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65 interesting facts about the Cayman Islands

6 months ago
65-interesting-facts-about-the-cayman-islands

The Cayman Islands in the Caribbean are known to many primarily as a thriving offshore financial center. On an area of only 264 sq. km and with a population of 54397 people registered about 70 thousand companies. But these islands are also known as a great holiday destination, because the basis of the economy here is tourism. More from history and modernity will tell 65 facts about the Cayman Islands.

 

Top facts about Cayman Islands

 

 

1. The Cayman Islands is a small country lost in the Caribbean.

 

The Cayman Islands are three islands in the Caribbean.

 

2. The Cayman Islands are a picturesque archipelago of 262 square kilometers.

 

3. The Cayman Islands are absent from most maps of the world, their area is so insignificant.

 

4. For government agencies and large firms, world maps and globes are made to order, on which the Cayman Islands are marked bypassing the cartographic rules.

 

5. On the world map, they can still be found between North and South America in the western Caribbean.

 

6. From the Cayman Islands, the distance to the nearest countries is: 240 kilometers to Cuba; 730 kilometers to Miami (USA); 267 kilometers to Jamaica.

 

 

7. The islands of Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman constitute the main group of the archipelago. There is also a very small and completely uninhabited island of Owen, as well as several dozen other uninhabited islets and reefs.

 

8. Despite the relatively small area of ​​the islands, there are many interesting places for tourists. The Caymans have mangrove forests - a special ecosystem that connects land and sea.

 

GRAND CAYMAN ISLAND

 

9. The largest island of the Grand Cayman or Grand Cayman archipelago. It covers an area of ​​197 sq. km. This is 75% of the entire land area of ​​the country. The island is 35 kilometers long and 6.5 kilometers wide. The highest point of the island is 16 meters.

 

10. Grand Cayman is divided into 5 administrative districts: Georgetown, Bodden Town, East End, North Side, West Bay.

 

11. Grand Cayman is an offshore zone and is attractive for businessmen. And tourists are attracted by natural and architectural attractions: caves, parks, old mansions, a turtle farm and many other objects.

 

12. Tourists from passing cruise ships tend to get to Stingray City first of all - a unique shallow sea area with underwater caves, which was chosen by stingrays in the 80s of the last century. For a long time, fishermen stopped here and threw overboard the offal of cleaned fish, and this attracted relatives of sharks.

 

13. In 2004, a significant part of the island (about 80% of all buildings) was destroyed by a powerful tropical storm.

 

LITTLE CAYMAN ISLAND

 

14. The second largest inhabited island of Little Cayman. Its area is 28.5 sq. km. The lowland turns into a slight elevation in the north of the island and reaches a height of 12 meters above sea level.

 

15. A little over two hundred people live on Little Cayman. Tourists have the opportunity to stay in modern hotels.

 

16. Little Cayman attracts lovers of exotic flora and fauna, scuba diving, a relaxing holiday among untouched nature. Here you can go fishing, walk through protected areas and meet a heron, cormorant or pelican. And if there is a certificate for deep diving, then such a tourist will have access to the beauty of a unique reef with a depth of 0.3 kilometers.

 

CAYMAN BRAC ISLAND

 

17. Cayman Brac is a small inhabited island. Its area is 38 sq. km. Length - 19 kilometers, average width - 2 kilometers.

 

18. The limestone plateau near the eastern coast reaches a height of 42 meters. This island got its name thanks to the limestone plateau that stretches across the island, forming many caves and rocks.

 

19. Almost the entire area of ​​the island is covered with fruit-bearing trees, giant cacti and beautiful orchids. There is a park in the district, named after the famous discoverer - the traveler Columbus.

 

20. There are no museums and ancient monuments on this island. Adventurers and treasure seekers come here, as well as rock climbers for extreme ascents and speleologists to explore its tunnels and grottoes.

 

21. The Cayman Islands were discovered in 1503 by Columbus, during the last expedition to America. These islands were first called the Turtle Islands (“Las Tortugas”) and were forgotten until the middle of the 17th century, because the islands were not the best choice for life. After all, there were many mosquitoes, little fresh water and tropical hurricanes often raged. Therefore, the sailors stocked up here with turtles (tortugs) - and sailed on.

 

 

22. Although the Spaniards originally called these islands the Turtle Islands (Las Tortugas), it later turned out that there were no less crocodiles here, and the islands were renamed after crocodiles (Caiman crocodilus). But the caimans, which gave the modern name to the islands, are no longer found here.

 

23. According to the Treaty of Madrid, the Cayman Islands officially became a British colony as early as 1670. However, active colonization began much later. The first large settlements of Europeans appeared on the archipelago only in 1833. The resettlement process was held back by dangerous coral reefs. And even now you can still see ships sunken at that time off the coast of the archipelago.

 

24. The islanders have long been granted the possibility of partial self-government, but the Cayman Islands still have the status of a British Overseas Territory in the West Indies.

 

THE CAPITAL OF THE CAYMAN ISLANDS - THE CITY OF GEORGE TOWN

 

25. The administrative, financial and historical center of the Caymans is the city of Georgetown. It is a modern city with a developed tourist infrastructure and a population of about 28,000 people.

 

26. Here are the seaport, the international airport, the building of the British Embassy and the offices of about 600 financial institutions.

 

27. The history of the largest city of the Caymans began in the 10th century. The favorable geographical location and climate attracted many conquerors. Different historical stages of colonization by the Dutch, French and British were reflected in the unique architecture and traditions. Witnesses of bygone times are numerous monuments that have been carefully preserved to this day.

 

28. The central part of the city is famous for its green spaces. Tourists enjoy walking along the boulevards and park areas, looking at the buildings of 150 years ago.

 

29. In Georgetown, there are no intersections familiar to residents of megacities. Here, winding streets form bizarre knots with diverging ornate rays. This is especially evident at the intersection of Miles Crescent and Miles Road.

 

30. A favorite vacation spot for citizens and guests of the capital is the Seawall dam, built during the time of the Dutch. In the evenings, couples and families with children walk along the canal. Sports complexes, solariums and salons are open nearby, beach areas are equipped.

 

 

31. In the capital of the Cayman Islands, there is the largest island market, Starbuck.

 

32. The coastal waters of the Cayman Islands are famous for the abundance of various species of sea and amphibian turtles. The cultivation of these reptiles is the main occupation of the indigenous people.

 

33. Cayman Islands offer a lot of entertainment for every taste: horseback riding and golf, nightclubs and evening cruises on a yacht. Extreme lovers will love the safari. Unforgettable trips to various caves and grottoes are organized for tourists. Golfers can choose from one of the many golf clubs in Georgetown.

 

34. Cayman Islands - islands of holidays. You can come here at any time and catch some festive event. Two cultural events take place here on a special scale: the Batabano Festival and the Pirates' Week.

 

35. Guests of the city are greatly impressed by walks in the Little India district, where Indian cuisine restaurants, jewelry stores with gold jewelry and specialized tea and spice shops are located.

 

36. Caimans give joy at every step. And above all, it is the joy of communicating with the animal world. And the animal world in the Caymans is the water world. The extraordinary beauty of the Caribbean Sea, the cleanest, most transparent, hides a wonderful world. Here you can feed the fish right on the shore, you just have to stock up on food.

 

 

37. But even more can be seen if you dive into this aquamarine depth. Magical creatures live here - shells, wonderful and unusual fish. Here, fish are friends with stingrays that carry fish on their backs and the stingrays themselves can be stroked if they allow it. And if not, then you can swim very close to them.

 

38. On the Cayman Islands, you can fulfill your dream - to touch the stars. There are a lot of starfish here. Starfish live in shallow water and there is a place in the Caymans where they live and where you can touch them.

 

39. Just remember that starfish are not toys, but living beings. They are marine animals and, like fish, cannot live long without water. When touching them, taking photographs, you must remember that they cannot be taken out of the water for more than a couple of minutes, otherwise they will die. You have to be careful with them.

 

40. The Cayman Islands are also known for their global uniqueness for their stingrays. Rather, stingrays live in many places on the planet, but only here is the world capital of stingrays. We can say that the stingrays are the hallmark of the Cayman, here even the guitars in the Hard Rock Cafe are made in the form of stingrays.

 

41. There are several varieties of stingrays, dangerous and harmless to humans. Stingrays live at shallow depths, where there is a sandy bottom into which they burrow and thus become invisible.

 

 

42. Not far from the shores of Grand Cayman Island, there is a sandbank where stingrays live. The most interesting thing is that the strand is located in the middle of the deep sea, which gives everyone a unique opportunity to swim with stingrays. And there are a lot of people who want it. They are ready to sail through the deep aquamarine sea, into the endless distance, towards the dream.

 

43. People from all over the world come to the Caymans every day to communicate with these marine animals. Therefore, in order to preserve the unique nature of the islands, there are clear rules here: the number of catamarans and other swimming facilities, as well as the time spent by certain groups of people, is strictly limited.

 

44. Before landing on the bottom, everyone receives a strict briefing. Stingrays are alive and you need to communicate with them very gently. At first glance, their number and size is simply staggering. But the stingrays are already accustomed to the people who feed them, and the stingrays are very friendly. After people get used to it a little, the instructor will teach you how to hold the stingray in your arms. At first it may not work out, but after some attempts, timidity will go away, and you can hold your dream in your hands.

 

45. Skats reach 2-2.5 meters in length and weigh several kilograms. They, like starfish, cannot be completely removed from the water. If you do everything carefully, then the slopes are absolutely safe. They look at you with their huge eyes and understand everything. At this moment, you can experience infinite happiness!

 

 

46. ​​In the Caymans, a state program for the destruction of lionfish is operating. Divers regularly catch it and hand it over to restaurants to be eaten. In this way, they are trying to preserve the local ecosystem, in which the lion fish appeared recently, but behaves unfriendly.

 

47. The most convenient place to shop is in Georgetown. Here is the largest number of markets and shopping centers, shops that offer inexpensive locally produced fabric. A number of such shops are located on Teluk Bahang street.

 

48. Shopping in the Caymans is relatively inexpensive. Most of the boutiques operate on the Duty Free system. Souvenirs made from green turtle shells and black coral are the most popular among tourists. An original and inexpensive gift brought from the islands will be products made from the local semi-precious stone "caymanite".

 

49. Good deals in the Caymans include luxury goods, leather goods, crystal and porcelain. Cosmetics and perfumes are of very high quality here.

 

50. The basis of the local cuisine is seafood (lobsters, mussels, lobsters, freshly caught fish) and exotic fruits cooked in all sorts of ways. Additional ingredients in dishes are often tomatoes and onions.

 

51. The main sauce for the islanders is curry. Fashionable restaurants offer delicacies of predominantly European cuisine. Small cafes and eateries serve traditional dishes more often.

 

IGUANA IN THE CAYMAN ISLANDS

 

52. The Cayman Islands have magnificent flora and friendly fauna: there are no poisonous snakes, spiders, etc. here. And there are no sharks and stinging jellyfish in the sea.

 

53. Here the iguana is the largest native animal. There are 3 types of iguanas in the Cayman Islands - green, blue and sand.

 

54. Blue iguanas are found nowhere else on the planet and are considered one of the rarest species. In the Caymans, there are special programs for the protection and breeding of blue iguanas and green sea turtles.

 

55. On the days when cruise ships are in port, the population of Grand Cayman increases by a third.

 

56. There is still little fresh water on the islands, and all the water that is supplied to homes is artificially desalinated sea water with added minerals.

 

57. Caymans are one of the best places in the world for diving. There are about 350 places for exciting dives in coastal waters. You can explore the underwater world almost all year round. In any weather, there is a safe leeward area. The visibility radius is usually up to 30 meters.

 

 

58. Communication between the islands is carried out by water and by air with the help of local airlines Cayman Airways, Cayman Airways Express, Island Air. Cruise and shipping lines connect the Caymans with the United States, Mexico and Jamaica.

 

59. In addition to the beach type of recreation on the islands, there are many other activities: sea cruises in the Caribbean, surfing, fishing, diving, snorkeling. Jazz, disco and Calypso-style music sound in nightclubs.

 

60. The official language in the Caymans is English, but there are also many Spanish-speaking residents.

 

61. 75% of the GDP of the Cayman Islands comes from tourism. Here is a great climate, there is practically no crime, a stable political situation.

 

62. In this amazing place, everyone can find something attractive for themselves. People come here in search of romance, extreme surfing, exciting diving, relaxation on the sandy beach, as well as exciting excursions to historical places.

 

63. But tourists should not forget about a number of prohibitions that exist here. So, camping is strictly prohibited on the territory of the islands, for violation the tourist will be taken into custody; spearfishing and fishing are prohibited in island waters; empty shells and corals should not be lifted from the bottom of the sea. And here you can’t go into the jungle without an experienced guide, and you shouldn’t sunbathe for a very long time, you need to remember about the likelihood of sunburn and heat stroke.

 

 

64. Holidays in the Cayman Islands will be pleasant and will bring a lot of impressions, if you do not break the laws, follow safety measures and do not forget to take your camera and diving equipment with you.

 

65. In recent years, various environmental programs have been actively carried out on the islands, in which tourists can also participate. A visit to the Cayman Islands can be not only a pleasant stay, but also a contribution to the preservation of the natural wealth of our planet.

 

 

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70-facts-about-crocodiles-animals-that-cant-chew-dont-miss-the-spare-teeth

Who are the crocodiles? Everyone knows them, even children. After all, from our early years, we read stories about crocodiles. People have probably heard that if you ever meet this reptile, you should hit it in zigzags (although if you want to live, it's better not to engage in a fight, and just try to run as fast and further as possible). But do you know how crocodiles differ from alligators? And what can they do... climb trees? Or where did the expression «crocodile tears» come from?

 

Facts about large predatory reptiles

 

Even if you already know the answers to these questions, we are sure that in the selection that we at Bemorepanda have collected for you, you will find many fascinating facts that you have not heard about before. Moreover, they will be interesting for both adults and children.

 

 

1. When the female crocodile lays eggs, the temperature of the nest, in which the eggs are laid, actually determines the sex of the young. If the temperature is below 32 degrees Celsius, the baby crocodiles will be females, and if it is higher than this temperature - males.

 

2. Crocodiles have the most perfect heart in the animal world, and they actively change the direction of the blood flowing through it depending on their needs.

 

3. Crocodiles have very sharp hearing. So much so that they can hear their babies screaming from their eggs.

 

4. The expression «crocodile tears» (to show an insincere or false manifestation of emotions) comes from the fact that crocodiles shed tears while eating their prey.

 

5. Crocodiles like to have fun – play with random objects (floating trash, noisy ceramics), swim on ocean waves or slide down slopes.

 

 

6. Crocodiles have a second tooth, which is in reserve under the outer tooth, which can replace a lost tooth. That's a spare tooth row.

 

7. Crocodiles can change 4000 teeth in a lifetime.

 

8. The lifespan of crocodiles in different species varies from 25 to 70 years. It is known that captive crocodiles reach 100 years of age.

 

9. Crocodiles – the largest reptiles on Earth.

 

10. The longest crocodile caught alive in Agusan del Sur province, Philippines, was 6.17 m long and weighed 1075 kg.

 

 

11. It is known that crocodiles sometimes eat smaller crocodiles.

 

12. According to estimates, crocodiles kill about 1000 people a year in the whole world.

 

13. The feeding ratio of crocodiles varies greatly depending on whether they are in a limited space or not.

 

14. Crocodiles are not as agile as monkeys, but they can regularly climb trees.

 

15. The eyes of the crocodile are located very close to each other and are directed forward. This allows them to estimate the distance very precisely so that they can determine the exact location of their prey before the attack.

 

 

16. A simple way to distinguish a crocodile from an alligator: when the crocodile closes its mouth, all the teeth are visible, as the upper and lower jaws have the same width.

 

17. Crocodiles can hold their breath under water for more than a hour.

 

18. Crocodiles can sleep with their eyes wide open.

 

19. The eyes of the crocodile are protected by the third eyelid, and the eyeballs themselves can be pulled into the eyeballs during the attack.

 

20. Black spots around the alligator's mouth are the sensory organs it uses to detect changes in water pressure caused by the movement of potential prey.

 

 

21. Crocodiles kill and eat their prey, drowning it.

 

22. Crocodiles are carnivorous animals, which usually means that they eat only meat. However, a recent study showed that they also sometimes like the taste of fruit.

 

23. Crocodiles swallow small stones to improve digestion. These stones help to digest food in the stomach.

 

24. Crocodiles can be found on all inhabited continents, except for Europe and Antarctica.

 

25. Crocodiles can hold their jaws open under water.

 

 

26. Crocodiles can find their home at a great distance.

 

27. Sea crocodiles can ignore excess salt.

 

28. Alligators annually kill about one person in the United States, while crocodiles annually kill about 1,000 people in Africa alone.

 

29. The crocodile's tongue is attached to the bottom of its mouth, so it never moves.

 

30. Crocodiles don't sweat. To preserve cold blood, they open their mouths, which is known as "open mouth", which is very similar to difficulty breathing.

 

 

31. Crocodiles perform a «death throw» to defeat the prey, clamping its jaws and powerfully rotating.

 

32. Crocodiles are quite universal reptiles, which means that they can live in the most diverse environments, including lakes, rivers, freshwater bodies, salt water and brackish water (combination of salt and fresh water).

 

33. The ancestors of crocodiles (prehistoric crocodiles) were much larger.

 

34. Crocodiles have good night vision..

 

35. The heart of the crocodile has four chambers.

 

 

36. Crocodiles have a keen sense of smell, an evolutionary advantage that makes them very successful predators.

 

37. Crocodiles are closely related to dinosaurs and birds.

 

38. Crocodiles carry their babies in their mouths.

 

39. An average crocodile egg is about the size of a goose egg.

 

40. The ancient Egyptians and some tribes of New Guinea are just two cultures that revered crocodiles.

 

 

41. Crocodiles are very fast in the water - they swim at speeds up to 35 kilometers per hour.

 

42. Crocodiles hunt from ambush; even large mammals such as small elephants, hippos, sharks or large felines can become their victims.

 

43. Crocodiles make sounds to communicate. The young of some species squeak and grunt, while adult crocodiles may growl, hiss or roar at each other.

 

44. Larger crocodiles can go without food for more than a year.

 

45. Most young crocodiles are eaten in their first year of life by other predators such as lizards, other crocodiles, hyenas and even fish.

 

 

46. ​​Crocodiles coexisted with dinosaurs.

 

47. Crocodiles wake up from hibernation when it starts to warm up, and live their lives until it gets cold again.

 

48. These giant geniuses can use tools to trick prey, such as holding branches with their snouts to attract birds building nests.

 

49. Hunting crocodiles for their skin is illegal.

 

50. Crocodiles are aggressive by nature and even more aggressive during mating season.

 

 

51. Crocodiles have relatively weak jaw opening muscles and can be kept closed with a rubber band or bare hands.

 

52. The key difference from the alligator is the shape of the muzzle. Alligators have a wider, U-shaped muzzle, while crocodiles have a more pointed, V-shaped muzzle.

 

53. Crocodiles have the most acidic stomach of all vertebrates.

 

54. There are 24 recognized species of modern crocodiles, divided into three families.

 

55. Ancient species of crocodiles probably hunted human ancestors.

 

 

56. Crocodiles eat without chewing. Their jaws work in such a way that they cannot move sideways, so they cannot grind food with a traditional chewing movement. That is, they do not know how to chew!

 

57. There is a species of crocodile called "dwarf crocodile" - the smallest crocodile in the world.

 

58. Saltwater crocodiles have the strongest bite - they close their jaws with a force of 1680 kg per 6.5 square meters. cm.

 

59. Each species has a unique combination of snout proportions, dorsal bony structures, and scale arrangement.

 

60. The oldest crocodile was a freshwater crocodile named Mr. Freshy, who lived to be 140 years old.

 

 

61. Crocodiles mate during the rainy season.

 

62. Like most reptiles, crocodiles are cold-blooded animals and prefer to settle in tropical areas near wetlands. They cannot generate heat on their own, so they go into a period of long sleep until it gets warmer again.

 

63. Crocodiles are mostly nocturnal.

 

64. Male crocodiles can use their tails to get attention, and when attacking, they can wag their tails to knock out their targets.

 

65. The brain of a crocodile is capable of learning to a greater extent than that of any other reptile in the animal kingdom.

 

 

66. A crocodile can only swim with its eyes and nostrils open.

 

67. Despite the thick skin, crocodiles are surprisingly touchy.

 

68. Crocodiles can run on land at speeds up to 17 kilometers per hour for short distances.

 

69. Crocodile paws are webbed.

 

70. If the temperature is below 32 degrees Celsius, the cubs of crocodiles will be females, and if above this temperature - males.

 

 

 

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quiz-please-120-answers-and-questions-for-true-fans-of-the-lord-of-the-rings-fantasy

Below we have collected both simple and difficult questions and answers to them for the Lord of the Rings quiz. Test your knowledge of one of the most famous fantasy worlds in the world of cinema. Whether you've watched the trilogy or read the books, simple Tolkien-themed questions will take you back to the homeland of Middle-earth once again. Once again!

 

This a quiz for those who knows what hobbits are 

 

Tell us in the comments how many questions and answers from the quiz were a surprise or discovery for you. Have you learned anything new? Be sure to let us know!

 

So, good luck!

 

 

1. Who is the One Father of all?

Answer: Eru Ilúvatar.

 

2. What does Gandalf destroy after the Battle of the Hornburg?

Answer: The Staff of Saruman.

 

3. How many Great Rings have been given to the human race?

Answer: Nine rings.

 

4. In The Fellowship of the Ring, does the Witch-king easily dodge whose torch?

Answer: Aragorn.

 

5. To whom did Aragorn bow after his coronation?

Answer: Frodo, Sam, Merry and Pippin.

 

6. Which woman was Sam talking about in Green Dragon?

Answer: Rosie Cotton.

 

7. What is the name of the elven character with blond hair and blue eyes who was an accurate archer with a refined appearance?

Answer: Legolas.

 

8. Name the last war against the armies of Mordor.

Answer: War of the Last Alliance of humans and elves.

 

9. What year of the Second Age is Gandalf talking about in the scene "The Story of Isildur"?

Answer: 3434.

 

 

10. Who in Amon Hen tried to take the ring from Frodo?

Answer: Boromir

 

11. Who said: "Even the wisest cannot foresee everything"?

Answer: Gandalf.

 

12. In the War of the Ring, which forest does Saruman order the orcs to cut down?

Answer: Fangorn Forest.

 

13. What are the names of the wolf-like animals that attack Theoden and his men?

Answer: Vargs.

 

14. What was the name of Sam's favorite pony?

Answer: Bill.

 

15. What was the name of the elven character, the Sindarin elf from the Forest Kingdom?

Answer: Legolas.

 

16. What is the name of Frodo the gardener?

Answer: Samwise Gamgee.

 

17. What is the name of the fictional metal from which Frodo's mail is made?

Answer: Mithril

 

18. What was the name of Boromir's brother, who died on the way to Mordor when the Fellowship broke up?

Answer: Faramir

 

19. Which actor plays the role of Bilbo?

Answer: Ian Holm.

 

20. What is the name of Gimli's father?

Answer: Gloin.

 

 

21. What is the name of Gandalf's horse?

Answer: Tenegriv.

 

22. Who were the nine heroes of the Fellowship of the Ring who represented the Free Peoples of Middle-earth?

Answer: Gandalf, Legolas, Gimli, Aragorn, Boromir, Frodo, Sam, Merry and Pippin.

 

23. On what date did Bilbo celebrate his 111th birthday?

Answer: September 22, 3001.

 

24. What was the name of the ancient sword that cut the Ring of Omnipotence from the hand of Sauron?

Answer: Narsil

 

25. Where was the Fangorn forest?

Answer: Under the southeastern Misty Mountains.

 

26. What kind of bread do Sam and Frodo eat at the beginning of The Two Towers?

Answer: Lembas bread.

 

27. Which actor plays the role of Frodo?

Answer: Elijah Wood.

 

28. What was the name of the inn in Bree village?

Answer: Prancing Pony.

 

29. Who does Aragorn call to the stone of Erech?

Answer: Army of the Dead.

 

30. Who said the phrase: “The magician is never late, Frodo Baggins, and never comes early; He always shows up when he's supposed to."

Answer: Gandalf the Grey.

 

 

31. Who carries Pippin away, mistaking him for the Keeper of the Ring?

Answer: Uruk-hai.

 

32. What was Mount Doom really called?

Answer: Amon Amarth.

 

33. Why didn't Sauron destroy Mount Doom?

Answer: He believed that no one would want or be able to destroy the Ring.

 

34. What is the name of Arwen's father?

Answer: Elrond.

 

35. What does the name Arwen mean?

Answer: "Royal maid".

 

36. In what year of the Third Age did Arwen meet Aragorn?

Answer: 2951.

 

37. How did Arwen die?

Answer: Because of a broken heart.

 

38. Whose life did Pippin save by telling Gandalf of Denethor's madness?

Answer: Faramir

 

39. Who did Pippin meet and befriend in Gondor?

Answer: Beregond

 

 

40. Who did Pippin marry?

Answer: Brilliant from Deep Gulch.

 

41. What character says: “I would rather share one mortal life with you than live through all the ages of the world”?

Answer: Arwen

 

42. Who was Sam talking to when he said, “The people in these stories had a lot of chances to turn back, but they didn’t”?

Answer: Frodo.

 

43. Who freed King Theoden from the spell of Saruman?

Answer: Gandalf.

 

44. What marks the end of the Third Age?

Answer: The Third Age ended when Sauron was killed after the destruction of the Ring of Omnipotence.

 

45. During Bilbo's birthday party, who was charged with washing the dishes for stealing fireworks from Gandalf?

Answer: Merry and Pippin.

 

46. ​​Who gave Frodo Baggins the Phial of Galadriel?

Answer: Queen of the Elves Galadriel.

 

47. Who did Sam end up marrying?

Answer: Rose Cotton.

 

48. Which armies participated in the Battle of Isengard, also known as the Fall of Isengard?

Answer: Ents against the forces of Sauron.

 

49. What are the names of the two fortresses?

Answer: Minas Tirith and Minas Morgul.

 

50. What frightened the orcs in the Mines of Moria?

Answer: Balrog.

 

 

51. Name Lord and Lady Caras Galadon.

Answer: Lord Celeborn and Lady Galadriel.

 

52. Who, even on his day off, always rode a horse to practice riding and make friends with his horse?

Answer: Aragorn

 

53. When the elves leave Middle-earth in The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, where do they go?

Answer: Undying Lands/Valinor.

 

54. Name the right hand of Sauron.

Answer: The Witch-king of Angmar.

 

55. What animals sometimes tickle Treebeard?

Answer: Field mice.

 

56. What particular instrument did the composer choose to emphasize the Sméagol/Gollum theme?

Answer: Dulcimer

 

57. What is the name of the volcano where the film "Mount Doom" was filmed?

Answer: Mount Tongariro.

 

58. What place in Middle-earth is famous for its horses?

Answer: Rohan.

 

59. Which of these movie characters is not in Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings novels?

Answer: Morven.

 

60. He was the only member of the Fellowship whose boat sank twice while filming and rehearsing the boat scenes in The Fellowship of the Ring.

Answer: Legolas Greenleaf.

 

 

61. “He goes to ___ ___. Soon he will become a ghost like them."

Answer: The world of shadows.

 

62. Who said: “There is no life in the void, only death!”?

Answer: Sauron.

 

63. Who plays Peregrine Took?

Answer: Billy Boyd.

 

64. What in The Two Towers provokes Treebeard to attack Isengard?

Answer: Destroyed forest.

 

65. On what day does Frodo wake up and find himself in Rivendell?

Answer: October 24th.

 

66. Where does Deagol first find the ring?

Answer: River bed.

 

67. In The Fellowship of the Ring, Frodo passes into the world of shadows after being run through by the Witch-king with a Morgul blade. What does Aragorn use to slow down the poison?

Answer: Atelas.

 

68. In The Fellowship of the Ring: Expanded Edition, Bilbo is talking to the mother of several children. What was her name?

Answer: Mrs. Bracegirdle.

 

69. What forest was known to be the last dwelling place of the Ents and Huorns?

Answer: Fangorn Forest.

 

70. What are the names of the huge animals that Frodo, Sam and Gollum see in The Two Towers?

Answer: Oliphant.

 

 

71. Sam is in love with me, and I am secretly in love with him! Who am I?

Answer: Rosie.

 

72. Who gave Frodo Baggins the Ring of Power?

Answer: He inherited it from Bilbo.

 

73. What character did Frodo fight bravely to protect the Ring of Power?

Answer: Gollum.

 

74. Bilbo and Frodo, they are related, what?

Answer: Cousins.

 

75. Why did Gandalf choose Bilbo Baggins to help the dwarves?

Answer: The reasons are unknown.

 

76. What were Gandalf and Frodo riding at the beginning of the movie?

Answer: Gandalf's wagon.

 

77. Where was the Ring of Omnipotence forged?

Answer: In the flames of Mount Orodruin.

 

78. When was The Fellowship of the Ring released?

Answer: 2001.

 

79. Who wrote the music for the first film in the trilogy?

Answer: Howard Shore.

 

80. When was the movie The Two Towers released?

Answer: 2002.

 

 

81. What is the name of the giant spider in The Return of the King?

Answer: Shelob.

 

82. Who kills Grima?

Answer: Legolas.

 

83. Who tells Aragorn about the Black Ships?

Answer: Gandalf and Elrond.

 

84. Who voices Fangorn, also known as Treebeard?

Answer: John Rhys-Davies.

 

85. What were the names of the evil rulers who tried to take possession of all Middle-earth?

Answer: The Dark Lord.

 

86. Who met Frodo at the edge of the Shire at the beginning of his journey from home?

Answer: Gildor Inglorion.

 

87. Which actor plays Jolly Brandybuck?

Answer: Dominic Monaghan.

 

88. What character did Peter Jackson portray as the hero of a monomyth that was not in the books?

Answer: Aragorn

 

89. Which actor played Samwise Gamgee?

Answer: Sean Astin.

 

90. Who does Christopher Lee play in the movies?

Answer: Saruman.

 

 

91. What character does Andy Serkis play?

Answer: Gollum.

 

92. What is the Elvish word for "friend"?

Answer: Mellon.

 

93. Where was Helm's Deep?

Answer: In the White Mountains below Trihirn.

 

94. Name a friend and cousin of Gollum.

Answer: Deagol

 

95. What battle took place at Helm's Deep?

Answer: Battle of the Hornburg.

 

96. What is the uniqueness of Orodruin?

Answer: It was the only place in the world where the Ring could be destroyed.

 

97. How many years did Gollum own the ring?

Answer: 478 years.

 

98. How old was Gollum when he died?

Answer: 589 years.

 

99. What is another name for Gollum?

Answer: Smeagol.

 

100. What race does Gimli belong to?

Answer: Gnome.

 

 

101. Why was Gimli chosen as a member of the Brotherhood?

Answer: Represent your race.

 

102. Where was Pippin captured by orcs?

Answer: Part Galen.

 

103. Who is the father of Galadriel?

Answer: Finarfin.

 

104. Whom did Galadriel marry?

Answer: Celeborn.

 

105. Which of the rings did Galadriel have?

Answer: Nenya.

 

106. When was Galadriel forbidden to return to Valinor?

Answer: At the end of the First Age.

 

107. Which actor played Gandalf?

Answer: Ian McKellen.

 

108. Where is director Peter Jackson from?

Answer: New Zealand.

 

109. What is the secret password in Elvish that caused the Gate to open?

Answer: "Say 'friend' and come in."

 

110. What did the goblins call Thorin's elven sword?

Answer: Beater.

 

 

111. What was the most successful film in the Lord of the Rings trilogy?

Answer: Return of the King.

 

112. How many Oscars has the Lord of the Rings trilogy won?

Answer: 17 out of 30 nominated films.

 

113. What movie franchise was heavily influenced by the Lord of the Rings trilogy?

Answer: Star Wars.

 

114. What alias does Frodo use when he leaves the Shire?

Answer: Mr Underhill.

 

115. What do Tolkien fans call themselves?

Answer: Tolkienists.

 

116. When was The Fellowship of the Ring first published?

Answer: July 29, 1954.

 

117. What is the name of the demon in Tolkien's Middle Earth?

Answer: Balrogs.

 

118. How many Oscars did The Fellowship of the Ring win?

Answer: eight.

 

119. What ancient dagger is known to have been made by Telchar of Nogrod?

Answer: Angrist.

 

120. Where was the Hobbiton Village set filmed?

Answer: On the slopes of Waikato, Matamata (Northern New Zealand).

 

 

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top-50-movies-about-the-harsh-reality-of-the-holocaust-that-are-worth-watching

January 26 is the day of the commemoration of all the victims of the Holocaust, on this occasion Bemorepanda has prepared some hot and worth watching movies about the harsh reality.


Although Europe is thriving, its politicians and writers are worried about death. The mass murder of European civilians between 1930 and 1940 is the point of reference for today's confusing discussions about memory and the cornerstone of European shared ethics. The bureaucracies of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union turned individual lives into mass deaths, human beings to the point of dying. The Soviets hid their mass shootings in dark forests and falsified the archives of the regions where they starved people to death; the Germans had slave laborers who would bury and burn the bodies of the Jews, victims of huge fires. Auschwitz, generally regarded as the proper or even the most important symbol of the evil caused by mass murder, is, in fact, only the beginning of knowledge, a starting point for a true reckoning with the past, which is only now being shown.


The main reasons why we know something about Auschwitz distort our understanding of the Holocaust: we know about Auschwitz because there were survivors there, and there were survivors because Auschwitz was a concentration camp and a death factory at the same time. These were mostly Western European Jews, because they were usually sent to Auschwitz. After World War II, Jewish Jewish survivors in Western Europe were free to write and publish as they wished, while Eastern European Jews, prisoners behind the Iron Curtain, could not. In the West, memories of the Holocaust could (albeit very slowly) enter historical writing and the public consciousness.


This form of survivor history, for which the works of Primo Levi are the best example, inadequately captures the reality of mass murder. Anne Frank's diary talks about assimilated European Jewish communities, such as the German and Danish communities, whose tragedy, though horrific, was only a small part of the Holocaust. In 1943 and 1944, when most of the crimes took place among Western European Jews, the Holocaust was largely complete. Two-thirds of the Jews killed during the war were already dead by the end of 1942. The main victims, Polish Jews and Soviet Jews, were killed by bullets fired from death nests or by carbon monoxide from internal combustion engines, pumped. in the gas chambers of Treblinka, Belzec and Sobibor in occupied Poland.


1.Leningrad (2009)

The action of the film takes place in November 1941. The city is under a continuous siege, the bombings do not stop, but the most disturbing for the 2,887,000 is the fact that the city was surrounded, completely canceling the connection with the rest of the world.


2.Anne Frank

Died of typhus at the age of 15, just two weeks before the release of the camp, Anne Frank, who could have become a great writer, became the best-known Holocaust victim and the voice of an entire generation.


3.Colditz

In World War II, Officer Jack Rose is taken prisoner in the famous Colditz Castle in Germany. Here, he gathers around him the greatest team of escape specialists, only to find that in the end the greatest betrayal awaits him outside prison.


Auschwitz, as a symbol of the Holocaust, excludes those who were at the center of the historic event. The largest group of Holocaust victims - Orthodox Jews and Yiddish speakers in Poland or, in German vocabulary, Ostjuden - was culturally alienated from Western Europeans, including Jews from Western Europe. To some degree, they continue to be marginalized in the memory of the Holocaust. The Auschwitz-Birkenau death factory was built on the territories now part of Poland, although at the time they were part of the German Reich. Auschwitz is thus associated with modern-day Poland by anyone who visits it, although relatively few Polish Jews and almost no Soviet Jews died there. The two large groups of victims are almost missing from the memorial symbol.


An appropriate view of the Holocaust should place Operation Reinhardt - the killing of Polish Jews in 1942 - at the heart of its history. Polish Jews were the largest Jewish community in the world, and Warsaw was the largest Jewish city. This community was exterminated at Treblinka, Belzec and Sobibor. About 1.5 million Jews were killed in these three places, 780,863 in Treblinka alone. Only a few dozen people survived these death factories. Belzec, although in third place in Holocaust crimes, after Auschwitz and Treblinka, is little known. 434,508 Jews perished in that death factory, and only two or three survived. Another million Polish Jews were killed in other ways, some in Chelmno, Majdanek or Auschwitz, many others shot dead in the eastern half of the country.


All in all, even though the number of Jews killed by bullets was not as high as those killed by gassing, they died of bullets in places forgotten in a hazy memory. The second very important part of the Holocaust is mass shooting in Eastern Poland and the Soviet Union. It began with the shooting of Jewish men by the SS Einsatzgruppen in June 1941, followed by the killing of Jewish women and children in July and the extermination of the entire Jewish community in August and September. At the end of 1941, the Germans (along with local auxiliary troops and Romanian troops) killed one million Jews in the Soviet Union and the Baltic States. It is the equivalent of the total number of Jews killed at Auschwitz during the entire war. By the end of 1942, the Germans (again, with consistent local support) had shot another 700,000 Jews, and the populations of Soviet Jews under their control had ceased to exist.


4.Stalingrad

The plot of the Russian feature film is based on "a dramatic love story, set against the backdrop of a great battle." The action took place in 1942, when German troops occupied the banks of the Volga River.


5.The Devil's Arithmetic

Sixteen-year-old Hannah Stern (Kirsten Dunst, "Spiderman") accompanies her parents to visit Aunt Eva for the Jewish holiday celebration of Passover, but Hannah is uninterested in her uncle's stories of the Holocaust. Reluctantly taking part in the tradition of Seder, she opens the door to prepare for the arrival of the prophet Elijah and is mysteriously transported to Poland in the year 1941.


There were Soviet Jewish witnesses and chroniclers, such as Vasili Grossman. But he, like others, was forbidden to present the Holocaust as a Jewish event. Grossman discovered Treblinka as a journalist with the Red Army in September 1944. Perhaps because he knew what the Germans had done to the Jews in his native Ukraine, he was able to guess what had happened there and wrote a book about it. He called Treblinka a "hell" and placed it at the center of the war and the century. But for Stalin, the mass murder of the Jews was to be seen as the suffering of the "citizens." Grossman helped draw up a Black Paper on German crimes against Soviet Jews, which the Soviet authorities later banned. Stalin erroneously argued that if a particular group suffered especially under German occupation, it was the Russians. Thus, Stalinism obstructed our correct view of Hitler's mass murders.


In short, the Holocaust meant, in order: Operation Reinhardt, the Shoah with Bullets, Auschwitz; or Poland, the Soviet Union, the rest. Of the approximately 5.7 million Jews killed, three million were pre-war Polish citizens and another million were Soviet citizens: taken together, 70% of the total. (After the Soviet and Polish Jews, the next large group of Jews killed were from Romania, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia. If we take them into account, the Eastern European character of the Holocaust becomes even clearer.)


Even this corrected picture of the Holocaust leads to an incomplete sense of the extent of the mass murder policies of Germans in Europe. The "final solution," as the Nazis called it, was at first only one of the extermination projects to be implemented after a victorious war against the Soviet Union. If things went as expected by Hitler, Himmler and Göring, German forces would have implemented a "Hunger Plan" in the Soviet Union in the winter of 1941-1942. While agricultural products from Ukraine and southern Russia were sent to Germany, nearly 30 million people in Belarus, northern Russia and Soviet cities were starved to death. The "famine plan" would have been just a prelude to the "Generalplan Ost", the settlement plan for the western Soviet Union, which aimed to eliminate 50 million people.


6.The Pianist

The Pianist is the true story of a brilliant Polish pianist who, due to his Jewish origins, is forced to lead a fugitive life during the Nazi occupation of Poland in order to escape deportation.


7.Uprising

Using the photo archive of the Warsaw Ghetto, this "interview" by Jon Avnet talks about the memoirs of Marek Edelman and the role he played in the 1943 imprisonment there against the Nazis.


The Germans have succeeded in pursuing certain policies that bear some resemblance to these plans. They expelled half a million non-Jewish Poles from the territories annexed to the Reich. An impatient Himmler ordered the implementation of a first stage of the "Generalplan Ost" in eastern Poland: ten thousand children were killed and one hundred thousand adults were expelled. The Wehrmacht intentionally starved nearly a million people during the siege of Leningrad and another hundred thousand in Ukrainian cities. Nearly three million captured Soviet soldiers starved to death in German camps with prisoners of war. These people were intentionally killed: during the siege of Leningrad, there was a plan and intent to starve people to death. If the Holocaust had not taken place, they would have been called the most horrific war crimes in modern history.


In the actions against the partisans, the Germans probably killed 750,000 people, of which 350,000 in Belarus alone, and a smaller but comparable number in Poland and Yugoslavia. The Germans killed more than a hundred thousand Poles during the suppression of the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. If the Holocaust had not existed, these "reprisals" would have been considered one of the greatest war crimes in history. German occupation policies have killed non-Jewish civilians in other ways, for example, by hard labor in prison camps. Again, most of them came from Poland and the Soviet Union.


The Germans killed just over ten million civilians in the largest mass killings, nearly half of them Jews and half non-Jews. Both Jews and non-Jews came mostly from the same part of Europe. The plan to kill all the Jews was, in essence, realized; the plan to destroy the Slavic populations was only partially implemented. Auschwitz is just an introduction to the Holocaust, and the Holocaust is just a suggestion of Hitler's final plans. Grossman's books - Rhei's Slope and Life and Destiny - rename terror, Nazi and Soviet alike, and remind us that even a full characterization of German mass murder policies is incomplete as a history of European atrocity in the middle of the last century.


8.Der letzte zug

The Last Train is a 2006 German film directed by Joseph Wilsmeier and Dana Vavrova and starring Gedeon Burkhard, Lale Java and Lena.


9.Saving Private Ryan

Captain Miller must lead his men behind enemy lines to find Private Ryan. In the face of overwhelming enemy forces, the soldiers question the orders. Why do eight soldiers risk their lives to save one?


10.Escape from Sobibor

During World War II, those concentrated in extermination camps could only hope for survival by trying to escape. In the case of Sobibor, this was only possible if all 600 prisoners escaped.


It omits the state that Hitler was deeply intent on destroying, that is, the other state that massively killed Europeans in the middle of the century: the Soviet Union. During the entire Stalinist period, between 1928 and 1953, Soviet policies cautiously killed over five million Europeans. Thus, when one analyzes the total number of European civilians killed by totalitarian powers in the middle of the twentieth century, one must consider three groups of relatively equal size: Jews killed by Germans, non-Jews killed by Germans, and Soviet citizens killed. by the Soviet state. As a general rule, the German regime killed civilians who were not German citizens, while the Soviet regime killed civilians who were Soviet citizens.


Soviet repression is identified with the Gulag, just as Nazi repression is identified with Auschwitz. The gulag, despite all the horrors of forced labor, was not a mass murder system. If we accept that the mass murder of civilians is at the heart of political, ethical and legal concerns, the same historical feature applies to the Gulag and Auschwitz. I found out about the Gulag because it was a bearing system, not a set of death factories. The gulag detained 30 million people and shattered about three million lives. But a large majority of these people, who were sent to the camps, returned alive from there. Precisely because we have a literature of the Gulag - the best known book being Alexander Solzhenitsyn's Gulag Archipelago - we can imagine its horrors to a greater extent than we can imagine the horrors of Auschwitz.


Just as Auschwitz distracts us from the even greater horrors of the Treblinka, the Gulag distracts us from Soviet policies that killed people directly and premeditatedly by starvation and bullets. Among the Stalinist killing policies, two were the most significant: the famine of collectivization in 1930-1933 and the Great Terror in 1937-1938. It remains unclear whether the Cossack famine of 1930-1932 was intentional, although it is clear that more than a million Cossacks starved to death. It is well established that Stalin starved the Soviet Ukrainians to death in the winter of 1932-1933. Soviet documents revealed a series of orders from October to December 1933, given with obvious malice and intent to kill. In the end, more than three million people of Soviet Ukraine died.


11.The Grey Zone

Based on actual events, "The Grey Zone" is the story of the Auschwitz's twelfth Sonderkommando - one of the thirteen consecutive "Special Squads" of Jewish prisoners placed by the Nazis in the excruciating moral dilemma of helping to exterminate fellow Jews in exchange for a few more months of life. Stars Michael Suhlbarg, Steve Buscemi, Harvey Keitel, Mira Sorvino and Natasha Lyonne.


12.Out of the Ashes

Christine Lahti is the protagonist of this shocking film, inspired by the real case of Dr. Gisella Perl, one of the first women gynecologists in Eastern Europe, who was imprisoned in the Auschwitz camp during the Nazi occupation. When the Nazis decided to use her as a doctor, she was forced to become the assistant to the famous war criminal Dr. Josef Mengele. But through an amazing combination of defiance, humanity and strength, she managed to restore hope to thousands of people.


13.Sorok pervyy

An unexpected love story is woven between a Red Army sniper and a White Army officer …


What we read about the Great Terror also distracts us from its true nature. The great novel and the great memoir about this period are Dark at Noon by Arthur Koestler and The Defendant by Alexander Weissberg. Both focus on a small group of Stalin's victims, communist city leaders, educated people, some of whom are known in the West. This image dominates our understanding of the Great Terror, but it is incorrect. Taken together, the purges of the communist elites, the secret police, the army officers amount to no more than 47,737 dead.


The biggest action taken in the Great Terror, Operation 00447, was directed mainly at the "kulaci", ie peasants who had already been oppressed during collectivization. 386,798 lives. Several national minorities, together representing less than 2% of the Soviet population, accounted for more than a third of the victims of the Great Terror. In an operation against ethnic Poles who were Soviet citizens, for example, 111,091 people were shot. Of the 681,692 executions during the political crimes of 1937 and 1938, Operation Kulaci and those against national minorities killed 633,955, more than 90 percent of the total. These people were secretly shot, dumped in mass graves and forgotten.


The focus on Auschwitz and the Gulag minimizes the number of Europeans killed and moves the geographical center of crime to the German Reich and eastern Russia. Like Auschwitz, which draws our attention to the Western European victims of the Nazi empire, the Gulag with its well-known Siberian camps takes us away from the geographical center of Soviet assassination policies. If we focus on Auschwitz and the Gulag, we do not notice that in a period of twelve years, between 1933 and 1944, about 12 million victims of Soviet and Nazi mass murder policies perished in a certain region of Europe, one defined more or less by Belarus, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Latvia today. In general, when we consider the Auschwitz and the Gulag, we tend to think of the states that built them as systems, as modern tyrants or totalitarian states. But such a view of Berlin and Moscow's thinking and politics tends to overlook the fact that mass killings took place mainly in European territories between Germany and Russia, not in Germany and Russia.


14.The Boy in the Striped Pajamas

Set during World War II, the story is told through the innocent eyes of Bruno, the 8-year-old son of a concentration camp commander. The boy befriends a Jewish boy, behind the fence of the camp.


15.The Book Thief

The film tells the story of a lively and courageous girl named Liesel who transforms the lives of everyone around her when she is sent to live with an adoptive family in World War II Germany.


Mass killings is Eastern Europe, above all Belarus, Ukraine, Poland and the Baltic States, lands that have been the subject of sustained policies of atrocity by both regimes. The people of Ukraine and Belarus, especially Jews, but not only, suffered the most when they came to the Soviet Union during the terrible 1930s and were subjected to the worst German repression in the 1940s. If Europe was, as Mark Mazower calls it, a "dark continent," Ukraine and Belarus were the heart of darkness.


Historical assessments that can be seen as objective, such as counting the victims of mass killings, could help restore a slightly lost historical balance. Germans who suffered terribly under Hitler and during the war are not at the center of the history of mass murder. Even if we include ethnic Germans killed during the flight from the Red Army, those expelled from Poland and Czechoslovakia in 1945-1947, and those who fell victim to the bombing of Germany, the total number of German civilians killed by state power remains comparable. little.


The main victims of direct killing policies among German citizens are the 70,000 "euthanized" patients and the 165,000 German Jews. The main German victims of Stalin remain the women raped by the Red Army and the prisoners of war detained in the Soviet Union. About 363,000 German prisoners died of starvation and disease in Soviet captivity, as did about 200,000 Hungarians. At a time when German resistance to Hitler is beginning to garner media attention, it must be remembered that some of the participants in the plot against Hitler in July 1944 were right at the center of mass murder policies: Arthur Nebe, for example. , who led Einsatzgruppe B in the Belarusian territories during the first wave of the 1941 Holocaust; or Eduard Wagner, the general superintendent of the Wehrmacht, who wrote a lively letter to his wife about the need to deny food to millions of hungry people in Leningrad.



16.The English Patient

At the end of World War II, Count Almasy suffered a terrible burn in a plane crash. Watched by a devoted and sensitive nurse, he remembers his life.


17.Sophie's Choice

Sophie, a Polish Catholic, is a survivor of the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz. Here she lost her husband, children, and parents. Arriving in New York to write a book, young Stingo meets her and falls in love with her.


18.Sophie Scholl - Die Letzten Tage

Oscar® 2005 nomination - Best Foreign Language Film. Most important awards: European Film Award - German Film Award - German Film Award - Audience Award German Film Award Best Bavarian Film The main question raised by this film is what can be done when you realize that the Nazi regime has Go crazy - do you resist, even though it is clear that it is useless or not?


It's hard to forget Anna Akhmatova: "The Russian land loves blood." However, Russian martyrdom and heroism, now vehemently proclaimed in Putin's Russia, must be placed on as broad a historical background as possible. The Soviet Russians - like any other Soviet citizen - were indeed victims of Stalinist policy: but the risk of being killed was lower than in the case of Ukrainians or Soviet Poles or members of other national minorities. During World War II, several severe acts of terror were extended to eastern Poland and the Baltic states, territories absorbed by the Soviet Union. In the best-known case, 22,000 Polish citizens were shot in 1940 in Katyn and four other places; Tens of thousands of other Poles and Baltics died during or immediately after deportations to Kazakhstan and Siberia. During the war, many Soviet Russians were killed by the Germans, but proportionally fewer than the Belarusians and Ukrainians, not to mention the Jews. The death toll from Soviet civilians is estimated at 15 million. On average, 1 in 25 Russian civilians was killed by the Germans during the war, as opposed to 1 in 10 in Ukraine (or Poland) or 1 in 5 in Belarus.


Belarus and Ukraine were occupied for much of the war, with German and Soviet armies crossing their entire territory twice in attack or retreat. German armies have never occupied more than a small part of Russia's territory for short periods. Even if we take into account the siege of Leningrad and the destruction of Stalingrad, German control of Russian civilians was much less than that of the Belarusians, Ukrainians, or Jews. The Russians claim the death toll in Belarus and Ukraine as belonging to Russia and treat Belarusians, Ukrainians and Jews as Russians: this leads to an imperialism of martyrdom, to the implicit claim to territory by explicitly claiming the victims. This seems to be the line proposed by the new historical commission appointed by President Dmitry Medvedev to prevent "falsifications" of Russia's past. Under the legislation being debated in Russia today, statements such as the above would be a criminal offense.


19.In Darkness

It is the year 1941. Leopold Socha, a dumpster and petty thug, comes across a group of Jews fleeing the ghetto who want to hide in the city's underground canals, which he knows very well. As such, he agrees to help them for a fee. What begins as a bargain turns into something unexpected, as for 14 months of maximum danger, they try together to fool death.


20.Schindler's List

The true story of Oskar Schindler, a womanizer and profiteer who saves the lives of more than 1,100 Jews during the Holocaust. An emotional testimony about the horrors of war and the alteration of human characters in time of war.


21.La rafle.

1942. Joseph is 11 years old. This June morning, she has to go to school with a yellow star sewn on her chest. Between benevolence and contempt, Jo and other Jewish friends like him and their families learn how to live in a busy Paris.


If there is one general political lesson in the history of mass murder, it is the need to be cautious about so-called privileged development: attempts by states to achieve a political expansion that designates its victims, that motivates prosperity through mortality. The possibility of killing one group to the advantage of another cannot be ruled out, or at least that is the case. It is a version of the policies that Europe has witnessed and can continue to do. The only acceptable answer is an ethical commitment to the individual, namely that an individual is worth more in life than in death, and the above plans become unthinkable.


Today's Europe is especially remarkable for its unity and prosperity, with social justice and human rights. Probably more than any other corner of the world is immune, at least for the time being, to such soulless concerns for economic growth. However, memory has produced some strange deviations from history, at a time when history is needed more than ever. Europe's recent past may resemble the near future of the rest of the world. This is another reason to make the most accurate assessments.


22.A Bridge Too Far

War film, evoking the assault of American, Polish and British troops, to capture an important bridge behind the German front lines. The assault was carried out by a complicated action of paratroopers and armored troops


23.The Bunker

We are in 1944. The German army is retreating. Chased across the country by US allied forces, a company of Nazi soldiers seeks refuge in an anti-tank bunker. In the maze of tunnels below the bunker, strange, terrifying things begin to happen. One by one, the soldiers start cracking nervously or being killed. Paranoia dominates the whole group. Did the Americans infiltrate or is there a force of evil lurking within the walls of this complex?


24.Dresden

Germany, January 1945. Young nurse Anna Mauth (Felicitas Woll) works at a hospital in Dresden and has a romantic relationship with Dr. Alexander Wenninger (Benjamin Sadler). When an English plane is bombed, the only survivor, the pilot Robert Newman (John Light), hides in the hospital attic. Here he is accidentally discovered by Anna. At any risk, she decides to help him!


25.Pearl Harbor

On a quiet Sunday morning, Japanese fighter jets flew across the sky, launching a surprise attack on U.S. military forces in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This day has plunged the United States into a war, changing the course of history.


26.Flags of Our Fathers

February 1945. One of the bloodiest battles of World War II takes place on the island of Iwo Jima. At the beginning of the battle, an American flag appears on Mount Suribachi, and the image of the 5 soldiers who raised it surrounds the USA.


27.Jakob the Liar

In 1944, in Nazi-occupied Poland, Jacob, the owner of a long-closed cafe in a Jewish ghetto, accidentally overhears a news bulletin on a banned radio station. Although full of joy, he cannot share the news.


28.Vilniaus getas

1942, Vilnius. Nazis kill 55,000 Jews, and 15,000 of them are locked up in a 7-pavilion ghetto. At the age of only 22, the sadistic commander Kittel has the mission to manage the ghetto in the Lithuanian capital, becoming master of people's lives. Kittel discovers that Hayyah stole a pound of beans and sentenced her to death. When he finds out that Hayyah is a successful former singer, he decides to put on a show in the old ghetto theater. Will it be a spectacle of life or death?


29.Zwartboek

The Netherlands, 1944. A former famous Jewish singer, Rachel, now a refugee in rural Holland, tries to reach the territories liberated from German influence. A patrol captures the group of refugees it is in and only it manages to escape with its life. Arriving safely at her destination, Rachel joins the Resistance and, under the name of Ellis de Vries, manages to infiltrate the German Intelligence Service. He seduces Officer Muntze and he, seduced, offers him a job.


30.Inglourious Basterds

In German-occupied France, Shosanna (Melanie Laurent) watches helplessly as her family is executed by Nazi colonel Hans Landa (Christoph Waltz). Shosanna escapes through the ears of the needle and flees to Paris, where she creates a new identity.


31.Valkyrie

During World War II, German Colonel von Stauffenberg is wounded in Africa and returns to the country. Dissatisfied with Nazi abuses, Stauffenberg agrees to lead Operation Valkyrie, which aims to assassinate Hitler.


32.Saints and Soldiers

Four American soldiers fighting in Europe during World War II are separated from the rest of US troops during the Malmedy massacre. The small group remains isolated and without any help behind enemy lines.


33.We Were Soldiers

In 1965, the first battle between the Americans and the Vietnamese took place. 400 American soldiers entered Vietnamese territory and found themselves surrounded. Harold Moore, commander, and reporter Galloway also found themselves facing this situation.


34.Defiance

Inspired by real facts. 1941. Jews in Eastern Europe are massacred by the Nazis. Succeeding in escaping from a camp, three Jewish brothers take refuge in the forest. There they manage to turn a struggle for survival into something much more important.


35.Life train

One evening in 1941, Schlomo, the village madman, brings terrible news to his fellow Shetl (an Eastern European Jewish village): Germans kill and deport Jewish residents of neighboring Shetl to unknown destinations


36.Katyn

In 1940, the Soviet secret services killed thousands of Polish prisoners of war. A subject hitherto considered taboo is analyzed by the famous Andrzej Wajda, who enters one of the darkest periods in the history of Poland.


37.Rosenstraße

In the spring of 1943, German and Jewish women gathered on Rosenstrasse in central Berlin to protest against sending Jewish husbands to concentration camps. The painful memories, which have become family secrets, have been preserved in modern-day New York. Ruth continues to perform Jewish mourning rituals for her late husband. Her daughter, Hannah, learns the story of her mother, a war orphan Selected in the official competition of the Vene Festival.


38.Naples - Elite fur den Fuhrer

We are in 1942. Friedrich Weimer, a 17-year-old hardworking boy from a working-class district of Berlin, loves boxing. His only problem is that he is always reluctant to give the final blow that could knock out his opponent. During a boxing match, he is spotted by a Naples recruiting officer who offers to help him. 'NaPolA' is the acronym for 'National Politische Erziehungs Anstalt' or 'National Institute of Political Education'.


39.Enemy At The Gates

As the German and Russian armies clash, Vassili, the sniper, ambushes his enemies. Vanity pushes him into a duel with the best German sniper, Major Konig, and the two find themselves engaged in a personal battle.


40.Into the White

WWII. Two planes, one British and the other German, crash into an isolated land. Driven by the freezing cold, both pilots seek shelter in the same hut. Although enemies, they will be forced to cooperate in order to survive.


41.Band of Brothers

This terrifying World War II saga closely follows the journey of the 147 members of Easy Company's paramilitary troops, from the first training sessions to the memorable day of landing in Normandy.


42.De Tweeling

After the death of their parents, twin sisters Anna and Lotte Bamberg have been brutally separated since the age of six. Anna stays in Germany, where she grows up in quite difficult conditions on the farm of her uncle Heinrich and his wife, Martha. Lotte, who is ill, has a happy life in the Netherlands, with her parents' more distant relatives - the Rockanjes family. In the years following the separation, the twins did their best to get in touch.


43.The Pacific

See all 10 installments of HBO's acclaimed World War II miniseries 'The Pacific' plus a 'making of' special, 'Anatomy of the Pacific War' featurette and 'Marines of the Pacific' featuring profiles of six WWII heroes.


44.The Great Escape

In 1944, a group of Allied prison officers organized the escape from Stalag Luft III, one of the best guarded prison camps in Germany. The preparations lasted a year and involved the participation of over 600 people.


45.Europe Europe

The film is based on real events between 1938 and 1945. Salomon "Solly" Perel is a Polish Jew from Germany, whose life changes radically when the Nazis break into his wife's apartment. Separated from her parents and siblings, Solly is saved only by the Nazi uniform she wears. This gesture is the forerunner of his future "career". From here, Solly is subjected to many attempts, but the biggest one is to kill the Jews.


46.Flames & Lemons

Drama centered on two fighters from the Holger Danske resistance group during World War II.


47.Max Manus

The film is based on the true story of resistance fighter Max Manus and follows the hero from the beginning of World War II until the summer of 1945. After fighting the Russians in the Finnish Winter War, Max returns. in Nazi-occupied Norway. He soon joined the resistance movement and became one of the most famous members of the so-called Oslo Group.


48.Letters from Iwo Jima

Over 60 years ago, American and Japanese soldiers fought on the island of Iwo Jima. Decades later, hundreds of letters are unearthed at Iwo Jima, letters that give face and voice to the men who fought there.


49.Hiroshima

Documentary made by British television, which describes through reconstructions the catastrophic moments during the bombing and after it.


50.Hiroshima my love

"In the elements of the story there seems to be more of an excuse for the film than the film itself, which always amazes and surprises, offering developments that the mind cannot immediately perceive. There is always in the film an atmosphere of guilty meanings, Hiroshima, war, love lost, the anxiety that remains separate elements and does not even intend to crystallize. " - Peter Harcont 1974 (Film Comment).


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40-facts-about-internet-marketing-around-the-world-that-are-useful-not-only-for-marketers

Internet marketing is the promotion of goods and services through online services. Depending on the size of the business and the niche they occupy, entrepreneurs use different channels, ranging from PPC to blogging, where they share useful content. For example, they show how-to videos to promote brand products naturally.


Unlike traditional advertising in newspapers, television, radio, banners, billboards, posters, Internet marketing functions online.


It provides powerful lead generation and communication tools to interact with your audience, measure engagement and brand loyalty. Popular internet marketing channels include email marketing, PPC, SMM, instant messengers, chat bots, web push notifications, and search engine optimization.


Today, mastering the skills of working in Internet marketing is a must for every entrepreneur. Read on with Bemorepanda to find out 40 interesting facts about internet marketing.


1. In three years, the number of social media users has grown by more than 12%. In 2017, there were 2.46 billion, and now it is 2.77 billion.


2. 81% of marketers find that their audience grows if they invest at least 6 hours a week in social media marketing.


3. Infographics are shared on social media and get 3x more likes than any other type of content. On average in the world in B2B, the most popular social networks are LinkedIn (82%), Twitter (66%), YouTube (64%), Facebook (41%) and SlideShare (38%).


5. 71% of users who have a positive social media experience with a brand are likely to recommend it to others.


6. Top brands have a 4.21% follower engagement rate on Instagram, 58 times higher than Facebook and 120 times higher than Twitter.


7. Twitter has 336 million monthly active users, Facebook 2.27 billion, Instagram 1 billion, and LinkedIn 500 million.


8. On social networks, people spend an average of 2 hours 15 minutes a day.


9. Facebook Messenger and WhatsApp are the main messengers for messaging, with over 50% of users using either one or the other.


10. Snapchat is the most popular among Gen Z - 38% use it regularly.


Интернет маркетинг, его виды и основные инструменты | seozona.net


11. Instagram Stories is used by over 400 million people every month.


12. Every month brands exchange with users more than 2 billion messages. 45.8% of people prefer to contact the business via messaging rather than email.


13. More than 90% of marketers using a social media influencer strategy find it successful.


The number of sales directly depends on the website loading speed

14. Worldwide e-commerce sales in 2020 are expected to reach $ 3.45 trillion.


15. One second of delay in page load speed can cost you a 7% loss in conversions. Sites on the first page of Google search results load in less than 2000 milliseconds on average.


17. According to Pingdom, the fastest website to date is bhphotovideo.com, followed by hm.com and bestbuy.com, all loading in less than 0.5 seconds.


18. It is estimated that in 2020 about 47.3% of the world's population will make online purchases.


19. Online grocery stores will reach $ 100 billion in revenue by 2025 and will occupy 20% of the total grocery market.


20. Despite the increase in the use of mobile devices, users continue to shop from desktop computers.


Как обучаться digital-маркетингу бесплатно | intalent.pro


21. At least one in four people will shop online at least once a week. Yet even in the US, only 28% of small businesses sell their products online.


22.71% of shoppers think it's more profitable to shop online than in stores.


23.28% of online shoppers will abandon a purchase if shipping costs are too high.


24. Using product videos can increase purchases by 144%. 25. 47% of all online orders are delivered free of charge.


26. Buyers are willing to spend 30% more on products if the seller offers free shipping.


27. Although the majority of smartphone and tablet owners (68%) tried to make a purchase on their device, two thirds (66%) were unable to complete the purchase due to difficulties encountered during checkout.


28. Every year, people refuse to complete $ 18 billion worth of purchases.


29. The mobile opt-out rate is 97%, compared to 70-75% for desktop computers.


30. The main reasons for cart abandonment are: too high shipping costs, not ready to buy, no location on the list for free shipping, shipping cost information is too late, and websites loading too slowly.


Интернет-маркетинг – современные инструменты для продвижения бизнеса


31. The average age of buyers in B2B is up to 35 years.


32.71% of all buyers start searching for goods and services with general queries without specifying a brand.


Responsive design for any device and your application is vital

33. About 53% of emails are opened by people on mobile devices, while if the subject line of the email is personalized, the probability of opening increases by 25%.


34.70% of users do not like ads on smartphones.


35.89% of time spent on a smartphone is spent on apps, and the remaining 11% on websites.


36. Mobile usage has almost caught up with desktop: 48.2% of all online traffic is on mobile and tablet devices.


Blogs are alive and actively engaging an audience

37. Unlike social media, long blog posts generate 9 times more leads than short ones.


38. The most popular content marketing strategies are blogging (65%), social media (65%) and case studies (64%). In addition, 78% of B2B buyers read case studies while researching a proposal, as well as white papers, watch webinars, download e-books and third-party analytics reports.


39. Blogging continues to be the number one marketing strategy for companies (according to 45% of surveyed marketers).


40. 81% of users trust the information found on blogs. In the US, 61% of shoppers made a purchase based on blog recommendations.


9 Internet Marketing Statistics for 2017 - Nine Stats

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quiz-please-90-answers-to-questions-for-true-fans-of-game-of-thrones

For those die-hard fans who have watched all seasons and all episodes of the legendary TV series Game of Thrones, our new Q&A quiz. Test your knowledge! Find gaps in them and eliminate them!

 

Questions that only die-hard fans (and now you) know the answers to

 

These 90 questions are for those who can accurately answer the greeting "Valar Morghulis" and know exactly what young Bran Stark dreams of. Forward! It will be fun! Good luck and more correct answers for you!

 

 

1. What does "Valar Morghulis" mean?

Answer: All people are mortal.

 

2. What is Sandor Clegane's nickname?

Answer: Dog.

 

3. Who said this memorable line: "You don't know anything, Jon Snow"?

Answer: Ygritte

 

4. Which character will be the first to kill the White Walker?

Answer: Samwell Tarly.

 

5. What vegetable-related nickname is Davos Seaworth, Stannis Baratheon's right-hand man, known by?

Answer: Onion Knight.

 

6. Who is Daenerys' first husband?

Answer: Khal Drogo.

 

7. What is the name of Jon Snow's dire wolf?

Answer: Ghost.

 

8. What is the name of the "Mad King"?

Answer: King Aerys II Targaryen.

 

 

9. Name the person who pushed Bran Stark out of the tower window?

Answer: Jaime Lannister.

 

10. Which actress plays the role of Margaery Tyrell?

Answer: Natalie Dormer.

 

11. Which House governs the Riverlands?

Answer: Tully.

 

12. Which area on Game of Thrones is also known as the "Land of Shadows"?

Answer: Asshai

 

13. Who said this memorable line: “A man who says he is a king is not a real king”?

Answer: Tywin Lannister.

 

14. What poison was used to kill Jon Arryn?

Answer: Tears of the Fox.

 

15. Khal Drogo was the commander of what people?

Answer: Dothraki.

 

16. How many people did Theon Greyjoy use to take over Winterfell?

Answer: 20.

 

 

17. Who was behind the creation of the Night King?

Answer: Children of the forest.

 

18. Where to find the House of the Immortals?

Answer: Quart.

 

19. In what free city did Lord Varys become a eunuch?

Answer: Peace.

 

20. How is the Valar Morghulis usually answered?

Answer: Valar dohaeris.

 

21. What is the main religion of the Seven Kingdoms?

Answer: Faith of the seven.

 

22. What creature brought down the drunk King Robert?

Answer: Boar.

 

23. What was the name of the man who cut off Jaime Lannister's right hand?

Answer: Locke.

 

24. Eddard Stark, also known as Ned, and Catelyn had __ children.

Answer: 5.

 

25. Who got greyscale?

Answer: Jorah Mormont.

 

 

26. In Game of Thrones, how old was Jamie Lannister when he was knighted?

Answer: 15.

 

27. Where were the Water Gardens built?

Answer: Dorne.

 

28. Who is known as "The Kingslayer"?

Answer: Jaime Lannister.

 

29. What does Bran Stark constantly dream about?

Answer: Three-eyed raven.

 

30. What was the role of Lord Petyr Baelish in the Small Council?

Answer: Master of the coin (treasurer).

 

31. What was Varys' nickname?

Answer: Spider.

 

32. Who is Tywin Lannister's youngest child?

Answer: Tyrion Lannister.

 

 

33. Name the capital of the Seven Kingdoms of Westeros and the seat of the Iron Throne

Answer: The port city of King's Landing.

 

34. What was the name of the explosive used in the Battle of Blackwater?

Answer: Wild fire.

 

35. Which direwolf died in season 1?

Answer: Lady.

 

36. What religion does the Brotherhood Without Banners preach?

Answer: R'Glor.

 

37. What season did Sansa marry Ramsey Bolton?

Answer: Season 3

 

38. How many episodes of Game of Thrones are there?

Answer: 73.

 

39. Which character says: “Say her name. Say it!"

Answer: Oberyn Martell.

 

40. What character is often referred to with the nickname "Giant Death"?

Answer: Tormund

 

 

41. Which House in Game of Thrones rules the Reach Kingdom?

Answer: Gardeners.

 

42. Who created the Kingsguard in Game of Thrones?

Answer: Aegon I Targaryen

 

43. Which House rules in the Valley of ____ for a thousand years?

Answer: Arren

 

44. Which Lord protected Eddard Stark and Robert Baratheon from the Mad King?

Answer: Jon Arryn

 

45. Which clan rules the Northern Kingdom?

Answer: Starks.

 

46. ​​Who will become the king of Westeros after the death of King Joffrey?

Answer: Tommen.

 

47. How does Brienne of Tarth become a member of Renly's Kingsguard?

Answer: She wins such an opportunity in the tournament.

 

48. Who got married at the Red Wedding?

Answer: Edmure Tully and Roslyn Frey.

 

49. Gendry's helmet is shaped like the head of what animal?

Answer: Bull.

 

50. What was Hodor's name at birth?

Answer: Willis.

 

 

51. How many meters high is the Wall?

Answer: 213.

 

52. How many Starks appeared in the first episode of the series?

Answer: 8.

 

53. What is the name of the gate leading to the Nest?

Answer: Blood Gate.

 

54. Who sent the assassin shadow to Renly Baratheon?

Answer: Stannis Baratheon.

 

55. Who did Jon execute after his first general meeting as Lord Commander with the men of the Night's Watch?

Answer: Janos Slint.

 

56. Which of the Free Cities is the most powerful?

Answer: Braavos.

 

57. What role does Gwendoline Christine play?

Answer: Brienne.

 

58. In Game of Thrones, who did the First Men team up with to fight the Others?

Answer: Children of the forest.

 

59. In what year was George Martin's book Game of Thrones published?

Answer: In 1996.

 

60. Who teaches Davos to read?

Answer: Princess Shiren.

 

61. What is the main color of the coat of arms of House Tarly?

Answer: Green.

 

 

62. Which House is a direct vassal of House Baratheon of King's Landing?

Answer: Stockworth.

 

63. Who was the king of Westeros at the beginning of the series?

Answer: Robert Baratheon.

 

64. What noble house is Catelyn Stark from?

Answer: Tully House.

 

65. Who was Eddard Stark to Jon Snow?

Answer: Jon Snow is the illegitimate son of Eddard Stark and an unknown woman.

 

66. Which actress originally played the role of Catelyn Stark in the pilot?

Answer: Jennifer Ehle.

 

67. What character appears in more episodes than any other?

Answer: Tyrion Lannister.

 

68. What is the name of the ancestral home of House Lannister?

Answer: Casterly Rock.

 

69. Name an orphaned baker boy who befriends Arya Stark

Answer: Pie.

 

 

70. What is the name of the huge mercenary army commanded by Daenerys?

Answer: Flawless.

 

71. Which House ruled the Stormlands?

Answer: Durrandon.

 

72. What was in the wedding cake at King Joffrey's wedding?

Answer: Pigeons.

 

73. Melisandre bore what title?

Answer: Priestess.

 

74. Where did Tyrion Lannister join the Younger Sons?

Answer: Essos.

 

75. Which House rules Storm's End?

Answer: Baratheons.

 

76. The Younger Sons were defeated in the defense of what city?

Answer: Kohor.

 

77. What House are the Lords of the Arbor from?

Answer: Redwins.

 

78. What is the largest castle in Westeros?

Answer: Harrenhal.

 

 

79. What chamber is Rodrik Kassel a member of?

Answer: Starks.

 

80. In Game of Thrones, how old was Bronn when he first killed someone?

Answer: 12.

 

81. Who did Prince Oberyn fight to protect Tyrion Lannister?

Answer: Gregor.

 

82. What sword did Visenya Targaryen wield?

Answer: Dark Sister.

 

83. In Game of Thrones, how many inhabited castles did the Night's Watch have at the height of their power?

Answer: 7.

 

84. Which family has traditionally held the title of Guardian of the North?

Answer: Starks.

 

85. What role does Lena Headey play in Game of Thrones?

Answer: Cersei Lannister.

 

86. Which dragon had the largest skull in the dungeons under King's Landing?

Answer: Balerion (Black Horror).

 

87. What is Jaqen Hgar teaching Arya Stark?

Answer: How to be Faceless.

 

88. When did Daenerys get dragon eggs?

Answer: This is a wedding gift from Magister Illyrio.

 

89. Who is Robb Stark's mother?

Answer: Catelyn Stark.

 

90. Which famous actress plays Olenna Tyrell?

Answer: Diana Rigg.

 

 

 

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