enslaved people worked. After the abolition of slavery in the English colonies (1834), emigrants from India and Portugal were attracted to the islands as a labor force.
12. In 1925, the first legislative council was created on the island; in 1951, universal suffrage was introduced; in 1969, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines received the status of an "associated state" with the right to full internal self-government.
13. And the country gained complete independence on October 27, 1979, by the constitution drawn up in September 1978 in London. In the same year, 1979, the Labor Party, which won the parliamentary elections, formed a government.
14. In 1984, the New Democratic Party won, and its leader, James Mitchell, became Prime Minister. This party also won in 1989, 1994, and 1998.
On February 15, 2001, Parliament was dissolved. A month later, early parliamentary elections were held, in which the United Labor Party (ULP) won 12 seats and the New Democratic Party 3. The government was headed and formed by the leader of the ULP, Ralph Gonsalves.
COUNTRY COMBAT SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
16. The coat of arms of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines consists of a cotton flower, an emblem, and a ribbon with the text "Peace and Justice" in Latin. The symbol is based on the colonial version used from 1907 to 1979, which depicts two women in classic Roman dress, one holding a palm branch and the other with clasped hands.
17. St. Vincent is a mountainous island of volcanic origin; its area is 344 km². The entire central part of the main island is covered with forest.
18. The islands of the Grenadines archipelago are small in size; the largest are Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Mero, and Union. Many of the Grenadines are surrounded by coral reefs.
19. The central part of the island of St. Vincent is occupied by mountains covered with forests. The highest point is the active volcano Soufriere (1234 meters). There is a lake in its crater. Soufrière erupted in 1718, 1812, 1902, and 1979.
20. To the south of it is a chain of gradually lowering cones of extinct volcanoes. Streams run down to the sea on the steep western slopes of the mountains, forming picturesque waterfalls and turning into turbulent streams after tropical downpours.
21. The eastern slopes are gentler, longer, wider, and more abundant rivers flow down them. The island's beaches are covered with black volcanic sand; the exception is the white sandy beaches at the southern tip of the island.
22. The climate here is tropical, trade wind, and humid. There are often intense hurricanes. Average monthly temperatures range from +24 to +28° C. The dry season lasts from December to April. The average annual rainfall on the southeast coast is 1500 mm, and in the interior mountainous regions - 3750 mm. 70% of precipitation falls from May to November.
23. The mountains are covered in places with dense tropical rainforests and shrubs. The fauna is rich in birds: the endangered St. Vincent Amazon parrot, a rare subspecies of the red-throated hermit thrush, and others.
24. Coastal waters abound with fish, crustaceans, and mollusks. Several forest and ornithological reserves operate on the islands for nature protection.
CAPITAL - CITY OF KINGSTOWN
25. The capital of the island of St. Vincent is Kingstown, which means “city of kings.” A little more than 40 thousand inhabitants live here.
26. The capital city of Kingstown is the largest in the state. Kingstown is located in the harbor on the southwestern tip of St. Vincent.
27. Since Kingstown was under British rule for a long time, its architecture was dominated by the colonial style.
28. The city has several old churches: St. Mary's, St. George's, and the Kingstown Methodist Church.
29. Kingstown is an important financial center where tax incentives attract many banks.
30. Also, it is the main economic center of the state. The rich soil of the islands allows you to grow various vegetables and fruits. Arrowroot grows here, which is added to desserts, sweet potatoes, coconuts, breadfruit, and bananas, which are the country's pride. Banana varieties such as figs and bluggo are considered especially popular.
31. Agriculture in the country specializes in producing bananas, coconuts, and arrowroot, starchy flour from arrowroot rhizomes. Among the local population, cassava tubers are widely used, from which choki cakes are made.
BOTANICAL GARDEN IN KINGSTOWN
32. Also, there is a Botanical Garden in Kingstown, founded more than 200 years ago in 1762. Plants from all over the world are collected here. The complex is the oldest in the entire Western Hemisphere. In its exposition, there are more than 450 species of tropical plants. In addition, there is an aviary for birds, including the endangered species of parrot - the Amazon.
33. The official language of the state is English. But in fact, the local population speaks Creole or Vincentian.
34. North of Kingstown are the ruins of Fort Charlotte, which was built in 1806 to guard the city and harbor. The Museum of the History of the Black Caribs is currently located here.
35. Hiking enthusiasts can walk along the nature trail Bookament-Vermont-Nature-Trail, during which the opportunity to wander through the rainforest and watch the birds.
36. On St. Vincent, as on other islands, there are many beautiful bays and white beaches framed by palm trees. Some of the islands are privately owned.
37. The combination of coral reefs and clear water is ideal for spearfishing.
38. The largest seaport is located in Kingstown. Arnos Vale International Airport is located near the capital. In addition to it, there are five more airports on the islands.
39. Local coins have the most diverse geometric shapes. This is because most of the locals are illiterate. This currency is expected in seven countries in the region.
40. There are unusual laws and traditions here. For example, do not do in St. Vincent: 1. Kick the ballot boxes. Every waste bin has its sponsor who will not like this treatment. 2. Walk without an umbrella. Generally, this is not forbidden, but the weather here is unpredictable. 3. Go to street bars. These are ordinary wooden stalls where a simple TV and music play. 4. Joking about religion. Very devout people live in St. Vincent, no matter what denomination they belong to.
41. Tobago Reefs is one of the most beautiful places in the Caribbean. They are uninhabited. Stunning corals grow here, and the variety of algae and fish is impressive. This area has been given the status of a National Park. Fishing on Tobacco is prohibited, and a severe fine is imposed for garbage thrown in the wrong place.
42. On the archipelago islands and beaches, they filmed Pirates of the Caribbean with Johnny Depp in the title role. The filming location has long been a center for excursions and pilgrimages. It is called Jack Sparrow Valley.
43. There is no rail connection in the country. Movement is carried out mainly by cars. The total length of roads in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is 1,000 kilometers. The hard coating has only a third of them. Tourists can rent a car. You can also use taxi services.
44. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are members of the UN and the Organization of American States. From 1958 to 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines were part of the West Indies Federation. The country maintains economic ties with other states of the West Indies, being a member of the Caribbean Community and the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States.
45. Oldheg Turtle Sanctuary is located on the island of Bequia. The staff of the reserve is working on the conservation of one of the rare species of turtles. Since many newborns die immediately after birth, the reserve workers, together with volunteers, collect newborn turtles and place them in a special nursery. There, young turtles learn to survive in nature on their own. Only after the young turtles can get food and take care of their safety are they released into the ocean.
46. On the west coast of the island of St. Vincent, there are beautiful Balein waterfalls.
47. A particular type of acacia grows on the islands. Its pods are large, and the seeds begin to make sounds when dried. As a result, a fascinating musical instrument called “shak-shak” is obtained from huge pods.
48. The locals here live modestly, as in other developing countries. The lack of a medical and educational system and high unemployment led to the mass migration of residents to other countries.
49. Approximately 20% of residents experience difficulties in finding employment. It also has a meager birth rate. On average, one woman gives birth to no more than two children.
50. The country has banned the export of things of cultural value without accompanying documents. This also applies to corals and products from them.
51. Given the growing popularity of the resorts of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, the demand for the purchase of real estate on the islands is also growing.
52. However, potential buyers are faced with several protective measures introduced by the state due to the small size of the territory. So, to purchase real estate, foreign citizens are first required to obtain a special permit and pay some fees.
53. The most popular real estate types are villas on the coast. The cost of such villas starts from $ 200,000. Apartments are less popular, but there is also a demand for them. Most of the apartments are rented out.
54. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is the perfect place for a beach holiday. All the islands have white sand beaches, and in the east of St. Vincent, you can see black sand beaches.
55. Although people go to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines for a beach holiday, you should remember the rules of conduct in public places. Outside the hotel, a bathing suit is considered unacceptable here. Moreover, you are unlikely to be allowed into a good restaurant in this form.
56. The islands of St. Vincent and nearby Kanukan and Bequia are where the best beaches, restaurants, and cafes are concentrated. St. Vincent is more crowded, and there is more entertainment, while on other islands, it is the other way around: there are many secluded bays and trails for hiking.
57. The country of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is focused on elite tourism. The government is considered a fashionable resort. It has a well-developed infrastructure, beautiful nature, and excellent ecology. Tourists also have the opportunity to see many exotic animals and plants.
58. There are many five-star resort hotels in the country. Most of them are on the coast and have their beach and developed infrastructure.
59. Holidays in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are considered elite. Mustique Island is a holiday destination for celebrities. Such famous people as Bill Gates, the English royal family members, and Mick Jagger spent time here. The resort area organized here is superbly equipped. Horse riding and golf courses, magnificent beaches, exotic animals, and citrus orchards - all this is on the island. The prices are appropriate.
60. Despite the high prices for goods and services, many tourists visit the island yearly.
61. The monetary unit of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is the East Caribbean dollar. It is in circulation in 6 countries that are members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States.
62. St. Vincent and Grenadine's cuisine is based on seafood. The main recipe of many menus here is grilled fish. Shellfish, shrimp, and lobsters are used in cooking, and three to three fish, are a local delicacy. It is prepared in various ways but always with curry and spices.
63. In addition to seafood, fruits and vegetables are used in local cuisine: sweet potatoes, arrowroot, bananas, coconuts, and breadfruit.
64. Of the drinks, tea, coffee, cocoa, and various juices are common. The islands produce rum, the basis of most cocktails, and brew beer.
65. Elite tourism brings the bulk of the income to the local budget. Also, St. Vincent is one of the most popular offshore zones.
Interesting facts about Macedonia are an excellent opportunity to learn more about the Balkan countries. Today, this state cannot boast a strong economy and influence on the world stage. However, the government had significant political and military power in ancient times.
The Republic of Macedonia is a state in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. Member of the UN as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
Interesting facts about Macedonia
1. Macedonia is a country located south of the Balkan Peninsula.
2. Macedonia is a small European state located on the Balkan Peninsula, bordering Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Albania, and Greece.
3. There are several Macedonias: the Pirin is a region in southwestern Bulgaria, Aegean is a region in northern Greece, and Vardar partly belongs to Serbia.
4. The modern state of the Republic of Macedonia is located between all these countries. It occupies an area historically called Vardar Macedonia - after the name of the Vardar River.
5. Macedonia is the only country that gained independence from Yugoslavia peacefully. It became a separate state in 1991
6. Although Macedonia is now a very small state, it used to be the greatest empire that conquered most of the world.
7. This is one of the oldest settlements in Europe. The first settlements on the territory of this country date back to 5000 BC. However, the first traces of organized cities date back to 808 BC, when the Argead dynasty controlled the area.
8. The name of the country comes from the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia, which was named after the ancient Macedonians. The name Μακεδόνες (Makedónes) comes from the ancient Greek adjective μακεδνός (makednós), which literally translates as "high". Perhaps the Macedonians got this name because of their physical characteristics, or their mountainous habitats.
9. More than five centuries, until 1912, Macedonia was part of the Ottoman Empire. Therefore, some local traditions, dishes and even music are reminiscent of Turkish ones.
10. The Macedonians have always wanted to gain independence, so they often heroically rebelled against the Turks.
11. In memory of one heroic uprising, a huge monument was erected - “Macedonium” in the city of Krushevo, where the Ilinden uprising broke out in 1903, as a result of which the Krushevo Republic was created. The republic did not last long - ten days later the Turks dispersed this uprising, killing all the revolutionaries. The revolutionaries became heroes, their names are heard in the national anthem, and August 2 (Ilya according to the church calendar, “Ilinden”) is celebrated on a grand scale every year.
12. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, Macedonia did not have statehood, and its fate was decided by its neighbors, who defeated the Turks in the First Balkan War and then quarreled with each other.
13.Macedonia is the second most mountainous country in the world. About 85% of the territory of this state is covered with mountains. It is second only to Montenegro, whose territory is 89% mountains.
14. There are 34 mountains in the country, the height of each of which exceeds 2000 meters above sea level.
15. Macedonia is a country with a territory of 26 thousand km2, and a population of just over two million people, of which about 500 thousand live in the capital, Skopje.
16. The city of Skopje has experienced many devastating earthquakes throughout its history. The most serious earthquakes occurred in 518 and 1963. These earthquakes almost completely destroyed the city.
17. Now Skopje has been completely restored and has the unofficial name of the "city of monuments", since on its territory there are monuments at almost every step.
18. In Skopje, there is the Church of the Holy Savior with a unique iconostasis dating back to the 6th century.
19. Skopje is a city where it is colder in winter than in the rest of Macedonia, and hotter in summer. Macedonia has a warm and dry climate, with 300 sunny days a year. In winter, the temperature is not lower than -5, usually from 0 to +5, in summer - +25+35, sometimes up to +40. If there is a thunderstorm, lightning is sure to strike.
20. In the mountains of Macedonia it is colder and there is snow. Ski resorts: Mavrovo, Krushevo, Popova Shapka. The Mavrovo National Park is open to tourists in the summer as well.
21. In the mountainous northwestern regions of Macedonia, there are quite large areas of forest vegetation. The lower slopes are dominated by deciduous forests. At altitudes up to 2000 meters above sea level, coniferous forests predominate.
22. These forests are home to a large number of wild animals such as wild pigs, wolves, bears, lynxes and others.
23. About 67% of the inhabitants of Macedonia are Orthodox Christians, 30% are Muslims.
24. Orthodox Macedonian ancestors were Slavs who, as the local history textbook says, came from beyond the Carpathians in the 6th-7th centuries AD. e.
25. Macedonians speak Macedonian. There is such a language. Everyone understands and freely communicates with Serbs, Croats, Montenegrins, Bulgarians, these are different languages, but they are similar. The younger generation in the cities speaks English. The older generation once learned Russian at school, but, as a rule, no one remembers anything.
26. Despite the modest size of the country, there are many different dialects of Macedonian, which can be very different from the literary one.
28. Formal languages such as Greek and Church Slavonic were often used for writing by these people. The Macedonian alphabet was created only in 1945.
29.Now the Macedonian language is one of the most difficult languages to learn.
30. Macedonia is a predominantly agricultural country, fully self-sufficient in food. The main crops grown in this country are tobacco, fruits (mainly apples and grapes), various vegetables, wheat, rice and corn. Viticulture is quite developed in Macedonia.
31. Here everywhere, among the hills and low mountains, along the valleys and along the roads, fields and vineyards stretch.
32. Ohrid is a small town in the southwest of the country. There are 365 churches in this city (one for each day of the year). Several of these churches have been abandoned, but Ohrid is still the city with the largest number of churches, if not in the world then at least in Europe.
33. August 26, 1910 in Skopje was born Agnes Gonje Boyadjiiu, who is now known to the whole world as Mother Teresa. Today, in the center of the capital, you can visit her house-museum.
34. At 30 kilometers from the city of Kumanovo, at an altitude of 1030 meters, there is the oldest observatory in the world - Kukino. Its age is about 4 thousand years. This is the most important archaeological site discovered in Macedonia.
35. The Millennium Cross in Skopje is the highest in the world. It has a height of 66 meters and is located on the top of Mount Vodno (1066 meters). It was built for the 2000th anniversary of Christianity in Macedonia.
36. Macedonia is landlocked, but has many lakes, of which the most famous is Lake Ohrid.
37. Lake Ohrid is the oldest and deepest in the Balkans, it is located at an altitude of 750 meters above sea level, a depth of about 300 meters, according to scientists, it is about five million years old. Also, more than 200 endemic species of animals live in Lake Ohrid.
38. The water in Lake Ohrid is very clean. Wastewater is not drained into it, even the river that flows into the lake is cleaned of debris before that.
39. The waters of the Crni Drin River, which flows into Lake Ohrid, do not mix with the waters of the lake, and from a height you can see how it flows through the turquoise water with a black ribbon and flows out from the opposite side.
40. The city of Ohrid, on which the lake is located, is famous for the first Slavic university, a large number of churches, a beautiful monastery that rises above the water, and an ancient amphitheater. The city of Ohrid and its lake were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1980.
41. Every wealthy Macedonian has a house or apartment in Ohrid, where they come for the weekend, but they prefer to spend their holidays in Montenegro or Greece, because the sea is warmer than the lake.
42. Ohrid resembles the Adriatic coast: a beautiful promenade, many restaurants and hotels. The beaches are located outside the city. There are sun loungers for vacationers by the water, restaurants and cafes right behind them, modern toilets are equipped every 50 meters, which have never been paid. Sun loungers are also free, you just need to order drinks in a cafe. There are wild beaches, but they are unpopular.
43. Local residents are very friendly. They are very fond of tourists. Many offer accommodation to tourists. Others take tourists on a boat. Souvenirs, soda, baked corn, glazed donuts, books, antiques are sold on the embankment.
44. Many Germans, Belgians, Swiss, Danes, tourists from the Baltic countries and Scandinavia.
45.After Macedonia became an independent country in 1991, the small village of Vevkani, located in the mountains north of Lake Ohrid, declared itself the first micronation in the Balkan Peninsula, even though the inhabitants of Vevkani were all ethnic Macedonians. The inhabitants of this village had their own flag and currency, but the so-called "republic" did not last long.
46. In this state there is a system of caves Vrelo, located near Skopje, the depth of which reaches 230 meters. These are currently the deepest caves in the Balkans and the second deepest in Europe.
47. Alexander the Great was an ancient Macedonian, not a Greek. The Greeks even refused him participation in the Olympic Games, referring to the fact that only Greeks have the right to take part.
48. The Greeks managed to force the Macedonians to change their coat of arms, arrogating to themselves the rights to the "Sun of Alexander". But the patriots still decorate their premises and even make tattoos with the coat of arms and various phrases, the meaning of which is: “we will die, but we will not change our name.”
49. In the center of Skopje, a huge monument to Alexander the Great was recently erected, but in order not to anger the Greeks, they called it “Warrior on Horseback”.
50. In the city of Bitola, the ruins of Heraclea, the palace of Philip II, the father of Alexander the Great, have been preserved.
51. Very often in this country, the construction of any object, house or garage is interrupted due to an accidental important find and archaeological excavations begin instead. There is even a joke like this: “Don’t piss me off, otherwise I’ll plant an amphora in your garden, and in the morning you will receive archaeologists.”
52. Macedonians are very patriotic citizens. Each house has a flag, souvenirs or clothing with national symbols, they love their cuisine, music, football team and believe that everything Macedonian is the best.
53. 20:00 - time for the evening news, all of Macedonia falls to the TV screens. The population is especially happy about news from other countries with the mention of Macedonia, even if someone just found their state on the map.
54. Macedonians make unique blankets from sheep's wool, which look like the skin of a bear, they are called yamboli. They are painted in different colors and laid on the sofa, and when the yambolia wears out, they are thrown on the floor instead of a rug.
55.There are three types of popular music in Macedonia: folk popular music, popular music and children's music.
56. Macedonian folk music is very patriotic, reminiscent of the wedding music of Western Ukrainians and Moldovans.
57. The children's stage consists of several festivals where children of different ages perform, all this is shown on local television. Thus, children have their own, children's idols, favorite songs on children's topics.
58. The city of Struga every year becomes the venue for poetry evenings, which attract poets from all over the world.
59. The city of Prilep is known for its summer beer festival, where Balkan pop stars perform.
60. Socialism in Yugoslavia differed significantly from the Soviet one, land was not taken away from people, private enterprise was allowed. In Macedonia, many family businesses were inherited by the current owners from their grandfather-great-grandfather, these are all sorts of workshops, vineyards, shops, as well as land.
61. In central Macedonia, growing tobacco has been a popular form of income since the 18th century. They collect it, string it on long needles, then on threads two meters long and dry it on the street, after which they keep it in the attic until winter, and in winter they rent it to a tobacco factory. This is very hard work. All family members are involved in this work, starting from the age of 4-5.
62. Macedonians grow more than 40 types of peppers of different sizes, colors, shapes, tastes and pungency. It can be said that this is one of the main food products along with wheat, feta cheese and tomatoes.
63. There is no buckwheat and herring in Macedonia. Herring in Macedonians is disgusting.
64. In the mountains of Macedonia there are villages where there are thousands of times more sheep than people.
65. There are deposits of marble in Macedonia. Whole marble mountains. Therefore, the completely marble central square of a small town is not uncommon, here it is not expensive. In the process of marble extraction, a lot of marble scrap remains - curved slabs of different sizes, marble chips. Local residents lay out their yards with slabs; you can often find an ordinary house with a beautiful marble yard.
66.The Macedonian diaspora exceeds the population of the country itself. Most Macedonians live in the USA, Australia, Belgium, Denmark, Italy, Germany. They emigrated in several waves, starting from the 19th century, fleeing poverty and Ottoman oppression.
67. Foreign Macedonians, as they are called in the country, come to their homeland regularly, marry the same foreign Macedonians, met “down” (“below”), in their homeland.
68. Macedonians will proudly show a foreigner their house, their neighbor’s house, the city, and the history of the country, and all this with pride.
69. They treat Russians with respect. Russians consider all citizens of the CIS countries. And the Russian mafia scare small naughty children.
70. What cannot be expressed in words is the atmosphere in the country. The unhurried pace of life of self-proud Macedonians. Magical sunrises and sunsets against the backdrop of endless mountains. Sweet smells of hot Macedonian summer. Macedonia needs to be felt, and for this you need to come here.
A world where everything is filled with happiness is a vacation on the islands of French Polynesia. In this realm of perfection of beauty and grace, cherished desires come true, and miracles become possible. The magic of the southern seas lies in the names of the islands of Polynesia. Tahiti - the Queen of the Pacific Ocean, Moorea - the island of flowers and dreams, Bora Bora - the most beautiful island in the world, Hua Hin - the island of ancient ruins of Polynesian temples, Raiatea - the cradle of Polynesian civilization and, according to legend, the birthplace of the gods, and Hiva Oa - a favorite island of many. The names of the islands of French Polynesia are filled with the spirit of legends. Each island has its unique charm - eyes, heart, and soul - everything is open to the perception of new, complete, and vivid impressions.
Interesting facts about French Polynesia
1. Beautiful country French Polynesia is an overseas community and a constituent country of France.
2. True, many do not know where French Polynesia is located. You may have heard that somewhere in the Pacific Ocean. But, probably, many people know at least the names of the Tahiti and Bora Bora islands.
3. French Polynesia is located in the heart of the Pacific Ocean.
4. French Polynesia is an archipelago that includes the Marquesas Islands. This country consists of 118 islands, the largest of which is Tahiti.
5. Among all the islands of French Polynesia, the nine most remarkable can be distinguished. These are the islands: Rangiroa, Bora Bora, Raiatea, Moorea, Huahine, Fakarava, Hiva Oa, Nuku Hiva, and Maupiti.
6. The development of modern French Polynesia island territories began at the beginning of our era. First, the natives settled in the Marquesas Islands.
7. When European travelers first appeared here, the people who lived on the island of Tahiti were the most developed among the population in socio-economic terms. It was ruled by representatives of the royal dynasty of Pomare.
8. France took these territories under a protectorate in 1842.
9. Then, the islands became colonies in the 90s of the 19th century. The archipelago received a new status in 1946. Now, these places have become an overseas territory of France, and all the native islanders have become its citizens.
10. Since 2004, the archipelago has been called an overseas community of France.
11. Many islands of French Polynesia have second Russian names: Rurik, Lazarev, Raevsky, and others.
12. The Tuamotu archipelago has a second name - the Russian Islands. And all because these islands were discovered and described by Russian navigators Bellingshausen, Lazarev and Kotzebue.
13. Also, the descendants of the Russian General Leontiev played a significant role in the fate of French Polynesia. His grandson Alexander was elected from Polynesia to the French Parliament, where he helped Polynesia gain internal self-government and later became chairman of the government of French Polynesia (1987-1991).
14. The second grandson, Boris, founded the New Star party, which advocated the expansion of the rights of indigenous Polynesians. The third grandson, Igor, became the multiple champion of Tahiti in bodybuilding and the eight-time holder of the title "Mr. Polynesia."
15. The capital of the archipelago is a small but relatively modern city of Papeete, located on the island of Tahiti, surrounded by natural beauty. The local air is saturated with the pleasant aroma of tropical flowers.
16. Papeete is the best example of harmony between virgin nature and urbanism. And the pearl of the capital is the Black Pearl Museum, opened in 1998 by Robert Wang. Numerous museum exhibits will tell tourists about the importance of black pearls and their role in the original history and culture of the islanders.
17. French Polynesia is a great place to relax. Nature on the islands of the archipelago is luxurious. Here, aesthetic shock can fall upon tourists. The islands of French Polynesia are indescribably beautiful.
18. And the lagoon is bright turquoise. The water is evident. The greenery of the valleys is emerald green. The sky - do not come off. Mountain peaks rise in large-scale teeth on the horizon. And all this combines is a holiday for an esthete, a photographer's dream. And you can sit in warm water forever.
19. The climate on the islands is tropical; sunny days prevail here. The average air temperature is +27C, and the water in the lagoons warms up to +26C on average. There is no sweltering heat here; the air is refreshed by constantly blowing winds from the ocean.
20. The year is divided into two seasons: from December to February, it is hot and humid here, and from March to November, the dry season reigns, not so hot.
21. In French Polynesia, there are differences in climatic conditions. This is due to the origin of the islands; some of them are of volcanic origin, and others are coral.
22. Volcanic islands have rivers, lakes, and a wide variety of flora and fauna.
23. Due to the lack of fresh water, coral atolls have less vegetation and no rivers.
24. But nature on the coral islands is delightful in its way: a magnificent climate, beautiful beaches, impenetrable thickets of exotic vegetation, the beauty of the indigenous inhabitants of the islands - all this is typical of French Polynesia.
25. Despite the apparent seclusion, the island's population already exceeds 280 thousand people. Some may think the island's area is small, but it is not. It reaches four thousand square kilometers.
26. Remoteness allowed the inhabitants of the islands to maintain their identity. It will be interesting for tourists to watch the local wedding ceremony, the aborigines walking on hot coals, and the aborigines meeting the sunrise of the daylight.
27. The archipelago islands are inhabited by people distinguished by modesty, honesty, and diligence. The hospitality of the population is especially distinguished. Although the official languages of the archipelago are French and Tahitian, most of the staff of hotels and restaurants, shops, and entertainment venues know English.
28. Tolerance here is an exceptionally natural phenomenon. Some may not like this, but in most people's minds, the fat, the thin, the Chinese, the whites, the poor, the rich, and so on, have the right to be treated equally. Russians, Germans, or Poles - Polynesians welcome everyone without a difference. They have only one requirement: everyone must follow the community's rules and live with everyone in peace.
29. Since French Polynesia is part of France, French everyday culture, French courtesy, French education, and French safety rules in providing tourist services prevail here.
30. But what you can appreciate here more is French food, with a selection of cheeses, semi-finished products, pastries, oysters, and wines.
31. The culinary traditions of the archipelago can be safely called unique, the ancient recipes of the tribes living in the southern part of the Pacific Ocean, combined with the traditions of French, Italian, and even Chinese cuisine. The local cuisine is rich in fish, which is served in any form.
32. You can try exotic dishes in luxurious restaurants - many on the islands and in ordinary cafes. Following thousands of years of tradition, local dishes are prepared in pits dug in the ground and lined with stones. Food wrapped in banana leaves is placed on hot coals or rocks and baked for hours.
33. Dishes cooked in such ovens are called “Samaria.” Tourists can enjoy their unique taste in a simple village tavern and a fashionable metropolitan restaurant.
34. The most demanded are smoked fruits of a fantastic breadfruit tree, a salad made from papaya, Tahitian pork, all banana dishes, suckling pig, marinated Poisson cru fish, small shish kebabs (they are prepared from meat, fish, seafood), pork in curry sauce, a variety of steaks, fried chicken.
35. The primary way to travel between the islands is by plane. Airports are available on all major islands. Flights are operated by the local airline Air Tahiti, which has organized flights between 47 islands.
36. During the day, regular public transport is available on two islands: Tahiti and Moorea. Between the islands of Tahiti and Moorea, you can travel by boat or passenger catamarans. You can also use private air transport: by plane or helicopter.
37. On the island of Rangiroa, belonging to the Tuamotu archipelago, there is the only vineyard growing on a coral atoll. The idea to grow grapes here was brought to life by the French. And now, the atoll produces the only wine brand Du Tahiti from Domaine Dominique Auroy Winery.
38. The white flower Tiare Apetahi grows exclusively on the island of Raiatea and only in one place - on Mount Temehani. The flower gives off a wonderful fragrance. Men and women wear it as an adornment. Despite numerous attempts by botanists to transplant it to other places, the flower did not take root anywhere.
39. According to legend, the Tiare Apetahi flower came from the hand of a fisherman's wife, who, having quarreled with her husband, decided to commit suicide. Climbing to the top of the mountain, before committing suicide, she cut off her hand and stuck it in the ground, and then committed suicide. In the morning, the whole mountain was covered with white fragrant flowers.
40. French Polynesia is home to the most photographed island in the South Pacific, Motu Tapu. It is located near the island of Bora Bora and is famous for its virgin white sands and turquoise water lagoon. Once upon a time, the Polynesian Queen Pomare IV found refuge in it.
41. And there is also a Catholic church built of coral. In the center of the Fakarava coral atoll of the Tuamotu archipelago is not only the second largest lagoon but also one of the oldest churches in Polynesia. It's called Jean de la Croix. The entire interior decoration of the church, striking in its beauty and luxury, is made of corals.
42. The French provided French Polynesia with a European level of medical services with the presence in Tahiti of a vast modern hospital with specialists in various fields. Each island has a medical center and a helicopter evacuation program for outlying islands.
43.47 of the 118 islands of French Polynesia are served by the local domestic airline Air Tahiti, which allows you to reach the most remote islands that makeup French Polynesia.
44. Here, mostly clean and tidy, transparent springs flow from the mountains, fish frolic in the water, and you can safely sit on the sand. Residents sweep the street in front of their houses, showing miracles of enthusiasm in the fight for cleanliness, with leaves and fruits constantly falling from numerous trees.
45. French Polynesia, with its sparkling blue lagoons and high mountain peaks, gives the impression of a promised land. But in fact, these places are much more unique.
46. The masters of French Polynesia created the overwater bungalow. The first overwater bungalow appeared on the island of Moorea in the 1960s; such houses, which attracted tourists worldwide, began to be built throughout the country.
47. Residents' income mainly depends on tourism, and here they are also engaged in the extraction of shark fins and pearls from the bottom of the sea, and plantations of coconut palms are planted.
48. The word "tattoo" comes from the Tahitian tattoo. Linguists say the locals used this word as early as 1500 BC. Tattoos were an indispensable element of body decoration in Tahiti and symbolized rank, wealth, and belonging to a particular tribe or group of families.
49. French Polynesia provides many opportunities for lovers of traditional entertainment. There are entertainment centers, casinos, and nightclubs on the islands. In the evenings, you can enjoy dinner in one of the many restaurants, relax in a chic lounge, try to beat the casino, or spend time in the entertainment center.
50. While in Polynesia, you must go on excursions to the islands and visit the pearl museum.
51. Diving in French Polynesia islands amazes tourists with its high level and unique features. All conditions are created here for both beginners and professionals in this field.
52. International-class instructors work in local diving clubs. Divers can admire the myriad and varied shapes and colors of exotic fish swimming on the ocean floor.
53. Many hotels have privately owned coral reefs, and their guests can spend hours looking at the inhabitants of the deep sea. The main diving centers are located on the islands of Manihi, Tikehau (Krusenstern Atoll), Tahaa (Vanilla Island), Raiatea, Moorea, Bora Bora, and Tahiti.
54. To commemorate the holidays, French Polynesia brings products of residents from sea shells and shells, mother-of-pearl jewelry, and fruit liqueurs with the aromas of exotic fruits.
55. Tahitian black pearls are highly valued - on the island, they cost half or three times cheaper than the price tags in Moscow stores. French Polynesia differs from other countries with fixed prices. Bargaining is inappropriate here; residents consider it an insult, a doubt about the seller's honesty.
56. Regarding security, French Polynesia is at its absolute height. And safety, both natural and social. There are no poisonous plants and animals here. There are no snakes here, except for moray eels, which are a bit similar to them, but they live on a reef and prefer to hide between stones and not mess with people.
57. There are no poisonous spiders on the islands and no other harmful insects except mosquitoes. Also, midges or sand flies may disturb tourists, but their bites are not fatal.
58. Of course, there are sharks in Polynesia, but they are full due to the variety of games. Shark attacks on people on the Community Islands, which include the most famous islands, have not been recorded. Walking through the jungle is relatively safe.
59. To say that there is no crime here, of course, would not be accurate. But it is so minimal that any tourist can feel calm. And not because both French gendarmes and Polynesian police officers guard the peace. But simply because it happened so historically.
60. Cultural and architectural phenomena are not produced here “for tourists” but are the authentic fruit of people's lives. The dances that will be shown at the hotel are danced in the same way for oneself, the soul. A Polynesian will play the ukulele regardless of whether the hotel pays him or not; the attendants will smile at you not because he earns tips (which, by the way, are not expected here) but simply from the heart, almost anyone will greet you with the same smile passerby on the street.
61. Here, people do not turn their identity into a beautifully packaged product for tourist consumption; they live and proudly show their achievements to guests.
62. In French Polynesia, since prehistoric times, women have been equal to men, sometimes becoming queens, the country has a strict labor code that reflects the labor code of France, and indeed, the country lives according to the laws of the French constitution.
63. Ecology is the most important direction of the country's domestic policy, a permanent element of education. Calls for environmental responsibility are heard from every corner here. Tourists will be pleased to know that the bathing water here is spotless, there is a lot of fish, and the jungle is in all its glory.
64. French Polynesia is an expensive country. Polynesia has everything, and the quality of life here is relatively high. But, you have to pay for the remoteness and isolation. French Polynesia is an expensive, even costly country. Here are expensive products, expensive hotels, expensive fruits and vegetables in the market, and expensive jewelry in shops. It is also expensive to fly here.
65. The remoteness of the islands, many consider not a disadvantage but a big plus. Here you will not meet crowds of tourists who prefer not such long trips. And a very long flight is fully compensated by the pleasure received during the rest.